Caution: Translations of Quran and Ḥadīth may lead to possible misapplications and misinterpretations. This site is intended for students of sacred knowledge that are proficient in comprehending classical Arabic and have a strong foundation in Islamic sciences. Also note that religious injunctions rely on several aspects beyond what one may glean through reading individual aḥādīth.
muslim:746aMuḥammad b. al-Muthanná al-ʿAnazī > Muḥammad b. Abū ʿAdī > Saʿīd > Qatādah > Zurārah > Saʿd b. Hishām b. ʿĀmir Arād

Is there not for you a model pattern in me? And when they narrated this to him (Sa'd b. Hisham), he returned to his wife, though he had divorced her and made (people) witness to his reconciliation. He then came to Ibn 'Abbas and asked him about the Witr of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. Ibn 'Abbas said: Should I not lead you to one who knows best amongst the people of the world about the Witr of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ? He said: Who is it? He (Ibn 'Abbas) said: It is 'A'isha. So go to her and ask her (about Witr) and then come to me and inform me about her answer that she would give you. So I came to Hakim b. Aflah and requested him to take me to her. He said: I would not go to her, for I forbade her to speak anything (about the conflict) between the two groupS, but she refused (to accept my advice) and went (to participate in that corflict). I (requested) him (Hakim) with an oath to lead me to her. So we went to 'A'isha and we begged permission to meet her. She granted us permission and we went in. She said: Are you Hakim? (She recognised him.) He replied: Yes. She said: Who is there with you? He said: He is Sa'd b. Hisham. She said: Which Hisham? He said: He is Hisham b. 'Amir. She blessed him ('Amir) with mercy from Allah and spoke good of him (Qatada said that he died as a martyr in Uhud). I said: Mother of the Faithful, tell me about the character of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. She said: Don't you read the Qur'an? I said: Yes. Upon this she said: The character of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was the Qur'an. He said: I felt inclined to get up and not ask anything (further) till death. But then I changed my mind and said: Inform me about the observance (of the night prayer) of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. She said: Did you not recite:" O thou wrapped up"? He said: Yes. She said: Allah, the Exalted and the Glorious, made the observance of the night prayer at the beginning of this Surah obligatory. So the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him and his Companions around him observed this (night prayer) for one year. Allah held back the concluding portion of this Surah for twelve months in the Heaven till (at the end of this period) Allah revealed the concluding verses of this Surah which lightened (the burden of this prayer), and the night prayer became a supererogatory prayer after being an obligatory one. I said: Mother of the Faithful, inform me about the Witr of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. She said: I used to prepare tooth stick for him and water for his ablution, and Allah would rouse him to the extent He wished during the night. He would use the tooth stick, and perform ablution, and would offer nine rak'ahs, and would not sit but in the eighth one and would remember Allah, and praise Him and supplicate Him, then he would get up without uttering the salutation and pray the ninth rak'ah. He would then sit, remember, praise Him and supplicate Him and then utter a salutation loud enough for us to hear. He would then pray two rak'ahs sitting after uttering the salutation, and that made eleven rak'ahs. O my son, but when the Messenger of Allah ﷺ grew old and put on flesh, he observed Witr of seven, doing in the two rak'ahs as he had done formerly, and that made nine. O my son, and when the Messenger of Allah ﷺ observed prayer, he liked to keep on observing it, and when sleep or pain overpowered him and made it impossible (for him) to observe prayer in the night, he prayed twelve rak'ahs daring the day. I am not aware of Allah's Prophet ﷺ having recited the whole Qur'an during one single night, or praying through the night till morning, or fasting a complete month, except Ramadan. He (the narrator) said: I then went to Ibn 'Abbas and narrated to him the hadith (transmitted from her), and he said: She says the truth If I went to her and got into her presence, I would have listened to it orally from her. He said: If I were to know that you do not go to her. I would not have transmitted this hadith to you narrated by her.  

مسلم:٧٤٦aحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى الْعَنَزِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَدِيٍّ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ أَنَّ سَعْدَ بْنَ هِشَامِ بْنِ عَامِرٍ أَرَادَ

أَنْ يَغْزُوَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَقَدِمَ الْمَدِينَةَ فَأَرَادَ أَنْ يَبِيعَ عَقَارًا لَهُ بِهَا فَيَجْعَلَهُ فِي السِّلاَحِ وَالْكُرَاعِ وَيُجَاهِدَ الرُّومَ حَتَّى يَمُوتَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمَ الْمَدِينَةَ لَقِيَ أُنَاسًا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ فَنَهَوْهُ عَنْ ذَلِكَ وَأَخْبَرُوهُ أَنَّ رَهْطًا سِتَّةً أَرَادُوا ذَلِكَ فِي حَيَاةِ نَبِيِّ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَنَهَاهُمْ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَقَالَ أَلَيْسَ لَكُمْ فِيَّ أُسْوَةٌ فَلَمَّا حَدَّثُوهُ بِذَلِكَ رَاجَعَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَقَدْ كَانَ طَلَّقَهَا وَأَشْهَدَ عَلَى رَجْعَتِهَا فَأَتَى ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ فَسَأَلَهُ عَنْ وِتْرِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ أَلاَ أَدُلُّكَ عَلَى أَعْلَمِ أَهْلِ الأَرْضِ بِوِتْرِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ مَنْ قَالَ عَائِشَةُ فَأْتِهَا فَاسْأَلْهَا ثُمَّ ائْتِنِي فَأَخْبِرْنِي بِرَدِّهَا عَلَيْكَ فَانْطَلَقْتُ إِلَيْهَا فَأَتَيْتُ عَلَى حَكِيمِ بْنِ أَفْلَحَ فَاسْتَلْحَقْتُهُ إِلَيْهَا فَقَالَ مَا أَنَا بِقَارِبِهَا لأَنِّي نَهَيْتُهَا أَنْ تَقُولَ فِي هَاتَيْنِ الشِّيعَتَيْنِ شَيْئًا فَأَبَتْ فِيهِمَا إِلاَّ مُضِيًّا قَالَ فَأَقْسَمْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَجَاءَ فَانْطَلَقْنَا إِلَى عَائِشَةَ فَاسْتَأْذَنَّا عَلَيْهَا فَأَذِنَتْ لَنَا فَدَخَلْنَا عَلَيْهَا فَقَالَتْ أَحَكِيمٌ فَعَرَفَتْهُ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَقَالَتْ مَنْ مَعَكَ قَالَ سَعْدُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ قَالَتْ مَنْ هِشَامٌ قَالَ ابْنُ عَامِرٍ فَتَرَحَّمَتْ عَلَيْهِ وَقَالَتْ خَيْرًا قَالَ قَتَادَةُ وَكَانَ أُصِيبَ يَوْمَ أُحُدٍ فَقُلْتُ يَا أُمَّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَنْبِئِينِي عَنْ خُلُقِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ أَلَسْتَ تَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ قُلْتُ بَلَى قَالَتْ فَإِنَّ خُلُقَ نَبِيِّ اللَّهِ ﷺ كَانَ الْقُرْآنَ قَالَ فَهَمَمْتُ أَنْ أَقُومَ وَلاَ أَسْأَلَ أَحَدًا عَنْ شَىْءٍ حَتَّى أَمُوتَ ثُمَّ بَدَا لِي فَقُلْتُ أَنْبِئِينِي عَنْ قِيَامِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَتْ أَلَسْتَ تَقْرَأُ { يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُزَّمِّلُ} قُلْتُ بَلَى قَالَتْ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ ﷻ افْتَرَضَ قِيَامَ اللَّيْلِ فِي أَوَّلِ هَذِهِ السُّورَةِ فَقَامَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَصْحَابُهُ حَوْلاً وَأَمْسَكَ اللَّهُ خَاتِمَتَهَا اثْنَىْ عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي السَّمَاءِ حَتَّى أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فِي آخِرِ هَذِهِ السُّورَةِ التَّخْفِيفَ فَصَارَ قِيَامُ اللَّيْلِ تَطَوُّعًا بَعْدَ فَرِيضَةٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ يَا أُمَّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَنْبِئِينِي عَنْ وِتْرِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَتْ كُنَّا نُعِدُّ لَهُ سِوَاكَهُ وَطَهُورَهُ فَيَبْعَثُهُ اللَّهُ مَا شَاءَ أَنْ يَبْعَثَهُ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَيَتَسَوَّكُ وَيَتَوَضَّأُ وَيُصَلِّي تِسْعَ رَكَعَاتٍ لاَ يَجْلِسُ فِيهَا إِلاَّ فِي الثَّامِنَةِ فَيَذْكُرُ اللَّهَ وَيَحْمَدُهُ وَيَدْعُوهُ ثُمَّ يَنْهَضُ وَلاَ يُسَلِّمُ ثُمَّ يَقُومُ فَيُصَلِّي التَّاسِعَةَ ثُمَّ يَقْعُدُ فَيَذْكُرُ اللَّهَ وَيَحْمَدُهُ وَيَدْعُوهُ ثُمَّ يُسَلِّمُ تَسْلِيمًا يُسْمِعُنَا ثُمَّ يُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ مَا يُسَلِّمُ وَهُوَ قَاعِدٌ فَتِلْكَ إِحْدَى عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً يَا بُنَىَّ فَلَمَّا أَسَنَّ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَخَذَ اللَّحْمَ أَوْتَرَ بِسَبْعٍ وَصَنَعَ فِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ مِثْلَ صَنِيعِهِ الأَوَّلِ فَتِلْكَ تِسْعٌ يَا بُنَىَّ وَكَانَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِذَا صَلَّى صَلاَةً أَحَبَّ أَنْ يُدَاوِمَ عَلَيْهَا وَكَانَ إِذَا غَلَبَهُ نَوْمٌ أَوْ وَجَعٌ عَنْ قِيَامِ اللَّيْلِ صَلَّى مِنَ النَّهَارِ ثِنْتَىْ عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً وَلاَ أَعْلَمُ نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَرَأَ الْقُرْآنَ كُلَّهُ فِي لَيْلَةٍ وَلاَ صَلَّى لَيْلَةً إِلَى الصُّبْحِ وَلاَ صَامَ شَهْرًا كَامِلاً غَيْرَ رَمَضَانَ قَالَ فَانْطَلَقْتُ إِلَى ابْنِ عَبَّاسِ فَحَدَّثْتُهُ بِحَدِيثِهَا فَقَالَ صَدَقَتْ لَوْ كُنْتُ أَقْرَبُهَا أَوْ أَدْخُلُ عَلَيْهَا لأَتَيْتُهَا حَتَّى تُشَافِهَنِي بِهِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَوْ عَلِمْتُ أَنَّكَ لاَ تَدْخُلُ عَلَيْهَا مَا حَدَّثْتُكَ حَدِيثَهَا  


See similar narrations below:

Collected by Bukhārī, Aḥmad, Dārimī
bukhari:122ʿAbdullāh b. Muḥammad > Sufyān > ʿAmr > Saʿīd b. Jubayr

I said to Ibn ʿAbbas, "Nauf-Al-Bakali claims that Moses (the companion of Khadir) was not the Moses of Bani Israel but he was another Moses." Ibn ʿAbbas remarked that the enemy of Allah (Nauf) was a liar. Narrated Ubai bin Kaʿb: The Prophet ﷺ said, "Once the Prophet ﷺ Moses stood up and addressed Bani Israel. He was asked, "Who is the most learned man amongst the people. He said, "I am the most learned." Allah admonished Moses as he did not attribute absolute knowledge to Him (Allah). So Allah inspired to him "At the junction of the two seas there is a slave amongst my slaves who is more learned than you." Moses said, "O my Lord! How can I meet him?" Allah said: Take a fish in a large basket (and proceed) and you will find him at the place where you will lose the fish. So Moses set out along with his (servant) boy, Yushaʿ bin Noon and carried a fish in a large basket till they reached a rock, where they laid their heads (i.e. lay down) and slept. The fish came out of the basket and it took its way into the sea as in a tunnel. So it was an amazing thing for both Moses and his (servant) boy. They proceeded for the rest of that night and the following day. When the day broke, Moses said to his (servant) boy: "Bring us our early meal. No doubt, we have suffered much fatigue in this journey." Moses did not get tired till he passed the place about which he was told. There the (servant) boy told Moses, "Do you remember when we betook ourselves to the rock, I indeed forgot the fish." Moses remarked, "That is what we have been seeking. So they went back retracing their footsteps, till they reached the rock. There they saw a man covered with a garment (or covering himself with his own garment). Moses greeted him. Al-Khadir replied saying, "How do people greet each other in your land?" Moses said, "I am Moses." He asked, "The Moses of Bani Israel?" Moses replied in the affirmative and added, "May I follow you so that you teach me of that knowledge which you have been taught." Al-Khadir replied, "Verily! You will not be able to remain patient with me, O Moses! I have some of the knowledge of Allah which He has taught me and which you do not know, while you have some knowledge which Allah has taught you which I do not know." Moses said, "Allah willing, you will find me patient and I will disobey no order of yours. So both of them set out walking along the seashore, as they did not have a boat. In the meantime a boat passed by them and they requested the crew of the boat to take them on board. The crew recognized Al-Khadir and took them on board without fare. Then a sparrow came and stood on the edge of the boat and dipped its beak once or twice in the sea. Al-Khadir said: "O Moses! My knowledge and your knowledge have not decreased Allah's knowledge except as much as this sparrow has decreased the water of the sea with its beak." Al- Khadir went to one of the planks of the boat and plucked it out. Moses said, "These people gave us a free lift but you have broken their boat and scuttled it so as to drown its people." Al-Khadir replied, "Didn't I tell you that you will not be able to remain patient with me." Moses said, "Call me not to account for what I forgot." The first (excuse) of Moses was that he had forgotten. Then they proceeded further and found a boy playing with other boys. Al-Khadir took hold of the boy's head from the top and plucked it out with his hands (i.e. killed him). Moses said, "Have you killed an innocent soul who has killed none." Al-Khadir replied, "Did I not tell you that you cannot remain patient with me?" Then they both proceeded till when they came to the people of a town, they asked them for food, but they refused to entertain them. Then they found there a wall on the point of collapsing. Al-Khadir repaired it with his own hands. Moses said, "If you had wished, surely you could have taken wages for it." Al-Khadir replied, "This is the parting between you and me." The Prophet added, "May Allah be Merciful to Moses! Would that he could have been more patient to learn more about his story with Al-Khadir. "  

البخاري:١٢٢حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرٌو قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ

قُلْتُ لاِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ إِنَّ نَوْفًا الْبِكَالِيَّ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّ مُوسَى لَيْسَ بِمُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ إِنَّمَا هُوَ مُوسَى آخَرُ فَقَالَ كَذَبَ عَدُوُّ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنَا أُبَىُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ قَامَ مُوسَى النَّبِيُّ خَطِيبًا فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فَسُئِلَ أَىُّ النَّاسِ أَعْلَمُ فَقَالَ أَنَا أَعْلَمُ فَعَتَبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ إِذْ لَمْ يَرُدَّ الْعِلْمَ إِلَيْهِ فَأَوْحَى اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ أَنَّ عَبْدًا مِنْ عِبَادِي بِمَجْمَعِ الْبَحْرَيْنِ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ مِنْكَ قَالَ يَا رَبِّ وَكَيْفَ بِهِ فَقِيلَ لَهُ احْمِلْ حُوتًا فِي مِكْتَلٍ فَإِذَا فَقَدْتَهُ فَهْوَ ثَمَّ فَانْطَلَقَ وَانْطَلَقَ بِفَتَاهُ يُوشَعَ بْنِ نُونٍ وَحَمَلاَ حُوتًا فِي مِكْتَلٍ حَتَّى كَانَا عِنْدَ الصَّخْرَةِ وَضَعَا رُءُوسَهُمَا وَنَامَا فَانْسَلَّ الْحُوتُ مِنَ الْمِكْتَلِ فَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ سَرَبًا وَكَانَ لِمُوسَى وَفَتَاهُ عَجَبًا فَانْطَلَقَا بَقِيَّةَ لَيْلَتِهِمَا وَيَوْمِهِمَا فَلَمَّا أَصْبَحَ قَالَ مُوسَى لِفَتَاهُ آتِنَا غَدَاءَنَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا نَصَبًا وَلَمْ يَجِدْ مُوسَى مَسًّا مِنَ النَّصَبِ حَتَّى جَاوَزَ الْمَكَانَ الَّذِي أُمِرَ بِهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ فَتَاهُ أَرَأَيْتَ إِذْ أَوَيْنَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِنِّي نَسِيتُ الْحُوتَ قَالَ مُوسَى ذَلِكَ مَا كُنَّا نَبْغِي فَارْتَدَّا عَلَى آثَارِهِمَا قَصَصًا فَلَمَّا انْتَهَيَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ إِذَا رَجُلٌ مُسَجًّى بِثَوْبٍ أَوْ قَالَ تَسَجَّى بِثَوْبِهِ فَسَلَّمَ مُوسَى فَقَالَ الْخَضِرُ وَأَنَّى بِأَرْضِكَ السَّلاَمُ فَقَالَ أَنَا مُوسَى فَقَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ هَلْ أَتَّبِعُكَ عَلَى أَنْ تُعَلِّمَنِي مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رَشَدًا قَالَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا يَا مُوسَى إِنِّي عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ عَلَّمَنِيهِ لاَ تَعْلَمُهُ أَنْتَ وَأَنْتَ عَلَى عِلْمٍ عَلَّمَكَهُ لاَ أَعْلَمُهُ قَالَ سَتَجِدُنِي إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ صَابِرًا وَلاَ أَعْصِي لَكَ أَمْرًا فَانْطَلَقَا يَمْشِيَانِ عَلَى سَاحِلِ الْبَحْرِ لَيْسَ لَهُمَا سَفِينَةٌ فَمَرَّتْ بِهِمَا سَفِينَةٌ فَكَلَّمُوهُمْ أَنْ يَحْمِلُوهُمَا فَعُرِفَ الْخَضِرُ فَحَمَلُوهُمَا بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ فَجَاءَ عُصْفُورٌ فَوَقَعَ عَلَى حَرْفِ السَّفِينَةِ فَنَقَرَ نَقْرَةً أَوْ نَقْرَتَيْنِ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَقَالَ الْخَضِرُ يَا مُوسَى مَا نَقَصَ عِلْمِي وَعِلْمُكَ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ كَنَقْرَةِ هَذَا الْعُصْفُورِ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَعَمَدَ الْخَضِرُ إِلَى لَوْحٍ مِنْ أَلْوَاحِ السَّفِينَةِ فَنَزَعَهُ فَقَالَ مُوسَى قَوْمٌ حَمَلُونَا بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ عَمَدْتَ إِلَى سَفِينَتِهِمْ فَخَرَقْتَهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا قَالَ لاَ تُؤَاخِذْنِي بِمَا نَسِيتُ فَكَانَتِ الأُولَى مِنْ مُوسَى نِسْيَانًا فَانْطَلَقَا فَإِذَا غُلاَمٌ يَلْعَبُ مَعَ الْغِلْمَانِ فَأَخَذَ الْخَضِرُ بِرَأْسِهِ مِنْ أَعْلاَهُ فَاقْتَلَعَ رَأْسَهُ بِيَدِهِ فَقَالَ مُوسَى أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا قَالَ ابْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ وَهَذَا أَوْكَدُ فَانْطَلَقَا حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَيَا أَهْلَ قَرْيَةٍ اسْتَطْعَمَا أَهْلَهَا فَأَبَوْا أَنْ يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا فَوَجَدَا فِيهَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ فَأَقَامَهُ قَالَ الْخَضِرُ بِيَدِهِ فَأَقَامَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى لَوْ شِئْتَ لاَتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا قَالَ هَذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنِكَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ يَرْحَمُ اللَّهُ مُوسَى لَوَدِدْنَا لَوْ صَبَرَ حَتَّى يُقَصَّ عَلَيْنَا مِنْ أَمْرِهِمَا  

Ḥadīth of the Beatific Vision; Seeing Allah on the Day of Resurrection and the fate of those with different degrees of faith

bukhari:806Abū al-Yamān > Shuʿayb > al-Zuhrī > Saʿīd b. al-Musayyab And ʿAṭāʾ b. Yazīd al-Laythī > Abū Hurayrah

The people said, "O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Shall we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" He replied, "Do you have any doubt in seeing the full moon on a clear (not cloudy) night?" They replied, "No, O Messenger of Allah ﷺ!" He said, "Do you have any doubt in seeing the sun when there are no clouds?" They replied in the negative. He said, "You will see Allah (your Lord) in the same way. On the Day of Resurrection, people will be gathered and He will order the people to follow what they used to worship. So some of them will follow the sun, some will follow the moon, and some will follow other deities; and only this nation (Muslims) will be left with its hypocrites. Allah will come to them and say, 'I am Your Lord.' They will say, 'We shall stay in this place till our Lord comes to us and when our Lord will come, we will recognize Him. Then Allah will come to them again and say, 'I am your Lord.' They will say, 'You are our Lord.'

Allah will call them, and As-Sirat (a bridge) will be laid across Hell and I (Muhammad) shall be the first amongst the Apostles to cross it with my followers. Nobody except the Apostles will then be able to speak and they will be saying then, 'O Allah! Save us. O Allah Save us.' There will be hooks like the thorns of Sa'dan [??] in Hell. Have you seen the thorns of Sa'dan [??]?" The people said, "Yes." He said, "These hooks will be like the thorns of Sa'dan [??] but nobody except Allah knows their greatness in size and these will entangle the people according to their deeds; some of them will fall and stay in Hell forever; others will receive punishment (torn into small pieces) and will get out of Hell."

"Till when Allah intends mercy on whomever He likes amongst the people of Hell, He will order the angels to take out of Hell those who worshipped none but Him alone. The angels will take them out by recognizing them from the traces of prostrations, for Allah has forbidden the (Hell) fire to eat away those traces. So they will come out of the Fire, it will eat away from the whole of the human body except the marks of the prostrations. At that time they will come out of the Fire as mere skeletons. The Water of Life will be poured on them and as a result they will grow like the seeds growing on the bank of flowing water. Then when Allah had finished from the Judgments amongst his creations۔۔۔"

"... one man will be left between Hell and Paradise and he will be the last man from the people of Hell to enter paradise. He will be facing Hell, and will say, 'O Allah! Turn my face from the fire as its wind has dried me and its steam has burnt me.' Allah will ask him, "Will you ask for anything more in case this favor is granted to you?' He will say, "No by Your (Honor) Power!" And he will give to his Lord (Allah) what he will of the pledges and the covenants. Allah will then turn his face from the Fire. When he will face Paradise and will see its charm, he will remain quiet as long as Allah will. He then will say, 'O my Lord! Let me go to the gate of Paradise.' Allah will ask him, 'Didn't you give pledges and make covenants (to the effect) that you would not ask for anything more than what you requested at first?' He will say, 'O my Lord! Do not make me the most wretched, amongst Your creatures.' Allah will say, 'If this request is granted, will you then ask for anything else?' He will say, 'No! By Your Power! I shall not ask for anything else.' Then he will give to his Lord what He will of the pledges and the covenants. Allah will then let him go to the gate of Paradise. On reaching then and seeing its life, charm, and pleasure, he will remain quiet as long as Allah wills and then will say, 'O my Lord ! Let me enter Paradise.' Allah will say, May Allah be merciful unto you, O son of Adam! How treacherous you are! Haven't you made covenants and given pledges that you will not ask for anything more that what you have been given?' He will say, 'O my Lord! Do not make me the most wretched amongst Your creatures.' So Allah will laugh and allow him to enter Paradise and will ask him to request as much as he likes. He will do so till all his desires have been fulfilled . Then Allah will say, 'Request more of such and such things.' Allah will remind him and when all his desires and wishes; have been fulfilled, Allah will say "All this is granted to you and a similar amount besides." Abu Saʿid Al-Khudri, said to Abu Huraira, 'Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Allah said, 'That is for you and ten times more like it.'  

"Abu Huraira said, "I do not remember from Allah's Messenger ﷺ except (his saying), 'All this is granted to you and a similar amount besides." Abu Saʿid said, "I heard him saying, 'That is for you and ten times more the like of it."
البخاري:٨٠٦حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْيَمَانِ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا شُعَيْبٌ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي سَعِيدُ بْنُ الْمُسَيَّبِ وَعَطَاءُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ اللَّيْثِيُّ أَنَّ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ أَخْبَرَهُمَا

أَنَّ النَّاسَ قَالُوا: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ هَلْ نَرَى رَبَّنَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ؟ قَالَ: «هَلْ تُمَارُونَ فِي الْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ لَيْسَ دُونَهُ سَحَابٌ؟» قَالُوا: لاَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ۔ قَالَ: «فَهَلْ تُمَارُونَ فِي الشَّمْسِ لَيْسَ دُونَهَا سَحَابٌ؟» قَالُوا: لاَ۔ قَالَ: «فَإِنَّكُمْ تَرَوْنَهُ كَذَلِكَ يُحْشَرُ النَّاسُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ، فَيَقُولُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ شَيْئًا فَلْيَتَّبِعْ فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَتَّبِعُ الشَّمْسَ، وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَتَّبِعُ الْقَمَرَ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَتَّبِعُ الطَّوَاغِيتَ، وَتَبْقَى هَذِهِ الأُمَّةُ فِيهَا مُنَافِقُوهَا فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللَّهُ فَيَقُولُ: أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ! فَيَقُولُونَ: هَذَا مَكَانُنَا حَتَّى يَأْتِيَنَا رَبُّنَا، فَإِذَا جَاءَ رَبُّنَا عَرَفْنَاهُ فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللَّهُ فَيَقُولُ: أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ! فَيَقُولُونَ: أَنْتَ رَبُّنَا۔»

«فَيَدْعُوهُمْ فَيُضْرَبُ الصِّرَاطُ بَيْنَ ظَهْرَانَىْ جَهَنَّمَ، فَأَكُونُ أَوَّلَ مَنْ يَجُوزُ مِنَ الرُّسُلِ بِأُمَّتِهِ وَلاَ يَتَكَلَّمُ يَوْمَئِذٍ أَحَدٌ إِلاَّ الرُّسُلُ، وَكَلاَمُ الرُّسُلِ يَوْمَئِذٍ: اللَّهُمَّ سَلِّمْ سَلِّمْ» وَفِي جَهَنَّمَ كَلاَلِيبُ مِثْلُ شَوْكِ السَّعْدَانِ، هَلْ رَأَيْتُمْ شَوْكَ السَّعْدَانِ؟» قَالُوا: نَعَمْ۔ قَالَ: «فَإِنَّهَا مِثْلُ شَوْكِ السَّعْدَانِ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ لاَ يَعْلَمُ قَدْرَ عِظَمِهَا إِلاَّ اللَّهُ، تَخْطَفُ النَّاسَ بِأَعْمَالِهِمْ فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يُوبَقُ بِعَمَلِهِ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يُخَرْدَلُ۔»

«ثُمَّ يَنْجُو حَتَّى إِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ رَحْمَةَ مَنْ أَرَادَ مِنْ أَهْلِ النَّارِ، أَمَرَ اللَّهُ الْمَلاَئِكَةَ أَنْ يُخْرِجُوا مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ فَيُخْرِجُونَهُمْ وَيَعْرِفُونَهُمْ بِآثَارِ السُّجُودِ، وَحَرَّمَ اللَّهُ عَلَى النَّارِ أَنْ تَأْكُلَ أَثَرَ السُّجُودِ فَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنَ النَّارِ، فَكُلُّ ابْنِ آدَمَ تَأْكُلُهُ النَّارُ إِلاَّ أَثَرَ السُّجُودِ فَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنَ النَّارِ قَدِ امْتَحَشُوا فَيُصَبُّ عَلَيْهِمْ مَاءُ الْحَيَاةِ، فَيَنْبُتُونَ كَمَا تَنْبُتُ الْحِبَّةُ فِي حَمِيلِ السَّيْلِ، ثُمَّ يَفْرُغُ اللَّهُ مِنَ الْقَضَاءِ بَيْنَ الْعِبَادِ۔»

«وَيَبْقَى رَجُلٌ بَيْنَ الْجَنَّةِ وَالنَّارِ وَهْوَ آخِرُ أَهْلِ النَّارِ دُخُولاً الْجَنَّةَ مُقْبِلٌ بِوَجْهِهِ قِبَلَ النَّارِ فَيَقُولُ: يَا رَبِّ اصْرِفْ وَجْهِي عَنِ النَّارِ قَدْ قَشَبَنِي رِيحُهَا وَأَحْرَقَنِي ذَكَاؤُهَا، فَيَقُولُ: هَلْ عَسَيْتَ إِنْ فُعِلَ ذَلِكَ بِكَ أَنْ تَسْأَلَ غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ؟ فَيَقُولُ: لاَ وَعِزَّتِكَ، فَيُعْطِي اللَّهَ مَا يَشَاءُ مِنْ عَهْدٍ وَمِيثَاقٍ فَيَصْرِفُ اللَّهُ وَجْهَهُ عَنِ النَّارِ، فَإِذَا أَقْبَلَ بِهِ عَلَى الْجَنَّةِ رَأَى بَهْجَتَهَا سَكَتَ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَسْكُتَ ثُمَّ قَالَ: يَا رَبِّ قَدِّمْنِي عِنْدَ باب الْجَنَّةِ، فَيَقُولُ اللَّهُ لَهُ: أَلَيْسَ قَدْ أَعْطَيْتَ الْعُهُودَ وَالْمَوَاثِيقَ أَنْ لاَ تَسْأَلَ غَيْرَ الَّذِي كُنْتَ سَأَلْتَ؟ فَيَقُولُ: يَا رَبِّ لاَ أَكُونُ أَشْقَى خَلْقِكَ، فَيَقُولُ: فَمَا عَسَيْتَ إِنْ أُعْطِيتَ ذَلِكَ أَنْ لاَ تَسْأَلَ غَيْرَهُ؟ فَيَقُولُ: لاَ وَعِزَّتِكَ لاَ أَسْأَلُ غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ، فَيُعْطِي رَبَّهُ مَا شَاءَ مِنْ عَهْدٍ وَمِيثَاقٍ فَيُقَدِّمُهُ إِلَى باب الْجَنَّةِ، فَإِذَا بَلَغَ بَابَهَا فَرَأَى زَهْرَتَهَا وَمَا فِيهَا مِنَ النَّضْرَةِ وَالسُّرُورِ فَيَسْكُتُ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَسْكُتَ فَيَقُولُ: يَا رَبِّ أَدْخِلْنِي الْجَنَّةَ، فَيَقُولُ اللَّهُ: وَيْحَكَ يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ مَا أَغْدَرَكَ! أَلَيْسَ قَدْ أَعْطَيْتَ الْعَهْدَ وَالْمِيثَاقَ أَنْ لاَ تَسْأَلَ غَيْرَ الَّذِي أُعْطِيتَ؟ فَيَقُولُ: يَا رَبِّ لاَ تَجْعَلْنِي أَشْقَى خَلْقِكَ، فَيَضْحَكُ اللَّهُ ﷻ مِنْهُ ثُمَّ يَأْذَنُ لَهُ فِي دُخُولِ الْجَنَّةِ فَيَقُولُ: تَمَنَّ! فَيَتَمَنَّى حَتَّى إِذَا انْقَطَعَتْ أُمْنِيَّتُهُ قَالَ اللَّهُ ﷻ: تَمَنَّ كَذَا وَكَذَا، أَقْبَلَ يُذَكِّرُهُ رَبُّهُ حَتَّى إِذَا انْتَهَتْ بِهِ الأَمَانِيُّ قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى: لَكَ ذَلِكَ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ۔»  

قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيُّ لأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ؓ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ قَالَ اللَّهُ لَكَ ذَلِكَ وَعَشَرَةُ أَمْثَالِهِ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ لَمْ أَحْفَظْ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِلاَّ قَوْلَهُ لَكَ ذَلِكَ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ إِنِّي سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ ذَلِكَ لَكَ وَعَشَرَةُ أَمْثَالِهِ
bukhari:4033Abū al-Yamān > Shuʿayb > al-Zuhrī > Mālik b. Aws b. al-Ḥadathān al-Naṣrī > ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb Daʿāh Idh Jāʾah Ḥājibuh Yarfā > Hal

That once ʿUmar bin Al-Khattab called him and while he was sitting with him, his gatekeeper, Yarfa came and said, "Will you admit ʿUthman, ʿAbdur-Rahman bin ʿAuf, AzZubair and Saʿd (bin Abi Waqqas) who are waiting for your permission?" ʿUmar said, "Yes, let them come in." After a while, Yarfa- came again and said, "Will you admit ʿAli and ʿAbbas who are asking your permission?" ʿUmar said, "Yes." So, when the two entered, ʿAbbas said, "O chief of the believers! Judge between me and this (i.e. ʿAli). "Both of them had a dispute regarding the property of Bani An-Nadir which Allah had given to His Apostle as Fai (i.e. booty gained without fighting), ʿAli and ʿAbbas started reproaching each other. The (present) people (i.e. ʿUthman and his companions) said, "O chief of the believers! Give your verdict in their case and relieve each from) the other." ʿUmar said, "Wait I beseech you, by Allah, by Whose Permission both the heaven and the earth stand fast! Do you know that Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'We (Prophets) our properties are not to be inherited, and whatever we leave, is to be spent in charity,' and he said it about himself?" They (i.e. ʿUthman and his company) said, "He did say it. "ʿUmar then turned towards ʿAli and ʿAbbas and said, "I beseech you both, by Allah! Do you know that Messenger of Allah ﷺ said this?" They replied in the affirmative. He said, "Now I am talking to you about this matter. Allah the Glorified favored His Apostle with something of this Fai (i.e. booty won without fighting) which He did not give to anybody else. Allah said:-- "And what Allah gave to His Apostle ("Fai"" Booty) from them--For which you made no expedition With either Calvary or camelry. But Allah gives power to His Apostles Over whomsoever He will And Allah is able to do all things." (59.6) So this property was especially granted to Messenger of Allah ﷺ . But by Allah, the Prophet ﷺ neither took it all for himself only, nor deprived you of it, but he gave it to all of you and distributed it amongst you till only this remained out of it. And from this Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to spend the yearly maintenance for his family, and whatever used to remain, he used to spend it where Allah's Property is spent (i.e. in charity), Messenger of Allah ﷺ kept on acting like that during all his life, Then he died, and Abu Bakr said, 'I am the successor of Messenger of Allah ﷺ.' So he (i.e. Abu Bakr) took charge of this property and disposed of it in the same manner as Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to do, and all of you (at that time) knew all about it." Then ʿUmar turned towards ʿAli and ʿAbbas and said, "You both remember that Abu Bakr disposed of it in the way you have described and Allah knows that, in that matter, he was sincere, pious, rightly guided and the follower of the right. Then Allah caused Abu Bakr to die and I said, 'I am the successor of Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Abu Bakr.' So I kept this property in my possession for the first two years of my rule (i.e. Caliphate and I used to dispose of it in the same wa as Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Abu Bakr used to do; and Allah knows that I have been sincere, pious, rightly guided an the follower of the right (in this matte Later on both of you (i.e. ʿAli and ʿAbbas) came to me, and the claim of you both was one and the same, O ʿAbbas! You also came to me. So I told you both that Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Our property is not inherited, but whatever we leave is to be given in charity.' Then when I thought that I should better hand over this property to you both or the condition that you will promise and pledge before Allah that you will dispose it off in the same way as Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Abu Bakr did and as I have done since the beginning of my caliphate or else you should not speak to me (about it).' So, both of you said to me, 'Hand it over to us on this condition.' And on this condition I handed it over to you. Do you want me now to give a decision other than that (decision)? By Allah, with Whose Permission both the sky and the earth stand fast, I will never give any decision other than that (decision) till the Last Hour is established. But if you are unable to manage it (i.e. that property), then return it to me, and I will manage on your behalf." The sub-narrator said, "I told ʿUrwa bin Az-Zubair of this Hadith and he said, 'Malik bin Aus has told the truth" I heard ʿAisha, the wife of the Prophet ﷺ saying, 'The wives of the Prophet ﷺ sent ʿUthman to Abu Bakr demanding from him their 1/8 of the Fai which Allah had granted to his Apostle. But I used to oppose them and say to them: Will you not fear Allah? Don't you know that the Prophet used to say: Our property is not inherited, but whatever we leave is to be given in charity? The Prophet ﷺ mentioned that regarding himself. He added: 'The family of Muhammad can take their sustenance from this property. So the wives of the Prophet ﷺ stopped demanding it when I told them of that.' So, this property (of Sadaqa) was in the hands of ʿAli who withheld it from ʿAbbas and overpowered him. Then it came in the hands of Hasan bin ʿAli, then in the hands of Husain bin ʿAli, and then in the hands of ʿAli bin Husain and Hasan bin Hasan, and each of the last two used to manage it in turn, then it came in the hands of Zaid bin Hasan, and it was truly the Sadaqa of Allah's Apostle ."  

البخاري:٤٠٣٣حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْيَمَانِ أَخْبَرَنَا شُعَيْبٌ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي مَالِكُ بْنُ أَوْسِ بْنِ الْحَدَثَانِ النَّصْرِيُّ أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ ؓ دَعَاهُ إِذْ جَاءَهُ حَاجِبُهُ يَرْفَا فَقَالَ

هَلْ لَكَ فِي عُثْمَانَ وَعَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ وَالزُّبَيْرِ وَسَعْدٍ يَسْتَأْذِنُونَ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَأَدْخِلْهُمْ فَلَبِثَ قَلِيلاً ثُمَّ جَاءَ فَقَالَ هَلْ لَكَ فِي عَبَّاسٍ وَعَلِيٍّ يَسْتَأْذِنَانِ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَلَمَّا دَخَلاَ قَالَ عَبَّاسٌ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ اقْضِ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ هَذَا وَهُمَا يَخْتَصِمَانِ فِي الَّذِي أَفَاءَ اللَّهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ ﷺ مِنْ بَنِي النَّضِيرِ فَاسْتَبَّ عَلِيٌّ وَعَبَّاسٌ فَقَالَ الرَّهْطُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ اقْضِ بَيْنَهُمَا وَأَرِحْ أَحَدَهُمَا مِنَ الآخَرِ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ اتَّئِدُوا أَنْشُدُكُمْ بِاللَّهِ الَّذِي بِإِذْنِهِ تَقُومُ السَّمَاءُ وَالأَرْضُ هَلْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ لاَ نُورَثُ مَا تَرَكْنَا صَدَقَةٌ يُرِيدُ بِذَلِكَ نَفْسَهُ قَالُوا قَدْ قَالَ ذَلِكَ فَأَقْبَلَ عُمَرُ عَلَى عَبَّاسٍ وَعَلِيٍّ فَقَالَ أَنْشُدُكُمَا بِاللَّهِ هَلْ تَعْلَمَانِ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَدْ قَالَ ذَلِكَ قَالاَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَإِنِّي أُحَدِّثُكُمْ عَنْ هَذَا الأَمْرِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ سُبْحَانَهُ كَانَ خَصَّ رَسُولَهُ ﷺ فِي هَذَا الْفَىْءِ بِشَىْءٍ لَمْ يُعْطِهِ أَحَدًا غَيْرَهُ فَقَالَ جَلَّ ذِكْرُهُ {وَمَا أَفَاءَ اللَّهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ مِنْهُمْ فَمَا أَوْجَفْتُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ خَيْلٍ وَلاَ رِكَابٍ} إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {قَدِيرٌ} فَكَانَتْ هَذِهِ خَالِصَةً لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ وَاللَّهِ مَا احْتَازَهَا دُونَكُمْ وَلاَ اسْتَأْثَرَهَا عَلَيْكُمْ لَقَدْ أَعْطَاكُمُوهَا وَقَسَمَهَا فِيكُمْ حَتَّى بَقِيَ هَذَا الْمَالُ مِنْهَا فَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يُنْفِقُ عَلَى أَهْلِهِ نَفَقَةَ سَنَتِهِمْ مِنْ هَذَا الْمَالِ ثُمَّ يَأْخُذُ مَا بَقِيَ فَيَجْعَلُهُ مَجْعَلَ مَالِ اللَّهِ فَعَمِلَ ذَلِكَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَيَاتَهُ ثُمَّ تُوُفِّيَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَأَنَا وَلِيُّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَبَضَهُ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَعَمِلَ فِيهِ بِمَا عَمِلَ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَنْتُمْ حِينَئِذٍ فَأَقْبَلَ عَلَى عَلِيٍّ وَعَبَّاسٍ وَقَالَ تَذْكُرَانِ أَنَّ أَبَا بَكْرٍ عَمِلَ فِيهِ كَمَا تَقُولاَنِ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ إِنَّهُ فِيهِ لَصَادِقٌ بَارٌّ رَاشِدٌ تَابِعٌ لِلْحَقِّ ثُمَّ تَوَفَّى اللَّهُ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَقُلْتُ أَنَا وَلِيُّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَبَضْتُهُ سَنَتَيْنِ مِنْ إِمَارَتِي أَعْمَلُ فِيهِ بِمَا عَمِلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ أَنِّي فِيهِ صَادِقٌ بَارٌّ رَاشِدٌ تَابِعٌ لِلْحَقِّ ثُمَّ جِئْتُمَانِي كِلاَكُمَا وَكَلِمَتُكُمَا وَاحِدَةٌ وَأَمْرُكُمَا جَمِيعٌ فَجِئْتَنِي يَعْنِي عَبَّاسًا فَقُلْتُ لَكُمَا إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ لاَ نُورَثُ مَا تَرَكْنَا صَدَقَةٌ فَلَمَّا بَدَا لِي أَنْ أَدْفَعَهُ إِلَيْكُمَا قُلْتُ إِنْ شِئْتُمَا دَفَعْتُهُ إِلَيْكُمَا عَلَى أَنَّ عَلَيْكُمَا عَهْدَ اللَّهِ وَمِيثَاقَهُ لَتَعْمَلاَنِ فِيهِ بِمَا عَمِلَ فِيهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ وَمَا عَمِلْتُ فِيهِ مُذْ وَلِيتُ وَإِلاَّ فَلاَ تُكَلِّمَانِي فَقُلْتُمَا ادْفَعْهُ إِلَيْنَا بِذَلِكَ فَدَفَعْتُهُ إِلَيْكُمَا أَفَتَلْتَمِسَانِ مِنِّي قَضَاءً غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ فَوَاللَّهِ الَّذِي بِإِذْنِهِ تَقُومُ السَّمَاءُ وَالأَرْضُ لاَ أَقْضِي فِيهِ بِقَضَاءٍ غَيْرِ ذَلِكَ حَتَّى تَقُومَ السَّاعَةُ فَإِنْ عَجَزْتُمَا عَنْهُ فَادْفَعَا إِلَىَّ فَأَنَا أَكْفِيكُمَاهُ قَالَ فَحَدَّثْتُ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ عُرْوَةَ بْنَ الزُّبَيْرِ فَقَالَ صَدَقَ مَالِكُ بْنُ أَوْسٍ أَنَا سَمِعْتُ عَائِشَةَ ؓ زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ تَقُولُ أَرْسَلَ أَزْوَاجُ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ عُثْمَانَ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ يَسْأَلْنَهُ ثُمُنَهُنَّ مِمَّا أَفَاءَ اللَّهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ ﷺ فَكُنْتُ أَنَا أَرُدُّهُنَّ فَقُلْتُ لَهُنَّ أَلاَ تَتَّقِينَ اللَّهَ أَلَمْ تَعْلَمْنَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ كَانَ يَقُولُ لاَ نُورَثُ مَا تَرَكْنَا صَدَقَةٌ يُرِيدُ بِذَلِكَ نَفْسَهُ إِنَّمَا يَأْكُلُ آلُ مُحَمَّدٍ ﷺ فِي هَذَا الْمَالِ فَانْتَهَى أَزْوَاجُ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ إِلَى مَا أَخْبَرَتْهُنَّ قَالَ فَكَانَتْ هَذِهِ الصَّدَقَةُ بِيَدِ عَلِيٍّ مَنَعَهَا عَلِيٌّ عَبَّاسًا فَغَلَبَهُ عَلَيْهَا ثُمَّ كَانَ بِيَدِ حَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ ثُمَّ بِيَدِ حُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ ثُمَّ بِيَدِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حُسَيْنٍ وَحَسَنِ بْنِ حَسَنٍ كِلاَهُمَا كَانَا يَتَدَاوَلاَنِهَا ثُمَّ بِيَدِ زَيْدِ بْنِ حَسَنٍ وَهْىَ صَدَقَةُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَقًّا  

bukhari:4039Yūsuf b. Mūsá > ʿUbaydullāh b. Mūsá > Isrāʾīl > Abū Isḥāq > al-Barāʾ

Messenger of Allah ﷺ sent some men from the Ansar to ((kill) Abu Rafiʿ, the Jew, and appointed ʿAbdullah bin Atik as their leader. Abu Rafiʿ used to hurt Messenger of Allah ﷺ and help his enemies against him. He lived in his castle in the land of Hijaz. When those men approached (the castle) after the sun had set and the people had brought back their livestock to their homes. ʿAbdullah (bin Atik) said to his companions, "Sit down at your places. I am going, and I will try to play a trick on the gate-keeper so that I may enter (the castle)." So ʿAbdullah proceeded towards the castle, and when he approached the gate, he covered himself with his clothes, pretending to answer the call of nature. The people had gone in, and the gate-keeper (considered ʿAbdullah as one of the castle's servants) addressing him saying, "O Allah's Servant! Enter if you wish, for I want to close the gate." ʿAbdullah added in his story, "So I went in (the castle) and hid myself. When the people got inside, the gate-keeper closed the gate and hung the keys on a fixed wooden peg. I got up and took the keys and opened the gate. Some people were staying late at night with Abu Rafiʿ for a pleasant night chat in a room of his. When his companions of nightly entertainment went away, I ascended to him, and whenever I opened a door, I closed it from inside. I said to myself, 'Should these people discover my presence, they will not be able to catch me till I have killed him.' So I reached him and found him sleeping in a dark house amidst his family, I could not recognize his location in the house. So I shouted, 'O Abu Rafiʿ!' Abu Rafiʿ said, 'Who is it?' I proceeded towards the source of the voice and hit him with the sword, and because of my perplexity, I could not kill him. He cried loudly, and I came out of the house and waited for a while, and then went to him again and said, 'What is this voice, O Abu Rafiʿ?' He said, 'Woe to your mother! A man in my house has hit me with a sword! I again hit him severely but I did not kill him. Then I drove the point of the sword into his belly (and pressed it through) till it touched his back, and I realized that I have killed him. I then opened the doors one by one till I reached the staircase, and thinking that I had reached the ground, I stepped out and fell down and got my leg broken in a moonlit night. I tied my leg with a turban and proceeded on till I sat at the gate, and said, 'I will not go out tonight till I know that I have killed him.' So, when (early in the morning) the cock crowed, the announcer of the casualty stood on the wall saying, 'I announce the death of Abu Rafiʿ, the merchant of Hijaz. Thereupon I went to my companions and said, 'Let us save ourselves, for Allah has killed Abu Rafiʿ,' So I (along with my companions proceeded and) went to the Prophet ﷺ and described the whole story to him. "He said, 'Stretch out your (broken) leg. I stretched it out and he rubbed it and it became All right as if I had never had any ailment whatsoever."  

البخاري:٤٠٣٩حَدَّثَنَا يُوسُفُ بْنُ مُوسَى حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُوسَى عَنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ قَالَ

بَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِلَى أَبِي رَافِعٍ الْيَهُودِيِّ رِجَالاً مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ فَأَمَّرَ عَلَيْهِمْ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عَتِيكٍ وَكَانَ أَبُو رَافِعٍ يُؤْذِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَيُعِينُ عَلَيْهِ وَكَانَ فِي حِصْنٍ لَهُ بِأَرْضِ الْحِجَازِ فَلَمَّا دَنَوْا مِنْهُ وَقَدْ غَرَبَتِ الشَّمْسُ وَرَاحَ النَّاسُ بِسَرْحِهِمْ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ لأَصْحَابِهِ اجْلِسُوا مَكَانَكُمْ فَإِنِّي مُنْطَلِقٌ وَمُتَلَطِّفٌ لِلْبَوَّابِ لَعَلِّي أَنْ أَدْخُلَ فَأَقْبَلَ حَتَّى دَنَا مِنَ الْبَابِ ثُمَّ تَقَنَّعَ بِثَوْبِهِ كَأَنَّهُ يَقْضِي حَاجَةً وَقَدْ دَخَلَ النَّاسُ فَهَتَفَ بِهِ الْبَوَّابُ يَا عَبْدَ اللَّهِ إِنْ كُنْتَ تُرِيدُ أَنْ تَدْخُلَ فَادْخُلْ فَإِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنْ أُغْلِقَ الْبَابَ فَدَخَلْتُ فَكَمَنْتُ فَلَمَّا دَخَلَ النَّاسُ أَغْلَقَ الْبَابَ ثُمَّ عَلَّقَ الأَغَالِيقَ عَلَى وَتَدٍ قَالَ فَقُمْتُ إِلَى الأَقَالِيدِ فَأَخَذْتُهَا فَفَتَحْتُ الْبَابَ وَكَانَ أَبُو رَافِعٍ يُسْمَرُ عِنْدَهُ وَكَانَ فِي عَلاَلِيَّ لَهُ فَلَمَّا ذَهَبَ عَنْهُ أَهْلُ سَمَرِهِ صَعِدْتُ إِلَيْهِ فَجَعَلْتُ كُلَّمَا فَتَحْتُ بَابًا أَغْلَقْتُ عَلَىَّ مِنْ دَاخِلٍ قُلْتُ إِنِ الْقَوْمُ نَذِرُوا بِي لَمْ يَخْلُصُوا إِلَىَّ حَتَّى أَقْتُلَهُ فَانْتَهَيْتُ إِلَيْهِ فَإِذَا هُوَ فِي بَيْتٍ مُظْلِمٍ وَسْطَ عِيَالِهِ لاَ أَدْرِي أَيْنَ هُوَ مِنَ الْبَيْتِ فَقُلْتُ يَا أَبَا رَافِعٍ قَالَ مَنْ هَذَا فَأَهْوَيْتُ نَحْوَ الصَّوْتِ فَأَضْرِبُهُ ضَرْبَةً بِالسَّيْفِ وَأَنَا دَهِشٌ فَمَا أَغْنَيْتُ شَيْئًا وَصَاحَ فَخَرَجْتُ مِنَ الْبَيْتِ فَأَمْكُثُ غَيْرَ بَعِيدٍ ثُمَّ دَخَلْتُ إِلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ مَا هَذَا الصَّوْتُ يَا أَبَا رَافِعٍ فَقَالَ لأُمِّكَ الْوَيْلُ إِنَّ رَجُلاً فِي الْبَيْتِ ضَرَبَنِي قَبْلُ بِالسَّيْفِ قَالَ فَأَضْرِبُهُ ضَرْبَةً أَثْخَنَتْهُ وَلَمْ أَقْتُلْهُ ثُمَّ وَضَعْتُ ظُبَةَ السَّيْفِ فِي بَطْنِهِ حَتَّى أَخَذَ فِي ظَهْرِهِ فَعَرَفْتُ أَنِّي قَتَلْتُهُ فَجَعَلْتُ أَفْتَحُ الأَبْوَابَ بَابًا بَابًا حَتَّى انْتَهَيْتُ إِلَى دَرَجَةٍ لَهُ فَوَضَعْتُ رِجْلِي وَأَنَا أُرَى أَنِّي قَدِ انْتَهَيْتُ إِلَى الأَرْضِ فَوَقَعْتُ فِي لَيْلَةٍ مُقْمِرَةٍ فَانْكَسَرَتْ سَاقِي فَعَصَبْتُهَا بِعِمَامَةٍ ثُمَّ انْطَلَقْتُ حَتَّى جَلَسْتُ عَلَى الْبَابِ فَقُلْتُ لاَ أَخْرُجُ اللَّيْلَةَ حَتَّى أَعْلَمَ أَقَتَلْتُهُ فَلَمَّا صَاحَ الدِّيكُ قَامَ النَّاعِي عَلَى السُّورِ فَقَالَ أَنْعَى أَبَا رَافِعٍ تَاجِرَ أَهْلِ الْحِجَازِ فَانْطَلَقْتُ إِلَى أَصْحَابِي فَقُلْتُ النَّجَاءَ فَقَدْ قَتَلَ اللَّهُ أَبَا رَافِعٍ فَانْتَهَيْتُ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَحَدَّثْتُهُ فَقَالَ ابْسُطْ رِجْلَكَ فَبَسَطْتُ رِجْلِي فَمَسَحَهَا فَكَأَنَّهَا لَمْ أَشْتَكِهَا قَطُّ  

bukhari:4072Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. ʿAbdullāh > Ḥujayn b. al-Muthanná > ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz b. ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Salamah > ʿAbdullāh b. al-Faḍl > Sulaymān b. Yasār > Jaʿfar b. ʿAmr b. Umayyah al-Ḍamrī

I went out with 'Ubaidullah bin ʿAdi Al-Khaiyar. When we reached Hims (i.e. a town in Syria), 'Ubaidullah bin ʿAdi said (to me), "Would you like to see Wahshi so that we may ask him about the killing of Hamza?" I replied, "Yes." Wahshi used to live in Hims. We enquired about him and somebody said to us, "He is that in the shade of his palace, as if he were a full water skin." So we went up to him, and when we were at a short distance from him, we greeted him and he greeted us in return. 'Ubaidullah was wearing his turban and Wahshi could not see except his eyes and feet. 'Ubaidullah said, "O Wahshi! Do you know me?" Wahshi looked at him and then said, "No, by Allah! But I know that ʿAdi bin Al-Khiyar married a woman called Um Qital, the daughter of Abu Al-Is, and she delivered a boy for him at Mecca, and I looked for a wet nurse for that child. (Once) I carried that child along with his mother and then I handed him over to her, and your feet resemble that child's feet." Then 'Ubaidullah uncovered his face and said (to Wahshi), "Will you tell us (the story of) the killing of Hamza?" Wahshi replied "Yes, Hamza killed Tuaima bin ʿAdi bin Al-Khaiyar at Badr (battle) so my master, Jubair bin Mutʿim said to me, 'If you kill Hamza in revenge for my uncle, then you will be set free." When the people set out (for the battle of Uhud) in the year of 'Ainain ..'Ainain is a mountain near the mountain of Uhud, and between it and Uhud there is a valley.. I went out with the people for the battle. When the army aligned for the fight, Siba' came out and said, 'Is there any (Muslim) to accept my challenge to a duel?' Hamza bin ʿAbdul Muttalib came out and said, 'O Siba'. O Ibn Um Anmar, the one who circumcises other ladies! Do you challenge Allah and His Apostle?' Then Hamza attacked and killed him, causing him to be non-extant like the bygone yesterday. I hid myself under a rock, and when he (i.e. Hamza) came near me, I threw my spear at him, driving it into his umbilicus so that it came out through his buttocks, causing him to die. When all the people returned to Mecca, I too returned with them. I stayed in (Mecca) till Islam spread in it (i.e. Mecca). Then I left for Taif, and when the people (of Taif) sent their messengers to Messenger of Allah ﷺ, I was told that the Prophet ﷺ did not harm the messengers; So I too went out with them till I reached Messenger of Allah ﷺ. When he saw me, he said, 'Are you Wahshi?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Was it you who killed Hamza?' I replied, 'What happened is what you have been told of.' He said, 'Can you hide your face from me?' So I went out when Messenger of Allah ﷺ died, and Musailamah Al-Kadhdhab appeared (claiming to be a prophet). I said, 'I will go out to Musailamah so that I may kill him, and make amends for killing Hamza. So I went out with the people (to fight Musailamah and his followers) and then famous events took place concerning that battle. Suddenly I saw a man (i.e. Musailamah) standing near a gap in a wall. He looked like an ash-colored camel and his hair was dishevelled. So I threw my spear at him, driving it into his chest in between his breasts till it passed out through his shoulders, and then an Ansari man attacked him and struck him on the head with a sword. ʿAbdullah bin ʿUmar said, 'A slave girl on the roof of a house said: Alas! The chief of the believers (i.e. Musailamah) has been killed by a black slave."  

البخاري:٤٠٧٢حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنَا حُجَيْنُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْفَضْلِ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ أُمَيَّةَ الضَّمْرِيِّ قَالَ خَرَجْتُ مَعَ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَدِيِّ بْنِ الْخِيَارِ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا حِمْصَ قَالَ

لِي عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ هَلْ لَكَ فِي وَحْشِيٍّ نَسْأَلُهُ عَنْ قَتْلِ حَمْزَةَ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ وَكَانَ وَحْشِيٌّ يَسْكُنُ حِمْصَ فَسَأَلْنَا عَنْهُ فَقِيلَ لَنَا هُوَ ذَاكَ فِي ظِلِّ قَصْرِهِ كَأَنَّهُ حَمِيتٌ قَالَ فَجِئْنَا حَتَّى وَقَفْنَا عَلَيْهِ بِيَسِيرٍ فَسَلَّمْنَا فَرَدَّ السَّلاَمَ قَالَ وَعُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ مُعْتَجِرٌ بِعِمَامَتِهِ مَا يَرَى وَحْشِيٌّ إِلاَّ عَيْنَيْهِ وَرِجْلَيْهِ فَقَالَ عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ يَا وَحْشِيُّ أَتَعْرِفُنِي قَالَ فَنَظَرَ إِلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لاَ وَاللَّهِ إِلاَّ أَنِّي أَعْلَمُ أَنَّ عَدِيَّ بْنَ الْخِيَارِ تَزَوَّجَ امْرَأَةً يُقَالُ لَهَا أُمُّ قِتَالٍ بِنْتُ أَبِي الْعِيصِ فَوَلَدَتْ لَهُ غُلاَمًا بِمَكَّةَ فَكُنْتُ أَسْتَرْضِعُ لَهُ فَحَمَلْتُ ذَلِكَ الْغُلاَمَ مَعَ أُمِّهِ فَنَاوَلْتُهَا إِيَّاهُ فَلَكَأَنِّي نَظَرْتُ إِلَى قَدَمَيْكَ قَالَ فَكَشَفَ عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَلاَ تُخْبِرُنَا بِقَتْلِ حَمْزَةَ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنَّ حَمْزَةَ قَتَلَ طُعَيْمَةَ بْنَ عَدِيِّ بْنِ الْخِيَارِ بِبَدْرٍ فَقَالَ لِي مَوْلاَىَ جُبَيْرُ بْنُ مُطْعِمٍ إِنْ قَتَلْتَ حَمْزَةَ بِعَمِّي فَأَنْتَ حُرٌّ قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَنْ خَرَجَ النَّاسُ عَامَ عَيْنَيْنِ وَعَيْنَيْنِ جَبَلٌ بِحِيَالِ أُحُدٍ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهُ وَادٍ خَرَجْتُ مَعَ النَّاسِ إِلَى الْقِتَالِ فَلَمَّا اصْطَفُّوا لِلْقِتَالِ خَرَجَ سِبَاعٌ فَقَالَ هَلْ مِنْ مُبَارِزٍ قَالَ فَخَرَجَ إِلَيْهِ حَمْزَةُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ فَقَالَ يَا سِبَاعُ يَا ابْنَ أُمِّ أَنْمَارٍ مُقَطِّعَةِ الْبُظُورِ أَتُحَادُّ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ﷺ قَالَ ثُمَّ شَدَّ عَلَيْهِ فَكَانَ كَأَمْسِ الذَّاهِبِ قَالَ وَكَمَنْتُ لِحَمْزَةَ تَحْتَ صَخْرَةٍ فَلَمَّا دَنَا مِنِّي رَمَيْتُهُ بِحَرْبَتِي فَأَضَعُهَا فِي ثُنَّتِهِ حَتَّى خَرَجَتْ مِنْ بَيْنِ وَرِكَيْهِ قَالَ فَكَانَ ذَاكَ الْعَهْدَ بِهِ فَلَمَّا رَجَعَ النَّاسُ رَجَعْتُ مَعَهُمْ فَأَقَمْتُ بِمَكَّةَ حَتَّى فَشَا فِيهَا الإِسْلاَمُ ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ إِلَى الطَّائِفِ فَأَرْسَلُوا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ رَسُولاً فَقِيلَ لِي إِنَّهُ لاَ يَهِيجُ الرُّسُلَ قَالَ فَخَرَجْتُ مَعَهُمْ حَتَّى قَدِمْتُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَلَمَّا رَآنِي قَالَ آنْتَ وَحْشِيٌّ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ قَالَ أَنْتَ قَتَلْتَ حَمْزَةَ قُلْتُ قَدْ كَانَ مِنَ الأَمْرِ مَا بَلَغَكَ قَالَ فَهَلْ تَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ تُغَيِّبَ وَجْهَكَ عَنِّي قَالَ فَخَرَجْتُ فَلَمَّا قُبِضَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَخَرَجَ مُسَيْلِمَةُ الْكَذَّابُ قُلْتُ لأَخْرُجَنَّ إِلَى مُسَيْلِمَةَ لَعَلِّي أَقْتُلُهُ فَأُكَافِئَ بِهِ حَمْزَةَ قَالَ فَخَرَجْتُ مَعَ النَّاسِ فَكَانَ مِنْ أَمْرِهِ مَا كَانَ قَالَ فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ قَائِمٌ فِي ثَلْمَةِ جِدَارٍ كَأَنَّهُ جَمَلٌ أَوْرَقُ ثَائِرُ الرَّأْسِ قَالَ فَرَمَيْتُهُ بِحَرْبَتِي فَأَضَعُهَا بَيْنَ ثَدْيَيْهِ حَتَّى خَرَجَتْ مِنْ بَيْنِ كَتِفَيْهِ قَالَ وَوَثَبَ إِلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ فَضَرَبَهُ بِالسَّيْفِ عَلَى هَامَتِهِ قَالَ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْفَضْلِ فَأَخْبَرَنِي سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ يَسَارٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ يَقُولُ فَقَالَتْ جَارِيَةٌ عَلَى ظَهْرِ بَيْتٍ وَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ قَتَلَهُ الْعَبْدُ الأَسْوَدُ  

bukhari:3861ʿAmr b. ʿAbbās > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Mahdī > al-Muthanná > Abū Jamrah > Ibn ʿAbbās

When Abu Dhar received the news of the Advent of the Prophet ﷺ he said to his brother, "Ride to this valley (of Mecca) and try to find out the truth of the person who claims to be a prophet who is informed of the news of Heaven. Listen to what he says and come back to me." So his brother set out and came to the Prophet ﷺ and listened to some of his talks, and returned to Abu Dhar and said to him. "I have seen him enjoining virtuous behavior and saying something that is not poetry." Abu Dhar said, "You have not satisfied me as to what I wanted." He then took his journey-food and carried a waterskin of his, containing some water till be reached Mecca. He went to the Mosque and searched for the Prophet and though he did not know him, he hated to ask anybody about him. When a part of the night had passed away, ʿAli saw him and knew that he was a stranger. So when Abu Dhar saw ʿAli, he followed him, and none of them asked his companion about anything, and when it was dawn, Abu Dhar took his journey food and his water-skin to the Mosque and stayed there all the day long without being perceived by the Prophet, and when it was evening, he came back to his retiring place. ʿAli passed by him and said, "Has the man not known his dwelling place yet?" So ʿAli awakened him and took him with him and none of them spoke to the other about anything. When it was the third day. ʿAli did the same and Abu Dhar stayed with him. Then ʿAli said "Will you tell me what has brought you here?" Abu Dhar said, "If you give me a firm promise that you will guide me, then I will tell you." ʿAli promised him, and he informed ʿAli about the matter. ʿAli said, "It is true, and he is the Messenger of Allah. Next morning when you get up, accompany me, and if I see any danger for you, I will stop as if to pass water, but if I go on, follow me and enter the place which I will enter." Abu Dhar did so, and followed ʿAli till he entered the place of the Prophet, and Abu Dhar went in with him, Abu Dhar listened to some of the Prophet's talks and embraced Islam on the spot. The Prophet ﷺ said to him, "Go back to your people and inform them (about it) till you receive my order." Abu Dhar said, "By Him in Whose Hand my life is, I will proclaim my conversion loudly amongst them (i.e. the pagans)." So he went out, and when he reached the Mosque, he said as loudly as possible, "I bear witness that None has the right to be worshipped except Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah." The People got up and beat him painfully. Then Al-Abbas came and knelt over him ((to protect him) and said (to the people), "Woe to you! Don't you know that this man belongs to the tribe of Ghifar and your trade to Sha'm is through their way?" So he rescued him from them. Abu Dhar again did the same the next day. They beat him and took vengeance on him and again Al-Abbas knelt over him (to protect him).  

البخاري:٣٨٦١حَدَّثَنِي عَمْرُو بْنُ عَبَّاسٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ مَهْدِيٍّ حَدَّثَنَا الْمُثَنَّى عَنْ أَبِي جَمْرَةَ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ قَالَ

لَمَّا بَلَغَ أَبَا ذَرٍّ مَبْعَثُ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ لأَخِيهِ ارْكَبْ إِلَى هَذَا الْوَادِي فَاعْلَمْ لِي عِلْمَ هَذَا الرَّجُلِ الَّذِي يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ نَبِيٌّ يَأْتِيهِ الْخَبَرُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ وَاسْمَعْ مِنْ قَوْلِهِ ثُمَّ ائْتِنِي فَانْطَلَقَ الأَخُ حَتَّى قَدِمَهُ وَسَمِعَ مِنْ قَوْلِهِ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ إِلَى أَبِي ذَرٍّ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَأَيْتُهُ يَأْمُرُ بِمَكَارِمِ الأَخْلاَقِ وَكَلاَمًا مَا هُوَ بِالشِّعْرِ فَقَالَ مَا شَفَيْتَنِي مِمَّا أَرَدْتُ فَتَزَوَّدَ وَحَمَلَ شَنَّةً لَهُ فِيهَا مَاءٌ حَتَّى قَدِمَ مَكَّةَ فَأَتَى الْمَسْجِدَ فَالْتَمَسَ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ وَلاَ يَعْرِفُهُ وَكَرِهَ أَنْ يَسْأَلَ عَنْهُ حَتَّى أَدْرَكَهُ بَعْضُ اللَّيْلِ فَرَآهُ عَلِيٌّ فَعَرَفَ أَنَّهُ غَرِيبٌ فَلَمَّا رَآهُ تَبِعَهُ فَلَمْ يَسْأَلْ وَاحِدٌ مِنْهُمَا صَاحِبَهُ عَنْ شَىْءٍ حَتَّى أَصْبَحَ ثُمَّ احْتَمَلَ قِرْبَتَهُ وَزَادَهُ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ وَظَلَّ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ وَلاَ يَرَاهُ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ حَتَّى أَمْسَى فَعَادَ إِلَى مَضْجَعِهِ فَمَرَّ بِهِ عَلِيٌّ فَقَالَ أَمَا نَالَ لِلرَّجُلِ أَنْ يَعْلَمَ مَنْزِلَهُ فَأَقَامَهُ فَذَهَبَ بِهِ مَعَهُ لاَ يَسْأَلُ وَاحِدٌ مِنْهُمَا صَاحِبَهُ عَنْ شَىْءٍ حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمَ الثَّالِثِ فَعَادَ عَلِيٌّ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ فَأَقَامَ مَعَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَلاَ تُحَدِّثُنِي مَا الَّذِي أَقْدَمَكَ قَالَ إِنْ أَعْطَيْتَنِي عَهْدًا وَمِيثَاقًا لَتُرْشِدَنَّنِي فَعَلْتُ فَفَعَلَ فَأَخْبَرَهُ قَالَ فَإِنَّهُ حَقٌّ وَهُوَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَإِذَا أَصْبَحْتَ فَاتْبَعْنِي فَإِنِّي إِنْ رَأَيْتُ شَيْئًا أَخَافُ عَلَيْكَ قُمْتُ كَأَنِّي أُرِيقُ الْمَاءَ فَإِنْ مَضَيْتُ فَاتْبَعْنِي حَتَّى تَدْخُلَ مَدْخَلِي فَفَعَلَ فَانْطَلَقَ يَقْفُوهُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ وَدَخَلَ مَعَهُ فَسَمِعَ مِنْ قَوْلِهِ وَأَسْلَمَ مَكَانَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ ارْجِعْ إِلَى قَوْمِكَ فَأَخْبِرْهُمْ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَكَ أَمْرِي قَالَ وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لأَصْرُخَنَّ بِهَا بَيْنَ ظَهْرَانَيْهِمْ فَخَرَجَ حَتَّى أَتَى الْمَسْجِدَ فَنَادَى بِأَعْلَى صَوْتِهِ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ قَامَ الْقَوْمُ فَضَرَبُوهُ حَتَّى أَضْجَعُوهُ وَأَتَى الْعَبَّاسُ فَأَكَبَّ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ وَيْلَكُمْ أَلَسْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ مِنْ غِفَارٍ وَأَنَّ طَرِيقَ تِجَارِكُمْ إِلَى الشَّأْمِ فَأَنْقَذَهُ مِنْهُمْ ثُمَّ عَادَ مِنَ الْغَدِ لِمِثْلِهَا فَضَرَبُوهُ وَثَارُوا إِلَيْهِ فَأَكَبَّ الْعَبَّاسُ عَلَيْهِ  

The dispute regarding the case of Fadak

bukhari:4240Yaḥyá b. Bukayr > al-Layth > ʿUqayl > Ibn Shihāb > ʿUrwah > ʿĀʾishah

that Fāṭimah, the daughter of the Prophet ﷺ, sent someone to Abū Bakr asking for her inheritance of what the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had left of the property bestowed upon him by Allah from the Faīʾ (booty gained without battle) in Madinah, and Fadak and what remained of the khumus (one-fifth) of the Khaybar booty. Abū Bakr then said: the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "There is not inheritance for us: whatever we leave behind is ṣadaqah (charity), however the family of Muḥammad can take from this property." By Allah, I will not change a thing in the current state of the ṣadaqah of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and will leave it as it was during the time of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, and I will certainly ˹continue˺ to do with it as the Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to do.

Thus Abū Bakr refused to give anything of that to Fāṭimah. So Fāṭimah became angry with Abū Bakr and kept away from him, and did not speak to him until she died and she remained alive for six months after the passing of the Prophet ﷺ. When she died, her husband ʿAlī buried her at night without informing Abū Bakr and he offered the ˹funeral˺ prayer upon her.

When Fāṭimah was alive, people used to respect ʿAlī, but after her death, ʿAli noticed a change in the people's attitude towards him. So ʿAli sought reconciliation with Abu Bakr and gave him an oath of allegiance. ʿAli had not given the oath of allegiance during those months (i.e. the period between the Prophet's death and Fatima's death). ʿAli sent someone to Abu Bakr saying, "Come to us, but let nobody come with you," as he disliked that ʿUmar should come, ʿUmar said (to Abu Bakr), "No, by Allah, you shall not enter upon them alone " Abu Bakr said, "What do you think they will do to me? By Allah, I will go to them' So Abu Bakr entered upon them, and then ʿAli uttered Tashah-hud and said (to Abu Bakr), "We know well your superiority and what Allah has given you, and we are not jealous of the good what Allah has bestowed upon you, but you did not consult us in the question of the rule and we thought that we have got a right in it because of our near relationship to Messenger of Allah ﷺ ." Thereupon Abu Bakr's eyes flowed with tears. And when Abu Bakr spoke, he said, "By Him in Whose Hand my soul is to keep good relations with the relatives of Messenger of Allah ﷺ is dearer to me than to keep good relations with my own relatives. But as for the trouble which arose between me and you about his property, I will do my best to spend it according to what is good, and will not leave any rule or regulation which I saw Messenger of Allah ﷺ following, in disposing of it, but I will follow." On that ʿAli said to Abu Bakr, "I promise to give you the oath of allegiance in this after noon." So when Abu Bakr had offered the Zuhr prayer, he ascended the pulpit and uttered the Tashah-hud and then mentioned the story of ʿAli and his failure to give the oath of allegiance, and excused him, accepting what excuses he had offered; Then ʿAli (got up) and praying (to Allah) for forgiveness, he uttered Tashah-hud, praised Abu Bakr's right, and said, that he had not done what he had done because of jealousy of Abu Bakr or as a protest of that Allah had favored him with. ʿAli added, "But we used to consider that we too had some right in this affair (of rulership) and that he (i.e. Abu Bakr) did not consult us in this matter, and therefore caused us to feel sorry." On that all the Muslims became happy and said, "You have done the right thing." The Muslims then became friendly with ʿAli as he returned to what the people had done (i.e. giving the oath of allegiance to Abu Bakr).  

البخاري:٤٢٤٠حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ بُكَيْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ عَنْ عُقَيْلٍ عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ عَنْ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ

أَنَّ فَاطِمَةَ عَلَيْهَا السَّلاَمُ بِنْتَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ أَرْسَلَتْ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ تَسْأَلُهُ مِيرَاثَهَا مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ مِمَّا أَفَاءَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ بِالْمَدِينَةِ وَفَدَكَ وَمَا بَقِيَ مِنْ خُمُسِ خَيْبَرَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ: «لاَ نُورَثُ مَا تَرَكْنَا صَدَقَةٌ إِنَّمَا يَأْكُلُ آلُ مُحَمَّدٍ ﷺ فِي هَذَا الْمَالِ۔» وَإِنِّي وَاللَّهِ لاَ أُغَيِّرُ شَيْئًا مِنْ صَدَقَةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَنْ حَالِهَا الَّتِي كَانَ عَلَيْهَا فِي عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَلأَعْمَلَنَّ فِيهَا بِمَا عَمِلَ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ۔

فَأَبَى أَبُو بَكْرٍ أَنْ يَدْفَعَ إِلَى فَاطِمَةَ مِنْهَا شَيْئًا. فَوَجَدَتْ فَاطِمَةُ عَلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فِي ذَلِكَ فَهَجَرَتْهُ فَلَمْ تُكَلِّمْهُ حَتَّى تُوُفِّيَتْ وَعَاشَتْ بَعْدَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ سِتَّةَ أَشْهُرٍ۔ فَلَمَّا تُوُفِّيَتْ دَفَنَهَا زَوْجُهَا عَلِيٌّ لَيْلاً وَلَمْ يُؤْذِنْ بِهَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ وَصَلَّى عَلَيْهَا۔

وَكَانَ لِعَلِيٍّ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَجْهٌ حَيَاةَ فَاطِمَةَ فَلَمَّا تُوُفِّيَتِ اسْتَنْكَرَ عَلِيٌّ وُجُوهَ النَّاسِ فَالْتَمَسَ مُصَالَحَةَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَمُبَايَعَتَهُ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ يُبَايِعُ تِلْكَ الأَشْهُرَ فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ أَنِ ائْتِنَا وَلاَ يَأْتِنَا أَحَدٌ مَعَكَ كَرَاهِيَةً لِمَحْضَرِ عُمَرَ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ لاَ وَاللَّهِ لاَ تَدْخُلُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَحْدَكَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَمَا عَسَيْتَهُمْ أَنْ يَفْعَلُوا بِي وَاللَّهِ لآتِيَنَّهُمْ فَدَخَلَ عَلَيْهِمْ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَتَشَهَّدَ عَلِيٌّ فَقَالَ إِنَّا قَدْ عَرَفْنَا فَضْلَكَ وَمَا أَعْطَاكَ اللَّهُ وَلَمْ نَنْفَسْ عَلَيْكَ خَيْرًا سَاقَهُ اللَّهُ إِلَيْكَ وَلَكِنَّكَ اسْتَبْدَدْتَ عَلَيْنَا بِالأَمْرِ وَكُنَّا نَرَى لِقَرَابَتِنَا مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ نَصِيبًا حَتَّى فَاضَتْ عَيْنَا أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَلَمَّا تَكَلَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ قَالَ وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَقَرَابَةُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَحَبُّ إِلَىَّ أَنْ أَصِلَ مِنْ قَرَابَتِي وَأَمَّا الَّذِي شَجَرَ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكُمْ مِنْ هَذِهِ الأَمْوَالِ فَلَمْ آلُ فِيهَا عَنِ الْخَيْرِ وَلَمْ أَتْرُكْ أَمْرًا رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَصْنَعُهُ فِيهَا إِلاَّ صَنَعْتُهُ فَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ لأَبِي بَكْرٍ مَوْعِدُكَ الْعَشِيَّةُ لِلْبَيْعَةِ فَلَمَّا صَلَّى أَبُو بَكْرٍ الظُّهْرَ رَقِيَ عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ فَتَشَهَّدَ وَذَكَرَ شَأْنَ عَلِيٍّ وَتَخَلُّفَهُ عَنِ الْبَيْعَةِ وَعُذْرَهُ بِالَّذِي اعْتَذَرَ إِلَيْهِ ثُمَّ اسْتَغْفَرَ وَتَشَهَّدَ عَلِيٌّ فَعَظَّمَ حَقَّ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَحَدَّثَ أَنَّهُ لَمْ يَحْمِلْهُ عَلَى الَّذِي صَنَعَ نَفَاسَةً عَلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَلاَ إِنْكَارًا لِلَّذِي فَضَّلَهُ اللَّهُ بِهِ وَلَكِنَّا نَرَى لَنَا فِي هَذَا الأَمْرِ نَصِيبًا فَاسْتَبَدَّ عَلَيْنَا فَوَجَدْنَا فِي أَنْفُسِنَا فَسُرَّ بِذَلِكَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ وَقَالُوا أَصَبْتَ وَكَانَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ إِلَى عَلِيٍّ قَرِيبًا حِينَ رَاجَعَ الأَمْرَ الْمَعْرُوفَ  

bukhari:3989Mūsá b. Ismāʿīl > Ibrāhīm > Ibn Shihāb > ʿUmar

Messenger of Allah ﷺ sent out ten spies under the command of ʿAsim bin Thabit Al-Ansari, the grand-father of ʿAsim bin ʿUmar Al-Khattab. When they reached (a place called) Al-Hadah between 'Usfan and Mecca, their presence was made known to a sub-tribe of Hudhail called Banu Lihyan. So they sent about one hundred archers after them. The archers traced the footsteps (of the Muslims) till they found the traces of dates which they had eaten at one of their camping places. The archers said, "These dates are of Yathrib (i.e. Medina)," and went on tracing the Muslims' footsteps. When ʿAsim and his companions became aware of them, they took refuge in a (high) place. But the enemy encircled them and said, "Come down and surrender. We give you a solemn promise and covenant that we will not kill anyone of you." ʿAsim bin Thabit said, "O people! As for myself, I will never get down to be under the protection of an infidel. O Allah! Inform your Prophet about us." So the archers threw their arrows at them and martyred ʿAsim. Three of them came down and surrendered to them, accepting their promise and covenant and they were Khubaib, Zaid bin Ad-Dathina and another man. When the archers got hold of them, they untied the strings of the arrow bows and tied their captives with them. The third man said, "This is the first proof of treachery! By Allah, I will not go with you for I follow the example of these." He meant the martyred companions. The archers dragged him and struggled with him (till they martyred him). Then Khubaib and Zaid bin Ad-Dathina were taken away by them and later on they sold them as slaves in Mecca after the event of the Badr battle. The sons of Al-Harit bin ʿAmr bin Naufal bought Khubaib for he was a person who had killed (their father) Al-Hari bin ʿAmr on the day (of the battle) of Badr. Khubaib remained imprisoned by them till they decided unanimously to kill him. One day Khubaib borrowed from a daughter of Al-Harith, a razor for shaving his pubic hair, and she lent it to him. By chance, while she was inattentive, a little son of hers went to him (i.e. Khubaib) and she saw that Khubaib had seated him on his thigh while the razor was in his hand. She was so much terrified that Khubaib noticed her fear and said, "Are you afraid that I will kill him? Never would I do such a thing." Later on (while narrating the story) she said, "By Allah, I had never seen a better captive than Khubaib. By Allah, one day I saw him eating from a bunch of grapes in his hand while he was fettered with iron chains and (at that time) there was no fruit in Mecca." She used to say," It was food Allah had provided Khubaib with." When they took him to Al-Hil out of Mecca sanctuary to martyr him, Khubaib requested them. "Allow me to offer a two-rakʿat prayer." They allowed him and he prayed two rakʿat and then said, "By Allah! Had I not been afraid that you would think I was worried, I would have prayed more." Then he (invoked evil upon them) saying, "O Allah! Count them and kill them one by one, and do not leave anyone of them"' Then he recited: "As I am martyred as a Muslim, I do not care in what way I receive my death for Allah's Sake, for this is for the Cause of Allah. If He wishes, He will bless the cut limbs of my body." Then Abu Sarva, 'Ubqa bin Al-Harith went up to him and killed him. It was Khubaib who set the tradition of praying for any Muslim to be martyred in captivity (before he is executed). The Prophet ﷺ told his companions of what had happened (to those ten spies) on the same day they were martyred. Some Quraish people, being informed of ʿAsim bin Thabit's death, sent some messengers to bring a part of his body so that his death might be known for certain, for he had previously killed one of their leaders (in the battle of Badr). But Allah sent a swarm of wasps to protect the dead body of ʿAsim, and they shielded him from the messengers who could not cut anything from his body.  

البخاري:٣٩٨٩حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ شِهَابٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عُمَرُ بْنُ أَسِيدِ بْنِ جَارِيَةَ الثَّقَفِيُّ حَلِيفُ بَنِي زُهْرَةَ وَكَانَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ؓ قَالَ

بَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَشَرَةً عَيْنًا وَأَمَّرَ عَلَيْهِمْ عَاصِمَ بْنَ ثَابِتٍ الأَنْصَارِيَّ جَدَّ عَاصِمِ بْنِ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ حَتَّى إِذَا كَانُوا بِالْهَدَةِ بَيْنَ عُسْفَانَ وَمَكَّةَ ذُكِرُوا لِحَىٍّ مِنْ هُذَيْلٍ يُقَالُ لَهُمْ بَنُو لِحْيَانَ فَنَفَرُوا لَهُمْ بِقَرِيبٍ مِنْ مِائَةِ رَجُلٍ رَامٍ فَاقْتَصُّوا آثَارَهُمْ حَتَّى وَجَدُوا مَأْكَلَهُمُ التَّمْرَ فِي مَنْزِلٍ نَزَلُوهُ فَقَالُوا تَمْرُ يَثْرِبَ فَاتَّبَعُوا آثَارَهُمْ فَلَمَّا حَسَّ بِهِمْ عَاصِمٌ وَأَصْحَابُهُ لَجَئُوا إِلَى مَوْضِعٍ فَأَحَاطَ بِهِمُ الْقَوْمُ فَقَالُوا لَهُمْ انْزِلُوا فَأَعْطُوا بِأَيْدِيكُمْ وَلَكُمُ الْعَهْدُ وَالْمِيثَاقُ أَنْ لاَ نَقْتُلَ مِنْكُمْ أَحَدًا فَقَالَ عَاصِمُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ أَيُّهَا الْقَوْمُ أَمَّا أَنَا فَلاَ أَنْزِلُ فِي ذِمَّةِ كَافِرٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ أَخْبِرْ عَنَّا نَبِيَّكَ ﷺ فَرَمَوْهُمْ بِالنَّبْلِ فَقَتَلُوا عَاصِمًا وَنَزَلَ إِلَيْهِمْ ثَلاَثَةُ نَفَرٍ عَلَى الْعَهْدِ وَالْمِيثَاقِ مِنْهُمْ خُبَيْبٌ وَزَيْدُ بْنُ الدَّثِنَةِ وَرَجُلٌ آخَرُ فَلَمَّا اسْتَمْكَنُوا مِنْهُمْ أَطْلَقُوا أَوْتَارَ قِسِيِّهِمْ فَرَبَطُوهُمْ بِهَا قَالَ الرَّجُلُ الثَّالِثُ هَذَا أَوَّلُ الْغَدْرِ وَاللَّهِ لاَ أَصْحَبُكُمْ إِنَّ لِي بِهَؤُلاَءِ أُسْوَةً يُرِيدُ الْقَتْلَى فَجَرَّرُوهُ وَعَالَجُوهُ فَأَبَى أَنْ يَصْحَبَهُمْ فَانْطُلِقَ بِخُبَيْبٍ وَزَيْدِ بْنِ الدَّثِنَةِ حَتَّى بَاعُوهُمَا بَعْدَ وَقْعَةِ بَدْرٍ فَابْتَاعَ بَنُو الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَامِرِ بْنِ نَوْفَلٍ خُبَيْبًا وَكَانَ خُبَيْبٌ هُوَ قَتَلَ الْحَارِثَ بْنَ عَامِرٍ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ فَلَبِثَ خُبَيْبٌ عِنْدَهُمْ أَسِيرًا حَتَّى أَجْمَعُوا قَتْلَهُ فَاسْتَعَارَ مِنْ بَعْضِ بَنَاتِ الْحَارِثِ مُوسَى يَسْتَحِدُّ بِهَا فَأَعَارَتْهُ فَدَرَجَ بُنَىٌّ لَهَا وَهْىَ غَافِلَةٌ حَتَّى أَتَاهُ فَوَجَدَتْهُ مُجْلِسَهُ عَلَى فَخِذِهِ وَالْمُوسَى بِيَدِهِ قَالَتْ فَفَزِعْتُ فَزْعَةً عَرَفَهَا خُبَيْبٌ فَقَالَ أَتَخْشَيْنَ أَنْ أَقْتُلَهُ مَا كُنْتُ لأَفْعَلَ ذَلِكَ قَالَتْ وَاللَّهِ مَا رَأَيْتُ أَسِيرًا قَطُّ خَيْرًا مِنْ خُبَيْبٍ وَاللَّهِ لَقَدْ وَجَدْتُهُ يَوْمًا يَأْكُلُ قِطْفًا مِنْ عِنَبٍ فِي يَدِهِ وَإِنَّهُ لَمُوثَقٌ بِالْحَدِيدِ وَمَا بِمَكَّةَ مِنْ ثَمَرَةٍ وَكَانَتْ تَقُولُ إِنَّهُ لَرِزْقٌ رَزَقَهُ اللَّهُ خُبَيْبًا فَلَمَّا خَرَجُوا بِهِ مِنَ الْحَرَمِ لِيَقْتُلُوهُ فِي الْحِلِّ قَالَ لَهُمْ خُبَيْبٌ دَعُونِي أُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَتَرَكُوهُ فَرَكَعَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَقَالَ وَاللَّهِ لَوْلاَ أَنْ تَحْسِبُوا أَنَّ مَا بِي جَزَعٌ لَزِدْتُ ثُمَّ قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ أَحْصِهِمْ عَدَدًا وَاقْتُلْهُمْ بَدَدًا وَلاَ تُبْقِ مِنْهُمْ أَحَدًا ثُمَّ أَنْشَأَ يَقُولُ فَلَسْتُ أُبَالِي حِينَ أُقْتَلُ مُسْلِمًا عَلَى أَىِّ جَنْبٍ كَانَ لِلَّهِ مَصْرَعِي وَذَلِكَ فِي ذَاتِ الإِلَهِ وَإِنْ يَشَأْ يُبَارِكْ عَلَى أَوْصَالِ شِلْوٍ مُمَزَّعِ ثُمَّ قَامَ إِلَيْهِ أَبُو سِرْوَعَةَ عُقْبَةُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ فَقَتَلَهُ وَكَانَ خُبَيْبٌ هُوَ سَنَّ لِكُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ قُتِلَ صَبْرًا الصَّلاَةَ وَأَخْبَرَ أَصْحَابَهُ يَوْمَ أُصِيبُوا خَبَرَهُمْ وَبَعَثَ نَاسٌ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ إِلَى عَاصِمِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ حِينَ حُدِّثُوا أَنَّهُ قُتِلَ أَنْ يُؤْتَوْا بِشَىْءٍ مِنْهُ يُعْرَفُ وَكَانَ قَتَلَ رَجُلاً عَظِيمًا مِنْ عُظَمَائِهِمْ فَبَعَثَ اللَّهُ لِعَاصِمٍ مِثْلَ الظُّلَّةِ مِنَ الدَّبْرِ فَحَمَتْهُ مِنْ رُسُلِهِمْ فَلَمْ يَقْدِرُوا أَنْ يَقْطَعُوا مِنْهُ شَيْئًا وَقَالَ كَعْبُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ ذَكَرُوا مُرَارَةَ بْنَ الرَّبِيعِ الْعَمْرِيَّ وَهِلاَلَ بْنَ أُمَيَّةَ الْوَاقِفِيَّ رَجُلَيْنِ صَالِحَيْنِ قَدْ شَهِدَا بَدْرًا  

bukhari:3094Isḥāq b. Muḥammad al-Farwī > Mālik b. Anas > Ibn Shihāb

While I was at home, the sun rose high and it got hot. Suddenly the messenger of ʿUmar bin Al- Khattab came to me and said, "The chief of the believers has sent for you." So, I went along with him till I entered the place where ʿUmar was sitting on a bedstead made of date-palm leaves and covered with no mattress, and he was leaning over a leather pillow. I greeted him and sat down. He said, "O Mali! Some persons of your people who have families came to me and I have ordered that a gift should be given to them, so take it and distribute it among them." I said, "O chief of the believers! I wish that you order someone else to do it." He said, "O man! Take it." While I was sitting there with him, his doorman Yarfa' came saying, "ʿUthman, ʿAbdur-Rahman bin ʿAuf, Az-Zubair and Saʿd bin Abi Waqqas are asking your permission (to see you); may I admit them?" ʿUmar said, "Yes", So they were admitted and they came in, greeted him, and sat down. After a while Yarfa' came again and said, "May I admit ʿAli and ʿAbbas?" ʿUmar said, "yes." So, they were admitted and they came in and greeted (him) and sat down. Then ʿAbbas said, "O chief of the believers! Judge between me and this (i.e. ʿAli)." They had a dispute regarding the property of Bani An-Nadir which Allah had given to His Apostle as Fai. The group (i.e. ʿUthman and his companions) said, "O chief of the believers! Judge between them and relieve both of them front each other." ʿUmar said, "Be patient! I beseech you by Allah by Whose Permission the Heaven and the Earth exist, do you know that Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'Our (i.e. prophets') property will not be inherited, and whatever we leave, is Sadaqa (to be used for charity),' and Messenger of Allah ﷺ meant himself (by saying "we'')?" The group said, "He said so." ʿUmar then turned to ʿAli and ʿAbbas and said, "I beseech you by Allah, do you know that Messenger of Allah ﷺ said so?" They replied, " He said so." ʿUmar then said, "So, I will talk to you about this matter. Allah bestowed on His Apostle with a special favor of something of this Fai (booty) which he gave to nobody else." ʿUmar then recited the Holy Verses: "What Allah bestowed as (Fai) Booty on his Apostle (Muhammad) from them --- for this you made no expedition with either cavalry or camelry: But Allah gives power to His Apostles over whomever He will 'And Allah is able to do all things." 9:6) ʿUmar added "So this property was especially given to Messenger of Allah ﷺ, but, by Allah, neither did he take possession of it and leave your, nor did he favor himself with it to your exclusion, but he gave it to all of you and distributed it amongst you till this property remained out of it. Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to spend the yearly expenses of his family out of this property and used to keep the rest of its revenue to be spent on Allah 's Cause. Allah 's Apostle kept on doing this during all his lifetime. I ask you by Allah do you know this?" They replies in the affirmative. ʿUmar then said to ʿAli and ʿAbbas. "I ask you by Allah, do you know this?" ʿUmar added, "When Allah had taken His Prophet unto Him, 'Abu Bakr said, 'I am the successor of Messenger of Allah ﷺ so, Abu Bakr took over that property and managed it in the same way as Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to do, and Allah knows that he was true, pious and rightlyguided, and he was a follower of what was right. Then Allah took Abu Bakr unto Him and I became Abu Bakr's successor, and I kept that property in my possession for the first two years of my Caliphate, managing it in the same way as Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to do and as Abu Bakr used to do, and Allah knows that I have been true, pious, rightly guided, and a follower of what is right. Now you both (i.e. 'Ah and ʿAbbas) came to talk to me, bearing the same claim and presenting the same case; you, ʿAbbas, came to me asking for your share from your nephew's property, and this man, i.e. ʿAli, came to me asking for his wife's share from her father's property. I told you both that Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'Our (prophets') properties are not to be inherited, but what we leave is Sadaqa (to be used for charity).' When I thought it right that I should hand over this property to you, I said to you, 'I am ready to hand over this property to you if you wish, on the condition that you would take Allah's Pledge and Convention that you would manage it in the same way as Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to, and as Abu Bakr used to do, and as I have done since I was in charge of it.' So, both of you said (to me), 'Hand it over to us,' and on that condition I handed it over to you. So, I ask you by Allah, did I hand it over to them on this condition?" The group aid, "Yes." Then ʿUmar faced ʿAli and ʿAbbas saying, "I ask you by Allah, did I hand it over to you on this condition?" They said, "Yes. " He said, " Do you want now to give a different decision? By Allah, by Whose Leave both the Heaven and the Earth exist, I will never give any decision other than that (I have already given). And if you are unable to manage it, then return it to me, and I will do the job on your behalf."  

البخاري:٣٠٩٤حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْفَرْوِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا مَالِكُ بْنُ أَنَسٍ عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ أَوْسِ بْنِ الْحَدَثَانِ وَكَانَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ ذَكَرَ لِي ذِكْرًا مِنْ حَدِيثِهِ ذَلِكَ فَانْطَلَقْتُ حَتَّى أَدْخُلَ عَلَى مَالِكِ بْنِ أَوْسٍ فَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ ذَلِكَ الْحَدِيثِ فَقَالَ

مَالِكٌ بَيْنَا أَنَا جَالِسٌ فِي أَهْلِي حِينَ مَتَعَ النَّهَارُ إِذَا رَسُولُ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ يَأْتِينِي فَقَالَ أَجِبْ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فَانْطَلَقْتُ مَعَهُ حَتَّى أَدْخُلَ عَلَى عُمَرَ فَإِذَا هُوَ جَالِسٌ عَلَى رِمَالِ سَرِيرٍ لَيْسَ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهُ فِرَاشٌ مُتَّكِئٌ عَلَى وِسَادَةٍ مِنْ أَدَمٍ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ جَلَسْتُ فَقَالَ يَا مَالِ إِنَّهُ قَدِمَ عَلَيْنَا مِنْ قَوْمِكَ أَهْلُ أَبْيَاتٍ وَقَدْ أَمَرْتُ فِيهِمْ بِرَضْخٍ فَاقْبِضْهُ فَاقْسِمْهُ بَيْنَهُمْ فَقُلْتُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ لَوْ أَمَرْتَ بِهِ غَيْرِي قَالَ اقْبِضْهُ أَيُّهَا الْمَرْءُ فَبَيْنَا أَنَا جَالِسٌ عِنْدَهُ أَتَاهُ حَاجِبُهُ يَرْفَا فَقَالَ هَلْ لَكَ فِي عُثْمَانَ وَعَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَوْفٍ وَالزُّبَيْرِ وَسَعْدِ بْنِ أَبِي وَقَّاصٍ يَسْتَأْذِنُونَ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَأَذِنَ لَهُمْ فَدَخَلُوا فَسَلَّمُوا وَجَلَسُوا ثُمَّ جَلَسَ يَرْفَا يَسِيرًا ثُمَّ قَالَ هَلْ لَكَ فِي عَلِيٍّ وَعَبَّاسٍ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَأَذِنَ لَهُمَا فَدَخَلاَ فَسَلَّمَا فَجَلَسَا فَقَالَ عَبَّاسٌ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ اقْضِ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ هَذَا وَهُمَا يَخْتَصِمَانِ فِيمَا أَفَاءَ اللَّهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ ﷺ مِنْ بَنِي النَّضِيرِ فَقَالَ الرَّهْطُ عُثْمَانُ وَأَصْحَابُهُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ اقْضِ بَيْنَهُمَا وَأَرِحْ أَحَدَهُمَا مِنَ الآخَرِ قَالَ عُمَرُ تَيْدَكُمْ أَنْشُدُكُمْ بِاللَّهِ الَّذِي بِإِذْنِهِ تَقُومُ السَّمَاءُ وَالأَرْضُ هَلْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ لاَ نُورَثُ مَا تَرَكْنَا صَدَقَةٌ يُرِيدُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ نَفْسَهُ قَالَ الرَّهْطُ قَدْ قَالَ ذَلِكَ فَأَقْبَلَ عُمَرُ عَلَى عَلِيٍّ وَعَبَّاسٍ فَقَالَ أَنْشُدُكُمَا اللَّهَ أَتَعْلَمَانِ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَدْ قَالَ ذَلِكَ قَالاَ قَدْ قَالَ ذَلِكَ قَالَ عُمَرُ فَإِنِّي أُحَدِّثُكُمْ عَنْ هَذَا الأَمْرِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ خَصَّ رَسُولَهُ ﷺ فِي هَذَا الْفَىْءِ بِشَىْءٍ لَمْ يُعْطِهِ أَحَدًا غَيْرَهُ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ {وَمَا أَفَاءَ اللَّهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ مِنْهُمْ} إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {قَدِيرٌ} فَكَانَتْ هَذِهِ خَالِصَةً لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَاللَّهِ مَا احْتَازَهَا دُونَكُمْ وَلاَ اسْتَأْثَرَ بِهَا عَلَيْكُمْ قَدْ أَعْطَاكُمُوهُ وَبَثَّهَا فِيكُمْ حَتَّى بَقِيَ مِنْهَا هَذَا الْمَالُ فَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يُنْفِقُ عَلَى أَهْلِهِ نَفَقَةَ سَنَتِهِمْ مِنْ هَذَا الْمَالِ ثُمَّ يَأْخُذُ مَا بَقِيَ فَيَجْعَلُهُ مَجْعَلَ مَالِ اللَّهِ فَعَمِلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ بِذَلِكَ حَيَاتَهُ أَنْشُدُكُمْ بِاللَّهِ هَلْ تَعْلَمُونَ ذَلِكَ قَالُوا نَعَمْ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِعَلِيٍّ وَعَبَّاسٍ أَنْشُدُكُمَا بِاللَّهِ هَلْ تَعْلَمَانِ ذَلِكَ قَالَ عُمَرُ ثُمَّ تَوَفَّى اللَّهُ نَبِيَّهُ ﷺ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ أَنَا وَلِيُّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَبَضَهَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَعَمِلَ فِيهَا بِمَا عَمِلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ إِنَّهُ فِيهَا لَصَادِقٌ بَارٌّ رَاشِدٌ تَابِعٌ لِلْحَقِّ ثُمَّ تَوَفَّى اللَّهُ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَكُنْتُ أَنَا وَلِيَّ أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَبَضْتُهَا سَنَتَيْنِ مِنْ إِمَارَتِي أَعْمَلُ فِيهَا بِمَا عَمِلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَمَا عَمِلَ فِيهَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ إِنِّي فِيهَا لَصَادِقٌ بَارٌّ رَاشِدٌ تَابِعٌ لِلْحَقِّ ثُمَّ جِئْتُمَانِي تُكَلِّمَانِي وَكَلِمَتُكُمَا وَاحِدَةٌ وَأَمْرُكُمَا وَاحِدٌ جِئْتَنِي يَا عَبَّاسُ تَسْأَلُنِي نَصِيبَكَ مِنِ ابْنِ أَخِيكَ وَجَاءَنِي هَذَا يُرِيدُ عَلِيًّا يُرِيدُ نَصِيبَ امْرَأَتِهِ مِنْ أَبِيهَا فَقُلْتُ لَكُمَا إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ لاَ نُورَثُ مَا تَرَكْنَا صَدَقَةٌ فَلَمَّا بَدَا لِي أَنْ أَدْفَعَهُ إِلَيْكُمَا قُلْتُ إِنْ شِئْتُمَا دَفَعْتُهَا إِلَيْكُمَا عَلَى أَنَّ عَلَيْكُمَا عَهْدَ اللَّهِ وَمِيثَاقَهُ لَتَعْمَلاَنِ فِيهَا بِمَا عَمِلَ فِيهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَبِمَا عَمِلَ فِيهَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَبِمَا عَمِلْتُ فِيهَا مُنْذُ وَلِيتُهَا فَقُلْتُمَا ادْفَعْهَا إِلَيْنَا فَبِذَلِكَ دَفَعْتُهَا إِلَيْكُمَا فَأَنْشُدُكُمْ بِاللَّهِ هَلْ دَفَعْتُهَا إِلَيْهِمَا بِذَلِكَ قَالَ الرَّهْطُ نَعَمْ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى عَلِيٍّ وَعَبَّاسٍ فَقَالَ أَنْشُدُكُمَا بِاللَّهِ هَلْ دَفَعْتُهَا إِلَيْكُمَا بِذَلِكَ قَالاَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَتَلْتَمِسَانِ مِنِّي قَضَاءً غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ فَوَاللَّهِ الَّذِي بِإِذْنِهِ تَقُومُ السَّمَاءُ وَالأَرْضُ لاَ أَقْضِي فِيهَا قَضَاءً غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ فَإِنْ عَجَزْتُمَا عَنْهَا فَادْفَعَاهَا إِلَىَّ فَإِنِّي أَكْفِيكُمَاهَا  

bukhari:3045Abū al-Yamān > Shuʿayb > al-Zuhrī > ʿAmr

Messenger of Allah ﷺ sent a Sariya of ten men as spies under the leadership of ʿAsim bin Thabit al-Ansari, the grandfather of ʿAsim bin ʿUmar Al-Khattab. They proceeded till they reached Hadaa, a place between 'Usfan, and Mecca, and their news reached a branch of the tribe of Hudhail called Bani Lihyan. About two-hundred men, who were all archers, hurried to follow their tracks till they found the place where they had eaten dates they had brought with them from Medina. They said, "These are the dates of Yathrib (i.e. Medina), "and continued following their tracks When ʿAsim and his companions saw their pursuers, they went up a high place and the infidels circled them. The infidels said to them, "Come down and surrender, and we promise and guarantee you that we will not kill any one of you" ʿAsim bin Thabit; the leader of the Sariya said, "By Allah! I will not come down to be under the protection of infidels. O Allah! Convey our news to Your Prophet. Then the infidels threw arrows at them till they martyred ʿAsim along with six other men, and three men came down accepting their promise and convention, and they were Khubaib-al-Ansari and Ibn Dathina and another man So, when the infidels captured them, they undid the strings of their bows and tied them. Then the third (of the captives) said, "This is the first betrayal. By Allah! I will not go with you. No doubt these, namely the martyred, have set a good example to us." So, they dragged him and tried to compel him to accompany them, but as he refused, they killed him. They took Khubaid and Ibn Dathina with them and sold them (as slaves) in Mecca (and all that took place) after the battle of Badr. Khubaib was bought by the sons of Al-Harith bin 'Amir bin Naufal bin ʿAbd Manaf. It was Khubaib who had killed Al-Harith bin 'Amir on the day (of the battle of) Badr. So, Khubaib remained a prisoner with those people. Narrated Az-Zuhri: 'Ubaidullah bin 'Iyyad said that the daughter of Al-Harith had told him, "When those people gathered (to kill Khubaib) he borrowed a razor from me to shave his pubes and I gave it to him. Then he took a son of mine while I was unaware when he came upon him. I saw him placing my son on his thigh and the razor was in his hand. I got scared so much that Khubaib noticed the agitation on my face and said, 'Are you afraid that I will kill him? No, I will never do so.' By Allah, I never saw a prisoner better than Khubaib. By Allah, one day I saw him eating of a bunch of grapes in his hand while he was chained in irons, and there was no fruit at that time in Mecca." The daughter of Al-Harith used to say, "It was a boon Allah bestowed upon Khubaib." When they took him out of the Sanctuary (of Mecca) to kill him outside its boundaries, Khubaib requested them to let him offer two rakʿat (prayer). They allowed him and he offered Two rakʿat and then said, "Hadn't I been afraid that you would think that I was afraid (of being killed), I would have prolonged the prayer. O Allah, kill them all with no exception." (He then recited the poetic verse):-- "I being martyred as a Muslim, Do not mind how I am killed in Allah's Cause, For my killing is for Allah's Sake, And if Allah wishes, He will bless the amputated parts of a torn body" Then the son of Al Harith killed him. So, it was Khubaib who set the tradition for any Muslim sentenced to death in captivity, to offer a two-rakʿat prayer (before being killed). Allah fulfilled the invocation of ʿAsim bin Thabit on that very day on which he was martyred. The Prophet ﷺ informed his companions of their news and what had happened to them. Later on when some infidels from Quraish were informed that ʿAsim had been killed, they sent some people to fetch a part of his body (i.e. his head) by which he would be recognized. (That was because) ʿAsim had killed one of their chiefs on the day (of the battle) of Badr. So, a swarm of wasps, resembling a shady cloud, were sent to hover over ʿAsim and protect him from their messenger and thus they could not cut off anything from his flesh.  

البخاري:٣٠٤٥حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْيَمَانِ أَخْبَرَنَا شُعَيْبٌ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عَمْرُو بْنُ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ بْنِ أَسِيدِ بْنِ جَارِيَةَ الثَّقَفِيُّ وَهْوَ حَلِيفٌ لِبَنِي زُهْرَةَ وَكَانَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ ؓ قَالَ

بَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَشَرَةَ رَهْطٍ سَرِيَّةً عَيْنًا وَأَمَّرَ عَلَيْهِمْ عَاصِمَ بْنَ ثَابِتٍ الأَنْصَارِيَّ جَدَّ عَاصِمِ بْنِ عُمَرَ فَانْطَلَقُوا حَتَّى إِذَا كَانُوا بِالْهَدَأَةِ وَهْوَ بَيْنَ عُسْفَانَ وَمَكَّةَ ذُكِرُوا لِحَىٍّ مِنْ هُذَيْلٍ يُقَالُ لَهُمْ بَنُو لِحْيَانَ فَنَفَرُوا لَهُمْ قَرِيبًا مِنْ مِائَتَىْ رَجُلٍ كُلُّهُمْ رَامٍ فَاقْتَصُّوا آثَارَهُمْ حَتَّى وَجَدُوا مَأْكَلَهُمْ تَمْرًا تَزَوَّدُوهُ مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ فَقَالُوا هَذَا تَمْرُ يَثْرِبَ فَاقْتَصُّوا آثَارَهُمْ فَلَمَّا رَآهُمْ عَاصِمٌ وَأَصْحَابُهُ لَجَئُوا إِلَى فَدْفَدٍ وَأَحَاطَ بِهِمُ الْقَوْمُ فَقَالُوا لَهُمُ انْزِلُوا وَأَعْطُونَا بِأَيْدِيكُمْ وَلَكُمُ الْعَهْدُ وَالْمِيثَاقُ وَلاَ نَقْتُلُ مِنْكُمْ أَحَدًا قَالَ عَاصِمُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ أَمِيرُ السَّرِيَّةِ أَمَّا أَنَا فَوَاللَّهِ لاَ أَنْزِلُ الْيَوْمَ فِي ذِمَّةِ كَافِرٍ اللَّهُمَّ أَخْبِرْ عَنَّا نَبِيَّكَ فَرَمَوْهُمْ بِالنَّبْلِ فَقَتَلُوا عَاصِمًا فِي سَبْعَةٍ فَنَزَلَ إِلَيْهِمْ ثَلاَثَةُ رَهْطٍ بِالْعَهْدِ وَالْمِيثَاقِ مِنْهُمْ خُبَيْبٌ الأَنْصَارِيُّ وَابْنُ دَثِنَةَ وَرَجُلٌ آخَرُ فَلَمَّا اسْتَمْكَنُوا مِنْهُمْ أَطْلَقُوا أَوْتَارَ قِسِيِّهِمْ فَأَوْثَقُوهُمْ فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ الثَّالِثُ هَذَا أَوَّلُ الْغَدْرِ وَاللَّهِ لاَ أَصْحَبُكُمْ إِنَّ فِي هَؤُلاَءِ لأُسْوَةً يُرِيدُ الْقَتْلَى فَجَرَّرُوهُ وَعَالَجُوهُ عَلَى أَنْ يَصْحَبَهُمْ فَأَبَى فَقَتَلُوهُ فَانْطَلَقُوا بِخُبَيْبٍ وَابْنِ دَثِنَةَ حَتَّى بَاعُوهُمَا بِمَكَّةَ بَعْدَ وَقْعَةِ بَدْرٍ فَابْتَاعَ خُبَيْبًا بَنُو الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَامِرِ بْنِ نَوْفَلِ بْنِ عَبْدِ مَنَافٍ وَكَانَ خُبَيْبٌ هُوَ قَتَلَ الْحَارِثَ بْنَ عَامِرٍ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ فَلَبِثَ خُبَيْبٌ عِنْدَهُمْ أَسِيرًا فَأَخْبَرَنِي عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عِيَاضٍ أَنَّ بِنْتَ الْحَارِثِ أَخْبَرَتْهُ أَنَّهُمْ حِينَ اجْتَمَعُوا اسْتَعَارَ مِنْهَا مُوسَى يَسْتَحِدُّ بِهَا فَأَعَارَتْهُ فَأَخَذَ ابْنًا لِي وَأَنَا غَافِلَةٌ حِينَ أَتَاهُ قَالَتْ فَوَجَدْتُهُ مُجْلِسَهُ عَلَى فَخِذِهِ وَالْمُوسَى بِيَدِهِ فَفَزِعْتُ فَزْعَةً عَرَفَهَا خُبَيْبٌ فِي وَجْهِي فَقَالَ تَخْشَيْنَ أَنْ أَقْتُلَهُ مَا كُنْتُ لأَفْعَلَ ذَلِكَ وَاللَّهِ مَا رَأَيْتُ أَسِيرًا قَطُّ خَيْرًا مِنْ خُبَيْبٍ وَاللَّهِ لَقَدْ وَجَدْتُهُ يَوْمًا يَأْكُلُ مِنْ قِطْفِ عِنَبٍ فِي يَدِهِ وَإِنَّهُ لَمُوثَقٌ فِي الْحَدِيدِ وَمَا بِمَكَّةَ مِنْ ثَمَرٍ وَكَانَتْ تَقُولُ إِنَّهُ لَرِزْقٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ رَزَقَهُ خُبَيْبًا فَلَمَّا خَرَجُوا مِنَ الْحَرَمِ لِيَقْتُلُوهُ فِي الْحِلِّ قَالَ لَهُمْ خُبَيْبٌ ذَرُونِي أَرْكَعْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَتَرَكُوهُ فَرَكَعَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَوْلاَ أَنْ تَظُنُّوا أَنَّ مَا بِي جَزَعٌ لَطَوَّلْتُهَا اللَّهُمَّ أَحْصِهِمْ عَدَدًا وَلَسْتُ أُبَالِي حِينَ أُقْتَلُ مُسْلِمًا عَلَى أَىِّ شِقٍّ كَانَ لِلَّهِ مَصْرَعِي وَذَلِكَ فِي ذَاتِ الإِلَهِ وَإِنْ يَشَأْ يُبَارِكْ عَلَى أَوْصَالِ شِلْوٍ مُمَزَّعِ فَقَتَلَهُ ابْنُ الْحَارِثِ فَكَانَ خُبَيْبٌ هُوَ سَنَّ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ لِكُلِّ امْرِئٍ مُسْلِمٍ قُتِلَ صَبْرًا فَاسْتَجَابَ اللَّهُ لِعَاصِمِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ يَوْمَ أُصِيبَ فَأَخْبَرَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ أَصْحَابَهُ خَبَرَهُمْ وَمَا أُصِيبُوا وَبَعَثَ نَاسٌ مِنْ كُفَّارِ قُرَيْشٍ إِلَى عَاصِمٍ حِينَ حُدِّثُوا أَنَّهُ قُتِلَ لِيُؤْتَوْا بِشَىْءٍ مِنْهُ يُعْرَفُ وَكَانَ قَدْ قَتَلَ رَجُلاً مِنْ عُظَمَائِهِمْ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ فَبُعِثَ عَلَى عَاصِمٍ مِثْلُ الظُّلَّةِ مِنَ الدَّبْرِ فَحَمَتْهُ مِنْ رَسُولِهِمْ فَلَمْ يَقْدِرُوا عَلَى أَنْ يَقْطَعَ مِنْ لَحْمِهِ شَيْئًا  

bukhari:2468Yaḥyá b. Bukayr > al-Layth > ʿUqayl > Ibn Shihāb > ʿUbaydullāh b. ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Thawr > ʿAbdullāh b. ʿAbbās > Lam Azal Ḥarīṣ > Asʾal ʿUmar

I had been eager to ask ʿUmar about the two ladies from among the wives of the Prophet ﷺ regarding whom Allah said (in the Qur'an saying): If you two (wives of the Prophet ﷺ namely Aisha and Hafsa) turn in repentance to Allah your hearts are indeed so inclined (to oppose what the Prophet ﷺ likes) (66.4), till performed the Hajj along with ʿUmar (and on our way back from Hajj) he went aside (to answer the call of nature) and I also went aside along with him carrying a tumbler of water. When he had answered the call of nature and returned. I poured water on his hands from the tumbler and he performed ablution. I said, "O Chief of the believers! ' Who were the two ladies from among the wives of the Prophet ﷺ to whom Allah said: 'If you two return in repentance (66.4)? He said, "I am astonished at your question, O Ibn ʿAbbas. They were Aisha and Hafsa." Then ʿUmar went on relating the narration and said. "I and an Ansari neighbor of mine from Bani Umaiya bin Zaid who used to live in ʿAwali Al-Medina, used to visit the Prophet ﷺ in turns. He used to go one day, and I another day. When I went I would bring him the news of what had happened that day regarding the instructions and orders and when he went, he used to do the same for me. We, the people of Quraish, used to have authority over women, but when we came to live with the Ansar, we noticed that the Ansari women had the upper hand over their men, so our women started acquiring the habits of the Ansari women. Once I shouted at my wife and she paid me back in my coin and I disliked that she should answer me back. She said, 'Why do you take it ill that I retort upon you? By Allah, the wives of the Prophet ﷺ retort upon him, and some of them may not speak with him for the whole day till night.' What she said scared me and I said to her, 'Whoever amongst them does so, will be a great loser.' Then I dressed myself and went to Hafsa and asked her, 'Does any of you keep Messenger of Allah ﷺ angry all the day long till night?' She replied in the affirmative. I said, 'She is a ruined losing person (and will never have success)! Doesn't she fear that Allah may get angry for the anger of Messenger of Allah ﷺ and thus she will be ruined? Don't ask Messenger of Allah ﷺ too many things, and don't retort upon him in any case, and don't desert him. Demand from me whatever you like, and don't be tempted to imitate your neighbor (i.e. ʿAisha) in her behavior towards the Prophet), for she (i.e. Aisha) is more beautiful than you, and more beloved to Messenger of Allah ﷺ. In those days it was rumored that Ghassan, (a tribe living in Sham) was getting prepared their horses to invade us. My companion went (to the Prophet ﷺ on the day of his turn, went and returned to us at night and knocked at my door violently, asking whether I was sleeping. I was scared (by the hard knocking) and came out to him. He said that a great thing had happened. I asked him: What is it? Have Ghassan come? He replied that it was worse and more serious than that, and added that Allah's Apostle had divorced all his wives. I said, Hafsa is a ruined loser! I expected that would happen some day.' So I dressed myself and offered the Fajr prayer with the Prophet. Then the Prophet ﷺ entered an upper room and stayed there alone. I went to Hafsa and found her weeping. I asked her, 'Why are you weeping? Didn't I warn you? Have Messenger of Allah ﷺ divorced you all?' She replied, 'I don't know. He is there in the upper room.' I then went out and came to the pulpit and found a group of people around it and some of them were weeping. Then I sat with them for some time, but could not endure the situation. So I went to the upper room where the Prophet ﷺ was and requested to a black slave of his: "Will you get the permission of (Allah's Apostle) for ʿUmar (to enter)? The slave went in, talked to the Prophet ﷺ about it and came out saying, 'I mentioned you to him but he did not reply.' So, I went and sat with the people who were sitting by the pulpit, but I could not bear the situation, so I went to the slave again and said: "Will you get he permission for ʿUmar? He went in and brought the same reply as before. When I was leaving, behold, the slave called me saying, "Messenger of Allah ﷺ has granted you permission." So, I entered upon the Prophet and saw him lying on a mat without wedding on it, and the mat had left its mark on the body of the Prophet, and he was leaning on a leather pillow stuffed with palm fires. I greeted him and while still standing, I said: "Have you divorced your wives?' He raised his eyes to me and replied in the negative. And then while still standing, I said chatting: "Will you heed what I say, 'O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! We, the people of Quraish used to have the upper hand over our women (wives), and when we came to the people whose women had the upper hand over them..." ʿUmar told the whole story (about his wife). "On that the Prophet ﷺ smiled." ʿUmar further said, "I then said, 'I went to Hafsa and said to her: Do not be tempted to imitate your companion (ʿAisha) for she is more beautiful than you and more beloved to the Prophet.' The Prophet ﷺ smiled again. When I saw him smiling, I sat down and cast a glance at the room, and by Allah, I couldn't see anything of importance but three hides. I said (to Messenger of Allah ﷺ) "Invoke Allah to make your followers prosperous for the Persians and the Byzantines have been made prosperous and given worldly luxuries, though they do not worship Allah?' The Prophet ﷺ was leaning then (and on hearing my speech he sat straight) and said, 'O Ibn Al-Khattab! Do you have any doubt (that the Hereafter is better than this world)? These people have been given rewards of their good deeds in this world only.' I asked the Prophet ﷺ . 'Please ask Allah's forgiveness for me. The Prophet ﷺ did not go to his wives because of the secret which Hafsa had disclosed to ʿAisha, and he said that he would not go to his wives for one month as he was angry with them when Allah admonished him (for his oath that he would not approach Maria). When twenty-nine days had passed, the Prophet ﷺ went to Aisha first of all. She said to him, 'You took an oath that you would not come to us for one month, and today only twenty-nine days have passed, as I have been counting them day by day.' The Prophet ﷺ said, 'The month is also of twenty-nine days.' That month consisted of twenty-nine days. ʿAisha said, 'When the Divine revelation of Choice was revealed, the Prophet ﷺ started with me, saying to me, 'I am telling you something, but you need not hurry to give the reply till you can consult your parents." ʿAisha knew that her parents would not advise her to part with the Prophet ﷺ . The Prophet ﷺ said that Allah had said: 'O Prophet! Say To your wives; If you desire The life of this world And its glitter, ... then come! I will make a provision for you and set you free In a handsome manner. But if you seek Allah And His Apostle, and The Home of the Hereafter, then Verily, Allah has prepared For the good-doers amongst you A great reward.' (33.28) ʿAisha said, 'Am I to consult my parents about this? I indeed prefer Allah, His Apostle, and the Home of the Hereafter.' After that the Prophet ﷺ gave the choice to his other wives and they also gave the same reply as ʿAisha did."  

البخاري:٢٤٦٨حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ بُكَيْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ عَنْ عُقَيْلٍ عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي ثَوْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ قَالَ

لَمْ أَزَلْ حَرِيصًا عَلَى أَنْ أَسْأَلَ عُمَرَ ؓ عَنِ الْمَرْأَتَيْنِ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ اللَّتَيْنِ قَالَ اللَّهُ لَهُمَا {إِنْ تَتُوبَا إِلَى اللَّهِ فَقَدْ صَغَتْ قُلُوبُكُمَا} فَحَجَجْتُ مَعَهُ فَعَدَلَ وَعَدَلْتُ مَعَهُ بِالإِدَاوَةِ فَتَبَرَّزَ حَتَّى جَاءَ فَسَكَبْتُ عَلَى يَدَيْهِ مِنَ الإِدَاوَةِ فَتَوَضَّأَ فَقُلْتُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَنِ الْمَرْأَتَانِ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ اللَّتَانِ قَالَ لَهُمَا {إِنْ تَتُوبَا إِلَى اللَّهِ} فَقَالَ وَاعَجَبِي لَكَ يَا ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ عَائِشَةُ وَحَفْصَةُ ثُمَّ اسْتَقْبَلَ عُمَرُ الْحَدِيثَ يَسُوقُهُ فَقَالَ إِنِّي كُنْتُ وَجَارٌ لِي مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ فِي بَنِي أُمَيَّةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ وَهْىَ مِنْ عَوَالِي الْمَدِينَةِ وَكُنَّا نَتَنَاوَبُ النُّزُولَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَيَنْزِلُ يَوْمًا وَأَنْزِلُ يَوْمًا فَإِذَا نَزَلْتُ جِئْتُهُ مِنْ خَبَرِ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ مِنَ الأَمْرِ وَغَيْرِهِ وَإِذَا نَزَلَ فَعَلَ مِثْلَهُ وَكُنَّا مَعْشَرَ قُرَيْشٍ نَغْلِبُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا عَلَى الأَنْصَارِ إِذَا هُمْ قَوْمٌ تَغْلِبُهُمْ نِسَاؤُهُمْ فَطَفِقَ نِسَاؤُنَا يَأْخُذْنَ مِنْ أَدَبِ نِسَاءِ الأَنْصَارِ فَصِحْتُ عَلَى امْرَأَتِي فَرَاجَعَتْنِي فَأَنْكَرْتُ أَنْ تُرَاجِعَنِي فَقَالَتْ وَلِمَ تُنْكِرُ أَنْ أُرَاجِعَكَ فَوَاللَّهِ إِنَّ أَزْوَاجَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ لَيُرَاجِعْنَهُ وَإِنَّ إِحْدَاهُنَّ لَتَهْجُرُهُ الْيَوْمَ حَتَّى اللَّيْلِ فَأَفْزَعَنِي فَقُلْتُ خَابَتْ مَنْ فَعَلَ مِنْهُنَّ بِعَظِيمٍ ثُمَّ جَمَعْتُ عَلَىَّ ثِيَابِي فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ فَقُلْتُ أَىْ حَفْصَةُ أَتُغَاضِبُ إِحْدَاكُنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ الْيَوْمَ حَتَّى اللَّيْلِ فَقَالَتْ نَعَمْ فَقُلْتُ خَابَتْ وَخَسِرَتْ أَفَتَأْمَنُ أَنْ يَغْضَبَ اللَّهُ لِغَضَبِ رَسُولِهِ ﷺ فَتَهْلِكِينَ لاَ تَسْتَكْثِرِي عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَلاَ تُرَاجِعِيهِ فِي شَىْءٍ وَلاَ تَهْجُرِيهِ وَاسْأَلِينِي مَا بَدَا لَكِ وَلاَ يَغُرَّنَّكِ أَنْ كَانَتْ جَارَتُكِ هِيَ أَوْضَأَ مِنْكِ وَأَحَبَّ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ يُرِيدُ عَائِشَةَ وَكُنَّا تَحَدَّثْنَا أَنَّ غَسَّانَ تُنْعِلُ النِّعَالَ لِغَزْوِنَا فَنَزَلَ صَاحِبِي يَوْمَ نَوْبَتِهِ فَرَجَعَ عِشَاءً فَضَرَبَ بَابِي ضَرْبًا شَدِيدًا وَقَالَ أَنَائِمٌ هُوَ فَفَزِعْتُ فَخَرَجْتُ إِلَيْهِ وَقَالَ حَدَثَ أَمْرٌ عَظِيمٌ قُلْتُ مَا هُوَ أَجَاءَتْ غَسَّانُ قَالَ لاَ بَلْ أَعْظَمُ مِنْهُ وَأَطْوَلُ طَلَّقَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ نِسَاءَهُ قَالَ قَدْ خَابَتْ حَفْصَةُ وَخَسِرَتْ كُنْتُ أَظُنُّ أَنَّ هَذَا يُوشِكُ أَنْ يَكُونَ فَجَمَعْتُ عَلَىَّ ثِيَابِي فَصَلَّيْتُ صَلاَةَ الْفَجْرِ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَدَخَلَ مَشْرُبَةً لَهُ فَاعْتَزَلَ فِيهَا فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ فَإِذَا هِيَ تَبْكِي قُلْتُ مَا يُبْكِيكِ أَوَلَمْ أَكُنْ حَذَّرْتُكِ أَطَلَّقَكُنَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ لاَ أَدْرِي هُوَ ذَا فِي الْمَشْرُبَةِ فَخَرَجْتُ فَجِئْتُ الْمِنْبَرَ فَإِذَا حَوْلَهُ رَهْطٌ يَبْكِي بَعْضُهُمْ فَجَلَسْتُ مَعَهُمْ قَلِيلاً ثُمَّ غَلَبَنِي مَا أَجِدُ فَجِئْتُ الْمَشْرُبَةَ الَّتِي هُوَ فِيهَا فَقُلْتُ لِغُلاَمٍ لَهُ أَسْوَدَ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِعُمَرَ فَدَخَلَ فَكَلَّمَ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ فَقَالَ ذَكَرْتُكَ لَهُ فَصَمَتَ فَانْصَرَفْتُ حَتَّى جَلَسْتُ مَعَ الرَّهْطِ الَّذِينَ عِنْدَ الْمِنْبَرِ ثُمَّ غَلَبَنِي مَا أَجِدُ فَجِئْتُ فَذَكَرَ مِثْلَهُ فَجَلَسْتُ مَعَ الرَّهْطِ الَّذِينَ عِنْدَ الْمِنْبَرِ ثُمَّ غَلَبَنِي مَا أَجِدُ فَجِئْتُ الْغُلاَمَ فَقُلْتُ اسْتَأْذِنْ لِعُمَرَ فَذَكَرَ مِثْلَهُ فَلَمَّا وَلَّيْتُ مُنْصَرِفًا فَإِذَا الْغُلاَمُ يَدْعُونِي قَالَ أَذِنَ لَكَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَإِذَا هُوَ مُضْطَجِعٌ عَلَى رِمَالِ حَصِيرٍ لَيْسَ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهُ فِرَاشٌ قَدْ أَثَّرَ الرِّمَالُ بِجَنْبِهِ مُتَّكِئٌ عَلَى وِسَادَةٍ مِنْ أَدَمٍ حَشْوُهَا لِيفٌ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ وَأَنَا قَائِمٌ طَلَّقْتَ نِسَاءَكَ فَرَفَعَ بَصَرَهُ إِلَىَّ فَقَالَ لاَ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ وَأَنَا قَائِمٌ أَسْتَأْنِسُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ لَوْ رَأَيْتَنِي وَكُنَّا مَعْشَرَ قُرَيْشٍ نَغْلِبُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا عَلَى قَوْمٍ تَغْلِبُهُمْ نِسَاؤُهُمْ فَذَكَرَهُ فَتَبَسَّمَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ لَوْ رَأَيْتَنِي وَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ فَقُلْتُ لاَ يَغُرَّنَّكِ أَنْ كَانَتْ جَارَتُكِ هِيَ أَوْضَأَ مِنْكِ وَأَحَبَّ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ يُرِيدُ عَائِشَةَ فَتَبَسَّمَ أُخْرَى فَجَلَسْتُ حِينَ رَأَيْتُهُ تَبَسَّمَ ثُمَّ رَفَعْتُ بَصَرِي فِي بَيْتِهِ فَوَاللَّهِ مَا رَأَيْتُ فِيهِ شَيْئًا يَرُدُّ الْبَصَرَ غَيْرَ أَهَبَةٍ ثَلاَثَةٍ فَقُلْتُ ادْعُ اللَّهَ فَلْيُوَسِّعْ عَلَى أُمَّتِكَ فَإِنَّ فَارِسَ وَالرُّومَ وُسِّعَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأُعْطُوا الدُّنْيَا وَهُمْ لاَ يَعْبُدُونَ اللَّهَ وَكَانَ مُتَّكِئًا فَقَالَ أَوَفِي شَكٍّ أَنْتَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ أُولَئِكَ قَوْمٌ عُجِّلَتْ لَهُمْ طَيِّبَاتُهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ اسْتَغْفِرْ لِي فَاعْتَزَلَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ مِنْ أَجْلِ ذَلِكَ الْحَدِيثِ حِينَ أَفْشَتْهُ حَفْصَةُ إِلَى عَائِشَةَ وَكَانَ قَدْ قَالَ مَا أَنَا بِدَاخِلٍ عَلَيْهِنَّ شَهْرًا مِنْ شِدَّةِ مَوْجَدَتِهِ عَلَيْهِنَّ حِينَ عَاتَبَهُ اللَّهُ فَلَمَّا مَضَتْ تِسْعٌ وَعِشْرُونَ دَخَلَ عَلَى عَائِشَةَ فَبَدَأَ بِهَا فَقَالَتْ لَهُ عَائِشَةُ إِنَّكَ أَقْسَمْتَ أَنْ لاَ تَدْخُلَ عَلَيْنَا شَهْرًا وَإِنَّا أَصْبَحْنَا لِتِسْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ لَيْلَةً أَعُدُّهَا عَدًّا فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ الشَّهْرُ تِسْعٌ وَعِشْرُونَ وَكَانَ ذَلِكَ الشَّهْرُ تِسْعٌ وَعِشْرُونَ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَأُنْزِلَتْ آيَةُ التَّخْيِيرِ فَبَدَأَ بِي أَوَّلَ امْرَأَةٍ فَقَالَ إِنِّي ذَاكِرٌ لَكِ أَمْرًا وَلاَ عَلَيْكِ أَنْ لاَ تَعْجَلِي حَتَّى تَسْتَأْمِرِي أَبَوَيْكِ قَالَتْ قَدْ أَعْلَمُ أَنَّ أَبَوَىَّ لَمْ يَكُونَا يَأْمُرَانِي بِفِرَاقِكَ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَالَ {يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لأَزْوَاجِكَ} إِلَى قَوْلِهِ { عَظِيمًا} قُلْتُ أَفِي هَذَا أَسْتَأْمِرُ أَبَوَىَّ فَإِنِّي أُرِيدُ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَالدَّارَ الآخِرَةَ ثُمَّ خَيَّرَ نِسَاءَهُ فَقُلْنَ مِثْلَ مَا قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ  

bukhari:1185Isḥāq > Yaʿqūb b. Ibrāhīm from my father > Ibn Shihāb > Maḥmūd b. al-Rabīʿ al-Anṣārī > ʿAqal Rasūl Allāh ﷺ

that he remembered Messenger of Allah ﷺ and he also remembered a mouthful of water which he had thrown on his face, after taking it from a well that was in their house. Mahmud said that he had heard ʿItban bin Malik, who was present with Messenger of Allah ﷺ in the battle of Badr saying, "I used to lead my people at Bani Salim in the prayer and there was a valley between me and those people. Whenever it rained it used to be difficult for me to cross it to go to their mosque. So I went to Messenger of Allah ﷺ and said, 'I have weak eyesight and the valley between me and my people flows during the rainy season and it becomes difficult for me to cross it; I wish you would come to my house and pray at a place so that I could take that place as a praying place.' Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'I will do so.' So Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Abu Bakr came to my house in the (next) morning after the sun had risen high. Messenger of Allah ﷺ asked my permission to let him in and I admitted him. He did not sit before saying, 'Where do you want us to offer the prayer in your house?' I pointed to the place where I wanted him to pray. So Messenger of Allah ﷺ stood up for the prayer and started the prayer with Takbir and we aligned in rows behind him; and he offered two rakʿat, and finished them with Taslim, and we also performed Taslim with him. I detained him for a meal called "Khazir" which I had prepared for him.--("Khazir" is a special type of dish prepared from barley flour and meat soup)-- When the neighbors got the news that Messenger of Allah ﷺ was in my house, they poured it till there were a great number of men in the house. One of them said, 'What is wrong with Malik, for I do not see him?' One of them replied, 'He is a hypocrite and does not love Allah and His Apostle.' On that Allah's Apostle said, 'Don't say this. Haven't you seen that he said, 'None has the right to be worshipped but Allah for Allah's sake only.' The man replied, 'Allah and His Apostle know better; but by Allah, we never saw him but helping and talking with the hypocrites.' Messenger of Allah ﷺ replied, 'No doubt, whoever says. None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and by that he wants the pleasures of Allah, then Allah will save him from Hell." Mahmud added, "I told the above narration to some people, one of whom was Abu Aiyub, the companion of Messenger of Allah ﷺ in the battle in which he (Abu Aiyub) died and Yazid bin Mu'awiya was their leader in Roman Territory. Abu Aiyub denounced the narration and said, 'I doubt that Messenger of Allah ﷺ ever said what you have said.' I felt that too much, and I vowed to Allah that if I remained alive in that holy battle, I would (go to Medina and) ask ʿItban bin Malik if he was still living in the mosque of his people. So when he returned, I assumed Ihram for Hajj or ʿUmra and then I proceeded on till I reached Medina. I went to Bani Salim and ʿItban bin Malik, who was by then an old blind man, was leading his people in the prayer. When he finished the prayer, I greeted him and introduced myself to him and then asked him about that narration. He told that narration again in the same manner as he had narrated it the first time."  

البخاري:١١٨٥حَدَّثَنِي إِسْحَاقُ حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي مَحْمُودُ بْنُ الرَّبِيعِ الأَنْصَارِيُّ أَنَّهُ عَقَلَ

رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَعَقَلَ مَجَّةً مَجَّهَا فِي وَجْهِهِ مِنْ بِئْرٍ كَانَتْ فِي دَارِهِمْ فَزَعَمَ مَحْمُودٌ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ عِتْبَانَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ الأَنْصَارِيّ َ ؓ وَكَانَ مِمَّنْ شَهِدَ بَدْرًا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَقُولُ كُنْتُ أُصَلِّي لِقَوْمِي بِبَنِي سَالِمٍ وَكَانَ يَحُولُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَهُمْ وَادٍ إِذَا جَاءَتِ الأَمْطَارُ فَيَشُقُّ عَلَىَّ اجْتِيَازُهُ قِبَلَ مَسْجِدِهِمْ فَجِئْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ إِنِّي أَنْكَرْتُ بَصَرِي وَإِنَّ الْوَادِيَ الَّذِي بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ قَوْمِي يَسِيلُ إِذَا جَاءَتِ الأَمْطَارُ فَيَشُقُّ عَلَىَّ اجْتِيَازُهُ فَوَدِدْتُ أَنَّكَ تَأْتِي فَتُصَلِّي مِنْ بَيْتِي مَكَانًا أَتَّخِذُهُ مُصَلًّى فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ سَأَفْعَلُ فَغَدَا عَلَىَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ بَعْدَ مَا اشْتَدَّ النَّهَارُ فَاسْتَأْذَنَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَأَذِنْتُ لَهُ فَلَمْ يَجْلِسْ حَتَّى قَالَ أَيْنَ تُحِبُّ أَنْ أُصَلِّيَ مِنْ بَيْتِكَ فَأَشَرْتُ لَهُ إِلَى الْمَكَانِ الَّذِي أُحِبُّ أَنْ أُصَلِّيَ فِيهِ فَقَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَكَبَّرَ وَصَفَفْنَا وَرَاءَهُ فَصَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ سَلَّمَ وَسَلَّمْنَا حِينَ سَلَّمَ فَحَبَسْتُهُ عَلَى خَزِيرٍ يُصْنَعُ لَهُ فَسَمِعَ أَهْلُ الدَّارِ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ فِي بَيْتِي فَثَابَ رِجَالٌ مِنْهُمْ حَتَّى كَثُرَ الرِّجَالُ فِي الْبَيْتِ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ مِنْهُمْ مَا فَعَلَ مَالِكٌ لاَ أَرَاهُ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ مِنْهُمْ ذَاكَ مُنَافِقٌ لاَ يُحِبُّ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ لاَ تَقُلْ ذَاكَ أَلاَ تَرَاهُ قَالَ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ يَبْتَغِي بِذَلِكَ وَجْهَ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ أَمَّا نَحْنُ فَوَاللَّهِ لاَ نَرَى وُدَّهُ وَلاَ حَدِيثَهُ إِلاَّ إِلَى الْمُنَافِقِينَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ حَرَّمَ عَلَى النَّارِ مَنْ قَالَ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ يَبْتَغِي بِذَلِكَ وَجْهَ اللَّهِ قَالَ مَحْمُودٌ فَحَدَّثْتُهَا قَوْمًا فِيهِمْ أَبُو أَيُّوبَ صَاحِبُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فِي غَزْوَتِهِ الَّتِي تُوُفِّيَ فِيهَا وَيَزِيدُ بْنُ مُعَاوِيَةَ عَلَيْهِمْ بِأَرْضِ الرُّومِ فَأَنْكَرَهَا عَلَىَّ أَبُو أَيُّوبَ قَالَ وَاللَّهِ مَا أَظُنُّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ مَا قُلْتَ قَطُّ فَكَبُرَ ذَلِكَ عَلَىَّ فَجَعَلْتُ لِلَّهِ عَلَىَّ إِنْ سَلَّمَنِي حَتَّى أَقْفُلَ مِنْ غَزْوَتِي أَنْ أَسْأَلَ عَنْهَا عِتْبَانَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ ؓ إِنْ وَجَدْتُهُ حَيًّا فِي مَسْجِدِ قَوْمِهِ فَقَفَلْتُ فَأَهْلَلْتُ بِحَجَّةٍ أَوْ بِعُمْرَةٍ ثُمَّ سِرْتُ حَتَّى قَدِمْتُ الْمَدِينَةَ فَأَتَيْتُ بَنِي سَالِمٍ فَإِذَا عِتْبَانُ شَيْخٌ أَعْمَى يُصَلِّي لِقَوْمِهِ فَلَمَّا سَلَّمَ مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ سَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ وَأَخْبَرْتُهُ مَنْ أَنَا ثُمَّ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ ذَلِكَ الْحَدِيثِ فَحَدَّثَنِيهِ كَمَا حَدَّثَنِيهِ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ  

bukhari:4725al-Ḥumaydī > Sufyān > ʿAmr b. Dīnār > Saʿīd b. Jubayr

I said to Ibn ʿAbbas, "Nauf Al-Bikali claims that Moses, the companion of Al-Khadir was not the Moses of the children of Israel" Ibn ʿAbbas said, "The enemy of Allah (Nauf) told a lie." Narrated Ubai bin Kaʿb that he heard Messenger of Allah ﷺ saying, "Moses got up to deliver a speech before the children of Israel and he was asked, Who is the most learned person among the people?' Moses replied, 'I (am the most learned).' Allah admonished him for he did not ascribe knowledge to Allah alone. So Allah revealed to him: 'At the junction of the two seas there is a slave of Ours who is more learned than you.' Moses asked, 'O my Lord, how can I meet him?' Allah said, 'Take a fish and put it in a basket (and set out), and where you, will lose the fish, you will find him.' So Moses (took a fish and put it in a basket and) set out, along with his boy-servant Yushaʿ bin Noon, till they reached a rock (on which) they both lay their heads and slept. The fish moved vigorously in the basket and got out of it and fell into the sea and there it took its way through the sea (straight) as in a tunnel). (18.61) Allah stopped the current of water on both sides of the way created by the fish, and so that way was like a tunnel. When Moses got up, his companion forgot to tell him about the fish, and so they carried on their journey during the rest of the day and the whole night. The next morning Moses asked his boy-servant 'Bring us our early meal; no doubt, we have suffered much fatigue in this journey of ours.' (18.62) Moses did not get tired till he had passed the place which Allah had ordered him to seek after. His boy-servant then said to him,' 'Do you remember when we be-took ourselves to the rock I indeed forgot the fish, none but Satan made me forget to remember it. It took its course into the sea in a marvelous way.' (18.63) There was a tunnel for the fish and for Moses and his boy-servant there was astonishment. Moses said, 'That is what we have been seeking'. So they went back retracing their footsteps. (18.64) They both returned, retracing their steps till they reached the rock. Behold ! There they found a man covered with a garment. Moses greeted him. Al-Khadir said astonishingly. 'Is there such a greeting in your land?' Moses said, 'I am Moses.' He said, 'Are you the Moses of the children of Israel?' Moses said, 'I have come to you so that you may teach me of what you have been taught. Al-Khadir said, 'You will not be able to have patience with me. (18.66) O Moses! I have some of Allah's knowledge which He has bestowed upon me but you do not know it; and you too, have some of Allah's knowledge which He has bestowed upon you, but I do not know it." Moses said, "Allah willing, you will find me patient, and I will not disobey you in anything.' (18.6) Al-Khadir said to him. 'If you then follow me, do not ask me about anything until I myself speak to you concerning it.' (18.70), After that both of them proceeded along the sea coast, till a boat passed by and they requested the crew to let them go on board. The crew recognized Al-Khadir and allowed them to get on board free of charge. When they got on board suddenly Moses saw that Al-Khadir had pulled out one of the planks of the boat with an adze. Moses said to him.' These people gave us a free lift, yet you have scuttled their boat so as to drown its people! Truly, you have done a dreadful thing.' (18.71) Al-Khadir said, 'Didn't I say that you can have no patience with me ?' (18.72) Moses said, 'Call me not to account for what I forgot and be not hard upon me for my affair (with you.)" (18.73) Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "The first excuse given by Moses, was that he had forgotten. Then a sparrow came and sat over the edge of the boat and dipped its beak once in the sea. Al-Khadir said to Moses, 'My knowledge and your knowledge, compared to Allah's knowledge is like what this sparrow has taken out of the sea.' Then they both got out of the boat, and while they were walking on the sea shore, Al-Khadir saw a boy playing with other boys. Al-Khadir got hold of the head of that boy and pulled it out with his hands and killed him. Moses said, 'Have you killed an innocent soul who has killed nobody! Truly, you have done an illegal thing.' (18.74) He said, "Didn't I tell you that you can have no patience with me?' (18.75) (The sub narrator said, the second blame was stronger than the first one.) Moses said, 'If I ask you about anything after this, keep me not in your company, you have received an excuse from me.' (18.76) Then they both proceeded until they came to the inhabitants of a town. They asked them food but they refused to entertain them. (In that town) they found there a wall on the point of falling down. (18.77) Al-Khadir set it up straight with his own hands. Moses said, 'These are people to whom we came, but they neither fed us nor received us as guests. If you had wished, you could surely have exacted some recompense for it. Al-Khadir said, 'This is the parting between me and you ..that is the interpretation of (those things) over which you were unable to hold patience.' (18.78-82) Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "We wished that Moses could have been more patient so that Allah might have described to us more about their story."  

البخاري:٤٧٢٥حَدَّثَنَا الْحُمَيْدِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ دِينَارٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ

قُلْتُ لاِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ إِنَّ نَوْفًا الْبَكَالِيَّ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّ مُوسَى صَاحِبَ الْخَضِرِ لَيْسَ هُوَ مُوسَى صَاحِبَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ كَذَبَ عَدُوُّ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنِي أُبَىُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَقُولُ إِنَّ مُوسَى قَامَ خَطِيبًا فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فَسُئِلَ أَىُّ النَّاسِ أَعْلَمُ فَقَالَ أَنَا فَعَتَبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ إِذْ لَمْ يَرُدَّ الْعِلْمَ إِلَيْهِ فَأَوْحَى اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ إِنَّ لِي عَبْدًا بِمَجْمَعِ الْبَحْرَيْنِ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ مِنْكَ قَالَ مُوسَى يَا رَبِّ فَكَيْفَ لِي بِهِ قَالَ تَأْخُذُ مَعَكَ حُوتًا فَتَجْعَلُهُ فِي مِكْتَلٍ فَحَيْثُمَا فَقَدْتَ الْحُوتَ فَهْوَ ثَمَّ فَأَخَذَ حُوتًا فَجَعَلَهُ فِي مِكْتَلٍ ثُمَّ انْطَلَقَ وَانْطَلَقَ مَعَهُ بِفَتَاهُ يُوشَعَ بْنِ نُونٍ حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَيَا الصَّخْرَةَ وَضَعَا رُءُوسَهُمَا فَنَامَا وَاضْطَرَبَ الْحُوتُ فِي الْمِكْتَلِ فَخَرَجَ مِنْهُ فَسَقَطَ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ سَرَبًا وَأَمْسَكَ اللَّهُ عَنِ الْحُوتِ جِرْيَةَ الْمَاءِ فَصَارَ عَلَيْهِ مِثْلَ الطَّاقِ فَلَمَّا اسْتَيْقَظَ نَسِيَ صَاحِبُهُ أَنْ يُخْبِرَهُ بِالْحُوتِ فَانْطَلَقَا بَقِيَّةَ يَوْمِهِمَا وَلَيْلَتَهُمَا حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَ مِنَ الْغَدِ قَالَ مُوسَى لِفَتَاهُ آتِنَا غَدَاءَنَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا نَصَبًا قَالَ وَلَمْ يَجِدْ مُوسَى النَّصَبَ حَتَّى جَاوَزَ الْمَكَانَ الَّذِي أَمَرَ اللَّهُ بِهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ فَتَاهُ أَرَأَيْتَ إِذْ أَوَيْنَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِنِّي نَسِيتُ الْحُوتَ وَمَا أَنْسَانِيهِ إِلاَّ الشَّيْطَانُ أَنْ أَذْكُرَهُ وَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ عَجَبًا قَالَ فَكَانَ لِلْحُوتِ سَرَبًا وَلِمُوسَى وَلِفَتَاهُ عَجَبًا فَقَالَ مُوسَى ذَلِكَ مَا كُنَّا نَبْغِي فَارْتَدَّا عَلَى آثَارِهِمَا قَصَصًا قَالَ رَجَعَا يَقُصَّانِ آثَارَهُمَا حَتَّى انْتَهَيَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ مُسَجًّى ثَوْبًا فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ مُوسَى فَقَالَ الْخَضِرُ وَأَنَّى بِأَرْضِكَ السَّلاَمُ قَالَ أَنَا مُوسَى قَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَالَ نَعَمْ أَتَيْتُكَ لِتُعَلِّمَنِي مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رَشَدًا قَالَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِي صَبْرًا يَا مُوسَى إِنِّي عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ عَلَّمَنِيهِ لاَ تَعْلَمُهُ أَنْتَ وَأَنْتَ عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ عَلَّمَكَ اللَّهُ لاَ أَعْلَمُهُ فَقَالَ مُوسَى سَتَجِدُنِي إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ صَابِرًا وَلاَ أَعْصِي لَكَ أَمْرًا فَقَالَ لَهُ الْخَضِرُ فَإِنِ اتَّبَعْتَنِي فَلاَ تَسْأَلْنِي عَنْ شَىْءٍ حَتَّى أُحْدِثَ لَكَ مِنْهُ ذِكْرًا فَانْطَلَقَا يَمْشِيَانِ عَلَى سَاحِلِ الْبَحْرِ فَمَرَّتْ سَفِينَةٌ فَكَلَّمُوهُمْ أَنْ يَحْمِلُوهُمْ فَعَرَفُوا الْخَضِرَ فَحَمَلُوهُ بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ فَلَمَّا رَكِبَا فِي السَّفِينَةِ لَمْ يَفْجَأْ إِلاَّ وَالْخَضِرُ قَدْ قَلَعَ لَوْحًا مِنْ أَلْوَاحِ السَّفِينَةِ بِالْقَدُومِ فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى قَوْمٌ حَمَلُونَا بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ عَمَدْتَ إِلَى سَفِينَتِهِمْ فَخَرَقْتَهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا إِمْرًا قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِي صَبْرًا قَالَ لاَ تُؤَاخِذْنِي بِمَا نَسِيتُ وَلاَ تُرْهِقْنِي مِنْ أَمْرِي عُسْرًا قَالَ وَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَكَانَتِ الأُولَى مِنْ مُوسَى نِسْيَانًا قَالَ وَجَاءَ عُصْفُورٌ فَوَقَعَ عَلَى حَرْفِ السَّفِينَةِ فَنَقَرَ فِي الْبَحْرِ نَقْرَةً فَقَالَ لَهُ الْخَضِرُ مَا عِلْمِي وَعِلْمُكَ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ مِثْلُ مَا نَقَصَ هَذَا الْعُصْفُورُ مِنْ هَذَا الْبَحْرِ ثُمَّ خَرَجَا مِنَ السَّفِينَةِ فَبَيْنَا هُمَا يَمْشِيَانِ عَلَى السَّاحِلِ إِذْ أَبْصَرَ الْخَضِرُ غُلاَمًا يَلْعَبُ مَعَ الْغِلْمَانِ فَأَخَذَ الْخَضِرُ رَأْسَهُ بِيَدِهِ فَاقْتَلَعَهُ بِيَدِهِ فَقَتَلَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَاكِيَةً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا نُكْرًا قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِي صَبْرًا قَالَ وَهَذَا أَشَدُّ مِنَ الأُولَى قَالَ إِنْ سَأَلْتُكَ عَنْ شَىْءٍ بَعْدَهَا فَلاَ تُصَاحِبْنِي قَدْ بَلَغْتَ مِنْ لَدُنِّي عُذْرًا فَانْطَلَقَا حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَيَا أَهْلَ قَرْيَةٍ اسْتَطْعَمَا أَهْلَهَا فَأَبَوْا أَنْ يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا فَوَجَدَا فِيهَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ قَالَ مَائِلٌ فَقَامَ الْخَضِرُ فَأَقَامَهُ بِيَدِهِ فَقَالَ مُوسَى قَوْمٌ أَتَيْنَاهُمْ فَلَمْ يُطْعِمُونَا وَلَمْ يُضَيِّفُونَا لَوْ شِئْتَ لاَتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا قَالَ {هَذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنِكَ} إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {ذَلِكَ تَأْوِيلُ مَا لَمْ تَسْطِعْ عَلَيْهِ صَبْرًا} فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَدِدْنَا أَنَّ مُوسَى كَانَ صَبَرَ حَتَّى يَقُصَّ اللَّهُ عَلَيْنَا مِنْ خَبَرِهِمَا قَالَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ فَكَانَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ يَقْرَأُ وَكَانَ أَمَامَهُمْ مَلِكٌ يَأْخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ صَالِحَةٍ غَصْبًا وَكَانَ يَقْرَأُ وَأَمَّا الْغُلاَمُ فَكَانَ كَافِرًا وَكَانَ أَبَوَاهُ مُؤْمِنَيْنِ  

bukhari:4726Ibrāhīm b. Mūsá > Hishām b. Yūsuf > Ibn Jurayj Akhbarahum > Yaʿlá b. Muslim And ʿAmrū b. Dīnār > Saʿīd b. Jubayr Yazīd Aḥaduhumā > Ṣāḥibih Waghayrahumā Qad Samiʿtuh Yuḥaddithuh > Saʿīd

Yaʿla bin Muslim and ʿAmr bin Dinar and some others narrated the narration of Saʿid bin Jubair. Narrated Saʿid: While we were at the house of Ibn ʿAbbas, Ibn ʿAbbas said, "Ask me (any question)" I said, "O Abu ʿAbbas! May Allah let me be sacrificed for you ! There is a man at Kufa who is a storyteller called Nauf; who claims that he (Al-Khadir's companion) is not Moses of Bani Israel." As for ʿAmr, he said to me, "Ibn ʿAbbas said, "(Nauf) the enemy of Allah told a lie." But Yaʿla said to me, "Ibn ʿAbbas said, Ubai bin Kaʿb said, Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'Once Moses, Messenger of Allah ﷺ, preached to the people till their eyes shed tears and their hearts became tender, whereupon he finished his sermon. Then a man came to Moses and asked, 'O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Is there anyone on the earth who is more learned than you?' Moses replied, 'No.' So Allah admonished him (Moses), for he did not ascribe all knowledge to Allah. It was said, (on behalf of Allah), 'Yes, (there is a slave of ours who knows more than you ).' Moses said, 'O my Lord! Where is he?' Allah said, 'At the junction of the two seas.' Moses said, 'O my Lord ! Tell I me of a sign whereby I will recognize the place.' " ʿAmr said to me, Allah said, "That place will be where the fish will leave you." Yaʿla said to me, "Allah said (to Moses), 'Take a dead fish (and your goal will be) the place where it will become alive.' " So Moses took a fish and put it in a basket and said to his boy-servant "I don't want to trouble you, except that you should inform me as soon as this fish leaves you." He said (to Moses)." You have not demanded too much." And that is as mentioned by Allah: 'And (remember) when Moses said to his attendant .... ' (18.60) Yushaʿ bin Noon. (Saʿid did not state that). The Prophet ﷺ said, "While the attendant was in the shade of the rock at a wet place, the fish slipped out (alive) while Moses was sleeping. His attend an said (to himself), "I will not wake him, but when he woke up, he forgot to tell him The fish slipped out and entered the sea. Allah stopped the flow of the sea. where the fish was, so that its trace looked as if it was made on a rock. ʿAmr forming a hole with his two thumbs an index fingers, said to me, "Like this, as in its trace was made on a rock." Moses said "We have suffered much fatigue on this journey of ours." (This was not narrated by Saʿid). Then they returned back and found Al-Khadir. ʿUthman bin Abi Sulaiman said to me, (they found him) on a green carpet in the middle of the sea. Al-Khadir was covered with his garment with one end under his feet and the other end under his head. When Moses greeted, he uncovered his face and said astonishingly, 'Is there such a greeting in my land? Who are you?' Moses said, 'I am Moses.' Al- Khadir said, 'Are you the Moses of Bani Israel?' Moses said, 'Yes.' Al-Khadir said, "What do you want?' Moses said, ' I came to you so that you may teach me of the truth which you were taught.' Al- Khadir said, 'Is it not sufficient for you that the Torah is in your hands and the Divine Inspiration comes to you, O Moses? Verily, I have a knowledge that you ought not learn, and you have a knowledge which I ought not learn.' At that time a bird took with its beak (some water) from the sea: Al-Khadir then said, 'By Allah, my knowledge and your knowledge besides Allah's Knowledge is like what this bird has taken with its beak from the sea.' Until, when they went on board the boat (18.71). They found a small boat which used to carry the people from this sea-side to the other sea-side. The crew recognized Al-Khadir and said, 'The pious slave of Allah.' (We said to Saʿid "Was that Khadir?" He said, "Yes.") The boat men said, 'We will not get him on board with fare.' Al-Khadir scuttled the boat and then plugged the hole with a piece of wood. Moses said, 'Have you scuttled it in order to drown these people surely, you have done a dreadful thing. (18.71) (Mujahid said. "Moses said so protestingly.") Al-Khadir said, didn't I say that you can have no patience with me?' (18.72) The first inquiry of Moses was done because of forgetfulness, the second caused him to be bound with a stipulation, and the third was done intentionally. Moses said, 'Call me not to account for what I forgot and be not hard upon me for my affair (with you).' (18.73) (Then) they found a boy and Al-Khadir killed him. Yaʿla- said: Saʿid said 'They found boys playing and Al-Khadir got hold of a handsome infidel boy laid him down and then slew him with knife. Moses said, 'Have you killed a innocent soul who has killed nobody' (18.74) Then they proceeded and found a wall which was on the point of falling down, and Al-Khadir set it up straight. Saʿid moved his hand thus and said 'Al-Khadir raised his hand and the wall became straight. Yaʿla said, 'I think Saʿid said, 'Al-Khadir touched the wall with his hand and it became straight (Moses said to Al-Khadir), 'If you had wished, you could have taken wages for it.' Saʿid said, 'Wages that we might had eaten.' And there was a king in furor (ahead) of them" (18.79) And there was in front of them. Ibn ʿAbbas recited: 'In front of them (was) a king.' It is said on the authority of somebody other than Saʿid that the king was Hudad bin Budad. They say that the boy was called Haisur. 'A king who seized every ship by force. (18.79) So I wished that if that boat passed by him, he would leave it because of its defect and when they have passed they would repair it and get benefit from it. Some people said that they closed that hole with a bottle, and some said with tar. 'His parents were believers, and he (the boy) was a non-believer and we (Khadir) feared lest he would oppress them by obstinate rebellion and disbelief.' (18.80) (i.e. that their love for him would urge them to follow him in his religion, 'so we (Khadir) desired that their Lord should change him for them for one better in righteousness and near to mercy' (18:81). This was in reply to Moses' saying: Have you killed an innocent soul.'? (18.74). 'Near to mercy" means they will be more merciful to him than they were to the former whom Khadir had killed. Other than Saʿid, said that they were compensated with a girl. Dawud bin Abi ʿAsim said on the authority of more than one that this next child was a girl.  

البخاري:٤٧٢٦حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى أَخْبَرَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ يُوسُفَ أَنَّ ابْنَ جُرَيْجٍ أَخْبَرَهُمْ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي يَعْلَى بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ وَعَمْرُو بْنُ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ يَزِيدُ أَحَدُهُمَا عَلَى صَاحِبِهِ وَغَيْرَهُمَا قَدْ سَمِعْتُهُ يُحَدِّثُهُ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ

إِنَّا لَعِنْدَ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ فِي بَيْتِهِ إِذْ قَالَ سَلُونِي قُلْتُ أَىْ أَبَا عَبَّاسٍ جَعَلَنِي اللَّهُ فِدَاكَ بِالْكُوفَةِ رَجُلٌ قَاصٌّ يُقَالُ لَهُ نَوْفٌ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ بِمُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَمَّا عَمْرٌو فَقَالَ لِي قَالَ قَدْ كَذَبَ عَدُوُّ اللَّهِ وَأَمَّا يَعْلَى فَقَالَ لِي قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ حَدَّثَنِي أُبَىُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مُوسَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ قَالَ ذَكَّرَ النَّاسَ يَوْمًا حَتَّى إِذَا فَاضَتِ الْعُيُونُ وَرَقَّتِ الْقُلُوبُ وَلَّى فَأَدْرَكَهُ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ أَىْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ هَلْ فِي الأَرْضِ أَحَدٌ أَعْلَمُ مِنْكَ قَالَ لاَ فَعَتَبَ عَلَيْهِ إِذْ لَمْ يَرُدَّ الْعِلْمَ إِلَى اللَّهِ قِيلَ بَلَى قَالَ أَىْ رَبِّ فَأَيْنَ قَالَ بِمَجْمَعِ الْبَحْرَيْنِ قَالَ أَىْ رَبِّ اجْعَلْ لِي عَلَمًا أَعْلَمُ ذَلِكَ بِهِ فَقَالَ لِي عَمْرٌو قَالَ حَيْثُ يُفَارِقُكَ الْحُوتُ وَقَالَ لِي يَعْلَى قَالَ خُذْ نُونًا مَيِّتًا حَيْثُ يُنْفَخُ فِيهِ الرُّوحُ فَأَخَذَ حُوتًا فَجَعَلَهُ فِي مِكْتَلٍ فَقَالَ لِفَتَاهُ لاَ أُكَلِّفُكَ إِلاَّ أَنْ تُخْبِرَنِي بِحَيْثُ يُفَارِقُكَ الْحُوتُ قَالَ مَا كَلَّفْتَ كَثِيرًا فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ جَلَّ ذِكْرُهُ {وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَى لِفَتَاهُ} يُوشَعَ بْنِ نُونٍ لَيْسَتْ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ فَبَيْنَمَا هُوَ فِي ظِلِّ صَخْرَةٍ فِي مَكَانٍ ثَرْيَانَ إِذْ تَضَرَّبَ الْحُوتُ وَمُوسَى نَائِمٌ فَقَالَ فَتَاهُ لاَ أُوقِظُهُ حَتَّى إِذَا اسْتَيْقَظَ نَسِيَ أَنْ يُخْبِرَهُ وَتَضَرَّبَ الْحُوتُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ الْبَحْرَ فَأَمْسَكَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ جِرْيَةَ الْبَحْرِ حَتَّى كَأَنَّ أَثَرَهُ فِي حَجَرٍ قَالَ لِي عَمْرٌو هَكَذَا كَأَنَّ أَثَرَهُ فِي حَجَرٍ وَحَلَّقَ بَيْنَ إِبْهَامَيْهِ وَاللَّتَيْنِ تَلِيانِهِمَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا نَصَبًا قَالَ قَدْ قَطَعَ اللَّهُ عَنْكَ النَّصَبَ لَيْسَتْ هَذِهِ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ أَخْبَرَهُ فَرَجَعَا فَوَجَدَا خَضِرًا قَالَ لِي عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي سُلَيْمَانَ عَلَى طِنْفِسَةٍ خَضْرَاءَ عَلَى كَبِدِ الْبَحْرِ قَالَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ مُسَجًّى بِثَوْبِهِ قَدْ جَعَلَ طَرَفَهُ تَحْتَ رِجْلَيْهِ وَطَرَفَهُ تَحْتَ رَأْسِهِ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ مُوسَى فَكَشَفَ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ وَقَالَ هَلْ بِأَرْضِي مِنْ سَلاَمٍ مَنْ أَنْتَ قَالَ أَنَا مُوسَى قَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا شَأْنُكَ قَالَ جِئْتُ لِتُعَلِّمَنِي مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رَشَدًا قَالَ أَمَا يَكْفِيكَ أَنَّ التَّوْرَاةَ بِيَدَيْكَ وَأَنَّ الْوَحْىَ يَأْتِيكَ يَا مُوسَى إِنَّ لِي عِلْمًا لاَ يَنْبَغِي لَكَ أَنْ تَعْلَمَهُ وَإِنَّ لَكَ عِلْمًا لاَ يَنْبَغِي لِي أَنْ أَعْلَمَهُ فَأَخَذَ طَائِرٌ بِمِنْقَارِهِ مِنَ الْبَحْرِ وَقَالَ وَاللَّهِ مَا عِلْمِي وَمَا عِلْمُكَ فِي جَنْبِ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ كَمَا أَخَذَ هَذَا الطَّائِرُ بِمِنْقَارِهِ مِنَ الْبَحْرِ حَتَّى إِذَا رَكِبَا فِي السَّفِينَةِ وَجَدَا مَعَابِرَ صِغَارًا تَحْمِلُ أَهْلَ هَذَا السَّاحِلِ إِلَى أَهْلِ هَذَا السَّاحِلِ الآخَرِ عَرَفُوهُ فَقَالُوا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحُ قَالَ قُلْنَا لِسَعِيدٍ خَضِرٌ قَالَ نَعَمْ لاَ نَحْمِلُهُ بِأَجْرٍ فَخَرَقَهَا وَوَتَدَ فِيهَا وَتِدًا قَالَ مُوسَى أَخَرَقْتَهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا إِمْرًا قَالَ مُجَاهِدٌ مُنْكَرًا قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِي صَبْرًا كَانَتِ الأُولَى نِسْيَانًا وَالْوُسْطَى شَرْطًا وَالثَّالِثَةُ عَمْدًا قَالَ لاَ تُؤَاخِذْنِي بِمَا نَسِيتُ وَلاَ تُرْهِقْنِي مِنْ أَمْرِي عُسْرًا لَقِيَا غُلاَمًا فَقَتَلَهُ قَالَ يَعْلَى قَالَ سَعِيدٌ وَجَدَ غِلْمَانًا يَلْعَبُونَ فَأَخَذَ غُلاَمًا كَافِرًا ظَرِيفًا فَأَضْجَعَهُ ثُمَّ ذَبَحَهُ بِالسِّكِّينِ قَالَ أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ لَمْ تَعْمَلْ بِالْحِنْثِ وَكَانَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ قَرَأَهَا زَكِيَّةً زَاكِيَةً مُسْلِمَةً كَقَوْلِكَ غُلاَمًا زَكِيًّا فَانْطَلَقَا فَوَجَدَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ فَأَقَامَهُ قَالَ سَعِيدٌ بِيَدِهِ هَكَذَا وَرَفَعَ يَدَهُ فَاسْتَقَامَ قَالَ يَعْلَى حَسِبْتُ أَنَّ سَعِيدًا قَالَ فَمَسَحَهُ بِيَدِهِ فَاسْتَقَامَ لَوْ شِئْتَ لاَتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا قَالَ سَعِيدٌ أَجْرًا نَأْكُلُهُ وَكَانَ وَرَاءَهُمْ وَكَانَ أَمَامَهُمْ قَرَأَهَا ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ أَمَامَهُمْ مَلِكٌ يَزْعُمُونَ عَنْ غَيْرِ سَعِيدٍ أَنَّهُ هُدَدُ بْنُ بُدَدٍ وَالْغُلاَمُ الْمَقْتُولُ اسْمُهُ يَزْعُمُونَ جَيْسُورٌ مَلِكٌ يَأْخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ غَصْبًا فَأَرَدْتُ إِذَا هِيَ مَرَّتْ بِهِ أَنْ يَدَعَهَا لِعَيْبِهَا فَإِذَا جَاوَزُوا أَصْلَحُوهَا فَانْتَفَعُوا بِهَا وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ سَدُّوهَا بِقَارُورَةٍ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ بِالْقَارِ كَانَ أَبَوَاهُ مُؤْمِنَيْنِ وَكَانَ كَافِرًا فَخَشِينَا أَنْ يُرْهِقَهُمَا طُغْيَانًا وَكُفْرًا أَنْ يَحْمِلَهُمَا حُبُّهُ عَلَى أَنْ يُتَابِعَاهُ عَلَى دِينِهِ فَأَرَدْنَا أَنْ يُبَدِّلَهُمَا رَبُّهُمَا خَيْرًا مِنْهُ زَكَاةً لِقَوْلِهِ أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً وَأَقْرَبَ رُحْمًا هُمَا بِهِ أَرْحَمُ مِنْهُمَا بِالأَوَّلِ الَّذِي قَتَلَ خَضِرٌ وَزَعَمَ غَيْرُ سَعِيدٍ أَنَّهُمَا أُبْدِلاَ جَارِيَةً وأَمَّا دَاوُدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَاصِمٍ فَقَالَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ إِنَّهَا جَارِيَةٌ  

bukhari:4727Qutaybah b. Saʿīd > Sufyān b. ʿUyaynah > ʿAmr b. Dīnār > Saʿīd b. Jubayr

I said to Ibn ʿAbbas, "Nauf-al-Bakali " claims that Moses of Bani Israel was not Moses, the companion of Al-Khadir." Ibn ʿAbbas said, "Allah's enemy tells a lie! Ubai bin Kaʿb narrated to us that Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'Moses got up to deliver a sermon before Bani Israel and he was asked, 'Who is the most learned person among the people?' Moses replied, 'I (am the most learned).' Allah then admonished Moses for he did not ascribe all knowledge to Allah only (Then) came the Divine Inspiration:-- 'Yes, one of Our slaves at the junction of the two seas is more learned than you.' Moses said, 'O my Lord ! How can meet him?' Allah said, 'Take a fish in a basket and wherever the fish is lost, follow it (you will find him at that place). So Moses set out along with his attendant Yushaʿ bin Noon, and they carried with them a fish till they reached a rock and rested there. Moses put his head down and slept. (Sufyan, a sub-narrator said that somebody other than ʿAmr said) 'At the rock there was a water spring called 'Al-Hayat' and none came in touch with its water but became alive. So some of the water of that spring fell over that fish, so it moved and slipped out of the basket and entered the sea. When Moses woke up, he asked his attendant, 'Bring our early meal' (18.62). The narrator added: Moses did not suffer from fatigue except after he had passed the place he had been ordered to observe. His attendant Yushaʿ bin Noon said to him, 'Do you remember (what happened) when we betook ourselves to the rock? I did indeed forget (about) the fish ...' (18.63) The narrator added: So they came back, retracing their steps and then they found in the sea, the way of the fish looking like a tunnel. So there was an astonishing event for his attendant, and there was tunnel for the fish. When they reached the rock, they found a man covered with a garment. Moses greeted him. The man said astonishingly, 'Is there any such greeting in your land?' Moses said, 'I am Moses.' The man said, 'Moses of Bani Israel?' Moses said, 'Yes,' and added, 'may I follow you so that you teach me something of the Knowledge which you have been taught?' (18.66). Al-Khadir said to him, 'O Moses! You have something of Allah's knowledge which Allah has taught you and which I do not know; and I have something of Allah's knowledge which Allah has taught me and which you do not know.' Moses said, 'But I will follow you.' Al-Khadir said, 'Then if you follow me, ask me no question about anything until I myself speak to you concerning it.' (18.70). After that both of them proceeded along the seashore. There passed by them a boat whose crew recognized Al-Khadir and received them on board free of charge. So they both got on board. A sparrow came and sat on the edge of the boat and dipped its beak unto the sea. Al-Khadir said to Moses. 'My knowledge and your knowledge and all the creation's knowledge compared to Allah's knowledge is not more than the water taken by this sparrow's beak.' Then Moses was startled by Al-Khadir's action of taking an adze and scuttling the boat with it. Moses said to him, 'These people gave us a free lift, but you intentionally scuttled their boat so as to drown them. Surely you have...' (18.71) Then they both proceeded and found a boy playing with other boys. Al-Khadir took hold of him by the head and cut it off. Moses said to him, 'Have you killed an innocent soul who has killed nobody? Surely you have done an illegal thing! ' (18.74) He said, "Didn't I tell you that you will not be able to have patient with me up to ..but they refused to entertain them as their guests. There they found a wall therein at the point of collapsing.' (18.75-77) Al-Khadir moved his hand thus and set it upright (repaired it). Moses said to him, 'When we entered this town, they neither gave us hospitality nor fed us; if you had wished, you could have taken wages for it,' Al- Khadir said, 'This is the parting between you and me I will tell you the interpretation of (those things) about which you were unable to hold patience.'...(18.78) Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'We wished that Moses could have been more patient so that He (Allah) could have described to us more about their story.' Ibn ʿAbbas used to recite:-- 'And in front (ahead) of them there was a king who used to seize every (serviceable) boat by force. (18.79) ...and as for the boy he was a disbeliever. "  

البخاري:٤٧٢٧حَدَّثَنِي قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ

قُلْتُ لاِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ إِنَّ نَوْفًا الْبَكَالِيَّ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ لَيْسَ بِمُوسَى الْخَضِرِ فَقَالَ كَذَبَ عَدُوُّ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنَا أُبَىُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ قَامَ مُوسَى خَطِيبًا فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ فَقِيلَ لَهُ أَىُّ النَّاسِ أَعْلَمُ قَالَ أَنَا فَعَتَبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ إِذْ لَمْ يَرُدَّ الْعِلْمَ إِلَيْهِ وَأَوْحَى إِلَيْهِ بَلَى عَبْدٌ مِنْ عِبَادِي بِمَجْمَعِ الْبَحْرَيْنِ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ مِنْكَ قَالَ أَىْ رَبِّ كَيْفَ السَّبِيلُ إِلَيْهِ قَالَ تَأْخُذُ حُوتًا فِي مِكْتَلٍ فَحَيْثُمَا فَقَدْتَ الْحُوتَ فَاتَّبِعْهُ قَالَ فَخَرَجَ مُوسَى وَمَعَهُ فَتَاهُ يُوشَعُ بْنُ نُونٍ وَمَعَهُمَا الْحُوتُ حَتَّى انْتَهَيَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَنَزَلاَ عِنْدَهَا قَالَ فَوَضَعَ مُوسَى رَأْسَهُ فَنَامَ قَالَ سُفْيَانُ وَفِي حَدِيثِ غَيْرِ عَمْرٍو قَالَ وَفِي أَصْلِ الصَّخْرَةِ عَيْنٌ يُقَالُ لَهَا الْحَيَاةُ لاَ يُصِيبُ مِنْ مَائِهَا شَىْءٌ إِلاَّ حَيِيَ فَأَصَابَ الْحُوتَ مِنْ مَاءِ تِلْكَ الْعَيْنِ قَالَ فَتَحَرَّكَ وَانْسَلَّ مِنَ الْمِكْتَلِ فَدَخَلَ الْبَحْرَ فَلَمَّا اسْتَيْقَظَ مُوسَى {قَالَ لِفَتَاهُ آتِنَا غَدَاءَنَا} الآيَةَ قَالَ وَلَمْ يَجِدِ النَّصَبَ حَتَّى جَاوَزَ مَا أُمِرَ بِهِ قَالَ لَهُ فَتَاهُ يُوشَعُ بْنُ نُونٍ {أَرَأَيْتَ إِذْ أَوَيْنَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِنِّي نَسِيتُ الْحُوتَ} الآيَةَ قَالَ فَرَجَعَا يَقُصَّانِ فِي آثَارِهِمَا فَوَجَدَا فِي الْبَحْرِ كَالطَّاقِ مَمَرَّ الْحُوتِ فَكَانَ لِفَتَاهُ عَجَبًا وَلِلْحُوتِ سَرَبًا قَالَ فَلَمَّا انْتَهَيَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ إِذْ هُمَا بِرَجُلٍ مُسَجًّى بِثَوْبٍ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ مُوسَى قَالَ وَأَنَّى بِأَرْضِكَ السَّلاَمُ فَقَالَ أَنَا مُوسَى قَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَالَ نَعَمْ هَلْ أَتَّبِعُكَ عَلَى أَنْ تُعَلِّمَنِي مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رَشَدًا قَالَ لَهُ الْخَضِرُ يَا مُوسَى إِنَّكَ عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ عَلَّمَكَهُ اللَّهُ لاَ أَعْلَمُهُ وَأَنَا عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللَّهِ عَلَّمَنِيهِ اللَّهُ لاَ تَعْلَمُهُ قَالَ بَلْ أَتَّبِعُكَ قَالَ فَإِنِ اتَّبَعْتَنِي فَلاَ تَسْأَلْنِي عَنْ شَىْءٍ حَتَّى أُحْدِثَ لَكَ مِنْهُ ذِكْرًا فَانْطَلَقَا يَمْشِيَانِ عَلَى السَّاحِلِ فَمَرَّتْ بِهِمَا سَفِينَةٌ فَعُرِفَ الْخَضِرُ فَحَمَلُوهُمْ فِي سَفِينَتِهِمْ بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ يَقُولُ بِغَيْرِ أَجْرٍ فَرَكِبَا السَّفِينَةَ قَالَ وَوَقَعَ عُصْفُورٌ عَلَى حَرْفِ السَّفِينَةِ فَغَمَسَ مِنْقَارَهُ الْبَحْرَ فَقَالَ الْخَضِرُ لِمُوسَى مَا عِلْمُكَ وَعِلْمِي وَعِلْمُ الْخَلاَئِقِ فِي عِلْمِ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ مِقْدَارُ مَا غَمَسَ هَذَا الْعُصْفُورُ مِنْقَارَهُ قَالَ فَلَمْ يَفْجَأْ مُوسَى إِذْ عَمَدَ الْخَضِرُ إِلَى قَدُومٍ فَخَرَقَ السَّفِينَةَ فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى قَوْمٌ حَمَلُونَا بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ عَمَدْتَ إِلَى سَفِينَتِهِمْ فَخَرَقْتَهَا {لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا لَقَدْ جِئْتَ} الآيَةَ فَانْطَلَقَا إِذَا هُمَا بِغُلاَمٍ يَلْعَبُ مَعَ الْغِلْمَانِ فَأَخَذَ الْخَضِرُ بِرَأْسِهِ فَقَطَعَهُ قَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى {أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا نُكْرًا * قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا} إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {فَأَبَوْا أَنْ يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا فَوَجَدَا فِيهَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ} فَقَالَ بِيَدِهِ هَكَذَا فَأَقَامَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى إِنَّا دَخَلْنَا هَذِهِ الْقَرْيَةَ فَلَمْ يُضَيِّفُونَا وَلَمْ يُطْعِمُونَا لَوْ شِئْتَ لاَتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا قَالَ هَذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنِكَ سَأُنَبِّئُكَ بِتَأْوِيلِ مَا لَمْ تَسْتَطِعْ عَلَيْهِ صَبْرًا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَدِدْنَا أَنَّ مُوسَى صَبَرَ حَتَّى يُقَصَّ عَلَيْنَا مِنْ أَمْرِهِمَا قَالَ وَكَانَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ يَقْرَأُ وَكَانَ أَمَامَهُمْ مَلِكٌ يَأْخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ صَالِحَةٍ غَصْبًا وَأَمَّا الْغُلاَمُ فَكَانَ كَافِرًا  

bukhari:4757Abū Usāmah > Hishām b. ʿUrwah from my father > ʿĀʾishah

When there was said about me what was said which I myself was unaware of, Messenger of Allah ﷺ got up and addressed the people. He recited Tashah-hud, and after glorifying and praising Allah as He deserved, he said, "To proceed: O people Give me your opinion regarding those people who made a forged story against my wife. By Allah, I do not know anything bad about her. By Allah, they accused her of being with a man about whom I have never known anything bad, and he never entered my house unless I was present there, and whenever I went on a journey, he went with me." Saʿd bin Muʿadh got up and said, "O Messenger of Allah ﷺ Allow me to chop their heads off". Then a man from the Al-Khazraj (Saʿd bin 'Ubada) to whom the mother of (the poet) Hassan bin Thabit was a relative, got up and said (to Saʿd bin Muʿadh), "You have told a lie! By Allah, if those persons were from the Aus Tribe, you would not like to chop their heads off." It was probable that some evil would take place between the Aus and the Khazraj in the mosque, and I was unaware of all that. In the evening of that day, I went out for some of my needs (i.e. to relieve myself), and Um Mistah was accompanying me. On our return, Um Mistah stumbled and said, "Let Mistah. be ruined" I said to her, "O mother Why do you abuse your Son" On that Um Mistah became silent for a while, and stumbling again, she said, "Let Mistah be ruined" I said to her, "Why do you abuse your son?" She stumbled for the third time and said, "Let Mistah be ruined" whereupon I rebuked her for that. She said, "By Allah, I do not abuse him except because of you." I asked her, "Concerning what of my affairs?" So she disclosed the whole story to me. I said, "Has this really happened?" She replied, "Yes, by Allah." I returned to my house, astonished (and distressed) that I did not know for what purpose I had gone out. Then I became sick (fever) and said to Messenger of Allah ﷺ "Send me to my father's house." So he sent a slave with me, and when I entered the house, I found Um Rum-an (my mother) downstairs while (my father) Abu Bakr was reciting something upstairs. My mother asked, "What has brought you, O (my) daughter?" I informed her and mentioned to her the whole story, but she did not feel it as I did. She said, "O my daughter! Take it easy, for there is never a charming lady loved by her husband who has other wives but that they feel jealous of her and speak badly of her." But she did not feel the news as I did. I asked (her), "Does my father know about it?" She said, "yes" I asked, Does Messenger of Allah ﷺ know about it too?" She said, "Yes, Messenger of Allah ﷺ does too." So the tears filled my eyes and I wept. Abu Bakr, who was reading upstairs heard my voice and came down and asked my mother, "What is the matter with her? " She said, "She has heard what has been said about her (as regards the story of Al-lfk)." On that Abu- Bakr wept and said, "I beseech you by Allah, O my daughter, to go back to your home". I went back to my home and Messenger of Allah ﷺ had come to my house and asked my maid-servant about me (my character). The maid-servant said, "By Allah, I do not know of any defect in her character except that she sleeps and let the sheep enter (her house) and eat her dough." On that, some of the Prophet's companions spoke harshly to her and said, "Tell the truth to Messenger of Allah ﷺ." Finally they told her of the affair (of the slander). She said, "Subhan Allah! By Allah, I know nothing against her except what goldsmith knows about a piece of pure gold." Then this news reached the man who was accused, and he said, "Subhan Allah! By Allah, I have never uncovered the private parts of any woman." Later that man was martyred in Allah's Cause. Next morning my parents came to pay me a visit and they stayed with me till Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to me after he had offered the ʿAsr prayer. He came to me while my parents were sitting around me on my right and my left. He praised and glorified Allah and said, "Now then O ʿAisha! If you have committed a bad deed or you have wronged (yourself), then repent to Allah as Allah accepts the repentance from his slaves." An Al-Ansari woman had come and was sitting near the gate. I said (to the Prophet). "Isn't it improper that you speak in such a way in the presence of this lady? Allah's Apostle then gave a piece of advice and I turned to my father and requested him to answer him (on my behalf). My father said, "What should I say?" Then I turned to my mother and asked her to answer him. She said, "What should I say?" When my parents did not give a reply to the Prophet, I said, "I testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, and that Muhammad is His Apostle!" And after praising and glorifying Allah as He deserves, I said, "Now then, by Allah, if I were to tell you that I have not done (this evil action) and Allah is a witness that I am telling the truth, that would not be of any use to me on your part because you (people) have spoken about it and your hearts have absorbed it; and if I were to tell you that I have done this sin and Allah knows that I have not done it, then you will say, 'She has confessed herself guilty." By Allah, 'I do not see a suitable example for me and you but the example of (I tried to remember Jacob's name but couldn't) Joseph's father when he said; So (for me) "Patience is most fitting against that which you assert. It is Allah (alone) whose help can be sought.' At that very hour the Divine Inspiration came to Messenger of Allah ﷺ and we remained silent. Then the Inspiration was over and I noticed the signs of happiness on his face while he was removing (the sweat) from his forehead and saying, "Have the good tidings O ' "Aisha! Allah has revealed your innocence." At that time I was extremely angry. My parents said to me. "Get up and go to him." I said, "By Allah, I will not do it and will not thank him nor thank either of you, but I will thank Allah Who has revealed my innocence. You have heard this story but neither did not deny it nor change it (to defend me)," (Aisha used to say:) "But as regards Zainab bint Jahsh, (the Prophet's wife), Allah protected her because of her piety, so she did not say anything except good (about me), but her sister, Hamna, was ruined among those who were ruined. Those who used to speak evil about me were Mistah, Hassan bin Thabit, and the hypocrite, ʿAbdullah bin Ubai, who used to spread that news and tempt others to speak of it, and it was he and Hamna who had the greater share therein. Abu Bakr took an oath that he would never do any favor to Mistah at all. Then Allah revealed the Divine Verse: "Let not those among you who are good and wealthy (i.e. Abu Bakr) swear not to give (any sort of help) to their kinsmen, and those in need, (i.e. Mistah) ...Do you not love that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (24.22) On that, Abu Bakr said, "Yes, by Allah, O our Lord! We wish that You should forgive us." So Abu Bakr again started giving to Mistah the expenditure which he used to give him before.  

البخاري:٤٧٥٧وَقَالَ أَبُو أُسَامَةَ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبِي عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ

لَمَّا ذُكِرَ مِنْ شَأْنِي الَّذِي ذُكِرَ وَمَا عَلِمْتُ بِهِ قَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فِيَّ خَطِيبًا فَتَشَهَّدَ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ أَشِيرُوا عَلَىَّ فِي أُنَاسٍ أَبَنُوا أَهْلِي وَايْمُ اللَّهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَى أَهْلِي مِنْ سُوءٍ وَأَبَنُوهُمْ بِمَنْ وَاللَّهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ سُوءٍ قَطُّ وَلاَ يَدْخُلُ بَيْتِي قَطُّ إِلاَّ وَأَنَا حَاضِرٌ وَلاَ غِبْتُ فِي سَفَرٍ إِلاَّ غَابَ مَعِي فَقَامَ سَعْدُ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ فَقَالَ ائْذَنْ لِي يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَنْ نَضْرِبَ أَعْنَاقَهُمْ وَقَامَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي الْخَزْرَجِ وَكَانَتْ أُمُّ حَسَّانَ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ مِنْ رَهْطِ ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلِ فَقَالَ كَذَبْتَ أَمَا وَاللَّهِ أَنْ لَوْ كَانُوا مِنَ الأَوْسِ مَا أَحْبَبْتَ أَنْ تُضْرَبَ أَعْنَاقُهُمْ حَتَّى كَادَ أَنْ يَكُونَ بَيْنَ الأَوْسِ وَالْخَزْرَجِ شَرٌّ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ وَمَا عَلِمْتُ فَلَمَّا كَانَ مَسَاءُ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ خَرَجْتُ لِبَعْضِ حَاجَتِي وَمَعِي أُمُّ مِسْطَحٍ فَعَثَرَتْ وَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَقُلْتُ أَىْ أُمِّ تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ وَسَكَتَتْ ثُمَّ عَثَرَتِ الثَّانِيَةَ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَقُلْتُ لَهَا تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ ثُمَّ عَثَرَتِ الثَّالِثَةَ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَانْتَهَرْتُهَا فَقَالَتْ وَاللَّهِ مَا أَسُبُّهُ إِلاَّ فِيكِ فَقُلْتُ فِي أَىِّ شَأْنِي قَالَتْ فَبَقَرَتْ لِي الْحَدِيثَ فَقُلْتُ وَقَدْ كَانَ هَذَا قَالَتْ نَعَمْ وَاللَّهِ فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى بَيْتِي كَأَنَّ الَّذِي خَرَجْتُ لَهُ لاَ أَجِدُ مِنْهُ قَلِيلاً وَلاَ كَثِيرًا وَوُعِكْتُ فَقُلْتُ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَرْسِلْنِي إِلَى بَيْتِ أَبِي فَأَرْسَلَ مَعِي الْغُلاَمَ فَدَخَلْتُ الدَّارَ فَوَجَدْتُ أُمَّ رُومَانَ فِي السُّفْلِ وَأَبَا بَكْرٍ فَوْقَ الْبَيْتِ يَقْرَأُ فَقَالَتْ أُمِّي مَا جَاءَ بِكِ يَا بُنَيَّةُ فَأَخْبَرْتُهَا وَذَكَرْتُ لَهَا الْحَدِيثَ وَإِذَا هُوَ لَمْ يَبْلُغْ مِنْهَا مِثْلَ مَا بَلَغَ مِنِّي فَقَالَتْ يَا بُنَيَّةُ خَفِّضِي عَلَيْكِ الشَّأْنَ فَإِنَّهُ وَاللَّهِ لَقَلَّمَا كَانَتِ امْرَأَةٌ حَسْنَاءُ عِنْدَ رَجُلٍ يُحِبُّهَا لَهَا ضَرَائِرُ إِلاَّ حَسَدْنَهَا وَقِيلَ فِيهَا وَإِذَا هُوَ لَمْ يَبْلُغْ مِنْهَا مَا بَلَغَ مِنِّي قُلْتُ وَقَدْ عَلِمَ بِهِ أَبِي قَالَتْ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَاسْتَعْبَرْتُ وَبَكَيْتُ فَسَمِعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ صَوْتِي وَهْوَ فَوْقَ الْبَيْتِ يَقْرَأُ فَنَزَلَ فَقَالَ لأُمِّي مَا شَأْنُهَا قَالَتْ بَلَغَهَا الَّذِي ذُكِرَ مِنْ شَأْنِهَا فَفَاضَتْ عَيْنَاهُ قَالَ أَقْسَمْتُ عَلَيْكِ أَىْ بُنَيَّةُ إِلاَّ رَجَعْتِ إِلَى بَيْتِكِ فَرَجَعْتُ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ بَيْتِي فَسَأَلَ عَنِّي خَادِمَتِي فَقَالَتْ لاَ وَاللَّهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَيْهَا عَيْبًا إِلاَّ أَنَّهَا كَانَتْ تَرْقُدُ حَتَّى تَدْخُلَ الشَّاةُ فَتَأْكُلَ خَمِيرَهَا أَوْ عَجِينَهَا وَانْتَهَرَهَا بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ اصْدُقِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَتَّى أَسْقَطُوا لَهَا بِهِ فَقَالَتْ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَيْهَا إِلاَّ مَا يَعْلَمُ الصَّائِغُ عَلَى تِبْرِ الذَّهَبِ الأَحْمَرِ وَبَلَغَ الأَمْرُ إِلَى ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلِ الَّذِي قِيلَ لَهُ فَقَالَ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهِ مَا كَشَفْتُ كَنَفَ أُنْثَى قَطُّ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَقُتِلَ شَهِيدًا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ قَالَتْ وَأَصْبَحَ أَبَوَاىَ عِنْدِي فَلَمْ يَزَالاَ حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَىَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَقَدْ صَلَّى الْعَصْرَ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ وَقَدِ اكْتَنَفَنِي أَبَوَاىَ عَنْ يَمِينِي وَعَنْ شِمَالِي فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ يَا عَائِشَةُ إِنْ كُنْتِ قَارَفْتِ سُوءًا أَوْ ظَلَمْتِ فَتُوبِي إِلَى اللَّهِ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ يَقْبَلُ التَّوْبَةَ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ قَالَتْ وَقَدْ جَاءَتِ امْرَأَةٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ فَهْىَ جَالِسَةٌ بِالْبَابِ فَقُلْتُ أَلاَ تَسْتَحِي مِنْ هَذِهِ الْمَرْأَةِ أَنْ تَذْكُرَ شَيْئًا فَوَعَظَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَالْتَفَتُّ إِلَى أَبِي فَقُلْتُ أَجِبْهُ قَالَ فَمَاذَا أَقُولُ فَالْتَفَتُّ إِلَى أُمِّي فَقُلْتُ أَجِيبِيهِ فَقَالَتْ أَقُولُ مَاذَا فَلَمَّا لَمْ يُجِيبَاهُ تَشَهَّدْتُ فَحَمِدْتُ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَيْتُ عَلَيْهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَوَاللَّهِ لَئِنْ قُلْتُ لَكُمْ إِنِّي لَمْ أَفْعَلْ وَاللَّهُ ﷻ يَشْهَدُ إِنِّي لَصَادِقَةٌ مَا ذَاكَ بِنَافِعِي عِنْدَكُمْ لَقَدْ تَكَلَّمْتُمْ بِهِ وَأُشْرِبَتْهُ قُلُوبُكُمْ وَإِنْ قُلْتُ إِنِّي فَعَلْتُ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ أَنِّي لَمْ أَفْعَلْ لَتَقُولُنَّ قَدْ بَاءَتْ بِهِ عَلَى نَفْسِهَا وَإِنِّي وَاللَّهِ مَا أَجِدُ لِي وَلَكُمْ مَثَلاً وَالْتَمَسْتُ اسْمَ يَعْقُوبَ فَلَمْ أَقْدِرْ عَلَيْهِ إِلاَّ أَبَا يُوسُفَ حِينَ قَالَ {فَصَبْرٌ جَمِيلٌ وَاللَّهُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ عَلَى مَا تَصِفُونَ} وَأُنْزِلَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ مِنْ سَاعَتِهِ فَسَكَتْنَا فَرُفِعَ عَنْهُ وَإِنِّي لأَتَبَيَّنُ السُّرُورَ فِي وَجْهِهِ وَهْوَ يَمْسَحُ جَبِينَهُ وَيَقُولُ أَبْشِرِي يَا عَائِشَةُ فَقَدْ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ بَرَاءَتَكِ قَالَتْ وَكُنْتُ أَشَدَّ مَا كُنْتُ غَضَبًا فَقَالَ لِي أَبَوَاىَ قُومِي إِلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ وَاللَّهِ لاَ أَقُومُ إِلَيْهِ وَلاَ أَحْمَدُهُ وَلاَ أَحْمَدُكُمَا وَلَكِنْ أَحْمَدُ اللَّهَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ بَرَاءَتِي لَقَدْ سَمِعْتُمُوهُ فَمَا أَنْكَرْتُمُوهُ وَلاَ غَيَّرْتُمُوهُ وَكَانَتْ عَائِشَةُ تَقُولُ أَمَّا زَيْنَبُ ابْنَةُ جَحْشٍ فَعَصَمَهَا اللَّهُ بِدِينِهَا فَلَمْ تَقُلْ إِلاَّ خَيْرًا وَأَمَّا أُخْتُهَا حَمْنَةُ فَهَلَكَتْ فِيمَنْ هَلَكَ وَكَانَ الَّذِي يَتَكَلَّمُ فِيهِ مِسْطَحٌ وَحَسَّانُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ وَالْمُنَافِقُ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أُبَىٍّ وَهْوَ الَّذِي كَانَ يَسْتَوْشِيهِ وَيَجْمَعُهُ وَهْوَ الَّذِي تَوَلَّى كِبْرَهُ مِنْهُمْ هُوَ وَحَمْنَةُ قَالَتْ فَحَلَفَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ أَنْ لاَ يَنْفَعَ مِسْطَحًا بِنَافِعَةٍ أَبَدًا فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ ﷻ {وَلاَ يَأْتَلِ أُولُو الْفَضْلِ مِنْكُمْ} إِلَى آخِرِ الآيَةِ يَعْنِي أَبَا بَكْرٍ vوَالسَّعَةِ أَنْ يُؤْتُوا أُولِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْمَسَاكِينَ} يَعْنِي مِسْطَحًا إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {أَلاَ تُحِبُّونَ أَنْ يَغْفِرَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ} حَتَّى قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ بَلَى وَاللَّهِ يَا رَبَّنَا إِنَّا لَنُحِبُّ أَنْ تَغْفِرَ لَنَا وَعَادَ لَهُ بِمَا كَانَ يَصْنَعُ  

bukhari:4913ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz b. ʿAbdullāh > Sulaymān b. Bilāl > Yaḥyá > ʿUbayd b. Ḥunayn > Ibn ʿAbbās > Makatht Sanah Urīd > Asʾal ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb > Āyah Famā Astaṭīʿ

For the whole year I had the desire to ask ʿUmar bin Al-Khattab regarding the explanation of a Verse (in Surat Al-Tahrim) but I could not ask him because I respected him very much. When he went to perform the Hajj, I too went along with him. On our return, while we were still on the way home. ʿUmar went aside to answer the call of nature by the Arak trees. I waited till he finished and then I proceeded with him and asked him. "O chief of the Believers! Who were the two wives of the Prophet ﷺ who aided one another against him?" He said, "They were Hafsa and ʿAisha." Then I said to him, "By Allah, I wanted to ask you about this a year ago, but I could not do so owing to my respect for you." ʿUmar said, "Do not refrain from asking me. If you think that I have knowledge (about a certain matter), ask me; and if I know (something about it), I will tell you." Then ʿUmar added, "By Allah, in the Pre-lslamic Period of Ignorance we did not pay attention to women until Allah revealed regarding them what He revealed regarding them and assigned for them what He has assigned. Once while I was thinking over a certain matter, my wife said, "I recommend that you do so-and-so." I said to her, "What have you got to do with the is matter? Why do you poke your nose in a matter which I want to see fulfilled.?" She said, How strange you are, O son of Al-Khattab! You don't want to be argued with whereas your daughter, Hafsa surely, argues with Messenger of Allah ﷺ so much that he remains angry for a full day!" ʿUmar then reported; how he at once put on his outer garment and went to Hafsa and said to her, "O my daughter! Do you argue with Messenger of Allah ﷺ so that he remains angry the whole day?" H. afsa said, "By Allah, we argue with him." ʿUmar said, "Know that I warn you of Allah's punishment and the anger of Messenger of Allah ﷺ . . . O my daughter! Don't be betrayed by the one who is proud of her beauty because of the love of Messenger of Allah ﷺ for her (i.e. ʿAisha)." ʿUmar addled, "Then I went out to Um Salama's house who was one of my relatives, and I talked to her. She said, O son of Al-Khattab! It is rather astonishing that you interfere in everything; you even want to interfere between Allah's Apostle and his wives!' By Allah, by her talk she influenced me so much that I lost some of my anger. I left her (and went home). At that time I had a friend from the Ansar who used to bring news (from the Prophet) in case of my absence, and I used to bring him the news if he was absent. In those days we were afraid of one of the kings of Ghassan tribe. We heard that he intended to move and attack us, so fear filled our hearts because of that. (One day) my Ansari friend unexpectedly knocked at my door, and said, "Open Open!' I said, 'Has the king of Ghassan come?' He said, 'No, but something worse; Messenger of Allah ﷺ has isolated himself from his wives.' I said, 'Let the nose of ʿAisha and Hafsa be stuck to dust (i.e. humiliated)!' Then I put on my clothes and went to Messenger of Allah ﷺ's residence, and behold, he was staying in an upper room of his to which he ascended by a ladder, and a black slave of Messenger of Allah ﷺ was (sitting) on the first step. I said to him, 'Say (to the Prophet ﷺ ) ʿUmar bin Al-Khattab is here.' Then the Prophet ﷺ admitted me and I narrated the story to Messenger of Allah ﷺ. When I reached the story of Um Salama, Messenger of Allah ﷺ smiled while he was lying on a mat made of palm tree leaves with nothing between him and the mat. Underneath his head there was a leather pillow stuffed with palm fibres, and leaves of a saut tree were piled at his feet, and above his head hung a few water skins. On seeing the marks of the mat imprinted on his side, I wept. He said.' 'Why are you weeping?' I replied, "O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Caesar and Khosrau are leading the life (i.e. Luxurious life) while you, Messenger of Allah ﷺ though you are, is living in destitute". The Prophet ﷺ then replied. 'Won't you be satisfied that they enjoy this world and we the Hereafter?' "  

البخاري:٤٩١٣حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ بِلاَلٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ حُنَيْنٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ يُحَدِّثُ أَنَّهُ قَالَ مَكَثْتُ سَنَةً أُرِيدُ أَنْ أَسْأَلَ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ آيَةٍ فَمَا أَسْتَطِيعُ

أَنْ أَسْأَلَهُ هَيْبَةً لَهُ حَتَّى خَرَجَ حَاجًّا فَخَرَجْتُ مَعَهُ فَلَمَّا رَجَعْتُ وَكُنَّا بِبَعْضِ الطَّرِيقِ عَدَلَ إِلَى الأَرَاكِ لِحَاجَةٍ لَهُ قَالَ فَوَقَفْتُ لَهُ حَتَّى فَرَغَ سِرْتُ مَعَهُ فَقُلْتُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَنِ اللَّتَانِ تَظَاهَرَتَا عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِهِ فَقَالَ تِلْكَ حَفْصَةُ وَعَائِشَةُ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ وَاللَّهِ إِنْ كُنْتُ لأُرِيدُ أَنْ أَسْأَلَكَ عَنْ هَذَا مُنْذُ سَنَةٍ فَمَا أَسْتَطِيعُ هَيْبَةً لَكَ قَالَ فَلاَ تَفْعَلْ مَا ظَنَنْتَ أَنَّ عِنْدِي مِنْ عِلْمٍ فَاسْأَلْنِي فَإِنْ كَانَ لِي عِلْمٌ خَبَّرْتُكَ بِهِ قَالَ ثُمَّ قَالَ عُمَرُ وَاللَّهِ إِنْ كُنَّا فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ مَا نَعُدُّ لِلنِّسَاءِ أَمْرًا حَتَّى أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فِيهِنَّ مَا أَنْزَلَ وَقَسَمَ لَهُنَّ مَا قَسَمَ قَالَ فَبَيْنَا أَنَا فِي أَمْرٍ أَتَأَمَّرُهُ إِذْ قَالَتِ امْرَأَتِي لَوْ صَنَعْتَ كَذَا وَكَذَا قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لَهَا مَالَكِ وَلِمَا هَا هُنَا فِيمَا تَكَلُّفُكِ فِي أَمْرٍ أُرِيدُهُ فَقَالَتْ لِي عَجَبًا لَكَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ مَا تُرِيدُ أَنْ تُرَاجَعَ أَنْتَ وَإِنَّ ابْنَتَكَ لَتُرَاجِعُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَتَّى يَظَلَّ يَوْمَهُ غَضْبَانَ فَقَامَ عُمَرُ فَأَخَذَ رِدَاءَهُ مَكَانَهُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ فَقَالَ لَهَا يَا بُنَيَّةُ إِنَّكِ لَتُرَاجِعِينَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَتَّى يَظَلَّ يَوْمَهُ غَضْبَانَ فَقَالَتْ حَفْصَةُ وَاللَّهِ إِنَّا لَنُرَاجِعُهُ فَقُلْتُ تَعْلَمِينَ أَنِّي أُحَذِّرُكِ عُقُوبَةَ اللَّهِ وَغَضَبَ رَسُولِهِ ﷺ يَا بُنَيَّةُ لاَ يَغُرَّنَّكِ هَذِهِ الَّتِي أَعْجَبَهَا حُسْنُهَا حُبُّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِيَّاهَا يُرِيدُ عَائِشَةَ قَالَ ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ حَتَّى دَخَلْتُ عَلَى أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ لِقَرَابَتِي مِنْهَا فَكَلَّمْتُهَا فَقَالَتْ أُمُّ سَلَمَةَ عَجَبًا لَكَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ دَخَلْتَ فِي كُلِّ شَىْءٍ حَتَّى تَبْتَغِي أَنْ تَدْخُلَ بَيْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَزْوَاجِهِ فَأَخَذَتْنِي وَاللَّهِ أَخْذًا كَسَرَتْنِي عَنْ بَعْضِ مَا كُنْتُ أَجِدُ فَخَرَجْتُ مِنْ عِنْدِهَا وَكَانَ لِي صَاحِبٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ إِذَا غِبْتُ أَتَانِي بِالْخَبَرِ وَإِذَا غَابَ كُنْتُ أَنَا آتِيهِ بِالْخَبَرِ وَنَحْنُ نَتَخَوَّفُ مَلِكًا مِنْ مُلُوكِ غَسَّانَ ذُكِرَ لَنَا أَنَّهُ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَسِيرَ إِلَيْنَا فَقَدِ امْتَلأَتْ صُدُورُنَا مِنْهُ فَإِذَا صَاحِبِي الأَنْصَارِيُّ يَدُقُّ الْبَابَ فَقَالَ افْتَحِ افْتَحْ فَقُلْتُ جَاءَ الْغَسَّانِيُّ فَقَالَ بَلْ أَشَدُّ مِنْ ذَلِكَ اعْتَزَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَزْوَاجَهُ فَقُلْتُ رَغَمَ أَنْفُ حَفْصَةَ وَعَائِشَةَ فَأَخَذْتُ ثَوْبِيَ فَأَخْرُجُ حَتَّى جِئْتُ فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فِي مَشْرُبَةٍ لَهُ يَرْقَى عَلَيْهَا بِعَجَلَةٍ وَغُلاَمٌ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَسْوَدُ عَلَى رَأْسِ الدَّرَجَةِ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ قُلْ هَذَا عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ فَأَذِنَ لِي قَالَ عُمَرُ فَقَصَصْتُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ فَلَمَّا بَلَغْتُ حَدِيثَ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ تَبَسَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَإِنَّهُ لَعَلَى حَصِيرٍ مَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهُ شَىْءٌ وَتَحْتَ رَأْسِهِ وِسَادَةٌ مِنْ أَدَمٍ حَشْوُهَا لِيفٌ وَإِنَّ عِنْدَ رِجْلَيْهِ قَرَظًا مَصْبُوبًا وَعِنْدَ رَأْسِهِ أَهَبٌ مُعَلَّقَةٌ فَرَأَيْتُ أَثَرَ الْحَصِيرِ فِي جَنْبِهِ فَبَكَيْتُ فَقَالَ مَا يُبْكِيكَ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ كِسْرَى وَقَيْصَرَ فِيمَا هُمَا فِيهِ وَأَنْتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ أَمَا تَرْضَى أَنْ تَكُونَ لَهُمُ الدُّنْيَا وَلَنَا الآخِرَةُ  

bukhari:5358Saʿīd b. ʿUfayr > al-Layth > ʿUqayl > Ibn Shihāb

Once I set out to visit ʿUmar (bin Al-Khattab). (While I was sitting there with him his gate-keeper, Yarfa, came and said, "Uthman ʿAbdurRahman (bin ʿAuf), Az-Zubair and Saʿd (bin Abi Waqqas) are seeking permission (to meet you)." ʿUmar said, "Yes. So he admitted them and they entered, greeted, and sat down. After a short while Yarfa came again and said to ʿUmar 'Shall I admit ʿAli and ʿAbbas?" ʿUmar said, "Yes." He admitted them and when they entered, they greeted and sat down. ʿAbbas said, "O Chief of the Believers! Judge between me and this (ʿAli)." The group, ʿUthman and his companions Saʿd, 'O Chief of the Believers! Judge between them and relieve one from the other." ʿUmar said. Wait! I beseech you by Allah, by Whose permission both the Heaven and the Earth stand fast ! Do you know that Messenger of Allah ﷺ said. 'We (Apostles) do not bequeath anything to our heirs, but whatever we leave is to be given in charity.' And by that Messenger of Allah ﷺs meant himself?" The group said, "He did say so." ʿUmar then turned towards 'All and ʿAbbas and said. "I beseech you both by Allah, do you know that Messenger of Allah ﷺ said that?" They said, 'Yes " ʿUmar said, "Now, let me talk to you about this matter. Allah favored His Apostle with something of this property (war booty) which He did not give to anybody else. And Allah said:-- 'And what Allah has bestowed on His Apostle (as Fai Booty) from them for which you made no expedition with either cavalry or camelry . . . Allah is Able to do all things.' (59.6) So this property was especially granted to Messenger of Allah ﷺ. But by Allah he neither withheld it from you, nor did he keep it for himself and deprive you of it, but he gave it all to you and distributed it among you till only this remained out of it. And out of this property Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to provide his family with their yearly needs, and whatever remained, he would spend where Allah's Property (the revenues of Zakat) used to be spent. Messenger of Allah ﷺ kept on acting like this throughout his lifetime. Now I beseech you by Allah, do you know that?" They said, "Yes." Then ʿUmar said to ʿAli and ʿAbbas, "I beseech you by Allah, do you both know that?" They said, "Yes." ʿUmar added, "When Allah had taken His Apostle unto Him, Abu Bakr said, 'I am the successor of Messenger of Allah ﷺ. So he took charge of that property and did with it the same what Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to do, and both of you knew all about it then." Then ʿUmar turned towards ʿAli and ʿAbbas and said, "You both claim that Abu- Bakr was so-and-so! But Allah knows that he was honest, sincere, pious and right (in that matter). Then Allah caused Abu Bakr to die, and I said, 'I am the successor of Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Abu Bakr.' So I kept this property in my possession for the first two years of my rule, and I used to do the same with it as Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Abu Bakr used to do. Later both of you (ʿAli and ʿAbbas) came to me with the same claim and the same problem. (O ʿAbbas!) You came to me demanding your share from (the inheritance of) the son of your brother, and he (ʿAli) came to me demanding his wives share from (the inheritance of) her father. So I said to you, 'If you wish I will hand over this property to you, on condition that you both promise me before Allah that you will manage it in the same way as Messenger of Allah ﷺ and Abu Bakr did, and as I have done since the beginning of my rule; otherwise you should not speak to me about it.' So you both said, 'Hand over this property to us on this condition.' And on this condition I handed it over to you. I beseech you by Allah, did I hand it over to them on that condition?" The group said, "Yes." ʿUmar then faced ʿAli and ʿAbbas and said, "I beseech you both by Allah, did I hand it over to you both on that condition?" They both said, "Yes." ʿUmar added, "Do you want me now to give a decision other than that? By Him with Whose permission (order) both the Heaven and the Earth stand fast, I will never give any decision other than that till the Hour is established! But if you are unable to manage it (that property), then return it to me and I will be sufficient for it on your behalf . "  

البخاري:٥٣٥٨حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ عُفَيْرٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي اللَّيْثُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عُقَيْلٌ عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي مَالِكُ بْنُ أَوْسِ بْنِ الْحَدَثَانِ وَكَانَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ مُطْعِمٍ ذَكَرَ لِي ذِكْرًا مِنْ حَدِيثِهِ فَانْطَلَقْتُ حَتَّى دَخَلْتُ عَلَى مَالِكِ بْنِ أَوْسٍ فَسَأَلْتُهُ فَقَالَ

مَالِكٌ انْطَلَقْتُ حَتَّى أَدْخُلَ عَلَى عُمَرَ إِذْ أَتَاهُ حَاجِبُهُ يَرْفَا فَقَالَ هَلْ لَكَ فِي عُثْمَانَ وَعَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ وَالزُّبَيْرِ وَسَعْدٍ يَسْتَأْذِنُونَ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَأَذِنَ لَهُمْ قَالَ فَدَخَلُوا وَسَلَّمُوا فَجَلَسُوا ثُمَّ لَبِثَ يَرْفَا قَلِيلاً فَقَالَ لِعُمَرَ هَلْ لَكَ فِي عَلِيٍّ وَعَبَّاسٍ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَأَذِنَ لَهُمَا فَلَمَّا دَخَلاَ سَلَّمَا وَجَلَسَا فَقَالَ عَبَّاسٌ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ اقْضِ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ هَذَا فَقَالَ الرَّهْطُ عُثْمَانُ وَأَصْحَابُهُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ اقْضِ بَيْنَهُمَا وَأَرِحْ أَحَدَهُمَا مِنَ الآخَرِ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ اتَّئِدُوا أَنْشُدُكُمْ بِاللَّهِ الَّذِي بِهِ تَقُومُ السَّمَاءُ وَالأَرْضُ هَلْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ لاَ نُورَثُ مَا تَرَكْنَا صَدَقَةٌ يُرِيدُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ نَفْسَهُ قَالَ الرَّهْطُ قَدْ قَالَ ذَلِكَ فَأَقْبَلَ عُمَرُ عَلَى عَلِيٍّ وَعَبَّاسٍ فَقَالَ أَنْشُدُكُمَا بِاللَّهِ هَلْ تَعْلَمَانِ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ ذَلِكَ قَالاَ قَدْ قَالَ ذَلِكَ قَالَ عُمَرُ فَإِنِّي أُحَدِّثُكُمْ عَنْ هَذَا الأَمْرِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ خَصَّ رَسُولَهُ ﷺ فِي هَذَا الْمَالِ بِشَىْءٍ لَمْ يُعْطِهِ أَحَدًا غَيْرَهُ قَالَ اللَّهُ {مَا أَفَاءَ اللَّهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ مِنْهُمْ فَمَا أَوْجَفْتُمْ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ خَيْلٍ} إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {قَدِيرٌ} فَكَانَتْ هَذِهِ خَالِصَةً لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَاللَّهِ مَا احْتَازَهَا دُونَكُمْ وَلاَ اسْتَأْثَرَ بِهَا عَلَيْكُمْ لَقَدْ أَعْطَاكُمُوهَا وَبَثَّهَا فِيكُمْ حَتَّى بَقِيَ مِنْهَا هَذَا الْمَالُ فَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يُنْفِقُ عَلَى أَهْلِهِ نَفَقَةَ سَنَتِهِمْ مِنْ هَذَا الْمَالِ ثُمَّ يَأْخُذُ مَا بَقِيَ فَيَجْعَلُهُ مَجْعَلَ مَالِ اللَّهِ فَعَمِلَ بِذَلِكَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَيَاتَهُ أَنْشُدُكُمْ بِاللَّهِ هَلْ تَعْلَمُونَ ذَلِكَ قَالُوا نَعَمْ قَالَ لِعَلِيٍّ وَعَبَّاسٍ أَنْشُدُكُمَا بِاللَّهِ هَلْ تَعْلَمَانِ ذَلِكَ قَالاَ نَعَمْ ثُمَّ تَوَفَّى اللَّهُ نَبِيَّهُ ﷺ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ أَنَا وَلِيُّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَبَضَهَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَعْمَلُ فِيهَا بِمَا عَمِلَ بِهِ فِيهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَنْتُمَا حِينَئِذٍ وَأَقْبَلَ عَلَى عَلِيٍّ وَعَبَّاسٍ تَزْعُمَانِ أَنَّ أَبَا بَكْرٍ كَذَا وَكَذَا وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ أَنَّهُ فِيهَا صَادِقٌ بَارٌّ رَاشِدٌ تَابِعٌ لِلْحَقِّ ثُمَّ تَوَفَّى اللَّهُ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَقُلْتُ أَنَا وَلِيُّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَبَضْتُهَا سَنَتَيْنِ أَعْمَلُ فِيهَا بِمَا عَمِلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ ثُمَّ جِئْتُمَانِي وَكَلِمَتُكُمَا وَاحِدَةٌ وَأَمْرُكُمَا جَمِيعٌ جِئْتَنِي تَسْأَلُنِي نَصِيبَكَ مِنِ ابْنِ أَخِيكَ وَأَتَى هَذَا يَسْأَلُنِي نَصِيبَ امْرَأَتِهِ مِنْ أَبِيهَا فَقُلْتُ إِنْ شِئْتُمَا دَفَعْتُهُ إِلَيْكُمَا عَلَى أَنَّ عَلَيْكُمَا عَهْدَ اللَّهِ وَمِيثَاقَهُ لَتَعْمَلاَنِ فِيهَا بِمَا عَمِلَ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَبِمَا عَمِلَ بِهِ فِيهَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَبِمَا عَمِلْتُ بِهِ فِيهَا مُنْذُ وُلِّيتُهَا وَإِلاَّ فَلاَ تُكَلِّمَانِي فِيهَا فَقُلْتُمَا ادْفَعْهَا إِلَيْنَا بِذَلِكَ فَدَفَعْتُهَا إِلَيْكُمَا بِذَلِكَ أَنْشُدُكُمْ بِاللَّهِ هَلْ دَفَعْتُهَا إِلَيْهِمَا بِذَلِكَ فَقَالَ الرَّهْطُ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَأَقْبَلَ عَلَى عَلِيٍّ وَعَبَّاسٍ فَقَالَ أَنْشُدُكُمَا بِاللَّهِ هَلْ دَفَعْتُهَا إِلَيْكُمَا بِذَلِكَ قَالاَ نَعَمْ قَالَ أَفَتَلْتَمِسَانِ مِنِّي قَضَاءً غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ فَوَالَّذِي بِإِذْنِهِ تَقُومُ السَّمَاءُ وَالأَرْضُ لاَ أَقْضِي فِيهَا قَضَاءً غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ حَتَّى تَقُومَ السَّاعَةُ فَإِنْ عَجَزْتُمَا عَنْهَا فَادْفَعَاهَا فَأَنَا أَكْفِيكُمَاهَا  

ahmad:18614ʿAbd al-Razzāq > Maʿmar > Yūnus b. Khabbāb > al-Minhāl b. ʿAmr > Zādhān > al-Barāʾ b. ʿĀzib

[Machine] We accompanied the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , to a funeral. The Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , sat on the grave and we gathered around him as if birds were perched on top of our heads. He then recited "I seek refuge with Allah from the punishment of the grave" three times. He continued, "Verily, when a believer is in the state of approaching the Hereafter and leaving this worldly life, the angels descend upon them with their faces shining like the sun. Each angel has a shroud and burial cloth in their hands, and they sit around the person as far as the eye can see. When the soul leaves the body, every angel between the heavens and the earth and every angel in the heavens pray for him. The doors of the heavens are opened, and every gatekeeper calls upon Allah to elevate the soul through their gate. When the soul is elevated, they say, 'Oh Lord, this is so-and-so, Your servant.' Allah replies, 'Return him for I have promised him that I have created them from it (the earth), and unto it they shall return, and from it I shall resurrect them once again.' Then, he hears the footsteps of his companions as they depart from him. An angel comes and asks, 'Who is your Lord? What is your religion? Who is your prophet?' He replies, 'My Lord is Allah, my religion is Islam, and my prophet is Muhammad, ﷺ .' The angel then says, 'You have spoken the truth.' Then, a beautiful-faced angel with a pleasant fragrance and splendid clothing comes to him and says, 'Rejoice in a great honor from Allah and an everlasting bliss.' The angel asks him, 'Who are you?' He replies, 'I am your righteous deeds. By Allah, you were hasty in obeying Allah and slow in disobeying Him, so may Allah reward you with good.' Then, a door from Paradise and a door from Hell are opened for him. It is said to him, 'This is your place if you had disobeyed Allah, but Allah has replaced it with this (Paradise).' When he sees what is in Paradise, he says, 'My Lord, establish the Hour so that I may return to my family and possessions.' He is told to rest. As for a disbeliever, when they are in the state of approaching the Hereafter and leaving this worldly life, harsh and severe angels descend upon them and snatch their soul in the same way a wet woolen garment is snatched away. Their soul is pulled out along with their veins, and every angel between the heavens and the earth and every angel in the heavens curse them. The doors of the heavens are closed, and every gatekeeper calls upon Allah not to allow their soul to ascend through their gate. When the soul is elevated, they ask, 'Who is your Lord? What is your religion? Who is your prophet?' The person replies, 'I do not know.' The angel then says, 'You did not know, nor did you recite.' An ugly-faced angel with a foul smell and filthy clothing comes to them and says, 'Rejoice in humiliation from Allah and a perpetual punishment.' The angel asks, 'Who are you?' The person replies, 'I am your evil deeds. By Allah, you were slow in obeying Allah and hasty in disobeying Him, so may Allah reward you with evil.' Then, their eyes, ears, and mouth are sealed shut, and they are given a club made of iron. If a mountain were to be struck with it, it would turn to dust. The person is then hit with this club until they become like dust. Then, Allah restores them to their original state and the person is hit again, which results in a scream that is heard by all beings except for the two heavyweights (the heavens and earth). This is narrated by Al-Bara' bin 'Azib. Then, a door of Hell is opened for them, and bedding is made from the flames of Hell.  

أحمد:١٨٦١٤حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ حَدَّثَنَا مَعْمَرٌ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ خَبَّابٍ عَنِ الْمِنْهَالِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو عَنْ زَاذَانَ عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ بْنِ عَازِبٍ قَالَ

خَرَجْنَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى جِنَازَةٍ فَجَلَسَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ عَلَى الْقَبْرِ وَجَلَسْنَا حَوْلَهُ كَأَنَّ عَلَى رُءُوسِنَا الطَّيْرَ وَهُوَ يُلْحَدُ لَهُ فَقَالَ أَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ ثَلَاثَ مِرَارٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ إِذَا كَانَ فِي إِقْبَالٍ مِنَ الْآخِرَةِ وَانْقِطَاعٍ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا تَنَزَّلَتْ إِلَيْهِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ كَأَنَّ عَلَى وُجُوهِهِمُ الشَّمْسَ مَعَ كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمْ كَفَنٌ وَحَنُوطٌ فَجَلَسُوا مِنْهُ مَدَّ الْبَصَرِ حَتَّى إِذَا خَرَجَ رُوحُهُ صَلَّى عَلَيْهِ كُلُّ مَلَكٍ بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَكُلُّ مَلَكٍ فِي السَّمَاءِ وَفُتِحَتْ لَهُ أَبْوَابُ السَّمَاءِ لَيْسَ مِنْ أَهْلِ بَابٍ إِلَّا وَهُمْ يَدْعُونَ اللهَ أَنْ يُعْرَجَ بِرُوحِهِ مِنْ قِبَلِهِمْ فَإِذَا عُرِجَ بِرُوحِهِ قَالُوا رَبِّ عَبْدُكَ فُلَانٌ فَيَقُولُ أَرْجِعُوهُ فَإِنِّي عَهِدْتُ إِلَيْهِمْ أَنِّي مِنْهَا خَلَقْتُهُمْ وَفِيهَا أُعِيدُهُمْ وَمِنْهَا أُخْرِجُهُمْ تَارَةً أُخْرَى قَالَ فَإِنَّهُ يَسْمَعُ خَفْقَ نِعَالِ أَصْحَابِهِ إِذَا وَلَّوْا عَنْهُ فَيَأْتِيهِ آتٍ فَيَقُولُ مَنْ رَبُّكَ؟ مَا دِينُكَ؟ مَنْ نَبِيُّكَ؟ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّيَ اللهُ وَدِينِيَ الْإِسْلَامُ وَنَبِيِّي مُحَمَّدٌ ﷺ فَيَنْتَهِرُهُ فَيَقُولُ مَنْ رَبُّكَ؟ مَادِينُكَ؟ مَنْ نَبِيُّكَ؟ وَهِيَ آخِرُ فِتْنَةٍ تُعْرَضُ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِ فَذَلِكَ حِينَ يَقُولُ اللهُ ﷻ {يُثَبِّتُ اللهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ} [إبراهيم 27] فَيَقُولُ رَبِّيَ اللهُ وَدِينِيَ الْإِسْلَامُ وَنَبِيِّي مُحَمَّدٌ ﷺ فَيَقُولُ لَهُ صَدَقْتَ ثُمَّ يَأْتِيهِ آتٍ حَسَنُ الْوَجْهِ طَيِّبُ الرِّيحِ حَسَنُ الثِّيَابِ فَيَقُولُ أَبْشِرْ بِكَرَامَةٍ مِنَ اللهِ وَنَعِيمٍ مُقِيمٍ فَيَقُولُ وَأَنْتَ فَبَشَّرَكَ اللهُ بِخَيْرٍ مَنْ أَنْتَ؟ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا عَمَلُكَ الصَّالِحُ كُنْتَ وَاللهِ سَرِيعًا فِي طَاعَةِ اللهِ بَطِيئًا عَنْ مَعْصِيَةِ اللهِ فَجَزَاكَ اللهُ خَيْرًا ثُمَّ يُفْتَحُ لَهُ بَابٌ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ وَبَابٌ مِنَ النَّارِ فَيُقَالُ هَذَا كَانَ مَنْزِلَكَ لَوْ عَصَيْتَ اللهَ أَبْدَلَكَ اللهُ بِهِ هَذَا فَإِذَا رَأَى مَا فِي الْجَنَّةِ قَالَ رَبِّ عَجِّلْ قِيَامَ السَّاعَةِ كَيْمَا أَرْجِعَ إِلَى أَهْلِي وَمَالِي فَيُقَالُ لَهُ اسْكُنْ وَإِنَّ الْكَافِرَ إِذَا كَانَ فِي انْقِطَاعٍ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا وَإِقْبَالٍ مِنَ الْآخِرَةِ نَزَلَتْ عَلَيْهِ مَلَائِكَةٌ غِلَاظٌ شِدَادٌ فَانْتَزَعُوا رُوحَهُ كَمَا يُنْتَزَعُ السَّفُّودُ الْكَثِيرُ الشِّعْبِ مِنَ الصُّوفِ الْمُبْتَلِّ وَتُنْزَعُ نَفْسُهُ مَعَ الْعُرُوقِ فَيَلْعَنُهُ كُلُّ مَلَكٍ بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَكُلُّ مَلَكٍ فِي السَّمَاءِ وَتُغْلَقُ أَبْوَابُ السَّمَاءِ لَيْسَ مِنْ أَهْلِ بَابٍ إِلَّا وَهُمْ يَدْعُونَ اللهَ أَنْ لَا تَعْرُجَ رُوحُهُ مِنْ قِبَلِهِمْ فَإِذَا عُرِجَ بِرُوحِهِ قَالُوا رَبِّ فُلَانُ بْنُ فُلَانٍ عَبْدُكَ قَالَ أَرْجِعُوهُ فَإِنِّي عَهِدْتُ إِلَيْهِمْ أَنِّي مِنْهَا خَلَقْتُهُمْ وَفِيهَا أُعِيدُهُمْ وَمِنْهَا أُخْرِجُهُمْ تَارَةً أُخْرَىقَالَ فَإِنَّهُ لَيَسْمَعُ خَفْقَ نِعَالِ أَصْحَابِهِ إِذَا وَلَّوْا عَنْهُ قَالَ فَيَأْتِيهِ آتٍ فَيَقُولُ مَنْ رَبُّكَ؟ مَا دِينُكَ؟ مَنْ نَبِيُّكَ؟ فَيَقُولُ لَا أَدْرِي فَيَقُولُ لَا دَرَيْتَ وَلَا تَلَوْتَ وَيَأْتِيهِ آتٍ قَبِيحُ الْوَجْهِ قَبِيحُ الثِّيَابِ مُنْتِنُ الرِّيحِ فَيَقُولُ أَبْشِرْ بِهَوَانٍ مِنَ اللهِ وَعَذَابٍ مُقِيمٍ فَيَقُولُ وَأَنْتَ فَبَشَّرَكَ اللهُ بِالشَّرِّ مَنْ أَنْتَ؟ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا عَمَلُكَ الْخَبِيثُ كُنْتَ بَطِيئًا عَنْ طَاعَةِ اللهِ سَرِيعًا فِي مَعْصِيَةِ اللهِ فَجَزَاكَ اللهُ شَرًّا ثُمَّ يُقَيَّضُ لَهُ أَعْمَى أَصَمُّ أَبْكَمُ فِي يَدِهِ مِرْزَبَةٌ لَوْ ضُرِبَ بِهَا جَبَلٌ كَانَ تُرَابًا فَيَضْرِبُهُ ضَرْبَةً حَتَّى يَصِيرَ تُرَابًا ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ اللهُ كَمَا كَانَ فَيَضْرِبُهُ ضَرْبَةً أُخْرَى فَيَصِيحُ صَيْحَةً يَسْمَعُهُ كُلُّ شَيْءٍ إِلَّا الثَّقَلَيْنِ قَالَ الْبَرَاءُ بْنُ عَازِبٍ ثُمَّ يُفْتَحُ لَهُ بَابٌ مِنَ النَّارِ وَيُمَهَّدُ مِنْ فُرُشِ النَّارِ  

ahmad:23812Hāshim b. al-Qāsim > Sulaymān / Ibn al-Mughīrah > Thābit > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Abū Laylá > al-Miqdād > Aqbalt > And Ṣāḥibān Lī Qad Dhahabat Asmāʿunā Waʾabṣārunā from al-Jahd

I and two of my companions were so much afflicted by hunger that we had lost our power of seeing and hearing. We presented ourselves (as guests) to the Companions of the Prophet ﷺ, but none amongst them would entertain us. So we came to Allah's Apostle ﷺ, and he took us to his residence and there were three goats. Allah's Apostle ﷺ said: Milk these for us. So we milked them and every person amongst us drank his share and we set aside the share of Allah's Apostle ﷺ. (It was his habit) to come during the night and greet (the people present there) in a manner that would not wake up one in sleep but make one who was awake hear it. He would then go to the mosque and say prayer, then go to the milk and drink it. Miqdad added: One night the Satan came to me when I had taken my share, and he said: Muhammad has gone to the Ansar, who would offer him hospitality and he would get what is with them, and he has no need for this draught (of milk). So I took (that milk) and drank it, and when it had penetrated deeply in my stomach and I was certain that there was no way out (but to digest it), the Satan aroused (my sense of) remorse and said: Woe be to thee! what have you done? You have taken the drink reserved for Muhammad! When he would come and he would not find it, he would curse you, and you would be ruined, and thus there would go (waste) this world and the Hereafter (for) you. There was a sheet over me; as I placed (pulled) it upon my feet, my head was uncovered and as I placed it upon my head, my feet were uncovered, and I could not sleep, but my two companions had gone to sleep for they had not done what I had done. There came Allah's Apostle ﷺ, and he greeted as he used to greet (by saying as-Salamu 'Alaikum). He then came to the mosque and observed prayer and then came to his drink (milk) and uncovered it, but did not find anything in it. He raised his head towards the sky, and I said (to myself) that he (the Holy Prophet) was going to invoke curse upon me and I would be thus ruined; but he (the Holy Prophet) said: Allah, feed him who fed me and give drink to him who provided me drink. I held tight the sheet upon myself (and when he had supplicated), I took hold of the knife and went to the goats (possessed by the Holy Prophet) so that I may slauhter one for Messenger of Allah ﷺ which was the fattest amongst them, and in fact all of them were milch goats; then I took hold of the vessel which belonged to the family of Messenger of Allah ﷺ in which they used to milk and drink therefrom, and milked them in that until it swelled up with foam. I came to Messenger of Allah ﷺ and he said: Have you taken your share of the milk during the night? I said: Drink it. and he drank it; he then handed over (the vessel) to me and I said: Messenger of Allah, drink it, and he drank it and handed over (the vessel) to me again, I then perceived that Allah's Apostle ﷺ had been satiated and I had got his blessings. I burst into laughter (so much) so that I fell upon the ground, whereupon Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: Miqdad, it must be one of your mischiefs. I said: Messenger of Allah, this affair of mind is like this and this. and I have done so. Thereupon. Allah's Apostle ﷺ said: This is nothing but a mercy from Allah. Why is it that you did not give me an opportunity so that we should have awakened our two friends and they would have got their share (of the milk)? I said: By Him Who has sent you with Truth. I do not mind whatever you give (to them), and whatever the (other) people happen to get, when I had got it along with you from among the people. (Using translation from Muslim 2055a)   

أحمد:٢٣٨١٢حَدَّثَنَا هَاشِمُ بْنُ الْقَاسِمِ حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ ثَابِتٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى عَنْ الْمِقْدَادِ قَالَ

أَقْبَلْتُ أَنَا وَصَاحِبَانِ لِي قَدْ ذَهَبَتْ أَسْمَاعُنَا وَأَبْصَارُنَا مِنَ الْجَهْدِ قَالَ فَجَعَلْنَا نَعْرِضُ أَنْفُسَنَا عَلَى أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ لَيْسَ أَحَدٌ يَقْبَلُنَا قَالَ فَانْطَلَقْنَا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَانْطَلَقَ بِنَا إِلَى أَهْلِهِ فَإِذَا ثَلَاثُ أَعْنُزٍ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ احْتَلِبُوا هَذَا اللَّبَنَ بَيْنَنَا قَالَ فَكُنَّا نَحْتَلِبُ فَيَشْرَبُ كُلُّ إِنْسَانٍ نَصِيبَهُ وَنَرْفَعُ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ نَصِيبَهُ فَيَجِيءُ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَيُسَلِّمُ تَسْلِيمًا لَا يُوقِظُ نَائِمًا وَيُسْمِعُ الْيَقْظَانَ ثُمَّ يَأْتِي الْمَسْجِدَ فَيُصَلِّي ثُمَّ يَأْتِي شَرَابَهُ فَيَشْرَبُهُ قَالَ فَأَتَانِي الشَّيْطَانُ ذَاتَ لَيْلَةٍ فَقَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ يَأْتِي الْأَنْصَارَ فَيُتْحِفُونَهُ وَيُصِيبُ عِنْدَهُمْ مَا بِهِ حَاجَةٌ إِلَى هَذِهِ الْجُرْعَةِ فَاشْرَبْهَا قَالَ مَا زَالَ يُزَيِّنُ لِي حَتَّى شَرِبْتُهَا فَلَمَّا وَغَلَتْ فِي بَطْنِي وَعَرَفَ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ إِلَيْهَا سَبِيلٌ قَالَ نَدَّمَنِي فَقَالَ وَيْحَكَ مَا صَنَعْتَ شَرِبْتَ شَرَابَ مُحَمَّدٍ فَيَجِيءُ وَلَا يَرَاهُ فَيَدْعُو عَلَيْكَ فَتَهْلِكَ فَتَذْهَبُ دُنْيَاكَ وَآخِرَتُكَ قَالَ وَعَلَيَّ شَمْلَةٌ مِنْ صُوفٍ كُلَّمَا رَفَعْتُ عَلَى رَأْسِي خَرَجَتْ قَدَمَايَ وَإِذَا أَرْسَلْتُ عَلَى قَدَمَيَّ خَرَجَ رَأْسِي وَجَعَلَ لَا يَجِيءُ لِي نَوْمٌ قَالَ وَأَمَّا صَاحِبَايَ فَنَامَا فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَسَلَّمَ كَمَا كَانَ يُسَلِّمُ ثُمَّ أَتَى الْمَسْجِدَ فَصَلَّى فَأَتَى شَرَابَهُ فَكَشَفَ عَنْهُفَلَمْ يَجِدْ فِيهِ شَيْئًا فَرَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ قَالَ قُلْتُ الْآنَ يَدْعُو عَلَيَّ فَأَهْلِكُ فَقَالَ اللهُمَّ أَطْعِمْ مَنْ أَطْعَمَنِي وَاسْقِ مَنْ سَقَانِي قَالَ فَعَمَدْتُ إِلَى الشَّمْلَةِ فَشَدَدْتُهَا عَلَيَّ فَأَخَذْتُ الشَّفْرَةَ فَانْطَلَقْتُ إِلَى الْأَعْنُزِ أَجُسُّهُنَّ أَيُّهُنَّ أَسْمَنُ فَأَذْبَحُ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَإِذَا هُنَّ حُفَّلٌ كُلُّهُنَّ فَعَمَدْتُ إِلَى إِنَاءٍ لِآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ مَا كَانُوا يَطْمَعُونَ أَنْ يَحْلِبُوا فِيهِ وَقَالَ أَبُو النَّضْرِ مَرَّةً أُخْرَى أَنْ يَحْتَلِبُوا فِيهِ فَحَلَبْتُ فِيهِ حَتَّى عَلَتْهُ الرَّغْوَةُ ثُمَّ جِئْتُ بِهِ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ أَمَا شَرِبْتُمْ شَرَابَكُمُ اللَّيْلَةَ يَا مِقْدَادُ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ اشْرَبْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَشَرِبَ ثُمَّ نَاوَلَنِي فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ اشْرَبْ فَشَرِبَ ثُمَّ نَاوَلَنِي فَأَخَذْتُ مَا بَقِيَ فَشَرِبْتُ فَلَمَّا عَرَفْتُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَدْ رَوِيَ فَأَصَابَتْنِي دَعْوَتُهُ ضَحِكْتُ حَتَّى أُلْقِيتُ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِحْدَى سَوْآتِكَ يَا مِقْدَادُ قَالَ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ كَانَ مِنْ أَمْرِي كَذَا صَنَعْتُ كَذَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مَا كَانَتْ هَذِهِ إِلَّا رَحْمَةً مِنَ اللهِ أَلَا كُنْتَ آذَنْتَنِي نُوقِظُ صَاحِبَيْكَ هَذَيْنِ فَيُصِيبَانِ مِنْهَا قَالَ قُلْتُ وَالَّذِي بَعَثَكَ بِالْحَقِّ مَا أُبَالِي إِذَا أَصَبْتَهَا وَأَصَبْتُهَا مَعَكَ مَنْ أَصَابَهَا مِنَ النَّاسِ  

ahmad:23882Yaʿqūb from my father > ʿAbdullāh b. Jaʿfar > ʿAbd al-Wāḥid b. Abū ʿAwn > Jaddatihiʿan Ibn Abū Ḥadrad al-Aslamī > Dhakar

[Machine] He married a woman and came to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ seeking his assistance in paying her dowry. He asked, "How much did you give as dowry?" He replied, "I gave two hundred dirhams." The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "If you were to collect dirhams from your valley, you would not increase what I have nor would I give you anymore." He said, "So I stayed for a while, then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ called me and sent me on an expedition to Najd. He said, 'Go on this expedition, perhaps you will achieve something.' So I set off with the army until we reached a place called Mumsin. When the evening came, our leader sent two men and said, 'When I make takbeer and start carrying, make takbeer and start carrying as well.' And he said, 'When we send two men, do not separate and I will ask one of you about the news of his companion, but I do not find him with him, and do not focus too much on searching.' So when we wanted to carry, I heard a man from Mumsin shout, 'O Khadrah!' So I became hopeful that we were going to get something from them. When we stood for takbeer, our leader carried and we carried as well. Then a man passed by me holding a sword, so I followed him. My companion said to me, 'Our leader has entrusted us not to focus too much on searching, so go back.' But I did not see anything but to follow him. He said, 'By Allah, you will go back or I will go back to him and tell him that you refused.' So I said, 'By Allah, I will follow him.' So I followed him until I came close to him and shot an arrow at him and it struck him on the chest and he fell. He said, 'Come, O Muslim, to Paradise!' When he saw that I did not approach him, I shot another arrow at him and it hit him, so he drew his sword and attacked me, but I took the sword from him and killed him. I cut off his head and we collected many spoils. Then we returned. When I woke up, I saw my camel tied to it another camel, on which there was a beautiful young woman. She would look back and say takbeer, so I asked her, 'Where are you looking?' She said, 'To a man, and by Allah, if he is alive, he will join you.' I said, 'And I thought it was my companion whom I killed. By Allah, I killed him, and this is his sword, hanging from the saddle of the camel I am on.' He said, 'And the scabbard of the sword has nothing hanging from the saddle of her camel.' So when I told her this, she said, 'Place this scabbard beneath it and smell it, if you are telling the truth.' He said, 'So I took it and smelled it, and then she cried.' He said, 'So we went to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and he gave me from those blessings that we had brought.'  

أحمد:٢٣٨٨٢حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْوَاحِدِ بْنِ أَبِي عَوْنٍ عَنْ جَدَّتِهِعَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي حَدْرَدٍ الْأَسْلَمِيِّ أَنَّهُ ذَكَرَ

أَنَّهُ تَزَوَّجَ امْرَأَةً فَأَتَى رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ يَسْتَعِينُهُ فِي صَدَاقِهَا فَقَالَ كَمْ أَصْدَقْتَ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ مِائَتَيْ دِرْهَمٍ قَالَ لَوْ كُنْتُمْ تَغْرِفُونَ الدَّرَاهِمَ مِنْ وَادِيكُمْ هَذَا مَا زِدْتُمْ مَا عِنْدِي مَا أُعْطِيكُمْ قَالَ فَمَكَثْتُ ثُمَّ دَعَانِي رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَبَعَثَنِي فِي سَرِيَّةٍ بَعَثَهَا نَحْوَ نَجْدٍ فَقَالَ اخْرُجْ فِي هَذِهِ السَّرِيَّةِ لَعَلَّكَ أَنْ تُصِيبَ شَيْئًا فَأُنَفِّلَكَهُ قَالَ فَخَرَجْنَا حَتَّى جِئْنَا الْحَاضِرَ مُمْسِينَ قَالَ فَلَمَّا ذَهَبَتْ فَحْمَةُ الْعِشَاءِ بَعَثَنَا أَمِيرُنَا رَجُلَيْنِ رَجُلَيْنِ قَالَ فَأَحَطْنَا بِالْعَسْكَرِ وَقَالَ إِذَا كَبَّرْتُ وَحَمَلْتُ فَكَبِّرُوا وَاحْمِلُوا وَقَالَ حِينَ بَعَثَنَا رَجُلَيْنِ رَجُلَيْنِ لَا تَفْتَرِقَا وَلَأَسْأَلَنَّ وَاحِدًا مِنْكُمَا عَنْ خَبَرِ صَاحِبِهِ فَلَا أَجِدُهُ عِنْدَهُ وَلَا تُمْعِنُوا فِي الطَّلَبِ قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَرَدْنَا أَنْ نَحْمِلَ سَمِعْتُ رَجُلًا مِنَ الْحَاضِرِ صَرَخَ يَا خَضْرَةُ فَتَفَاءَلْتُ بِأَنَّا سَنُصِيبُ مِنْهُمْ خَضْرَةً قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَعْتَمْنَا كَبَّرَ أَمِيرُنَا وَحَمَلَ وَكَبَّرْنَا وَحَمَلْنَا قَالَ فَمَرَّ بِي رَجُلٌ فِي يَدِهِ السَّيْفُ فَاتَّبَعْتُهُ فَقَالَ لِي صَاحِبِي إِنَّ أَمِيرَنَا قَدْ عَهِدَ إِلَيْنَا أَنْ لَا نُمْعِنَ فِي الطَّلَبِ فَارْجِعْ فَلَمَّا رَأَيْتُ إِلَّا أَنْ أَتَّبِعَهُ قَالَ وَاللهِ لَتَرْجِعَنَّ أَوْ لَأَرْجِعَنَّ إِلَيْهِ وَلَأُخْبِرَنَّهُ أَنَّكَ أَبَيْتَ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ وَاللهِ لَأَتَّبِعَنَّهُ قَالَفَاتَّبَعْتُهُ حَتَّى إِذَا دَنَوْتُ مِنْهُ رَمَيْتُهُ بِسَهْمٍ عَلَى جُرَيْدَاءِ مَتْنِهِ فَوَقَعَ فَقَالَ ادْنُ يَا مُسْلِمُ إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ فَلَمَّا رَآنِي لَا أَدْنُو إِلَيْهِ وَرَمَيْتُهُ بِسَهْمٍ آخَرَ فَأَثْخَنْتُهُ رَمَانِي بِالسَّيْفِ فَأَخْطَأَنِي وَأَخَذْتُ السَّيْفَ فَقَتَلْتُهُ بِهِ وَاحْتَزَزْتُ بِهِ رَأْسَهُ وَشَدَدْنَا فَأَخَذْنَا نَعَمًا كَثِيرَةً وَغَنَمًا قَالَ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفْنَا قَالَ فَأَصْبَحْتُ فَإِذَا بَعِيرِي مَقْطُورٌ بِهِ بَعِيرٌ عَلَيْهِ امْرَأَةٌ جَمِيلَةٌ شَابَّةٌ قَالَ فَجَعَلَتْ تَلْتَفِتُ خَلْفَهَا فَتُكَبِّرُ فَقُلْتُ لَهَا إِلَى أَيْنَ تَلْتَفِتِينَ؟ قَالَتْ إِلَى رَجُلٍ وَاللهِ إِنْ كَانَ حَيًّا خَالَطَكُمْ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَظَنَنْتُ أَنَّهُ صَاحِبِي الَّذِي قَتَلْتُ قَدْ وَاللهِ قَتَلْتُهُ وَهَذَا سَيْفُهُ وَهُوَ مُعَلَّقٌ بِقَتَبِ الْبَعِيرِ الَّذِي أَنَا عَلَيْهِ قَالَ وَغِمْدُ السَّيْفِ لَيْسَ فِيهِ شَيْءٌ مُعَلَّقٌ بِقَتَبِ بَعِيرِهَا فَلَمَّا قُلْتُ ذَلِكَ لَهَا قَالَتْ فَدُونَكَ هَذَا الْغِمْدَ فَشِمْهُ فِيهِ إِنْ كُنْتَ صَادِقًا قَالَ فَأَخَذْتُهُ فَشِمْتُهُ فِيهِ فَطَبَقَهُ قَالَ فَلَمَّا رَأَتْ ذَلِكَ بَكَتْ قَالَ فَقَدِمْنَا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَأَعْطَانِي مِنْ ذَلِكَ النَّعَمِ الَّذِي قَدِمْنَا بِهِ  

ahmad:24317Abū Usāmah > Hishām from his father > ʿĀʾishah

[Machine] When my affairs were mentioned and I was not aware of it, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ stood up and gave a sermon about me. He praised and thanked Allah (glory be to Him) for what He has bestowed upon me, then he said, "As for what comes after, inform the people that they have slandered my family and, by Allah, I have never known anything bad about them. They built my family and, by Allah, I have never known anything bad about them, nor has anyone ever entered my house without my presence. I have never been absent during any journey without them being with me." Then Sa'd bin Mu'adh stood up and said, "O Messenger of Allah, shall we strike their necks?" A man from the Bani Khazraj stood up, and Umm Hassaan bin Thabit, who was the wife of that man, said, "You lie! By Allah, if they were from the Aws, you would not want to strike their necks until there was fighting between the Aws and the Khazraj within the Masjid, and I do not know anything about them." When it was evening that day, I went out for some need, and Umm Misbah was with me. She stumbled, and she said, "May Misbah be ruined!" I said, "Why do you curse your son?" She remained silent. Then she stumbled again and said, "May Misbah be ruined!" I said, "Why do you curse your son?" Then she stumbled a third time and said, "May Misbah be ruined!" I scolded her and said, "Why do you curse your son?" She said, "By Allah, I only curse him because of you." I asked, "In what matter concerning me?" Then she informed me about the story. I said, "Did my father know about it?" She said, "Yes." I asked, "And the Messenger of Allah?" She said, "And the Messenger of Allah." I became overwhelmed and started crying. Abu Bakr heard my voice while he was on the roof reciting the Qur'an. He came down and said to my mother, "What's wrong with her?" She told him what had happened. He said, "I swear to you, O daughter, that if you had not returned to your house, I would have divorced her." So I went back to my house and my parents were with me. They stayed with me until after Asr prayer. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to me. My parents were on my right and left side. The Prophet ﷺ said the Shahada (testimony of faith) and praised and thanked Allah (glory be to Him) for what He has bestowed upon him. Then he said, "O Aisha, if you have committed a mistake or wronged, repent to Allah (glory be to Him). Verily, Allah (glory be to Him) accepts repentance from His servants." Then a woman from the Ansar came and sat at the door. I said to myself, "Doesn't she have any shame?"  

أحمد:٢٤٣١٧حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامٌ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ

لَمَّا ذُكِرَ مِنْ شَأْنِي الَّذِي ذُكِرَ وَمَا عَلِمْتُ بِهِ قَامَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فِيَّ خَطِيبًا وَمَا عَلِمْتُ بِهِ فَتَشَهَّدَ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ ﷻ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُأَشِيرُوا عَلَيَّ فِي نَاسٍ أَبَنُوا أَهْلِي وَايْمُ اللهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَى أَهْلِي سُوءًا قَطُّ وَأَبَنُوهُمْ بِمَنْ وَاللهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ سُوءٍ قَطُّ وَلَا دَخَلَ بَيْتِي قَطُّ إِلَّا وَأَنَا حَاضِرٌ وَلَا غِبْتُ فِي سَفَرٍ إِلَّا غَابَ مَعِي؟ فَقَامَ سَعْدُ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ فَقَالَ نَرَى يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَنْ تَضْرِبَ أَعْنَاقَهُمْ فَقَامَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ بلْخَزْرَج وَكَانَتْ أُمُّ حَسَّانَ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ مِنْ رَهْطِ ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلِ فَقَالَ كَذَبْتَ أَمَا وَاللهِ لَوْ كَانُوا مِنَ الْأَوْسِ مَا أَحْبَبْتَ أَنْ تَضْرِبَ أَعْنَاقَهُمْ حَتَّى كَادُوا أَنْ يَكُونَ بَيْنَ الْأَوْسِ وَالْخَزْرَجِ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ شَرٌّ وَمَا عَلِمْتُ بِهِ فَلَمَّا كَانَ مَسَاءُ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ خَرَجْتُ لِبَعْضِ حَاجَتِي وَمَعِي أُمُّ مِسْطَحٍ فَعَثَرَتْ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَقُلْتُ عَلَامَ تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ؟ فَسَكَتَتْ ثُمَّ عَثَرَتِ الثَّانِيَةَ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَقُلْتُ عَلَامَ تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ؟ ثُمَّ عَثَرَتِ الثَّالِثَةَ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَانْتَهَرْتُهَا فَقُلْتُ عَلَامَ تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ؟ فَقَالَتْ وَاللهِ مَا أَسُبُّهُ إِلَّا فِيكِ فَقُلْتُ فِي أَيِّ شَأْنِي؟ فَذَكَرَتْ لِي الْحَدِيثَفَقُلْتُ وَقَدْ كَانَ هَذَا؟ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ وَاللهِ فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى بَيْتِي لَكَأَنَّ الَّذِي خَرَجْتُ لَهُ لَمْ أَخْرُجْ لَهُ لَا أَجِدُ مِنْهُ قَلِيلًا وَلَا كَثِيرًا وَوَعَكْتُ فَقُلْتُ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ أَرْسِلْنِي إِلَى بَيْتِ أَبِي فَأَرْسَلَ مَعِي الْغُلَامَ فَدَخَلْتُ الدَّارَ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِأُمِّ رُومَانَ فَقَالَتْ مَا جَاءَ بِكِ يَا بُنَيَّةُ؟ فَأَخْبَرْتُهَا فَقَالَتْ خَفِّضِي عَلَيْكِ الشَّأْنَ فَإِنَّهُ وَاللهِ لَقَلَّمَا كَانَتْ امْرَأَةٌ جَمِيلَةٌ تَكُونُ عِنْدَ رَجُلٍ يُحِبُّهَا وَلَهَا ضَرَائِرُ إِلَّا حَسَدْنَهَا وَقُلْنَ فِيهَا قُلْتُ وَقَدْ عَلِمَ بِهِ أَبِي؟ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ وَرَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ؟ قَالَتْ وَرَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَاسْتَعْبَرْتُ فَبَكَيْتُ فَسَمِعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ صَوْتِي وَهُوَ فَوْقَ الْبَيْتِ يَقْرَأُ فَنَزَلَ فَقَالَ لِأُمِّي مَا شَأْنُهَا؟ قَالَتْ بَلَغَهَا الَّذِي ذُكِرَ مِنْ أَمْرِهَا فَفَاضَتْ عَيْنَاهُ فَقَالَ أَقْسَمْتُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بُنَيَّةُ إِلَّا رَجَعْتِ إِلَى بَيْتِكِ فَرَجَعْتُ وَأَصْبَحَ أَبَوَايَ عِنْدِي فَلَمْ يَزَالَا عِنْدِي حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَيَّ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ وَقَدِ اكْتَنَفَنِي أَبَوَايَ عَنْ يَمِينِي وَعَنْ شِمَالِي فَتَشَهَّدَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ يَا عَائِشَةُ إِنْ كُنْتِ قَارَفْتِ سُوءً أَوْ ظَلَمْتِ تُوبِي إِلَى اللهِ ﷻ فَإِنَّ اللهَ ﷻ يَقْبَلُ التَّوْبَةَ عَنْ عِبَادِهِ وَقَدْ جَاءَتْ امْرَأَةٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ فَهِيَ جَالِسَةٌ بِالْبَابِ فَقُلْتُ أَلَا تَسْتَحِي  

ahmad:12409ʿAbd al-Razzāq > Maʿmar > Thābit > Anas

[Machine] When the Messenger of Allah ﷺ conquered Khaybar, Al-Hajjaj bin 'Ilat said, "O Messenger of Allah, I have wealth and family in Makkah, and I want to go to them. I am in a state of Ihram, so if I receive something from you or say something, will I still be considered in a state of Ihram?" The Messenger of Allah ﷺ gave him permission to say whatever he wished, so he went to his wife when he arrived and said, "Gather for me whatever you have, for I want to buy from the spoils of Muhammad ﷺ and his companions, for they have been made permissible. Their wealth has been taken." This news spread in Makkah, and the Muslims were saddened while the polytheists rejoiced. The news reached Al-'Abbas, who was disturbed and could not stand up. Ma'mar mentioned that 'Uthman Al-Jazari told me about Miqussam, who said that his son, named Qutham, was taken by his father and placed on his chest while he said, "My dear Qutham, you resemble the one with the flattened nose, the Asammaynabi, the one with blessings despite people's rejection." Thabit reported from Anas that the boy was then sent to Al-Hajjaj bin 'Ilat, who said to him, "Woe to you! What have you brought and what do you say?" The boy replied, "The promise of Allah is better than what I brought. Al-Hajjaj bin 'Ilat said to his boy, "Read the greeting to my father and tell him that he should let me into some of his houses so that I may come to him. Tell him that the news is according to his liking." When Al-Hajjaj bin 'Ilat's boy arrived at the door of his home, he said, "Be happy, O Abu Al-Fadl!" Al-'Abbas joyfully stepped forward and kissed him between his eyes, and he informed him of what Al-Hajjaj had said. Al-Hajjaj then came and informed him that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had conquered Khaybar, seized their wealth, and the arrows of Allah (referring to the blessings) had been shot in their wealth. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ had chosen Safiyyah bint Huyayy for himself and offered her the choice to either be set free and become his wife, or to return to her people. She chose to be set free and became his wife. However, I have come for the wealth that I had here and I wanted to collect it. So, I sought permission from the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and he gave me permission to say whatever I wished. So, keep three things secret from me and mention what you may have heard." Al-Hajjaj's wife gathered whatever jewelry and belongings she had and handed them over to him. Then he put them on and, after three days, Al-'Abbas came to Al-Hajjaj's wife and asked her, "What did your husband do?" She informed him that he had left on such and such date and said, "Do not be saddened by what you have heard. May Allah bless you, O Abu Al-Fadl." Al-'Abbas replied, "By Allah, I believe that you are telling the truth." He then left until he came to the gatherings of the Quraysh, where they were saying that when he passed by them, nothing but good would come to him. They said to him, "Nothing but good has come to you, O Abu Al-Fadl." He replied, "By the grace of Allah, nothing but good has come to me. Al-Hajjaj bin 'Ilat has informed me that Khaybar has been conquered by the Prophet ﷺ , the arrows of Allah (referring to the blessings) have been shot in their wealth, and the Prophet ﷺ has chosen Safiyyah for himself. He asked me to keep three things secret from him and said that he only came to collect his wealth that he had here. Then he will leave." Allah removed the sadness that was upon the Muslims and the joy that was upon the polytheists. The Muslims came out, and whoever had entered his home feeling sad returned. They came to Al-'Abbas, and he informed them of the news. The Muslims became joyful, and any feelings of sorrow, anger, or sadness towards the polytheists were reversed.  

أحمد:١٢٤٠٩حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ حَدَّثَنَا مَعْمَرٌ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ ثَابِتًا يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ أَنَسٍ قَالَ

لَمَّا افْتَتَحَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ خَيْبَرَ قَالَ الْحَجَّاجُ بْنُ عِلَاطٍ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنَّ لِي بِمَكَّةَ مَالًا وَإِنَّ لِي بِهَا أَهْلًا وَإِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنْ آتِيَهُمْ فَأَنَا فِي حِلٍّ إِنْ أَنَا نِلْتُ مِنْكَ أَوْ قُلْتُ شَيْئًا؟ فَأَذِنَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَنْ يَقُولَ مَا شَاءَ فَأَتَى امْرَأَتَهُ حِينَ قَدِمَ فَقَالَ اجْمَعِي لِي مَا كَانَ عِنْدَكِ فَإِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنْ أَشْتَرِيَ مِنْ غَنَائِمِ مُحَمَّدٍ ﷺ وَأَصْحَابِهِ فَإِنَّهُمْ قَدِ اسْتُبِيحُوا وَأُصِيبَتْ أَمْوَالُهُمْ قَالَ فَفَشَا ذَلِكَ بِمَكَّةَ فانْقَمَعَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ وَأَظْهَرَ الْمُشْرِكُونَ فَرَحًا وَسُرُورًا قَالَ وَبَلَغَ الْخَبَرُ الْعَبَّاسَ فَعَقِرَ وَجَعَلَ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ يَقُومَ قَالَ مَعْمَرٌ فَأَخْبَرَنِي عُثْمَانُ الْجَزَرِيُّ عَنْ مِقْسَمٍ قَالَ فَأَخَذَ ابْنًا لَهُ يُقَالُ لَهُ قُثَمُ فَاسْتَلْقَى فَوَضَعَهُ عَلَى صَدْرِهِ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ[البحر الرجز]حِبِّي قُثَمْ شَبِيهُ ذِي الْأَنْفِ الْأَشَمّنَبِيِّ ذِي النَّعَمْ بِرَغْمِ مَنْ رَغِمْقَالَ ثَابِتٌ عَنْ أَنَسٍ ثُمَّ أَرْسَلَ غُلَامًا إِلَى الْحَجَّاجِ بْنِعِلَاطٍ وَيْلَكَ مَا جِئْتَ بِهِ وَمَاذَا تَقُولُ؟ فَمَا وَعَدَ اللهُ خَيْرٌ مِمَّا جِئْتَ بِهِ قَالَ الْحَجَّاجُ بْنُ عِلَاطٍ لِغُلَامِهِ اقْرَأْ عَلَى أَبِي الْفَضْلِ السَّلَامَ وَقُلْ لَهُ فَلْيَخْلُ لِي فِي بَعْضِ بُيُوتِهِ لِآتِيَهُ فَإِنَّ الْخَبَرَ عَلَى مَا يَسُرُّهُ فَجَاءَ غُلَامُهُ فَلَمَّا بَلَغَ بَابَ الدَّارِ قَالَ أَبْشِرْ يَا أَبَا الْفَضْلِ قَالَ فَوَثَبَ الْعَبَّاسُ فَرَحًا حَتَّى قَبَّلَ بَيْنَ عَيْنَيْهِ فَأَخْبَرَهُ مَا قَالَ الْحَجَّاجُ فَأَعْتَقَهُ ثُمَّ جَاءَهُ الْحَجَّاجُ فَأَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَدِ افْتَتَحَ خَيْبَرَ وَغَنِمَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ وَجَرَتْ سِهَامُ اللهِ ﷻ فِي أَمْوَالِهِمْ وَاصْطَفَى رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ صَفِيَّةَ بِنْتَ حُيَيٍّ فَاتَّخَذَهَا لِنَفْسِهِ وَخَيَّرَهَا أَنْ يُعْتِقَهَا وَتَكُونَ زَوْجَتَهُ أَوْ تَلْحَقَ بِأَهْلِهَا فَاخْتَارَتْ أَنْ يُعْتِقَهَا وَتَكُونَ زَوْجَتَهُ وَلَكِنِّي جِئْتُ لِمَالٍ كَانَ لِي هَاهُنَا أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَجْمَعَهُ فَأَذْهَبَ بِهِ فَاسْتَأْذَنْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَأَذِنَ لِي أَنْ أَقُولَ مَا شِئْتُ فَأَخْفِ عَنِّي ثَلَاثًا ثُمَّ اذْكُرْ مَا بَدَا لَكَ قَالَ فَجَمَعَتْ امْرَأَتُهُ مَا كَانَ عِنْدَهَا مِنْ حُلِيٍّ وَمَتَاعٍ فَجَمَعَتْهُ فَدَفَعَتْهُ إِلَيْهِ ثُمَّ انْشَمَرَ بِهِ فَلَمَّا كَانَ بَعْدَ ثَلَاثٍ أَتَى الْعَبَّاسُ امْرَأَةَ الْحَجَّاجِ فَقَالَ مَا فَعَلَ زَوْجُكِ؟ فَأَخْبَرَتْهُ أَنَّهُ قَدْ ذَهَبَ يَوْمَ كَذَا وَكَذَا وَقَالَتْ لَا يَحْزُنُكَ اللهُ يَا أَبَا الْفَضْلِ لَقَدْ شَقَّ عَلَيْنَا الَّذِي بَلَغَكَ قَالَأَجَلْ لَا يَحْزُنِّي اللهُ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ بِحَمْدِ اللهِ إِلَّا مَا أَحْبَبْنَا فَتَحَ اللهُ خَيْبَرَ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ ﷺ وَجَرَتْ فِيهَا سِهَامُ اللهِ وَاصْطَفَى رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ صَفِيَّةَ بِنْتَ حُيَيٍّ لِنَفْسِهِ فَإِنْ كَانَتْ لَكِ حَاجَةٌ فِي زَوْجِكِ فَالْحَقِي بِهِ قَالَتْ أَظُنُّكَ وَاللهِ صَادِقًا قَالَ فَإِنِّي صَادِقٌ الْأَمْرُ عَلَى مَا أَخْبَرْتُكِ فَذَهَبَ حَتَّى أَتَى مَجَالِسَ قُرَيْشٍ وَهُمْ يَقُولُونَ إِذَا مَرَّ بِهِمْ لَا يُصِيبُكَ إِلَّا خَيْرٌ يَا أَبَا الْفَضْلِ قَالَ لَهُمْ لَمْ يُصِبْنِي إِلَّا خَيْرٌ بِحَمْدِ اللهِ قَدْ أَخْبَرَنِي الْحَجَّاجُ بْنُ عِلَاطٍ أَنَّ خَيْبَرَ قَدْ فَتَحَهَا اللهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ وَجَرَتْ فِيهَا سِهَامُ اللهِ وَاصْطَفَى صَفِيَّةَ لِنَفْسِهِ وَقَدْ سَأَلَنِي أَنْ أُخْفِيَ عَلَيْهِ ثَلَاثًا وَإِنَّمَا جَاءَ لِيَأْخُذَ مَالَهُ وَمَا كَانَ لَهُ مِنْ شَيْءٍ هَاهُنَا ثُمَّ يَذْهَبَ قَالَ فَرَدَّ اللهُ الْكَآبَةَ الَّتِي كَانَتْ بِالْمُسْلِمِينَ عَلَى الْمُشْرِكِينَ وَخَرَجَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ وَمَنْ كَانَ دَخَلَ بَيْتَهُ مُكْتَئِبًا حَتَّى أَتَوُا الْعَبَّاسَ فَأَخْبَرَهُمُ الْخَبَرَ فَسُرَّ الْمُسْلِمُونَ وَرَدَّ مَا كَانَ مِنْ كَآبَةٍ أَوْ غَيْظٍ أَوْ حُزْنٍ عَلَى الْمُشْرِكِينَ  

ahmad:19784ʿAffān > Ḥammād b. Salamah > Thābit > Kinānah b. Nuʿaym al-ʿAdawī > Abū Barzah al-Aslamī

[Machine] "Julaibib used to enter upon women and interact with them. So I said to my wife, 'Julaibib should not enter upon you, for if he were to enter upon you, I am afraid that he would do something.' The Ansar would not marry off their daughters until they found out if there was any need for the Prophet, ﷺ , in her. So the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , said to a man from the Ansar, 'Marry your daughter to me.' He said, 'Yes, O Messenger of Allah, this is certainly an honor.' The Prophet, ﷺ , said, 'I don't want her for myself, but I want her for Julaibib.' The man said, 'O Messenger of Allah, for Julaibib?' He said, 'Yes, for Julaibib.' So he consulted her mother, and when the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , came, he informed her of what her mother had said. She said, 'Julaibib, is it him?' She repeated this three times. 'Yes, by Allah, for I will not marry him.' So when he wanted to stand up to inform the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , of what she had said, the girl said, 'Who proposed to me to you?' Her mother informed her. She said, 'Are you rejecting the command of the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ ?' Push me, for he has not disappointed me.' So her father went to the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , and informed him. He said, 'What is your opinion about her?' Then he married her to Julaibib. The Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , went on a campaign, and when Allah granted them victory, he asked his companions, 'Have you lost anyone?' They said, 'We have lost so-and-so, and we have lost so-and-so.' He said, 'Look, have you lost anyone?' They said, 'No.' He said, 'But I have lost Julaibib.' So seek him among the slain.' They searched for him until they found him beside seven men he had killed, and then they killed him.' They said, 'O Messenger of Allah, here he is, beside seven men he had killed, and then they killed him.' So the Prophet, ﷺ , stood over him and said, 'He has killed seven and then they killed him. This one is from me and I am from him. This one is from me and I am from him.' He raised his head and placed him on his side, and there was no bed except that of the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ . Then he placed him in his grave. It is not mentioned that he was bathed. Thabit said, 'Wealth that the Ansar had would be spent but they did not find anyone who narrated about it in this world except Hammad bin Salamah. How well he narrated it.'"  

أحمد:١٩٧٨٤حَدَّثَنَا عَفَّانُ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ ثَابِتٍ عَنْ كِنَانَةَ بْنِ نُعَيْمٍ الْعَدَوِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي بَرْزَةَ الْأَسْلَمِيِّ

أَنَّ جُلَيْبِيبًا كَانَ امْرَأً يَدْخُلُ عَلَى النِّسَاءِ يَمُرُّ بِهِنَّ وَيُلَاعِبُهُنَّ فَقُلْتُ لِامْرَأَتِي لَا يَدْخُلَنَّ عَلَيْكُمْ جُلَيْبِيبٌ؛ فَإِنَّهُ إِنْ دَخَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ لَأَفْعَلَنَّ وَلَأَفْعَلَنَّ قَالَ وَكَانَتِ الْأَنْصَارُ إِذَا كَانَ لِأَحَدِهِمْ أَيِّمٌ لَمْ يُزَوِّجْهَا حَتَّى يَعْلَمَ هَلْ لِلنَّبِيِّ ﷺ فِيهَا حَاجَةٌ؟ أَمْ لَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لِرَجُلٍ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ زَوِّجْنِي ابْنَتَكَ فَقَالَ نِعِمَّ وَكَرَامَةٌ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ وَنُعْمَ عَيْنِي قَالَ إِنِّي لَسْتُ أُرِيدُهَا لِنَفْسِي قَالَ فَلِمَنْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ؟ قَالَ لِجُلَيْبِيبٍ قَالَ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أُشَاوِرُ أُمَّهَا فَأَتَى أُمَّهَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَخْطُبُ ابْنَتَكِ فَقَالَتْ نِعِمَّ وَنُعْمَةُ عَيْنِي فَقَالَ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ يَخْطُبُهَا لِنَفْسِهِ إِنَّمَا يَخْطُبُهَا لِجُلَيْبِيبٍ فَقَالَتْ أَجُلَيْبِيبٌ إنية؟ أَجُلَيْبِيبٌ إنية؟ أَجُلَيْبِيبٌ إنية؟ لَا لَعَمْرُ اللهِ لَانُزَوَّجُهُ فَلَمَّا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَقُومَ لِيَأْتِيَ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فِيُخْبِرَهُ بِمَا قَالَتْ أُمُّهَا قَالَتِ الْجَارِيَةُ مَنْ خَطَبَنِي إِلَيْكُمْ؟ فَأَخْبَرَتْهَا أُمُّهَا فَقَالَتْ أَتَرُدُّونَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ أَمْرَهُ؟ ادْفَعُونِي؛ فَإِنَّهُ لَمْ يُضَيِّعْنِي فَانْطَلَقَ أَبُوهَا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَأَخْبَرَهُ فَقَالَ شَأْنَكَ بِهَا فَزَوَّجَهَا جُلَيْبِيبًا قَالَ فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فِي غَزْوَةٍ لَهُ قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَفَاءَ اللهُ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ لِأَصْحَابِهِ هَلْ تَفْقِدُونَ مِنْ أَحَدٍ؟ قَالُوا نَفْقِدُ فُلَانًا وَنَفْقِدُ فُلَانًا قَالَ انْظُرُوا هَلْ تَفْقِدُونَ مِنْ أَحَدٍ؟ قَالُوا لَا قَالَ لَكِنِّي أَفْقِدُ جُلَيْبِيبًا قَالَ فَاطْلُبُوهُ فِي الْقَتْلَى قَالَ فَطَلَبُوهُ فَوَجَدُوهُ إِلَى جَنْبِ سَبْعَةٍ قَدْ قَتَلَهُمْ ثُمَّ قَتَلُوهُ فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَا هُوَ ذَا إِلَى جَنْبِ سَبْعَةٍ قَدْ قَتَلَهُمْ ثُمَّ قَتَلُوهُ فَأَتَاهُ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَقَامَ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ قَتَلَ سَبْعَةً وَقَتَلُوهُ هَذَا مِنِّي وَأَنَا مِنْهُ هَذَا مِنِّي وَأَنَا مِنْهُ مَرَّتَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلَاثًا ثُمَّ وَضَعَهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ عَلَى سَاعِدَيْهِ وَحُفِرَ لَهُ مَا لَهُ سَرِيرٌ إِلَّا سَاعِدَا رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ وَضَعَهُ فِي قَبْرِهِ وَلَمْ يُذْكَرْ أَنَّهُ غَسَّلَهُ قَالَ ثَابِتٌ فَمَا كَانَ فِي الْأَنْصَارِ أَيِّمٌ أَنْفَقَ مِنْهَا وَحَدَّثَ إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ ثَابِتًا قَالَ هَلْ تَعْلَمْ مَا دَعَا لَهَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ؟ قَالَ اللهُمَّ صُبَّ عَلَيْهَا الْخَيْرَ صَبًّا وَلَا تَجْعَلْ عَيْشَهَا كَدًّا كَدًّا قَالَ فَمَا كَانَ فِي الْأَنْصَارِ أَيِّمٌ أَنْفَقَمِنْهَا قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ مَا حَدَّثَ بِهِ فِي الدُّنْيَا أَحَدٌ إِلَّا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ مَا أَحْسَنَهُ مِنْ حَدِيثٍ  

ahmad:19381Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar > Shuʿbah > Simāk b. Ḥarb > ʿAbbād b. Ḥubaysh > ʿAdī b. Ḥātim

[Machine] The horses of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ arrived, or he said, the messengers of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ arrived, and I was near a scorpion, so they took my aunt and some people. They brought them to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and he ordered them to line up for him. She said, "O Messenger of Allah, the newcomer went away and the baby is gone, and I am an old woman with no one to serve me. So who will show me kindness, as God has shown kindness to you?" He asked her, "Who is your neighbor?" She said, "Adi ibn Hatim." He said, "The one who has run away from God and His Messenger?" She said, "So who will show me kindness?" He said, "When he returned, a man came to him, and we could see that it was Ali. He said, 'Put her on a camel and he asked her.' So she went to him and said, 'You have done something that your father used to do.' He said, 'Did you visit him willingly or as a monastic?' She said, 'Such and such person came to him and got something from him, and such and such person came to him and got something from him.' He said, 'So I came to him, and there was a woman and children with him.' They mentioned their relationship to the Prophet ﷺ , so I knew that he did not have the dominion of Khusra or Caesar. He asked him, 'O Adi ibn Hatim, what has prevented you from saying there is no god but Allah? Is there any god but Allah? What has prevented you from saying Allah is the Greatest? Is there anything greater than Allah?' She said, 'So I have submitted and I saw his face light up, and he said, 'Indeed, the Jews are the ones who have earned wrath, and the Christians are the ones who have gone astray.' Then they asked him to praise Allah, and he praised Him and said, 'As for what follows, you people should submit yourself and lower yourselves from pride, as a person submits with a sa' of dates to another person with a handful of dates. Shu'bah said, 'My most knowledgeable opinion is that he said it is one date with a part of a date.' And verily, one of you will meet Allah, and yet he will say, 'What should I say?' Didn't I make you hearing and seeing? Didn't I give you wealth and children? What did you prepare?' So he will look in front of him, behind him, to his right and to his left, and he will not find anything. So the fire will not touch anyone except with his face. So fear the fire, even with a part of a date. And if you do not find that, then with a gentle word. Indeed, I do not fear poverty for you, for Allah will support you and give you victory, or He will open for you until the camels can walk between Al-Hirah and Yathrib. Indeed, what the thieving fears most is the loss of her property.' Muhammad ibn Ja'far said, 'I heard this from Shu'bah, and I recited it to him.'"  

أحمد:١٩٣٨١حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ سِمَاكَ بْنَ حَرْبٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عَبَّادَ بْنَ حُبَيْشٍ يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ عَدِيِّ بْنِ حَاتِمٍ قَالَ

جَاءَتْ خَيْلُ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ أَوْ قَالَ رُسُلُ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَنَا بِعَقْرَبٍ فَأَخَذُوا عَمَّتِي وَنَاسًا قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَتَوْا بِهِمْ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ فَصَفُّوا لَهُ قَالَتْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ نَأَى الْوَافِدُ وَانْقَطَعَ الْوَلَدُ وَأَنَا عَجُوزٌ كَبِيرَةٌ مَا بِي مِنْ خِدْمَةٍ فَمُنَّ عَلَيَّ مَنَّ اللهُ عَلَيْكَ قَالَ مَنْ وَافِدُكِ؟ قَالَتْ عَدِيُّ بْنُ حَاتِمٍ قَالَ الَّذِي فَرَّ مِنَ اللهِ وَرَسُولِهِ؟ قَالَتْ فَمَنَّ عَلَيَّ قَالَتْ فَلَمَّا رَجَعَ وَرَجُلٌ إِلَى جَنْبِهِ نَرَى أَنَّهُ عَلِيٌّ قَالَ سَلِيهِ حِمْلَانًا قَالَ فَسَأَلَتْهُ فَأَمَرَ لَهَا قَالَتْ فَأَتَانِي فَقَالَتْ لَقَدْ فَعَلْتَ فَعْلَةً مَا كَانَ أَبُوكَ يَفْعَلُهَا قَالَتْائْتِهِ رَاغِبًا أَوْ رَاهِبًا فَقَدْ أَتَاهُ فُلَانٌ فَأَصَابَ مِنْهُ وَأَتَاهُ فُلَانٌ فَأَصَابَ مِنْهُ قَالَ فَأَتَيْتُهُ فَإِذَا عِنْدَهُ امْرَأَةٌ وَصِبْيَانٌ أَوْ صَبِيٌّ فَذَكَرَ قُرْبَهُمْ مِنَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَعَرَفْتُ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ مُلْكُ كِسْرَى وَلَا قَيْصَرَ فَقَالَ لَهُ يَا عَدِيُّ بْنَ حَاتِمٍ مَا أَفَرَّكَ أَنْ يُقَالَ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ؟ فَهَلْ مِنْ إِلَهٍ إِلَّا اللهُ؟ مَا أَفَرَّكَ أَنْ يُقَالَ اللهُ أَكْبَرُ؟ فَهَلْ شَيْءٌ هُوَ أَكْبَرُ مِنَ اللهِ ﷻ؟ قَالَ فَأَسْلَمْتُ فَرَأَيْتُ وَجْهَهُ اسْتَبْشَرَ وَقَالَ إِنَّ الْمَغْضُوبَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْيَهُودُ وإنَّ الضَّالِّينَ النَّصَارَى ثُمَّ سَأَلُوهُ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ تَعَالَى وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَلَكُمْ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَنْ تَرْتَضِخُوا مِنَ الْفَضْلِ ارْتَضَخَ امْرُؤٌ بِصَاعٍ بِبَعْضِ صَاعٍ بِقَبْضَةٍ بِبَعْضِ قَبْضَةٍ قَالَ شُعْبَةُ وَأَكْثَرُ عِلْمِي أَنَّهُ قَالَ بِتَمْرَةٍ بِشِقِّ تَمْرَةٍ وَإِنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ لَاقِي اللهَ ﷻ فَقَائِلٌ مَا أَقُولُ أَلَمْ أَجْعَلْكَ سَمِيعًا بَصِيرًا؟ أَلَمْ أَجْعَلْ لَكَ مَالًا وَوَلَدًا؟ فَمَاذَا قَدَّمْتَ؟ فَيَنْظُرُ مِنْ بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِ وَعَنْ يَمِينِهِ وَعَنْ شِمَالِهِ فَلَا يَجِدُ شَيْئًا فَمَا يَتَّقِي النَّارَ إِلَّا بِوَجْهِهِ فَاتَّقُوا النَّارَ وَلَوْ بِشِقِّ تَمْرَةٍ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَجِدُوهُ فَبِكَلِمَةٍ لَيِّنَةٍ إِنِّي لَا أَخْشَى عَلَيْكُمُ الْفَاقَةَ لَيَنْصُرَنَّكُمُ اللهُ تَعَالَى وَلَيُعْطِيَنَّكُمْ أَوْ لَيَفْتَحَنَّ لَكُمْ حَتَّى تَسِيرَ الظَّعِينَةُ بَيْنَ الْحِيرَةِ ويَثْرِبَ إِنَّ أَكْثَرَ مَا تَخَافُ السَّرَقَ عَلَى ظَعِينَتِهَا قَالَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ حَدَّثَنَاهُ شُعْبَةُ مَا لَا أُحْصِيهِ وَقَرَأْتُهُ عَلَيْهِ  

ahmad:27101Falammā Aradt

[Machine] From the Messenger of Allah ﷺ , it is narrated that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ went out one day and performed the prayer of migration, then he sat down. The people became startled, so he said, "Sit down, O people, for I did not rise from my place due to fear. Rather, Tamim Ad-Dari came to me and informed me of news that prevented me from experiencing joy and comfort. I wanted to share with you the joy of your Prophet. He informed me that a group from his cousins, the Banu 'Amir, had embarked on the sea, and they were struck by a violent wind. The wind brought them to an island they did not recognize. They sat in their boat until they arrived at the island. Then, they found a creature with a lot of hair that they were unsure if it was a man or a woman. They greeted it, and it returned their greeting. They said, 'Will you not inform us?' It said, 'I do not inform you, nor do I seek information from you. But in this monastery, there is someone who longingly awaits to inform you and seek information from you.' They said, 'Who are you?' It said, 'I am Al-Jassasah.' So, they set off until they reached the monastery. There, they found a man chained up, heavily bound, showing signs of great sadness and complaining a lot. They greeted him, and he returned their greetings. They asked him, 'Who are you?' He said, 'I am from the Arabs.' They asked, 'What have the Arabs done?' He said, 'Has their Prophet come forth after me?' They said, 'Yes.' He asked, 'What have they done?' They said, 'They have believed in him and affirmed him.' He said, 'That is good for them.' He had an enemy, and Allah exposed him to them. They asked, 'Are the Arabs today with one God, one religion, and one word?' They said, 'Yes.' He asked, 'What has happened to the spring of Zughar?' They said, 'The people drink from it, and their crops are irrigated by it.' He asked, 'What has happened to the date palm tree between 'Ammān and Bayt al-Maqdis?' They said, 'It produces fruit every year.' He asked, 'What has happened to the lake of Tabariyyah?' They said, 'It is full.' He sighed deeply, then sighed deeply again, then sighed deeply a third time. He swore, 'By the One in Whose Hands is the Life of Muhammad, it is as though if I were to leave my place right now, I would not leave behind any land belonging to Allah, except that I would tread upon it, except for Taibah. There is no authority for me over it.' The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'So, thus my joy reaches its peak. Surely, Allah has made Mecca and Medina sacred, and forbidden for the Dajjal to enter. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ swore, 'By the One besides whom there is no deity, there is no path, narrow or wide, in the east which is not guarded by an appointed angel with a drawn sword until the Day of Resurrection. The Dajjal will not be able to enter upon its inhabitants.' 'Amir commented, 'So, I met Al-Muharrir ibn Abi Hurayrah, and I narrated this Hadith to him. He said, 'I bear witness by my father that he narrated to me as you have narrated from Fatimah bint Qays.' However, he said, 'The two sanctuaries are sacred: Makkah and Medina.'  

أحمد:٢٧١٠١قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَخْرُجَ قَالَتْ اجْلِسْ حَتَّى أُحَدِّثَكَ حَدِيثًا

عَنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَوْمًا مِنَ الْأَيَّامِ فَصَلَّى صَلَاةَ الْهَاجِرَةِ ثُمَّ قَعَدَ فَفَزِعَ النَّاسُ فَقَالَ اجْلِسُوا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ فَإِنِّي لَمْ أَقُمْ مَقَامِي هَذَا لِفَزَعٍ وَلَكِنَّ تَمِيمًا الدَّارِيَّ أَتَانِي فَأَخْبَرَنِي خَبَرًا مَنَعَنِي الْقَيْلُولَةَ مِنَ الْفَرَحِ وَقُرَّةِ الْعَيْنِ فَأَحْبَبْتُ أَنْ أَنْشُرَ عَلَيْكُمْ فَرَحَ نَبِيِّكُمْ أَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّ رَهْطًا مِنْ بَنِي عَمِّهِ رَكِبُوا الْبَحْرَ فَأَصَابَتْهُمْ رِيحٌ عَاصِفٌ فَأَلْجَأَتْهُمُ الرِّيحُ إِلَى جَزِيرَةٍ لَا يَعْرِفُونَهَا فَقَعَدُوا فِي قُوَيْرِبٍ بِالسَّفِينَةِ حَتَّى خَرَجُوا إِلَى الْجَزِيرَةِ فَإِذَا هُمْ بِشَيْءٍ أَهْلَبَ كَثِيرِ الشَّعْرِ لَا يَدْرُونَ أَرَجُلٌ هُوَ أَوْ امْرَأَةٌ فَسَلَّمُوا عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلَامَ قَالُوا أَلَا تُخْبِرُنَا؟ قَالَ مَا أَنَا بِمُخْبِرِكُمْ وَلَا بِمُسْتَخْبِرِكُمْ وَلَكِنْ هَذَا الدَّيْرَ قَدْ رَهِقْتُمُوهُ فَفِيهِ مَنْ هُوَ إِلَى خَبَرِكُمْ بِالْأَشْوَاقِ أَنْ يُخْبِرَكُمْ وَيَسْتَخْبِرَكُمْ قَالَ قُلْنَا فَمَا أَنْتَ؟ قَالَ أَنَا الْجَسَّاسَةُ فَانْطَلَقُوا حَتَّى أَتَوْا الدَّيْرَ فَإِذَا هُمْ بِرَجُلٍ مُوثَقٍ شَدِيدِ الْوَثَاقِ مُظْهِرٍ الْحُزْنَ كَثِيرِ التَّشَكِّي فَسَلَّمُوا عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِمْ فَقَالَ مِمَّنْ أَنْتُمْ؟ قَالُوا مِنَ الْعَرَبِ قَالَ مَافَعَلَتِ الْعَرَبُ؟ أَخَرَجَ نَبِيُّهُمْ بَعْدُ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلُوا؟ قَالُوا خَيْرًا آمَنُوا بِهِ وَصَدَّقُوهُ قَالَ ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ لَهُمْ وَكَانَ لَهُ عَدُوٌّ فَأَظْهَرَهُ اللهُ عَلَيْهِمْ قَالَ فَالْعَرَبُ الْيَوْمَ إِلَهُهُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَدِينُهُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَكَلِمَتُهُمْ وَاحِدَةٌ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَتْ عَيْنُ زُغَرَ؟ قَالُوا صَالِحَةٌ يَشْرَبُ مِنْهَا أَهْلُهَا لِشَفَتِهِمْ وَيَسْقُونَ مِنْهَا زَرْعَهُمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَ نَخْلٌ بَيْنَ عَمَّانَ وَبَيْسَانَ؟ قَالُوا صَالِحٌ يُطْعِمُ جَنَاهُ كُلَّ عَامٍ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَتْ بُحَيْرَةُ الطَّبَرِيَّةِ قَالُوا مَلْأَى قَالَ فَزَفَرَ ثُمَّ زَفَرَ ثُمَّ زَفَرَ ثُمَّ حَلَفَ لَوْ خَرَجْتُ مِنْ مَكَانِي هَذَا مَا تَرَكْتُ أَرْضًا مِنْ أَرْضِ اللهِ إِلَّا وَطِئْتُهَا غَيْرَ طَيْبَةَ لَيْسَ لِي عَلَيْهَا سُلْطَانٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى هَذَا انْتَهَى فَرَحِي ثَلَاثَ مِرَارٍ إِنَّ طَيْبَةَ الْمَدِينَةَ إِنَّ اللهَ حَرَّمَ حَرَمِي عَلَى الدَّجَّالِ أَنْ يَدْخُلَهَا ثُمَّ حَلَفَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَالَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ مَا لَهَا طَرِيقٌ ضَيِّقٌ وَلَا وَاسِعٌ فِي سَهْلٍ وَلَا فِي جَبَلٍ إِلَّا عَلَيْهِ مَلَكٌ شَاهِرٌ بِالسَّيْفِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ مَا يَسْتَطِيعُ الدَّجَّالُ أَنْ يَدْخُلَهَا عَلَى أَهْلِهَا قَالَ عَامِرٌ فَلَقِيتُ الْمُحَرَّرَ بْنَ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ فَحَدَّثْتُهُ حَدِيثَ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتِ قَيْسٍ فَقَالَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى أَبِي أَنَّهُ حَدَّثَنِي كَمَا حَدَّثَتْكَ فَاطِمَةُ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِنَّهُ نَحْوَ الْمَشْرِقِ قَالَ ثُمَّلَقِيتُ الْقَاسِمَ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ فَذَكَرْتُ لَهُ حَدِيثَ فَاطِمَةَ فَقَالَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى عَائِشَةَ أَنَّهَا حَدَّثَتْنِي كَمَا حَدَّثَتْكَ فَاطِمَةُ غَيْرَ أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ الْحَرَمَانِ عَلَيْهِ حَرَامٌ مَكَّةُ وَالْمَدِينَةُ  

ahmad:27349Falammā Aradt

[Machine] From the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, she said: One day, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ went out and prayed the prayer of migration, then he sat down. The people became startled, so he said, "Sit, O people, for I did not rise from my place due to fear, but rather Tamim Ad-Dari came to me and informed me of news that deprived me of sleep and comfort. So I wanted to share with you the joy of your Prophet ﷺ. He informed me that a group from his relatives, the Banu 'Amir, rode the sea and a fierce wind overcame them. The wind pushed them towards an unknown island. They sat in wooden boats until they reached the island. Then they found a creature with a lot of hair, not knowing if it was a man or a woman. They greeted the creature with salaam, and the creature replied with salaam. They said, 'Can you inform us?' The creature replied, 'I am not here to inform you or ask for information. However, this monastery became a hardship for you. Inside, there is someone who has been yearning to tell you and ask you about their fate. They said, 'Who are you?' She said, 'I am the spy.' So they went until they reached the monastery. There they found a man who was severely bound, showing a lot of sadness and complaining. They greeted him, and he replied, asking, 'Who are you?' They said, 'We are from the Arabs.' He said, 'What have the Arabs done? Did their Prophet emerge?' They said, 'Yes.' He said, 'What did they do?' They said, 'They believed in him and affirmed his truthfulness.' He said, 'That is better for them.' He had an enemy, and Allah made him manifest to them. He said, 'So are the Arabs today united in their religion and their word?' They said, 'Yes.' He said, 'So what did the spring of Zughar do?' They said, 'It is wholesome. Its people drink from it, and their crops are irrigated by it.' He said, 'So what did the palm tree between 'Amman and Bayt Al-Maqdis do?' They said, 'Good. Its vegetation feeds its camels every year.' He said, 'So what did the Lake of Tiberias do?' They said, 'Full.' He said, 'So it sighed, and sighed, and sighed, and then he swore by Allah who there is none worthy of worship except Him, 'By Allah, there is no narrow road or wide road in the flat or mountain except that there is an angel holding a drawn sword until the Day of Resurrection, preventing Ad-Dajjal from entering it.' He said, 'Then I met Al-Muharrar bin Abi Hurayrah, and I informed him of the Hadith of Fatimah bint Qays. He testified to what I testified, except that he said, 'I bear witness that 'Aishah also narrated to me like she narrated to you, Fatimah.' Except that she said, 'The two sanctuaries are sacred: Makkah and Al-Madinah.'"  

أحمد:٢٧٣٤٩قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَخْرُجَ قَالَتْ اجْلِسْ حَتَّى أُحَدِّثَكَ حَدِيثًا

عَنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَوْمًا مِنَ الْأَيَّامِ فَصَلَّى صَلَاةَ الْهَاجِرَةِ ثُمَّ قَعَدَ فَفَزِعَ النَّاسُ فَقَالَ اجْلِسُوا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ فَإِنِّي لَمْ أَقُمْ مَقَامِي هَذَا لِفَزَعٍ وَلَكِنَّ تَمِيمًا الدَّارِيَّ أَتَانِي فَأَخْبَرَنِي خَبَرًا مَنَعَنِي مِنَ الْقَيْلُولَةِ مِنَ الْفَرَحِ وَقُرَّةِ الْعَيْنِ فَأَحْبَبْتُ أَنْ أَنْشُرَ عَلَيْكُمْ فَرَحَ نَبِيِّكُمْ ﷺ أَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّ رَهْطًا مِنْ بَنِي عَمِّهِ رَكِبُوا الْبَحْرَ فَأَصَابَتْهُمْ رِيحٌ عَاصِفٌ فَأَلْجَأَتْهُمُ الرِّيحُ إِلَى جَزِيرَةٍ لَا يَعْرِفُونَهَا فَقَعَدُوا فِي قُوَيْرِبِ سَفِينَةٍ حَتَّى خَرَجُوا إِلَى الْجَزِيرَةِ فَإِذَا هُمْ بِشَيْءٍ أَهْلَبَ كَثِيرِ الشَّعْرِ لَا يَدْرُونَ أَرَجُلٌ هُوَ أَوْ امْرَأَةٌ فَسَلَّمُوا عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلَامَ فَقَالُوا أَلَا تُخْبِرُنَا؟ فَقَالَ مَا أَنَا بِمُخْبِرِكُمْ وَلَا مُسْتَخْبِرِكُمْ وَلَكِنَّ هَذَا الدَّيْرَ قَدْ رَهِقْتُمُوهُ فَفِيهِ مَنْ هُوَ إِلَى خَبَرِكُمْ بِالْأَشْوَاقِ أَنْ يُخْبِرَكُمْوَيَسْتَخْبِرَكُمْ قَالَ قُلْنَا مَا أَنْتَ؟ قَالَتْ أَنَا الْجَسَّاسَةُ فَانْطَلَقُوا حَتَّى أَتَوْا الدَّيْرَ فَإِذَا هُمْ بِرَجُلٍ مُوثَقٍ شَدِيدِ الْوَثَاقِ مُظْهِرٍ الْحُزْنَ كَثِيرِ التَّشَكِّي فَسَلَّمُوا عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِمْ فَقَالَ مَنْ أَنْتُمْ؟ قَالُوا مِنَ الْعَرَبِ قَالَ مَا فَعَلَتِ الْعَرَبُ؟ أَخَرَجَ نَبِيُّهُمْ بَعْدُ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلُوا؟ قَالُوا خَيْرًا آمَنُوا بِهِ وَصَدَّقُوهُ قَالَ ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ لَهُمْ وَكَانَ لَهُ عَدُوٌّ فَأَظْهَرَهُ اللهُ عَلَيْهِمْ قَالَ فالْعَرَبُ الْيَوْمَ إِلَهُهُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَدِينُهُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَكَلِمَتُهُمْ وَاحِدَةٌ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَتْ عَيْنُ زُغَرَ؟ قَالَ قَالُوا صَالِحَةٌ يَشْرَبُ مِنْهَا أَهْلُهَا لِشَفَتِهِمْ وَيَسْقُونَ مِنْهَا زَرْعَهُمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَ نَخْلٌ بَيْنَ عَمَّانَ وَبَيْسَانَ؟ قَالُوا صَالِحٌ يُطْعِمُ جَنَاهُ كُلَّ عَامٍ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَتْ بُحَيْرَةُ الطَّبَرِيَّةِ؟ قَالُوا مَلْأَى قَالَ فَزَفَرَ ثُمَّ زَفَرَ ثُمَّ زَفَرَ ثُمَّ حَلَفَ لَوْ خَرَجْتُ مِنْ مَكَانِي هَذَا مَا تَرَكْتُ أَرْضًا مِنْ أَرْضِ اللهِ إِلَّا وَطِئْتُهَا غَيْرَ طَيْبَةَ لَيْسَ لِي عَلَيْهَا سُلْطَانٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى هَذَا انْتَهَى فَرَحِي ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ إِنَّ طَيْبَةَ الْمَدِينَةُ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّوَجَلَّ حَرَّمَ عَلَى الدَّجَّالِ أَنْ يَدْخُلَهَا ثُمَّ حَلَفَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَاللهِ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ مَا لَهَا طَرِيقٌ ضَيِّقٌ وَلَا وَاسِعٌ فِي سَهْلٍ وَلَا جَبَلٍ إِلَّا عَلَيْهِ مَلَكٌ شَاهِرٌ بِالسَّيْفِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ مَا يَسْتَطِيعُ الدَّجَّالُ أَنْ يَدْخُلَهَا عَلَى أَهْلِهَا قَالَ عَامِرٌ فَلَقِيتُ الْمُحْرَّرَ بْنَ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ فَحَدَّثْتُهُ بِحَدِيثِ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتِ قَيْسٍ فَقَالَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى أَبِي أَنَّهُ حَدَّثَنِي كَمَا حَدَّثَتْكَ فَاطِمَةُ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِنَّهُ فِي نَحْوِ الْمَشْرِقِ قَالَ ثُمَّ لَقِيتُ الْقَاسِمَ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ فَذَكَرْتُ لَهُ حَدِيثَ فَاطِمَةَ فَقَالَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى عَائِشَةَ أَنَّهَا حَدَّثَتْنِي كَمَا حَدَّثَتْكَ فَاطِمَةُ غَيْرَ أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ الْحَرَمَانِ عَلَيْهِ حَرَامٌ مَكَّةُ وَالْمَدِينَةُ  

ahmad:10906ʿAbd al-Razzāq > Maʿmar

[Machine] On the authority of Al-Zuhri regarding the statement of Allah (ﷻ), "{Every nation will be called to its book}" [Surah Al-Jathiyah: 28], on the authority of 'Ata ibn Yazid Al-Laythi, on the authority of Abu Hurayrah who said, the people said, "O Messenger of Allah, will we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" He (the Prophet ﷺ) said, "Do you have any difficulty looking at the sun when there are no clouds in the sky?" They said, "No, O Messenger of Allah." The Prophet ﷺ said, "Do you have any difficulty looking at the moon on the night of a full moon when there are no clouds covering it?" They said, "No, O Messenger of Allah." 'Abdul Razzaq once asked, "Do you have any difficulty looking at the moon on the night of a full moon when there are no clouds covering it?" They said, "No, O Messenger of Allah." He (the Prophet ﷺ) said, "You will see your Lord on the Day of Resurrection just as you have no difficulty looking at the sun or the moon." Allah will gather the people and say, "Whoever used to worship something, let them follow it." So those who used to worship the moon will follow the moon, those who used to worship the sun will follow the sun, and those who used to worship the false deities will follow the false deities. Then only the hypocrites will remain. Allah (ﷻ) will come to them in a form that they do not recognize and say, "I am your Lord." They will say, "We seek refuge with Allah from you. This is our station until our Lord comes to us." When our Lord comes to them, they will recognize Him. Allah (ﷻ) will come to them in a form that they recognize and say, "I am your Lord." They will say, "You are our Lord." Then they will follow Him. The Prophet ﷺ said, "A bridge will be set up over Hellfire." The Prophet ﷺ said that he will be the first to cross the bridge and the matter of the messengers will be settled that day. The Prophet ﷺ said, "O Allah, grant peace, peace." He described it as being like the thorns of the flower of Sa'dan. He asked, "Have you seen the thorns of the flower of Sa'dan?" They said, "Yes, O Messenger of Allah." He said, "It is like the thorns of the flower of Sa'dan, except that no one knows its exact size except Allah. It will seize the people according to their deeds. Yet some will be saved, such as the wicked who will be thrown into it and those who will be saved. When Allah (ﷻ) finishes judging between people and intends to bring out those who He wants to have mercy upon from the fire  

أحمد:١٠٩٠٦حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ

عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ فِي قَوْلِهِ ﷻ {كُلُّ أُمَّةٍ تُدْعَى إِلَى كِتَابِهَا} [الجاثية 28] عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ اللَّيْثِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ قَالَ النَّاسُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَلْ نَرَى رَبَّنَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ؟ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ هَلْ تُضَارُّونَ فِي الشَّمْسِ لَيْسَ دُونَهَا سَحَابٌ فَقَالُوا لَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَ هَلْ تُضَارُّونَ فِي الْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ لَيْسَ دُونَهُ سَحَابٌ وَقَالَ عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ مَرَّةً لِلْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ لَيْسَ دُونَهُ سَحَابٌ ؟ فَقَالُوا لَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِقَالَ فَإِنَّكُمْ تَرَوْنَ رَبَّكُمْ ﷻ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ كَذَلِكَ يَجْمَعُ اللهُ النَّاسَ فَيَقُولُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ شَيْئًا فَلْيَتَّبِعْهُ فَيَتَّبِعُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ الْقَمَرَ الْقَمَرَ وَمَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ الشَّمْسَ الشَّمْسَ وَيَتَّبِعُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ الطَّوَاغِيتَ الطَّوَاغِيتَ وَتَبْقَى هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةُ فِيهَا مُنَافِقُوهَا فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللهُ ﷻ فِي غَيْرِ صُورَتِهِ الَّتِي يَعْرِفُونَ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنْكَ هَذَا مَكَانُنَا حَتَّى يَأْتِيَنَا رَبُّنَا فَإِذَا جَاءَنَا رَبُّنَا عَرَفْنَاهُ قَالَ فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللهُ ﷻ فِي الصُّورَةِ الَّتِي يَعْرِفُونَ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَيَقُولُونَ أَنْتَ رَبُّنَا فَيَتَّبِعُونَهُ قَالَ وَيُضْرَبُ بِجِسْرٍ عَلَى جَهَنَّمَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَأَكُونُ أَوَّلَ مَنْ يُجِيزُ وَدَعْوَى الرُّسُلِ يَوْمَئِذٍ اللهُمَّ سَلِّمْ سَلِّمْ وَبِهَا كَلَالِيبُ مِثْلُ شَوْكِ السَّعْدَانِ هَلْ رَأَيْتُمْ شَوْكَ السَّعْدَانِ ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَ فَإِنَّهَا مِثْلُ شَوْكِ السَّعْدَانِ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ لَا يَعْلَمُ قَدْرَ عِظَمِهَا إِلَّا اللهُ ﷻ فَتَخْطَفُ النَّاسَ بِأَعْمَالِهِمْ فَمِنْهُمُ الْمُوبَقُ بِعَمَلِهِ وَمِنْهُمُ الْمُخَرْدَلُ ثُمَّ يَنْجُو حَتَّى إِذَا فَرَغَ اللهُ ﷻ مِنَ الْقَضَاءِ بَيْنَ الْعِبَادِ وَأَرَادَ أَنْ يُخْرِجَ مِنَ النَّارِ مَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَرْحَمَ مِمَّنْ كَانَ يَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَإِلَّا اللهُ أَمَرَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ أَنْ يُخْرِجُوهُمْ فَيَعْرِفُونَهُمْ بِعَلَامَةِ آثَارِ السُّجُودِ وَحَرَّمَ اللهُ ﷻ عَلَى النَّارِ أَنْ تَأْكُلَ مِنْ ابْنِ آدَمَ أَثَرَ السُّجُودِ فَيُخْرِجُونَهُمْ مِنَ النَّارِ قَدِ امْتَحَشُوا فَيُصَبُّ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْ مَاءٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ مَاءُ الْحَيَاةِ فَيَنْبُتُونَ نَبَاتَ الْحِبَّةِ فِي حَمِيلِ السَّيْلِ وَيَبْقَى رَجُلٌ يُقْبِلُ بِوَجْهِهِ إِلَى النَّارِ فَيَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ قَدْ قَشَبَنِي رِيحُهَا وَأَحْرَقَنِي ذَكَاؤُهَا فَاصْرِفْ وَجْهِي عَنِ النَّارِ قَالَ فَلَا يَزَالُ يَدْعُو اللهَ ﷻ حَتَّى يَقُولَ فَلَعَلَّ إِنْ أَعْطَيْتُكَ ذَلِكَ أَنْ تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ فَيَقُولُ لا وَعِزَّتِكَ لَا أَسْأَلُكَ غَيْرَهُ فَيَصْرِفُ وَجْهَهُ عَنِ النَّارِ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ يَا رَبِّ قَرِّبْنِي إِلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ فَيَقُولُ أَوَلَيْسَ قَدْ زَعَمْتَ أَنَّكَ لَا تَسْأَلُنِي غَيْرَهُ وَيْلَكَ يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ مَا أَغْدَرَكَ فَلَا يَزَالُ يَدْعُو حَتَّى يَقُولَ فَلَعَلِّي إِنْ أَعْطَيْتُكَ ذَلِكَ أَنْ تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ فَيَقُولُ لَا وَعِزَّتِكَ لَا أَسْأَلُكَ غَيْرَهُ وَيُعْطِي اللهَ ﷻ مِنْ عُهُودٍ وَمَوَاثِيقَ أَنْ لَا يَسْأَلَهُ غَيْرَهُ فَيُقَرِّبُهُ إِلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ فَإِذَا دَنَا مِنْهَا انْفَهَقَتْ لَهُ الْجَنَّةُ فَإِذَا رَأَى مَا فِيهَا مِنَ الْحَبْرَةِ وَالسُّرُورِ سَكَتَ مَا شَاءَ اللهُ أَنْ يَسْكُتُ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ أَدْخِلْنِي الْجَنَّةَ فَيَقُولُ أَوَلَيْسَ قَدْ زَعَمْتَ أَنْ لَا تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ أَوْ قَالَ فَيَقُولُ أَوَلَيْسَ قَدْ أَعْطَيْتَ عَهْدَكَ وَمَوَاثِيقَكَ أَنْ لَا تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ فَيَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ لَا تَجْعَلْنِي أَشْقَى خَلْقِكَ فَلَا يَزَالُ يَدْعُو اللهَ ﷻ حَتَّى يَضْحَكَ فَإِذَا ضَحِكَ مِنْهُ أَذِنَ لَهُ بِالدُّخُولِفِيهَا فَإِذَا دَخَلَ قِيلَ لَهُ تَمَنَّ مِنْ كَذَا فَيَتَمَنَّى ثُمَّ يُقَالُ تَمَنَّ مِنْ كَذَا فَيَتَمَنَّى حَتَّى تَنْقَطِعَ بِهِ الْأَمَانِيُّ فَيُقَالُ هَذَا لَكَ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ وَأَبُو سَعِيدٍ جَالِسٌ مَعَ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ لَا يُغَيِّرُ عَلَيْهِ شَيْئًا مِنْ قَوْلِهِ حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى قَوْلِهِ هَذَا لَكَ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ يَقُولُ هَذَا لَكَ وَعَشَرَةُ أَمْثَالِهِ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ حَفِظْتُ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ وَذَلِكَ الرَّجُلُ آخِرُ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ دُخُولًا الْجَنَّةَ  

ahmad:17019ʿAbdullāh b. Yazīd Abū ʿAbd al-Raḥman al-Muqrī > ʿIkrimah / Ibn ʿAmmār

[Machine] We were informed by Shaddad bin Abdullah Al-Damishqi, who was one of the companions of the Prophet ﷺ , that Abu Umarah said, "O Amr bin Abasah, the companion of wisdom, the wisdom of giving charity is a man from the tribe of Bani Sulaym. What makes you claim that you are a quarter of Islam?" He said, "In the period of ignorance, I used to see people in misguidance and I did not see any value in idols. Then I heard about a man who was reporting news from Makkah and narrating stories. So, I rode my camel until I reached Makkah, where I found the Messenger of Allah ﷺ hiding while his people were bold against him. I showed kindness to him and entered to meet him. I asked him, 'Who are you?' He said, ‘I am the Messenger of Allah.’ I asked, 'What is a Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'The Messenger of Allah is a Prophet.' I asked, 'Did Allah send you?' He said, 'Yes.' I asked, 'For what purpose did Allah send you?' He said, 'To worship Allah alone and not associate anything with Him, to demolish idols, and to maintain family ties.' Then I asked, 'Who is with you in this?' He said, 'The free and the slave or the slave and the free.' And he mentioned that Abu Bakr bin Abi Quhafa and Bilal, the slave of Abu Bakr, were with him. I said, 'I will follow you.' He said, 'You are not capable of that today, but return to your family. When you hear that I have emerged, come to me.' So, I returned to my family and I embraced Islam. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ migrated to Madinah, and I continued to search for news until a delegation from Yathrib came. I asked, 'Who is this Makkian man who has come to you?' They said, 'His people wanted to kill him, but they were unable, so there was a treaty between him and them.' And we left the people in confusion. I, Amr bin Abasah, rode my camel until I reached Madinah. I entered and said, 'O Messenger of Allah, do you recognize me?' He said, 'Yes, aren't you the one who came to me from Makkah?' I said, 'Indeed.' So, I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, teach me what Allah has taught you, for I am ignorant.' He said, 'If you pray Fajr, then shorten your prayer until the sun rises. Then do not pray until it is fully elevated, as at that time, the disbelievers prostrate to it. When it rises the height of a spear or two, then pray, as the prayer is witnessed and forbidden until the spear is shaded by the shadow. Then shorten your prayer, as at that time, Hellfire is kindled. When the sun has fully set, then you may pray Asr. When you pray Asr, then shorten your prayer until the sun has set, as at that time, the disbelievers prostrate to it.' I said, 'O Prophet of Allah, tell me about ablution.' He said, 'None of you should perform ablution, then rinse the mouth, sniff water into the nose, and blow it out, except that his sins are expiated from his mouth and nostrils with the water when it flows. Then, wash his face as Allah, the Most High, ordered.'  

أحمد:١٧٠١٩حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ يَزِيدَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْمُقْرِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا عِكْرِمَةُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَمَّارٍ

حَدَّثَنَا شَدَّادُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ الدِّمَشْقِيُّ وَكَانَ قَدْ أَدْرَكَ نَفَرًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو أُمَامَةَ يَا عَمْرُو بْنَ عَبَسَةَ صَاحِبَ الْعَقْلِ عَقْلِ الصَّدَقَةِ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي سُلَيْمٍ بِأَيِّ شَيْءٍ تَدَّعِي أَنَّكَ رُبُعُ الْإِسْلَامِ؟ قَالَ إِنِّي كُنْتُ فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ أَرَى النَّاسَ عَلَى ضَلَالَةٍ وَلَا أَرَى الْأَوْثَانَ شَيْئًا ثُمَّ سَمِعْتُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ يُخْبِرُ أَخْبَارَ مَكَّةَ وَيُحَدِّثُ أَحَادِيثَ فَرَكِبْتُ رَاحِلَتِي حَتَّى قَدِمْتُ مَكَّةَ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ مُسْتَخْفٍ وَإِذَا قَوْمُهُ عَلَيْهِ جُرَآءُ فَتَلَطَّفْتُ لَهُ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ مَا أَنْتَ؟ قَالَ أَنَا نَبِيُّ اللهِ فَقُلْتُ وَمَا نَبِيُّ اللهِ؟ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ قَالَ قُلْتُ آللَّهُ أَرْسَلَكَ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ بِأَيِّ شَيْءٍ أَرْسَلَكَ؟ قَالَ بِأَنْ يُوَحَّدَ اللهُ وَلَا يُشْرَكَ بِهِ شَيْءٌ وَكَسْرِ الْأَوْثَانِ وَصِلَةِ الرَّحِمِ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ مَنْ مَعَكَ عَلَى هَذَا؟ قَالَ حُرٌّ وَعَبْدٌ أَوْ عَبْدٌ وَحُرٌّ وَإِذَا مَعَهُ أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ وَبِلَالٌ مَوْلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ قُلْتُ إِنِّي مُتَّبِعُكَ قَالَ إِنَّكَ لَا تَسْتَطِيعُ ذَلِكَ يَوْمَكَ هَذَا وَلَكِنْ ارْجِعْ إِلَى أَهْلِكَ فَإِذَا سَمِعْتَ بِي قَدْ ظَهَرْتُ فَالْحَقْ بِي قَالَ فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى أَهْلِي وَقَدْ أَسْلَمْتُ فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مُهَاجِرًا إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ فَجَعَلْتُ أَتَخَبَّرُ الْأَخْبَارَ حَتَّى جَاءَ رَكَبَةٌ مِنْ يَثْرِبَ فَقُلْتُ مَا هَذَا الْمَكِّيُّ الَّذِي أَتَاكُمْ؟قَالُوا أَرَادَ قَوْمُهُ قَتْلَهُ فَلَمْ يَسْتَطِيعُوا ذَلِكَ وَحِيلَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَبَيْنَهُ وَتَرَكْنَا النَّاسَ سِرَاعًا قَالَ عَمْرُو بْنُ عَبَسَةَ فَرَكِبْتُ رَاحِلَتِي حَتَّى قَدِمْتُ عَلَيْهِ الْمَدِينَةَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَتَعْرِفُنِي؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ أَلَسْتَ أَنْتَ الَّذِي أَتَيْتَنِي بِمَكَّةَ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ بَلَى فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ عَلِّمْنِي مِمَّا عَلَّمَكَ اللهُ وَأَجْهَلُ قَالَ إِذَا صَلَّيْتَ الصُّبْحَ فَأَقْصِرْ عَنِ الصَّلَاةِ حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ فَإِذَا طَلَعَتْ فَلَا تُصَلِّ حَتَّى تَرْتَفِعَ فَإِنَّهَا تَطْلُعُ حِينَ تَطْلُعُ بَيْنَ قَرْنَيْ شَيْطَانٍ وَحِينَئِذٍ يَسْجُدُ لَهَا الْكُفَّارُ فَإِذَا ارْتَفَعَتْ قِيدَ رُمْحٍ أَوْ رُمْحَيْنِ فَصَلِّ فَإِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ مَشْهُودَةٌ مَحْضُورَةٌ حَتَّى يَسْتَقِلَّ الرُّمْحُ بِالظِّلِّ ثُمَّ أَقْصِرْ عَنِ الصَّلَاةِ فَإِنَّهَا حِينَئِذٍ تُسْجَرُ جَهَنَّمُ فَإِذَا فَاءَ الْفَيْءُ فَصَلِّ فَإِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ مَشْهُودَةٌ مَحْضُورَةٌ حَتَّى تُصَلِّيَ الْعَصْرَ فَإِذَا صَلَّيْتَ الْعَصْرَ فَأَقْصِرْ عَنِ الصَّلَاةِ حَتَّى تَغْرُبَ الشَّمْسُ فَإِنَّهَا تَغْرُبُ حِينَ تَغْرُبُ بَيْنَ قَرْنَيْ شَيْطَانٍ وَحِينَئِذٍ يَسْجُدُ لَهَا الْكُفَّارُ قُلْتُ يَا نَبِيَّ اللهِ أَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الْوُضُوءِ قَالَ مَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ يَقْرَبُ وَضُوءَهُ ثُمَّ يَتَمَضْمَضُ وَيَسْتَنْشِقُ وَيَنْتَثِرُ إِلَّا خَرَّتْ خَطَايَاهُ مِنْ فَمِهِ وَخَيَاشِيمِهِ مَعَ الْمَاءِ حِينَ يَنْتَثِرُ ثُمَّ يَغْسِلُ وَجْهَهُ كَمَا أَمَرَهُ اللهُ تَعَالَى إِلَّا خَرَّتْ  

ahmad:16693ʿAbdullāh b. Aḥmad > Surayj b. Yūnus from Kitābih > ʿAbbād b. ʿAbbād / al-Muhallabī > ʿAbdullāh b. ʿUthmān b. Khuthaym > Saʿīd b. Abū Rāshid a freed slave of Liāl Muʿāwiyah

[Machine] "I arrived in Sham and it was said to me that in this church is a messenger of Caesar to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. So, we entered the church and there I saw an elderly man, so I said to him, 'Are you the messenger of Caesar to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ?' He replied, 'Yes.' I said, 'Tell me about that.' He said, 'When he fought the battle of Tabuk, he wrote a letter to Caesar and sent it with a man named Dihyah bin Khalifa. When he read his letter, he placed it on his bed and sent it to his bishops and the heads of his companions. He said, 'This man has sent a messenger to you and written a letter to you, giving you three options: either you follow him in his religion, or you pay him tribute that is collected from you and brings you protection and allows you to continue with your current lifestyle in your land, or you engage in war with him.' They knelt down and pondered until some of them emerged from their councils and said, 'We will not follow him in his religion and abandon our religion and the religion of our forefathers, nor will we pay him tribute that will be collected from us, but we will engage in war with him.' He said, 'That was how it was. However, I disliked doing anything without consulting you.' 'Abbad then said, 'Didn't Najashi embrace Islam when the message reached us?' He replied, 'Yes, but he saw something from them.' 'Abbad said, 'He asked me to find someone from the Arabs to write a reply to him according to his letter.' So, I went with him while I was a young man and he took me to him. He wrote his reply and said to me, 'Remember three points, if you forget anything from me: when he reads my letter, does he mention day and night? Does he mention his letter to me? And see if you notice a mark on his back.' So, I approached him until I met him in Tabuk, seated in a gathering with his companions. I asked and was informed about him. Then, I handed him the letter. He called Muawiya and recited the letter to him. When he reached the part where I said, 'You invited me to a garden, its width encompasses the heavens and the earth, so where is the fire?' The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'When the night comes, where is the day?' He said, 'So, he said to me, 'I wrote to Najashi, but he tore it apart and Allah tore his kingdom apart.' He said, 'Abbad then said, 'Didn't Najashi embrace Islam and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ hold the prayer for him in Madinah in front of his companions?' He replied, 'Yes, that's true. This is so-and-so and that is so-and-so,' Ibn Khuthaym mentioned all of them, but I forgot their names. So, I wrote a letter to Kisra, but he tore it apart and Allah tore his kingdom apart. Then, I wrote a letter to Caesar, and he replied to me. The people feared them as long as there was fear in their lives. And then he asked me, 'Who are you?' I said, 'I am from Tanukh.' He said, 'O brother from Tanukh, are you a Muslim?' I said, 'No, I came from a group of people who are following their religion, and I am not willing to change my religion until I return to them.' The Messenger of Allah ﷺ smiled or he smiled. When I finished my business, I got up and when I turned to leave, he called me and said, 'O brother from Tanukh, come and reach what you were commanded to do.' I had forgotten it, so I turned back from behind the gathering and threw a cloak that was on his back. I saw the hump on his shoulder like a huge sphere."  

أحمد:١٦٦٩٣قَالَ عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ حَدَّثَنَا سُرَيْجُ بْنُ يُونُسَ مِنْ كِتَابِهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبَّادُ بْنُ عَبَّادٍ يَعْنِي الْمُهَلَّبِيَّ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ خُثَيْمٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي رَاشِدٍ مَوْلًى لِآلِ مُعَاوِيَةَ قَالَ

قَدِمْتُ الشَّامَ فَقِيلَ لِي فِي هَذِهِ الْكَنِيسَةِ رَسُولُ قَيْصَرَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ فَدَخَلْنَا الْكَنِيسَةَ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِشَيْخٍ كَبِيرٍ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ أَنْتَ رَسُولُ قَيْصَرَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ؟ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ قُلْتُ حَدِّثْنِي عَنْ ذَلِكَ قَالَ إِنَّهُ لَمَّا غَزَا تَبُوكَ كَتَبَ إِلَى قَيْصَرَ كِتَابًا وَبَعَثَ بِهِ مَعَ رَجُلٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ دِحْيَةُ بْنُ خَلِيفَةَ فَلَمَّا قَرَأَ كِتَابَهُ وَضَعَهُ مَعَهُ عَلَى سَرِيرِهِ وَبَعَثَ إِلَى بَطَارِقَتِهِ وَرُءُوسِ أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ إِنَّ هَذَا الرَّجُلَ قَدْ بَعَثَ إِلَيْكُمْ رَسُولًا وَكَتَبَ إِلَيْكُمْ كِتَابًا يُخَيِّرُكُمْ إِحْدَى ثَلَاثٍ إِمَّا أَنْ تَتَّبِعُوهُ عَلَى دِينِهِ أَوْ تُقِرُّوا لَهُ بِخَرَاجٍ يَجْرِي لَهُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَيُقِرَّكُمْ عَلَى هَيْئَتِكُمْ فِي بِلَادِكُمْ أَوْ أَنْ تُلْقُوا إِلَيْهِ بِالْحَرْبِ قَالَ فَنَخَرُوا نَخْرَةً حَتَّى خَرَجَ بَعْضُهُمْ مِنْ بَرَانِسِهِمْ وَقَالُوا لَا نَتَّبِعُهُ عَلَى دِينِهِ وَنَدَعُ دِينَنَا وَدِينَ آبَائِنَا وَلَا نُقِرُّ لَهُ بِخَرَاجٍ يَجْرِي لَهُ عَلَيْنَا وَلَكِنْ نُلْقِي إِلَيْهِ الْحَرْبَ فَقَالَ قَدْ كَانَذَاكَ وَلَكِنِّي كَرِهْتُ أَنْ أَفْتَاتَ دُونَكُمْ بِأَمْرٍ قَالَ عَبَّادٌ فَقُلْتُ لِابْنِ خُثَيْمٍ أَوَلَيْسَ قَدْ كَانَ قَارَبَ وَهَمَّ بِالْإِسْلَامِ فِيمَا بَلَغَنَا ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍؟ ‍‍‍‍قَالَ بَلَى لَوْلَا أَنَّهُ رَأَى مِنْهُمْ قَالَ فَقَالَ ابْغُونِي رَجُلًا مِنْ الْعَرَبِ أَكْتُبْ مَعَهُ إِلَيْهِ جَوَابَ كِتَابِهِ قَالَ فَأَتَيْتُ وَأَنَا شَابٌّ فَانْطُلِقَ بِي إِلَيْهِ فَكَتَبَ جَوَابَهُ وَقَالَ لِي مَهْمَا نَسِيتَ مِنْ شَيْءٍ فَاحْفَظْ عَنِّي ثَلَاثَ خِلَالٍ انْظُرْ إِذَا هُوَ قَرَأَ كِتَابِي هَلْ يَذْكُرُ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ وَهَلْ يَذْكُرُ كِتَابَهُ إِلَيَّ وَانْظُرْ هَلْ تَرَى فِي ظَهْرِهِ عَلَمًا قَالَ فَأَقْبَلْتُ حَتَّى أَتَيْتُهُ وَهُوَ بِتَبُوكَ فِي حَلْقَةٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ مُنْتَجِينَ فَسَأَلْتُ فَأُخْبِرْتُ بِهِ فَدَفَعْتُ إِلَيْهِ الْكِتَابَ فَدَعَا مُعَاوِيَةَ فَقَرَأَ عَلَيْهِ الْكِتَابَ فَلَمَّا أَتَى عَلَى قَوْلِهِ دَعَوْتَنِي إِلَى جَنَّةٍ عَرْضُهَا السَّمَوَاتُ وَالْأَرْضُ فَأَيْنَ النَّارُ؟ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِذَا جَاءَ اللَّيْلُ فَأَيْنَ النَّهَارُ؟ قَالَ فَقَالَ إِنِّي قَدْ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى النَّجَاشِيِّ فَخَرَّقَهُ فَخَرَّقَهُ اللهُ مُخَرَّقَ الْمُلْكِ قَالَ عَبَّادٌ فَقُلْتُ لِابْنِ خُثَيْمٍ أَلَيْسَ قَدْ أَسْلَمَ النَّجَاشِيُّ ‍ وَنَعَاهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بِالْمَدِينَةِ إِلَى أَصْحَابِهِ فَصَلَّى عَلَيْهِ؟ قَالَ بَلَى ذَاكَ فُلَانُ بْنُ فُلَانٍ وَهَذَا فُلَانُ بْنُ فُلَانٍ قَدْ ذَكَرَهُمْ ابْنُ خُثَيْمٍ جَمِيعًا وَنَسِيتُهُمَا وَكَتَبْتُ إِلَى كِسْرَى كِتَابًا فَمَزَّقَهُ فَمَزَّقَهُ اللهُ مُمَزَّقَ الْمُلْكِ وَكَتَبْتُ إِلَى قَيْصَرَ كِتَابًا فَأَجَابَنِي فِيهِ فَلَمْ يَزَلِ النَّاسُ يَخْشَوْنَ مِنْهُمْ بَأْسًا مَاكَانَ فِي الْعَيْشِ خَيْرٌ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِي ممَّنْ أَنْتَ؟ قُلْتُ مِنْ تَنُوخٍ قَالَ يَا أَخَا تَنُوخٍ هَلْ لَكَ فِي الْإِسْلَامِ؟ قُلْتُ لَا إِنِّي أَقْبَلْتُ مِنْ قِبَلِ قَوْمٍ وَأَنَا فِيهِمْ عَلَى دِينٍ وَلَسْتُ مُسْتَبْدِلًا بِدِينِهِمْ حَتَّى أَرْجِعَ إِلَيْهِمْ قَالَ فَضَحِكَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَوْ تَبَسَّمَ فَلَمَّا قَضَيْتُ حَاجَتِي قُمْتُ فَلَمَّا وَلَّيْتُ دَعَانِي فَقَالَ يَا أَخَا تَنُوخٍ هَلُمَّ فَامْضِ لِلَّذِي أُمِرْتَ بِهِ قَالَ وَكُنْتُ قَدْ نَسِيتُهَا فَاسْتَدَرْتُ مِنْ وَرَاءِ الْحَلْقَةِ وَألْقَى بُرْدَةً كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِ عَنْ ظَهْرِهِ فَرَأَيْتُ غُضْرُوفَ كَتِفِهِ مِثْلَ الْمِحْجَمِ الضَّخْمِ  

ahmad:16577Abū al-Naḍr Hāshim b. al-Qāsim > al-Mubārak / Ibn Faḍālah > Abū ʿImrān al-Jawnī > Rabīʿah al-Aslamī
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أحمد:١٦٥٧٧حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو النَّضْرِ هَاشِمُ بْنُ الْقَاسِمِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا الْمُبَارَكُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ فَضَالَةَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عِمْرَانَ الْجَوْنِيُّ عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ الْأَسْلَمِيِّ قَالَ

كُنْتُ أَخْدُمُ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ لِي يَا رَبِيعَةُ أَلَا تَزَوَّجُ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَاللهِ لَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ مَا أُرِيدُ أَنْ أَتَزَوَّجَ مَا عِنْدِي مَا يُقِيمُ الْمَرْأَةَ وَمَا أُحِبُّ أَنْ يَشْغَلَنِي عَنْكَ شَيْءٌ فَأَعْرَضَ عَنِّي فَخَدَمْتُهُ مَا خَدَمْتُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَلِي الثَّانِيَةَ يَا رَبِيعَةُ أَلَا تَزَوَّجُ؟ فَقُلْتُ مَا أُرِيدُ أَنْ أَتَزَوَّجَ مَا عِنْدِي مَا يُقِيمُ الْمَرْأَةَ وَمَا أُحِبُّ أَنْ يَشْغَلَنِي عَنْكَ شَيْءٌ فَأَعْرَضَ عَنِّي ثُمَّ رَجَعْتُ إِلَى نَفْسِي فَقُلْتُ وَاللهِ لَرَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بِمَا يُصْلِحُنِي فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ أَعْلَمُ مِنِّي وَاللهِ لَئِنْ قَالَ تَزَوَّجْ لَأَقُولَنَّ نَعَمْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ مُرْنِي بِمَا شِئْتَ قَالَ فَقَالَ يَا رَبِيعَةُ أَلَا تَزَوَّجُ؟ فَقُلْتُ بَلَى مُرْنِي بِمَا شِئْتَ قَالَ انْطَلِقْ إِلَى آلِ فُلَانٍ حَيٍّ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ وَكَانَ فِيهِمْ تَرَاخٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَقُلْ لَهُمْ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ أَرْسَلَنِي إِلَيْكُمْ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَنْ تُزَوِّجُونِي فُلَانَةَ لِامْرَأَةٍ مِنْهُمْ فَذَهَبْتُ فَقُلْتُ لَهُمْ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ أَرْسَلَنِي إِلَيْكُمْ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَنْ تُزَوِّجُونِي فُلَانَةَ فَقَالُوا مَرْحَبًا بِرَسُولِ اللهِ وَبِرَسُولِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَاللهِ لَا يَرْجِعُ رَسُولُ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَّا بِحَاجَتِهِ فَزَوَّجُونِي وَأَلْطَفُونِي وَمَا سَأَلُونِي الْبَيِّنَةَ فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ حَزِينًا فَقَالَ لِي مَا لَكَ يَا رَبِيعَةُ؟ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَتَيْتُ قَوْمًا كِرَامًا فَزَوَّجُونِي وَأَكْرَمُونِي وَأَلْطَفُونِي وَمَا سَأَلُونِي بَيِّنَةً وَلَيْسَ عِنْدِي صَدَاقٌ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَا بُرَيْدَةُ الْأَسْلَمِيُّ اجْمَعُوا لَهُ وَزْنَ نَوَاةٍ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ قَالَ فَجَمَعُوا لِي وَزْنَ نَوَاةٍ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ فَأَخَذْتُ مَا جَمَعُوا لِي فَأَتَيْتُ بِهِ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ فَقَالَ اذْهَبْ بِهَذَا إِلَيْهِمْ فَقُلْ هَذَا صَدَاقُهَا فَأَتَيْتُهُمْ فَقُلْتُ هَذَا صَدَاقُهَا فَرَضُوهُوَقَبِلُوهُ وَقَالُوا كَثِيرٌ طَيِّبٌ قَالَ ثُمَّ رَجَعْتُ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ حَزِينًا فَقَالَ يَا رَبِيعَةُ مَا لَكَ حَزِيناً؟ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ مَا رَأَيْتُ قَوْمًا أَكْرَمَ مِنْهُمْ رَضُوا بِمَا آتَيْتُهُمْ وَأَحْسَنُوا وَقَالُوا كَثِيرًا طَيِّبًا وَلَيْسَ عِنْدِي مَا أُولِمُ قَالَ يَا بُرَيْدَةُ اجْمَعُوا لَهُ شَاةً قَالَ فَجَمَعُوا لِي كَبْشًا عَظِيمًا سَمِينًا فَقَالَ لِي رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ اذْهَبْ إِلَى عَائِشَةَ فَقُلْ لَهَا فَلْتَبْعَثْ بِالْمِكْتَلِ الَّذِي فِيهِ الطَّعَامُ قَالَ فَأَتَيْتُهَا فَقُلْتُ لَهَا مَا أَمَرَنِي بِهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَتْ هَذَا الْمِكْتَلُ فِيهِ تِسْعُ آصُعِ شَعِيرٍ لَا وَاللهِ إِنْ أَصْبَحَ لَنَا طَعَامٌ غَيْرُهُ خُذْهُ فَأَخَذْتُهُ فَأَتَيْتُ بِهِ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ وَأَخْبَرْتُهُ مَا قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَقَالَ اذْهَبْ بِهَذَا إِلَيْهِمْ فَقُلْ لِيُصْبِحْ هَذَا عِنْدَكُمْ خُبْزًا فَذَهَبْتُ إِلَيْهِمْ وَذَهَبْتُ بِالْكَبْشِ وَمَعِي أُنَاسٌ مِنْ أَسْلَمَ فَقَالَ لِيُصْبِحْ هَذَا عِنْدَكُمْ خُبْزًا وَهَذَا طَبِيخًا فَقَالُوا أَمَّا الْخُبْزُ فَسَنَكْفِيكُمُوهُ وَأَمَّا الْكَبْشُ فَاكْفُونَا أَنْتُمْ فَأَخَذْنَا الْكَبْشَ أَنَا وَأُنَاسٌ مِنْ أَسْلَمَ فَذَبَحْنَاهُ وَسَلَخْنَاهُ وَطَبَخْنَاهُ فَأَصْبَحَ عِنْدَنَا خُبْزٌ وَلَحْمٌ فَأَوْلَمْتُ وَدَعَوْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ أَعْطَانِي بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ أَرْضًا وَأَعْطَى أَبَا بَكْرٍ أَرْضًا وَجَاءَتِ الدُّنْيَا فَاخْتَلَفْنَا فِي عِذْقِ نَخْلَةٍ فَقُلْتُ أَنَا هِيَ فِي حَدِّي وَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ هِيَ فِي حَدِّي فَكَانَ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ كَلَامٌ فَقَالَ لِي أَبُو بَكْرٍ كَلِمَةً كَرِهَهَا وَنَدِمَ فَقَالَ لِي يَا رَبِيعَةُ رُدَّ عَلَيَّ مِثْلَهَا حَتَّى تَكُونَ قِصَاصًا قَالَ قُلْتُ لَا أَفْعَلُ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لَتَقُولَنَّ أَوْ لَأَسْتَعْدِيَنَّ عَلَيْكَ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَقُلْتُ مَا أَنَا بِفَاعِلٍ قَالَ وَرَفَضَ الْأَرْضَ وَانْطَلَقَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ وَانْطَلَقْتُ أَتْلُوهُ فَجَاءَ نَاسٌ مِنْ أَسْلَمَ فَقَالُوا لِي رَحِمَ اللهُ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فِي أَيِّ شَيْءٍ يَسْتَعْدِي عَلَيْكَ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ وَهُوَ قَالَ لَكَ مَا قَالَ فَقُلْتُ أَتَدْرُونَ مَا هَذَا؟ هَذَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقُ هَذَا ثَانِيَ اثْنَيْنِ وَهَذَا ذُو شَيْبَةِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ إِيَّاكُمْ لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فَيَرَاكُمْ تَنْصُرُونِي عَلَيْهِ فَيَغْضَبَ فَيَأْتِيَ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَيَغْضَبَ لِغَضَبِهِ فَيَغْضَبَ اللهُ ﷻ لِغَضَبِهِمَا فَيُهْلِكَ رَبِيعَةَ قَالُوا مَا تَأْمُرُنَا؟ قَالَ ارْجِعُوا قَالَ فَانْطَلَقَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَتَبِعْتُهُ وَحْدِي حَتَّى أَتَى النَّبِيَّ ﷺ فَحَدَّثَهُ الْحَدِيثَ كَمَا كَانَ فَرَفَعَ إِلَيَّ رَأْسَهُ فَقَالَ يَا رَبِيعَةُ مَا لَكَ وَلِلصِّدِّيقِ؟ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ كَانَ كَذَا كَانَكَذَا قَالَ لِي كَلِمَةً كَرِهَهَا فَقَالَ لِي قُلْ كَمَا قُلْتُ حَتَّى يَكُونَ قِصَاصًا فَأَبَيْتُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَجَلْ فَلَا تَرُدَّ عَلَيْهِ وَلَكِنْ قُلْ غَفَرَ اللهُ لَكَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَقُلْتُ غَفَرَ اللهُ لَكَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ قَالَ الْحَسَنُ فَوَلَّى أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَهُوَ يَبْكِي  

ahmad:7927Sulaymān b. Dāwud al-Hāshimī > Ibrāhīm b. Saʿd > Ibn Shihāb > ʿAṭāʾ b. Yazīd > Abū Hurayrah Abū Kāmil > Ibrāhīm b. Saʿd > Ibn Shihāb > ʿAṭāʾ b. Yazīd > Abū Hurayrah

On the authority of Abu Huraira: The people said, "O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Shall we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" The Prophet ﷺ said, "Do you have any difficulty in seeing the moon on a full moon night?" They said, "No, O Messenger of Allah ﷺ." He said, "Do you have any difficulty in seeing the sun when there are no clouds?" They said, "No, O Messenger of Allah ﷺ." He said, "So you will see Him, like that. Allah will gather all the people on the Day of Resurrection, and say, 'Whoever worshipped something (in the world) should follow (that thing),' so, whoever worshipped the sun will follow the sun, and whoever worshiped the moon will follow the moon, and whoever used to worship certain (other false) deities, he will follow those deities. And there will remain only this nation with its good people (or its hypocrites). (The sub-narrator, Ibrahim is in doubt.) Allah will come to them and say, 'I am your Lord.' They will (deny Him and) say, 'We will stay here till our Lord comes, for when our Lord comes, we will recognize Him.' So Allah will come to them in His appearance which they know, and will say, 'I am your Lord.' They will say, 'You are our Lord,' so they will follow Him. Then a bridge will be laid across Hell (Fire)' I and my followers will be the first ones to go across it and none will speak on that Day except the Apostles. And the invocation of the Apostles on that Day will be, 'O Allah, save! Save!' In Hell (or over The Bridge) there will be hooks like the thorns of As-Sa'dan (thorny plant). Have you seen As-Sa'dan? " They replied, "Yes, O Messenger of Allah ﷺ!" He said, "So those hooks look like the thorns of As-Sa'dan, but none knows how big they are except Allah. Those hooks will snap the people away according to their deeds. Some of the people will stay in Hell (be destroyed) because of their (evil) deeds, and some will be cut or torn by the hooks (and fall into Hell) and some will be punished and then relieved. When Allah has finished His Judgments among the people, He will take whomever He will out of Hell through His Mercy. He will then order the angels to take out of the Fire all those who used to worship none but Allah from among those whom Allah wanted to be merciful to and those who testified (in the world) that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah. The angels will recognize them in the Fire by the marks of prostration (on their foreheads), for the Fire will eat up all the human body except the mark caused by prostration as Allah has forbidden the Fire to eat the mark of prostration. They will come out of the (Hell) Fire, completely burnt and then the water of life will be poured over them and they will grow under it as does a seed that comes in the mud of the torrent. Then Allah will finish the judgments among the people, and there will remain one man facing the (Hell) Fire and he will be the last person among the people of Hell to enter Paradise. He will say, 'O my Lord! Please turn my face away from the fire because its air has hurt me and its severe heat has burnt me.' So he will invoke Allah in the way Allah will wish him to invoke, and then Allah will say to him, 'If I grant you that, will you then ask for anything else?' He will reply, 'No, by Your Power, (Honor) I will not ask You for anything else.' He will give his Lord whatever promises and covenants Allah will demand. So Allah will turn his face away from Hell (Fire). When he will face Paradise and will see it, he will remain quiet for as long as Allah will wish him to remain quiet, then he will say, 'O my Lord! Bring me near to the gate of Paradise.' Allah will say to him, 'Didn't you give your promises and covenants that you would never ask for anything more than what you had been given? Woe on you, O Adam's son! How treacherous you are!' He will say, 'O my lord,' and will keep on invoking Allah till He says to him, 'If I give what you are asking, will you then ask for anything else?' He will reply, 'No, by Your (Honor) Power, I will not ask for anything else.' Then he will give covenants and promises to Allah and then Allah will bring him near to the gate of Paradise. When he stands at the gate of Paradise, Paradise will be opened and spread before him, and he will see its splendor and pleasures whereupon he will remain quiet as long as Allah will wish him to remain quiet, and then he will say, O my Lord! Admit me into Paradise.' Allah will say, 'Didn't you give your covenants and promises that you would not ask for anything more than what you had been given?' Allah will say, 'Woe on you, O Adam's son! How treacherous you are! ' The man will say, 'O my Lord! Do not make me the most miserable of Your creation,' and he will keep on invoking Allah till Allah will laugh because of his sayings, and when Allah will laugh because of him, He will say to him, 'Enter Paradise,' and when he will enter it, Allah will say to him, 'Wish for anything.' So he will ask his Lord, and he will wish for a great number of things, for Allah Himself will remind him to wish for certain things by saying, '(Wish for) so-and-so.' When there is nothing more to wish for, Allah will say, 'This is for you, and its equal (is for you) as well." 'Ata' bin Yazid added: Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri who was present with Abu Huraira, did not deny whatever the latter said, but when Abu Huraira said that Allah had said, "That is for you and its equal as well," Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri said, "And ten times as much, O Abu Huraira!" Abu Huraira said, "I do not remember, except his saying, 'That is for you and its equal as well.'" Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri then said, "I testify that I remember the Prophet ﷺ saying, 'That is for you, and ten times as much.' ' Abu Huraira then added, "That man will be the last person of the people of Paradise to enter Paradise." (Using translation from Bukhārī 7437)  

أحمد:٧٩٢٧حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ الْهَاشِمِيُّ أَخْبَرَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ شِهَابٍ عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَبُو كَامِلٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَطَاءُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ الْمَعْنَى

أَنَّ النَّاسَ قَالُوا لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ يَارَسُولَ اللهِ هَلْ نَرَى رَبَّنَا ﷻ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ؟ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ هَلْ تُضَارُّونَ فِي الْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ؟ قَالُوا لَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَ فَهَلْ تُضَارُّونَ فِي الشَّمْسِ لَيْسَ دُونَهَا سَحَابٌ؟ قَالُوا لَا قَالَ فَإِنَّكُمْ تَرَوْنَهُ كَذَلِكَ يَجْمَعُ اللهُ النَّاسَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فَيُقَالُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ شَيْئًا فَلْيَتَّبِعْهُ فَيَتْبَعُ مَنْ يَعْبُدُ الشَّمْسَ الشَّمْسَ وَيَتْبَعُ مَنْ يَعْبُدُ الْقَمَرَ الْقَمَرَ وَيَتْبَعُ مَنْ يَعْبُدُ الطَّوَاغِيتَ الطَّوَاغِيتَ وَتَبْقَى هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةُ فِيهَا شَافِعُوهَا أَوْ مُنَافِقُوهَا قَالَ أَبُو كَامِلٍ شَكَّ إِبْرَاهِيمُ فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللهُ ﷻ فِي صُورَةٍ غَيْرِ صُورَتِهِ الَّتِي يَعْرِفُونَ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنْكَ هَذَا مَكَانُنَا حَتَّى يَأْتِيَنَا رَبُّنَا فَإِذَا جَاءَ رَبُّنَا عَرَفْنَاهُ فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللهُ ﷻ فِي صُورَتِهِ الَّتِي يَعْرِفُونَ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَيَقُولُونَ أَنْتَ رَبُّنَا فَيَتَّبِعُونَهُ وَيُضْرَبُ الصِّرَاطُ بَيْنَ ظَهْرَيْ جَهَنَّمَ فَأَكُونُ أَنَا وَأُمَّتِي أَوَّلَ مَنْ يَجُوزُه وَلَا يَتَكَلَّمُ يَوْمَئِذٍ إِلَّا الرُّسُلُ وَدَعْوَى الرُّسُلِ يَوْمَئِذٍ اللهُمَّ سَلِّمْ سَلِّمْ وَفِي جَهَنَّمَ كَلَالِيبُ مِثْلُ شَوْكِ السَّعْدَانِ هَلْ رَأَيْتُمُ السَّعْدَانَ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَ فَإِنَّهَا مِثْلُ شَوْكِ السَّعْدَانِ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ لَا يَعْلَمُ قَدْرَ عِظَمِهَا إِلَّا اللهُ تَعَالَى تَخْطَفُ النَّاسَ بِأَعْمَالِهِمْ فَمِنْهُمُ الْمُوبَقُ بِعَمَلِهِ أَوْ قَالَ الْمُوثَقُ بِعَمَلِهِ أَوِ الْمُخَرْدَلُ وَمِنْهُمُ الْمُجَازَى قَالَ أَبُو كَامِلٍ فِي حَدِيثِهِ شَكَّإِبْرَاهِيمُ وَمِنْهُمُ الْمُخَرْدَلُ أَوِ الْمُجَازَى ثُمَّ يَتَجَلَّى حَتَّى إِذَا فَرَغَ اللهُ ﷻ مِنَ الْقَضَاءِ بَيْنَ الْعِبَادِ وَأَرَادَ أَنْ يُخْرِجَ بِرَحْمَتِهِ مَنْ أَرَادَ مِنْ أَهْلِ النَّارِ أَمَرَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ أَنْ يُخْرِجُوا مِنَ النَّارِ مَنْ كَانَ لَا يُشْرِكُ بِاللهِ شَيْئًا مِمَّنْ أَرَادَ اللهُ أَنْ يَرْحَمَهُ مِمَّنْ يَقُولُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ فَيَعْرِفُونَهُمْ فِي النَّارِ يَعْرِفُونَهُمْ بِأَثَرِ السُّجُودِ تَأْكُلُ النَّارُ ابْنَ آدَمَ إِلَّا أَثَرَ السُّجُودِ وَحَرَّمَ اللهُ ﷻ عَلَى النَّارِ أَنْ تَأْكُلَ أَثَرَ السُّجُودِ فَيَخْرُجُونَ مِنَ النَّارِ قَدِ امْتُحِشُوا فَيُصَبُّ عَلَيْهِمْ مَاءُ الْحَيَاةِ فَيَنْبُتُونَ كَمَا تَنْبُتُ الْحَبَّةُ وَقَالَ أَبُو كَامِلٍ الْحَبَّةُ أَيْضًا فِي حَمِيلِ السَّيْلِ وَيَبْقَى رَجُلٌ مُقْبِلٌ بِوَجْهِهِ عَلَى النَّارِ وَهُوَ آخِرُ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ دُخُولًا فَيَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ اصْرِفْ وَجْهِي عَنِ النَّارِ فَإِنَّهُ قَدْ قَشَبَنِي رِيحُهَا وَأَحْرَقَنِي دُخَانُهَا فَيَدْعُو اللهَ مَا شَاءَ أَنْ يَدْعُوَهُ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ اللهُ ﷻ هَلْ عَسَيْتَ إِنْ فُعِلَ ذَلِكَ بِكَ أَنْ تَسْأَلَ غَيْرَهُ؟ فَيَقُولُ لَا وَعِزَّتِكَ لَا أَسْأَلُ غَيْرَهُ وَيُعْطِي رَبَّهُ ﷻ مِنْ عُهُودٍ وَمَوَاثِيقَ مَا شَاءَ فَيَصْرِفُ اللهُ ﷻ وَجْهَهُ عَنِ النَّارِ فَإِذَا أَقْبَلَ عَلَى الْجَنَّةِوَرَآهَا سَكَتَ مَا شَاءَ اللهُ أَنْ يَسْكُتَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ قَرِّبْنِي إِلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ فَيَقُولُ اللهُ ﷻ لَهُ أَلَسْتَ قَدْ أَعْطَيْتَ عُهُودَكَ وَمَوَاثِيقَكَ أَنْ لَا تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَ مَا أَعْطَيْتُكَ وَيْلَكَ يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ مَا أَغْدَرَكَ فَيَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ فَيَدْعُو اللهَ حَتَّى يَقُولَ لَهُ فَهَلْ عَسَيْتَ إِنْ أُعْطِيتَ ذَلِكَ أَنْ تَسْأَلَ غَيْرَهُ؟ فَيَقُولُ لَا وَعِزَّتِكَ لَا أَسْأَلُ غَيْرَهُ فَيُعْطِي رَبَّهُ ﷻ مَا شَاءَ مِنْ عُهُودٍ وَمَوَاثِيقَ فَيُقَدِّمُهُ إِلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ فَإِذَا قَامَ عَلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ انْفَهَقَتْ لَهُ الْجَنَّةُ فَرَأَى مَا فِيهَا مِنَ الْحَبْرَةِ وَالسُّرُورِ فَيَسْكُتُ مَا شَاءَ اللهُ أَنْ يَسْكُتَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ أَدْخِلْنِي الْجَنَّةَ فَيَقُولُ اللهُ ﷻ لَهُ أَلَيْسَ قَدْ أَعْطَيْتَ عُهُودَكَ وَمَوَاثِيقَكَ أَنْ لَا تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَ مَا أَعْطَيْتُكَ وَيْلَكَ يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ مَا أَغْدَرَكَ فَيَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ لَا أَكُونُ أَشْقَى خَلْقِكَ فَلَا يَزَالُ يَدْعُو اللهَ حَتَّى يَضْحَكَ اللهُ مِنْهُ فَإِذَا ضَحِكَ اللهُ ﷻ مِنْهُ قَالَ ادْخُلِ الْجَنَّةَ فَإِذَا دَخَلَهَا قَالَ اللهُ ﷻ لَهُ تَمَنَّهْ فَيَسْأَلُ رَبَّهُ ﷻ وَيَتَمَنَّى حَتَّى إِنَّ اللهَ ﷻ لَيُذَكِّرُهُ يَقُولُ مِنْ كَذَا وَكَذَا حَتَّى إِذَا انْقَطَعَتْ بِهِ الْأَمَانِيُّ قَالَ اللهُ ﷻ لَهُ لَكَ ذَلِكَ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ عَطَاءُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ وَأَبُو سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيُّ مَعَ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ لَايَرُدُّ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ حَدِيثِهِ شَيْئًا حَتَّى إِذَا حَدَّثَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ اللهَ ﷻ قَالَ لِذَلِكَ الرَّجُلِ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ وَعَشَرَةُ أَمْثَالِهِ مَعَهُ يَا أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ مَا حَفِظْتُ إِلَّا قَوْلَهُ ذَلِكَ لَكَ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ أَشْهَدُ أَنِّي حَفِظْتُ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَوْلَهُ فِي ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلِ لَكَ عَشَرَةُ أَمْثَالِهِ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ وَذَلِكَ الرَّجُلُ آخِرُ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ دُخُولًا  

ahmad:7928Sulaymān b. Dāwud > Ibrāhīm b. Saʿd > al-Zuhriyyiwayaʿqūb from my father > Ibn Shihāb > ʿAbdullāh b. Aḥmad > Abū And Hadhā Ḥadīth Sulaymān al-Hāshimī

Messenger of Allah ﷺ sent out ten spies under the command of ʿAsim bin Thabit Al-Ansari, the grand-father of ʿAsim bin ʿUmar Al-Khattab. When they reached (a place called) Al-Hadah between 'Usfan and Mecca, their presence was made known to a sub-tribe of Hudhail called Banu Lihyan. So they sent about one hundred archers after them. The archers traced the footsteps (of the Muslims) till they found the traces of dates which they had eaten at one of their camping places. The archers said, "These dates are of Yathrib (i.e. Medina)," and went on tracing the Muslims' footsteps. When ʿAsim and his companions became aware of them, they took refuge in a (high) place. But the enemy encircled them and said, "Come down and surrender. We give you a solemn promise and covenant that we will not kill anyone of you." ʿAsim bin Thabit said, "O people! As for myself, I will never get down to be under the protection of an infidel. O Allah! Inform your Prophet about us." So the archers threw their arrows at them and martyred ʿAsim. Three of them came down and surrendered to them, accepting their promise and covenant and they were Khubaib, Zaid bin Ad-Dathina and another man. When the archers got hold of them, they untied the strings of the arrow bows and tied their captives with them. The third man said, "This is the first proof of treachery! By Allah, I will not go with you for I follow the example of these." He meant the martyred companions. The archers dragged him and struggled with him (till they martyred him). Then Khubaib and Zaid bin Ad-Dathina were taken away by them and later on they sold them as slaves in Mecca after the event of the Badr battle. The sons of Al-Harit bin ʿAmr bin Naufal bought Khubaib for he was a person who had killed (their father) Al-Hari bin ʿAmr on the day (of the battle) of Badr. Khubaib remained imprisoned by them till they decided unanimously to kill him. One day Khubaib borrowed from a daughter of Al-Harith, a razor for shaving his pubic hair, and she lent it to him. By chance, while she was inattentive, a little son of hers went to him (i.e. Khubaib) and she saw that Khubaib had seated him on his thigh while the razor was in his hand. She was so much terrified that Khubaib noticed her fear and said, "Are you afraid that I will kill him? Never would I do such a thing." Later on (while narrating the story) she said, "By Allah, I had never seen a better captive than Khubaib. By Allah, one day I saw him eating from a bunch of grapes in his hand while he was fettered with iron chains and (at that time) there was no fruit in Mecca." She used to say," It was food Allah had provided Khubaib with." When they took him to Al-Hil out of Mecca sanctuary to martyr him, Khubaib requested them. "Allow me to offer a two-rakʿat prayer." They allowed him and he prayed two rakʿat and then said, "By Allah! Had I not been afraid that you would think I was worried, I would have prayed more." Then he (invoked evil upon them) saying, "O Allah! Count them and kill them one by one, and do not leave anyone of them"' Then he recited: "As I am martyred as a Muslim, I do not care in what way I receive my death for Allah's Sake, for this is for the Cause of Allah. If He wishes, He will bless the cut limbs of my body." Then Abu Sarva, 'Ubqa bin Al-Harith went up to him and killed him. It was Khubaib who set the tradition of praying for any Muslim to be martyred in captivity (before he is executed). The Prophet ﷺ told his companions of what had happened (to those ten spies) on the same day they were martyred. Some Quraish people, being informed of ʿAsim bin Thabit's death, sent some messengers to bring a part of his body so that his death might be known for certain, for he had previously killed one of their leaders (in the battle of Badr). But Allah sent a swarm of wasps to protect the dead body of ʿAsim, and they shielded him from the messengers who could not cut anything from his body. (Using translation from Bukhārī 3989)  

أحمد:٧٩٢٨حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ أَخْبَرَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّوَيَعْقُوبُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ قَالَ أَبِي وَهَذَا حَدِيثُ سُلَيْمَانَ الْهَاشِمِيِّ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ أَسِيدِ بْنِ جَارِيَةَ الثَّقَفِيِّ حَلِيفِ بَنِي زُهْرَةَ وَكَانَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ

بَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ عَشَرَةَ رَهْطٍ عَيْنًا وَأَمَّرَ عَلَيْهِمْ عَاصِمَ بْنَ ثَابِتِ بْنِ أَبِي الْأَقْلَحِ جَدَّ عَاصِمِ بْنِ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ فَانْطَلَقُوا حَتَّى إِذَا كَانُوا بِالْهَدَّةِ بَيْنَ عُسْفَانَ وَمَكَّةَ ذُكِرُوا لِحَيٍّ مِنْ هُذَيْلٍ يُقَالُ لَهُمْ بَنُو لِحْيَانَ فَنَفَرُوا لَهُمْ بِقَرِيبٍ مِنْ مِائَةِ رَجُلٍ رَامٍ فَاقْتَصُّوا آثَارَهُمْ حَتَّى وَجَدُوا مَأْكَلَهُمُ التَّمْرَ فِي مَنْزِلٍ نَزَلُوهُ قَالُوا نَوَى تَمْرِ يَثْرِبَ فَاتَّبَعُوا آثَارَهُمْ فَلَمَّا أَحَسَّ بِهِمْ عَاصِمٌ وَأَصْحَابُهُ لَجَئُوا إِلَى فَدْفَدٍ فَأَحَاطَ بِهِمُ الْقَوْمُ فَقَالُوا لَهُمْ انْزِلُوا وَأَعْطُونَا بِأَيْدِيكُمْ وَلَكُمُ الْعَهْدُ وَالْمِيثَاقُ أَنْ لَا نَقْتُلَ مِنْكُمْ أَحَدًا فَقَالَ عَاصِمُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ أَمِيرُ الْقَوْمِ أَمَّا أَنَا فَاللهِ لَا أَنْزِلُ فِي ذِمَّةِ كَافِرٍ اللهُمَّ أَخْبِرْ عَنَّا نَبِيَّكَ ﷺ فَرَمَوْهُمْ بِالنَّبْلِ فَقَتَلُوا عَاصِمًا فِي سَبْعَةٍ وَنَزَلَ إِلَيْهِمْ ثَلَاثَةُ نَفَرٍ عَلَى الْعَهْدِوَالْمِيثَاقِ مِنْهُمْ خُبَيْبٌ الْأَنْصَارِيُّ وَزَيْدُ بْنُ الدَّثِنَةِ وَرَجُلٌ آخَرُ فَلَمَّا اسْتَمْكَنُوا مِنْهُمْ أَطْلَقُوا أَوْتَارَ قِسِيِّهِمْ فَرَبَطُوهُمْ بِهَا فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ الثَّالِثُ هَذَا أَوَّلُ الْغَدْرِ وَاللهِ لَا أَصْحَبُكُمْ إِنَّ لِي بِهَؤُلَاءِ لَأُسْوَةً يُرِيدُ الْقَتْلَ فَجَرَّرُوهُ وَعَالَجُوهُ فَأَبَى أَنْ يَصْحَبَهُمْ فَقَتَلُوهُ فَانْطَلَقُوا بِخُبَيْبٍ وَزَيْدِ بْنِ الدَّثِنَةِ حَتَّى بَاعُوهُمَا بِمَكَّةَ بَعْدَ وَقْعَةِ بَدْرٍ فَابْتَاعَ بَنُو الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَامِرِ بْنِ نَوْفَلِ بْنِ عَبْدِ مَنَافٍ خُبَيْبًا وَكَانَ خُبَيْبٌ هُوَ قَتَلَ الْحَارِثَ بْنَ عَامِرِ بْنِ نَوْفَلٍ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ فَلَبِثَ خُبَيْبٌ عِنْدَهُمْ أَسِيرًا حَتَّى أَجْمَعُوا قَتْلَهُ فَاسْتَعَارَ مِنْ بَعْضِ بَنَاتِ الْحَارِثِ مُوسَى يَسْتَحِدُّ بِهَا لِلْقَتْلِ فَأَعَارَتْهُ إِيَّاهَا فَدَرَجَ بُنَيٌّ لَهَا قَالَتْ وَأَنَا غَافِلَةٌ حَتَّى أَتَاهُ فَوَجَدْتُهُ مُجْلِسَهُ عَلَى فَخِذِهِ وَالْمُوسَى بِيَدِهِ قَالَتْ فَفَزِعْتُ فَزْعَةً عَرَفَهَا خُبَيْبٌ قَالَ أَتَحْسَبِينَ أَنِّي أَقْتُلُهُ؟ مَا كُنْتُ لِأَفْعَلَ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَتْ وَاللهِ مَا رَأَيْتُ أَسِيرًا قَطُّ خَيْرًا مِنْ خُبَيْبٍ قَالَتْ وَاللهِ لَقَدْ وَجَدْتُهُ يَوْمًا يَأْكُلُ قِطْفًا مِنْ عِنَبٍ فِي يَدِهِ وَإِنَّهُ لَمُوثَقٌ فِي الْحَدِيدِ وَمَا بِمَكَّةَ مِنْ ثَمَرَةٍ وَكَانَتْ تَقُولُ إِنَّهُ لَرِزْقٌ رَزَقَهُ اللهُ خُبَيْبًافَلَمَّا خَرَجُوا بِهِ مِنَ الْحَرَمِ لِيَقْتُلُوهُ فِي الْحِلِّ قَالَ لَهُمْ خُبَيْبٌ دَعُونِي أَرْكَعْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَتَرَكُوهُ فَرَكَعَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَاللهِ لَوْلَا أَنْ تَحْسِبُوا أَنَّ مَا بِي جَزَعًا مِنَ الْقَتْلِ لَزِدْتُ اللهُمَّ أَحْصِهِمْ عَدَدًا وَاقْتُلْهُمْ بَدَدًا وَلَا تُبْقِ مِنْهُمْ أَحَدًا[البحر الطويل]فَلَسْتُ أُبَالِي حِينَ أُقْتَلُ مُسْلِمًا عَلَى أَيِّ جَنْبٍ كَانَ لِلَّهِ مَصْرَعِيوَذَلِكَ فِي ذَاتِ الْإِلَهِ وَإِنْ يَشَأْ يُبَارِكْ عَلَى أَوْصَالِ شِلْوٍ مُمَزَّعِثُمَّ قَامَ إِلَيْهِ أَبُو سِرْوَعَةَ عُقْبَةُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ فَقَتَلَهُ وَكَانَ خُبَيْبٌ هُوَ سَنَّ لِكُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ قُتِلَ صَبْرًا الصَّلَاةَ وَاسْتَجَابَ اللهُ ﷻ لِعَاصِمِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ يَوْمَ أُصِيبَ فَأَخْبَرَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَصْحَابَهُ يَوْمَ أُصِيبُوا خَبَرَهُمْ وَبَعَثَ نَاسٌ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ إِلَى عَاصِمِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ حِينَ حُدِّثُوا أَنَّهُ قُتِلَ لِيُؤْتَى بِشَيْءٍ مِنْهُ يُعْرَفُ وَكَانَ قَتَلَ رَجُلًا مِنْ عُظَمَائِهِمْ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ فَبَعَثَ اللهُ ﷻ عَلَى عَاصِمٍ مِثْلَ الظُّلَّةِ مِنَ الدَّبْرِ فَحَمَتْهُ مِنْ رُسُلِهِمْ فَلَمْ يَقْدِرُوا عَلَى أَنْ يَقْطَعُوا مِنْهُ شَيْئًا  

ahmad:8096ʿAbd al-Razzāq > Maʿmar > al-Zuhrī

[Machine] The Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , sent a reconnaissance mission and appointed 'Asim ibn Thabit, who was the grandfather of 'Asim ibn 'Umar, as their leader. They set out until they reached a place between 'Usfan and Makkah known as "Bani Lihyan". They followed their tracks with a group of about one hundred men led by Ramm, and they pursued them until they reached a resting place where they found dates that were provisions from Madinah. They said, "These are dates from Yathrib." They followed their tracks until they caught up with them. When 'Asim ibn Thabit and his companions sensed them, they sought refuge in a rugged place, and when the people approached them, they surrounded them and said, "We have made a covenant and agreement with you that if you come to us, we will not kill any of you." 'Asim ibn Thabit said, "As for me, I do not enter into a treaty with a disbeliever." They said, "Fight them." So they fought 'Asim and killed him along with seven others. Only Hubayb ibn 'Adi and Zayd ibn ad-Dathinah remained. They entered into a covenant and agreement with them. When they felt secure from them, they tied their hands with their own bowstrings. The third man with them said, "This is the first act of treachery. I refuse to accompany them." So they killed him. Then they departed with Hubayb ibn 'Adi and Zayd ibn ad-Dathinah until they sold them in Makkah. They sold Hubayb to the sons of Al-Harith ibn 'Amir ibn Nawfal, who had killed Al-Harith on the Day of Badr. Hubayb stayed with them as a prisoner until they decided to kill him. He borrowed a razor from the daughter of Al-Harith to prepare himself with it. She said, "I inadvertently failed to restrain my son from approaching it, and he fell upon it until it reached him." She said, "Have no fear that I will kill him. I wouldn't kill him. You will not find a better captive than Hubayb. I saw him eating ripe grapes when Makkah had no ripe fruits at that time. And he is bound in iron, but his sustenance is only provided by Allah." Then they took him out of the sanctuary to kill him. He asked them, "Allow me to pray two Rak'ahs." He prayed the two Rak'ahs, and then said, "If you did not see my eagerness to die, I would increase in it by the Will of Allah." Hubayb was the first to offer two Rak'ahs before being killed. Then 'Uqbah ibn Al-Harith went toward him and killed him. The people of Quraysh sent word to 'Asim to bring them a part of his body that they could recognize. He was a great man among their elite who had been killed on the Day of Badr. So Allah sent upon them a cloud from behind, shielding them from his messengers. They were unable to harm him in any way.  

أحمد:٨٠٩٦حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ حَدَّثَنَا مَعْمَرٌ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ الثَّقَفِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ

بَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ سَرِيَّةً عَيْنًا وَأَمَّرَعَلَيْهِمْ عَاصِمَ بْنَ ثَابِتٍ وَهُوَ جَدُّ عَاصِمِ بْنِ عُمَرَ فَانْطَلَقُوا حَتَّى إِذَا كَانُوا بِبَعْضِ الطَّرِيقِ بَيْنَ عُسْفَانَ وَمَكَّةَ نُزُولًا ذُكِرُوا لِحَيٍّ مِنْ هُذَيْلٍ يُقَالُ لَهُمْ بَنُو لِحْيَانَ فَتَبِعُوهُمْ بِقَرِيبٍ مِنْ مِائَةِ رَجُلٍ رَامٍ فَاقْتَصُّوا آثَارَهُمْ حَتَّى نَزَلُوا مَنْزِلًا نَزَلُوهُ فَوَجَدُوا فِيهِ نَوَى تَمْرٍ تَزَوَّدُوهُ مِنْ تَمْرِ الْمَدِينَةِ فَقَالُوا هَذَا مِنْ تَمْرِ يَثْرِبَ فَاتَّبَعُوا آثَارَهُمْ حَتَّى لَحِقُوهُمْ فَلَمَّا أَحَسَّهُمْ عَاصِمُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ وَأَصْحَابُهُ لَجَئُوا إِلَى فَدْفَدٍ وَقَدْ جَاءَ الْقَوْمُ فَأَحَاطُوا بِهِمْ وَقَالُوا لَكُمُ الْعَهْدُ وَالْمِيثَاقُ إِنْ نَزَلْتُمْ إِلَيْنَا أَنْ لَا نَقْتُلَ مِنْكُمْ رَجُلًا فَقَالَ عَاصِمُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ أَمَّا أَنَا فَلَا أَنْزِلُ فِي ذِمَّةِ كَافِرٍ اللهُمَّ أَخْبِرْ عَنَّا رَسُولَكَ قَالَ فَقَاتَلُوهُمْ فَرَمَوْهُمْ فَقَتَلُوا عَاصِمًا فِي سَبْعَةِ نَفَرٍ وَبَقِيَ خُبَيْبُ بْنُ عَدِيٍّ وَزَيْدُ بْنُ الدَّثِنَةِ وَرَجُلٌ آخَرُ فَأَعْطَوْهُمُ الْعَهْدَ وَالْمِيثَاقَ إِنْ نَزَلُوا إِلَيْهِمْ فَلَمَّا اسْتَمْكَنُوا مِنْهُمْ حَلُّوا أَوْتَارَ قِسِيِّهِمْ فَرَبَطُوهُمْ بِهَا فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ الثَّالِثُ الَّذِي مَعَهُمَا هَذَا أَوَّلُ الْغَدْرِ فَأَبَى أَنْ يَصْحَبَهُمْ فَجَرُّوهُ فَأَبَى أَنْ يَتْبَعَهُمْ فَضَرَبُوا عُنُقَهُ فَانْطَلَقُوا بِخُبَيْبِ بْنِ عَدِيٍّ وَزَيْدِ بْنِ الدَّثِنَةِ حَتَّى بَاعُوهُمَا بِمَكَّةَ فَاشْتَرَى خُبَيْبًا بَنُو الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَامِرِ بْنِ نَوْفَلٍ وَكَانَ قَدْ قَتَلَ الْحَارِثَ يَوْمُ بَدْرٍ فَمَكَثَ عِنْدَهُمْ أَسِيرًا حَتَّى إِذَا أَجْمَعُوا قَتْلَهُ اسْتَعَارَ مُوسَى مِنْ إِحْدَى بَنَاتِ الْحَارِثِ لِيَسْتَحِدَّ بِهَا فَأَعَارَتْهُ قَالَتْ فَغَفَلْتُ عَنْ صَبِيٍّ لِي فَدَرَجَ إِلَيْهِ حَتَّى أَتَاهُ قَالَتْ فَأَخَذَهُ فَوَضَعَهُ عَلَى فَخِذِهِ فَلَمَّارَأَيْتُهُ فَزِعْتُ فَزَعًا عَرَفَهُ وَالْمُوسَى فِي يَدِهِ فَقَالَ أَتَخْشَيْنَ أَنْ أَقْتُلَهُ؟ مَا كُنْتُ لِأَفْعَلَ إِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ قَالَ وَكَانَتْ تَقُولُ مَا رَأَيْتُ أَسِيرًا خَيْرًا مِنْ خُبَيْبٍ قَدْ رَأَيْتُهُ يَأْكُلُ مِنْ قِطْفِ عِنَبٍ وَمَا بِمَكَّةَ يَوْمَئِذٍ ثَمَرَةٌ وَإِنَّهُ لَمُوثَقٌ فِي الْحَدِيدِ وَمَا كَانَ إِلَّا رِزْقًا رَزَقَهُ اللهُ إِيَّاهُ قَالَ ثُمَّ خَرَجُوا بِهِ مِنَ الْحَرَمِ لِيَقْتُلُوهُ فَقَالَ دَعُونِي أُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَصَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَوْلَا أَنْ تَرَوْا مَا بِي جَزَعًا مِنَ الْمَوْتِ لَزِدْتُ قَالَ وَكَانَ أَوَّلَ مَنْ سَنَّ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ عِنْدَ الْقَتْلِ هُوَ ثُمَّ قَالَ اللهُمَّ أَحْصِهِمْ عَدَدًا[البحر الطويل]وَلَسْتُ أُبَالِي حِينَ أُقْتَلُ مُسْلِمًا عَلَى أَيِّ شِقٍّ كَانَ لِلَّهِ مَصْرَعِيوَذَلِكَ فِي ذَاتِ الْإِلَهِ وَإِنْ يَشَأْ يُبَارِكْ عَلَى أَوْصَالِ شِلْوٍ مُمَزَّعِثُمَّ قَامَ إِلَيْهِ عُقْبَةُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ فَقَتَلَهُ وَبَعَثَتْ قُرَيْشٌ إِلَى عَاصِمٍ لِيُؤْتَوْا بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ جَسَدِهِ يَعْرِفُونَهُ وَكَانَ قَتَلَ عَظِيمًا مِنْ عُظَمَائِهِمْ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ فَبَعَثَ اللهُ عَلَيْهِ مِثْلَ الظُّلَّةِ مِنَ الدَّبْرِ فَحَمَتْهُ مِنْ رُسُلِهِمْ فَلَمْ يَقْدِرُوا عَلَى شَيْءٍ مِنْهُ  

ahmad:7717ʿAbd al-Razzāq > Maʿmar > al-Zuhrī > ʿAṭāʾ b. Yazīd al-Laythiyyiʿan Abū Hurayrah

[Machine] The people said, "O Messenger of Allah, will we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" The Prophet ﷺ said, "Do you have any difficulty seeing the sun when there are no clouds covering it?" They replied, "No, O Messenger of Allah." He then asked, "Do you have any difficulty seeing the moon on a full moon night when there are no clouds covering it?" They again replied, "No, O Messenger of Allah." The Prophet ﷺ said, "Just like that, you will see Him on the Day of Resurrection. Allah will gather the people and ask those who worshipped something, 'Follow what you worshipped.' So those who worshipped the moon will follow the moon, those who worshipped the sun will follow the sun, and those who worshipped the idols will follow the idols. And this Ummah will be left with its hypocrites. Allah will come to them in a form that they do not recognize, and He will say, 'I am your Lord.' They will say, 'We seek refuge with Allah from you. This is our place until our Lord comes to us.' When our Lord comes to them, they will recognize Him. Then Allah will come to them in the form that they recognize, and He will say, 'I am your Lord.' They will say, 'You are our Lord,' and they will follow Him."

The Prophet ﷺ said, "A bridge will be set up over Hellfire." The Prophet ﷺ said, "I will be the first one to cross it on that day. O Allah, grant us safety, grant us safety.' This bridge will have hooks like the thorns of the Sa'dan tree. Have you seen the Sa'dan tree?" They said, "Yes, O Messenger of Allah." He said, "Indeed, it is like the thorns of the Sa'dan tree, but its size and greatness are known only to Allah. People will be snatched away by their deeds. Among them will be those who are caught by their foreheads with the deeds they used to do, and there will be those who are caught by their backsides. They will be saved until when Allah is finished passing judgment among His servants and He wants to bring out of the Fire those who will be entitled to His mercy from among those who themselves said, 'Laa ilaha illallah (There is no God worthy of worship except Allah).' Allah (Subhanahu wa ta'ala) will order the angels, 'Bring out those who used to utter La ilaha illAllah. And the angels will know them by the marks of prostration on their faces and by the traces of wudu' (ablution) on their limbs. Allah has forbidden the Fire to consume the traces of prostrations or ablution.'" The Prophet ﷺ said, "Thus, they will be brought out, having been burned and turned to charcoal. Then the water of life will be poured over them and they will grow just like seeds do in the silt carried by floodwaters. There will be a man who will be facing the Fire and will say, 'O Lord, haven't You promised me that You would not wron [...]  

أحمد:٧٧١٧حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ حَدَّثَنَا مَعْمَرٌ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ اللَّيْثِيِّعَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ

قَالَ النَّاسُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَلْ نَرَى رَبَّنَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ؟ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ هَلْ تُضَارُّونَ فِي الشَّمْسِ لَيْسَ دُونَهَا سَحَابٌ؟ قَالُوا لَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَقَالَ هَلْ تُضَارُّونَ فِي الْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ لَيْسَ دُونَهُ سَحَابٌ؟ فَقَالُوا لَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَ فَإِنَّكُمْ تَرَوْنَهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ كَذَلِكَ يَجْمَعُ اللهُ النَّاسَ فَيَقُولُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ شَيْئًا فَيَتْبَعُهُ فَيَتْبَعُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ الْقَمَرَ الْقَمَرَ وَمَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ الشَّمْسَ الشَّمْسَ وَيَتْبَعُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ الطَّوَاغِيتَ الطَّوَاغِيتَ وَتَبْقَى هَذِهِ الْأُمَّةُ فِيهَا مُنَافِقُوهَا فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللهُ ﷻ فِي غَيْرِ الصُّورَةِ الَّتِي تَعْرِفُونَ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنْكَ هَذَا مَكَانُنَا حَتَّى يَأْتِيَنَا رَبُّنَا فَإِذَا جَاءَنا رَبُّنَا عَرَفْنَاهُ قَالَ فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللهُ ﷻ فِي الصُّورَةِ الَّتِي يَعْرِفُونَ فَيَقُولُ أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَيَقُولُونَ أَنْتَ رَبُّنَا فَيَتْبَعُونَهُ قَالَ وَيُضْرَبُ جِسْرٌ عَلَى جَهَنَّمَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَأَكُونُ أَوَّلَ مَنْ يُجِيزُ وَدَعْوَى الرُّسُلِ يَوْمَئِذٍ اللهُمَّ سَلِّمْ سَلِّمْ وَبِهَا كَلَالِيبُ مِثْلُ شَوْكِ السَّعْدَانِ هَلْ رَأَيْتُمْ شَوْكَ السَّعْدَانِ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَ فَإِنَّهَا مِثْلُ شَوْكِ السَّعْدَانِ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ لَا يَعْلَمُ قَدْرَ عِظَمِهَا إِلَّا اللهُ فَتَخْطَفُ النَّاسَ بِأَعْمَالِهِمْ فَمِنْهُمُ الْمُوبَقُ بِعَمَلِهِ وَمِنْهُمُ الْمُخَرْدَلُ ثُمَّيَنْجُو حَتَّى إِذَا فَرَغَ اللهُ ﷻ مِنَ الْقَضَاءِ بَيْنَ الْعِبَادِ وَأَرَادَ أَنْ يُخْرِجَ مِنَ النَّارِ مَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَرْحَمَ مِمَّنْ كَانَ يَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ أَمَرَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ أَنْ يُخْرِجُوهُمْ فَيَعْرِفُونَهُمْ بِعَلَامَةِ آثَارِ السُّجُودِ وَحَرَّمَ اللهُ عَلَى النَّارِ أَنْ تَأْكُلَ مِنَ ابْنِ آدَمَ أَثَرَ السُّجُودِ فَيُخْرِجُونَهُمْ قَدِ امْتُحِشُوا فَيُصَبُّ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْ مَاءٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ مَاءُ الْحَيَاةِ فَيَنْبُتُونَ نَبَاتَ الْحِبَّةِ فِي حَمِيلِ السَّيْلِ وَيَبْقَى رَجُلٌ يُقْبِلُ بِوَجْهِهِ إِلَى النَّارِ فَيَقُولُ أَيْ رَبِّ قَدْ قَشَبَنِي رِيحُهَا وَأَحْرَقَنِي ذَكَاؤُهَا فَاصْرِفْ وَجْهِي عَنِ النَّارِ فَلَا يَزَالُ يَدْعُو اللهَ حَتَّى يَقُولَ فَلَعَلِّي إِنْ أَعْطَيْتُكَ ذَلِكَ أَنْ تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ؟ فَيَقُولُ لَا وَعِزَّتِكَ لَا أَسْأَلُكَ غَيْرَهُ فَيَصْرِفُ وَجْهَهُ عَنِ النَّارِ فَيَقُولُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ يَا رَبِّ قَرِّبْنِي إِلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ فَيَقُولُ أَوَلَيْسَ قَدْ زَعَمْتَ أَنْ لَا تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ؟ وَيْلَكَ يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ مَا أَغْدَرَكَ فَلَا يَزَالُ يَدْعُو حَتَّى يَقُولَ فَلَعَلِّي إِنْ أَعْطَيْتُكَ ذَلِكَ أَنْ تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ فَيَقُولُ لَا وَعِزَّتِكَ لَا أَسْأَلُكَ غَيْرَهُ وَيُعْطِي اللهَ مِنْ عُهُودٍ وَمَوَاثِيقَ أَنْ لَا يَسْأَلَ غَيْرَهُ فَيُقَرِّبُهُ إِلَى بَابِ الْجَنَّةِ فَإِذَادَنَا مِنْهَا انْفَهَقَتْ لَهُ الْجَنَّةُ فَإِذَا رَأَى مَا فِيهَا مِنَ الْحِبَرَةِ وَالسُّرُورِ سَكَتَ مَا شَاءَ اللهُ أَنْ يَسْكُتَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ أَدْخِلْنِي الْجَنَّةَ فَيَقُولُ أَوَلَيْسَ قَدْ زَعَمْتَ أَنْ لَا تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ وَقَدْ أَعْطَيْتَ عُهُودَكَ وَمَوَاثِيقَكَ أَنْ لَا تَسْأَلَنِي غَيْرَهُ؟ فَيَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ لَا تَجْعَلْنِي أَشْقَى خَلْقِكَ فَلَا يَزَالُ يَدْعُو اللهَ حَتَّى يَضْحَكَ فَإِذَا ضَحِكَ مِنْهُ أَذِنَ لَهُ بِالدُّخُولِ فِيهَا فَإِذَا أُدْخِلَ قِيلَ لَهُ تَمَنَّ مِنْ كَذَا فَيَتَمَنَّى ثُمَّ يُقَالُ تَمَنَّ مِنْ كَذَا فَيَتَمَنَّى حَتَّى تَنْقَطِعَ بِهِ الْأَمَانِيُّ فَيُقَالُ لَهُ هَذَا لَكَ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ وَأَبُو سَعِيدٍ جَالِسٌ مَعَ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَلَا يُغَيِّرُ عَلَيْهِ شَيْئًا مِنْ قَوْلِهِ حَتَّى إِذَا انْتَهَى إِلَى قَوْلِهِ هَذَا لَكَ وَمِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ يَقُولُ هَذَا لَكَ وَعَشَرَةُ أَمْثَالِهِ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ حَفِظْتُ مِثْلُهُ مَعَهُ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ وَذَلِكَ الرَّجُلُ آخِرُ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ دُخُولًا الْجَنَّةَ  

ahmad:15954Zayd b. al-Ḥubāb > Abū al-Mundhir Sallām b. Sulaymān al-Naḥwī > ʿĀṣim b. Abū al-Najūd > Abū Wāʾil > al-Ḥārith b. Yazīd al-Bakrī

[Machine] I went to complain to Alaa ibn Al-Hadrami about it to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ . I passed by Al-Rabadha and there was an old lady from the Banu Tamim sitting alone. She said to me, "O Abdullah, I have a need with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ . Can you convey it to him?" I agreed and carried her on my camel and we arrived at Al-Madinah. When we reached the mosque, it was filled with its people and there was a black flag flapping with a proud horseman holding a sword in front of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ . I asked, "What's happening with the people?" They replied, "They want to appoint Amr ibn Al-Aas as their leader." So I sat down. Then he (the Messenger of Allah) entered his house or his tent, and I sought permission to enter. He allowed me to come in, so I entered and greeted him. He asked, "Did you have any dealings with the Banu Tamim?" I replied, "Yes." He said, "They owed us some debts and I passed by an old lady from the Banu Tamim who asked me to convey this to you." Then, she entered and I said to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ , "If you find it appropriate, create a separation between us and the Banu Tamim." So he requested for a pot of dehn oil, which was smeared on her and she became calm and excited. She asked, "O Messenger of Allah, where will you send Mu'adh?" He replied, "I said, 'I am to them like the Mazi (a type of she-camel) is to the A'd. He replied, 'Indeed, the Mazi died due to carrying loads, and I am to carry this load. But I don't feel that it has been a burden on me. I seek refuge with Allah and His Messenger from being like the feathers of 'Ad.' He asked, 'What is a feather of 'Ad?' He knew the answer better than anyone else, but he wanted to narrate so I replied, 'The 'Ad endured famine, so they sent for a wafid (a person who delivers messages on behalf of others) and they called him Qayl (previously asked). He passed by Mu'awiya ibn Bakr's tent and stayed with him for a month, giving him alcohol to drink and being entertained by two servant girls called al-Jaradatan. When the month was over, he left for the mountains of Tihamah and called out to Allah, "O Allah, You know that I didn't come to cure the sick nor free captives, so let the rains fall on 'Ad as You make them drink, and don't leave a single one of them alive." Then, thick black clouds passed over them and called out, "Take it (rain) from this side and take it from the black part." So he pointed to one of the black clouds and said, "Take it from this one, gray ash". And he said, "Let there not be a single person among the 'Ad." Abu Wa'il said: It was conveyed to me that when the wind was sent against them, it didn't stop until they were annihilated. Then Abu Wa'il said, "The man and the woman, when they send a wafid (messenger) to them, they should not be like the wafid of 'Ad."  

أحمد:١٥٩٥٤حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدُ بْنُ الْحُبَابِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو الْمُنْذِرِ سَلَّامُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ النَّحْوِيُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَاصِمُ بْنُ أَبِي النَّجُودِ عَنْ أَبِي وَائِلٍ عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ الْبَكْرِيِّ قَالَ

خَرَجْتُ أَشْكُو الْعَلَاءَ بْنَ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَمَرَرْتُ بِالرَّبَذَةِ فَإِذَا عَجُوزٌ مِنْ بَنِي تَمِيمٍ مُنْقَطِعٌ بِهَا فَقَالَتْ لِي يَا عَبْدَ اللهِ إِنَّ لِي إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ حَاجَةً فَهَلْ أَنْتَ مُبَلِّغِي إِلَيْهِ؟ قَالَ فَحَمَلْتُهَا فَأَتَيْتُ الْمَدِينَةَ فَإِذَا الْمَسْجِدُ غَاصٌّ بِأَهْلِهِ وَإِذَا رَايَةٌ سَوْدَاءُ تَخْفِقُوَبِلَالٌ مُتَقَلِّدٌ السَّيْفَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقُلْتُ مَا شَأْنُ النَّاسِ؟ قَالُوا يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَبْعَثَ عَمْرَو بْنَ الْعَاصِ وَجْهًا قَالَ فَجَلَسْتُ قَالَ فَدَخَلَ مَنْزِلَهُ أَوْ قَالَ رَحْلَهُ فَاسْتَأْذَنْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَأَذِنَ لِي فَدَخَلْتُ فَسَلَّمْتُ فَقَالَ هَلْ كَانَ بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَ بَنِي تَمِيمٍ شَيْءٌ؟ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ نَعَمْ قَالَ وَكَانَتْ لَنَا الدَّبْرَةُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَمَرَرْتُ بِعَجُوزٍ مِنْ بَنِي تَمِيمٍ مُنْقَطِعٌ بِهَا فَسَأَلَتْنِي أَنْ أَحْمِلَهَا إِلَيْكَ وَهَا هِيَ بِالْبَابِ فَأَذِنَ لَهَا فَدَخَلَتْ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنْ رَأَيْتَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَ بَنِي تَمِيمٍ حَاجِزًا فَاجْعَلِ الدَّهْنَاءَ فَحَمِيَتِ الْعَجُوزُ وَاسْتَوْفَزَتْ قَالَتْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَإِلَى أَيْنَ تَضْطَرُّ مُضَرَكَ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ إِنَّمَا مَثَلِي مَا قَالَ الْأَوَّلُ مِعْزَاةُ حَمَلَتْ حَتْفَهَا حَمَلْتُ هَذِهِ وَلَا أَشْعُرُ أَنَّهَا كَانَتْ لِي خَصْمًا أَعُوذُ بِاللهِ وَرَسُولِهِ أَنْ أَكُونَ كَوَافِدِ عَادٍ قَالَ هِيهْ وَمَا وَافِدُ عَادٍ؟ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْحَدِيثِ مِنْهُ وَلَكِنْ يَسْتَطْعِمُهُ قُلْتُ إِنَّ عَادًا قَحَطُوا فَبَعَثُوا وَافِدًا لَهُمْ يُقَالُ لَهُ قَيْلٌ فَمَرَّ بِمُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ بَكْرٍ فَأَقَامَ عِنْدَهُ شَهْرًا يَسْقِيهِ الْخَمْرَ وَتُغَنِّيهِ جَارِيَتَانِ يُقَالُ لَهُمَا الْجَرَادَتَانِ فَلَمَّا مَضَى الشَّهْرُ خَرَجَ جِبَالَ تِهَامَةَ فَنَادَى اللهُمَّ إِنَّكَ تَعْلَمُ أَنِّي لَمْ أَجِئْ إِلَى مَرِيضٍ فَأُدَاوِيَهُ وَلَاإِلَى أَسِيرٍ فَأُفَادِيَهُ اللهُمَّ اسْقِ عَادًا مَا كُنْتَ مُسْقِيَهُ فَمَرَّتْ بِهِ سَحَابَاتٌ سُودٌ فَنُودِيَ مِنْهَا اخْتَرْ فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَى سَحَابَةٍ مِنْهَا سَوْدَاءَ فَنُودِيَ مِنْهَا خُذْهَا رَمَادًا رِمْدِدًا ولَا تُبْقِ مِنْ عَادٍ أَحَدًا قَالَ فَمَا بَلَغَنِي أَنَّهُ بُعِثَ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنَ الرِّيحِ إِلَّا قَدْرَ مَا يَجْرِي فِي خَاتِمِي هَذَا حَتَّى هَلَكُوا قَالَ أَبُو وَائِلٍ وَصَدَقَ قَالَ فَكَانَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ وَالرَّجُلُ إِذَا بَعَثُوا وَافِدًا لَهُمْ قَالُوا لَا تَكُنْ كَوَافِدِ عَادٍ  

ahmad:16077Ḥujayn b. al-Muthanná Abū ʿUmar > ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz / Ibn ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Salamah > ʿAbdullāh b. al-Faḍl > Sulaymān b. Yasār > Jaʿfar b. ʿAmr al-Ḍamrī

I went out with 'Ubaidullah bin ʿAdi Al-Khaiyar. When we reached Hims (i.e. a town in Syria), 'Ubaidullah bin ʿAdi said (to me), "Would you like to see Wahshi so that we may ask him about the killing of Hamza?" I replied, "Yes." Wahshi used to live in Hims. We enquired about him and somebody said to us, "He is that in the shade of his palace, as if he were a full water skin." So we went up to him, and when we were at a short distance from him, we greeted him and he greeted us in return. 'Ubaidullah was wearing his turban and Wahshi could not see except his eyes and feet. 'Ubaidullah said, "O Wahshi! Do you know me?" Wahshi looked at him and then said, "No, by Allah! But I know that ʿAdi bin Al-Khiyar married a woman called Um Qital, the daughter of Abu Al-Is, and she delivered a boy for him at Mecca, and I looked for a wet nurse for that child. (Once) I carried that child along with his mother and then I handed him over to her, and your feet resemble that child's feet." Then 'Ubaidullah uncovered his face and said (to Wahshi), "Will you tell us (the story of) the killing of Hamza?" Wahshi replied "Yes, Hamza killed Tuaima bin ʿAdi bin Al-Khaiyar at Badr (battle) so my master, Jubair bin Mutʿim said to me, 'If you kill Hamza in revenge for my uncle, then you will be set free." When the people set out (for the battle of Uhud) in the year of 'Ainain ..'Ainain is a mountain near the mountain of Uhud, and between it and Uhud there is a valley.. I went out with the people for the battle. When the army aligned for the fight, Siba' came out and said, 'Is there any (Muslim) to accept my challenge to a duel?' Hamza bin ʿAbdul Muttalib came out and said, 'O Siba'. O Ibn Um Anmar, the one who circumcises other ladies! Do you challenge Allah and His Apostle?' Then Hamza attacked and killed him, causing him to be non-extant like the bygone yesterday. I hid myself under a rock, and when he (i.e. Hamza) came near me, I threw my spear at him, driving it into his umbilicus so that it came out through his buttocks, causing him to die. When all the people returned to Mecca, I too returned with them. I stayed in (Mecca) till Islam spread in it (i.e. Mecca). Then I left for Taif, and when the people (of Taif) sent their messengers to Messenger of Allah ﷺ, I was told that the Prophet ﷺ did not harm the messengers; So I too went out with them till I reached Messenger of Allah ﷺ. When he saw me, he said, 'Are you Wahshi?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Was it you who killed Hamza?' I replied, 'What happened is what you have been told of.' He said, 'Can you hide your face from me?' So I went out when Messenger of Allah ﷺ died, and Musailamah Al-Kadhdhab appeared (claiming to be a prophet). I said, 'I will go out to Musailamah so that I may kill him, and make amends for killing Hamza. So I went out with the people (to fight Musailamah and his followers) and then famous events took place concerning that battle. Suddenly I saw a man (i.e. Musailamah) standing near a gap in a wall. He looked like an ash-colored camel and his hair was dishevelled. So I threw my spear at him, driving it into his chest in between his breasts till it passed out through his shoulders, and then an Ansari man attacked him and struck him on the head with a sword. ʿAbdullah bin ʿUmar said, 'A slave girl on the roof of a house said: Alas! The chief of the believers (i.e. Musailamah) has been killed by a black slave." (Using translation from Bukhārī 4072)  

أحمد:١٦٠٧٧حَدَّثَنَا حُجَيْنُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى أَبُو عُمَرَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ الْفَضْلِ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو الضَّمْرِيِّ قَالَ خَرَجْتُ مَعَ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عَدِيِّ بْنِ الْخِيَارِ إِلَى الشَّامِ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا حِمْصَ قَالَ

لِي عُبَيْدُ اللهِ هَلْ لَكَ فِي وَحْشِيٍّ نَسْأَلُهُ عَنْ قَتْلِ حَمْزَةَ؟ قُلْتُ نَعَمْوَكَانَ وَحْشِيٌّ يَسْكُنُ حِمْصَ قَالَ فَسَأَلْنَا عَنْهُ فَقِيلَ لَنَا هُوَ ذَاكَ فِي ظِلِّ قَصْرِهِ كَأَنَّهُ حَمِيتٌ قَالَ فَجِئْنَا حَتَّى وَقَفْنَا عَلَيْهِ فَسَلَّمْنَا عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْنَا السَّلَامَ قَالَ وَعُبَيْدُ اللهِ مُعْتَجِرٌ بِعِمَامَتِهِ مَا يَرَى وَحْشِيٌّ إِلَّا عَيْنَيْهِ وَرِجْلَيْهِ فَقَالَ عُبَيْدُ اللهِ يَا وَحْشِيُّ أَتَعْرِفُنِي؟ قَالَ فَنَظَرَ إِلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَا وَاللهِ إِلَّا أَنِّي أَعْلَمُ أَنَّ عَدِيَّ بْنَ الْخِيَارِ تَزَوَّجَ امْرَأَةً يُقَالُ لَهَا أُمُّ قِتَالٍ ابْنَةُ أَبِي الْعِيصِ فَوَلَدَتْ لَهُ غُلَامًا بِمَكَّةَ فَاسْتَرْضَعَهُ فَحَمَلْتُ ذَلِكَ الْغُلَامَ مَعَ أُمِّهِ فَنَاوَلْتُهَا إِيَّاهُ فَلَكَأَنِّي نَظَرْتُ إِلَى قَدَمَيْكَ قَالَ فَكَشَفَ عُبَيْدُ اللهِ وَجْهَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَلَا تُخْبِرُنَا بِقَتْلِ حَمْزَةَ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنَّ حَمْزَةَ قَتَلَ طُعَيْمَةَ ابْنَ عَدِيٍّ بِبَدْرٍ فَقَالَ لِي مَوْلَايَ جُبَيْرُ بْنُ مُطْعِمٍ إِنْ قَتَلْتَ حَمْزَةَ بِعَمِّي فَأَنْتَ حُرٌّ فَلَمَّا خَرَجَ النَّاسُ يَوْمَ عِينِينَ قَالَ وَعِينِينُ جُبَيْلٌ تَحْتَ أُحُدٍ وَبَيْنَهُ وَادٍ خَرَجْتُ مَعَ النَّاسِ إِلَى الْقِتَالِ فَلَمَّا أَنْ اصْطَفُّوا لِلْقِتَالِ قَالَ خَرَجَ سِبَاعٌ مَنْ مُبَارِزٌ ؟ قَالَ فَخَرَجَ إِلَيْهِ حَمْزَةُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ فَقَالَ يَا سِبَاعُ يا ابْنَ أُمِّ أَنْمَارٍ يَا ابْنَ مُقَطِّعَةِ الْبُظُورِ أَتُحَادُّ اللهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ثُمَّ شَدَّ عَلَيْهِ فَكَانَ كَأَمْسِ الذَّاهِبِ وَأَكْمَنْتُ لِحَمْزَةَ تَحْتَ صَخْرَةٍ حَتَّى إِذَا مَرَّ عَلَيَّ فَلَمَّا أَنْ دَنَا مِنِّي رَمَيْتُهُ فَأَضَعُهَا فِي ثُنَّتِهِ حَتَّى خَرَجَتْ مِنْ بَيْنِ وَرِكَيْهِ قَالَ فَكَانَ ذَلِكَ الْعَهْدُ بِهِ قَالَ فَلَمَّا رَجَعَ النَّاسُ رَجَعْتُ مَعَهُمْ قَالَ فَأَقَمْتُ بِمَكَّةَ حَتَّى فَشَا فِيهَا الْإِسْلَامُ قَالَ ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ إِلَى الطَّائِفِ قَالَ فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَيَّ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ وَقِيلَ لَهُ إِنَّهُ لَا يَهِيجُ الرُّسُلِ قَالَ فَخَرَجْتُ مَعَهُمْ حَتَّى قَدِمْتُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ فَلَمَّا رَآنِي قَالَ آنْتَ وَحْشِيٌّ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ قَالَ أَنْتَ قَتَلْتَ حَمْزَةَ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ قَدْ كَانَ مِنَ الْأَمْرِ مَا بَلَغَكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِذْ قَالَ مَا تَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ تُغَيِّبَ عَنِّي وَجْهَكَ قَالَ فَرَجَعْتُ فَلَمَّا تُوُفِّيَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَخَرَجَ مُسَيْلِمَةُ الْكَذَّابُ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَأَخْرُجَنَّ إِلَى مُسَيْلِمَةَ لَعَلِّي أَقْتُلُهُ فَأُكَافِئَ بِهِ حَمْزَةَ قَالَ فَخَرَجْتُ مَعَ النَّاسِ فَكَانَ مِنْ أَمْرِهِمْ مَا كَانَ قَالَ فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ قَائِمٌ فِي ثَلْمَةِ جِدَارٍ كَأَنَّهُ جَمَلٌ أَوْرَقُ ثَائِرٌ رَأْسُهُ قَالَ فَأَرْمِيهِ بِحَرْبَتِي فَأَضَعُهَا بَيْنَ ثَدْيَيْهِ حَتَّى خَرَجَتْ مِنْ بَيْنِ كَتِفَيْهِ قَالَ وَدبَّ إِلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ قَالَ فَضَرَبَهُ بِالسَّيْفِ عَلَى هَامَتِهِقَالَ عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ الْفَضْلِ فَأَخْبَرَنِي سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ يَسَارٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ عَبْدَ اللهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ [يَقُولُ] فَقَالَتْ جَارِيَةٌ عَلَى ظَهْرِ بَيْتٍ وَاأَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ قَتَلَهُ الْعَبْدُ الْأَسْوَدُ  

ahmad:15559Yūnus b. Muḥammad > Yaḥyá b. ʿAbd al-Raḥman al-ʿAṣrī > Shihāb b. ʿAbbād

[Machine] He heard some delegation from the tribe of Abdul-Qais saying, "We have come to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, and he was very pleased with our arrival. When we finished meeting with the people, they made way for us and we sat down. The Prophet ﷺ greeted us and prayed for us. Then he looked at us and said, 'Who is your leader and your chief?' So we pointed to Mujdhir ibn A'idhah. The Prophet ﷺ said, 'Is this the one with the scar?' And this was the first day on which he was given this name by being struck on the face with the hoof of a camel. We said, 'Yes, O Messenger of Allah.' Then some of the people missed us and their belongings were delayed. So their riding animals and provisions were gathered and their defect was removed. The Prophet ﷺ took off their travel clothes and they wore their good clothes. Then he turned to the Prophet ﷺ, and the Prophet ﷺ extended his leg and supported himself. When Mujdhir approached him, the people made room for him and said, 'Here, O Mujdhir.' The Prophet ﷺ said, 'Sit here, O Mujdhir,' and he sat on the right side of the Prophet ﷺ. The Prophet ﷺ greeted him and treated him kindly, and he asked him about his land and named a village for him, Safa and Mushaqar, and other villages of migration. Then he said, 'By my father and mother, O Messenger of Allah, you are better acquainted with the names of our villages than us.' The Prophet ﷺ said, 'Indeed, I have traversed your lands and it was extensive for me.' He said, 'Then he turned to the Ansar and said, 'O people of the Ansar, honor your brothers, for they are similar to you in Islam. The most similar thing to you is a poet. They embraced Islam willingly, not by force or compulsion. When a people refused to embrace Islam, they were killed.' He said, 'When they became the next day, he said, 'How did you find the hospitality of your brothers and their welcoming of you?' They said, 'The best of brothers are the ones who are generous, they made their homes available to us, they provided us with the best food, they slept and woke us up, and they taught us the Book of our Lord, the Blessed and Exalted, and the Sunnah of our Prophet ﷺ.' The Prophet ﷺ was pleased and happy with this, and then he approached us one by one, and each of us presented what we had learned and taught. Some of us knew the greetings, the mother of the Book, and the Surah, the two Surahs, and the Sunnah. Then he approached us with his face and said, 'Do you have anything of your provisions with you?' The people were happy with this and began to present their provisions. Each of them brought handfuls of dates and put them on a piece of  

أحمد:١٥٥٥٩حَدَّثَنَا يُونُسُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْعَصْرِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا شِهَابُ بْنُ عَبَّادٍ

أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ بَعْضَ وَفْدِ عَبْدِ الْقَيْسِ وَهُمْ يَقُولُونَ قَدِمْنَا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَاشْتَدَّ فَرَحُهُمْ بِنَا فَلَمَّا انْتَهَيْنَا إِلَى الْقَوْمِ أَوْسَعُوا لَنَا فَقَعَدْنَا فَرَحَّبَ بِنَا النَّبِيُّ ﷺ وَدَعَا لَنَا ثُمَّ نَظَرَ إِلَيْنَا فَقَالَ مَنْ سَيِّدُكُمْ وَزَعِيمُكُمْ؟ فَأَشَرْنَا بِأَجْمَعِنَا إِلَى الْمُنْذِرِ بْنِ عَائِذٍ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ أَهَذَا الْأَشَجُّ وَكَانَ أَوَّلَ يَوْمٍ وُضِعَ عَلَيْهِ هَذَا الِاسْمُ بِضَرْبَةٍ لِوَجْهِهِ بِحَافِرِ حِمَارٍ قُلْنَا نَعَمْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَتَخَلَّفَ بَعْضُ الْقَوْمِ فَعَقَلَ رَوَاحِلَهُمْ وَضَمَّ مَتَاعَهُمْ ثُمَّ أَخْرَجَ عَيْبَتَهُ فَأَلْقَى عَنْهُ ثِيَابَ السَّفَرِ وَلَبِسَ مِنْ صَالِحِ ثِيَابِهِ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ وَقَدْ بَسَطَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ رِجْلَهُ وَاتَّكَأَ فَلَمَّا دَنَا مِنْهُ الْأَشَجُّ أَوْسَعَ الْقَوْمُ لَهُ وَقَالُوا هَاهُنَا يَا أَشَجُّ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ وَاسْتَوَى قَاعِدًا وَقَبَضَ رِجْلَهُ هَاهُنَا يَا أَشَجُّ فَقَعَدَ عَنْ يَمِينِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَرَحَّبَ بِهِ وَأَلْطَفَهُ وَسَأَلَهُ عَنْ بِلَادِهِ وَسَمَّى لَهُ قَرْيَةً قَرْيَةً الصَّفَا وَالْمُشَقَّرَ وَغَيْرَ ذَلِكَ مِنْ قُرَى هَجَرَ فَقَالَ بِأَبِي وَأُمِّي يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ لَأَنْتَ أَعْلَمُ بِأَسْمَاءِ قُرَانَا مِنَّا فَقَالَ إِنِّي قَدْ وَطِئْتُ بِلَادَكُمْ وَفُسِحَ لِي فِيهَا قَالَ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى الْأَنْصَارِفَقَالَ يَا مَعْشَرَ الْأَنْصَارِ أَكْرِمُوا إِخْوَانَكُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ أَشْبَاهُكُمْ فِي الْإِسْلَامِ أَشْبَهُ شَيْءٍ بِكُمْ أَشْعَارًا وَأَبْشَارًا أَسْلَمُوا طَائِعِينَ غَيْرَ مُكْرَهِينَ وَلَا مَوْتُورِينَ إِذْ أَبَى قَوْمٌ أَنْ يُسْلِمُوا حَتَّى قُتِلُوا قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَنْ أَصْبَحُوا قَالَ كَيْفَ رَأَيْتُمْ كَرَامَةَ إِخْوَانِكُمْ لَكُمْ وَضِيَافَتَهُمْ إِيَّاكُمْ؟ قَالُوا خَيْرَ إِخْوَانٍ أَلَانُوا فِرَاشَنَا وَأَطَابُوا مَطْعَمَنَا وَبَاتُوا وَأَصْبَحُوا يُعَلِّمُونَا كِتَابَ رَبِّنَا تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى وَسُنَّةَ نَبِيِّنَا ﷺ فَأَعْجَبَتِ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ وَفَرِحَ بِهَا ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَيْنَا رَجُلًا رَجُلًا يَعْرِضُنَا عَلَى مَا تَعَلَّمْنَا وَعَلِمْنَا فَمِنَّا مَنْ عَلِمَ التَّحِيَّاتِ وَأُمَّ الْكِتَابِ وَالسُّورَةَ وَالسُّورَتَيْنِ وَالسُّنَنَ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَيْنَا بِوَجْهِهِ فَقَالَ هَلْ مَعَكُمْ مِنْ أَزْوَادِكُمْ شَيْءٌ؟ فَفَرِحَ الْقَوْمُ بِذَلِكَ وَابْتَدَرُوا رِحَالَهُمْ فَأَقْبَلَ كُلُّ رَجُلٍ مِنْهُمْ مَعَهُ صَبُرَةٌ مِنْ تَمْرٍ فَوَضَعُوهَا عَلَى نِطْعٍ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ فَأَوْمَأَ بِجَرِيدَةٍ فِي يَدِهِ كَانَ يَخْتَصِرُ بِهَا فَوْقَ الذِّرَاعِ وَدُونَ الذِّرَاعَيْنِ فَقَالَ أَتُسَمُّونَهَذَا التَّعْضُوضَ؟ قُلْنَا نَعَمْ ثُمَّ أَوْمَأَ إِلَى صَبُرَةٌ أُخْرَى فَقَالَ أَتُسَمُّونَ هَذَا الصَّرَفَانَ؟ قُلْنَا نَعَمْ ثُمَّ أَوْمَأَ إِلَى صَبُرَةٌ فَقَالَ أَتُسَمُّونَ هَذَا الْبَرْنِيَّ؟ قُلْنَا نَعَمْ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَمَا إِنَّهُ خَيْرُ تَمْرِكُمْ وَأَنْفَعُهُ لَكُمْ قَالَ فَرَجَعْنَا مِنْ وِفَادَتِنَا تِلْكَ فَأَكْثَرْنَا الْغَرْزَ مِنْهُ وَعَظُمَتْ رَغْبَتُنَا فِيهِ حَتَّى صَارَ عُظْمَ نَخْلِنَا وَتَمْرِنَا الْبَرْنِيُّ فَقَالَ الْأَشَجُّ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنَّ أَرْضَنَا أَرْضٌ ثَقِيلَةٌ وَخِمَةٌ وَإِنَّا إِذَا لَمْ نَشْرَبْ هَذِهِ الْأَشْرِبَةَ هِيجَتْ أَلْوَانُنَا وَعَظُمَتْ بُطُونُنَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لَا تَشْرَبُوا فِي الدُّبَّاءِ وَالْحَنْتَمِ وَالنَّقِيرِ وَلْيَشْرَبْ أَحَدُكُمْ فِي سِقَاءٍ يُلَاثُ عَلَى فِيهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْأَشَجُّ بِأَبِي وَأُمِّي يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ رَخِّصْ لَنَا فِي مِثْلِ هَذِهِ وَأَوْمَأَ بِكَفَّيْهِ فَقَالَ يَا أَشَجُّ إِنِّي إِنْ رَخَّصْتُ لَكَ فِي مِثْلِ هَذِهِ وَقَالَ بِكَفَّيْهِ هَكَذَا شَرِبْتَهُ فِي مِثْلِ هَذِهِ وَفَرَّجَ يَدَيْهِ وَبَسَطَهَا يَعْنِي أَعْظَمَ مِنْهَا حَتَّى إِذَا ثَمِلَ أَحَدُكُمْ مِنْ شَرَابِهِ قَامَ إِلَى ابْنِ عَمِّهِ فَهَزَرَ سَاقَهُ بِالسَّيْفِ وَكَانَ فِي الْوَفْدِ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي عَضَلٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ الْحَارِثُ قَدْ هُزِرَتْ سَاقُهُ فِي شَرَابٍ لَهُمْ فِي بَيْتٍ تَمَثَّلَهُ مِنَ الشِّعْرِ فِي امْرَأَةٍ مِنْهُمْ فَقَامَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ ذَلِكَ الْبَيْتِ فَهَزَرَ سَاقَهُبِالسَّيْفِ فَقَالَ الْحَارِثُ لَمَّا سَمِعْتُهَا مِنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ جَعَلْتُ أَسْدُلُ ثَوْبِي فَأُغَطِّي الضَّرْبَةَ بِسَاقِي وَقَدْ أَبْدَاهَا اللهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى  

ahmad:25769Muḥammad b. Bishr > Muḥammad b. ʿAmr > Abū Salamah And Yaḥyá > Lammā Halakat Khadījah Jāʾat Khawlah b. Ḥakīm Āmraʾah ʿUthmān b. Maẓʿūn

[Machine] "O Messenger of Allah, don't you want to get married?" He said, "Who?" She said, "If you want a virgin, then I will be one for you. And if you want someone who has been previously married, then I am also available." He asked, "Who is the virgin?" She said, "Aisha, the daughter of Abu Bakr, the most beloved to Allah." He asked, "And who is the previously married?" She said, "Sauda bint Zama, who believed in you and followed you in everything you said." He said, "Go and let them know about it on my behalf." So she entered the house of Abu Bakr and said, "O Umm Rumman, what blessings and goodness did Allah bring upon you?" She asked, "And what is it?" She said, "The Messenger of Allah has sent me to propose to Aisha for him." She said, "Wait for Abu Bakr until he comes." Abu Bakr came and she said, "O Abu Bakr, what blessings and goodness did Allah bring upon you?" He asked, "And what is it?" She said, "The Messenger of Allah has sent me to propose to Aisha for him." He asked, "Is she suitable for him?" She replied, "She is the daughter of his brother." So she returned to the Messenger of Allah and informed him about this. He said, "Go back to him and say that I am your brother in Islam and that you are my brother, and that your daughter is suitable for me." So she went back and informed him. He said, "Wait." Then he went out and said, "O Umm Rumman, indeed Mu'attim ibn 'Adi mentioned you to his son, and I swear by Allah, he has never broken a promise before. But he fulfilled it for Abu Bakr." So Abu Bakr entered upon Mu'attim ibn 'Adi, and with him was his wife Umm Al-Fata, and he said, "O son of my father Abu Quhafa, perhaps you are causing a problem for our friend Muhammad by allowing him to precede you in your religion, while he is proposing to you Suda bint Zama." Aisha said, "We reached Madinah and stayed in Bani Al-Harith from the Khazraj tribe. The Messenger of Allah came to our house and sat on a bed with men and women from the Ansar. My mother brought me to him while I was swinging between two branches. She put me down and wiped my face with some water. Then she took me to him and he said, 'These are your family, may Allah bless them for you and bless you for them.' The men and women stood up and left. The Messenger of Allah stayed and a room was set up for me. Then he said to me,  

أحمد:٢٥٧٦٩حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بِشْرٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو سَلَمَةَ وَيَحْيَى قَالَا لَمَّا هَلَكَتْ خَدِيجَةُ جَاءَتْ خَوْلَةُ بِنْتُ حَكِيمٍ امْرَأَةُ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ مَظْعُونٍ قَالَتْ

يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَلَا تَزَوَّجُ؟ قَالَ مَنْ؟ قَالَتْ إِنْ شِئْتَ بِكْرًا وَإِنْ شِئْتَ ثَيِّبًا؟ قَالَ فَمَنِ الْبِكْرُ؟ قَالَتْ ابْنَةُ أَحَبِّ خَلْقِ اللهِ ﷻ إِلَيْكَ عَائِشَةُ بِنْتُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ قَالَ وَمَنِ الثَّيِّبُ؟ قَالَتْ سَوْدَةُ بِنْتُ زَمْعَةَ آَمَنَتْ بِكَ وَاتَّبَعَتْكَ عَلَى مَا تَقُولُ قَالَ فَاذْهَبِي فَاذْكُرِيهِمَا عَلَيَّ فَدَخَلَتْ بَيْتَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَالَتْ يَا أُمَّ رُومَانَ مَاذَا أَدْخَلَ اللهُ ﷻ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنَ الْخَيْرِ وَالْبَرَكَةِ؟ قَالَتْ وَمَا ذَاكَ؟ قَالَتْ أَرْسَلَنِي رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَخْطُبُ عَلَيْهِ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ انْتَظِرِي أَبَا بَكْرٍ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَ فَجَاءَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَقَالَتْ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَاذَا أَدْخَلَ اللهُ ﷻ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنَ الْخَيْرِ وَالْبَرَكَةِ؟ قَالَ وَمَا ذَاكَ؟ قَالَتْ أَرْسَلَنِي رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَخْطُبُ عَلَيْهِ عَائِشَةَ قَالَ وَهَلْ تَصْلُحُ لَهُ؟ إِنَّمَا هِيَ ابْنَةُ أَخِيهِفَرَجَعَتْ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَذَكَرَتْ ذَلِكَ لَهُ قَالَ ارْجِعِي إِلَيْهِ فَقُولِي لَهُ أَنَا أَخُوكَ وَأَنْتَ أَخِي فِي الْإِسْلَامِ وَابْنَتُكَ تَصْلُحُ لِي فَرَجَعَتْ فَذَكَرَتْ ذَلِكَ لَهُ قَالَ انْتَظِرِي وَخَرَجَ قَالَتْ أُمُّ رُومَانَ إِنَّ مُطْعِمَ بْنَ عَدِيٍّ قَدْ كَانَ ذَكَرَهَا عَلَى ابْنِهِ فَوَاللهِ مَا وَعَدَ وَعْدًا قَطُّ فَأَخْلَفَهُ لِأَبِي بَكْرٍ فَدَخَلَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ عَلَى مُطْعِمِ بْنِ عَدِيٍّ وَعِنْدَهُ امْرَأَتُهُ أُمُّ الْفَتَى فَقَالَتْ يَا ابْنَ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ لَعَلَّكَ مُصْبِئُ صَاحِبَنَا مُدْخِلُهُ فِي دِينِكَ الَّذِي أَنْتَ عَلَيْهِ إِنْ تَزَوَّجَ إِلَيْكَ قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لِلْمُطْعِمِ بْنِ عَدِيٍّ أَقَوْلُ هَذِهِ تَقُولُ قَالَ إِنَّهَا تَقُولُ ذَلِكَ فَخَرَجَ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ وَقَدْ أَذْهَبَ اللهُ ﷻ مَا كَانَ فِي نَفْسِهِ مِنْ عِدَتِهِ الَّتِي وَعَدَهُ فَرَجَعَ فَقَالَ لِخَوْلَةَ ادْعِي لِي رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَدَعَتْهُ فَزَوَّجَهَا إِيَّاهُ وَعَائِشَةُ يَوْمَئِذٍ بِنْتُ سِتِّ سِنِينَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَتْ فَدَخَلَتْ عَلَى سَوْدَةَ بِنْتِ زَمْعَةَ فَقَالَتْ مَاذَا أَدْخَلَ اللهُ ﷻ عَلَيْكِ مِنَ الْخَيْرِ وَالْبَرَكَةِ؟ قَالَتْ مَا ذَاكَ؟ قَالَتْ أَرْسَلَنِي رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَخْطُبُكِ عَلَيْهِ قَالَتْ وَدِدْتُ ادْخُلِي إِلَى أَبِي فَاذْكُرِي ذَاكَ لَهُ وَكَانَ شَيْخًا كَبِيرًا قَدْ أَدْرَكَتْهُ السِّنُّ قَدْ تَخَلَّفَ عَنِ الْحَجِّ فَدَخَلَتْ عَلَيْهِ فَحَيَّتْهُ بِتَحِيَّةِالْجَاهِلِيَّةِ فَقَالَ مَنْ هَذِهِ؟ فَقَالَتْ خَوْلَةُ بِنْتُ حَكِيمٍ قَالَ فَمَا شَأْنُكِ؟ قَالَتْ أَرْسَلَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ أَخْطُبُ عَلَيْهِ سَوْدَةَ قَالَ كُفْءٌ كَرِيمٌ مَاذَا تَقُولُ صَاحِبَتُكِ؟ قَالَتْ تُحِبُّ ذَاكَ قَالَ ادْعُهَا لِي فَدَعَتْهَا فَقَالَ أَيْ بُنَيَّةُ إِنَّ هَذِهِ تَزْعُمْ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ قَدْ أَرْسَلَ يَخْطُبُكِ وَهُوَ كُفْءٌ كَرِيمٌ أَتُحِبِّينَ أَنْ أُزَوِّجَكِ بِهِ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ قَالَ ادْعِيهِ لِي فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَيْهِ فَزَوَّجَهَا إِيَّاهُ فَجَاءَهَا أَخُوهَا عَبْدُ بْنُ زَمْعَةَ مِنَ الْحَجِّ فَجَعَلَ يَحْثِي عَلَى رَأْسِهِ التُّرَابَ فَقَالَ بَعْدَ أَنْ أَسْلَمَ لَعَمْرُكَ إِنِّي لَسَفِيهٌ يَوْمَ أَحْثِي فِي رَأْسِي التُّرَابَ أَنْ تَزَوَّجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ سَوْدَةَ بِنْتَ زَمْعَةَ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَقَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ فَنَزَلْنَا فِي بَنِي الْحَارِثِ مِنَ الْخَزْرَجِ فِي السُّنْحِ قَالَتْ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَدَخَلَ بَيْتَنَا وَاجْتَمَعَ إِلَيْهِ رِجَالٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ وَنِسَاءٌ فَجَاءَتْ بِي أُمِّي وَإِنِّيلَفِي أُرْجُوحَةٍ بَيْنَ عَذْقَيْنِ تَرْجَحُ بِي فَأَنْزَلَتْنِي مِنَ الْأُرْجُوحَةِ وَلِي جُمَيْمَةٌ فَفَرَقَتْهَا وَمَسَحَتْ وَجْهِي بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ مَاءٍ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَتْ تَقُودُنِي حَتَّى وَقَفَتْ بِي عِنْدَ الْبَابِ وَإِنِّي لَأَنْهَجُ حَتَّى سَكَنَ مِنْ نَفْسِي ثُمَّ دَخَلَتْ بِي فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ جَالِسٌ عَلَى سَرِيرٍ فِي بَيْتِنَا وَعِنْدَهُ رِجَالٌ وَنِسَاءٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ فَأَجْلَسَتْنِي فِي حِجْرِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَتْ هَؤُلَاءِ أَهْلُكِ فَبَارَكَ اللهُ لَكِ فِيهِمْ وَبَارَكَ لَهُمْ فِيكِ فَوَثَبَ الرِّجَالُ وَالنِّسَاءُ فَخَرَجُوا وَبَنَى بِي رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فِي بَيْتِنَا مَا نُحِرَتْ عَلَيَّ جَزُورٌ وَلَا ذُبِحَتْ عَلَيَّ شَاةٌ حَتَّى أَرْسَلَ إِلَيْنَا سَعْدُ بْنُ عُبَادَةَ بِجَفْنَةٍ كَانَ يُرْسِلُ بِهَا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ إِذَا دَارَ إِلَى نِسَائِهِ وَأَنَا يَوْمَئِذٍ بِنْتُ تِسْعِ سِنِينَ  

ahmad:20178Abū Kāmil > Zuhayr > al-Aswad b. Qays > Thaʿlabah b. ʿAbbād al-ʿAbdī from Ahl al-Baṣrah

[Machine] Narrated by the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, he said: "Once, I and a young boy from the Ansar were throwing arrows at targets in front of us, according to a promise we made to each other during the time of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. We continued until the sun appeared as if it was a black and cold ball. Then one of us said to his companion, 'Let us go to the mosque, and I swear by Allah that I will inform the Messenger of Allah ﷺ about this extraordinary event in his Ummah.' So we went to the mosque, and behold, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was there. He went out to the people and prayed in a manner longer than any prayer he had ever prayed before, so much so that we could not hear any movement from him. Then he prostrated in a similarly prolonged manner, and again we could not hear any movement from him. He performed the second unit of prayer in the same manner. While he was sitting between the two units, the sun appeared and he performed a sitting that was the longest he had ever done. I thought he would never finish. Then he said the tasleem and praised Allah and testified that He is Allah and His Messenger. Then he addressed the people and said, 'O people, I swear by Allah that if you knew the things that I know, you would have seen the signs in this sun, moon, and stars as the death of great men from the people of the earth. But they would deny it. However, these signs are among Allah's signs that His slaves consider, to see who among them will repent. By Allah, since I started praying, I have not seen you in such a state, concerned about your worldly affairs and your hereafter. By Allah, the Hour will not come until 30 liars appear. The last of them will be the one-eyed Dajjal who will have a blind eye, which looks like the eye of Abu Talha, a companion from the Ansar, between his eyes and Aisha's room. He will claim that he is Allah. Whoever believes in him and testifies to his claim, his good deeds done before that day will not benefit him. And whoever disbelieves in him and denies him, no harm will come to his deeds. A grey-haired old man, perhaps Hassan Ash-Shaib, said that his bad deeds will outweigh his good deeds. The Dajjal will appear on the entire earth except for the Haram and Bayt al-Maqdis. He will gather the believers in Bayt al-Maqdis, where they will experience a severe earthquake. Then Allah will destroy him and his army, to the extent that stones and trees will call out to the believers, saying, 'O believer, this is a Jew,' or 'This is a disbeliever, come and kill him!' But it will not be like that until you witness events that will greatly concern you and you will wonder whether your Prophet has told you about them. And it will not be like that until mountains move from their places consecutively, one after another, and until the closing of the gates. Then I witnessed a sermon by Simarah in which he mentioned this Hadith, but he did not start or end it in its proper context."  

أحمد:٢٠١٧٨حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كَامِلٍ حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرٌ حَدَّثَنَا الْأَسْوَدُ بْنُ قَيْسٍ حَدَّثَنَا ثَعْلَبَةُ بْنُ عَبَّادٍ الْعَبْدِيُّ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْبَصْرَةِ قَالَ شَهِدْتُ يَوْمًا خُطْبَةً لِسَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدُبٍ فَذَكَرَ فِي خُطْبَتِهِ حَدِيثًا

عَنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ بَيْنَا أَنَا وَغُلَامٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ نَرْمِي فِيغَرَضَيْنِ لَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَتِ الشَّمْسُ قِيدَ رُمْحَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلَاثَةٍ فِي عَيْنِ النَّاظِرِ اسْوَدَّتْ حَتَّى آضَتْ كَأَنَّهَا تَنُّومَةٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَحَدُنَا لِصَاحِبِهِ انْطَلِقْ بِنَا إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَوَاللهِ لَيُحْدِثَنَّ شَأْنُ هَذِهِ الشَّمْسِ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فِي أُمَّتِهِ حَدَثًا قَالَ فَدَفَعْنَا إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِأَزَزٍ قَالَ وَوَافَقْنَا رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ حِينَ خَرَجَ إِلَى النَّاسِ فَاسْتَقْدَمَ فَقَامَ بِنَا كَأَطْوَلِ مَا قَامَ بِنَا فِي صَلَاةٍ قَطُّ لَا نَسْمَعُ لَهُ صَوْتًا ثُمَّ رَكَعَ كَأَطْوَلِ مَارَكَعَ بِنَا فِي صَلَاةٍ قَطُّ لَا نَسْمَعُ لَهُ صَوْتًا ثُمَّ سَجَدَ بِنَا كَأَطْوَلَ مَا سَجَدَ بِنَا فِي صَلَاةٍ قَطُّ لَا نَسْمَعُ لَهُ صَوْتًا ثُمَّ فَعَلَ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ فَوَافَقَ تَجَلِّيَ الشَّمْسِ جُلُوسُهُ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ قَالَ زُهَيْرٌ حَسِبْتُهُ قَالَ فَسَلَّمَ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ وَشَهِدَ أَنَّهُ عَبْدُ اللهِ وَرَسُولُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَنْشُدُكُمْ بِاللهِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنِّي قَصَّرْتُ عَنْ شَيْءٍ مِنْ تَبْلِيغِ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي لَمَا أَخْبَرْتُمُونِي ذَاكَ فَبَلَّغْتُ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي كَمَا يَنْبَغِي لَهَا أَنْ تُبَلَّغَ وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنِّي بَلَّغْتُ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي لَمَا أَخْبَرْتُمُونِي ذَاكَ قَالَ فَقَامَ رِجَالٌ فَقَالُوا نَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّكَ وَنَصَحْتَ لِأُمَّتِكَ وَقَضَيْتَ الَّذِي عَلَيْكَ ثُمَّ سَكَتُوا ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَإِنَّ رِجَالًا يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّ كُسُوفَ هَذِهِ الشَّمْسِ وَكُسُوفَ هَذَا الْقَمَرِ وَزَوَالَ هَذِهِ النُّجُومِ عَنْ مَطَالِعِهَا لِمَوْتِ رِجَالٍ عُظَمَاءَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ وَإِنَّهُمْ قَدْ كَذَبُوا وَلَكِنَّهَا آيَاتٌ مِنْ آيَاتِ اللهِ يَعْتَبِرُ بِهَا عِبَادُهُ فَيَنْظُرُ مَنْ يُحْدِثُ لَهُ مِنْهُمْ تَوْبَةً وَايْمُ اللهِ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُ مُنْذُ قُمْتُ أُصَلِّي مَا أَنْتُمْ لَاقُونَ فِي أَمْرِ دُنْيَاكُمْ وَآخِرَتِكُمْ وَإِنَّهُ وَاللهِ لَا تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ ثَلَاثُونَكَذَّابًا آخِرُهُمُ الْأَعْوَرُ الدَّجَّالُ مَمْسُوحُ الْعَيْنِ الْيُسْرَى كَأَنَّهَا عَيْنُ أَبِي تَحْيَى لِشَيْخٍ حِينَئِذٍ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ حُجْرَةِ عَائِشَةَ وَإِنَّهُ مَتَى يَخْرُجُ أَوْ قَالَ مَتَى مَا يَخْرُجُ فَإِنَّهُ سَوْفَ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ اللهُ فَمَنْ آمَنَ بِهِ وَصَدَّقَهُ وَاتَّبَعَهُ لَمْ يَنْفَعْهُ صَالِحٌ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ سَلَفَ وَمَنْ كَفَرَ بِهِ وَكَذَّبَهُ لَمْ يُعَاقَبْ بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ وَقَالَ حَسَنٌ الْأَشْيَبُ بِسَيِّئٍ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ سَلَفَ وَإِنَّهُ سَيَظْهَرُ أَوْ قَالَ سَوْفَ يَظْهَرُ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ كُلِّهَا إِلَّا الْحَرَمَ وَبَيْتَ الْمَقْدِسِ وَإِنَّهُ يَحْصُرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فِي بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ فَيُزَلْزَلُونَ زِلْزَالًا شَدِيدًا ثُمَّ يُهْلِكُهُ اللهُ وَجُنُودَهُ حَتَّى إِنَّ جِذْمَ الْحَائِطِ أَوْ قَالَ أَصْلَ الْحَائِطِ وَقَالَ حَسَنٌ الْأَشْيَبُ وَأَصْلَ الشَّجَرَةِ لَيُنَادِي أَوْ قَالَ يَقُولُ يَا مُؤْمِنُ أَوْ قَالَ يَا مُسْلِمُ هَذَا يَهُودِيٌّ أَوْ قَالَ هَذَا كَافِرٌ تَعَالَ فَاقْتُلْهُ قَالَ وَلَنْ يَكُونَ ذَلِكَ كَذَلِكَ حَتَّى تَرَوْا أُمُورًا يَتَفَاقَمُ شَأْنُهَا فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ وَتَسَاءَلُونَ بَيْنَكُمْ هَلْ كَانَ نَبِيُّكُمْ ذَكَرَ لَكُمْ مِنْهَا ذِكْرًا وَحَتَّى تَزُولَ جِبَالٌ عَلَى مَرَاتِبِهَا ثُمَّ عَلَى أَثَرِ ذَلِكَ الْقَبْضُ قَالَ ثُمَّ شَهِدْتُ خُطْبَةً لِسَمُرَةَ ذَكَرَ فِيهَا هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ فَمَا قَدَّمَ كَلِمَةً وَلَا أَخَّرَهَا عَنْ مَوْضِعِهَا  

ahmad:25097Yazīd > Muḥammad b. ʿAmr from his father from his grandfather ʿAlqamah b. Waqqāṣ > ʿĀʾishah

[Machine] I went out on  

أحمد:٢٥٠٩٧حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ جَدِّهِ عَلْقَمَةَ بْنِ وَقَّاصٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَتْنِي عَائِشَةُ قَالَتْ

خَرَجْتُ يَوْمَ الْخَنْدَقِ أَقْفُو آثَارَ النَّاسِ قَالَتْ فَسَمِعْتُ وَئِيدَ الْأَرْضِ وَرَائِي يَعْنِي حِسَّ الْأَرْضِ قَالَتْ فَالْتَفَتُّ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِسَعْدِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ وَمَعَهُ ابْنُ أَخِيهِ الْحَارِثُ بْنُ أَوْسٍ يَحْمِلُ مِجَنَّهُ قَالَتْ فَجَلَسْتُ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ فَمَرَّ سَعْدٌ وَعَلَيْهِ دِرْعٌ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ قَدْ خَرَجَتْ مِنْهَا أَطْرَافُهُ فَأَنَا أَتَخَوَّفُ عَلَى أَطْرَافِ سَعْدٍ قَالَتْ وَكَانَ سَعْدٌ مِنْ أَعْظَمِ النَّاسِوَأَطْوَلِهِمْ قَالَتْ فَمَرَّ وَهُوَ يَرْتَجِزُ وَيَقُولُ[البحر الرجز]لَبَّثْ قَلِيلًا يُدْرِكُ الْهَيْجَا حَمَلْ مَا أَحْسَنَ الْمَوْتَ إِذَا حَانَ الْأَجَلْقَالَتْ فَقُمْتُ فَاقْتَحَمْتُ حَدِيقَةً فَإِذَا فِيهَا نَفَرٌ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَإِذَا فِيهِمْ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ وَفِيهِمْ رَجُلٌ عَلَيْهِ تَسْبِغَةٌ لَهُ يَعْنِي مِغْفَرًا فَقَالَ عُمَرُ مَا جَاءَ بِكِ؟ لَعَمْرِي وَاللهِ إِنَّكِ لَجَرِيئَةٌ وَمَا يُؤْمِنُكِ أَنْ يَكُونَ بَلَاءٌ أَوْ يَكُونَ تَحَوُّزٌ؟ قَالَتْ فَمَا زَالَ يَلُومُنِي حَتَّى تَمَنَّيْتُ أَنَّ الْأَرْضَ انْشَقَّتْ لِي سَاعَتَئِذٍ فَدَخَلْتُ فِيهَا قَالَتْ فَرَفَعَ الرَّجُلُ التَّسْبِغَةَ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ فَإِذَا طَلْحَةُ بْنُ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ فَقَالَ يَا عُمَرُ وَيْحَكَ إِنَّكَ قَدْ أَكْثَرْتَ مُنْذُ الْيَوْمَ وَأَيْنَ التَّحَوُّزُ أَوِ الْفِرَارُ إِلَّا إِلَى اللهِ ﷻ؟ قَالَتْ وَيَرْمِي سَعْدًا رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ يُقَالُ لَهُابْنُ الْعَرِقَةِ بِسَهْمٍ لَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ خُذْهَا وَأَنَا ابْنُ الْعَرَقَةِ فَأَصَابَ أَكْحَلَهُ فَقَطَعَهُ فَدَعَا اللهَ ﷻ سَعْدٌ فَقَالَ اللهُمَّ لَا تُمِتْنِي حَتَّى تُقِرَّ عَيْنِي مِنْ قُرَيْظَةَ قَالَتْ وَكَانُوا حُلَفَاءَهُ وَمَوَالِيَهُ فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ قَالَتْ فَرَقَأَ كَلْمُهُ وَبَعَثَ اللهُ ﷻ الرِّيحَ عَلَى الْمُشْرِكِينَ فَكَفَى الله ﷻ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الْقِتَالَ وَكَانَ اللهُ قَوِيًّا عَزِيزًا فَلَحِقَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ وَمَنْ مَعَهُ بِتِهَامَةَ وَلَحِقَ عُيَيْنَةُ بْنُ بَدْرٍ وَمَنْ مَعَهُ بِنَجْدٍ وَرَجَعَتْ بَنُو قُرَيْظَةَ فَتَحَصَّنُوا فِي صَيَاصِيهِمْ وَرَجَعَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ فَوَضَعَ السِّلَاحَ وَأَمَرَ بِقُبَّةٍ مِنْ أَدَمٍ فَضُرِبَتْ عَلَى سَعْدٍ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ قَالَتْ فَجَاءَهُ جِبْرِيلُ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ وَإِنَّ عَلَى ثَنَايَاهُ لَنَقْعُ الْغُبَارِ فَقَالَ أَقَدْ وَضَعْتَ السِّلَاحَ؟ وَاللهِ مَا وَضَعَتِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ بَعْدُ السِّلَاحَ اخْرُجْ إِلَى بَنِي قُرَيْظَةَ فَقَاتِلْهُمْ قَالَتْ فَلَبِسَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لَأْمَتَهُ وَأَذَّنَ فِي النَّاسِ بِالرَّحِيلِ أَنْ يَخْرُجُوا فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَمَرَّ عَلَى بَنِي غَنْمٍ وَهُمْ جِيرَانُ الْمَسْجِدِ حَوْلَهُ فَقَالَ مَنْ مَرَّ بِكُمْ؟ فَقَالُوا مَرَّ بِنَا دِحْيَةُ الْكَلْبِيُّ وَكَانَ دِحْيَةُ الْكَلْبِيُّ تُشْبِهُ لِحْيَتُهُ وَسُنَّةُ وَجْهِهِ جِبْرِيلَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ فَقَالَتْ فَأَتَاهُمْ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَحَاصَرَهُمْ خَمْسًا وَعِشْرِينَ لَيْلَةً فَلَمَّا اشْتَدَّ حَصْرُهُمْ وَاشْتَدَّ الْبَلَاءُ قِيلَ لَهُمْ انْزِلُوا عَلَى حُكْمِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَاسْتَشَارُوا أَبَا لُبَابَةَ بْنَ عَبْدِ الْمُنْذِرِ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِمْ أَنَّهُ الذَّبْحُ قَالُوا نَنْزِلُ عَلَى حُكْمِ سَعْدِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ انْزِلُوا عَلَى حُكْمِ سَعْدِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ فَنَزَلُوا وَبَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى سَعْدِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ فَأُتِيَ بِهِ عَلَى حِمَارٍ عَلَي