Caution: Translations of Quran and Ḥadīth may lead to possible misapplications and misinterpretations. This site is intended for students of sacred knowledge that are proficient in comprehending classical Arabic and have a strong foundation in Islamic sciences. Also note that religious injunctions rely on several aspects beyond what one may glean through reading individual aḥādīth.
muslim:681Shaybān b. Farrūkh > Sulaymān / Ibn al-Mughīrah > Thābit > ʿAbdullāh b. Rabāḥ > Abū Qatādah

The Messenger of Allah (way peace be upon him) addressed us and said: You would travel In the evening and the might till (God willing) you would come in the morning to a place of water. So the people travelled (self absorbed) without paying any heed to one another, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ also travelled till It was midnight. I was by his side. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ began to doze and leaned (to one side) of his camel. I came to him and I lent him support without awaking him till he sat poised on his ride. He went on travelling till a major part of the night was over and (he again) leaned (to one side) of his camel. I supported him without awaking him till he sat" bed on his ride. and then travelled till it was near dawn. He (again) leaned which was far more inclined than the two earlier leanings and he was about to fall down. So I came to him and supported him and he lifted his head and said; Who is this? I said: it is Abu Qatida. He (the Prophet again) said: Since how long have you been travelling along with me like this? I said: I have been travelling in this very state since the night. He said: May Allah protect you, as you have protected His Apostle (from falling down), and again said: Do you see that we are hidden from the people? - and again said: Do you see anyone? I said: Here is a rider. I again said: Here Is another rider till we gathered together and we were seven riders. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stepped aside of the highway and placed his head (for sleep and said): Guard for us our prayers. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ was the first to wake up and the rays of the sun were falling on his back. We got up startled He (the Holy Prophet) said: Ride on So we rode on till the sun had (sufficiently) risen. He then came down from his camel and called for a jug of water which I had with me. There was a little water in that. He performed ablution with that which was less thorough as compared with his usual ablutions and some water of that had been left. He (the Holy Prophet) said to Abu Qatida: Keep a watch over your jug of water; it would have (a miraculous) condition about it. Then Bilal summoned (people) to prayer and then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ observed two rak'ahs and then said the morning prayer as he said every day. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ (then) rode on and we rode along with him and some of us whispered to the others saying: How would there be compensation for omission in our prayers? Upon this he (the Messenger of Allah) said: Is there not in me (my life) a model for you? There is no omission in sleeping. The (cognizable) emission is that one should not say prayer (intentionally) till the time of the other prayer comes. So he who did like it (omitted prayer in sleep or due to other unavoidable circumstances) should say prayer when he becomes aware of it and on the next day he should observe it at its prescribed time. He (the Holy Prophet) said: What do you think the people would have done (at this hour)? They would have in the morning found their Apostle missing from amongst them and then Abu Bakr and 'Umar would have told them that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ must be behind you, he cannot leave you behind (him), but the people said: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ is ahead of you. So if you had obeyed Abu Bakr and Umar, you would have gone on the right path. So we proceeded on till we came up to the people (from whom we had lagged behind) and the day had considerably risen and everything became hot, and they (the Companions of the Holy Prophet) said: Messenger of Allah, we are dying of thirst. Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) remarked: There is no destruction for you. And again said: Bring that small cup of mine and he then asked for the jug of water to be brought to him. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ began to pour water (in that small cup) and Abu Qatida gave them to drink. And when the people saw that there was (a little) water in the jug, they fell upon it. Upon this the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: Behave well; the water (is enough) to satiate all of you. Then they (the Companions) began to receive (their share of) water with calmness (without showing any anxiety) and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ began to fill (the cap), and I began to serve them till no one was left except me and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. He then filled (the cup) with water and said to me: Drink it. I said: Messenger of Allah, I would not drink till you drink. Upon this he said: The server of the people Is the last among them to drink. So I drank and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ also drank and the people came to the place of water quite happy and satiated. 'Abdullah b. Rabah said: I am going to narrate this hadith in the great mosque, when 'Imran b. Husain said: See, O young man, how will you narrate for I was also one of the riders on that night? I said: So you must be knowing this hadith well. He said: Who are you? I said: I am one of the Ansar. Upon this he said: You narrate, for you know your hadith better. I, therefore, narrated it to the people. 'Imran said: I was also present that night, but I know not anyone else who learnt it so well as you have learnt.  

مسلم:٦٨١وَحَدَّثَنَا شَيْبَانُ بْنُ فَرُّوخَ حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ الْمُغِيرَةِ حَدَّثَنَا ثَابِتٌ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ رَبَاحٍ عَنْ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ قَالَ

خَطَبَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ إِنَّكُمْ تَسِيرُونَ عَشِيَّتَكُمْ وَلَيْلَتَكُمْ وَتَأْتُونَ الْمَاءَ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ غَدًا فَانْطَلَقَ النَّاسُ لاَ يَلْوِي أَحَدٌ عَلَى أَحَدٍ قَالَ أَبُو قَتَادَةَ فَبَيْنَمَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَسِيرُ حَتَّى ابْهَارَّ اللَّيْلُ وَأَنَا إِلَى جَنْبِهِ قَالَ فَنَعَسَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَمَالَ عَنْ رَاحِلَتِهِ فَأَتَيْتُهُ فَدَعَمْتُهُ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ أُوقِظَهُ حَتَّى اعْتَدَلَ عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ قَالَ ثُمَّ سَارَ حَتَّى تَهَوَّرَ اللَّيْلُ مَالَ عَنْ رَاحِلَتِهِ قَالَ فَدَعَمْتُهُ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ أُوقِظَهُ حَتَّى اعْتَدَلَ عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ قَالَ ثُمَّ سَارَ حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَ مِنْ آخِرِ السَّحَرِ مَالَ مَيْلَةً هِيَ أَشَدُّ مِنَ الْمَيْلَتَيْنِ الأُولَيَيْنِ حَتَّى كَادَ يَنْجَفِلُ فَأَتَيْتُهُ فَدَعَمْتُهُ فَرَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ فَقَالَ مَنْ هَذَا قُلْتُ أَبُو قَتَادَةَ قَالَ مَتَى كَانَ هَذَا مَسِيرَكَ مِنِّي قُلْتُ مَا زَالَ هَذَا مَسِيرِي مُنْذُ اللَّيْلَةِ قَالَ حَفِظَكَ اللَّهُ بِمَا حَفِظْتَ بِهِ نَبِيَّهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ هَلْ تَرَانَا نَخْفَى عَلَى النَّاسِ ثُمَّ قَالَ هَلْ تَرَى مِنْ أَحَدٍ قُلْتُ هَذَا رَاكِبٌ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ هَذَا رَاكِبٌ آخَرُ حَتَّى اجْتَمَعْنَا فَكُنَّا سَبْعَةَ رَكْبٍ قَالَ فَمَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَنِ الطَّرِيقِ فَوَضَعَ رَأْسَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ احْفَظُوا عَلَيْنَا صَلاَتَنَا فَكَانَ أَوَّلَ مَنِ اسْتَيْقَظَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَالشَّمْسُ فِي ظَهْرِهِ قَالَ فَقُمْنَا فَزِعِينَ ثُمَّ قَالَ ارْكَبُوا فَرَكِبْنَا فَسِرْنَا حَتَّى إِذَا ارْتَفَعَتِ الشَّمْسُ نَزَلَ ثُمَّ دَعَا بِمِيضَأَةٍ كَانَتْ مَعِي فِيهَا شَىْءٌ مِنْ مَاءٍ قَالَ فَتَوَضَّأَ مِنْهَا وُضُوءًا دُونَ وُضُوءٍ قَالَ وَبَقِيَ فِيهَا شَىْءٌ مِنْ مَاءٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ لأَبِي قَتَادَةَ احْفَظْ عَلَيْنَا مِيضَأَتَكَ فَسَيَكُونُ لَهَا نَبَأٌ ثُمَّ أَذَّنَ بِلاَلٌ بِالصَّلاَةِ فَصَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ صَلَّى الْغَدَاةَ فَصَنَعَ كَمَا كَانَ يَصْنَعُ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ قَالَ وَرَكِبَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَرَكِبْنَا مَعَهُ قَالَ فَجَعَلَ بَعْضُنَا يَهْمِسُ إِلَى بَعْضٍ مَا كَفَّارَةُ مَا صَنَعْنَا بِتَفْرِيطِنَا فِي صَلاَتِنَا ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَا لَكُمْ فِيَّ أُسْوَةٌ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَا إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ فِي النَّوْمِ تَفْرِيطٌ إِنَّمَا التَّفْرِيطُ عَلَى مَنْ لَمْ يُصَلِّ الصَّلاَةَ حَتَّى يَجِيءَ وَقْتُ الصَّلاَةِ الأُخْرَى فَمَنْ فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ فَلْيُصَلِّهَا حِينَ يَنْتَبِهُ لَهَا فَإِذَا كَانَ الْغَدُ فَلْيُصَلِّهَا عِنْدَ وَقْتِهَا ثُمَّ قَالَ مَا تَرَوْنَ النَّاسَ صَنَعُوا قَالَ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَصْبَحَ النَّاسُ فَقَدُوا نَبِيَّهُمْ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ بَعْدَكُمْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لِيُخَلِّفَكُمْ وَقَالَ النَّاسُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ بَيْنَ أَيْدِيكُمْ فَإِنْ يُطِيعُوا أَبَا بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ يَرْشُدُوا قَالَ فَانْتَهَيْنَا إِلَى النَّاسِ حِينَ امْتَدَّ النَّهَارُ وَحَمِيَ كُلُّ شَىْءٍ وَهُمْ يَقُولُونَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ هَلَكْنَا عَطِشْنَا فَقَالَ لاَ هُلْكَ عَلَيْكُمْ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَطْلِقُوا لِي غُمَرِي قَالَ وَدَعَا بِالْمِيضَأَةِ فَجَعَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَصُبُّ وَأَبُو قَتَادَةَ يَسْقِيهِمْ فَلَمْ يَعْدُ أَنْ رَأَى النَّاسُ مَاءً فِي الْمِيضَأَةِ تَكَابُّوا عَلَيْهَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَحْسِنُوا الْمَلأَ كُلُّكُمْ سَيَرْوَى قَالَ فَفَعَلُوا فَجَعَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَصُبُّ وَأَسْقِيهِمْ حَتَّى مَا بَقِيَ غَيْرِي وَغَيْرُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ ثُمَّ صَبَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ لِي اشْرَبْ فَقُلْتُ لاَ أَشْرَبُ حَتَّى تَشْرَبَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ إِنَّ سَاقِيَ الْقَوْمِ آخِرُهُمْ شُرْبًا قَالَ فَشَرِبْتُ وَشَرِبَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ فَأَتَى النَّاسُ الْمَاءَ جَامِّينَ رِوَاءً قَالَ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ رَبَاحٍ إِنِّي لأُحَدِّثُ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ فِي مَسْجِدِ الْجَامِعِ إِذْ قَالَ عِمْرَانُ بْنُ حُصَيْنٍ انْظُرْ أَيُّهَا الْفَتَى كَيْفَ تُحَدِّثُ فَإِنِّي أَحَدُ الرَّكْبِ تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ فَأَنْتَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْحَدِيثِ فَقَالَ مِمَّنْ أَنْتَ قُلْتُ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ قَالَ حَدِّثْ فَأَنْتُمْ أَعْلَمُ بِحَدِيثِكُمْ قَالَ فَحَدَّثْتُ الْقَوْمَ فَقَالَ عِمْرَانُ لَقَدْ شَهِدْتُ تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةَ وَمَا شَعَرْتُ أَنَّ أَحَدًا حَفِظَهُ كَمَا حَفِظْتُهُ  


See similar narrations below:

Collected by Bukhārī, Muslim, Abū Dāwūd, Tirmidhī, Aḥmad, Dārimī, Ḥākim, Ibn Ḥibbān
bukhari:344Musaddad > Yaḥyá b. Saʿīd > ʿAwf > Abū Rajāʾ > ʿImrān

Once we were traveling with the Prophet ﷺ and we carried on traveling till the last part of the night and then we (halted at a place) and slept (deeply). There is nothing sweeter than sleep for a traveler in the last part of the night. So it was only the heat of the sun that made us to wake up and the first to wake up was so and so, then so and so and then so and so (the narrator ʿAuf said that Abu Raja' had told him their names but he had forgotten them) and the fourth person to wake up was ʿUmar bin Al- Khattab. And whenever the Prophet ﷺ used to sleep, nobody would wake up him till he himself used to get up as we did not know what was happening (being revealed) to him in his sleep. So, ʿUmar got up and saw the condition of the people, and he was a strict man, so he said, "Allahu Akbar" and raised his voice with Takbir, and kept on saying loudly till the Prophet ﷺ got up because of it. When he got up, the people informed him about what had happened to them. He said, "There is no harm (or it will not be harmful). Depart!" So they departed from that place, and after covering some distance the Prophet ﷺ stopped and asked for some water to perform the ablution. So he performed the ablution and the call for the prayer was pronounced and he led the people in prayer. After he finished from the prayer, he saw a man sitting aloof who had not prayed with the people. He asked, "O so and so! What has prevented you from praying with us?" He replied, "I am Junub and there is no water. " The Prophet ﷺ said, "Perform Tayammum with (clean) earth and that is sufficient for you." Then the Prophet ﷺ proceeded on and the people complained to him of thirst. Thereupon he got down and called a person (the narrator ʿAuf added that Abu Raja' had named him but he had forgotten) and ʿAli, and ordered them to go and bring water. So they went in search of water and met a woman who was sitting on her camel between two bags of water. They asked, "Where can we find water?" She replied, "I was there (at the place of water) this hour yesterday and my people are behind me." They requested her to accompany them. She asked, "Where?" They said, "To Messenger of Allah ﷺ ." She said, "Do you mean the man who is called the Sabi, (with a new religion)?" They replied, "Yes, the same person. So come along." They brought her to the Prophet ﷺ and narrated the whole story. He said, "Help her to dismount." The Prophet ﷺ asked for a pot, then he opened the mouths of the bags and poured some water into the pot. Then he closed the big openings of the bags and opened the small ones and the people were called upon to drink and water their animals. So they all watered their animals and they (too) all quenched their thirst and also gave water to others and last of all the Prophet ﷺ gave a pot full of water to the person who was Junub and told him to pour it over his body. The woman was standing and watching all that which they were doing with her water. By Allah, when her water bags were returned the looked like as if they were more full (of water) than they had been before (Miracle of Messenger of Allah ﷺ) Then the Prophet ﷺ ordered us to collect something for her; so dates, flour and Sawiq were collected which amounted to a good meal that was put in a piece of cloth. She was helped to ride on her camel and that cloth full of foodstuff was also placed in front of her and then the Prophet ﷺ said to her, "We have not taken your water but Allah has given water to us." She returned home late. Her relatives asked her: "O so and so what has delayed you?" She said, "A strange thing! Two men met me and took me to the man who is called the Sabi' and he did such and such a thing. By Allah, he is either the greatest magician between this and this (gesturing with her index and middle fingers raising them towards the sky indicating the heaven and the earth) or he is Allah's true Apostle." Afterwards the Muslims used to attack the pagans around her abode but never touched her village. One day she said to her people, "I think that these people leave you purposely. Have you got any inclination to Islam?" They obeyed her and all of them embraced Islam. Abu ʿAbdullah said: The word Saba'a means "The one who has deserted his old religion and embraced a new religion." Abul 'Ailya [??] said, "The SʿAbis are a sect of people of the Scripture who recite the Book of Psalms."  

البخاري:٣٤٤حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَوْفٌ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو رَجَاءٍ عَنْ عِمْرَانَ قَالَ

كُنَّا فِي سَفَرٍ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ وَإِنَّا أَسْرَيْنَا حَتَّى كُنَّا فِي آخِرِ اللَّيْلِ وَقَعْنَا وَقْعَةً وَلاَ وَقْعَةَ أَحْلَى عِنْدَ الْمُسَافِرِ مِنْهَا فَمَا أَيْقَظَنَا إِلاَّ حَرُّ الشَّمْسِ وَكَانَ أَوَّلَ مَنِ اسْتَيْقَظَ فُلاَنٌ ثُمَّ فُلاَنٌ ثُمَّ فُلاَنٌ يُسَمِّيهِمْ أَبُو رَجَاءٍ فَنَسِيَ عَوْفٌ ثُمَّ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ الرَّابِعُ وَكَانَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ إِذَا نَامَ لَمْ يُوقَظْ حَتَّى يَكُونَ هُوَ يَسْتَيْقِظُ لأَنَّا لاَ نَدْرِي مَا يَحْدُثُ لَهُ فِي نَوْمِهِ فَلَمَّا اسْتَيْقَظَ عُمَرُ وَرَأَى مَا أَصَابَ النَّاسَ وَكَانَ رَجُلاً جَلِيدًا فَكَبَّرَ وَرَفَعَ صَوْتَهُ بِالتَّكْبِيرِ فَمَا زَالَ يُكَبِّرُ وَيَرْفَعُ صَوْتَهُ بِالتَّكْبِيرِ حَتَّى اسْتَيْقَظَ لِصَوْتِهِ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَلَمَّا اسْتَيْقَظَ شَكَوْا إِلَيْهِ الَّذِي أَصَابَهُمْ قَالَ لاَ ضَيْرَ أَوْ لاَ يَضِيرُ ارْتَحِلُوا فَارْتَحَلَ فَسَارَ غَيْرَ بَعِيدٍ ثُمَّ نَزَلَ فَدَعَا بِالْوَضُوءِ فَتَوَضَّأَ وَنُودِيَ بِالصَّلاَةِ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا انْفَتَلَ مِنْ صَلاَتِهِ إِذَا هُوَ بِرَجُلٍ مُعْتَزِلٍ لَمْ يُصَلِّ مَعَ الْقَوْمِ قَالَ مَا مَنَعَكَ يَا فُلاَنُ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ مَعَ الْقَوْمِ قَالَ أَصَابَتْنِي جَنَابَةٌ وَلاَ مَاءَ قَالَ عَلَيْكَ بِالصَّعِيدِ فَإِنَّهُ يَكْفِيكَ ثُمَّ سَارَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَاشْتَكَى إِلَيْهِ النَّاسُ مِنَ الْعَطَشِ فَنَزَلَ فَدَعَا فُلاَنًا كَانَ يُسَمِّيهِ أَبُو رَجَاءٍ نَسِيَهُ عَوْفٌ وَدَعَا عَلِيًّا فَقَالَ اذْهَبَا فَابْتَغِيَا الْمَاءَ فَانْطَلَقَا فَتَلَقَّيَا امْرَأَةً بَيْنَ مَزَادَتَيْنِ أَوْ سَطِيحَتَيْنِ مِنْ مَاءٍ عَلَى بَعِيرٍ لَهَا فَقَالاَ لَهَا أَيْنَ الْمَاءُ قَالَتْ عَهْدِي بِالْمَاءِ أَمْسِ هَذِهِ السَّاعَةَ وَنَفَرُنَا خُلُوفًا قَالاَ لَهَا انْطَلِقِي إِذًا قَالَتْ إِلَى أَيْنَ قَالاَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتِ الَّذِي يُقَالُ لَهُ الصَّابِئُ قَالاَ هُوَ الَّذِي تَعْنِينَ فَانْطَلِقِي فَجَاءَا بِهَا إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ وَحَدَّثَاهُ الْحَدِيثَ قَالَ فَاسْتَنْزَلُوهَا عَنْ بَعِيرِهَا وَدَعَا النَّبِيُّ ﷺ بِإِنَاءٍ فَفَرَّغَ فِيهِ مِنْ أَفْوَاهِ الْمَزَادَتَيْنِ أَوِ السَّطِيحَتَيْنِ وَأَوْكَأَ أَفْوَاهَهُمَا وَأَطْلَقَ الْعَزَالِيَ وَنُودِيَ فِي النَّاسِ اسْقُوا وَاسْتَقُوا فَسَقَى مَنْ شَاءَ وَاسْتَقَى مَنْ شَاءَ وَكَانَ آخِرَ ذَاكَ أَنْ أَعْطَى الَّذِي أَصَابَتْهُ الْجَنَابَةُ إِنَاءً مِنْ مَاءٍ قَالَ اذْهَبْ فَأَفْرِغْهُ عَلَيْكَ وَهْىَ قَائِمَةٌ تَنْظُرُ إِلَى مَا يُفْعَلُ بِمَائِهَا وَايْمُ اللَّهِ لَقَدْ أُقْلِعَ عَنْهَا وَإِنَّهُ لَيُخَيَّلُ إِلَيْنَا أَنَّهَا أَشَدُّ مِلأَةً مِنْهَا حِينَ ابْتَدَأَ فِيهَا فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ اجْمَعُوا لَهَا فَجَمَعُوا لَهَا مِنْ بَيْنِ عَجْوَةٍ وَدَقِيقَةٍ وَسَوِيقَةٍ حَتَّى جَمَعُوا لَهَا طَعَامًا فَجَعَلُوهَا فِي ثَوْبٍ وَحَمَلُوهَا عَلَى بَعِيرِهَا وَوَضَعُوا الثَّوْبَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهَا قَالَ لَهَا تَعْلَمِينَ مَا رَزِئْنَا مِنْ مَائِكِ شَيْئًا وَلَكِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الَّذِي أَسْقَانَا فَأَتَتْ أَهْلَهَا وَقَدِ احْتَبَسَتْ عَنْهُمْ قَالُوا مَا حَبَسَكِ يَا فُلاَنَةُ قَالَتِ الْعَجَبُ لَقِيَنِي رَجُلاَنِ فَذَهَبَا بِي إِلَى هَذَا الَّذِي يُقَالُ لَهُ الصَّابِئُ فَفَعَلَ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَوَاللَّهِ إِنَّهُ لأَسْحَرُ النَّاسِ مِنْ بَيْنِ هَذِهِ وَهَذِهِ وَقَالَتْ بِإِصْبَعَيْهَا الْوُسْطَى وَالسَّبَّابَةِ فَرَفَعَتْهُمَا إِلَى السَّمَاءِ تَعْنِي السَّمَاءَ وَالأَرْضَ أَوْ إِنَّهُ لَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ حَقًّا فَكَانَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ يُغِيرُونَ عَلَى مَنْ حَوْلَهَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ وَلاَ يُصِيبُونَ الصِّرْمَ الَّذِي هِيَ مِنْهُ فَقَالَتْ يَوْمًا لِقَوْمِهَا مَا أُرَى أَنَّ هَؤُلاَءِ الْقَوْمَ يَدَعُونَكُمْ عَمْدًا فَهَلْ لَكُمْ فِي الإِسْلاَمِ فَأَطَاعُوهَا فَدَخَلُوا فِي الإِسْلاَمِ  

bukhari:3365ʿAbdullāh b. Muḥammad > Abū ʿĀmir ʿAbd al-Malik b. ʿAmr > Ibrāhīm b. Nāfiʿ > Kathīr b. Kathīr > Saʿīd b. Jubayr > Ibn ʿAbbās

When Abraham had differences with his wife), (because of her jealousy of Hajar, Ishmael's mother), he took Ishmael and his mother and went away. They had a water-skin with them containing some water, Ishmael's mother used to drink water from the water-skin so that her milk would increase for her child. When Abraham reached Mecca, he made her sit under a tree and afterwards returned home. Ishmael's mother followed him, and when they reached Kada', she called him from behind, 'O Abraham! To whom are you leaving us?' He replied, '(I am leaving you) to Allah's (Care).' She said, 'I am satisfied to be with Allah.' She returned to her place and started drinking water from the water-skin, and her milk increased for her child. When the water had all been used up, she said to herself, 'I'd better go and look so that I may see somebody.' She ascended the Safa mountain and looked, hoping to see somebody, but in vain. When she came down to the valley, she ran till she reached the Marwa mountain. She ran to and fro (between the two mountains) many times. They she said to herself, 'i'd better go and see the state of the child,' she went and found it in a state of one on the point of dying. She could not endure to watch it dying and said (to herself), 'If I go and look, I may find somebody.' She went and ascended the Safa mountain and looked for a long while but could not find anybody. Thus she completed seven rounds (of running) between Safa and Marwa. Again she said (to herself), 'I'd better go back and see the state of the child.' But suddenly she heard a voice, and she said to that strange voice, 'Help us if you can offer any help.' Lo! It was Gabriel (who had made the voice). Gabriel hit the earth with his heel like this (Ibn ʿAbbas hit the earth with his heel to Illustrate it), and so the water gushed out. Ishmael's mother was astonished and started digging. (Abu Al-Qasim) (i.e. the Prophet) said, "If she had left the water, (flow naturally without her intervention), it would have been flowing on the surface of the earth.") Ishmael's mother started drinking from the water and her milk increased for her child . Afterwards some people of the tribe of Jurhum, while passing through the bottom of the valley, saw some birds, and that astonished them, and they said, 'Birds can only be found at a place where there is water.' They sent a messenger who searched the place and found the water, and returned to inform them about it. Then they all went to her and said, 'O ishmael's mother! Will you allow us to be with you (or dwell with you)?' (And thus they stayed there.) Later on her boy reached the age of puberty and married a lady from them. Then an idea occurred to Abraham which he disclosed to his wife (Sarah), 'I want to call on my dependents I left (at Mecca).' When he went there, he greeted (Ishmael's wife) and said, 'Where is Ishmael?' She replied, 'He has gone out hunting.' Abraham said (to her), 'When he comes, tell him to change the threshold of his gate.' When he came, she told him the same whereupon Ishmael said to her, 'You are the threshold, so go to your family (i.e. you are divorced).' Again Abraham thought of visiting his dependents whom he had left (at Mecca), and he told his wife (Sarah) of his intentions. Abraham came to Ishmael's house and asked. "Where is Ishmael?" Ishmael's wife replied, "He has gone out hunting," and added, "Will you stay (for some time) and have something to eat and drink?' Abraham asked, 'What is your food and what is your drink?' She replied, 'Our food is meat and our drink is water.' He said, 'O Allah! Bless their meals and their drink." Abu Al-Qa-sim (i.e. Prophet) said, "Because of Abraham's invocation there are blessings (in Mecca)." Once more Abraham thought of visiting his family he had left (at Mecca), so he told his wife (Sarah) of his decision. He went and found Ishmael behind the Zamzam well, mending his arrows. He said, "O Ishmael, Your Lord has ordered me to build a house for Him." Ishmael said, "Obey (the order of) your Lord." Abraham said, "Allah has also ordered me that you should help me therein." Ishmael said, "Then I will do." So, both of them rose and Abraham started building (the Kaʿba) while Ishmael went on handing him the stones, and both of them were saying, "O our Lord ! Accept (this service) from us, Verily, You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing." (2.127). When the building became high and the old man (i.e. Abraham) could no longer lift the stones (to such a high position), he stood over the stone of Al- Maqam and Ishmael carried on handing him the stones, and both of them were saying, 'O our Lord! Accept (this service) from us, Verily You are All-Hearing, All-Knowing." (2.127)  

البخاري:٣٣٦٥حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَامِرٍ عَبْدُ الْمَلِكِ بْنُ عَمْرٍو قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ نَافِعٍ عَنْ كَثِيرِ بْنِ كَثِيرٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ قَالَ

لَمَّا كَانَ بَيْنَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَبَيْنَ أَهْلِهِ مَا كَانَ خَرَجَ بِإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَأُمِّ إِسْمَاعِيلَ وَمَعَهُمْ شَنَّةٌ فِيهَا مَاءٌ فَجَعَلَتْ أُمُّ إِسْمَاعِيلَ تَشْرَبُ مِنَ الشَّنَّةِ فَيَدِرُّ لَبَنُهَا عَلَى صَبِيِّهَا حَتَّى قَدِمَ مَكَّةَ فَوَضَعَهَا تَحْتَ دَوْحَةٍ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ فَاتَّبَعَتْهُ أُمُّ إِسْمَاعِيلَ حَتَّى لَمَّا بَلَغُوا كَدَاءً نَادَتْهُ مِنْ وَرَائِهِ يَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ إِلَى مَنْ تَتْرُكُنَا قَالَ إِلَى اللَّهِ قَالَتْ رَضِيتُ بِاللَّهِ قَالَ فَرَجَعَتْ فَجَعَلَتْ تَشْرَبُ مِنَ الشَّنَّةِ وَيَدِرُّ لَبَنُهَا عَلَى صَبِيِّهَا حَتَّى لَمَّا فَنِيَ الْمَاءُ قَالَتْ لَوْ ذَهَبْتُ فَنَظَرْتُ لَعَلِّي أُحِسُّ أَحَدًا قَالَ فَذَهَبَتْ فَصَعِدَتِ الصَّفَا فَنَظَرَتْ وَنَظَرَتْ هَلْ تُحِسُّ أَحَدًا فَلَمْ تُحِسَّ أَحَدًا فَلَمَّا بَلَغَتِ الْوَادِيَ سَعَتْ وَأَتَتِ الْمَرْوَةَ فَفَعَلَتْ ذَلِكَ أَشْوَاطًا ثُمَّ قَالَتْ لَوْ ذَهَبْتُ فَنَظَرْتُ مَا فَعَلَ تَعْنِي الصَّبِيَّ فَذَهَبَتْ فَنَظَرَتْ فَإِذَا هُوَ عَلَى حَالِهِ كَأَنَّهُ يَنْشَغُ لِلْمَوْتِ فَلَمْ تُقِرَّهَا نَفْسُهَا فَقَالَتْ لَوْ ذَهَبْتُ فَنَظَرْتُ لَعَلِّي أُحِسُّ أَحَدًا فَذَهَبَتْ فَصَعِدَتِ الصَّفَا فَنَظَرَتْ وَنَظَرَتْ فَلَمْ تُحِسَّ أَحَدًا حَتَّى أَتَمَّتْ سَبْعًا ثُمَّ قَالَتْ لَوْ ذَهَبْتُ فَنَظَرْتُ مَا فَعَلَ فَإِذَا هِيَ بِصَوْتٍ فَقَالَتْ أَغِثْ إِنْ كَانَ عِنْدَكَ خَيْرٌ فَإِذَا جِبْرِيلُ قَالَ فَقَالَ بِعَقِبِهِ هَكَذَا وَغَمَزَ عَقِبَهُ عَلَى الأَرْضِ قَالَ فَانْبَثَقَ الْمَاءُ فَدَهَشَتْ أُمُّ إِسْمَاعِيلَ فَجَعَلَتْ تَحْفِزُ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو الْقَاسِمِ ﷺ لَوْ تَرَكَتْهُ كَانَ الْمَاءُ ظَاهِرًا قَالَ فَجَعَلَتْ تَشْرَبُ مِنَ الْمَاءِ وَيَدِرُّ لَبَنُهَا عَلَى صَبِيِّهَا قَالَ فَمَرَّ نَاسٌ مِنْ جُرْهُمَ بِبَطْنِ الْوَادِي فَإِذَا هُمْ بِطَيْرٍ كَأَنَّهُمْ أَنْكَرُوا ذَاكَ وَقَالُوا مَا يَكُونُ الطَّيْرُ إِلاَّ عَلَى مَاءٍ فَبَعَثُوا رَسُولَهُمْ فَنَظَرَ فَإِذَا هُمْ بِالْمَاءِ فَأَتَاهُمْ فَأَخْبَرَهُمْ فَأَتَوْا إِلَيْهَا فَقَالُوا يَا أُمَّ إِسْمَاعِيلَ أَتَأْذَنِينَ لَنَا أَنْ نَكُونَ مَعَكِ أَوْ نَسْكُنَ مَعَكِ فَبَلَغَ ابْنُهَا فَنَكَحَ فِيهِمُ امْرَأَةً قَالَ ثُمَّ إِنَّهُ بَدَا لإِبْرَاهِيمَ فَقَالَ لأَهْلِهِ إِنِّي مُطَّلِعٌ تَرِكَتِي قَالَ فَجَاءَ فَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ أَيْنَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ فَقَالَتِ امْرَأَتُهُ ذَهَبَ يَصِيدُ قَالَ قُولِي لَهُ إِذَا جَاءَ غَيِّرْ عَتَبَةَ بَابِكَ فَلَمَّا جَاءَ أَخْبَرَتْهُ قَالَ أَنْتِ ذَاكِ فَاذْهَبِي إِلَى أَهْلِكِ قَالَ ثُمَّ إِنَّهُ بَدَا لإِبْرَاهِيمَ فَقَالَ لأَهْلِهِ إِنِّي مُطَّلِعٌ تَرِكَتِي قَالَ فَجَاءَ فَقَالَ أَيْنَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ فَقَالَتِ امْرَأَتُهُ ذَهَبَ يَصِيدُ فَقَالَتْ أَلاَ تَنْزِلُ فَتَطْعَمَ وَتَشْرَبَ فَقَالَ وَمَا طَعَامُكُمْ وَمَا شَرَابُكُمْ قَالَتْ طَعَامُنَا اللَّحْمُ وَشَرَابُنَا الْمَاءُ قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ لَهُمْ فِي طَعَامِهِمْ وَشَرَابِهِمْ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو الْقَاسِمِ ﷺ بَرَكَةٌ بِدَعْوَةِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ قَالَ ثُمَّ إِنَّهُ بَدَا لإِبْرَاهِيمَ فَقَالَ لأَهْلِهِ إِنِّي مُطَّلِعٌ تَرِكَتِي فَجَاءَ فَوَافَقَ إِسْمَاعِيلَ مِنْ وَرَاءِ زَمْزَمَ يُصْلِحُ نَبْلاً لَهُ فَقَالَ يَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ أَمَرَنِي أَنْ أَبْنِيَ لَهُ بَيْتًا قَالَ أَطِعْ رَبَّكَ قَالَ إِنَّهُ قَدْ أَمَرَنِي أَنْ تُعِينَنِي عَلَيْهِ قَالَ إِذًا أَفْعَلَ أَوْ كَمَا قَالَ قَالَ فَقَامَا فَجَعَلَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ يَبْنِي وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ يُنَاوِلُهُ الْحِجَارَةَ وَيَقُولاَنِ {رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ} قَالَ حَتَّى ارْتَفَعَ الْبِنَاءُ وَضَعُفَ الشَّيْخُ عَلَى نَقْلِ الْحِجَارَةِ فَقَامَ عَلَى حَجَرِ الْمَقَامِ فَجَعَلَ يُنَاوِلُهُ الْحِجَارَةَ وَيَقُولاَنِ {رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ }  

bukhari:4726Ibrāhīm b. Mūsá > Hishām b. Yūsuf > Ibn Jurayj Akhbarahum > Yaʿlá b. Muslim And ʿAmrū b. Dīnār > Saʿīd b. Jubayr Yazīd Aḥaduhumā > Ṣāḥibih Waghayrahumā Qad Samiʿtuh Yuḥaddithuh > Saʿīd

Yaʿla bin Muslim and ʿAmr bin Dinar and some others narrated the narration of Saʿid bin Jubair. Narrated Saʿid: While we were at the house of Ibn ʿAbbas, Ibn ʿAbbas said, "Ask me (any question)" I said, "O Abu ʿAbbas! May Allah let me be sacrificed for you ! There is a man at Kufa who is a storyteller called Nauf; who claims that he (Al-Khadir's companion) is not Moses of Bani Israel." As for ʿAmr, he said to me, "Ibn ʿAbbas said, "(Nauf) the enemy of Allah told a lie." But Yaʿla said to me, "Ibn ʿAbbas said, Ubai bin Kaʿb said, Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'Once Moses, Messenger of Allah ﷺ, preached to the people till their eyes shed tears and their hearts became tender, whereupon he finished his sermon. Then a man came to Moses and asked, 'O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Is there anyone on the earth who is more learned than you?' Moses replied, 'No.' So Allah admonished him (Moses), for he did not ascribe all knowledge to Allah. It was said, (on behalf of Allah), 'Yes, (there is a slave of ours who knows more than you ).' Moses said, 'O my Lord! Where is he?' Allah said, 'At the junction of the two seas.' Moses said, 'O my Lord ! Tell I me of a sign whereby I will recognize the place.' " ʿAmr said to me, Allah said, "That place will be where the fish will leave you." Yaʿla said to me, "Allah said (to Moses), 'Take a dead fish (and your goal will be) the place where it will become alive.' " So Moses took a fish and put it in a basket and said to his boy-servant "I don't want to trouble you, except that you should inform me as soon as this fish leaves you." He said (to Moses)." You have not demanded too much." And that is as mentioned by Allah: 'And (remember) when Moses said to his attendant .... ' (18.60) Yushaʿ bin Noon. (Saʿid did not state that). The Prophet ﷺ said, "While the attendant was in the shade of the rock at a wet place, the fish slipped out (alive) while Moses was sleeping. His attend an said (to himself), "I will not wake him, but when he woke up, he forgot to tell him The fish slipped out and entered the sea. Allah stopped the flow of the sea. where the fish was, so that its trace looked as if it was made on a rock. ʿAmr forming a hole with his two thumbs an index fingers, said to me, "Like this, as in its trace was made on a rock." Moses said "We have suffered much fatigue on this journey of ours." (This was not narrated by Saʿid). Then they returned back and found Al-Khadir. ʿUthman bin Abi Sulaiman said to me, (they found him) on a green carpet in the middle of the sea. Al-Khadir was covered with his garment with one end under his feet and the other end under his head. When Moses greeted, he uncovered his face and said astonishingly, 'Is there such a greeting in my land? Who are you?' Moses said, 'I am Moses.' Al- Khadir said, 'Are you the Moses of Bani Israel?' Moses said, 'Yes.' Al-Khadir said, "What do you want?' Moses said, ' I came to you so that you may teach me of the truth which you were taught.' Al- Khadir said, 'Is it not sufficient for you that the Torah is in your hands and the Divine Inspiration comes to you, O Moses? Verily, I have a knowledge that you ought not learn, and you have a knowledge which I ought not learn.' At that time a bird took with its beak (some water) from the sea: Al-Khadir then said, 'By Allah, my knowledge and your knowledge besides Allah's Knowledge is like what this bird has taken with its beak from the sea.' Until, when they went on board the boat (18.71). They found a small boat which used to carry the people from this sea-side to the other sea-side. The crew recognized Al-Khadir and said, 'The pious slave of Allah.' (We said to Saʿid "Was that Khadir?" He said, "Yes.") The boat men said, 'We will not get him on board with fare.' Al-Khadir scuttled the boat and then plugged the hole with a piece of wood. Moses said, 'Have you scuttled it in order to drown these people surely, you have done a dreadful thing. (18.71) (Mujahid said. "Moses said so protestingly.") Al-Khadir said, didn't I say that you can have no patience with me?' (18.72) The first inquiry of Moses was done because of forgetfulness, the second caused him to be bound with a stipulation, and the third was done intentionally. Moses said, 'Call me not to account for what I forgot and be not hard upon me for my affair (with you).' (18.73) (Then) they found a boy and Al-Khadir killed him. Yaʿla- said: Saʿid said 'They found boys playing and Al-Khadir got hold of a handsome infidel boy laid him down and then slew him with knife. Moses said, 'Have you killed a innocent soul who has killed nobody' (18.74) Then they proceeded and found a wall which was on the point of falling down, and Al-Khadir set it up straight. Saʿid moved his hand thus and said 'Al-Khadir raised his hand and the wall became straight. Yaʿla said, 'I think Saʿid said, 'Al-Khadir touched the wall with his hand and it became straight (Moses said to Al-Khadir), 'If you had wished, you could have taken wages for it.' Saʿid said, 'Wages that we might had eaten.' And there was a king in furor (ahead) of them" (18.79) And there was in front of them. Ibn ʿAbbas recited: 'In front of them (was) a king.' It is said on the authority of somebody other than Saʿid that the king was Hudad bin Budad. They say that the boy was called Haisur. 'A king who seized every ship by force. (18.79) So I wished that if that boat passed by him, he would leave it because of its defect and when they have passed they would repair it and get benefit from it. Some people said that they closed that hole with a bottle, and some said with tar. 'His parents were believers, and he (the boy) was a non-believer and we (Khadir) feared lest he would oppress them by obstinate rebellion and disbelief.' (18.80) (i.e. that their love for him would urge them to follow him in his religion, 'so we (Khadir) desired that their Lord should change him for them for one better in righteousness and near to mercy' (18:81). This was in reply to Moses' saying: Have you killed an innocent soul.'? (18.74). 'Near to mercy" means they will be more merciful to him than they were to the former whom Khadir had killed. Other than Saʿid, said that they were compensated with a girl. Dawud bin Abi ʿAsim said on the authority of more than one that this next child was a girl.  

البخاري:٤٧٢٦حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى أَخْبَرَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ يُوسُفَ أَنَّ ابْنَ جُرَيْجٍ أَخْبَرَهُمْ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي يَعْلَى بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ وَعَمْرُو بْنُ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ يَزِيدُ أَحَدُهُمَا عَلَى صَاحِبِهِ وَغَيْرَهُمَا قَدْ سَمِعْتُهُ يُحَدِّثُهُ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ

إِنَّا لَعِنْدَ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ فِي بَيْتِهِ إِذْ قَالَ سَلُونِي قُلْتُ أَىْ أَبَا عَبَّاسٍ جَعَلَنِي اللَّهُ فِدَاكَ بِالْكُوفَةِ رَجُلٌ قَاصٌّ يُقَالُ لَهُ نَوْفٌ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ بِمُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَمَّا عَمْرٌو فَقَالَ لِي قَالَ قَدْ كَذَبَ عَدُوُّ اللَّهِ وَأَمَّا يَعْلَى فَقَالَ لِي قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ حَدَّثَنِي أُبَىُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مُوسَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ قَالَ ذَكَّرَ النَّاسَ يَوْمًا حَتَّى إِذَا فَاضَتِ الْعُيُونُ وَرَقَّتِ الْقُلُوبُ وَلَّى فَأَدْرَكَهُ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ أَىْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ هَلْ فِي الأَرْضِ أَحَدٌ أَعْلَمُ مِنْكَ قَالَ لاَ فَعَتَبَ عَلَيْهِ إِذْ لَمْ يَرُدَّ الْعِلْمَ إِلَى اللَّهِ قِيلَ بَلَى قَالَ أَىْ رَبِّ فَأَيْنَ قَالَ بِمَجْمَعِ الْبَحْرَيْنِ قَالَ أَىْ رَبِّ اجْعَلْ لِي عَلَمًا أَعْلَمُ ذَلِكَ بِهِ فَقَالَ لِي عَمْرٌو قَالَ حَيْثُ يُفَارِقُكَ الْحُوتُ وَقَالَ لِي يَعْلَى قَالَ خُذْ نُونًا مَيِّتًا حَيْثُ يُنْفَخُ فِيهِ الرُّوحُ فَأَخَذَ حُوتًا فَجَعَلَهُ فِي مِكْتَلٍ فَقَالَ لِفَتَاهُ لاَ أُكَلِّفُكَ إِلاَّ أَنْ تُخْبِرَنِي بِحَيْثُ يُفَارِقُكَ الْحُوتُ قَالَ مَا كَلَّفْتَ كَثِيرًا فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ جَلَّ ذِكْرُهُ {وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَى لِفَتَاهُ} يُوشَعَ بْنِ نُونٍ لَيْسَتْ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ فَبَيْنَمَا هُوَ فِي ظِلِّ صَخْرَةٍ فِي مَكَانٍ ثَرْيَانَ إِذْ تَضَرَّبَ الْحُوتُ وَمُوسَى نَائِمٌ فَقَالَ فَتَاهُ لاَ أُوقِظُهُ حَتَّى إِذَا اسْتَيْقَظَ نَسِيَ أَنْ يُخْبِرَهُ وَتَضَرَّبَ الْحُوتُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ الْبَحْرَ فَأَمْسَكَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ جِرْيَةَ الْبَحْرِ حَتَّى كَأَنَّ أَثَرَهُ فِي حَجَرٍ قَالَ لِي عَمْرٌو هَكَذَا كَأَنَّ أَثَرَهُ فِي حَجَرٍ وَحَلَّقَ بَيْنَ إِبْهَامَيْهِ وَاللَّتَيْنِ تَلِيانِهِمَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا نَصَبًا قَالَ قَدْ قَطَعَ اللَّهُ عَنْكَ النَّصَبَ لَيْسَتْ هَذِهِ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ أَخْبَرَهُ فَرَجَعَا فَوَجَدَا خَضِرًا قَالَ لِي عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي سُلَيْمَانَ عَلَى طِنْفِسَةٍ خَضْرَاءَ عَلَى كَبِدِ الْبَحْرِ قَالَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ مُسَجًّى بِثَوْبِهِ قَدْ جَعَلَ طَرَفَهُ تَحْتَ رِجْلَيْهِ وَطَرَفَهُ تَحْتَ رَأْسِهِ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ مُوسَى فَكَشَفَ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ وَقَالَ هَلْ بِأَرْضِي مِنْ سَلاَمٍ مَنْ أَنْتَ قَالَ أَنَا مُوسَى قَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا شَأْنُكَ قَالَ جِئْتُ لِتُعَلِّمَنِي مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رَشَدًا قَالَ أَمَا يَكْفِيكَ أَنَّ التَّوْرَاةَ بِيَدَيْكَ وَأَنَّ الْوَحْىَ يَأْتِيكَ يَا مُوسَى إِنَّ لِي عِلْمًا لاَ يَنْبَغِي لَكَ أَنْ تَعْلَمَهُ وَإِنَّ لَكَ عِلْمًا لاَ يَنْبَغِي لِي أَنْ أَعْلَمَهُ فَأَخَذَ طَائِرٌ بِمِنْقَارِهِ مِنَ الْبَحْرِ وَقَالَ وَاللَّهِ مَا عِلْمِي وَمَا عِلْمُكَ فِي جَنْبِ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ كَمَا أَخَذَ هَذَا الطَّائِرُ بِمِنْقَارِهِ مِنَ الْبَحْرِ حَتَّى إِذَا رَكِبَا فِي السَّفِينَةِ وَجَدَا مَعَابِرَ صِغَارًا تَحْمِلُ أَهْلَ هَذَا السَّاحِلِ إِلَى أَهْلِ هَذَا السَّاحِلِ الآخَرِ عَرَفُوهُ فَقَالُوا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحُ قَالَ قُلْنَا لِسَعِيدٍ خَضِرٌ قَالَ نَعَمْ لاَ نَحْمِلُهُ بِأَجْرٍ فَخَرَقَهَا وَوَتَدَ فِيهَا وَتِدًا قَالَ مُوسَى أَخَرَقْتَهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا إِمْرًا قَالَ مُجَاهِدٌ مُنْكَرًا قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِي صَبْرًا كَانَتِ الأُولَى نِسْيَانًا وَالْوُسْطَى شَرْطًا وَالثَّالِثَةُ عَمْدًا قَالَ لاَ تُؤَاخِذْنِي بِمَا نَسِيتُ وَلاَ تُرْهِقْنِي مِنْ أَمْرِي عُسْرًا لَقِيَا غُلاَمًا فَقَتَلَهُ قَالَ يَعْلَى قَالَ سَعِيدٌ وَجَدَ غِلْمَانًا يَلْعَبُونَ فَأَخَذَ غُلاَمًا كَافِرًا ظَرِيفًا فَأَضْجَعَهُ ثُمَّ ذَبَحَهُ بِالسِّكِّينِ قَالَ أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ لَمْ تَعْمَلْ بِالْحِنْثِ وَكَانَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ قَرَأَهَا زَكِيَّةً زَاكِيَةً مُسْلِمَةً كَقَوْلِكَ غُلاَمًا زَكِيًّا فَانْطَلَقَا فَوَجَدَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ فَأَقَامَهُ قَالَ سَعِيدٌ بِيَدِهِ هَكَذَا وَرَفَعَ يَدَهُ فَاسْتَقَامَ قَالَ يَعْلَى حَسِبْتُ أَنَّ سَعِيدًا قَالَ فَمَسَحَهُ بِيَدِهِ فَاسْتَقَامَ لَوْ شِئْتَ لاَتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا قَالَ سَعِيدٌ أَجْرًا نَأْكُلُهُ وَكَانَ وَرَاءَهُمْ وَكَانَ أَمَامَهُمْ قَرَأَهَا ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ أَمَامَهُمْ مَلِكٌ يَزْعُمُونَ عَنْ غَيْرِ سَعِيدٍ أَنَّهُ هُدَدُ بْنُ بُدَدٍ وَالْغُلاَمُ الْمَقْتُولُ اسْمُهُ يَزْعُمُونَ جَيْسُورٌ مَلِكٌ يَأْخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ غَصْبًا فَأَرَدْتُ إِذَا هِيَ مَرَّتْ بِهِ أَنْ يَدَعَهَا لِعَيْبِهَا فَإِذَا جَاوَزُوا أَصْلَحُوهَا فَانْتَفَعُوا بِهَا وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ سَدُّوهَا بِقَارُورَةٍ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ بِالْقَارِ كَانَ أَبَوَاهُ مُؤْمِنَيْنِ وَكَانَ كَافِرًا فَخَشِينَا أَنْ يُرْهِقَهُمَا طُغْيَانًا وَكُفْرًا أَنْ يَحْمِلَهُمَا حُبُّهُ عَلَى أَنْ يُتَابِعَاهُ عَلَى دِينِهِ فَأَرَدْنَا أَنْ يُبَدِّلَهُمَا رَبُّهُمَا خَيْرًا مِنْهُ زَكَاةً لِقَوْلِهِ أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً وَأَقْرَبَ رُحْمًا هُمَا بِهِ أَرْحَمُ مِنْهُمَا بِالأَوَّلِ الَّذِي قَتَلَ خَضِرٌ وَزَعَمَ غَيْرُ سَعِيدٍ أَنَّهُمَا أُبْدِلاَ جَارِيَةً وأَمَّا دَاوُدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَاصِمٍ فَقَالَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ إِنَّهَا جَارِيَةٌ  

muslim:1479aZuhayr b. Ḥarb

When Allah's Apostle ﷺ kept himself away from his wives, I entered the mosque, and found people striking the ground with pebblesand saying: Messenger of Allah ﷺ has divorced his wives, and that was before they were commanded to observe seclusion 'Umar said to himself: I must find this (actual position) today. So I went to 'A'isha (Allah be pleased with her) and said (to her): Daughter of Abu Bakr, have you gone to the extent of giving trouble to Messenger of Allah ﷺ? Thereupon she said: Son of Khattab, you have nothing to do with me, and I have nothing to do with you. You should look to your own receptacle. He ('Umar) said: I visited Hafsa daughter of 'Umar, and said to her: Hafsa, the (news) has reached me that you cause Messenger of Allah ﷺ trouble. You know that Messenger of Allah ﷺ does not love you, and had I not been (your father) he would have divorced you. (On hearing this) she wept bitterly. I said to her: Where is Messenger of Allah ﷺ? Shesaid: He is in the attic room. I went in and found Rabah, the servant of Messenger of Allah ﷺ, sitting on the thresholds of the window dangling his feet on the hollow wood of the date-palm with the help of which Messenger of Allah ﷺ climbed (to the apartment) and came down. I cried: 0 Rabah, seek permission for me from Messenger of Allah (way peace be upon him). Rabah cast a glance at the apartment and then looked toward me but said nothing. I again said: Rabah, seek permission for me from Messenger of Allah ﷺ. Rabah looked towards the apartment and then cast a glance at me, but said nothig. I then raised my voice and said: 0 Rabah, seek permission for me from Messenger of Allah ﷺ. I think that Messenger of Allah ﷺ is under the impression that I have come for the sake of Hafsa. By Allah, if Messenger of Allah ﷺ would command me to strike her neck, I would certainly strike her neck. I raised my voice and he pointed me to climb up (and get into his apartment). I visited Messenger of Allah ﷺ, and he was lying on a mat. I sat down and he drew up his lower garment over him and he had nothing (else) over him, and that the mat had left its marks on his sides. I looked with my eyes in the store room of Messenger of Allah ﷺ. I found only a handful of barley equal to one sa' and an equal quantity of the leaves of Mimosa Flava placed in the nook of the cell, and a semi-tanned leather bag hanging (in one side), and I was moved to tears (on seeing this extremely austere living of the Holy Piophet), and he said: Ibn Khattab, what wakes you weep? I said: Apostle of Allah, why should I not shed tears? This mat has left its marks on your sides and I do not see in your store room (except these few things) that I have seen; Ceasar and Closroes are leading their lives in plenty whereas you are Messenger of Allah. His chosen one, and that is your store! He said: Ibn Khattab, aren't you satisfied that for us (there should be the prosperity) of the Hereafter, and for them (there should be the prosperity of) this world? I said: Yes. And as I had entered I had seen the signs of anger on his face, and I therefore, said: Messenger of Allah, what trouble do you feel from your wives, and if youhave divorced them, verily Allah is with you, His angels, Gabriel, Mika'il, I and Abu Bakr and the believers are with you. And seldom I talked and (which I uttered on that day) I hoped that Allah would testify to my words that I uttered. And so the verse of option (Ayat al-Takhyir) was revealed. Maybe his Lord, if he divorce you, will give him in your place wives better than you..." (Ixv. 5). And if you back up one another against him, then surely Allah is his Patron, and Gabriel and the righteous believers, and the angels after that are the aidera (lvi. 4). And it was 'A'isha, daughter of Abu Bakr, and Hafsa who had prevailed upon all the wives of Allah's Prophet (way peace be upon him) for (pressing them for mote money). I said: Messenger of Allah, have you divorced them? He said: No. I said: Messenger of Allah, I entered the mosque and found the Muslims playing with pebbles (absorbed in thought) and saying: Messenger of Allah has divorced his wives. Should I get down and inform there that you have not divorced them? He said: Yes, if you so like. And I went on talking to him until I (found) the signs of anger disappeared on his face and (his seriousness was changed to a happy mood and as a result thereof) his face had the natural tranquillity upon it and he laughed and his teeth were the most charming (among the teeth) of all people. Then Allah's Apostle ﷺ climbed down and I also climbed down and catching hold of the wood of the palm-tree and Messenger of Allah ﷺ came down (with such ease) as if he was walking on the ground, not touching anything with his hand (to get support). I said: Messenger of Allah, you remained in your apartment for twenty-nine days. He said: (At times) the month consists of twenty-nine days. I stood at the door of the mosque and I called out at the top of my voice: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ has not divorced his wives (and it was on this occasion that this) verse was revealed:" And if any matter pertaining to peace or alarm comes within their ken, they broadcast it; whereas, if they would refer it to the Apostle and those who have been entrusted with authority amongst them, those of them who are engaged in obtaining intelligence would indeed know (what to do with) it" (iv 83). And it was I who understood this matter, and Allah revealed the verse pertaining to option (given to the Prophet (may peace be upon him in regard to the retaining or divorcing of his wives).  

مسلم:١٤٧٩aحَدَّثَنِي زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ يُونُسَ الْحَنَفِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا عِكْرِمَةُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ سِمَاكٍ أَبِي زُمَيْلٍ حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبَّاسٍ حَدَّثَنِي عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ قَالَ

لَمَّا اعْتَزَلَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ ﷺ نِسَاءَهُ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَإِذَا النَّاسُ يَنْكُتُونَ بِالْحَصَى وَيَقُولُونَ طَلَّقَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ نِسَاءَهُ وَذَلِكَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُؤْمَرْنَ بِالْحِجَابِ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ فَقُلْتُ لأَعْلَمَنَّ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ قَالَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى عَائِشَةَ فَقُلْتُ يَا بِنْتَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ أَقَدْ بَلَغَ مِنْ شَأْنِكِ أَنْ تُؤْذِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَتْ مَا لِي وَمَا لَكَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ عَلَيْكَ بِعَيْبَتِكَ قَالَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ بِنْتِ عُمَرَ فَقُلْتُ لَهَا يَا حَفْصَةُ أَقَدْ بَلَغَ مِنْ شَأْنِكِ أَنْ تُؤْذِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَاللَّهِ لَقَدْ عَلِمْتِ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ لاَ يُحِبُّكِ وَلَوْلاَ أَنَا لَطَلَّقَكِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَبَكَتْ أَشَدَّ الْبُكَاءِ فَقُلْتُ لَهَا أَيْنَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ هُوَ فِي خِزَانَتِهِ فِي الْمَشْرُبَةِ فَدَخَلْتُ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِرَبَاحٍ غُلاَمِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَاعِدًا عَلَى أُسْكُفَّةِ الْمَشْرُبَةِ مُدَلٍّ رِجْلَيْهِ عَلَى نَقِيرٍ مِنْ خَشَبٍ وَهُوَ جِذْعٌ يَرْقَى عَلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَيَنْحَدِرُ فَنَادَيْتُ يَا رَبَاحُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِي عِنْدَكَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَنَظَرَ رَبَاحٌ إِلَى الْغُرْفَةِ ثُمَّ نَظَرَ إِلَىَّ فَلَمْ يَقُلْ شَيْئًا ثُمَّ قُلْتُ يَا رَبَاحُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِي عِنْدَكَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَنَظَرَ رَبَاحٌ إِلَى الْغُرْفَةِ ثُمَّ نَظَرَ إِلَىَّ فَلَمْ يَقُلْ شَيْئًا ثُمَّ رَفَعْتُ صَوْتِي فَقُلْتُ يَا رَبَاحُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِي عِنْدَكَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَإِنِّي أَظُنُّ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ ظَنَّ أَنِّي جِئْتُ مِنْ أَجْلِ حَفْصَةَ وَاللَّهِ لَئِنْ أَمَرَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ بِضَرْبِ عُنُقِهَا لأَضْرِبَنَّ عُنُقَهَا وَرَفَعْتُ صَوْتِي فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَىَّ أَنِ ارْقَهْ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَهُوَ مُضْطَجِعٌ عَلَى حَصِيرٍ فَجَلَسْتُ فَأَدْنَى عَلَيْهِ إِزَارَهُ وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ غَيْرُهُ وَإِذَا الْحَصِيرُ قَدْ أَثَّرَ فِي جَنْبِهِ فَنَظَرْتُ بِبَصَرِي فِي خِزَانَةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِقَبْضَةٍ مِنْ شَعِيرٍ نَحْوِ الصَّاعِ وَمِثْلِهَا قَرَظًا فِي نَاحِيَةِ الْغُرْفَةِ وَإِذَا أَفِيقٌ مُعَلَّقٌ قَالَ فَابْتَدَرَتْ عَيْنَاىَ قَالَ مَا يُبْكِيكَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ قُلْتُ يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ وَمَا لِي لاَ أَبْكِي وَهَذَا الْحَصِيرُ قَدْ أَثَّرَ فِي جَنْبِكَ وَهَذِهِ خِزَانَتُكَ لاَ أَرَى فِيهَا إِلاَّ مَا أَرَى وَذَاكَ قَيْصَرُ وَكِسْرَى فِي الثِّمَارِ وَالأَنْهَارِ وَأَنْتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَصَفْوَتُهُ وَهَذِهِ خِزَانَتُكَ فَقَالَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ أَلاَ تَرْضَى أَنْ تَكُونَ لَنَا الآخِرَةُ وَلَهُمُ الدُّنْيَا قُلْتُ بَلَى قَالَ وَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ حِينَ دَخَلْتُ وَأَنَا أَرَى فِي وَجْهِهِ الْغَضَبَ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا يَشُقُّ عَلَيْكَ مِنْ شَأْنِ النِّسَاءِ فَإِنْ كُنْتَ طَلَّقْتَهُنَّ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَكَ وَمَلاَئِكَتَهُ وَجِبْرِيلَ وَمِيكَائِيلَ وَأَنَا وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ مَعَكَ وَقَلَّمَا تَكَلَّمْتُ وَأَحْمَدُ اللَّهَ بِكَلاَمٍ إِلاَّ رَجَوْتُ أَنْ يَكُونَ اللَّهُ يُصَدِّقُ قَوْلِي الَّذِي أَقُولُ وَنَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الآيَةُ آيَةُ التَّخْيِيرِ { عَسَى رَبُّهُ إِنْ طَلَّقَكُنَّ أَنْ يُبْدِلَهُ أَزْوَاجًا خَيْرًا مِنْكُنَّ} { وَإِنْ تَظَاهَرَا عَلَيْهِ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ مَوْلاَهُ وَجِبْرِيلُ وَصَالِحُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمَلاَئِكَةُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ ظَهِيرٌ} وَكَانَتْ عَائِشَةُ بِنْتُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَحَفْصَةُ تَظَاهَرَانِ عَلَى سَائِرِ نِسَاءِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَطَلَّقْتَهُنَّ قَالَ لاَ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنِّي دَخَلْتُ الْمَسْجِدَ وَالْمُسْلِمُونَ يَنْكُتُونَ بِالْحَصَى يَقُولُونَ طَلَّقَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ نِسَاءَهُ أَفَأَنْزِلُ فَأُخْبِرَهُمْ أَنَّكَ لَمْ تُطَلِّقْهُنَّ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنْ شِئْتَ فَلَمْ أَزَلْ أُحَدِّثُهُ حَتَّى تَحَسَّرَ الْغَضَبُ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ وَحَتَّى كَشَرَ فَضَحِكَ وَكَانَ مِنْ أَحْسَنِ النَّاسِ ثَغْرًا ثُمَّ نَزَلَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَنَزَلْتُ فَنَزَلْتُ أَتَشَبَّثُ بِالْجِذْعِ وَنَزَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ كَأَنَّمَا يَمْشِي عَلَى الأَرْضِ مَا يَمَسُّهُ بِيَدِهِ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّمَا كُنْتَ فِي الْغُرْفَةِ تِسْعَةً وَعِشْرِينَ قَالَ إِنَّ الشَّهْرَ يَكُونُ تِسْعًا وَعِشْرِينَ فقُمْتُ عَلَى بَابِ الْمَسْجِدِ فَنَادَيْتُ بِأَعْلَى صَوْتِي لَمْ يُطَلِّقْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ نِسَاءَهُ وَنَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الآيَةُ { وَإِذَا جَاءَهُمْ أَمْرٌ مِنَ الأَمْنِ أَوِ الْخَوْفِ أَذَاعُوا بِهِ وَلَوْ رَدُّوهُ إِلَى الرَّسُولِ وَإِلَى أُولِي الأَمْرِ مِنْهُمْ لَعَلِمَهُ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَنْبِطُونَهُ مِنْهُمْ} فَكُنْتُ أَنَا اسْتَنْبَطْتُ ذَلِكَ الأَمْرَ وَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ ﷻ آيَةَ التَّخْيِيرِ  

muslim:2473aHaddāb b. Khālid al-Azdī > Sulaymān b. al-Mughīrah > Ḥumayd b. Hilāl > ʿAbdullāh b. al-Ṣāmit

We set out from our tribe Ghafir who look upon the prohibited months as permissible months. I and my brother Unais and our mother stayed with our maternal uncle who treated us well. The men of his tribe fell jealous and they said: When you are anay from your house, Unais commits adultery with your wife. Our -naternal uncle came and he accused us of the sin which was conveyed to him. I said: You have undone the good you did to us. We cannot stay with you after this. We came to our camels and loaded (our) luggage. Our maternal uncle began to weep covering himself with (a piece of) cloth. We proceeded on until we encamped by the side of Mecca. Unais cast lot on the camels (we had) and an equal number (above that). They both went to a Kahin and he made Unais win and Unais came with our camels and an equal number along with them. He (Abu Dharr) said: My nephew, I used to observe prayer three years before my meeting with Messenger of Allah ﷺ. I said: For whom did you say prayer? He said: For Allah. I said: To which direction did you turn your face (for observing prayer)? He said: I used to turn my face as Allah has directed me to turn my face. I used to observe the night prayer at the time of the end of night and I fell down in prostration like the mantle until the sun rose over me. Unais said: I have a work in Mecca, so you better stay here. Unais went until he came to Mecca and he came to me late. I said: What did you do? He said: I met a person in Mecca who is on your religion and he claims that verily it is Allah Who has sent him. I said: What do the people say about him? He said: They say that he is a poet or a Kahin or a magician. Unais who was himself one of the poets said. I have heard the words of a Kahin but his words in no way resemble his (words). And 1 also compared his words to the verses of poets but such words cannot be uttered by any poet. By Allah, he is truthful and they are liars. Then I said: you stay here, until I go, so that I should see him. He said: I came to Mecca and I selected an insignificant person from amongst them and said to him: Where is he whom you call as-Sabi? He pointed out towards me saying: He is Sabi. Thereupon the people of the valley attacked me with sods and bows until I fell down unconscious. I stood up after havin. regained my consciousness and I found as if I was a red idol. I came to Zamzarn and washed blood from me and drank water from it and listen, O son of my brother, I stayed there for thirty nights or days and there was no food for me but the water of Zamzarn. And I became so bulky that there appeared wrinkles upon my stomach, and I did not feel any hunger in my stomach. It was during this time that the people of Mecca slept in the moonlit night and none was there to eircumambulate the House but only two women who had been invoking the name of Isafa, and Na'ila (the two idols). They came to me while in their circuit and I said: Marry one with the other, but they did not dissuade from their invoking. They came to me and I said to them: Insert wood (in the idols' private parts). (I said this to them in such plain words) as I could not express in metaphorical terms. These women went away crying and saying: Had there been one amongst our people (he would have taught a lesson to you for the obscene words used for our idols before us). These women met Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Abu Bakr who had also been coming down the hill. He asked them: What has happened to you? They said: There is Sabi, who has hidden himself between the Ka'ba and its curtain. He said: What did he say to you? They said: He uttered such words before us as we cannot express. Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and he kissed the Black Stone and circumambulated the House along with his Companion and then observed prayer, and when he had finished his prayer, Abu Dharr said: I was the first to greet him with the salutation of peace and uttered (these words) in this way; Allah's Messen- ger, may there be peace upon you, whereupon he said: It may be upon you too and the mercy of Allah. He then said: Who are you? I said: From the tribe of Ghifar. He leaned his hand and placed his finger on his forehead and I said to myself: Perhaps he has not liked it that I belong to the tribe of Ghifar. I attempted to catch hold of his hand but his friend who knew about him more than I dissuaded me f rom doing so. He then lifted his head and said: Since how long have you been here? I said: I have been here for the last thirty nights or days. He said: Who has been feeding you? I said: There has been no food for me but the water of Zamzam. I have grown so bulky that there appear wrinkles upon my stomach and I do not feel any hunger. He said: It is blessed (water) and it also serves as food. Thereupon Abu Bakr said: Messenger of Allah, let me serve as a host to him for tonight, and then Messenger of Allah ﷺ proceeded forth and so did Abu Bakr and I went along with them. Abu Bakr opened the door and then he brought for us the raisins of Ta'if and that was the first food which I ate there. Then I stayed as long as I had to stay. I then came to Allah's Messenaer ﷺ and he said: I have been shown the land abound- ing in trees and I think it cannot be but that of Yathrib (that is the old name of Medina). You are a preacher to your people on my behalf. I hope Allah would benefit them through you and He would reward you. I came to Unais and he said: What have you done? I said: I have done that I have embraced Islam and I have testified (to the prophethood of Messenger of Allah). He said: I have no aversion for your religion and I also embrace Islam and testify (to the prophethood of Muhammad). Then both of us came to our mother and she said: I have no aversion for your religion and I also embrace Islam and testify to the prophethood of Muhammad. We then loaded our camels and came to our tribe Ghifir and half of the tribe embraced Islam and their chief was Aimi' b. Rahada Ghifirl and he was their leader and hall of the tribe said: We will embrace Islam when Messenger of Allah (may p,. ace be upon him) would come to Medina, and when Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to Medina the remaining half also embraced Islam. Then a tribe Aslam came to the Prophet ﷺ and said: Messenger of Allah, we also embrace Islam like our brothers who have embraced Islam. And they also embraced Islam. Thereupon Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: Allah granted pardon to the tribe of Ghifar and Allah saved (from destruction) the tribe of Aslam.  

مسلم:٢٤٧٣aحَدَّثَنَا هَدَّابُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ الأَزْدِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ الْمُغِيرَةِ أَخْبَرَنَا حُمَيْدُ بْنُ هِلاَلٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ قَالَ قَالَ

أَبُو ذَرٍّ خَرَجْنَا مِنْ قَوْمِنَا غِفَارٍ وَكَانُوا يُحِلُّونَ الشَّهْرَ الْحَرَامَ فَخَرَجْتُ أَنَا وَأَخِي أُنَيْسٌ وَأُمُّنَا فَنَزَلْنَا عَلَى خَالٍ لَنَا فَأَكْرَمَنَا خَالُنَا وَأَحْسَنَ إِلَيْنَا فَحَسَدَنَا قَوْمُهُ فَقَالُوا إِنَّكَ إِذَا خَرَجْتَ عَنْ أَهْلِكَ خَالَفَ إِلَيْهِمْ أُنَيْسٌ فَجَاءَ خَالُنَا فَنَثَا عَلَيْنَا الَّذِي قِيلَ لَهُ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ أَمَّا مَا مَضَى مِنْ مَعْرُوفِكَ فَقَدْ كَدَّرْتَهُ وَلاَ جِمَاعَ لَكَ فِيمَا بَعْدُ فَقَرَّبْنَا صِرْمَتَنَا فَاحْتَمَلْنَا عَلَيْهَا وَتَغَطَّى خَالُنَا ثَوْبَهُ فَجَعَلَ يَبْكِي فَانْطَلَقْنَا حَتَّى نَزَلْنَا بِحَضْرَةِ مَكَّةَ فَنَافَرَ أُنَيْسٌ عَنْ صِرْمَتِنَا وَعَنْ مِثْلِهَا فَأَتَيَا الْكَاهِنَ فَخَيَّرَ أُنَيْسًا فَأَتَانَا أُنَيْسٌ بِصِرْمَتِنَا وَمِثْلِهَا مَعَهَا قَالَ وَقَدْ صَلَّيْتُ يَا ابْنَ أَخِي قَبْلَ أَنْ أَلْقَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ بِثَلاَثِ سِنِينَ قُلْتُ لِمَنْ قَالَ لِلَّهِ قُلْتُ فَأَيْنَ تَوَجَّهُ قَالَ أَتَوَجَّهُ حَيْثُ يُوَجِّهُنِي رَبِّي أُصَلِّي عِشَاءً حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَ مِنْ آخِرِ اللَّيْلِ أُلْقِيتُ كَأَنِّي خِفَاءٌ حَتَّى تَعْلُوَنِي الشَّمْسُ فَقَالَ أُنَيْسٌ إِنَّ لِي حَاجَةً بِمَكَّةَ فَاكْفِنِي فَانْطَلَقَ أُنَيْسٌ حَتَّى أَتَى مَكَّةَ فَرَاثَ عَلَىَّ ثُمَّ جَاءَ فَقُلْتُ مَا صَنَعْتَ قَالَ لَقِيتُ رَجُلاً بِمَكَّةَ عَلَى دِينِكَ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّ اللَّهَ أَرْسَلَهُ قُلْتُ فَمَا يَقُولُ النَّاسُ قَالَ يَقُولُونَ شَاعِرٌ كَاهِنٌ سَاحِرٌ وَكَانَ أُنَيْسٌ أَحَدَ الشُّعَرَاءِ قَالَ أُنَيْسٌ لَقَدْ سَمِعْتُ قَوْلَ الْكَهَنَةِ فَمَا هُوَ بِقَوْلِهِمْ وَلَقَدْ وَضَعْتُ قَوْلَهُ عَلَى أَقْرَاءِ الشِّعْرِ فَمَا يَلْتَئِمُ عَلَى لِسَانِ أَحَدٍ بَعْدِي أَنَّهُ شِعْرٌ وَاللَّهِ إِنَّهُ لَصَادِقٌ وَإِنَّهُمْ لَكَاذِبُونَ قَالَ قُلْتُ فَاكْفِنِي حَتَّى أَذْهَبَ فَأَنْظُرَ قَالَ فَأَتَيْتُ مَكَّةَ فَتَضَعَّفْتُ رَجُلاً مِنْهُمْ فَقُلْتُ أَيْنَ هَذَا الَّذِي تَدْعُونَهُ الصَّابِئَ فَأَشَارَ إِلَىَّ فَقَالَ الصَّابِئَ فَمَالَ عَلَىَّ أَهْلُ الْوَادِي بِكُلِّ مَدَرَةٍ وَعَظْمٍ حَتَّى خَرَرْتُ مَغْشِيًّا عَلَىَّ قَالَ فَارْتَفَعْتُ حِينَ ارْتَفَعْتُ كَأَنِّي نُصُبٌ أَحْمَرُ قَالَ فَأَتَيْتُ زَمْزَمَ فَغَسَلْتُ عَنِّي الدِّمَاءَ وَشَرِبْتُ مِنْ مَائِهَا وَلَقَدْ لَبِثْتُ يَا ابْنَ أَخِي ثَلاَثِينَ بَيْنَ لَيْلَةٍ وَيَوْمٍ مَا كَانَ لِي طَعَامٌ إِلاَّ مَاءُ زَمْزَمَ فَسَمِنْتُ حَتَّى تَكَسَّرَتْ عُكَنُ بَطْنِي وَمَا وَجَدْتُ عَلَى كَبِدِي سُخْفَةَ جُوعٍ قَالَ فَبَيْنَا أَهْلُ مَكَّةَ فِي لَيْلَةٍ قَمْرَاءَ إِضْحِيَانَ إِذْ ضُرِبَ عَلَى أَسْمِخَتِهِمْ فَمَا يَطُوفُ بِالْبَيْتِ أَحَدٌ وَامْرَأَتَيْنِ مِنْهُمْ تَدْعُوَانِ إِسَافًا وَنَائِلَةَ قَالَ فَأَتَتَا عَلَىَّ فِي طَوَافِهِمَا فَقُلْتُ أَنْكِحَا أَحَدَهُمَا الأُخْرَى قَالَ فَمَا تَنَاهَتَا عَنْ قَوْلِهِمَا قَالَ فَأَتَتَا عَلَىَّ فَقُلْتُ هَنٌ مِثْلُ الْخَشَبَةِ غَيْرَ أَنِّي لاَ أَكْنِي فَانْطَلَقَتَا تُوَلْوِلاَنِ وَتَقُولاَنِ لَوْ كَانَ هَا هُنَا أَحَدٌ مِنْ أَنْفَارِنَا قَالَ فَاسْتَقْبَلَهُمَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ وَهُمَا هَابِطَانِ قَالَ مَا لَكُمَا قَالَتَا الصَّابِئُ بَيْنَ الْكَعْبَةِ وَأَسْتَارِهَا قَالَ مَا قَالَ لَكُمَا قَالَتَا إِنَّهُ قَالَ لَنَا كَلِمَةً تَمْلأُ الْفَمَ وَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَتَّى اسْتَلَمَ الْحَجَرَ وَطَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ هُوَ وَصَاحِبُهُ ثُمَّ صَلَّى فَلَمَّا قَضَى صَلاَتَهُ قَالَ أَبُو ذَرٍّ فَكُنْتُ أَنَا أَوَّلُ مَنْ حَيَّاهُ بِتَحِيَّةِ الإِسْلاَمِ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ وَعَلَيْكَ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ مَنْ أَنْتَ قَالَ قُلْتُ مِنْ غِفَارٍ قَالَ فَأَهْوَى بِيَدِهِ فَوَضَعَ أَصَابِعَهُ عَلَى جَبْهَتِهِ فَقُلْتُ فِي نَفْسِي كَرِهَ أَنِ انْتَمَيْتُ إِلَى غِفَارٍ فَذَهَبْتُ آخُذُ بِيَدِهِ فَقَدَعَنِي صَاحِبُهُ وَكَانَ أَعْلَمَ بِهِ مِنِّي ثُمَّ رَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ مَتَى كُنْتَ هَا هُنَا قَالَ قُلْتُ قَدْ كُنْتُ هَا هُنَا مُنْذُ ثَلاَثِينَ بَيْنَ لَيْلَةٍ وَيَوْمٍ قَالَ فَمَنْ كَانَ يُطْعِمُكَ قَالَ قُلْتُ مَا كَانَ لِي طَعَامٌ إِلاَّ مَاءُ زَمْزَمَ فَسَمِنْتُ حَتَّى تَكَسَّرَتْ عُكَنُ بَطْنِي وَمَا أَجِدُ عَلَى كَبِدِي سُخْفَةَ جُوعٍ قَالَ إِنَّهَا مُبَارَكَةٌ إِنَّهَا طَعَامُ طُعْمٍ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ائْذَنْ لِي فِي طَعَامِهِ اللَّيْلَةَ فَانْطَلَقَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ وَانْطَلَقْتُ مَعَهُمَا فَفَتَحَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ بَابًا فَجَعَلَ يَقْبِضُ لَنَا مِنْ زَبِيبِ الطَّائِفِ وَكَانَ ذَلِكَ أَوَّلَ طَعَامٍ أَكَلْتُهُ بِهَا ثُمَّ غَبَرْتُ مَا غَبَرْتُ ثُمَّ أَتَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ إِنَّهُ قَدْ وُجِّهَتْ لِي أَرْضٌ ذَاتُ نَخْلٍ لاَ أُرَاهَا إِلاَّ يَثْرِبَ فَهَلْ أَنْتَ مُبَلِّغٌ عَنِّي قَوْمَكَ عَسَى اللَّهُ أَنْ يَنْفَعَهُمْ بِكَ وَيَأْجُرَكَ فِيهِمْ فَأَتَيْتُ أُنَيْسًا فَقَالَ مَا صَنَعْتَ قُلْتُ صَنَعْتُ أَنِّي قَدْ أَسْلَمْتُ وَصَدَّقْتُ قَالَ مَا بِي رَغْبَةٌ عَنْ دِينِكَ فَإِنِّي قَدْ أَسْلَمْتُ وَصَدَّقْتُ فَأَتَيْنَا أُمَّنَا فَقَالَتْ مَا بِي رَغْبَةٌ عَنْ دِينِكُمَا فَإِنِّي قَدْ أَسْلَمْتُ وَصَدَّقْتُ فَاحْتَمَلْنَا حَتَّى أَتَيْنَا قَوْمَنَا غِفَارًا فَأَسْلَمَ نِصْفُهُمْ وَكَانَ يَؤُمُّهُمْ إِيمَاءُ بْنُ رَحَضَةَ الْغِفَارِيُّ وَكَانَ سَيِّدَهُمْ وَقَالَ نِصْفُهُمْ إِذَا قَدِمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ الْمَدِينَةَ أَسْلَمْنَا فَقَدِمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ الْمَدِينَةَ فَأَسْلَمَ نِصْفُهُمُ الْبَاقِي وَجَاءَتْ أَسْلَمُ فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِخْوَتُنَا نُسْلِمُ عَلَى الَّذِي أَسْلَمُوا عَلَيْهِ فَأَسْلَمُوا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ غِفَارُ غَفَرَ اللَّهُ لَهَا وَأَسْلَمُ سَالَمَهَا اللَّهُ  

muslim:2380cUba b. Kaʿb

Moses had been delivering sermons to his people. And he made this remark: No person upon the earth has better knowledge than I or nothing better than mine. Thereupon Allah revealed to him: I know one who is better than you (in knowledge) or there is a person on the earth having more knowledge than you. Thereupon he said: My Lord, direct me to him. It was said to him: Keep a salted fish as a provision for journey. The place where that fish would be lost (there you will find that man). So he set forth and a young slave along with him until they came to a place Sakhra. but he did not find any clue. So he proceeded on and left that young man there. The fish began to stir in water and the water assumed the form of an ark over the fish. The young man said: I should meet Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) and inform him, but he was made to forget and when they had gone beyond that place, he (Moses) said to the young man: Bring breakfast. We have been exhausted because of the journey, and he (Moses) was not exhausted until he had crossed that (particular) place (where he had) to meet Khadir, and the youth was reminded and said: Did you not see that as we reached Sakhra I forgot the fish and it is satan alone who has made me forgetful of it'? It is strange that he has been able to find way in the ocean too. He said: This is what we sought for us. They returned retracing their steps, and he (his companion) pointed to him the location (where) the fish (had been lost). Moses began to search him there. He suddenly saw Khadir wrapped in a cloth and lying on his back. He said to him: As-Salamu-'Alaikum. He removed the cloth from his face and said: Wa 'Alaikum-us-Salam! Who are you? He said: I am Moses. He said: Who Moses? He said: Moses Of Bani Isra'il. He said: What brought you here? He said: I have come so that you may teach me what you have been taught of righteousness. He said: You shall have to bear with me, and how can you have patience about a thing of which you have no comprehensive knowledge? You will not have patience when you see me doing a thing I have been ordered to do. He said: If Allah pleases, you will find me patient, nor shall I disobey you in aught. Khadir said: If you follow me, don't ask me about anything until I explain it to you. So they went on until they embarked upon a boat. He (Khadir) made a hole in that. Thereupon he (Moses) said: You have done this so that you may drown the persons sitting in the boat. You have done something grievous. Thereupon he said: Did I not tell you that you will not be able to bear with me? Thereupon he (Moses) said: Blame me not for what I forgot and be not hard upon me for what I did. (Khadir gave him another chance.) So they went on until they reached a place where boys were playing. He went to one of them and caught hold'of one (apparently) at random and killed him. Moses (peace be upon him) felt agitated and said: You have killed an innocent person not guilty of slaying another. You have done something aboininable. Thereupon Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: May Allah have mercy upon us and Moses. Had he shown patience he would have seen wonderful things, but fear of blame, with respect to his companion, seized him and he said: If I ask anything after this, keep not company with me. You will then have a valid excuse in my case, and had he (Moses) shown patience he would have seen many wonderful things. He (the narrator) said: Whenever he (the Holy Prophet) made mention of any Prophet, he always said: May there be mercy of Allah upon us and upon my brother so and so. They, however, proceeded on until they came to the inhabitants of a village who were very miserly. They went to the meeting places and asked for hospitality but they refused to show any hospitality to them. They both found in that village a wall which was about to fall. He (Khadir) set it right. Thereupon he (Moses) said: If you so liked. you could get wages for it. Thereupon he said: This is the partince, of ways between me and you, and, taking hold of his cloth, he said: Now I will explain to you the real significance (of all these acts) for which you could not show patience. As for the boat, it belonged to the poor people working on the river and I intended to damage it for there was ahead of them (a king) who seized boats by force. (When he came) to catch hold of it he found it a damaged boat, so he spared it (and later on) it was set right with wood. So far as the boy is concerned, he has been, by very nature, an unbeliever, whereas his parents loved him very much. Had he grown up he would have involved them in wrongdoing and unbelief, so we wished that their Lord should give them in its place one better in purity and close to mercy. And as for the wall it belonged to two orphan boys in the city and there was beneath it a (treasure) belongin to them,... up to the last verse.  

مسلم:٢٣٨٠cحَدَّثَنَا أُبَىُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ قَالَ

سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَقُولُ إِنَّهُ بَيْنَمَا مُوسَى عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ فِي قَوْمِهِ يُذَكِّرُهُمْ بِأَيَّامِ اللَّهِ وَأَيَّامُ اللَّهِ نَعْمَاؤُهُ وَبَلاَؤُهُ إِذْ قَالَ مَا أَعْلَمُ فِي الأَرْضِ رَجُلاً خَيْرًا أَوْ أَعْلَمَ مِنِّي قَالَ فَأَوْحَى اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ إِنِّي أَعْلَمُ بِالْخَيْرِ مِنْهُ أَوْ عِنْدَ مَنْ هُوَ إِنَّ فِي الأَرْضِ رَجُلاً هُوَ أَعْلَمُ مِنْكَ قَالَ يَا رَبِّ فَدُلَّنِي عَلَيْهِ قَالَ فَقِيلَ لَهُ تَزَوَّدْ حُوتًا مَالِحًا فَإِنَّهُ حَيْثُ تَفْقِدُ الْحُوتَ قَالَ فَانْطَلَقَ هُوَ وَفَتَاهُ حَتَّى انْتَهَيَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَعُمِّيَ عَلَيْهِ فَانْطَلَقَ وَتَرَكَ فَتَاهُ فَاضْطَرَبَ الْحُوتُ فِي الْمَاءِ فَجَعَلَ لاَ يَلْتَئِمُ عَلَيْهِ صَارَ مِثْلَ الْكُوَّةِ قَالَ فَقَالَ فَتَاهُ أَلاَ أَلْحَقُ نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ فَأُخْبِرَهُ قَالَ فَنُسِّيَ فَلَمَّا تَجَاوَزَا قَالَ لِفَتَاهُ آتِنَا غَدَاءَنَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا نَصَبًا قَالَ وَلَمْ يُصِبْهُمْ نَصَبٌ حَتَّى تَجَاوَزَا قَالَ فَتَذَكَّرَ قَالَ أَرَأَيْتَ إِذْ أَوَيْنَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِنِّي نَسِيتُ الْحُوتَ وَمَا أَنْسَانِيهُ إِلاَّ الشَّيْطَانُ أَنْ أَذْكُرَهُ وَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ عَجَبًا قَالَ ذَلِكَ مَا كُنَّا نَبْغِي فَارْتَدَّا عَلَى آثَارِهِمَا قَصَصًا فَأَرَاهُ مَكَانَ الْحُوتِ قَالَ هَا هُنَا وُصِفَ لِي قَالَ فَذَهَبَ يَلْتَمِسُ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِالْخَضِرِ مُسَجًّى ثَوْبًا مُسْتَلْقِيًا عَلَى الْقَفَا أَوْ قَالَ عَلَى حَلاَوَةِ الْقَفَا قَالَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ فَكَشَفَ الثَّوْبَ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ قَالَ وَعَلَيْكُمُ السَّلاَمُ مَنْ أَنْتَ قَالَ أَنَا مُوسَى قَالَ وَمَنْ مُوسَى قَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَالَ مَجِيءٌ مَا جَاءَ بِكَ قَالَ جِئْتُ لِتُعَلِّمَنِي مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رُشْدًا قَالَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا وَكَيْفَ تَصْبِرُ عَلَى مَا لَمْ تُحِطْ بِهِ خُبْرًا شَىْءٌ أُمِرْتُ بِهِ أَنْ أَفْعَلَهُ إِذَا رَأَيْتَهُ لَمْ تَصْبِرْ قَالَ سَتَجِدُنِي إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ صَابِرًا وَلاَ أَعْصِي لَكَ أَمْرًا قَالَ فَإِنِ اتَّبَعْتَنِي فَلاَ تَسْأَلْنِي عَنْ شَىْءٍ حَتَّى أُحْدِثَ لَكَ مِنْهُ ذِكْرًا فَانْطَلَقَا حَتَّى إِذَا رَكِبَا فِي السَّفِينَةِ خَرَقَهَا قَالَ انْتَحَى عَلَيْهَا قَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ أَخَرَقْتَهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا إِمْرًا قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا قَالَ لاَ تُؤَاخِذْنِي بِمَا نَسِيتُ وَلاَ تُرْهِقْنِي مِنْ أَمْرِي عُسْرًا فَانْطَلَقَا حَتَّى إِذَا لَقِيَا غِلْمَانًا يَلْعَبُونَ قَالَ فَانْطَلَقَ إِلَى أَحَدِهِمْ بَادِيَ الرَّأْىِ فَقَتَلَهُ فَذُعِرَ عِنْدَهَا مُوسَى عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ ذَعْرَةً مُنْكَرَةً قَالَ أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَاكِيَةً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا نُكْرًا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ عِنْدَ هَذَا الْمَكَانِ رَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى مُوسَى لَوْلاَ أَنَّهُ عَجَّلَ لَرَأَى الْعَجَبَ وَلَكِنَّهُ أَخَذَتْهُ مِنْ صَاحِبِهِ ذَمَامَةٌ قَالَ إِنْ سَأَلْتُكَ عَنْ شَىْءٍ بَعْدَهَا فَلاَ تُصَاحِبْنِي قَدْ بَلَغْتَ مِنْ لَدُنِّي عُذْرًا وَلَوْ صَبَرَ لَرَأَى الْعَجَبَ قَالَ وَكَانَ إِذَا ذَكَرَ أَحَدًا مِنَ الأَنْبِيَاءِ بَدَأَ بِنَفْسِهِ رَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى أَخِي كَذَا رَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْنَا فَانْطَلَقَا حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَيَا أَهْلَ قَرْيَةٍ لِئَامًا فَطَافَا فِي الْمَجَالِسِ فَاسْتَطْعَمَا أَهْلَهَا فَأَبَوْا أَنْ يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا فَوَجَدَا فِيهَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ فَأَقَامَهُ قَالَ لَوْ شِئْتَ لاَتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا قَالَ هَذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنِكَ وَأَخَذَ بِثَوْبِهِ قَالَ سَأُنَبِّئُكَ بِتَأْوِيلِ مَا لَمْ تَسْتَطِعْ عَلَيْهِ صَبْرًا أَمَّا السَّفِينَةُ فَكَانَتْ لِمَسَاكِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ فِي الْبَحْرِ إِلَى آخِرِ الآيَةِ فَإِذَا جَاءَ الَّذِي يُسَخِّرُهَا وَجَدَهَا مُنْخَرِقَةً فَتَجَاوَزَهَا فَأَصْلَحُوهَا بِخَشَبَةٍ وَأَمَّا الْغُلاَمُ فَطُبِعَ يَوْمَ طُبِعَ كَافِرًا وَكَانَ أَبَوَاهُ قَدْ عَطَفَا عَلَيْهِ فَلَوْ أَنَّهُ أَدْرَكَ أَرْهَقَهُمَا طُغْيَانًا وَكُفْرًا فَأَرَدْنَا أَنْ يُبَدِّلَهُمَا رَبُّهُمَا خَيْرًا مِنْهُ زَكَاةً وَأَقْرَبَ رُحْمًا وَأَمَّا الْجِدَارُ فَكَانَ لِغُلاَمَيْنِ يَتِيمَيْنِ فِي الْمَدِينَةِ وَكَانَ تَحْتَهُ إِلَى آخِرِ الآيَةِ  

muslim:832Aḥmad b. Jaʿfar al-Maʿqirī > al-Naḍr b. Muḥammad > ʿIkrimah b. ʿAmmār > Shaddād b. ʿAbdullāh Abū ʿAmmār And Yaḥyá b. Abū Kathīr > Abū Umāmah > ʿIkrimah Walaqī Shaddād Abū Umāmah Wawāthilah Waṣaḥib Anas > al-Shām Waʾathná ʿAlayh Faḍl Wakhayr > Abū Umāmah

In the state of the Ignorance (before embracing Islam), I used to think that the people were in error and they were not on anything (which may be called the right path) and worshipped the idols. Meanwhile, I heard of a man in Mecca who was giving news (on the basis of his prophetic knowledge) ; so I sat on my ride and went to him. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ was at that time hiding as his people had made life hard for him. I adopted a friendly attitude (towards the Meccans and thus managed) to enter Mecca and go to him (the Holy Prophet) and I said to him: Who are you? He said: I am a Prophet (of Allah). I again said: Who is a Prophet? He said: (I am a Prophet in the sense that) I have been sent by Allah. I said: What is that which you have been sent with? He said: I have been sent to join ties of relationship (with kindness and affection), to break the Idols, and to proclaim the oneness of Allah (in a manner that) nothing is to be associated with Him. I said: Who is with you in this (in these beliefs and practices)? He said: A free man and a slave. He (the narrator) said: Abu Bakr and Bilal were there with him among those who had embraced Islam by that time. I said: I intend to follow you. He said: During these days you would not be able to do so. Don't you see the (hard) condition under which I and (my) people are living? You better go back to your people and when you hear that I have been granted victory, you come to me. So I went to my family. I was in my home when the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to Medina. I was among my people and used to seek news and ask people when he arrived in Medina. Then a group of people belonging to Yathrib (Medina) came. I said (to them): How is that person getting on who has come to Medina? They said: The people are hastening to him, while his people (the polytheists of Mecca) planned to kill him, but they could not do so. I (on hearing it) came to Medina and went to him and said: Messenger of Allah, do you recognise me? He said: Yes, you are the same man who met me at Mecca. I said: It is so. I again said: Prophet of Allah, tell me that which Allah has taught you and which I do not know, tell me about the prayer. He said: Observe the dawn prayer, then stop praying when the sun is rising till it is fully up, for when it rises it comes up between the horns of Satan, and the unbelievers prostrate themselves to it at that time. Then pray, for the prayer is witnessed and attended (by angels) till the shadow becomes about the length of a lance; then cease prayer, for at that time Hell is heated up. Then when the shadow moves forward, pray, for the prayer is witnessed and attended by angels, till you pray the afternoon prayer, then cease prayer till the sun sets, for it sets between the horns of devil, and at that time the unbelievers prostrate themselves before it. I said: Apostle of Allah, tell me about ablution also. He said: None of you who uses water for ablution and rinses his mouth, snuffs up water and blows it, but the sins of his face, and his mouth and his nostrils fall out. When he washes his face, as Allah has commanded him, the sins of his face fall out from the end of his beard with water. Then (when) he washes his forearms up to the elbows, the sins of his arms fall out along with water from his finger-tips. And when he wipes his head, the sins of his head fall out from the points of his hair along with water. And (when) he washes his feet up to the ankles, the sins of his feet fall out from his toes along with water. And if he stands to pray and praises Allah, lauds Him and glorifies Him with what becomes Him and shows wholehearted devotion to Allah, his sins would depart leaving him (as innocent) as he was on the day his mother bore him. 'Amr b. 'Abasa narrated this hadith to Abu Umama, a Companion of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, and Abu Umama said to him: 'Amr b. 'Abasa, think what you are saying that such (a great reward) is given to a man at one place (only in the act of ablution and prayer). Upon this 'Amr said: Abu Umama, I have grown old and my bones have become weak and I am at the door of death; what impetus is there for me to attribute a lie to Allah and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ? Had I heard it from the Messenger of Allah ﷺ once, twice, or three times (even seven times), I would have never narrated it, but I have heard it from him on occasions more than these.  

مسلم:٨٣٢حَدَّثَنِي أَحْمَدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ الْمَعْقِرِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا النَّضْرُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ حَدَّثَنَا عِكْرِمَةُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ حَدَّثَنَا شَدَّادُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ أَبُو عَمَّارٍ وَيَحْيَى بْنُ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ قَالَ

عِكْرِمَةُ وَلَقِيَ شَدَّادٌ أَبَا أُمَامَةَ وَوَاثِلَةَ وَصَحِبَ أَنَسًا إِلَى الشَّامِ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ فَضْلاً وَخَيْرًا عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ قَالَ قَالَ عَمْرُو بْنُ عَبَسَةَ السُّلَمِيُّ كُنْتُ وَأَنَا فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ أَظُنُّ أَنَّ النَّاسَ عَلَى ضَلاَلَةٍ وَأَنَّهُمْ لَيْسُوا عَلَى شَىْءٍ وَهُمْ يَعْبُدُونَ الأَوْثَانَ فَسَمِعْتُ بِرَجُلٍ بِمَكَّةَ يُخْبِرُ أَخْبَارًا فَقَعَدْتُ عَلَى رَاحِلَتِي فَقَدِمْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مُسْتَخْفِيًا جُرَءَاءُ عَلَيْهِ قَوْمُهُ فَتَلَطَّفْتُ حَتَّى دَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ بِمَكَّةَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ مَا أَنْتَ قَالَ أَنَا نَبِيٌّ فَقُلْتُ وَمَا نَبِيٌّ قَالَ أَرْسَلَنِي اللَّهُ فَقُلْتُ وَبِأَىِّ شَىْءٍ أَرْسَلَكَ قَالَ أَرْسَلَنِي بِصِلَةِ الأَرْحَامِ وَكَسْرِ الأَوْثَانِ وَأَنْ يُوَحَّدَ اللَّهُ لاَ يُشْرَكُ بِهِ شَىْءٌ قُلْتُ لَهُ فَمَنْ مَعَكَ عَلَى هَذَا قَالَ حُرٌّ وَعَبْدٌ قَالَ وَمَعَهُ يَوْمَئِذٍ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَبِلاَلٌ مِمَّنْ آمَنَ بِهِ فَقُلْتُ إِنِّي مُتَّبِعُكَ قَالَ إِنَّكَ لاَ تَسْتَطِيعُ ذَلِكَ يَوْمَكَ هَذَا أَلاَ تَرَى حَالِي وَحَالَ النَّاسِ وَلَكِنِ ارْجِعْ إِلَى أَهْلِكَ فَإِذَا سَمِعْتَ بِي قَدْ ظَهَرْتُ فَأْتِنِي قَالَ فَذَهَبْتُ إِلَى أَهْلِي وَقَدِمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ الْمَدِينَةَ وَكُنْتُ فِي أَهْلِي فَجَعَلْتُ أَتَخَبَّرُ الأَخْبَارَ وَأَسْأَلُ النَّاسَ حِينَ قَدِمَ الْمَدِينَةَ حَتَّى قَدِمَ عَلَىَّ نَفَرٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ يَثْرِبَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ فَقُلْتُ مَا فَعَلَ هَذَا الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي قَدِمَ الْمَدِينَةَ فَقَالُوا النَّاسُ إِلَيْهِ سِرَاعٌ وَقَدْ أَرَادَ قَوْمُهُ قَتْلَهُ فَلَمْ يَسْتَطِيعُوا ذَلِكَ فَقَدِمْتُ الْمَدِينَةَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَتَعْرِفُنِي قَالَ نَعَمْ أَنْتَ الَّذِي لَقِيتَنِي بِمَكَّةَ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ بَلَى فَقُلْتُ يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ أَخْبِرْنِي عَمَّا عَلَّمَكَ اللَّهُ وَأَجْهَلُهُ أَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الصَّلاَةِ قَالَ صَلِّ صَلاَةَ الصُّبْحِ ثُمَّ أَقْصِرْ عَنِ الصَّلاَةِ حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ حَتَّى تَرْتَفِعَ فَإِنَّهَا تَطْلُعُ حِينَ تَطْلُعُ بَيْنَ قَرْنَىْ شَيْطَانٍ وَحِينَئِذٍ يَسْجُدُ لَهَا الْكُفَّارُ ثُمَّ صَلِّ فَإِنَّ الصَّلاَةَ مَشْهُودَةٌ مَحْضُورَةٌ حَتَّى يَسْتَقِلَّ الظِّلُّ بِالرُّمْحِ ثُمَّ أَقْصِرْ عَنِ الصَّلاَةِ فَإِنَّ حِينَئِذٍ تُسْجَرُ جَهَنَّمُ فَإِذَا أَقْبَلَ الْفَىْءُ فَصَلِّ فَإِنَّ الصَّلاَةَ مَشْهُودَةٌ مَحْضُورَةٌ حَتَّى تُصَلِّيَ الْعَصْرَ ثُمَّ أَقْصِرْ عَنِ الصَّلاَةِ حَتَّى تَغْرُبَ الشَّمْسُ فَإِنَّهَا تَغْرُبُ بَيْنَ قَرْنَىْ شَيْطَانٍ وَحِينَئِذٍ يَسْجُدُ لَهَا الْكُفَّارُ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ فَالْوُضُوءُ حَدِّثْنِي عَنْهُ قَالَ مَا مِنْكُمْ رَجُلٌ يُقَرِّبُ وَضُوءَهُ فَيَتَمَضْمَضُ وَيَسْتَنْشِقُ فَيَنْتَثِرُ إِلاَّ خَرَّتْ خَطَايَا وَجْهِهِ وَفِيهِ وَخَيَاشِيمِهِ ثُمَّ إِذَا غَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ كَمَا أَمَرَهُ اللَّهُ إِلاَّ خَرَّتْ خَطَايَا وَجْهِهِ مِنْ أَطْرَافِ لِحْيَتِهِ مَعَ الْمَاءِ ثُمَّ يَغْسِلُ يَدَيْهِ إِلَى الْمِرْفَقَيْنِ إِلاَّ خَرَّتْ خَطَايَا يَدَيْهِ مِنْ أَنَامِلِهِ مَعَ الْمَاءِ ثُمَّ يَمْسَحُ رَأْسَهُ إِلاَّ خَرَّتْ خَطَايَا رَأْسِهِ مِنْ أَطْرَافِ شَعْرِهِ مَعَ الْمَاءِ ثُمَّ يَغْسِلُ قَدَمَيْهِ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ إِلاَّ خَرَّتْ خَطَايَا رِجْلَيْهِ مِنْ أَنَامِلِهِ مَعَ الْمَاءِ فَإِنْ هُوَ قَامَ فَصَلَّى فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ وَمَجَّدَهُ بِالَّذِي هُوَ لَهُ أَهْلٌ وَفَرَّغَ قَلْبَهُ لِلَّهِ إِلاَّ انْصَرَفَ مِنْ خَطِيئَتِهِ كَهَيْئَتِهِ يَوْمَ وَلَدَتْهُ أُمُّهُ فَحَدَّثَ عَمْرُو بْنُ عَبَسَةَ بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ أَبَا أُمَامَةَ صَاحِبَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو أُمَامَةَ يَا عَمْرَو بْنَ عَبَسَةَ انْظُرْ مَا تَقُولُ فِي مَقَامٍ وَاحِدٍ يُعْطَى هَذَا الرَّجُلُ فَقَالَ عَمْرٌو يَا أَبَا أُمَامَةَ لَقَدْ كَبِرَتْ سِنِّي وَرَقَّ عَظْمِي وَاقْتَرَبَ أَجَلِي وَمَا بِي حَاجَةٌ أَنْ أَكْذِبَ عَلَى اللَّهِ وَلاَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ لَوْ لَمْ أَسْمَعْهُ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِلاَّ مَرَّةً أَوْ مَرَّتَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلاَثًا حَتَّى عَدَّ سَبْعَ مَرَّاتٍ مَا حَدَّثْتُ بِهِ أَبَدًا وَلَكِنِّي سَمِعْتُهُ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ  

muslim:2942aʿAbd al-Wārith b. ʿAbd al-Ṣamad b. ʿAbd al-Wārith And Ḥajjāj b. al-Shāʿir > ʿAbd al-Ṣamad Wa-al-Lafẓ Liʿabd al-Wārith b. ʿAbd al-Ṣamad from my father from my father > al-Ḥusayn b. Dhakwān > Ibn Buraydah > ʿĀmir b. Sharāḥīl al-Shaʿbī Shaʿb Hamdān

Narrate to me a hadith which you had heard directly from Messenger of Allah ﷺ and there is no extra link in between them. She said: Very well, if you like, I am prepared to do that, and he said to her: Well, do It and narrate that to me. She said: I married the son of Mughira and he was a chosen young man of Quraish at that time, but he fell as a martyr in the first Jihad (fighting) on the side of Messenger of Allah ﷺ. When I became a widow, 'Abd al-Rahman b. Auf, one amongst the group of the Companions of Messenger of Allah ﷺ, sent me the proposal of marriage. Messenger of Allah ﷺ also sent me such a message for his freed slave Usama b. Zaid. And it had been conveyed to me that Messenger of Allah ﷺ had said (about Usama): He who loves me should also love Usama. When Messenger of Allah ﷺ talked to me (about this matter), I said: My affairs are in your hand. You may marry me to anyone whom you like. He said: You better shift now to the house of Umm Sharik, and Umm Sharik was a rich lady from amongst the Ansar. She spent generously for the cause of Allah and entertained guests very hospitably. I said: Well, I will do as you like. He said: Do not do that for Umm Sharik is a woman who is very frequently visited by guests and I do not like that your head may be uncovered or the cloth may be removed from your shank and the strangers may catch sight of them which you abhor. You better shift to the house of your cousin 'Abdullah b. 'Amr b. Umm Maktum and he is a person of the Bani Fihr branch of the Quraish, and he belonged to that tribe (to which Fatima) belonged. So I shifted to that house, and when my period of waiting was over, I heard the voice of an announcer making an announcement that the prayer would be observed in the mosque (where) congregational prayer (is observed). So I set out towards that mosque and observed prayer along with Messenger of Allah ﷺ and I was in the row of the women which was near the row of men. When Messenger of Allah ﷺ had finished his prayer, he sat on the pulpit smiling and said: Every worshipper should keep sitting at his place. He then said: Do you know why I had asked you to assemble? They said: Allah and His Messenger know best. He said: By Allah. I have not made you assemble for exhortation or for a warning, but I have detained you here, for Tamim Dari, a Christian, who came and accepted Islam, told me something, which agrees with what I was telling, you about the Dajjal. He narrated to me that he had sailed in a ship along with thirty men of Bani Lakhm and Bani Judham and had been tossed by waves in the ocean for a month. Then these (waves) took them (near) the land within the ocean (island) at the time of sunset. They sat in a small side-boat and entered that island. There was a beast with long thick hair (and because of these) they could not distinguish his face from his back. They said: Woe to you, who can you be? Thereupon it said: I am al-Jassasa. They said: What is al-Jassasa? And it said: O people, go to this person in the monastery as he is very much eager to know about you. He (the narrator) said: When it named a person for us we were afraid of it lest it should be a devil. Then we hurriedly went on till we came to that monastery and found a well-built person there with his hands tied to his neck and having iron shackles between his two legs up to the ankles. We said: Woe be upon thee, who are you? And he said: You would soon come to know about me. but tell me who are you. We said: We are people from Arabia and we embarked upon a boat but the sea-waves had been driving us for one month and they brought as near this island. We got Into the side-boats and entered this island and here a beast met us with profusely thick hair and because of the thickness of his hair his face could not be distinguished from his back. We said: Woe be to thee, who are you? It said: I am al- Jassasa. We said: What is al-Jassasa? And it said: You go to this very person in the monastery for he is eagerly waiting for you to know about you. So we came to you in hot haste fearing that that might be the Devil. He (that chained person) said: Tell me about the date-palm trees of Baisan. We said: About what aspect of theirs do you seek information? He said: I ask you whether these trees bear fruit or not. We said: yes. Thereupon he said: I think these would not bear fruits. He said: Inform me about the lake of Tabariyya? We said: Which aspect of it do you want to know? He said: Is there water in it? They said: There is abundance of water in it. Thereupon he said: I think it would soon become dry. He again said: Inform me about the spring of Zughar. They said: Which aspect of it you want to know? He (the chained person) said: Is there water in it and does it irrigate (the land)? We said to him: Yes, there is abundance of water in it and the inhabitants (of Medina) irrigate (land) with the help of it, He said: Inform me about the unlettered Prophet; what has he done? We said: He has come out from Mecca and has settled In Yathrib (Medina). He said: Do the Arabs fight against him? We said: Yes. He said: How did he deal with them? We informed him that he had overcome those in his neighbourhood and they had submitted themselves before him. Thereupon he said to us: Has it actually happened? We said: Yes. Thereupon he said: If it is so that is better for them that they should show obedience to him. I am going to tell you about myself and I am Dajjal and would be soon permitted to get out and so I shall get out and travel in the land, and will not spare any town where I would not stay for forty nights except Mecca and Medina as these two (places) are prohibited (areas) for me and I would not make an attempt to enter any one of these two. An angel with a sword in his hand would confront me and would bar my way and there would be angels to guard every passage leading to it; then Messenger of Allah ﷺ striking the pulpit with the help of the end of his staff said: This implies Taiba meaning Medina. Have I not, told you an account (of the Dajjal) like this? 'The people said: Yes, and this account narrated by Tamim Dari was liked by me for it corroborates the account which I gave to you in regard to him (Dajjal) at Medina and Mecca. Behold he (Dajjal) is in the Syrian sea (Mediterranean) or the Yemen sea (Arabian sea). Nay, on the contrary, he is in the east, he is in the east, he is in the east, and he pointed with his hand towards the east. I (Fatima bint Qais) said: I preserved it in my mind (this narration from Messenger of Allah ﷺ.  

مسلم:٢٩٤٢aحَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَارِثِ بْنُ عَبْدِ الصَّمَدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْوَارِثِ وَحَجَّاجُ بْنُ الشَّاعِرِ كِلاَهُمَا عَنْ عَبْدِ الصَّمَدِ وَاللَّفْظُ لِعَبْدِ الْوَارِثِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الصَّمَدِ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي عَنْ جَدِّي عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ ذَكْوَانَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ بُرَيْدَةَ حَدَّثَنِي عَامِرُ بْنُ شَرَاحِيلَ الشَّعْبِيُّ شَعْبُ هَمْدَانَ أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتَ قَيْسٍ أُخْتَ الضَّحَّاكِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ وَكَانَتْ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرَاتِ الأُوَلِ فَقَالَ

حَدِّثِينِي حَدِيثًا سَمِعْتِيهِ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ لاَ تُسْنِدِيهِ إِلَى أَحَدٍ غَيْرِهِ فَقَالَتْ لَئِنْ شِئْتَ لأَفْعَلَنَّ فَقَالَ لَهَا أَجَلْ حَدِّثِينِي فَقَالَتْ نَكَحْتُ ابْنَ الْمُغِيرَةِ وَهُوَ مِنْ خِيَارِ شَبَابِ قُرَيْشٍ يَوْمَئِذٍ فَأُصِيبَ فِي أَوَّلِ الْجِهَادِ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَلَمَّا تَأَيَّمْتُ خَطَبَنِي عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ عَوْفٍ فِي نَفَرٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَخَطَبَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَلَى مَوْلاَهُ أُسَامَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ وَكُنْتُ قَدْ حُدِّثْتُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ مَنْ أَحَبَّنِي فَلْيُحِبَّ أُسَامَةَ فَلَمَّا كَلَّمَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قُلْتُ أَمْرِي بِيَدِكَ فَأَنْكِحْنِي مَنْ شِئْتَ فَقَالَ انْتَقِلِي إِلَى أُمِّ شَرِيكٍ وَأُمُّ شَرِيكٍ امْرَأَةٌ غَنِيَّةٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ عَظِيمَةُ النَّفَقَةِ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ يَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهَا الضِّيفَانُ فَقُلْتُ سَأَفْعَلُ فَقَالَ لاَ تَفْعَلِي إِنَّ أُمَّ شَرِيكٍ امْرَأَةٌ كَثِيرَةُ الضِّيفَانِ فَإِنِّي أَكْرَهُ أَنْ يَسْقُطَ عَنْكِ خِمَارُكِ أَوْ يَنْكَشِفَ الثَّوْبُ عَنْ سَاقَيْكِ فَيَرَى الْقَوْمُ مِنْكِ بَعْضَ مَا تَكْرَهِينَ وَلَكِنِ انْتَقِلِي إِلَى ابْنِ عَمِّكِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو ابْنِ أُمِّ مَكْتُومٍ وَهُوَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي فِهْرٍ فِهْرِ قُرَيْشٍ وَهُوَ مِنَ الْبَطْنِ الَّذِي هِيَ مِنْهُ فَانْتَقَلْتُ إِلَيْهِ فَلَمَّا انْقَضَتْ عِدَّتِي سَمِعْتُ نِدَاءَ الْمُنَادِي مُنَادِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ يُنَادِي الصَّلاَةَ جَامِعَةً فَخَرَجْتُ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَصَلَّيْتُ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَكُنْتُ فِي صَفِّ النِّسَاءِ الَّتِي تَلِي ظُهُورَ الْقَوْمِ فَلَمَّا قَضَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ صَلاَتَهُ جَلَسَ عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ وَهُوَ يَضْحَكُ فَقَالَ لِيَلْزَمْ كُلُّ إِنْسَانٍ مُصَلاَّهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَتَدْرُونَ لِمَ جَمَعْتُكُمْ قَالُوا اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ قَالَ إِنِّي وَاللَّهِ مَا جَمَعْتُكُمْ لِرَغْبَةٍ وَلاَ لِرَهْبَةٍ وَلَكِنْ جَمَعْتُكُمْ لأَنَّ تَمِيمًا الدَّارِيَّ كَانَ رَجُلاً نَصْرَانِيًّا فَجَاءَ فَبَايَعَ وَأَسْلَمَ وَحَدَّثَنِي حَدِيثًا وَافَقَ الَّذِي كُنْتُ أُحَدِّثُكُمْ عَنْ مَسِيحِ الدَّجَّالِ حَدَّثَنِي أَنَّهُ رَكِبَ فِي سَفِينَةٍ بَحْرِيَّةٍ مَعَ ثَلاَثِينَ رَجُلاً مِنْ لَخْمٍ وَجُذَامَ فَلَعِبَ بِهِمُ الْمَوْجُ شَهْرًا فِي الْبَحْرِ ثُمَّ أَرْفَئُوا إِلَى جَزِيرَةٍ فِي الْبَحْرِ حَتَّى مَغْرِبِ الشَّمْسِ فَجَلَسُوا فِي أَقْرُبِ السَّفِينَةِ فَدَخَلُوا الْجَزِيرَةَ فَلَقِيَتْهُمْ دَابَّةٌ أَهْلَبُ كَثِيرُ الشَّعَرِ لاَ يَدْرُونَ مَا قُبُلُهُ مِنْ دُبُرِهِ مِنْ كَثْرَةِ الشَّعَرِ فَقَالُوا وَيْلَكِ مَا أَنْتِ فَقَالَتْ أَنَا الْجَسَّاسَةُ قَالُوا وَمَا الْجَسَّاسَةُ قَالَتْ أَيُّهَا الْقَوْمُ انْطَلِقُوا إِلَى هَذَا الرَّجُلِ فِي الدَّيْرِ فَإِنَّهُ إِلَى خَبَرِكُمْ بِالأَشْوَاقِ قَالَ لَمَّا سَمَّتْ لَنَا رَجُلاً فَرِقْنَا مِنْهَا أَنْ تَكُونَ شَيْطَانَةً قَالَ فَانْطَلَقْنَا سِرَاعًا حَتَّى دَخَلْنَا الدَّيْرَ فَإِذَا فِيهِ أَعْظَمُ إِنْسَانٍ رَأَيْنَاهُ قَطُّ خَلْقًا وَأَشَدُّهُ وِثَاقًا مَجْمُوعَةٌ يَدَاهُ إِلَى عُنُقِهِ مَا بَيْنَ رُكْبَتَيْهِ إِلَى كَعْبَيْهِ بِالْحَدِيدِ قُلْنَا وَيْلَكَ مَا أَنْتَ قَالَ قَدْ قَدَرْتُمْ عَلَى خَبَرِي فَأَخْبِرُونِي مَا أَنْتُمْ قَالُوا نَحْنُ أُنَاسٌ مِنَ الْعَرَبِ رَكِبْنَا فِي سَفِينَةٍ بَحْرِيَّةٍ فَصَادَفْنَا الْبَحْرَ حِينَ اغْتَلَمَ فَلَعِبَ بِنَا الْمَوْجُ شَهْرًا ثُمَّ أَرْفَأْنَا إِلَى جَزِيرَتِكَ هَذِهِ فَجَلَسْنَا فِي أَقْرُبِهَا فَدَخَلْنَا الْجَزِيرَةَ فَلَقِيَتْنَا دَابَّةٌ أَهْلَبُ كَثِيرُ الشَّعَرِ لاَ يُدْرَى مَا قُبُلُهُ مِنْ دُبُرِهِ مِنْ كَثْرَةِ الشَّعَرِ فَقُلْنَا وَيْلَكِ مَا أَنْتِ فَقَالَتْ أَنَا الْجَسَّاسَةُ قُلْنَا وَمَا الْجَسَّاسَةُ قَالَتِ اعْمِدُوا إِلَى هَذَا الرَّجُلِ فِي الدَّيْرِ فَإِنَّهُ إِلَى خَبَرِكُمْ بِالأَشْوَاقِ فَأَقْبَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ سِرَاعًا وَفَزِعْنَا مِنْهَا وَلَمْ نَأْمَنْ أَنْ تَكُونَ شَيْطَانَةً فَقَالَ أَخْبِرُونِي عَنْ نَخْلِ بَيْسَانَ قُلْنَا عَنْ أَىِّ شَأْنِهَا تَسْتَخْبِرُ قَالَ أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَنْ نَخْلِهَا هَلْ يُثْمِرُ قُلْنَا لَهُ نَعَمْ قَالَ أَمَا إِنَّهُ يُوشِكُ أَنْ لاَ تُثْمِرَ قَالَ أَخْبِرُونِي عَنْ بُحَيْرَةِ الطَّبَرِيَّةِ قُلْنَا عَنْ أَىِّ شَأْنِهَا تَسْتَخْبِرُ قَالَ هَلْ فِيهَا مَاءٌ قَالُوا هِيَ كَثِيرَةُ الْمَاءِ قَالَ أَمَا إِنَّ مَاءَهَا يُوشِكُ أَنْ يَذْهَبَ قَالَ أَخْبِرُونِي عَنْ عَيْنِ زُغَرَ قَالُوا عَنْ أَىِّ شَأْنِهَا تَسْتَخْبِرُ قَالَ هَلْ فِي الْعَيْنِ مَاءٌ وَهَلْ يَزْرَعُ أَهْلُهَا بِمَاءِ الْعَيْنِ قُلْنَا لَهُ نَعَمْ هِيَ كَثِيرَةُ الْمَاءِ وَأَهْلُهَا يَزْرَعُونَ مِنْ مَائِهَا قَالَ أَخْبِرُونِي عَنْ نَبِيِّ الأُمِّيِّينَ مَا فَعَلَ قَالُوا قَدْ خَرَجَ مِنْ مَكَّةَ وَنَزَلَ يَثْرِبَ قَالَ أَقَاتَلَهُ الْعَرَبُ قُلْنَا نَعَمْ قَالَ كَيْفَ صَنَعَ بِهِمْ فَأَخْبَرْنَاهُ أَنَّهُ قَدْ ظَهَرَ عَلَى مَنْ يَلِيهِ مِنَ الْعَرَبِ وَأَطَاعُوهُ قَالَ لَهُمْ قَدْ كَانَ ذَلِكَ قُلْنَا نَعَمْ قَالَ أَمَا إِنَّ ذَاكَ خَيْرٌ لَهُمْ أَنْ يُطِيعُوهُ وَإِنِّي مُخْبِرُكُمْ عَنِّي إِنِّي أَنَا الْمَسِيحُ وَإِنِّي أُوشِكُ أَنْ يُؤْذَنَ لِي فِي الْخُرُوجِ فَأَخْرُجَ فَأَسِيرَ فِي الأَرْضِ فَلاَ أَدَعَ قَرْيَةً إِلاَّ هَبَطْتُهَا فِي أَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً غَيْرَ مَكَّةَ وَطَيْبَةَ فَهُمَا مُحَرَّمَتَانِ عَلَىَّ كِلْتَاهُمَا كُلَّمَا أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَدْخُلَ وَاحِدَةً أَوْ وَاحِدًا مِنْهُمَا اسْتَقْبَلَنِي مَلَكٌ بِيَدِهِ السَّيْفُ صَلْتًا يَصُدُّنِي عَنْهَا وَإِنَّ عَلَى كُلِّ نَقْبٍ مِنْهَا مَلاَئِكَةً يَحْرُسُونَهَا قَالَتْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَطَعَنَ بِمِخْصَرَتِهِ فِي الْمِنْبَرِ هَذِهِ طَيْبَةُ هَذِهِ طَيْبَةُ هَذِهِ طَيْبَةُ يَعْنِي الْمَدِينَةَ أَلاَ هَلْ كُنْتُ حَدَّثْتُكُمْ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ النَّاسُ نَعَمْ فَإِنَّهُ أَعْجَبَنِي حَدِيثُ تَمِيمٍ أَنَّهُ وَافَقَ الَّذِي كُنْتُ أُحَدِّثُكُمْ عَنْهُ وَعَنِ الْمَدِينَةِ وَمَكَّةَ أَلاَ إِنَّهُ فِي بَحْرِ الشَّامِ أَوْ بَحْرِ الْيَمَنِ لاَ بَلْ مِنْ قِبَلِ الْمَشْرِقِ ما هُوَ مِنْ قِبَلِ الْمَشْرِقِ مَا هُوَ مِنْ قِبَلِ الْمَشْرِقِ مَا هُوَ وَأَوْمَأَ بِيَدِهِ إِلَى الْمَشْرِقِ قَالَتْ فَحَفِظْتُ هَذَا مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ  

abudawud:3055Abū Tawbah al-Rabīʿ b. Nāfiʿ > Muʿāwiyah / Ibn Salāam > Zayd > Abū Salāam > ʿAbdullāh al-Hawzanī

I met Bilal, the Mu'adhdhin of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ at Aleppo, and said: Bilal, tell me, what was the financial position of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ? He said: He had nothing. It was I who managed it on his behalf since the day Allah made him Prophet of Allah ﷺ until he died. When a Muslim man came to him and he found him naked, he ordered me (to clothe him). I would go, borrow (some money), and purchase a cloak for him. I would then clothe him and feed him. A man from the polytheists met me and said: I am well off, Bilal. Do not borrow money from anyone except me. So I did accordingly. One day when I performed ablution and stood up to make call to prayer, the same polytheist came along with a body of merchants. When he saw me, he said: O Abyssinian. I said: I am at your service. He met me with unpleasant looks and said harsh words to me. He asked me: Do you know how many days remain in the completion of this month? I replied: The time is near. He said: Only four days remain in the completion of this month. I shall then take that which is due from you (i.e. loan), and then shall return you to tend the sheep as you did before. I began to think in my mind what people think in their minds (on such occasions). When I offered the night prayer, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ returned to his family. I sought permission from him and he gave me permission. I said: Messenger of Allah, may my parents be sacrificed for you, the polytheist from whom I used to borrow money said to me such-and-such. Neither you nor I have anything to pay him for me, and he will disgrace me. So give me permission to run away to some of those tribes who have recently embraced Islam until Allah gives His Apostle ﷺ something with which he can pay (the debt) for me. So I came out and reached my house. I placed my sword, waterskin (or sheath), shoes and shield near my head. When dawn broke, I intended to be on my way. All of a sudden I saw a man running towards me and calling: Bilal, return to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. So I went till I reached him. I found four mounts kneeling on the ground with loads on them. I sought permission. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said to me: Be glad, Allah has made arrangements for the payment (of your debt). He then asked: Have you not seen the four mounts kneeling on the ground? I replied: Yes. He said: You may have these mounts and what they have on them. There are clothes and food on them, presented to me by the ruler of Fadak. Take them away and pay off your debt. I did so. He then mentioned the rest of the tradition. I then went to the mosque and found that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was sitting there. I greeted him. He asked: What benefit did you have from your property? I replied: Allah Most High paid everything which was due from the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. Nothing remains now. He asked: Did anything remain (from that property)? I said: Yes. He said: Look, if you can give me some comfort from it, for I shall not visit any member of my family until you give me some comfort from it. When the Messenger of Allah ﷺ offered the night prayer, he called me and said: What is the position of that which you had with you (i.e. property)? I said: I still have it, no one came to me. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ passed the night in the mosque. He then narrated the rest of the tradition. Next day when he offered the night prayer, he called me and asked: What is the position of that which you had (i.e. the rest of the property)? I replied: Allah has given you comfort from it, Messenger of Allah. He said: Allah is Most Great, and praised Allah, fearing lest he should die while it was with him. I then followed him until he came to his wives and greeted each one of them and finally he came to his place where he had to pass the night. This is all for which you asked me.  

أبو داود:٣٠٥٥حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو تَوْبَةَ الرَّبِيعُ بْنُ نَافِعٍ حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاوِيَةُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ سَلاَّمٍ عَنْ زَيْدٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَبَا سَلاَّمٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ الْهَوْزَنِيُّ قَالَ

لَقِيتُ بِلاَلاً مُؤَذِّنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ بِحَلَبَ فَقُلْتُ يَا بِلاَلُ حَدِّثْنِي كَيْفَ كَانَتْ نَفَقَةُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ مَا كَانَ لَهُ شَىْءٌ كُنْتُ أَنَا الَّذِي أَلِي ذَلِكَ مِنْهُ مُنْذُ بَعَثَهُ اللَّهُ إِلَى أَنْ تُوُفِّيَ وَكَانَ إِذَا أَتَاهُ الإِنْسَانُ مُسْلِمًا فَرَآهُ عَارِيًا يَأْمُرُنِي فَأَنْطَلِقُ فَأَسْتَقْرِضُ فَأَشْتَرِي لَهُ الْبُرْدَةَ فَأَكْسُوهُ وَأُطْعِمُهُ حَتَّى اعْتَرَضَنِي رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ فَقَالَ يَا بِلاَلُ إِنَّ عِنْدِي سَعَةً فَلاَ تَسْتَقْرِضْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ إِلاَّ مِنِّي فَفَعَلْتُ فَلَمَّا أَنْ كَانَ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ تَوَضَّأْتُ ثُمَّ قُمْتُ لأُؤَذِّنَ بِالصَّلاَةِ فَإِذَا الْمُشْرِكُ قَدْ أَقْبَلَ فِي عِصَابَةٍ مِنَ التُّجَّارِ فَلَمَّا أَنْ رَآنِي قَالَ يَا حَبَشِيُّ قُلْتُ يَا لَبَّاهُ فَتَجَهَّمَنِي وَقَالَ لِي قَوْلاً غَلِيظًا وَقَالَ لِي أَتَدْرِي كَمْ بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَ الشَّهْرِ قَالَ قُلْتُ قَرِيبٌ قَالَ إِنَّمَا بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَهُ أَرْبَعٌ فَآخُذُكَ بِالَّذِي عَلَيْكَ فَأَرُدُّكَ تَرْعَى الْغَنَمَ كَمَا كُنْتَ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ فَأَخَذَ فِي نَفْسِي مَا يَأْخُذُ فِي أَنْفُسِ النَّاسِ حَتَّى إِذَا صَلَّيْتُ الْعَتَمَةَ رَجَعَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ فَاسْتَأْذَنْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَأَذِنَ لِي فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي إِنَّ الْمُشْرِكَ الَّذِي كُنْتُ أَتَدَيَّنُ مِنْهُ قَالَ لِي كَذَا وَكَذَا وَلَيْسَ عِنْدَكَ مَا تَقْضِي عَنِّي وَلاَ عِنْدِي وَهُوَ فَاضِحِي فَأْذَنْ لِي أَنْ آبِقَ إِلَى بَعْضِ هَؤُلاَءِ الأَحْيَاءِ الَّذِينَ قَدْ أَسْلَمُوا حَتَّى يَرْزُقَ اللَّهُ رَسُولَهُ ﷺ مَا يَقْضِي عَنِّي فَخَرَجْتُ حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَيْتُ مَنْزِلِي فَجَعَلْتُ سَيْفِي وَجِرَابِي وَنَعْلِي وَمِجَنِّي عِنْدَ رَأْسِي حَتَّى إِذَا انْشَقَّ عَمُودُ الصُّبْحِ الأَوَّلِ أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَنْطَلِقَ فَإِذَا إِنْسَانٌ يَسْعَى يَدْعُو يَا بِلاَلُ أَجِبْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَانْطَلَقْتُ حَتَّى أَتَيْتُهُ فَإِذَا أَرْبَعُ رَكَائِبَ مُنَاخَاتٍ عَلَيْهِنَّ أَحْمَالُهُنَّ فَاسْتَأْذَنْتُ فَقَالَ لِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَبْشِرْ فَقَدْ جَاءَكَ اللَّهُ بِقَضَائِكَ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَلَمْ تَرَ الرَّكَائِبَ الْمُنَاخَاتِ الأَرْبَعَ فَقُلْتُ بَلَى فَقَالَ إِنَّ لَكَ رِقَابَهُنَّ وَمَا عَلَيْهِنَّ فَإِنَّ عَلَيْهِنَّ كِسْوَةً وَطَعَامًا أَهْدَاهُنَّ إِلَىَّ عَظِيمُ فَدَكَ فَاقْبِضْهُنَّ وَاقْضِ دَيْنَكَ فَفَعَلْتُ فَذَكَرَ الْحَدِيثَ ثُمَّ انْطَلَقْتُ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَاعِدٌ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ مَا فَعَلَ مَا قِبَلَكَ قُلْتُ قَدْ قَضَى اللَّهُ كُلَّ شَىْءٍ كَانَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَلَمْ يَبْقَ شَىْءٌ قَالَ أَفَضَلَ شَىْءٌ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ قَالَ انْظُرْ أَنْ تُرِيحَنِي مِنْهُ فَإِنِّي لَسْتُ بِدَاخِلٍ عَلَى أَحَدٍ مِنْ أَهْلِي حَتَّى تُرِيحَنِي مِنْهُ فَلَمَّا صَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ الْعَتَمَةَ دَعَانِي فَقَالَ مَا فَعَلَ الَّذِي قِبَلَكَ قَالَ قُلْتُ هُوَ مَعِي لَمْ يَأْتِنَا أَحَدٌ فَبَاتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ وَقَصَّ الْحَدِيثَ حَتَّى إِذَا صَلَّى الْعَتَمَةَ يَعْنِي مِنَ الْغَدِ دَعَانِي قَالَ مَا فَعَلَ الَّذِي قِبَلَكَ قَالَ قُلْتُ قَدْ أَرَاحَكَ اللَّهُ مِنْهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَكَبَّرَ وَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ شَفَقًا مِنْ أَنْ يُدْرِكَهُ الْمَوْتُ وَعِنْدَهُ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ اتَّبَعْتُهُ حَتَّى إِذَا جَاءَ أَزْوَاجَهُ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَى امْرَأَةٍ امْرَأَةٍ حَتَّى أَتَى مَبِيتَهُ فَهَذَا الَّذِي سَأَلْتَنِي عَنْهُ  

Yaʾjūj Maʾjūj will kill everyone on earth

tirmidhi:2240ʿAlī b. Ḥujr

"The Messenger of Allah ﷺ mentioned the Dajjal one morning, he belittled him and mentioned his importance until we thought that he might be amidst a cluster of date-palms." He said: "We departed from the presence of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, then we returned to him, and he noticed that(concern) in us. So he said: 'What is wrong with you?'" We said: 'O Messenger of Allah! You mentioned the Dajjal this morning, belittling him, and mentioning his importance until we thought that he might be amidst a cluster of the date-palms.' He said: 'It is not the Dajjal that I fear for you. If he were to appear while I am among you, then I will be his adversary on your behalf. And if he appears and I am not among you, then each man will have to fend for himself. And Allah will take care of every Muslim after me. He is young, with curly hair, his eyes protruding, resembling someone from 'Abdul-Uzza bin Qatan. Whoever among you sees him, then let him recite the beginning of Surah Ashab Al-Kahf.'"He said: 'He will appear from what is between Ash-Sham and Al-'Iraq, causing devastation toward the right and toward the left. O worshippers of Allah! Hold fast!'" We said: 'O Messenger of Allah! How long will he linger on the earth?' He said: 'Forty days, a day like a year, a day like a month, a day like a week, and the remainder of his days are like your days.'" We said: 'O Messenger of Allah! Do you think that during the day that is like a year, the Salat of one day will be sufficient for us?' He said: 'No. You will have to estimate it.' We said: 'O Messenger of Allah! How fast will he move through the earth.' He said: 'Like a rain storm driven by the wind. He will come upon a people and call them, and they will deny him, and reject his claims. Then he will leave them, and their wealth will follow him. They will awaken in the morning with nothing left. Then he will come upon a people and call them, and they will respond to him, believing in him. So he will order the Heavens to bring rain, and it shall rain, and he will order the land to sprout, and it will sprout. Their cattle will return to them with their coats the longest, their udders the fullest and their stomachs the fattest.' He said: 'Then he will come upon some ruins, saying to it: "Bring me your treasures!" He will turn to leave it, and it will follow him, like drone bees. Then he will call a young man, full of youth, and he will strike him with the sword cutting him into two pieces. Then he will call him, and he will come forward with his face beaming and laughing. So while he is doing that, 'Eisa bin Mariam, peace be upon him, will descend in eastern Damascus at the white minaret, between two Mahrud, with his hands on the wings of two angels. When he lowers his head, drops fall, and when raises it, gems like pearls drop from him.' He said: 'His (the Dajjal's) breath does not reach anyone but he dies, and his breath reaches as far as his sight.' He said: 'So he pursues him(the Dajjal) and he catches up with him at the gate of Ludd where he kills him.' He said: 'So he remains there as long as Allah wills.' He said: 'Then Allah reveals to him: "Take my slaves to At-Tur, for I have sent down some creatures of Mine which no one shall be able to kill.'" He said: 'Allah dispatches Ya'juj and Ma'juj, and they are as Allah said: They swoop down from every mount.' "He said: 'The first of them pass by the lake of Tiberias, drinking what is in it. Then the last of them pass by it saying: "There was water here at one time." They travel until they reach a mountain at Bait Al-Maqdis. They will say: "We have killed whoever was in the earth. Come! Let us kill whoever is in the skies." They will shoot their arrows into the Heavens, so Allah will return their arrows to them red with blood. Eisa bin Mariam and his Companions be surrounded, until the head of a bull on that day would be better to them than a hundred Dinar to one of you today.' "He ﷺ said: "Eisa will beseech Allah, as will his companions.' He said: 'So Allah will send An-Naghaf down upon their necks. In the morning they will find that they have all died like the death of a single soul.' He said: " 'Eisa and his companions will come down, and no spot nor hand-span can be found, except that it is filled with their stench, decay and blood. So 'Eisa will beseech Allah, as will his companions.' So Allah will send upon them birds like the necks of Bukht(milch)camels.' They will carry them off and cast them into an abyss. The Muslims will burn their bows, arrows and quivers for seventy years.' "He ﷺ said: 'Allah will send upon them a rain which no house of hide nor mud will bear. The earth will be washed, leaving it like a mirror. Then it will be said to the earth: "bring forth your fruits and return your blessings." So on that day, a whole troop would eat a pomegranate and seek shade under its skin. Milk will be so blessed that a large group of people will be sufficed by one milking of a camel. And that a tribe will be sufficed by one milking of a cow, and that a group will be sufficed by the milking of sheep. While it is like that, Allah will send a wind which grabs the soul of every believer, leaving the remainder of the people copulating publicly like the copulation of donkeys. Upon them the Hour shall begin.'"  

الترمذي:٢٢٤٠حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ أَخْبَرَنَا الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ وَعَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ بْنِ جَابِرٍ دَخَلَ حَدِيثُ أَحَدِهِمَا فِي حَدِيثِ الآخَرِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ بْنِ جَابِرٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ جَابِرٍ الطَّائِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ نُفَيْرٍ عَنِ النَّوَّاسِ بْنِ سَمْعَانَ الْكِلاَبِيِّ قَالَ

ذَكَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ الدَّجَّالَ ذَاتَ غَدَاةٍ فَخَفَّضَ فِيهِ وَرَفَّعَ حَتَّى ظَنَنَّاهُ فِي طَائِفَةِ النَّخْلِ قَالَ فَانْصَرَفْنَا مِنْ عِنْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ رَجَعْنَا إِلَيْهِ فَعَرَفَ ذَلِكَ فِينَا فَقَالَ مَا شَأْنُكُمْ قَالَ قُلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ذَكَرْتَ الدَّجَّالَ الْغَدَاةَ فَخَفَّضْتَ فِيهِ وَرَفَّعْتَ حَتَّى ظَنَنَّاهُ فِي طَائِفَةِ النَّخْلِ قَالَ غَيْرُ الدَّجَّالِ أَخْوَفُ لِي عَلَيْكُمْ إِنْ يَخْرُجْ وَأَنَا فِيكُمْ فَأَنَا حَجِيجُهُ دُونَكُمْ وَإِنْ يَخْرُجْ وَلَسْتُ فِيكُمْ فَامْرُؤٌ حَجِيجُ نَفْسِهِ وَاللَّهُ خَلِيفَتِي عَلَى كُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ إِنَّهُ شَابٌّ قَطَطٌ عَيْنُهُ قَائِمَةٌ شَبِيهٌ بِعَبْدِ الْعُزَّى بْنِ قَطَنٍ فَمَنْ رَآهُ مِنْكُمْ فَلْيَقْرَأْ فَوَاتِحَ سُورَةِ أَصْحَابِ الْكَهْفِ قَالَ يَخْرُجُ مَا بَيْنَ الشَّامِ وَالْعِرَاقِ فَعَاثَ يَمِينًا وَشِمَالاً يَا عِبَادَ اللَّهِ اثْبُتُوا قَالَ قُلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَمَا لُبْثُهُ فِي الأَرْضِ قَالَ أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْمًا يَوْمٌ كَسَنَةٍ وَيَوْمٌ كَشَهْرٍ وَيَوْمٌ كَجُمُعَةٍ وَسَائِرُ أَيَّامِهُ كَأَيَّامِكُمْ قَالَ قُلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَرَأَيْتَ الْيَوْمَ الَّذِي كَالسَّنَةِ أَتَكْفِينَا فِيهِ صَلاَةُ يَوْمٍ قَالَ لاَ وَلَكِنِ اقْدُرُوا لَهُ قَالَ قُلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَمَا سُرْعَتُهُ فِي الأَرْضِ قَالَ كَالْغَيْثِ اسْتَدْبَرَتْهُ الرِّيحُ فَيَأْتِي الْقَوْمَ فَيَدْعُوهُمْ فَيُكَذِّبُونَهُ وَيَرُدُّونَ عَلَيْهِ قَوْلَهُ فَيَنْصَرِفُ عَنْهُمْ فَتَتْبَعُهُ أَمْوَالُهُمْ فَيُصْبِحُونَ لَيْسَ بِأَيْدِيهِمْ شَيْءٌ ثُمَّ يَأْتِي الْقَوْمَ فَيَدْعُوهُمْ فَيَسْتَجِيبُونَ لَهُ وَيُصَدِّقُونَهُ فَيَأْمُرُ السَّمَاءَ أَنْ تُمْطِرَ فَتُمْطِرَ وَيَأْمُرُ الأَرْضَ أَنْ تُنْبِتَ فَتُنْبِتَ فَتَرُوحُ عَلَيْهِمْ سَارِحَتُهُمْ كَأَطْوَلِ مَا كَانَتْ ذُرًى وَأَمَدِّهِ خَوَاصِرَ وَأَدَرِّهِ ضُرُوعًا قَالَ ثُمَّ يَأْتِي الْخَرِبَةَ فَيَقُولُ لَهَا أَخْرِجِي كُنُوزَكِ فَيَنْصَرِفُ مِنْهَا فَتَتْبَعُهُ كَيَعَاسِيبِ النَّحْلِ ثُمَّ يَدْعُو رَجُلاً شَابًّا مُمْتَلِئًا شَبَابًا فَيَضْرِبُهُ بِالسَّيْفِ فَيَقْطَعُهُ جِزْلَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ يَدْعُوهُ فَيُقْبِلُ يَتَهَلَّلُ وَجْهُهُ يَضْحَكُ فَبَيْنَمَا هُوَ كَذَلِكَ إِذْ هَبَطَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ بِشَرْقِيِّ دِمَشْقَ عِنْدَ الْمَنَارَةِ الْبَيْضَاءِ بَيْنَ مَهْرُودَتَيْنِ وَاضِعًا يَدَيْهِ عَلَى أَجْنِحَةِ مَلَكَيْنِ إِذَا طَأْطَأَ رَأْسَهُ قَطَرَ وَإِذَا رَفَعَهُ تَحَدَّرَ مِنْهُ جُمَانٌ كَاللُّؤْلُؤِ قَالَ وَلاَ يَجِدُ رِيحَ نَفَسِهِ يَعْنِي أَحَدٌ إِلاَّ مَاتَ وَرِيحُ نَفَسِهِ مُنْتَهَى بَصَرِهِ قَالَ فَيَطْلُبُهُ حَتَّى يُدْرِكَهُ بِبَابِ لُدٍّ فَيَقْتُلَهُ قَالَ فَيَلْبَثُ كَذَلِكَ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ قَالَ ثُمَّ يُوحِي اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ أَنْ حَرِّزْ عِبَادِي إِلَى الطُّورِ فَإِنِّي قَدْ أَنْزَلْتُ عِبَادًا لِي لاَ يَدَانِ لأَحَدٍ بِقِتَالِهِمْ قَالَ وَيَبْعَثُ اللَّهُ يَأْجُوجَ وَمَأْجُوجَ وَهُمْ كَمَا قَالَ اللَّهُ ( مِنْ كُلِّ حَدَبٍ يَنْسِلُونَ ) قَالَ فَيَمُرُّ أَوَّلُهُمْ بِبُحَيْرَةِ الطَّبَرِيَّةِ فَيَشْرَبُ مَا فِيهَا ثُمَّ يَمُرُّ بِهَا آخِرُهُمْ فَيَقُولُ لَقَدْ كَانَ بِهَذِهِ مَرَّةً مَاءٌ ثُمَّ يَسِيرُونَ حَتَّى يَنْتَهُوا إِلَى جَبَلِ بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ فَيَقُولُونَ لَقَدْ قَتَلْنَا مَنْ فِي الأَرْضِ هَلُمَّ فَلْنَقْتُلْ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاءِ فَيَرْمُونَ بِنُشَّابِهِمْ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ فَيَرُدُّ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ نُشَّابَهُمْ مُحْمَرًّا دَمًا وَيُحَاصَرُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ وَأَصْحَابُهُ حَتَّى يَكُونَ رَأْسُ الثَّوْرِ يَوْمَئِذٍ خَيْرًا لأَحَدِهِمْ مِنْ مِائَةِ دِينَارٍ لأَحَدِكُمُ الْيَوْمَ قَالَ فَيَرْغَبُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَأَصْحَابُهُ قَالَ فَيُرْسِلُ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِمُ النَّغَفَ فِي رِقَابِهِمْ فَيُصْبِحُونَ فَرْسَى مَوْتَى كَمَوْتِ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ قَالَ وَيَهْبِطُ عِيسَى وَأَصْحَابُهُ فَلاَ يَجِدُ مَوْضِعَ شِبْرٍ إِلاَّ وَقَدْ مَلأَتْهُ زَهَمَتُهُمْ وَنَتَنُهُمْ وَدِمَاؤُهُمْ قَالَ فَيَرْغَبُ عِيسَى إِلَى اللَّهِ وَأَصْحَابُهُ قَالَ فَيُرْسِلُ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ طَيْرًا كَأَعْنَاقِ الْبُخْتِ قَالَ فَتَحْمِلُهُمْ فَتَطْرَحُهُمْ بِالْمَهْبِلِ وَيَسْتَوْقِدُ الْمُسْلِمُونَ مِنْ قِسِيِّهِمْ وَنُشَّابِهِمْ وَجِعَابِهِمْ سَبْعَ سِنِينَ قَالَ وَيُرْسِلُ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ مَطَرًا لاَ يَكُنُّ مِنْهُ بَيْتُ وَبَرٍ وَلاَ مَدَرٍ قَالَ فَيَغْسِلُ الأَرْضَ فَيَتْرُكُهَا كَالزَّلَفَةِ قَالَ ثُمَّ يُقَالُ لِلأَرْضِ أَخْرِجِي ثَمَرَتَكِ وَرُدِّي بَرَكَتَكِ فَيَوْمَئِذٍ تَأْكُلُ الْعِصَابَةُ مِنَ الرُّمَّانَةِ وَيَسْتَظِلُّونَ بِقِحْفِهَا وَيُبَارَكُ فِي الرِّسْلِ حَتَّى إِنَّ الْفِئَامَ مِنَ النَّاسِ لَيَكْتَفُونَ بِاللَّقْحَةِ مِنَ الإِبِلِ وَإِنَّ الْقَبِيلَةَ لَيَكْتَفُونَ بِاللَّقْحَةِ مِنَ الْبَقَرِ وَإِنَّ الْفَخِذَ لَيَكْتَفُونَ بِاللَّقْحَةِ مِنَ الْغَنَمِ فَبَيْنَمَا هُمْ كَذَلِكَ إِذْ بَعَثَ اللَّهُ رِيحًا فَقَبَضَتْ رُوحَ كُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ وَيَبْقَى سَائِرُ النَّاسِ يَتَهَارَجُونَ كَمَا تَتَهَارَجُ الْحُمُرُ فَعَلَيْهِمْ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ  

قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ غَرِيبٌ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ بْنِ جَابِرٍ
tirmidhi:3318ʿAbd b. Ḥumayd > ʿAbd al-Razzāq > Maʿmar > al-Zuhrī > ʿUbaydullāh b. ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Thawr > Ibn ʿAbbās > Lam Azal Ḥarīṣ > Asʾal ʿUmar

“I was ever determined to ask Umar about the two women, among the wives of the Prophet, about whom Allah [the Mighty and Sublime] said: If you two turn in repentance, your hearts are indeed so inclined… until once when Umar performed Hajj, and I performed Hajj along with him. I poured water for his Wudu from a water holder, and I said: ‘O Commander of the Believers! Who are the two women among the wives of the Prophet, about whom Allah said: If your two turn in repentance, you hearts are indeed so inclined?’ He said to me: ‘I am astonished at you O Ibn Abbas!’” – Az-Zubair (one of the narrators) said: “By Allah! He disliked what he asked him, but he did not withhold it from him.” – “He said to me: ‘It was Aishah and Hafsah.’” He said: “Then he began narrating the Hadith to me. He said: ‘We, the people of the Quraish, used to have the upper hand over our women. So when we arrived in Al-Madinah, we found a people whose women had the upper hand over them. Our women began acquiring the habits of their women. One day I became angry with my wife when she started talking back to to me, she said: “What bothers you about that? By Allah! The wives of the Prophet talk back to him, and one of them may stay away from him a whole day until the night?’” “He said: ‘I said to myself: “Whoever among them has done that, then she has thwarted herself and lost.’” “He said: ‘My house was in Al-Awali among those of Banu Umayyah, and I had a neighbor among the Ansar, and he and I would take turns visiting the Messenger of Allah.’ He said: ‘One day I would visit him and bring the news of the Revealation, and other than that, and one day he would visit him and bring the same. We heard stories that Ghassan were preparing their horses to attack us. He said: ‘One day he came to me in the evening and knocked on my door, so I went out to him. He said: “A horrible thing has happened.” I said: “Ghassan has come?” He said: “Worse than that. The Messenger of Allah has divorced his wives.’” He said: ‘I said to myself: “Hafsah has thwarted herself and is a loser! I though this would happen some day.’” He said: ‘After we prayed Subh, I put on my clothes, then went to visit Hafsah. There I found her crying. I said: “Has the Messenger of Allah divorced (all of you)?” She said: “I do not know. He has secluded himself in the upper room.’” He said: ‘So I wen, and came upon a black slave, I said: “Seek permission for Umar.’” He said: ‘So he entered then came out to me. He said: “I mentioned you to him, but he did not say anything.’” He said: ‘So I went to the Masjid. There I found a group of people sitting around the Minhar weeping, so I sat down with them. Then it became too much for me, so I went to the slave and said: “Seek permission for Umar.” He went in, then he came out to me and said: “I mentioned you to him, but he did not say anything.’” He said: ‘So I went to the Masjid again, and sat there until I could not take it any more, and I went back to the slave and said: “Seek permission for Umar.” He went in, then he came out to me and said: “I mentioned you to him but he did not say anything.’” He said: ‘So I turned to leave, when the slave called me back. He said: “Enter for he has given you permission.’” He said: ‘So I entered, and found the Prophet reclining upon a woven mat, and I saw the marks it left on his side. I said: “O Messenger of Allah! Have you divorced your women?” He said: “No.” I said: “Allahu Akbar! IF you only saw us O Messenger of Allah! We the people of the Quraish used to have the upper hand over our women, but when we came to Al-Madinah we found a people whose women had the upper hand over them. Our women began acquiring the habits of their women. One day I became angry with my wife, so when she started talking back to me I rebuked her and she said: ‘What bothers you about that? By Allah! The wives of the Prophet talk back to him, and one of them may stay away from him a whole day until the night?’” He said: “I said to Hafsah: ‘Do you talk back to the Messenger of Allah?’ She said: ‘Yes, and one of us may stay away from him all day until the night.’” He said: “I said: ‘Whoever among them has done that, then she has thwarted herself and lost. So any of you feel so secure against Allah becoming angry with you because of the anger of the Messenger of Allah, then she will be ruined?’ He said: ‘So the Prophet smiled.’ He said: ‘So I said to Hafsah: “Do not talk back to the Messenger of Allah, and don’t ask him for anything. Ask me for whatever you want. And do not be tempted by the behavior of your companions, for she is more beautiful than you, and more loved by the Messenger of Allah.’” He said: ‘So he smiled again, I said: “O Messenger of Allah! May I speak candidily?” He said: “Yes.’” He said: ‘I raised my head and did not see in the house except for three hides. So I said: “O Messenger of Allah! Supplicate to Allah to make your followers prosperous. For verily, He has made the Persians and the Romans prosper, and they do not worship Him.” He then sat up and said: “Do you have some doubts O Ibn Al-Khattab? They are a people whose good has been hastened for them in this world’s life.’” He said: ‘He swore that he would not enter upon his women for a month. So Allah censured him for that, and he made the atonement of an oath.’” Az-Zuhri said: “Urwah informed me that Aishah said: “When twenty-nine days passed, the Prophet entered upon me first, and he said: “O Aishah! I am about to mention something to you, but do not be hasty in reply until you consult your parents.’” She said: ‘Then he recited this Ayah: “O Prophet! Say to your wives.” She said: ‘I knew by Allah! That my parents would not tell me to part with him.’ She said: ‘I said: “Is it about this that I should consult with my parents? Indeed I want Allah and His Messenger and the abode of the Hereafter.” Ma’mar (one of the narrators) said: “Ayyub informed me that Aishah said to him: ‘O Messenger of Allah! Do not inform your wives that I chose you.’ So the Prophet said: ‘Allah send me only as one who conveys (Muballigh), He did not send me as one causing hardship.’”  

الترمذي:٣٣١٨حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي ثَوْرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ يَقُولُ

لَمْ أَزَلْ حَرِيصًا أَنْ أَسْأَلَ عُمَرَ عَنِ الْمَرْأَتَيْنِ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ اللَّتَيْنِ قَالَ اللَّهُ ﷻ (إن تَتُوبَا إِلَى اللَّهِ فَقَدْ صَغَتْ قُلُوبُكُمَا ) حَتَّى حَجَّ عُمَرُ وَحَجَجْتُ مَعَهُ فَصَبَبْتُ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الإِدَاوَةِ فَتَوَضَّأَ فَقُلْتُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَنِ الْمَرْأَتَانِ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ اللَّتَانِ قَالَ اللَّهُْ ( إن تَتُوبَا إِلَى اللَّهِ فَقَدْ صَغَتْ قُلُوبُكُمَا وَإِنْ تَظَاهَرَا عَلَيْهِ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ مَوْلاَهُ ) فَقَالَ لِي وَاعَجَبًا لَكَ يَا ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ الزُّهْرِيُّ وَكَرِهَ وَاللَّهِ مَا سَأَلَهُ عَنْهُ وَلَمْ يَكْتُمْهُ فَقَالَ لِي هِيَ عَائِشَةُ وَحَفْصَةُ قَالَ ثُمَّ أَنْشَأَ يُحَدِّثُنِي الْحَدِيثَ فَقَالَ كُنَّا مَعْشَرَ قُرَيْشٍ نَغْلِبُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ وَجَدْنَا قَوْمًا تَغْلِبُهُمْ نِسَاؤُهُمْ فَطَفِقَ نِسَاؤُنَا يَتَعَلَّمْنَ مِنْ نِسَائِهِمْ فَتَغَضَّبْتُ عَلَى امْرَأَتِي يَوْمًا فَإِذَا هِيَ تُرَاجِعُنِي فَأَنْكَرْتُ أَنْ تُرَاجِعَنِي فَقَالَتْ مَا تُنْكِرُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ فَوَاللَّهِ إِنَّ أَزْوَاجَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ لَيُرَاجِعْنَهُ وَتَهْجُرُهُ إِحْدَاهُنَّ الْيَوْمَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ قَالَ قُلْتُ فِي نَفْسِي قَدْ خَابَتْ مَنْ فَعَلَتْ ذَلِكَ مِنْهُنَّ وَخَسِرَتْ قَالَ وَكَانَ مَنْزِلِي بِالْعَوَالِي فِي بَنِي أُمَيَّةَ وَكَانَ لِي جَارٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ كُنَّا نَتَنَاوَبُ النُّزُولَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَيَنْزِلُ يَوْمًا فَيَأْتِينِي بِخَبَرِ الْوَحْىِ وَغَيْرِهِ وَأَنْزِلُ يَوْمًا فَآتِيهِ بِمِثْلِ ذَلِكَ قَالَ وَكُنَّا نُحَدِّثُ أَنَّ غَسَّانَ تُنْعِلُ الْخَيْلَ لِتَغْزُوَنَا قَالَ فَجَاءَنِي يَوْمًا عِشَاءً فَضَرَبَ عَلَىَّ الْبَابَ فَخَرَجْتُ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ حَدَثَ أَمْرٌ عَظِيمٌ قُلْتُ أَجَاءَتْ غَسَّانُ قَالَ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ طَلَّقَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ نِسَاءَهُ قَالَ قُلْتُ فِي نَفْسِي قَدْ خَابَتْ حَفْصَةُ وَخَسِرَتْ قَدْ كُنْتُ أَظُنُّ هَذَا كَائِنًا قَالَ فَلَمَّا صَلَّيْتُ الصُّبْحَ شَدَدْتُ عَلَىَّ ثِيَابِي ثُمَّ انْطَلَقْتُ حَتَّى دَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ فَإِذَا هِيَ تَبْكِي فَقُلْتُ أَطَلَّقَكُنَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ لاَ أَدْرِي هُوَ ذَا مُعْتَزِلٌ فِي هَذِهِ الْمَشْرُبَةِ قَالَ فَانْطَلَقْتُ فَأَتَيْتُ غُلاَمًا أَسْوَدَ فَقُلْتُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِعُمَرَ قَالَ فَدَخَلَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَىَّ قَالَ قَدْ ذَكَرْتُكَ لَهُ فَلَمْ يَقُلْ شَيْئًا قَالَ فَانْطَلَقْتُ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَإِذَا حَوْلَ الْمِنْبَرِ نَفَرٌ يَبْكُونَ فَجَلَسْتُ إِلَيْهِمْ ثُمَّ غَلَبَنِي مَا أَجِدُ فَأَتَيْتُ الْغُلاَمَ فَقُلْتُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِعُمَرَ فَدَخَلَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَىَّ فَقَالَ قَدْ ذَكَرْتُكَ لَهُ فَلَمْ يَقُلْ شَيْئًا قَالَ فَانْطَلَقْتُ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ أَيْضًا فَجَلَسْتُ ثُمَّ غَلَبَنِي مَا أَجِدُ فَأَتَيْتُ الْغُلاَمَ فَقُلْتُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِعُمَرَ فَدَخَلَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَىَّ فَقَالَ قَدْ ذَكَرْتُكَ لَهُ فَلَمْ يَقُلْ شَيْئًا قَالَ فَوَلَّيْتُ مُنْطَلِقًا فَإِذَا الْغُلاَمُ يَدْعُونِي فَقَالَ ادْخُلْ فَقَدْ أُذِنَ لَكَ فَدَخَلْتُ فَإِذَا النَّبِيُّ ﷺ مُتَّكِئٌ عَلَى رَمْلٍ حَصِيرٍ قَدْ رَأَيْتُ أَثَرَهُ فِي جَنْبِهِ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَطَلَّقْتَ نِسَاءَكَ قَالَ لاَ قُلْتُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَنَحْنُ مَعْشَرَ قُرَيْشٍ نَغْلِبُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ وَجَدْنَا قَوْمًا تَغْلِبُهُمْ نِسَاؤُهُمْ فَطَفِقَ نِسَاؤُنَا يَتَعَلَّمْنَ مِنْ نِسَائِهِمْ فَتَغَضَّبْتُ يَوْمًا عَلَى امْرَأَتِي فَإِذَا هِيَ تُرَاجِعُنِي فَأَنْكَرْتُ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَتْ مَا تُنْكِرُ فَوَاللَّهِ إِنَّ أَزْوَاجَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ لَيُرَاجِعْنَهُ وَتَهْجُرُهُ إِحْدَاهُنَّ الْيَوْمَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لِحَفْصَةَ أَتُرَاجِعِينَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ وَتَهْجُرُهُ إِحْدَانَا الْيَوْمَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ فَقُلْتُ قَدْ خَابَتْ مَنْ فَعَلَتْ ذَلِكَ مِنْكُنَّ وَخَسِرَتْ أَتَأْمَنُ إِحْدَاكُنَّ أَنْ يَغْضَبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهَا لِغَضَبِ رَسُولِهِ فَإِذَا هِيَ قَدْ هَلَكَتْ فَتَبَسَّمَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لِحَفْصَةَ لاَ تُرَاجِعِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَلاَ تَسْأَلِيهِ شَيْئًا وَسَلِينِي مَا بَدَا لَكِ وَلاَ يَغُرَّنَّكِ أَنْ كَانَتْ صَاحِبَتُكِ أَوْسَمَ مِنْكِ وَأَحَبَّ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ فَتَبَسَّمَ أُخْرَى فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَسْتَأْنِسُ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَرَفَعْتُ رَأْسِي فَمَا رَأَيْتُ فِي الْبَيْتِ إِلاَّ أَهَبَةً ثَلاَثَةً قَالَ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ادْعُ اللَّهَ أَنْ يُوَسِّعَ عَلَى أُمَّتِكَ فَقَدْ وَسَّعَ عَلَى فَارِسَ وَالرُّومِ وَهُمْ لاَ يَعْبُدُونَهُ فَاسْتَوَى جَالِسًا فَقَالَ أَوَفِي شَكٍّ أَنْتَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ أُولَئِكَ قَوْمٌ عُجِّلَتْ لَهُمْ طَيِّبَاتُهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا قَالَ وَكَانَ أَقْسَمَ أَنْ لاَ يَدْخُلَ عَلَى نِسَائِهِ شَهْرًا فَعَاتَبَهُ اللَّهُ فِي ذَلِكَ وَجَعَلَ لَهُ كَفَّارَةَ الْيَمِينِ قَالَ الزُّهْرِيُّ فَأَخْبَرَنِي عُرْوَةُ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ فَلَمَّا مَضَتْ تِسْعٌ وَعِشْرُونَ دَخَلَ عَلَىَّ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ بَدَأَ بِي فَقَالَ يَا عَائِشَةُ إِنِّي ذَاكِرٌ لَكِ شَيْئًا فَلاَ تَعْجَلِي حَتَّى تَسْتَأْمِرِي أَبَوَيْكِ قَالَتْ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ هَذِهِ الآيَةَ ( يا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لأَزْوَاجِكَ ) الآيَةَ قَالَتْ عَلِمَ وَاللَّهِ أَنَّ أَبَوَىَّ لَمْ يَكُونَا يَأْمُرَانِي بِفِرَاقِهِ فَقُلْتُ أَفِي هَذَا أَسْتَأْمِرُ أَبَوَىَّ فَإِنِّي أُرِيدُ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَالدَّارَ الآخِرَةَ قَالَ مَعْمَرٌ فَأَخْبَرَنِي أَيُّوبُ أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ لَهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ لاَ تُخْبِرْ أَزْوَاجَكَ أَنِّي اخْتَرْتُكَ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ إِنَّمَا بَعَثَنِي اللَّهُ مُبَلِّغًا وَلَمْ يَبْعَثْنِي مُتَعَنِّتًا قَالَ هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ غَرِيبٌ قَدْ رُوِيَ مِنْ غَيْرِ وَجْهٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ  

ahmad:3ʿAmr b. Muḥammad Abū Saʿīd / al-ʿAnqazī > Isrāʾīl > Abū Isḥāqaʿan al-Barāʾ b. ʿĀzib > Āshtará Abū Bakr from ʿĀzib Sarj Bithalāthah ʿAshar Dirham > Abū Bakr Liʿāzib Mur al-Barāʾ Falyaḥmilh > Manzilī > Lā Ḥattá

Abu Bakr bought a saddle from ‘Azib for thirteen dirhams, then Abu Bakr said to 'Azib. Tell al-Bara to carry it to my house. He said: No, not until you tell us what happened when the Messenger of Allah ﷺ went out and you were with him. Abu Bakr said: We started our journey at the beginning of the night and we hastened for one day and one night, until it was midday. I looked into the distance to see whether there was anywhere to seek shade, and I saw a rock, so I went to it and it had a little shade. I smoothed the ground for the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and spread a garment of camel hair for him, and said: Lie down and rest, O Messenger of Allah. So he lay down, and I went out to see if I could spot anyone looking for us. Then I saw a shepherd and I said: Who do you belong to, O boy? He said: To a man of Quraish. He mentioned his name and I recognised it. I said: Is there any milk in your sheep? He said: Yes | said: Will you milk some for me? He said: Yes. I told him to do that, so he caught a sheep, then I told him to brush the dust from its teat, then to brush the dust off his hands. I had a small vessel with me on the neck of which was a cloth. He milked a little bit of milk for me and I poured it into the vessel until it cooled down. Then I came to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. When I reached him, he had already woken up. I said: Drink, O Messenger of Allah. He drank until I was pleased, then I said: Is it time to move on? So we moved on and the people were coming after us but none of them caught up with us except Suraqah bin Malik bin Ju'shum, who was riding a horse of his, I said: O Messenger of Allah, someone has caught up with us. He said: ʿDo not be afraid, for Allah is with us.ʿ When he got close to us, and there was no more between us and him then the length of a spear or two or three spears, I said: O Messenger of Allah, this pursuer has caught up with us, and I wept. He said: ʿWhy are you weeping?ʿ I said: I am not weeping for myself; rather I am weeping for you. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ prayed against him [the pursuer] and said: “O Allah, protect us from him by whatever means You will.” Then his horse's legs sank into the solid ground up to its belly, and he fell off it. He said: O Muhammad, I know that this is because of you; pray to Allah to save me from my predicament, and by Allah I shall divert away from you any one who is behind me of those who are seeking you. Here is my quiver, take one arrow. You are going to pass by some camels and sheep of mine in such and such a place, take whatever you need from thern. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ʿI have no need of it.“ The Messenger of Allah ﷺ prayed for him and he was released, and he went back to his companions. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ and I continued on our way until we came to Madinah, where the people met him. They came out on the road and on the roofs, and a lot of servants and children crowded the road saying: Allahu Akbar, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ has come, Muhammad has come. The people disputed as to who he would stay with. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ʿTonight I will stay with Banun-Najjar, the maternal uncles of 'Abdul-Muttalib, to honour them thereby.” The next morning, he went where he was instructed. Al-Bara' bin 'Azib said: The first of the Muhajireen to come to us was Mus'ab bin 'Umair, the brother of Banu 'Abdud-Dar. Then Ibn Umm Maktoom, the blind man and brother of Banu Fihr, came to us. Then 'Umar bin al-Khattab, came to us with twenty riders and we said: What happened to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ? He said: He is behind me. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and Abu Bakr was with him. Al-Bara said: the Messenger of Allah ﷺ did not come until I had read some soorahs from al-Mufassal [Al-Mufassal is that portion of the Qur'an which goes from Qaf to an-Nas]. Isra'eel said: al-Bara' was one of the Ansar from Banu Harithah.  

أحمد:٣حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ يَعْنِي الْعَنْقَزِيَّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْرَائِيلُ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَعَنِ الْبَرَاءِ بْنِ عَازِبٍ قَالَ

اشْتَرَى أَبُو بَكْرٍ مِنْ عَازِبٍ سَرْجًا بِثَلاثَةَ عَشَرَ دِرْهَمًا قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لِعَازِبٍ مُرِ الْبَرَاءَ فَلْيَحْمِلْهُ إِلَى مَنْزِلِي فَقَالَ لَا حَتَّى تُحَدِّثَنَا كَيْفَ صَنَعْتَ حِينَ خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَنْتَ مَعَهُ؟قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ خَرَجْنَا فَأَدْلَجْنَا فَأَحْثَثْنَا يَوْمَنَا وَلَيْلَتَنَا حَتَّى أَظْهَرْنَا وَقَامَ قَائِمُ الظَّهِيرَةِ فَضَرَبْتُ بِبَصَرِي هَلْ أَرَى ظِلًّا نَأْوِي إِلَيْهِ؟ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِصَخْرَةٍ فَأَهْوَيْتُ إِلَيْهَا فَإِذَا بَقِيَّةُ ظِلِّهَا فَسَوَّيْتُهُ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَفَرَشْتُ لَهُ فَرْوَةً وَقُلْتُ اضْطَجِعْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَاضْطَجَعَ ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ أَنْظُرُ هَلْ أَرَى أَحَدًا مِنَ الطَّلَبِ؟ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِرَاعِي غَنَمٍ فَقُلْتُ لِمَنْ أَنْتَ يَا غُلامُ؟ فَقَالَ لِرَجُلٍ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ فَسَمَّاهُ فَعَرَفْتُهُ فَقُلْتُ هَلْ فِي غَنَمِكَ مِنْ لَبَنٍ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ قُلْتُ هَلْ أَنْتَ حَالِبٌ لِي؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَأَمَرْتُهُ فَاعْتَقَلَ شَاةً مِنْهَا ثُمَّ أَمَرْتُهُ فَنَفَضَ ضَرْعَهَا مِنَ الْغُبَارِ ثُمَّ أَمَرْتُهُ فَنَفَضَ كَفَّيْهِ مِنَ الْغُبَارِ وَمَعِي إِدَاوَةٌ عَلَى فَمِهَا خِرْقَةٌ فَحَلَبَ لِي كُثْبَةً مِنَ اللَّبَنِ فَصَبَبْتُ عَلَى الْقَدَحِ حَتَّى بَرَدَ أَسْفَلُهُ ثُمَّ أَتَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺفَوَافَيْتُهُ وَقَدِ اسْتَيْقَظَ فَقُلْتُ اشْرَبْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَشَرِبَ حَتَّى رَضِيتُ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ هَلْ أَنَى الرَّحِيلُ قَالَ فَارْتَحَلْنَا وَالْقَوْمُ يَطْلُبُونَا فَلَمْ يُدْرِكْنَا أَحَدٌ مِنْهُمْ إِلَّا سُرَاقَةُ بْنُ مَالِكِ بْنِ جُعْشُمٍ عَلَى فَرَسٍ لَهُ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَذَا الطَّلَبُ قَدْ لَحِقَنَا فَقَالَ لَا تَحْزَنْ إِنَّ اللهَ مَعَنَا حَتَّى إِذَا دَنَا مِنَّا فَكَانَ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَهُ قَدْرُ رُمْحٍ أَوْ رُمْحَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلاثَةٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَذَا الطَّلَبُ قَدْ لَحِقَنَا وَبَكَيْتُ قَالَ لِمَ تَبْكِي؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ أَمَا وَاللهِ مَا عَلَى نَفْسِي أَبْكِي وَلَكِنْ أَبْكِي عَلَيْكَ قَالَ فَدَعَا عَلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ اللهُمَّ اكْفِنَاهُ بِمَا شِئْتَ فَسَاخَتْ قَوَائِمُ فَرَسِهِ إِلَى بَطْنِهَا فِي أَرْضٍ صَلْدٍ وَوَثَبَ عَنْهَا وَقَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ قَدْ عَلِمْتُ أَنَّ هَذَا عَمَلُكَ فَادْعُ اللهَ أَنْ يُنْجِّيَنِي مِمَّا أَنَا فِيهِ فَوَاللهِ لَأُعَمِّيَنَّ عَلَى مَنْ وَرَائِي مِنَ الطَّلَبِ وَهَذِهِ كِنَانَتِي فَخُذْ مِنْهَا سَهْمًا فَإِنَّكَ سَتَمُرُّ بِإِبِلِي وَغَنَمِي فِي مَوْضِعِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَخُذْ مِنْهَا حَاجَتَكَ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لَا حَاجَةَ لِي فِيهَا قَالَ وَدَعَا لَهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَأُطْلِقَ فَرَجَعَ إِلَى أَصْحَابِهِوَمَضَى رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَنَا مَعَهُ حَتَّى قَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ فَتَلَقَّاهُ النَّاسُ فَخَرَجُوا فِي الطَّرِيقِ وَعَلَى الْأَجَاجِيرِ فَاشْتَدَّ الْخَدَمُ وَالصِّبْيَانُ فِي الطَّرِيقِ يَقُولُونَ اللهُ أَكْبَرُ جَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ جَاءَ مُحَمَّدٌ قَالَ وَتَنَازَعَالْقَوْمُ أَيُّهُمْ يَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَنْزِلُ اللَّيْلَةَ عَلَى بَنِي النَّجَّارِ أَخْوَالِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ لِأُكْرِمَهُمْ بِذَلِكَ فَلَمَّا أَصْبَحَ غَدَا حَيْثُ أُمِرَقَالَ الْبَرَاءُ بْنُ عَازِبٍ أَوَّلُ مَنْ كَانَ قَدِمَ عَلَيْنَا مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ مُصْعَبُ بْنُ عُمَيْرٍ أَخُو بَنِي عَبْدِ الدَّارِ ثُمَّ قَدِمَ عَلَيْنَا ابْنُ أُمِّ مَكْتُومٍ الْأَعْمَى أَخُو بَنِي فِهْرٍ ثُمَّ قَدِمَ عَلَيْنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ فِي عِشْرِينَ رَاكِبًا فَقُلْنَا مَا فَعَلَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ؟ فَقَالَ هُوَ عَلَى أَثَرِي ثُمَّ قَدِمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ مَعَهُقَالَ الْبَرَاءُ وَلَمْ يَقْدَمْ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ حَتَّى قَرَأْتُ سُوَرًا مِنَ الْمُفَصَّلِ قَالَ إِسْرَائِيلُ وَكَانَ الْبَرَاءُ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ مِنْ بَنِي حَارِثَةَ  

ahmad:12865my father

[Machine] "Abdul Rahman, I recited this hadith to my father and he accepted it, and he told us some of it in another place. He said, "Moses bin Hilal Al-Abdyy told us that Hammam narrated from Ibn Sirin, from Anas bin Malik, who said: Abu Talha married Umm Sulaim, who was the mother of Anas. Al-Bara' said: "Then she gave birth to a son and Abu Talha loved him intensely." He said: "The child became seriously ill, so Abu Talha used to perform the morning prayer, perform ablution, meet the Prophet ﷺ and pray with him, and then stay with him until close to midday. He would then come and be informed that the child had eaten, so when he prayed Dhuhr prayer, he freshened up and left, and he did not come to the 'Isha prayer." He said: "That evening passed and the child died." He said: "Then Abu Talha came and she covered him with a garment and left him." He said: "Then Abu Talha said to Umm Sulaim," O Umm Sulaim, how did our son spend tonight?" She said: "O Abu Talha, your son has not slept since he became sick." He said: "Then she brought food and he ate, and his soul was comforted." He said: "Then he went to his bed and put his head down." She said: "And I got up and touched something nice, then I came back and entered the bed with him, and the only thing he found was the smell of the fragrance that a man gives to his wife." He said: "Then Abu Talha prepared himself as he did every day." He said: "She said to him, 'O Abu Talha, suppose a man entrusted you with a deposit and then he asked for it and you gave it to him, would you feel bad about that?'" He said: "No." She said: "Your son has died." Anas said: "Abu Talha then grieved for him greatly and told the Messenger of Allah ﷺ about what happened with regard to the food and the good things, and the things that were coming from him to her." He said: "Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'Come here.' So, he went on talking until he said, 'I do not need you both tonight.' He said: 'Yes, O Messenger of Allah.' So, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'May Allah bless you both in your night.' She said: 'Umm Sulaim became pregnant that night and she gave birth to a boy.' He said: 'So, when we became day, Abu Talha said to me: 'Carry him in a piece of cloth until you bring him to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ .' So, I carried him in a piece of cloth.' He said: 'He was not stimulated, nor did he taste any food or drink.' He said: 'So, I said: 'O Messenger of Allah, Umm Sulaim has given birth.' He said: 'Allah is the Greatest. What did she give birth to?' I said: 'A boy.' He said: 'All praise is due to Allah.' He said: 'Bring him to me.' So, I gave him to him, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ then put his finger in his mouth and he sucked on it. He then said: 'Do you have any Ajwa dates?' I said: 'Yes.' So, I extracted a date and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ took a piece of the date and placed it in his mouth, and the Prophet ﷺ kept chewing it until it combined with his saliva. Then, the Prophet ﷺ put the child down and the child was only finding the sweetness of the date, so he kept sucking on it."  

أحمد:١٢٨٦٥قَالَ أَبُو

عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ قَرَأْتُ عَلَى أَبِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ وَجَدَهُ فَأَقَرَّ بِهِ وَحَدَّثَنَا بِبَعْضِهِ فِي مَكَانٍ آخَرَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ هِلَالٍ الْعَبْدِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا هَمَّامٌ عَنِ ابْنِ سِيرِينَ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ قَالَ تَزَوَّجَ أَبُو طَلْحَةَ أُمَّ سُلَيْمٍ وَهِيَ أُمُّأَنَسٍ وَالْبَرَاءِ قَالَ فَوَلَدَتْ لَهُ بُنَيًّا قَالَ فَكَانَ يُحِبُّهُ حُبًّا شَدِيدًا قَالَ فَمَرِضَ الْغُلَامُ مَرَضًا شَدِيدًا فَكَانَ أَبُو طَلْحَةَ يَقُومُ صَلَاةَ الْغَدَاةِ يَتَوَضَّأُ وَيَأْتِي النَّبِيَّ ﷺ فَيُصَلِّي مَعَهُ وَيَكُونُ مَعَهُ إِلَى قَرِيبٍ مِنْ نِصْفِ النَّهَارِ فَيَجِيءُ فَيَقِيلُ وَيَأْكُلُ فَإِذَا صَلَّى الظُّهْرَ تَهَيَّأَ وَذَهَبَ فَلَمْ يَجِئْ إِلَى صَلَاةِ الْعَتَمَةِ قَالَ فَرَاحَ عَشِيَّةً وَمَاتَ الصَّبِيُّ قَالَ وَجَاءَ أَبُو طَلْحَةَ قَالَ فَسَجَّتْ عَلَيْهِ ثَوْبًا وَتَرَكَتْهُ قَالَ فَقَالَ لَهَا أَبُو طَلْحَةَ يَا أُمَّ سُلَيْمٍ كَيْفَ بَاتَ بُنَيَّ اللَّيْلَةَ؟ قَالَتْ يَا أَبَا طَلْحَةَ مَا كَانَ ابْنُكَ مُنْذُ اشْتَكَى أَسْكَنَ مِنْهُ اللَّيْلَةَ قَالَ ثُمَّ جَاءَتْهُ بِالطَّعَامِ فَأَكَلَ وَطَابَتْ نَفْسُهُ قَالَ فَقَامَ إِلَى فِرَاشِهِ فَوَضَعَ رَأْسَهُ قَالَتْ وَقُمْتُ أَنَا فَمَسِسْتُ شَيْئًا مِنْ طِيبٍ ثُمَّ جِئْتُ حَتَّى دَخَلْتُ مَعَهُ الْفِرَاشَ فَمَا هُوَ إِلَّا أَنْ وَجَدَ رِيحَ الطِّيبِ كَانَ مِنْهُ مَا يَكُونُ مِنَ الرَّجُلِ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ قَالَ ثُمَّ أَصْبَحَ أَبُو طَلْحَةَ يَتَهَيَّأُ كَمَا كَانَ يَتَهَيَّأُ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ قَالَ فَقَالَتْ لَهُ يَا أَبَا طَلْحَةَ أَرَأَيْتَ لَوْ أَنَّ رَجُلًا اسْتَوْدَعَكَ وَدِيعَةً فَاسْتَمْتَعْتَ بِهَا ثُمَّ طَلَبَهَا فَأَخَذَهَا مِنْكَ تَجْزَعُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ؟ قَالَ لَا قَلَتْ فَإِنَّ ابْنَكَ قَدْ مَاتَ قَالَ أَنَسٌ فَجَزِعَ عَلَيْهِ جَزَعًاشَدِيدًا وَحَدَّثَ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ بِمَا كَانَ مِنْ أَمْرِهِ فِي الطَّعَامِ وَالطِّيبِ وَمَا كَانَ مِنْهُ إِلَيْهَا قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ هِيهِ فَبِتُّمَا عَرُوسَيْنِ وَهُوَ إِلَى جَنْبِكُمَا؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بَارَكَ اللهُ لَكُمَا فِي لَيْلَتِكُمَا قَالَ فَحَمَلَتْ أُمُّ سُلَيْمٍ تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةَ قَالَ فَتَلِدُ غُلَامًا قَالَ فَحِينَ أَصْبَحْنَا قَالَ لِي أَبُو طَلْحَةَ احْمِلْهُ فِي خِرْقَةٍ حَتَّى تَأْتِيَ بِهِ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ وَاحْمِلْ مَعَكَ تَمْرَ عَجْوَةٍ قَالَ فَحَمَلْتُهُ فِي خِرْقَةٍ قَالَ وَلَمْ يُحَنَّكْ وَلَمْ يَذُقْ طَعَامًا وَلَا شَيْئًا قَالَ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ وَلَدَتْ أُمُّ سُلَيْمٍ قَالَ اللهُ أَكْبَرُ مَا وَلَدَتْ؟ قُلْتُ غُلَامًا قَالَ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ فَقَالَ هَاتِهِ إِلَيَّ فَدَفَعْتُهُ إِلَيْهِ فَحَنَّكَهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُ مَعَكَ تَمْرُ عَجْوَةٍ؟ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ فَأَخْرَجْتُ تَمَرًا فَأَخَذَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ تَمْرَةً وَأَلْقَاهَا فِي فِيهِ فَمَا زَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَلُوكُهَا حَتَّى اخْتَلَطَتْ بِرِيقِهِ ثُمَّ دَفَعَ الصَّبِيَّ فَمَا هُوَ إِلَّا أَنْ وَجَدَ الصَّبِيُّ حَلَاوَةَ التَّمْرِ جَعَلَ يَمُصُّ َ حَلَاوَةِ  

ahmad:15281ʿAffān > Abū ʿAwānah > al-Aswad b. Qays > Nubayḥ al-ʿAnazī > Jābir b. ʿAbdullāh
Request/Fix translation

  

أحمد:١٥٢٨١حَدَّثَنَا عَفَّانُ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ حَدَّثَنَا الْأَسْوَدُ بْنُ قَيْسٍ

عَنْ نُبَيْحٍ الْعَنَزِيِّ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ قَالَ خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ إِلَى الْمُشْرِكِينَ لِيُقَاتِلَهُمْ وَقَالَ لِي أَبِي عَبْدُ اللهِ يَا جَابِرُ لَا عَلَيْكَ أَنْ تَكُونَ فِي نَظَّارِي أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ حَتَّى تَعْلَمَ إِلَى مَا يَصِيرُ أَمْرُنَا فَإِنِّي وَاللهِ لَوْلَا أَنِّي أَتْرُكُ بَنَاتٍ لِي بَعْدِي لَأَحْبَبْتُ أَنْ تُقْتَلَ بَيْنَ يَدَيَّ قَالَ فَبَيْنَمَا أَنَا فِي النَّظَّارِينَ إِذْ جَاءَتْ عَمَّتِي بِأَبِي وَخَالِي عَادِلَتَهُمَا عَلَى نَاضِحٍ فَدَخَلَتْ بِهِمَا الْمَدِينَةَ لِتَدْفِنَهُمَا فِي مَقَابِرِنَا إِذْ لَحِقَ رَجُلٌ يُنَادِي أَلَا إِنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَنْ تَرْجِعُوابِالْقَتْلَى فَتَدْفِنُوهَا فِي مَصَارِعِهَا حَيْثُ قُتِلَتْ فَرَجَعْنَا بِهِمَا فَدَفَنَّاهُمَا حَيْثُ قُتِلَا فَبَيْنَمَا أَنَا فِي خِلَافَةِ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ إِذْ جَاءَنِي رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ يَا جَابِرُ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللهِ وَاللهِ لَقَدْ أَثَارَ أَبَاكَ عُمَّالَ مُعَاوِيَةَ فَبَدَا فَخَرَجَ طَائِفَةٌ مِنْهُ فَأَتَيْتُهُ فَوَجَدْتُهُ عَلَى النَّحْوِ الَّذِي دَفَنْتُهُ لَمْ يَتَغَيَّرْ إِلَّا مَا لَمْ يَدَعِ الْقَتْلُ أَوِ الْقَتِيلُ فَوَارَيْتُهُقَالَ وَتَرَكَ عَلَيْهِ دَيْنًا مِنَ التَّمْرِ فَاشْتَدَّ عَلَيَّ بَعْضُ غُرَمَائِهِ فِي التَّقَاضِي فَأَتَيْتُ نَبِيَّ اللهِ ﷺ فَقُلْتُ يَا نَبِيَّ اللهِ إِنَّ أَبِي أُصِيبَ يَوْمَ كَذَا وَكَذَا وَتَرَكَ عَلَيْهِ دَيْنًا مِنَ التَّمْرِ وَقدِ اشْتَدَّ عَلَيَّ بَعْضُ غُرَمَائِهِ فِي التَّقَاضِي فَأُحِبُّ أَنْ تُعِينَنِي عَلَيْهِ لَعَلَّهُ أَنْ يُنَظِّرَنِي طَائِفَةً مِنْ تَمْرِهِ إِلَى هَذَا الصِّرَامِ الْمُقْبِلِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ آتِيكَ إِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ قَرِيبًا مِنْ وَسَطِ النَّهَارِ وَجَاءَ مَعَهُ حَوَارِيُّوهُ ثُمَّ اسْتَأْذَنَ فَدَخَلَ وَقَدْ قُلْتُ لِامْرَأَتِي إِنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ جَاءَنِي الْيَوْمَ وَسَطَ النَّهَارِ فَلَا أَرَيَنَّكِ وَلَا تُؤْذِي رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فِي بَيْتِي بِشَيْءٍ وَلَا تُكَلِّمِيهِ فَدَخَلَ فَفَرَشَتْ لَهُ فِرَاشًا وَوِسَادَةً فَوَضَعَ رَأْسَهُ فَنَامَ قَالَ وَقُلْتُ لِمَوْلًى لِيَ اذْبَحْ هَذِهِ الْعَنَاقَ وَهِيَدَاجِنٌ سَمِينَةٌ وَالْوَحَى وَالْعَجَلَ افْرُغْ مِنْهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَسْتَيْقِظَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَنَا مَعَكَ فَلَمْ نَزَلْ فِيهَا حَتَّى فَرَغْنَا مِنْهَا وَهُوَ نَائِمٌ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ إِذَا اسْتَيْقَظَ يَدْعُو بِالطَّهُورِ وَإِنِّي أَخَافُ إِذَا فَرَغَ أَنْ يَقُومَ فَلَا يَفْرَغَنَّ مِنْ وُضُوئِهِ حَتَّى تَضَعَ الْعَنَاقَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ فَلَمَّا قَامَ قَالَ يَا جَابِرُ ائْتِنِي بِطَهُورٍ فَلَمْ يَفْرُغْ مِنْ طُهُورِهِ حَتَّى وَضَعْتُ الْعَنَاقَ عِنْدَهُ فَنَظَرَ إِلَيَّ فَقَالَ كَأَنَّكَ قَدْ عَلِمْتَ حُبَّنَا لِلَّحْمِ ادْعُ لِي أَبَا بَكْرٍ قَالَ ثُمَّ دَعَا حَوَارِيَّيْهِ الَّذِيْنَ مَعَهُ فَدَخَلُوا فَضَرَبَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بِيَدَيْهِ وَقَالَ بِسْمِ اللهِ كُلُوا فَأَكَلُوا حَتَّى شَبِعُوا وَفَضَلَ لَحْمٌ مِنْهَا كَثِيرٌ قَالَ وَاللهِ إِنَّ مَجْلِسَ بَنِي سَلِمَةَ لَيَنْظُرُونَ إِلَيْهِ وَهُوَ أَحَبُّ إِلَيْهِمْ مِنْ أَعْيُنِهِمْ مَا يَقْرُبُهُ رَجُلٌ مِنْهُمْ مَخَافَةَ أَنْ يُؤْذُوهُ فَلَمَّا فَرَغُوا قَامَ وَقَامَ أَصْحَابُهُ فَخَرَجُوا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَكَانَ يَقُولُ خَلُّوا ظَهْرِي لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ وَاتَّبَعْتُهُمْ حَتَّى بَلَغُوا أُسْكُفَّةَ الْبَابِ قَالَ وَأَخْرَجَتْ امْرَأَتِي صَدْرَهَا وَكَانَتْ مُسْتَتِرَةً بِسَفِيفٍ فِي الْبَيْتِ قَالَتْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلِّ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَى زَوْجِي صَلَّى الله عَلَيْكَ فَقَالَ صَلَّى الله عَلَيْكِ وَعَلَى زَوْجِكِ ثُمَّ قَالَ ادْعُ لِي فُلَانًا لِغَرِيمِي الَّذِي اشْتَدَّ عَلَيَّ فِي الطَّلَبِقَالَ فَجَاءَ فَقَالَ أَيْسِرْ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللهِ يَعْنِي إِلَى الْمَيْسَرَةِ طَائِفَةً مِنْ دَيْنِكَ الَّذِي عَلَى أَبِيهِ إِلَى هَذَا الصِّرَامِ الْمُقْبِلِ قَالَ مَا أَنَا بِفَاعِلٍ وَاعْتَلَّ وَقَالَ إِنَّمَا هُوَ مَالُ يَتَامَى فَقَالَ أَيْنَ جَابِرٌ؟ فَقَالَ أَنَا ذَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَ كِلْ لَهُ فَإِنَّ اللهَ سَوْفَ يُوَفِّيهِ فَنَظَرْتُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ فَإِذَا الشَّمْسُ قَدْ دَلَكَتْ قَالَ الصَّلَاةَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَانْدَفَعُوا إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَقُلْتُ قَرِّبْ أَوْعِيَتَكَ فَكِلْتُ لَهُ مِنَ الْعَجْوَةِ فَوَفَّاهُ اللهُ وَفَضَلَ لَنَا مِنَ التَّمْرِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَجِئْتُ أَسْعَى إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فِي مَسْجِدِهِ كَأَنِّي شَرَارَةٌ فَوَجَدْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَدْ صَلَّى فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنِّي كِلْتُ لِغَرِيمِي تَمْرَهُ فَوَفَّاهُ اللهُ وَفَضَلَ لَنَا مِنَ التَّمْرِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَقَالَ أَيْنَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ؟ فَجَاءَ يُهَرْوِلُ فَقَالَ سَلْ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ غَرِيمِهِ وَتَمْرِهِ فَقَالَ مَا أَنَا بِسَائِلِهِ قَدْ عَلِمْتُ أَنَّ اللهَ سَوْفَ يُوَفِّيهِ إِذْ أَخْبَرْتَ أَنَّ اللهَ سَوْفَ يُوَفِّيهِ فَكَرَّرَ عَلَيْهِ هَذِهِ الْكَلِمَةَ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ كُلُّ ذَلِكَ يَقُولُ مَا أَنَا بِسَائِلِهِ وَكَانَ لَا يُرَاجِعُ بَعْدَ الْمَرَّةِ الثَّالِثَةِ فَقَالَ يَا جَابِرُ مَا فَعَلَ غَرِيمُكَ وَتَمْرُكَ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَفَّاهُ اللهُ وَفَضَلَ لَنَا مِنَ التَّمْرِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَرَجَعَ إِلَى امْرَأَتِهِ فَقَالَ أَلَمْ أَكُنْ نَهَيْتُكِ أَنْ تُكَلِّمِي رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ؟ قَالَتْ أَكُنْتَ تَظُنُّ أَنَّ اللهَ يُورِدُ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ بَيْتِي ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ وَلَا أَسْأَلُهُ الصَّلَاةَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَى زَوْجِي قَبْلَ أَنْيَخْرُجَ  

ahmad:14440Yaḥyá > Jaʿfar from my father

[Machine] We came to Jabir bin Abdullah while he was in Bani Salimah, and we asked him about the pilgrimage of the Prophet ﷺ. He told us that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ stayed in Medina for nine years without performing Hajj. Then the permission was given to the people that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ would perform Hajj this year. He said, "So many people from Medina descended upon the city, all seeking to accompany the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and do the same as he does. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ set out with a group of ten people on the tenth day of Dhul-Hijjah, and we accompanied him until we reached Dhul-Hulayfah. Asma bint 'Umais sent a message to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ asking, 'What should I do?' He replied, 'Perform Ghusl (ritual bath), then put on your Ihram garments, then perform Istidfar (seeking forgiveness) with a cloth, and then proceed with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ.' So the Messenger of Allah ﷺ continued until his camel stopped in the open, and he began reciting Talbiyah, 'Labbaik Allahumma Labbaik, Labbaik la sharika laka Labbaik,  

أحمد:١٤٤٤٠حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى حَدَّثَنَا جَعْفَرٌ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي قَالَ

أَتَيْنَا جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللهِ وَهُوَ فِي بَنِي سَلِمَةَ فَسَأَلْنَاهُ عَنْ حَجَّةِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَحَدَّثَنَا أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ مَكَثَ بِالْمَدِينَةِ تِسْعَ سِنِينَ لَمْ يَحُجَّ ثُمَّ أُذِّنَ فِي النَّاسِ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ حَاجٌّ هَذَا الْعَامَ قَالَ فَنَزَلَ الْمَدِينَةَ بَشَرٌ كَثِيرٌ كُلُّهُمْ يَلْتَمِسُ أَنْ يَأْتَمَّ بِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَيَفْعَلَ مِثْلَ مَا يَفْعَلُ فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لِعَشْرٍ بَقِينَ مِنْ ذِي الْقَعْدَةِ وَخَرَجْنَا مَعَهُ حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَى ذَا الْحُلَيْفَةِ نُفِسَتْ أَسْمَاءُ بِنْتُ عُمَيْسٍ بِمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَأَرْسَلَتْ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ كَيْفَ أَصْنَعُ؟ قَالَ اغْتَسِلِي ثُمَّ اسْتَذْفِرِي بِثَوْبٍ ثُمَّ أَهِلِّي فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ حَتَّى إِذَا اسْتَوَتْ بِهِ نَاقَتُهُ عَلَى الْبَيْدَاءِ أَهَلَّ بِالتَّوْحِيدِ لَبَّيْكَ اللهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ لَا شَرِيكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ لَا شَرِيكَ لَكَ وَلَبَّى النَّاسُ وَالنَّاسُ يَزِيدُونَ ذَا الْمَعَارِجِ وَنَحْوَهُ مِنَ الْكَلَامِ وَالنَّبِيُّ ﷺ يَسْمَعُ فَلَمْ يَقُلْ لَهُمْ شَيْئًا فَنَظَرْتُ مَدَّ بَصَرِي وَبَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ مِنْ رَاكِبٍ وَمَاشٍ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِ مِثْلُ ذَلِكَ وَعَنْ يَمِينِهِ مِثْلُذَلِكَ وَعَنْ شِمَالِهِ مِثْلُ ذَلِكَ قَالَ جَابِرٌ وَرَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بَيْنَ أَظْهُرِنَا عَلَيْهِ يَنْزِلُ الْقُرْآنُ وَهُوَ يَعْرِفُ تَأْوِيلَهُ وَمَا عَمِلَ بِهِ مِنْ شَيْءٍ عَمِلْنَا بِهِ فَخَرَجْنَا لَا نَنْوِي إِلَّا الْحَجَّ حَتَّى أَتَيْنَا الْكَعْبَةَ فَاسْتَلَمَ نَبِيُّ اللهِ الْحَجَرَ الْأَسْوَدَ ثُمَّ رَمَلَ ثَلَاثَةً وَمَشَى أَرْبَعَةً حَتَّى إِذَا فَرَغَ عَمَدَ إِلَى مَقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ فَصَلَّى خَلْفَهُ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ {وَاتَّخِذُوا مِنْ مَقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ مُصَلًّى} [البقرة 125] قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ يَعْنِي جَعْفَرًا فَقَرَأَ فِيهَا بِالتَّوْحِيدِ وَ قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ ثُمَّ اسْتَلَمَ الْحَجَرَ وَخَرَجَ إِلَى الصَّفَا ثُمَّ قَرَأَ {إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَائِرِ اللهِ} [البقرة 158] ثُمَّ قَالَ نَبْدَأُ بِمَا بَدَأَ اللهُ بِهِ فَرَقِيَ عَلَى الصَّفَا حَتَّى إِذَا نَظَرَ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ كَبَّرَ قَالَ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ أَنْجَزَ وَعْدَهُ وَصَدَقَ عَبْدَهُ وَغَلَبَ الْأَحْزَابَ وَحْدَهُ ثُمَّ دَعَا ثُمَّ رَجَعَ إِلَى هَذَا الْكَلَامِ ثُمَّ نَزَلَ حَتَّى إِذَا انْصَبَّتْ قَدَمَاهُ فِي الْوَادِي رَمَلَ حَتَّى إِذَا صَعِدَ مَشَى حَتَّى أَتَى الْمَرْوَةَ فَرَقِيَ عَلَيْهَا حَتَّى نَظَرَ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ فَقَالَ عَلَيْهَا كَمَا قَالَ عَلَى الصَّفَا فَلَمَّا كَانَ السَّابِعُ عِنْدَ الْمَرْوَةِقَالَ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنِّي لَوِ اسْتَقْبَلْتُ مِنْ أَمْرِي مَا اسْتَدْبَرْتُ لَمْ أَسُقِ الْهَدْيَ وَلَجَعَلْتُهَا عُمْرَةً فَمَنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ مَعَهُ هَدْيٌ فَلْيَحِلَّ وَلْيَجْعَلْهَا عُمْرَةً فَحَلَّ النَّاسُ كُلُّهُمْ فَقَالَ سُرَاقَةُ بْنُ مَالِكِ بْنِ جُعْشُمٍ وَهُوَ فِي أَسْفَلِ الْمَرْوَةِ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَلِعَامِنَا هَذَا أَمْ لِلْأَبَدِ؟ فَشَبَّكَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَصَابِعَهُ فَقَالَ لِلْأَبَدِ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ دَخَلَتِ الْعُمْرَةُ فِي الْحَجِّ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ قَالَ وَقَدِمَ عَلِيٌّ مِنَ الْيَمَنِ فَقَدِمَ بِهَدْيٍ وَسَاقَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مَعَهُ مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ هَدْيًا فَإِذَا فَاطِمَةُ قَدْ حَلَّتْ وَلَبِسَتْ ثِيَابًا صَبِيغًا وَاكْتَحَلَتْ فَأَنْكَرَ ذَلِكَ عَلِيٌّ عَلَيْهَا فَقَالَتْ أَمَرَنِي أَبِي قَالَ قَالَ عَلِيٌّ بِالْكُوفَةِ قَالَ جَعْفَرٌ قَالَ أَبِي هَذَا الْحَرْفُ لَمْ يَذْكُرْهُ جَابِرٌ فَذَهَبْتُ مُحَرِّشًا أَسْتَفْتِي بِهِ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ فِي الَّذِي ذَكَرَتْ فَاطِمَةُ قُلْتُ إِنَّ فَاطِمَةَ لَبِسَتْ ثِيَابًا صَبِيغًا وَاكْتَحَلَتْ وَقَالَتْ أَمَرَنِي بِهِ أَبِي قَالَ صَدَقَتْ صَدَقَتْ صَدَقَتْ أَنَا أَمَرْتُهَا بِهِ قَالَ جَابِرٌ وَقَالَ لِعَلِيٍّ بِمَ أَهْلَلْتَ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ اللهُمَّ إِنِّي أُهِلُّ بِمَا أَهَلَّ بِهِرَسُولُكَ قَالَ وَمَعِي الْهَدْيُ قَالَ فَلَا تَحِلَّ قَالَ فَكَانَتْ جَمَاعَةُ الْهَدْيِ الَّذِي أَتَى بِهِ عَلِيٌّ مِنَ الْيَمَنِ وَالَّذِي أَتَى بِهِ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ مِائَةً فَنَحَرَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بِيَدِهِ ثَلَاثَةً وَسِتِّينَ ثُمَّ أَعْطَى عَلِيًّا فَنَحَرَ مَا غَبَرَ وَأَشْرَكَهُ فِي هَدْيِهِ ثُمَّ أَمَرَ مِنْ كُلِّ بَدَنَةٍ بِبَضْعَةٍ فَجُعِلَتْ فِي قِدْرٍ فَأَكَلَا مِنْ لَحْمِهَا وَشَرِبَا مِنْ مَرَقِهَا ثُمَّ قَالَ نَبِيُّ اللهِ ﷺ قَدْ نَحَرْتُ هَاهُنَا وَمِنًى كُلُّهَا مَنْحَرٌ وَوَقَفَ بِعَرَفَةَ فَقَالَ وَقَفْتُ هَاهُنَا وَعَرَفَةُ كُلُّهَا مَوْقِفٌ وَوَقَفَ بِالْمُزْدَلِفَةِ فَقَالَ قَدْ وَقَفْتُ هَاهُنَا وَالْمُزْدَلِفَةُ كُلُّهَا مَوْقِفٌ  

ahmad:17777Yaʿqūb b. Ibrāhīm from my father > Ibn Isḥāq > Yazīd b. Abū Ḥabīb

[Machine] About the trench, I gathered a group of men from the Quraysh who used to see my location and hear from me. So I said to them, "Do you know, by Allah, I see Muhammad's matter rising greatly, and I have seen a vision. What do you see in it?" They asked, "What did you see?" I said, "I saw that we meet with the Najashi (King of Abyssinia), so that if Muhammad appears over our people, we will be with the Najashi. Because being under his authority is more beloved to us than being under the authority of Muhammad. And if our people appear, they will only bring us goodness." They said, "This plan is good." So I told them to gather what we will present to the Najashi, and the most beloved thing that could be presented to him was Adham from our land. So we gathered a lot of Adham for him, and we traveled until we reached him. By Allah, we were with him when 'Amr ibn Umayyah Ad-Damri came, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had sent him to the Najashi regarding Ja'far and his companions. 'Amr entered upon him and then left his presence. So I said to my companions, "This is 'Amr ibn Umayyah. If I had met the Najashi and asked him for him, he would have given him to me and I would have killed him. So when Quraysh saw that I had relieved them by killing the Messenger of Allah ﷺ , they let me enter upon him. So I prostrated before him as I used to do, and he said, 'Welcome, my friend. Did you bring me anything from your land?' I said, 'Yes, O King, I have brought you a lot of Adham.' He was amazed by them and liked them. Then I said to him, 'O King, I have seen a man who came from you, and he is a Messenger of a man who is an enemy to us. Give him to me so that I can kill him, for he has harmed some of our nobles and elites.' The Najashi became angry and raised his hand, striking his nose. I thought he had broken it, and if the earth had split open for me, I would have entered it due to him. Then I said to him, 'O King, by Allah, if I had thought that you disliked this, I would not have asked you for it.' He said, 'Do you ask me to give you the Messenger of a man whom the greatest catastrophe used to come to, like that which used to come to Musa, so that you can kill him?' I said, 'O King, is he such?' He said, 'Woe unto you, O 'Amr! Obey him and follow him, for by Allah, he is on the truth and he will be victorious. There will come a time when people will appear against him as Musa appeared against Fir'awn and his soldiers.' I said, 'So pledge allegiance to him for Islam.' He said, 'Yes.' He extended his hand and I pledged allegiance to him for Islam. Then I went out to my companions with my vision being different from what it used to be, and I concealed my Islam from my companions. Then I went out following the Messenger of Allah ﷺ to become Muslim. I met Khalid ibn Al-Walid, who was approaching from Makkah, and I said, 'Where are you, O Abu Sulayman?' He said, 'By Allah, the canyons are straight, and that man is truly a Prophet. I will go and become Muslim.' I asked, 'Until when?' He said, 'By Allah, I only came to become Muslim.' I said, 'We have preceded you in pledging allegiance to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ .' So we arrived to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ , and Khalid ibn Al-Walid became Muslim and pledged allegiance to him. Then I approached and said, 'O Messenger of Allah, I pledge allegiance to you on the condition that you forgive me for what has passed of my sins and that you do not mention them. He ﷺ said, 'O 'Amr, pledge allegiance, for indeed Islam erases what came before it, and Hijrah erases what came before it.' I said, 'So I pledged allegiance to him,' and then I departed." Ibn Ishaq said, "I have narrated this story to you from a trustworthy person." Uthman ibn Talhah ibn Abi Talhah was with them when they became Muslim.  

أحمد:١٧٧٧٧حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي عَنْ ابْنِ إِسْحَاقَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي يَزِيدُ بْنُ أَبِي حَبِيبٍ عَنْ رَاشِدٍ مَوْلَى حَبِيبِ بْنِ أَبِي أَوْسٍ الثَّقَفِيِّ عَنْ حَبِيبِ بْنِ أَبِي أَوْسٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عَمْرُو بْنُ الْعَاصِ مِنْ فِيهِ قَالَ لَمَّا انْصَرَفْنَا مِنَالْأَحْزَابِ

عَنِ الْخَنْدَقِ جَمَعْتُ رِجَالًا مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ كَانُوا يَرَوْنَ مَكَانِي وَيَسْمَعُونَ مِنِّي فَقُلْتُ لَهُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ وَاللهِ إِنِّي لَأَرَى أَمْرَ مُحَمَّدٍ يَعْلُو الْأُمُورَ عُلُوًّا كَبِيرًا وَإِنِّي قَدْ رَأَيْتُ رَأْيًا فَمَا تَرَوْنَ فِيهِ؟ قَالُوا وَمَا رَأَيْتَ؟ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ أَنْ نَلْحَقَ بِالنَّجَاشِيِّ فَنَكُونَ عِنْدَهُ فَإِنْ ظَهَرَ مُحَمَّدٌ عَلَى قَوْمِنَا كُنَّا عِنْدَ النَّجَاشِيِّ فَإِنَّا أَنْ نَكُونَ تَحْتَ يَدَيْهِ أَحَبُّ إِلَيْنَا مِنْ أَنْ نَكُونَ تَحْتَ يَدَيْ مُحَمَّدٍ وَإِنْ ظَهَرَ قَوْمُنَا فَنَحْنُ مَنْ قَدْ عُرِفُوا فَلَنْ يَأْتِيَنَا مِنْهُمْ إِلَّا خَيْرٌ فَقَالُوا إِنَّ هَذَا الرَّأْيُ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُمْ فَاجْمَعُوا لَهُ مَا نُهْدِي لَهُ وَكَانَ أَحَبَّ مَا يُهْدَى إِلَيْهِ مِنْ أَرْضِنَا الْأَدَمُ فَجَمَعْنَا لَهُ أُدْمًا كَثِيرًا فَخَرَجْنَا حَتَّى قَدِمْنَا عَلَيْهِ فَوَاللهِ إِنَّا لَعِنْدَهُ إِذْ جَاءَ عَمْرُو بْنُ أُمَيَّةَ الضَّمْرِيُّ وَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ قَدْ بَعَثَهُ إِلَيْهِ فِي شَأْنِ جَعْفَرٍ وَأَصْحَابِهِ قَالَ فَدَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لِأَصْحَابِي هَذَا عَمْرُو بْنُ أُمَيَّةَ لَوْ قَدْ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى النَّجَاشِيِّ فَسَأَلْتُهُ إِيَّاهُ فَأَعْطَانِيهِ فَضَرَبْتُ عُنُقَهُ فَإِذَا فَعَلْتُ ذَلِكَ رَأَتْ قُرَيْشٌ أَنِّي قَدْ أَجْزَأْتُ عَنْهَا حِينَ قَتَلْتُ رَسُولَ مُحَمَّدٍ قَالَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَسَجَدْتُ لَهُ كَمَا كُنْتُ أَصْنَعُ فَقَالَ مَرْحَبًا بِصَدِيقِي أَهْدَيْتَ لِي مِنْ بِلَادِكَ شَيْئًا؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ نَعَمْأَيُّهَا الْمَلِكُ قَدْ أَهْدَيْتُ لَكَ أُدْمًا كَثِيرًا قَالَ ثُمَّ قَدَّمْتُهُ إِلَيْهِ فَأَعْجَبَهُ وَاشْتَهَاهُ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ لَهُ أَيُّهَا الْمَلِكُ إِنِّي قَدْ رَأَيْتُ رَجُلًا خَرَجَ مِنْ عِنْدِكَ وَهُوَ رَسُولُ رَجُلٍ عَدُوٍّ لَنَا فَأَعْطِنِيهِ لِأَقْتُلَهُ فَإِنَّهُ قَدْ أَصَابَ مِنْ أَشْرَافِنَا وَخِيَارِنَا قَالَ فَغَضِبَ ثُمَّ مَدَّ يَدَهُ فَضَرَبَ بِهَا أَنْفَهُ ضَرْبَةً ظَنَنْتُ أَنْ قَدْ كَسَرَهُ فَلَوِ انْشَقَّتْ لِي الْأَرْضُ لَدَخَلْتُ فِيهَا فَرَقًا مِنْهُ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ أَيُّهَا الْمَلِكُ وَاللهِ لَوْ ظَنَنْتُ أَنَّكَ تَكْرَهُ هَذَا مَا سَأَلْتُكَهُ فَقَالَ أَتَسْأَلُنِي أَنْ أُعْطِيَكَ رَسُولَ رَجُلٍ يَأْتِيهِ النَّامُوسُ الْأَكْبَرُ الَّذِي كَانَ يَأْتِي مُوسَى لِتَقْتُلَهُ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ أَيُّهَا الْمَلِكُ أَكَذَاكَ هُوَ؟ فَقَالَ وَيْحَكَ يَا عَمْرُو أَطِعْنِي وَاتَّبِعْهُ فَإِنَّهُ وَاللهِ لَعَلَى الْحَقِّ وَلَيَظْهَرَنَّ عَلَى مَنْ خَالَفَهُ كَمَا ظَهَرَ مُوسَى عَلَى فِرْعَوْنَ وَجُنُودِهِ قَالَ قُلْتُ فَبَايِعْنِي لَهُ عَلَى الْإِسْلَامِ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَبَسَطَ يَدَهُ وَبَايَعْتُهُ عَلَى الْإِسْلَامِ ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ إِلَى أَصْحَابِي وَقَدْ حَالَ رَأْيِي عَمَّا كَانَ عَلَيْهِ وَكَتَمْتُ أَصْحَابِي إِسْلَامِي ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ عَامِدًا لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ لِأُسْلِمَ فَلَقِيتُ خَالِدَ بْنَ الْوَلِيدِ وَذَلِكَ قُبَيْلَ الْفَتْحِ وَهُوَ مُقْبِلٌ مِنْ مَكَّةَ فَقُلْتُ أَيْنَ يَا أَبَا سُلَيْمَانَ؟ قَالَ وَاللهِ لَقَدِ اسْتَقَامَ الْمَنْسِمُ وَإِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَنَبِيٌّ أَذْهَبُ وَاللهِ أُسْلِمُ فَحَتَّى مَتَى؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَاللهِ مَا جِئْتُ إِلَّا لِأُسْلِمَ قَالَ فَقَدِمْنَا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَدِمَ خَالِدُ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِفَأَسْلَمَ وَبَايَعَ ثُمَّ دَنَوْتُ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنِّي أُبَايِعُكَ عَلَى أَنْ تَغْفِرَ لِي مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِي وَلَا أَذْكُرُ وَمَا تَأَخَّرَ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَا عَمْرُو بَايِعْ فَإِنَّ الْإِسْلَامَ يَجُبُّ مَا كَانَ قَبْلَهُ وَإِنَّ الْهِجْرَةَ تَجُبُّ مَا كَانَ قَبْلَهَا قَالَ فَبَايَعْتُهُ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفْتُ قَالَ ابْنُ إِسْحَاقَ وَقَدْ حَدَّثَنِي مَنْ لَا أَتَّهِمُ أَنَّ عُثْمَانَ بْنَ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ كَانَ مَعَهُمَا أَسْلَمَ حِينَ أَسْلَمَا  

ahmad:17831Yūnus b. Muḥammad > Yaḥyá b. ʿAbd al-Raḥman al-ʿAṣarī > Shihāb b. ʿAbbād > Baʿḍ And Fd ʿAbd al-Qays Wahū

[Machine] He heard some of the delegation from Abd al-Qays saying, "We have come to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and his joy increased upon seeing us. When we reached the people, they made way for us and we sat down. The Prophet ﷺ welcomed us and prayed for us. Then he looked at us and said, "Who is your leader and chief?" We all pointed to Mundhir ibn 'Amr. The Prophet ﷺ said, "Is this the one with the scar?" It was the first day he was given this nickname because of a blow to his face with a donkey's hoof. We said, "Yes, O Messenger of Allah." He then followed the people and assessed their resources and belongings. Then he took off his traveling clothes and put on his best clothes. He then approached the Prophet ﷺ , who had stretched out his leg and leaned on it. When Mundhir approached, the people made way for him and said, "Here is Mundhir!" The Prophet ﷺ straightened himself and sat up, welcomed him, and treated him kindly. Then he asked about his lands and named for him a village called Safa and Mashqar, among other villages. Mundhir said, "By my parents, O Messenger of Allah, you know the names of our villages." The Prophet ﷺ said, "I have already been to your lands and it has opened up to me. Then he approached the Ansar and said, "O people of the Ansar, honor your brothers, for they are like you in Islam, and they bear the closest resemblance to you in hair and appearance. They have submitted willingly, not by force or coercion, as a people who refused to submit were killed. When they woke up, the Prophet ﷺ said, "How do you see the status of your brothers and their hospitality towards you?" They replied, "They are the best brothers. They have provided us with bedding, made our food, stayed with us, and taught us the Book of our Lord and the Sunnah of our Prophet." The Prophet ﷺ was pleased and delighted with this, then he approached us one by one and asked each of us about what we had learned and taught. Some of us learned and taught greetings, the mother of the Book, and two Surahs, while others learned and taught the Sunnah and two Sunnahs. Then he turned to us and said, "Do you have any provisions with you?" The people were happy about this and rushed to prepare their belongings. Each man came with a handful of dates and placed it on a cloth in front of him, holding a piece of cloth in his hand. The Prophet ﷺ said, "Do you call this a variety of provisions?" We said, "Yes." Then he pointed to another handful of dates and asked, "Do you call this a pair of sandals?" We said, "Yes." Then he pointed to another handful of dates and asked, "Do you call this a gift?" We said, "  

أحمد:١٧٨٣١حَدَّثَنَا يُونُسُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْعَصَرِيُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا شِهَابُ بْنُ عَبَّادٍ

أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ بَعْضَ وَفْدِ عَبْدِ الْقَيْسِ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ قَدِمْنَا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَاشْتَدَّ فَرَحُهُمْ بِنَا فَلَمَّا انْتَهَيْنَا إِلَى الْقَوْمِ أَوْسَعُوا لَنَافَقَعَدْنَا فَرَحَّبَ بِنَا النَّبِيُّ ﷺ وَدَعَا لَنَا ثُمَّ نَظَرَ إِلَيْنَا فَقَالَ مَنْ سَيِّدُكُمْ وَزَعِيمُكُمْ؟ فَأَشَرْنَا بِأَجْمَعِنَا إِلَى الْمُنْذِرِ بْنِ عَائِذٍ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ أَهَذَا الْأَشَجُّ؟ فَكَانَ أَوَّلَ يَوْمٍ وُضِعَ عَلَيْهِ هَذَا الِاسْمُ لِضَرْبَةٍ بِوَجْهِهِ بِحَافِرِ حِمَارٍ فَقُلْنَا نَعَمْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَتَخَلَّفَ بَعْدَ الْقَوْمِ فَعَقَلَ رَوَاحِلَهُمْ وَضَمَّ مَتَاعَهُمْ ثُمَّ أَخْرَجَ عَيْبَتَهُ فَأَلْقَى عَنْهُ ثِيَابَ السَّفَرِ وَلَبِسَ مِنْ صَالِحِ ثِيَابِهِ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ وَقَدْ بَسَطَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ رِجْلَهُ وَاتَّكَأَ فَلَمَّا دَنَا مِنْهُ الْأَشَجُّ أَوْسَعَ الْقَوْمُ لَهُ وَقَالُوا هَاهُنَا يَا أَشَجُّ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ وَاسْتَوَى قَاعِدًا وَقَبَضَ رِجْلَهُ هَاهُنَا يَا أَشَجُّ فَقَعَدَ عَنْ يَمِينِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ وَاسْتَوَى قَاعِدًا فَرَحَّبَ بِهِ وَأَلْطَفَهُ ثُمَّ سَأَلَ عَنْ بِلَادِهِ وَسَمَّى لَهُ قَرْيَةَ قرْيَةَ الصَّفَا وَالْمُشَقَّرِ وَغَيْرَ ذَلِكَ مِنْ قُرَى هَجَرَ فَقَالَ بِأَبِي وَأُمِّي يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ لَأَنْتَ أَعْلَمُ بِأَسْمَاءِ قُرَانَا مِنَّا فَقَالَ إِنِّي قَدْ وَطِئْتُ بِلَادَكُمْ وَفُسِحَ لِي فِيهَا قَالَ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى الْأَنْصَارِ فَقَالَ يَا مَعْشَرَ الْأَنْصَارِ أَكْرِمُوا إِخْوَانَكُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ أَشْبَاهُكُمْ فِي الْإِسْلَامِ وَأَشْبَهُ شَيْءٍ بِكُمْ أَشعَارًا وَأَبْشَارًا أَسْلَمُوا طَائِعِينَ غَيْرَ مُكْرَهِينَ وَلَا مَوْتُورِينَ إِذْ أَبَى قَوْمٌأَنْ يُسْلِمُوا حَتَّى قُتِلُوا فَلَمَّا أَنْ أصبَحُوا قَالَ كَيْفَ رَأَيْتُمْ كَرَامَةَ إِخْوَانِكُمْ لَكُمْ وَضِيَافَتَهُمْ إِيَّاكُمْ؟ قَالُوا خَيْرَ إِخْوَانٍ أَلَانُوا فَرْشَنَا وَأَطَابُوا مَطْعَمَنَا وَبَاتُوا وَأَصْبَحُوا يُعَلِّمُونَنَا كِتَابَ رَبِّنَا وَسُنَّةَ نَبِيِّنَا فَأُعْجِبَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ وَفَرِحَ بِهَا ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَيْنَا رَجُلًا رَجُلًا يَعْرِضُنَا عَلَى مَا تَعَلَّمْنَا وَعَلِمْنَا فَمِنَّا مَنْ تَعَلَّمَ التَّحِيَّاتِ وَأُمَّ الْكِتَابِ وَالسُّورَةَ وَالسُّورَتَيْنِ وَالسُّنَّةَ وَالسُّنَّتَيْنِ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَيْنَا بِوَجْهِهِ فَقَالَ هَلْ مَعَكُمْ مِنْ أَزْوَادِكُمْ شَيْءٌ؟ فَفَرِحَ الْقَوْمُ بِذَلِكَ وَابْتَدَرُوا رِحَالَهُمْ فَأَقْبَلَ كُلُّ رَجُلٍ مَعَهُ صُبْرَةٌ مِنْ تَمْرٍ فَوَضَعَهَا عَلَى نِطْعٍ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَأَوْمَأَ بِجَرِيدَةٍ فِي يَدِهِ كَانَ يَخْتَصِرُ بِهَا فَوْقَ الذِّرَاعِ وَدُونَ الذِّرَاعَيْنِ فَقَالَ أَتُسَمُّونَ هَذَا التَّعْضُوضَ؟ قُلْنَا نَعَمْ ثُمَّ أَوْمَأَ إِلَى صُبْرَةٍ أُخْرَى فَقَالَ أَتُسَمُّونَ هَذَا الصَّرَفَانَ؟ قُلْنَا نَعَمْ ثُمَّ أَوْمَأَ إِلَى صُبْرَةٍ فَقَالَ أَتُسَمُّونَ هَذَا الْبَرْنِيَّ؟ فَقُلْنَا نَعَمْ قَالَ أَمَا إِنَّهُ خَيْرُ تَمْرِكُمْ وَأَنْفَعُهُ لَكُمْ قَالَ فَرَجَعْنَا مِنْ وِفَادَتِنَا تِلْكَ فَأَكْثَرْنَا الْغَرْزَ مِنْهُ وَعَظُمَتْ رَغْبَتُنَا فِيهِ حَتَّى صَارَ عُظْمَ نَخْلِنَا وَتَمْرِنَا الْبَرْنِيُّ قَالَ فَقَالَ الْأَشَجُّ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنَّ أَرْضَنَا أَرْضٌ ثَقِيلَةٌ وَخِمَةٌ وَإِنَّا إِذَا لَمْ نَشْرَبْ هَذِهِ الْأَشْرِبَةَ هِيجَتْ أَلْوَانُنَا وَعَظُمَتْبُطُونُنَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لَا تَشْرَبُوا فِي الدُّبَّاءِ وَالْحَنْتَمِ وَالنَّقِيرِ وَلْيَشْرَبْ أَحَدُكُمْ فِي سِقَائِهِ يُلَاثُ عَلَى فِيهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْأَشَجُّ بِأَبِي وَأُمِّي يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ رَخِّصْ لَنَا فِي هَذِهِ فَأَوْمَأَ بِكَفَّيْهِ وَقَالَ يَا أَشَجُّ إِنْ رَخَّصْتُ لَكُمْ فِي مِثْلِ هَذِهِ وَقَالَ بِكَفَّيْهِ هَكَذَا شَرِبْتَهُ فِي مِثْلِ هَذِهِ وَفَرَّجَ يَدَيْهِ وَبَسَطَهَا يَعْنِي أَعْظَمَ مِنْهَا حَتَّى إِذَا ثَمِلَ أَحَدُكُمْ مِنْ شَرَابِهِ قَامَ إِلَى ابْنِ عَمِّهِ فَهَزَرَ سَاقَهُ بِالسَّيْفِ وَكَانَ فِي الْوَفْدِ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي عَصَرٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ الْحَارِثُ قَدْ هُزِرَتْ سَاقُهُ فِي شُرْبٍ لَهُمْ فِي بَيْتٍ تَمَثَّلَهُ مِنَ الشِّعْرِ فِي امْرَأَةٍ مِنْهُمْ فَقَامَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ ذَلِكَ الْبَيْتِ فَهَزَرَ سَاقَهُ بِالسَّيْفِ قَالَ فَقَالَ الْحَارِثُ لَمَّا سَمِعْتُهَا مِنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ جَعَلْتُ أُسْدِلُ ثَوْبِي لِأُغَطِّيَ الضَّرْبَةَ بِسَاقِي وَقَدْ أَبْدَاهَا اللهُ لِنَبِيِّهِ ﷺ  

ahmad:17019ʿAbdullāh b. Yazīd Abū ʿAbd al-Raḥman al-Muqrī > ʿIkrimah / Ibn ʿAmmār

[Machine] We were informed by Shaddad bin Abdullah Al-Damishqi, who was one of the companions of the Prophet ﷺ , that Abu Umarah said, "O Amr bin Abasah, the companion of wisdom, the wisdom of giving charity is a man from the tribe of Bani Sulaym. What makes you claim that you are a quarter of Islam?" He said, "In the period of ignorance, I used to see people in misguidance and I did not see any value in idols. Then I heard about a man who was reporting news from Makkah and narrating stories. So, I rode my camel until I reached Makkah, where I found the Messenger of Allah ﷺ hiding while his people were bold against him. I showed kindness to him and entered to meet him. I asked him, 'Who are you?' He said, ‘I am the Messenger of Allah.’ I asked, 'What is a Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'The Messenger of Allah is a Prophet.' I asked, 'Did Allah send you?' He said, 'Yes.' I asked, 'For what purpose did Allah send you?' He said, 'To worship Allah alone and not associate anything with Him, to demolish idols, and to maintain family ties.' Then I asked, 'Who is with you in this?' He said, 'The free and the slave or the slave and the free.' And he mentioned that Abu Bakr bin Abi Quhafa and Bilal, the slave of Abu Bakr, were with him. I said, 'I will follow you.' He said, 'You are not capable of that today, but return to your family. When you hear that I have emerged, come to me.' So, I returned to my family and I embraced Islam. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ migrated to Madinah, and I continued to search for news until a delegation from Yathrib came. I asked, 'Who is this Makkian man who has come to you?' They said, 'His people wanted to kill him, but they were unable, so there was a treaty between him and them.' And we left the people in confusion. I, Amr bin Abasah, rode my camel until I reached Madinah. I entered and said, 'O Messenger of Allah, do you recognize me?' He said, 'Yes, aren't you the one who came to me from Makkah?' I said, 'Indeed.' So, I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, teach me what Allah has taught you, for I am ignorant.' He said, 'If you pray Fajr, then shorten your prayer until the sun rises. Then do not pray until it is fully elevated, as at that time, the disbelievers prostrate to it. When it rises the height of a spear or two, then pray, as the prayer is witnessed and forbidden until the spear is shaded by the shadow. Then shorten your prayer, as at that time, Hellfire is kindled. When the sun has fully set, then you may pray Asr. When you pray Asr, then shorten your prayer until the sun has set, as at that time, the disbelievers prostrate to it.' I said, 'O Prophet of Allah, tell me about ablution.' He said, 'None of you should perform ablution, then rinse the mouth, sniff water into the nose, and blow it out, except that his sins are expiated from his mouth and nostrils with the water when it flows. Then, wash his face as Allah, the Most High, ordered.'  

أحمد:١٧٠١٩حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ يَزِيدَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْمُقْرِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا عِكْرِمَةُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَمَّارٍ

حَدَّثَنَا شَدَّادُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ الدِّمَشْقِيُّ وَكَانَ قَدْ أَدْرَكَ نَفَرًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو أُمَامَةَ يَا عَمْرُو بْنَ عَبَسَةَ صَاحِبَ الْعَقْلِ عَقْلِ الصَّدَقَةِ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي سُلَيْمٍ بِأَيِّ شَيْءٍ تَدَّعِي أَنَّكَ رُبُعُ الْإِسْلَامِ؟ قَالَ إِنِّي كُنْتُ فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ أَرَى النَّاسَ عَلَى ضَلَالَةٍ وَلَا أَرَى الْأَوْثَانَ شَيْئًا ثُمَّ سَمِعْتُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ يُخْبِرُ أَخْبَارَ مَكَّةَ وَيُحَدِّثُ أَحَادِيثَ فَرَكِبْتُ رَاحِلَتِي حَتَّى قَدِمْتُ مَكَّةَ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ مُسْتَخْفٍ وَإِذَا قَوْمُهُ عَلَيْهِ جُرَآءُ فَتَلَطَّفْتُ لَهُ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ مَا أَنْتَ؟ قَالَ أَنَا نَبِيُّ اللهِ فَقُلْتُ وَمَا نَبِيُّ اللهِ؟ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ قَالَ قُلْتُ آللَّهُ أَرْسَلَكَ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ بِأَيِّ شَيْءٍ أَرْسَلَكَ؟ قَالَ بِأَنْ يُوَحَّدَ اللهُ وَلَا يُشْرَكَ بِهِ شَيْءٌ وَكَسْرِ الْأَوْثَانِ وَصِلَةِ الرَّحِمِ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ مَنْ مَعَكَ عَلَى هَذَا؟ قَالَ حُرٌّ وَعَبْدٌ أَوْ عَبْدٌ وَحُرٌّ وَإِذَا مَعَهُ أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ وَبِلَالٌ مَوْلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ قُلْتُ إِنِّي مُتَّبِعُكَ قَالَ إِنَّكَ لَا تَسْتَطِيعُ ذَلِكَ يَوْمَكَ هَذَا وَلَكِنْ ارْجِعْ إِلَى أَهْلِكَ فَإِذَا سَمِعْتَ بِي قَدْ ظَهَرْتُ فَالْحَقْ بِي قَالَ فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى أَهْلِي وَقَدْ أَسْلَمْتُ فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مُهَاجِرًا إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ فَجَعَلْتُ أَتَخَبَّرُ الْأَخْبَارَ حَتَّى جَاءَ رَكَبَةٌ مِنْ يَثْرِبَ فَقُلْتُ مَا هَذَا الْمَكِّيُّ الَّذِي أَتَاكُمْ؟قَالُوا أَرَادَ قَوْمُهُ قَتْلَهُ فَلَمْ يَسْتَطِيعُوا ذَلِكَ وَحِيلَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَبَيْنَهُ وَتَرَكْنَا النَّاسَ سِرَاعًا قَالَ عَمْرُو بْنُ عَبَسَةَ فَرَكِبْتُ رَاحِلَتِي حَتَّى قَدِمْتُ عَلَيْهِ الْمَدِينَةَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَتَعْرِفُنِي؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ أَلَسْتَ أَنْتَ الَّذِي أَتَيْتَنِي بِمَكَّةَ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ بَلَى فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ عَلِّمْنِي مِمَّا عَلَّمَكَ اللهُ وَأَجْهَلُ قَالَ إِذَا صَلَّيْتَ الصُّبْحَ فَأَقْصِرْ عَنِ الصَّلَاةِ حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ فَإِذَا طَلَعَتْ فَلَا تُصَلِّ حَتَّى تَرْتَفِعَ فَإِنَّهَا تَطْلُعُ حِينَ تَطْلُعُ بَيْنَ قَرْنَيْ شَيْطَانٍ وَحِينَئِذٍ يَسْجُدُ لَهَا الْكُفَّارُ فَإِذَا ارْتَفَعَتْ قِيدَ رُمْحٍ أَوْ رُمْحَيْنِ فَصَلِّ فَإِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ مَشْهُودَةٌ مَحْضُورَةٌ حَتَّى يَسْتَقِلَّ الرُّمْحُ بِالظِّلِّ ثُمَّ أَقْصِرْ عَنِ الصَّلَاةِ فَإِنَّهَا حِينَئِذٍ تُسْجَرُ جَهَنَّمُ فَإِذَا فَاءَ الْفَيْءُ فَصَلِّ فَإِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ مَشْهُودَةٌ مَحْضُورَةٌ حَتَّى تُصَلِّيَ الْعَصْرَ فَإِذَا صَلَّيْتَ الْعَصْرَ فَأَقْصِرْ عَنِ الصَّلَاةِ حَتَّى تَغْرُبَ الشَّمْسُ فَإِنَّهَا تَغْرُبُ حِينَ تَغْرُبُ بَيْنَ قَرْنَيْ شَيْطَانٍ وَحِينَئِذٍ يَسْجُدُ لَهَا الْكُفَّارُ قُلْتُ يَا نَبِيَّ اللهِ أَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الْوُضُوءِ قَالَ مَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ يَقْرَبُ وَضُوءَهُ ثُمَّ يَتَمَضْمَضُ وَيَسْتَنْشِقُ وَيَنْتَثِرُ إِلَّا خَرَّتْ خَطَايَاهُ مِنْ فَمِهِ وَخَيَاشِيمِهِ مَعَ الْمَاءِ حِينَ يَنْتَثِرُ ثُمَّ يَغْسِلُ وَجْهَهُ كَمَا أَمَرَهُ اللهُ تَعَالَى إِلَّا خَرَّتْ  

ahmad:2609Sulaymān b. Dāwud > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Abū al-Zinād from his father > ʿUbaydullāh > Ibn ʿAbbās

[Machine] He said, "Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, did not grant us victory in a place like He did on the Day of Uhud." We objected to that, and Ibn Abbas said, "Between me and the one who objected to that is the Book of Allah, the Blessed and Exalted. Indeed, Allah, the Almighty and Glorious, says on the Day of Uhud: 'Indeed, Allah had fulfilled for you His promise when you were killing them by His permission.'" [Surah Al-Imran, 3:152] Ibn Abbas said, "And the expression 'killing them' means fighting, 'until when you lost courage' [Surah Al-Imran, 3:152] until [His words], 'And Allah is All-Forgiving, Most Merciful to the believers.' [Surah Al-Imran, 3:152] This is referring to the archers, because the Prophet ﷺ stationed them in a certain place and said, 'Protect our backs. If you see us being killed, do not come to our aid, and if you see us winning and gaining spoils, do not join us.' So when the Prophet ﷺ gained spoils and permitted the troops of the polytheists, the archers started collecting the spoils. They entered the enemy camp, looting, while the ranks of the companions of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ were united and had joined hands. But then when the archers separated from that unity, the cavalry attacked the companions of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ , striking one another and causing confusion. Many Muslims were killed, while the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and his companions fought until the morning. Indeed, among the first killed among the companions of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ from the standard bearers of the polytheists were seven or nine. The Muslims dispersed towards a nearby mountain, without reaching the cave, where the people said the askar (a type of plant) was growing. Satan cried out, 'Muhammad has been killed,' and he did not doubt that it was true. So we were in that state of uncertainty until the Messenger of Allah ﷺ emerged between As-Sa'dayn. We recognized him by the way he walked. We were overjoyed, as if nothing had afflicted us. He separated from us and said, 'Allah's anger has intensified against a people who smeared the face of His Messenger.' Then he said again, 'Allah, destroy them, for they can never overcome us.' Then Abu Sufyan called out from the foot of the mountain, 'Mount Hubal!' twice, referring to their idols. 'Where is the son of Abi Kabshah? Where is the son of Abi Quhafah? Where is the son of Al-Khattab?' Umar said, 'O Messenger of Allah, shall I respond to him?' He said, 'Yes.' When Umar said, 'Allah is the Most High and the Most Exalted,' Abu Sufyan said, 'We have certainly reached a day of defeat. When you are high in rank, we are in the fire.' Umar said, 'Indeed, you are mistaken. By Allah, we are victorious, and your army has suffered a loss.' Abu Sufyan said, 'You will find the same fate in your killing as mine. However, this was not from the opinion of our women.' Then he was overtaken by Jahiliyah ignorance, and he said, 'Indeed, that was the case, and we did not reject it.'"  

أحمد:٢٦٠٩حَدَّثَنِي سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ

أَنَّهُ قَالَ مَا نَصَرَ اللهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى فِي مَوْطِنٍ كَمَا نَصَرَ يَوْمَ أُحُدٍ قَالَ فَأَنْكَرْنَا ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ مَنِ انْكَرَ ذَلِكَ كِتَابُ اللهِ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى إِنَّ اللهَ ﷻ يَقُولُ فِي يَوْمِ أُحُدٍ{وَلَقَدْ صَدَقَكُمِ اللهُ وَعْدَهُ إِذْ تَحُسُّونَهُمْ بِإِذْنِهِ} [آل عمران 152] يَقُولُ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَالْحَسُّ الْقَتْلُ {حَتَّى إِذَا فَشِلْتُمْ} [آل عمران 152] إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {وَلَقَدْ عَفَا عَنْكُمْ وَاللهُ ذُو فَضْلٍ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ} [آل عمران 152] وَإِنَّمَا عَنَى بِهَذَا الرُّمَاةَ وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ أَقَامَهُمْ فِي مَوْضِعٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ احْمُوا ظُهُورَنَا فَإِنْ رَأَيْتُمُونَا نُقْتَلُ فَلا تَنْصُرُونَا وَإِنْ رَأَيْتُمُونَا قَدْ غَنِمْنَا فَلا تُشْرِكُونَا فَلَمَّا غَنِمَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ وَأَبَاحُوا عَسْكَرَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ أَكَبَّ الرُّمَاةُ جَمِيعًا فَدَخَلُوا فِي الْعَسْكَرِ يَنْهَبُونَ وَقَدِ الْتَقَتْ صُفُوفُ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَهُمْ هَكَذَا وَشَبَّكَ بَيْنَ أَصَابِعِ يَدَيْهِ وَالْتَبَسُوا فَلَمَّا أَخَلَّ الرُّمَاةُ تِلْكَ الْخَلَّةَ الَّتِي كَانُوا فِيهَا دَخَلَتِ الْخَيْلُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْمَوْضِعِ عَلَى أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَضَرَبَ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا وَالْتَبَسُوا وَقُتِلَ مِنَ المُسْلِمِينَ نَاسٌ كَثِيرٌ وَقَدْ كَانَ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَصْحَابِهِ أَوَّلُ النَّهَارِ حَتَّى قُتِلَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ لِوَاءِ الْمُشْرِكِينَ سَبْعَةٌ أَوْ تِسْعَةٌ وَجَالَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ جَوْلَةً نَحْوَ الْجَبَلِ وَلَمْ يَبْلُغُوا حَيْثُ يَقُولُ النَّاسُ الْغَارَ إِنَّمَا كَانُوا تَحْتَ الْمِهْرَاسِ وَصَاحَ الشَّيْطَانُ قُتِلَ مُحَمَّدٌ فَلَمْ يُشَكَّ فِيهِ أَنَّهُ حَقٌّ فَمَا زِلْنَا كَذَلِكَ مَا نَشُكُّ أَنَّهُ قَدْ قُتِلَ حَتَّى طَلَعَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بَيْنَ السَّعْدَيْنِ نَعْرِفُهُ بِتَكَفُّئِهِ إِذَا مَشَى قَالَ فَفَرِحْنَا حَتَّى كَأَنَّهُ لَمْ يُصِبْنَا مَا أَصَابَنَا قَالَ فَرَقِيَ نَحْوَنَا وَهُوَ يَقُولُ اشْتَدَّ غَضَبُ اللهِ عَلَى قَوْمٍ دَمَّوْا وَجْهَ رَسُولِهِ قَالَ وَيَقُولُ مَرَّةً أُخْرَى اللهُمَّ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ لَهُمِ أنْ يَعْلُونَا حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَيْنَافَمَكَثَ سَاعَةً فَإِذَا أَبُو سُفْيَانَ يَصِيحُ فِي أَسْفَلِ الْجَبَلِ اعْلُ هُبَلُ مَرَّتَيْنِ يَعْنِي آلِهَتَهُ أَيْنَ ابْنُ أَبِي كَبْشَةَ؟ أَيْنَ ابْنُ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ؟ أَيْنَ ابْنُ الْخَطَّابِ؟ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَلا أُجِيبُهُ؟ قَالَ بَلَى فَلَمَّا قَالَ اعْلُ هُبَلُ قَالَ عُمَرُ اللهُ أَعْلَى وَأَجَلُّ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ إِنَّهُ قَدِ انْعَمَتْ عَيْنُهَا فَعَادِ عَنْهَا أَوْ فَعَالِ عَنْهَا فَقَالَ أَيْنَ ابْنُ أَبِي كَبْشَةَ؟ أَيْنَ ابْنُ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ؟ أَيْنَ ابْنُ الْخَطَّابِ؟ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ هَذَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَهَذَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَهَا أَنَا ذَا عُمَرُ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ يَوْمٌ بِيَوْمِ بَدْرٍ الْأَيَّامُ دُوَلٌ وَإِنَّ الْحَرْبَ سِجَالٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ لَا سَوَاءً قَتْلانَا فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَقَتْلاكُمْ فِي النَّارِ قَالَ إِنَّكُمْ لَتَزْعُمُونَ ذَلِكَ لَقَدْ خِبْنَا إِذَنْ وَخَسِرْنَا ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ أَمَا إِنَّكُمْ سَوْفَ تَجِدُونَ فِي قَتْلاكُمْ مَثْلَى وَلَمْ يَكُنْ ذَاكَ عَنْ رَأْيِ سَرَاتِنَا قَالَ ثُمَّ أَدْرَكَتْهُ حَمِيَّةُ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَمَا إِنَّهُ قَدْ كَانَ ذَاكَ وَلَمْ نَكْرَهْهُ  

ahmad:3061Yaḥyá b. Ḥammād > Abū ʿAwānah > Abū Balj > ʿAmr b. Maymūn > Innī Lajālis > Ibn ʿAbbās Idh Tāh Tisʿah Rahṭ Faqālūā Yā Abū ʿAbbās Immā > Taqūm Maʿanā And ʾImmā > Yukhlūnā Haʾulāʾ > Faqāl Āb.uʿabbās Bal Qūm Maʿakum > Wahū Yawmaʾidh Ṣaḥīḥ Qabl > Yaʿmá > Fābtadaʾūā Fataḥaddathūā Falā Nadrī Mā > Fajāʾ Yanfuḍ Thawbah

[Machine] So they started and spoke, and we do not know what they said. He said, then he got up and dusted off his clothes and said, "Woe to them! May they be destroyed!" They fell into a man who had ten (dirhams) and they fell into a man who said to him (the Prophet ﷺ), "I will send a man whom Allah will never humiliate; he loves Allah and His Messenger." He said, "Who can do this?" They said, "Ali is there." He said, "Where is Ali?" They said, "He is in the grinding mill." He said, "Why would any of you grind?" He said, so he came while he was blind, unable to see. He said, so he spat in his eyes, then he shook the banner three times and gave it to him. So he came with Safiyyah bint Huyy and he sent so-and-so with Surah At-Tawbah, then he sent Ali after him and he took it from him. He said, "No one should take it except a man from me and I am from him." He said, and he said to his cousins, "Which of you will support me in this world and the Hereafter?" He said, and Ali was sitting with him. So they refused. Ali said, "I will support you in this world and the Hereafter." He said, "You are my supporter in this world and the Hereafter." He said, so he left him and then he approached another man from among them and said, "Which of you will support me in this world and the Hereafter?" They refused. He said, so Ali said to him, "I will support you in this world and the Hereafter." He said, "You are my supporter in this world and the Hereafter." He said, and he was the first of the people to embrace Islam after Khadijah. He said, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ took off his garment and put it on Ali, Fatimah, Hasan, and Husayn, and said, "Indeed, Allah wants to remove impurity from you, O people of the household, and purify you completely." He said, and Ali sold himself and wore the garment of the Prophet ﷺ, then slept in his place. He said, and the polytheists used to throw stones at the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. Abu Bakr and Ali came, and Ali was sleeping. He said, and Abu Bakr thought that he was the Prophet of Allah. He said, so he said to him, "O Messenger of Allah!" He said, so Ali said to him, "Indeed, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ has gone toward Bir Ma'un, so go after him and catch up with him." He said, so Abu Bakr went and entered the cave with him. He said, and Ali was being pelted with stones just as the Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to be, while he was relieving himself. He had wrapped his head in his garment, not uncovering it until daybreak. Then he uncovered his head and they said to him, "Indeed, you are a wretched one. Your companion we would throw stones at him while he wasn't relieving himself, and here we are throwing stones at you while you are relieving yourself. We have been displeased with that." He said, and he went out with the people in the Battle of Tabuk. He said, and Ali said to him, "Shall I go out with you?" He said, so Ali wept and said to him, "Would you not be pleased to be like Harun to my Musa, except that you are not a prophet? It would not be appropriate for me to go out without you as my caliph." He said, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said to him, "You are my guardian of every believer after me." And he said, and he blocked the doors of the mosque except for Ali's door. He said, so he would enter the mosque in a state of impurity, and that was his way, as there was no other way for him. He said, and he said, "Whoever I am his guardian, then Ali is his guardian." He said, and Allah Almighty informed us in the Qur'an that He was pleased with them, the people of the tree and He knew what was in their hearts. Did He inform us that He was displeased with them afterwards? He said, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said to Umar, when he said, "Give me permission and I will strike his neck," He said, so Ali said to him, "Were you doing that?" And how do you know that Allah has not looked at the people of Badr and said, "Do as you please"?  

أحمد:٣٠٦١حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ حَمَّادٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَلْجٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ مَيْمُونٍ قَالَ إِنِّي لَجَالِسٌ إِلَى ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ إِذْ أتَاهُ تِسْعَةُ رَهْطٍ فَقَالُوا يَا أَبَا عَبَّاسٍ إِمَّا أَنْ تَقُومَ مَعَنَا وَإِمَّا أَنْ يُخْلُونَا هَؤُلَاءِ قَالَ فَقَالَ ابْنُعَبَّاسٍ بَلْ أقُومُ مَعَكُمْ قَالَ وَهُوَ يَوْمَئِذٍ صَحِيحٌ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَعْمَى قَالَ

فَابْتَدَءُوا فَتَحَدَّثُوا فَلَا نَدْرِي مَا قَالُوا قَالَ فَجَاءَ يَنْفُضُ ثَوْبَهُ وَيَقُولُ أُفْ وَتُفْ وَقَعُوا فِي رَجُلٍ لَهُ عَشْرٌ وَقَعُوا فِي رَجُلٍ قَالَ لَهُ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ لَأَبْعَثَنَّ رَجُلًا لَا يُخْزِيهِ اللهُ أَبَدًا يُحِبُّ اللهَ وَرَسُولَهُ قَالَ فَاسْتَشْرَفَ لَهَا مَنِ اسْتَشْرَفَ قَالَ أَيْنَ عَلِيٌّ؟ قَالُوا هُوَ فِي الرَّحَى يَطْحَنُ قَالَ وَمَا كَانَ أَحَدُكُمْ لِيَطْحَنَ؟ قَالَ فَجَاءَ وَهُوَ أَرْمَدُ لَا يَكَادُ يُبْصِرُ قَالَ فَنَفَثَ فِي عَيْنَيْهِ ثُمَّ هَزَّ الرَّايَةَ ثَلَاثًا فَأَعْطَاهَا إِيَّاهُ فَجَاءَ بِصَفِيَّةَ بِنْتِ حُيَيٍّ قَالَ ثُمَّ بَعَثَ فُلَانًا بِسُورَةِ التَّوْبَةِ فَبَعَثَ عَلِيًّا خَلْفَهُ فَأَخَذَهَا مِنْهُ قَالَ لَا يَذْهَبُ بِهَا إِلَّا رَجُلٌ مِنِّي وَأَنَا مِنْهُ قَالَ وَقَالَ لِبَنِي عَمِّهِ أَيُّكُمْ يُوَالِينِي فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ؟ قَالَ وَعَلِيٌّ مَعَهُ جَالِسٌ فَأَبَوْا فَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ أَنَا أُوَالِيكَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ قَالَ أَنْتَ وَلِيِّي فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ قَالَ فَتَرَكَهُ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى رَجُلٍ مِنْهُمْ فَقَالَ أَيُّكُمْ يُوَالِينِي فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ؟ فَأَبَوْا قَالَ فَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ أَنَا أُوَالِيكَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ فَقَالَ أَنْتَ وَلِيِّي فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ قَالَ وَكَانَ أَوَّلَ مَنْ أَسْلَمَ مِنَ النَّاسِ بَعْدَ خَدِيجَةَقَالَ وَأَخَذَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ ثَوْبَهُ فَوَضَعَهُ عَلَى عَلِيٍّ وَفَاطِمَةَ وَحَسَنٍ وَحُسَيْنٍ فَقَالَ {إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا} [الأحزاب 33] قَالَ وَشَرَى عَلِيٌّ نَفْسَهُ لَبِسَ ثَوْبَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ ثُمَّ نَامَ مَكَانَهُ قَالَ وَكَانَ الْمُشْرِكُونَ يَرْمُونَ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَجَاءَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَعَلِيٌّ نَائِمٌ قَالَ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ يَحْسَبُ أَنَّهُ نَبِيُّ اللهِ قَالَ فَقَالَ يَا نَبِيَّ اللهِ قَالَ فَقَالَ لَهُ عَلِيٌّ إِنَّ نَبِيَّ اللهِ ﷺ قَدِ انْطَلَقَ نَحْوَ بِئْرِ مَيْمُونٍ فَأَدْرِكْهُ قَالَ فَانْطَلَقَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَدَخَلَ مَعَهُ الْغَارَ قَالَ وَجَعَلَ عَلِيٌّ يُرْمَى بِالْحِجَارَةِ كَمَا كَانَ يُرْمَى نَبِيُّ اللهِ وَهُوَ يَتَضَوَّرُ قَدْ لَفَّ رَأْسَهُ فِي الثَّوْبِ لَا يُخْرِجُهُ حَتَّى أَصْبَحَ ثُمَّ كَشَفَ عَنْ رَأْسِهِ فَقَالُوا إِنَّكَ لَلَئِيمٌ كَانَ صَاحِبُكَ نَرْمِيهِ فَلا يَتَضَوَّرُ وَأَنْتَ تَتَضَوَّرُ وَقَدِ اسْتَنْكَرْنَا ذَلِكَ قَالَ وَخَرَجَ بِالنَّاسِ فِي غَزْوَةِ تَبُوكَ قَالَ فَقَالَ لَهُ عَلِيٌّ أَخْرُجُ مَعَكَ؟ قَالَ فَقَالَ لَهُ نَبِيُّ اللهِ لَا فَبَكَى عَلِيٌّ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَمَا تَرْضَى أَنْ تَكُونَ مِنِّي بِمَنْزِلَةِ هَارُونَ مِنْ مُوسَى إِلَّا أَنَّكَ لَسْتَ بِنَبِيٍّ إِنَّهُ لَا يَنْبَغِي أَنْ أَذْهَبَ إِلَّا وَأَنْتَ خَلِيفَتِي قَالَ وَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَنْتَ وَلِيِّي فِي كُلِّ مُؤْمِنٍ بَعْدِي وَقَالَ وسَدَّ أَبْوَابَ الْمَسْجِدِ غَيْرَ بَابِ عَلِيٍّ فَقَالَ فَيَدْخُلُ الْمَسْجِدَ جُنُبًا وَهُوَ طَرِيقُهُ لَيْسَ لَهُ طَرِيقٌ غَيْرُهُ قَالَ وَقَالَ مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلَاهُ فَإِنَّ مَوْلَاهُ عَلِيٌّ قَالَ وَأَخْبَرَنَا اللهُ ﷻ فِي الْقُرْآنِ أَنَّهُ قَدْ رَضِيَ عَنْهُمْ عَنْ أَصْحَابِ الشَّجَرَةِ فَعَلِمَ مَا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ هَلْ حَدَّثَنَا أَنَّهُ سَخِطَ عَلَيْهِمْ بَعْدُ؟قَالَ وَقَالَ نَبِيُّ اللهِ ﷺ لِعُمَرَ حِينَ قَالَ ائْذَنْ لِي فَلْأَضْرِبْ عُنُقَهُ قَالَ وَكُنْتَ فَاعِلًا؟ وَمَا يُدْرِيكَ لَعَلَّ اللهَ قَدِ اطَّلَعَ إِلَى أَهْلِ بَدْرٍ فَقَالَ اعْمَلُوا مَا شِئْتُمْ  

ahmad:16206ʿAbdullāh b. Aḥmad Katab Ilay Ibrāhīm b. Ḥamzah b. Muḥammad b. Ḥamzah b. Muṣʿab b. al-Zubayr al-Zubayrī Katabt Ilayk Bihadhā al-Ḥadīth And Qad ʿAraḍtuh Wsamaʿtuh > Mā Katabt Bih Ilayk Faḥaddith Bidhalik > Nī > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. al-Mughīrah al-Ḥizāmī > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. ʿAyyāsh al-Samaʿī al-Anṣārī al-Qubāʾī from Banī ʿAmr b. ʿAwf > Dalham b. al-Aswad b. ʿAbdullāh b. Ḥājib b. ʿĀmir b. al-Muntafiq al-ʿUqaylī from his father from his uncle Laqīṭ b. ʿĀmir > Dalham Waḥaddathanīh Abū al-Aswad > ʿĀṣim b. Laqīṭ

[Machine] A foundling came to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ along with his companion, who was called Nuhayk ibn 'Asim ibn Malik ibn al-Muntafiq. The foundling said, "I left with my companion until we reached the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in order to denounce al-Nasila during Rajab. We arrived to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and met him when he finished his morning prayer. Then, he stood up among the people as a speaker, and said, 'O people, behold, I have hidden my voice from you for four days! I assure you that I will make you hear it. Is there anyone among you who has been sent by his people?' They replied, 'We know what the Messenger of Allah ﷺ says. Perhaps he is occupied with his own speech, or the speech of his companion, or perhaps he is occupied by the devils.' I said, 'I am here to fulfill your request. I have something to say to you.' Then, the people sat down, and I and my companion remained standing until the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was finished with us. Then, he laughed and shook his head, indicating that he knew I was seeking information about my lineage. He said, 'Your Lord has five keys to the unseen which only He knows. He gestured with his hand and I said, 'What are they?' He said, 'The knowledge of the hour of death, He knows when the semen forms in the womb, and when it will be placed in the womb. He knows what will happen tomorrow. He knows whether or not you will eat tomorrow, and knows when the rain will fall. He endows the afflicted ones of His subjects to seek refuge from Him in hope, fear, and sadness.' Then he continued laughing, showing that he knew his close ones were nearby. The foundling said, 'I said, 'We will never be deprived of someone who laughs well.' Then he added, 'And He knows the Day of Judgment!' I asked, 'O Messenger of Allah, teach me what you teach the people, and what you know that we don't know. We are from a region where nobody believes us.' He replied, 'You will live for as long as you have lived thus far, then your Prophet will come to you and you will live again. After that, you will be revived and witness the Resurrection, and then it will be sent forth, the shout of horror by the god (Allah), on whose back nothing exists but death, whether it is a killer carrying something or a tight clay coffin, until the grave splits open from the head of the prophet and his sat down and said, 'Your Lord wanders around the earth while the towns stood on its edge.' Then He sent out His Lord, the Sky, so they appeared magnificent, but it is as if He imagined on His back prevention murder or a grave of death, only the grave is separated from the head until it becomes equal in size and then, he would sit down. I asked, 'O Messenger of Allah, how will He gather us after we have been dispersed by the winds, disasters, and wild animals?' He asked, 'Do you want me to tell you something similar? When Allah's Earth appears as a crushed grape, you will say, "Never, eternal life!", but then Allah will send His sky over you, and you will not live long after that until Allah's sky appears to you as one gulp, and I swear by Allah, your God is more capable of gathering you from water than gathering the plants of the Earth and bringing you out of the  

أحمد:١٦٢٠٦[قَالَ عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ] كَتَبَ إِلَيَّ إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ مُصْعَبِ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ الزُّبَيرِيِّ كَتَبْتُ إِلَيْكَ بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ وَقَدْ عَرَضْتُهُ وسَمَعْتُهُ عَلَى مَا كَتَبْتُ بِهِ إِلَيْكَ فَحَدِّثْ بِذَلِكَ عَنِّي قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ الْمُغِيرَةِ الْحِزَامِيُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ عَيَّاشٍ السَّمَعِيُّ الْأَنْصَارِيُّ الْقُبَائِيُّ مِنْ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ عَنْ دَلْهَمِ بْنِ الْأَسْوَدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ حَاجِبِ بْنِ عَامِرِ بْنِ الْمُنْتَفِقِ الْعُقَيْلِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَمِّهِ لَقِيطِ بْنِ عَامِرٍ قَالَ دَلْهَمٌ وَحَدَّثَنِيهِ أَبِي الْأَسْوَدُ عَنِ عَاصِمِ بْنِ لَقِيطٍ

أَنَّ لَقِيطًا خَرَجَ وَافِدًا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَمَعَهُ صَاحِبٌ لَهُ يُقَالُ لَهُ نَهِيكُ بْنُ عَاصِمِ بْنِ مَالِكِ بْنِ الْمُنْتَفِقِ قَالَ لَقِيطٌ فَخَرَجْتُ أَنَا وَصَاحِبِي حَتَّى قَدِمْنَا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ لِانْسِلَاخِ رَجَبٍ فَأَتَيْنَا رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَوَافَيْنَاهُ حِينَ انْصَرَفَ مِنْ صَلَاةِ الْغَدَاةِ فَقَامَ فِي النَّاسِ خَطِيبًا فَقَالَ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَلَا إِنِّي قَدْ خَبَّأْتُ لَكُمْ صَوْتِي مُنْذُ أَرْبَعَةِ أَيَّامٍ أَلَا لَأُسْمِعَنَّكُمْ أَلَا فَهَلْ مِنِ امْرِئٍ بَعَثَهُ قَوْمُهُ؟ فَقَالُوا اعْلَمْ لَنَا مَا يَقُولُ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَلَاثُمَّ لَعَلَّهُ أَنْ يُلْهِيَهُ حَدِيثُ نَفْسِهِ أَوْ حَدِيثُ صَاحِبِهِ أَوْ يُلْهِيَهُ الضُّلَّالُ أَلَا إِنِّي مَسْئُولٌ هَلْ بَلَّغْتُ؟ أَلَا اسْمَعُوا تَعِيشُوا أَلَا اجْلِسُوا أَلَا اجْلِسُوا قَالَ فَجَلَسَ النَّاسُ وَقُمْتُ أَنَا وَصَاحِبِي حَتَّى إِذَا فَرَغَ لَنَا فُؤَادُهُ وَبَصَرُهُ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ مَا عِنْدَكَ مِنْ عِلْمِ الْغَيْبِ؟ فَضَحِكَ لَعَمْرُ اللهِ وَهَزَّ رَأْسَهُ وَعَلِمَ أَنِّي أَبْتَغِي لِسَقَطِهِ فَقَالَ ضَنَّ رَبُّكَ ﷻ بِمَفَاتِيحَ خَمْسٍ مِنَ الْغَيْبِ لَا يَعْلَمُهَا إِلَّا اللهُ وَأَشَارَ بِيَدِهِ قُلْتُ وَمَا هِيَ؟ قَالَ عِلْمُ الْمَنِيَّةِ قَدْ عَلِمَ مَتَى مَنِيَّةَ أَحَدِكُمْ وَلَا تَعْلَمُونَهُ وَعِلْمُ الْمَنِيِّ حِينَ يَكُونُ فِي الرَّحِمِ قَدْ عَلِمَهُ وَلَا تَعْلَمُونَهُ وَعَلِمَ مَا فِي غَدٍ [قَدْ عَلِمَ] مَا أَنْتَ طَاعِمٌ غَدًا وَلَا تَعْلَمُهُ وَعَلِمَ يَوْمَ الْغَيْثَ يُشْرِفُ عَلَيْكُمْ آزِلِينَ آزِلِينَ مُشْفِقِينَ فَيَظَلُّ يَضْحَكُ قَدْ عَلِمَ أَنَّ غَيْرَكُمْ إِلَىقُرْبٍ قَالَ لَقِيطٌ قُلْتُ لَنْ نَعْدَمَ مِنْ رَبٍّ يَضْحَكُ خَيْرًا وَعَلِمَ يَوْمَ السَّاعَةِ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ عَلِّمْنَا مِمَّا تُعَلِّمُ النَّاسَ وَمَا تَعْلَمُ فَإِنَّا مِنْ قَبِيلٍ لَا يُصَدَّقُ تَصْدِيقَنَا أَحَدٌ مِنْ مَذْحِجٍ الَّتِي تَرْبَأُ عَلَيْنَا وَخَثْعَمٍ الَّتِي تُوَالِينَا وَعَشِيرَتِنَا الَّتِي نَحْنُ مِنْهَا قَالَ تَلْبَثُونَ مَا لَبِثْتُمْ ثُمَّ يُتَوَفَّى نَبِيُّكُمْ ﷺ ثُمَّ تَلْبَثُونَ مَا لَبِثْتُمْ ثُمَّ تُبْعَثُ الصَّائِحَةُ لَعَمْرُ إِلَهِكَ مَا تَدَعُ عَلَى ظَهْرِهَا مِنْ شَيْءٍ إِلَّا مَاتَ وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ الَّذِينَ مَعَ رَبِّكَ ﷻ فَأَصْبَحَ رَبُّكَ يُطِوفُ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَخَلَتْ عَلَيْهِ الْبِلَادُ فَأَرْسَلَ رَبُّكَ ﷻ السَّمَاءَ تَهْضِبُ مِنْ عِنْدِ الْعَرْشِ فَلَعَمْرُ إِلَهِكَ مَا تَدَعُ عَلَى ظَهْرِهَا مِنْ مَصْرَعِ قَتِيلٍ وَلَا مَدْفِنِ مَيِّتٍ إِلَّا شَقَّتِ الْقَبْرَ عَنْهُ حَتَّى تَجْعَلَهُ مِنْ عِنْدِ رَأْسِهِ فَيَسْتَوِي جَالِسًا فَيَقُولُ رَبُّكَ مَهْيَمْ لِمَا كَانَ فِيهِ يَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ أَمْسِ الْيَوْمَ وَلِعَهْدِهِ بِالْحَيَاةِ يَحْسَبُهُ حَدِيثًا بِأَهْلِهِ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ كَيْفَ يَجْمَعُنَا بَعْدَ مَا تُمَزِّقُنَا الرِّيَاحُوَالْبِلَى وَالسِّبَاعُ؟ قَالَ أُنَبِّئُكَ بِمِثْلِ ذَلِكَ فِي آلَاءِ اللهِ الْأَرْضُ أَشْرَفْتَ عَلَيْهَا وَهِيَ مَدَرَةٌ بَالِيَةٌ فَقُلْتَ لَا تَحْيَا أَبَدًا ثُمَّ أَرْسَلَ رَبُّكَ ﷻ عَلَيْهَا السَّمَاءَ فَلَمْ تَلْبَثْ عَلَيْكَ إِلَّا أَيَّامًا حَتَّى أَشْرَفْتَ عَلَيْهَا وَهِيَ شَرْبَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ وَلَعَمْرُ إِلَهِكَ لَهُوَ أَقْدَرُ عَلَى أَنْ يَجْمَعَهُمْ مِنَ الْمَاءِ عَلَى أَنْ يَجْمَعَ نَبَاتَ الْأَرْضِ فَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنَ الْأَصْوَاءِ وَمِنْ مَصَارِعِهِمْ فَتَنْظُرُونَ إِلَيْهِ وَيَنْظُرُ إِلَيْكُمْ قَالَ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ كَيْفَ وَنَحْنُ مِلْءُ الْأَرْضِ وَهُوَ شَخْصٌ وَاحِدٌ نَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِ وَيَنْظُرُ إِلَيْنَا؟ قَالَ أُنَبِّئُكَ بِمِثْلِ ذَلِكَ فِي آلَاءِ اللهِ ﷻ الشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ آيَةٌ مِنْهُ صَغِيرَةٌ تَرَوْنَهُمَا وَيَرَيَانِكُمْ سَاعَةً وَاحِدَةً لَا تُضَارُّونَ فِي رُؤْيَتِهِمَا وَلَعَمْرُ إِلَهِكَ لَهُوَ أَقْدَرُ عَلَى أَنْ يَرَاكُمْ وَتَرَوْنَهُ مِنْ أَنْ تَرَوْنَهُمَا وَيَرَيَانِكُمْ لَا تُضَارُّونَ فِي رُؤْيَتِهِمَا قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَمَا يَفْعَلُ بِنَا رَبُّنَا ﷻ إِذَا لَقِينَاهُ؟ قَالَ تُعْرَضُونَ عَلَيْهِ بَادِيَةٌ لَهُ صَفَحَاتُكُمْ لَا يَخْفَى عَلَيْهِ مِنْكُمْ خَافِيَةٌ فَيَأْخُذُ رَبُّكَ ﷻ بِيَدِهِ غَرْفَةً مِنَ الْمَاءِ فَيَنْضَحُ قَبِيلَكُمْ  

ahmad:21114ʿAbdullāh > Abū ʿUthmān ʿAmr b. Muḥammad b. Bukayr al-Nāqid > Sufyān b. ʿUyaynah > ʿAmr / Ibn Dīnār > Saʿīd b. Jubayr > Liāb. ʿAbbās In Nawf al-Shāmī Yazʿum or > Lays Mūsá Ṣāḥib Khaḍir Mūsá Banī Isrāʾīl > Kadhab Nawf ʿAdū Allāhiḥaddathanī Ubay b. Kaʿb

[Machine] I said to Ibn Abbas, "Indeed, Nawfal al-Shami claims or says that Musa was not the companion of Khidr. Musa, the son of Bani Israel said, 'Nawfal is lying, the enemy of Allah.' Ubayy ibn Ka'b narrated to me from the Prophet ﷺ that Musa stood among the Bani Israel to deliver a sermon. They asked him, 'Who is the most knowledgeable among the people?' He said, 'I am.' So Allah inspired him, 'I have a slave who is more knowledgeable than you.' He said, 'My Lord, show him to me.' It was said, 'Take a fish and put it in a basket, then wherever you lose it, it will be there.' So he took a fish and put it in a basket, and he and his companion walked along the shore until they reached a rock. Musa laid down and fell asleep while the fish started moving in the basket until it fell into the sea. Allah made the water flow back, and the fish came back to life and moved along with its companion on the shore until they came to the rock. They found a man covered with a garment and Musa greeted him, saying, 'Do you have any food? We are in need of it, for our journey has exhausted us.' The man replied, 'Indeed, we have encountered hardship on our journey.' The calamity was not removed from them until they passed by the thing that Allah commanded them. Musa exclaimed, 'Did you forget when we took refuge at the rock and I forgot about the fish? None other than Satan made me forget it.' They continued on their way, until when they reached the people of a town, they sought food from its inhabitants, but they refused to show them hospitality. Then they saw a wall about to collapse, and Khidr stood it up. Sufyan demonstrated it with his hands, raising them up like this. Then he placed his palms on top of each other, raising them up. Musa said, 'If you wished, you could have taken payment for it.' Khidr replied, 'This is the parting between me and you.'" Ibn Abbas said, "The first forgetfulness was unintentional." The Prophet ﷺ said, "May Allah have mercy on Musa. If he had been patient and continued to learn from him, we would have seen more wonders from him."  

أحمد:٢١١١٤حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو عُثْمَانَ عَمْرُو بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ النَّاقِدُ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ عَنْ عَمْرٍو يَعْنِي ابْنَ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ

قُلْتُ لِابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ إِنَّ نَوْفًا الشَّامِيَّ يَزْعُمُ أَوْ يَقُولُ لَيْسَ مُوسَى صَاحِبَ خَضِرٍ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَالَ كَذَبَ نَوْفٌ عَدُوُّ اللهِحَدَّثَنِي أُبَيُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ أَنَّ مُوسَى قَامَ فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ خَطِيبًا فَقَالُوا لَهُ مَنْ أَعْلَمُ النَّاسِ؟ قَالَ أَنَا فَأَوْحَى اللهُ إِلَيْهِ أَنَّ لِي عَبْدًا أَعْلَمَ مِنْكَ قَالَ رَبِّ فَأَرِنِيهِ قَالَ قِيلَ تَأْخُذُ حُوتًا فَتَجْعَلُهُ فِي مِكْتَلٍ فَحَيْثُمَا فَقَدْتَهُ فَهُوَ ثَمَّ قَالَ فَأَخَذَ حُوتًا فَجَعَلَهُ فِي مِكْتَلٍ وَجَعَلَ هُوَ وَصَاحِبُهُ يَمْشِيَانِ عَلَى السَّاحِلِ حَتَّى أَتَيَا الصَّخْرَةَ فَرَقَدَ مُوسَى وَاضْطَرَبَ الْحُوتُ فِي الْمِكْتَلِ فَوَقَعَ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَحَبَسَ اللهُ عَلَيْهِ جِرْيَةَ الْمَاءِ فَاضْطَرَبَ الْمَاءُ فَاسْتَيْقَظَ مُوسَى فَقَالَ لِفَتَاهُ {آتِنَا غَدَاءَنَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا نَصَبًا} [الكهف 62] وَلَمْ يُصِبْ النَّصَبَ حَتَّى جَاوَزَ الَّذِي أَمَرَهُ اللهُ بِهِ قَالَ فَقَالَ {أَرَأَيْتَ إِذْ أَوَيْنَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِنِّي نَسِيتُ الْحُوتَ وَمَا أَنْسَانِيهُ إِلَّا الشَّيْطَانُ} [الكهف 63] {فَارْتَدَّا عَلَى آثَارِهِمَا} [الكهف 64] قَصَصًا فَجَعَلَا يَقُصَّانِ آثَارَهُمَا وَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ سَرَبًا قَالَ أَمْسَكَ عَنْهُ جِرْيَةَ الْمَاءِ فَصَارَ عَلَيْهِ مِثْلُ الطَّاقِ فَكَانَ لِلْحُوتِ سَرَبًا وَكَانَ لِمُوسَى عَجَبًا حَتَّى انْتَهَيَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ مُسَجًّى عَلَيْهِ ثَوْبٌ فَسَلَّمَ مُوسَى عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ وَأَنَّى بِأَرْضِكَ السَّلَامُ؟ قَالَ أَنَا مُوسَى قَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ {أَتَّبِعُكَ عَلَى أَنْ تُعَلِّمَنِي مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رُشْدًا} قَالَ يَا مُوسَى إِنِّي عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنَ اللهِ لَا تَعْلَمُهُ وَأَنْتَ عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنَ اللهِ عَلَّمَكَهُ اللهُ فَانْطَلَقَا يَمْشِيَانِ عَلَى السَّاحِلِ فَمَرَّتْ سَفِينَةٌ فَعَرَفُوا الْخَضِرَفَحُمِلَ بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ فَلَمْ يُعْجِبْهُ وَنَظَرَ فِي السَّفِينَةِ فَأَخَذَ الْقَدُومَ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَكْسِرَ مِنْهَا لَوْحًا فَقَالَ حُمِلْنَا بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ وَتُرِيدُ أَنْ تَخْرُقَهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا قَالَ {أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا} [الكهف 72] قَالَ إِنِّي نَسِيتُ وَجَاءَ عُصْفُورٌ فَنَقَرَ فِي الْبَحْرِ قَالَ الْخَضِرُ مَا يُنْقِصُ عِلْمِي وَلَا عِلْمُكَ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللهِ إِلَّا كَمَا نَقَصَ هَذَا الْعُصْفُورُ مِنْ هَذَا الْبَحْرِ فَانْطَلَقَا حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَيَا أَهْلَ قَرْيَةٍ اسْتَطْعَمَا أَهْلَهَا فَأَبَوْا أَنْ يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا فَرَأَى غُلَامًا فَأَخَذَ رَأْسَهُ فَانْتَزَعَهُ فَقَالَ أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا نُكْرًا قَالَ {أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا} [الكهف 75] قَالَ سُفْيَانُ قَالَ عَمْرٌو وَهَذِهِ أَشَدُّ مِنَ الْأُولَى قَالَ فَانْطَلَقَا فَإِذَا جِدَارٌ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ فَأَقَامَهُ وَأَرَانَا سُفْيَانُ بِيَدَيْهِ فَرَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ هَكَذَا رَفْعًا فَوَضَعَ رَاحَتَيْهِ فَرَفَعَهُمَا بِبَطْنِ كَفَّيْهِ رَفْعًا فَقَالَ {لَوْ شِئْتَ لَتَخِذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا قَالَ هَذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنِكَ} [الكهف 78] قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ كَانَتِ الْأُولَى نِسْيَانًا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَرْحَمُ اللهُ مُوسَى لَوْ كَانَ صَبَرَ حَتَّى يَقُصَّعَلَيْنَا مِنْ أَمْرِهِ  

ahmad:21119ʿAbdullāh > ʿAbdullāh b. Ibrāhīm al-Marwazī

Yaʿla bin Muslim and ʿAmr bin Dinar and some others narrated the narration of Saʿid bin Jubair. Narrated Saʿid: While we were at the house of Ibn ʿAbbas, Ibn ʿAbbas said, "Ask me (any question)" I said, "O Abu ʿAbbas! May Allah let me be sacrificed for you ! There is a man at Kufa who is a storyteller called Nauf; who claims that he (Al-Khadir's companion) is not Moses of Bani Israel." As for ʿAmr, he said to me, "Ibn ʿAbbas said, "(Nauf) the enemy of Allah told a lie." But Yaʿla said to me, "Ibn ʿAbbas said, Ubai bin Kaʿb said, Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'Once Moses, Messenger of Allah ﷺ, preached to the people till their eyes shed tears and their hearts became tender, whereupon he finished his sermon. Then a man came to Moses and asked, 'O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Is there anyone on the earth who is more learned than you?' Moses replied, 'No.' So Allah admonished him (Moses), for he did not ascribe all knowledge to Allah. It was said, (on behalf of Allah), 'Yes, (there is a slave of ours who knows more than you ).' Moses said, 'O my Lord! Where is he?' Allah said, 'At the junction of the two seas.' Moses said, 'O my Lord ! Tell I me of a sign whereby I will recognize the place.' " ʿAmr said to me, Allah said, "That place will be where the fish will leave you." Yaʿla said to me, "Allah said (to Moses), 'Take a dead fish (and your goal will be) the place where it will become alive.' " So Moses took a fish and put it in a basket and said to his boy-servant "I don't want to trouble you, except that you should inform me as soon as this fish leaves you." He said (to Moses)." You have not demanded too much." And that is as mentioned by Allah: 'And (remember) when Moses said to his attendant .... ' (18.60) Yushaʿ bin Noon. (Saʿid did not state that). The Prophet ﷺ said, "While the attendant was in the shade of the rock at a wet place, the fish slipped out (alive) while Moses was sleeping. His attend an said (to himself), "I will not wake him, but when he woke up, he forgot to tell him The fish slipped out and entered the sea. Allah stopped the flow of the sea. where the fish was, so that its trace looked as if it was made on a rock. ʿAmr forming a hole with his two thumbs an index fingers, said to me, "Like this, as in its trace was made on a rock." Moses said "We have suffered much fatigue on this journey of ours." (This was not narrated by Saʿid). Then they returned back and found Al-Khadir. ʿUthman bin Abi Sulaiman said to me, (they found him) on a green carpet in the middle of the sea. Al-Khadir was covered with his garment with one end under his feet and the other end under his head. When Moses greeted, he uncovered his face and said astonishingly, 'Is there such a greeting in my land? Who are you?' Moses said, 'I am Moses.' Al- Khadir said, 'Are you the Moses of Bani Israel?' Moses said, 'Yes.' Al-Khadir said, "What do you want?' Moses said, ' I came to you so that you may teach me of the truth which you were taught.' Al- Khadir said, 'Is it not sufficient for you that the Torah is in your hands and the Divine Inspiration comes to you, O Moses? Verily, I have a knowledge that you ought not learn, and you have a knowledge which I ought not learn.' At that time a bird took with its beak (some water) from the sea: Al-Khadir then said, 'By Allah, my knowledge and your knowledge besides Allah's Knowledge is like what this bird has taken with its beak from the sea.' Until, when they went on board the boat (18.71). They found a small boat which used to carry the people from this sea-side to the other sea-side. The crew recognized Al-Khadir and said, 'The pious slave of Allah.' (We said to Saʿid "Was that Khadir?" He said, "Yes.") The boat men said, 'We will not get him on board with fare.' Al-Khadir scuttled the boat and then plugged the hole with a piece of wood. Moses said, 'Have you scuttled it in order to drown these people surely, you have done a dreadful thing. (18.71) (Mujahid said. "Moses said so protestingly.") Al-Khadir said, didn't I say that you can have no patience with me?' (18.72) The first inquiry of Moses was done because of forgetfulness, the second caused him to be bound with a stipulation, and the third was done intentionally. Moses said, 'Call me not to account for what I forgot and be not hard upon me for my affair (with you).' (18.73) (Then) they found a boy and Al-Khadir killed him. Yaʿla- said: Saʿid said 'They found boys playing and Al-Khadir got hold of a handsome infidel boy laid him down and then slew him with knife. Moses said, 'Have you killed a innocent soul who has killed nobody' (18.74) Then they proceeded and found a wall which was on the point of falling down, and Al-Khadir set it up straight. Saʿid moved his hand thus and said 'Al-Khadir raised his hand and the wall became straight. Yaʿla said, 'I think Saʿid said, 'Al-Khadir touched the wall with his hand and it became straight (Moses said to Al-Khadir), 'If you had wished, you could have taken wages for it.' Saʿid said, 'Wages that we might had eaten.' And there was a king in furor (ahead) of them" (18.79) And there was in front of them. Ibn ʿAbbas recited: 'In front of them (was) a king.' It is said on the authority of somebody other than Saʿid that the king was Hudad bin Budad. They say that the boy was called Haisur. 'A king who seized every ship by force. (18.79) So I wished that if that boat passed by him, he would leave it because of its defect and when they have passed they would repair it and get benefit from it. Some people said that they closed that hole with a bottle, and some said with tar. 'His parents were believers, and he (the boy) was a non-believer and we (Khadir) feared lest he would oppress them by obstinate rebellion and disbelief.' (18.80) (i.e. that their love for him would urge them to follow him in his religion, 'so we (Khadir) desired that their Lord should change him for them for one better in righteousness and near to mercy' (18:81). This was in reply to Moses' saying: Have you killed an innocent soul.'? (18.74). 'Near to mercy" means they will be more merciful to him than they were to the former whom Khadir had killed. Other than Saʿid, said that they were compensated with a girl. Dawud bin Abi ʿAsim said on the authority of more than one that this next child was a girl. (Using translation from Bukhārī 4726)  

أحمد:٢١١١٩حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْمَرْوَزِيُّ حَدَّثَنِي هِشَامُ بْنُ يُوسُفَ فِي تَفْسِيرِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ الَّذِي أَمْلَاهُ عَلَيْهِمْ أَخْبَرَنِي يَعْلَى بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ وَعَمْرُو بْنُ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ يَزِيدُ أَحَدُهُمَا عَلَى الْآخِرِ وَغَيْرُهُمَا قَالَ قَدْ سَمِعْتُ يُحَدِّثُهُ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ إِنَّا لَعِنْدَ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ فِي بَيْتِهِ إِذْ قَالَ

سَلُونِي فَقُلْتُ أَبَا عَبَّاسٍ جَعَلَنِي اللهُ فِدَاءَكَ بِالْكُوفَةِ رَجُلٌ قَاصٌّ يُقَالُ لَهُ نَوْفٌ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَمَّا عَمْرُو بْنُ دِينَارٍفَقَالَ كَذَبَ عَدُوُّ اللهِ وَأَمَّا يَعْلَى بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ فَقَالَ قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ حَدَّثَنِي أُبَيُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِنَّ مُوسَى رَسُولَ اللهِ ذَكَّرَ النَّاسَ يَوْمًا حَتَّى إِذَا فَاضَتِ الْعُيُونُ وَرَقَّتِ الْقُلُوبُ وَلَّى فَأَدْرَكَهُ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَلْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَحَدٌ أَعْلَمُ مِنْكَ؟ قَالَ لَا قَالَ فَعُتِبَ عَلَيْهِ إِذْ لَمْ يَرُدَّ الْعِلْمَ إِلَى اللهِ فَأَوْحَى اللهُ إِلَيْهِ إِنَّ لِي عَبْدًا أَعْلَمَ مِنْكَ قَالَ أَيْ رَبِّ وَأيْنَ؟ قَالَ مَجْمَعُ الْبَحْرَيْنِ قَالَ أَيْ رَبِّ اجْعَلْ لِي عَلَمًا أَعْلَمُ ذَلِكَ بِهِ قَالَ لِي عَمْرٌو وَقَالَ حَيْثُ يُفَارِقُكَ الْحُوتُ وَقَالَ يَعْلَى خُذْ حُوتًا مَيْتًا حَيْثُ يُنْفَخُ فِيهِ الرُّوحُ فَأَخَذَ حُوتًا فَجَعَلَهُ فِي مِكْتَلٍ قَالَ لِفَتَاهُ لَا أُكَلِّفُكَ إِلَّا أَنْ تُخْبِرَنِي حَيْثُ يُفَارِقُكَ الْحُوتُ قَالَ مَا كَلَّفْتَنِي كَثِيرًا فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى {إِذْ قَالَ مُوسَى لِفَتَاهُ} [الكهف 60] يُوشَعَ بْنِ نُونَ لَيْسَتْ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ فَبَيْنَا هُوَ فِي ظِلِّ صَخْرَةٍ فِي مَكَانٍ ثَرْيَانٍ إِذْ تَضَرَّبَ الْحُوتُ وَمُوسَى نَائِمٌ قَالَ فَتَاهُ لَا أُوقِظُهُ حَتَّى إِذَا اسْتَيْقَظَ نَسِيَ أَنْ يُخْبِرَهُ وَتَضَرَّبَ الْحَوْتُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ الْبَحْرَ فَأَمْسَكَ اللهُ عَلَيْهِ جِرْيَةَ الْبَحْرِ حَتَّى كَأَنَّ أَثَرَهُ فِي حَجَرٍ فَقَالَ لِي عَمْرٌو وَكَأَنَّ أَثَرَهُ فِي حَجَرٍ وَحَلَّقَ إِبْهَامَيْهِوَاللَّتَيْنِ تَلِيَانِهِمَا {لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا نَصَبًا} [الكهف 62] قَالَ قَدْ قَطَعَ اللهُ عَنْكَ النَّصَبَ لَيْسَتْ هَذِهِ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ فَأَخْبَرَهُ فَرَجَعَا فَوَجَدَا خَضِرًا فَقَالَ لِي عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي سُلَيْمَانَ عَلَى طِنْفِسَةٍ خَضْرَاءَ عَلَى كَبِدِ الْبَحْرِ قَالَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ مُسَجًّى ثَوْبَهُ قَدْ جَعَلَ طَرَفَهُ تَحْتَ رِجْلَيْهِ وَطَرَفَهُ تَحْتَ رَأْسِهِ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ مُوسَى فَكَشَفَ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ وَقَالَ هَلْ بِأَرْضِكَ مِنْ سَلَامٍ؟ مَنْ أَنْتَ؟ قَالَ أَنَا مُوسَى قَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا شَأْنُكَ؟ قَالَ جِئْتُ لِتُعَلِّمَنِي مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رُشْدًا قَالَ أَمَا يَكْفِيكَ أَنَّ أَنْبَاءَ التَّوْرَاةِ بِيَدِكَ وَأَنَّ الْوَحْيَ يَأْتِيكَ يَا مُوسَى إِنَّ لِي عِلْمًا لَا يَنْبَغِي أَنْ تَعْلَمَهُ وَإِنَّ لَكَ عِلْمًا لَا يَنْبَغِي أَنْ أَعْلَمَهُ فَجَاءَ طَائِرٌ فَأَخَذَ بِمِنْقَارِهِ فَقَالَ وَاللهِ مَا عِلْمِي وَعِلْمُكَ فِي عِلْمِ اللهِ إِلَّا كَمَا أَخَذَ هَذَا الطَّائِرُ بِمِنْقَارِهِ مِنَ الْبَحْرِ حَتَّى إِذَا رَكِبَا فِي السَّفِينَةِ وَجَدَا مَعَابِرَ صِغَارًا تَحْمِلُ أَهْلَ هَذَا السَّاحِلِ إِلَى هَذَا السَّاحِلِ عَرَفُوهُ فَقَالُوا عَبْدُ اللهِ الصَّالِحُ فَقُلْنَا لِسَعِيدٍ خَضِرٌ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ لَا يَحْمِلُونَهُ بِأَجْرٍ فَخَرَقَهَا وَوَتَدَّفِيهَا وَتِدًا قَالَ مُوسَى {أَخَرَقْتَهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا إِمْرًا} [الكهف 71] قَالَ مُجَاهِدٌ نُكْرًا قَالَ {أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا} [الكهف 72] وَكَانَتِ الْأُولَى نِسْيَانًا وَالثَّانِيَةُ شَرْطًا وَالثَّالِثَةُ عَمْدًا قَالَ {لَا تُؤَاخِذْنِي بِمَا نَسِيتُ وَلَا تُرْهِقْنِي مِنْ أَمْرِي عُسْرًا} [الكهف 73] فَلَقِيَا غُلَامًا فَقَتَلَهُ قَالَ يَعْلَى بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ وَجَدَا غِلْمَانًا يَلْعَبُونَ فَأَخَذَ غُلَامًا كَافِرًا كَانَ ظَرِيفًا فَأَضْجَعَهُ ثُمَّ ذَبَحَهُ بِالسِّكِّينِ قَالَ {أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً} [الكهف 74] لَمْ تَعْمَلْ بِالْحِنْثِ فَانْطَلَقَا فَوَجَدَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ فَأَقَامَهُ قَالَ سَعِيدٌ بِيَدِهِ هَكَذَا وَرَفَعَ يَدَهُ فَاسْتَقَامَ قَالَ يَعْلَى فَحَسِبْتُ أَنَّ سَعِيدًا قَالَ فَمَسَحَهُ بِيَدِهِ فَاسْتَقَامَ قَالَ {لَوْ شِئْتَ لَاتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا} [الكهف 77] قَالَ سَعِيدٌ أَجْرًا نَأْكُلُهُ قَالَ وَكَانَ يَقْرَؤُهَا {وَكَانَ وَرَاءَهُمْ} [الكهف 79] وَكَانَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ يَقْرَؤُهَا وَكَانَ أَمَامَهُمْ مَلِكٌ يَزْعُمُونَ عَنْ غَيْرِ سَعِيدٍ أَنَّهُ قَالَ هَذَا الْغُلَامُ الْمَقْتُولُ يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّ اسْمَهُ جَيْسُورُ قَالَ يَأْخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ غَصْبًا وَأَرَادَ إِذَا مَرَّتْ بِهِ أَنْ يَدَعَهَالِعَيْبِهَا فَإِذَا جَاوَزُوا أَصْلَحُوهَا فَانْتَفَعُوا بِهَا بَعْدُ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ سَدُّوهَا بِقَارُورَةٍ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ بِالْقَارِ وَكَانَ أَبَوَاهُ مُؤْمِنَيْنِ وَكَانَ كَافِرًا فَخَشِينَا أَنْ يُرْهِقَهُمَا طُغْيَانًا وَكُفْرًا فَيَحْمِلُهُمَا حُبُّهُ عَلَى أَنْ يُتَابِعَاهُ عَلَى دِينِهِ فَأَرَدْنَا أَنْ يُبْدِلَهُمَا رَبُّهُمَا خَيْرًا مِنْهُ زَكَاةً وَأَقْرَبَ رُحْمًا هُمَا بِهِ أَرْحَمُ مِنْهُمَا بِالْأَوَّلِ الَّذِي قَتَلَهُ خَضِرٌ وَزَعَمَ غَيْرُ سَعِيدٍ أَنَّهُمَا أُبْدِلَا جَارِيَةٌ وَأَمَّا دَاوُدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَاصِمٍ فَقَالَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ إِنَّهَا جَارِيَةٌ وَبَلَغَنِي عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ أَنَّهَا جَارِيَةٌ وَوَجَدْتُهُ فِي كِتَابِ أَبِي عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ مَعِينٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ يُوسُفَ مِثْلَهُ  

ahmad:22546Yazīd b. Hārūn > Ḥammād b. Salamah > Thābit > ʿAbdullāh b. Rabāḥ > Abū Qatādah

[Machine] We were with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ on a journey, and he said, "If you do not reach the water tomorrow, you will be thirsty." So the people hurried to find water, and I stayed with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ . His camel turned towards its saddle, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ dozed off, so I supported him and he leaned against me. Then his camel leaned so much that it almost fell off its saddle, so I supported him again and he woke up and said, "Who is this man?" I said, "Abu Qatadah." He asked, "How long have you been walking?" I said, "Since last night." He said, "May Allah protect you as you have protected His Messenger." Then he said, "If we stop and camp near a tree." So he descended and said, "Look, do you see anyone?" I said, "There are riders, two riders." Until they reached seven riders. He said, "Keep our prayer for us as we sleep." So we slept, and only the intense heat of the sun woke us up. We woke up and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ mounted his camel and continued our journey for a while, and then he descended and said, "Do you have any water?" I said, "Yes, I have a container with a little water in it." He said, "Bring it." So I brought it to him, and he poured some of it on himself and said, "Pour from it." So the people poured from it, and a small quantity remained. He said, "Cover it, O Abu Qatadah, for it will have a story." Then Bilal called for prayer, and they prayed two units before dawn, then they prayed Fajr. Then he mounted his camel and we mounted with him. Some of them said to each other, "We missed out on our prayer." The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "What are you saying? If it is a worldly matter, it is your concern, but if it is a religious matter, then it is up to me." They said three times, "O Messenger of Allah, we missed out on our prayer." He said, "Do not miss out on sleep, as negligence is only in wakefulness. If that is the case, then pray it later in the morning." Then he said, "The people are suspicious." They said, "You said yesterday that if we do not reach the water tomorrow, we will be thirsty, and now the people have water." Some of them said, "The Messenger of Allah has water, and Abu Bakr and Umar are among the people." They said, "O people, the Messenger of Allah did not have a greater right to the water than you, and if the people obey Abu Bakr and Umar, they will surely guide you." He repeated this three times. When the sun became intense, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ raised it for them and they said, "O Messenger of Allah, we are dying of thirst, our throats are dry and our necks are being severed." He said, "Fear not, there is no death upon you." Then he said, "O Abu Qatadah, bring the container." So I brought it to him and he said, "Untie my garment." I untied it and brought it to him. Then he began pouring it into the container and giving water to the people. The people crowded around him, so he said, "O people, maintain order. Each of you will be able to drink from a flowing river." The people drank until there was no one left except me and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ . So he poured for me and said, "Drink, O Abu Qatadah." I said, "You drink, O Messenger of Allah." He said, "The one who serves is the last to drink." So I drank and he drank after me. The container still had some water left, while there were about three hundred people there that day. Abdullah heard this hadith from Imran bin Husain while I was narrating it in the main mosque. He asked, "Who is the man?" I said, "I am Abdullah bin Rabah al-Ansari." The people know their hadith better than I do, so look at how you narrate hadith, for I am one of the seven people from that night. When I finished, he said, "I did not think that anyone was preserving this hadith other than myself."  

أحمد:٢٢٥٤٦حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ هَارُونَ أَخْبَرَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ ثَابِتٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ رَبَاحٍ عَنْ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ قَالَ

كُنَّا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فِي سَفَرٍ فَقَالَ إِنَّكُمْ إِنْ لَا تُدْرِكُوا الْمَاءَ غَدًا تَعْطَشُوا وَانْطَلَقَ سَرَعَانُ النَّاسِ يُرِيدُونَ الْمَاءَ وَلَزِمْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَمَالَتْ بِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ رَاحِلَتُهُ فَنَعَسَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَدَعَمْتُهُ فَادَّعَمَ ثُمَّ مَالَ حَتَّى كَادَ أَنْ يَنْجَفِلَ عَنْ رَاحِلَتِهِ فَدَعَمْتُهُ فَانْتَبَهَ فَقَالَ مَنِ الرَّجُلُ؟ قُلْتُ أَبُو قَتَادَةَ قَالَ مُذْ كَمْ كَانَ مَسِيرُكَ؟ قُلْتُ مُنْذُ اللَّيْلَةِ قَالَ حَفِظَكَ اللهُ كَمَا حَفِظْتَ رَسُولَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَوْ عَرَّسْنَا فَمَالَ إِلَى شَجَرَةٍ فَنَزَلَ فَقَالَ انْظُرْ هَلْ تَرَى أَحَدًا؟ قُلْتُ هَذَا رَاكِبٌ هَذَانِ رَاكِبَانِ حَتَّى بَلَغَ سَبْعَةً فَقَالَ احْفَظُوا عَلَيْنَا صَلَاتَنَا فَنِمْنَا فَمَا أَيْقَظَنَا إِلَّا حَرُّ الشَّمْسِ فَانْتَبَهْنَا فَرَكِبَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَسَارَ وَسِرْنَا هُنَيَّةً ثُمَّ نَزَلَ فَقَالَ أَمَعَكُمْ مَاءٌ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ مَعِي مِيضَأَةٌ فِيهَا شَيْءٌ مِنْ مَاءٍ قَالَ ائْتِ بِهَا فَأَتَيْتُهُ بِهَا فَقَالَ مَسُّوا مِنْهَا مَسُّوا مِنْهَا فَتَوَضَّأَ الْقَوْمُ وَبَقِيَتْ جَرْعَةٌ فَقَالَ ازْدَهِرْ بِهَا يَا أَبَا قَتَادَةَ؛ فَإِنَّهُ سَيَكُونُ لَهَا نَبَأٌ ثُمَّ أَذَّنَ بِلَالٌ وَصَلَّوْا الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ الْفَجْرِ ثُمَّ صَلَّوْا الْفَجْرَ ثُمَّ رَكِبَ وَرَكِبْنَا فَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ فَرَّطْنَا فِي صَلَاتِنَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مَا تَقُولُونَ؟ إِنْ كَانَ أَمْرَ دُنْيَاكُمْ فَشَأْنُكُمْ وَإِنْكَانَ أَمْرَ دِينِكُمْ فَإِلَيَّ قُلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَرَّطْنَا فِي صَلَاتِنَا فَقَالَ لَا تَفْرِيطَ فِي النَّوْمِ إِنَّمَا التَّفْرِيطُ فِي الْيَقَظَةِ فَإِذَا كَانَ ذَلِكَ فَصَلُّوهَا وَمِنَ الْغَدِ وَقْتَهَا ثُمَّ قَالَ ظُنُّوا بِالْقَوْمِ قَالُوا إِنَّكَ قُلْتَ بِالْأَمْسِ إِنْ لَا تُدْرِكُوا الْمَاءَ غَدًا تَعْطَشُوا فَالنَّاسُ بِالْمَاءِ فَقَالَ أَصْبَحَ النَّاسُ وَقَدْ فَقَدُوا نَبِيَّهُمْ فَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ بِالْمَاءِ وَفِي الْقَوْمِ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرُ فَقَالَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ لَمْ يَكُنْ لِيَسْبِقَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَاءِ وَيُخَلِّفَكُمْ وَإِنْ يُطِعِ النَّاسُ أَبَا بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ يَرْشُدُوا قَالَهَا ثَلَاثًا 10 فَلَمَّا اشْتَدَّتِ الظَّهِيرَةُ رَفَعَ لَهُمْ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَلَكْنَا عَطَشًا تَقَطَّعَتِ الْأَعْنَاقُ فَقَالَ لَا هُلْكَ عَلَيْكُمْ ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا أَبَا قَتَادَةَ ائْتِ بِالْمِيضَأَةِ فَأَتَيْتُهُ بِهَا فَقَالَ احْلِلْ لِي غُمَرِي يَعْنِي قَدَحَهُ فَحَلَلْتُهُ فَأَتَيْتُهُ بِهِ فَجَعَلَ يَصُبُّ فِيهِ وَيَسْقِي النَّاسَ فَازْدَحَمَ النَّاسُ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَحْسِنُوا الْمَلَأَ؛ فَكُلُّكُمْ سَيَصْدُرُ عَنْ رِيٍّ فَشَرِبَ الْقَوْمُ حَتَّى لَمْ يَبْقَ غَيْرِي وَغَيْرُ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَصَبَّ لِي فَقَالَ اشْرَبْ يَا أَبَا قَتَادَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ اشْرَبْ أَنْتَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَ إِنَّ سَاقِيَ الْقَوْمِ آخِرُهُمْ فَشَرِبْتُ وَشَرِبَبَعْدِي وَبَقِيَ فِي الْمِيضَأَةِ نَحْوٌ مِمَّا كَانَ فِيهَا وَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ ثَلَاثُ مِائَةٍ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللهِ فَسَمِعَنِي عِمْرَانُ بْنُ حُصَيْنٍ وَأَنَا أُحَدِّثُ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْجَامِعِ فَقَالَ مَنِ الرَّجُلُ؟ قُلْتُ أَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ رَبَاحٍ الْأَنْصَارِيُّ قَالَ الْقَوْمُ أَعْلَمُ بِحَدِيثِهِمْ انْظُرْ كَيْفَ تُحَدِّثُ فَإِنِّي أَحَدُ السَّبْعَةِ تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةَ فَلَمَّا فَرَغْتُ قَالَ مَا كُنْتُ أَحْسِبُ أَنَّ أَحَدًا يَحْفَظُ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ غَيْرِي  

ahmad:22575Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar > Saʿīd > Qatādah > ʿAbdullāh b. Rabāḥ > Abū Qatādah al-Anṣārī

[Machine] While we were with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ on one of his journeys, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ leaned or leaned back on his saddle, so I supported him with my hands. He woke up and we continued on. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ leaned or leaned back on his saddle again, so I supported him with my hands and he woke up. (3 times) Abu Qatadah said, "I said, 'Yes, O Messenger of Allah.' He said, 'May Allah bless you as you have protected us since last night.' Then he said, 'I can only see that we have lost our way, go back or lead us back to the path.' He said, 'So we turned back from the path.' I held the Messenger of Allah's ﷺ camel's reins, and each one of us held onto a part of his camel's reins. We did not wake up until the sun rose and we heard the sound of the dough being kneaded. I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, have we perished? The prayer has passed us by.' The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'You have not perished, and the prayer has not missed you. Only the two people who were awake missed it, but the one who was sleeping did not miss it. Is there any water?' He said, 'So I brought a bucket or a basin with water and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ performed ablution, then he handed it to me with some water left in it. He said, 'Keep it, for it will have some benefit.' Then he ordered Bilal to call the Adhan and he prayed two Rak'ahs, then he turned in his place and ordered him to stand and he established the dawn prayer. Then the Prophet ﷺ said, 'If the people obey Abu Bakr and Umar, they will have done well and will have found guidance. But if they oppose them, they have caused division and they both were present with the Prophet ﷺ when he died. They said to the people, 'Stay where you are until you reach the water,' and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ reached them at the end of the day and they were on the verge of dying of thirst. They said, 'O Messenger of Allah, have we perished?' So he called for a container and called for another container placed on top of coffee vessel and below it, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ dipped them in it. Then he poured water into the container and the people drank until they were satisfied. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'Is there any more water?' He said, 'Then he returned the container, which still had some water in it.' He said, 'So we asked him, 'How many were you?' He said, 'There were eighty men with Abu Bakr and Umar, and we were twelve men with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ .'  

أحمد:٢٢٥٧٥حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدٌ عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ رَبَاحٍ عَنْ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ الْأَنْصَارِيِّ قَالَ

بَيْنَا نَحْنُ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فِي بَعْضِ أَسْفَارِهِ إِذْ مَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَوْ قَالَ مادَ عَنْ رَاحِلَتِهِ فَدَعَمْتُهُ بِيَدَيَّ قَالَ فَاسْتَيْقَظَ قَالَ ثُمَّ سِرْنَا قَالَ فَمَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَدَعَمْتُهُ بِيَدَيَّ فَاسْتَيْقَظَ (3 ثُمَّ سِرْنَا فَمَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَدَعَمْتُهُ بِيَدَيَّ فَاسْتَيْقَظَ3) فَقَالَ أَبُو قَتَادَةَ فَقُلْتُ نَعَمْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَقَالَ حَفِظَكَ اللهُ كَمَا حَفِظْتَنَا مُنْذُ اللَّيْلَةِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَا أُرَانَا إِلَّا قَدْ شَقَقْنَا عَلَيْكَ نَحِّ بِنَا عَنِ الطَّرِيقِ أَوْ مِلْ بِنَا عَنِ الطَّرِيقِ قَالَ فَعَدَلْنَا عَنِ الطَّرِيقِ فَأَنَاخَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ رَاحِلَتَهُ فَتَوَسَّدَ كُلُّ رَجُلٍ مِنَّا ذِرَاعَ رَاحِلَتِهِ فَمَا اسْتَيْقَظْنَا حَتَّى أَشْرَقَتِ الشَّمْسُ وَذَكَرَ صَوْتَ الصُّرَدِ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ يَارَسُولَ اللهِ هَلَكْنَا فَاتَتْنَا الصَّلَاةُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لَمْ تَهْلِكُوا وَلَمْ تَفُتْكُمُ الصَّلَاةُ إِنَّمَا تَفُوتُ الْيَقْظَانَ وَلَا تَفُوتُ النَّائِمَ هَلْ مِنْ مَاءٍ؟ قَالَ فَأَتَيْتُهُ بِسَطِيحَةٍ أَوْ قَالَ مَيْضَأَةٍ فِيهَا مَاءٌ فَتَوَضَّأَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ دَفَعَهَا إِلَيَّ وَفِيهَا بَقِيَّةٌ مِنْ مَاءٍ قَالَ احْتَفِظْ بِهَا؛ فَإِنَّهُ كَائِنٌ لَهَا نَبَأٌ وَأَمَرَ بِلَالًا فَأَذَّنَ فَصَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ تَحَوَّلَ فِي مَكَانِهِ فَأَمَرَهُ فَأَقَامَ الصَّلَاةَ فَصَلَّى صَلَاةَ الصُّبْحِ ثُمَّ قَالَ نَبِيُّ اللهِ ﷺ إِنْ كَانَ النَّاسُ أَطَاعُوا أَبَا بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ فَقَدْ رَفَقُوا بِأَنْفُسِهِمْ وَأَصَابُوا وَإِنْ كَانُوا خَالَفُوهُمَا فَقَدْ خَرَقُوا بِأَنْفُسِهِمْ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرُ حَيْثُ فَقَدُوا النَّبِيَّ ﷺ قَالَا لِلنَّاسِ أَقِيمُوا بِالْمَاءِ حَتَّى تُصْبِحُوا فَأَبَوْا عَلَيْهِمَا وَانْتَهَى إِلَيْهِمْ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مِنْ آخِرِ النَّهَارِ وَقَدْ كَادُوا أَنْ يَهْلِكُوا عَطَشًا فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَلَكْنَا فَدَعَا بِالْمِيضَأَةِ ثُمَّ دَعَا بِإِنَاءٍ فَأُتِيَ بِإِنَاءٍ فَوْقَ الْقَدَحِ وَدُونَ الْقَعْبِ فَتَأَبَّطَهُمَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ جَعَلَ يَصُبُّ فِي الْإِنَاءِ ثُمَّ يَشْرَبُ الْقَوْمُ حَتَّى شَرِبُوا كُلُّهُمْ ثُمَّ نَادَى رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ هَلْ مِنْ عَالٍّ ؟ قَالَ ثُمَّ رَدَّ الْمِيضَأَةَ وَفِيهَا نَحْوٌ مِمَّا كَانَ فِيهَا قَالَ فَسَأَلْنَاهُ كَمْ كُنْتُمْ؟ فَقَالَ كَانَ مَعَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ ثَمَانُونَ رَجُلًا وَكُنَّا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ رَجُلًا  

ahmad:27101Falammā Aradt

[Machine] From the Messenger of Allah ﷺ , it is narrated that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ went out one day and performed the prayer of migration, then he sat down. The people became startled, so he said, "Sit down, O people, for I did not rise from my place due to fear. Rather, Tamim Ad-Dari came to me and informed me of news that prevented me from experiencing joy and comfort. I wanted to share with you the joy of your Prophet. He informed me that a group from his cousins, the Banu 'Amir, had embarked on the sea, and they were struck by a violent wind. The wind brought them to an island they did not recognize. They sat in their boat until they arrived at the island. Then, they found a creature with a lot of hair that they were unsure if it was a man or a woman. They greeted it, and it returned their greeting. They said, 'Will you not inform us?' It said, 'I do not inform you, nor do I seek information from you. But in this monastery, there is someone who longingly awaits to inform you and seek information from you.' They said, 'Who are you?' It said, 'I am Al-Jassasah.' So, they set off until they reached the monastery. There, they found a man chained up, heavily bound, showing signs of great sadness and complaining a lot. They greeted him, and he returned their greetings. They asked him, 'Who are you?' He said, 'I am from the Arabs.' They asked, 'What have the Arabs done?' He said, 'Has their Prophet come forth after me?' They said, 'Yes.' He asked, 'What have they done?' They said, 'They have believed in him and affirmed him.' He said, 'That is good for them.' He had an enemy, and Allah exposed him to them. They asked, 'Are the Arabs today with one God, one religion, and one word?' They said, 'Yes.' He asked, 'What has happened to the spring of Zughar?' They said, 'The people drink from it, and their crops are irrigated by it.' He asked, 'What has happened to the date palm tree between 'Ammān and Bayt al-Maqdis?' They said, 'It produces fruit every year.' He asked, 'What has happened to the lake of Tabariyyah?' They said, 'It is full.' He sighed deeply, then sighed deeply again, then sighed deeply a third time. He swore, 'By the One in Whose Hands is the Life of Muhammad, it is as though if I were to leave my place right now, I would not leave behind any land belonging to Allah, except that I would tread upon it, except for Taibah. There is no authority for me over it.' The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'So, thus my joy reaches its peak. Surely, Allah has made Mecca and Medina sacred, and forbidden for the Dajjal to enter. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ swore, 'By the One besides whom there is no deity, there is no path, narrow or wide, in the east which is not guarded by an appointed angel with a drawn sword until the Day of Resurrection. The Dajjal will not be able to enter upon its inhabitants.' 'Amir commented, 'So, I met Al-Muharrir ibn Abi Hurayrah, and I narrated this Hadith to him. He said, 'I bear witness by my father that he narrated to me as you have narrated from Fatimah bint Qays.' However, he said, 'The two sanctuaries are sacred: Makkah and Medina.'  

أحمد:٢٧١٠١قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَخْرُجَ قَالَتْ اجْلِسْ حَتَّى أُحَدِّثَكَ حَدِيثًا

عَنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَوْمًا مِنَ الْأَيَّامِ فَصَلَّى صَلَاةَ الْهَاجِرَةِ ثُمَّ قَعَدَ فَفَزِعَ النَّاسُ فَقَالَ اجْلِسُوا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ فَإِنِّي لَمْ أَقُمْ مَقَامِي هَذَا لِفَزَعٍ وَلَكِنَّ تَمِيمًا الدَّارِيَّ أَتَانِي فَأَخْبَرَنِي خَبَرًا مَنَعَنِي الْقَيْلُولَةَ مِنَ الْفَرَحِ وَقُرَّةِ الْعَيْنِ فَأَحْبَبْتُ أَنْ أَنْشُرَ عَلَيْكُمْ فَرَحَ نَبِيِّكُمْ أَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّ رَهْطًا مِنْ بَنِي عَمِّهِ رَكِبُوا الْبَحْرَ فَأَصَابَتْهُمْ رِيحٌ عَاصِفٌ فَأَلْجَأَتْهُمُ الرِّيحُ إِلَى جَزِيرَةٍ لَا يَعْرِفُونَهَا فَقَعَدُوا فِي قُوَيْرِبٍ بِالسَّفِينَةِ حَتَّى خَرَجُوا إِلَى الْجَزِيرَةِ فَإِذَا هُمْ بِشَيْءٍ أَهْلَبَ كَثِيرِ الشَّعْرِ لَا يَدْرُونَ أَرَجُلٌ هُوَ أَوْ امْرَأَةٌ فَسَلَّمُوا عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلَامَ قَالُوا أَلَا تُخْبِرُنَا؟ قَالَ مَا أَنَا بِمُخْبِرِكُمْ وَلَا بِمُسْتَخْبِرِكُمْ وَلَكِنْ هَذَا الدَّيْرَ قَدْ رَهِقْتُمُوهُ فَفِيهِ مَنْ هُوَ إِلَى خَبَرِكُمْ بِالْأَشْوَاقِ أَنْ يُخْبِرَكُمْ وَيَسْتَخْبِرَكُمْ قَالَ قُلْنَا فَمَا أَنْتَ؟ قَالَ أَنَا الْجَسَّاسَةُ فَانْطَلَقُوا حَتَّى أَتَوْا الدَّيْرَ فَإِذَا هُمْ بِرَجُلٍ مُوثَقٍ شَدِيدِ الْوَثَاقِ مُظْهِرٍ الْحُزْنَ كَثِيرِ التَّشَكِّي فَسَلَّمُوا عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِمْ فَقَالَ مِمَّنْ أَنْتُمْ؟ قَالُوا مِنَ الْعَرَبِ قَالَ مَافَعَلَتِ الْعَرَبُ؟ أَخَرَجَ نَبِيُّهُمْ بَعْدُ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلُوا؟ قَالُوا خَيْرًا آمَنُوا بِهِ وَصَدَّقُوهُ قَالَ ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ لَهُمْ وَكَانَ لَهُ عَدُوٌّ فَأَظْهَرَهُ اللهُ عَلَيْهِمْ قَالَ فَالْعَرَبُ الْيَوْمَ إِلَهُهُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَدِينُهُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَكَلِمَتُهُمْ وَاحِدَةٌ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَتْ عَيْنُ زُغَرَ؟ قَالُوا صَالِحَةٌ يَشْرَبُ مِنْهَا أَهْلُهَا لِشَفَتِهِمْ وَيَسْقُونَ مِنْهَا زَرْعَهُمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَ نَخْلٌ بَيْنَ عَمَّانَ وَبَيْسَانَ؟ قَالُوا صَالِحٌ يُطْعِمُ جَنَاهُ كُلَّ عَامٍ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَتْ بُحَيْرَةُ الطَّبَرِيَّةِ قَالُوا مَلْأَى قَالَ فَزَفَرَ ثُمَّ زَفَرَ ثُمَّ زَفَرَ ثُمَّ حَلَفَ لَوْ خَرَجْتُ مِنْ مَكَانِي هَذَا مَا تَرَكْتُ أَرْضًا مِنْ أَرْضِ اللهِ إِلَّا وَطِئْتُهَا غَيْرَ طَيْبَةَ لَيْسَ لِي عَلَيْهَا سُلْطَانٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى هَذَا انْتَهَى فَرَحِي ثَلَاثَ مِرَارٍ إِنَّ طَيْبَةَ الْمَدِينَةَ إِنَّ اللهَ حَرَّمَ حَرَمِي عَلَى الدَّجَّالِ أَنْ يَدْخُلَهَا ثُمَّ حَلَفَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَالَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ مَا لَهَا طَرِيقٌ ضَيِّقٌ وَلَا وَاسِعٌ فِي سَهْلٍ وَلَا فِي جَبَلٍ إِلَّا عَلَيْهِ مَلَكٌ شَاهِرٌ بِالسَّيْفِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ مَا يَسْتَطِيعُ الدَّجَّالُ أَنْ يَدْخُلَهَا عَلَى أَهْلِهَا قَالَ عَامِرٌ فَلَقِيتُ الْمُحَرَّرَ بْنَ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ فَحَدَّثْتُهُ حَدِيثَ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتِ قَيْسٍ فَقَالَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى أَبِي أَنَّهُ حَدَّثَنِي كَمَا حَدَّثَتْكَ فَاطِمَةُ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِنَّهُ نَحْوَ الْمَشْرِقِ قَالَ ثُمَّلَقِيتُ الْقَاسِمَ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ فَذَكَرْتُ لَهُ حَدِيثَ فَاطِمَةَ فَقَالَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى عَائِشَةَ أَنَّهَا حَدَّثَتْنِي كَمَا حَدَّثَتْكَ فَاطِمَةُ غَيْرَ أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ الْحَرَمَانِ عَلَيْهِ حَرَامٌ مَكَّةُ وَالْمَدِينَةُ  

ahmad:27349Falammā Aradt

[Machine] From the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, she said: One day, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ went out and prayed the prayer of migration, then he sat down. The people became startled, so he said, "Sit, O people, for I did not rise from my place due to fear, but rather Tamim Ad-Dari came to me and informed me of news that deprived me of sleep and comfort. So I wanted to share with you the joy of your Prophet ﷺ. He informed me that a group from his relatives, the Banu 'Amir, rode the sea and a fierce wind overcame them. The wind pushed them towards an unknown island. They sat in wooden boats until they reached the island. Then they found a creature with a lot of hair, not knowing if it was a man or a woman. They greeted the creature with salaam, and the creature replied with salaam. They said, 'Can you inform us?' The creature replied, 'I am not here to inform you or ask for information. However, this monastery became a hardship for you. Inside, there is someone who has been yearning to tell you and ask you about their fate. They said, 'Who are you?' She said, 'I am the spy.' So they went until they reached the monastery. There they found a man who was severely bound, showing a lot of sadness and complaining. They greeted him, and he replied, asking, 'Who are you?' They said, 'We are from the Arabs.' He said, 'What have the Arabs done? Did their Prophet emerge?' They said, 'Yes.' He said, 'What did they do?' They said, 'They believed in him and affirmed his truthfulness.' He said, 'That is better for them.' He had an enemy, and Allah made him manifest to them. He said, 'So are the Arabs today united in their religion and their word?' They said, 'Yes.' He said, 'So what did the spring of Zughar do?' They said, 'It is wholesome. Its people drink from it, and their crops are irrigated by it.' He said, 'So what did the palm tree between 'Amman and Bayt Al-Maqdis do?' They said, 'Good. Its vegetation feeds its camels every year.' He said, 'So what did the Lake of Tiberias do?' They said, 'Full.' He said, 'So it sighed, and sighed, and sighed, and then he swore by Allah who there is none worthy of worship except Him, 'By Allah, there is no narrow road or wide road in the flat or mountain except that there is an angel holding a drawn sword until the Day of Resurrection, preventing Ad-Dajjal from entering it.' He said, 'Then I met Al-Muharrar bin Abi Hurayrah, and I informed him of the Hadith of Fatimah bint Qays. He testified to what I testified, except that he said, 'I bear witness that 'Aishah also narrated to me like she narrated to you, Fatimah.' Except that she said, 'The two sanctuaries are sacred: Makkah and Al-Madinah.'"  

أحمد:٢٧٣٤٩قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَخْرُجَ قَالَتْ اجْلِسْ حَتَّى أُحَدِّثَكَ حَدِيثًا

عَنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَوْمًا مِنَ الْأَيَّامِ فَصَلَّى صَلَاةَ الْهَاجِرَةِ ثُمَّ قَعَدَ فَفَزِعَ النَّاسُ فَقَالَ اجْلِسُوا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ فَإِنِّي لَمْ أَقُمْ مَقَامِي هَذَا لِفَزَعٍ وَلَكِنَّ تَمِيمًا الدَّارِيَّ أَتَانِي فَأَخْبَرَنِي خَبَرًا مَنَعَنِي مِنَ الْقَيْلُولَةِ مِنَ الْفَرَحِ وَقُرَّةِ الْعَيْنِ فَأَحْبَبْتُ أَنْ أَنْشُرَ عَلَيْكُمْ فَرَحَ نَبِيِّكُمْ ﷺ أَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّ رَهْطًا مِنْ بَنِي عَمِّهِ رَكِبُوا الْبَحْرَ فَأَصَابَتْهُمْ رِيحٌ عَاصِفٌ فَأَلْجَأَتْهُمُ الرِّيحُ إِلَى جَزِيرَةٍ لَا يَعْرِفُونَهَا فَقَعَدُوا فِي قُوَيْرِبِ سَفِينَةٍ حَتَّى خَرَجُوا إِلَى الْجَزِيرَةِ فَإِذَا هُمْ بِشَيْءٍ أَهْلَبَ كَثِيرِ الشَّعْرِ لَا يَدْرُونَ أَرَجُلٌ هُوَ أَوْ امْرَأَةٌ فَسَلَّمُوا عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلَامَ فَقَالُوا أَلَا تُخْبِرُنَا؟ فَقَالَ مَا أَنَا بِمُخْبِرِكُمْ وَلَا مُسْتَخْبِرِكُمْ وَلَكِنَّ هَذَا الدَّيْرَ قَدْ رَهِقْتُمُوهُ فَفِيهِ مَنْ هُوَ إِلَى خَبَرِكُمْ بِالْأَشْوَاقِ أَنْ يُخْبِرَكُمْوَيَسْتَخْبِرَكُمْ قَالَ قُلْنَا مَا أَنْتَ؟ قَالَتْ أَنَا الْجَسَّاسَةُ فَانْطَلَقُوا حَتَّى أَتَوْا الدَّيْرَ فَإِذَا هُمْ بِرَجُلٍ مُوثَقٍ شَدِيدِ الْوَثَاقِ مُظْهِرٍ الْحُزْنَ كَثِيرِ التَّشَكِّي فَسَلَّمُوا عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِمْ فَقَالَ مَنْ أَنْتُمْ؟ قَالُوا مِنَ الْعَرَبِ قَالَ مَا فَعَلَتِ الْعَرَبُ؟ أَخَرَجَ نَبِيُّهُمْ بَعْدُ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلُوا؟ قَالُوا خَيْرًا آمَنُوا بِهِ وَصَدَّقُوهُ قَالَ ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ لَهُمْ وَكَانَ لَهُ عَدُوٌّ فَأَظْهَرَهُ اللهُ عَلَيْهِمْ قَالَ فالْعَرَبُ الْيَوْمَ إِلَهُهُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَدِينُهُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَكَلِمَتُهُمْ وَاحِدَةٌ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَتْ عَيْنُ زُغَرَ؟ قَالَ قَالُوا صَالِحَةٌ يَشْرَبُ مِنْهَا أَهْلُهَا لِشَفَتِهِمْ وَيَسْقُونَ مِنْهَا زَرْعَهُمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَ نَخْلٌ بَيْنَ عَمَّانَ وَبَيْسَانَ؟ قَالُوا صَالِحٌ يُطْعِمُ جَنَاهُ كُلَّ عَامٍ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَتْ بُحَيْرَةُ الطَّبَرِيَّةِ؟ قَالُوا مَلْأَى قَالَ فَزَفَرَ ثُمَّ زَفَرَ ثُمَّ زَفَرَ ثُمَّ حَلَفَ لَوْ خَرَجْتُ مِنْ مَكَانِي هَذَا مَا تَرَكْتُ أَرْضًا مِنْ أَرْضِ اللهِ إِلَّا وَطِئْتُهَا غَيْرَ طَيْبَةَ لَيْسَ لِي عَلَيْهَا سُلْطَانٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى هَذَا انْتَهَى فَرَحِي ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ إِنَّ طَيْبَةَ الْمَدِينَةُ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّوَجَلَّ حَرَّمَ عَلَى الدَّجَّالِ أَنْ يَدْخُلَهَا ثُمَّ حَلَفَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَاللهِ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ مَا لَهَا طَرِيقٌ ضَيِّقٌ وَلَا وَاسِعٌ فِي سَهْلٍ وَلَا جَبَلٍ إِلَّا عَلَيْهِ مَلَكٌ شَاهِرٌ بِالسَّيْفِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ مَا يَسْتَطِيعُ الدَّجَّالُ أَنْ يَدْخُلَهَا عَلَى أَهْلِهَا قَالَ عَامِرٌ فَلَقِيتُ الْمُحْرَّرَ بْنَ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ فَحَدَّثْتُهُ بِحَدِيثِ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتِ قَيْسٍ فَقَالَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى أَبِي أَنَّهُ حَدَّثَنِي كَمَا حَدَّثَتْكَ فَاطِمَةُ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِنَّهُ فِي نَحْوِ الْمَشْرِقِ قَالَ ثُمَّ لَقِيتُ الْقَاسِمَ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ فَذَكَرْتُ لَهُ حَدِيثَ فَاطِمَةَ فَقَالَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى عَائِشَةَ أَنَّهَا حَدَّثَتْنِي كَمَا حَدَّثَتْكَ فَاطِمَةُ غَيْرَ أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ الْحَرَمَانِ عَلَيْهِ حَرَامٌ مَكَّةُ وَالْمَدِينَةُ  

ahmad:22124Abū al-Naḍr > al-Masʿūdī And Yazīd b. Hārūn > al-Masʿūdī

[Machine] The prayer (salat) has three states, and so does fasting (sawm). As for the states of prayer, it is narrated that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ came to Madinah and he prayed towards Beit Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem) for seventeen months. Then, Allah revealed the following verse to him: "Verily, We have seen the turning of your (Muhammad's) face towards the heaven. Surely, We shall turn you to a Qiblah (prayer direction) that shall please you, so turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid Al-Haram (at Makkah). And wheresoever you people are, turn your faces (in prayer) towards it" (Quran 2:144). Allah redirected him towards Makkah, and this became the first state. The people used to gather for prayer and call the Adhan to each other until it caused confusion. Then, a man named Abdullah bin Zaid, from the Ansar (Helpers), went to the Prophet and said, "O Messenger of Allah, I saw something in my dream. If I say that I did not sleep, I would be telling the truth. I was in between the state of sleeping and being awake, when I saw a person wearing two green garments. He faced the Qiblah and said 'Allahu Akbar' twice, then he said 'Ashhadu an la ilaha illallah' twice, and 'Ashhadu anna Muhammadan Rasul Allah' twice, then he completed the Adhan. He then waited for some time before saying the same words again, except that he added a few words. The prayers were about to be established, so tell Bilal to call the Adhan for us." Bilal was the first person to call the Adhan after that. Omar bin Al-Khattab then came and said, "O Messenger of Allah, I had an experience similar to that of the one before me." Thereafter, the Messenger of Allah said, "There is a man among you who Allah has ordered to establish the prayer this way." This narration states three different states. As for fasting, when the Prophet came to Madinah, he fasted three days of each month. He said, "One may fast three days of each month, and when asked whether to increase that number, he said, "If you wish, you may fast. "Allah also revealed that fasting is obligatory. Allah says, "O you who believe, fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you" (Quran 2:183) until the verse that states that the reward of those who are unable to fast is to feed a poor person. This is  

أحمد:٢٢١٢٤حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو النَّضْرِ حَدَّثَنَا الْمَسْعُودِيُّ وَيَزِيدُ بْنُ هَارُونَ أَخْبَرَنَا الْمَسْعُودِيُّ قَالَ أَبُو النَّضْرِ فِي حَدِيثِهِ حَدَّثَنِي عَمْرُو بْنُ مُرَّةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ قَالَ

أُحِيلَتِ الصَّلَاةُ ثَلَاثَةَ أَحْوَالٍ وَأُحِيلَ الصِّيَامُ ثَلَاثَةَ أَحْوَالٍ فَأَمَّا أَحْوَالُ الصَّلَاةِ فَإِنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ قَدِمَ الْمَدِينَةَ وَهُوَ يُصَلِّي سَبْعَةَ عَشَرَ شَهْرًا إِلَى بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ ثُمَّ إِنَّ اللهَ أَنْزَلَ عَلَيْهِ {قَدْ نَرَى تَقَلُّبَ وَجْهِكَ فِي السَّمَاءِ فَلَنُوَلِّيَنَّكَ قِبْلَةًتَرْضَاهَا فَوَلِّ وَجْهَكَ شَطْرَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ وَحَيْثُ مَا كُنْتُمْ فَوَلُّوا وُجُوهَكُمْ شَطْرَهُ} [البقرة 144] قَالَ فَوَجَّهَهُ اللهُ إِلَى مَكَّةَ قَالَ فَهَذَا حَوْلٌ قَالَ وَكَانُوا يَجْتَمِعُونَ لِلصَّلَاةِ وَيُؤْذِنُ بِهَا بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا حَتَّى نَقَسُوا أَوْ كَادُوا يَنْقُسُونَ قَالَ ثُمَّ إِنَّ رَجُلًا مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ يُقَالُ لَهُ عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ زَيْدٍ أَتَى رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنِّي رَأَيْتُ فِيمَا يَرَى النَّائِمُ وَلَوْ قُلْتُ إِنِّي لَمْ أَكُنْ نَائِمًا لَصَدَقْتُ إِنِّي بَيْنَا أَنَا بَيْنَ النَّائِمِ وَالْيَقْظَانِ إِذْ رَأَيْتُ شَخْصًا عَلَيْهِ ثَوْبَانِ أَخْضَرَانِ فَاسْتَقْبَلَ الْقِبْلَةَ فَقَالَ اللهُ أَكْبَرُ اللهُ أَكْبَرُ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ مَثْنَى مَثْنَى حَتَّى فَرَغَ مِنَ الْأَذَانِ ثُمَّ أَمْهَلَ سَاعَةً قَالَ ثُمَّ قَالَ مِثْلَ الَّذِي قَالَ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ يَزِيدُ فِي ذَلِكَ قَدْ قَامَتِ الصَّلَاةُ قَدْ قَامَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ عَلِّمْهَا بِلَالًا فَلْيُؤَذِّنْ بِهَا فَكَانَ بِلَالٌ أَوَّلَ مَنْ أَذَّنَ بِهَا قَالَ وَجَاءَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنَّهُ قَدْ طَافَ بِي مِثْلُ الَّذِي أَطَافَ بِهِ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ سَبَقَنِي فَهَذَانِ حَوْلَانِ قَالَ وَكَانُوا يَأْتُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَقَدْ سَبَقَهُمْ بِبَعْضِهَا النَّبِيُّ ﷺ قَالَ فَكَانَ الرَّجُلُ يُشِيرُ إِلَى الرَّجُلِ إِذَا جَاءَ كَمْ صَلَّى؟ فَيَقُولُ وَاحِدَةً أَوْ اثْنَتَيْنِ فَيُصَلِّيهَا ثُمَّ يَدْخُلُ مَعَ الْقَوْمِ فِي صَلَاتِهِمْ قَالَ فَجَاءَ مُعَاذٌ فَقَالَ لَا أَجِدُهُ عَلَى حَالٍ أَبَدًا إِلَّا كُنْتُ عَلَيْهَا ثُمَّقَضَيْتُ مَا سَبَقَنِي قَالَ فَجَاءَ وَقَدْ سَبَقَهُ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ بِبَعْضِهَا قَالَ فَثَبَتَ مَعَهُ فَلَمَّا قَضَى رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ صَلَاتَهُ قَامَ فَقَضَى فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِنَّهُ قَدْ سَنَّ لَكُمْ مُعَاذٌ فَهَكَذَا فَاصْنَعُوا فَهَذِهِ ثَلَاثَةُ أَحْوَالٍ وَأَمَّا أَحْوَالُ الصِّيَامِ فَإِنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَدِمَ الْمَدِينَةَ فَجَعَلَ يَصُومُ مِنْ كُلِّ شَهْرٍ ثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ وَقَالَ يَزِيدُ فَصَامَ تِسْعَةَ عَشَرَ شَهْرًا مِنْ رَبِيعِ الْأَوَّلِ إِلَى رَمَضَانَ مِنْ كُلِّ شَهْرٍ ثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ وَصَامَ يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ ثُمَّ إِنَّ اللهَ فَرَضَ عَلَيْهِ الصِّيَامَ فَأَنْزَلَ اللهُ {يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ} [البقرة 183] إِلَى هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ {وَعَلَى الَّذِينَ يُطِيقُونَهُ فِدْيَةٌ طَعَامُ مِسْكِينٍ} [البقرة 184] قَالَ فَكَانَ مَنْ شَاءَ صَامَ وَمَنْ شَاءَ أَطْعَمَ مِسْكِينًا فَأَجْزَأَ ذَلِكَ عَنْهُ قَالَ ثُمَّ إِنَّ اللهَ ﷻ أَنْزَلَ الْآيَةَ الْأُخْرَى {شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ} [البقرة 185] إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {فَمَنْ شَهِدَ مِنْكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ} [البقرة 185] قَالَ فَأَثْبَتَ اللهُ صِيَامَهُ عَلَى الْمُقِيمِ الصَّحِيحِ وَرَخَّصَ فِيهِ لِلْمَرِيضِ وَالْمُسَافِرِ وَثَبَّتَ الْإِطْعَامَ لِلْكَبِيرِ الَّذِي لَا يَسْتَطِيعُ الصِّيَامَ فَهَذَانِ حَوْلَانِقَالَ وَكَانُوا يَأْكُلُونَ وَيَشْرَبُونَ وَيَأْتُونَ النِّسَاءَ مَا لَمْ يَنَامُوا فَإِذَا نَامُوا امْتَنَعُوا قَالَ ثُمَّ إِنَّ رَجُلًا مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ يُقَالُ لَهُ صِرْمَةُ ظَلَّ يَعْمَلُ صَائِمًا حَتَّى أَمْسَى فَجَاءَ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ فَصَلَّى الْعِشَاءَ ثُمَّ نَامَ فَلَمْ يَأْكُلْ وَلَمْ يَشْرَبْ حَتَّى أَصْبَحَ فَأَصْبَحَ صَائِمًا قَالَ فَرَآهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَقَدْ جَهَدَ جَهْدًا شَدِيدًا قَالَ مَا لِي أَرَاكَ قَدْ جَهَدْتَ جَهْدًا شَدِيدًا؟ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنِّي عَمِلْتُ أَمْسِ فَجِئْتُ حِينَ جِئْتُ فَأَلْقَيْتُ نَفْسِي فَنِمْتُ وَأَصْبَحْتُ حِينَ أَصْبَحْتُ صَائِمًا قَالَ وَكَانَ عُمَرُ قَدْ أَصَابَ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ مِنْ جَارِيَةٍ أَوْ مِنْ حُرَّةٍ بَعْدَ مَا نَامَ وَأَتَى النَّبِيَّ ﷺ فَذَكَرَ ذَلِكَ لَهُ فَأَنْزَلَ اللهُ ﷻ {أُحِلَّ لَكُمْ لَيْلَةَ الصِّيَامِ الرَّفَثُ إِلَى نِسَائِكُمْ} [البقرة 187] إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {ثُمَّ أَتِمُّوا الصِّيَامَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ} [البقرة 187] وَقَالَ يَزِيدُ فَصَامَ تِسْعَةَ عَشَرَ شَهْرًا مِنْ رَبِيعِ الْأَوَّلِ إِلَى رَمَضَانَ  

ahmad:25097Yazīd > Muḥammad b. ʿAmr from his father from his grandfather ʿAlqamah b. Waqqāṣ > ʿĀʾishah

[Machine] I went out on  

أحمد:٢٥٠٩٧حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ جَدِّهِ عَلْقَمَةَ بْنِ وَقَّاصٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَتْنِي عَائِشَةُ قَالَتْ

خَرَجْتُ يَوْمَ الْخَنْدَقِ أَقْفُو آثَارَ النَّاسِ قَالَتْ فَسَمِعْتُ وَئِيدَ الْأَرْضِ وَرَائِي يَعْنِي حِسَّ الْأَرْضِ قَالَتْ فَالْتَفَتُّ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِسَعْدِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ وَمَعَهُ ابْنُ أَخِيهِ الْحَارِثُ بْنُ أَوْسٍ يَحْمِلُ مِجَنَّهُ قَالَتْ فَجَلَسْتُ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ فَمَرَّ سَعْدٌ وَعَلَيْهِ دِرْعٌ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ قَدْ خَرَجَتْ مِنْهَا أَطْرَافُهُ فَأَنَا أَتَخَوَّفُ عَلَى أَطْرَافِ سَعْدٍ قَالَتْ وَكَانَ سَعْدٌ مِنْ أَعْظَمِ النَّاسِوَأَطْوَلِهِمْ قَالَتْ فَمَرَّ وَهُوَ يَرْتَجِزُ وَيَقُولُ[البحر الرجز]لَبَّثْ قَلِيلًا يُدْرِكُ الْهَيْجَا حَمَلْ مَا أَحْسَنَ الْمَوْتَ إِذَا حَانَ الْأَجَلْقَالَتْ فَقُمْتُ فَاقْتَحَمْتُ حَدِيقَةً فَإِذَا فِيهَا نَفَرٌ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَإِذَا فِيهِمْ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ وَفِيهِمْ رَجُلٌ عَلَيْهِ تَسْبِغَةٌ لَهُ يَعْنِي مِغْفَرًا فَقَالَ عُمَرُ مَا جَاءَ بِكِ؟ لَعَمْرِي وَاللهِ إِنَّكِ لَجَرِيئَةٌ وَمَا يُؤْمِنُكِ أَنْ يَكُونَ بَلَاءٌ أَوْ يَكُونَ تَحَوُّزٌ؟ قَالَتْ فَمَا زَالَ يَلُومُنِي حَتَّى تَمَنَّيْتُ أَنَّ الْأَرْضَ انْشَقَّتْ لِي سَاعَتَئِذٍ فَدَخَلْتُ فِيهَا قَالَتْ فَرَفَعَ الرَّجُلُ التَّسْبِغَةَ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ فَإِذَا طَلْحَةُ بْنُ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ فَقَالَ يَا عُمَرُ وَيْحَكَ إِنَّكَ قَدْ أَكْثَرْتَ مُنْذُ الْيَوْمَ وَأَيْنَ التَّحَوُّزُ أَوِ الْفِرَارُ إِلَّا إِلَى اللهِ ﷻ؟ قَالَتْ وَيَرْمِي سَعْدًا رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ يُقَالُ لَهُابْنُ الْعَرِقَةِ بِسَهْمٍ لَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ خُذْهَا وَأَنَا ابْنُ الْعَرَقَةِ فَأَصَابَ أَكْحَلَهُ فَقَطَعَهُ فَدَعَا اللهَ ﷻ سَعْدٌ فَقَالَ اللهُمَّ لَا تُمِتْنِي حَتَّى تُقِرَّ عَيْنِي مِنْ قُرَيْظَةَ قَالَتْ وَكَانُوا حُلَفَاءَهُ وَمَوَالِيَهُ فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ قَالَتْ فَرَقَأَ كَلْمُهُ وَبَعَثَ اللهُ ﷻ الرِّيحَ عَلَى الْمُشْرِكِينَ فَكَفَى الله ﷻ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الْقِتَالَ وَكَانَ اللهُ قَوِيًّا عَزِيزًا فَلَحِقَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ وَمَنْ مَعَهُ بِتِهَامَةَ وَلَحِقَ عُيَيْنَةُ بْنُ بَدْرٍ وَمَنْ مَعَهُ بِنَجْدٍ وَرَجَعَتْ بَنُو قُرَيْظَةَ فَتَحَصَّنُوا فِي صَيَاصِيهِمْ وَرَجَعَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ فَوَضَعَ السِّلَاحَ وَأَمَرَ بِقُبَّةٍ مِنْ أَدَمٍ فَضُرِبَتْ عَلَى سَعْدٍ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ قَالَتْ فَجَاءَهُ جِبْرِيلُ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ وَإِنَّ عَلَى ثَنَايَاهُ لَنَقْعُ الْغُبَارِ فَقَالَ أَقَدْ وَضَعْتَ السِّلَاحَ؟ وَاللهِ مَا وَضَعَتِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ بَعْدُ السِّلَاحَ اخْرُجْ إِلَى بَنِي قُرَيْظَةَ فَقَاتِلْهُمْ قَالَتْ فَلَبِسَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لَأْمَتَهُ وَأَذَّنَ فِي النَّاسِ بِالرَّحِيلِ أَنْ يَخْرُجُوا فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَمَرَّ عَلَى بَنِي غَنْمٍ وَهُمْ جِيرَانُ الْمَسْجِدِ حَوْلَهُ فَقَالَ مَنْ مَرَّ بِكُمْ؟ فَقَالُوا مَرَّ بِنَا دِحْيَةُ الْكَلْبِيُّ وَكَانَ دِحْيَةُ الْكَلْبِيُّ تُشْبِهُ لِحْيَتُهُ وَسُنَّةُ وَجْهِهِ جِبْرِيلَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ فَقَالَتْ فَأَتَاهُمْ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَحَاصَرَهُمْ خَمْسًا وَعِشْرِينَ لَيْلَةً فَلَمَّا اشْتَدَّ حَصْرُهُمْ وَاشْتَدَّ الْبَلَاءُ قِيلَ لَهُمْ انْزِلُوا عَلَى حُكْمِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَاسْتَشَارُوا أَبَا لُبَابَةَ بْنَ عَبْدِ الْمُنْذِرِ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِمْ أَنَّهُ الذَّبْحُ قَالُوا نَنْزِلُ عَلَى حُكْمِ سَعْدِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ انْزِلُوا عَلَى حُكْمِ سَعْدِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ فَنَزَلُوا وَبَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى سَعْدِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ فَأُتِيَ بِهِ عَلَى حِمَارٍ عَلَيْهِ إِكَافٌ مِنْ لِيفٍ قَدْ حُمِلَ عَلَيْهِ وَحَفَّ بِهِ قَوْمُهُ فَقَالُوا يَا أَبَا عَمْرٍو حُلَفَاؤُكَ وَمَوَالِيكَ وَأَهْلُ النِّكَايَةِ وَمَنْ قَدْ عَلِمْتَ قَالَتْ لَا يُرْجِعُ إِلَيْهِمْ شَيْئًا وَلَا يَلْتَفِتُ إِلَيْهِمْ حَتَّى إِذَا دَنَا مِنْ دُورِهِمْ الْتَفَتَ إِلَى قَوْمِهِ فَقَالَ قَدْ أَنَى لِي أَنْ لَا أُبَالِيَ فِي اللهِ لَوْمَةَ لَائِمٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ فَلَمَّا طَلَعَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ قُومُوا إِلَى سَيِّدِكُمْ فَأَنْزَلُوهُ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ سَيِّدُنَا اللهُ ﷻ قَالَ أَنْزِلُوهُ فَأَنْزَلُوهُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ احْكُمْ فِيهِمْ قَالَ سَعْدٌ فَإِنِّي أَحْكُمُ فِيهِمْ أَنْ تُقْتَلَ مُقَاتِلَتُهُمْ وَتُسْبَى ذَرَارِيُّهُمْ وَتُقْسَمَ أَمْوَالُهُمْ وَقَالَ يَزِيدُ بِبَغْدَادَ وَيُقْسَمُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لَقَدْ حَكَمْتَ فِيهِمْ بِحُكْمِ اللهِ ﷻ وَحُكْمِ رَسُولِهِ قَالَتْ ثُمَّ دَعَا سَعْدٌ قَالَ اللهُمَّ إِنْ كُنْتَ أَبْقَيْتَ عَلَى نَبِيِّكَ ﷺ مِنْ حَرْبِ قُرَيْشٍ شَيْئًا فَأَبْقِنِي لَهَا وَإِنْ كُنْتَ قَطَعْتَ الْحَرْبَ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهُمْ فَاقْبِضْنِي إِلَيْكَ قَالَتْ فَانْفَجَرَ كَلْمُهُ وَكَانَ قَدْبَرِئَ حَتَّى مَا يُرَى مِنْهُ إِلَّا مِثْلُ الْخُرْصِ وَرَجَعَ إِلَى قُبَّتِهِ الَّتِي ضَرَبَ عَلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَحَضَرَهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرُ قَالَتْ فَوَالَّذِي نَفْسُ مُحَمَّدٍ بِيَدِهِ إِنِّي لَأَعْرِفُ بُكَاءَ عُمَرَ مِنْ بُكَاءِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَأَنَا فِي حُجْرَتِي وَكَانُوا كَمَا قَالَ اللهُ ﷻ {رُحَمَاءُ بَيْنَهُمْ} [الفتح 29] قَالَ عَلْقَمَةُ قُلْتُ أَيْ أُمَّهْ فَكَيْفَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَصْنَعُ؟ قَالَتْ كَانَتْ عَيْنُهُ لَا تَدْمَعُ عَلَى أَحَدٍ وَلَكِنَّهُ كَانَ إِذَا وَجِدَ فَإِنَّمَا هُوَ آخِذٌ بِلِحْيَتِهِ  

ahmad:19898Yaḥyá > ʿAwf > Abū Rajāʾ > ʿImarān b. Ḥuṣayn

Once we were traveling with the Prophet ﷺ and we carried on traveling till the last part of the night and then we (halted at a place) and slept (deeply). There is nothing sweeter than sleep for a traveler in the last part of the night. So it was only the heat of the sun that made us to wake up and the first to wake up was so and so, then so and so and then so and so (the narrator ʿAuf said that Abu Raja' had told him their names but he had forgotten them) and the fourth person to wake up was ʿUmar bin Al- Khattab. And whenever the Prophet ﷺ used to sleep, nobody would wake up him till he himself used to get up as we did not know what was happening (being revealed) to him in his sleep. So, ʿUmar got up and saw the condition of the people, and he was a strict man, so he said, "Allahu Akbar" and raised his voice with Takbir, and kept on saying loudly till the Prophet ﷺ got up because of it. When he got up, the people informed him about what had happened to them. He said, "There is no harm (or it will not be harmful). Depart!" So they departed from that place, and after covering some distance the Prophet ﷺ stopped and asked for some water to perform the ablution. So he performed the ablution and the call for the prayer was pronounced and he led the people in prayer. After he finished from the prayer, he saw a man sitting aloof who had not prayed with the people. He asked, "O so and so! What has prevented you from praying with us?" He replied, "I am Junub and there is no water. " The Prophet ﷺ said, "Perform Tayammum with (clean) earth and that is sufficient for you." Then the Prophet ﷺ proceeded on and the people complained to him of thirst. Thereupon he got down and called a person (the narrator ʿAuf added that Abu Raja' had named him but he had forgotten) and ʿAli, and ordered them to go and bring water. So they went in search of water and met a woman who was sitting on her camel between two bags of water. They asked, "Where can we find water?" She replied, "I was there (at the place of water) this hour yesterday and my people are behind me." They requested her to accompany them. She asked, "Where?" They said, "To Messenger of Allah ﷺ ." She said, "Do you mean the man who is called the Sabi, (with a new religion)?" They replied, "Yes, the same person. So come along." They brought her to the Prophet ﷺ and narrated the whole story. He said, "Help her to dismount." The Prophet ﷺ asked for a pot, then he opened the mouths of the bags and poured some water into the pot. Then he closed the big openings of the bags and opened the small ones and the people were called upon to drink and water their animals. So they all watered their animals and they (too) all quenched their thirst and also gave water to others and last of all the Prophet ﷺ gave a pot full of water to the person who was Junub and told him to pour it over his body. The woman was standing and watching all that which they were doing with her water. By Allah, when her water bags were returned the looked like as if they were more full (of water) than they had been before (Miracle of Messenger of Allah ﷺ) Then the Prophet ﷺ ordered us to collect something for her; so dates, flour and Sawiq were collected which amounted to a good meal that was put in a piece of cloth. She was helped to ride on her camel and that cloth full of foodstuff was also placed in front of her and then the Prophet ﷺ said to her, "We have not taken your water but Allah has given water to us." She returned home late. Her relatives asked her: "O so and so what has delayed you?" She said, "A strange thing! Two men met me and took me to the man who is called the Sabi' and he did such and such a thing. By Allah, he is either the greatest magician between this and this (gesturing with her index and middle fingers raising them towards the sky indicating the heaven and the earth) or he is Allah's true Apostle." Afterwards the Muslims used to attack the pagans around her abode but never touched her village. One day she said to her people, "I think that these people leave you purposely. Have you got any inclination to Islam?" They obeyed her and all of them embraced Islam. Abu ʿAbdullah said: The word Saba'a means "The one who has deserted his old religion and embraced a new religion." Abul 'Ailya [??] said, "The SʿAbis are a sect of people of the Scripture who recite the Book of Psalms." (Using translation from Bukhārī 344)  

أحمد:١٩٨٩٨حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى عَنْ عَوْفٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو رَجَاءٍ حَدَّثَنِي عِمَرانُ بْنُ حُصَيْنٍ قَالَ

كُنَّا فِي سَفَرٍ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَإِنَّا أَسْرَيْنَا حَتَّى إِذَا كُنَّا فِي آخِرِ اللَّيْلِ وَقَعْنَا تِلْكَ الْوَقْعَةَ فَلَا وَقْعَةَ أَحْلَى عِنْدَ الْمُسَافِرِ مِنْهَا قَالَ فَمَا أَيْقَظَنَا إِلَّا حَرُّ الشَّمْسِ وَكَانَ أَوَّلَ مَنْ اسْتَيْقَظَ فُلَانٌ ثُمَّ فُلَانٌ كَانَ يُسَمِّيهِمْ أَبُو رَجَاءٍ وَنَسِيَهُمْ عَوْفٌ ثُمَّ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ الرَّابِعُ وَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِذَا نَامَ لَمْ نُوقِظْهُ حَتَّى يَكُونَ هُوَ يَسْتَيْقِظُ؛ لِأَنَّا لَا نَدْرِي مَا يَحْدُثُ لَهُ فِي نَوْمِهِ فَلَمَّا اسْتَيْقَظَ عُمَرُ وَرَأَى مَا أَصَابَ النَّاسَ وَكَانَ رَجُلًا أَجْوَفَ جَلِيدًا قَالَ فَكَبَّرَ وَرَفَعَ صَوْتَهُ بِالتَّكْبِيرِ فَمَا زَالَ يُكَبِّرُ وَيَرْفَعُ صَوْتَهُ بِالتَّكْبِيرِ حَتَّى اسْتَيْقَظَ لِصَوْتِهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَلَمَّا اسْتَيْقَظَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ شَكَوْا الَّذِي أَصَابَهُمْ فَقَالَ لَا ضَيْرَ أَوْ لَا يَضِيرُ ارْتَحِلُوا فَارْتَحَلَ فَسَارَ غَيْرَ بَعِيدٍ ثُمَّ نَزَلَ فَدَعَا بِالْوَضُوءِ فَتَوَضَّأَ وَنُودِيَ بِالصَّلَاةِ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا انْفَتَلَ مِنْ صَلَاتِهِ إِذَا هُوَ بِرَجُلٍ مُعْتَزِلٍ لَمْ يُصَلِّ مَعَ الْقَوْمِ فَقَالَ مَا مَنَعَكَ يَا فُلَانُ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ مَعَ الْقَوْمِ؟ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَصَابَتْنِي جَنَابَةٌ وَلَا مَاءَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ عَلَيْكَ بِالصَّعِيدِ؛ فَإِنَّهُ يَكْفِيكَ ثُمَّ سَارَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَاشْتَكَى إِلَيْهِ النَّاسُ الْعَطَشَ فَنَزَلَ فَدَعَا فُلَانًا كَانَ يُسَمِّيهِ أَبُو رَجَاءٍ وَنَسِيَهُ عَوْفٌ وَدَعَا عَلِيًّافَقَالَ اذْهَبَا فَابْغِيَا لَنَا الْمَاءَ قَالَ فَانْطَلَقَا فَيَلْقَيَانِ امْرَأَةً بَيْنَ مَزَادَتَيْنِ أَوْ سَطِيحَتَيْنِ مِنْ مَاءٍ عَلَى بَعِيرٍ لَهَا فَقَالَا لَهَا أَيْنَ الْمَاءُ؟ فَقَالَتْ عَهْدِي بِالْمَاءِ أَمْسِ هَذِهِ السَّاعَةَ وَنَفَرُنَا خُلُوفٌ قَالَ فَقَالَا لَهَا انْطَلِقِي إِذًا قَالَتْ إِلَى أَيْنَ؟ قَالَا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ قَالَتْ هَذَا الَّذِي يُقَالُ لَهُ الصَّابِئُ؟ قَالَا هُوَ الَّذِي تَعْنِينَ فَانْطَلِقِي إِذًا فَجَاءَا بِهَا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَحَدَّثَاهُ الْحَدِيثَ فَاسْتَنْزَلُوهَا عَنْ بَعِيرِهَا وَدَعَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بِإِنَاءٍ فَأَفْرَغَ فِيهِ مِنْ أَفْوَاهِ الْمَزَادَتَيْنِ أَوِ السَّطِيحَتَيْنِ وَأَوْكَى أَفْوَاهَهُمَا فَأَطْلَقَ الْعَزَالِي وَنُودِيَ فِي النَّاسِ أَنْ اسْقُوا وَاسْتَقُوا فَسَقَى مَنْ شَاءَ وَاسْتَقَى مَنْ شَاءَ وَكَانَ آخِرُ ذَلِكَ أَنْ أَعْطَى الَّذِي أَصَابَتْهُ الْجَنَابَةُ إِنَاءً مِنْ مَاءٍ فَقَالَ اذْهَبْ فَأَفْرِغْهُ عَلَيْكَ قَالَ وَهِيَ قَائِمَةٌ تَنْظُرُ مَا يُفْعَلُ بِمَائِهَا قَالَ وَايْمُ اللهِ لَقَدْ أَقْلَعَ عَنْهَا وَإِنَّهُ لَيُخَيَّلُ إِلَيْنَا أَنَّهَا أَشَدُّ مِلْأَةً مِنْهَا حِينَ ابْتَدَأَ فِيهَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ اجْمَعُوا لَهَا فَجَمَعُوا لَهَا مِنْ بَيْنِ عَجْوَةٍ وَدَقِيقَةٍ وَسُوَيْقَةٍ حَتَّى جَمَعُوا لَهَا طَعَامًا كَثِيرًا وَجَعَلُوهُ فِي ثَوْبٍ وَحَمَلُوهَا عَلَى بَعِيرِهَا وَوَضَعُوا الثَّوْبَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهَا فَقَالَ لَهَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ تَعْلَمِينَ وَاللهِ مَا رَزِئْنَاكِ مِنْ مَائِكِ شَيْئًا وَلَكِنَّ اللهَ هُوَ سَقَانَا قَالَ فَأَتَتْ أَهْلَهَا وَقَدِ احْتَبَسَتْ عَنْهُمْ فَقَالُوامَا حَبَسَكِ يَا فُلَانَةُ؟ فَقَالَتْ الْعَجَبُ لَقِيَنِي رَجُلَانِ فَذَهَبَا بِي إِلَى هَذَا الَّذِي يُقَالُ لَهُ الصَّابِئُ فَفَعَلَ بِمَائِي كَذَا وَكَذَا لِلَّذِي قَدْ كَانَ فَوَاللهِ إِنَّهُ لَأَسْحَرُ مَنْ بَيْنَ هَذِهِ وَهَذِهِ وَقَالَتْ بِأُصْبُعَيْهَا الْوُسْطَى وَالسَّبَّابَةِ فَرَفَعَتْهُمَا إِلَى السَّمَاءِ تَعْنِي السَّمَاءَ وَالْأَرْضَ أَوْ إِنَّهُ لَرَسُولُ اللهِ حَقًّا قَالَ وَكَانَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ بَعْدُ يُغِيرُونَ عَلَى مَا حَوْلَهَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ وَلَا يُصِيبُونَ الصِّرْمَ الَّذِي هِيَ مِنْهُ فَقَالَتْ يَوْمًا لِقَوْمِهَا مَا أَرَى أَنَّ هَؤُلَاءِ الْقَوْمَ يَدَعُونَكُمْ عَمْدًا ؟ فَهَلْ لَكُمْ فِي الْإِسْلَامِ؟ فَأَطَاعُوهَا فَدَخَلُوا فِي الْإِسْلَامِ  

ahmad:20178Abū Kāmil > Zuhayr > al-Aswad b. Qays > Thaʿlabah b. ʿAbbād al-ʿAbdī from Ahl al-Baṣrah

[Machine] Narrated by the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, he said: "Once, I and a young boy from the Ansar were throwing arrows at targets in front of us, according to a promise we made to each other during the time of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. We continued until the sun appeared as if it was a black and cold ball. Then one of us said to his companion, 'Let us go to the mosque, and I swear by Allah that I will inform the Messenger of Allah ﷺ about this extraordinary event in his Ummah.' So we went to the mosque, and behold, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was there. He went out to the people and prayed in a manner longer than any prayer he had ever prayed before, so much so that we could not hear any movement from him. Then he prostrated in a similarly prolonged manner, and again we could not hear any movement from him. He performed the second unit of prayer in the same manner. While he was sitting between the two units, the sun appeared and he performed a sitting that was the longest he had ever done. I thought he would never finish. Then he said the tasleem and praised Allah and testified that He is Allah and His Messenger. Then he addressed the people and said, 'O people, I swear by Allah that if you knew the things that I know, you would have seen the signs in this sun, moon, and stars as the death of great men from the people of the earth. But they would deny it. However, these signs are among Allah's signs that His slaves consider, to see who among them will repent. By Allah, since I started praying, I have not seen you in such a state, concerned about your worldly affairs and your hereafter. By Allah, the Hour will not come until 30 liars appear. The last of them will be the one-eyed Dajjal who will have a blind eye, which looks like the eye of Abu Talha, a companion from the Ansar, between his eyes and Aisha's room. He will claim that he is Allah. Whoever believes in him and testifies to his claim, his good deeds done before that day will not benefit him. And whoever disbelieves in him and denies him, no harm will come to his deeds. A grey-haired old man, perhaps Hassan Ash-Shaib, said that his bad deeds will outweigh his good deeds. The Dajjal will appear on the entire earth except for the Haram and Bayt al-Maqdis. He will gather the believers in Bayt al-Maqdis, where they will experience a severe earthquake. Then Allah will destroy him and his army, to the extent that stones and trees will call out to the believers, saying, 'O believer, this is a Jew,' or 'This is a disbeliever, come and kill him!' But it will not be like that until you witness events that will greatly concern you and you will wonder whether your Prophet has told you about them. And it will not be like that until mountains move from their places consecutively, one after another, and until the closing of the gates. Then I witnessed a sermon by Simarah in which he mentioned this Hadith, but he did not start or end it in its proper context."  

أحمد:٢٠١٧٨حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كَامِلٍ حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرٌ حَدَّثَنَا الْأَسْوَدُ بْنُ قَيْسٍ حَدَّثَنَا ثَعْلَبَةُ بْنُ عَبَّادٍ الْعَبْدِيُّ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْبَصْرَةِ قَالَ شَهِدْتُ يَوْمًا خُطْبَةً لِسَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدُبٍ فَذَكَرَ فِي خُطْبَتِهِ حَدِيثًا

عَنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ بَيْنَا أَنَا وَغُلَامٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ نَرْمِي فِيغَرَضَيْنِ لَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَتِ الشَّمْسُ قِيدَ رُمْحَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلَاثَةٍ فِي عَيْنِ النَّاظِرِ اسْوَدَّتْ حَتَّى آضَتْ كَأَنَّهَا تَنُّومَةٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَحَدُنَا لِصَاحِبِهِ انْطَلِقْ بِنَا إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَوَاللهِ لَيُحْدِثَنَّ شَأْنُ هَذِهِ الشَّمْسِ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فِي أُمَّتِهِ حَدَثًا قَالَ فَدَفَعْنَا إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِأَزَزٍ قَالَ وَوَافَقْنَا رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ حِينَ خَرَجَ إِلَى النَّاسِ فَاسْتَقْدَمَ فَقَامَ بِنَا كَأَطْوَلِ مَا قَامَ بِنَا فِي صَلَاةٍ قَطُّ لَا نَسْمَعُ لَهُ صَوْتًا ثُمَّ رَكَعَ كَأَطْوَلِ مَارَكَعَ بِنَا فِي صَلَاةٍ قَطُّ لَا نَسْمَعُ لَهُ صَوْتًا ثُمَّ سَجَدَ بِنَا كَأَطْوَلَ مَا سَجَدَ بِنَا فِي صَلَاةٍ قَطُّ لَا نَسْمَعُ لَهُ صَوْتًا ثُمَّ فَعَلَ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ فَوَافَقَ تَجَلِّيَ الشَّمْسِ جُلُوسُهُ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ قَالَ زُهَيْرٌ حَسِبْتُهُ قَالَ فَسَلَّمَ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ وَشَهِدَ أَنَّهُ عَبْدُ اللهِ وَرَسُولُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَنْشُدُكُمْ بِاللهِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنِّي قَصَّرْتُ عَنْ شَيْءٍ مِنْ تَبْلِيغِ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي لَمَا أَخْبَرْتُمُونِي ذَاكَ فَبَلَّغْتُ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي كَمَا يَنْبَغِي لَهَا أَنْ تُبَلَّغَ وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنِّي بَلَّغْتُ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي لَمَا أَخْبَرْتُمُونِي ذَاكَ قَالَ فَقَامَ رِجَالٌ فَقَالُوا نَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّكَ وَنَصَحْتَ لِأُمَّتِكَ وَقَضَيْتَ الَّذِي عَلَيْكَ ثُمَّ سَكَتُوا ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَإِنَّ رِجَالًا يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّ كُسُوفَ هَذِهِ الشَّمْسِ وَكُسُوفَ هَذَا الْقَمَرِ وَزَوَالَ هَذِهِ النُّجُومِ عَنْ مَطَالِعِهَا لِمَوْتِ رِجَالٍ عُظَمَاءَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ وَإِنَّهُمْ قَدْ كَذَبُوا وَلَكِنَّهَا آيَاتٌ مِنْ آيَاتِ اللهِ يَعْتَبِرُ بِهَا عِبَادُهُ فَيَنْظُرُ مَنْ يُحْدِثُ لَهُ مِنْهُمْ تَوْبَةً وَايْمُ اللهِ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُ مُنْذُ قُمْتُ أُصَلِّي مَا أَنْتُمْ لَاقُونَ فِي أَمْرِ دُنْيَاكُمْ وَآخِرَتِكُمْ وَإِنَّهُ وَاللهِ لَا تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ ثَلَاثُونَكَذَّابًا آخِرُهُمُ الْأَعْوَرُ الدَّجَّالُ مَمْسُوحُ الْعَيْنِ الْيُسْرَى كَأَنَّهَا عَيْنُ أَبِي تَحْيَى لِشَيْخٍ حِينَئِذٍ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ حُجْرَةِ عَائِشَةَ وَإِنَّهُ مَتَى يَخْرُجُ أَوْ قَالَ مَتَى مَا يَخْرُجُ فَإِنَّهُ سَوْفَ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ اللهُ فَمَنْ آمَنَ بِهِ وَصَدَّقَهُ وَاتَّبَعَهُ لَمْ يَنْفَعْهُ صَالِحٌ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ سَلَفَ وَمَنْ كَفَرَ بِهِ وَكَذَّبَهُ لَمْ يُعَاقَبْ بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ وَقَالَ حَسَنٌ الْأَشْيَبُ بِسَيِّئٍ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ سَلَفَ وَإِنَّهُ سَيَظْهَرُ أَوْ قَالَ سَوْفَ يَظْهَرُ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ كُلِّهَا إِلَّا الْحَرَمَ وَبَيْتَ الْمَقْدِسِ وَإِنَّهُ يَحْصُرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فِي بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ فَيُزَلْزَلُونَ زِلْزَالًا شَدِيدًا ثُمَّ يُهْلِكُهُ اللهُ وَجُنُودَهُ حَتَّى إِنَّ جِذْمَ الْحَائِطِ أَوْ قَالَ أَصْلَ الْحَائِطِ وَقَالَ حَسَنٌ الْأَشْيَبُ وَأَصْلَ الشَّجَرَةِ لَيُنَادِي أَوْ قَالَ يَقُولُ يَا مُؤْمِنُ أَوْ قَالَ يَا مُسْلِمُ هَذَا يَهُودِيٌّ أَوْ قَالَ هَذَا كَافِرٌ تَعَالَ فَاقْتُلْهُ قَالَ وَلَنْ يَكُونَ ذَلِكَ كَذَلِكَ حَتَّى تَرَوْا أُمُورًا يَتَفَاقَمُ شَأْنُهَا فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ وَتَسَاءَلُونَ بَيْنَكُمْ هَلْ كَانَ نَبِيُّكُمْ ذَكَرَ لَكُمْ مِنْهَا ذِكْرًا وَحَتَّى تَزُولَ جِبَالٌ عَلَى مَرَاتِبِهَا ثُمَّ عَلَى أَثَرِ ذَلِكَ الْقَبْضُ قَالَ ثُمَّ شَهِدْتُ خُطْبَةً لِسَمُرَةَ ذَكَرَ فِيهَا هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ فَمَا قَدَّمَ كَلِمَةً وَلَا أَخَّرَهَا عَنْ مَوْضِعِهَا  

ahmad:24269Yaḥyá > Saʿīd b. Abū ʿArūbah > Qatādah > Zurārah b. Awfá > Saʿd b. Hishām

He met Ibn 'Abbas and asked him about Witr. He said: "Shall I not lead you to one who knows best among the people of the world about the witr of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ?" He said: "Yes." (Ibn Abbas) said: "It is 'Aishah. So go to her and ask her (about witr) and then come back to me and tell me the answer that she gives you." So I went to Hakim bin Aflah and asked him to go accompany me to her. He said: "I shall not go to her, for I told her not to say anything about these two (conflicting) groups, but she refused (to accept my advice) and went on (to participate in the conflict)." I swore an oath, beseeching him (to take me to her). So he came with me and went unto her. She said to Hakim: "Who is this with you?" He said: "He is Sa'd bin Hisham." She said: "Which Hisham?" He said: "Ibn Amir." She supplicated for mercy for him and said: "What a good man Amir was." He said: "O Mother of the Believers, tell me about the character of the Messenger of Allah." She said: "Don't you read the Qur'an?" I said: "Yes." She said "The character of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was the Qur'an." He said: "I wanted to get up (and leave), then I thought of the Qiyam (night prayer) of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and said: "Tell me about the Qiyam of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ." She said: "Do you not recite this surah: "O you wrapped in garments?" I said: "Yes." She said: "Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, made Qiyam Al-Lail obligatory at the beginning of this surah, so the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and his companions prayed Qiyam Al-Lail for one year. Allah (SWT) withheld the latter part of this surah for twelve months, then he revealed the lessening (of this duty) at the end of this surah, so Qiyam Al-Lail became voluntary after it had been obligatory." I felt inclined to stand up (and not ask anything further), then I thought of the witr of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. I said: "O Mother of the Believers, tell me about the witr of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ." She said: "We used to prepare his siwak and water for his ablution, and Allah (SWT) would wake him when He wished during the night. He would use the siwak, perform ablution, and then pray eight rak'ahs in which he would not sit until he reached the eighth one. Then he would sit and remember Allah (SWT) and supplicate, then he would say the taslim that we could hear. Then he would pray two rak'as sitting after uttering the taslim, then he would pray one rak'ah, and that made eleven rak'ahs, O my son! When the Messenger of Allah ﷺ grew older and put on weight, he prayed witr with seven rak'ahs, then he prayed two rak'ahs sitting down after saying the taslim, and that made nine rak'ahs. O my son, when the Messenger of Allah ﷺoffered a prayer, he liked to continue to offer it, and when sleep, sickness, or pain distracted him from praying Qiyam Al-Lail, he would pray twelve rak'ahs during the day. I am not aware of the Prophet of Allah ﷺ having recited the whole Qur'an during a single night, or praying through the whole night until morning, or fasting a complete month, except Ramadan." I went to Ibn 'Abbas and told him what she had said, and he said: "She has spoken the truth. If I could go to her (and meet her face to face) I would so that she could tell me all of that verbally." (Using translation from Nasāʾī 1601)   

أحمد:٢٤٢٦٩حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَرُوبَةَ عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ بْنِ أَوْفَى عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ هِشَامٍ

أَنَّهُ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ ثُمَّ ارْتَحَلَ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ لِيَبِيعَ عَقَارًا لَهُ بِهَا وَيَجْعَلَهُ فِي السِّلَاحِ وَالْكُرَاعِ ثُمَّ يُجَاهِدَ الرُّومَ حَتَّى يَمُوتَ فَلَقِيَ رَهْطًا مِنْ قَوْمِهِ فَحَدَّثُوهُ أَنَّ رَهْطًا مِنْ قَوْمِهِ سِتَّةً أَرَادُوا ذَلِكَ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ أَلَيْسَ لَكُمْ فِيَّ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ؟ فَنَهَاهُمْ عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَأَشْهَدَهُمْ عَلَى رَجْعَتِهَا ثُمَّ رَجَعَ إِلَيْنَا فَأَخْبَرَنَا أَنَّهُ أَتَى ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ فَسَأَلَهُ عَنِ الْوَتْرِ؟ فَقَالَ أَلَا أُنَبِّئُكَ بِأَعْلَمِ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ بِوَتْرِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ ائْتِ عَائِشَةَ فَاسْأَلْهَا؟ ثُمَّ ارْجِعْ إِلَيَّ فَأَخْبِرْنِي بِرَدِّهَا عَلَيْكَ قَالَ فَأَتَيْتُ عَلَى حَكِيمِ بْنِ أَفْلَحَ فَاسْتَلْحَقْتُهُ إِلَيْهَا فَقَالَ مَا أَنَا بِقَارِبِهَا إِنِّي نَهَيْتُهَا أَنْ تَقُولَ فِي هَاتَيْنِ الشِّيعَتَيْنِ شَيْئًا فَأَبَتْ فِيهِمَا إِلَّا مُضِيًّا فَأَقْسَمْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَجَاءَ مَعِي فَدَخَلْنَا عَلَيْهَا فَقَالَتْ حَكِيمٌ؟ وَعَرَفَتْهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ أَوْ بَلَى قَالَتْ مَنْ هَذَا مَعَكَ؟ قَالَ سَعْدُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ قَالَتْ مَنْ هِشَامٌ؟ قَالَ ابْنُ عَامِرٍقَالَ فَتَرَحَّمَتْ عَلَيْهِ وَقَالَتْ نِعْمَ الْمَرْءُ كَانَ عَامِرٌ قُلْتُ يَا أُمَّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَنْبِئِينِي عَنْ خُلُقِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ أَلَسْتَ تَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ؟ قُلْتُ بَلَى قَالَتْ فَإِنَّ خُلُقَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ كَانَ الْقُرْآنَ فَهَمَمْتُ أَنْ أَقُومَثُمَّ بَدَا لِي قِيَامُ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قُلْتُ يَا أُمَّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَنْبِئِينِي عَنْ قِيَامِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ؟ فَقَالَتْ أَلَسْتَ تَقْرَأُ هَذِهِ السُّورَةَ يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُزَّمِّلُ؟ قُلْتُ بَلَى قَالَتْ فَإِنَّ اللهَ ﷻ افْتَرَضَ قِيَامَ اللَّيْلِ فِي أَوَّلِ هَذِهِ السُّورَةِ فَقَامَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَصْحَابُهُ حَوْلًا حَتَّى انْتَفَخَتْ أَقْدَامُهُمْ وَأَمْسَكَ اللهُ ﷻ خَاتِمَتَهَا فِي السَّمَاءِ اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ شَهْرًا ثُمَّ أَنْزَلَ اللهُ ﷻ التَّخْفِيفَ فِي آخِرِ هَذِهِ السُّورَةِ فَصَارَ قِيَامُ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ تَطَوُّعًا مِنْ بَعْدِ فَرِيضَتِهِ فَهَمَمْتُ أَنْ أَقُومَثُمَّ بَدَا لِي وَتْرُ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قُلْتُ يَا أُمَّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَنْبِئِينِي عَنْ وَتْرِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ؟ قَالَتْ كُنَّا نُعِدُّ لَهُ سِوَاكَهُ وَطَهُورَهُ فَيَبْعَثُهُ اللهُ ﷻ لِمَا شَاءَ أَنْ يَبْعَثَهُ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَيَتَسَوَّكُ ثُمَّ يَتَوَضَّأُ ثُمَّ يُصَلِّي ثَمَانِي رَكَعَاتٍ لَا يَجْلِسُ فِيهِنَّ إِلَّا عِنْدَ الثَّامِنَةِ فَيَجْلِسُ وَيَذْكُرُ رَبَّهُ ﷻ وَيَدْعُو وَيَسْتَغْفِرُ ثُمَّ يَنْهَضُ وَلَا يُسَلِّمُ ثُمَّ يُصَلِّي التَّاسِعَةَ فَيَقْعُدُ فَيَحْمَدُ رَبَّهُ وَيَذْكُرُهُ وَيَدْعُو ثُمَّ يُسَلِّمُ تَسْلِيمًا يُسْمِعُنَا ثُمَّ يُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ بَعْدَمَا يُسَلِّمُ فَتِلْكَ إِحْدَى عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً يَا بُنَيَّ فَلَمَّا أَسَنَّ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأُخِذَ اللَّحْمُأَوْتَرَ بِسَبْعٍ ثُمَّ صَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ بَعْدَمَا يُسَلِّمُ فَتِلْكَ تِسْعٌ يَا بُنَيَّ وَكَانَ نَبِيُّ اللهِ ﷺ إِذَا صَلَّى صَلَاةً أَحَبَّ أَنْ يُدَاوِمَ عَلَيْهَا وَكَانَ إِذَا شَغَلَهُ عَنْ قِيَامِ اللَّيْلِ نَوْمٌ أَوْ وَجَعٌ أَوْ مَرَضٌ صَلَّى مِنَ النَّهَارِ اثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً وَلَا أَعْلَمُ نَبِيَّ اللهِ ﷺ قَرَأَ الْقُرْآنَ كُلَّهُ فِي لَيْلَةٍ وَلَا قَامَ لَيْلَةً حَتَّى أَصْبَحَ وَلَا صَامَ شَهْرًا كَامِلًا غَيْرَ رَمَضَانَ فَأَتَيْتُ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ فَحَدَّثْتُهُ بِحَدِيثِهَا فَقَالَ صَدَقْتَ أَمَا لَوْ كُنْتُ أَدْخُلُ عَلَيْهَا لَأَتَيْتُهَا حَتَّى تُشَافِهَنِي مُشَافَهَةً  

ahmad:24317Abū Usāmah > Hishām from his father > ʿĀʾishah

[Machine] When my affairs were mentioned and I was not aware of it, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ stood up and gave a sermon about me. He praised and thanked Allah (glory be to Him) for what He has bestowed upon me, then he said, "As for what comes after, inform the people that they have slandered my family and, by Allah, I have never known anything bad about them. They built my family and, by Allah, I have never known anything bad about them, nor has anyone ever entered my house without my presence. I have never been absent during any journey without them being with me." Then Sa'd bin Mu'adh stood up and said, "O Messenger of Allah, shall we strike their necks?" A man from the Bani Khazraj stood up, and Umm Hassaan bin Thabit, who was the wife of that man, said, "You lie! By Allah, if they were from the Aws, you would not want to strike their necks until there was fighting between the Aws and the Khazraj within the Masjid, and I do not know anything about them." When it was evening that day, I went out for some need, and Umm Misbah was with me. She stumbled, and she said, "May Misbah be ruined!" I said, "Why do you curse your son?" She remained silent. Then she stumbled again and said, "May Misbah be ruined!" I said, "Why do you curse your son?" Then she stumbled a third time and said, "May Misbah be ruined!" I scolded her and said, "Why do you curse your son?" She said, "By Allah, I only curse him because of you." I asked, "In what matter concerning me?" Then she informed me about the story. I said, "Did my father know about it?" She said, "Yes." I asked, "And the Messenger of Allah?" She said, "And the Messenger of Allah." I became overwhelmed and started crying. Abu Bakr heard my voice while he was on the roof reciting the Qur'an. He came down and said to my mother, "What's wrong with her?" She told him what had happened. He said, "I swear to you, O daughter, that if you had not returned to your house, I would have divorced her." So I went back to my house and my parents were with me. They stayed with me until after Asr prayer. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to me. My parents were on my right and left side. The Prophet ﷺ said the Shahada (testimony of faith) and praised and thanked Allah (glory be to Him) for what He has bestowed upon him. Then he said, "O Aisha, if you have committed a mistake or wronged, repent to Allah (glory be to Him). Verily, Allah (glory be to Him) accepts repentance from His servants." Then a woman from the Ansar came and sat at the door. I said to myself, "Doesn't she have any shame?"  

أحمد:٢٤٣١٧حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامٌ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ

لَمَّا ذُكِرَ مِنْ شَأْنِي الَّذِي ذُكِرَ وَمَا عَلِمْتُ بِهِ قَامَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فِيَّ خَطِيبًا وَمَا عَلِمْتُ بِهِ فَتَشَهَّدَ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ ﷻ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُأَشِيرُوا عَلَيَّ فِي نَاسٍ أَبَنُوا أَهْلِي وَايْمُ اللهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَى أَهْلِي سُوءًا قَطُّ وَأَبَنُوهُمْ بِمَنْ وَاللهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ سُوءٍ قَطُّ وَلَا دَخَلَ بَيْتِي قَطُّ إِلَّا وَأَنَا حَاضِرٌ وَلَا غِبْتُ فِي سَفَرٍ إِلَّا غَابَ مَعِي؟ فَقَامَ سَعْدُ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ فَقَالَ نَرَى يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَنْ تَضْرِبَ أَعْنَاقَهُمْ فَقَامَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ بلْخَزْرَج وَكَانَتْ أُمُّ حَسَّانَ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ مِنْ رَهْطِ ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلِ فَقَالَ كَذَبْتَ أَمَا وَاللهِ لَوْ كَانُوا مِنَ الْأَوْسِ مَا أَحْبَبْتَ أَنْ تَضْرِبَ أَعْنَاقَهُمْ حَتَّى كَادُوا أَنْ يَكُونَ بَيْنَ الْأَوْسِ وَالْخَزْرَجِ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ شَرٌّ وَمَا عَلِمْتُ بِهِ فَلَمَّا كَانَ مَسَاءُ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ خَرَجْتُ لِبَعْضِ حَاجَتِي وَمَعِي أُمُّ مِسْطَحٍ فَعَثَرَتْ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَقُلْتُ عَلَامَ تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ؟ فَسَكَتَتْ ثُمَّ عَثَرَتِ الثَّانِيَةَ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَقُلْتُ عَلَامَ تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ؟ ثُمَّ عَثَرَتِ الثَّالِثَةَ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَانْتَهَرْتُهَا فَقُلْتُ عَلَامَ تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ؟ فَقَالَتْ وَاللهِ مَا أَسُبُّهُ إِلَّا فِيكِ فَقُلْتُ فِي أَيِّ شَأْنِي؟ فَذَكَرَتْ لِي الْحَدِيثَفَقُلْتُ وَقَدْ كَانَ هَذَا؟ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ وَاللهِ فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى بَيْتِي لَكَأَنَّ الَّذِي خَرَجْتُ لَهُ لَمْ أَخْرُجْ لَهُ لَا أَجِدُ مِنْهُ قَلِيلًا وَلَا كَثِيرًا وَوَعَكْتُ فَقُلْتُ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ أَرْسِلْنِي إِلَى بَيْتِ أَبِي فَأَرْسَلَ مَعِي الْغُلَامَ فَدَخَلْتُ الدَّارَ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِأُمِّ رُومَانَ فَقَالَتْ مَا جَاءَ بِكِ يَا بُنَيَّةُ؟ فَأَخْبَرْتُهَا فَقَالَتْ خَفِّضِي عَلَيْكِ الشَّأْنَ فَإِنَّهُ وَاللهِ لَقَلَّمَا كَانَتْ امْرَأَةٌ جَمِيلَةٌ تَكُونُ عِنْدَ رَجُلٍ يُحِبُّهَا وَلَهَا ضَرَائِرُ إِلَّا حَسَدْنَهَا وَقُلْنَ فِيهَا قُلْتُ وَقَدْ عَلِمَ بِهِ أَبِي؟ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ وَرَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ؟ قَالَتْ وَرَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَاسْتَعْبَرْتُ فَبَكَيْتُ فَسَمِعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ صَوْتِي وَهُوَ فَوْقَ الْبَيْتِ يَقْرَأُ فَنَزَلَ فَقَالَ لِأُمِّي مَا شَأْنُهَا؟ قَالَتْ بَلَغَهَا الَّذِي ذُكِرَ مِنْ أَمْرِهَا فَفَاضَتْ عَيْنَاهُ فَقَالَ أَقْسَمْتُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بُنَيَّةُ إِلَّا رَجَعْتِ إِلَى بَيْتِكِ فَرَجَعْتُ وَأَصْبَحَ أَبَوَايَ عِنْدِي فَلَمْ يَزَالَا عِنْدِي حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَيَّ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ وَقَدِ اكْتَنَفَنِي أَبَوَايَ عَنْ يَمِينِي وَعَنْ شِمَالِي فَتَشَهَّدَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ يَا عَائِشَةُ إِنْ كُنْتِ قَارَفْتِ سُوءً أَوْ ظَلَمْتِ تُوبِي إِلَى اللهِ ﷻ فَإِنَّ اللهَ ﷻ يَقْبَلُ التَّوْبَةَ عَنْ عِبَادِهِ وَقَدْ جَاءَتْ امْرَأَةٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ فَهِيَ جَالِسَةٌ بِالْبَابِ فَقُلْتُ أَلَا تَسْتَحِي  

darimi:1516Isḥaq b. Ibrāhīm > Muʿādh b. Hishām from my father > Qatādah > Zurārah b. Awfá > Saʿd b. Hishām

I divorced my wife. I then came to Medina to sell my land that was there so that I could buy arms and fight in battle. I met a group of the Companions of the Prophet ﷺ. They said: Six persons of us intended to do so (i.e. divorce their wives and purchase weapons), but the Prophet ﷺ prohibited them. He said: For you in the Messenger of Allah there is an excellent model. I then came to Ibn 'Abbas and asked him about the witr observed by the Prophet ﷺ. He said: I point to you a person who is most familiar with the witr observed by the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. Go to 'Aishah. While going to her I asked Hakim b. Aflah to accompany me. He refused, but I adjured him. He, therefore, went along with me. We sought permission to enter upon 'Aishah. She said: Who is this ? He said: Hakim b. Aflah. She asked: Who is with you ? He replied: Sa'd b. Hisham. She said: Hisham son of 'Amir who was killed in the Battle of Uhud. I said: Yes. She said: What a good man 'Amir was! I said: Mother of faithful, tell me about the character of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. She asked: Do you not recite the Quran ? The character of Messenger of Allah ﷺ was the Qur'an. I asked: Tell me about his vigil and prayer at night. She replied: Do you not recite: "O thou folded in garments" (73:1). I said: Why not ? When the opening of this Surah was revealed, the Companions stood praying (most of the night) until their fett swelled, and the concluding verses were not revealed for twelve months from heaven. At last the concluding verses were revealed and the prayer at night became voluntary after it was obligatory. I said: Tell me about the witr of the Prophet ﷺ. She replied: He used to pray eight rak'ahs, sitting only during the eighth of them. Then he would stand up and pray another rak'ahs. He would sit only after the eighth and the ninth rak'ahs. He would utter salutation only after the ninth rak'ah. He would then pray two rak'ahs sitting and that made eleven rak'ahs, O my son. But when he grew old and became fleshy he observed a witr of seven, sitting only in sixth and seventh rak'ahs, and would utter salutation only after the seventh rak'ah. He would then pray two rak'ahs sitting, and that made nine rak'ahs, O my son. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ would not pray through a whole night, or recite the whole Qur'an in a night or fast a complete month except in Ramadan. When he offered prayer, he would do that regularly. When he was overtaken by sleep at night, he would pray twelve rak'ahs. The narrator said: I came to Ibn 'Abbas and narrated all this to him. By Allah, this is really a tradition. Has I been on speaking terms with her, I would have come to her and heard it from her mouth. I said: If I knew that you were not on speaking terms with her, I would have never narrated it to you. (Using translation from Abū Dāʾūd 1342)   

الدارمي:١٥١٦حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاذُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ بْنِ أَوْفَى عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ هِشَامٍ

أَنَّهُ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَأَتَى الْمَدِينَةَ لِبَيْعِ عَقَارِهِ فَيَجْعَلَهُ فِي السِّلَاحِ وَالْكُرَاعِ فَلَقِيَ رَهْطًا مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ فَقَالُوا أَرَادَ ذَلِكَ سِتَّةٌ مِنَّا عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَمَنَعَهُمْ وَقَالَ «أَمَا لَكُمْ فِيَّ أُسْوَةٌ؟» ثُمَّ إِنَّهُ قَدِمَ الْبَصْرَةَ فَحَدَّثَنَا أَنَّهُ لَقِيَ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عَبَّاسٍ فَسَأَلَهُ عَنِ الْوِتْرِ فَقَالَ أَلَا أُحَدِّثُكَ بِأَعْلَمِ النَّاسِ بِوِتْرِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ؟ قُلْتُ بَلَى قَالَ أُمُّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَائِشَةُ فَأْتِهَا فَاسْأَلْهَا ثُمَّ ارْجِعْ إِلَيَّ فَحَدِّثْنِي بِمَا تُحَدِّثُكَ فَأَتَيْتُ حَكِيمَ بْنَ أَفْلَحَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ انْطَلِقْ مَعِي إِلَى أُمِّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَائِشَةَ قَالَ إِنِّي لَا آتِيهَا إِنِّي نَهَيْتُ عَنْ هَذِهِ الشِّيعَتَيْنِ فَأَبَتْ إِلَّا مُضِيًّا قُلْتُ أَقْسَمْتُ عَلَيْكَ لَمَا انْطَلَقْتَ فَانْطَلَقْنَا فَسَلَّمْنَا فَعَرَفَتْ صَوْتَ حَكِيمٍ فَقَالَتْ «مَنْ هَذَا؟» قُلْتُ سَعْدُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ قَالَتْ «مَنْ هِشَامٌ؟» قُلْتُ هِشَامُ بْنُ عَامِرٍ قَالَتْ «نِعْمَ الْمَرْءُ قُتِلَ يَوْمَ أُحُدٍ» قُلْتُ أَخْبِرِينَا عَنْ خُلُقِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ «أَلَسْتَ تَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ؟» قُلْتُ بَلَى قَالَتْ «فَإِنَّهُ خُلُقُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ» فَأَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَقُومَ وَلَا أَسْأَلَ أَحَدًا عَنْ شَيْءٍ حَتَّى أَلْحَقَ بِاللَّهِ فَعَرَضَ لِي الْقِيَامُ فَقُلْتُ أَخْبِرِينَا عَنْ قِيَامِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ أَلَسْتَ تَقْرَأُ يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُزَّمِّلُ؟ قُلْتُ بَلَى قَالَتْ «فَإِنَّهَا كَانَتْ قِيَامَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ أُنْزِلَ أَوَّلُ السُّورَةِ فَقَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَصْحَابُهُ حَتَّى انْتَفَخَتْ أَقْدَامُهُمْ وَحُبِسَ آخِرُهَا فِي السَّمَاءِ سِتَّةَ عَشَرَ شَهْرًا ثُمَّ أُنْزِلَ فَصَارَ قِيَامُ اللَّيْلِ تَطَوُّعًا بَعْدَ أَنْ كَانَ فَرِيضَةً» فَأَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَقُومَ وَلَا أَسْأَلَ أَحَدًا عَنْ شَيْءٍ حَتَّى أَلْحَقَ بِاللَّهِ فَعَرَضَ لِي الْوِتْرُ فَقُلْتُ أَخْبِرِينَا عَنْ وِتْرِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَتْ «كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِذَا نَامَ وَضَعَ سِوَاكَهُ عِنْدِي فَيَبْعَثُهُ اللَّهُ لِمَا يَشَاءُ أَنْ يَبْعَثَهُ فَيُصَلِّي تِسْعَ رَكَعَاتٍ لَا يَجْلِسُ إِلَّا فِي الثَّامِنَةِ فَيَحْمَدُ اللَّهَ وَيَدْعُو رَبَّهُ ثُمَّ يَقُومُ وَلَا يُسَلِّمُ حَتَّى يَجْلِسَ فِي التَّاسِعَةِ فَيَحْمَدُ اللَّهَ وَيَدْعُو رَبَّهُ وَيُسَلِّمُ تَسْلِيمَةً يُسْمِعُنَا ثُمَّ يُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ فَتِلْكَ إِحْدَى عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً» يَا بُنَيَّ «فَلَمَّا أَسَنَّ وَحَمَلَ اللَّحْمَ صَلَّى سَبْعَ رَكَعَاتٍ لَا يَجْلِسُ إِلَّا فِي السَّادِسَةِ فَيَحْمَدُ اللَّهَ وَيَدْعُو رَبَّهُ ثُمَّ يَقُومُ وَلَا يُسَلِّمُ ثُمَّ يَجْلِسُ فِي السَّابِعَةِ فَيَحْمَدُ اللَّهَ وَيَدْعُو رَبَّهُ ثُمَّ يُسَلِّمُ تَسْلِيمَةً ثُمَّ يُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ فَتِلْكَ تِسْعٌ» يَا بُنَيَّ «وَكَانَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ إِذَا غَلَبَهُ نَوْمٌ أَوْ مَرَضٌ صَلَّى مِنَ النَّهَارِ ثِنْتَيْ عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً وَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِذَا أَخَذَ خُلُقًا أَحَبَّ أَنْ يُدَاوِمَ عَلَيْهِ وَمَا قَامَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ ﷺ لَيْلَةً حَتَّى يُصْبِحَ وَلَا قَرَأَ الْقُرْآنَ كُلَّهُ فِي لَيْلَةٍ وَلَا صَامَ شَهْرًا كَامِلًا غَيْرَ رَمَضَانَ» فَأَتَيْتُ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ فَحَدَّثْتُهُ فَقَالَ «صَدَقَتْكَ أَمَا إِنِّي لَوْ كُنْتُ أَدْخُلُ عَلَيْهَا لَشَافَهْتُهَا مُشَافَهَةً» قَالَ فَقُلْتُ أَمَا إِنِّي لَوْ شَعَرْتُ أَنَّكَ لَا تَدْخُلُ عَلَيْهَا مَا حَدَّثْتُكَ  

hakim:8519Abū ʿAbdullāh Muḥammad b. ʿAbdullāh al-Zāhid al-Aṣbahānī > al-Ḥusayn b. Ḥafṣ > Sufyān > Salamah b. Kuhayl > Abū al-Zaʿrāʾ
Request/Fix translation

  

الحاكم:٨٥١٩أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الزَّاهِدُ الْأَصْبَهَانِيُّ ثَنَا الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ حَفْصٍ ثَنَا سُفْيَانُ عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ كُهَيْلٍ عَنْ أَبِي الزَّعْرَاءِ قَالَ

كُنَّا عِنْدَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ فَذُكِرَ عِنْدَهُ الدَّجَّالُ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْعُودٍ تَفْتَرِقُونَ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ لِخُرُوجِهِ عَلَى ثَلَاثِ فِرَقٍ فِرْقَةٌ تَتْبَعُهُ وَفِرْقَةٌ تَلْحَقُ بِأَرْضِ آبَائِهَا بِمَنَابِتِ الشِّيحِ وَفِرْقَةٌ تَأْخُذُ شَطَّ الْفُرَاتِ يُقَاتِلُهُمْ وَيُقَاتِلُونَهُ حَتَّى يَجْتَمِعَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ بِقُرَى الشَّامِ فَيَبْعَثُونَ إِلَيْهِمْ طَلِيعَةً فِيهِمْ فَارِسٌ عَلَى فَرَسٍ أَشْقَرَ وَأَبْلَقَ قَالَ «فَيَقْتَتِلُونَ فَلَا يَرْجِعُ مِنْهُمْ بِشْرٌ» قَالَ سَلَمَةُ فَحَدَّثَنِي أَبُو صَادِقٍ عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ نَاجِذٍ أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ مَسْعُودٍ قَالَ «فَرَسٌ أَشْقَرٌ» قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ «وَيَزْعُمُ أَهْلُ الْكِتَابِ أَنَّ الْمَسِيحَ يَنْزِلُ إِلَيْهِ» قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَذْكُرُ عَنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ حَدِيثًا غَيْرَ هَذَا «ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ يَأْجُوجُ وَمَأْجُوجُ فَيَمْرَحُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَيُفْسِدُونَ فِيهَا» ثُمَّ قَرَأَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ {وَهُمْ مِنْ كُلِّ حَدَبٍ يَنْسِلُونَ} [الأنبياء 96] قَالَ «ثُمَّ يَبْعَثُ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ دَابَّةً مِثْلَ هَذَا النَّغَفِ فَتَلِجُ فِي أَسْمَاعِهِمْ وَمَنَاخِرِهِمْ فَيَمُوتُونَ مِنْهَا فَتَنْتُنُ الْأَرْضُ مِنْهُمْ فَيُجْأَرُ إِلَى اللَّهِ فَيُرْسِلُ مَاءً يُطَهِّرُ الْأَرْضَ مِنْهُمْ» قَالَ «ثُمَّ يَبْعَثُ اللَّهُ رِيحًا فِيهَا زَمْهَرِيرٌ بَارِدَةٌ فَلَمْ تَدَعْ عَلَى وَجْهِ الْأَرْضِ مُؤْمِنًا إِلَّا كَفَتْهُ تِلْكَ الرِّيحُ» قَالَ «ثُمَّ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ عَلَى شِرَارِ النَّاسِ ثُمَّ يَقُومُ الْمَلَكُ بِالصُّورِ بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ فَيَنْفُخُ فِيهِ وَالصُّورُ قَرْنٌ فَلَا يَبْقَى خَلْقٌ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ إِلَّا مَاتَ إِلَّا مَنْ شَاءَ رَبُّكَ ثُمَّ يَكُونُ بَيْنَ النَّفْخَتَيْنِ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَكُونَ فَلَيْسَ مِنْ بَنِي آدَمَ خَلْقٌ إِلَّا مِنْهُ شَيْءٌ» قَالَ «فَيُرْسِلُ اللَّهُ مَاءً مِنْ تَحْتِ الْعَرْشِ كَمَنِيِّ الرِّجَالِ فَتَنْبُتُ لُحْمَانُهُمْ وَجُثْمَانُهُمْ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْمَاءِ كَمَا يُنْبِتُ الْأَرْضُ مِنَ الثَّرَى» ثُمَّ قَرَأَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ {وَاللَّهُ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ الرِّيَاحَ فَتُثِيرُ سَحَابًا فَسُقْنَاهُ إِلَى بَلَدٍ مَيِّتٍ فَأَحْيَيْنَا بِهِ الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا كَذَلِكَ النُّشُورُ} [فاطر 9] قَالَ «ثُمَّ يَقُومُ مَلَكٌ بِالصُّورِ بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ فَيَنْفُخُ فِيهِ فَيَنْطَلِقُ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ إِلَى جَسَدِهَا حَتَّى يَدْخُلَ فِيهِ ثُمَّ يَقُومُونَ فَيَحْيَوْنَ حَيَاةَ رَجُلٍ وَاحِدٍ قِيَامًا لِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ» قَالَ «ثُمَّ يَتَمَثَّلُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى إِلَى الْخَلْقِ فَيَلْقَاهُمْ فَلَيْسَ أَحَدٌ يَعْبُدُ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ شَيْئًا إِلَّا وَهُوَ مَرْفُوعٌ لَهُ يَتْبَعُهُ» قَالَ فَيَلْقَى الْيَهُودُ فَيَقُولُ مَنْ تَعْبُدُونَ؟ قَالَ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعْبُدُ عُزَيْرًا قَالَ هَلْ يَسُرُّكُمُ الْمَاءُ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعَمْ إِذْ يُرِيهِمْ جَهَنَّمَ كَهَيْئَةِ السَّرَابِ قَالَ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ {وَعَرَضْنَا جَهَنَّمَ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَرْضًا} [الكهف 100] قَالَ ثُمَّ يَلْقَى النَّصَارَى فَيَقُولُ مَنْ تَعْبُدُونَ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ الْمَسِيحَ قَالَ فَيَقُولُ هَلْ يَسُرُّكُمُ الْمَاءُ؟ قَالَ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَيُرِيهِمْ جَهَنَّمَ كَهَيْئَةِ السَّرَابِ ثُمَّ كَذَلِكَ لِمَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ مِنْ دُونَ اللَّهِ شَيْئًا قَالَ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ {وَقِفُوهُمْ إِنَّهُمْ مَسْئُولُونَ} [الصافات 24] قَالَ «ثُمَّ يَتَمَثَّلُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى لِلْخَلْقِ حَتَّى يَمُرَّ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمِينَ» قَالَ فَيَقُولُ مَنْ تَعْبُدُونَ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ وَلَا نُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا فَيَنْتَهِرُهُمْ مَرَّتَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلَاثًا فَيَقُولُ مَنْ تَعْبُدُونَ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ وَلَا نُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا قَالَ فَيَقُولُ هَلْ تَعْرِفُونَ رَبَّكُمْ؟ قَالَ فَيَقُولُونَ سُبْحَانَهُ إِذَا اعْتَرَفَ لَنَا عَرَفْنَاهُ قَالَ «فَعِنْدَ ذَلِكَ يُكْشَفُ عَنْ سَاقٍ فَلَا يَبْقَى مُؤْمِنٌ إِلَّا خَرَّ لِلَّهِ سَاجِدًا وَيَبْقَى الْمُنَافِقُونَ ظُهُورُهُمْ طَبَقًا وَاحِدًا كَأَنَّمَا فِيهَا السَّفَافِيدُ» قَالَ فَيَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا فَيَقُولُ قَدْ كُنْتُمْ تُدْعَوْنَ إِلَى السُّجُودِ وَأَنْتُمْ سَالِمُونَ قَالَ «ثُمَّ يَأْمُرُ بِالصِّرَاطِ فَيُضْرَبُ عَلَى جَهَنَّمَ فَيَمُرُّ النَّاسُ كَقَدْرِ أَعْمَالِهِمْ زُمَرًا كَلَمْحِ الْبَرْقِ ثُمَّ كَمَرِّ الرِّيحِ ثُمَّ كَمَرِّ الطَّيْرِ ثُمَّ كَأَسْرَعِ الْبَهَائِمِ ثُمَّ كَذَلِكَ حَتَّى يَمُرَّ الرَّجُلُ سَعْيًا ثُمَّ مَشْيًا ثُمَّ يَكُونُ آخِرُهُمْ رَجُلًا يَتَلَبَّطُ عَلَى بَطْنِهِ» قَالَ فَيَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ لِمَاذَا أَبْطَأْتَ بِي؟ فَيَقُولُ لَمْ أُبْطِئْ بِكَ إِنَّمَا أَبْطَأَ بِكَ عَمَلُكَ قَالَ «ثُمَّ يَأْذَنُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى فِي الشَّفَاعَةِ فَيَكُونُ أَوَّلُ شَافِعٍ رُوحُ الْقُدُسِ جِبْرِيلُ عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ ثُمَّ إِبْرَاهِيمُ خَلِيلُ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ مُوسَى ثُمَّ عِيسَى عَلَيْهِمَا الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ» قَالَ ثُمَّ يَقُومُ نَبِيُّكُمْ رَابِعًا لَا يَشْفَعُ أَحَدٌ بَعْدَهُ فِيمَا يَشْفَعُ فِيهِ وَهُوَ الْمَقَامُ الْمَحْمُودُ الَّذِي ذَكَرَهُ اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى {عَسَى أَنْ يَبْعَثَكَ رَبُّكَ مَقَامًا مَحْمُودًا} [الإسراء 79] قَالَ «فَلَيْسَ مِنْ نَفْسٍ إِلَّا وَهِيَ تَنْظُرُ إِلَى بَيْتٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ أَوْ بَيْتٍ فِي النَّارِ» قَالَ «وَهُوَ يَوْمُ الْحَسْرَةِ» قَالَ فَيَرَى أَهْلُ النَّارِ الْبَيْتَ الَّذِي فِي الْجَنَّةِ ثُمَّ يُقَالُ لَوْ عَمِلْتُمْ قَالَ «فَتَأْخُذُهُمُ الْحَسْرَةُ» قَالَ وَيَرَى أَهْلُ الْجَنَّةِ الْبَيْتَ فِي النَّارِ فَيُقَالُ لَوْلَا أَنْ مَنَّ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكُمْ قَالَ ثُمَّ يَشْفَعُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالنَّبِيُّونَ وَالشُّهَدَاءُ وَالصَّالِحُونَ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ فَيُشَفِّعُهُمُ اللَّهُ قَالَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ أَنَا أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ فَيُخْرِجُ مِنَ النَّارِ أَكْثَرَ مِمَّا أَخْرَجَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ الْخَلْقِ بِرَحْمَتِهِ قَالَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ أَنَا أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ قَالَ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ {مَا سَلَكَكُمْ فِي سَقَرَ} [المدثر 43] قَالُوا لَمْ نَكُ مِنَ الْمُصَلِّينَ وَلَمْ نَكُ نُطْعِمُ الْمِسْكِينَ وَكُنَّا نَخُوضُ مَعَ الْخَائِضِينَ وَكُنَّا نُكَذِّبُ بِيَوْمِ الدِّينِ قَالَ فَعَقَدَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بِيَدِهِ أَرْبَعًا ثُمَّ قَالَ «هَلْ تَرَوْنَ فِي هَؤُلَاءِ مِنْ خَيْرٍ مَا يَنْزِلُ فِيهَا أَحَدٌ فِيهِ خَيْرٌ فَإِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ ﷻ أَنْ لَا يَخْرُجَ مِنْهَا أَحَدٌ غَيَّرَ وُجُوهَهُمْ وَأَلْوَانَهُمْ» قَالَ فَيَجِيءُ الرَّجُلُ فَيَنْظُرُ وَلَا يَعْرِفُ أَحَدًا فَيُنَادِيهِ الرَّجُلُ فَيَقُولُ يَا فُلَانُ أَنَا فُلَانٌ فَيَقُولُ مَا أَعْرِفُكَ فَعِنْدَ ذَلِكَ يَقُولُ {رَبَّنَا أَخْرِجْنَا مِنْهَا فَإِنْ عُدْنَا فَإِنَّا ظَالِمُونَ} [المؤمنون 107] فَيَقُولُ عِنْدَ ذَلِكَ اخْسَأُوا فِيهَا وَلَا تُكَلِّمُونَ فَإِذَا قَالَ ذَلِكَ أُطْبِقَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ فَلَا يَخْرُجُ مِنْهُمْ بَشَرٌ  

«هَذَا حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحٌ عَلَى شَرْطِ الشَّيْخَيْنِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجَاهُ» على شرط البخاري ومسلم
hakim:8617Abū al-Ḥusayn Aḥmad b. ʿUthmān b. Yaḥyá al-MuqriʾAnd ʾAbū Aḥmad Bakr b. Muḥammad b. Ḥamdān al-Ṣayrafī Bimarw > Abū Qilābah al-Raqāshī > ʿAbd al-Ṣamad b. ʿAbd al-Wārith b. Saʿīd from my father > Yazīd b. Ṣāliḥ > Abū al-Waḍīʾ ʿAbbād b. Nasīb > Kunnā Fī Masīr ʿĀmidīn > al-Kūfah Maʿ Amīr al-Muʾminīn ʿAlī b. Abū Ṭālib Falammā Balaghnā Masīrah Laylatayn or Thalāth from Ḥarūrāʾ Shadh Minnā Nās Fadhakarnā Dhalik Liʿalī > Lā Yahūlannakum Amruhum Faʾinnahum Sayarjiʿūn Fanazalnā Falammā

[Machine] "Do not be intimidated by them, for they will return. So We revealed (to Ali) and when it was morning, one who looked like me (Ali) went out, and when he went out, I reminded him (the people) of that incident. Ali said, 'Do not be scared by their presence, for their command is insignificant.' Ali said, 'Do not initiate the fight with them until they initiate it with you.' They sat on their knees and we prepared for battle, and we used our shields as protection. They approached us and handed us spears, and then they attacked us with arrows. Then they got closer and they picked up swords to attack us until they wanted to attack us with their swords. Then, a man from the Banu Abdi Qays tribe named Sa'sa'a bin Sohan called out three times and they asked him what he wanted. He said, 'I remind you to have God in your hearts and to fight on the land that will bear disrespect against its people. I remind you to leave behind the religion, as it will leave you behind like an arrow from a bow.' When we saw that they had placed their swords on us, Ali said, 'Get up, with the blessing of Allah the Almighty.' It was not even midday when we were scattered everywhere and we escaped, and whoever ran, ran. Ali thanked Allah and said, 'My friend (the Prophet) informed me that the leader of the enemy was a man whose hands were marked with hair, like the tail of a lizard. Go and find him.' So we looked for him and we could not find him. Then, an man from the people of Kufa came and said, 'Here he is.' Ali said, 'Allah is the Greatest, by Allah, no one will inform you about his father's lineage being the King.' People started saying, 'This is a King.' Ali said, 'Whose son is he?' They said, 'We do not know.' Then, a man from the people of Kufa came and said, 'I know this man. I was offering cattle as a dowry for a certain man from Banu Fulan, a sheikh from Banu Fulan, and I put easy-to-wear ornaments on them. When I turned my back, the cow ran away, and he called me and said, 'Oh boy, look, the cow has run away.' So I said, 'I see an image of a sunset or a sheep.' He got closer to us, and Ali said, 'Who is that man?' The people said, 'This is the one.' Ali said, 'I swear by Allah, this man has come to you from Yamama to worship Allah in the mosque of Kufa. He worshipped Allah there and called the people until they gathered around him.' Ali said, 'My friend (the Prophet) informed me that these are three brothers from the Jinn. This is the eldest, the second has a large following, and the third one is weak.' Muslim narrated this hadith in Sahih al-Masnad in an abbreviated manner, and it is an authentic hadith."  

الحاكم:٨٦١٧أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو الْحُسَيْنِ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى الْمُقْرِئُ بِبَغْدَادَ وَأَبُو أَحْمَدَ بَكْرُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَمْدَانَ الصَّيْرَفِيُّ بِمَرْوَ قَالَا ثَنَا أَبُو قِلَابَةَ الرَّقَاشِيُّ ثَنَا عَبْدُ الصَّمَدِ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْوَارِثِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي ثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ أَنَّ أَبَا الْوَضِيءِ عَبَّادُ بْنُ نَسِيبٍ حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّهُ قَالَ كُنَّا فِي مَسِيرٍ عَامِدِينَ إِلَى الْكُوفَةِ مَعَ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ فَلَمَّا بَلَغْنَا مَسِيرَةَ لَيْلَتَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلَاثٍ مِنْ حَرُورَاءَ شَذَّ مِنَّا نَاسٌ فَذَكَرْنَا ذَلِكَ لِعَلِيٍّ فَقَالَ

لَا يَهُولَنَّكُمْ أَمْرُهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ سَيَرْجِعُونَ فَنَزَلْنَا فَلَمَّا كَانَ مِنَ الْغَدِ شَذَّ مَثْلَيْ مَنْ شَذَّ فَذَكَرْنَا ذَلِكَ لِعَلِيٍّ فَقَالَ لَا يَهُولَنَّكُمْ أَمْرُهُمْ فَإِنَّ أَمْرَهُمْ يَسِيرٌ وَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ لَا تَبْدَأُوهُمْ بِقِتَالٍ حَتَّى يَكُونُوا هُمُ الَّذِينَ يَبْدَأُوكُمْ فَجَثَوْا عَلَى رُكَبِهِمْ وَاتَّقَيْنَا بُتُرُسِنَا فَجَعَلُوا يُنَاوِلُونَا بِالنُّشَّابِ وَالسِّهَامِ ثُمَّ إِنَّهُمْ دَنَوْا مِنَّا فَأَسْنَدُوا لَنَا الرَّمَّاحَ ثُمَّ تَنَاوَلُونَا بِالسُّيُوفِ حَتَّى هَمُّوا أَنْ يَضَعُوا السُّيُوفَ فِينَا فَخَرَجَ إِلَيْهِمْ رَجُلٌ مِنْ عَبْدِ الْقَيْسِ يُقَالُ لَهُ صَعْصَعَةُ بْنُ صُوحَانَ فَنَادَى ثَلَاثًا فَقَالُوا مَا تَشَاءُ؟ فَقَالَ أُذَكِّرُكُمُ اللَّهَ أَنْ تَخْرُجُوا بِأَرْضٍ تَكُونُ مَسَبَّةً عَلَى أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ وَأُذَكِّرُكُمُ اللَّهَ أَنْ تَمْرُقُوا مِنَ الدِّينِ مُرُوقَ السَّهْمِ مِنَ الرَّمِيَّةِ فَلَمَّا رَأَيْنَاهُمْ قَدْ وَضَعُوا فِينَا السُّيُوفَ قَالَ عَلِيٌّ انْهَضُوا عَلَى بَرَكَةِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى فَمَا كَانَ إِلَّا فُوَاقٌ مِنْ نَهَارٍ حَتَّى ضَجَعْنَا مَنْ ضَجَعْنَا وَهَرَبَ مَنْ هَرَبَ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ عَلِيٌّ فَقَالَ إِنَّ خَلِيلِي ﷺ أَخْبَرَنِي «أَنَّ قَائِدَ هَؤُلَاءِ رَجُلٌ مُخَدَّجُ الْيَدِ عَلَى حَلَمَةِ ثَدْيِهِ شُعَيْرَاتٌ كَأَنَّهُنَّ ذَنَبُ يَرْبُوعٍ فَالْتَمِسُوهُ» فَالْتَمَسُوهُ فَلَمْ يَجِدُوهُ فَأَتَيْنَاهُ فَقُلْنَا إِنَّا لَمْ نَجِدْهُ فَقَالَ الْتَمِسُوهُ فَوَاللَّهِ مَا كَذَبْتُ وَلَا كُذِبْتُ فَمَا زِلْنَا نَلْتَمِسُهُ حَتَّى جَاءَ عَلِيٌّ بِنَفْسِهِ إِلَى آخِرِ الْمَعْرَكَةِ الَّتِي كَانَتْ لَهُمْ فَمَا زَالَ يَقُولُ اقْلِبُوا ذَا اقْلِبُوا ذَا حَتَّى جَاءَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكُوفَةِ فَقَالَ هَا هُوَ ذَا فَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَاللَّهِ لَا يَأْتِيكُمْ أَحَدٌ يُخْبِرُكُمْ مَنْ أَبُوهُ مَلَكٌ فَجَعَلَ النَّاسُ يَقُولُونَ هَذَا مَلَكٌ هَذَا مَلَكٌ يَقُولُ عَلِيُّ ابْنُ مَنْ؟ يَقُولُونَ لَا نَدْرِي فَجَاءَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكُوفَةِ فَقَالَ أَنَا أَعْلَمُ النَّاسِ بِهَذَا كُنْتُ أَرُوضُ مُهْرَةً لِفُلَانِ بْنِ فُلَانٍ شَيْخً مِنْ بَنِي فُلَانً وَأَضَعُ عَلَى ظَهْرِهَا جَوَالِقَ سَهْلَةً أُقْبِلُ بِهَا وَأُدْبِرُ إِذْ نَفَرَتِ الْمُهْرَةُ فَنَادَانِي فَقَالَ يَا غُلَامُ انْظُرْ فَإِنَّ الْمُهْرَةَ قَدْ نَفَرَتْ فَقُلْتُ إِنِّي لَأَرَى خَيَالًا كَأَنَّهُ غَرْبٌ أَوْ شَاةٌ إِذْ أَشْرَفَ هَذَا عَلَيْنَا فَقَالَ مَنِ الرَّجُلُ؟ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْيَمَامَةِ قَالَ وَمَا جَاءَ بِكَ شَعِثًا شَاحِبًا؟ قَالَ جِئْتُ أَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ فِي مُصَلَّى الْكُوفَةِ فَأَخَذَ بِيَدِهِ مَا لَنَا رَابِعٌ إِلَّا اللَّهُ حَتَّى انْطَلَقَ بِهِ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ فَقَالَ لِامْرَأَتِهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى قَدْ سَاقَ إِلَيْكِ خَيْرًا قَالَتْ وَاللَّهِ إِنِّي إِلَيْهِ لَفَقِيرَةٌ فَمَا ذَلِكَ؟ قَالَ هَذَا الرَّجُلُ شَعِثٌ شَاحِبٌ كَمَا تَرَيْنَ جَاءَ مِنَ الْيَمَامَةِ لِيَعْبُدَ اللَّهَ فِي مُصَلَّى الْكُوفَةِ فَكَانَ يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ فِيهِ وَيَدْعُو النَّاسَ حَتَّى اجْتَمَعَ النَّاسُ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ أَمَا إِنَّ خَلِيلِي ﷺ أَخْبَرَنِي «أَنَّهُمْ ثَلَاثَةُ إِخْوَةٍ مِنَ الْجِنِّ هَذَا أَكْبَرُهُمْ وَالثَّانِي لَهُ جَمْعٌ كَثِيرٌ وَالثَّالِثُ فِيهِ ضَعْفٌ» وَقَدْ أَخْرَجَ مُسْلِمٌ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ حَدِيثَ الْمُخَدَّجِ عَلَى سَبِيلِ الِاخْتِصَارِ فِي الْمُسْنَدِ الصَّحِيحِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجَاهُ بِهَذِهِ السِّيَاقَةِ «وَهُوَ صَحِيحُ الْإِسْنَادِ»  

hakim:8736Abū ʿAbdullāh Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb al-Ḥāfiẓ And ʾAbū al-Faḍl al-Ḥasan b. Yaʿqūb al-ʿAdl > Abū Aḥmad Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Wahhāb al-ʿAbdī > Jaʿfar b. ʿAwn > Hishām b. Saʿd > Zayd b. Aslam > ʿAṭāʾ b. Yasār > Abū Saʿīd al-Khudrī
Request/Fix translation

  

الحاكم:٨٧٣٦حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ الْحَافِظُ وَأَبُو الْفَضْلِ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ الْعَدْلُ قَالَا ثَنَا أَبُو أَحْمَدَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْوَهَّابِ الْعَبْدِيُّ ثَنَا جَعْفَرُ بْنُ عَوْنٍ أَنْبَأَ هِشَامُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ ثَنَا زَيْدُ بْنُ أَسْلَمَ عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ قَالَ

قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ هَلْ نَرَى رَبَّنَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ؟ قَالَ «هَلْ تُضَارُّونَ فِي رُؤْيَةِ الشَّمْسِ بِالظَّهِيرَةِ صَحْوًا لَيْسَ فِيهَا سَحَابٌ؟» فَقُلْنَا لَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ «فَهَلْ تُضَارُّونَ فِي رُؤْيَةِ الْبَدْرِ صَحْوًا لَيْسَ فِيهِ سَحَابٌ؟» قَالُوا لَا قَالَ مَا تُضَارُّونَ فِي رُؤْيَتِهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ إِلَّا كَمَا تُضَارُّونَ فِي رُؤْيَةِ أَحَدِهِمَا إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ الْقِيَامَةِ نَادَى مُنَادٍ أَلَا لِتَلْحَقْ كُلُّ أُمَّةٍ بِمَا كَانَتْ تَعْبُدُ فَلَا يَبْقَى أَحَدٌ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ صَنَمًا وَلَا وَثَنًا وَلَا صُورَةً إِلَّا ذَهَبُوا حَتَّى يَتَسَاقَطُوا فِي النَّارِ وَيَبْقَى مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ وَحْدَهُ مِنْ بَرٍّ وَفَاجِرٍ وَغُبَّرَاتِ أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ ثُمَّ تُعْرَضُ جَهَنَّمُ كَأَنَّهَا سَرَابٌ يَحْطِمُ بَعْضُهَا بَعْضًا ثُمَّ يُدْعَى الْيَهُودُ فَيَقُولُ مَاذَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْبُدُونَ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ عُزَيْرًا ابْنَ اللَّهِ فَيَقُولُ كَذَبْتُمْ مَا اتَّخَذَ اللَّهُ مِنْ صَاحِبَةٍ وَلَا وَلَدٍ فَمَا تُرِيدُونَ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ أَيْ رَبَّنَا ظَمِئْنَا اسْقِنَا فَيَقُولُ أَفَلَا تَرِدُونَ فَيَذْهَبُونَ حَتَّى يَتَسَاقَطُوا فِي النَّارِ ثُمَّ يُدْعَى النَّصَارَى فَيَقُولُ مَاذَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْبُدُونَ فَيَقُولُونَ الْمَسِيحَ ابْنَ اللَّهِ فَيَقُولُ كَذَبْتُمْ مَا اتَّخَذَ اللَّهُ مِنْ صَاحِبَةٍ وَلَا وَلَدٍ فَمَا تُرِيدُونَ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ أَيْ رَبَّنَا ظَمِئْنَا اسْقِنَا فَيَقُولُ أَفَلَا تَرِدُونَ فَيَذْهَبُونَ حَتَّى يَتَسَاقَطُوا فِي النَّارِ فَيَبْقَى مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ وَحْدَهُ مِنْ بَرٍّ وَفَاجِرٍ ثُمَّ يَتَبَدَّى اللَّهُ لَنَا فِي صُورَةٍ غَيْرِ صُورَتِهِ الَّتِي كُنَّا رَأَيْنَاهُ فِيهِ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ فَيَقُولُ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ لَحِقَتْ كُلُّ أُمَّةٍ بِمَا كَانَتْ تَعْبُدُ وَبَقِيتُمْ فَلَا يُكَلِّمُهُ يَوْمَئِذٍ إِلَّا الْأَنْبِيَاءُ فَيَقُولُونَ فَارَقْنَا النَّاسَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَنَحْنُ كُنَّا إِلَى صُحْبَتِهِمْ فِيهَا أَحْوَجَ لَحِقَتْ كُلُّ أُمَّةٍ بِمَا كَانَتْ تَعْبُدُ وَنَحْنُ نَنْتَظِرُ رَبَّنَا الَّذِي كُنَّا نَعْبُدُ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْكَ فَيَقُولُ هَلْ بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَ اللَّهِ مِنْ آيَةٍ تَعْرِفُونَهَا؟ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعَمُ السَّاقُ فَيُكْشَفُ عَنْ سَاقٍ فَيَخِرُّ سَاجِدًا أَجْمَعُونَ وَلَا يَبْقَى أَحَدٌ كَانَ سَجَدَ فِي الدُّنْيَا سُمْعَةً وَلَا رِيَاءً وَلَا نِفَاقًا إِلَّا عَلَى ظَهْرِهِ طَبَقٌ وَاحِدٌ كُلَّمَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَسْجُدَ خَرَّ عَلَى قَفَاهُ قَالَ ثُمَّ يُرْفَعُ بَرُّنَا وَمُسِيئُنَا وَقَدْ عَادَ لَنَا فِي صُورَتِهِ الَّتِي رَأَيْنَاهُ فِيهَا أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعَمْ أَنْتَ رَبُّنَا ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ يُضْرَبُ الْجِسْرُ عَلَى جَهَنَّمَ قُلْنَا وَمَا الْجِسْرُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ بِأَبِينَا أَنْتَ وَأَمِّنَّا؟ قَالَ دَحْضٌ مَزِلَّةٌ لَهَا كَلَالِيبُ وَخَطَاطِيفُ وَحَسَكٌ بِنَجْدٍ عُقَيقٌ يُقَالُ لَهَا السَّعْدَانُ فَيَمُرُّ الْمُؤْمِنُ كَلَمْحِ الْبَرْقِ وَكَالطَّرْفِ وَكَالرِّيحِ وَكَالطَّيْرِ وَكَأَجَاوِدِ الْخَيْلِ وَالْمَرَاكِبِ فَنَاجٍ مُسَلَّمٌ وَمَخْدُوشٌ مُرْسَلٌ وَمُكَرْدَسٌ فِي نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ مَا أَحَدُكُمْ بِأَشَدَّ مِنَّا شِدَّةً فِي اسْتِيفَاءِ الْحَقِّ يَرَاهُ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فِي إِخْوَانِهِمْ إِذَا رَأَوْهُمْ قَدْ خَلَصُوا مِنَ النَّارِ يَقُولُونَ أَيْ رَبَّنَا إِخْوَانُنَا كَانُوا يُصَلُّونَ مَعَنَا وَيَصُومُونَ مَعَنَا وَيَحُجُّونَ مَعَنَا وَيُجَاهِدُونَ مَعَنَا قَدْ أَخَذَتْهُمُ النَّارُ فَيَقُولُ اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى اذْهَبُوا فَمَنْ عَرَفْتُمْ صُورَتَهُ فَأَخْرِجُوهُ وَتُحَرَّمُ صُوَرُهُمْ عَلَى النَّارِ فَيَجِدُ الرَّجُلَ قَدْ أَخَذَتْهُ النَّارُ إِلَى قَدَمَيْهِ وَإِلَى أَنْصَافِ سَاقَيْهِ وَإِلَى رُكْبَتَيْهِ وَإِلَى حِقْوَيْهِ فَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنْهَا بَشَرًا ثُمَّ يَعُودُونَ فَيَتَكَلَّمُونَ فَلَا يَزَالُ يَقُولُ لَهُمْ حَتَّى يَقُولَ اذْهَبُوا فَأَخْرِجُوا مَنْ وَجَدْتُمْ فِي قَلْبِهِ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَأَخْرِجُوهُ فَكَانَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ إِذَا حَدَّثَ بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ يَقُولُ إِنْ لَمْ تُصَدِّقُوا فَاقْرَأُوا {إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَظْلِمُ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ وَإِنْ تَكُ حَسَنَةً يُضَاعِفْهَا وَيُؤْتِ مِنْ لَدُنْهُ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا} [النساء 40] فَيَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا لَمْ نَذَرْ فِيهَا خَيْرًا فَيَقُولُ هَلْ بَقِيَ إِلَّا أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ؟ قَدْ شَفَعَتِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَشَفَعَ الْأَنْبِيَاءُ فَهَلْ بَقِيَ إِلَّا أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ؟ قَالَ فَيَأْخُذُ قَبْضَةً مِنَ النَّارِ فَيُخْرِجُ قَوْمًا قَدْ عَادُوا حُمَمَةً لَمْ يَعْمَلُوا لَهُ عَمَلَ خَيْرٍ قَطُّ فَيُطْرَحُونَ فِي نَهْرٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ نَهَرُ الْحَيَاةِ فَيَنْبُتُونَ فِيهِ وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ كَمَا تَنْبُتُ الْحِبَّةُ فِي حَمِيلِ السَّيْلِ أَلَمْ تَرَوْهَا وَمَا يَلِيهَا مِنَ الظِّلِّ أَصْفَرُ وَمَا يَلِيهَا مِنَ الشَّمْسِ أَخْضَرُ؟ قَالَ قُلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ كَأَنَّكَ تَكُونُ فِي الْمَاشِيَةِ قَالَ يَنْبُتُونَ كَذَلِكَ فَيَخْرُجُونَ أَمْثَالَ اللُّؤْلُؤِ يُجْعَلُ فِي رِقَابِهِمُ الْخَوَاتِيمُ ثُمَّ يُرْسَلُونَ فِي الْجَنَّةِ فَيَقُولُ أَهْلُ الْجَنَّةِ هَؤُلَاءِ الْجَهَنَّمِيُّونَ هَؤُلَاءِ الَّذِينَ أَخْرَجَهُمْ مِنَ النَّارِ بِغَيْرِ عَمَلٍ عَمِلُوهُ وَلَا خَيْرٍ قَدَّمُوهُ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى خُذُوا فَلَكُمْ مَا أَخَذْتُمْ فَيَأْخُذُونَ حَتَّى يَنْتَهُوا ثُمَّ يَقُولُونَ لَنْ يُعْطِيَنَا اللَّهُ ﷻ مَا أَخَذْنَا فَيَقُولُ اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى فَإِنِّي أَعْطَيْتُكُمْ أَفْضَلَ مِمَّا أَخَذْتُمْ فَيَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا وَمَا أَفْضَلُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ وَمِمَّا أَخَذْنَا؟ فَيَقُولُ رِضْوَانِي بِلَا سَخَطٍ  

«هَذَا حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحُ الْإِسْنَادِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجَاهُ بِهَذِهِ السِّيَاقَةِ» إِنَّمَا اتَّفَقَا عَلَى حَدِيثِ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ وَعَطَاءِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ اللَّيْثِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ مُخْتَصَرًا وَأَخْرَجَ مُسْلِمٌ وَحْدَهُ حَدِيثَ عَبْدِ الرَّزَّاقِ عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ بِأَقَلَّ مِنْ نِصْفِ هَذِهِ السِّيَاقَةِ
hakim:8772Abū ʿAbdullāh Muḥammad b. ʿAbdullāh al-Zāhid al-Aṣbahānī > Asad b. ʿĀṣim > al-Ḥusayn b. Ḥafṣ > Sufyān b. Saʿīd > Salamah b. Kuhayl > Abū al-Zaʿrāʾ > Dhukir al-Dajjāl ʿInd ʿAbdullāh > Yaftariq al-Nās ʿInd Khurūjih Thalāth Firaq Firqah Tatbaʿuh And Firqah Talḥaq Biʾahlihā Manābit al-Shīḥ Wafirqah Taʾkhudh Shaṭ Hadhā al-Furāt Yuqātiluhum Wayuqātilūnah Ḥattá Yuqtalūn Bigharbī al-Shām Fayabʿathūn Ṭalīʿah Fīhim Faras Ashqar or Ablaq Fayaqtatilūn Falā Yarjiʿ Minhum Aḥad > Abū Ṣādiq > Rabīʿah b. Nājidh > Faras Ashqar > Wayazʿum Ahl al-Kitāb
Request/Fix translation

  

الحاكم:٨٧٧٢أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الزَّاهِدُ الْأَصْبَهَانِيُّ ثَنَا أَسَدُ بْنُ عَاصِمٍ ثَنَا الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ حَفْصٍ ثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ ثَنَا سَلَمَةُ بْنُ كُهَيْلٍ عَنْ أَبِي الزَّعْرَاءِ قَالَ

ذُكِرَ الدَّجَّالُ عِنْدَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ يَفْتَرِقُ النَّاسُ عِنْدَ خُرُوجِهِ ثَلَاثَ فِرَقٍ فِرْقَةٌ تَتْبَعُهُ وَفِرْقَةٌ تَلْحَقُ بِأَهْلِهَا مَنَابِتِ الشِّيحِ وَفِرْقَةٌ تَأْخُذُ شَطَّ هَذَا الْفُرَاتِ يُقَاتِلُهُمْ وَيُقَاتِلُونَهُ حَتَّى يُقْتَلُونَ بِغَرْبِيِّ الشَّامِ فَيَبْعَثُونَ طَلِيعَةً فِيهِمْ فَرَسٌ أَشْقَرُ أَوْ أَبْلَقُ فَيَقْتَتِلُونَ فَلَا يَرْجِعُ مِنْهُمْ أَحَدٌ قَالَ وَأَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو صَادِقٍ عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ نَاجِذٍ أَنَّهُ فَرَسٌ أَشْقَرُ قَالَ وَيَزْعُمُ أَهْلُ الْكِتَابِ أَنَّ الْمَسِيحَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ يَنْزِلُ فَيَقْتُلُهُ وَيَخْرُجُ يَأْجُوجُ وَمَأْجُوجُ وَهُمْ مِنْ كُلِّ حَدَبٍ يَنْسِلُونَ فَيَبْعَثُ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ دَابَّةً مِثْلَ النَّغَفِ فَتَلِجُ فِي أَسْمَاعِهِمْ وَمَنَاخِرِهِمْ فَيَمُوتُونَ فَتُنْتِنُ الْأَرْضُ مِنْهُمْ فَيُجْأَرُ إِلَى اللَّهِ ﷻ فَيُرْسِلُ مَاءً فَيُطَهِّرُ الْأَرْضَ مِنْهُمْ وَيَبْعَثُ اللَّهُ رِيحًا فِيهَا زَمْهَرِيرٌ بَارِدَةً فَلَا تَدَعُ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ مُؤْمِنًا إِلَّا كَفَتْهُ تِلْكَ الرِّيحُ ثُمَّ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ عَلَى شِرَارِ النَّاسِ ثُمَّ يَقُومُ مَلَكٌ بِالصُّورِ بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ فَيَنْفُخُ فِيهِ فَلَا يَبْقَى مِنْ خَلْقِ اللَّهِ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ إِلَّا مَاتَ إِلَّا مَنْ شَاءَ رَبُّكَ ثُمَّ يَكُونُ بَيْنَ النَّفْخَتَيْنِ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ فَلَيْسَ مِنْ بَنِي آدَمَ أَحَدٌ إِلَّا فِي الْأَرْضِ مِنْهُ شَيْءٌ ثُمَّ يُرْسِلُ اللَّهُ مَاءً مِنْ تَحْتِ الْعَرْشِ كَمَنِيِّ الرِّجَالِ فَتَنْبُتُ لُحْمَانُهُمْ وَجُثْمَانُهُمْ كَمَا تَنْبُتُ الْأَرْضُ مِنَ الثَّرَى ثُمَّ قَرَأَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ {اللَّهُ الَّذِي يُرْسِلُ الرِّيَاحَ فَتُثِيرُ سَحَابًا فَسُقْنَاهُ إِلَى بَلَدٍ مَيِّتٍ} حَتَّى بَلَغَ {كَذَلِكَ النُّشُورُ} [فاطر 9] ثُمَّ يَقُومُ مَلَكٌ بِالصُّورِ بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ فَيَنْفُخُ فِيهِ فَيَنْطَلِقُ كُلُّ رُوحٍ إِلَى جَسَدِهَا فَتَدْخُلُ فِيهِ فَيَقُومُونَ فَيَجِيئُونَ مَجِيئَةَ رَجُلٍ وَاحِدٍ قِيَامًا لِرَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ ثُمَّ يَتَمَثَّلُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى لِلْخَلْقِ فَيَلْقَى الْيَهُودُ فَيَقُولُ مَنْ تَعْبُدُونَ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعْبُدُ عُزَيْرًا فَيَقُولُ هَلْ يَسُرُّكُمُ الْمَاءُ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ فَيُرِيهِمْ جَهَنَّمَ وَهِيَ كَهَيْئَةِ السَّرَابِ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ {وَعَرَضْنَا جَهَنَّمَ يَوْمَئِذٍ لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَرْضًا} [الكهف 100] ثُمَّ يَلْقَى النَّصَارَى فَيَقُولُ مَنْ تَعْبُدُونَ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعْبُدُ الْمَسِيحَ فَيَقُولُ هَلْ يَسُرُّكُمُ الْمَاءُ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعَمْ فَيُرِيهِمْ جَهَنَّمَ وَهِيَ كَهَيْئَةِ السَّرَابِ ثُمَّ كَذَلِكَ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ مِنْ دُونَ اللَّهِ شَيْئًا ثُمَّ قَرَأَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ {وَقِفُوهُمْ إِنَّهُمْ مَسْئُولُونَ} [الصافات ʾ4] حَتَّى يَبْقَى الْمُسْلِمُونَ فَيَقُولُ مَنْ تَعْبُدُونَ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ لَا نُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا فَيَنْتَهِرُهُمْ مَرَّتَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلَاثًا مَنْ تَعْبُدُونَ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعْبُدُ اللَّهُ لَا نُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا فَيَقُولُ هَلْ تَعْرِفُونَ رَبُّكُمْ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ إِذَا اعْتَرَفَ لَنَا سُبْحَانَهُ عَرَفْنَاهُ فَعِنْدَ ذَلِكَ يُكْشَفُ عَنْ سَاقٍ فَلَا يَبْقَى مُؤْمِنٌ إِلَّا خَرَّ لِلَّهِ سَاجِدًا وَيَبْقَى الْمُنَافِقُونَ ظُهُورُهُمْ طَبَقٌ وَاحِدٌ كَأَنَّمَا فِيهَا السَّفَافِيدُ فَيَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا فَيَقُولُ قَدْ كُنْتُمْ تُدْعَوْنَ إِلَى السُّجُودِ وَأَنْتُمْ سَالِمُونَ ثُمَّ يَأْمُرُ اللَّهُ بِالصِّرَاطِ فَيُضْرَبُ عَلَى جَهَنَّمَ فَيَمُرُّ النَّاسُ بِقَدْرِ أَعْمَالِهِمْ زُمَرًا أَوَائِلُهُمْ كَلَمْحِ الْبَرْقِ ثُمَّ كَمَرِّ الرِّيحِ ثُمَّ كَمَرِّ الطَّيْرِ ثُمَّ كَمَرِّ الْبَهَائِمِ حَتَّى يَمُرَّ الرَّجُلُ سَعْيًا ثُمَّ يَمُرُّ الرَّجُلُ مَشْيًا حَتَّى يَجِيءَ آخِرُهُمْ رَجُلٌ يَتَلَبَّطُ عَلَى بَطْنِهِ فَيَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ لِمَ أَبْطَأْتَ بِي؟ قَالَ إِنِّي لَمْ أُبْطِئْ بِكَ إِنَّمَا أَبْطَأَ بِكَ عَمَلُكَ ثُمَّ يَأْذَنُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى فِي الشَّفَاعَةِ فَيَكُونُ أَوَّلُ شَافِعٍ رُوحُ اللَّهِ الْقُدُسُ جِبْرِيلُ ثُمَّ إِبْرَاهِيمُ ثُمَّ مُوسَى ثُمَّ عِيسَى ثُمَّ يَقُومُ نَبِيُّكُمْ ﷺ فَلَا يَشْفَعُ أَحَدٌ فِيمَا يَشْفَعُ فِيهِ وَهُوَ الْمَقَامُ الْمَحْمُودُ الَّذِي ذَكَرَهُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى {عَسَى أَنْ يَبْعَثَكَ رَبُّكُ مَقَامًا مَحْمُودًا} [الإسراء ḥ9] فَلَيْسَ مِنْ نَفْسٍ إِلَّا وَهِيَ تَنْظُرُ إِلَى بَيْتٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ قَالَ سُفْيَانُ أُرَاهُ قَالَ لَوْ عَلِمْتُمْ يَوْمَ يَرَى أَهْلُ الْجَنَّةِ الَّذِي فِي النَّارِ فَيَقُولُونَ لَوْلَا أَنْ مَنَّ اللَّهُ عَلَيْنَا ثُمَّ تُشَفَّعُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالنَّبِيُّونَ وَالشُّهَدَاءُ وَالصَّالِحُونَ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ فَيُشَفِّعُهُمُ اللَّهُ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ أَنَا أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ فَيُخْرِجُ مِنَ النَّارِ أَكْثَرَ مِمَّا أَخْرَجَ جَمِيعُ الْخَلْقِ بِرَحْمَتِهِ حَتَّى لَا يَتْرُكَ أَحَدًا فِيهِ خَيْرٌ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ {مَا سَلَكَكُمْ فِي سَقَرَ} [المدثر 4ʾ] وَقَالَ بِيَدِهِ فَعَقَدَهُ {قَالُوا لَمْ نَكُ مِنَ الْمُصَلِّينَ وَلَمْ نَكُ نُطْعِمُ الْمِسْكِينَ وَكُنَّا نَخُوضُ مَعَ الْخَائِضِينَ وَكُنَّا نُكَذِّبُ بِيَوْمِ الدِّينِ} [المدثر 44] هَلْ تَرَوْنَ فِي هَؤُلَاءِ مِنْ خَيْرٍ؟ وَمَا يُتْرَكُ فِيهَا أَحَدٌ فِيهِ خَيْرٌ فَإِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ أَنْ لَا يُخْرِجَ أَحَدًا غَيَّرَ وُجُوهَهُمْ وَأَلْوَانَهُمْ فَيَجِئُ الرَّجُلُ فَيَشْفَعُ فَيَقُولُ مَنْ عَرَفَ أَحَدًا فَلْيُخْرِجْهُ فَيَجِئُ فَلَا يَعْرِفُ أَحَدًا فَيُنَادِيهِ رَجُلٌ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا فُلَانٌ فَيَقُولُ مَا أَعْرِفُكَ فَعِنْدَ ذَلِكَ قَالُوا {رَبَّنَا أَخْرِجْنَا مِنْهَا فَإِنْ عُدْنَا فَإِنَّا ظَالِمُونَ قَالَ اخْسَئُوا فِيهَا وَلَا تُكَلِّمُونِ} فَإِذَا قَالَ ذَلِكَ انْطَبَقَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ فَلَمْ يَخْرُجْ مِنْهُمْ بَشَرٌ  

«هَذَا حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحٌ عَلَى شَرْطِ الشَّيْخَيْنِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجَاهُ»
hakim:6558Abū Bakr Aḥmad b. Salmān al-Faqīh Imlāʾ > Hilāl b. al-ʿAlāʾ al-Raqqī > ʿUthmān b. ʿAbd al-Raḥman al-Waqqāṣī > Muḥammad b. Kaʿb al-Quraẓī

[Machine] "A man said, 'O Commander of the faithful, do you know this passerby?' He replied, 'No, so who is he?' He said, 'He is Suwad ibn Qarib, a man from the people of Yemen who possesses honor and high status among them. He is the one who received a dream about the appearance of the Prophet ﷺ. When Umar heard this, he became angry and said, 'Are you Suwad ibn Qarib?' He answered, 'Yes.' Umar said, 'So you are the one to whom your dream showed the appearance of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ?' He replied, 'Yes.' Umar said, 'Then you are in the same state of soothsaying as you were before, and he became extremely angry and said, 'O Commander of the faithful, no one has ever treated me this way since I became a Muslim!' Umar said, 'By Allah, we were in a worse state of polytheism than you were in soothsaying. Inform me about your dream showing the appearance of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ.' He said, 'Yes, O Commander of the faithful, one night I was between being asleep and awake when a dream came to me. Someone struck me with their foot and said, "Arise, O Suwad ibn Qarib, and understand, if you are capable of understanding. Verily, the Messenger of Allah has been sent by Lu'ay ibn Ghalib, inviting people to Allah and His worship." Then he recited a poem which means, 'I am amazed by the jinn and their eavesdropping and their hard-heartedness. They quickly descended to Makkah seeking guidance. How excellent are the believing jinn, like you, compared to its disbelieving ones. So, leave for Safwa, which is a part of Hashim, and it is the name from your eyes to your head.' He said, 'I did not raise my head, but I said, 'Leave me to sleep, for I am tired.' When the second night arrived, the same thing happened. He said, 'Did I not tell you, O Suwad ibn Qarib, to arise and understand, if you are capable of understanding? Verily, the Messenger of Allah has been sent by Lu’ay ibn Ghalib, inviting people to Allah and His worship.' Then he recited a poem which means, 'I am amazed by the jinn and their news, and their hard-heartedness. They quickly descended to Makkah seeking guidance. How excellent are the believing jinn, like you, compared to its disbelieving ones. So, leave for Safwa, which is a part of Hashim, in its highlands and its barriers.' He said, 'I did not raise my head. When the third night arrived, the same thing happened. He said, 'Did I not tell you, O Suwad ibn Qarib, to arise and understand, if you are capable of understanding? Verily, the Messenger of Allah has been sent by Lu’ay ibn Ghalib, inviting people to Allah and His worship  

الحاكم:٦٥٥٨حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ سَلْمَانَ الْفَقِيهُ إِمْلَاءً ثَنَا هِلَالُ بْنُ الْعَلَاءِ الرَّقِّيُّ ثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْوَقَّاصِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ كَعْبٍ الْقُرَظِيِّ قَالَ بَيْنَمَا عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ قَاعِدٌ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ إِذْ مَرَّ رَجُلٌ فِي مُؤَخَّرِ الْمَسْجِدِ فَقَالَ

رَجُلٌ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَتَعْرِفُ هَذَا الْمَارَّ قَالَ لَا فَمَنْ هُوَ؟ قَالَ سَوَادُ بْنُ قَارِبٍ وَهُوَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْيَمَنِ مِنْ بَيْتٍ فِيهِمْ شَرَفٌ وَمَوْضِعٌ وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَتَاهُ رَئِيُّهُ بِظُهُورِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ عَلَيَّ بِهِ فَدُعِيَ بِهِ فَقَالَ أَنْتَ سَوَادُ بْنُ قَارِبٍ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَأَنْتَ الَّذِي أَتَاكَ رَئِيُّكَ بِظُهُورِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَأَنْتَ عَلَى مَا كُنْتَ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ كَهَانَتِكَ فَغَضِبَ غَضَبًا شَدِيدًا وَقَالَ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَا اسْتَقْبَلَنِي بِهَذَا أَحَدٌ مُنْذُ أَسْلَمْتُ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ يَا سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهِ مَا كُنَّا عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الشِّرْكِ أَعْظَمَ مِمَّا كُنْتَ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ كَهَانَتِكَ أَخْبَرَنِي بِإِتْيَانِكَ رَئِيُّكَ بِظُهُورِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ نَعَمْ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ بَيْنَا أَنَا ذَاتَ لَيْلَةٍ بَيْنَ النَّائِمِ وَالْيَقْظَانِ إِذْ أَتَانِي رَئِيٌّ فَضَرَبَنِي بِرِجْلِهِ وَقَالَ قُمْ يَا سَوَّادُ بْنُ قَارِبٍ فَافْهَمْ وَاعْقِلْ إِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْقِلُ إِنَّهُ قَدْ بَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مِنْ لُؤَيِّ بْنِ غَالِبٍ يَدْعُو إِلَى اللَّهِ وَإِلَى عِبَادَتِهِ ثُمَّ أَنْشَأَ يَقُولُ [البحر السريع] عَجِبْتُ لِلْجِنِّ وَتِجْسَاسِهَا وَشَدِّهَا الْعِيسَ بِأَحْلَاسِهَا تَهْوِي إِلَى مَكَّةَ تَبْغِي الْهُدَى مَا خَيْرُ الْجِنِّ كَأَنْجَاسِهَا فَارْحَلْ إِلَى الصَّفْوَةِ مِنْ هَاشِمٍ وَاسْمُ بِعَيْنَيْكِ إِلَى رَأْسِهَا قَالَ فَلَمْ أَرْفَعْ بِقَوْلِهِ رَأْسًا وَقُلْتُ دَعْنِي أَنَمْ فَإِنِّي أَمْسَيْتُ نَاعِسًا فَلَمَّا أَنْ كَانَتِ اللَّيْلَةُ الثَّانِيَةُ أَتَانِي فَضَرَبَنِي بِرِجْلِهِ وَقَالَ أَلَمْ أَقَلْ يَا سَوَادُ بْنَ قَارِبٍ قُمْ فَافْهَمْ وَاعْقِلْ؟ إِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْقِلُ قَدْ بَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ مِنْ لُؤَيِّ بْنِ غَالِبٍ يَدْعُو إِلَى اللَّهِ وَإِلَى عِبَادَتِهِ ثُمَّ أَنْشَأَ الْجِنِّيُّ يَقُولُ عَجِبْتُ لِلْجِنِّ وَتَطَلَابِهَا وَشَدِّهَا الْعِيسَ بِأَقْتَابِهَا تَهْوِي إِلَى مَكَّةَ تَبْغِي الْهُدَى مَا صَادِقُ الْجِنِّ كَكَذَّابِهَا فَارْحَلْ إِلَى الصَّفْوَةِ مِنْ هَاشِمٍ بَيْنَ رَوَايَاهَا وَحِجَابِهَا قَالَ فَلَمْ أَرْفَعْ رَأْسًا فَلَمَّا أَنْ كَانَتِ اللَّيْلَةُ الثَّالِثَةُ أَتَانِي فَضَرَبَنِي بِرِجْلِهِ وَقَالَ أَلَمْ أَقَلْ لَكَ يَا سَوَادُ بْنَ قَارِبٍ افْهَمْ وَاعْقِلْ إِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْقِلُ أَنَّهُ قَدْ بَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ مِنْ