Caution: Translations of Quran and Ḥadīth may lead to possible misapplications and misinterpretations. This site is intended for students of sacred knowledge that are proficient in comprehending classical Arabic and have a strong foundation in Islamic sciences. Also note that religious injunctions rely on several aspects beyond what one may glean through reading individual aḥādīth.
muslim:1479aZuhayr b. Ḥarb

When Allah's Apostle ﷺ kept himself away from his wives, I entered the mosque, and found people striking the ground with pebblesand saying: Messenger of Allah ﷺ has divorced his wives, and that was before they were commanded to observe seclusion 'Umar said to himself: I must find this (actual position) today. So I went to 'A'isha (Allah be pleased with her) and said (to her): Daughter of Abu Bakr, have you gone to the extent of giving trouble to Messenger of Allah ﷺ? Thereupon she said: Son of Khattab, you have nothing to do with me, and I have nothing to do with you. You should look to your own receptacle. He ('Umar) said: I visited Hafsa daughter of 'Umar, and said to her: Hafsa, the (news) has reached me that you cause Messenger of Allah ﷺ trouble. You know that Messenger of Allah ﷺ does not love you, and had I not been (your father) he would have divorced you. (On hearing this) she wept bitterly. I said to her: Where is Messenger of Allah ﷺ? Shesaid: He is in the attic room. I went in and found Rabah, the servant of Messenger of Allah ﷺ, sitting on the thresholds of the window dangling his feet on the hollow wood of the date-palm with the help of which Messenger of Allah ﷺ climbed (to the apartment) and came down. I cried: 0 Rabah, seek permission for me from Messenger of Allah (way peace be upon him). Rabah cast a glance at the apartment and then looked toward me but said nothing. I again said: Rabah, seek permission for me from Messenger of Allah ﷺ. Rabah looked towards the apartment and then cast a glance at me, but said nothig. I then raised my voice and said: 0 Rabah, seek permission for me from Messenger of Allah ﷺ. I think that Messenger of Allah ﷺ is under the impression that I have come for the sake of Hafsa. By Allah, if Messenger of Allah ﷺ would command me to strike her neck, I would certainly strike her neck. I raised my voice and he pointed me to climb up (and get into his apartment). I visited Messenger of Allah ﷺ, and he was lying on a mat. I sat down and he drew up his lower garment over him and he had nothing (else) over him, and that the mat had left its marks on his sides. I looked with my eyes in the store room of Messenger of Allah ﷺ. I found only a handful of barley equal to one sa' and an equal quantity of the leaves of Mimosa Flava placed in the nook of the cell, and a semi-tanned leather bag hanging (in one side), and I was moved to tears (on seeing this extremely austere living of the Holy Piophet), and he said: Ibn Khattab, what wakes you weep? I said: Apostle of Allah, why should I not shed tears? This mat has left its marks on your sides and I do not see in your store room (except these few things) that I have seen; Ceasar and Closroes are leading their lives in plenty whereas you are Messenger of Allah. His chosen one, and that is your store! He said: Ibn Khattab, aren't you satisfied that for us (there should be the prosperity) of the Hereafter, and for them (there should be the prosperity of) this world? I said: Yes. And as I had entered I had seen the signs of anger on his face, and I therefore, said: Messenger of Allah, what trouble do you feel from your wives, and if youhave divorced them, verily Allah is with you, His angels, Gabriel, Mika'il, I and Abu Bakr and the believers are with you. And seldom I talked and (which I uttered on that day) I hoped that Allah would testify to my words that I uttered. And so the verse of option (Ayat al-Takhyir) was revealed. Maybe his Lord, if he divorce you, will give him in your place wives better than you..." (Ixv. 5). And if you back up one another against him, then surely Allah is his Patron, and Gabriel and the righteous believers, and the angels after that are the aidera (lvi. 4). And it was 'A'isha, daughter of Abu Bakr, and Hafsa who had prevailed upon all the wives of Allah's Prophet (way peace be upon him) for (pressing them for mote money). I said: Messenger of Allah, have you divorced them? He said: No. I said: Messenger of Allah, I entered the mosque and found the Muslims playing with pebbles (absorbed in thought) and saying: Messenger of Allah has divorced his wives. Should I get down and inform there that you have not divorced them? He said: Yes, if you so like. And I went on talking to him until I (found) the signs of anger disappeared on his face and (his seriousness was changed to a happy mood and as a result thereof) his face had the natural tranquillity upon it and he laughed and his teeth were the most charming (among the teeth) of all people. Then Allah's Apostle ﷺ climbed down and I also climbed down and catching hold of the wood of the palm-tree and Messenger of Allah ﷺ came down (with such ease) as if he was walking on the ground, not touching anything with his hand (to get support). I said: Messenger of Allah, you remained in your apartment for twenty-nine days. He said: (At times) the month consists of twenty-nine days. I stood at the door of the mosque and I called out at the top of my voice: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ has not divorced his wives (and it was on this occasion that this) verse was revealed:" And if any matter pertaining to peace or alarm comes within their ken, they broadcast it; whereas, if they would refer it to the Apostle and those who have been entrusted with authority amongst them, those of them who are engaged in obtaining intelligence would indeed know (what to do with) it" (iv 83). And it was I who understood this matter, and Allah revealed the verse pertaining to option (given to the Prophet (may peace be upon him in regard to the retaining or divorcing of his wives).  

مسلم:١٤٧٩aحَدَّثَنِي زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ يُونُسَ الْحَنَفِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا عِكْرِمَةُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ سِمَاكٍ أَبِي زُمَيْلٍ حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبَّاسٍ حَدَّثَنِي عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ قَالَ

لَمَّا اعْتَزَلَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ ﷺ نِسَاءَهُ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَإِذَا النَّاسُ يَنْكُتُونَ بِالْحَصَى وَيَقُولُونَ طَلَّقَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ نِسَاءَهُ وَذَلِكَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُؤْمَرْنَ بِالْحِجَابِ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ فَقُلْتُ لأَعْلَمَنَّ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ قَالَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى عَائِشَةَ فَقُلْتُ يَا بِنْتَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ أَقَدْ بَلَغَ مِنْ شَأْنِكِ أَنْ تُؤْذِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَتْ مَا لِي وَمَا لَكَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ عَلَيْكَ بِعَيْبَتِكَ قَالَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ بِنْتِ عُمَرَ فَقُلْتُ لَهَا يَا حَفْصَةُ أَقَدْ بَلَغَ مِنْ شَأْنِكِ أَنْ تُؤْذِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَاللَّهِ لَقَدْ عَلِمْتِ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ لاَ يُحِبُّكِ وَلَوْلاَ أَنَا لَطَلَّقَكِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَبَكَتْ أَشَدَّ الْبُكَاءِ فَقُلْتُ لَهَا أَيْنَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ هُوَ فِي خِزَانَتِهِ فِي الْمَشْرُبَةِ فَدَخَلْتُ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِرَبَاحٍ غُلاَمِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَاعِدًا عَلَى أُسْكُفَّةِ الْمَشْرُبَةِ مُدَلٍّ رِجْلَيْهِ عَلَى نَقِيرٍ مِنْ خَشَبٍ وَهُوَ جِذْعٌ يَرْقَى عَلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَيَنْحَدِرُ فَنَادَيْتُ يَا رَبَاحُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِي عِنْدَكَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَنَظَرَ رَبَاحٌ إِلَى الْغُرْفَةِ ثُمَّ نَظَرَ إِلَىَّ فَلَمْ يَقُلْ شَيْئًا ثُمَّ قُلْتُ يَا رَبَاحُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِي عِنْدَكَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَنَظَرَ رَبَاحٌ إِلَى الْغُرْفَةِ ثُمَّ نَظَرَ إِلَىَّ فَلَمْ يَقُلْ شَيْئًا ثُمَّ رَفَعْتُ صَوْتِي فَقُلْتُ يَا رَبَاحُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِي عِنْدَكَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَإِنِّي أَظُنُّ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ ظَنَّ أَنِّي جِئْتُ مِنْ أَجْلِ حَفْصَةَ وَاللَّهِ لَئِنْ أَمَرَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ بِضَرْبِ عُنُقِهَا لأَضْرِبَنَّ عُنُقَهَا وَرَفَعْتُ صَوْتِي فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَىَّ أَنِ ارْقَهْ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَهُوَ مُضْطَجِعٌ عَلَى حَصِيرٍ فَجَلَسْتُ فَأَدْنَى عَلَيْهِ إِزَارَهُ وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ غَيْرُهُ وَإِذَا الْحَصِيرُ قَدْ أَثَّرَ فِي جَنْبِهِ فَنَظَرْتُ بِبَصَرِي فِي خِزَانَةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِقَبْضَةٍ مِنْ شَعِيرٍ نَحْوِ الصَّاعِ وَمِثْلِهَا قَرَظًا فِي نَاحِيَةِ الْغُرْفَةِ وَإِذَا أَفِيقٌ مُعَلَّقٌ قَالَ فَابْتَدَرَتْ عَيْنَاىَ قَالَ مَا يُبْكِيكَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ قُلْتُ يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ وَمَا لِي لاَ أَبْكِي وَهَذَا الْحَصِيرُ قَدْ أَثَّرَ فِي جَنْبِكَ وَهَذِهِ خِزَانَتُكَ لاَ أَرَى فِيهَا إِلاَّ مَا أَرَى وَذَاكَ قَيْصَرُ وَكِسْرَى فِي الثِّمَارِ وَالأَنْهَارِ وَأَنْتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَصَفْوَتُهُ وَهَذِهِ خِزَانَتُكَ فَقَالَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ أَلاَ تَرْضَى أَنْ تَكُونَ لَنَا الآخِرَةُ وَلَهُمُ الدُّنْيَا قُلْتُ بَلَى قَالَ وَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ حِينَ دَخَلْتُ وَأَنَا أَرَى فِي وَجْهِهِ الْغَضَبَ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا يَشُقُّ عَلَيْكَ مِنْ شَأْنِ النِّسَاءِ فَإِنْ كُنْتَ طَلَّقْتَهُنَّ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَكَ وَمَلاَئِكَتَهُ وَجِبْرِيلَ وَمِيكَائِيلَ وَأَنَا وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ مَعَكَ وَقَلَّمَا تَكَلَّمْتُ وَأَحْمَدُ اللَّهَ بِكَلاَمٍ إِلاَّ رَجَوْتُ أَنْ يَكُونَ اللَّهُ يُصَدِّقُ قَوْلِي الَّذِي أَقُولُ وَنَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الآيَةُ آيَةُ التَّخْيِيرِ { عَسَى رَبُّهُ إِنْ طَلَّقَكُنَّ أَنْ يُبْدِلَهُ أَزْوَاجًا خَيْرًا مِنْكُنَّ} { وَإِنْ تَظَاهَرَا عَلَيْهِ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ مَوْلاَهُ وَجِبْرِيلُ وَصَالِحُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمَلاَئِكَةُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ ظَهِيرٌ} وَكَانَتْ عَائِشَةُ بِنْتُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَحَفْصَةُ تَظَاهَرَانِ عَلَى سَائِرِ نِسَاءِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَطَلَّقْتَهُنَّ قَالَ لاَ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنِّي دَخَلْتُ الْمَسْجِدَ وَالْمُسْلِمُونَ يَنْكُتُونَ بِالْحَصَى يَقُولُونَ طَلَّقَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ نِسَاءَهُ أَفَأَنْزِلُ فَأُخْبِرَهُمْ أَنَّكَ لَمْ تُطَلِّقْهُنَّ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنْ شِئْتَ فَلَمْ أَزَلْ أُحَدِّثُهُ حَتَّى تَحَسَّرَ الْغَضَبُ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ وَحَتَّى كَشَرَ فَضَحِكَ وَكَانَ مِنْ أَحْسَنِ النَّاسِ ثَغْرًا ثُمَّ نَزَلَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَنَزَلْتُ فَنَزَلْتُ أَتَشَبَّثُ بِالْجِذْعِ وَنَزَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ كَأَنَّمَا يَمْشِي عَلَى الأَرْضِ مَا يَمَسُّهُ بِيَدِهِ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّمَا كُنْتَ فِي الْغُرْفَةِ تِسْعَةً وَعِشْرِينَ قَالَ إِنَّ الشَّهْرَ يَكُونُ تِسْعًا وَعِشْرِينَ فقُمْتُ عَلَى بَابِ الْمَسْجِدِ فَنَادَيْتُ بِأَعْلَى صَوْتِي لَمْ يُطَلِّقْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ نِسَاءَهُ وَنَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الآيَةُ { وَإِذَا جَاءَهُمْ أَمْرٌ مِنَ الأَمْنِ أَوِ الْخَوْفِ أَذَاعُوا بِهِ وَلَوْ رَدُّوهُ إِلَى الرَّسُولِ وَإِلَى أُولِي الأَمْرِ مِنْهُمْ لَعَلِمَهُ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَنْبِطُونَهُ مِنْهُمْ} فَكُنْتُ أَنَا اسْتَنْبَطْتُ ذَلِكَ الأَمْرَ وَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ ﷻ آيَةَ التَّخْيِيرِ  


See similar narrations below:

Collected by Bukhārī, Abū Dāwūd, Tirmidhī, Aḥmad, Ḥākim, Ibn Ḥibbān
bukhari:122ʿAbdullāh b. Muḥammad > Sufyān > ʿAmr > Saʿīd b. Jubayr

I said to Ibn ʿAbbas, "Nauf-Al-Bakali claims that Moses (the companion of Khadir) was not the Moses of Bani Israel but he was another Moses." Ibn ʿAbbas remarked that the enemy of Allah (Nauf) was a liar. Narrated Ubai bin Kaʿb: The Prophet ﷺ said, "Once the Prophet ﷺ Moses stood up and addressed Bani Israel. He was asked, "Who is the most learned man amongst the people. He said, "I am the most learned." Allah admonished Moses as he did not attribute absolute knowledge to Him (Allah). So Allah inspired to him "At the junction of the two seas there is a slave amongst my slaves who is more learned than you." Moses said, "O my Lord! How can I meet him?" Allah said: Take a fish in a large basket (and proceed) and you will find him at the place where you will lose the fish. So Moses set out along with his (servant) boy, Yushaʿ bin Noon and carried a fish in a large basket till they reached a rock, where they laid their heads (i.e. lay down) and slept. The fish came out of the basket and it took its way into the sea as in a tunnel. So it was an amazing thing for both Moses and his (servant) boy. They proceeded for the rest of that night and the following day. When the day broke, Moses said to his (servant) boy: "Bring us our early meal. No doubt, we have suffered much fatigue in this journey." Moses did not get tired till he passed the place about which he was told. There the (servant) boy told Moses, "Do you remember when we betook ourselves to the rock, I indeed forgot the fish." Moses remarked, "That is what we have been seeking. So they went back retracing their footsteps, till they reached the rock. There they saw a man covered with a garment (or covering himself with his own garment). Moses greeted him. Al-Khadir replied saying, "How do people greet each other in your land?" Moses said, "I am Moses." He asked, "The Moses of Bani Israel?" Moses replied in the affirmative and added, "May I follow you so that you teach me of that knowledge which you have been taught." Al-Khadir replied, "Verily! You will not be able to remain patient with me, O Moses! I have some of the knowledge of Allah which He has taught me and which you do not know, while you have some knowledge which Allah has taught you which I do not know." Moses said, "Allah willing, you will find me patient and I will disobey no order of yours. So both of them set out walking along the seashore, as they did not have a boat. In the meantime a boat passed by them and they requested the crew of the boat to take them on board. The crew recognized Al-Khadir and took them on board without fare. Then a sparrow came and stood on the edge of the boat and dipped its beak once or twice in the sea. Al-Khadir said: "O Moses! My knowledge and your knowledge have not decreased Allah's knowledge except as much as this sparrow has decreased the water of the sea with its beak." Al- Khadir went to one of the planks of the boat and plucked it out. Moses said, "These people gave us a free lift but you have broken their boat and scuttled it so as to drown its people." Al-Khadir replied, "Didn't I tell you that you will not be able to remain patient with me." Moses said, "Call me not to account for what I forgot." The first (excuse) of Moses was that he had forgotten. Then they proceeded further and found a boy playing with other boys. Al-Khadir took hold of the boy's head from the top and plucked it out with his hands (i.e. killed him). Moses said, "Have you killed an innocent soul who has killed none." Al-Khadir replied, "Did I not tell you that you cannot remain patient with me?" Then they both proceeded till when they came to the people of a town, they asked them for food, but they refused to entertain them. Then they found there a wall on the point of collapsing. Al-Khadir repaired it with his own hands. Moses said, "If you had wished, surely you could have taken wages for it." Al-Khadir replied, "This is the parting between you and me." The Prophet added, "May Allah be Merciful to Moses! Would that he could have been more patient to learn more about his story with Al-Khadir. "  

البخاري:١٢٢حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرٌو قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ

قُلْتُ لاِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ إِنَّ نَوْفًا الْبِكَالِيَّ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّ مُوسَى لَيْسَ بِمُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ إِنَّمَا هُوَ مُوسَى آخَرُ فَقَالَ كَذَبَ عَدُوُّ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنَا أُبَىُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ قَامَ مُوسَى النَّبِيُّ خَطِيبًا فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فَسُئِلَ أَىُّ النَّاسِ أَعْلَمُ فَقَالَ أَنَا أَعْلَمُ فَعَتَبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ إِذْ لَمْ يَرُدَّ الْعِلْمَ إِلَيْهِ فَأَوْحَى اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ أَنَّ عَبْدًا مِنْ عِبَادِي بِمَجْمَعِ الْبَحْرَيْنِ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ مِنْكَ قَالَ يَا رَبِّ وَكَيْفَ بِهِ فَقِيلَ لَهُ احْمِلْ حُوتًا فِي مِكْتَلٍ فَإِذَا فَقَدْتَهُ فَهْوَ ثَمَّ فَانْطَلَقَ وَانْطَلَقَ بِفَتَاهُ يُوشَعَ بْنِ نُونٍ وَحَمَلاَ حُوتًا فِي مِكْتَلٍ حَتَّى كَانَا عِنْدَ الصَّخْرَةِ وَضَعَا رُءُوسَهُمَا وَنَامَا فَانْسَلَّ الْحُوتُ مِنَ الْمِكْتَلِ فَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ سَرَبًا وَكَانَ لِمُوسَى وَفَتَاهُ عَجَبًا فَانْطَلَقَا بَقِيَّةَ لَيْلَتِهِمَا وَيَوْمِهِمَا فَلَمَّا أَصْبَحَ قَالَ مُوسَى لِفَتَاهُ آتِنَا غَدَاءَنَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا نَصَبًا وَلَمْ يَجِدْ مُوسَى مَسًّا مِنَ النَّصَبِ حَتَّى جَاوَزَ الْمَكَانَ الَّذِي أُمِرَ بِهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ فَتَاهُ أَرَأَيْتَ إِذْ أَوَيْنَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِنِّي نَسِيتُ الْحُوتَ قَالَ مُوسَى ذَلِكَ مَا كُنَّا نَبْغِي فَارْتَدَّا عَلَى آثَارِهِمَا قَصَصًا فَلَمَّا انْتَهَيَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ إِذَا رَجُلٌ مُسَجًّى بِثَوْبٍ أَوْ قَالَ تَسَجَّى بِثَوْبِهِ فَسَلَّمَ مُوسَى فَقَالَ الْخَضِرُ وَأَنَّى بِأَرْضِكَ السَّلاَمُ فَقَالَ أَنَا مُوسَى فَقَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ هَلْ أَتَّبِعُكَ عَلَى أَنْ تُعَلِّمَنِي مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رَشَدًا قَالَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا يَا مُوسَى إِنِّي عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ عَلَّمَنِيهِ لاَ تَعْلَمُهُ أَنْتَ وَأَنْتَ عَلَى عِلْمٍ عَلَّمَكَهُ لاَ أَعْلَمُهُ قَالَ سَتَجِدُنِي إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ صَابِرًا وَلاَ أَعْصِي لَكَ أَمْرًا فَانْطَلَقَا يَمْشِيَانِ عَلَى سَاحِلِ الْبَحْرِ لَيْسَ لَهُمَا سَفِينَةٌ فَمَرَّتْ بِهِمَا سَفِينَةٌ فَكَلَّمُوهُمْ أَنْ يَحْمِلُوهُمَا فَعُرِفَ الْخَضِرُ فَحَمَلُوهُمَا بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ فَجَاءَ عُصْفُورٌ فَوَقَعَ عَلَى حَرْفِ السَّفِينَةِ فَنَقَرَ نَقْرَةً أَوْ نَقْرَتَيْنِ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَقَالَ الْخَضِرُ يَا مُوسَى مَا نَقَصَ عِلْمِي وَعِلْمُكَ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ كَنَقْرَةِ هَذَا الْعُصْفُورِ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَعَمَدَ الْخَضِرُ إِلَى لَوْحٍ مِنْ أَلْوَاحِ السَّفِينَةِ فَنَزَعَهُ فَقَالَ مُوسَى قَوْمٌ حَمَلُونَا بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ عَمَدْتَ إِلَى سَفِينَتِهِمْ فَخَرَقْتَهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا قَالَ لاَ تُؤَاخِذْنِي بِمَا نَسِيتُ فَكَانَتِ الأُولَى مِنْ مُوسَى نِسْيَانًا فَانْطَلَقَا فَإِذَا غُلاَمٌ يَلْعَبُ مَعَ الْغِلْمَانِ فَأَخَذَ الْخَضِرُ بِرَأْسِهِ مِنْ أَعْلاَهُ فَاقْتَلَعَ رَأْسَهُ بِيَدِهِ فَقَالَ مُوسَى أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا قَالَ ابْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ وَهَذَا أَوْكَدُ فَانْطَلَقَا حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَيَا أَهْلَ قَرْيَةٍ اسْتَطْعَمَا أَهْلَهَا فَأَبَوْا أَنْ يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا فَوَجَدَا فِيهَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ فَأَقَامَهُ قَالَ الْخَضِرُ بِيَدِهِ فَأَقَامَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى لَوْ شِئْتَ لاَتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا قَالَ هَذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنِكَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ يَرْحَمُ اللَّهُ مُوسَى لَوَدِدْنَا لَوْ صَبَرَ حَتَّى يُقَصَّ عَلَيْنَا مِنْ أَمْرِهِمَا  

Ḥadīth of the Beatific Vision; Seeing Allah on the Day of Resurrection and the fate of those with different degrees of faith

bukhari:806Abū al-Yamān > Shuʿayb > al-Zuhrī > Saʿīd b. al-Musayyab And ʿAṭāʾ b. Yazīd al-Laythī > Abū Hurayrah

The people said, "O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Shall we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" He replied, "Do you have any doubt in seeing the full moon on a clear (not cloudy) night?" They replied, "No, O Messenger of Allah ﷺ!" He said, "Do you have any doubt in seeing the sun when there are no clouds?" They replied in the negative. He said, "You will see Allah (your Lord) in the same way. On the Day of Resurrection, people will be gathered and He will order the people to follow what they used to worship. So some of them will follow the sun, some will follow the moon, and some will follow other deities; and only this nation (Muslims) will be left with its hypocrites. Allah will come to them and say, 'I am Your Lord.' They will say, 'We shall stay in this place till our Lord comes to us and when our Lord will come, we will recognize Him. Then Allah will come to them again and say, 'I am your Lord.' They will say, 'You are our Lord.'

Allah will call them, and As-Sirat (a bridge) will be laid across Hell and I (Muhammad) shall be the first amongst the Apostles to cross it with my followers. Nobody except the Apostles will then be able to speak and they will be saying then, 'O Allah! Save us. O Allah Save us.' There will be hooks like the thorns of Sa'dan [??] in Hell. Have you seen the thorns of Sa'dan [??]?" The people said, "Yes." He said, "These hooks will be like the thorns of Sa'dan [??] but nobody except Allah knows their greatness in size and these will entangle the people according to their deeds; some of them will fall and stay in Hell forever; others will receive punishment (torn into small pieces) and will get out of Hell."

"Till when Allah intends mercy on whomever He likes amongst the people of Hell, He will order the angels to take out of Hell those who worshipped none but Him alone. The angels will take them out by recognizing them from the traces of prostrations, for Allah has forbidden the (Hell) fire to eat away those traces. So they will come out of the Fire, it will eat away from the whole of the human body except the marks of the prostrations. At that time they will come out of the Fire as mere skeletons. The Water of Life will be poured on them and as a result they will grow like the seeds growing on the bank of flowing water. Then when Allah had finished from the Judgments amongst his creations۔۔۔"

"... one man will be left between Hell and Paradise and he will be the last man from the people of Hell to enter paradise. He will be facing Hell, and will say, 'O Allah! Turn my face from the fire as its wind has dried me and its steam has burnt me.' Allah will ask him, "Will you ask for anything more in case this favor is granted to you?' He will say, "No by Your (Honor) Power!" And he will give to his Lord (Allah) what he will of the pledges and the covenants. Allah will then turn his face from the Fire. When he will face Paradise and will see its charm, he will remain quiet as long as Allah will. He then will say, 'O my Lord! Let me go to the gate of Paradise.' Allah will ask him, 'Didn't you give pledges and make covenants (to the effect) that you would not ask for anything more than what you requested at first?' He will say, 'O my Lord! Do not make me the most wretched, amongst Your creatures.' Allah will say, 'If this request is granted, will you then ask for anything else?' He will say, 'No! By Your Power! I shall not ask for anything else.' Then he will give to his Lord what He will of the pledges and the covenants. Allah will then let him go to the gate of Paradise. On reaching then and seeing its life, charm, and pleasure, he will remain quiet as long as Allah wills and then will say, 'O my Lord ! Let me enter Paradise.' Allah will say, May Allah be merciful unto you, O son of Adam! How treacherous you are! Haven't you made covenants and given pledges that you will not ask for anything more that what you have been given?' He will say, 'O my Lord! Do not make me the most wretched amongst Your creatures.' So Allah will laugh and allow him to enter Paradise and will ask him to request as much as he likes. He will do so till all his desires have been fulfilled . Then Allah will say, 'Request more of such and such things.' Allah will remind him and when all his desires and wishes; have been fulfilled, Allah will say "All this is granted to you and a similar amount besides." Abu Saʿid Al-Khudri, said to Abu Huraira, 'Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Allah said, 'That is for you and ten times more like it.'  

"Abu Huraira said, "I do not remember from Allah's Messenger ﷺ except (his saying), 'All this is granted to you and a similar amount besides." Abu Saʿid said, "I heard him saying, 'That is for you and ten times more the like of it."
البخاري:٨٠٦حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْيَمَانِ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا شُعَيْبٌ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي سَعِيدُ بْنُ الْمُسَيَّبِ وَعَطَاءُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ اللَّيْثِيُّ أَنَّ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ أَخْبَرَهُمَا

أَنَّ النَّاسَ قَالُوا: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ هَلْ نَرَى رَبَّنَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ؟ قَالَ: «هَلْ تُمَارُونَ فِي الْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ لَيْسَ دُونَهُ سَحَابٌ؟» قَالُوا: لاَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ۔ قَالَ: «فَهَلْ تُمَارُونَ فِي الشَّمْسِ لَيْسَ دُونَهَا سَحَابٌ؟» قَالُوا: لاَ۔ قَالَ: «فَإِنَّكُمْ تَرَوْنَهُ كَذَلِكَ يُحْشَرُ النَّاسُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ، فَيَقُولُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ شَيْئًا فَلْيَتَّبِعْ فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَتَّبِعُ الشَّمْسَ، وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَتَّبِعُ الْقَمَرَ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَتَّبِعُ الطَّوَاغِيتَ، وَتَبْقَى هَذِهِ الأُمَّةُ فِيهَا مُنَافِقُوهَا فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللَّهُ فَيَقُولُ: أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ! فَيَقُولُونَ: هَذَا مَكَانُنَا حَتَّى يَأْتِيَنَا رَبُّنَا، فَإِذَا جَاءَ رَبُّنَا عَرَفْنَاهُ فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللَّهُ فَيَقُولُ: أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ! فَيَقُولُونَ: أَنْتَ رَبُّنَا۔»

«فَيَدْعُوهُمْ فَيُضْرَبُ الصِّرَاطُ بَيْنَ ظَهْرَانَىْ جَهَنَّمَ، فَأَكُونُ أَوَّلَ مَنْ يَجُوزُ مِنَ الرُّسُلِ بِأُمَّتِهِ وَلاَ يَتَكَلَّمُ يَوْمَئِذٍ أَحَدٌ إِلاَّ الرُّسُلُ، وَكَلاَمُ الرُّسُلِ يَوْمَئِذٍ: اللَّهُمَّ سَلِّمْ سَلِّمْ» وَفِي جَهَنَّمَ كَلاَلِيبُ مِثْلُ شَوْكِ السَّعْدَانِ، هَلْ رَأَيْتُمْ شَوْكَ السَّعْدَانِ؟» قَالُوا: نَعَمْ۔ قَالَ: «فَإِنَّهَا مِثْلُ شَوْكِ السَّعْدَانِ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ لاَ يَعْلَمُ قَدْرَ عِظَمِهَا إِلاَّ اللَّهُ، تَخْطَفُ النَّاسَ بِأَعْمَالِهِمْ فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يُوبَقُ بِعَمَلِهِ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يُخَرْدَلُ۔»

«ثُمَّ يَنْجُو حَتَّى إِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ رَحْمَةَ مَنْ أَرَادَ مِنْ أَهْلِ النَّارِ، أَمَرَ اللَّهُ الْمَلاَئِكَةَ أَنْ يُخْرِجُوا مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ فَيُخْرِجُونَهُمْ وَيَعْرِفُونَهُمْ بِآثَارِ السُّجُودِ، وَحَرَّمَ اللَّهُ عَلَى النَّارِ أَنْ تَأْكُلَ أَثَرَ السُّجُودِ فَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنَ النَّارِ، فَكُلُّ ابْنِ آدَمَ تَأْكُلُهُ النَّارُ إِلاَّ أَثَرَ السُّجُودِ فَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنَ النَّارِ قَدِ امْتَحَشُوا فَيُصَبُّ عَلَيْهِمْ مَاءُ الْحَيَاةِ، فَيَنْبُتُونَ كَمَا تَنْبُتُ الْحِبَّةُ فِي حَمِيلِ السَّيْلِ، ثُمَّ يَفْرُغُ اللَّهُ مِنَ الْقَضَاءِ بَيْنَ الْعِبَادِ۔»

«وَيَبْقَى رَجُلٌ بَيْنَ الْجَنَّةِ وَالنَّارِ وَهْوَ آخِرُ أَهْلِ النَّارِ دُخُولاً الْجَنَّةَ مُقْبِلٌ بِوَجْهِهِ قِبَلَ النَّارِ فَيَقُولُ: يَا رَبِّ اصْرِفْ وَجْهِي عَنِ النَّارِ قَدْ قَشَبَنِي رِيحُهَا وَأَحْرَقَنِي ذَكَاؤُهَا، فَيَقُولُ: هَلْ عَسَيْتَ إِنْ فُعِلَ ذَلِكَ بِكَ أَنْ تَسْأَلَ غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ؟ فَيَقُولُ: لاَ وَعِزَّتِكَ، فَيُعْطِي اللَّهَ مَا يَشَاءُ مِنْ عَهْدٍ وَمِيثَاقٍ فَيَصْرِفُ اللَّهُ وَجْهَهُ عَنِ النَّارِ، فَإِذَا أَقْبَلَ بِهِ عَلَى الْجَنَّةِ رَأَى بَهْجَتَهَا سَكَتَ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَسْكُتَ ثُمَّ قَالَ: يَا رَبِّ قَدِّمْنِي عِنْدَ باب الْجَنَّةِ، فَيَقُولُ اللَّهُ لَهُ: أَلَيْسَ قَدْ أَعْطَيْتَ الْعُهُودَ وَالْمَوَاثِيقَ أَنْ لاَ تَسْأَلَ غَيْرَ الَّذِي كُنْتَ سَأَلْتَ؟ فَيَقُولُ: يَا رَبِّ لاَ أَكُونُ أَشْقَى خَلْقِكَ، فَيَقُولُ: فَمَا عَسَيْتَ إِنْ أُعْطِيتَ ذَلِكَ أَنْ لاَ تَسْأَلَ غَيْرَهُ؟ فَيَقُولُ: لاَ وَعِزَّتِكَ لاَ أَسْأَلُ غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ، فَيُعْطِي رَبَّهُ مَا شَاءَ مِنْ عَهْدٍ وَمِيثَاقٍ فَيُقَدِّمُهُ إِلَى باب الْجَنَّةِ، فَإِذَا بَلَغَ بَابَهَا فَرَأَى زَهْرَتَهَا وَمَا فِيهَا مِنَ النَّضْرَةِ وَالسُّرُورِ فَيَسْكُتُ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَسْكُتَ فَيَقُولُ: يَا رَبِّ أَدْخِلْنِي الْجَنَّةَ، فَيَقُولُ اللَّهُ: وَيْحَكَ يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ مَا أَغْدَرَكَ! أَلَيْسَ قَدْ أَعْطَيْتَ الْعَهْدَ وَالْمِيثَاقَ أَنْ لاَ تَسْأَلَ غَيْرَ الَّذِي أُعْطِيتَ؟ فَيَقُولُ: يَا رَبِّ لاَ تَجْعَلْنِي أَشْقَى خَلْقِكَ، فَيَضْحَكُ اللَّهُ ﷻ مِنْهُ ثُمَّ يَأْذَنُ لَهُ فِي دُخُولِ الْجَنَّةِ فَيَقُولُ: تَمَنَّ! فَيَتَمَنَّى حَتَّى إِذَا انْقَطَعَتْ أُمْنِيَّتُهُ قَالَ اللَّهُ ﷻ: تَمَنَّ كَذَا وَكَذَا، أَقْبَلَ يُذَكِّرُهُ رَبُّهُ حَتَّى إِذَا انْتَهَتْ بِهِ الأَمَانِيُّ قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى: لَكَ ذَلِكَ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ۔»  

قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيُّ لأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ؓ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ قَالَ اللَّهُ لَكَ ذَلِكَ وَعَشَرَةُ أَمْثَالِهِ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ لَمْ أَحْفَظْ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِلاَّ قَوْلَهُ لَكَ ذَلِكَ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ إِنِّي سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ ذَلِكَ لَكَ وَعَشَرَةُ أَمْثَالِهِ
bukhari:4033Abū al-Yamān > Shuʿayb > al-Zuhrī > Mālik b. Aws b. al-Ḥadathān al-Naṣrī > ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb Daʿāh Idh Jāʾah Ḥājibuh Yarfā > Hal

That once ʿUmar bin Al-Khattab called him and while he was sitting with him, his gatekeeper, Yarfa came and said, "Will you admit ʿUthman, ʿAbdur-Rahman bin ʿAuf, AzZubair and Saʿd (bin Abi Waqqas) who are waiting for your permission?" ʿUmar said, "Yes, let them come in." After a while, Yarfa- came again and said, "Will you admit ʿAli and ʿAbbas who are asking your permission?" ʿUmar said, "Yes." So, when the two entered, ʿAbbas said, "O chief of the believers! Judge between me and this (i.e. ʿAli). "Both of them had a dispute regarding the property of Bani An-Nadir which Allah had given to His Apostle as Fai (i.e. booty gained without fighting), ʿAli and ʿAbbas started reproaching each other. The (present) people (i.e. ʿUthman and his companions) said, "O chief of the believers! Give your verdict in their case and relieve each from) the other." ʿUmar said, "Wait I beseech you, by Allah, by Whose Permission both the heaven and the earth stand fast! Do you know that Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'We (Prophets) our properties are not to be inherited, and whatever we leave, is to be spent in charity,' and he said it about himself?" They (i.e. ʿUthman and his company) said, "He did say it. "ʿUmar then turned towards ʿAli and ʿAbbas and said, "I beseech you both, by Allah! Do you know that Messenger of Allah ﷺ said this?" They replied in the affirmative. He said, "Now I am talking to you about this matter. Allah the Glorified favored His Apostle with something of this Fai (i.e. booty won without fighting) which He did not give to anybody else. Allah said:-- "And what Allah gave to His Apostle ("Fai"" Booty) from them--For which you made no expedition With either Calvary or camelry. But Allah gives power to His Apostles Over whomsoever He will And Allah is able to do all things." (59.6) So this property was especially granted to Messenger of Allah ﷺ . But by Allah, the Prophet ﷺ neither took it all for himself only, nor deprived you of it, but he gave it to all of you and distributed it amongst you till only this remained out of it. And from this Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to spend the yearly maintenance for his family, and whatever used to remain, he used to spend it where Allah's Property is spent (i.e. in charity), Messenger of Allah ﷺ kept on acting like that during all his life, Then he died, and Abu Bakr said, 'I am the successor of Messenger of Allah ﷺ.' So he (i.e. Abu Bakr) took charge of this property and disposed of it in the same manner as Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to do, and all of you (at that time) knew all about it." Then ʿUmar turned towards ʿAli and ʿAbbas and said, "You both remember that Abu Bakr disposed of it in the way you have described and Allah knows that, in that matter, he was sincere, pious, rightly guided and the follower of the right. Then Allah caused Abu Bakr to die and I said, 'I am the successor of Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Abu Bakr.' So I kept this property in my possession for the first two years of my rule (i.e. Caliphate and I used to dispose of it in the same wa as Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Abu Bakr used to do; and Allah knows that I have been sincere, pious, rightly guided an the follower of the right (in this matte Later on both of you (i.e. ʿAli and ʿAbbas) came to me, and the claim of you both was one and the same, O ʿAbbas! You also came to me. So I told you both that Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Our property is not inherited, but whatever we leave is to be given in charity.' Then when I thought that I should better hand over this property to you both or the condition that you will promise and pledge before Allah that you will dispose it off in the same way as Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Abu Bakr did and as I have done since the beginning of my caliphate or else you should not speak to me (about it).' So, both of you said to me, 'Hand it over to us on this condition.' And on this condition I handed it over to you. Do you want me now to give a decision other than that (decision)? By Allah, with Whose Permission both the sky and the earth stand fast, I will never give any decision other than that (decision) till the Last Hour is established. But if you are unable to manage it (i.e. that property), then return it to me, and I will manage on your behalf." The sub-narrator said, "I told ʿUrwa bin Az-Zubair of this Hadith and he said, 'Malik bin Aus has told the truth" I heard ʿAisha, the wife of the Prophet ﷺ saying, 'The wives of the Prophet ﷺ sent ʿUthman to Abu Bakr demanding from him their 1/8 of the Fai which Allah had granted to his Apostle. But I used to oppose them and say to them: Will you not fear Allah? Don't you know that the Prophet used to say: Our property is not inherited, but whatever we leave is to be given in charity? The Prophet ﷺ mentioned that regarding himself. He added: 'The family of Muhammad can take their sustenance from this property. So the wives of the Prophet ﷺ stopped demanding it when I told them of that.' So, this property (of Sadaqa) was in the hands of ʿAli who withheld it from ʿAbbas and overpowered him. Then it came in the hands of Hasan bin ʿAli, then in the hands of Husain bin ʿAli, and then in the hands of ʿAli bin Husain and Hasan bin Hasan, and each of the last two used to manage it in turn, then it came in the hands of Zaid bin Hasan, and it was truly the Sadaqa of Allah's Apostle ."  

البخاري:٤٠٣٣حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْيَمَانِ أَخْبَرَنَا شُعَيْبٌ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي مَالِكُ بْنُ أَوْسِ بْنِ الْحَدَثَانِ النَّصْرِيُّ أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ ؓ دَعَاهُ إِذْ جَاءَهُ حَاجِبُهُ يَرْفَا فَقَالَ

هَلْ لَكَ فِي عُثْمَانَ وَعَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ وَالزُّبَيْرِ وَسَعْدٍ يَسْتَأْذِنُونَ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَأَدْخِلْهُمْ فَلَبِثَ قَلِيلاً ثُمَّ جَاءَ فَقَالَ هَلْ لَكَ فِي عَبَّاسٍ وَعَلِيٍّ يَسْتَأْذِنَانِ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَلَمَّا دَخَلاَ قَالَ عَبَّاسٌ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ اقْضِ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ هَذَا وَهُمَا يَخْتَصِمَانِ فِي الَّذِي أَفَاءَ اللَّهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ ﷺ مِنْ بَنِي النَّضِيرِ فَاسْتَبَّ عَلِيٌّ وَعَبَّاسٌ فَقَالَ الرَّهْطُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ اقْضِ بَيْنَهُمَا وَأَرِحْ أَحَدَهُمَا مِنَ الآخَرِ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ اتَّئِدُوا أَنْشُدُكُمْ بِاللَّهِ الَّذِي بِإِذْنِهِ تَقُومُ السَّمَاءُ وَالأَرْضُ هَلْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ لاَ نُورَثُ مَا تَرَكْنَا صَدَقَةٌ يُرِيدُ بِذَلِكَ نَفْسَهُ قَالُوا قَدْ قَالَ ذَلِكَ فَأَقْبَلَ عُمَرُ عَلَى عَبَّاسٍ وَعَلِيٍّ فَقَالَ أَنْشُدُكُمَا بِاللَّهِ هَلْ تَعْلَمَانِ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَدْ قَالَ ذَلِكَ قَالاَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَإِنِّي أُحَدِّثُكُمْ عَنْ هَذَا الأَمْرِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ سُبْحَانَهُ كَانَ خَصَّ رَسُولَهُ ﷺ فِي هَذَا الْفَىْءِ بِشَىْءٍ لَمْ يُعْطِهِ أَحَدًا غَيْرَهُ فَقَالَ جَلَّ ذِكْرُهُ {وَمَا أَفَاءَ اللَّهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ مِنْهُمْ فَمَا أَوْجَفْتُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ خَيْلٍ وَلاَ رِكَابٍ} إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {قَدِيرٌ} فَكَانَتْ هَذِهِ خَالِصَةً لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ وَاللَّهِ مَا احْتَازَهَا دُونَكُمْ وَلاَ اسْتَأْثَرَهَا عَلَيْكُمْ لَقَدْ أَعْطَاكُمُوهَا وَقَسَمَهَا فِيكُمْ حَتَّى بَقِيَ هَذَا الْمَالُ مِنْهَا فَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يُنْفِقُ عَلَى أَهْلِهِ نَفَقَةَ سَنَتِهِمْ مِنْ هَذَا الْمَالِ ثُمَّ يَأْخُذُ مَا بَقِيَ فَيَجْعَلُهُ مَجْعَلَ مَالِ اللَّهِ فَعَمِلَ ذَلِكَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَيَاتَهُ ثُمَّ تُوُفِّيَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَأَنَا وَلِيُّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَبَضَهُ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَعَمِلَ فِيهِ بِمَا عَمِلَ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَنْتُمْ حِينَئِذٍ فَأَقْبَلَ عَلَى عَلِيٍّ وَعَبَّاسٍ وَقَالَ تَذْكُرَانِ أَنَّ أَبَا بَكْرٍ عَمِلَ فِيهِ كَمَا تَقُولاَنِ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ إِنَّهُ فِيهِ لَصَادِقٌ بَارٌّ رَاشِدٌ تَابِعٌ لِلْحَقِّ ثُمَّ تَوَفَّى اللَّهُ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَقُلْتُ أَنَا وَلِيُّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَبَضْتُهُ سَنَتَيْنِ مِنْ إِمَارَتِي أَعْمَلُ فِيهِ بِمَا عَمِلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ أَنِّي فِيهِ صَادِقٌ بَارٌّ رَاشِدٌ تَابِعٌ لِلْحَقِّ ثُمَّ جِئْتُمَانِي كِلاَكُمَا وَكَلِمَتُكُمَا وَاحِدَةٌ وَأَمْرُكُمَا جَمِيعٌ فَجِئْتَنِي يَعْنِي عَبَّاسًا فَقُلْتُ لَكُمَا إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ لاَ نُورَثُ مَا تَرَكْنَا صَدَقَةٌ فَلَمَّا بَدَا لِي أَنْ أَدْفَعَهُ إِلَيْكُمَا قُلْتُ إِنْ شِئْتُمَا دَفَعْتُهُ إِلَيْكُمَا عَلَى أَنَّ عَلَيْكُمَا عَهْدَ اللَّهِ وَمِيثَاقَهُ لَتَعْمَلاَنِ فِيهِ بِمَا عَمِلَ فِيهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ وَمَا عَمِلْتُ فِيهِ مُذْ وَلِيتُ وَإِلاَّ فَلاَ تُكَلِّمَانِي فَقُلْتُمَا ادْفَعْهُ إِلَيْنَا بِذَلِكَ فَدَفَعْتُهُ إِلَيْكُمَا أَفَتَلْتَمِسَانِ مِنِّي قَضَاءً غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ فَوَاللَّهِ الَّذِي بِإِذْنِهِ تَقُومُ السَّمَاءُ وَالأَرْضُ لاَ أَقْضِي فِيهِ بِقَضَاءٍ غَيْرِ ذَلِكَ حَتَّى تَقُومَ السَّاعَةُ فَإِنْ عَجَزْتُمَا عَنْهُ فَادْفَعَا إِلَىَّ فَأَنَا أَكْفِيكُمَاهُ قَالَ فَحَدَّثْتُ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ عُرْوَةَ بْنَ الزُّبَيْرِ فَقَالَ صَدَقَ مَالِكُ بْنُ أَوْسٍ أَنَا سَمِعْتُ عَائِشَةَ ؓ زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ تَقُولُ أَرْسَلَ أَزْوَاجُ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ عُثْمَانَ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ يَسْأَلْنَهُ ثُمُنَهُنَّ مِمَّا أَفَاءَ اللَّهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ ﷺ فَكُنْتُ أَنَا أَرُدُّهُنَّ فَقُلْتُ لَهُنَّ أَلاَ تَتَّقِينَ اللَّهَ أَلَمْ تَعْلَمْنَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ كَانَ يَقُولُ لاَ نُورَثُ مَا تَرَكْنَا صَدَقَةٌ يُرِيدُ بِذَلِكَ نَفْسَهُ إِنَّمَا يَأْكُلُ آلُ مُحَمَّدٍ ﷺ فِي هَذَا الْمَالِ فَانْتَهَى أَزْوَاجُ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ إِلَى مَا أَخْبَرَتْهُنَّ قَالَ فَكَانَتْ هَذِهِ الصَّدَقَةُ بِيَدِ عَلِيٍّ مَنَعَهَا عَلِيٌّ عَبَّاسًا فَغَلَبَهُ عَلَيْهَا ثُمَّ كَانَ بِيَدِ حَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ ثُمَّ بِيَدِ حُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ ثُمَّ بِيَدِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حُسَيْنٍ وَحَسَنِ بْنِ حَسَنٍ كِلاَهُمَا كَانَا يَتَدَاوَلاَنِهَا ثُمَّ بِيَدِ زَيْدِ بْنِ حَسَنٍ وَهْىَ صَدَقَةُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَقًّا  

bukhari:3905Yaḥyá b. Bukayr > al-Layth > ʿUqayl > Ibn Shihāb Faʾakhbaranī ʿUrwah b. al-Zubayr > ʿĀʾishah

(the wife of the Prophet) I never remembered my parents believing in any religion other than the true religion (i.e. Islam), and (I don't remember) a single day passing without our being visited by Messenger of Allah ﷺ in the morning and in the evening. When the Muslims were put to test (i.e. troubled by the pagans), Abu Bakr set out migrating to the land of Ethiopia, and when he reached Bark-al-Ghimad, Ibn Ad-Daghina, the chief of the tribe of Qara, met him and said, "O Abu Bakr! Where are you going?" Abu Bakr replied, "My people have turned me out (of my country), so I want to wander on the earth and worship my Lord." Ibn Ad-Daghina said, "O Abu Bakr! A man like you should not leave his home-land, nor should he be driven out, because you help the destitute, earn their livings, and you keep good relations with your Kith and kin, help the weak and poor, entertain guests generously, and help the calamity-stricken persons. Therefore I am your protector. Go back and worship your Lord in your town." So Abu Bakr returned and Ibn Ad-Daghina accompanied him. In the evening Ibn Ad-Daghina visited the nobles of Quraish and said to them. "A man like Abu Bakr should not leave his homeland, nor should he be driven out. Do you (i.e. Quraish) drive out a man who helps the destitute, earns their living, keeps good relations with his Kith and kin, helps the weak and poor, entertains guests generously and helps the calamity-stricken persons?" So the people of Quraish could not refuse Ibn Ad-Daghina's protection, and they said to Ibn Ad-Daghina, "Let Abu Bakr worship his Lord in his house. He can pray and recite there whatever he likes, but he should not hurt us with it, and should not do it publicly, because we are afraid that he may affect our women and children." Ibn Ad-Daghina told Abu Bakr of all that. Abu Bakr stayed in that state, worshipping his Lord in his house. He did not pray publicly, nor did he recite Quran outside his house. Then a thought occurred to Abu Bakr to build a mosque in front of his house, and there he used to pray and recite the Quran. The women and children of the pagans began to gather around him in great number. They used to wonder at him and look at him. Abu Bakr was a man who used to weep too much, and he could not help weeping on reciting the Quran. That situation scared the nobles of the pagans of Quraish, so they sent for Ibn Ad-Daghina. When he came to them, they said, "We accepted your protection of Abu Bakr on condition that he should worship his Lord in his house, but he has violated the conditions and he has built a mosque in front of his house where he prays and recites the Quran publicly. We are now afraid that he may affect our women and children unfavorably. So, prevent him from that. If he likes to confine the worship of his Lord to his house, he may do so, but if he insists on doing that openly, ask him to release you from your obligation to protect him, for we dislike to break our pact with you, but we deny Abu Bakr the right to announce his act publicly." Ibn Ad-Daghina went to Abu- Bakr and said, ("O Abu Bakr!) You know well what contract I have made on your behalf; now, you are either to abide by it, or else release me from my obligation of protecting you, because I do not want the 'Arabs hear that my people have dishonored a contract I have made on behalf of another man." Abu Bakr replied, "I release you from your pact to protect me, and am pleased with the protection from Allah." At that time the Prophet ﷺ was in Mecca, and he said to the Muslims, "In a dream I have been shown your migration place, a land of date palm trees, between two mountains, the two stony tracts." So, some people migrated to Medina, and most of those people who had previously migrated to the land of Ethiopia, returned to Medina. Abu Bakr also prepared to leave for Medina, but Messenger of Allah ﷺ said to him, "Wait for a while, because I hope that I will be allowed to migrate also." Abu Bakr said, "Do you indeed expect this? Let my father be sacrificed for you!" The Prophet ﷺ said, "Yes." So Abu Bakr did not migrate for the sake of Messenger of Allah ﷺ in order to accompany him. He fed two she-camels he possessed with the leaves of As-Samur tree that fell on being struck by a stick for four months. One day, while we were sitting in Abu Bakr's house at noon, someone said to Abu Bakr, "This is Messenger of Allah ﷺ with his head covered coming at a time at which he never used to visit us before." Abu Bakr said, "May my parents be sacrificed for him. By Allah, he has not come at this hour except for a great necessity." So Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and asked permission to enter, and he was allowed to enter. When he entered, he said to Abu Bakr. "Tell everyone who is present with you to go away." Abu Bakr replied, "There are none but your family. May my father be sacrificed for you, O Messenger of Allah ﷺ!" The Prophet ﷺ said, "i have been given permission to migrate." Abu Bakr said, "Shall I accompany you? May my father be sacrificed for you, O Messenger of Allah ﷺ!" Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Yes." Abu Bakr said, "O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! May my father be sacrificed for you, take one of these two she-camels of mine." Messenger of Allah ﷺ replied, "(I will accept it) with payment." So we prepared the baggage quickly and put some journey food in a leather bag for them. Asma, Abu Bakr's daughter, cut a piece from her waist belt and tied the mouth of the leather bag with it, and for that reason she was named Dhat-un-Nitaqain (i.e. the owner of two belts). Then Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Abu Bakr reached a cave on the mountain of Thaur and stayed there for three nights. 'Abdullah bin Abi Bakr who was intelligent and a sagacious youth, used to stay (with them) aver night. He used to leave them before day break so that in the morning he would be with Quraish as if he had spent the night in Mecca. He would keep in mind any plot made against them, and when it became dark he would (go and) inform them of it. 'Amir bin Fuhaira, the freed slave of Abu Bakr, used to bring the milch sheep (of his master, Abu Bakr) to them a little while after nightfall in order to rest the sheep there. So they always had fresh milk at night, the milk of their sheep, and the milk which they warmed by throwing heated stones in it. 'Amir bin Fuhaira would then call the herd away when it was still dark (before daybreak). He did the same in each of those three nights. Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Abu Bakr had hired a man from the tribe of Bani Ad-Dail from the family of Bani Abd bin Adi as an expert guide, and he was in alliance with the family of Al-'As bin Wail As-Sahmi and he was on the religion of the infidels of Quraish. The Prophet ﷺ and Abu Bakr trusted him and gave him their two she-camels and took his promise to bring their two she camels to the cave of the mountain of Thaur in the morning after three nights later. And (when they set out), 'Amir bin Fuhaira and the guide went along with them and the guide led them along the sea-shore.  

البخاري:٣٩٠٥حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ بُكَيْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ عَنْ عُقَيْلٍ قَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ فَأَخْبَرَنِي عُرْوَةُ بْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ

أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ ؓ زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَتْ لَمْ أَعْقِلْ أَبَوَىَّ قَطُّ إِلاَّ وَهُمَا يَدِينَانِ الدِّينَ وَلَمْ يَمُرَّ عَلَيْنَا يَوْمٌ إِلاَّ يَأْتِينَا فِيهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ طَرَفَىِ النَّهَارِ بُكْرَةً وَعَشِيَّةً فَلَمَّا ابْتُلِيَ الْمُسْلِمُونُ خَرَجَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ مُهَاجِرًا نَحْوَ أَرْضِ الْحَبَشَةِ حَتَّى بَلَغَ بَرْكَ الْغِمَادِ لَقِيَهُ ابْنُ الدَّغِنَةِ وَهْوَ سَيِّدُ الْقَارَةِ فَقَالَ أَيْنَ تُرِيدُ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ أَخْرَجَنِي قَوْمِي فَأُرِيدُ أَنْ أَسِيحَ فِي الأَرْضِ وَأَعْبُدَ رَبِّي قَالَ ابْنُ الدَّغِنَةِ فَإِنَّ مِثْلَكَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ لاَ يَخْرُجُ وَلاَ يُخْرَجُ إِنَّكَ تَكْسِبُ الْمَعْدُومَ وَتَصِلُ الرَّحِمَ وَتَحْمِلُ الْكَلَّ وَتَقْرِي الضَّيْفَ وَتُعِينُ عَلَى نَوَائِبِ الْحَقِّ فَأَنَا لَكَ جَارٌ ارْجِعْ وَاعْبُدْ رَبَّكَ بِبَلَدِكَ فَرَجَعَ وَارْتَحَلَ مَعَهُ ابْنُ الدَّغِنَةِ فَطَافَ ابْنُ الدَّغِنَةِ عَشِيَّةً فِي أَشْرَافِ قُرَيْشٍ فَقَالَ لَهُمْ إِنَّ أَبَا بَكْرٍ لاَ يَخْرُجُ مِثْلُهُ وَلاَ يُخْرَجُ أَتُخْرِجُونَ رَجُلاً يَكْسِبُ الْمَعْدُومَ وَيَصِلُ الرَّحِمَ وَيَحْمِلُ الْكَلَّ وَيَقْرِي الضَّيْفَ وَيُعِينُ عَلَى نَوَائِبِ الْحَقِّ فَلَمْ تُكَذِّبْ قُرَيْشٌ بِجِوَارِ ابْنِ الدَّغِنَةِ وَقَالُوا لاِبْنِ الدَّغِنَةِ مُرْ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَلْيَعْبُدْ رَبَّهُ فِي دَارِهِ فَلْيُصَلِّ فِيهَا وَلْيَقْرَأْ مَا شَاءَ وَلاَ يُؤْذِينَا بِذَلِكَ وَلاَ يَسْتَعْلِنْ بِهِ فَإِنَّا نَخْشَى أَنْ يَفْتِنَ نِسَاءَنَا وَأَبْنَاءَنَا فَقَالَ ذَلِكَ ابْنُ الدَّغِنَةِ لأَبِي بَكْرٍ فَلَبِثَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ بِذَلِكَ يَعْبُدُ رَبَّهُ فِي دَارِهِ وَلاَ يَسْتَعْلِنُ بِصَلاَتِهِ وَلاَ يَقْرَأُ فِي غَيْرِ دَارِهِ ثُمَّ بَدَا لأَبِي بَكْرٍ فَابْتَنَى مَسْجِدًا بِفِنَاءِ دَارِهِ وَكَانَ يُصَلِّي فِيهِ وَيَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ فَيَنْقَذِفُ عَلَيْهِ نِسَاءُ الْمُشْرِكِينَ وَأَبْنَاؤُهُمْ وَهُمْ يَعْجَبُونَ مِنْهُ وَيَنْظُرُونَ إِلَيْهِ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ رَجُلاً بَكَّاءً لاَ يَمْلِكُ عَيْنَيْهِ إِذَا قَرَأَ الْقُرْآنَ وَأَفْزَعَ ذَلِكَ أَشْرَافَ قُرَيْشٍ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ فَأَرْسَلُوا إِلَى ابْنِ الدَّغِنَةِ فَقَدِمَ عَلَيْهِمْ فَقَالُوا إِنَّا كُنَّا أَجَرْنَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ بِجِوَارِكَ عَلَى أَنْ يَعْبُدَ رَبَّهُ فِي دَارِهِ فَقَدْ جَاوَزَ ذَلِكَ فَابْتَنَى مَسْجِدًا بِفِنَاءِ دَارِهِ فَأَعْلَنَ بِالصَّلاَةِ وَالْقِرَاءَةِ فِيهِ وَإِنَّا قَدْ خَشِينَا أَنْ يَفْتِنَ نِسَاءَنَا وَأَبْنَاءَنَا فَانْهَهُ فَإِنْ أَحَبَّ أَنْ يَقْتَصِرَ عَلَى أَنْ يَعْبُدَ رَبَّهُ فِي دَارِهِ فَعَلَ وَإِنْ أَبَى إِلاَّ أَنْ يُعْلِنَ بِذَلِكَ فَسَلْهُ أَنْ يَرُدَّ إِلَيْكَ ذِمَّتَكَ فَإِنَّا قَدْ كَرِهْنَا أَنْ نُخْفِرَكَ وَلَسْنَا مُقِرِّينَ لأَبِي بَكْرٍ الاِسْتِعْلاَنَ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَأَتَى ابْنُ الدَّغِنَةِ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ قَدْ عَلِمْتَ الَّذِي عَاقَدْتُ لَكَ عَلَيْهِ فَإِمَّا أَنْ تَقْتَصِرَ عَلَى ذَلِكَ وَإِمَّا أَنْ تَرْجِعَ إِلَىَّ ذِمَّتِي فَإِنِّي لاَ أُحِبُّ أَنْ تَسْمَعَ الْعَرَبُ أَنِّي أُخْفِرْتُ فِي رَجُلٍ عَقَدْتُ لَهُ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَإِنِّي أَرُدُّ إِلَيْكَ جِوَارَكَ وَأَرْضَى بِجِوَارِ اللَّهِ ﷻ وَالنَّبِيُّ ﷺ يَوْمَئِذٍ بِمَكَّةَ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ إِنِّي أُرِيتُ دَارَ هِجْرَتِكُمْ ذَاتَ نَخْلٍ بَيْنَ لاَبَتَيْنِ وَهُمَا الْحَرَّتَانِ فَهَاجَرَ مَنْ هَاجَرَ قِبَلَ الْمَدِينَةِ وَرَجَعَ عَامَّةُ مَنْ كَانَ هَاجَرَ بِأَرْضِ الْحَبَشَةِ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ وَتَجَهَّزَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ قِبَلَ الْمَدِينَةِ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَلَى رِسْلِكَ فَإِنِّي أَرْجُو أَنْ يُؤْذَنَ لِي فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَهَلْ تَرْجُو ذَلِكَ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَحَبَسَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ نَفْسَهُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ لِيَصْحَبَهُ وَعَلَفَ رَاحِلَتَيْنِ كَانَتَا عِنْدَهُ وَرَقَ السَّمُرِ وَهْوَ الْخَبَطُ أَرْبَعَةَ أَشْهُرٍ قَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ قَالَ عُرْوَةُ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَبَيْنَمَا نَحْنُ يَوْمًا جُلُوسٌ فِي بَيْتِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ فِي نَحْرِ الظَّهِيرَةِ قَالَ قَائِلٌ لأَبِي بَكْرٍ هَذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مُتَقَنِّعًا فِي سَاعَةٍ لَمْ يَكُنْ يَأْتِينَا فِيهَا فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فِدَاءٌ لَهُ أَبِي وَأُمِّي وَاللَّهِ مَا جَاءَ بِهِ فِي هَذِهِ السَّاعَةِ إِلاَّ أَمْرٌ قَالَتْ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَاسْتَأْذَنَ فَأُذِنَ لَهُ فَدَخَلَ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ لأَبِي بَكْرٍ أَخْرِجْ مَنْ عِنْدَكَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ إِنَّمَا هُمْ أَهْلُكَ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ فَإِنِّي قَدْ أُذِنَ لِي فِي الْخُرُوجِ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ الصَّحَابَةُ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ نَعَمْ قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَخُذْ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِحْدَى رَاحِلَتَىَّ هَاتَيْنِ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ بِالثَّمَنِ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَجَهَّزْنَاهُمَا أَحَثَّ الْجَهَازِ وَصَنَعْنَا لَهُمَا سُفْرَةً فِي جِرَابٍ فَقَطَعَتْ أَسْمَاءُ بِنْتُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ قِطْعَةً مَنْ نِطَاقِهَا فَرَبَطَتْ بِهِ عَلَى فَمِ الْجِرَابِ فَبِذَلِكَ سُمِّيَتْ ذَاتَ النِّطَاقِ قَالَتْ ثُمَّ لَحِقَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ بِغَارٍ فِي جَبَلِ ثَوْرٍ فَكَمَنَا فِيهِ ثَلاَثَ لَيَالٍ يَبِيتُ عِنْدَهُمَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَهْوَ غُلاَمٌ شَابٌّ ثَقِفٌ لَقِنٌ فَيُدْلِجُ مِنْ عِنْدِهِمَا بِسَحَرٍ فَيُصْبِحُ مَعَ قُرَيْشٍ بِمَكَّةَ كَبَائِتٍ فَلاَ يَسْمَعُ أَمْرًا يُكْتَادَانِ بِهِ إِلاَّ وَعَاهُ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَهُمَا بِخَبَرِ ذَلِكَ حِينَ يَخْتَلِطُ الظَّلاَمُ وَيَرْعَى عَلَيْهِمَا عَامِرُ بْنُ فُهَيْرَةَ مَوْلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ مِنْحَةً مِنْ غَنَمٍ فَيُرِيحُهَا عَلَيْهِمَا حِينَ يَذْهَبُ سَاعَةٌ مِنَ الْعِشَاءِ فَيَبِيتَانِ فِي رِسْلٍ وَهْوَ لَبَنُ مِنْحَتِهِمَا وَرَضِيفِهِمَا حَتَّى يَنْعِقَ بِهَا عَامِرُ بْنُ فُهَيْرَةَ بِغَلَسٍ يَفْعَلُ ذَلِكَ فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ تِلْكَ اللَّيَالِي الثَّلاَثِ وَاسْتَأْجَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ رَجُلاً مِنْ بَنِي الدِّيلِ وَهْوَ مِنْ بَنِي عَبْدِ بْنِ عَدِيٍّ هَادِيًا خِرِّيتًا وَالْخِرِّيتُ الْمَاهِرُ بِالْهِدَايَةِ قَدْ غَمَسَ حِلْفًا فِي آلِ الْعَاصِ بْنِ وَائِلٍ السَّهْمِيِّ وَهْوَ عَلَى دِينِ كُفَّارِ قُرَيْشٍ فَأَمِنَاهُ فَدَفَعَا إِلَيْهِ رَاحِلَتَيْهِمَا وَوَاعَدَاهُ غَارَ ثَوْرٍ بَعْدَ ثَلاَثِ لَيَالٍ بِرَاحِلَتَيْهِمَا صُبْحَ ثَلاَثٍ وَانْطَلَقَ مَعَهُمَا عَامِرُ بْنُ فُهَيْرَةَ وَالدَّلِيلُ فَأَخَذَ بِهِمْ طَرِيقَ السَّوَاحِلِ  

bukhari:2468Yaḥyá b. Bukayr > al-Layth > ʿUqayl > Ibn Shihāb > ʿUbaydullāh b. ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Thawr > ʿAbdullāh b. ʿAbbās > Lam Azal Ḥarīṣ > Asʾal ʿUmar

I had been eager to ask ʿUmar about the two ladies from among the wives of the Prophet ﷺ regarding whom Allah said (in the Qur'an saying): If you two (wives of the Prophet ﷺ namely Aisha and Hafsa) turn in repentance to Allah your hearts are indeed so inclined (to oppose what the Prophet ﷺ likes) (66.4), till performed the Hajj along with ʿUmar (and on our way back from Hajj) he went aside (to answer the call of nature) and I also went aside along with him carrying a tumbler of water. When he had answered the call of nature and returned. I poured water on his hands from the tumbler and he performed ablution. I said, "O Chief of the believers! ' Who were the two ladies from among the wives of the Prophet ﷺ to whom Allah said: 'If you two return in repentance (66.4)? He said, "I am astonished at your question, O Ibn ʿAbbas. They were Aisha and Hafsa." Then ʿUmar went on relating the narration and said. "I and an Ansari neighbor of mine from Bani Umaiya bin Zaid who used to live in ʿAwali Al-Medina, used to visit the Prophet ﷺ in turns. He used to go one day, and I another day. When I went I would bring him the news of what had happened that day regarding the instructions and orders and when he went, he used to do the same for me. We, the people of Quraish, used to have authority over women, but when we came to live with the Ansar, we noticed that the Ansari women had the upper hand over their men, so our women started acquiring the habits of the Ansari women. Once I shouted at my wife and she paid me back in my coin and I disliked that she should answer me back. She said, 'Why do you take it ill that I retort upon you? By Allah, the wives of the Prophet ﷺ retort upon him, and some of them may not speak with him for the whole day till night.' What she said scared me and I said to her, 'Whoever amongst them does so, will be a great loser.' Then I dressed myself and went to Hafsa and asked her, 'Does any of you keep Messenger of Allah ﷺ angry all the day long till night?' She replied in the affirmative. I said, 'She is a ruined losing person (and will never have success)! Doesn't she fear that Allah may get angry for the anger of Messenger of Allah ﷺ and thus she will be ruined? Don't ask Messenger of Allah ﷺ too many things, and don't retort upon him in any case, and don't desert him. Demand from me whatever you like, and don't be tempted to imitate your neighbor (i.e. ʿAisha) in her behavior towards the Prophet), for she (i.e. Aisha) is more beautiful than you, and more beloved to Messenger of Allah ﷺ. In those days it was rumored that Ghassan, (a tribe living in Sham) was getting prepared their horses to invade us. My companion went (to the Prophet ﷺ on the day of his turn, went and returned to us at night and knocked at my door violently, asking whether I was sleeping. I was scared (by the hard knocking) and came out to him. He said that a great thing had happened. I asked him: What is it? Have Ghassan come? He replied that it was worse and more serious than that, and added that Allah's Apostle had divorced all his wives. I said, Hafsa is a ruined loser! I expected that would happen some day.' So I dressed myself and offered the Fajr prayer with the Prophet. Then the Prophet ﷺ entered an upper room and stayed there alone. I went to Hafsa and found her weeping. I asked her, 'Why are you weeping? Didn't I warn you? Have Messenger of Allah ﷺ divorced you all?' She replied, 'I don't know. He is there in the upper room.' I then went out and came to the pulpit and found a group of people around it and some of them were weeping. Then I sat with them for some time, but could not endure the situation. So I went to the upper room where the Prophet ﷺ was and requested to a black slave of his: "Will you get the permission of (Allah's Apostle) for ʿUmar (to enter)? The slave went in, talked to the Prophet ﷺ about it and came out saying, 'I mentioned you to him but he did not reply.' So, I went and sat with the people who were sitting by the pulpit, but I could not bear the situation, so I went to the slave again and said: "Will you get he permission for ʿUmar? He went in and brought the same reply as before. When I was leaving, behold, the slave called me saying, "Messenger of Allah ﷺ has granted you permission." So, I entered upon the Prophet and saw him lying on a mat without wedding on it, and the mat had left its mark on the body of the Prophet, and he was leaning on a leather pillow stuffed with palm fires. I greeted him and while still standing, I said: "Have you divorced your wives?' He raised his eyes to me and replied in the negative. And then while still standing, I said chatting: "Will you heed what I say, 'O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! We, the people of Quraish used to have the upper hand over our women (wives), and when we came to the people whose women had the upper hand over them..." ʿUmar told the whole story (about his wife). "On that the Prophet ﷺ smiled." ʿUmar further said, "I then said, 'I went to Hafsa and said to her: Do not be tempted to imitate your companion (ʿAisha) for she is more beautiful than you and more beloved to the Prophet.' The Prophet ﷺ smiled again. When I saw him smiling, I sat down and cast a glance at the room, and by Allah, I couldn't see anything of importance but three hides. I said (to Messenger of Allah ﷺ) "Invoke Allah to make your followers prosperous for the Persians and the Byzantines have been made prosperous and given worldly luxuries, though they do not worship Allah?' The Prophet ﷺ was leaning then (and on hearing my speech he sat straight) and said, 'O Ibn Al-Khattab! Do you have any doubt (that the Hereafter is better than this world)? These people have been given rewards of their good deeds in this world only.' I asked the Prophet ﷺ . 'Please ask Allah's forgiveness for me. The Prophet ﷺ did not go to his wives because of the secret which Hafsa had disclosed to ʿAisha, and he said that he would not go to his wives for one month as he was angry with them when Allah admonished him (for his oath that he would not approach Maria). When twenty-nine days had passed, the Prophet ﷺ went to Aisha first of all. She said to him, 'You took an oath that you would not come to us for one month, and today only twenty-nine days have passed, as I have been counting them day by day.' The Prophet ﷺ said, 'The month is also of twenty-nine days.' That month consisted of twenty-nine days. ʿAisha said, 'When the Divine revelation of Choice was revealed, the Prophet ﷺ started with me, saying to me, 'I am telling you something, but you need not hurry to give the reply till you can consult your parents." ʿAisha knew that her parents would not advise her to part with the Prophet ﷺ . The Prophet ﷺ said that Allah had said: 'O Prophet! Say To your wives; If you desire The life of this world And its glitter, ... then come! I will make a provision for you and set you free In a handsome manner. But if you seek Allah And His Apostle, and The Home of the Hereafter, then Verily, Allah has prepared For the good-doers amongst you A great reward.' (33.28) ʿAisha said, 'Am I to consult my parents about this? I indeed prefer Allah, His Apostle, and the Home of the Hereafter.' After that the Prophet ﷺ gave the choice to his other wives and they also gave the same reply as ʿAisha did."  

البخاري:٢٤٦٨حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ بُكَيْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ عَنْ عُقَيْلٍ عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي ثَوْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ قَالَ

لَمْ أَزَلْ حَرِيصًا عَلَى أَنْ أَسْأَلَ عُمَرَ ؓ عَنِ الْمَرْأَتَيْنِ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ اللَّتَيْنِ قَالَ اللَّهُ لَهُمَا {إِنْ تَتُوبَا إِلَى اللَّهِ فَقَدْ صَغَتْ قُلُوبُكُمَا} فَحَجَجْتُ مَعَهُ فَعَدَلَ وَعَدَلْتُ مَعَهُ بِالإِدَاوَةِ فَتَبَرَّزَ حَتَّى جَاءَ فَسَكَبْتُ عَلَى يَدَيْهِ مِنَ الإِدَاوَةِ فَتَوَضَّأَ فَقُلْتُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَنِ الْمَرْأَتَانِ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ اللَّتَانِ قَالَ لَهُمَا {إِنْ تَتُوبَا إِلَى اللَّهِ} فَقَالَ وَاعَجَبِي لَكَ يَا ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ عَائِشَةُ وَحَفْصَةُ ثُمَّ اسْتَقْبَلَ عُمَرُ الْحَدِيثَ يَسُوقُهُ فَقَالَ إِنِّي كُنْتُ وَجَارٌ لِي مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ فِي بَنِي أُمَيَّةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ وَهْىَ مِنْ عَوَالِي الْمَدِينَةِ وَكُنَّا نَتَنَاوَبُ النُّزُولَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَيَنْزِلُ يَوْمًا وَأَنْزِلُ يَوْمًا فَإِذَا نَزَلْتُ جِئْتُهُ مِنْ خَبَرِ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ مِنَ الأَمْرِ وَغَيْرِهِ وَإِذَا نَزَلَ فَعَلَ مِثْلَهُ وَكُنَّا مَعْشَرَ قُرَيْشٍ نَغْلِبُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا عَلَى الأَنْصَارِ إِذَا هُمْ قَوْمٌ تَغْلِبُهُمْ نِسَاؤُهُمْ فَطَفِقَ نِسَاؤُنَا يَأْخُذْنَ مِنْ أَدَبِ نِسَاءِ الأَنْصَارِ فَصِحْتُ عَلَى امْرَأَتِي فَرَاجَعَتْنِي فَأَنْكَرْتُ أَنْ تُرَاجِعَنِي فَقَالَتْ وَلِمَ تُنْكِرُ أَنْ أُرَاجِعَكَ فَوَاللَّهِ إِنَّ أَزْوَاجَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ لَيُرَاجِعْنَهُ وَإِنَّ إِحْدَاهُنَّ لَتَهْجُرُهُ الْيَوْمَ حَتَّى اللَّيْلِ فَأَفْزَعَنِي فَقُلْتُ خَابَتْ مَنْ فَعَلَ مِنْهُنَّ بِعَظِيمٍ ثُمَّ جَمَعْتُ عَلَىَّ ثِيَابِي فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ فَقُلْتُ أَىْ حَفْصَةُ أَتُغَاضِبُ إِحْدَاكُنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ الْيَوْمَ حَتَّى اللَّيْلِ فَقَالَتْ نَعَمْ فَقُلْتُ خَابَتْ وَخَسِرَتْ أَفَتَأْمَنُ أَنْ يَغْضَبَ اللَّهُ لِغَضَبِ رَسُولِهِ ﷺ فَتَهْلِكِينَ لاَ تَسْتَكْثِرِي عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَلاَ تُرَاجِعِيهِ فِي شَىْءٍ وَلاَ تَهْجُرِيهِ وَاسْأَلِينِي مَا بَدَا لَكِ وَلاَ يَغُرَّنَّكِ أَنْ كَانَتْ جَارَتُكِ هِيَ أَوْضَأَ مِنْكِ وَأَحَبَّ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ يُرِيدُ عَائِشَةَ وَكُنَّا تَحَدَّثْنَا أَنَّ غَسَّانَ تُنْعِلُ النِّعَالَ لِغَزْوِنَا فَنَزَلَ صَاحِبِي يَوْمَ نَوْبَتِهِ فَرَجَعَ عِشَاءً فَضَرَبَ بَابِي ضَرْبًا شَدِيدًا وَقَالَ أَنَائِمٌ هُوَ فَفَزِعْتُ فَخَرَجْتُ إِلَيْهِ وَقَالَ حَدَثَ أَمْرٌ عَظِيمٌ قُلْتُ مَا هُوَ أَجَاءَتْ غَسَّانُ قَالَ لاَ بَلْ أَعْظَمُ مِنْهُ وَأَطْوَلُ طَلَّقَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ نِسَاءَهُ قَالَ قَدْ خَابَتْ حَفْصَةُ وَخَسِرَتْ كُنْتُ أَظُنُّ أَنَّ هَذَا يُوشِكُ أَنْ يَكُونَ فَجَمَعْتُ عَلَىَّ ثِيَابِي فَصَلَّيْتُ صَلاَةَ الْفَجْرِ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَدَخَلَ مَشْرُبَةً لَهُ فَاعْتَزَلَ فِيهَا فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ فَإِذَا هِيَ تَبْكِي قُلْتُ مَا يُبْكِيكِ أَوَلَمْ أَكُنْ حَذَّرْتُكِ أَطَلَّقَكُنَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ لاَ أَدْرِي هُوَ ذَا فِي الْمَشْرُبَةِ فَخَرَجْتُ فَجِئْتُ الْمِنْبَرَ فَإِذَا حَوْلَهُ رَهْطٌ يَبْكِي بَعْضُهُمْ فَجَلَسْتُ مَعَهُمْ قَلِيلاً ثُمَّ غَلَبَنِي مَا أَجِدُ فَجِئْتُ الْمَشْرُبَةَ الَّتِي هُوَ فِيهَا فَقُلْتُ لِغُلاَمٍ لَهُ أَسْوَدَ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِعُمَرَ فَدَخَلَ فَكَلَّمَ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ فَقَالَ ذَكَرْتُكَ لَهُ فَصَمَتَ فَانْصَرَفْتُ حَتَّى جَلَسْتُ مَعَ الرَّهْطِ الَّذِينَ عِنْدَ الْمِنْبَرِ ثُمَّ غَلَبَنِي مَا أَجِدُ فَجِئْتُ فَذَكَرَ مِثْلَهُ فَجَلَسْتُ مَعَ الرَّهْطِ الَّذِينَ عِنْدَ الْمِنْبَرِ ثُمَّ غَلَبَنِي مَا أَجِدُ فَجِئْتُ الْغُلاَمَ فَقُلْتُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِعُمَرَ فَذَكَرَ مِثْلَهُ فَلَمَّا وَلَّيْتُ مُنْصَرِفًا فَإِذَا الْغُلاَمُ يَدْعُونِي قَالَ أَذِنَ لَكَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَإِذَا هُوَ مُضْطَجِعٌ عَلَى رِمَالِ حَصِيرٍ لَيْسَ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهُ فِرَاشٌ قَدْ أَثَّرَ الرِّمَالُ بِجَنْبِهِ مُتَّكِئٌ عَلَى وِسَادَةٍ مِنْ أَدَمٍ حَشْوُهَا لِيفٌ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ وَأَنَا قَائِمٌ طَلَّقْتَ نِسَاءَكَ فَرَفَعَ بَصَرَهُ إِلَىَّ فَقَالَ لاَ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ وَأَنَا قَائِمٌ أَسْتَأْنِسُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ لَوْ رَأَيْتَنِي وَكُنَّا مَعْشَرَ قُرَيْشٍ نَغْلِبُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا عَلَى قَوْمٍ تَغْلِبُهُمْ نِسَاؤُهُمْ فَذَكَرَهُ فَتَبَسَّمَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ لَوْ رَأَيْتَنِي وَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ فَقُلْتُ لاَ يَغُرَّنَّكِ أَنْ كَانَتْ جَارَتُكِ هِيَ أَوْضَأَ مِنْكِ وَأَحَبَّ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ يُرِيدُ عَائِشَةَ فَتَبَسَّمَ أُخْرَى فَجَلَسْتُ حِينَ رَأَيْتُهُ تَبَسَّمَ ثُمَّ رَفَعْتُ بَصَرِي فِي بَيْتِهِ فَوَاللَّهِ مَا رَأَيْتُ فِيهِ شَيْئًا يَرُدُّ الْبَصَرَ غَيْرَ أَهَبَةٍ ثَلاَثَةٍ فَقُلْتُ ادْعُ اللَّهَ فَلْيُوَسِّعْ عَلَى أُمَّتِكَ فَإِنَّ فَارِسَ وَالرُّومَ وُسِّعَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأُعْطُوا الدُّنْيَا وَهُمْ لاَ يَعْبُدُونَ اللَّهَ وَكَانَ مُتَّكِئًا فَقَالَ أَوَفِي شَكٍّ أَنْتَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ أُولَئِكَ قَوْمٌ عُجِّلَتْ لَهُمْ طَيِّبَاتُهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ اسْتَغْفِرْ لِي فَاعْتَزَلَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ مِنْ أَجْلِ ذَلِكَ الْحَدِيثِ حِينَ أَفْشَتْهُ حَفْصَةُ إِلَى عَائِشَةَ وَكَانَ قَدْ قَالَ مَا أَنَا بِدَاخِلٍ عَلَيْهِنَّ شَهْرًا مِنْ شِدَّةِ مَوْجَدَتِهِ عَلَيْهِنَّ حِينَ عَاتَبَهُ اللَّهُ فَلَمَّا مَضَتْ تِسْعٌ وَعِشْرُونَ دَخَلَ عَلَى عَائِشَةَ فَبَدَأَ بِهَا فَقَالَتْ لَهُ عَائِشَةُ إِنَّكَ أَقْسَمْتَ أَنْ لاَ تَدْخُلَ عَلَيْنَا شَهْرًا وَإِنَّا أَصْبَحْنَا لِتِسْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ لَيْلَةً أَعُدُّهَا عَدًّا فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ الشَّهْرُ تِسْعٌ وَعِشْرُونَ وَكَانَ ذَلِكَ الشَّهْرُ تِسْعٌ وَعِشْرُونَ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَأُنْزِلَتْ آيَةُ التَّخْيِيرِ فَبَدَأَ بِي أَوَّلَ امْرَأَةٍ فَقَالَ إِنِّي ذَاكِرٌ لَكِ أَمْرًا وَلاَ عَلَيْكِ أَنْ لاَ تَعْجَلِي حَتَّى تَسْتَأْمِرِي أَبَوَيْكِ قَالَتْ قَدْ أَعْلَمُ أَنَّ أَبَوَىَّ لَمْ يَكُونَا يَأْمُرَانِي بِفِرَاقِكَ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَالَ {يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لأَزْوَاجِكَ} إِلَى قَوْلِهِ { عَظِيمًا} قُلْتُ أَفِي هَذَا أَسْتَأْمِرُ أَبَوَىَّ فَإِنِّي أُرِيدُ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَالدَّارَ الآخِرَةَ ثُمَّ خَيَّرَ نِسَاءَهُ فَقُلْنَ مِثْلَ مَا قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ  

bukhari:4725al-Ḥumaydī > Sufyān > ʿAmr b. Dīnār > Saʿīd b. Jubayr

I said to Ibn ʿAbbas, "Nauf Al-Bikali claims that Moses, the companion of Al-Khadir was not the Moses of the children of Israel" Ibn ʿAbbas said, "The enemy of Allah (Nauf) told a lie." Narrated Ubai bin Kaʿb that he heard Messenger of Allah ﷺ saying, "Moses got up to deliver a speech before the children of Israel and he was asked, Who is the most learned person among the people?' Moses replied, 'I (am the most learned).' Allah admonished him for he did not ascribe knowledge to Allah alone. So Allah revealed to him: 'At the junction of the two seas there is a slave of Ours who is more learned than you.' Moses asked, 'O my Lord, how can I meet him?' Allah said, 'Take a fish and put it in a basket (and set out), and where you, will lose the fish, you will find him.' So Moses (took a fish and put it in a basket and) set out, along with his boy-servant Yushaʿ bin Noon, till they reached a rock (on which) they both lay their heads and slept. The fish moved vigorously in the basket and got out of it and fell into the sea and there it took its way through the sea (straight) as in a tunnel). (18.61) Allah stopped the current of water on both sides of the way created by the fish, and so that way was like a tunnel. When Moses got up, his companion forgot to tell him about the fish, and so they carried on their journey during the rest of the day and the whole night. The next morning Moses asked his boy-servant 'Bring us our early meal; no doubt, we have suffered much fatigue in this journey of ours.' (18.62) Moses did not get tired till he had passed the place which Allah had ordered him to seek after. His boy-servant then said to him,' 'Do you remember when we be-took ourselves to the rock I indeed forgot the fish, none but Satan made me forget to remember it. It took its course into the sea in a marvelous way.' (18.63) There was a tunnel for the fish and for Moses and his boy-servant there was astonishment. Moses said, 'That is what we have been seeking'. So they went back retracing their footsteps. (18.64) They both returned, retracing their steps till they reached the rock. Behold ! There they found a man covered with a garment. Moses greeted him. Al-Khadir said astonishingly. 'Is there such a greeting in your land?' Moses said, 'I am Moses.' He said, 'Are you the Moses of the children of Israel?' Moses said, 'I have come to you so that you may teach me of what you have been taught. Al-Khadir said, 'You will not be able to have patience with me. (18.66) O Moses! I have some of Allah's knowledge which He has bestowed upon me but you do not know it; and you too, have some of Allah's knowledge which He has bestowed upon you, but I do not know it." Moses said, "Allah willing, you will find me patient, and I will not disobey you in anything.' (18.6) Al-Khadir said to him. 'If you then follow me, do not ask me about anything until I myself speak to you concerning it.' (18.70), After that both of them proceeded along the sea coast, till a boat passed by and they requested the crew to let them go on board. The crew recognized Al-Khadir and allowed them to get on board free of charge. When they got on board suddenly Moses saw that Al-Khadir had pulled out one of the planks of the boat with an adze. Moses said to him.' These people gave us a free lift, yet you have scuttled their boat so as to drown its people! Truly, you have done a dreadful thing.' (18.71) Al-Khadir said, 'Didn't I say that you can have no patience with me ?' (18.72) Moses said, 'Call me not to account for what I forgot and be not hard upon me for my affair (with you.)" (18.73) Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "The first excuse given by Moses, was that he had forgotten. Then a sparrow came and sat over the edge of the boat and dipped its beak once in the sea. Al-Khadir said to Moses, 'My knowledge and your knowledge, compared to Allah's knowledge is like what this sparrow has taken out of the sea.' Then they both got out of the boat, and while they were walking on the sea shore, Al-Khadir saw a boy playing with other boys. Al-Khadir got hold of the head of that boy and pulled it out with his hands and killed him. Moses said, 'Have you killed an innocent soul who has killed nobody! Truly, you have done an illegal thing.' (18.74) He said, "Didn't I tell you that you can have no patience with me?' (18.75) (The sub narrator said, the second blame was stronger than the first one.) Moses said, 'If I ask you about anything after this, keep me not in your company, you have received an excuse from me.' (18.76) Then they both proceeded until they came to the inhabitants of a town. They asked them food but they refused to entertain them. (In that town) they found there a wall on the point of falling down. (18.77) Al-Khadir set it up straight with his own hands. Moses said, 'These are people to whom we came, but they neither fed us nor received us as guests. If you had wished, you could surely have exacted some recompense for it. Al-Khadir said, 'This is the parting between me and you ..that is the interpretation of (those things) over which you were unable to hold patience.' (18.78-82) Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "We wished that Moses could have been more patient so that Allah might have described to us more about their story."  

البخاري:٤٧٢٥حَدَّثَنَا الْحُمَيْدِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ دِينَارٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ

قُلْتُ لاِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ إِنَّ نَوْفًا الْبَكَالِيَّ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّ مُوسَى صَاحِبَ الْخَضِرِ لَيْسَ هُوَ مُوسَى صَاحِبَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ كَذَبَ عَدُوُّ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنِي أُبَىُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَقُولُ إِنَّ مُوسَى قَامَ خَطِيبًا فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فَسُئِلَ أَىُّ النَّاسِ أَعْلَمُ فَقَالَ أَنَا فَعَتَبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ إِذْ لَمْ يَرُدَّ الْعِلْمَ إِلَيْهِ فَأَوْحَى اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ إِنَّ لِي عَبْدًا بِمَجْمَعِ الْبَحْرَيْنِ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ مِنْكَ قَالَ مُوسَى يَا رَبِّ فَكَيْفَ لِي بِهِ قَالَ تَأْخُذُ مَعَكَ حُوتًا فَتَجْعَلُهُ فِي مِكْتَلٍ فَحَيْثُمَا فَقَدْتَ الْحُوتَ فَهْوَ ثَمَّ فَأَخَذَ حُوتًا فَجَعَلَهُ فِي مِكْتَلٍ ثُمَّ انْطَلَقَ وَانْطَلَقَ مَعَهُ بِفَتَاهُ يُوشَعَ بْنِ نُونٍ حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَيَا الصَّخْرَةَ وَضَعَا رُءُوسَهُمَا فَنَامَا وَاضْطَرَبَ الْحُوتُ فِي الْمِكْتَلِ فَخَرَجَ مِنْهُ فَسَقَطَ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ سَرَبًا وَأَمْسَكَ اللَّهُ عَنِ الْحُوتِ جِرْيَةَ الْمَاءِ فَصَارَ عَلَيْهِ مِثْلَ الطَّاقِ فَلَمَّا اسْتَيْقَظَ نَسِيَ صَاحِبُهُ أَنْ يُخْبِرَهُ بِالْحُوتِ فَانْطَلَقَا بَقِيَّةَ يَوْمِهِمَا وَلَيْلَتَهُمَا حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَ مِنَ الْغَدِ قَالَ مُوسَى لِفَتَاهُ آتِنَا غَدَاءَنَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا نَصَبًا قَالَ وَلَمْ يَجِدْ مُوسَى النَّصَبَ حَتَّى جَاوَزَ الْمَكَانَ الَّذِي أَمَرَ اللَّهُ بِهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ فَتَاهُ أَرَأَيْتَ إِذْ أَوَيْنَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِنِّي نَسِيتُ الْحُوتَ وَمَا أَنْسَانِيهِ إِلاَّ الشَّيْطَانُ أَنْ أَذْكُرَهُ وَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ عَجَبًا قَالَ فَكَانَ لِلْحُوتِ سَرَبًا وَلِمُوسَى وَلِفَتَاهُ عَجَبًا فَقَالَ مُوسَى ذَلِكَ مَا كُنَّا نَبْغِي فَارْتَدَّا عَلَى آثَارِهِمَا قَصَصًا قَالَ رَجَعَا يَقُصَّانِ آثَارَهُمَا حَتَّى انْتَهَيَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ مُسَجًّى ثَوْبًا فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ مُوسَى فَقَالَ الْخَضِرُ وَأَنَّى بِأَرْضِكَ السَّلاَمُ قَالَ أَنَا مُوسَى قَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَالَ نَعَمْ أَتَيْتُكَ لِتُعَلِّمَنِي مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رَشَدًا قَالَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِي صَبْرًا يَا مُوسَى إِنِّي عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ عَلَّمَنِيهِ لاَ تَعْلَمُهُ أَنْتَ وَأَنْتَ عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ عَلَّمَكَ اللَّهُ لاَ أَعْلَمُهُ فَقَالَ مُوسَى سَتَجِدُنِي إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ صَابِرًا وَلاَ أَعْصِي لَكَ أَمْرًا فَقَالَ لَهُ الْخَضِرُ فَإِنِ اتَّبَعْتَنِي فَلاَ تَسْأَلْنِي عَنْ شَىْءٍ حَتَّى أُحْدِثَ لَكَ مِنْهُ ذِكْرًا فَانْطَلَقَا يَمْشِيَانِ عَلَى سَاحِلِ الْبَحْرِ فَمَرَّتْ سَفِينَةٌ فَكَلَّمُوهُمْ أَنْ يَحْمِلُوهُمْ فَعَرَفُوا الْخَضِرَ فَحَمَلُوهُ بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ فَلَمَّا رَكِبَا فِي السَّفِينَةِ لَمْ يَفْجَأْ إِلاَّ وَالْخَضِرُ قَدْ قَلَعَ لَوْحًا مِنْ أَلْوَاحِ السَّفِينَةِ بِالْقَدُومِ فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى قَوْمٌ حَمَلُونَا بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ عَمَدْتَ إِلَى سَفِينَتِهِمْ فَخَرَقْتَهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا إِمْرًا قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِي صَبْرًا قَالَ لاَ تُؤَاخِذْنِي بِمَا نَسِيتُ وَلاَ تُرْهِقْنِي مِنْ أَمْرِي عُسْرًا قَالَ وَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَكَانَتِ الأُولَى مِنْ مُوسَى نِسْيَانًا قَالَ وَجَاءَ عُصْفُورٌ فَوَقَعَ عَلَى حَرْفِ السَّفِينَةِ فَنَقَرَ فِي الْبَحْرِ نَقْرَةً فَقَالَ لَهُ الْخَضِرُ مَا عِلْمِي وَعِلْمُكَ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ مِثْلُ مَا نَقَصَ هَذَا الْعُصْفُورُ مِنْ هَذَا الْبَحْرِ ثُمَّ خَرَجَا مِنَ السَّفِينَةِ فَبَيْنَا هُمَا يَمْشِيَانِ عَلَى السَّاحِلِ إِذْ أَبْصَرَ الْخَضِرُ غُلاَمًا يَلْعَبُ مَعَ الْغِلْمَانِ فَأَخَذَ الْخَضِرُ رَأْسَهُ بِيَدِهِ فَاقْتَلَعَهُ بِيَدِهِ فَقَتَلَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَاكِيَةً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا نُكْرًا قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِي صَبْرًا قَالَ وَهَذَا أَشَدُّ مِنَ الأُولَى قَالَ إِنْ سَأَلْتُكَ عَنْ شَىْءٍ بَعْدَهَا فَلاَ تُصَاحِبْنِي قَدْ بَلَغْتَ مِنْ لَدُنِّي عُذْرًا فَانْطَلَقَا حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَيَا أَهْلَ قَرْيَةٍ اسْتَطْعَمَا أَهْلَهَا فَأَبَوْا أَنْ يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا فَوَجَدَا فِيهَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ قَالَ مَائِلٌ فَقَامَ الْخَضِرُ فَأَقَامَهُ بِيَدِهِ فَقَالَ مُوسَى قَوْمٌ أَتَيْنَاهُمْ فَلَمْ يُطْعِمُونَا وَلَمْ يُضَيِّفُونَا لَوْ شِئْتَ لاَتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا قَالَ {هَذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنِكَ} إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {ذَلِكَ تَأْوِيلُ مَا لَمْ تَسْطِعْ عَلَيْهِ صَبْرًا} فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَدِدْنَا أَنَّ مُوسَى كَانَ صَبَرَ حَتَّى يَقُصَّ اللَّهُ عَلَيْنَا مِنْ خَبَرِهِمَا قَالَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ فَكَانَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ يَقْرَأُ وَكَانَ أَمَامَهُمْ مَلِكٌ يَأْخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ صَالِحَةٍ غَصْبًا وَكَانَ يَقْرَأُ وَأَمَّا الْغُلاَمُ فَكَانَ كَافِرًا وَكَانَ أَبَوَاهُ مُؤْمِنَيْنِ  

bukhari:4726Ibrāhīm b. Mūsá > Hishām b. Yūsuf > Ibn Jurayj Akhbarahum > Yaʿlá b. Muslim And ʿAmrū b. Dīnār > Saʿīd b. Jubayr Yazīd Aḥaduhumā > Ṣāḥibih Waghayrahumā Qad Samiʿtuh Yuḥaddithuh > Saʿīd

Yaʿla bin Muslim and ʿAmr bin Dinar and some others narrated the narration of Saʿid bin Jubair. Narrated Saʿid: While we were at the house of Ibn ʿAbbas, Ibn ʿAbbas said, "Ask me (any question)" I said, "O Abu ʿAbbas! May Allah let me be sacrificed for you ! There is a man at Kufa who is a storyteller called Nauf; who claims that he (Al-Khadir's companion) is not Moses of Bani Israel." As for ʿAmr, he said to me, "Ibn ʿAbbas said, "(Nauf) the enemy of Allah told a lie." But Yaʿla said to me, "Ibn ʿAbbas said, Ubai bin Kaʿb said, Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'Once Moses, Messenger of Allah ﷺ, preached to the people till their eyes shed tears and their hearts became tender, whereupon he finished his sermon. Then a man came to Moses and asked, 'O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Is there anyone on the earth who is more learned than you?' Moses replied, 'No.' So Allah admonished him (Moses), for he did not ascribe all knowledge to Allah. It was said, (on behalf of Allah), 'Yes, (there is a slave of ours who knows more than you ).' Moses said, 'O my Lord! Where is he?' Allah said, 'At the junction of the two seas.' Moses said, 'O my Lord ! Tell I me of a sign whereby I will recognize the place.' " ʿAmr said to me, Allah said, "That place will be where the fish will leave you." Yaʿla said to me, "Allah said (to Moses), 'Take a dead fish (and your goal will be) the place where it will become alive.' " So Moses took a fish and put it in a basket and said to his boy-servant "I don't want to trouble you, except that you should inform me as soon as this fish leaves you." He said (to Moses)." You have not demanded too much." And that is as mentioned by Allah: 'And (remember) when Moses said to his attendant .... ' (18.60) Yushaʿ bin Noon. (Saʿid did not state that). The Prophet ﷺ said, "While the attendant was in the shade of the rock at a wet place, the fish slipped out (alive) while Moses was sleeping. His attend an said (to himself), "I will not wake him, but when he woke up, he forgot to tell him The fish slipped out and entered the sea. Allah stopped the flow of the sea. where the fish was, so that its trace looked as if it was made on a rock. ʿAmr forming a hole with his two thumbs an index fingers, said to me, "Like this, as in its trace was made on a rock." Moses said "We have suffered much fatigue on this journey of ours." (This was not narrated by Saʿid). Then they returned back and found Al-Khadir. ʿUthman bin Abi Sulaiman said to me, (they found him) on a green carpet in the middle of the sea. Al-Khadir was covered with his garment with one end under his feet and the other end under his head. When Moses greeted, he uncovered his face and said astonishingly, 'Is there such a greeting in my land? Who are you?' Moses said, 'I am Moses.' Al- Khadir said, 'Are you the Moses of Bani Israel?' Moses said, 'Yes.' Al-Khadir said, "What do you want?' Moses said, ' I came to you so that you may teach me of the truth which you were taught.' Al- Khadir said, 'Is it not sufficient for you that the Torah is in your hands and the Divine Inspiration comes to you, O Moses? Verily, I have a knowledge that you ought not learn, and you have a knowledge which I ought not learn.' At that time a bird took with its beak (some water) from the sea: Al-Khadir then said, 'By Allah, my knowledge and your knowledge besides Allah's Knowledge is like what this bird has taken with its beak from the sea.' Until, when they went on board the boat (18.71). They found a small boat which used to carry the people from this sea-side to the other sea-side. The crew recognized Al-Khadir and said, 'The pious slave of Allah.' (We said to Saʿid "Was that Khadir?" He said, "Yes.") The boat men said, 'We will not get him on board with fare.' Al-Khadir scuttled the boat and then plugged the hole with a piece of wood. Moses said, 'Have you scuttled it in order to drown these people surely, you have done a dreadful thing. (18.71) (Mujahid said. "Moses said so protestingly.") Al-Khadir said, didn't I say that you can have no patience with me?' (18.72) The first inquiry of Moses was done because of forgetfulness, the second caused him to be bound with a stipulation, and the third was done intentionally. Moses said, 'Call me not to account for what I forgot and be not hard upon me for my affair (with you).' (18.73) (Then) they found a boy and Al-Khadir killed him. Yaʿla- said: Saʿid said 'They found boys playing and Al-Khadir got hold of a handsome infidel boy laid him down and then slew him with knife. Moses said, 'Have you killed a innocent soul who has killed nobody' (18.74) Then they proceeded and found a wall which was on the point of falling down, and Al-Khadir set it up straight. Saʿid moved his hand thus and said 'Al-Khadir raised his hand and the wall became straight. Yaʿla said, 'I think Saʿid said, 'Al-Khadir touched the wall with his hand and it became straight (Moses said to Al-Khadir), 'If you had wished, you could have taken wages for it.' Saʿid said, 'Wages that we might had eaten.' And there was a king in furor (ahead) of them" (18.79) And there was in front of them. Ibn ʿAbbas recited: 'In front of them (was) a king.' It is said on the authority of somebody other than Saʿid that the king was Hudad bin Budad. They say that the boy was called Haisur. 'A king who seized every ship by force. (18.79) So I wished that if that boat passed by him, he would leave it because of its defect and when they have passed they would repair it and get benefit from it. Some people said that they closed that hole with a bottle, and some said with tar. 'His parents were believers, and he (the boy) was a non-believer and we (Khadir) feared lest he would oppress them by obstinate rebellion and disbelief.' (18.80) (i.e. that their love for him would urge them to follow him in his religion, 'so we (Khadir) desired that their Lord should change him for them for one better in righteousness and near to mercy' (18:81). This was in reply to Moses' saying: Have you killed an innocent soul.'? (18.74). 'Near to mercy" means they will be more merciful to him than they were to the former whom Khadir had killed. Other than Saʿid, said that they were compensated with a girl. Dawud bin Abi ʿAsim said on the authority of more than one that this next child was a girl.  

البخاري:٤٧٢٦حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى أَخْبَرَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ يُوسُفَ أَنَّ ابْنَ جُرَيْجٍ أَخْبَرَهُمْ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي يَعْلَى بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ وَعَمْرُو بْنُ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ يَزِيدُ أَحَدُهُمَا عَلَى صَاحِبِهِ وَغَيْرَهُمَا قَدْ سَمِعْتُهُ يُحَدِّثُهُ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ

إِنَّا لَعِنْدَ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ فِي بَيْتِهِ إِذْ قَالَ سَلُونِي قُلْتُ أَىْ أَبَا عَبَّاسٍ جَعَلَنِي اللَّهُ فِدَاكَ بِالْكُوفَةِ رَجُلٌ قَاصٌّ يُقَالُ لَهُ نَوْفٌ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ بِمُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَمَّا عَمْرٌو فَقَالَ لِي قَالَ قَدْ كَذَبَ عَدُوُّ اللَّهِ وَأَمَّا يَعْلَى فَقَالَ لِي قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ حَدَّثَنِي أُبَىُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مُوسَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ قَالَ ذَكَّرَ النَّاسَ يَوْمًا حَتَّى إِذَا فَاضَتِ الْعُيُونُ وَرَقَّتِ الْقُلُوبُ وَلَّى فَأَدْرَكَهُ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ أَىْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ هَلْ فِي الأَرْضِ أَحَدٌ أَعْلَمُ مِنْكَ قَالَ لاَ فَعَتَبَ عَلَيْهِ إِذْ لَمْ يَرُدَّ الْعِلْمَ إِلَى اللَّهِ قِيلَ بَلَى قَالَ أَىْ رَبِّ فَأَيْنَ قَالَ بِمَجْمَعِ الْبَحْرَيْنِ قَالَ أَىْ رَبِّ اجْعَلْ لِي عَلَمًا أَعْلَمُ ذَلِكَ بِهِ فَقَالَ لِي عَمْرٌو قَالَ حَيْثُ يُفَارِقُكَ الْحُوتُ وَقَالَ لِي يَعْلَى قَالَ خُذْ نُونًا مَيِّتًا حَيْثُ يُنْفَخُ فِيهِ الرُّوحُ فَأَخَذَ حُوتًا فَجَعَلَهُ فِي مِكْتَلٍ فَقَالَ لِفَتَاهُ لاَ أُكَلِّفُكَ إِلاَّ أَنْ تُخْبِرَنِي بِحَيْثُ يُفَارِقُكَ الْحُوتُ قَالَ مَا كَلَّفْتَ كَثِيرًا فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ جَلَّ ذِكْرُهُ {وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَى لِفَتَاهُ} يُوشَعَ بْنِ نُونٍ لَيْسَتْ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ فَبَيْنَمَا هُوَ فِي ظِلِّ صَخْرَةٍ فِي مَكَانٍ ثَرْيَانَ إِذْ تَضَرَّبَ الْحُوتُ وَمُوسَى نَائِمٌ فَقَالَ فَتَاهُ لاَ أُوقِظُهُ حَتَّى إِذَا اسْتَيْقَظَ نَسِيَ أَنْ يُخْبِرَهُ وَتَضَرَّبَ الْحُوتُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ الْبَحْرَ فَأَمْسَكَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ جِرْيَةَ الْبَحْرِ حَتَّى كَأَنَّ أَثَرَهُ فِي حَجَرٍ قَالَ لِي عَمْرٌو هَكَذَا كَأَنَّ أَثَرَهُ فِي حَجَرٍ وَحَلَّقَ بَيْنَ إِبْهَامَيْهِ وَاللَّتَيْنِ تَلِيانِهِمَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا نَصَبًا قَالَ قَدْ قَطَعَ اللَّهُ عَنْكَ النَّصَبَ لَيْسَتْ هَذِهِ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ أَخْبَرَهُ فَرَجَعَا فَوَجَدَا خَضِرًا قَالَ لِي عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي سُلَيْمَانَ عَلَى طِنْفِسَةٍ خَضْرَاءَ عَلَى كَبِدِ الْبَحْرِ قَالَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ مُسَجًّى بِثَوْبِهِ قَدْ جَعَلَ طَرَفَهُ تَحْتَ رِجْلَيْهِ وَطَرَفَهُ تَحْتَ رَأْسِهِ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ مُوسَى فَكَشَفَ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ وَقَالَ هَلْ بِأَرْضِي مِنْ سَلاَمٍ مَنْ أَنْتَ قَالَ أَنَا مُوسَى قَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا شَأْنُكَ قَالَ جِئْتُ لِتُعَلِّمَنِي مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رَشَدًا قَالَ أَمَا يَكْفِيكَ أَنَّ التَّوْرَاةَ بِيَدَيْكَ وَأَنَّ الْوَحْىَ يَأْتِيكَ يَا مُوسَى إِنَّ لِي عِلْمًا لاَ يَنْبَغِي لَكَ أَنْ تَعْلَمَهُ وَإِنَّ لَكَ عِلْمًا لاَ يَنْبَغِي لِي أَنْ أَعْلَمَهُ فَأَخَذَ طَائِرٌ بِمِنْقَارِهِ مِنَ الْبَحْرِ وَقَالَ وَاللَّهِ مَا عِلْمِي وَمَا عِلْمُكَ فِي جَنْبِ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ كَمَا أَخَذَ هَذَا الطَّائِرُ بِمِنْقَارِهِ مِنَ الْبَحْرِ حَتَّى إِذَا رَكِبَا فِي السَّفِينَةِ وَجَدَا مَعَابِرَ صِغَارًا تَحْمِلُ أَهْلَ هَذَا السَّاحِلِ إِلَى أَهْلِ هَذَا السَّاحِلِ الآخَرِ عَرَفُوهُ فَقَالُوا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحُ قَالَ قُلْنَا لِسَعِيدٍ خَضِرٌ قَالَ نَعَمْ لاَ نَحْمِلُهُ بِأَجْرٍ فَخَرَقَهَا وَوَتَدَ فِيهَا وَتِدًا قَالَ مُوسَى أَخَرَقْتَهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا إِمْرًا قَالَ مُجَاهِدٌ مُنْكَرًا قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِي صَبْرًا كَانَتِ الأُولَى نِسْيَانًا وَالْوُسْطَى شَرْطًا وَالثَّالِثَةُ عَمْدًا قَالَ لاَ تُؤَاخِذْنِي بِمَا نَسِيتُ وَلاَ تُرْهِقْنِي مِنْ أَمْرِي عُسْرًا لَقِيَا غُلاَمًا فَقَتَلَهُ قَالَ يَعْلَى قَالَ سَعِيدٌ وَجَدَ غِلْمَانًا يَلْعَبُونَ فَأَخَذَ غُلاَمًا كَافِرًا ظَرِيفًا فَأَضْجَعَهُ ثُمَّ ذَبَحَهُ بِالسِّكِّينِ قَالَ أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ لَمْ تَعْمَلْ بِالْحِنْثِ وَكَانَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ قَرَأَهَا زَكِيَّةً زَاكِيَةً مُسْلِمَةً كَقَوْلِكَ غُلاَمًا زَكِيًّا فَانْطَلَقَا فَوَجَدَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ فَأَقَامَهُ قَالَ سَعِيدٌ بِيَدِهِ هَكَذَا وَرَفَعَ يَدَهُ فَاسْتَقَامَ قَالَ يَعْلَى حَسِبْتُ أَنَّ سَعِيدًا قَالَ فَمَسَحَهُ بِيَدِهِ فَاسْتَقَامَ لَوْ شِئْتَ لاَتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا قَالَ سَعِيدٌ أَجْرًا نَأْكُلُهُ وَكَانَ وَرَاءَهُمْ وَكَانَ أَمَامَهُمْ قَرَأَهَا ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ أَمَامَهُمْ مَلِكٌ يَزْعُمُونَ عَنْ غَيْرِ سَعِيدٍ أَنَّهُ هُدَدُ بْنُ بُدَدٍ وَالْغُلاَمُ الْمَقْتُولُ اسْمُهُ يَزْعُمُونَ جَيْسُورٌ مَلِكٌ يَأْخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ غَصْبًا فَأَرَدْتُ إِذَا هِيَ مَرَّتْ بِهِ أَنْ يَدَعَهَا لِعَيْبِهَا فَإِذَا جَاوَزُوا أَصْلَحُوهَا فَانْتَفَعُوا بِهَا وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ سَدُّوهَا بِقَارُورَةٍ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ بِالْقَارِ كَانَ أَبَوَاهُ مُؤْمِنَيْنِ وَكَانَ كَافِرًا فَخَشِينَا أَنْ يُرْهِقَهُمَا طُغْيَانًا وَكُفْرًا أَنْ يَحْمِلَهُمَا حُبُّهُ عَلَى أَنْ يُتَابِعَاهُ عَلَى دِينِهِ فَأَرَدْنَا أَنْ يُبَدِّلَهُمَا رَبُّهُمَا خَيْرًا مِنْهُ زَكَاةً لِقَوْلِهِ أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً وَأَقْرَبَ رُحْمًا هُمَا بِهِ أَرْحَمُ مِنْهُمَا بِالأَوَّلِ الَّذِي قَتَلَ خَضِرٌ وَزَعَمَ غَيْرُ سَعِيدٍ أَنَّهُمَا أُبْدِلاَ جَارِيَةً وأَمَّا دَاوُدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَاصِمٍ فَقَالَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ إِنَّهَا جَارِيَةٌ  

bukhari:4727Qutaybah b. Saʿīd > Sufyān b. ʿUyaynah > ʿAmr b. Dīnār > Saʿīd b. Jubayr

I said to Ibn ʿAbbas, "Nauf-al-Bakali " claims that Moses of Bani Israel was not Moses, the companion of Al-Khadir." Ibn ʿAbbas said, "Allah's enemy tells a lie! Ubai bin Kaʿb narrated to us that Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'Moses got up to deliver a sermon before Bani Israel and he was asked, 'Who is the most learned person among the people?' Moses replied, 'I (am the most learned).' Allah then admonished Moses for he did not ascribe all knowledge to Allah only (Then) came the Divine Inspiration:-- 'Yes, one of Our slaves at the junction of the two seas is more learned than you.' Moses said, 'O my Lord ! How can meet him?' Allah said, 'Take a fish in a basket and wherever the fish is lost, follow it (you will find him at that place). So Moses set out along with his attendant Yushaʿ bin Noon, and they carried with them a fish till they reached a rock and rested there. Moses put his head down and slept. (Sufyan, a sub-narrator said that somebody other than ʿAmr said) 'At the rock there was a water spring called 'Al-Hayat' and none came in touch with its water but became alive. So some of the water of that spring fell over that fish, so it moved and slipped out of the basket and entered the sea. When Moses woke up, he asked his attendant, 'Bring our early meal' (18.62). The narrator added: Moses did not suffer from fatigue except after he had passed the place he had been ordered to observe. His attendant Yushaʿ bin Noon said to him, 'Do you remember (what happened) when we betook ourselves to the rock? I did indeed forget (about) the fish ...' (18.63) The narrator added: So they came back, retracing their steps and then they found in the sea, the way of the fish looking like a tunnel. So there was an astonishing event for his attendant, and there was tunnel for the fish. When they reached the rock, they found a man covered with a garment. Moses greeted him. The man said astonishingly, 'Is there any such greeting in your land?' Moses said, 'I am Moses.' The man said, 'Moses of Bani Israel?' Moses said, 'Yes,' and added, 'may I follow you so that you teach me something of the Knowledge which you have been taught?' (18.66). Al-Khadir said to him, 'O Moses! You have something of Allah's knowledge which Allah has taught you and which I do not know; and I have something of Allah's knowledge which Allah has taught me and which you do not know.' Moses said, 'But I will follow you.' Al-Khadir said, 'Then if you follow me, ask me no question about anything until I myself speak to you concerning it.' (18.70). After that both of them proceeded along the seashore. There passed by them a boat whose crew recognized Al-Khadir and received them on board free of charge. So they both got on board. A sparrow came and sat on the edge of the boat and dipped its beak unto the sea. Al-Khadir said to Moses. 'My knowledge and your knowledge and all the creation's knowledge compared to Allah's knowledge is not more than the water taken by this sparrow's beak.' Then Moses was startled by Al-Khadir's action of taking an adze and scuttling the boat with it. Moses said to him, 'These people gave us a free lift, but you intentionally scuttled their boat so as to drown them. Surely you have...' (18.71) Then they both proceeded and found a boy playing with other boys. Al-Khadir took hold of him by the head and cut it off. Moses said to him, 'Have you killed an innocent soul who has killed nobody? Surely you have done an illegal thing! ' (18.74) He said, "Didn't I tell you that you will not be able to have patient with me up to ..but they refused to entertain them as their guests. There they found a wall therein at the point of collapsing.' (18.75-77) Al-Khadir moved his hand thus and set it upright (repaired it). Moses said to him, 'When we entered this town, they neither gave us hospitality nor fed us; if you had wished, you could have taken wages for it,' Al- Khadir said, 'This is the parting between you and me I will tell you the interpretation of (those things) about which you were unable to hold patience.'...(18.78) Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'We wished that Moses could have been more patient so that He (Allah) could have described to us more about their story.' Ibn ʿAbbas used to recite:-- 'And in front (ahead) of them there was a king who used to seize every (serviceable) boat by force. (18.79) ...and as for the boy he was a disbeliever. "  

البخاري:٤٧٢٧حَدَّثَنِي قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ

قُلْتُ لاِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ إِنَّ نَوْفًا الْبَكَالِيَّ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ لَيْسَ بِمُوسَى الْخَضِرِ فَقَالَ كَذَبَ عَدُوُّ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنَا أُبَىُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ قَامَ مُوسَى خَطِيبًا فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فَقِيلَ لَهُ أَىُّ النَّاسِ أَعْلَمُ قَالَ أَنَا فَعَتَبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ إِذْ لَمْ يَرُدَّ الْعِلْمَ إِلَيْهِ وَأَوْحَى إِلَيْهِ بَلَى عَبْدٌ مِنْ عِبَادِي بِمَجْمَعِ الْبَحْرَيْنِ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ مِنْكَ قَالَ أَىْ رَبِّ كَيْفَ السَّبِيلُ إِلَيْهِ قَالَ تَأْخُذُ حُوتًا فِي مِكْتَلٍ فَحَيْثُمَا فَقَدْتَ الْحُوتَ فَاتَّبِعْهُ قَالَ فَخَرَجَ مُوسَى وَمَعَهُ فَتَاهُ يُوشَعُ بْنُ نُونٍ وَمَعَهُمَا الْحُوتُ حَتَّى انْتَهَيَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَنَزَلاَ عِنْدَهَا قَالَ فَوَضَعَ مُوسَى رَأْسَهُ فَنَامَ قَالَ سُفْيَانُ وَفِي حَدِيثِ غَيْرِ عَمْرٍو قَالَ وَفِي أَصْلِ الصَّخْرَةِ عَيْنٌ يُقَالُ لَهَا الْحَيَاةُ لاَ يُصِيبُ مِنْ مَائِهَا شَىْءٌ إِلاَّ حَيِيَ فَأَصَابَ الْحُوتَ مِنْ مَاءِ تِلْكَ الْعَيْنِ قَالَ فَتَحَرَّكَ وَانْسَلَّ مِنَ الْمِكْتَلِ فَدَخَلَ الْبَحْرَ فَلَمَّا اسْتَيْقَظَ مُوسَى {قَالَ لِفَتَاهُ آتِنَا غَدَاءَنَا} الآيَةَ قَالَ وَلَمْ يَجِدِ النَّصَبَ حَتَّى جَاوَزَ مَا أُمِرَ بِهِ قَالَ لَهُ فَتَاهُ يُوشَعُ بْنُ نُونٍ {أَرَأَيْتَ إِذْ أَوَيْنَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِنِّي نَسِيتُ الْحُوتَ} الآيَةَ قَالَ فَرَجَعَا يَقُصَّانِ فِي آثَارِهِمَا فَوَجَدَا فِي الْبَحْرِ كَالطَّاقِ مَمَرَّ الْحُوتِ فَكَانَ لِفَتَاهُ عَجَبًا وَلِلْحُوتِ سَرَبًا قَالَ فَلَمَّا انْتَهَيَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ إِذْ هُمَا بِرَجُلٍ مُسَجًّى بِثَوْبٍ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ مُوسَى قَالَ وَأَنَّى بِأَرْضِكَ السَّلاَمُ فَقَالَ أَنَا مُوسَى قَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَالَ نَعَمْ هَلْ أَتَّبِعُكَ عَلَى أَنْ تُعَلِّمَنِي مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رَشَدًا قَالَ لَهُ الْخَضِرُ يَا مُوسَى إِنَّكَ عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ عَلَّمَكَهُ اللَّهُ لاَ أَعْلَمُهُ وَأَنَا عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ عَلَّمَنِيهِ اللَّهُ لاَ تَعْلَمُهُ قَالَ بَلْ أَتَّبِعُكَ قَالَ فَإِنِ اتَّبَعْتَنِي فَلاَ تَسْأَلْنِي عَنْ شَىْءٍ حَتَّى أُحْدِثَ لَكَ مِنْهُ ذِكْرًا فَانْطَلَقَا يَمْشِيَانِ عَلَى السَّاحِلِ فَمَرَّتْ بِهِمَا سَفِينَةٌ فَعُرِفَ الْخَضِرُ فَحَمَلُوهُمْ فِي سَفِينَتِهِمْ بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ يَقُولُ بِغَيْرِ أَجْرٍ فَرَكِبَا السَّفِينَةَ قَالَ وَوَقَعَ عُصْفُورٌ عَلَى حَرْفِ السَّفِينَةِ فَغَمَسَ مِنْقَارَهُ الْبَحْرَ فَقَالَ الْخَضِرُ لِمُوسَى مَا عِلْمُكَ وَعِلْمِي وَعِلْمُ الْخَلاَئِقِ فِي عِلْمِ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ مِقْدَارُ مَا غَمَسَ هَذَا الْعُصْفُورُ مِنْقَارَهُ قَالَ فَلَمْ يَفْجَأْ مُوسَى إِذْ عَمَدَ الْخَضِرُ إِلَى قَدُومٍ فَخَرَقَ السَّفِينَةَ فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى قَوْمٌ حَمَلُونَا بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ عَمَدْتَ إِلَى سَفِينَتِهِمْ فَخَرَقْتَهَا {لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا لَقَدْ جِئْتَ} الآيَةَ فَانْطَلَقَا إِذَا هُمَا بِغُلاَمٍ يَلْعَبُ مَعَ الْغِلْمَانِ فَأَخَذَ الْخَضِرُ بِرَأْسِهِ فَقَطَعَهُ قَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى {أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا نُكْرًا * قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا} إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {فَأَبَوْا أَنْ يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا فَوَجَدَا فِيهَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ} فَقَالَ بِيَدِهِ هَكَذَا فَأَقَامَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى إِنَّا دَخَلْنَا هَذِهِ الْقَرْيَةَ فَلَمْ يُضَيِّفُونَا وَلَمْ يُطْعِمُونَا لَوْ شِئْتَ لاَتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا قَالَ هَذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنِكَ سَأُنَبِّئُكَ بِتَأْوِيلِ مَا لَمْ تَسْتَطِعْ عَلَيْهِ صَبْرًا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَدِدْنَا أَنَّ مُوسَى صَبَرَ حَتَّى يُقَصَّ عَلَيْنَا مِنْ أَمْرِهِمَا قَالَ وَكَانَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ يَقْرَأُ وَكَانَ أَمَامَهُمْ مَلِكٌ يَأْخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ صَالِحَةٍ غَصْبًا وَأَمَّا الْغُلاَمُ فَكَانَ كَافِرًا  

bukhari:4757Abū Usāmah > Hishām b. ʿUrwah from my father > ʿĀʾishah

When there was said about me what was said which I myself was unaware of, Messenger of Allah ﷺ got up and addressed the people. He recited Tashah-hud, and after glorifying and praising Allah as He deserved, he said, "To proceed: O people Give me your opinion regarding those people who made a forged story against my wife. By Allah, I do not know anything bad about her. By Allah, they accused her of being with a man about whom I have never known anything bad, and he never entered my house unless I was present there, and whenever I went on a journey, he went with me." Saʿd bin Muʿadh got up and said, "O Messenger of Allah ﷺ Allow me to chop their heads off". Then a man from the Al-Khazraj (Saʿd bin 'Ubada) to whom the mother of (the poet) Hassan bin Thabit was a relative, got up and said (to Saʿd bin Muʿadh), "You have told a lie! By Allah, if those persons were from the Aus Tribe, you would not like to chop their heads off." It was probable that some evil would take place between the Aus and the Khazraj in the mosque, and I was unaware of all that. In the evening of that day, I went out for some of my needs (i.e. to relieve myself), and Um Mistah was accompanying me. On our return, Um Mistah stumbled and said, "Let Mistah. be ruined" I said to her, "O mother Why do you abuse your Son" On that Um Mistah became silent for a while, and stumbling again, she said, "Let Mistah be ruined" I said to her, "Why do you abuse your son?" She stumbled for the third time and said, "Let Mistah be ruined" whereupon I rebuked her for that. She said, "By Allah, I do not abuse him except because of you." I asked her, "Concerning what of my affairs?" So she disclosed the whole story to me. I said, "Has this really happened?" She replied, "Yes, by Allah." I returned to my house, astonished (and distressed) that I did not know for what purpose I had gone out. Then I became sick (fever) and said to Messenger of Allah ﷺ "Send me to my father's house." So he sent a slave with me, and when I entered the house, I found Um Rum-an (my mother) downstairs while (my father) Abu Bakr was reciting something upstairs. My mother asked, "What has brought you, O (my) daughter?" I informed her and mentioned to her the whole story, but she did not feel it as I did. She said, "O my daughter! Take it easy, for there is never a charming lady loved by her husband who has other wives but that they feel jealous of her and speak badly of her." But she did not feel the news as I did. I asked (her), "Does my father know about it?" She said, "yes" I asked, Does Messenger of Allah ﷺ know about it too?" She said, "Yes, Messenger of Allah ﷺ does too." So the tears filled my eyes and I wept. Abu Bakr, who was reading upstairs heard my voice and came down and asked my mother, "What is the matter with her? " She said, "She has heard what has been said about her (as regards the story of Al-lfk)." On that Abu- Bakr wept and said, "I beseech you by Allah, O my daughter, to go back to your home". I went back to my home and Messenger of Allah ﷺ had come to my house and asked my maid-servant about me (my character). The maid-servant said, "By Allah, I do not know of any defect in her character except that she sleeps and let the sheep enter (her house) and eat her dough." On that, some of the Prophet's companions spoke harshly to her and said, "Tell the truth to Messenger of Allah ﷺ." Finally they told her of the affair (of the slander). She said, "Subhan Allah! By Allah, I know nothing against her except what goldsmith knows about a piece of pure gold." Then this news reached the man who was accused, and he said, "Subhan Allah! By Allah, I have never uncovered the private parts of any woman." Later that man was martyred in Allah's Cause. Next morning my parents came to pay me a visit and they stayed with me till Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to me after he had offered the ʿAsr prayer. He came to me while my parents were sitting around me on my right and my left. He praised and glorified Allah and said, "Now then O ʿAisha! If you have committed a bad deed or you have wronged (yourself), then repent to Allah as Allah accepts the repentance from his slaves." An Al-Ansari woman had come and was sitting near the gate. I said (to the Prophet). "Isn't it improper that you speak in such a way in the presence of this lady? Allah's Apostle then gave a piece of advice and I turned to my father and requested him to answer him (on my behalf). My father said, "What should I say?" Then I turned to my mother and asked her to answer him. She said, "What should I say?" When my parents did not give a reply to the Prophet, I said, "I testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, and that Muhammad is His Apostle!" And after praising and glorifying Allah as He deserves, I said, "Now then, by Allah, if I were to tell you that I have not done (this evil action) and Allah is a witness that I am telling the truth, that would not be of any use to me on your part because you (people) have spoken about it and your hearts have absorbed it; and if I were to tell you that I have done this sin and Allah knows that I have not done it, then you will say, 'She has confessed herself guilty." By Allah, 'I do not see a suitable example for me and you but the example of (I tried to remember Jacob's name but couldn't) Joseph's father when he said; So (for me) "Patience is most fitting against that which you assert. It is Allah (alone) whose help can be sought.' At that very hour the Divine Inspiration came to Messenger of Allah ﷺ and we remained silent. Then the Inspiration was over and I noticed the signs of happiness on his face while he was removing (the sweat) from his forehead and saying, "Have the good tidings O ' "Aisha! Allah has revealed your innocence." At that time I was extremely angry. My parents said to me. "Get up and go to him." I said, "By Allah, I will not do it and will not thank him nor thank either of you, but I will thank Allah Who has revealed my innocence. You have heard this story but neither did not deny it nor change it (to defend me)," (Aisha used to say:) "But as regards Zainab bint Jahsh, (the Prophet's wife), Allah protected her because of her piety, so she did not say anything except good (about me), but her sister, Hamna, was ruined among those who were ruined. Those who used to speak evil about me were Mistah, Hassan bin Thabit, and the hypocrite, ʿAbdullah bin Ubai, who used to spread that news and tempt others to speak of it, and it was he and Hamna who had the greater share therein. Abu Bakr took an oath that he would never do any favor to Mistah at all. Then Allah revealed the Divine Verse: "Let not those among you who are good and wealthy (i.e. Abu Bakr) swear not to give (any sort of help) to their kinsmen, and those in need, (i.e. Mistah) ...Do you not love that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (24.22) On that, Abu Bakr said, "Yes, by Allah, O our Lord! We wish that You should forgive us." So Abu Bakr again started giving to Mistah the expenditure which he used to give him before.  

البخاري:٤٧٥٧وَقَالَ أَبُو أُسَامَةَ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبِي عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ

لَمَّا ذُكِرَ مِنْ شَأْنِي الَّذِي ذُكِرَ وَمَا عَلِمْتُ بِهِ قَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فِيَّ خَطِيبًا فَتَشَهَّدَ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ أَشِيرُوا عَلَىَّ فِي أُنَاسٍ أَبَنُوا أَهْلِي وَايْمُ اللَّهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَى أَهْلِي مِنْ سُوءٍ وَأَبَنُوهُمْ بِمَنْ وَاللَّهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ سُوءٍ قَطُّ وَلاَ يَدْخُلُ بَيْتِي قَطُّ إِلاَّ وَأَنَا حَاضِرٌ وَلاَ غِبْتُ فِي سَفَرٍ إِلاَّ غَابَ مَعِي فَقَامَ سَعْدُ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ فَقَالَ ائْذَنْ لِي يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَنْ نَضْرِبَ أَعْنَاقَهُمْ وَقَامَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي الْخَزْرَجِ وَكَانَتْ أُمُّ حَسَّانَ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ مِنْ رَهْطِ ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلِ فَقَالَ كَذَبْتَ أَمَا وَاللَّهِ أَنْ لَوْ كَانُوا مِنَ الأَوْسِ مَا أَحْبَبْتَ أَنْ تُضْرَبَ أَعْنَاقُهُمْ حَتَّى كَادَ أَنْ يَكُونَ بَيْنَ الأَوْسِ وَالْخَزْرَجِ شَرٌّ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ وَمَا عَلِمْتُ فَلَمَّا كَانَ مَسَاءُ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ خَرَجْتُ لِبَعْضِ حَاجَتِي وَمَعِي أُمُّ مِسْطَحٍ فَعَثَرَتْ وَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَقُلْتُ أَىْ أُمِّ تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ وَسَكَتَتْ ثُمَّ عَثَرَتِ الثَّانِيَةَ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَقُلْتُ لَهَا تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ ثُمَّ عَثَرَتِ الثَّالِثَةَ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَانْتَهَرْتُهَا فَقَالَتْ وَاللَّهِ مَا أَسُبُّهُ إِلاَّ فِيكِ فَقُلْتُ فِي أَىِّ شَأْنِي قَالَتْ فَبَقَرَتْ لِي الْحَدِيثَ فَقُلْتُ وَقَدْ كَانَ هَذَا قَالَتْ نَعَمْ وَاللَّهِ فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى بَيْتِي كَأَنَّ الَّذِي خَرَجْتُ لَهُ لاَ أَجِدُ مِنْهُ قَلِيلاً وَلاَ كَثِيرًا وَوُعِكْتُ فَقُلْتُ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَرْسِلْنِي إِلَى بَيْتِ أَبِي فَأَرْسَلَ مَعِي الْغُلاَمَ فَدَخَلْتُ الدَّارَ فَوَجَدْتُ أُمَّ رُومَانَ فِي السُّفْلِ وَأَبَا بَكْرٍ فَوْقَ الْبَيْتِ يَقْرَأُ فَقَالَتْ أُمِّي مَا جَاءَ بِكِ يَا بُنَيَّةُ فَأَخْبَرْتُهَا وَذَكَرْتُ لَهَا الْحَدِيثَ وَإِذَا هُوَ لَمْ يَبْلُغْ مِنْهَا مِثْلَ مَا بَلَغَ مِنِّي فَقَالَتْ يَا بُنَيَّةُ خَفِّضِي عَلَيْكِ الشَّأْنَ فَإِنَّهُ وَاللَّهِ لَقَلَّمَا كَانَتِ امْرَأَةٌ حَسْنَاءُ عِنْدَ رَجُلٍ يُحِبُّهَا لَهَا ضَرَائِرُ إِلاَّ حَسَدْنَهَا وَقِيلَ فِيهَا وَإِذَا هُوَ لَمْ يَبْلُغْ مِنْهَا مَا بَلَغَ مِنِّي قُلْتُ وَقَدْ عَلِمَ بِهِ أَبِي قَالَتْ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَاسْتَعْبَرْتُ وَبَكَيْتُ فَسَمِعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ صَوْتِي وَهْوَ فَوْقَ الْبَيْتِ يَقْرَأُ فَنَزَلَ فَقَالَ لأُمِّي مَا شَأْنُهَا قَالَتْ بَلَغَهَا الَّذِي ذُكِرَ مِنْ شَأْنِهَا فَفَاضَتْ عَيْنَاهُ قَالَ أَقْسَمْتُ عَلَيْكِ أَىْ بُنَيَّةُ إِلاَّ رَجَعْتِ إِلَى بَيْتِكِ فَرَجَعْتُ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ بَيْتِي فَسَأَلَ عَنِّي خَادِمَتِي فَقَالَتْ لاَ وَاللَّهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَيْهَا عَيْبًا إِلاَّ أَنَّهَا كَانَتْ تَرْقُدُ حَتَّى تَدْخُلَ الشَّاةُ فَتَأْكُلَ خَمِيرَهَا أَوْ عَجِينَهَا وَانْتَهَرَهَا بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ اصْدُقِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَتَّى أَسْقَطُوا لَهَا بِهِ فَقَالَتْ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَيْهَا إِلاَّ مَا يَعْلَمُ الصَّائِغُ عَلَى تِبْرِ الذَّهَبِ الأَحْمَرِ وَبَلَغَ الأَمْرُ إِلَى ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلِ الَّذِي قِيلَ لَهُ فَقَالَ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهِ مَا كَشَفْتُ كَنَفَ أُنْثَى قَطُّ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَقُتِلَ شَهِيدًا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ قَالَتْ وَأَصْبَحَ أَبَوَاىَ عِنْدِي فَلَمْ يَزَالاَ حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَىَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَقَدْ صَلَّى الْعَصْرَ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ وَقَدِ اكْتَنَفَنِي أَبَوَاىَ عَنْ يَمِينِي وَعَنْ شِمَالِي فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ يَا عَائِشَةُ إِنْ كُنْتِ قَارَفْتِ سُوءًا أَوْ ظَلَمْتِ فَتُوبِي إِلَى اللَّهِ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ يَقْبَلُ التَّوْبَةَ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ قَالَتْ وَقَدْ جَاءَتِ امْرَأَةٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ فَهْىَ جَالِسَةٌ بِالْبَابِ فَقُلْتُ أَلاَ تَسْتَحِي مِنْ هَذِهِ الْمَرْأَةِ أَنْ تَذْكُرَ شَيْئًا فَوَعَظَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَالْتَفَتُّ إِلَى أَبِي فَقُلْتُ أَجِبْهُ قَالَ فَمَاذَا أَقُولُ فَالْتَفَتُّ إِلَى أُمِّي فَقُلْتُ أَجِيبِيهِ فَقَالَتْ أَقُولُ مَاذَا فَلَمَّا لَمْ يُجِيبَاهُ تَشَهَّدْتُ فَحَمِدْتُ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَيْتُ عَلَيْهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَوَاللَّهِ لَئِنْ قُلْتُ لَكُمْ إِنِّي لَمْ أَفْعَلْ وَاللَّهُ ﷻ يَشْهَدُ إِنِّي لَصَادِقَةٌ مَا ذَاكَ بِنَافِعِي عِنْدَكُمْ لَقَدْ تَكَلَّمْتُمْ بِهِ وَأُشْرِبَتْهُ قُلُوبُكُمْ وَإِنْ قُلْتُ إِنِّي فَعَلْتُ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ أَنِّي لَمْ أَفْعَلْ لَتَقُولُنَّ قَدْ بَاءَتْ بِهِ عَلَى نَفْسِهَا وَإِنِّي وَاللَّهِ مَا أَجِدُ لِي وَلَكُمْ مَثَلاً وَالْتَمَسْتُ اسْمَ يَعْقُوبَ فَلَمْ أَقْدِرْ عَلَيْهِ إِلاَّ أَبَا يُوسُفَ حِينَ قَالَ {فَصَبْرٌ جَمِيلٌ وَاللَّهُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ عَلَى مَا تَصِفُونَ} وَأُنْزِلَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ مِنْ سَاعَتِهِ فَسَكَتْنَا فَرُفِعَ عَنْهُ وَإِنِّي لأَتَبَيَّنُ السُّرُورَ فِي وَجْهِهِ وَهْوَ يَمْسَحُ جَبِينَهُ وَيَقُولُ أَبْشِرِي يَا عَائِشَةُ فَقَدْ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ بَرَاءَتَكِ قَالَتْ وَكُنْتُ أَشَدَّ مَا كُنْتُ غَضَبًا فَقَالَ لِي أَبَوَاىَ قُومِي إِلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ وَاللَّهِ لاَ أَقُومُ إِلَيْهِ وَلاَ أَحْمَدُهُ وَلاَ أَحْمَدُكُمَا وَلَكِنْ أَحْمَدُ اللَّهَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ بَرَاءَتِي لَقَدْ سَمِعْتُمُوهُ فَمَا أَنْكَرْتُمُوهُ وَلاَ غَيَّرْتُمُوهُ وَكَانَتْ عَائِشَةُ تَقُولُ أَمَّا زَيْنَبُ ابْنَةُ جَحْشٍ فَعَصَمَهَا اللَّهُ بِدِينِهَا فَلَمْ تَقُلْ إِلاَّ خَيْرًا وَأَمَّا أُخْتُهَا حَمْنَةُ فَهَلَكَتْ فِيمَنْ هَلَكَ وَكَانَ الَّذِي يَتَكَلَّمُ فِيهِ مِسْطَحٌ وَحَسَّانُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ وَالْمُنَافِقُ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أُبَىٍّ وَهْوَ الَّذِي كَانَ يَسْتَوْشِيهِ وَيَجْمَعُهُ وَهْوَ الَّذِي تَوَلَّى كِبْرَهُ مِنْهُمْ هُوَ وَحَمْنَةُ قَالَتْ فَحَلَفَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ أَنْ لاَ يَنْفَعَ مِسْطَحًا بِنَافِعَةٍ أَبَدًا فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ ﷻ {وَلاَ يَأْتَلِ أُولُو الْفَضْلِ مِنْكُمْ} إِلَى آخِرِ الآيَةِ يَعْنِي أَبَا بَكْرٍ vوَالسَّعَةِ أَنْ يُؤْتُوا أُولِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْمَسَاكِينَ} يَعْنِي مِسْطَحًا إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {أَلاَ تُحِبُّونَ أَنْ يَغْفِرَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ} حَتَّى قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ بَلَى وَاللَّهِ يَا رَبَّنَا إِنَّا لَنُحِبُّ أَنْ تَغْفِرَ لَنَا وَعَادَ لَهُ بِمَا كَانَ يَصْنَعُ  

bukhari:4913ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz b. ʿAbdullāh > Sulaymān b. Bilāl > Yaḥyá > ʿUbayd b. Ḥunayn > Ibn ʿAbbās > Makatht Sanah Urīd > Asʾal ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb > Āyah Famā Astaṭīʿ

For the whole year I had the desire to ask ʿUmar bin Al-Khattab regarding the explanation of a Verse (in Surat Al-Tahrim) but I could not ask him because I respected him very much. When he went to perform the Hajj, I too went along with him. On our return, while we were still on the way home. ʿUmar went aside to answer the call of nature by the Arak trees. I waited till he finished and then I proceeded with him and asked him. "O chief of the Believers! Who were the two wives of the Prophet ﷺ who aided one another against him?" He said, "They were Hafsa and ʿAisha." Then I said to him, "By Allah, I wanted to ask you about this a year ago, but I could not do so owing to my respect for you." ʿUmar said, "Do not refrain from asking me. If you think that I have knowledge (about a certain matter), ask me; and if I know (something about it), I will tell you." Then ʿUmar added, "By Allah, in the Pre-lslamic Period of Ignorance we did not pay attention to women until Allah revealed regarding them what He revealed regarding them and assigned for them what He has assigned. Once while I was thinking over a certain matter, my wife said, "I recommend that you do so-and-so." I said to her, "What have you got to do with the is matter? Why do you poke your nose in a matter which I want to see fulfilled.?" She said, How strange you are, O son of Al-Khattab! You don't want to be argued with whereas your daughter, Hafsa surely, argues with Messenger of Allah ﷺ so much that he remains angry for a full day!" ʿUmar then reported; how he at once put on his outer garment and went to Hafsa and said to her, "O my daughter! Do you argue with Messenger of Allah ﷺ so that he remains angry the whole day?" H. afsa said, "By Allah, we argue with him." ʿUmar said, "Know that I warn you of Allah's punishment and the anger of Messenger of Allah ﷺ . . . O my daughter! Don't be betrayed by the one who is proud of her beauty because of the love of Messenger of Allah ﷺ for her (i.e. ʿAisha)." ʿUmar addled, "Then I went out to Um Salama's house who was one of my relatives, and I talked to her. She said, O son of Al-Khattab! It is rather astonishing that you interfere in everything; you even want to interfere between Allah's Apostle and his wives!' By Allah, by her talk she influenced me so much that I lost some of my anger. I left her (and went home). At that time I had a friend from the Ansar who used to bring news (from the Prophet) in case of my absence, and I used to bring him the news if he was absent. In those days we were afraid of one of the kings of Ghassan tribe. We heard that he intended to move and attack us, so fear filled our hearts because of that. (One day) my Ansari friend unexpectedly knocked at my door, and said, "Open Open!' I said, 'Has the king of Ghassan come?' He said, 'No, but something worse; Messenger of Allah ﷺ has isolated himself from his wives.' I said, 'Let the nose of ʿAisha and Hafsa be stuck to dust (i.e. humiliated)!' Then I put on my clothes and went to Messenger of Allah ﷺ's residence, and behold, he was staying in an upper room of his to which he ascended by a ladder, and a black slave of Messenger of Allah ﷺ was (sitting) on the first step. I said to him, 'Say (to the Prophet ﷺ ) ʿUmar bin Al-Khattab is here.' Then the Prophet ﷺ admitted me and I narrated the story to Messenger of Allah ﷺ. When I reached the story of Um Salama, Messenger of Allah ﷺ smiled while he was lying on a mat made of palm tree leaves with nothing between him and the mat. Underneath his head there was a leather pillow stuffed with palm fibres, and leaves of a saut tree were piled at his feet, and above his head hung a few water skins. On seeing the marks of the mat imprinted on his side, I wept. He said.' 'Why are you weeping?' I replied, "O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Caesar and Khosrau are leading the life (i.e. Luxurious life) while you, Messenger of Allah ﷺ though you are, is living in destitute". The Prophet ﷺ then replied. 'Won't you be satisfied that they enjoy this world and we the Hereafter?' "  

البخاري:٤٩١٣حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ بِلاَلٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ حُنَيْنٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ يُحَدِّثُ أَنَّهُ قَالَ مَكَثْتُ سَنَةً أُرِيدُ أَنْ أَسْأَلَ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ آيَةٍ فَمَا أَسْتَطِيعُ

أَنْ أَسْأَلَهُ هَيْبَةً لَهُ حَتَّى خَرَجَ حَاجًّا فَخَرَجْتُ مَعَهُ فَلَمَّا رَجَعْتُ وَكُنَّا بِبَعْضِ الطَّرِيقِ عَدَلَ إِلَى الأَرَاكِ لِحَاجَةٍ لَهُ قَالَ فَوَقَفْتُ لَهُ حَتَّى فَرَغَ سِرْتُ مَعَهُ فَقُلْتُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَنِ اللَّتَانِ تَظَاهَرَتَا عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِهِ فَقَالَ تِلْكَ حَفْصَةُ وَعَائِشَةُ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ وَاللَّهِ إِنْ كُنْتُ لأُرِيدُ أَنْ أَسْأَلَكَ عَنْ هَذَا مُنْذُ سَنَةٍ فَمَا أَسْتَطِيعُ هَيْبَةً لَكَ قَالَ فَلاَ تَفْعَلْ مَا ظَنَنْتَ أَنَّ عِنْدِي مِنْ عِلْمٍ فَاسْأَلْنِي فَإِنْ كَانَ لِي عِلْمٌ خَبَّرْتُكَ بِهِ قَالَ ثُمَّ قَالَ عُمَرُ وَاللَّهِ إِنْ كُنَّا فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ مَا نَعُدُّ لِلنِّسَاءِ أَمْرًا حَتَّى أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فِيهِنَّ مَا أَنْزَلَ وَقَسَمَ لَهُنَّ مَا قَسَمَ قَالَ فَبَيْنَا أَنَا فِي أَمْرٍ أَتَأَمَّرُهُ إِذْ قَالَتِ امْرَأَتِي لَوْ صَنَعْتَ كَذَا وَكَذَا قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لَهَا مَالَكِ وَلِمَا هَا هُنَا فِيمَا تَكَلُّفُكِ فِي أَمْرٍ أُرِيدُهُ فَقَالَتْ لِي عَجَبًا لَكَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ مَا تُرِيدُ أَنْ تُرَاجَعَ أَنْتَ وَإِنَّ ابْنَتَكَ لَتُرَاجِعُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَتَّى يَظَلَّ يَوْمَهُ غَضْبَانَ فَقَامَ عُمَرُ فَأَخَذَ رِدَاءَهُ مَكَانَهُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ فَقَالَ لَهَا يَا بُنَيَّةُ إِنَّكِ لَتُرَاجِعِينَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَتَّى يَظَلَّ يَوْمَهُ غَضْبَانَ فَقَالَتْ حَفْصَةُ وَاللَّهِ إِنَّا لَنُرَاجِعُهُ فَقُلْتُ تَعْلَمِينَ أَنِّي أُحَذِّرُكِ عُقُوبَةَ اللَّهِ وَغَضَبَ رَسُولِهِ ﷺ يَا بُنَيَّةُ لاَ يَغُرَّنَّكِ هَذِهِ الَّتِي أَعْجَبَهَا حُسْنُهَا حُبُّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِيَّاهَا يُرِيدُ عَائِشَةَ قَالَ ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ حَتَّى دَخَلْتُ عَلَى أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ لِقَرَابَتِي مِنْهَا فَكَلَّمْتُهَا فَقَالَتْ أُمُّ سَلَمَةَ عَجَبًا لَكَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ دَخَلْتَ فِي كُلِّ شَىْءٍ حَتَّى تَبْتَغِي أَنْ تَدْخُلَ بَيْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَزْوَاجِهِ فَأَخَذَتْنِي وَاللَّهِ أَخْذًا كَسَرَتْنِي عَنْ بَعْضِ مَا كُنْتُ أَجِدُ فَخَرَجْتُ مِنْ عِنْدِهَا وَكَانَ لِي صَاحِبٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ إِذَا غِبْتُ أَتَانِي بِالْخَبَرِ وَإِذَا غَابَ كُنْتُ أَنَا آتِيهِ بِالْخَبَرِ وَنَحْنُ نَتَخَوَّفُ مَلِكًا مِنْ مُلُوكِ غَسَّانَ ذُكِرَ لَنَا أَنَّهُ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَسِيرَ إِلَيْنَا فَقَدِ امْتَلأَتْ صُدُورُنَا مِنْهُ فَإِذَا صَاحِبِي الأَنْصَارِيُّ يَدُقُّ الْبَابَ فَقَالَ افْتَحِ افْتَحْ فَقُلْتُ جَاءَ الْغَسَّانِيُّ فَقَالَ بَلْ أَشَدُّ مِنْ ذَلِكَ اعْتَزَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَزْوَاجَهُ فَقُلْتُ رَغَمَ أَنْفُ حَفْصَةَ وَعَائِشَةَ فَأَخَذْتُ ثَوْبِيَ فَأَخْرُجُ حَتَّى جِئْتُ فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فِي مَشْرُبَةٍ لَهُ يَرْقَى عَلَيْهَا بِعَجَلَةٍ وَغُلاَمٌ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَسْوَدُ عَلَى رَأْسِ الدَّرَجَةِ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ قُلْ هَذَا عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ فَأَذِنَ لِي قَالَ عُمَرُ فَقَصَصْتُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ فَلَمَّا بَلَغْتُ حَدِيثَ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ تَبَسَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَإِنَّهُ لَعَلَى حَصِيرٍ مَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهُ شَىْءٌ وَتَحْتَ رَأْسِهِ وِسَادَةٌ مِنْ أَدَمٍ حَشْوُهَا لِيفٌ وَإِنَّ عِنْدَ رِجْلَيْهِ قَرَظًا مَصْبُوبًا وَعِنْدَ رَأْسِهِ أَهَبٌ مُعَلَّقَةٌ فَرَأَيْتُ أَثَرَ الْحَصِيرِ فِي جَنْبِهِ فَبَكَيْتُ فَقَالَ مَا يُبْكِيكَ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ كِسْرَى وَقَيْصَرَ فِيمَا هُمَا فِيهِ وَأَنْتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ أَمَا تَرْضَى أَنْ تَكُونَ لَهُمُ الدُّنْيَا وَلَنَا الآخِرَةُ  

abudawud:3055Abū Tawbah al-Rabīʿ b. Nāfiʿ > Muʿāwiyah / Ibn Salāam > Zayd > Abū Salāam > ʿAbdullāh al-Hawzanī

I met Bilal, the Mu'adhdhin of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ at Aleppo, and said: Bilal, tell me, what was the financial position of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ? He said: He had nothing. It was I who managed it on his behalf since the day Allah made him Prophet of Allah ﷺ until he died. When a Muslim man came to him and he found him naked, he ordered me (to clothe him). I would go, borrow (some money), and purchase a cloak for him. I would then clothe him and feed him. A man from the polytheists met me and said: I am well off, Bilal. Do not borrow money from anyone except me. So I did accordingly. One day when I performed ablution and stood up to make call to prayer, the same polytheist came along with a body of merchants. When he saw me, he said: O Abyssinian. I said: I am at your service. He met me with unpleasant looks and said harsh words to me. He asked me: Do you know how many days remain in the completion of this month? I replied: The time is near. He said: Only four days remain in the completion of this month. I shall then take that which is due from you (i.e. loan), and then shall return you to tend the sheep as you did before. I began to think in my mind what people think in their minds (on such occasions). When I offered the night prayer, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ returned to his family. I sought permission from him and he gave me permission. I said: Messenger of Allah, may my parents be sacrificed for you, the polytheist from whom I used to borrow money said to me such-and-such. Neither you nor I have anything to pay him for me, and he will disgrace me. So give me permission to run away to some of those tribes who have recently embraced Islam until Allah gives His Apostle ﷺ something with which he can pay (the debt) for me. So I came out and reached my house. I placed my sword, waterskin (or sheath), shoes and shield near my head. When dawn broke, I intended to be on my way. All of a sudden I saw a man running towards me and calling: Bilal, return to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. So I went till I reached him. I found four mounts kneeling on the ground with loads on them. I sought permission. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said to me: Be glad, Allah has made arrangements for the payment (of your debt). He then asked: Have you not seen the four mounts kneeling on the ground? I replied: Yes. He said: You may have these mounts and what they have on them. There are clothes and food on them, presented to me by the ruler of Fadak. Take them away and pay off your debt. I did so. He then mentioned the rest of the tradition. I then went to the mosque and found that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was sitting there. I greeted him. He asked: What benefit did you have from your property? I replied: Allah Most High paid everything which was due from the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. Nothing remains now. He asked: Did anything remain (from that property)? I said: Yes. He said: Look, if you can give me some comfort from it, for I shall not visit any member of my family until you give me some comfort from it. When the Messenger of Allah ﷺ offered the night prayer, he called me and said: What is the position of that which you had with you (i.e. property)? I said: I still have it, no one came to me. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ passed the night in the mosque. He then narrated the rest of the tradition. Next day when he offered the night prayer, he called me and asked: What is the position of that which you had (i.e. the rest of the property)? I replied: Allah has given you comfort from it, Messenger of Allah. He said: Allah is Most Great, and praised Allah, fearing lest he should die while it was with him. I then followed him until he came to his wives and greeted each one of them and finally he came to his place where he had to pass the night. This is all for which you asked me.  

أبو داود:٣٠٥٥حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو تَوْبَةَ الرَّبِيعُ بْنُ نَافِعٍ حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاوِيَةُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ سَلاَّمٍ عَنْ زَيْدٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَبَا سَلاَّمٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ الْهَوْزَنِيُّ قَالَ

لَقِيتُ بِلاَلاً مُؤَذِّنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ بِحَلَبَ فَقُلْتُ يَا بِلاَلُ حَدِّثْنِي كَيْفَ كَانَتْ نَفَقَةُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ مَا كَانَ لَهُ شَىْءٌ كُنْتُ أَنَا الَّذِي أَلِي ذَلِكَ مِنْهُ مُنْذُ بَعَثَهُ اللَّهُ إِلَى أَنْ تُوُفِّيَ وَكَانَ إِذَا أَتَاهُ الإِنْسَانُ مُسْلِمًا فَرَآهُ عَارِيًا يَأْمُرُنِي فَأَنْطَلِقُ فَأَسْتَقْرِضُ فَأَشْتَرِي لَهُ الْبُرْدَةَ فَأَكْسُوهُ وَأُطْعِمُهُ حَتَّى اعْتَرَضَنِي رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ فَقَالَ يَا بِلاَلُ إِنَّ عِنْدِي سَعَةً فَلاَ تَسْتَقْرِضْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ إِلاَّ مِنِّي فَفَعَلْتُ فَلَمَّا أَنْ كَانَ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ تَوَضَّأْتُ ثُمَّ قُمْتُ لأُؤَذِّنَ بِالصَّلاَةِ فَإِذَا الْمُشْرِكُ قَدْ أَقْبَلَ فِي عِصَابَةٍ مِنَ التُّجَّارِ فَلَمَّا أَنْ رَآنِي قَالَ يَا حَبَشِيُّ قُلْتُ يَا لَبَّاهُ فَتَجَهَّمَنِي وَقَالَ لِي قَوْلاً غَلِيظًا وَقَالَ لِي أَتَدْرِي كَمْ بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَ الشَّهْرِ قَالَ قُلْتُ قَرِيبٌ قَالَ إِنَّمَا بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَهُ أَرْبَعٌ فَآخُذُكَ بِالَّذِي عَلَيْكَ فَأَرُدُّكَ تَرْعَى الْغَنَمَ كَمَا كُنْتَ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ فَأَخَذَ فِي نَفْسِي مَا يَأْخُذُ فِي أَنْفُسِ النَّاسِ حَتَّى إِذَا صَلَّيْتُ الْعَتَمَةَ رَجَعَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ فَاسْتَأْذَنْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَأَذِنَ لِي فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي إِنَّ الْمُشْرِكَ الَّذِي كُنْتُ أَتَدَيَّنُ مِنْهُ قَالَ لِي كَذَا وَكَذَا وَلَيْسَ عِنْدَكَ مَا تَقْضِي عَنِّي وَلاَ عِنْدِي وَهُوَ فَاضِحِي فَأْذَنْ لِي أَنْ آبِقَ إِلَى بَعْضِ هَؤُلاَءِ الأَحْيَاءِ الَّذِينَ قَدْ أَسْلَمُوا حَتَّى يَرْزُقَ اللَّهُ رَسُولَهُ ﷺ مَا يَقْضِي عَنِّي فَخَرَجْتُ حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَيْتُ مَنْزِلِي فَجَعَلْتُ سَيْفِي وَجِرَابِي وَنَعْلِي وَمِجَنِّي عِنْدَ رَأْسِي حَتَّى إِذَا انْشَقَّ عَمُودُ الصُّبْحِ الأَوَّلِ أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَنْطَلِقَ فَإِذَا إِنْسَانٌ يَسْعَى يَدْعُو يَا بِلاَلُ أَجِبْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَانْطَلَقْتُ حَتَّى أَتَيْتُهُ فَإِذَا أَرْبَعُ رَكَائِبَ مُنَاخَاتٍ عَلَيْهِنَّ أَحْمَالُهُنَّ فَاسْتَأْذَنْتُ فَقَالَ لِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَبْشِرْ فَقَدْ جَاءَكَ اللَّهُ بِقَضَائِكَ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَلَمْ تَرَ الرَّكَائِبَ الْمُنَاخَاتِ الأَرْبَعَ فَقُلْتُ بَلَى فَقَالَ إِنَّ لَكَ رِقَابَهُنَّ وَمَا عَلَيْهِنَّ فَإِنَّ عَلَيْهِنَّ كِسْوَةً وَطَعَامًا أَهْدَاهُنَّ إِلَىَّ عَظِيمُ فَدَكَ فَاقْبِضْهُنَّ وَاقْضِ دَيْنَكَ فَفَعَلْتُ فَذَكَرَ الْحَدِيثَ ثُمَّ انْطَلَقْتُ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَاعِدٌ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ مَا فَعَلَ مَا قِبَلَكَ قُلْتُ قَدْ قَضَى اللَّهُ كُلَّ شَىْءٍ كَانَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَلَمْ يَبْقَ شَىْءٌ قَالَ أَفَضَلَ شَىْءٌ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ قَالَ انْظُرْ أَنْ تُرِيحَنِي مِنْهُ فَإِنِّي لَسْتُ بِدَاخِلٍ عَلَى أَحَدٍ مِنْ أَهْلِي حَتَّى تُرِيحَنِي مِنْهُ فَلَمَّا صَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ الْعَتَمَةَ دَعَانِي فَقَالَ مَا فَعَلَ الَّذِي قِبَلَكَ قَالَ قُلْتُ هُوَ مَعِي لَمْ يَأْتِنَا أَحَدٌ فَبَاتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ وَقَصَّ الْحَدِيثَ حَتَّى إِذَا صَلَّى الْعَتَمَةَ يَعْنِي مِنَ الْغَدِ دَعَانِي قَالَ مَا فَعَلَ الَّذِي قِبَلَكَ قَالَ قُلْتُ قَدْ أَرَاحَكَ اللَّهُ مِنْهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَكَبَّرَ وَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ شَفَقًا مِنْ أَنْ يُدْرِكَهُ الْمَوْتُ وَعِنْدَهُ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ اتَّبَعْتُهُ حَتَّى إِذَا جَاءَ أَزْوَاجَهُ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَى امْرَأَةٍ امْرَأَةٍ حَتَّى أَتَى مَبِيتَهُ فَهَذَا الَّذِي سَأَلْتَنِي عَنْهُ  

tirmidhi:3149Ibn Abū ʿUmar > Sufyān > ʿAmr b. Dīnār > Saʿīd b. Jubayr

"I said to Ibn 'Abbas: 'Nawf Al-Bikali claims that Musa, of Banu Isra'il is not the companion of Al-Khidr. He said: 'The enemy of Allah has lied. I heard Ubayy bin Ka'b saying: "I heard the Messenger of Allah ﷺ say 'Musa stood to deliver a Khutbah to the children of Isra'il. He was asked: "Who is the most knowledgeable among the people?" He said: "I am the most knowledgeable." So Allah admonished him, since he did not refer the knowledge back to Him. Allah revealed to him: "A slave, among My slaves at the junction of the two seas, is more knowledgeable than you." So Musa said: "O Lord! How can I meet him?" He said to him: "Carry a fish in a basket, wherever you lose the fish, then he is there." So he set off, and his boy set off with him - and he was Yusha' bin Nun. Musa put a fish in a basket, he and the boy set off walking, until when they reached a rock, Musa and his boy fell asleep. The fish was flopping around in the basket, falling into the sea.' He said: 'Allah held back the flow of water until it was like a tunnel, and the fish could glide. Musa and his boy were amazed. They set off the remainder of the day and the night, and Musa's companion forgot to inform him (of the escape of the fish). When Musa arose in the morning, he said to his boy: Bring us our morning meal; truly we have suffered much fatigue in this, our journey (18:62).' He said: 'He had not gotten tired until he passed the place which Allah had ordered him to go. He said: Do you remember when we betook ourselves to the rock? I indeed forgot the fish, none but Shaitan made me forget to remember it. It took its course into the sea in a strange way (18:63). Musa said: That is what we have been seeking. So they went back, retracing their tracks (18:64). He said: 'So they began retracing their tracks.'" Sufyan (one of the narrators) said: "People claim that there is a spring of life at that rock, no dying person has its water poured over him, but he becomes alive, and the fish came in contact with some of it, so when the water dropped on it he became alive." "He [the Prophet ﷺ] said: 'They retraced their tracks until they arrived at the rock to see a man covered in a garment. Musa greeted him, and he replied: Is there such a greeting in your land? He said: I am Musa. He said: Musa of the children of Isra'il? He said: Yes. He said: O Musa! Indeed you have some knowledge from Allah, which Allah taught you, which I have not been taught, and I have some knowledge from Allah, which Allah taught me, which you have not been taught.' So Musa said: May I follow you so that you may teach me something of the knowledge which you have been taught? (18:66) He said: Verily, you will not be able to have patience with me! And how can you have patience about a thing which you know not? He said: If Allah wills, you will find me patient, and I will not disobey you at all (18:67-69). Al-Khadir said to him: Then if you follow me, ask me not about anything until I myself mention it to you (18:70). Musa said: Yes. So Musa and Al-Khadir set off walking along the shore of the sea. A boat was passing by them, and they spoke to them (the crew) asking them to let them get on board. They recognized Al-Khadir so they let the two of them ride without charge. Al-Khadir took one of the planks (in the boat) and removed it, so Musa said to him: These people gave us a ride free of charge, yet you sabotaged their boat so that its people will drown. Indeed you have done a dreadful thing (18:71). He said: Did I not tell you that you would not be able to have patience with me? (18:72). He said call me not to account for what I forgot, and be not hard upon me for my affair (18:73). Then they exited the boat, and while they were walking upon the shore, they saw a boy playing with two other boys. So Al-Khadir took him by his head, pulling it off with his hands, and he killed him. So Musa said to him: Have you killed an innocent person who killed no one! Verily you have done a horrendous thing (18:74). He said: Did I not tell you that you would not be able to have patience with me? (18:75) - he (the narrator) said: - "This was more severe than the first one" - He said: If I ask you about anything after this, you have received an excuse from me. So they both proceeded until they came to the inhabitants of a town. They asked them for food but they refused to entertain them. There they found a wall on the verge of falling down (18:76 & 77). He (the narrator) said: - meaning leaning over - 'So Al-Khadir took his hand like this, so he set it up straight (18:77) so Musa said to him: We arrived at these people, they did not treat us as guests nor feed us. If you wished, surely you could have taken wages for it! He said: "This is the parting between you and I. I will tell you the interpretation of (those) things over which you were not able to be patient (18:77 & 78).'" The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: 'May Allah have mercy upon Musa! We wish that he would have had patience, so that we could have more knowledge about that two of them.' He said: 'So the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: 'The first time Musa had forgotten.' He said: 'And a sparrow came, until it perched on the edge of a boat, and pecked at the sea. So Al-Khadir said to him: My knowledge and your knowledge do not diminish anything from the knowledge of Allah, but like what this sparrow diminishes of the sea.' Sa'eed bin Jubair said: "and he would" - meaning Ibn 'Abbas - "recite: 'And there was before them a king who would take every useful boat by force (18:79).' And he would recite: 'As for the boy, he was a disbeliever (18:80).'"  

الترمذي:٣١٤٩حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَرَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ

قُلْتُ لاِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ إِنَّ نَوْفًا الْبِكَالِيَّ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّ مُوسَى صَاحِبَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ لَيْسَ بِمُوسَى صَاحِبِ الْخَضِرِ قَالَ كَذَبَ عَدُوُّ اللَّهِ سَمِعْتُ أُبَىَّ بْنَ كَعْبٍ يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَقُولُ قَامَ مُوسَى خَطِيبًا فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فَسُئِلَ أَىُّ النَّاسِ أَعْلَمُ فَقَالَ أَنَا أَعْلَمُ فَعَتَبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ إِذْ لَمْ يَرُدَّ الْعِلْمَ إِلَيْهِ فَأَوْحَى اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ أَنَّ عَبْدًا مِنْ عِبَادِي بِمَجْمَعِ الْبَحْرَيْنِ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ مِنْكَ قَالَ مُوسَى أَىْ رَبِّ فَكَيْفَ لِي بِهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ احْمِلْ حُوتًا فِي مِكْتَلٍ فَحَيْثُ تَفْقِدُ الْحُوتَ فَهُوَ ثَمَّ فَانْطَلَقَ وَانْطَلَقَ مَعَهُ فَتَاهُ وَهُوَ يُوشَعُ بْنُ نُونٍ وَيُقَالُ يُوسَعُ فَحَمَلَ مُوسَى حُوتًا فِي مِكْتَلٍ فَانْطَلَقَ هُوَ وَفَتَاهُ يَمْشِيَانِ حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَيَا الصَّخْرَةَ فَرَقَدَ مُوسَى وَفَتَاهُ فَاضْطَرَبَ الْحُوتُ فِي الْمِكْتَلِ حَتَّى خَرَجَ مِنَ الْمِكْتَلِ فَسَقَطَ فِي الْبَحْرِ قَالَ وَأَمْسَكَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ جِرْيَةَ الْمَاءِ حَتَّى كَانَ مِثْلَ الطَّاقِ وَكَانَ لِلْحُوتِ سَرَبًا وَكَانَ لِمُوسَى وَلِفَتَاهُ عَجَبًا فَاَنْطَلَقَا بَقِيَّةَ يَوْمِهِمَا وَلَيْلَتِهِمَا وَنُسِّيَ صَاحِبُ مُوسَى أَنْ يُخْبِرَهُ فَلَمَّا أَصْبَحَ مُوسَى قَالَ لِفَتَاهُ (آتِنَا غَدَاءَنَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا نَصَبًا ) قَالَ وَلَمْ يَنْصَبْ حَتَّى جَاوَزَ الْمَكَانَ الَّذِي أُمِرَ بِهِ (قَالَ أَرَأَيْتَ إِذْ أَوَيْنَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِنِّي نَسِيتُ الْحُوتَ وَمَا أَنْسَانِيهُ إِلاَّ الشَّيْطَانُ أَنْ أَذْكُرَهُ وَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ عَجَبًا ) قَالَ مُوسَى ( ذَلِكَ مَا كُنَّا نَبْغِ فَارْتَدَّا عَلَى آثَارِهِمَا قَصَصًا ) قَالَ فَكَانَا يَقُصَّانِ آثَارَهُمَا قَالَ سُفْيَانُ يَزْعُمُ نَاسٌ أَنَّ تِلْكَ الصَّخْرَةَ عِنْدَهَا عَيْنُ الْحَيَاةِ وَلاَ يُصِيبُ مَاؤُهَا مَيِّتًا إِلاَّ عَاشَ قَالَ وَكَانَ الْحُوتُ قَدْ أُكِلَ مِنْهُ فَلَمَّا قَطَرَ عَلَيْهِ الْمَاءُ عَاشَ قَالَ فَقَصَّا آثَارَهُمَا حَتَّى أَتَيَا الصَّخْرَةَ فَرَأَى رَجُلاً مُسَجًّى عَلَيْهِ بِثَوْبٍ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ مُوسَى فَقَالَ أَنَّى بِأَرْضِكَ السَّلاَمُ قَالَ أَنَا مُوسَى قَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ يَا مُوسَى إِنَّكَ عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ عَلَّمَكَهُ اللَّهُ لاَ أَعْلَمُهُ وَأَنَا عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ عَلَّمَنِيهِ لاَ تَعْلَمُهُ فَقَالَ مُوسَى ( هَلْ أَتَّبِعُكَ عَلَى أَنْ تُعَلِّمَنِي مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رُشْدًا * قَالَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا * وَكَيْفَ تَصْبِرُ عَلَى مَا لَمْ تُحِطْ بِهِ خُبْرًا * قَالَ سَتَجِدُنِي إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ صَابِرًا وَلاَ أَعْصِي لَكَ أَمْرًا ) قَالَ لَهُ الْخَضِرُ (فَإِنِ اتَّبَعْتَنِي فَلاَ تَسْأَلْنِي عَنْ شَيْءٍ حَتَّى أُحْدِثَ لَكَ مِنْهُ ذِكْرًا ) قَالَ نَعَمْ فَانْطَلَقَ الْخَضِرُ وَمُوسَى يَمْشِيَانِ عَلَى سَاحِلِ الْبَحْرِ فَمَرَّتْ بِهِمَا سَفِينَةٌ فَكَلَّمَاهُ أَنْ يَحْمِلُوهُمَا فَعَرَفُوا الْخَضِرَ فَحَمَلُوهُمَا بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ فَعَمَدَ الْخَضِرُ إِلَى لَوْحٍ مِنْ أَلْوَاحِ السَّفِينَةِ فَنَزَعَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى قَوْمٌ حَمَلُونَا بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ عَمَدْتَ إِلَى سَفِينَتِهِمْ فَخَرَقْتَهَا ( لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا إِمْرًا * قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا * قَالَ لاَ تُؤَاخِذْنِي بِمَا نَسِيتُ وَلاَ تُرْهِقْنِي مِنْ أَمْرِي عُسْرًا ) ثُمَّ خَرَجَا مِنَ السَّفِينَةِ فَبَيْنَمَا هُمَا يَمْشِيَانِ عَلَى السَّاحِلِ وَإِذَا غُلاَمٌ يَلْعَبُ مَعَ الْغِلْمَانِ فَأَخَذَ الْخَضِرُ بِرَأْسِهِ فَاقْتَلَعَهُ بِيَدِهِ فَقَتَلَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى ( أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا نُكْرًا * قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا ) قَالَ وَهَذِهِ أَشَدُّ مِنَ الأُولَى ( قَالَ إِنْ سَأَلْتُكَ عَنْ شَيْءٍ بَعْدَهَا فَلاَ تُصَاحِبْنِي قَدْ بَلَغْتَ مِنْ لَدُنِّي عُذْرًا * فَانْطَلَقَا حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَيَا أَهْلَ قَرْيَةٍ اسْتَطْعَمَا أَهْلَهَا فَأَبَوْا أَنْ يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا فَوَجَدَا فِيهَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ ) يَقُولُ مَائِلٌ فَقَالَ الْخَضِرُ بِيَدِهِ هَكَذَا ( فَأَقَامَهُ ) فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى قَوْمٌ أَتَيْنَاهُمْ فَلَمْ يُضَيِّفُونَا وَلَمْ يُطْعِمُونَا ( إِنْ شِئْتَ لاَتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا * قَالَ هَذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنِكَ سَأُنَبِّئُكَ بِتَأْوِيلِ مَا لَمْ تَسْتَطِعْ عَلَيْهِ صَبْرًا ) قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَرْحَمُ اللَّهُ مُوسَى لَوَدِدْنَا أَنَّهُ كَانَ صَبَرَ حَتَّى يَقُصَّ عَلَيْنَا مِنْ أَخْبَارِهِمَا قَالَ وَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ الأُولَى كَانَتْ مِنْ مُوسَى نِسْيَانٌ قَالَ وَجَاءَ عُصْفُورٌ حَتَّى وَقَعَ عَلَى حَرْفِ السَّفِينَةِ ثُمَّ نَقَرَ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْخَضِرُ مَا نَقَصَ عِلْمِي وَعِلْمُكَ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ مِثْلَ مَا نَقَصَ هَذَا الْعُصْفُورُ مِنَ الْبَحْرِ قَالَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ وَكَانَ يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ يَقْرَأُ وَكَانَ أَمَامَهُمْ مَلِكٌ يَأْخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ صَالِحَةٍ غَصْبًا وَكَانَ يَقْرَأُ وَأَمَّا الْغُلاَمُ فَكَانَ كَافِرًا  

قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ وَرَوَاهُ الزُّهْرِيُّ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ عَنْ أُبَىِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ وَقَدْ رَوَاهُ أَبُو إِسْحَاقَ الْهَمْدَانِيُّ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ عَنْ أُبَىِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى سَمِعْتُ أَبَا مُزَاحِمٍ السَّمَرْقَنْدِيَّ يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْمَدِينِيِّ يَقُولُ حَجَجْتُ حَجَّةً وَلَيْسَ لِي هِمَّةٌ إِلاَّ أَنْ أَسْمَعَ مِنْ سُفْيَانَ يَذْكُرُ فِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ الْخَبَرَ حَتَّى سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ دِينَارٍ وَقَدْ كُنْتُ سَمِعْتُ هَذَا مِنْ سُفْيَانَ مِنْ قَبْلِ ذَلِكَ وَلَمْ يَذْكُرْ فِيهِ الْخَبَرَ
tirmidhi:3180Maḥmūd b. Ghaylān > Abū Usāmah > Hishām b. ʿUrwah from my father > ʿĀʾishah

"What was said about me had been said, and I myself was unaware of it, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ got up and addressed the people. He recited the Tashahhud and after praising and expressing gratitude to Allah, as He deserved, he said: 'To proceed: O people! Give me your opinion regarding those people who made a forged story against my wife. By Allah, I do not know anything bad about her at all. By Allah, they accused her of being with a man about whom I have never known anything bad, and he never entered my house unless I was present there, and whenever I went on a journey, he went with me.' Sa'd bin Mu'adh [may Allah be pleased with him] got up and said: 'O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Allow me to chop their heads off!' Then a man from Al-Khazraj, to whom the mother of Hassan bin Thabit was a relative, got up and said (to Sa'd): 'You have told a lie! By Allah, if those persons were from Al-Aws, you would not like to chop their heads.' It was probable that some evil would take place between Aws and Khazraj in the Masjid while I was unaware of that. In the evening of that day, I went out for some of my needs, and Umm Mistah was accompanying me. On our return, Umm Mistah stumbled and said: 'Let Mistah be ruined!' I said to her, 'O mother! Why do you abuse your son?' On that Umm Mistah became silent for a while, and stumbling again, she said: 'Let Mistah be ruined!' I said to her: 'O mother! Why do you abuse your son?' She stumbled for the third time and said: 'Let Mistah be ruined!' I said to her: 'O mother! Why do you abuse your son?' Upon that she said: 'By Allah! I do not abuse him except because of you.' I asked her: 'Concerning what of my affairs?' So she disclosed the whole story to me. I said: 'Has this really happened?' She replied: 'Yes, by Allah!' I returned to my house, so astonished, that I did not know for what purpose I had gone out. Then I became sick and said to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ 'Send me to my father's house.' So he sent a servant with me, and when I entered the house, I found Umm Ruman downstairs, while Abu Bakr was reciting something upstairs. My mother asked: 'What has brought you, O daughter?' She said: "I informed her and mentioned the whole story to her, but she did not feel as I did about it. She said: 'O my daughter! Do not worry much about this matter, for there is never a charming lady loved by her husband who has other wives, but that they feel jealous of her and speak badly of her.' But she did not feel the same about it as I did. I asked her: 'Does my father know about it?' She said 'Yes.' I asked: 'Does the Messenger of Allah ﷺ know about it too?' She said 'Yes, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ also knows about it.' Tears filled my eyes and I wept. Abu Bakr, who was reading upstairs, heard my voice, and came down asking my mother: 'What is the matter with her?' She said: 'She has heard what has been said about her.' On that Abu Bakr wept and said: 'I beseech you, by Allah, O my daughter, to go back to your home.' I went back to my home, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had come to my house asking my maid-servant about me. The maid-servant said: 'By Allah! I do not know of any fault or defect in her character except that she sleeps and lets the sheep enter and eat her dough.' On that, some of the Prophet's Companions spoke harshly to her and said: 'Tell the truth to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ.' Finally, they told her of the slander and she said: 'Subhan Allah! By Allah, I know nothing against her except what a goldsmith knows about a piece of pure gold.' Then this news reached the man who was accused, and he said: 'Subhan Allah! By Allah, I have never uncovered the private parts of any woman.' Later, that man was martyred in Allah's Cause. Then the next morning, my parents came to pay me a visit and they stayed with me until the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to me, after he performed the 'Asr prayer. He came to me and while my parents were sitting around me on my right and my left. The Prophet ﷺ said the Tashahhud, praised and glorified Allah and said: 'Now then, O 'Aishah! If you have committed a bad deed, or you have wronged (yourself), then repent to Allah, as Allah accepts the repentance from His worshipers.' An Ansari woman had come and was sitting near the gate. I said to the Prophet ﷺ: 'Isn't it improper that you speak in such a way in the presence of this lady?' The Messenger of Allah ﷺ then gave a piece of advice and I turned to my father and requested him to reply to him. My father said: 'What should I say?' Then I turned to my mother and asked her to answer him. She said: 'What should I say?' When my parents did not reply to the Prophet ﷺ, I said the Tashahhud, praised and glorified Allah as His due, and I said: 'Then, by Allah! If I were to tell you that I have not done (this) and Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, is witness that I am telling the truth, that would not be of any use to me on your part, because you (people) have spoken about it and your hearts have absorbed it (as truth); and if I were to tell you that I have done this sin, and Allah knows that I have not done it, then you will say: 'She has confessed her guilt.' By Allah! I do not see a suitable example for me and you except the example of - and I could not remember Ya'qbus name - Yusuf's father when he said: So patience is most fitting. And it is Allah Whose help can be sought against that which you describe (12:18). She said: "It was at that time that Revelation came to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, and we remained silent. Then the Revelation was over, and I noticed the signs of happiness on his face while he was wiping (the sweat) from his forehead, and saying: 'Have the good tidings O 'Aishah! Allah has revealed your innocence.' At that time I was extremely angry. My parents said to me: 'Get up and go to him.' I said: 'By Allah, I will not do it,and will not thank him nor either of you, but I will thank Allah, Who has revealed my innocence. You have heard (this story) but neither of you have denied it, nor have you changed it (to defend me).'" 'Aishah used to say: "But as regards to Zainab bint Jahsh, Allah protected her because of her piety. She did not say anything except good (about me). But her sister, Hamnah was ruined among those who were ruined. Those who used to speak evil about me were Mistah, Hassan bin Thabit, and the hypocrite 'Abdullah bin Ubayy [bin Salul] and [it is he who] used to spread that news and tempt others to speak of it, and it was he and Hamnah who had the greater share therein. Abu Bakr took an oath that he would never do any favor for Mistah at all. Then Allah, Most High, revealed this Ayah: 'Let not those among you who are blessed with graces and wealth' [until the end of the Ayah] referring to Abu Bakr: 'to give their kinsmen, the poor, and those who left their homes for Allah's Cause.' - meaning Mistah - up to His saying: Do you not love that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful (24:22).' On that, Abu Bakr said: 'Yes, by Allah! O our Lord! We wish that You forgive us.' So he returned to what he had been doing."  

الترمذي:٣١٨٠حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبِي عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ

لَمَّا ذُكِرَ مِنْ شَأْنِي الَّذِي ذُكِرَ وَمَا عَلِمْتُ بِهِ قَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فِيَّ خَطِيبًا فَتَشَهَّدَ وَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ أَشِيرُوا عَلَىَّ فِي أُنَاسٍ أَبَنُوا أَهْلِي وَاللَّهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَى أَهْلِي مِنْ سُوءٍ قَطُّ وَأَبَنُوا بِمَنْ وَاللَّهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ سُوءٍ قَطُّ وَلاَ دَخَلَ بَيْتِي قَطُّ إِلاَّ وَأَنَا حَاضِرٌ وَلاَ غِبْتُ فِي سَفَرٍ إِلاَّ غَابَ مَعِي فَقَامَ سَعْدُ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ ؓ فَقَالَ ائْذَنْ لِي يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَنْ أَضْرِبَ أَعْنَاقَهُمْ وَقَامَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْخَزْرَجِ وَكَانَتْ أُمُّ حَسَّانَ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ مِنْ رَهْطِ ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلِ فَقَالَ كَذَبْتَ أَمَا وَاللَّهِ أَنْ لَوْ كَانُوا مِنَ الأَوْسِ مَا أَحْبَبْتَ أَنْ تُضْرَبَ أَعْنَاقُهُمْ حَتَّى كَادَ أَنْ يَكُونَ بَيْنَ الأَوْسِ وَالْخَزْرَجِ شَرٌّ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ وَمَا عَلِمْتُ بِهِ فَلَمَّا كَانَ مَسَاءُ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ خَرَجْتُ لِبَعْضِ حَاجَتِي وَمَعِي أُمُّ مِسْطَحٍ فَعَثَرَتْ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَقُلْتُ لَهَا أَىْ أَمَّ تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ فَسَكَتَتْ ثُمَّ عَثَرَتِ الثَّانِيَةَ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَقُلْتُ لَهَا أَىْ أَمَّ تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ فَسَكَتَتْ ثُمَّ عَثَرَتِ الثَّالِثَةَ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَانْتَهَرْتُهَا فَقُلْتُ لَهَا أَىْ أُمَّ تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ فَقَالَتْ وَاللَّهِ مَا أَسُبُّهُ إِلاَّ فِيكِ فَقُلْتُ فِي أَىِّ شَيْءٍ قَالَتْ فَبَقَرَتْ إِلَىَّ الْحَدِيثَ قُلْتُ وَقَدْ كَانَ هَذَا قَالَتْ نَعَمْ وَاللَّهِ لَقَدْ رَجَعْتُ إِلَى بَيْتِي وَكَأَنَّ الَّذِي خَرَجْتُ لَهُ لَمْ أَخْرُجْ لاَ أَجِدُ مِنْهُ قَلِيلاً وَلاَ كَثِيرًا وَوُعِكْتُ فَقُلْتُ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَرْسِلْنِي إِلَى بَيْتِ أَبِي فَأَرْسَلَ مَعِي الْغُلاَمَ فَدَخَلْتُ الدَّارَ فَوَجَدْتُ أُمَّ رُومَانَ فِي السُّفْلِ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ فَوْقَ الْبَيْتِ يَقْرَأُ فَقَالَتْ أُمِّي مَا جَاءَ بِكِ يَا بُنَيَّةُ قَالَتْ فَأَخْبَرْتُهَا وَذَكَرْتُ لَهَا الْحَدِيثَ فَإِذَا هُوَ لَمْ يَبْلُغْ مِنْهَا مَا بَلَغَ مِنِّي قَالَتْ يَا بُنَيَّةُ خَفِّفِي عَلَيْكِ الشَّأْنَ فَإِنَّهُ وَاللَّهِ لَقَلَّمَا كَانَتِ امْرَأَةٌ حَسْنَاءُ عِنْدَ رَجُلٍ يُحِبُّهَا لَهَا ضَرَائِرُ إِلاَّ حَسَدْنَهَا وَقِيلَ فِيهَا فَإِذَا هِيَ لَمْ يَبْلُغْ مِنْهَا مَا بَلَغَ مِنِّي قَالَتْ قُلْتُ وَقَدْ عَلِمَ بِهِ أَبِي قَالَتْ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ وَاسْتَعْبَرْتُ وَبَكَيْتُ فَسَمِعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ صَوْتِي وَهُوَ فَوْقَ الْبَيْتِ يَقْرَأُ فَنَزَلَ فَقَالَ لأُمِّي مَا شَأْنُهَا قَالَتْ بَلَغَهَا الَّذِي ذُكِرَ مِنْ شَأْنِهَا فَفَاضَتْ عَيْنَاهُ فَقَالَ أَقْسَمْتُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بُنَيَّةُ إِلاَّ رَجَعْتِ إِلَى بَيْتِكِ فَرَجَعْتُ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ بَيْتِي فَسَأَلَ عَنِّي خَادِمَتِي فَقَالَتْ لاَ وَاللَّهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَيْهَا عَيْبًا إِلاَّ أَنَّهَا كَانَتْ تَرْقُدُ حَتَّى تَدْخُلَ الشَّاةُ فَتَأْكُلَ خَمِيرَتَهَا أَوْ عَجِينَتَهَا وَانْتَهَرَهَا بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ أَصْدِقِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَتَّى أَسْقَطُوا لَهَا بِهِ فَقَالَتْ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَيْهَا إِلاَّ مَا يَعْلَمُ الصَّائِغُ عَلَى تِبْرِ الذَّهَبِ الأَحْمَرِ فَبَلَغَ الأَمْرُ ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلَ الَّذِي قِيلَ لَهُ فَقَالَ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهِ مَا كَشَفْتُ كَنَفَ أُنْثَى قَطُّ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَقُتِلَ شَهِيدًا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ قَالَتْ وَأَصْبَحَ أَبَوَاىَ عِنْدِي فَلَمْ يَزَالاَ عِنْدِي حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَىَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَقَدْ صَلَّى الْعَصْرَ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ وَقَدِ اكْتَنَفَنِي أَبَوَاىَ عَنْ يَمِينِي وَعَنْ شِمَالِي فَتَشَهَّدَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ يَا عَائِشَةُ إِنْ كُنْتِ قَارَفْتِ سُوءًا أَوْ ظَلَمْتِ فَتُوبِي إِلَى اللَّهِ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ يَقْبَلُ التَّوْبَةَ عَنْ عِبَادِهِ قَالَتْ وَقَدْ جَاءَتِ امْرَأَةٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ وَهِيَ جَالِسَةٌ بِالْبَابِ فَقُلْتُ أَلاَ تَسْتَحِي مِنْ هَذِهِ الْمَرْأَةِ أَنْ تَذْكُرَ شَيْئًا فَوَعَظَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَالْتَفَتُّ إِلَى أَبِي فَقُلْتُ أَجِبْهُ قَالَ فَمَاذَا أَقُولُ فَالْتَفَتُّ إِلَى أُمِّي فَقُلْتُ أَجِيبِيهِ قَالَتْ أَقُولُ مَاذَا قَالَتْ فَلَمَّا لَمْ يُجِيبَا تَشَهَّدْتُ فَحَمِدْتُ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَيْتُ عَلَيْهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ أَمَا وَاللَّهِ لَئِنْ قُلْتُ لَكُمْ إِنِّي لَمْ أَفْعَلْ وَاللَّهُ يَشْهَدُ إِنِّي لَصَادِقَةٌ مَا ذَاكَ بِنَافِعِي عِنْدَكُمْ لِي لَقَدْ تَكَلَّمْتُمْ وَأُشْرِبَتْ قُلُوبُكُمْ وَلَئِنْ قُلْتُ إِنِّي قَدْ فَعَلْتُ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ أَنِّي لَمْ أَفْعَلْ لَتَقُولُنَّ إِنَّهَا قَدْ بَاءَتْ بِهِ عَلَى نَفْسِهَا وَإِنِّي وَاللَّهِ مَا أَجِدُ لِي وَلَكُمْ مَثَلاً قَالَتْ وَالْتَمَسْتُ اسْمَ يَعْقُوبَ فَلَمْ أَقْدِرْ عَلَيْهِ إِلاَّ أَبَا يُوسُفَ حِينَ قَالََ (فصبْرٌ جَمِيلٌ وَاللَّهُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ عَلَى مَا تَصِفُونَ ) قَالَتْ وَأُنْزِلَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ مِنْ سَاعَتِهِ فَسَكَتْنَا فَرُفِعَ عَنْهُ وَإِنِّي لأَتَبَيَّنُ السُّرُورَ فِي وَجْهِهِ وَهُوَ يَمْسَحُ جَبِينَهُ وَيَقُولُ الْبُشْرَى يَا عَائِشَةُ فَقَدْ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ بَرَاءَتَكِ قَالَتْ وَكُنْتُ أَشَدَّ مَا كُنْتُ غَضَبًا فَقَالَ لِي أَبَوَاىَ قُومِي إِلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ لاَ وَاللَّهِ لاَ أَقُومُ إِلَيْهِ وَلاَ أَحْمَدُهُ وَلاَ أَحْمَدُكُمَا وَلَكِنْ أَحْمَدُ اللَّهَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ بَرَاءَتِي لَقَدْ سَمِعْتُمُوهُ فَمَا أَنْكَرْتُمُوهُ وَلاَ غَيَّرْتُمُوهُ وَكَانَتْ عَائِشَةُ تَقُولُ أَمَّا زَيْنَبُ بِنْتُ جَحْشٍ فَعَصَمَهَا اللَّهُ بِدِينِهَا فَلَمْ تَقُلْ إِلاَّ خَيْرًا وَأَمَّا أُخْتُهَا حَمْنَةُ فَهَلَكَتْ فِيمَنْ هَلَكَ وَكَانَ الَّذِي يَتَكَلَّمُ فِيهِ مِسْطَحٌ وَحَسَّانُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ وَالْمُنَافِقُ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أُبَىٍّ ابْنُ سَلُولَ وَهُوَ الَّذِي كَانَ يَسُوسُهُ وَيَجْمَعُهُ وَهُوَ الَّذِي تَوَلَّى كِبْرَهُ مِنْهُمْ هُوَ وَحَمْنَةُ قَالَتْ فَحَلَفَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ أَنْ لاَ يَنْفَعَ مِسْطَحًا بِنَافِعَةٍ أَبَدًا فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى هَذِهِ الآيَةَ (ولاَ يَأْتَلِ أُولُو الْفَضْلِ مِنْكُمْ وَالسَّعَةِ ) إِلَى آخِرِ الآيَةِ يَعْنِي أَبَا بَكْرٍ (أنْ يُؤْتُوا أُولِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْمَسَاكِينَ وَالْمُهَاجِرِينَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ) يَعْنِي مِسْطَحًا إِلَى قَوْلِهِ (ألاَ تُحِبُّونَ أَنْ يَغْفِرَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ ) قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ بَلَى وَاللَّهِ يَا رَبَّنَا إِنَّا لَنُحِبُّ أَنْ تَغْفِرَ لَنَا وَعَادَ لَهُ بِمَا كَانَ يَصْنَعُ  

قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ غَرِيبٌ مِنْ حَدِيثِ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ وَقَدْ رَوَاهُ يُونُسُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ وَمَعْمَرٌ وَغَيْرُ وَاحِدٍ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ عُرْوَةَ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ وَسَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ وَعَلْقَمَةَ بْنِ وَقَّاصٍ اللَّيْثِيِّ وَعُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ أَطْوَلَ مِنْ حَدِيثِ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ وَأَتَمَّ
tirmidhi:3318ʿAbd b. Ḥumayd > ʿAbd al-Razzāq > Maʿmar > al-Zuhrī > ʿUbaydullāh b. ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Thawr > Ibn ʿAbbās > Lam Azal Ḥarīṣ > Asʾal ʿUmar

“I was ever determined to ask Umar about the two women, among the wives of the Prophet, about whom Allah [the Mighty and Sublime] said: If you two turn in repentance, your hearts are indeed so inclined… until once when Umar performed Hajj, and I performed Hajj along with him. I poured water for his Wudu from a water holder, and I said: ‘O Commander of the Believers! Who are the two women among the wives of the Prophet, about whom Allah said: If your two turn in repentance, you hearts are indeed so inclined?’ He said to me: ‘I am astonished at you O Ibn Abbas!’” – Az-Zubair (one of the narrators) said: “By Allah! He disliked what he asked him, but he did not withhold it from him.” – “He said to me: ‘It was Aishah and Hafsah.’” He said: “Then he began narrating the Hadith to me. He said: ‘We, the people of the Quraish, used to have the upper hand over our women. So when we arrived in Al-Madinah, we found a people whose women had the upper hand over them. Our women began acquiring the habits of their women. One day I became angry with my wife when she started talking back to to me, she said: “What bothers you about that? By Allah! The wives of the Prophet talk back to him, and one of them may stay away from him a whole day until the night?’” “He said: ‘I said to myself: “Whoever among them has done that, then she has thwarted herself and lost.’” “He said: ‘My house was in Al-Awali among those of Banu Umayyah, and I had a neighbor among the Ansar, and he and I would take turns visiting the Messenger of Allah.’ He said: ‘One day I would visit him and bring the news of the Revealation, and other than that, and one day he would visit him and bring the same. We heard stories that Ghassan were preparing their horses to attack us. He said: ‘One day he came to me in the evening and knocked on my door, so I went out to him. He said: “A horrible thing has happened.” I said: “Ghassan has come?” He said: “Worse than that. The Messenger of Allah has divorced his wives.’” He said: ‘I said to myself: “Hafsah has thwarted herself and is a loser! I though this would happen some day.’” He said: ‘After we prayed Subh, I put on my clothes, then went to visit Hafsah. There I found her crying. I said: “Has the Messenger of Allah divorced (all of you)?” She said: “I do not know. He has secluded himself in the upper room.’” He said: ‘So I wen, and came upon a black slave, I said: “Seek permission for Umar.’” He said: ‘So he entered then came out to me. He said: “I mentioned you to him, but he did not say anything.’” He said: ‘So I went to the Masjid. There I found a group of people sitting around the Minhar weeping, so I sat down with them. Then it became too much for me, so I went to the slave and said: “Seek permission for Umar.” He went in, then he came out to me and said: “I mentioned you to him, but he did not say anything.’” He said: ‘So I went to the Masjid again, and sat there until I could not take it any more, and I went back to the slave and said: “Seek permission for Umar.” He went in, then he came out to me and said: “I mentioned you to him but he did not say anything.’” He said: ‘So I turned to leave, when the slave called me back. He said: “Enter for he has given you permission.’” He said: ‘So I entered, and found the Prophet reclining upon a woven mat, and I saw the marks it left on his side. I said: “O Messenger of Allah! Have you divorced your women?” He said: “No.” I said: “Allahu Akbar! IF you only saw us O Messenger of Allah! We the people of the Quraish used to have the upper hand over our women, but when we came to Al-Madinah we found a people whose women had the upper hand over them. Our women began acquiring the habits of their women. One day I became angry with my wife, so when she started talking back to me I rebuked her and she said: ‘What bothers you about that? By Allah! The wives of the Prophet talk back to him, and one of them may stay away from him a whole day until the night?’” He said: “I said to Hafsah: ‘Do you talk back to the Messenger of Allah?’ She said: ‘Yes, and one of us may stay away from him all day until the night.’” He said: “I said: ‘Whoever among them has done that, then she has thwarted herself and lost. So any of you feel so secure against Allah becoming angry with you because of the anger of the Messenger of Allah, then she will be ruined?’ He said: ‘So the Prophet smiled.’ He said: ‘So I said to Hafsah: “Do not talk back to the Messenger of Allah, and don’t ask him for anything. Ask me for whatever you want. And do not be tempted by the behavior of your companions, for she is more beautiful than you, and more loved by the Messenger of Allah.’” He said: ‘So he smiled again, I said: “O Messenger of Allah! May I speak candidily?” He said: “Yes.’” He said: ‘I raised my head and did not see in the house except for three hides. So I said: “O Messenger of Allah! Supplicate to Allah to make your followers prosperous. For verily, He has made the Persians and the Romans prosper, and they do not worship Him.” He then sat up and said: “Do you have some doubts O Ibn Al-Khattab? They are a people whose good has been hastened for them in this world’s life.’” He said: ‘He swore that he would not enter upon his women for a month. So Allah censured him for that, and he made the atonement of an oath.’” Az-Zuhri said: “Urwah informed me that Aishah said: “When twenty-nine days passed, the Prophet entered upon me first, and he said: “O Aishah! I am about to mention something to you, but do not be hasty in reply until you consult your parents.’” She said: ‘Then he recited this Ayah: “O Prophet! Say to your wives.” She said: ‘I knew by Allah! That my parents would not tell me to part with him.’ She said: ‘I said: “Is it about this that I should consult with my parents? Indeed I want Allah and His Messenger and the abode of the Hereafter.” Ma’mar (one of the narrators) said: “Ayyub informed me that Aishah said to him: ‘O Messenger of Allah! Do not inform your wives that I chose you.’ So the Prophet said: ‘Allah send me only as one who conveys (Muballigh), He did not send me as one causing hardship.’”  

الترمذي:٣٣١٨حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي ثَوْرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ يَقُولُ

لَمْ أَزَلْ حَرِيصًا أَنْ أَسْأَلَ عُمَرَ عَنِ الْمَرْأَتَيْنِ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ اللَّتَيْنِ قَالَ اللَّهُ ﷻ (إن تَتُوبَا إِلَى اللَّهِ فَقَدْ صَغَتْ قُلُوبُكُمَا ) حَتَّى حَجَّ عُمَرُ وَحَجَجْتُ مَعَهُ فَصَبَبْتُ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الإِدَاوَةِ فَتَوَضَّأَ فَقُلْتُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَنِ الْمَرْأَتَانِ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ اللَّتَانِ قَالَ اللَّهُْ ( إن تَتُوبَا إِلَى اللَّهِ فَقَدْ صَغَتْ قُلُوبُكُمَا وَإِنْ تَظَاهَرَا عَلَيْهِ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ مَوْلاَهُ ) فَقَالَ لِي وَاعَجَبًا لَكَ يَا ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ الزُّهْرِيُّ وَكَرِهَ وَاللَّهِ مَا سَأَلَهُ عَنْهُ وَلَمْ يَكْتُمْهُ فَقَالَ لِي هِيَ عَائِشَةُ وَحَفْصَةُ قَالَ ثُمَّ أَنْشَأَ يُحَدِّثُنِي الْحَدِيثَ فَقَالَ كُنَّا مَعْشَرَ قُرَيْشٍ نَغْلِبُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ وَجَدْنَا قَوْمًا تَغْلِبُهُمْ نِسَاؤُهُمْ فَطَفِقَ نِسَاؤُنَا يَتَعَلَّمْنَ مِنْ نِسَائِهِمْ فَتَغَضَّبْتُ عَلَى امْرَأَتِي يَوْمًا فَإِذَا هِيَ تُرَاجِعُنِي فَأَنْكَرْتُ أَنْ تُرَاجِعَنِي فَقَالَتْ مَا تُنْكِرُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ فَوَاللَّهِ إِنَّ أَزْوَاجَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ لَيُرَاجِعْنَهُ وَتَهْجُرُهُ إِحْدَاهُنَّ الْيَوْمَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ قَالَ قُلْتُ فِي نَفْسِي قَدْ خَابَتْ مَنْ فَعَلَتْ ذَلِكَ مِنْهُنَّ وَخَسِرَتْ قَالَ وَكَانَ مَنْزِلِي بِالْعَوَالِي فِي بَنِي أُمَيَّةَ وَكَانَ لِي جَارٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ كُنَّا نَتَنَاوَبُ النُّزُولَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَيَنْزِلُ يَوْمًا فَيَأْتِينِي بِخَبَرِ الْوَحْىِ وَغَيْرِهِ وَأَنْزِلُ يَوْمًا فَآتِيهِ بِمِثْلِ ذَلِكَ قَالَ وَكُنَّا نُحَدِّثُ أَنَّ غَسَّانَ تُنْعِلُ الْخَيْلَ لِتَغْزُوَنَا قَالَ فَجَاءَنِي يَوْمًا عِشَاءً فَضَرَبَ عَلَىَّ الْبَابَ فَخَرَجْتُ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ حَدَثَ أَمْرٌ عَظِيمٌ قُلْتُ أَجَاءَتْ غَسَّانُ قَالَ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ طَلَّقَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ نِسَاءَهُ قَالَ قُلْتُ فِي نَفْسِي قَدْ خَابَتْ حَفْصَةُ وَخَسِرَتْ قَدْ كُنْتُ أَظُنُّ هَذَا كَائِنًا قَالَ فَلَمَّا صَلَّيْتُ الصُّبْحَ شَدَدْتُ عَلَىَّ ثِيَابِي ثُمَّ انْطَلَقْتُ حَتَّى دَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ فَإِذَا هِيَ تَبْكِي فَقُلْتُ أَطَلَّقَكُنَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ لاَ أَدْرِي هُوَ ذَا مُعْتَزِلٌ فِي هَذِهِ الْمَشْرُبَةِ قَالَ فَانْطَلَقْتُ فَأَتَيْتُ غُلاَمًا أَسْوَدَ فَقُلْتُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِعُمَرَ قَالَ فَدَخَلَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَىَّ قَالَ قَدْ ذَكَرْتُكَ لَهُ فَلَمْ يَقُلْ شَيْئًا قَالَ فَانْطَلَقْتُ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَإِذَا حَوْلَ الْمِنْبَرِ نَفَرٌ يَبْكُونَ فَجَلَسْتُ إِلَيْهِمْ ثُمَّ غَلَبَنِي مَا أَجِدُ فَأَتَيْتُ الْغُلاَمَ فَقُلْتُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِعُمَرَ فَدَخَلَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَىَّ فَقَالَ قَدْ ذَكَرْتُكَ لَهُ فَلَمْ يَقُلْ شَيْئًا قَالَ فَانْطَلَقْتُ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ أَيْضًا فَجَلَسْتُ ثُمَّ غَلَبَنِي مَا أَجِدُ فَأَتَيْتُ الْغُلاَمَ فَقُلْتُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِعُمَرَ فَدَخَلَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَىَّ فَقَالَ قَدْ ذَكَرْتُكَ لَهُ فَلَمْ يَقُلْ شَيْئًا قَالَ فَوَلَّيْتُ مُنْطَلِقًا فَإِذَا الْغُلاَمُ يَدْعُونِي فَقَالَ ادْخُلْ فَقَدْ أُذِنَ لَكَ فَدَخَلْتُ فَإِذَا النَّبِيُّ ﷺ مُتَّكِئٌ عَلَى رَمْلٍ حَصِيرٍ قَدْ رَأَيْتُ أَثَرَهُ فِي جَنْبِهِ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَطَلَّقْتَ نِسَاءَكَ قَالَ لاَ قُلْتُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَنَحْنُ مَعْشَرَ قُرَيْشٍ نَغْلِبُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ وَجَدْنَا قَوْمًا تَغْلِبُهُمْ نِسَاؤُهُمْ فَطَفِقَ نِسَاؤُنَا يَتَعَلَّمْنَ مِنْ نِسَائِهِمْ فَتَغَضَّبْتُ يَوْمًا عَلَى امْرَأَتِي فَإِذَا هِيَ تُرَاجِعُنِي فَأَنْكَرْتُ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَتْ مَا تُنْكِرُ فَوَاللَّهِ إِنَّ أَزْوَاجَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ لَيُرَاجِعْنَهُ وَتَهْجُرُهُ إِحْدَاهُنَّ الْيَوْمَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لِحَفْصَةَ أَتُرَاجِعِينَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ وَتَهْجُرُهُ إِحْدَانَا الْيَوْمَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ فَقُلْتُ قَدْ خَابَتْ مَنْ فَعَلَتْ ذَلِكَ مِنْكُنَّ وَخَسِرَتْ أَتَأْمَنُ إِحْدَاكُنَّ أَنْ يَغْضَبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهَا لِغَضَبِ رَسُولِهِ فَإِذَا هِيَ قَدْ هَلَكَتْ فَتَبَسَّمَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لِحَفْصَةَ لاَ تُرَاجِعِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَلاَ تَسْأَلِيهِ شَيْئًا وَسَلِينِي مَا بَدَا لَكِ وَلاَ يَغُرَّنَّكِ أَنْ كَانَتْ صَاحِبَتُكِ أَوْسَمَ مِنْكِ وَأَحَبَّ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ فَتَبَسَّمَ أُخْرَى فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَسْتَأْنِسُ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَرَفَعْتُ رَأْسِي فَمَا رَأَيْتُ فِي الْبَيْتِ إِلاَّ أَهَبَةً ثَلاَثَةً قَالَ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ادْعُ اللَّهَ أَنْ يُوَسِّعَ عَلَى أُمَّتِكَ فَقَدْ وَسَّعَ عَلَى فَارِسَ وَالرُّومِ وَهُمْ لاَ يَعْبُدُونَهُ فَاسْتَوَى جَالِسًا فَقَالَ أَوَفِي شَكٍّ أَنْتَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ أُولَئِكَ قَوْمٌ عُجِّلَتْ لَهُمْ طَيِّبَاتُهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا قَالَ وَكَانَ أَقْسَمَ أَنْ لاَ يَدْخُلَ عَلَى نِسَائِهِ شَهْرًا فَعَاتَبَهُ اللَّهُ فِي ذَلِكَ وَجَعَلَ لَهُ كَفَّارَةَ الْيَمِينِ قَالَ الزُّهْرِيُّ فَأَخْبَرَنِي عُرْوَةُ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ فَلَمَّا مَضَتْ تِسْعٌ وَعِشْرُونَ دَخَلَ عَلَىَّ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ بَدَأَ بِي فَقَالَ يَا عَائِشَةُ إِنِّي ذَاكِرٌ لَكِ شَيْئًا فَلاَ تَعْجَلِي حَتَّى تَسْتَأْمِرِي أَبَوَيْكِ قَالَتْ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ هَذِهِ الآيَةَ ( يا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لأَزْوَاجِكَ ) الآيَةَ قَالَتْ عَلِمَ وَاللَّهِ أَنَّ أَبَوَىَّ لَمْ يَكُونَا يَأْمُرَانِي بِفِرَاقِهِ فَقُلْتُ أَفِي هَذَا أَسْتَأْمِرُ أَبَوَىَّ فَإِنِّي أُرِيدُ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَالدَّارَ الآخِرَةَ قَالَ مَعْمَرٌ فَأَخْبَرَنِي أَيُّوبُ أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ لَهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ لاَ تُخْبِرْ أَزْوَاجَكَ أَنِّي اخْتَرْتُكَ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ إِنَّمَا بَعَثَنِي اللَّهُ مُبَلِّغًا وَلَمْ يَبْعَثْنِي مُتَعَنِّتًا قَالَ هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ غَرِيبٌ قَدْ رُوِيَ مِنْ غَيْرِ وَجْهٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ  

ahmad:23931ʿAffān > Ḥammād b. Salamah > Thābit > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Abū Laylá > Ṣuhayb

There lived a king before you and he had a (court) magician. As he (the magician) grew old, he said to the king: I have grown old, send some young boy to me so that I should teach him magic. He (the king) sent to him a young man so that he should train him (in magic). And on his way (to the magician) he (the young man) found a monk sitting there. He (the young man) listened to his (the monk's) talk and was impressed by it. It became his habit that on his way to the magician he met the monk and set there and he came to the magician (late). He (the magician) beat him because of delay. He made a complaint of that to the monk and he said to him: When you feel afraid of the magician, say: Members of my family had detained me. And when you feel afraid of your family you should say: The magician had detained me. It so happened that there came a huge beast (of prey) and it blocked the way of the people, and he (the young boy) said: I will come to know today whether the magician is superior or the monk is superior. He picked up a stone and said: O Allah, if the affair of the monk is dearer to Thee than the affair of the magician, cause death to this animal so that the people should be able to move about freely. He threw that stone towards it and killed it and the people began to move about (on the path freely). He (the young man) then came to that monk and Informed him and the monk said: Sonny, today you are superior to me. Your affair has come to a stage where I find that you would be soon put to a trial, and in case you are put to a trial don't give my clue. That young man began to treat the blind and those suffering from leprosy and he in fact began to cure people from (all kinds) of illness. When a companion of the king who had gone blind heard about him, he came to him with numerous gifts and said: If you cure me all these things collected together here would be yours. Be said: I myself do not cure anyone. It is Allah Who cures and if you affirm faith in Allah, I shall also supplicate Allah to cure you. He affirmed his faith in Allah and Allah cured him and he came to the king and sat by his side as he used to sit before. The king said to him: Who restored your eyesight? He said: My Lord. Thereupon he said: It means that your Lord is One besides me. He said: My Lord and your Lord is Allah, so he (the king) took hold of him and tormented him till he gave a clue of that boy. The young man was thus summoned and the king said to him: O boy, it has been conveyed to me that you have become so much proficient in your magic that you cure the blind and those suffering from leprosy and you do such and such things. Thereupon he said: I do not cure anyone; it is Allah Who cures, and he (the king) took hold of him and began to torment him. So he gave a clue of the monk. The monk was thus summoned and it was said to him: You should turn back from your religion. He, however, refused to do so. He (ordered) for a saw to be brought (and when it was done) he (the king) placed it in the middle of his head and tore it into parts till a part fell down. Then the courtier of the king was brought and it was said to him: Turn back from your religion. Arid he refused to do so, and the saw was placed in the midst of his head and it was torn till a part fell down. Then that young boy was brought and it was said to him: Turn back from your religion. He refused to do so and he was handed over to a group of his courtiers. And he 'said to them: Take him to such and such mountain; make him climb up that mountain and when you reach its top (ask him to renounce his faith) but if he refuses to do so, then throw him (down the mountain). So they took him and made him climb up the mountain and he said: O Allah, save me from them (in any way) Thou likest and the mountain began to quake and they all fell down and that person came walking to the king. The king said to him: What has happened to your companions? He said: Allah has saved me from them. He again handed him to some of his courtiers and said: Take him and carry him in a small boat and when you reach the middle of the ocean (ask him to renounce) his religion, but if he does not renounce his religion throw him (into the water). So they took him and he said: O Allah, save me from them and what they want to do. It was quite soon that the boat turned over and they were drowned and he came walking to the king, and the king said to him: What has happened to your companions? He said: Allah has saved me from them, and he said to the king: You cannot kill me until you do what I ask you to do. And he said: What is that? He said: You should gather people in a plain and hang me by the trunk (of a tree). Then take hold of an arrow from the quiver and say: In the name of Allah, the Lord of the young boy; then shoot an arrow and if you do that then you would be able to kill me. So he (the king) called the people in an open plain and tied him (the boy) to the trunk of a tree, then he took hold of an arrow from his quiver and then placed the arrow in the bow and then said: In the name of Allah, the Lord of the young boy; he then shot an arrow and it bit his temple. He (the boy) placed his hands upon the temple where the arrow had bit him and he died and the people said: We affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man, we affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man, we affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man. The courtiers came to the king and it was said to him: Do you see that Allah has actually done what you aimed at averting. They (the people) have affirmed their faith in the Lord. He (the king) commanded ditches to be dug at important points in the path. When these ditches were dug, and the fire was lit in them it was said (to the people): He who would not turn back from his (boy's) religion would be thrown in the fire or it would be said to them to jump in that. (The people courted death but did not renounce religion) till a woman came with her child and she felt hesitant in jumping into the fire and the child said to her: 0 mother, endure (this ordeal) for it is the Truth. (Using translation from Muslim 3005)   

أحمد:٢٣٩٣١حَدَّثَنَا عَفَّانُ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ أَخْبَرَنَا ثَابِتٌ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى عَنْ صُهَيْبٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ كَانَ مَلِكٌ فِيمَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ وَكَانَ لَهُ سَاحِرٌ فَلَمَّا كَبِرَ السَّاحِرُ قَالَ لِلْمَلِكِ إِنِّي قَدْ كَبِرَتْ سِنِّي وَحَضَرَ أَجَلِي فَادْفَعْ إِلَيَّ غُلَامًا فَلَأُعَلِّمُهُ السِّحْرَ فَدَفَعَ إِلَيْهِ غُلَامًا فَكَانَ يُعَلِّمُهُ السِّحْرَ وَكَانَ بَيْنَ السَّاحِرِ وَبَيْنَ الْمَلِكِ رَاهِبٌ فَأَتَى الْغُلَامُ عَلَى الرَّاهِبِ فَسَمِعَ مِنْ كَلَامِهِفَأَعْجَبَهُ نَحْوُهُ وَكَلَامُهُ فَكَانَ إِذَا أَتَى السَّاحِرَ ضَرَبَهُ وَقَالَ مَا حَبَسَكَ؟ وَإِذَا أَتَى أَهْلَهُ ضَرَبُوهُ وَقَالُوا مَا حَبَسَكَ؟ فَشَكَا ذَلِكَ إِلَى الرَّاهِبِ فَقَالَ إِذَا أَرَادَ السَّاحِرُ أَنْ يَضْرِبَكَ فَقُلْ حَبَسَنِي أَهْلِي وَإِذَا أَرَادَ أَهْلُكَ أَنْ يَضْرِبُوكَ فَقُلْ حَبَسَنِي السَّاحِرُ قَالَ فَبَيْنَمَا هُوَ كَذَلِكَ إِذْ أَتَى ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ عَلَى دَابَّةٍ فَظِيعَةٍ عَظِيمَةٍ وَقَدْ حَبَسَتِ النَّاسَ فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ أَنْ يَجُوزُوا فَقَالَ الْيَوْمَ أَعْلَمُ أَمْرُ الرَّاهِبِ أَحَبُّ إِلَى اللهِ أَمْ أَمْرُ السَّاحِرِ؟ فَأَخَذَ حَجَرًا فَقَالَ اللهُمَّ إِنْ كَانَ أَمْرُ الرَّاهِبِ أَحَبَّ إِلَيْكَ وَأَرْضَى لَكَ مِنَ أَمِرِ السَّاحِرِ فَاقْتُلْ هَذِهِ الدَّابَّةَ حَتَّى يَجُوزَ النَّاسُ وَرَمَاهَا فَقَتَلَهَا وَمَضَى النَّاسُ فَأَخْبَرَ الرَّاهِبَ بِذَلِكَ فَقَالَ أَيْ بُنَيَّ أَنْتَ أَفْضَلُ مِنِّي وَإِنَّكَ سَتُبْتَلَى فَإِنْ ابْتُلِيتَ فَلَا تَدُلَّ عَلَيَّ فَكَانَ الْغُلَامُ يُبْرِئُ الْأَكْمَهَ وَسَائِرَ الْأَدْوَاءِ وَيَشْفِيهِمْ وَكَانَ جَلِيسٌ لِلْمَلِكِ فَعَمِيَ فَسَمِعَ بِهِ فَأَتَاهُ بِهَدَايَا كَثِيرَةٍ فَقَالَ اشْفِنِي وَلَكَ مَا هَاهُنَا أَجْمَعُ فَقَالَ مَا أَشْفِي أَنَا أَحَدًا إِنَّمَا يَشْفِي اللهُ فَإِنْ أَنْتَ آمَنْتَ بِهِ دَعَوْتُ اللهَ فَشَفَاكَ فَآمَنَ فَدَعَا اللهَ لَهُ فَشَفَاهُ ثُمَّ أَتَى الْمَلِكَ فَجَلَسَ مِنْهُ نَحْوَ مَا كَانَ يَجْلِسُ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْمَلِكُ يَا فُلَانُ مَنْ رَدَّ عَلَيْكَ بَصَرَكَ؟ فَقَالَ رَبِّي قَالَ أَنَا؟ قَالَ لَا وَلَكِنْ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكَ اللهُ قَالَ أَوَلَكَ رَبٌّ غَيْرِي؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ يُعَذِّبُهُ حَتَّى دَلَّهُ عَلَى الْغُلَامِ فَبَعَثَ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ أَيْ بُنَيَّ قَدْ بَلَغَ مِنْ سِحْرِكَ أَنْ تُبْرِئَ الْأَكْمَهَ وَالْأَبْرَصَوَهَذِهِ الْأَدْوَاءَ؟ قَالَ مَا أَشْفِي أَنَا أَحَدًا مَا يَشْفِي غَيْرُ اللهِ قَالَ أَنَا؟ قَالَ لَا قَالَ أَوَلَكَ رَبٌّ غَيْرِي؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكَ اللهُ فَأَخَذَهُ أَيْضًا بِالْعَذَابِ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ بِهِ حَتَّى دَلَّ عَلَى الرَّاهِبِ فَأُتِيَ بِالرَّاهِبِ فَقَالَ ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكِ فَأَبَى فَوَضَعَ الْمِنْشَارَ فِي مَفْرِقِ رَأْسِهِ حَتَّى وَقَعَ شِقَّاهُ وَقَالَ لِلْأَعْمَى ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكَ فَأَبَى فَوَضَعَ الْمِنْشَارَ فِي مَفْرِقِ رَأْسِهِ حَتَّى وَقَعَ شِقَّاهُ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَقَالَ لِلْغُلَامِ ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكَ فَأَبَى فَبَعَثَ بِهِ مَعَ نَفَرٍ إِلَى جَبَلِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَقَالَ إِذَا بَلَغْتُمْ ذُرْوَتَهُ فَإِنْ رَجَعَ عَنْ دِينِهِ وَإِلَّا فَدَهْدِهُوهُ مِنْ فَوْقِهِ فَذَهَبُوا بِهِ فَلَمَّا عَلَوْا بِهِ الْجَبَلَ قَالَ اللهُمَّ اكْفِنِيهِمْ بِمَا شِئْتَ فَرَجَفَ بِهِمُ الْجَبَلُ فَتَدَهْدَهُوا أَجْمَعُونَ وَجَاءَ الْغُلَامُ يَتَلَمَّسُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَى الْمَلِكِ فَقَالَ مَا فَعَلَ أَصْحَابُكَ؟ فَقَالَ كَفَانِيهِمُ اللهُ فَبَعَثَ بِهِ مَعَ نَفَرٍ فِي قُرْقُورٍ فَقَالَ إِذَا لَجَجْتُمْ بِهِ الْبَحْرَ فَإِنْ رَجَعَ عَنْ دِينِهِ وَإِلَّا فَغَرِّقُوهُ فَلَجَّجُوا بِهِ الْبَحْرَ فَقَالَ الْغُلَامُ اللهُمَّ اكْفِنِيهِمْ بِمَا شِئْتَ فَغَرِقُوا أَجْمَعُونَ وَجَاءَ الْغُلَامُ يَتَلَمَّسُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَى الْمَلِكِ فَقَالَ مَا فَعَلَ أَصْحَابُكَ؟ قَالَ كَفَانِيهِمُ اللهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِلْمَلِكِ إِنَّكَ لَسْتَ بِقَاتِلِي حَتَّى تَفْعَلَ مَا آمُرُكَ بِهِ فَإِنْ أَنْتَ فَعَلْتَ مَا آمُرُكَ بِهِ قَتَلْتَنِي وَإِلَّا فَإِنَّكَ لَا تَسْتَطِيعُ قَتْلِي قَالَ وَمَا هُوَ؟ قَالَ تَجْمَعُ النَّاسَ فِي صَعِيدٍ ثُمَّ تَصْلُبُنِي عَلَى جِذْعٍ فَتَأْخُذُ سَهْمًا مِنْ كِنَانَتِي ثُمَّ قُلْ بِسْمِ اللهِ رَبِّ الْغُلَامِ فَإِنَّكَ إِذَا فَعَلْتَ ذَلِكَ قَتَلْتَنِي فَفَعَلَ وَوَضَعَالسَّهْمَ فِي كَبِدِ قَوْسِهِ ثُمَّ رَمَى فَقَالَ بِسْمِ اللهِ رَبِّ الْغُلَامِ فَوَضَعَ السَّهْمَ فِي صُدْغِهِ فَوَضَعَ الْغُلَامُ يَدَهُ عَلَى مَوْضِعِ السَّهْمِ وَمَاتَ فَقَالَ النَّاسُ آمَنَّا بِرَبِّ الْغُلَامِ فَقِيلَ لِلْمَلِكِ أَرَأَيْتَ مَا كُنْتَ تَحْذَرُ؟ فَقَدْ وَاللهِ نَزَلَ بِكَ قَدْ آمَنَ النَّاسُ كُلُّهُمْ فَأَمَرَ بِأَفْوَاهِ السِّكَكِ فَخُدِّدَتْ فِيهَا الْأُخْدُودُ وَأُضْرِمَتْ فِيهَا النِّيرَانُ وَقَالَ مَنْ رَجَعَ عَنْ دِينِهِ فَدَعُوهُ وَإِلَّا فَأَقْحِمُوهُ فِيهَا قَالَ فَكَانُوا يَتَعَادَوْنَ فِيهَا وَيَتَدَافَعُونَ فَجَاءَتْ امْرَأَةٌ بِابْنٍ لَهَا تُرْضِعُهُ فَكَأَنَّهَا تَقَاعَسَتْ أَنْ تَقَعَ فِي النَّارِ فَقَالَ الصَّبِيُّ يَا أُمَّهْ اصْبِرِي فَإِنَّكِ عَلَى الْحَقِّ  

ahmad:24317Abū Usāmah > Hishām from his father > ʿĀʾishah

[Machine] When my affairs were mentioned and I was not aware of it, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ stood up and gave a sermon about me. He praised and thanked Allah (glory be to Him) for what He has bestowed upon me, then he said, "As for what comes after, inform the people that they have slandered my family and, by Allah, I have never known anything bad about them. They built my family and, by Allah, I have never known anything bad about them, nor has anyone ever entered my house without my presence. I have never been absent during any journey without them being with me." Then Sa'd bin Mu'adh stood up and said, "O Messenger of Allah, shall we strike their necks?" A man from the Bani Khazraj stood up, and Umm Hassaan bin Thabit, who was the wife of that man, said, "You lie! By Allah, if they were from the Aws, you would not want to strike their necks until there was fighting between the Aws and the Khazraj within the Masjid, and I do not know anything about them." When it was evening that day, I went out for some need, and Umm Misbah was with me. She stumbled, and she said, "May Misbah be ruined!" I said, "Why do you curse your son?" She remained silent. Then she stumbled again and said, "May Misbah be ruined!" I said, "Why do you curse your son?" Then she stumbled a third time and said, "May Misbah be ruined!" I scolded her and said, "Why do you curse your son?" She said, "By Allah, I only curse him because of you." I asked, "In what matter concerning me?" Then she informed me about the story. I said, "Did my father know about it?" She said, "Yes." I asked, "And the Messenger of Allah?" She said, "And the Messenger of Allah." I became overwhelmed and started crying. Abu Bakr heard my voice while he was on the roof reciting the Qur'an. He came down and said to my mother, "What's wrong with her?" She told him what had happened. He said, "I swear to you, O daughter, that if you had not returned to your house, I would have divorced her." So I went back to my house and my parents were with me. They stayed with me until after Asr prayer. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to me. My parents were on my right and left side. The Prophet ﷺ said the Shahada (testimony of faith) and praised and thanked Allah (glory be to Him) for what He has bestowed upon him. Then he said, "O Aisha, if you have committed a mistake or wronged, repent to Allah (glory be to Him). Verily, Allah (glory be to Him) accepts repentance from His servants." Then a woman from the Ansar came and sat at the door. I said to myself, "Doesn't she have any shame?"  

أحمد:٢٤٣١٧حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامٌ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ

لَمَّا ذُكِرَ مِنْ شَأْنِي الَّذِي ذُكِرَ وَمَا عَلِمْتُ بِهِ قَامَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فِيَّ خَطِيبًا وَمَا عَلِمْتُ بِهِ فَتَشَهَّدَ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ ﷻ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُأَشِيرُوا عَلَيَّ فِي نَاسٍ أَبَنُوا أَهْلِي وَايْمُ اللهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَى أَهْلِي سُوءًا قَطُّ وَأَبَنُوهُمْ بِمَنْ وَاللهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ سُوءٍ قَطُّ وَلَا دَخَلَ بَيْتِي قَطُّ إِلَّا وَأَنَا حَاضِرٌ وَلَا غِبْتُ فِي سَفَرٍ إِلَّا غَابَ مَعِي؟ فَقَامَ سَعْدُ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ فَقَالَ نَرَى يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَنْ تَضْرِبَ أَعْنَاقَهُمْ فَقَامَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ بلْخَزْرَج وَكَانَتْ أُمُّ حَسَّانَ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ مِنْ رَهْطِ ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلِ فَقَالَ كَذَبْتَ أَمَا وَاللهِ لَوْ كَانُوا مِنَ الْأَوْسِ مَا أَحْبَبْتَ أَنْ تَضْرِبَ أَعْنَاقَهُمْ حَتَّى كَادُوا أَنْ يَكُونَ بَيْنَ الْأَوْسِ وَالْخَزْرَجِ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ شَرٌّ وَمَا عَلِمْتُ بِهِ فَلَمَّا كَانَ مَسَاءُ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ خَرَجْتُ لِبَعْضِ حَاجَتِي وَمَعِي أُمُّ مِسْطَحٍ فَعَثَرَتْ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَقُلْتُ عَلَامَ تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ؟ فَسَكَتَتْ ثُمَّ عَثَرَتِ الثَّانِيَةَ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَقُلْتُ عَلَامَ تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ؟ ثُمَّ عَثَرَتِ الثَّالِثَةَ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَانْتَهَرْتُهَا فَقُلْتُ عَلَامَ تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ؟ فَقَالَتْ وَاللهِ مَا أَسُبُّهُ إِلَّا فِيكِ فَقُلْتُ فِي أَيِّ شَأْنِي؟ فَذَكَرَتْ لِي الْحَدِيثَفَقُلْتُ وَقَدْ كَانَ هَذَا؟ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ وَاللهِ فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى بَيْتِي لَكَأَنَّ الَّذِي خَرَجْتُ لَهُ لَمْ أَخْرُجْ لَهُ لَا أَجِدُ مِنْهُ قَلِيلًا وَلَا كَثِيرًا وَوَعَكْتُ فَقُلْتُ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ أَرْسِلْنِي إِلَى بَيْتِ أَبِي فَأَرْسَلَ مَعِي الْغُلَامَ فَدَخَلْتُ الدَّارَ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِأُمِّ رُومَانَ فَقَالَتْ مَا جَاءَ بِكِ يَا بُنَيَّةُ؟ فَأَخْبَرْتُهَا فَقَالَتْ خَفِّضِي عَلَيْكِ الشَّأْنَ فَإِنَّهُ وَاللهِ لَقَلَّمَا كَانَتْ امْرَأَةٌ جَمِيلَةٌ تَكُونُ عِنْدَ رَجُلٍ يُحِبُّهَا وَلَهَا ضَرَائِرُ إِلَّا حَسَدْنَهَا وَقُلْنَ فِيهَا قُلْتُ وَقَدْ عَلِمَ بِهِ أَبِي؟ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ وَرَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ؟ قَالَتْ وَرَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَاسْتَعْبَرْتُ فَبَكَيْتُ فَسَمِعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ صَوْتِي وَهُوَ فَوْقَ الْبَيْتِ يَقْرَأُ فَنَزَلَ فَقَالَ لِأُمِّي مَا شَأْنُهَا؟ قَالَتْ بَلَغَهَا الَّذِي ذُكِرَ مِنْ أَمْرِهَا فَفَاضَتْ عَيْنَاهُ فَقَالَ أَقْسَمْتُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بُنَيَّةُ إِلَّا رَجَعْتِ إِلَى بَيْتِكِ فَرَجَعْتُ وَأَصْبَحَ أَبَوَايَ عِنْدِي فَلَمْ يَزَالَا عِنْدِي حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَيَّ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ وَقَدِ اكْتَنَفَنِي أَبَوَايَ عَنْ يَمِينِي وَعَنْ شِمَالِي فَتَشَهَّدَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ يَا عَائِشَةُ إِنْ كُنْتِ قَارَفْتِ سُوءً أَوْ ظَلَمْتِ تُوبِي إِلَى اللهِ ﷻ فَإِنَّ اللهَ ﷻ يَقْبَلُ التَّوْبَةَ عَنْ عِبَادِهِ وَقَدْ جَاءَتْ امْرَأَةٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ فَهِيَ جَالِسَةٌ بِالْبَابِ فَقُلْتُ أَلَا تَسْتَحِي  

ahmad:10906ʿAbd al-Razzāq > Maʿmar

[Machine] On the authority of Al-Zuhri regarding the statement of Allah (ﷻ), "{Every nation will be called to its book}" [Surah Al-Jathiyah: 28], on the authority of 'Ata ibn Yazid Al-Laythi, on the authority of Abu Hurayrah who said, the people said, "O Messenger of Allah, will we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" He (the Prophet ﷺ) said, "Do you have any difficulty looking at the sun when there are no clouds in the sky?" They said, "No, O Messenger of Allah." The Prophet ﷺ said, "Do you have any difficulty looking at the moon on the night of a full moon when there are no clouds covering it?" They said, "No, O Messenger of Allah." 'Abdul Razzaq once asked, "Do you have any difficulty looking at the moon on the night of a full moon when there are no clouds covering it?" They said, "No, O Messenger of Allah." He (the Prophet ﷺ) said, "You will see your Lord on the Day of Resurrection just as you have no difficulty looking at the sun or the moon." Allah will gather the people and say, "Whoever used to worship something, let them follow it." So those who used to worship the moon will follow the moon, those who used to worship the sun will follow the sun, and those who used to worship the false deities will follow the false deities. Then only the hypocrites will remain. Allah (ﷻ) will come to them in a form that they do not recognize and say, "I am your Lord." They will say, "We seek refuge with Allah from you. This is our station until our Lord comes to us." When our Lord comes to them, they will recognize Him. Allah (ﷻ) will come to them in a form that they recognize and say, "I am your Lord." They will say, "You are our Lord." Then they will follow Him. The Prophet ﷺ said, "A bridge will be set up over Hellfire." The Prophet ﷺ said that he will be the first to cross the bridge and the matter of the messengers will be settled that day. The Prophet ﷺ said, "O Allah, grant peace, peace." He described it as being like the thorns of the flower of Sa'dan. He asked, "Have you seen the thorns of the flower of Sa'dan?" They said, "Yes, O Messenger of Allah." He said, "It is like the thorns of the flower of Sa'dan, except that no one knows its exact size except Allah. It will seize the people according to their deeds. Yet some will be saved, such as the wicked who will be thrown into it and those who will be saved. When Allah (ﷻ) finishes judging between people and intends to bring out those who He wants to have mercy upon from the fire  

أحمد:١٠٩٠٦حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ

عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ فِي قَوْلِهِ ﷻ {كُلُّ أُمَّةٍ تُدْعَى إِلَى كِتَابِهَا} [الجاثية 28] عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ اللَّيْثِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ قَالَ النَّاسُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَلْ نَرَى رَبَّنَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ؟ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ هَلْ تُضَارُّونَ فِي الشَّمْسِ لَيْسَ دُونَهَا سَحَابٌ فَقَالُوا لَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَ هَلْ تُضَارُّونَ فِي الْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ لَيْسَ دُونَهُ سَحَابٌ وَقَالَ عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ مَرَّةً لِلْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ لَيْسَ دُونَهُ سَحَابٌ ؟ فَقَالُوا لَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِقَالَ فَإِنَّكُمْ تَرَوْنَ رَبَّكُمْ ﷻ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ كَذَلِكَ يَجْمَعُ اللهُ النَّاسَ فَيَقُولُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ شَيْئًا فَلْيَتَّبِعْهُ فَيَتَّبِعُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ الْقَمَرَ الْقَمَرَ وَمَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ الشَّمْسَ الشَّمْسَ وَيَتَّبِعُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ الطَّوَاغِيتَ الطَّوَاغِيتَ وَتَبْقَى هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةُ فِيهَا مُنَافِقُوهَا فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللهُ ﷻ فِي غَيْرِ صُورَتِهِ الَّتِي يَعْرِفُونَ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنْكَ هَذَا مَكَانُنَا حَتَّى يَأْتِيَنَا رَبُّنَا فَإِذَا جَاءَنَا رَبُّنَا عَرَفْنَاهُ قَالَ فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللهُ ﷻ فِي الصُّورَةِ الَّتِي يَعْرِفُونَ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَيَقُولُونَ أَنْتَ رَبُّنَا فَيَتَّبِعُونَهُ قَالَ وَيُضْرَبُ بِجِسْرٍ عَلَى جَهَنَّمَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَأَكُونُ أَوَّلَ مَنْ يُجِيزُ وَدَعْوَى الرُّسُلِ يَوْمَئِذٍ اللهُمَّ سَلِّمْ سَلِّمْ وَبِهَا كَلَالِيبُ مِثْلُ شَوْكِ السَّعْدَانِ هَلْ رَأَيْتُمْ شَوْكَ السَّعْدَانِ ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَ فَإِنَّهَا مِثْلُ شَوْكِ السَّعْدَانِ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ لَا يَعْلَمُ قَدْرَ عِظَمِهَا إِلَّا اللهُ ﷻ فَتَخْطَفُ النَّاسَ بِأَعْمَالِهِمْ فَمِنْهُمُ الْمُوبَقُ بِعَمَلِهِ وَمِنْهُمُ الْمُخَرْدَلُ ثُمَّ يَنْجُو حَتَّى إِذَا فَرَغَ اللهُ ﷻ مِنَ الْقَضَاءِ بَيْنَ الْعِبَادِ وَأَرَادَ أَنْ يُخْرِجَ مِنَ النَّارِ مَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَرْحَمَ مِمَّنْ كَانَ يَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَإِلَّا اللهُ أَمَرَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ أَنْ يُخْرِجُوهُمْ فَيَعْرِفُونَهُمْ بِعَلَامَةِ آثَارِ السُّجُودِ وَحَرَّمَ اللهُ ﷻ عَلَى النَّارِ أَنْ تَأْكُلَ مِنْ ابْنِ آدَمَ أَثَرَ السُّجُودِ فَيُخْرِجُونَهُمْ مِنَ النَّارِ قَدِ امْتَحَشُوا فَيُصَبُّ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْ مَاءٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ مَاءُ الْحَيَاةِ فَيَنْبُتُونَ نَبَاتَ الْحِبَّةِ فِي حَمِيلِ السَّيْلِ وَيَبْقَى رَجُلٌ يُقْبِلُ بِوَجْهِهِ إِلَى النَّارِ فَيَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ قَدْ قَشَبَنِي رِيحُهَا وَأَحْرَقَنِي ذَكَاؤُهَا فَاصْرِفْ وَجْهِي عَنِ النَّارِ قَالَ فَلَا يَزَالُ يَدْعُو اللهَ ﷻ حَتَّى يَقُولَ فَلَعَلَّ إِنْ أَعْطَيْتُكَ ذَلِكَ أَنْ تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ فَيَقُولُ لا وَعِزَّتِكَ لَا أَسْأَلُكَ غَيْرَهُ فَيَصْرِفُ وَجْهَهُ عَنِ النَّارِ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ يَا رَبِّ قَرِّبْنِي إِلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ فَيَقُولُ أَوَلَيْسَ قَدْ زَعَمْتَ أَنَّكَ لَا تَسْأَلُنِي غَيْرَهُ وَيْلَكَ يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ مَا أَغْدَرَكَ فَلَا يَزَالُ يَدْعُو حَتَّى يَقُولَ فَلَعَلِّي إِنْ أَعْطَيْتُكَ ذَلِكَ أَنْ تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ فَيَقُولُ لَا وَعِزَّتِكَ لَا أَسْأَلُكَ غَيْرَهُ وَيُعْطِي اللهَ ﷻ مِنْ عُهُودٍ وَمَوَاثِيقَ أَنْ لَا يَسْأَلَهُ غَيْرَهُ فَيُقَرِّبُهُ إِلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ فَإِذَا دَنَا مِنْهَا انْفَهَقَتْ لَهُ الْجَنَّةُ فَإِذَا رَأَى مَا فِيهَا مِنَ الْحَبْرَةِ وَالسُّرُورِ سَكَتَ مَا شَاءَ اللهُ أَنْ يَسْكُتُ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ أَدْخِلْنِي الْجَنَّةَ فَيَقُولُ أَوَلَيْسَ قَدْ زَعَمْتَ أَنْ لَا تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ أَوْ قَالَ فَيَقُولُ أَوَلَيْسَ قَدْ أَعْطَيْتَ عَهْدَكَ وَمَوَاثِيقَكَ أَنْ لَا تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ فَيَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ لَا تَجْعَلْنِي أَشْقَى خَلْقِكَ فَلَا يَزَالُ يَدْعُو اللهَ ﷻ حَتَّى يَضْحَكَ فَإِذَا ضَحِكَ مِنْهُ أَذِنَ لَهُ بِالدُّخُولِفِيهَا فَإِذَا دَخَلَ قِيلَ لَهُ تَمَنَّ مِنْ كَذَا فَيَتَمَنَّى ثُمَّ يُقَالُ تَمَنَّ مِنْ كَذَا فَيَتَمَنَّى حَتَّى تَنْقَطِعَ بِهِ الْأَمَانِيُّ فَيُقَالُ هَذَا لَكَ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ وَأَبُو سَعِيدٍ جَالِسٌ مَعَ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ لَا يُغَيِّرُ عَلَيْهِ شَيْئًا مِنْ قَوْلِهِ حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى قَوْلِهِ هَذَا لَكَ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ يَقُولُ هَذَا لَكَ وَعَشَرَةُ أَمْثَالِهِ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ حَفِظْتُ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ وَذَلِكَ الرَّجُلُ آخِرُ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ دُخُولًا الْجَنَّةَ  

ahmad:17019ʿAbdullāh b. Yazīd Abū ʿAbd al-Raḥman al-Muqrī > ʿIkrimah / Ibn ʿAmmār

[Machine] We were informed by Shaddad bin Abdullah Al-Damishqi, who was one of the companions of the Prophet ﷺ , that Abu Umarah said, "O Amr bin Abasah, the companion of wisdom, the wisdom of giving charity is a man from the tribe of Bani Sulaym. What makes you claim that you are a quarter of Islam?" He said, "In the period of ignorance, I used to see people in misguidance and I did not see any value in idols. Then I heard about a man who was reporting news from Makkah and narrating stories. So, I rode my camel until I reached Makkah, where I found the Messenger of Allah ﷺ hiding while his people were bold against him. I showed kindness to him and entered to meet him. I asked him, 'Who are you?' He said, ‘I am the Messenger of Allah.’ I asked, 'What is a Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'The Messenger of Allah is a Prophet.' I asked, 'Did Allah send you?' He said, 'Yes.' I asked, 'For what purpose did Allah send you?' He said, 'To worship Allah alone and not associate anything with Him, to demolish idols, and to maintain family ties.' Then I asked, 'Who is with you in this?' He said, 'The free and the slave or the slave and the free.' And he mentioned that Abu Bakr bin Abi Quhafa and Bilal, the slave of Abu Bakr, were with him. I said, 'I will follow you.' He said, 'You are not capable of that today, but return to your family. When you hear that I have emerged, come to me.' So, I returned to my family and I embraced Islam. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ migrated to Madinah, and I continued to search for news until a delegation from Yathrib came. I asked, 'Who is this Makkian man who has come to you?' They said, 'His people wanted to kill him, but they were unable, so there was a treaty between him and them.' And we left the people in confusion. I, Amr bin Abasah, rode my camel until I reached Madinah. I entered and said, 'O Messenger of Allah, do you recognize me?' He said, 'Yes, aren't you the one who came to me from Makkah?' I said, 'Indeed.' So, I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, teach me what Allah has taught you, for I am ignorant.' He said, 'If you pray Fajr, then shorten your prayer until the sun rises. Then do not pray until it is fully elevated, as at that time, the disbelievers prostrate to it. When it rises the height of a spear or two, then pray, as the prayer is witnessed and forbidden until the spear is shaded by the shadow. Then shorten your prayer, as at that time, Hellfire is kindled. When the sun has fully set, then you may pray Asr. When you pray Asr, then shorten your prayer until the sun has set, as at that time, the disbelievers prostrate to it.' I said, 'O Prophet of Allah, tell me about ablution.' He said, 'None of you should perform ablution, then rinse the mouth, sniff water into the nose, and blow it out, except that his sins are expiated from his mouth and nostrils with the water when it flows. Then, wash his face as Allah, the Most High, ordered.'  

أحمد:١٧٠١٩حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ يَزِيدَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْمُقْرِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا عِكْرِمَةُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَمَّارٍ

حَدَّثَنَا شَدَّادُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ الدِّمَشْقِيُّ وَكَانَ قَدْ أَدْرَكَ نَفَرًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو أُمَامَةَ يَا عَمْرُو بْنَ عَبَسَةَ صَاحِبَ الْعَقْلِ عَقْلِ الصَّدَقَةِ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي سُلَيْمٍ بِأَيِّ شَيْءٍ تَدَّعِي أَنَّكَ رُبُعُ الْإِسْلَامِ؟ قَالَ إِنِّي كُنْتُ فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ أَرَى النَّاسَ عَلَى ضَلَالَةٍ وَلَا أَرَى الْأَوْثَانَ شَيْئًا ثُمَّ سَمِعْتُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ يُخْبِرُ أَخْبَارَ مَكَّةَ وَيُحَدِّثُ أَحَادِيثَ فَرَكِبْتُ رَاحِلَتِي حَتَّى قَدِمْتُ مَكَّةَ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ مُسْتَخْفٍ وَإِذَا قَوْمُهُ عَلَيْهِ جُرَآءُ فَتَلَطَّفْتُ لَهُ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ مَا أَنْتَ؟ قَالَ أَنَا نَبِيُّ اللهِ فَقُلْتُ وَمَا نَبِيُّ اللهِ؟ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ قَالَ قُلْتُ آللَّهُ أَرْسَلَكَ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ بِأَيِّ شَيْءٍ أَرْسَلَكَ؟ قَالَ بِأَنْ يُوَحَّدَ اللهُ وَلَا يُشْرَكَ بِهِ شَيْءٌ وَكَسْرِ الْأَوْثَانِ وَصِلَةِ الرَّحِمِ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ مَنْ مَعَكَ عَلَى هَذَا؟ قَالَ حُرٌّ وَعَبْدٌ أَوْ عَبْدٌ وَحُرٌّ وَإِذَا مَعَهُ أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ وَبِلَالٌ مَوْلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ قُلْتُ إِنِّي مُتَّبِعُكَ قَالَ إِنَّكَ لَا تَسْتَطِيعُ ذَلِكَ يَوْمَكَ هَذَا وَلَكِنْ ارْجِعْ إِلَى أَهْلِكَ فَإِذَا سَمِعْتَ بِي قَدْ ظَهَرْتُ فَالْحَقْ بِي قَالَ فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى أَهْلِي وَقَدْ أَسْلَمْتُ فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مُهَاجِرًا إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ فَجَعَلْتُ أَتَخَبَّرُ الْأَخْبَارَ حَتَّى جَاءَ رَكَبَةٌ مِنْ يَثْرِبَ فَقُلْتُ مَا هَذَا الْمَكِّيُّ الَّذِي أَتَاكُمْ؟قَالُوا أَرَادَ قَوْمُهُ قَتْلَهُ فَلَمْ يَسْتَطِيعُوا ذَلِكَ وَحِيلَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَبَيْنَهُ وَتَرَكْنَا النَّاسَ سِرَاعًا قَالَ عَمْرُو بْنُ عَبَسَةَ فَرَكِبْتُ رَاحِلَتِي حَتَّى قَدِمْتُ عَلَيْهِ الْمَدِينَةَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَتَعْرِفُنِي؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ أَلَسْتَ أَنْتَ الَّذِي أَتَيْتَنِي بِمَكَّةَ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ بَلَى فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ عَلِّمْنِي مِمَّا عَلَّمَكَ اللهُ وَأَجْهَلُ قَالَ إِذَا صَلَّيْتَ الصُّبْحَ فَأَقْصِرْ عَنِ الصَّلَاةِ حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ فَإِذَا طَلَعَتْ فَلَا تُصَلِّ حَتَّى تَرْتَفِعَ فَإِنَّهَا تَطْلُعُ حِينَ تَطْلُعُ بَيْنَ قَرْنَيْ شَيْطَانٍ وَحِينَئِذٍ يَسْجُدُ لَهَا الْكُفَّارُ فَإِذَا ارْتَفَعَتْ قِيدَ رُمْحٍ أَوْ رُمْحَيْنِ فَصَلِّ فَإِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ مَشْهُودَةٌ مَحْضُورَةٌ حَتَّى يَسْتَقِلَّ الرُّمْحُ بِالظِّلِّ ثُمَّ أَقْصِرْ عَنِ الصَّلَاةِ فَإِنَّهَا حِينَئِذٍ تُسْجَرُ جَهَنَّمُ فَإِذَا فَاءَ الْفَيْءُ فَصَلِّ فَإِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ مَشْهُودَةٌ مَحْضُورَةٌ حَتَّى تُصَلِّيَ الْعَصْرَ فَإِذَا صَلَّيْتَ الْعَصْرَ فَأَقْصِرْ عَنِ الصَّلَاةِ حَتَّى تَغْرُبَ الشَّمْسُ فَإِنَّهَا تَغْرُبُ حِينَ تَغْرُبُ بَيْنَ قَرْنَيْ شَيْطَانٍ وَحِينَئِذٍ يَسْجُدُ لَهَا الْكُفَّارُ قُلْتُ يَا نَبِيَّ اللهِ أَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الْوُضُوءِ قَالَ مَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ يَقْرَبُ وَضُوءَهُ ثُمَّ يَتَمَضْمَضُ وَيَسْتَنْشِقُ وَيَنْتَثِرُ إِلَّا خَرَّتْ خَطَايَاهُ مِنْ فَمِهِ وَخَيَاشِيمِهِ مَعَ الْمَاءِ حِينَ يَنْتَثِرُ ثُمَّ يَغْسِلُ وَجْهَهُ كَمَا أَمَرَهُ اللهُ تَعَالَى إِلَّا خَرَّتْ  

ahmad:16539Hāshim b. al-Qāsim > ʿIkrimah b. ʿAmmār > Iyās b. Salamah b. al-Akwaʿ from his father
Request/Fix translation

  

أحمد:١٦٥٣٩حَدَّثَنَا هَاشِمُ بْنُ الْقَاسِمِ حَدَّثَنَا عِكْرِمَةُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا إِيَاسُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ الْأَكْوَعِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ

قَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ زَمَنَ الْحُدَيْبِيَةِ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَخَرَجْنَا أَنَا وَرَبَاحٌ غُلَامُ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ بِظَهْرِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَخَرَجْتُ بِفَرَسٍ لِطَلْحَةَ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ كُنْتُ أُرِيدُ أَنْ أُبْدِيَهُ مَعَ الْإِبِلِ فَلَمَّا كَانَ بِغَلَسٍ غَارَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ عَلَى إِبِلِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَقَتَلَ رَاعِيَهَا وَخَرَجَ يَطْرُدُهَا هُوَ وَأُنَاسٌ مَعَهُ فِي خَيْلٍ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَبَاحُ اقْعُدْ عَلَى هَذَا الْفَرَسِ فَأَلْحِقْهُ بِطَلْحَةَ وَأَخْبِرْ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ أَنَّهُ قَدْ أُغِيرَ عَلَى سَرْحِهِ قَالَ وَقُمْتُ عَلَى تَلٍّفَجَعَلْتُ وَجْهِي مِنْ قِبَلِ الْمَدِينَةِ ثُمَّ نَادَيْتُ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ يَا صَبَاحَاهْ ثُمَّ اتَّبَعْتُ الْقَوْمَ مَعِي سَيْفِي وَنَبْلِي فَجَعَلْتُ أَرْمِيهِمْ وَأَعْقِرُ بِهِمْ وَذَلِكَ حِينَ يَكْثُرُ الشَّجَرُ فَإِذَا رَجَعَ إِلَيَّ فَارِسٌ جَلَسْتُ لَهُ فِي أَصْلِ شَجَرَةٍ ثُمَّ رَمَيْتُ فَلَا يُقْبِلُ عَلَيَّ فَارِسٌ إِلَّا عَقَرْتُ بِهِ فَجَعَلْتُ أَرْمِيهِمْ وَأَنَا أَقُولُ[البحر الرجز]أَنَا ابْنُ الْأَكْوَعِ وَالْيَوْمُ يَوْمُ الرُّضَّعِفَأَلْحَقُ بِرَجُلٍ مِنْهُمْ فَأَرْمِيهِ وَهُوَ عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ فَيَقَعُ سَهْمِي فِي الرَّجُلِ حَتَّى انْتَظَمْتُ كَتِفَهُ فَقُلْتُ خُذْهَا وَأَنَا ابْنُ الْأَكْوَعِ وَالْيَوْمُ يَوْمُ الرُّضَّعِ فَإِذَا كُنْتُ فِي الشَّجَرِ أَحْرَقْتُهُمْ بِالنَّبْلِ فَإِذَا تَضَايَقَتِ الثَّنَايَا عَلَوْتُ الْجَبَلَ فَرَدَيْتُهُمْ بِالْحِجَارَةِ فَمَا زَالَ ذَاكَ شَأْنِي وَشَأْنَهُمْ أَتْبَعُهُمْ فَأَرْتَجِزُ حَتَّى مَا خَلَقَ اللهُ شَيْئًا مِنْ ظَهْرِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَّا خَلَّفْتُهُ وَرَاءَ ظَهْرِي فَاسْتَنْقَذْتُهُ مِنْ أَيْدِيهِمْ ثُمَّ لَمْ أَزَلْ أَرْمِيهِمْ حَتَّى أَلْقَوْا أَكْثَرَ مِنْ ثَلَاثِينَ رُمْحًا وَأَكْثَرَ مِنْ ثَلَاثِينَ بُرْدَةً يَسْتَخِفُّونَ مِنْهَا وَلَا يُلْقُونَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ شَيْئًا إِلَّا جَعَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ حِجَارَةً وَجَمَعْتُ عَلَى طَرِيقِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ حَتَّى إِذَا امْتَدَّ الضُّحَى أَتَاهُمْ عُيَيْنَةُ بْنُ بَدْرٍ الْفَزَارِيُّ مَدَدًا لَهُمْ وَهُمْ فِي ثَنِيَّةٍ ضَيِّقَةٍ ثُمَّ عَلَوْتُ الْجَبَلَ فَأَنَا فَوْقَهُمْ فَقَالَ عُيَيْنَةُ مَا هَذَا الَّذِيأَرَى؟ قَالُوا لَقِينَا مِنْ هَذَا الْبَرْحَ مَا فَارَقَنَا بِسَحَرٍ حَتَّى الْآنَ وَأَخَذَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ فِي أَيْدِينَا وَجَعَلَهُ وَرَاءَ ظَهْرِهِ قَالَ عُيَيْنَةُ لَوْلَا أَنَّ هَذَا يَرَى أَنَّ وَرَاءَهُ طَلَبًا لَقَدْ تَرَكَكُمْ لِيَقُمْ إِلَيْهِ نَفَرٌ مِنْكُمْ فَقَامَ إِلَيْهِ نَفَرٌ مِنْهُمْ أَرْبَعَةٌ فَصَعِدُوا فِي الْجَبَلِ فَلَمَّا أَسْمَعْتُهُمُ الصَّوْتَ قُلْتُ أَتَعْرِفُونِي؟ قَالُوا وَمَنْ أَنْتَ؟ قُلْتُ أَنَا ابْنُ الْأَكْوَعِ وَالَّذِي كَرَّمَ وَجْهَ مُحَمَّدٍ ﷺ لَا يَطْلُبُنِي مِنْكُمْ رَجُلٌ فَيُدْرِكُنِي وَلَا أَطْلُبُهُ فَيَفُوتُنِي قَالَ رَجُلٌ مِنْهُمْ إِنْ أَظُنُّ قَالَ فَمَا بَرِحْتُ مَقْعَدِي ذَلِكَ حَتَّى نَظَرْتُ إِلَى فَوَارِسِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ يَتَخَلَّلُونَ الشَّجَرَ وَإِذَا أَوَّلُهُمُ الْأَخْرَمُ الْأَسَدِيُّ وَعَلَى أَثَرِهِ أَبُو قَتَادَةَ فَارِسُ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَعَلَى أَثَرِ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ الْمِقْدَادُ الْكِنْدِيُّ فَوَلَّى الْمُشْرِكُونَ مُدْبِرِينَ وَأَنْزِلُ مِنَ الْجَبَلِ فَأَعْرِضُ لِلْأَخْرَمِ فَآخُذُ عِنَانِ فَرَسِهِ فَقُلْتُ يَا أَخْرَمُ ائْذَنِ الْقَوْمَ يَعْنِي احْذَرْهُمْ فَإِنِّي لَا آمَنُ أَنْ يَقْطَعُوكَ فَاتَّئِدْ حَتَّى يَلْحَقَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَصْحَابُهُ قَالَ يَا سَلَمَةُ إِنْ كُنْتَ تُؤْمِنُ بِاللهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَتَعْلَمُ أَنَّ الْجَنَّةَ حَقٌّ وَالنَّارَ حَقٌّ فَلَا تَحُلْ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ الشَّهَادَةِ قَالَ فَخَلَّيْتُ عِنَانَ فَرَسِهِ فَيَلْحَقُ بِعَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عُيَيْنَةَ وَيَعْطِفُ عَلَيْهِ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ فَاخْتَلَفَا طَعْنَتَيْنِ فَعَقَرَ الْأَخْرَمُ بِعَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ وَطَعَنَهُ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ فَقَتَلَهُ فَتَحَوَّلَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِعَلَى فَرَسِ الْأَخْرَمِ فَيَلْحَقُ أَبُو قَتَادَةَ بِعَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ فَاخْتَلَفَا طَعْنَتَيْنِ فَعَقَرَ بِأَبِي قَتَادَةَ وَقَتَلَهُ أَبُو قَتَادَةَ وَتَحَوَّلَ أَبُو قَتَادَةَ عَلَى فَرَسِ الْأَخْرَمِ ثُمَّ إِنِّي خَرَجْتُ أَعْدُو فِي أَثَرِ الْقَوْمِ حَتَّى مَا أَرَى مِنْ غُبَارِ صَحَابَةِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ شَيْئًا وَيُعْرِضُونَ قَبْلَ غَيْبُوبَةِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَى شِعْبٍ فِيهِ مَاءٌ يُقَالُ لَهُ ذُو قَرَدٍ فَأَرَادُوا أَنْ يَشْرَبُوا مِنْهُ فَأَبْصَرُونِي أَعْدُو وَرَاءَهُمْ فَعَطَفُوا عَنْهُ وَاشْتَدُّوا فِي الثَّنِيَّةِ ثَنِيَّةِ ذِي نَثْرٍ وَغَرَبَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَأَلْحَقُ رَجُلًا فَأَرْمِيهِ فَقُلْتُ خُذْهَاوَأَنَا ابْنُ الْأَكْوَعِ وَالْيَوْمُ يَوْمُ الرُّضَّعِ قَالَ فَقَالَ يَا ثُكْلَ أُمِّ أَكْوَعُ بُكْرَةٍ؟ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ أَيْ عَدُوَّ نَفْسِهِ وَكَانَ الَّذِي رَمَيْتُهُ بُكْرَةً فَأَتْبَعْتُهُ سَهْمًا آخَرَ فَعَلِقَ بِهِ سَهْمَانِ وَيَخْلُفُونَ فَرَسَيْنِ فَجِئْتُ بِهِمَا أَسُوقُهُمَا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَهُوَ عَلَى الْمَاءِ الَّذِي حَلَّيْتُهُمْ عَنْهُ ذُوْ قَرَدٍ فَإِذَا بِنَبِيِّ اللهِ ﷺ فِي خَمْسِمِائَةٍ وَإِذَا بِلَالٌ قَدْ نَحَرَ جَزُورًا مِمَّا خَلَّفْتُ فَهُوَ يَشْوِي لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ مِنْ كَبِدِهَا وَسَنَامِهَا فَأَتَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ خَلِّنِي فَأَنْتَخِبَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِكَ مِائَةً فَآخُذَ عَلَى الْكُفَّارِ بِالْعَشْوَةً فَلَا يَبْقَى مِنْهُمْ مُخْبِرٌ إِلَّا قَتَلْتُهُ قَالَ أَكُنْتَ فَاعِلًا ذَلِكَ يَا سَلَمَةُ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ وَالَّذِي أَكْرَمَكَفَضَحِكَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ حَتَّى رَأَيْتُ نَوَاجِذَهُ فِي ضُوءِ النَّارِ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّهُمْ يُقْرَوْنَ الْآنَ بِأَرْضِ غَطَفَانَ فَجَاءَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ غَطَفَانَ فَقَالَ مَرُّوا عَلَى فُلَانٍ الْغَطَفَانِيِّ فَنَحَرَ لَهُمْ جَزُورًا قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَخَذُوا يَكْشِطُونَ جِلْدَهَا رَأَوْا غَبَرَةً فَتَرَكُوهَا وَخَرَجُوا هَرَابًا فَلَمَّا أَصْبَحْنَا قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ خَيْرُ فُرْسَانِنَا الْيَوْمَ أَبُو قَتَادَةَ وَخَيْرُ رَجَّالَتِنَا سَلَمَةُ فَأَعْطَانِي رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ سَهْمَ الرَّاجِلِ وَالْفَارِسِ جَمِيعًا ثُمَّ أَرْدَفَنِي وَرَاءَهُ عَلَى الْعَضْبَاءِ رَاجِعِينَ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ فَلَمَّا كَانَ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَهَا قَرِيبًا مِنْ ضَحْوَةٍ وَفِي الْقَوْمِ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ كَانَ لَا يُسْبَقُ جَعَلَ يُنَادِي هَلْ مِنْ مُسَابِقٍ؟ أَلَا رَجُلٌ يُسَابِقُ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ؟ فَأَعَادَ ذَلِكَ مِرَارًا وَأَنَا وَرَاءَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ مُرْدِفِي قُلْتُ لَهُ أَمَا تُكْرِمُ كَرِيمًا وَلَا تَهَابُ شَرِيفًا قَالَ لَا إِلَّا رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي خَلِّنِي فَلَأُسَابِقُ الرَّجُلَ قَالَ إِنْ شِئْتَ قُلْتُ أَذْهَبُ إِلَيْكَ فَطَفَرَ عَنْ رَاحِلَتِهِ وَثَنَيْتُ رِجْلَيَّ فَطَفَرْتُ عَنِ النَّاقَةِ ثُمَّ إِنِّي رَبَطْتُ عَلَيْهَا شَرَفًا أَوْ شَرَفَيْنِ يَعْنِي اسْتَبْقَيْتُ نَفْسِي ثُمَّ إِنِّي عَدَوْتُ حَتَّى أَلْحَقَهُ فَأَصُكَّ بَيْنَ كَتِفَيْهِ بِيَدَيَّ قُلْتُ سَبَقْتُكَ وَاللهِ أَوْ كَلِمَةً نَحْوَهَا قَالَ فَضَحِكَ وَقَالَ إِنْ أَظُنُّ حَتَّى قَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ  

ahmad:7927Sulaymān b. Dāwud al-Hāshimī > Ibrāhīm b. Saʿd > Ibn Shihāb > ʿAṭāʾ b. Yazīd > Abū Hurayrah Abū Kāmil > Ibrāhīm b. Saʿd > Ibn Shihāb > ʿAṭāʾ b. Yazīd > Abū Hurayrah

On the authority of Abu Huraira: The people said, "O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Shall we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" The Prophet ﷺ said, "Do you have any difficulty in seeing the moon on a full moon night?" They said, "No, O Messenger of Allah ﷺ." He said, "Do you have any difficulty in seeing the sun when there are no clouds?" They said, "No, O Messenger of Allah ﷺ." He said, "So you will see Him, like that. Allah will gather all the people on the Day of Resurrection, and say, 'Whoever worshipped something (in the world) should follow (that thing),' so, whoever worshipped the sun will follow the sun, and whoever worshiped the moon will follow the moon, and whoever used to worship certain (other false) deities, he will follow those deities. And there will remain only this nation with its good people (or its hypocrites). (The sub-narrator, Ibrahim is in doubt.) Allah will come to them and say, 'I am your Lord.' They will (deny Him and) say, 'We will stay here till our Lord comes, for when our Lord comes, we will recognize Him.' So Allah will come to them in His appearance which they know, and will say, 'I am your Lord.' They will say, 'You are our Lord,' so they will follow Him. Then a bridge will be laid across Hell (Fire)' I and my followers will be the first ones to go across it and none will speak on that Day except the Apostles. And the invocation of the Apostles on that Day will be, 'O Allah, save! Save!' In Hell (or over The Bridge) there will be hooks like the thorns of As-Sa'dan (thorny plant). Have you seen As-Sa'dan? " They replied, "Yes, O Messenger of Allah ﷺ!" He said, "So those hooks look like the thorns of As-Sa'dan, but none knows how big they are except Allah. Those hooks will snap the people away according to their deeds. Some of the people will stay in Hell (be destroyed) because of their (evil) deeds, and some will be cut or torn by the hooks (and fall into Hell) and some will be punished and then relieved. When Allah has finished His Judgments among the people, He will take whomever He will out of Hell through His Mercy. He will then order the angels to take out of the Fire all those who used to worship none but Allah from among those whom Allah wanted to be merciful to and those who testified (in the world) that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah. The angels will recognize them in the Fire by the marks of prostration (on their foreheads), for the Fire will eat up all the human body except the mark caused by prostration as Allah has forbidden the Fire to eat the mark of prostration. They will come out of the (Hell) Fire, completely burnt and then the water of life will be poured over them and they will grow under it as does a seed that comes in the mud of the torrent. Then Allah will finish the judgments among the people, and there will remain one man facing the (Hell) Fire and he will be the last person among the people of Hell to enter Paradise. He will say, 'O my Lord! Please turn my face away from the fire because its air has hurt me and its severe heat has burnt me.' So he will invoke Allah in the way Allah will wish him to invoke, and then Allah will say to him, 'If I grant you that, will you then ask for anything else?' He will reply, 'No, by Your Power, (Honor) I will not ask You for anything else.' He will give his Lord whatever promises and covenants Allah will demand. So Allah will turn his face away from Hell (Fire). When he will face Paradise and will see it, he will remain quiet for as long as Allah will wish him to remain quiet, then he will say, 'O my Lord! Bring me near to the gate of Paradise.' Allah will say to him, 'Didn't you give your promises and covenants that you would never ask for anything more than what you had been given? Woe on you, O Adam's son! How treacherous you are!' He will say, 'O my lord,' and will keep on invoking Allah till He says to him, 'If I give what you are asking, will you then ask for anything else?' He will reply, 'No, by Your (Honor) Power, I will not ask for anything else.' Then he will give covenants and promises to Allah and then Allah will bring him near to the gate of Paradise. When he stands at the gate of Paradise, Paradise will be opened and spread before him, and he will see its splendor and pleasures whereupon he will remain quiet as long as Allah will wish him to remain quiet, and then he will say, O my Lord! Admit me into Paradise.' Allah will say, 'Didn't you give your covenants and promises that you would not ask for anything more than what you had been given?' Allah will say, 'Woe on you, O Adam's son! How treacherous you are! ' The man will say, 'O my Lord! Do not make me the most miserable of Your creation,' and he will keep on invoking Allah till Allah will laugh because of his sayings, and when Allah will laugh because of him, He will say to him, 'Enter Paradise,' and when he will enter it, Allah will say to him, 'Wish for anything.' So he will ask his Lord, and he will wish for a great number of things, for Allah Himself will remind him to wish for certain things by saying, '(Wish for) so-and-so.' When there is nothing more to wish for, Allah will say, 'This is for you, and its equal (is for you) as well." 'Ata' bin Yazid added: Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri who was present with Abu Huraira, did not deny whatever the latter said, but when Abu Huraira said that Allah had said, "That is for you and its equal as well," Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri said, "And ten times as much, O Abu Huraira!" Abu Huraira said, "I do not remember, except his saying, 'That is for you and its equal as well.'" Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri then said, "I testify that I remember the Prophet ﷺ saying, 'That is for you, and ten times as much.' ' Abu Huraira then added, "That man will be the last person of the people of Paradise to enter Paradise." (Using translation from Bukhārī 7437)  

أحمد:٧٩٢٧حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ الْهَاشِمِيُّ أَخْبَرَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ شِهَابٍ عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَبُو كَامِلٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَطَاءُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ الْمَعْنَى

أَنَّ النَّاسَ قَالُوا لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ يَارَسُولَ اللهِ هَلْ نَرَى رَبَّنَا ﷻ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ؟ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ هَلْ تُضَارُّونَ فِي الْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ؟ قَالُوا لَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَ فَهَلْ تُضَارُّونَ فِي الشَّمْسِ لَيْسَ دُونَهَا سَحَابٌ؟ قَالُوا لَا قَالَ فَإِنَّكُمْ تَرَوْنَهُ كَذَلِكَ يَجْمَعُ اللهُ النَّاسَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فَيُقَالُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ شَيْئًا فَلْيَتَّبِعْهُ فَيَتْبَعُ مَنْ يَعْبُدُ الشَّمْسَ الشَّمْسَ وَيَتْبَعُ مَنْ يَعْبُدُ الْقَمَرَ الْقَمَرَ وَيَتْبَعُ مَنْ يَعْبُدُ الطَّوَاغِيتَ الطَّوَاغِيتَ وَتَبْقَى هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةُ فِيهَا شَافِعُوهَا أَوْ مُنَافِقُوهَا قَالَ أَبُو كَامِلٍ شَكَّ إِبْرَاهِيمُ فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللهُ ﷻ فِي صُورَةٍ غَيْرِ صُورَتِهِ الَّتِي يَعْرِفُونَ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنْكَ هَذَا مَكَانُنَا حَتَّى يَأْتِيَنَا رَبُّنَا فَإِذَا جَاءَ رَبُّنَا عَرَفْنَاهُ فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللهُ ﷻ فِي صُورَتِهِ الَّتِي يَعْرِفُونَ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَيَقُولُونَ أَنْتَ رَبُّنَا فَيَتَّبِعُونَهُ وَيُضْرَبُ الصِّرَاطُ بَيْنَ ظَهْرَيْ جَهَنَّمَ فَأَكُونُ أَنَا وَأُمَّتِي أَوَّلَ مَنْ يَجُوزُه وَلَا يَتَكَلَّمُ يَوْمَئِذٍ إِلَّا الرُّسُلُ وَدَعْوَى الرُّسُلِ يَوْمَئِذٍ اللهُمَّ سَلِّمْ سَلِّمْ وَفِي جَهَنَّمَ كَلَالِيبُ مِثْلُ شَوْكِ السَّعْدَانِ هَلْ رَأَيْتُمُ السَّعْدَانَ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَ فَإِنَّهَا مِثْلُ شَوْكِ السَّعْدَانِ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ لَا يَعْلَمُ قَدْرَ عِظَمِهَا إِلَّا اللهُ تَعَالَى تَخْطَفُ النَّاسَ بِأَعْمَالِهِمْ فَمِنْهُمُ الْمُوبَقُ بِعَمَلِهِ أَوْ قَالَ الْمُوثَقُ بِعَمَلِهِ أَوِ الْمُخَرْدَلُ وَمِنْهُمُ الْمُجَازَى قَالَ أَبُو كَامِلٍ فِي حَدِيثِهِ شَكَّإِبْرَاهِيمُ وَمِنْهُمُ الْمُخَرْدَلُ أَوِ الْمُجَازَى ثُمَّ يَتَجَلَّى حَتَّى إِذَا فَرَغَ اللهُ ﷻ مِنَ الْقَضَاءِ بَيْنَ الْعِبَادِ وَأَرَادَ أَنْ يُخْرِجَ بِرَحْمَتِهِ مَنْ أَرَادَ مِنْ أَهْلِ النَّارِ أَمَرَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ أَنْ يُخْرِجُوا مِنَ النَّارِ مَنْ كَانَ لَا يُشْرِكُ بِاللهِ شَيْئًا مِمَّنْ أَرَادَ اللهُ أَنْ يَرْحَمَهُ مِمَّنْ يَقُولُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ فَيَعْرِفُونَهُمْ فِي النَّارِ يَعْرِفُونَهُمْ بِأَثَرِ السُّجُودِ تَأْكُلُ النَّارُ ابْنَ آدَمَ إِلَّا أَثَرَ السُّجُودِ وَحَرَّمَ اللهُ ﷻ عَلَى النَّارِ أَنْ تَأْكُلَ أَثَرَ السُّجُودِ فَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنَ النَّارِ قَدِ امْتُحِشُوا فَيُصَبُّ عَلَيْهِمْ مَاءُ الْحَيَاةِ فَيَنْبُتُونَ كَمَا تَنْبُتُ الْحَبَّةُ وَقَالَ أَبُو كَامِلٍ الْحَبَّةُ أَيْضًا فِي حَمِيلِ السَّيْلِ وَيَبْقَى رَجُلٌ مُقْبِلٌ بِوَجْهِهِ عَلَى النَّارِ وَهُوَ آخِرُ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ دُخُولًا فَيَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ اصْرِفْ وَجْهِي عَنِ النَّارِ فَإِنَّهُ قَدْ قَشَبَنِي رِيحُهَا وَأَحْرَقَنِي دُخَانُهَا فَيَدْعُو اللهَ مَا شَاءَ أَنْ يَدْعُوَهُ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ اللهُ ﷻ هَلْ عَسَيْتَ إِنْ فُعِلَ ذَلِكَ بِكَ أَنْ تَسْأَلَ غَيْرَهُ؟ فَيَقُولُ لَا وَعِزَّتِكَ لَا أَسْأَلُ غَيْرَهُ وَيُعْطِي رَبَّهُ ﷻ مِنْ عُهُودٍ وَمَوَاثِيقَ مَا شَاءَ فَيَصْرِفُ اللهُ ﷻ وَجْهَهُ عَنِ النَّارِ فَإِذَا أَقْبَلَ عَلَى الْجَنَّةِوَرَآهَا سَكَتَ مَا شَاءَ اللهُ أَنْ يَسْكُتَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ قَرِّبْنِي إِلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ فَيَقُولُ اللهُ ﷻ لَهُ أَلَسْتَ قَدْ أَعْطَيْتَ عُهُودَكَ وَمَوَاثِيقَكَ أَنْ لَا تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَ مَا أَعْطَيْتُكَ وَيْلَكَ يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ مَا أَغْدَرَكَ فَيَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ فَيَدْعُو اللهَ حَتَّى يَقُولَ لَهُ فَهَلْ عَسَيْتَ إِنْ أُعْطِيتَ ذَلِكَ أَنْ تَسْأَلَ غَيْرَهُ؟ فَيَقُولُ لَا وَعِزَّتِكَ لَا أَسْأَلُ غَيْرَهُ فَيُعْطِي رَبَّهُ ﷻ مَا شَاءَ مِنْ عُهُودٍ وَمَوَاثِيقَ فَيُقَدِّمُهُ إِلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ فَإِذَا قَامَ عَلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ انْفَهَقَتْ لَهُ الْجَنَّةُ فَرَأَى مَا فِيهَا مِنَ الْحَبْرَةِ وَالسُّرُورِ فَيَسْكُتُ مَا شَاءَ اللهُ أَنْ يَسْكُتَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ أَدْخِلْنِي الْجَنَّةَ فَيَقُولُ اللهُ ﷻ لَهُ أَلَيْسَ قَدْ أَعْطَيْتَ عُهُودَكَ وَمَوَاثِيقَكَ أَنْ لَا تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَ مَا أَعْطَيْتُكَ وَيْلَكَ يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ مَا أَغْدَرَكَ فَيَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ لَا أَكُونُ أَشْقَى خَلْقِكَ فَلَا يَزَالُ يَدْعُو اللهَ حَتَّى يَضْحَكَ اللهُ مِنْهُ فَإِذَا ضَحِكَ اللهُ ﷻ مِنْهُ قَالَ ادْخُلِ الْجَنَّةَ فَإِذَا دَخَلَهَا قَالَ اللهُ ﷻ لَهُ تَمَنَّهْ فَيَسْأَلُ رَبَّهُ ﷻ وَيَتَمَنَّى حَتَّى إِنَّ اللهَ ﷻ لَيُذَكِّرُهُ يَقُولُ مِنْ كَذَا وَكَذَا حَتَّى إِذَا انْقَطَعَتْ بِهِ الْأَمَانِيُّ قَالَ اللهُ ﷻ لَهُ لَكَ ذَلِكَ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ عَطَاءُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ وَأَبُو سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيُّ مَعَ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ لَايَرُدُّ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ حَدِيثِهِ شَيْئًا حَتَّى إِذَا حَدَّثَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ اللهَ ﷻ قَالَ لِذَلِكَ الرَّجُلِ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ وَعَشَرَةُ أَمْثَالِهِ مَعَهُ يَا أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ مَا حَفِظْتُ إِلَّا قَوْلَهُ ذَلِكَ لَكَ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ أَشْهَدُ أَنِّي حَفِظْتُ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَوْلَهُ فِي ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلِ لَكَ عَشَرَةُ أَمْثَالِهِ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ وَذَلِكَ الرَّجُلُ آخِرُ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ دُخُولًا  

ahmad:7717ʿAbd al-Razzāq > Maʿmar > al-Zuhrī > ʿAṭāʾ b. Yazīd al-Laythiyyiʿan Abū Hurayrah

[Machine] The people said, "O Messenger of Allah, will we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" The Prophet ﷺ said, "Do you have any difficulty seeing the sun when there are no clouds covering it?" They replied, "No, O Messenger of Allah." He then asked, "Do you have any difficulty seeing the moon on a full moon night when there are no clouds covering it?" They again replied, "No, O Messenger of Allah." The Prophet ﷺ said, "Just like that, you will see Him on the Day of Resurrection. Allah will gather the people and ask those who worshipped something, 'Follow what you worshipped.' So those who worshipped the moon will follow the moon, those who worshipped the sun will follow the sun, and those who worshipped the idols will follow the idols. And this Ummah will be left with its hypocrites. Allah will come to them in a form that they do not recognize, and He will say, 'I am your Lord.' They will say, 'We seek refuge with Allah from you. This is our place until our Lord comes to us.' When our Lord comes to them, they will recognize Him. Then Allah will come to them in the form that they recognize, and He will say, 'I am your Lord.' They will say, 'You are our Lord,' and they will follow Him."

The Prophet ﷺ said, "A bridge will be set up over Hellfire." The Prophet ﷺ said, "I will be the first one to cross it on that day. O Allah, grant us safety, grant us safety.' This bridge will have hooks like the thorns of the Sa'dan tree. Have you seen the Sa'dan tree?" They said, "Yes, O Messenger of Allah." He said, "Indeed, it is like the thorns of the Sa'dan tree, but its size and greatness are known only to Allah. People will be snatched away by their deeds. Among them will be those who are caught by their foreheads with the deeds they used to do, and there will be those who are caught by their backsides. They will be saved until when Allah is finished passing judgment among His servants and He wants to bring out of the Fire those who will be entitled to His mercy from among those who themselves said, 'Laa ilaha illallah (There is no God worthy of worship except Allah).' Allah (Subhanahu wa ta'ala) will order the angels, 'Bring out those who used to utter La ilaha illAllah. And the angels will know them by the marks of prostration on their faces and by the traces of wudu' (ablution) on their limbs. Allah has forbidden the Fire to consume the traces of prostrations or ablution.'" The Prophet ﷺ said, "Thus, they will be brought out, having been burned and turned to charcoal. Then the water of life will be poured over them and they will grow just like seeds do in the silt carried by floodwaters. There will be a man who will be facing the Fire and will say, 'O Lord, haven't You promised me that You would not wron [...]  

أحمد:٧٧١٧حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ حَدَّثَنَا مَعْمَرٌ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ اللَّيْثِيِّعَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ

قَالَ النَّاسُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَلْ نَرَى رَبَّنَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ؟ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ هَلْ تُضَارُّونَ فِي الشَّمْسِ لَيْسَ دُونَهَا سَحَابٌ؟ قَالُوا لَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَقَالَ هَلْ تُضَارُّونَ فِي الْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ لَيْسَ دُونَهُ سَحَابٌ؟ فَقَالُوا لَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَ فَإِنَّكُمْ تَرَوْنَهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ كَذَلِكَ يَجْمَعُ اللهُ النَّاسَ فَيَقُولُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ شَيْئًا فَيَتْبَعُهُ فَيَتْبَعُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ الْقَمَرَ الْقَمَرَ وَمَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ الشَّمْسَ الشَّمْسَ وَيَتْبَعُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ الطَّوَاغِيتَ الطَّوَاغِيتَ وَتَبْقَى هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةُ فِيهَا مُنَافِقُوهَا فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللهُ ﷻ فِي غَيْرِ الصُّورَةِ الَّتِي تَعْرِفُونَ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنْكَ هَذَا مَكَانُنَا حَتَّى يَأْتِيَنَا رَبُّنَا فَإِذَا جَاءَنا رَبُّنَا عَرَفْنَاهُ قَالَ فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللهُ ﷻ فِي الصُّورَةِ الَّتِي يَعْرِفُونَ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَيَقُولُونَ أَنْتَ رَبُّنَا فَيَتْبَعُونَهُ قَالَ وَيُضْرَبُ جِسْرٌ عَلَى جَهَنَّمَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَأَكُونُ أَوَّلَ مَنْ يُجِيزُ وَدَعْوَى الرُّسُلِ يَوْمَئِذٍ اللهُمَّ سَلِّمْ سَلِّمْ وَبِهَا كَلَالِيبُ مِثْلُ شَوْكِ السَّعْدَانِ هَلْ رَأَيْتُمْ شَوْكَ السَّعْدَانِ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَ فَإِنَّهَا مِثْلُ شَوْكِ السَّعْدَانِ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ لَا يَعْلَمُ قَدْرَ عِظَمِهَا إِلَّا اللهُ فَتَخْطَفُ النَّاسَ بِأَعْمَالِهِمْ فَمِنْهُمُ الْمُوبَقُ بِعَمَلِهِ وَمِنْهُمُ الْمُخَرْدَلُ ثُمَّيَنْجُو حَتَّى إِذَا فَرَغَ اللهُ ﷻ مِنَ الْقَضَاءِ بَيْنَ الْعِبَادِ وَأَرَادَ أَنْ يُخْرِجَ مِنَ النَّارِ مَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَرْحَمَ مِمَّنْ كَانَ يَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ أَمَرَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ أَنْ يُخْرِجُوهُمْ فَيَعْرِفُونَهُمْ بِعَلَامَةِ آثَارِ السُّجُودِ وَحَرَّمَ اللهُ عَلَى النَّارِ أَنْ تَأْكُلَ مِنَ ابْنِ آدَمَ أَثَرَ السُّجُودِ فَيُخْرِجُونَهُمْ قَدِ امْتُحِشُوا فَيُصَبُّ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْ مَاءٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ مَاءُ الْحَيَاةِ فَيَنْبُتُونَ نَبَاتَ الْحِبَّةِ فِي حَمِيلِ السَّيْلِ وَيَبْقَى رَجُلٌ يُقْبِلُ بِوَجْهِهِ إِلَى النَّارِ فَيَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ قَدْ قَشَبَنِي رِيحُهَا وَأَحْرَقَنِي ذَكَاؤُهَا فَاصْرِفْ وَجْهِي عَنِ النَّارِ فَلَا يَزَالُ يَدْعُو اللهَ حَتَّى يَقُولَ فَلَعَلِّي إِنْ أَعْطَيْتُكَ ذَلِكَ أَنْ تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ؟ فَيَقُولُ لَا وَعِزَّتِكَ لَا أَسْأَلُكَ غَيْرَهُ فَيَصْرِفُ وَجْهَهُ عَنِ النَّارِ فَيَقُولُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ يَا رَبِّ قَرِّبْنِي إِلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ فَيَقُولُ أَوَلَيْسَ قَدْ زَعَمْتَ أَنْ لَا تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ؟ وَيْلَكَ يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ مَا أَغْدَرَكَ فَلَا يَزَالُ يَدْعُو حَتَّى يَقُولَ فَلَعَلِّي إِنْ أَعْطَيْتُكَ ذَلِكَ أَنْ تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ فَيَقُولُ لَا وَعِزَّتِكَ لَا أَسْأَلُكَ غَيْرَهُ وَيُعْطِي اللهَ مِنْ عُهُودٍ وَمَوَاثِيقَ أَنْ لَا يَسْأَلَ غَيْرَهُ فَيُقَرِّبُهُ إِلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ فَإِذَادَنَا مِنْهَا انْفَهَقَتْ لَهُ الْجَنَّةُ فَإِذَا رَأَى مَا فِيهَا مِنَ الْحِبَرَةِ وَالسُّرُورِ سَكَتَ مَا شَاءَ اللهُ أَنْ يَسْكُتَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ أَدْخِلْنِي الْجَنَّةَ فَيَقُولُ أَوَلَيْسَ قَدْ زَعَمْتَ أَنْ لَا تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ وَقَدْ أَعْطَيْتَ عُهُودَكَ وَمَوَاثِيقَكَ أَنْ لَا تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ؟ فَيَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ لَا تَجْعَلْنِي أَشْقَى خَلْقِكَ فَلَا يَزَالُ يَدْعُو اللهَ حَتَّى يَضْحَكَ فَإِذَا ضَحِكَ مِنْهُ أَذِنَ لَهُ بِالدُّخُولِ فِيهَا فَإِذَا أُدْخِلَ قِيلَ لَهُ تَمَنَّ مِنْ كَذَا فَيَتَمَنَّى ثُمَّ يُقَالُ تَمَنَّ مِنْ كَذَا فَيَتَمَنَّى حَتَّى تَنْقَطِعَ بِهِ الْأَمَانِيُّ فَيُقَالُ لَهُ هَذَا لَكَ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ وَأَبُو سَعِيدٍ جَالِسٌ مَعَ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَلَا يُغَيِّرُ عَلَيْهِ شَيْئًا مِنْ قَوْلِهِ حَتَّى إِذَا انْتَهَى إِلَى قَوْلِهِ هَذَا لَكَ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ يَقُولُ هَذَا لَكَ وَعَشَرَةُ أَمْثَالِهِ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ حَفِظْتُ مِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ وَذَلِكَ الرَّجُلُ آخِرُ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ دُخُولًا الْجَنَّةَ  

ahmad:25769Muḥammad b. Bishr > Muḥammad b. ʿAmr > Abū Salamah And Yaḥyá > Lammā Halakat Khadījah Jāʾat Khawlah b. Ḥakīm Āmraʾah ʿUthmān b. Maẓʿūn

[Machine] "O Messenger of Allah, don't you want to get married?" He said, "Who?" She said, "If you want a virgin, then I will be one for you. And if you want someone who has been previously married, then I am also available." He asked, "Who is the virgin?" She said, "Aisha, the daughter of Abu Bakr, the most beloved to Allah." He asked, "And who is the previously married?" She said, "Sauda bint Zama, who believed in you and followed you in everything you said." He said, "Go and let them know about it on my behalf." So she entered the house of Abu Bakr and said, "O Umm Rumman, what blessings and goodness did Allah bring upon you?" She asked, "And what is it?" She said, "The Messenger of Allah has sent me to propose to Aisha for him." She said, "Wait for Abu Bakr until he comes." Abu Bakr came and she said, "O Abu Bakr, what blessings and goodness did Allah bring upon you?" He asked, "And what is it?" She said, "The Messenger of Allah has sent me to propose to Aisha for him." He asked, "Is she suitable for him?" She replied, "She is the daughter of his brother." So she returned to the Messenger of Allah and informed him about this. He said, "Go back to him and say that I am your brother in Islam and that you are my brother, and that your daughter is suitable for me." So she went back and informed him. He said, "Wait." Then he went out and said, "O Umm Rumman, indeed Mu'attim ibn 'Adi mentioned you to his son, and I swear by Allah, he has never broken a promise before. But he fulfilled it for Abu Bakr." So Abu Bakr entered upon Mu'attim ibn 'Adi, and with him was his wife Umm Al-Fata, and he said, "O son of my father Abu Quhafa, perhaps you are causing a problem for our friend Muhammad by allowing him to precede you in your religion, while he is proposing to you Suda bint Zama." Aisha said, "We reached Madinah and stayed in Bani Al-Harith from the Khazraj tribe. The Messenger of Allah came to our house and sat on a bed with men and women from the Ansar. My mother brought me to him while I was swinging between two branches. She put me down and wiped my face with some water. Then she took me to him and he said, 'These are your family, may Allah bless them for you and bless you for them.' The men and women stood up and left. The Messenger of Allah stayed and a room was set up for me. Then he said to me,  

أحمد:٢٥٧٦٩حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بِشْرٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو سَلَمَةَ وَيَحْيَى قَالَا لَمَّا هَلَكَتْ خَدِيجَةُ جَاءَتْ خَوْلَةُ بِنْتُ حَكِيمٍ امْرَأَةُ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ مَظْعُونٍ قَالَتْ

يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَلَا تَزَوَّجُ؟ قَالَ مَنْ؟ قَالَتْ إِنْ شِئْتَ بِكْرًا وَإِنْ شِئْتَ ثَيِّبًا؟ قَالَ فَمَنِ الْبِكْرُ؟ قَالَتْ ابْنَةُ أَحَبِّ خَلْقِ اللهِ ﷻ إِلَيْكَ عَائِشَةُ بِنْتُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ قَالَ وَمَنِ الثَّيِّبُ؟ قَالَتْ سَوْدَةُ بِنْتُ زَمْعَةَ آَمَنَتْ بِكَ وَاتَّبَعَتْكَ عَلَى مَا تَقُولُ قَالَ فَاذْهَبِي فَاذْكُرِيهِمَا عَلَيَّ فَدَخَلَتْ بَيْتَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَالَتْ يَا أُمَّ رُومَانَ مَاذَا أَدْخَلَ اللهُ ﷻ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنَ الْخَيْرِ وَالْبَرَكَةِ؟ قَالَتْ وَمَا ذَاكَ؟ قَالَتْ أَرْسَلَنِي رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَخْطُبُ عَلَيْهِ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ انْتَظِرِي أَبَا بَكْرٍ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَ فَجَاءَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَقَالَتْ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَاذَا أَدْخَلَ اللهُ ﷻ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنَ الْخَيْرِ وَالْبَرَكَةِ؟ قَالَ وَمَا ذَاكَ؟ قَالَتْ أَرْسَلَنِي رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَخْطُبُ عَلَيْهِ عَائِشَةَ قَالَ وَهَلْ تَصْلُحُ لَهُ؟ إِنَّمَا هِيَ ابْنَةُ أَخِيهِفَرَجَعَتْ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَذَكَرَتْ ذَلِكَ لَهُ قَالَ ارْجِعِي إِلَيْهِ فَقُولِي لَهُ أَنَا أَخُوكَ وَأَنْتَ أَخِي فِي الْإِسْلَامِ وَابْنَتُكَ تَصْلُحُ لِي فَرَجَعَتْ فَذَكَرَتْ ذَلِكَ لَهُ قَالَ انْتَظِرِي وَخَرَجَ قَالَتْ أُمُّ رُومَانَ إِنَّ مُطْعِمَ بْنَ عَدِيٍّ قَدْ كَانَ ذَكَرَهَا عَلَى ابْنِهِ فَوَاللهِ مَا وَعَدَ وَعْدًا قَطُّ فَأَخْلَفَهُ لِأَبِي بَكْرٍ فَدَخَلَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ عَلَى مُطْعِمِ بْنِ عَدِيٍّ وَعِنْدَهُ امْرَأَتُهُ أُمُّ الْفَتَى فَقَالَتْ يَا ابْنَ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ لَعَلَّكَ مُصْبِئُ صَاحِبَنَا مُدْخِلُهُ فِي دِينِكَ الَّذِي أَنْتَ عَلَيْهِ إِنْ تَزَوَّجَ إِلَيْكَ قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لِلْمُطْعِمِ بْنِ عَدِيٍّ أَقَوْلُ هَذِهِ تَقُولُ قَالَ إِنَّهَا تَقُولُ ذَلِكَ فَخَرَجَ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ وَقَدْ أَذْهَبَ اللهُ ﷻ مَا كَانَ فِي نَفْسِهِ مِنْ عِدَتِهِ الَّتِي وَعَدَهُ فَرَجَعَ فَقَالَ لِخَوْلَةَ ادْعِي لِي رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَدَعَتْهُ فَزَوَّجَهَا إِيَّاهُ وَعَائِشَةُ يَوْمَئِذٍ بِنْتُ سِتِّ سِنِينَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَتْ فَدَخَلَتْ عَلَى سَوْدَةَ بِنْتِ زَمْعَةَ فَقَالَتْ مَاذَا أَدْخَلَ اللهُ ﷻ عَلَيْكِ مِنَ الْخَيْرِ وَالْبَرَكَةِ؟ قَالَتْ مَا ذَاكَ؟ قَالَتْ أَرْسَلَنِي رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَخْطُبُكِ عَلَيْهِ قَالَتْ وَدِدْتُ ادْخُلِي إِلَى أَبِي فَاذْكُرِي ذَاكَ لَهُ وَكَانَ شَيْخًا كَبِيرًا قَدْ أَدْرَكَتْهُ السِّنُّ قَدْ تَخَلَّفَ عَنِ الْحَجِّ فَدَخَلَتْ عَلَيْهِ فَحَيَّتْهُ بِتَحِيَّةِالْجَاهِلِيَّةِ فَقَالَ مَنْ هَذِهِ؟ فَقَالَتْ خَوْلَةُ بِنْتُ حَكِيمٍ قَالَ فَمَا شَأْنُكِ؟ قَالَتْ أَرْسَلَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ أَخْطُبُ عَلَيْهِ سَوْدَةَ قَالَ كُفْءٌ كَرِيمٌ مَاذَا تَقُولُ صَاحِبَتُكِ؟ قَالَتْ تُحِبُّ ذَاكَ قَالَ ادْعُهَا لِي فَدَعَتْهَا فَقَالَ أَيْ بُنَيَّةُ إِنَّ هَذِهِ تَزْعُمْ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ قَدْ أَرْسَلَ يَخْطُبُكِ وَهُوَ كُفْءٌ كَرِيمٌ أَتُحِبِّينَ أَنْ أُزَوِّجَكِ بِهِ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ قَالَ ادْعِيهِ لِي فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَيْهِ فَزَوَّجَهَا إِيَّاهُ فَجَاءَهَا أَخُوهَا عَبْدُ بْنُ زَمْعَةَ مِنَ الْحَجِّ فَجَعَلَ يَحْثِي عَلَى رَأْسِهِ التُّرَابَ فَقَالَ بَعْدَ أَنْ أَسْلَمَ لَعَمْرُكَ إِنِّي لَسَفِيهٌ يَوْمَ أَحْثِي فِي رَأْسِي التُّرَابَ أَنْ تَزَوَّجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ سَوْدَةَ بِنْتَ زَمْعَةَ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَقَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ فَنَزَلْنَا فِي بَنِي الْحَارِثِ مِنَ الْخَزْرَجِ فِي السُّنْحِ قَالَتْ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَدَخَلَ بَيْتَنَا وَاجْتَمَعَ إِلَيْهِ رِجَالٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ وَنِسَاءٌ فَجَاءَتْ بِي أُمِّي وَإِنِّيلَفِي أُرْجُوحَةٍ بَيْنَ عَذْقَيْنِ تَرْجَحُ بِي فَأَنْزَلَتْنِي مِنَ الْأُرْجُوحَةِ وَلِي جُمَيْمَةٌ فَفَرَقَتْهَا وَمَسَحَتْ وَجْهِي بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ مَاءٍ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَتْ تَقُودُنِي حَتَّى وَقَفَتْ بِي عِنْدَ الْبَابِ وَإِنِّي لَأَنْهَجُ حَتَّى سَكَنَ مِنْ نَفْسِي ثُمَّ دَخَلَتْ بِي فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ جَالِسٌ عَلَى سَرِيرٍ فِي بَيْتِنَا وَعِنْدَهُ رِجَالٌ وَنِسَاءٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ فَأَجْلَسَتْنِي فِي حِجْرِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَتْ هَؤُلَاءِ أَهْلُكِ فَبَارَكَ اللهُ لَكِ فِيهِمْ وَبَارَكَ لَهُمْ فِيكِ فَوَثَبَ الرِّجَالُ وَالنِّسَاءُ فَخَرَجُوا وَبَنَى بِي رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فِي بَيْتِنَا مَا نُحِرَتْ عَلَيَّ جَزُورٌ وَلَا ذُبِحَتْ عَلَيَّ شَاةٌ حَتَّى أَرْسَلَ إِلَيْنَا سَعْدُ بْنُ عُبَادَةَ بِجَفْنَةٍ كَانَ يُرْسِلُ بِهَا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ إِذَا دَارَ إِلَى نِسَائِهِ وَأَنَا يَوْمَئِذٍ بِنْتُ تِسْعِ سِنِينَ  

ahmad:25841Bahz > Ḥammād b. Salamah > Abū ʿImrān al-Jawnī > Yazīd b. Bābanūs > Dhahabt

[Machine] I went with a companion of mine to Aisha, so we sought her permission. She threw pillows for us and pulled the curtain towards her. My companion said, "O Mother of the Believers, what do you say about al-'Irak (a type of bed)?" She replied, "What is al-'Irak?" He hit my shoulder and said, "Did you hurt your brother?" Then she asked, "What is al-'Irak? Al-Mahid (menstruation) is what Allah has mentioned." Then she said, "The Messenger of Allah used to put his head near me and I would be menstruating, and there would be a garment between me and him. Then she said, "The Messenger of Allah, when passing by my door, used to toss a word at me, which Allah would benefit me with. One day, he passed by and didn't say anything. Then he passed by again and didn't say anything. This happened two or three times. I said, 'O my neighbor, put a pillow on the door.' I put my head out and he said, 'O Aisha, what is your concern?' I said, 'I have a headache.' He said, 'Both my hands and your hands used to be used for inspirations.' Then, he left and was not gone long until he was brought back in a blanket. He entered and sent word to the women and said, 'Indeed, I have complained and I am unable to do my rounds amongst you. Allow me to stay with Aisha.' So, I stayed by him and washed him, and I didn't wash anyone before him. While his head was between my neck and chest, he moved his head towards me and I thought he wanted something from me, so I released my hair, and a cold drop fell on my chest and made my skin stand. I thought he was affected by that, so I wiped my garment over it. Then Umar and Mugheerah ibn Shu'bah sought permission and I gave them permission, and I drew the curtain towards me. Umar looked at him and said, 'And you are deceiving him. How shocking it is that Muhammad, Messenger of Allah, is deceived.' Then they stood up, and as they were approaching the door, Mugheerah said to 'Umar, 'O 'Umar, the Messenger of Allah has died.' 'Umar said, 'You are lying. Rather, you are a man seeking Fitnah (tribulation). Indeed, the Messenger of Allah does not die until Allah has destroyed the hypocrites.' Then, Abu Bakr entered, and I lifted the curtain and he looked at him. He said, 'Indeed, to Allah we belong, and indeed to Him we shall return. The Messenger of Allah has died.' Then, he approached from the side of his head and kissed his forehead. Then, he said, 'And his Prophet' Then he raised his head, kissed his forehead again, and said, 'And his kin.' After that, he raised his head, kissed his forehead once more and said, 'And his close friend.' Then he came out to the Masjid, and 'Umar was addressing the people, speaking and saying, 'Indeed, the Messenger of Allah does not die until Allah has destroyed the hypocrites.' Then Abu Bakr spoke, praised Allah, and said, "Verily, Allah says, 'Verily, you will die, and verily, they (too) will die' (Az-Zumar: 30).' Until he finished the Ayah, ' Muhammad is no more than a Messenger. Many were the Messengers that passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels (as disbelievers)?' (Al Imran: 144)." Until he finished the Ayah, 'Then whoever worships Allah and his Muhammad, then Muhammad has surely died.' 'Umar said, 'Indeed, it is in the Book of Allah. I didn't realize that it was in the Book of Allah.' Then 'Umar said, 'O people, this is Abu Bakr, who is the older one amongst you, and he has grey hair on his temples. Pledge allegiance to him and pledge allegiance to him."  

أحمد:٢٥٨٤١حَدَّثَنَا بَهْزٌ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو عِمْرَانَ الْجَوْنِيُّ عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ بَابَنُوسَ قَالَ

ذَهَبْتُ أَنَا وَصَاحِبٌ لِي إِلَى عَائِشَةَ فَاسْتَأْذَنَّا عَلَيْهَا فَأَلْقَتْ لَنَا وَسَادَةً وَجَذَبَتْ إِلَيْهَا الْحِجَابَ فَقَالَ صَاحِبِي يَا أُمَّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَا تَقُولِينَ فِي الْعِرَاكِ؟ قَالَتْ وَمَا الْعِرَاكُ وَضَرَبْتُ مَنْكِبَ صَاحِبِي فَقَالَتْ مَهْ آذَيْتَ أَخَاكَ؟ ثُمَّ قَالَتْ مَا الْعِرَاكُ الْمَحِيضُ قُولُوا مَا قَالَ اللهُ الْمَحِيضُ ثُمَّ قَالَتْ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَتَوَشَّحُنِي وَيَنَالُ مِنْ رَأْسِي وَبَيْنِي وَبَيْنَهُ ثَوْبٌ وَأَنَا حَائِضٌ ثُمَّ قَالَتْ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِذَا مَرَّ بِبَابِي مِمَّا يُلْقِي الْكَلِمَةَ يَنْفَعُ اللهُ ﷻ بِهَا فَمَرَّ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ فَلَمْ يَقُلْ شَيْئًا ثُمَّ مَرَّ أَيْضًا فَلَمْ يَقُلْ شَيْئًا مَرَّتَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلَاثًا قُلْتُ يَا جَارِيَةُ ضَعِي لِي وِسَادَةً عَلَى الْبَابِ وَعَصَبْتُ رَأْسِي فَمَرَّ بِي فَقَالَ يَا عَائِشَةُ مَا شَأْنُكِ؟ فَقُلْتُ أَشْتَكِي رَأْسِي فَقَالَ أَنَا وَارَأْسَاهْ فَذَهَبَ فَلَمْ يَلْبَثْ إِلَّا يَسِيرًا حَتَّى جِيءَ بِهِ مَحْمُولًا فِي كِسَاءٍ فَدَخَلَ عَلَيَّ وَبَعَثَ إِلَى النِّسَاءِ فَقَالَ إِنِّي قَدْ اشْتَكَيْتُ وَإِنِّي لَا أَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ أَدُورَ بَيْنَكُنَّ فَائِذَنْ لِي فَلْأَكُنْ عِنْدَ عَائِشَةَ فَكُنْتُ أُوَضِّئُهُ وَلَمْ أَكُنْ أُوَضِّئُ أَحَدًا قَبْلَهُ فَبَيْنَمَا رَأْسُهُ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍعَلَى مَنْكِبَيَّ إِذْ مَالَ رَأْسُهُ نَحْوَ رَأْسِي فَظَنَنْتُ أَنَّهُ يُرِيدُ مِنْ رَأْسِي حَاجَةً فَخَرَجَتْ مِنْ فِيهِ نُطْفَةٌ بَارِدَةٌ فَوَقَعَتْ عَلَى ثُغْرَةِ نَحْرِي فَاقْشَعَرَّ لَهَا جِلْدِي فَظَنَنْتُ أَنَّهُ غُشِيَ عَلَيْهِ فَسَجَّيْتُهُ ثَوْبًا فَجَاءَ عُمَرُ وَالْمُغِيرَةُ بْنُ شُعْبَةَ فَاسْتَأْذَنَا فَأَذِنْتُ لَهُمَا وَجَذَبْتُ إِلَيَّ الْحِجَابَ فَنَظَرَ عُمَرُ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ وَاغَشْيَاهْ مَا أَشَدُّ غَشْيَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ قَامَا فَلَمَّا دَنَوَا مِنَ الْبَابِ قَالَ الْمُغِيرَةُ يَا عُمَرُ مَاتَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ كَذَبْتَ بَلْ أَنْتَ رَجُلٌ تَحُوسُكَ فِتْنَةٌ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ لَا يَمُوتُ حَتَّى يُفْنِيَ اللهُ ﷻ الْمُنَافِقِينَ ثُمَّ جَاءَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَرَفَعْتُ الْحِجَابَ فَنَظَرَ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ مَاتَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ أَتَاهُ مِنْ قِبَلِ رَأْسِهِ فَحَدَرَ فَاهُ وَقَبَّلَ جَبْهَتَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَانَبِيَّاهْ ثُمَّ رَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ ثُمَّ حَدَرَ فَاهُ وَقَبَّلَ جَبْهَتَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَاصَفِيَّاهْ ثُمَّ رَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ وَحَدَرَ فَاهُ وَقَبَّلَ وَقَالَ وَاخَلِيلَاهْ مَاتَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَخَرَجَ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ وَعُمَرُ يَخْطُبُ النَّاسَ وَيَتَكَلَّمُ وَيَقُولُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ لَا يَمُوتُ حَتَّى يُفْنِيَ اللهُ ﷻ الْمُنَافِقِينَ فَتَكَلَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ اللهَ ﷻ يَقُولُ {إِنَّكَ مَيِّتٌ وَإِنَّهُمْ مَيِّتُونَ} [الزمر 30] حَتَّى فَرَغَ مِنَ الْآيَةِ {وَمَا مُحَمَّدٌ إِلَّا رَسُولٌ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ الرُّسُلُ أَفَإِنْ مَاتَ أَوْ قُتِلَ انْقَلَبْتُمْ عَلَى أَعْقَابِكُمْ} [آل عمران 144] حَتَّى فَرَغَ مِنَ الْآيَةِفَمَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ اللهَ ﷻ فَإِنَّ اللهَ حَيٌّ وَمَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ مُحَمَّدًا فَإِنَّ مُحَمَّدًا قَدْ مَاتَ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ أَوَإِنَّهَا لَفِي كِتَابِ اللهِ مَا شَعَرْتُ أَنَّهَا فِي كِتَابِ اللهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ عُمَرُ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ هَذَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَهُوَ ذُو شَيْبَةِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ فَبَايِعُوهُ فَبَايَعُوهُ  

ahmad:20178Abū Kāmil > Zuhayr > al-Aswad b. Qays > Thaʿlabah b. ʿAbbād al-ʿAbdī from Ahl al-Baṣrah

[Machine] Narrated by the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, he said: "Once, I and a young boy from the Ansar were throwing arrows at targets in front of us, according to a promise we made to each other during the time of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. We continued until the sun appeared as if it was a black and cold ball. Then one of us said to his companion, 'Let us go to the mosque, and I swear by Allah that I will inform the Messenger of Allah ﷺ about this extraordinary event in his Ummah.' So we went to the mosque, and behold, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was there. He went out to the people and prayed in a manner longer than any prayer he had ever prayed before, so much so that we could not hear any movement from him. Then he prostrated in a similarly prolonged manner, and again we could not hear any movement from him. He performed the second unit of prayer in the same manner. While he was sitting between the two units, the sun appeared and he performed a sitting that was the longest he had ever done. I thought he would never finish. Then he said the tasleem and praised Allah and testified that He is Allah and His Messenger. Then he addressed the people and said, 'O people, I swear by Allah that if you knew the things that I know, you would have seen the signs in this sun, moon, and stars as the death of great men from the people of the earth. But they would deny it. However, these signs are among Allah's signs that His slaves consider, to see who among them will repent. By Allah, since I started praying, I have not seen you in such a state, concerned about your worldly affairs and your hereafter. By Allah, the Hour will not come until 30 liars appear. The last of them will be the one-eyed Dajjal who will have a blind eye, which looks like the eye of Abu Talha, a companion from the Ansar, between his eyes and Aisha's room. He will claim that he is Allah. Whoever believes in him and testifies to his claim, his good deeds done before that day will not benefit him. And whoever disbelieves in him and denies him, no harm will come to his deeds. A grey-haired old man, perhaps Hassan Ash-Shaib, said that his bad deeds will outweigh his good deeds. The Dajjal will appear on the entire earth except for the Haram and Bayt al-Maqdis. He will gather the believers in Bayt al-Maqdis, where they will experience a severe earthquake. Then Allah will destroy him and his army, to the extent that stones and trees will call out to the believers, saying, 'O believer, this is a Jew,' or 'This is a disbeliever, come and kill him!' But it will not be like that until you witness events that will greatly concern you and you will wonder whether your Prophet has told you about them. And it will not be like that until mountains move from their places consecutively, one after another, and until the closing of the gates. Then I witnessed a sermon by Simarah in which he mentioned this Hadith, but he did not start or end it in its proper context."  

أحمد:٢٠١٧٨حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كَامِلٍ حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرٌ حَدَّثَنَا الْأَسْوَدُ بْنُ قَيْسٍ حَدَّثَنَا ثَعْلَبَةُ بْنُ عَبَّادٍ الْعَبْدِيُّ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْبَصْرَةِ قَالَ شَهِدْتُ يَوْمًا خُطْبَةً لِسَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدُبٍ فَذَكَرَ فِي خُطْبَتِهِ حَدِيثًا

عَنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ بَيْنَا أَنَا وَغُلَامٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ نَرْمِي فِيغَرَضَيْنِ لَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَتِ الشَّمْسُ قِيدَ رُمْحَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلَاثَةٍ فِي عَيْنِ النَّاظِرِ اسْوَدَّتْ حَتَّى آضَتْ كَأَنَّهَا تَنُّومَةٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَحَدُنَا لِصَاحِبِهِ انْطَلِقْ بِنَا إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَوَاللهِ لَيُحْدِثَنَّ شَأْنُ هَذِهِ الشَّمْسِ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فِي أُمَّتِهِ حَدَثًا قَالَ فَدَفَعْنَا إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِأَزَزٍ قَالَ وَوَافَقْنَا رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ حِينَ خَرَجَ إِلَى النَّاسِ فَاسْتَقْدَمَ فَقَامَ بِنَا كَأَطْوَلِ مَا قَامَ بِنَا فِي صَلَاةٍ قَطُّ لَا نَسْمَعُ لَهُ صَوْتًا ثُمَّ رَكَعَ كَأَطْوَلِ مَارَكَعَ بِنَا فِي صَلَاةٍ قَطُّ لَا نَسْمَعُ لَهُ صَوْتًا ثُمَّ سَجَدَ بِنَا كَأَطْوَلَ مَا سَجَدَ بِنَا فِي صَلَاةٍ قَطُّ لَا نَسْمَعُ لَهُ صَوْتًا ثُمَّ فَعَلَ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ فَوَافَقَ تَجَلِّيَ الشَّمْسِ جُلُوسُهُ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ قَالَ زُهَيْرٌ حَسِبْتُهُ قَالَ فَسَلَّمَ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ وَشَهِدَ أَنَّهُ عَبْدُ اللهِ وَرَسُولُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَنْشُدُكُمْ بِاللهِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنِّي قَصَّرْتُ عَنْ شَيْءٍ مِنْ تَبْلِيغِ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي لَمَا أَخْبَرْتُمُونِي ذَاكَ فَبَلَّغْتُ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي كَمَا يَنْبَغِي لَهَا أَنْ تُبَلَّغَ وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنِّي بَلَّغْتُ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي لَمَا أَخْبَرْتُمُونِي ذَاكَ قَالَ فَقَامَ رِجَالٌ فَقَالُوا نَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّكَ وَنَصَحْتَ لِأُمَّتِكَ وَقَضَيْتَ الَّذِي عَلَيْكَ ثُمَّ سَكَتُوا ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَإِنَّ رِجَالًا يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّ كُسُوفَ هَذِهِ الشَّمْسِ وَكُسُوفَ هَذَا الْقَمَرِ وَزَوَالَ هَذِهِ النُّجُومِ عَنْ مَطَالِعِهَا لِمَوْتِ رِجَالٍ عُظَمَاءَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ وَإِنَّهُمْ قَدْ كَذَبُوا وَلَكِنَّهَا آيَاتٌ مِنْ آيَاتِ اللهِ يَعْتَبِرُ بِهَا عِبَادُهُ فَيَنْظُرُ مَنْ يُحْدِثُ لَهُ مِنْهُمْ تَوْبَةً وَايْمُ اللهِ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُ مُنْذُ قُمْتُ أُصَلِّي مَا أَنْتُمْ لَاقُونَ فِي أَمْرِ دُنْيَاكُمْ وَآخِرَتِكُمْ وَإِنَّهُ وَاللهِ لَا تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ ثَلَاثُونَكَذَّابًا آخِرُهُمُ الْأَعْوَرُ الدَّجَّالُ مَمْسُوحُ الْعَيْنِ الْيُسْرَى كَأَنَّهَا عَيْنُ أَبِي تَحْيَى لِشَيْخٍ حِينَئِذٍ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ حُجْرَةِ عَائِشَةَ وَإِنَّهُ مَتَى يَخْرُجُ أَوْ قَالَ مَتَى مَا يَخْرُجُ فَإِنَّهُ سَوْفَ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ اللهُ فَمَنْ آمَنَ بِهِ وَصَدَّقَهُ وَاتَّبَعَهُ لَمْ يَنْفَعْهُ صَالِحٌ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ سَلَفَ وَمَنْ كَفَرَ بِهِ وَكَذَّبَهُ لَمْ يُعَاقَبْ بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ وَقَالَ حَسَنٌ الْأَشْيَبُ بِسَيِّئٍ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ سَلَفَ وَإِنَّهُ سَيَظْهَرُ أَوْ قَالَ سَوْفَ يَظْهَرُ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ كُلِّهَا إِلَّا الْحَرَمَ وَبَيْتَ الْمَقْدِسِ وَإِنَّهُ يَحْصُرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فِي بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ فَيُزَلْزَلُونَ زِلْزَالًا شَدِيدًا ثُمَّ يُهْلِكُهُ اللهُ وَجُنُودَهُ حَتَّى إِنَّ جِذْمَ الْحَائِطِ أَوْ قَالَ أَصْلَ الْحَائِطِ وَقَالَ حَسَنٌ الْأَشْيَبُ وَأَصْلَ الشَّجَرَةِ لَيُنَادِي أَوْ قَالَ يَقُولُ يَا مُؤْمِنُ أَوْ قَالَ يَا مُسْلِمُ هَذَا يَهُودِيٌّ أَوْ قَالَ هَذَا كَافِرٌ تَعَالَ فَاقْتُلْهُ قَالَ وَلَنْ يَكُونَ ذَلِكَ كَذَلِكَ حَتَّى تَرَوْا أُمُورًا يَتَفَاقَمُ شَأْنُهَا فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ وَتَسَاءَلُونَ بَيْنَكُمْ هَلْ كَانَ نَبِيُّكُمْ ذَكَرَ لَكُمْ مِنْهَا ذِكْرًا وَحَتَّى تَزُولَ جِبَالٌ عَلَى مَرَاتِبِهَا ثُمَّ عَلَى أَثَرِ ذَلِكَ الْقَبْضُ قَالَ ثُمَّ شَهِدْتُ خُطْبَةً لِسَمُرَةَ ذَكَرَ فِيهَا هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ فَمَا قَدَّمَ كَلِمَةً وَلَا أَخَّرَهَا عَنْ مَوْضِعِهَا  

ahmad:25097Yazīd > Muḥammad b. ʿAmr from his father from his grandfather ʿAlqamah b. Waqqāṣ > ʿĀʾishah

[Machine] I went out on  

أحمد:٢٥٠٩٧حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ جَدِّهِ عَلْقَمَةَ بْنِ وَقَّاصٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَتْنِي عَائِشَةُ قَالَتْ

خَرَجْتُ يَوْمَ الْخَنْدَقِ أَقْفُو آثَارَ النَّاسِ قَالَتْ فَسَمِعْتُ وَئِيدَ الْأَرْضِ وَرَائِي يَعْنِي حِسَّ الْأَرْضِ قَالَتْ فَالْتَفَتُّ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِسَعْدِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ وَمَعَهُ ابْنُ أَخِيهِ الْحَارِثُ بْنُ أَوْسٍ يَحْمِلُ مِجَنَّهُ قَالَتْ فَجَلَسْتُ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ فَمَرَّ سَعْدٌ وَعَلَيْهِ دِرْعٌ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ قَدْ خَرَجَتْ مِنْهَا أَطْرَافُهُ فَأَنَا أَتَخَوَّفُ عَلَى أَطْرَافِ سَعْدٍ قَالَتْ وَكَانَ سَعْدٌ مِنْ أَعْظَمِ النَّاسِوَأَطْوَلِهِمْ قَالَتْ فَمَرَّ وَهُوَ يَرْتَجِزُ وَيَقُولُ[البحر الرجز]لَبَّثْ قَلِيلًا يُدْرِكُ الْهَيْجَا حَمَلْ مَا أَحْسَنَ الْمَوْتَ إِذَا حَانَ الْأَجَلْقَالَتْ فَقُمْتُ فَاقْتَحَمْتُ حَدِيقَةً فَإِذَا فِيهَا نَفَرٌ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَإِذَا فِيهِمْ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ وَفِيهِمْ رَجُلٌ عَلَيْهِ تَسْبِغَةٌ لَهُ يَعْنِي مِغْفَرًا فَقَالَ عُمَرُ مَا جَاءَ بِكِ؟ لَعَمْرِي وَاللهِ إِنَّكِ لَجَرِيئَةٌ وَمَا يُؤْمِنُكِ أَنْ يَكُونَ بَلَاءٌ أَوْ يَكُونَ تَحَوُّزٌ؟ قَالَتْ فَمَا زَالَ يَلُومُنِي حَتَّى تَمَنَّيْتُ أَنَّ الْأَرْضَ انْشَقَّتْ لِي سَاعَتَئِذٍ فَدَخَلْتُ فِيهَا قَالَتْ فَرَفَعَ الرَّجُلُ التَّسْبِغَةَ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ فَإِذَا طَلْحَةُ بْنُ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ فَقَالَ يَا عُمَرُ وَيْحَكَ إِنَّكَ قَدْ أَكْثَرْتَ مُنْذُ الْيَوْمَ وَأَيْنَ التَّحَوُّزُ أَوِ الْفِرَارُ إِلَّا إِلَى اللهِ ﷻ؟ قَالَتْ وَيَرْمِي سَعْدًا رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ يُقَالُ لَهُابْنُ الْعَرِقَةِ بِسَهْمٍ لَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ خُذْهَا وَأَنَا ابْنُ الْعَرَقَةِ فَأَصَابَ أَكْحَلَهُ فَقَطَعَهُ فَدَعَا اللهَ ﷻ سَعْدٌ فَقَالَ اللهُمَّ لَا تُمِتْنِي حَتَّى تُقِرَّ عَيْنِي مِنْ قُرَيْظَةَ قَالَتْ وَكَانُوا حُلَفَاءَهُ وَمَوَالِيَهُ فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ قَالَتْ فَرَقَأَ كَلْمُهُ وَبَعَثَ اللهُ ﷻ الرِّيحَ عَلَى الْمُشْرِكِينَ فَكَفَى الله ﷻ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الْقِتَالَ وَكَانَ اللهُ قَوِيًّا عَزِيزًا فَلَحِقَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ وَمَنْ مَعَهُ بِتِهَامَةَ وَلَحِقَ عُيَيْنَةُ بْنُ بَدْرٍ وَمَنْ مَعَهُ بِنَجْدٍ وَرَجَعَتْ بَنُو قُرَيْظَةَ فَتَحَصَّنُوا فِي صَيَاصِيهِمْ وَرَجَعَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ فَوَضَعَ السِّلَاحَ وَأَمَرَ بِقُبَّةٍ مِنْ أَدَمٍ فَضُرِبَتْ عَلَى سَعْدٍ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ قَالَتْ فَجَاءَهُ جِبْرِيلُ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ وَإِنَّ عَلَى ثَنَايَاهُ لَنَقْعُ الْغُبَارِ فَقَالَ أَقَدْ وَضَعْتَ السِّلَاحَ؟ وَاللهِ مَا وَضَعَتِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ بَعْدُ السِّلَاحَ اخْرُجْ إِلَى بَنِي قُرَيْظَةَ فَقَاتِلْهُمْ قَالَتْ فَلَبِسَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لَأْمَتَهُ وَأَذَّنَ فِي النَّاسِ بِالرَّحِيلِ أَنْ يَخْرُجُوا فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَمَرَّ عَلَى بَنِي غَنْمٍ وَهُمْ جِيرَانُ الْمَسْجِدِ حَوْلَهُ فَقَالَ مَنْ مَرَّ بِكُمْ؟ فَقَالُوا مَرَّ بِنَا دِحْيَةُ الْكَلْبِيُّ وَكَانَ دِحْيَةُ الْكَلْبِيُّ تُشْبِهُ لِحْيَتُهُ وَسُنَّةُ وَجْهِهِ جِبْرِيلَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ فَقَالَتْ فَأَتَاهُمْ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَحَاصَرَهُمْ خَمْسًا وَعِشْرِينَ لَيْلَةً فَلَمَّا اشْتَدَّ حَصْرُهُمْ وَاشْتَدَّ الْبَلَاءُ قِيلَ لَهُمْ انْزِلُوا عَلَى حُكْمِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَاسْتَشَارُوا أَبَا لُبَابَةَ بْنَ عَبْدِ الْمُنْذِرِ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِمْ أَنَّهُ الذَّبْحُ قَالُوا نَنْزِلُ عَلَى حُكْمِ سَعْدِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ انْزِلُوا عَلَى حُكْمِ سَعْدِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ فَنَزَلُوا وَبَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى سَعْدِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ فَأُتِيَ بِهِ عَلَى حِمَارٍ عَلَيْهِ إِكَافٌ مِنْ لِيفٍ قَدْ حُمِلَ عَلَيْهِ وَحَفَّ بِهِ قَوْمُهُ فَقَالُوا يَا أَبَا عَمْرٍو حُلَفَاؤُكَ وَمَوَالِيكَ وَأَهْلُ النِّكَايَةِ وَمَنْ قَدْ عَلِمْتَ قَالَتْ لَا يُرْجِعُ إِلَيْهِمْ شَيْئًا وَلَا يَلْتَفِتُ إِلَيْهِمْ حَتَّى إِذَا دَنَا مِنْ دُورِهِمْ الْتَفَتَ إِلَى قَوْمِهِ فَقَالَ قَدْ أَنَى لِي أَنْ لَا أُبَالِيَ فِي اللهِ لَوْمَةَ لَائِمٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ فَلَمَّا طَلَعَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ قُومُوا إِلَى سَيِّدِكُمْ فَأَنْزَلُوهُ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ سَيِّدُنَا اللهُ ﷻ قَالَ أَنْزِلُوهُ فَأَنْزَلُوهُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ احْكُمْ فِيهِمْ قَالَ سَعْدٌ فَإِنِّي أَحْكُمُ فِيهِمْ أَنْ تُقْتَلَ مُقَاتِلَتُهُمْ وَتُسْبَى ذَرَارِيُّهُمْ وَتُقْسَمَ أَمْوَالُهُمْ وَقَالَ يَزِيدُ بِبَغْدَادَ وَيُقْسَمُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لَقَدْ حَكَمْتَ فِيهِمْ بِحُكْمِ اللهِ ﷻ وَحُكْمِ رَسُولِهِ قَالَتْ ثُمَّ دَعَا سَعْدٌ قَالَ اللهُمَّ إِنْ كُنْتَ أَبْقَيْتَ عَلَى نَبِيِّكَ ﷺ مِنْ حَرْبِ قُرَيْشٍ شَيْئًا فَأَبْقِنِي لَهَا وَإِنْ كُنْتَ قَطَعْتَ الْحَرْبَ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهُمْ فَاقْبِضْنِي إِلَيْكَ قَالَتْ فَانْفَجَرَ كَلْمُهُ وَكَانَ قَدْبَرِئَ حَتَّى مَا يُرَى مِنْهُ إِلَّا مِثْلُ الْخُرْصِ وَرَجَعَ إِلَى قُبَّتِهِ الَّتِي ضَرَبَ عَلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَحَضَرَهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرُ قَالَتْ فَوَالَّذِي نَفْسُ مُحَمَّدٍ بِيَدِهِ إِنِّي لَأَعْرِفُ بُكَاءَ عُمَرَ مِنْ بُكَاءِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَأَنَا فِي حُجْرَتِي وَكَانُوا كَمَا قَالَ اللهُ ﷻ {رُحَمَاءُ بَيْنَهُمْ} [الفتح 29] قَالَ عَلْقَمَةُ قُلْتُ أَيْ أُمَّهْ فَكَيْفَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَصْنَعُ؟ قَالَتْ كَانَتْ عَيْنُهُ لَا تَدْمَعُ عَلَى أَحَدٍ وَلَكِنَّهُ كَانَ إِذَا وَجِدَ فَإِنَّمَا هُوَ آخِذٌ بِلِحْيَتِهِ  

ahmad:17777Yaʿqūb b. Ibrāhīm from my father > Ibn Isḥāq > Yazīd b. Abū Ḥabīb

[Machine] About the trench, I gathered a group of men from the Quraysh who used to see my location and hear from me. So I said to them, "Do you know, by Allah, I see Muhammad's matter rising greatly, and I have seen a vision. What do you see in it?" They asked, "What did you see?" I said, "I saw that we meet with the Najashi (King of Abyssinia), so that if Muhammad appears over our people, we will be with the Najashi. Because being under his authority is more beloved to us than being under the authority of Muhammad. And if our people appear, they will only bring us goodness." They said, "This plan is good." So I told them to gather what we will present to the Najashi, and the most beloved thing that could be presented to him was Adham from our land. So we gathered a lot of Adham for him, and we traveled until we reached him. By Allah, we were with him when 'Amr ibn Umayyah Ad-Damri came, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had sent him to the Najashi regarding Ja'far and his companions. 'Amr entered upon him and then left his presence. So I said to my companions, "This is 'Amr ibn Umayyah. If I had met the Najashi and asked him for him, he would have given him to me and I would have killed him. So when Quraysh saw that I had relieved them by killing the Messenger of Allah ﷺ , they let me enter upon him. So I prostrated before him as I used to do, and he said, 'Welcome, my friend. Did you bring me anything from your land?' I said, 'Yes, O King, I have brought you a lot of Adham.' He was amazed by them and liked them. Then I said to him, 'O King, I have seen a man who came from you, and he is a Messenger of a man who is an enemy to us. Give him to me so that I can kill him, for he has harmed some of our nobles and elites.' The Najashi became angry and raised his hand, striking his nose. I thought he had broken it, and if the earth had split open for me, I would have entered it due to him. Then I said to him, 'O King, by Allah, if I had thought that you disliked this, I would not have asked you for it.' He said, 'Do you ask me to give you the Messenger of a man whom the greatest catastrophe used to come to, like that which used to come to Musa, so that you can kill him?' I said, 'O King, is he such?' He said, 'Woe unto you, O 'Amr! Obey him and follow him, for by Allah, he is on the truth and he will be victorious. There will come a time when people will appear against him as Musa appeared against Fir'awn and his soldiers.' I said, 'So pledge allegiance to him for Islam.' He said, 'Yes.' He extended his hand and I pledged allegiance to him for Islam. Then I went out to my companions with my vision being different from what it used to be, and I concealed my Islam from my companions. Then I went out following the Messenger of Allah ﷺ to become Muslim. I met Khalid ibn Al-Walid, who was approaching from Makkah, and I said, 'Where are you, O Abu Sulayman?' He said, 'By Allah, the canyons are straight, and that man is truly a Prophet. I will go and become Muslim.' I asked, 'Until when?' He said, 'By Allah, I only came to become Muslim.' I said, 'We have preceded you in pledging allegiance to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ .' So we arrived to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ , and Khalid ibn Al-Walid became Muslim and pledged allegiance to him. Then I approached and said, 'O Messenger of Allah, I pledge allegiance to you on the condition that you forgive me for what has passed of my sins and that you do not mention them. He ﷺ said, 'O 'Amr, pledge allegiance, for indeed Islam erases what came before it, and Hijrah erases what came before it.' I said, 'So I pledged allegiance to him,' and then I departed." Ibn Ishaq said, "I have narrated this story to you from a trustworthy person." Uthman ibn Talhah ibn Abi Talhah was with them when they became Muslim.  

أحمد:١٧٧٧٧حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي عَنْ ابْنِ إِسْحَاقَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي يَزِيدُ بْنُ أَبِي حَبِيبٍ عَنْ رَاشِدٍ مَوْلَى حَبِيبِ بْنِ أَبِي أَوْسٍ الثَّقَفِيِّ عَنْ حَبِيبِ بْنِ أَبِي أَوْسٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عَمْرُو بْنُ الْعَاصِ مِنْ فِيهِ قَالَ لَمَّا انْصَرَفْنَا مِنَالْأَحْزَابِ

عَنِ الْخَنْدَقِ جَمَعْتُ رِجَالًا مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ كَانُوا يَرَوْنَ مَكَانِي وَيَسْمَعُونَ مِنِّي فَقُلْتُ لَهُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ وَاللهِ إِنِّي لَأَرَى أَمْرَ مُحَمَّدٍ يَعْلُو الْأُمُورَ عُلُوًّا كَبِيرًا وَإِنِّي قَدْ رَأَيْتُ رَأْيًا فَمَا تَرَوْنَ فِيهِ؟ قَالُوا وَمَا رَأَيْتَ؟ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ أَنْ نَلْحَقَ بِالنَّجَاشِيِّ فَنَكُونَ عِنْدَهُ فَإِنْ ظَهَرَ مُحَمَّدٌ عَلَى قَوْمِنَا كُنَّا عِنْدَ النَّجَاشِيِّ فَإِنَّا أَنْ نَكُونَ تَحْتَ يَدَيْهِ أَحَبُّ إِلَيْنَا مِنْ أَنْ نَكُونَ تَحْتَ يَدَيْ مُحَمَّدٍ وَإِنْ ظَهَرَ قَوْمُنَا فَنَحْنُ مَنْ قَدْ عُرِفُوا فَلَنْ يَأْتِيَنَا مِنْهُمْ إِلَّا خَيْرٌ فَقَالُوا إِنَّ هَذَا الرَّأْيُ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُمْ فَاجْمَعُوا لَهُ مَا نُهْدِي لَهُ وَكَانَ أَحَبَّ مَا يُهْدَى إِلَيْهِ مِنْ أَرْضِنَا الْأَدَمُ فَجَمَعْنَا لَهُ أُدْمًا كَثِيرًا فَخَرَجْنَا حَتَّى قَدِمْنَا عَلَيْهِ فَوَاللهِ إِنَّا لَعِنْدَهُ إِذْ جَاءَ عَمْرُو بْنُ أُمَيَّةَ الضَّمْرِيُّ وَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ قَدْ بَعَثَهُ إِلَيْهِ فِي شَأْنِ جَعْفَرٍ وَأَصْحَابِهِ قَالَ فَدَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لِأَصْحَابِي هَذَا عَمْرُو بْنُ أُمَيَّةَ لَوْ قَدْ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى النَّجَاشِيِّ فَسَأَلْتُهُ إِيَّاهُ فَأَعْطَانِيهِ فَضَرَبْتُ عُنُقَهُ فَإِذَا فَعَلْتُ ذَلِكَ رَأَتْ قُرَيْشٌ أَنِّي قَدْ أَجْزَأْتُ عَنْهَا حِينَ قَتَلْتُ رَسُولَ مُحَمَّدٍ قَالَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَسَجَدْتُ لَهُ كَمَا كُنْتُ أَصْنَعُ فَقَالَ مَرْحَبًا بِصَدِيقِي أَهْدَيْتَ لِي مِنْ بِلَادِكَ شَيْئًا؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ نَعَمْأَيُّهَا الْمَلِكُ قَدْ أَهْدَيْتُ لَكَ أُدْمًا كَثِيرًا قَالَ ثُمَّ قَدَّمْتُهُ إِلَيْهِ فَأَعْجَبَهُ وَاشْتَهَاهُ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ لَهُ أَيُّهَا الْمَلِكُ إِنِّي قَدْ رَأَيْتُ رَجُلًا خَرَجَ مِنْ عِنْدِكَ وَهُوَ رَسُولُ رَجُلٍ عَدُوٍّ لَنَا فَأَعْطِنِيهِ لِأَقْتُلَهُ فَإِنَّهُ قَدْ أَصَابَ مِنْ أَشْرَافِنَا وَخِيَارِنَا قَالَ فَغَضِبَ ثُمَّ مَدَّ يَدَهُ فَضَرَبَ بِهَا أَنْفَهُ ضَرْبَةً ظَنَنْتُ أَنْ قَدْ كَسَرَهُ فَلَوِ انْشَقَّتْ لِي الْأَرْضُ لَدَخَلْتُ فِيهَا فَرَقًا مِنْهُ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ أَيُّهَا الْمَلِكُ وَاللهِ لَوْ ظَنَنْتُ أَنَّكَ تَكْرَهُ هَذَا مَا سَأَلْتُكَهُ فَقَالَ أَتَسْأَلُنِي أَنْ أُعْطِيَكَ رَسُولَ رَجُلٍ يَأْتِيهِ النَّامُوسُ الْأَكْبَرُ الَّذِي كَانَ يَأْتِي مُوسَى لِتَقْتُلَهُ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ أَيُّهَا الْمَلِكُ أَكَذَاكَ هُوَ؟ فَقَالَ وَيْحَكَ يَا عَمْرُو أَطِعْنِي وَاتَّبِعْهُ فَإِنَّهُ وَاللهِ لَعَلَى الْحَقِّ وَلَيَظْهَرَنَّ عَلَى مَنْ خَالَفَهُ كَمَا ظَهَرَ مُوسَى عَلَى فِرْعَوْنَ وَجُنُودِهِ قَالَ قُلْتُ فَبَايِعْنِي لَهُ عَلَى الْإِسْلَامِ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَبَسَطَ يَدَهُ وَبَايَعْتُهُ عَلَى الْإِسْلَامِ ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ إِلَى أَصْحَابِي وَقَدْ حَالَ رَأْيِي عَمَّا كَانَ عَلَيْهِ وَكَتَمْتُ أَصْحَابِي إِسْلَامِي ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ عَامِدًا لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ لِأُسْلِمَ فَلَقِيتُ خَالِدَ بْنَ الْوَلِيدِ وَذَلِكَ قُبَيْلَ الْفَتْحِ وَهُوَ مُقْبِلٌ مِنْ مَكَّةَ فَقُلْتُ أَيْنَ يَا أَبَا سُلَيْمَانَ؟ قَالَ وَاللهِ لَقَدِ اسْتَقَامَ الْمَنْسِمُ وَإِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَنَبِيٌّ أَذْهَبُ وَاللهِ أُسْلِمُ فَحَتَّى مَتَى؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَاللهِ مَا جِئْتُ إِلَّا لِأُسْلِمَ قَالَ فَقَدِمْنَا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَدِمَ خَالِدُ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِفَأَسْلَمَ وَبَايَعَ ثُمَّ دَنَوْتُ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنِّي أُبَايِعُكَ عَلَى أَنْ تَغْفِرَ لِي مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِي وَلَا أَذْكُرُ وَمَا تَأَخَّرَ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَا عَمْرُو بَايِعْ فَإِنَّ الْإِسْلَامَ يَجُبُّ مَا كَانَ قَبْلَهُ وَإِنَّ الْهِجْرَةَ تَجُبُّ مَا كَانَ قَبْلَهَا قَالَ فَبَايَعْتُهُ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفْتُ قَالَ ابْنُ إِسْحَاقَ وَقَدْ حَدَّثَنِي مَنْ لَا أَتَّهِمُ أَنَّ عُثْمَانَ بْنَ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ كَانَ مَعَهُمَا أَسْلَمَ حِينَ أَسْلَمَا  

ahmad:15281ʿAffān > Abū ʿAwānah > al-Aswad b. Qays > Nubayḥ al-ʿAnazī > Jābir b. ʿAbdullāh
Request/Fix translation

  

أحمد:١٥٢٨١حَدَّثَنَا عَفَّانُ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ حَدَّثَنَا الْأَسْوَدُ بْنُ قَيْسٍ

عَنْ نُبَيْحٍ الْعَنَزِيِّ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ قَالَ خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ إِلَى الْمُشْرِكِينَ لِيُقَاتِلَهُمْ وَقَالَ لِي أَبِي عَبْدُ اللهِ يَا جَابِرُ لَا عَلَيْكَ أَنْ تَكُونَ فِي نَظَّارِي أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ حَتَّى تَعْلَمَ إِلَى مَا يَصِيرُ أَمْرُنَا فَإِنِّي وَاللهِ لَوْلَا أَنِّي أَتْرُكُ بَنَاتٍ لِي بَعْدِي لَأَحْبَبْتُ أَنْ تُقْتَلَ بَيْنَ يَدَيَّ قَالَ فَبَيْنَمَا أَنَا فِي النَّظَّارِينَ إِذْ جَاءَتْ عَمَّتِي بِأَبِي وَخَالِي عَادِلَتَهُمَا عَلَى نَاضِحٍ فَدَخَلَتْ بِهِمَا الْمَدِينَةَ لِتَدْفِنَهُمَا فِي مَقَابِرِنَا إِذْ لَحِقَ رَجُلٌ يُنَادِي أَلَا إِنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَنْ تَرْجِعُوابِالْقَتْلَى فَتَدْفِنُوهَا فِي مَصَارِعِهَا حَيْثُ قُتِلَتْ فَرَجَعْنَا بِهِمَا فَدَفَنَّاهُمَا حَيْثُ قُتِلَا فَبَيْنَمَا أَنَا فِي خِلَافَةِ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ إِذْ جَاءَنِي رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ يَا جَابِرُ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللهِ وَاللهِ لَقَدْ أَثَارَ أَبَاكَ عُمَّالَ مُعَاوِيَةَ فَبَدَا فَخَرَجَ طَائِفَةٌ مِنْهُ فَأَتَيْتُهُ فَوَجَدْتُهُ عَلَى النَّحْوِ الَّذِي دَفَنْتُهُ لَمْ يَتَغَيَّرْ إِلَّا مَا لَمْ يَدَعِ الْقَتْلُ أَوِ الْقَتِيلُ فَوَارَيْتُهُقَالَ وَتَرَكَ عَلَيْهِ دَيْنًا مِنَ التَّمْرِ فَاشْتَدَّ عَلَيَّ بَعْضُ غُرَمَائِهِ فِي التَّقَاضِي فَأَتَيْتُ نَبِيَّ اللهِ ﷺ فَقُلْتُ يَا نَبِيَّ اللهِ إِنَّ أَبِي أُصِيبَ يَوْمَ كَذَا وَكَذَا وَتَرَكَ عَلَيْهِ دَيْنًا مِنَ التَّمْرِ وَقدِ اشْتَدَّ عَلَيَّ بَعْضُ غُرَمَائِهِ فِي التَّقَاضِي فَأُحِبُّ أَنْ تُعِينَنِي عَلَيْهِ لَعَلَّهُ أَنْ يُنَظِّرَنِي طَائِفَةً مِنْ تَمْرِهِ إِلَى هَذَا الصِّرَامِ الْمُقْبِلِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ آتِيكَ إِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ قَرِيبًا مِنْ وَسَطِ النَّهَارِ وَجَاءَ مَعَهُ حَوَارِيُّوهُ ثُمَّ اسْتَأْذَنَ فَدَخَلَ وَقَدْ قُلْتُ لِامْرَأَتِي إِنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ جَاءَنِي الْيَوْمَ وَسَطَ النَّهَارِ فَلَا أَرَيَنَّكِ وَلَا تُؤْذِي رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فِي بَيْتِي بِشَيْءٍ وَلَا تُكَلِّمِيهِ فَدَخَلَ فَفَرَشَتْ لَهُ فِرَاشًا وَوِسَادَةً فَوَضَعَ رَأْسَهُ فَنَامَ قَالَ وَقُلْتُ لِمَوْلًى لِيَ اذْبَحْ هَذِهِ الْعَنَاقَ وَهِيَدَاجِنٌ سَمِينَةٌ وَالْوَحَى وَالْعَجَلَ افْرُغْ مِنْهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَسْتَيْقِظَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَنَا مَعَكَ فَلَمْ نَزَلْ فِيهَا حَتَّى فَرَغْنَا مِنْهَا وَهُوَ نَائِمٌ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ إِذَا اسْتَيْقَظَ يَدْعُو بِالطَّهُورِ وَإِنِّي أَخَافُ إِذَا فَرَغَ أَنْ يَقُومَ فَلَا يَفْرَغَنَّ مِنْ وُضُوئِهِ حَتَّى تَضَعَ الْعَنَاقَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ فَلَمَّا قَامَ قَالَ يَا جَابِرُ ائْتِنِي بِطَهُورٍ فَلَمْ يَفْرُغْ مِنْ طُهُورِهِ حَتَّى وَضَعْتُ الْعَنَاقَ عِنْدَهُ فَنَظَرَ إِلَيَّ فَقَالَ كَأَنَّكَ قَدْ عَلِمْتَ حُبَّنَا لِلَّحْمِ ادْعُ لِي أَبَا بَكْرٍ قَالَ ثُمَّ دَعَا حَوَارِيَّيْهِ الَّذِيْنَ مَعَهُ فَدَخَلُوا فَضَرَبَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بِيَدَيْهِ وَقَالَ بِسْمِ اللهِ كُلُوا فَأَكَلُوا حَتَّى شَبِعُوا وَفَضَلَ لَحْمٌ مِنْهَا كَثِيرٌ قَالَ وَاللهِ إِنَّ مَجْلِسَ بَنِي سَلِمَةَ لَيَنْظُرُونَ إِلَيْهِ وَهُوَ أَحَبُّ إِلَيْهِمْ مِنْ أَعْيُنِهِمْ مَا يَقْرُبُهُ رَجُلٌ مِنْهُمْ مَخَافَةَ أَنْ يُؤْذُوهُ فَلَمَّا فَرَغُوا قَامَ وَقَامَ أَصْحَابُهُ فَخَرَجُوا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَكَانَ يَقُولُ خَلُّوا ظَهْرِي لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ وَاتَّبَعْتُهُمْ حَتَّى بَلَغُوا أُسْكُفَّةَ الْبَابِ قَالَ وَأَخْرَجَتْ امْرَأَتِي صَدْرَهَا وَكَانَتْ مُسْتَتِرَةً بِسَفِيفٍ فِي الْبَيْتِ قَالَتْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلِّ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَى زَوْجِي صَلَّى الله عَلَيْكَ فَقَالَ صَلَّى الله عَلَيْكِ وَعَلَى زَوْجِكِ ثُمَّ قَالَ ادْعُ لِي فُلَانًا لِغَرِيمِي الَّذِي اشْتَدَّ عَلَيَّ فِي الطَّلَبِقَالَ فَجَاءَ فَقَالَ أَيْسِرْ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللهِ يَعْنِي إِلَى الْمَيْسَرَةِ طَائِفَةً مِنْ دَيْنِكَ الَّذِي عَلَى أَبِيهِ إِلَى هَذَا الصِّرَامِ الْمُقْبِلِ قَالَ مَا أَنَا بِفَاعِلٍ وَاعْتَلَّ وَقَالَ إِنَّمَا هُوَ مَالُ يَتَامَى فَقَالَ أَيْنَ جَابِرٌ؟ فَقَالَ أَنَا ذَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَ كِلْ لَهُ فَإِنَّ اللهَ سَوْفَ يُوَفِّيهِ فَنَظَرْتُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ فَإِذَا الشَّمْسُ قَدْ دَلَكَتْ قَالَ الصَّلَاةَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَانْدَفَعُوا إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَقُلْتُ قَرِّبْ أَوْعِيَتَكَ فَكِلْتُ لَهُ مِنَ الْعَجْوَةِ فَوَفَّاهُ اللهُ وَفَضَلَ لَنَا مِنَ التَّمْرِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَجِئْتُ أَسْعَى إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فِي مَسْجِدِهِ كَأَنِّي شَرَارَةٌ فَوَجَدْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَدْ صَلَّى فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنِّي كِلْتُ لِغَرِيمِي تَمْرَهُ فَوَفَّاهُ اللهُ وَفَضَلَ لَنَا مِنَ التَّمْرِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَقَالَ أَيْنَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ؟ فَجَاءَ يُهَرْوِلُ فَقَالَ سَلْ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ غَرِيمِهِ وَتَمْرِهِ فَقَالَ مَا أَنَا بِسَائِلِهِ قَدْ عَلِمْتُ أَنَّ اللهَ سَوْفَ يُوَفِّيهِ إِذْ أَخْبَرْتَ أَنَّ اللهَ سَوْفَ يُوَفِّيهِ فَكَرَّرَ عَلَيْهِ هَذِهِ الْكَلِمَةَ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ كُلُّ ذَلِكَ يَقُولُ مَا أَنَا بِسَائِلِهِ وَكَانَ لَا يُرَاجِعُ بَعْدَ الْمَرَّةِ الثَّالِثَةِ فَقَالَ يَا جَابِرُ مَا فَعَلَ غَرِيمُكَ وَتَمْرُكَ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَفَّاهُ اللهُ وَفَضَلَ لَنَا مِنَ التَّمْرِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَرَجَعَ إِلَى امْرَأَتِهِ فَقَالَ أَلَمْ أَكُنْ نَهَيْتُكِ أَنْ تُكَلِّمِي رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ؟ قَالَتْ أَكُنْتَ تَظُنُّ أَنَّ اللهَ يُورِدُ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ بَيْتِي ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ وَلَا أَسْأَلُهُ الصَّلَاةَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَى زَوْجِي قَبْلَ أَنْيَخْرُجَ  

ahmad:14440Yaḥyá > Jaʿfar from my father

[Machine] We came to Jabir bin Abdullah while he was in Bani Salimah, and we asked him about the pilgrimage of the Prophet ﷺ. He told us that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ stayed in Medina for nine years without performing Hajj. Then the permission was given to the people that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ would perform Hajj this year. He said, "So many people from Medina descended upon the city, all seeking to accompany the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and do the same as he does. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ set out with a group of ten people on the tenth day of Dhul-Hijjah, and we accompanied him until we reached Dhul-Hulayfah. Asma bint 'Umais sent a message to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ asking, 'What should I do?' He replied, 'Perform Ghusl (ritual bath), then put on your Ihram garments, then perform Istidfar (seeking forgiveness) with a cloth, and then proceed with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ.' So the Messenger of Allah ﷺ continued until his camel stopped in the open, and he began reciting Talbiyah, 'Labbaik Allahumma Labbaik, Labbaik la sharika laka Labbaik,  

أحمد:١٤٤٤٠حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى حَدَّثَنَا جَعْفَرٌ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي قَالَ

أَتَيْنَا جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللهِ وَهُوَ فِي بَنِي سَلِمَةَ فَسَأَلْنَاهُ عَنْ حَجَّةِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَحَدَّثَنَا أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ مَكَثَ بِالْمَدِينَةِ تِسْعَ سِنِينَ لَمْ يَحُجَّ ثُمَّ أُذِّنَ فِي النَّاسِ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ حَاجٌّ هَذَا الْعَامَ قَالَ فَنَزَلَ الْمَدِينَةَ بَشَرٌ كَثِيرٌ كُلُّهُمْ يَلْتَمِسُ أَنْ يَأْتَمَّ بِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَيَفْعَلَ مِثْلَ مَا يَفْعَلُ فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لِعَشْرٍ بَقِينَ مِنْ ذِي الْقَعْدَةِ وَخَرَجْنَا مَعَهُ حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَى ذَا الْحُلَيْفَةِ نُفِسَتْ أَسْمَاءُ بِنْتُ عُمَيْسٍ بِمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَأَرْسَلَتْ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ كَيْفَ أَصْنَعُ؟ قَالَ اغْتَسِلِي ثُمَّ اسْتَذْفِرِي بِثَوْبٍ ثُمَّ أَهِلِّي فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ حَتَّى إِذَا اسْتَوَتْ بِهِ نَاقَتُهُ عَلَى الْبَيْدَاءِ أَهَلَّ بِالتَّوْحِيدِ لَبَّيْكَ اللهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ لَا شَرِيكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ لَا شَرِيكَ لَكَ وَلَبَّى النَّاسُ وَالنَّاسُ يَزِيدُونَ ذَا الْمَعَارِجِ وَنَحْوَهُ مِنَ الْكَلَامِ وَالنَّبِيُّ ﷺ يَسْمَعُ فَلَمْ يَقُلْ لَهُمْ شَيْئًا فَنَظَرْتُ مَدَّ بَصَرِي وَبَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ مِنْ رَاكِبٍ وَمَاشٍ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِ مِثْلُ ذَلِكَ وَعَنْ يَمِينِهِ مِثْلُذَلِكَ وَعَنْ شِمَالِهِ مِثْلُ ذَلِكَ قَالَ جَابِرٌ وَرَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بَيْنَ أَظْهُرِنَا عَلَيْهِ يَنْزِلُ الْقُرْآنُ وَهُوَ يَعْرِفُ تَأْوِيلَهُ وَمَا عَمِلَ بِهِ مِنْ شَيْءٍ عَمِلْنَا بِهِ فَخَرَجْنَا لَا نَنْوِي إِلَّا الْحَجَّ حَتَّى أَتَيْنَا الْكَعْبَةَ فَاسْتَلَمَ نَبِيُّ اللهِ الْحَجَرَ الْأَسْوَدَ ثُمَّ رَمَلَ ثَلَاثَةً وَمَشَى أَرْبَعَةً حَتَّى إِذَا فَرَغَ عَمَدَ إِلَى مَقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ فَصَلَّى خَلْفَهُ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ {وَاتَّخِذُوا مِنْ مَقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ مُصَلًّى} [البقرة 125] قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ يَعْنِي جَعْفَرًا فَقَرَأَ فِيهَا بِالتَّوْحِيدِ وَ قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ ثُمَّ اسْتَلَمَ الْحَجَرَ وَخَرَجَ إِلَى الصَّفَا ثُمَّ قَرَأَ {إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَائِرِ اللهِ} [البقرة 158] ثُمَّ قَالَ نَبْدَأُ بِمَا بَدَأَ اللهُ بِهِ فَرَقِيَ عَلَى الصَّفَا حَتَّى إِذَا نَظَرَ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ كَبَّرَ قَالَ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ أَنْجَزَ وَعْدَهُ وَصَدَقَ عَبْدَهُ وَغَلَبَ الْأَحْزَابَ وَحْدَهُ ثُمَّ دَعَا ثُمَّ رَجَعَ إِلَى هَذَا الْكَلَامِ ثُمَّ نَزَلَ حَتَّى إِذَا انْصَبَّتْ قَدَمَاهُ فِي الْوَادِي رَمَلَ حَتَّى إِذَا صَعِدَ مَشَى حَتَّى أَتَى الْمَرْوَةَ فَرَقِيَ عَلَيْهَا حَتَّى نَظَرَ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ فَقَالَ عَلَيْهَا كَمَا قَالَ عَلَى الصَّفَا فَلَمَّا كَانَ السَّابِعُ عِنْدَ الْمَرْوَةِقَالَ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنِّي لَوِ اسْتَقْبَلْتُ مِنْ أَمْرِي مَا اسْتَدْبَرْتُ لَمْ أَسُقِ الْهَدْيَ وَلَجَعَلْتُهَا عُمْرَةً فَمَنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ مَعَهُ هَدْيٌ فَلْيَحِلَّ وَلْيَجْعَلْهَا عُمْرَةً فَحَلَّ النَّاسُ كُلُّهُمْ فَقَالَ سُرَاقَةُ بْنُ مَالِكِ بْنِ جُعْشُمٍ وَهُوَ فِي أَسْفَلِ الْمَرْوَةِ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَلِعَامِنَا هَذَا أَمْ لِلْأَبَدِ؟ فَشَبَّكَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَصَابِعَهُ فَقَالَ لِلْأَبَدِ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ دَخَلَتِ الْعُمْرَةُ فِي الْحَجِّ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ قَالَ وَقَدِمَ عَلِيٌّ مِنَ الْيَمَنِ فَقَدِمَ بِهَدْيٍ وَسَاقَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مَعَهُ مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ هَدْيًا فَإِذَا فَاطِمَةُ قَدْ حَلَّتْ وَلَبِسَتْ ثِيَابًا صَبِيغًا وَاكْتَحَلَتْ فَأَنْكَرَ ذَلِكَ عَلِيٌّ عَلَيْهَا فَقَالَتْ أَمَرَنِي أَبِي قَالَ قَالَ عَلِيٌّ بِالْكُوفَةِ قَالَ جَعْفَرٌ قَالَ أَبِي هَذَا الْحَرْفُ لَمْ يَذْكُرْهُ جَابِرٌ فَذَهَبْتُ مُحَرِّشًا أَسْتَفْتِي بِهِ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ فِي الَّذِي ذَكَرَتْ فَاطِمَةُ قُلْتُ إِنَّ فَاطِمَةَ لَبِسَتْ ثِيَابًا صَبِيغًا وَاكْتَحَلَتْ وَقَالَتْ أَمَرَنِي بِهِ أَبِي قَالَ صَدَقَتْ صَدَقَتْ صَدَقَتْ أَنَا أَمَرْتُهَا بِهِ قَالَ جَابِرٌ وَقَالَ لِعَلِيٍّ بِمَ أَهْلَلْتَ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ اللهُمَّ إِنِّي أُهِلُّ بِمَا أَهَلَّ بِهِرَسُولُكَ قَالَ وَمَعِي الْهَدْيُ قَالَ فَلَا تَحِلَّ قَالَ فَكَانَتْ جَمَاعَةُ الْهَدْيِ الَّذِي أَتَى بِهِ عَلِيٌّ مِنَ الْيَمَنِ وَالَّذِي أَتَى بِهِ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ مِائَةً فَنَحَرَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بِيَدِهِ ثَلَاثَةً وَسِتِّينَ ثُمَّ أَعْطَى عَلِيًّا فَنَحَرَ مَا غَبَرَ وَأَشْرَكَهُ فِي هَدْيِهِ ثُمَّ أَمَرَ مِنْ كُلِّ بَدَنَةٍ بِبَضْعَةٍ فَجُعِلَتْ فِي قِدْرٍ فَأَكَلَا مِنْ لَحْمِهَا وَشَرِبَا مِنْ مَرَقِهَا ثُمَّ قَالَ نَبِيُّ اللهِ ﷺ قَدْ نَحَرْتُ هَاهُنَا وَمِنًى كُلُّهَا مَنْحَرٌ وَوَقَفَ بِعَرَفَةَ فَقَالَ وَقَفْتُ هَاهُنَا وَعَرَفَةُ كُلُّهَا مَوْقِفٌ وَوَقَفَ بِالْمُزْدَلِفَةِ فَقَالَ قَدْ وَقَفْتُ هَاهُنَا وَالْمُزْدَلِفَةُ كُلُّهَا مَوْقِفٌ  

ahmad:21114ʿAbdullāh > Abū ʿUthmān ʿAmr b. Muḥammad b. Bukayr al-Nāqid > Sufyān b. ʿUyaynah > ʿAmr / Ibn Dīnār > Saʿīd b. Jubayr > Liāb. ʿAbbās In Nawf al-Shāmī Yazʿum or > Lays Mūsá Ṣāḥib Khaḍir Mūsá Banī Isrāʾīl > Kadhab Nawf ʿAdū Allāhiḥaddathanī Ubay b. Kaʿb

[Machine] I said to Ibn Abbas, "Indeed, Nawfal al-Shami claims or says that Musa was not the companion of Khidr. Musa, the son of Bani Israel said, 'Nawfal is lying, the enemy of Allah.' Ubayy ibn Ka'b narrated to me from the Prophet ﷺ that Musa stood among the Bani Israel to deliver a sermon. They asked him, 'Who is the most knowledgeable among the people?' He said, 'I am.' So Allah inspired him, 'I have a slave who is more knowledgeable than you.' He said, 'My Lord, show him to me.' It was said, 'Take a fish and put it in a basket, then wherever you lose it, it will be there.' So he took a fish and put it in a basket, and he and his companion walked along the shore until they reached a rock. Musa laid down and fell asleep while the fish started moving in the basket until it fell into the sea. Allah made the water flow back, and the fish came back to life and moved along with its companion on the shore until they came to the rock. They found a man covered with a garment and Musa greeted him, saying, 'Do you have any food? We are in need of it, for our journey has exhausted us.' The man replied, 'Indeed, we have encountered hardship on our journey.' The calamity was not removed from them until they passed by the thing that Allah commanded them. Musa exclaimed, 'Did you forget when we took refuge at the rock and I forgot about the fish? None other than Satan made me forget it.' They continued on their way, until when they reached the people of a town, they sought food from its inhabitants, but they refused to show them hospitality. Then they saw a wall about to collapse, and Khidr stood it up. Sufyan demonstrated it with his hands, raising them up like this. Then he placed his palms on top of each other, raising them up. Musa said, 'If you wished, you could have taken payment for it.' Khidr replied, 'This is the parting between me and you.'" Ibn Abbas said, "The first forgetfulness was unintentional." The Prophet ﷺ said, "May Allah have mercy on Musa. If he had been patient and continued to learn from him, we would have seen more wonders from him."  

أحمد:٢١١١٤حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو عُثْمَانَ عَمْرُو بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ النَّاقِدُ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ عَنْ عَمْرٍو يَعْنِي ابْنَ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ

قُلْتُ لِابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ إِنَّ نَوْفًا الشَّامِيَّ يَزْعُمُ أَوْ يَقُولُ لَيْسَ مُوسَى صَاحِبَ خَضِرٍ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَالَ كَذَبَ نَوْفٌ عَدُوُّ اللهِحَدَّثَنِي أُبَيُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ أَنَّ مُوسَى قَامَ فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ خَطِيبًا فَقَالُوا لَهُ مَنْ أَعْلَمُ النَّاسِ؟ قَالَ أَنَا فَأَوْحَى اللهُ إِلَيْهِ أَنَّ لِي عَبْدًا أَعْلَمَ مِنْكَ قَالَ رَبِّ فَأَرِنِيهِ قَالَ قِيلَ تَأْخُذُ حُوتًا فَتَجْعَلُهُ فِي مِكْتَلٍ فَحَيْثُمَا فَقَدْتَهُ فَهُوَ ثَمَّ قَالَ فَأَخَذَ حُوتًا فَجَعَلَهُ فِي مِكْتَلٍ وَجَعَلَ هُوَ وَصَاحِبُهُ يَمْشِيَانِ عَلَى السَّاحِلِ حَتَّى أَتَيَا الصَّخْرَةَ فَرَقَدَ مُوسَى وَاضْطَرَبَ الْحُوتُ فِي الْمِكْتَلِ فَوَقَعَ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَحَبَسَ اللهُ عَلَيْهِ جِرْيَةَ الْمَاءِ فَاضْطَرَبَ الْمَاءُ فَاسْتَيْقَظَ مُوسَى فَقَالَ لِفَتَاهُ {آتِنَا غَدَاءَنَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا نَصَبًا} [الكهف 62] وَلَمْ يُصِبْ النَّصَبَ حَتَّى جَاوَزَ الَّذِي أَمَرَهُ اللهُ بِهِ قَالَ فَقَالَ {أَرَأَيْتَ إِذْ أَوَيْنَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِنِّي نَسِيتُ الْحُوتَ وَمَا أَنْسَانِيهُ إِلَّا الشَّيْطَانُ} [الكهف 63] {فَارْتَدَّا عَلَى آثَارِهِمَا} [الكهف 64] قَصَصًا فَجَعَلَا يَقُصَّانِ آثَارَهُمَا وَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ سَرَبًا قَالَ أَمْسَكَ عَنْهُ جِرْيَةَ الْمَاءِ فَصَارَ عَلَيْهِ مِثْلُ الطَّاقِ فَكَانَ لِلْحُوتِ سَرَبًا وَكَانَ لِمُوسَى عَجَبًا حَتَّى انْتَهَيَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ مُسَجًّى عَلَيْهِ ثَوْبٌ فَسَلَّمَ مُوسَى عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ وَأَنَّى بِأَرْضِكَ السَّلَامُ؟ قَالَ أَنَا مُوسَى قَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ {أَتَّبِعُكَ عَلَى أَنْ تُعَلِّمَنِي مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رُشْدًا} قَالَ يَا مُوسَى إِنِّي عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنَ اللهِ لَا تَعْلَمُهُ وَأَنْتَ عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنَ اللهِ عَلَّمَكَهُ اللهُ فَانْطَلَقَا يَمْشِيَانِ عَلَى السَّاحِلِ فَمَرَّتْ سَفِينَةٌ فَعَرَفُوا الْخَضِرَفَحُمِلَ بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ فَلَمْ يُعْجِبْهُ وَنَظَرَ فِي السَّفِينَةِ فَأَخَذَ الْقَدُومَ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَكْسِرَ مِنْهَا لَوْحًا فَقَالَ حُمِلْنَا بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ وَتُرِيدُ أَنْ تَخْرُقَهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا قَالَ {أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا} [الكهف 72] قَالَ إِنِّي نَسِيتُ وَجَاءَ عُصْفُورٌ فَنَقَرَ فِي الْبَحْرِ قَالَ الْخَضِرُ مَا يُنْقِصُ عِلْمِي وَلَا عِلْمُكَ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللهِ إِلَّا كَمَا نَقَصَ هَذَا الْعُصْفُورُ مِنْ هَذَا الْبَحْرِ فَانْطَلَقَا حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَيَا أَهْلَ قَرْيَةٍ اسْتَطْعَمَا أَهْلَهَا فَأَبَوْا أَنْ يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا فَرَأَى غُلَامًا فَأَخَذَ رَأْسَهُ فَانْتَزَعَهُ فَقَالَ أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا نُكْرًا قَالَ {أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا} [الكهف 75] قَالَ سُفْيَانُ قَالَ عَمْرٌو وَهَذِهِ أَشَدُّ مِنَ الْأُولَى قَالَ فَانْطَلَقَا فَإِذَا جِدَارٌ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ فَأَقَامَهُ وَأَرَانَا سُفْيَانُ بِيَدَيْهِ فَرَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ هَكَذَا رَفْعًا فَوَضَعَ رَاحَتَيْهِ فَرَفَعَهُمَا بِبَطْنِ كَفَّيْهِ رَفْعًا فَقَالَ {لَوْ شِئْتَ لَتَخِذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا قَالَ هَذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنِكَ} [الكهف 78] قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ كَانَتِ الْأُولَى نِسْيَانًا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَرْحَمُ اللهُ مُوسَى لَوْ كَانَ صَبَرَ حَتَّى يَقُصَّعَلَيْنَا مِنْ أَمْرِهِ  

ahmad:21118ʿAbdullāh > Abū Bakr ʿAbdullāh b. Muḥammad b. Abū Shaybah > ʿUbaydullāh b. Mūsá > Isrāʾīl > Abū Isḥāq > Saʿīd b. Jubayr > Ibn ʿAbbās

Moses had been delivering sermons to his people. And he made this remark: No person upon the earth has better knowledge than I or nothing better than mine. Thereupon Allah revealed to him: I know one who is better than you (in knowledge) or there is a person on the earth having more knowledge than you. Thereupon he said: My Lord, direct me to him. It was said to him: Keep a salted fish as a provision for journey. The place where that fish would be lost (there you will find that man). So he set forth and a young slave along with him until they came to a place Sakhra. but he did not find any clue. So he proceeded on and left that young man there. The fish began to stir in water and the water assumed the form of an ark over the fish. The young man said: I should meet Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) and inform him, but he was made to forget and when they had gone beyond that place, he (Moses) said to the young man: Bring breakfast. We have been exhausted because of the journey, and he (Moses) was not exhausted until he had crossed that (particular) place (where he had) to meet Khadir, and the youth was reminded and said: Did you not see that as we reached Sakhra I forgot the fish and it is satan alone who has made me forgetful of it'? It is strange that he has been able to find way in the ocean too. He said: This is what we sought for us. They returned retracing their steps, and he (his companion) pointed to him the location (where) the fish (had been lost). Moses began to search him there. He suddenly saw Khadir wrapped in a cloth and lying on his back. He said to him: As-Salamu-'Alaikum. He removed the cloth from his face and said: Wa 'Alaikum-us-Salam! Who are you? He said: I am Moses. He said: Who Moses? He said: Moses Of Bani Isra'il. He said: What brought you here? He said: I have come so that you may teach me what you have been taught of righteousness. He said: You shall have to bear with me, and how can you have patience about a thing of which you have no comprehensive knowledge? You will not have patience when you see me doing a thing I have been ordered to do. He said: If Allah pleases, you will find me patient, nor shall I disobey you in aught. Khadir said: If you follow me, don't ask me about anything until I explain it to you. So they went on until they embarked upon a boat. He (Khadir) made a hole in that. Thereupon he (Moses) said: You have done this so that you may drown the persons sitting in the boat. You have done something grievous. Thereupon he said: Did I not tell you that you will not be able to bear with me? Thereupon he (Moses) said: Blame me not for what I forgot and be not hard upon me for what I did. (Khadir gave him another chance.) So they went on until they reached a place where boys were playing. He went to one of them and caught hold'of one (apparently) at random and killed him. Moses (peace be upon him) felt agitated and said: You have killed an innocent person not guilty of slaying another. You have done something aboininable. Thereupon Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: May Allah have mercy upon us and Moses. Had he shown patience he would have seen wonderful things, but fear of blame, with respect to his companion, seized him and he said: If I ask anything after this, keep not company with me. You will then have a valid excuse in my case, and had he (Moses) shown patience he would have seen many wonderful things. He (the narrator) said: Whenever he (the Holy Prophet) made mention of any Prophet, he always said: May there be mercy of Allah upon us and upon my brother so and so. They, however, proceeded on until they came to the inhabitants of a village who were very miserly. They went to the meeting places and asked for hospitality but they refused to show any hospitality to them. They both found in that village a wall which was about to fall. He (Khadir) set it right. Thereupon he (Moses) said: If you so liked. you could get wages for it. Thereupon he said: This is the partince, of ways between me and you, and, taking hold of his cloth, he said: Now I will explain to you the real significance (of all these acts) for which you could not show patience. As for the boat, it belonged to the poor people working on the river and I intended to damage it for there was ahead of them (a king) who seized boats by force. (When he came) to catch hold of it he found it a damaged boat, so he spared it (and later on) it was set right with wood. So far as the boy is concerned, he has been, by very nature, an unbeliever, whereas his parents loved him very much. Had he grown up he would have involved them in wrongdoing and unbelief, so we wished that their Lord should give them in its place one better in purity and close to mercy. And as for the wall it belonged to two orphan boys in the city and there was beneath it a (treasure) belongin to them,... up to the last verse. (Using translation from Muslim 2380c)   

أحمد:٢١١١٨حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو بَكْرٍ عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللهِ بْنُ مُوسَى عَنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ

كُنَّا عِنْدَهُ فَقَالَ الْقَوْمُ إِنَّ نَوْفًا الشَّامِيَّ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّ الَّذِي ذَهَبَ يَطْلُبُ الْعِلْمَ لَيْسَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَكَانَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ مُتَّكِئًا فَاسْتَوَى جَالِسًا فَقَالَ كَذَلِكَ يَا سَعِيدُ؟ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ أَنَا سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ ذَاكَ فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ كَذَبَ نَوْفٌ حَدَّثَنِي أُبَيُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ يَقُولُ رَحْمَةُ اللهِ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى صَالِحٍ رَحْمَةُ اللهِ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى أَخِي عَادٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ مُوسَى بَيْنَا هُوَ يَخْطُبُ قَوْمَهُ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ إِذْ قَالَ لَهُمْ مَا فِي الْأَرْضِ أَحَدٌ أَعْلَمُ مِنِّي وَأَوْحَى اللهُ إِلَيْهِ إِنَّ فِي الْأَرْضِ مَنْ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ مِنْكَ وَآيَةُ ذَلِكَ أَنْ تُزَوَّدَ حُوتًا مَالِحًا فَإِذَا فَقَدْتَهُ فَهُوَ حَيْثُ تَفْقِدُهُ فَتَزَوَّدَ حُوتًا مَالِحًا فَانْطَلَقَ هُوَ وَفَتَاهُ حَتَّى إِذَا بَلَغَ الْمَكَانَ الَّذِي أُمِرُوا بِهِ فَلَمَّا انْتَهَوْا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ انْطَلَقَ مُوسَى يَطْلُبُ وَوَضَعَ فَتَاهُ الْحُوتَ عَلَى الصَّخْرَةِ وَاضْطَرَبَ {فَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ سَرَبًا} [الكهف ṭ1] قَالَ فَتَاهُ إِذَا جَاءَ نَبِيُّ اللهِ حَدَّثْتُهُ {فَأَنْسَاهُ الشَّيْطَانُ} [يوسف 4ʾ] فَانْطَلَقَا فَأَصَابَهُمْ مَا يُصِيبُ الْمُسَافِرَ مِنَ النَّصَبِ وَالْكَلَالِ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ يُصِيبُهُ مَا يُصِيبُ الْمُسَافِرَ مِنَ النَّصَبِ وَالْكَلَالِ حَتَّى جَاوَزَ مَا أُمِرَ بِهِ فَقَالَ مُوسَى لِفَتَاهُ {آتِنَا غَدَاءَنَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا نَصَبًا} [الكهف 6ʾ] قَالَ لَهُ فَتَاهُ يَا نَبِيَّ اللهِ {أَرَأَيْتَ إِذْ أَوَيْنَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِنِّي نَسِيتُ} [الكهف 6ʿ] أَنْ أُحَدِّثَكَ {وَمَا أَنْسَانِيهُ إِلَّا الشَّيْطَانُ}[الكهف 6ʿ] {فَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ سَرَبًا} [الكهف ṭ1] قَالَ {ذَلِكَ مَا كُنَّا نَبْغِ} [الكهف ṭ4] فَرَجَعَا عَلَى آثَارِهِمَا قَصَصًا يَقُصَّانِ الْأَثَرَ حَتَّى إِذَا انْتَهَيَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَأَطَافَ بِهَا فَإِذَا هُوَ مُسَجًّى بِثَوْبٍ لَهُ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ فَرَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ مَنْ أَنْتَ؟ قَالَ مُوسَى قَالَ مَنْ مُوسَى؟ قَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَالَ أُخْبِرْتُ أَنَّ عِنْدَكَ عِلْمًا فَأَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَصْحَبَكَ {قَالَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا} [الكهف ṭ7] {قَالَ سَتَجِدُنِي إِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ صَابِرًا وَلَا أَعْصِي لَكَ أَمْرًا} [الكهف ṭ9] قَالَ فَكَيْفَ تَصْبِرُ عَلَى مَا لَمْ تُحِطْ بِهِ خُبْرًا قَالَ قَدْ أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أَفْعَلَهُ قَالَ {سَتَجِدُنِي إِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ صَابِرًا} [الكهف ṭ9] {قَالَ فَإِنْ اتَّبَعْتَنِي فَلَا تَسْأَلْنِي عَنْ شَيْءٍ حَتَّى أُحْدِثَ لَكَ مِنْهُ ذِكْرًا فَانْطَلَقَا حَتَّى إِذَا رَكِبَا فِي السَّفِينَةِ} [الكهف ḥ1] خَرَجَ مَنْ كَانَ فِيهَا وَتَخَلَّفَ لِيَخْرِقَهَا قَالَ فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى تَخْرِقُهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا {لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا إِمْرًا} [الكهف ḥ1] {قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا قَالَ لَا تُؤَاخِذْنِي بِمَا نَسِيتُ وَلَا تُرْهِقْنِي مِنْ أَمْرِي عُسْرًا} [الكهف 7ʾ] فَانْطَلَقَا حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَوْا عَلَى غِلْمَانٍ يَلْعَبُونَ عَلَى سَاحِلِ الْبَحْرِ وَفِيهِمْ غُلَامٌ لَيْسَ فِي الْغِلْمَانِ غُلَامٌ أَنْظَفَ يَعْنِي مِنْهُ فَأَخَذَهُ فَقَتَلَهُ فَنَفَرَ مُوسَى عِنْدَ ذَلِكَ وَقَالَ {أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ؟ لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا نُكْرًا قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا} ؟ قَالَ فَأَخَذَتْهُ ذَمَامَةٌ مِنْ صَاحِبِهِ وَاسْتَحَيا فَقَالَ {إِنْ سَأَلْتُكَ عَنْ شَيْءٍ بَعْدَهَا فَلَا تُصَاحِبْنِي قَدْ بَلَغْتَ مِنْ لَدُنِّيعُذْرًا فَانْطَلَقَا حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَيَا أَهْلَ قَرْيَةٍ} [الكهف 7ṭ] لِئَامًا {اسْتَطْعَمَا أَهْلَهَا} [الكهف ḥ7] وَقَدْ أَصَابَ مُوسَى جَهْدٌ فَلَمْ يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا {فَوَجَدَا فِيهَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ فَأَقَامَهُ} [الكهف ḥ7] قَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى مِمَّا نَزَلَ بِهِمْ مِنَ الْجَهْدِ {لَوْ شِئْتَ لَاتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا قَالَ هَذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنِكَ} [الكهف ḥ7] فَأَخَذَ مُوسَى بِطَرَفِ ثَوْبِهِ فَقَالَ حَدِّثْنِي فَقَالَ {أَمَّا السَّفِينَةُ فَكَانَتْ لِمَسَاكِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ فِي الْبَحْرِ} [الكهف ḥ9] {وَكَانَ وَرَاءَهُمْ مَلِكٌ يَأْخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ غَصْبًا} [الكهف ḥ9] فَإِذَا مَرَّ عَلَيْهَا فَرَآهَا مُنْخَرِقَةً تَرَكَهَا وَرَقَّعَهَا أَهْلُهَا بِقِطْعَةِ خَشَبَةٍ فَانْتَفَعُوا بِهَا وَأَمَّا الْغُلَامُ فَإِنَّهُ كَانَ طُبِعَ يَوْمَ طُبِعَ كَافِرًا وَكَانَ قَدْ أُلْقِيَ عَلَيْهِ مَحَبَّةٌ مِنْ أَبَوَيْهِ وَلَوْ أَطَاعَاهُ لَأَرْهَقَهُمَا {طُغْيَانًا وَكُفْرًا} [المائدة ṭ4] {فَأَرَدْنَا أَنْ يُبْدِلَهُمَا رَبُّهُمَا خَيْرًا مِنْهُ زَكَاةً وَأَقْرَبَ رُحْمًا} [الكهف 81] وَوَقَعَ أَبُوهُ عَلَى أُمِّهِ فَعَلِقَتْ فَوَلَدَتْ مِنْهُ خَيْرًا مِنْهُ زَكَاةً وَأَقْرَبَ رُحْمًا {وَأَمَّا الْجِدَارُ فَكَانَ لِغُلَامَيْنِ يَتِيمَيْنِ فِي الْمَدِينَةِ وَكَانَ تَحْتَهُ كَنْزٌ لَهُمَا وَكَانَ أَبُوهُمَا صَالِحًا فَأَرَادَ رَبُّكَ أَنْ يَبْلُغَا أَشُدَّهُمَا وَيَسْتَخْرِجَا كَنْزَهُمَا رَحْمَةً مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَمَا فَعَلْتُهُ عَنْ أَمْرِي ذَلِكَ تَأْوِيلُ مَا لَمْ تَسْطِعْ عَلَيْهِ صَبْرًا} [الكهف 8ʾ]  

ahmad:21119ʿAbdullāh > ʿAbdullāh b. Ibrāhīm al-Marwazī

Yaʿla bin Muslim and ʿAmr bin Dinar and some others narrated the narration of Saʿid bin Jubair. Narrated Saʿid: While we were at the house of Ibn ʿAbbas, Ibn ʿAbbas said, "Ask me (any question)" I said, "O Abu ʿAbbas! May Allah let me be sacrificed for you ! There is a man at Kufa who is a storyteller called Nauf; who claims that he (Al-Khadir's companion) is not Moses of Bani Israel." As for ʿAmr, he said to me, "Ibn ʿAbbas said, "(Nauf) the enemy of Allah told a lie." But Yaʿla said to me, "Ibn ʿAbbas said, Ubai bin Kaʿb said, Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'Once Moses, Messenger of Allah ﷺ, preached to the people till their eyes shed tears and their hearts became tender, whereupon he finished his sermon. Then a man came to Moses and asked, 'O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Is there anyone on the earth who is more learned than you?' Moses replied, 'No.' So Allah admonished him (Moses), for he did not ascribe all knowledge to Allah. It was said, (on behalf of Allah), 'Yes, (there is a slave of ours who knows more than you ).' Moses said, 'O my Lord! Where is he?' Allah said, 'At the junction of the two seas.' Moses said, 'O my Lord ! Tell I me of a sign whereby I will recognize the place.' " ʿAmr said to me, Allah said, "That place will be where the fish will leave you." Yaʿla said to me, "Allah said (to Moses), 'Take a dead fish (and your goal will be) the place where it will become alive.' " So Moses took a fish and put it in a basket and said to his boy-servant "I don't want to trouble you, except that you should inform me as soon as this fish leaves you." He said (to Moses)." You have not demanded too much." And that is as mentioned by Allah: 'And (remember) when Moses said to his attendant .... ' (18.60) Yushaʿ bin Noon. (Saʿid did not state that). The Prophet ﷺ said, "While the attendant was in the shade of the rock at a wet place, the fish slipped out (alive) while Moses was sleeping. His attend an said (to himself), "I will not wake him, but when he woke up, he forgot to tell him The fish slipped out and entered the sea. Allah stopped the flow of the sea. where the fish was, so that its trace looked as if it was made on a rock. ʿAmr forming a hole with his two thumbs an index fingers, said to me, "Like this, as in its trace was made on a rock." Moses said "We have suffered much fatigue on this journey of ours." (This was not narrated by Saʿid). Then they returned back and found Al-Khadir. ʿUthman bin Abi Sulaiman said to me, (they found him) on a green carpet in the middle of the sea. Al-Khadir was covered with his garment with one end under his feet and the other end under his head. When Moses greeted, he uncovered his face and said astonishingly, 'Is there such a greeting in my land? Who are you?' Moses said, 'I am Moses.' Al- Khadir said, 'Are you the Moses of Bani Israel?' Moses said, 'Yes.' Al-Khadir said, "What do you want?' Moses said, ' I came to you so that you may teach me of the truth which you were taught.' Al- Khadir said, 'Is it not sufficient for you that the Torah is in your hands and the Divine Inspiration comes to you, O Moses? Verily, I have a knowledge that you ought not learn, and you have a knowledge which I ought not learn.' At that time a bird took with its beak (some water) from the sea: Al-Khadir then said, 'By Allah, my knowledge and your knowledge besides Allah's Knowledge is like what this bird has taken with its beak from the sea.' Until, when they went on board the boat (18.71). They found a small boat which used to carry the people from this sea-side to the other sea-side. The crew recognized Al-Khadir and said, 'The pious slave of Allah.' (We said to Saʿid "Was that Khadir?" He said, "Yes.") The boat men said, 'We will not get him on board with fare.' Al-Khadir scuttled the boat and then plugged the hole with a piece of wood. Moses said, 'Have you scuttled it in order to drown these people surely, you have done a dreadful thing. (18.71) (Mujahid said. "Moses said so protestingly.") Al-Khadir said, didn't I say that you can have no patience with me?' (18.72) The first inquiry of Moses was done because of forgetfulness, the second caused him to be bound with a stipulation, and the third was done intentionally. Moses said, 'Call me not to account for what I forgot and be not hard upon me for my affair (with you).' (18.73) (Then) they found a boy and Al-Khadir killed him. Yaʿla- said: Saʿid said 'They found boys playing and Al-Khadir got hold of a handsome infidel boy laid him down and then slew him with knife. Moses said, 'Have you killed a innocent soul who has killed nobody' (18.74) Then they proceeded and found a wall which was on the point of falling down, and Al-Khadir set it up straight. Saʿid moved his hand thus and said 'Al-Khadir raised his hand and the wall became straight. Yaʿla said, 'I think Saʿid said, 'Al-Khadir touched the wall with his hand and it became straight (Moses said to Al-Khadir), 'If you had wished, you could have taken wages for it.' Saʿid said, 'Wages that we might had eaten.' And there was a king in furor (ahead) of them" (18.79) And there was in front of them. Ibn ʿAbbas recited: 'In front of them (was) a king.' It is said on the authority of somebody other than Saʿid that the king was Hudad bin Budad. They say that the boy was called Haisur. 'A king who seized every ship by force. (18.79) So I wished that if that boat passed by him, he would leave it because of its defect and when they have passed they would repair it and get benefit from it. Some people said that they closed that hole with a bottle, and some said with tar. 'His parents were believers, and he (the boy) was a non-believer and we (Khadir) feared lest he would oppress them by obstinate rebellion and disbelief.' (18.80) (i.e. that their love for him would urge them to follow him in his religion, 'so we (Khadir) desired that their Lord should change him for them for one better in righteousness and near to mercy' (18:81). This was in reply to Moses' saying: Have you killed an innocent soul.'? (18.74). 'Near to mercy" means they will be more merciful to him than they were to the former whom Khadir had killed. Other than Saʿid, said that they were compensated with a girl. Dawud bin Abi ʿAsim said on the authority of more than one that this next child was a girl. (Using translation from Bukhārī 4726)  

أحمد:٢١١١٩حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْمَرْوَزِيُّ حَدَّثَنِي هِشَامُ بْنُ يُوسُفَ فِي تَفْسِيرِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ الَّذِي أَمْلَاهُ عَلَيْهِمْ أَخْبَرَنِي يَعْلَى بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ وَعَمْرُو بْنُ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ يَزِيدُ أَحَدُهُمَا عَلَى الْآخِرِ وَغَيْرُهُمَا قَالَ قَدْ سَمِعْتُ يُحَدِّثُهُ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ إِنَّا لَعِنْدَ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ فِي بَيْتِهِ إِذْ قَالَ

سَلُونِي فَقُلْتُ أَبَا عَبَّاسٍ جَعَلَنِي اللهُ فِدَاءَكَ بِالْكُوفَةِ رَجُلٌ قَاصٌّ يُقَالُ لَهُ نَوْفٌ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَمَّا عَمْرُو بْنُ دِينَارٍفَقَالَ كَذَبَ عَدُوُّ اللهِ وَأَمَّا يَعْلَى بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ فَقَالَ قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ حَدَّثَنِي أُبَيُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِنَّ مُوسَى رَسُولَ اللهِ ذَكَّرَ النَّاسَ يَوْمًا حَتَّى إِذَا فَاضَتِ الْعُيُونُ وَرَقَّتِ الْقُلُوبُ وَلَّى فَأَدْرَكَهُ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَلْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَحَدٌ أَعْلَمُ مِنْكَ؟ قَالَ لَا قَالَ فَعُتِبَ عَلَيْهِ إِذْ لَمْ يَرُدَّ الْعِلْمَ إِلَى اللهِ فَأَوْحَى اللهُ إِلَيْهِ إِنَّ لِي عَبْدًا أَعْلَمَ مِنْكَ قَالَ أَيْ رَبِّ وَأيْنَ؟ قَالَ مَجْمَعُ الْبَحْرَيْنِ قَالَ أَيْ رَبِّ اجْعَلْ لِي عَلَمًا أَعْلَمُ ذَلِكَ بِهِ قَالَ لِي عَمْرٌو وَقَالَ حَيْثُ يُفَارِقُكَ الْحُوتُ وَقَالَ يَعْلَى خُذْ حُوتًا مَيْتًا حَيْثُ يُنْفَخُ فِيهِ الرُّوحُ فَأَخَذَ حُوتًا فَجَعَلَهُ فِي مِكْتَلٍ قَالَ لِفَتَاهُ لَا أُكَلِّفُكَ إِلَّا أَنْ تُخْبِرَنِي حَيْثُ يُفَارِقُكَ الْحُوتُ قَالَ مَا كَلَّفْتَنِي كَثِيرًا فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى {إِذْ قَالَ مُوسَى لِفَتَاهُ} [الكهف 60] يُوشَعَ بْنِ نُونَ لَيْسَتْ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ فَبَيْنَا هُوَ فِي ظِلِّ صَخْرَةٍ فِي مَكَانٍ ثَرْيَانٍ إِذْ تَضَرَّبَ الْحُوتُ وَمُوسَى نَائِمٌ قَالَ فَتَاهُ لَا أُوقِظُهُ حَتَّى إِذَا اسْتَيْقَظَ نَسِيَ أَنْ يُخْبِرَهُ وَتَضَرَّبَ الْحَوْتُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ الْبَحْرَ فَأَمْسَكَ اللهُ عَلَيْهِ جِرْيَةَ الْبَحْرِ حَتَّى كَأَنَّ أَثَرَهُ فِي حَجَرٍ فَقَالَ لِي عَمْرٌو وَكَأَنَّ أَثَرَهُ فِي حَجَرٍ وَحَلَّقَ إِبْهَامَيْهِوَاللَّتَيْنِ تَلِيَانِهِمَا {لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا نَصَبًا} [الكهف 62] قَالَ قَدْ قَطَعَ اللهُ عَنْكَ النَّصَبَ لَيْسَتْ هَذِهِ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ فَأَخْبَرَهُ فَرَجَعَا فَوَجَدَا خَضِرًا فَقَالَ لِي عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي سُلَيْمَانَ عَلَى طِنْفِسَةٍ خَضْرَاءَ عَلَى كَبِدِ الْبَحْرِ قَالَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ مُسَجًّى ثَوْبَهُ قَدْ جَعَلَ طَرَفَهُ تَحْتَ رِجْلَيْهِ وَطَرَفَهُ تَحْتَ رَأْسِهِ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ مُوسَى فَكَشَفَ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ وَقَالَ هَلْ بِأَرْضِكَ مِنْ سَلَامٍ؟ مَنْ أَنْتَ؟ قَالَ أَنَا مُوسَى قَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا شَأْنُكَ؟ قَالَ جِئْتُ لِتُعَلِّمَنِي مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رُشْدًا قَالَ أَمَا يَكْفِيكَ أَنَّ أَنْبَاءَ التَّوْرَاةِ بِيَدِكَ وَأَنَّ الْوَحْيَ يَأْتِيكَ يَا مُوسَى إِنَّ لِي عِلْمًا لَا يَنْبَغِي أَنْ تَعْلَمَهُ وَإِنَّ لَكَ عِلْمًا لَا يَنْبَغِي أَنْ أَعْلَمَهُ فَجَاءَ طَائِرٌ فَأَخَذَ بِمِنْقَارِهِ فَقَالَ وَاللهِ مَا عِلْمِي وَعِلْمُكَ فِي عِلْمِ اللهِ إِلَّا كَمَا أَخَذَ هَذَا الطَّائِرُ بِمِنْقَارِهِ مِنَ الْبَحْرِ حَتَّى إِذَا رَكِبَا فِي السَّفِينَةِ وَجَدَا مَعَابِرَ صِغَارًا تَحْمِلُ أَهْلَ هَذَا السَّاحِلِ إِلَى هَذَا السَّاحِلِ عَرَفُوهُ فَقَالُوا عَبْدُ اللهِ الصَّالِحُ فَقُلْنَا لِسَعِيدٍ خَضِرٌ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ لَا يَحْمِلُونَهُ بِأَجْرٍ فَخَرَقَهَا وَوَتَدَّفِيهَا وَتِدًا قَالَ مُوسَى {أَخَرَقْتَهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا إِمْرًا} [الكهف 71] قَالَ مُجَاهِدٌ نُكْرًا قَالَ {أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا} [الكهف 72] وَكَانَتِ الْأُولَى نِسْيَانًا وَالثَّانِيَةُ شَرْطًا وَالثَّالِثَةُ عَمْدًا قَالَ {لَا تُؤَاخِذْنِي بِمَا نَسِيتُ وَلَا تُرْهِقْنِي مِنْ أَمْرِي عُسْرًا} [الكهف 73] فَلَقِيَا غُلَامًا فَقَتَلَهُ قَالَ يَعْلَى بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ وَجَدَا غِلْمَانًا يَلْعَبُونَ فَأَخَذَ غُلَامًا كَافِرًا كَانَ ظَرِيفًا فَأَضْجَعَهُ ثُمَّ ذَبَحَهُ بِالسِّكِّينِ قَالَ {أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً} [الكهف 74] لَمْ تَعْمَلْ بِالْحِنْثِ فَانْطَلَقَا فَوَجَدَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ فَأَقَامَهُ قَالَ سَعِيدٌ بِيَدِهِ هَكَذَا وَرَفَعَ يَدَهُ فَاسْتَقَامَ قَالَ يَعْلَى فَحَسِبْتُ أَنَّ سَعِيدًا قَالَ فَمَسَحَهُ بِيَدِهِ فَاسْتَقَامَ قَالَ {لَوْ شِئْتَ لَاتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا} [الكهف 77] قَالَ سَعِيدٌ أَجْرًا نَأْكُلُهُ قَالَ وَكَانَ يَقْرَؤُهَا {وَكَانَ وَرَاءَهُمْ} [الكهف 79] وَكَانَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ يَقْرَؤُهَا وَكَانَ أَمَامَهُمْ مَلِكٌ يَزْعُمُونَ عَنْ غَيْرِ سَعِيدٍ أَنَّهُ قَالَ هَذَا الْغُلَامُ الْمَقْتُولُ يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّ اسْمَهُ جَيْسُورُ قَالَ يَأْخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ غَصْبًا وَأَرَادَ إِذَا مَرَّتْ بِهِ أَنْ يَدَعَهَالِعَيْبِهَا فَإِذَا جَاوَزُوا أَصْلَحُوهَا فَانْتَفَعُوا بِهَا بَعْدُ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ سَدُّوهَا بِقَارُورَةٍ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ بِالْقَارِ وَكَانَ أَبَوَاهُ مُؤْمِنَيْنِ وَكَانَ كَافِرًا فَخَشِينَا أَنْ يُرْهِقَهُمَا طُغْيَانًا وَكُفْرًا فَيَحْمِلُهُمَا حُبُّهُ عَلَى أَنْ يُتَابِعَاهُ عَلَى دِينِهِ فَأَرَدْنَا أَنْ يُبْدِلَهُمَا رَبُّهُمَا خَيْرًا مِنْهُ زَكَاةً وَأَقْرَبَ رُحْمًا هُمَا بِهِ أَرْحَمُ مِنْهُمَا بِالْأَوَّلِ الَّذِي قَتَلَهُ خَضِرٌ وَزَعَمَ غَيْرُ سَعِيدٍ أَنَّهُمَا أُبْدِلَا جَارِيَةٌ وَأَمَّا دَاوُدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَاصِمٍ فَقَالَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ إِنَّهَا جَارِيَةٌ وَبَلَغَنِي عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ أَنَّهَا جَارِيَةٌ وَوَجَدْتُهُ فِي كِتَابِ أَبِي عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ مَعِينٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ يُوسُفَ مِثْلَهُ  

ahmad:222ʿAbd al-Razzāq > Maʿmar > al-Zuhrī > ʿUbaydullāh b. ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Thawrʿan Ibn ʿAbbās > Lam Azal Ḥarīṣ > Asʾal ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb

I was eager to ask 'Umar about the two wives of the Prophet ﷺ concerning whom Allah said, “If you two (wives of the Prophet ﷺ turn in repentance to Allah, (it will be better for you), your hearts are indeed so inclined (to oppose what the Prophet ﷺ likes)” [at-Tahreem 66:4], until 'Umar went for Hajj and I went with him. When we were partway there, 'Umar turned aside and I turned aside with him, bringing the jug. He relieved himself, then he came to me and I poured water onto his hands, and he did wudoo’. I said: “O Ameer al -Mu'mineen, who are the two wives of the Prophet ﷺ of whom Allah said: ‘If you two (wives of the Prophet ﷺ) turn in repentance to Allah, (it will be better for you), your hearts are indeed so inclined (to oppose what the Prophet ﷺ likes)’?” [at-Tahreem 66:4] 'Umar said, “How strange of you, O Ibn 'Abbas”, (az-Zuhri said: By Allah, he did not like the question, but he did not conceal anything.) He said, “They were Hafsah and 'A'ishah.” Then he started to narrate the hadeeth and said: We people of Quraish were a people who dominated women, but when we came to Madinah we found a people who were dominated by their women, and our women started to learn from their women. My house was among Banu Umayyah bin Zaid in al-'Awali. One day I got angry with my wife, and she argued with me. I did not like her to argue with me, but she said: Do you not like me to argue with you? By Allah, the wives of the Prophet ﷺ argue with him, and one of them will forsake him all day until night comes, I went and entered upon Hafsah, and I said: Do you argue with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ? She said: Yes. I said: Does one of you forsake him all day until night comes? She said: Yes. I said: Any one of you who does that is doomed and lost. Does any one of you feel assured that Allah will not be angry with her because of the anger of His Messenger ﷺ, for then she will be doomed? Do not argue with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and do not ask him for anything. Ask me for whatever you want. And do not be misled by the fact that your neighbour is more beautiful than you and more beloved to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ than you – referring to 'A'ishah. And ‘Umar said: I had a neighbour among the Ansar. We used to take turns to go down to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. He would go down one day and I would go down the next. He would bring me the news of the Revelation and other things, and I would do likewise. We were saying that Ghassan were shoeing their horses to attack us. My friend went down, then he came to me at night and knocked on my door, then he called out to me. I went out to him and he said: Something terrible has happened! I said: What? Have Ghassan come? He said: No, it is more terrible than that and worse. The Prophet ﷺ has divorced his wives! I said: Hafsah is doomed and lost! I thought that this would happen. Then when I had prayed Fajr, I got dressed, then I went down and entered upon Hafsah, who was weeping. I said: Has the Messenger of Allah ﷺdivorced you? She said: I do not know. He has secluded himself in this loft. I went to a black slave of his and said: Ask for permission for ‘Umar to enter. He went in, then he came out to me and said: I mentioned you to him but he did not say anything, I went away and came to the minbar, where I sat down. By it was a group of people, some of whom were weeping. I sat for a little while, then I could not bear it any longer, so I went to the slave and said: Ask for permission for ‘Umar to enter. He went in, then he came out to me and said: I mentioned you to him but he did not say anything. I turned to leave, then the slave called me and said: Go in, he has given you permission. So I went in and greeted the Messenger of Allah ﷺ with salam. He was resting on a reed mat that had left marks on his side. I said: O Messenger of Allah, have you divorced your wives? He looked up at me and said, “No.” I said: Allah Akbar! if you had seen us, O Messenger of Allah, we Quraish were a people who dominated women, but when we came to Madinah we found a people who were dominated by their women, and our women started to learn from their women. I got angry with my wife one day, and she started to argue with me. I did not like her to argue with me, but she said: Do you not like me to argue with you? By Allah, the wives of the Prophet ﷺ argue with him, and one of them will forsake him all day until night comes. I said: Any one of them who does that is doomed and lost. Does one of them feel assured that Allah will not be angry with her because of the anger of His Messenger ﷺ,then she will be doomed? The Messenger of Allah ﷺ smiled. I said: O Messenger of Allah, I entered upon Hafsah and I said: Do not be misled by the fact that your neighbour (i.e. ‘Aa'ishah) is more beautiful than you and more beloved to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ than you. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ smiled again. I said: O Messenger of Allah, may I speak to you freely? He said: “Yes.” So I sat down and looked around the room, and by Allah, I did not see anything in it to please the eye except three hides. I said: Pray to Allah, O Messenger of Allah, to make life prosperous for your ummah, for He has made life prosperous for the Persians and Romans, but they do not worship Allah, may He be glorified and exalted. He sat up straight and said: “Are you doubting. O son of al-Khattab? They are people whose good things have been hastened for them in this world.” I said: Pray for forgiveness for me, O Messenger of Allah. He had sworn that he would not enter upon them for a month, because he was so annoyed with them until Allah rebuked him.  

أحمد:٢٢٢حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ أَبِي ثَوْرٍعَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ

لَمْ أَزَلْ حَرِيصًا عَلَى أَنْ أَسْأَلَ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ عَنِ الْمَرْأَتَيْنِ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ اللَّتَيْنِ قَالَ اللهُ تَعَالَى {إِنْ تَتُوبَا إِلَى اللَّهِ فَقَدْ صَغَتْ قُلُوبُكُمَا} [التحريم 4] حَتَّى حَجَّ عُمَرُ وَحَجَجْتُ مَعَهُ فَلَمَّا كُنَّا بِبَعْضِ الطَّرِيقِ عَدَلَ عُمَرُ وَعَدَلْتُ مَعَهُ بِالْإِدَاوَةِ فَتَبَرَّزَ ثُمَّ أَتَانِي فَسَكَبْتُ عَلَى يَدَيْهِ فَتَوَضَّأَ فَقُلْتُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَنِ الْمَرْأَتَانِ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ اللَّتَانِ قَالَ اللهُ تَعَالَى {إِنْ تَتُوبَا إِلَى اللَّهِ فَقَدْ صَغَتْ قُلُوبُكُمَا} ؟ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ وَاعَجَبًا لَكَ يَا ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ! قَالَ الزُّهْرِيُّ كَرِهَ وَاللهِ مَا سَأَلَهُ عَنْهُ وَلَمْ يَكْتُمْهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ هِيَ حَفْصَةُ وَعَائِشَةُ قَالَ ثُمَّ أَخَذَ يَسُوقُ الْحَدِيثَ قَالَ كُنَّا مَعْشَرَ قُرَيْشٍ قَوْمًا نَغْلِبُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ وَجَدْنَا قَوْمًا تَغْلِبُهُمْ نِسَاؤُهُمْ فَطَفِقَ نِسَاؤُنَا يَتَعَلَّمْنَ مِنْ نِسَائِهِمْ قَالَ وَكَانَ مَنْزِلِي فِي بَنِي أُمَيَّةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ بِالْعَوَالِي قَالَ فَتَغَضَّبْتُ يَوْمًا عَلَى امْرَأَتِي فَإِذَا هِيَ تُرَاجِعُنِي فَأَنْكَرْتُ أَنْ تُرَاجِعَنِي فَقَالَتْ مَا تُنْكِرُ أَنْ أُرَاجِعَكَ فَوَاللهِ إِنَّ أَزْوَاجَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ لَيُرَاجِعْنَهُ وَتَهْجُرُهُ إِحْدَاهُنَّ الْيَوْمَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ قَالَ فَانْطَلَقْتُ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ فَقُلْتُ أَتُرَاجِعِينَ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ؟ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ وَتَهْجُرُهُ إِحْدَاكُنَّ الْيَوْمَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ؟ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ قَدْ خَابَ مَنْ فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ مِنْكُنَّ وَخَسِرَ أَفَتَأْمَنُ إِحْدَاكُنَّ أَنْ يَغْضَبَ اللهُ عَلَيْهَا لِغَضَبِ رَسُولِهِفَإِذَا هِيَ قَدْ هَلَكَتْ؟ لَا تُرَاجِعِي رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ وَلَا تَسْأَلِيهِ شَيْئًا وَسَلِينِي مَا بَدَا لَكِ وَلَا يَغُرَّنَّكِ أَنْ كَانَتْ جَارَتُكِ هِيَ أَوْسَمَ وَأَحَبَّ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ مِنْكِ يُرِيدُ عَائِشَةَ قَالَ وَكَانَ لِي جَارٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ وَكُنَّا نَتَنَاوَبُ النُّزُولَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَيَنْزِلُ يَوْمًا وَأَنْزِلُ يَوْمًا فَيَأْتِينِي بِخَبَرِ الْوَحْيِ وَغَيْرِهِ وَآتِيهِ بِمِثْلِ ذَلِكَ قَالَ وَكُنَّا نَتَحَدَّثُ أَنَّ غَسَّانَ تُنْعِلُ الْخَيْلَ لِتَغْزُوَنَا فَنَزَلَ صَاحِبِي يَوْمًا ثُمَّ أَتَانِي عِشَاءً فَضَرَبَ بَابِي ثُمَّ نَادَانِي فَخَرَجْتُ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ حَدَثَ أَمْرٌ عَظِيمٌ فقُلْتُوَمَاذَا أَجَاءَتْ غَسَّانُ؟ قَالَ لَا بَلْ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ وَأَطْوَلُ طَلَّقَ الرَّسُولُ نِسَاءَهُ فَقُلْتُ قَدْ خَابَتْ حَفْصَةُ وَخَسِرَتْ قَدْ كُنْتُ أَظُنُّ هَذَا كَائِنًاحَتَّى إِذَا صَلَّيْتُ الصُّبْحَ شَدَدْتُ عَلَيَّ ثِيَابِي ثُمَّ نَزَلْتُ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ وَهِيَ تَبْكِي فَقُلْتُ أَطَلَّقَكُنَّ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ؟ فَقَالَتْ لَا أَدْرِي هُوَ هَذَا مُعْتَزِلٌ فِي هَذِهِ الْمَشْرُبَةِ فَأَتَيْتُ غُلَامًا لَهُ أَسْوَدَ فَقُلْتُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِعُمَرَ فَدَخَلَ الْغُلَامُ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَيَّ فَقَالَ قَدْ ذَكَرْتُكَ لَهُ فَصَمَتَ فَانْطَلَقْتُ حَتَّى أَتَيْتُ الْمِنْبَرَ فَإِذَا عِنْدَهُ رَهْطٌ جُلُوسٌ يَبْكِي بَعْضُهُمْ فَجَلَسْتُ قَلِيلًا ثُمَّ غَلَبَنِي مَا أَجِدُ فَأَتَيْتُ الْغُلَامَ فَقُلْتُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِعُمَرَ فَدَخَلَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ عَلَيَّ فَقَالَ قَدْ ذَكَرْتُكَ لَهُ فَصَمَتَ فَخَرَجْتُ فَجَلَسْتُ إِلَى الْمِنْبَرِ ثُمَّ غَلَبَنِي مَا أَجِدُ فَأَتَيْتُ الْغُلَامَ فَقُلْتُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِعُمَرَ فَدَخَلَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَيَّ فَقَالَ قَدْ ذَكَرْتُكَ لَهُ فَصَمَتَ فَوَلَّيْتُ مُدْبِرًا فَإِذَا الْغُلَامُ يَدْعُونِي فَقَالَ ادْخُلْ فَقَدْ أَذِنَ لَكَ فَدَخَلْتُ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَىرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَإِذَا هُوَ مُتَّكِئٌ عَلَى رَمْلِ حَصِيرٍ وحَدَّثَنَاهُ يَعْقُوبُ فِي حَدِيثِ صَالِحٍ قَالَ رُمَالِ حَصِيرٍ قَدْ أَثَّرَ فِي جَنْبِهِ فَقُلْتُ أَطَلَّقْتَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ نِسَاءَكَ؟ فَرَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ إِلَيَّ وَقَالَ لَا فَقُلْتُ اللهُ أَكْبَرُ لَوْ رَأَيْتَنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ وَكُنَّا مَعْشَرَ قُرَيْشٍ قَوْمًا نَغْلِبُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ وَجَدْنَا قَوْمًا تَغْلِبُهُمْ نِسَاؤُهُمْ فَطَفِقَ نِسَاؤُنَا يَتَعَلَّمْنَ مِنْ نِسَائِهِمْ فَتَغَضَّبْتُ عَلَى امْرَأَتِي يَوْمًا فَإِذَا هِيَ تُرَاجِعُنِي فَأَنْكَرْتُ أَنْ تُرَاجِعَنِي فَقَالَتْ مَا تُنْكِرُ أَنْ أُرَاجِعَكَ؟ فَوَاللهِ إِنَّ أَزْوَاجَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ لَيُرَاجِعْنَهُ وَتَهْجُرُهُ إِحْدَاهُنَّ الْيَوْمَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ فَقُلْتُ قَدْ خَابَ مَنْ فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ مِنْهُنَّ وَخَسِرَ أَفَتَأْمَنُ إِحْدَاهُنَّ أَنْ يَغْضَبَ اللهُ عَلَيْهَا لِغَضَبِ رَسُولِهِ فَإِذَا هِيَ قَدْ هَلَكَتْ؟ فَتَبَسَّمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ فَقُلْتُ لَا يَغُرُّكِ أَنْ كَانَتْ جَارَتُكِ هِيَ أَوْسَمَ وَأَحَبَّ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ مِنْكِ فَتَبَسَّمَ أُخْرَى فَقُلْتُ أَسْتَأْنِسُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَجَلَسْتُ فَرَفَعْتُ رَأْسِي فِي الْبَيْتِ فَوَاللهِ مَا رَأَيْتُ فِيهِ شَيْئًا يَرُدُّ الْبَصَرَ إِلَّا أَهَبَةً ثَلَاثَةً فَقُلْتُ ادْعُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَنْ يُوَسِّعَ عَلَى أُمَّتِكَ فَقَدْ وُسِّعَ عَلَى فَارِسَ وَالرُّومِ وَهُمْ لَا يَعْبُدُونَ اللهَ فَاسْتَوَى جَالِسًا ثُمَّ قَالَ أَفِي شَكٍّ أَنْتَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ؟ أُولَئِكَ قَوْمٌ عُجِّلَتْ لَهُمْ طَيِّبَاتُهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا فَقُلْتُ اسْتَغْفِرْ لِي يَا رَسُولَ اللهِوَكَانَ أَقْسَمَ أَنْ لَا يَدْخُلَ عَلَيْهِنَّ شَهْرًا مِنْ شِدَّةِ مَوْجِدَتِهِ عَلَيْهِنَّ حَتَّى عَاتَبَهُ اللهُ ﷻ  

ahmad:3ʿAmr b. Muḥammad Abū Saʿīd / al-ʿAnqazī > Isrāʾīl > Abū Isḥāqaʿan al-Barāʾ b. ʿĀzib > Āshtará Abū Bakr from ʿĀzib Sarj Bithalāthah ʿAshar Dirham > Abū Bakr Liʿāzib Mur al-Barāʾ Falyaḥmilh > Manzilī > Lā Ḥattá

Abu Bakr bought a saddle from ‘Azib for thirteen dirhams, then Abu Bakr said to 'Azib. Tell al-Bara to carry it to my house. He said: No, not until you tell us what happened when the Messenger of Allah ﷺ went out and you were with him. Abu Bakr said: We started our journey at the beginning of the night and we hastened for one day and one night, until it was midday. I looked into the distance to see whether there was anywhere to seek shade, and I saw a rock, so I went to it and it had a little shade. I smoothed the ground for the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and spread a garment of camel hair for him, and said: Lie down and rest, O Messenger of Allah. So he lay down, and I went out to see if I could spot anyone looking for us. Then I saw a shepherd and I said: Who do you belong to, O boy? He said: To a man of Quraish. He mentioned his name and I recognised it. I said: Is there any milk in your sheep? He said: Yes | said: Will you milk some for me? He said: Yes. I told him to do that, so he caught a sheep, then I told him to brush the dust from its teat, then to brush the dust off his hands. I had a small vessel with me on the neck of which was a cloth. He milked a little bit of milk for me and I poured it into the vessel until it cooled down. Then I came to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. When I reached him, he had already woken up. I said: Drink, O Messenger of Allah. He drank until I was pleased, then I said: Is it time to move on? So we moved on and the people were coming after us but none of them caught up with us except Suraqah bin Malik bin Ju'shum, who was riding a horse of his, I said: O Messenger of Allah, someone has caught up with us. He said: ʿDo not be afraid, for Allah is with us.ʿ When he got close to us, and there was no more between us and him then the length of a spear or two or three spears, I said: O Messenger of Allah, this pursuer has caught up with us, and I wept. He said: ʿWhy are you weeping?ʿ I said: I am not weeping for myself; rather I am weeping for you. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ prayed against him [the pursuer] and said: “O Allah, protect us from him by whatever means You will.” Then his horse's legs sank into the solid ground up to its belly, and he fell off it. He said: O Muhammad, I know that this is because of you; pray to Allah to save me from my predicament, and by Allah I shall divert away from you any one who is behind me of those who are seeking you. Here is my quiver, take one arrow. You are going to pass by some camels and sheep of mine in such and such a place, take whatever you need from thern. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ʿI have no need of it.“ The Messenger of Allah ﷺ prayed for him and he was released, and he went back to his companions. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ and I continued on our way until we came to Madinah, where the people met him. They came out on the road and on the roofs, and a lot of servants and children crowded the road saying: Allahu Akbar, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ has come, Muhammad has come. The people disputed as to who he would stay with. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ʿTonight I will stay with Banun-Najjar, the maternal uncles of 'Abdul-Muttalib, to honour them thereby.” The next morning, he went where he was instructed. Al-Bara' bin 'Azib said: The first of the Muhajireen to come to us was Mus'ab bin 'Umair, the brother of Banu 'Abdud-Dar. Then Ibn Umm Maktoom, the blind man and brother of Banu Fihr, came to us. Then 'Umar bin al-Khattab, came to us with twenty riders and we said: What happened to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ? He said: He is behind me. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and Abu Bakr was with him. Al-Bara said: the Messenger of Allah ﷺ did not come until I had read some soorahs from al-Mufassal [Al-Mufassal is that portion of the Qur'an which goes from Qaf to an-Nas]. Isra'eel said: al-Bara' was one of the Ansar from Banu Harithah.  

أحمد:٣حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ يَعْنِي الْعَنْقَزِيَّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْرَائِيلُ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَعَنِ الْبَرَاءِ بْنِ عَازِبٍ قَالَ

اشْتَرَى أَبُو بَكْرٍ مِنْ عَازِبٍ سَرْجًا بِثَلاثَةَ عَشَرَ دِرْهَمًا قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لِعَازِبٍ مُرِ الْبَرَاءَ فَلْيَحْمِلْهُ إِلَى مَنْزِلِي فَقَالَ لَا حَتَّى تُحَدِّثَنَا كَيْفَ صَنَعْتَ حِينَ خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَنْتَ مَعَهُ؟قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ خَرَجْنَا فَأَدْلَجْنَا فَأَحْثَثْنَا يَوْمَنَا وَلَيْلَتَنَا حَتَّى أَظْهَرْنَا وَقَامَ قَائِمُ الظَّهِيرَةِ فَضَرَبْتُ بِبَصَرِي هَلْ أَرَى ظِلًّا نَأْوِي إِلَيْهِ؟ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِصَخْرَةٍ فَأَهْوَيْتُ إِلَيْهَا فَإِذَا بَقِيَّةُ ظِلِّهَا فَسَوَّيْتُهُ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَفَرَشْتُ لَهُ فَرْوَةً وَقُلْتُ اضْطَجِعْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَاضْطَجَعَ ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ أَنْظُرُ هَلْ أَرَى أَحَدًا مِنَ الطَّلَبِ؟ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِرَاعِي غَنَمٍ فَقُلْتُ لِمَنْ أَنْتَ يَا غُلامُ؟ فَقَالَ لِرَجُلٍ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ فَسَمَّاهُ فَعَرَفْتُهُ فَقُلْتُ هَلْ فِي غَنَمِكَ مِنْ لَبَنٍ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ قُلْتُ هَلْ أَنْتَ حَالِبٌ لِي؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَأَمَرْتُهُ فَاعْتَقَلَ شَاةً مِنْهَا ثُمَّ أَمَرْتُهُ فَنَفَضَ ضَرْعَهَا مِنَ الْغُبَارِ ثُمَّ أَمَرْتُهُ فَنَفَضَ كَفَّيْهِ مِنَ الْغُبَارِ وَمَعِي إِدَاوَةٌ عَلَى فَمِهَا خِرْقَةٌ فَحَلَبَ لِي كُثْبَةً مِنَ اللَّبَنِ فَصَبَبْتُ عَلَى الْقَدَحِ حَتَّى بَرَدَ أَسْفَلُهُ ثُمَّ أَتَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺفَوَافَيْتُهُ وَقَدِ اسْتَيْقَظَ فَقُلْتُ اشْرَبْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَشَرِبَ حَتَّى رَضِيتُ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ هَلْ أَنَى الرَّحِيلُ قَالَ فَارْتَحَلْنَا وَالْقَوْمُ يَطْلُبُونَا فَلَمْ يُدْرِكْنَا أَحَدٌ مِنْهُمْ إِلَّا سُرَاقَةُ بْنُ مَالِكِ بْنِ جُعْشُمٍ عَلَى فَرَسٍ لَهُ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَذَا الطَّلَبُ قَدْ لَحِقَنَا فَقَالَ لَا تَحْزَنْ إِنَّ اللهَ مَعَنَا حَتَّى إِذَا دَنَا مِنَّا فَكَانَ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَهُ قَدْرُ رُمْحٍ أَوْ رُمْحَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلاثَةٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَذَا الطَّلَبُ قَدْ لَحِقَنَا وَبَكَيْتُ قَالَ لِمَ تَبْكِي؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ أَمَا وَاللهِ مَا عَلَى نَفْسِي أَبْكِي وَلَكِنْ أَبْكِي عَلَيْكَ قَالَ فَدَعَا عَلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ اللهُمَّ اكْفِنَاهُ بِمَا شِئْتَ فَسَاخَتْ قَوَائِمُ فَرَسِهِ إِلَى بَطْنِهَا فِي أَرْضٍ صَلْدٍ وَوَثَبَ عَنْهَا وَقَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ قَدْ عَلِمْتُ أَنَّ هَذَا عَمَلُكَ فَادْعُ اللهَ أَنْ يُنْجِّيَنِي مِمَّا أَنَا فِيهِ فَوَاللهِ لَأُعَمِّيَنَّ عَلَى مَنْ وَرَائِي مِنَ الطَّلَبِ وَهَذِهِ كِنَانَتِي فَخُذْ مِنْهَا سَهْمًا فَإِنَّكَ سَتَمُرُّ بِإِبِلِي وَغَنَمِي فِي مَوْضِعِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَخُذْ مِنْهَا حَاجَتَكَ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لَا حَاجَةَ لِي فِيهَا قَالَ وَدَعَا لَهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَأُطْلِقَ فَرَجَعَ إِلَى أَصْحَابِهِوَمَضَى رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَنَا مَعَهُ حَتَّى قَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ فَتَلَقَّاهُ النَّاسُ فَخَرَجُوا فِي الطَّرِيقِ وَعَلَى الْأَجَاجِيرِ فَاشْتَدَّ الْخَدَمُ وَالصِّبْيَانُ فِي الطَّرِيقِ يَقُولُونَ اللهُ أَكْبَرُ جَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ جَاءَ مُحَمَّدٌ قَالَ وَتَنَازَعَالْقَوْمُ أَيُّهُمْ يَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَنْزِلُ اللَّيْلَةَ عَلَى بَنِي النَّجَّارِ أَخْوَالِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ لِأُكْرِمَهُمْ بِذَلِكَ فَلَمَّا أَصْبَحَ غَدَا حَيْثُ أُمِرَقَالَ الْبَرَاءُ بْنُ عَازِبٍ أَوَّلُ مَنْ كَانَ قَدِمَ عَلَيْنَا مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ مُصْعَبُ بْنُ عُمَيْرٍ أَخُو بَنِي عَبْدِ الدَّارِ ثُمَّ قَدِمَ عَلَيْنَا ابْنُ أُمِّ مَكْتُومٍ الْأَعْمَى أَخُو بَنِي فِهْرٍ ثُمَّ قَدِمَ عَلَيْنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ فِي عِشْرِينَ رَاكِبًا فَقُلْنَا مَا فَعَلَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ؟ فَقَالَ هُوَ عَلَى أَثَرِي ثُمَّ قَدِمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ مَعَهُقَالَ الْبَرَاءُ وَلَمْ يَقْدَمْ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ حَتَّى قَرَأْتُ سُوَرًا مِنَ الْمُفَصَّلِ قَالَ إِسْرَائِيلُ وَكَانَ الْبَرَاءُ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ مِنْ بَنِي حَارِثَةَ  

ahmad:2692Ḥasan > Ḥammād b. Salamah > ʿAlī b. Zayd > Abū Naḍrah > Khaṭabanā Ibn ʿAbbās > Hadhā al-Minbar Minbar al-Baṣrah

[Machine] The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Every prophet had a supplication that would be fulfilled in this world. For myself, I have kept my supplication as intercession for my ummah (community). I am the master of the children of Adam on the Day of Judgment, and I do not say this out of pride. I am the first one for whom the earth will be split open, and I do not say this out of pride. In my hand is the banner of praise, and I do not say this out of pride. Those who are under my banner will have a long day on the Day of Judgment, until some of them will say to others, ‘Let us go to Adam, the father of mankind, and ask him to intercede for us with our Lord, the Exalted and Mighty.’ They will then come to Adam and say, ‘O Adam, you are the one whom Allah created with His own hands, and He made you dwell in Paradise and ordered the angels to prostrate to you. Intercede for us with your Lord, so that He may relieve us from this place of ours.’ Adam will say, ‘I am not suitable for this. Myself! Myself! Go to Noah, who is the first of the messengers.’ So they will go to Noah and say, ‘O Noah, you are the first of the messengers to the people of earth, and Allah called you a grateful servant. Intercede for us with your Lord, so that He will relieve us from this place of ours.’ Noah will say, ‘I am not suitable for this. Myself! Myself! Go to Ibrahim, the Friend of Allah.’ So they will come to Ibrahim and say, ‘O Ibrahim, you are the Prophet of Allah and His Friend among the people of the earth. Intercede for us with your Lord, so that He will relieve us from this place of ours.’ Ibrahim will say, ‘I am not suitable for this. Myself! Myself! Go to Musa, to whom Allah spoke directly.’ So they will come to Musa and say, ‘O Musa, you are the Messenger of Allah and He chose you above the people with His Message and His Word. Intercede for us with your Lord, so that He will relieve us from this place of ours.’ Musa  

أحمد:٢٦٩٢حَدَّثَنَا حَسَنٌ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي نَضْرَةَ قَالَ خَطَبَنَا ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ عَلَى هَذَا الْمِنْبَرِ مِنْبَرِ الْبَصْرَةِ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ نَبِيٌّ إِلا لَهُ دَعْوَةٌ تَنَجَّزَهَا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَإِنِّي اخْتَبَأْتُ دَعْوَتِي شَفَاعَةً لِأُمَّتِي وَأَنَا سَيِّدُ وَلَدِ آدَمَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَلا فَخْرَ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ مَنْ تَنْشَقُ عَنْهُ الْأَرْضُ وَلا فَخْرَ وَبِيَدِي لِوَاءُ الْحَمْدِ وَلا فَخْرَ آدَمُ فَمَنْ دُونَهُ تَحْتَ لِوَائِي قَالَ وَيَطُولُ يَوْمُ الْقِيَامَةِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حَتَّى يَقُولَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ انْطَلِقُوا بِنَا إِلَى آدَمَ أَبِي الْبَشَرِ فَيَشْفَعَ لَنَا إِلَى رَبِّهِ ﷻ فَلْيَقْضِ بَيْنَنَا فَيَأْتُونَ آدَمَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ فَيَقُولُونَ يَا آدَمُ أَنْتَ الَّذِي خَلَقَكَ اللهُ بِيَدِهِ وَأَسْكَنَكَ جَنَّتَهُ وَأَسْجَدَ لَكَ مَلائِكَتَهُ فَاشْفَعْ لَنَا إِلَى رَبِّكَ فَلْيَقْضِ بَيْنَنَا فَيَقُولُ إِنِّي لَسْتُ هُنَاكُمْ إِنِّي قَدِ أُخْرِجْتُ مِنَ الجَنَّةِ بِخَطِيئَتِي وَإِنَّهُ لَا يُهِمُّنِي الْيَوْمَ إِلا نَفْسِي وَلَكِنِ ائْتُوا نُوحًا رَأْسَ النَّبِيِّينَ فَيَأْتُونَ نُوحًا فَيَقُولُونَ يَا نُوحُ اشْفَعْ لَنَا إِلَى رَبِّكَ فَلْيَقْضِ بَيْنَنَا فَيَقُولُ إِنِّي لَسْتُ هُنَاكُمْ إِنِّي قَدْ دَعَوْتُ دَعْوَةً غَرَّقَتْ أَهْلَ الْأَرْضِ وَإِنَّهُ لَا يُهِمُّنِي الْيَوْمَ إِلا نَفْسِي وَلَكِنِ ائْتُوا إِبْرَاهِيمَ خَلِيلَ اللهِ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ قَالَ فَيَأْتُونَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ فَيَقُولُونَ يَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ اشْفَعْ لَنَا إِلَى رَبِّكَ فَلْيَقْضِ بَيْنَنَا فَيَقُولُ إِنِّي لَسْتُ هُنَاكُمْ إِنِّي قَدْ كَذَبْتُ فِي الْإِسْلامِ ثَلاثَ كِذْبَاتٍوَإِنَّهُ لَا يُهِمُّنِي الْيَوْمَ إِلا نَفْسِي فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِنْ حَاوَلَ بِهِنَّ إِلا عَنْ دِينِ اللهِ قَوْلُهُ {إِنِّي سَقِيمٌ} [الصافات 89] وَقَوْلُهُ {بَلْ فَعَلَهُ كَبِيرُهُمْ هَذَا} [الأنبياء 63] وَقَوْلُهُ لِامْرَأَتِهِ إِنَّهَا أُخْتِي وَلَكِنِ ائْتُوا مُوسَى عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ الَّذِي اصْطَفَاهُ اللهُ بِرِسَالَتِهِ وَكَلامِهِ فَيَأْتُونَ مُوسَى فَيَقُولُونَ يَا مُوسَى أَنْتَ الَّذِي اصْطَفَاكَ اللهُ بِرِسَالَتِهِ وَكَلَّمَكَ فَاشْفَعْ لَنَا إِلَى رَبِّكَ فَلْيَقْضِ بَيْنَنَا فَيَقُولُ إِنِّي لَسْتُ هُنَاكُمْ إِنِّي قَتَلْتُ نَفْسًا بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ وَإِنَّهُ لَا يُهِمُّنِي الْيَوْمَ إِلا نَفْسِي وَلَكِنِ ائْتُوا عِيسَى رُوحَ اللهِ وَكَلِمَتَهُ فَيَأْتُونَ عِيسَى فَيَقُولُونَ يَا عِيسَى أَنْتَ رُوحُ اللهِ وَكَلِمَتُهُ فَاشْفَعْ لَنَا إِلَى رَبِّكَ فَلْيَقْضِ بَيْنَنَا فَيَقُولُ إِنِّي لَسْتُ هُنَاكُمْ قَدِ اتُّخِذْتُ إِلَهًا مِنْ دُونِ اللهِ وَإِنَّهُ لَا يُهِمُّنِي الْيَوْمَ إِلا نَفْسِي ثُمَّ قَالَ أَرَأَيْتُمْ لَوْ كَانَ مَتَاعٌ فِي وِعَاءٍ قَدْ خُتِمَ عَلَيْهِ أَكَانَ يُقْدَرُ عَلَى مَا فِي الْوِعَاءِ حَتَّى يُفَضَّ الْخَاتَمُ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ لَا 0 فَيَقُولُ إِنَّ مُحَمَّدًا ﷺ خَاتَمَ النَّبِيِّينَ قَدْ حَضَرَ الْيَوْمَ وَقَدْ غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ وَمَا تَأَخَّرَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَيَأْتُونِي فَيَقُولُونَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ اشْفَعْ لَنَا إِلَى رَبِّكَ فَلْيَقْضِ بَيْنَنَا فَأَقُولُ نَعَمْ أَنَا لَهَا حَتَّى يَأْذَنَ اللهُ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَيَرْضَى فَإِذَا أَرَادَ اللهُ ﷻ أَنْ يَصْدَعَ بَيْنَ خَلْقِهِ نَادَى مُنَادٍ أَيْنَ أَحْمَدُ وَأُمَّتُهُ؟ فَنَحْنُ الْآخِرُونَ الْأَوَّلُونَ فَنَحْنُ آخِرُ الْأُمَمِ وَأَوَّلُ مَنْ يُحَاسَبُ فَتُفْرَجُ لَنَا الْأُمَمُ عَنْ طَرِيقِنَا فَنَمْضِي غُرًّا مُحَجَّلِينَ مِنْ أَثَرِ الطُّهُورِ وَتَقُولُ الْأُمَمُ كَادَتْ هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةُ أَنْ تَكُونَ أَنْبِيَاءَ كُلُّهَا قَالَ ثُمَّ آتِي بَابَ الْجَنَّةِ فَآخُذُ بِحَلْقَةِ بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ فَأَقْرَعُ الْبَابَ فَيُقَالُ مَنْ أَنْتَ؟ فَأَقُولُمُحَمَّدٌ فَيُفْتَحُ لِي فَأَرَى رَبِّي ﷻ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُرْسِيِّهِ أَوْ سَرِيرِهِ فَأَخِرُّ لَهُ سَاجِدًا وَأَحْمَدُهُ بِمَحَامِدَ لَمْ يَحْمَدْهُ بِهَا أَحَدٌ كَانَ قَبْلِي وَلا يَحْمَدُهُ بِهَا أَحَدٌ بَعْدِي فَيُقَالُ ارْفَعْ رَأْسَكَ وَقُلْ تُسْمَعْ وَسَلْ تُعْطَهْ وَاشْفَعْ تُشَفَّعْ قَالَ فَأَرْفَعُ رَأْسِي فَأَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ أُمَّتِي أُمَّتِي فَيُقَالُ لِي أَخْرِجْ مِنَ النَّارِ مَنْ كَانَ فِي قَلْبِهِ مِثْقَالُ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَأُخْرِجُهُمْ ثُمَّ أَعُودُ فَأَخِرُّ سَاجِدًا وَأَحْمَدُهُ بِمَحَامِدَ لَمْ يَحْمَدْهُ بِهَا أَحَدٌ كَانَ قَبْلِي وَلا يَحْمَدُهُ بِهَا أَحَدٌ بَعْدِي فَيُقَالُ لِي ارْفَعْ رَأْسَكَ وَقُلْ يُسْمَعْ لَكَ وَسَلْ تُعْطَهْ وَاشْفَعْ تُشَفَّعْ فَأَرْفَعُ رَأْسِي فَأَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ أُمَّتِي أُمَّتِي فَيُقَالُ أَخْرِجْ مَنِ النَّارِ مَنْ كَانَ فِي قَلْبِهِ مِثْقَالُ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَأُخْرِجُهُمْ قَالَ وَقَالَ فِي الثَّالِثَةِ مِثْلَ هَذَا أَيْضًا  

ahmad:2609Sulaymān b. Dāwud > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Abū al-Zinād from his father > ʿUbaydullāh > Ibn ʿAbbās

[Machine] He said, "Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, did not grant us victory in a place like He did on the Day of Uhud." We objected to that, and Ibn Abbas said, "Between me and the one who objected to that is the Book of Allah, the Blessed and Exalted. Indeed, Allah, the Almighty and Glorious, says on the Day of Uhud: 'Indeed, Allah had fulfilled for you His promise when you were killing them by His permission.'" [Surah Al-Imran, 3:152] Ibn Abbas said, "And the expression 'killing them' means fighting, 'until when you lost courage' [Surah Al-Imran, 3:152] until [His words], 'And Allah is All-Forgiving, Most Merciful to the believers.' [Surah Al-Imran, 3:152] This is referring to the archers, because the Prophet ﷺ stationed them in a certain place and said, 'Protect our backs. If you see us being killed, do not come to our aid, and if you see us winning and gaining spoils, do not join us.' So when the Prophet ﷺ gained spoils and permitted the troops of the polytheists, the archers started collecting the spoils. They entered the enemy camp, looting, while the ranks of the companions of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ were united and had joined hands. But then when the archers separated from that unity, the cavalry attacked the companions of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ , striking one another and causing confusion. Many Muslims were killed, while the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and his companions fought until the morning. Indeed, among the first killed among the companions of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ from the standard bearers of the polytheists were seven or nine. The Muslims dispersed towards a nearby mountain, without reaching the cave, where the people said the askar (a type of plant) was growing. Satan cried out, 'Muhammad has been killed,' and he did not doubt that it was true. So we were in that state of uncertainty until the Messenger of Allah ﷺ emerged between As-Sa'dayn. We recognized him by the way he walked. We were overjoyed, as if nothing had afflicted us. He separated from us and said, 'Allah's anger has intensified against a people who smeared the face of His Messenger.' Then he said again, 'Allah, destroy them, for they can never overcome us.' Then Abu Sufyan called out from the foot of the mountain, 'Mount Hubal!' twice, referring to their idols. 'Where is the son of Abi Kabshah? Where is the son of Abi Quhafah? Where is the son of Al-Khattab?' Umar said, 'O Messenger of Allah, shall I respond to him?' He said, 'Yes.' When Umar said, 'Allah is the Most High and the Most Exalted,' Abu Sufyan said, 'We have certainly reached a day of defeat. When you are high in rank, we are in the fire.' Umar said, 'Indeed, you are mistaken. By Allah, we are victorious, and your army has suffered a loss.' Abu Sufyan said, 'You will find the same fate in your killing as mine. However, this was not from the opinion of our women.' Then he was overtaken by Jahiliyah ignorance, and he said, 'Indeed, that was the case, and we did not reject it.'"  

أحمد:٢٦٠٩حَدَّثَنِي سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ

أَنَّهُ قَالَ مَا نَصَرَ اللهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى فِي مَوْطِنٍ كَمَا نَصَرَ يَوْمَ أُحُدٍ قَالَ فَأَنْكَرْنَا ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ مَنِ انْكَرَ ذَلِكَ كِتَابُ اللهِ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى إِنَّ اللهَ ﷻ يَقُولُ فِي يَوْمِ أُحُدٍ{وَلَقَدْ صَدَقَكُمِ اللهُ وَعْدَهُ إِذْ تَحُسُّونَهُمْ بِإِذْنِهِ} [آل عمران 152] يَقُولُ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَالْحَسُّ الْقَتْلُ {حَتَّى إِذَا فَشِلْتُمْ} [آل عمران 152] إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {وَلَقَدْ عَفَا عَنْكُمْ وَاللهُ ذُو فَضْلٍ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ} [آل عمران 152] وَإِنَّمَا عَنَى بِهَذَا الرُّمَاةَ وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ أَقَامَهُمْ فِي مَوْضِعٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ احْمُوا ظُهُورَنَا فَإِنْ رَأَيْتُمُونَا نُقْتَلُ فَلا تَنْصُرُونَا وَإِنْ رَأَيْتُمُونَا قَدْ غَنِمْنَا فَلا تُشْرِكُونَا فَلَمَّا غَنِمَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ وَأَبَاحُوا عَسْكَرَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ أَكَبَّ الرُّمَاةُ جَمِيعًا فَدَخَلُوا فِي الْعَسْكَرِ يَنْهَبُونَ وَقَدِ الْتَقَتْ صُفُوفُ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَهُمْ هَكَذَا وَشَبَّكَ بَيْنَ أَصَابِعِ يَدَيْهِ وَالْتَبَسُوا فَلَمَّا أَخَلَّ الرُّمَاةُ تِلْكَ الْخَلَّةَ الَّتِي كَانُوا فِيهَا دَخَلَتِ الْخَيْلُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْمَوْضِعِ عَلَى أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَضَرَبَ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا وَالْتَبَسُوا وَقُتِلَ مِنَ المُسْلِمِينَ نَاسٌ كَثِيرٌ وَقَدْ كَانَ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَصْحَابِهِ أَوَّلُ النَّهَارِ حَتَّى قُتِلَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ لِوَاءِ الْمُشْرِكِينَ سَبْعَةٌ أَوْ تِسْعَةٌ وَجَالَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ جَوْلَةً نَحْوَ الْجَبَلِ وَلَمْ يَبْلُغُوا حَيْثُ يَقُولُ النَّاسُ الْغَارَ إِنَّمَا كَانُوا تَحْتَ الْمِهْرَاسِ وَصَاحَ الشَّيْطَانُ قُتِلَ مُحَمَّدٌ فَلَمْ يُشَكَّ فِيهِ أَنَّهُ حَقٌّ فَمَا زِلْنَا كَذَلِكَ مَا نَشُكُّ أَنَّهُ قَدْ قُتِلَ حَتَّى طَلَعَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بَيْنَ السَّعْدَيْنِ نَعْرِفُهُ بِتَكَفُّئِهِ إِذَا مَشَى قَالَ فَفَرِحْنَا حَتَّى كَأَنَّهُ لَمْ يُصِبْنَا مَا أَصَابَنَا قَالَ فَرَقِيَ نَحْوَنَا وَهُوَ يَقُولُ اشْتَدَّ غَضَبُ اللهِ عَلَى قَوْمٍ دَمَّوْا وَجْهَ رَسُولِهِ قَالَ وَيَقُولُ مَرَّةً أُخْرَى اللهُمَّ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ لَهُمِ أنْ يَعْلُونَا حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَيْنَافَمَكَثَ سَاعَةً فَإِذَا أَبُو سُفْيَانَ يَصِيحُ فِي أَسْفَلِ الْجَبَلِ اعْلُ هُبَلُ مَرَّتَيْنِ يَعْنِي آلِهَتَهُ أَيْنَ ابْنُ أَبِي كَبْشَةَ؟ أَيْنَ ابْنُ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ؟ أَيْنَ ابْنُ الْخَطَّابِ؟ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَلا أُجِيبُهُ؟ قَالَ بَلَى فَلَمَّا قَالَ اعْلُ هُبَلُ قَالَ عُمَرُ اللهُ أَعْلَى وَأَجَلُّ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ إِنَّهُ قَدِ انْعَمَتْ عَيْنُهَا فَعَادِ عَنْهَا أَوْ فَعَالِ عَنْهَا فَقَالَ أَيْنَ ابْنُ أَبِي كَبْشَةَ؟ أَيْنَ ابْنُ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ؟ أَيْنَ ابْنُ الْخَطَّابِ؟ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ هَذَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَهَذَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَهَا أَنَا ذَا عُمَرُ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ يَوْمٌ بِيَوْمِ بَدْرٍ الْأَيَّامُ دُوَلٌ وَإِنَّ الْحَرْبَ سِجَالٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ لَا سَوَاءً قَتْلانَا فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَقَتْلاكُمْ فِي النَّارِ قَالَ إِنَّكُمْ لَتَزْعُمُونَ ذَلِكَ لَقَدْ خِبْنَا إِذَنْ وَخَسِرْنَا ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ أَمَا إِنَّكُمْ سَوْفَ تَجِدُونَ فِي قَتْلاكُمْ مَثْلَى وَلَمْ يَكُنْ ذَاكَ عَنْ رَأْيِ سَرَاتِنَا قَالَ ثُمَّ أَدْرَكَتْهُ حَمِيَّةُ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَمَا إِنَّهُ قَدْ كَانَ ذَاكَ وَلَمْ نَكْرَهْهُ