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bukhari:684ʿAbdullāh b. Yūsuf > Mālik > Abū Ḥāzim b. Dīnār > Sahl b. Saʿd al-Sāʿidī > Rasūl

Messenger of Allah ﷺ went to establish peace among Bani ʿAmr bin ʿAuf. In the meantime the time of prayer was due and the Mu'adh-dhin went to Abu Bakr and said, "Will you lead the prayer, so that I may pronounce the Iqama?" Abu Bakr replied in the affirmative and led the prayer. Messenger of Allah ﷺ came while the people were still praying and he entered the rows of the praying people till he stood in the (first row). The people clapped their hands. Abu Bakr never glanced sideways in his prayer but when the people continued clapping, Abu Bakr looked and saw Messenger of Allah ﷺ. Messenger of Allah ﷺ beckoned him to stay at his place. Abu Bakr raised his hands and thanked Allah for that order of Messenger of Allah ﷺ and then he retreated till he reached the first row. Messenger of Allah ﷺ went forward and led the prayer. When Messenger of Allah ﷺ finished the prayer, he said, "O Abu Bakr! What prevented you from staying when I ordered you to do so?" Abu Bakr replied, "How can Ibn Abi Quhafa (Abu Bakr) dare to lead the prayer in the presence of Messenger of Allah ﷺ?" Then Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Why did you clap so much? If something happens to anyone during his prayer he should say Subhan Allah. If he says so he will be attended to, for clapping is for women."  

البخاري:٦٨٤حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ يُوسُفَ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا مَالِكٌ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيِّ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ ذَهَبَ إِلَى بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَحَانَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَجَاءَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ أَتُصَلِّي لِلنَّاسِ فَأُقِيمَ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَصَلَّى أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَالنَّاسُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَتَخَلَّصَ حَتَّى وَقَفَ فِي الصَّفِّ فَصَفَّقَ النَّاسُ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لاَ يَلْتَفِتُ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرَ النَّاسُ التَّصْفِيقَ الْتَفَتَ فَرَأَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَنِ امْكُثْ مَكَانَكَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ يَدَيْهِ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ عَلَى مَا أَمَرَهُ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مِنْ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ اسْتَأْخَرَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ حَتَّى اسْتَوَى فِي الصَّفِّ وَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى فَلَمَّا انْصَرَفَ قَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَثْبُتَ إِذْ أَمَرْتُكَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ مَا كَانَ لاِبْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بَيْنَ يَدَىْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مَا لِي رَأَيْتُكُمْ أَكْثَرْتُمُ التَّصْفِيقَ مَنْ رَابَهُ شَىْءٌ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلْيُسَبِّحْ فَإِنَّهُ إِذَا سَبَّحَ الْتُفِتَ إِلَيْهِ وَإِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيقُ لِلنِّسَاءِ  


See similar narrations below:

Collected by Bukhārī, Muslim, Nasāʾī, Abū Dāwūd, Mālik, Aḥmad, Ibn Ḥibbān, Ṭabarānī, Nasāʾī's Kubrá, Bayhaqī, Suyūṭī
bukhari:2690Saʿīd b. Abū Maryam > Abū Ghassān > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd

There was a dispute amongst the people of the tribe of Bani ʿAmr bin ʿAuf. The Prophet ﷺ went to them along with some of his companions in order to make peace between them. The time for the prayer became due but the Prophet ﷺ did not turn up; Bilal pronounced the Adhan (i.e. call) for the prayer but the Prophet ﷺ did not turn up, so Bilal went to Abu Bakr and said, "The time for the prayer is due and the Prophet ﷺ i detained, would you lead the people in the prayer?" Abu Bakr replied, "Yes, you wish." So, Bilal pronounced the Iqama of the prayer and Abu Bakr went ahead (to lead the prayer), but the Prophet came walking among the rows till he joined the first row. The people started clapping and they clapped too much, and Abu Bakr used not to look hither and thither in the prayer, but he turned round and saw the Prophet ﷺ standing behind him. The Prophet ﷺ beckoned him with his hand to keep on praying where he was. Abu Bakr raised his hand and praised Allah and then retreated till he came in the (first) row, and the Prophet ﷺ went ahead and lead the people in the prayer. When the Prophet ﷺ finished the prayer, he turned towards the people and said, "O people! When something happens to you during the prayer, you start clapping. Really clapping is (permissible) for women only. If something happens to one of you in his prayer, he should say: 'Subhan Allah', (Glorified be Allah), for whoever hears him (saying so) will direct his attention towards him. O Abu Bakr! What prevented you from leading the people in the prayer when I beckoned to you (to continue)?" Abu Bakr replied, "It did not befit the son of Abu Quhafa to lead the prayer in front of the Prophet.  

البخاري:٢٦٩٠حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ أَبِي مَرْيَمَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو غَسَّانَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ ؓ

أَنَّ أُنَاسًا مِنْ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ كَانَ بَيْنَهُمْ شَىْءٌ فَخَرَجَ إِلَيْهِمُ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فِي أُنَاسٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ يُصْلِحُ بَيْنَهُمْ فَحَضَرَتِ الصَّلاَةُ وَلَمْ يَأْتِ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَجَاءَ بِلاَلٌ فَأَذَّنَ بِلاَلٌ بِالصَّلاَةِ وَلَمْ يَأْتِ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَجَاءَ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ إِنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ حُبِسَ وَقَدْ حَضَرَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَهَلْ لَكَ أَنْ تَؤُمَّ النَّاسَ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ إِنْ شِئْتَ فَأَقَامَ الصَّلاَةَ فَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ثُمَّ جَاءَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ يَمْشِي فِي الصُّفُوفِ حَتَّى قَامَ فِي الصَّفِّ الأَوَّلِ فَأَخَذَ النَّاسُ بِالتَّصْفِيحِ حَتَّى أَكْثَرُوا وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لاَ يَكَادُ يَلْتَفِتُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَالْتَفَتَ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِالنَّبِيِّ ﷺ وَرَاءَهُ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ بِيَدِهِ فَأَمَرَهُ يُصَلِّي كَمَا هُوَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَدَهُ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ الْقَهْقَرَى وَرَاءَهُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ فِي الصَّفِّ وَتَقَدَّمَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى النَّاسِ فَقَالَ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ مَا لَكُمْ إِذَا نَابَكُمْ شَىْءٌ فِي صَلاَتِكُمْ أَخَذْتُمْ بِالتَّصْفِيحِ إِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيحُ لِلنِّسَاءِ مَنْ نَابَهُ شَىْءٌ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلْيَقُلْ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّهُ لا يَسْمَعُهُ أَحَدٌ إِلاَّ الْتَفَتَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ حِينَ أَشَرْتُ إِلَيْكَ لَمْ تُصَلِّ بِالنَّاسِ فَقَالَ مَا كَانَ يَنْبَغِي لاِبْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بَيْنَ يَدَىِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ  

bukhari:1201ʿAbdullāh b. Maslamah > ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz b. Abū Ḥāzim from his father > Sahl > Kharaj al-Nabī ﷺ

The Prophet ﷺ went out to affect a reconciliation between the tribes of Bani ʿAmr bin ʿAuf and the time of the prayer became due; Bilal went to Abu Bakr and said, "The Prophet ﷺ is detained. Will you lead the people in the prayer?" Abu Bakr replied, "Yes, if you wish." So Bilal pronounced the Iqama and Abu Bakr led the prayer. In the meantime the Prophet ﷺ came crossing the rows (of the praying people) till he stood in the first row and the people started clapping. Abu Bakr never looked hither and thither during the prayer but when the people clapped too much, he looked back and saw the Prophet ﷺ in the (first) row. The Prophet ﷺ waved him to remain at his place, but Abu Bakr raised both his hands and sent praises to Allah and then retreated and the Prophet ﷺ went forward and led the prayer. (See Hadith No. 295 & 296)  

البخاري:١٢٠١حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ سَهْلٍ ؓ قَالَ

خَرَجَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ يُصْلِحُ بَيْنَ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ وَحَانَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَجَاءَ بِلاَلٌ أَبَا بَكْرٍ ؓ فَقَالَ حُبِسَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَتَؤُمُّ النَّاسَ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنْ شِئْتُمْ فَأَقَامَ بِلاَلٌ الصَّلاَةَ فَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ فَصَلَّى فَجَاءَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ يَمْشِي فِي الصُّفُوفِ يَشُقُّهَا شَقًّا حَتَّى قَامَ فِي الصَّفِّ الأَوَّلِ فَأَخَذَ النَّاسُ بِالتَّصْفِيحِ قَالَ سَهْلٌ هَلْ تَدْرُونَ مَا التَّصْفِيحُ هُوَ التَّصْفِيقُ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ لاَ يَلْتَفِتُ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرُوا الْتَفَتَ فَإِذَا النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فِي الصَّفِّ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ مَكَانَكَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَدَيْهِ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ الْقَهْقَرَى وَرَاءَهُ وَتَقَدَّمَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَصَلَّى  

bukhari:1218Qutaybah > ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd > Balagh Rasūl Allāh ﷺ

The news about the differences amongst the people of Bani ʿAmr bin ʿAuf at Quba reached Allah's Apostle and so he went to them along with some of his companions to affect a reconciliation. Allah's Apostle was delayed there and the time for the prayer became due. Bilal came to Abu Bakr! and said, "O Abu Bakr! Messenger of Allah ﷺ is detained (there) and the time for the prayer is due. Will you lead the people in prayer?" Abu Bakr replied, "Yes, if you wish." So Bilal pronounced the Iqama and Abu Bakr went forward and the people said Takbir. In the meantime, Messenger of Allah ﷺ came piercing through the rows till he stood in the (first) row and the people started clapping. Abu Bakr, would never look hither and thither during the prayer but when the people clapped much he looked back and saw Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Prophet ﷺ beckoned him to carry on. Abu Bakr raised both his hands, praised Allah and retreated till he stood in the row and Messenger of Allah ﷺ went forward and led the people in the prayer. When he had finished the prayer, he addressed the people and said, "O people! Why did you start clapping when something happened to you in the prayer? Clapping is for women. Whenever one is confronted with something unusual in the prayer one should say, 'Sub Han Allah'." Then the Prophet looked towards Abu Bakr and asked, "What prevented you from leading the prayer when I beckoned you to carry on?" Abu Bakr replied, "It does not befit the son of Al Quhafa to lead the prayer in the presence of Messenger of Allah ﷺ.  

البخاري:١٢١٨حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ ؓ قَالَ

بَلَغَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَنَّ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ بِقُبَاءٍ كَانَ بَيْنَهُمْ شَىْءٌ فَخَرَجَ يُصْلِحُ بَيْنَهُمْ فِي أُنَاسٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ فَحُبِسَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَحَانَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَجَاءَ بِلاَلٌ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ ؓ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَدْ حُبِسَ وَقَدْ حَانَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَهَلْ لَكَ أَنْ تَؤُمَّ النَّاسَ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنْ شِئْتَ فَأَقَامَ بِلاَلٌ الصَّلاَةَ وَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ فَكَبَّرَ لِلنَّاسِ وَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَمْشِي فِي الصُّفُوفِ يَشُقُّهَا شَقًّا حَتَّى قَامَ فِي الصَّفِّ فَأَخَذَ النَّاسُ فِي التَّصْفِيحِ قَالَ سَهْلٌ التَّصْفِيحُ هُوَ التَّصْفِيقُ قَالَ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ لاَ يَلْتَفِتُ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرَ النَّاسُ الْتَفَتَ فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ يَأْمُرُهُ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ يَدَهُ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ الْقَهْقَرَى وَرَاءَهُ حَتَّى قَامَ فِي الصَّفِّ وَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى لِلنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى النَّاسِ فَقَالَ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ مَا لَكُمْ حِينَ نَابَكُمْ شَىْءٌ فِي الصَّلاَةِ أَخَذْتُمْ بِالتَّصْفِيحِ إِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيحُ لِلنِّسَاءِ مَنْ نَابَهُ شَىْءٌ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلْيَقُلْ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ الْتَفَتَ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ ؓ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ لِلنَّاسِ حِينَ أَشَرْتُ إِلَيْكَ قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ مَا كَانَ يَنْبَغِي لاِبْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بَيْنَ يَدَىْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ  

bukhari:1234Qutaybah b. Saʿīd > Yaʿqūb b. ʿAbd al-Raḥman > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd al-Sāʿidī > Rasūl Allāh ﷺ Balaghah

The news about the differences amongst the people of Bani ʿAmr bin ʿAuf reached Messenger of Allah ﷺ and so he went to them along with some of his companions to effect a reconciliation between them. Messenger of Allah ﷺ was delayed there, and the time of the prayer was due. Bilal went to Abu Bakr and said to him, "Messenger of Allah ﷺ has been delayed (there) and the time of prayer is due. So will you lead the people in prayer?" Abu Bakr said, "Yes, if you wish." Bilal pronounced the Iqama and Abu Bakr, went forward and said Takbir for the people. In the meantime Messenger of Allah ﷺ came crossing the rows (of the praying people) and stood in the (first) row and the people started clapping. Abu Bakr, would never glance sideways in his prayer but when the people clapped much he looked back and ﷺ Messenger of Allah ﷺ . Messenger of Allah ﷺ beckoned him to carry on the prayer. Abu Bakr raised his hands and thanked Allah, and retreated till he reached the (first) row. Messenger of Allah ﷺ went forward and led the people in the prayer. When he completed the prayer he faced the people and said, "O people! Why did you start clapping when something unusual happened to you in the prayer? Clapping is only for women. So whoever amongst you comes across something in the prayer should say, 'Subhan-Allah' for there is none who will not turn round on hearing him saying Subhan-Allah. O Abu Bakr! What prevented you from leading the people in the prayer when I beckoned you to do so?" Abu Bakr replied, "How dare the son of Abu Quhafa lead the prayer in the presence of Messenger of Allah ﷺ ?"  

البخاري:١٢٣٤حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيِّ ؓ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ كَانَ بَيْنَهُمْ شَىْءٌ فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يُصْلِحُ بَيْنَهُمْ فِي أُنَاسٍ مَعَهُ فَحُبِسَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَحَانَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَجَاءَ بِلاَلٌ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ ؓ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَدْ حُبِسَ وَقَدْ حَانَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَهَلْ لَكَ أَنْ تَؤُمَّ النَّاسَ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنْ شِئْتَ فَأَقَامَ بِلاَلٌ وَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ فَكَبَّرَ لِلنَّاسِ وَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَمْشِي فِي الصُّفُوفِ حَتَّى قَامَ فِي الصَّفِّ فَأَخَذَ النَّاسُ فِي التَّصْفِيقِ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ لاَ يَلْتَفِتُ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرَ النَّاسُ الْتَفَتَ فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَأْمُرُهُ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ يَدَيْهِ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَرَجَعَ الْقَهْقَرَى وَرَاءَهُ حَتَّى قَامَ فِي الصَّفِّ فَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى لِلنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى النَّاسِ فَقَالَ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ مَا لَكُمْ حِينَ نَابَكُمْ شَىْءٌ فِي الصَّلاَةِ أَخَذْتُمْ فِي التَّصْفِيقِ إِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيقُ لِلنِّسَاءِ مَنْ نَابَهُ شَىْءٌ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلْيَقُلْ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَسْمَعُهُ أَحَدٌ حِينَ يَقُولُ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ الْتَفَتَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ لِلنَّاسِ حِينَ أَشَرْتُ إِلَيْكَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ مَا كَانَ يَنْبَغِي لاِبْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بَيْنَ يَدَىْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ  

bukhari:7190Abū al-Nuʿmān > Ḥammād > Abū Ḥāzim al-Madīnī > Sahl b. Saʿd al-Sāʿidī

There was some quarrel (sighting) among Bani ʿAmr, and when this news reached the Prophet, he offered the Zuhr prayer and went to establish peace among them. In the meantime the time of ʿAsr prayer was due, Bilal pronounced the Adhan and then the Iqama for the prayer and requested Abu Bakr (to lead the prayer) and Abu Bakr went forward. The Prophet ﷺ arrived while Abu Bakr was still praying. He entered the rows of praying people till he stood behind Abu Bakr in the (first) row. The people started clapping, and it was the habit of Abu Bakr that whenever he stood for prayer, he never glanced side-ways till he had finished it, but when Abu Bakr observed that the clapping was not coming to an end, he looked and saw the Prophet ﷺ standing behind him. The Prophet ﷺ beckoned him to carry on by waving his hand. Abu Bakr stood there for a while, thanking Allah for the saying of the Prophet ﷺ and then he retreated, taking his steps backwards. When the Prophet saw that, he went ahead and led the people in prayer. When he finished the prayer, he said, "O Abu Bakr! What prevented you from carrying on with the prayer after I beckoned you to do so?" Abu Bakr replied, "It does not befit the son of Abi Quhafa to lead the Prophet ﷺ in prayer." Then the Prophet ﷺ said to the people, "If some problem arises during prayers, then the men should say, Subhan Allah!; and the women should clap." (See Hadith No. 652, Vol. 1)  

البخاري:٧١٩٠حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو النُّعْمَانِ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو حَازِمٍ الْمَدِينِيُّ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيِّ قَالَ

كَانَ قِتَالٌ بَيْنَ بَنِي عَمْرٍو فَبَلَغَ ذَلِكَ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ فَصَلَّى الظُّهْرَ ثُمَّ أَتَاهُمْ يُصْلِحُ بَيْنَهُمْ فَلَمَّا حَضَرَتْ صَلاَةُ الْعَصْرِ فَأَذَّنَ بِلاَلٌ وَأَقَامَ وَأَمَرَ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَتَقَدَّمَ وَجَاءَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَشَقَّ النَّاسَ حَتَّى قَامَ خَلْفَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَتَقَدَّمَ فِي الصَّفِّ الَّذِي يَلِيهِ قَالَ وَصَفَّحَ الْقَوْمُ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ إِذَا دَخَلَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ لَمْ يَلْتَفِتْ حَتَّى يَفْرُغَ فَلَمَّا رَأَى التَّصْفِيحَ لاَ يُمْسَكُ عَلَيْهِ الْتَفَتَ فَرَأَى النَّبِيَّ ﷺ خَلْفَهُ فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ أَنِ امْضِهْ وَأَوْمَأَ بِيَدِهِ هَكَذَا وَلَبِثَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ هُنَيَّةً يَحْمَدُ اللَّهَ عَلَى قَوْلِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ ثُمَّ مَشَى الْقَهْقَرَى فَلَمَّا رَأَى النَّبِيُّ ﷺ ذَلِكَ تَقَدَّمَ فَصَلَّى النَّبِيُّ ﷺ بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا قَضَى صَلاَتَهُ قَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ إِذْ أَوْمَأْتُ إِلَيْكَ أَنْ لاَ تَكُونَ مَضَيْتَ قَالَ لَمْ يَكُنْ لاِبْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَؤُمَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ وَقَالَ لِلْقَوْمِ إِذَا نَابَكُمْ أَمْرٌ فَلْيُسَبِّحِ الرِّجَالُ وَلْيُصَفِّحِ النِّسَاءُ  

muslim:421aYaḥyá b. Yaḥyá > Mālik > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd al-Sāʿidī

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ went to the tribe of Bani Amr b. Auf in order to bring reconciliation amongst (its members), and It was a time of prayer. The Mu'adhdhin came to Abu Bakr and said: Would you lead the prayer in case I recite takbir (tahrima, with which the prayer begins)? He (Abu Bakr) said: Yes. He (the narrator) said: He (Abu Bakr) started (leading) the prayer. The people were engaged in observing prayer when the Messenger of Allah ﷺ happened to come there and made his way (through the people) till he stood in a row. The people began to clap (their hands), but Abu Bakr paid no heed (to it) in prayer. When the people clapped more vigorously, he (Abu Bakr) then paid heed and saw the Messenger of Allah ﷺ there. (He was about to withdraw when) the Messenger of Allah ﷺ signed to him to keep standing at his place. Abu Bakr lifted his hands and praised Allah for what the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had commanded him and then Abu Bakr withdrew himself till he stood in the midst of the row and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ stepped forward and led the prayer. When (the prayer) was over, he (the Holy Prophet) said: 0 Abu Bakr, what prevented you from standing (at that place) as I ordered you to do? Abu Bakr said: It does not become the son of Abu Quhafa to lead prayer before the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said (to the people) around him: What is it that I saw you clapping so vigorously? (Behold) when anything happens in prayer, say: Subha Allah, for when you would utter it, it would attract the attention, while clapping of hands is meant for women.  

مسلم:٤٢١aحَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ يَحْيَى قَالَ قَرَأْتُ عَلَى مَالِكٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيِّ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ ذَهَبَ إِلَى بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَحَانَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَجَاءَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ أَتُصَلِّي بِالنَّاسِ فَأُقِيمُ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَصَلَّى أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَالنَّاسُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَتَخَلَّصَ حَتَّى وَقَفَ فِي الصَّفِّ فَصَفَّقَ النَّاسُ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لاَ يَلْتَفِتُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرَ النَّاسُ التَّصْفِيقَ الْتَفَتَ فَرَأَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَنِ امْكُثْ مَكَانَكَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَدَيْهِ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ ﷻ عَلَى مَا أَمَرَهُ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مِنْ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ اسْتَأْخَرَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ حَتَّى اسْتَوَى فِي الصَّفِّ وَتَقَدَّمَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَصَلَّى ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَثْبُتَ إِذْ أَمَرْتُكَ قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ مَا كَانَ لاِبْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بَيْنَ يَدَىْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مَا لِي رَأَيْتُكُمْ أَكْثَرْتُمُ التَّصْفِيقَ مَنْ نَابَهُ شَىْءٌ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلْيُسَبِّحْ فَإِنَّهُ إِذَا سَبَّحَ الْتُفِتَ إِلَيْهِ وَإِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيحُ لِلنِّسَاءِ  

nasai:5413Muḥammad b. Manṣūr > Sufyān > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd al-Sāʿidī > And Qaʿ Bayn

"Words were exchanged between two clans of the Ansar, to the point that they began to throw rocks at one another. The Prophet [SAW] went to reconcile between them. The time for prayer came, so Bilal called Adhan and waited for the Messenger of Allah [SAW], but he was delayed. He said the Iqamah and Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, went forward (to lead the prayer). Then the Prophet [SAW] came while Abu Bakr was leading the people in prayer, and when the people saw him they clapped. Abu Bakr would not turn around when he was praying, but when he heard them clapping, he turned around and saw the Messenger of Allah [SAW]. He wanted to step back but (the Prophet [SAW]) gestured to him to stay where he was. Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, raised his hands, then he moved backward and the Messenger of Allah [SAW] came forward and led (the rest of) the prayer. When the Messenger of Allah [SAW] finished praying, he said: 'What prevented you from staying where you were?' He said: 'I would not like Allah to see the son of Abu Quhafah standing in front of His Prophet.' Then he (the Prophet [SAW]) turned to the people and said: 'If you noticed something while you were praying, why did you clap? That is for women. Whoever notices something while he is praying, let him say: "Subhan Allah."  

النسائي:٥٤١٣أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مَنْصُورٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو حَازِمٍ قَالَ

سَمِعْتُ سَهْلَ بْنَ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيَّ يَقُولُ وَقَعَ بَيْنَ حَيَّيْنِ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ كَلاَمٌ حَتَّى تَرَامَوْا بِالْحِجَارَةِ فَذَهَبَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَحَضَرَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَأَذَّنَ بِلاَلٌ وَانْتُظِرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَاحْتُبِسَ فَأَقَامَ الصَّلاَةَ وَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ فَجَاءَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ يُصَلِّي بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا رَآهُ النَّاسُ صَفَّحُوا وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لاَ يَلْتَفِتُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ تَصْفِيحَهُمُ الْتَفَتَ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَتَأَخَّرَ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ أَنِ اثْبُتْ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ يَعْنِي يَدَيْهِ ثُمَّ نَكَصَ الْقَهْقَرَى وَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى فَلَمَّا قَضَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ الصَّلاَةَ قَالَ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَثْبُتَ قَالَ مَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيَرَى ابْنَ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ بَيْنَ يَدَىْ نَبِيِّهِ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى النَّاسِ فَقَالَ مَا لَكُمْ إِذَا نَابَكُمْ شَىْءٌ فِي صَلاَتِكُمْ صَفَّحْتُمْ إِنَّ ذَلِكَ لِلنِّسَاءِ مَنْ نَابَهُ شَىْءٌ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلْيَقُلْ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ  

nasai:1183Muḥammad b. ʿAbdullāh b. Bazīʿ > ʿAbd al-Aʿlá b. ʿAbd al-Aʿlá > ʿUbaydullāh / Ibn ʿUmar > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd > Ānṭalaq

"The Messenger of Allah ﷺ set out to bring about reconciliation among Banu 'Amr bin 'Awf. The time for prayer came, and the Mu'adhdhin went to Abu Bakr to tell him to gather the people and lead them in prayer. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and passed though the rows until he stood in the first row. The people started clapping to let Abu Bakr know that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had come. Abu Bakr never used to turn around when he prayed, but when they clapped consistently he realized something must have happened while they were praying. So he turned around and saw the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ gestured to him to stay where he was. Abu Bakr raised his hands and praised and thanked Allah (SWT) for what the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had said. Then, he moved backwards, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ went forward and prayed. When he finished, he said to Abu Bakr: 'What stopped you from continuing to pray when I gestured to you?' Abu Bakr, may Allah (SWT) be pleased with him, said: 'It was not appropriate for the son of Abu Quhafah to lead the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in prayer.' Then he said to the people: 'Why did you clap?' Clapping is for women.' Then he said: 'If you notice something when you are praying, say "SubhanAllah.'"  

النسائي:١١٨٣أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الأَعْلَى بْنُ عَبْدِ الأَعْلَى قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ وَهُوَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ قَالَ

انْطَلَقَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يُصْلِحُ بَيْنَ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ فَحَضَرَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَجَاءَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَأَمَرَهُ أَنْ يَجْمَعَ النَّاسَ وَيَؤُمَّهُمْ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَخَرَقَ الصُّفُوفَ حَتَّى قَامَ فِي الصَّفِّ الْمُقَدَّمِ وَصَفَّحَ النَّاسُ بِأَبِي بَكْرٍ لِيُؤْذِنُوهُ بِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لاَ يَلْتَفِتُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرُوا عَلِمَ أَنَّهُ قَدْ نَابَهُمْ شَىْءٌ فِي صَلاَتِهِمْ فَالْتَفَتَ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَىْ كَمَا أَنْتَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَدَيْهِ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ لِقَوْلِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ الْقَهْقَرَى وَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى فَلَمَّا انْصَرَفَ قَالَ لأَبِي بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ إِذْ أَوْمَأْتُ إِلَيْكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ مَا كَانَ يَنْبَغِي لاِبْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَؤُمَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِلنَّاسِ مَا بَالُكُمْ صَفَّحْتُمْ إِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيحُ لِلنِّسَاءِ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِذَا نَابَكُمْ شَىْءٌ فِي صَلاَتِكُمْ فَسَبِّحُوا  

nasai:784Qutaybah > Yaʿqūb / Ibn ʿAbd al-Raḥman > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd

"The Messenger of Allah ﷺ has been delayed (there) and the time for prayer has come, will you lead the people in prayer?" Abu Bakr said: 'Yes, if you wish.' Bilal said the Iqamah and Abu Bakr went forward and said the Takbir for the people. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came, passing through the rows (of praying people) and stood in the (first) row and the people started clapping. Abu Bakr would never glance sideways in his prayer but when the people clapped so much he looked back and ﷺMessenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ gestured to him to carry on praying. Aha Bakr raised his hands praising Allah the Mighty and Sublime, and retreated till he reached the (first) row. Then the Messenger ofAllah ﷺ went forward and led the people in the prayer. When he completed the prayer he turned to face the people and said: '0 people, why did you start clapping when something unusual happened to you in the prayer? Clapping is only for women. So whoever among you comes across something in the prayer should say: 'Subhan Allah' for there is none who will not turn round when they hear him saying Subhan Allah. 0 Abu Bakr! What prevented you from leading the people in the prayer when I gestured to you to do so?' Abu Bakr replied: 'It is not fitting for the son of Abu Quhafah to lead the prayer in the presence of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ.'"  

النسائي:٧٨٤أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ وَهُوَ ابْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ كَانَ بَيْنَهُمْ شَىْءٌ فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فِي أُنَاسٍ مَعَهُ فَحُبِسَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَحَانَتِ الأُولَى فَجَاءَ بِلاَلٌ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَدْ حُبِسَ وَقَدْ حَانَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَهَلْ لَكَ أَنْ تَؤُمَّ النَّاسَ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنْ شِئْتَ فَأَقَامَ بِلاَلٌ وَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَكَبَّرَ بِالنَّاسِ وَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَمْشِي فِي الصُّفُوفِ حَتَّى قَامَ فِي الصَّفِّ وَأَخَذَ النَّاسُ فِي التَّصْفِيقِ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لاَ يَلْتَفِتُ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرَ النَّاسُ الْتَفَتَ فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَأْمُرُهُ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَدَيْهِ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ ﷻ وَرَجَعَ الْقَهْقَرَى وَرَاءَهُ حَتَّى قَامَ فِي الصَّفِّ فَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى النَّاسِ فَقَالَ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ مَا لَكُمْ حِينَ نَابَكُمْ شَىْءٌ فِي الصَّلاَةِ أَخَذْتُمْ فِي التَّصْفِيقِ إِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيقُ لِلنِّسَاءِ مَنْ نَابَهُ شَىْءٌ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلْيَقُلْ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَسْمَعُهُ أَحَدٌ حِينَ يَقُولُ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ الْتَفَتَ إِلَيْهِ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ لِلنَّاسِ حِينَ أَشَرْتُ إِلَيْكَ قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ مَا كَانَ يَنْبَغِي لاِبْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بَيْنَ يَدَىْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ  

nasai:793Aḥmad b. ʿAbdah > Ḥammād b. Zayd Thum Dhakar Kalimah Maʿnāhā > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl

"There was some fighting among Banu 'Amr bin 'Awf, and news of that reached the Prophet ﷺ. He prayed Zuhr, then he went to them to reconcile between them. Then he said to Bilal: 'O Bilal, if the time for Asr comes and I have not come back, then tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer.' When the time (for Asr) came, Bilal called the Adhan, then the Iqamah, then he said to Abu Bakr: 'Go forward. So Abu Bakr went forward and started to pray. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and started passing through the rows of people until he stood behind Abu Bakr, and the people clapped. Abu Bakr was such that whenever he started praying, he would never glance sideways, but when he noticed that the clapping persisted he turned around. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ gestured to him to carry on praying. Abu Bakr praised Allah the Mighty and Sublime for the Messenger of Allah ﷺ having told him to continue. Then Abu Bakr moved backward on his heels, and when the Messenger of Allah ﷺ saw that, he came forward and led the people in prayer. When he completed the prayer he said: 'O Abu Bakr, when I gestured to you, what kept you from continuing (to lead the people)?' He said: 'It does not befit the son of Abu Quhafah to lead the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in prayer.' And he (the Prophet) said to the people: 'If you notice something (during the prayer), men should say Subhan Allah and women should clap.'"  

النسائي:٧٩٣أَخْبَرَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدَةَ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ ثُمَّ ذَكَرَ كَلِمَةً مَعْنَاهَا قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو حَازِمٍ قَالَ

سَهْلُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ كَانَ قِتَالٌ بَيْنَ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ فَبَلَغَ ذَلِكَ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ فَصَلَّى الظُّهْرَ ثُمَّ أَتَاهُمْ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِبِلاَلٍ يَا بِلاَلُ إِذَا حَضَرَ الْعَصْرُ وَلَمْ آتِ فَمُرْ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَلْيُصَلِّ بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا حَضَرَتْ أَذَّنَ بِلاَلٌ ثُمَّ أَقَامَ فَقَالَ لأَبِي بَكْرٍ ؓ تَقَدَّمْ فَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَدَخَلَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ ثُمَّ جَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَجَعَلَ يَشُقُّ النَّاسَ حَتَّى قَامَ خَلْفَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَصَفَّحَ الْقَوْمُ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ إِذَا دَخَلَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ لَمْ يَلْتَفِتْ فَلَمَّا رَأَى أَبُو بَكْرٍ التَّصْفِيحَ لاَ يُمْسَكُ عَنْهُ الْتَفَتَ فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ بِيَدِهِ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ ﷻ عَلَى قَوْلِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ لَهُ امْضِهْ ثُمَّ مَشَى أَبُو بَكْرٍ الْقَهْقَرَى عَلَى عَقِبَيْهِ فَتَأَخَّرَ فَلَمَّا رَأَى ذَلِكَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ تَقَدَّمَ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا قَضَى صَلاَتَهُ قَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ إِذْ أَوْمَأْتُ إِلَيْكَ أَنْ لاَ تَكُونَ مَضَيْتَ فَقَالَ لَمْ يَكُنْ لاِبْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَؤُمَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَقَالَ لِلنَّاسِ إِذَا نَابَكُمْ شَىْءٌ فَلْيُسَبِّحِ الرِّجَالُ وَلْيُصَفِّحِ النِّسَاءُ  

abudawud:940al-Qaʿnabī > Mālik > Abū Ḥāzim b. Dīnār > Sahl b. Saʿd > Rasūl

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ went to Banu ‘Amr b. ‘Awf to effect reconciliation between them . in the meantime the time of prayer came and the Mu’adhdhin came to Abu Bakr and asked : Will you lead the people in prayer? I pronounce the Iqamah. He said ; Yes. So Abiu Bakr led the prayer , and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came back while the people were praying. He penetrated through the rows and stood in the first row. The people clapped but Abu Bakr did not pay any attention to it during prayer. When the people clapped increasingly, he paid attention. He saw the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ made a sign to him (saying); Stay at your place. Abu BAkr raised his hands and praised Allah for the commandment the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had given him (to lead the people in prayer). Abu Bakr then stepped back and stood in the row. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stepped forward and led the prayer. When he finished the prayer, he said; Abu Bakr, what prevented you staying (at your place) when I already commented you to do so? Abu Bakr said ; it was not befitting for the son of Abu Quhafah (Abu Bakr) to lead the prayer in the presence of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said; What is the matter that I saw you clapping frequently during prayer? If anything happens to someone during prayer, he should say “Glory be to Allah,” for when he glorifies Allah. He pays attention to him. Clapping applies only to women. Abu Dawud said: This is operative in the obligatory prayer.  

أبو داود:٩٤٠حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ عَنْ مَالِكٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ ذَهَبَ إِلَى بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَحَانَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَجَاءَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ ؓ فَقَالَ أَتُصَلِّي بِالنَّاسِ فَأُقِيمَ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَصَلَّى أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَالنَّاسُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَتَخَلَّصَ حَتَّى وَقَفَ فِي الصَّفِّ فَصَفَّقَ النَّاسُ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لاَ يَلْتَفِتُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرَ النَّاسُ التَّصْفِيقَ الْتَفَتَ فَرَأَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَنِ امْكُثْ مَكَانَكَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَدَيْهِ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ عَلَى مَا أَمَرَهُ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مِنْ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ اسْتَأْخَرَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ حَتَّى اسْتَوَى فِي الصَّفِّ وَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى فَلَمَّا انْصَرَفَ قَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَثْبُتَ إِذْ أَمَرْتُكَ قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ مَا كَانَ لاِبْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بَيْنَ يَدَىْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مَا لِي رَأَيْتُكُمْ أَكْثَرْتُمْ مِنَ التَّصْفِيحِ مَنْ نَابَهُ شَىْءٌ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلْيُسَبِّحْ فَإِنَّهُ إِذَا سَبَّحَ الْتُفِتَ إِلَيْهِ وَإِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيحُ لِلنِّسَاءِ  

قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهَذَا فِي الْفَرِيضَةِ
malik:9-69Yaḥyá > Mālik > Abū Ḥāzim Salamah b. Dīnār > Sahl b. Saʿd al-Sāʿidī

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu Hazim Salama ibn Dinar from Sahl ibn Said as-Saidi that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ went to the tribe of Bani Amr ibn Awf to settle their disputes .The time for the prayer came and the muadhdhin came to Abu Bakr as-Siddiq and said, "Could you lead the people in prayer and I will say the iqama?" He said, "Yes," and Abu Bakr prayed. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ came back while the people were praying, and approached and joined the row. People clapped, but Abu Bakr did not turn round. The people increased their clapping, and Abu Bakr turned round and saw the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ indicated to him to stay in his place. Abu Bakr raised his hands and praised Allah that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had told him to do that. Then he drew back until he was in the row, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ stepped forward and led the prayer. When he had finished he said, "Abu Bakr, what stopped you from staying put like I told you?" Abu Bakr said, "It is not for Ibn Abi Quhafa to pray in front of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ." The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Why did I see you all clapping so much? If something happens to you in the prayer you should say 'Subhana-llah' (Glory be to Allah), and when you say 'Subhana-llah' you will be heard. Clapping is only for women."  

مالك:٩-٦٩حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى عَنْ مَالِكٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيِّ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ ذَهَبَ إِلَى بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَحَانَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَجَاءَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقِ فَقَالَ أَتُصَلِّي لِلنَّاسِ فَأُقِيمَ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَصَلَّى أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَالنَّاسُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَتَخَلَّصَ حَتَّى وَقَفَ فِي الصَّفِّ فَصَفَّقَ النَّاسُ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لاَ يَلْتَفِتُ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرَ النَّاسُ مِنَ التَّصْفِيقِ الْتَفَتَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَرَأَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَنِ امْكُثْ مَكَانَكَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَدَيْهِ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ عَلَى مَا أَمَرَهُ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مِنْ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ اسْتَأْخَرَ حَتَّى اسْتَوَى فِي الصَّفِّ وَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَثْبُتَ إِذْ أَمَرْتُكَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ مَا كَانَ لاِبْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بَيْنَ يَدَىْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مَا لِي رَأَيْتُكُمْ أَكْثَرْتُمْ مِنَ التَّصْفِيحِ مَنْ نَابَهُ شَىْءٌ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلْيُسَبِّحْ فَإِنَّهُ إِذَا سَبَّحَ الْتُفِتَ إِلَيْهِ وَإِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيحُ لِلنِّسَاءِ  

ahmad:22807Yazīd > al-Masʿūdī > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd

[Machine] Among a group of the Ansar, there was an issue, so the Messenger of Allahﷺ went to them to reconcile between them. As the prayer time approached, Bilal came to Abu Bakr and said, "O Abu Bakr, the prayer has approached and the Messenger of Allahﷺ is not here. Shall I give the call to prayer and establish the prayer?" Abu Bakr replied, "Do as you please." So Abu Bakr came forward and led the prayer. Then the Messenger of Allahﷺ arrived and greeted the people with Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr stepped back, and the Messenger of Allahﷺ motioned to him, "Where are you?" Then Abu Bakr stepped back and the Messenger of Allahﷺ came forward and prayed. After completing the prayer, he said to Abu Bakr, "O Abu Bakr, what prevented you from leading the prayer?" Abu Bakr replied, "It was not appropriate for the son of Abu Quhafa to lead the prayer before the Messenger of Allahﷺ." The Messenger of Allahﷺ said, "Then why did you shake hands?" They replied, "We did it to inform Abu Bakr." He said, "Greeting is for women, while glorification is for men."  

أحمد:٢٢٨٠٧حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ أَخْبَرَنَا الْمَسْعُودِيُّ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ قَالَ

كَانَ بَيْنَ نَاسٍ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ شَيْءٌ فَانْطَلَقَ إِلَيْهِمْ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَحَضَرَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَجَاءَ بِلَالٌ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ قَدْ حَضَرَتِ الصَّلَاةُ وَلَيْسَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ هَاهُنَا فَأُؤَذِّنُ وَأُقِيمُ فَتَقَدَّمَ وَتُصَلِّيَ قَالَ مَا شِئْتَ فَافْعَلْ فَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَاسْتَفْتَحَ الصَّلَاةَ وَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَصَفَّحَ النَّاسُ بِأَبِي بَكْرٍ فَذَهَبَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَتَنَحَّى فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِرَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَيْ مَكَانَكَ فَتَأَخَّرَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى فَلَمَّا قَضَى الصَّلَاةَ قَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَثْبُتَ؟ قَالَ مَا كَانَ لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَتَقَدَّمَ أَمَامَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ فَأَنْتُمْ لِمَ صَفَّحْتُمْ؟ قَالُوا لِنُعْلِمَ أَبَا بَكْرٍ قَالَ إِنَّ التَّصْفِيحَ لِلنِّسَاءِ وَالتَّسْبِيحَ لِلرِّجَالِ  

ahmad:22816ʿAffān > Ḥammād b. Zayd > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd

"There was some fighting among Banu 'Amr bin 'Awf, and news of that reached the Prophet ﷺ. He prayed Zuhr, then he went to them to reconcile between them. Then he said to Bilal: 'O Bilal, if the time for Asr comes and I have not come back, then tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer.' When the time (for Asr) came, Bilal called the Adhan, then the Iqamah, then he said to Abu Bakr: 'Go forward. So Abu Bakr went forward and started to pray. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and started passing through the rows of people until he stood behind Abu Bakr, and the people clapped. Abu Bakr was such that whenever he started praying, he would never glance sideways, but when he noticed that the clapping persisted he turned around. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ gestured to him to carry on praying. Abu Bakr praised Allah the Mighty and Sublime for the Messenger of Allah ﷺ having told him to continue. Then Abu Bakr moved backward on his heels, and when the Messenger of Allah ﷺ saw that, he came forward and led the people in prayer. When he completed the prayer he said: 'O Abu Bakr, when I gestured to you, what kept you from continuing (to lead the people)?' He said: 'It does not befit the son of Abu Quhafah to lead the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in prayer.' And he (the Prophet) said to the people: 'If you notice something (during the prayer), men should say Subhan Allah and women should clap.'" (Using translation from Nasāʾī 793)   

أحمد:٢٢٨١٦حَدَّثَنَا عَفَّانُ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ قَالَ

كَانَ قِتَالٌ بَيْنَ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ فَبَلَغَ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ فَأَتَاهُمْ بَعْدَ الظُّهْرِ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَقَالَ يَا بِلَالُ إِنْ حَضَرَتِ الصَّلَاةُ وَلَمْ آتِ فَمُرْ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَلْيُصَلِّ بِالنَّاسِ قَالَ فَلَمَّا حَضَرَتِ الْعَصْرُ أَقَامَ بِلَالٌ الصَّلَاةَ ثُمَّ أَمَرَ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَتَقَدَّمَ بِهِمْ وَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بَعْدَمَا دَخَلَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَلَمَّا رَأَوْهُ صَفَّحُوا وَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَشُقُّ النَّاسَ حَتَّى قَامَ خَلْفَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ قَالَ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ إِذَا دَخَلَ فِي الصَّلَاةِ لَمْ يَلْتَفِتْ فَلَمَّا رَأَى التَّصْفِيحَ لَا يُمْسَكُ عَنْهُ فَالْتَفَتَ فَرَأَى النَّبِيَّ ﷺ خَلْفَهُ فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بِيَدِهِ أَنْ امْضِهْ فَقَامَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ هُنَيْهَةً فَحَمِدَ اللهَ عَلَى ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ مَشَى الْقَهْقَرَى قَالَ فَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا قَضَى رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ صَلَاتَهُ قَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ إِذْ أَوْمَأْتُ إِلَيْكَ أَنْ لَا تَكُونَ مَضَيْتَ؟ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لَمْ يَكُنْ لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَؤُمَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ لِلنَّاسِ إِذَا نَابَكُمْ فِي صَلَاتِكُمْ شَيْءٌ فَلْيُسَبِّحِ الرِّجَالُ وَلْيُصَفِّحِ النِّسَاءُ  

ahmad:22817Yūnus b. Muḥammad > Ḥammād > ʿUbaydullāh b. ʿUmar > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd > Ḥammād Thum Laqīt Abū Ḥāzim Faḥaddathanī Bih Falam Unkir Mimmā > Shayʾ

"There was some fighting among Banu 'Amr bin 'Awf, and news of that reached the Prophet ﷺ. He prayed Zuhr, then he went to them to reconcile between them. Then he said to Bilal: 'O Bilal, if the time for Asr comes and I have not come back, then tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer.' When the time (for Asr) came, Bilal called the Adhan, then the Iqamah, then he said to Abu Bakr: 'Go forward. So Abu Bakr went forward and started to pray. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and started passing through the rows of people until he stood behind Abu Bakr, and the people clapped. Abu Bakr was such that whenever he started praying, he would never glance sideways, but when he noticed that the clapping persisted he turned around. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ gestured to him to carry on praying. Abu Bakr praised Allah the Mighty and Sublime for the Messenger of Allah ﷺ having told him to continue. Then Abu Bakr moved backward on his heels, and when the Messenger of Allah ﷺ saw that, he came forward and led the people in prayer. When he completed the prayer he said: 'O Abu Bakr, when I gestured to you, what kept you from continuing (to lead the people)?' He said: 'It does not befit the son of Abu Quhafah to lead the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in prayer.' And he (the Prophet) said to the people: 'If you notice something (during the prayer), men should say Subhan Allah and women should clap.'" (Using translation from Nasāʾī 793)   

أحمد:٢٢٨١٧حَدَّثَنَا يُونُسُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ حَدَّثَنِي عُبَيْدُ اللهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ قَالَ حَمَّادٌ ثُمَّ لَقِيتُ أَبَا حَازِمٍ فَحَدَّثَنِي بِهِ فَلَمْ أُنْكِرْ مِمَّا حَدَّثَنِي شَيْئًا قَالَ

كَانَ قِتَالٌ بَيْنَ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ فَبَلَغَ ذَلِكَ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ بَعْدَ الظُّهْرِ فَأَتَاهُمْ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَقَالَ لِبِلَالٍ إِنْ حَضَرَتِ الصَّلَاةُ وَلَمْ آتِ فَمُرْ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَلْيُصَلِّ بِالنَّاسِ قَالَ فَلَمَّا حَضَرَتِ الصَّلَاةُ أَذَّنَ ثُمَّ أَقَامَ فَأَمَرَ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَتَقَدَّمَ فَلَمَّا تَقَدَّمَ جَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَلَمَّا جَاءَ صَفَّحَ النَّاسُ قَالَ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ إِذَا دَخَلَ فِي الصَّلَاةِ لَمْ يَلْتَفِتْ قَالَ فَلَمَّا رَآهُمْ لَا يُمْسِكُونَ الْتَفَتَ فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ بِيَدِهِ أَنْ امْضِهْ قَالَ فَرَجَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ الْقَهْقَرَى قَالَ وَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَلَمَّا قَضَى رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ الصَّلَاةَ قَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ إِذْ أَوْمَأْتُ إِلَيْكَ أَنْ تَمْضِيَ فِي صَلَاتِكَ؟ قَالَ فَقَالَ مَا كَانَ لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَؤُمَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِذَا نَابَكُمْ فِي الصَّلَاةِ شَيْءٌ فَلْيُسَبِّحِ الرِّجَالُ وَلْيُصَفِّقِ النِّسَاءُ  

ahmad:22848Bahz > Ḥammād / Ibn Salamah > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd

[Machine] The Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to the Banu Amr ibn Awf in a dispute between them to reconcile them. The Asr prayer time arrived, and Bilal said to Abu Bakr, "Should I establish the prayer and lead the people?" Abu Bakr replied, "Yes," so Bilal called the people to prayer. Abu Bakr advanced to lead the people in prayer, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came breaking the rows, shaking hands with the people. Abu Bakr hardly turned in the prayer, but when the people increased in turning, Abu Bakr turned as well. Then he saw the Messenger of Allah ﷺ breaking the rows, so Abu Bakr stepped back and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ motioned to him to stay in his place. Abu Bakr stepped back, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ led the prayer with them. After finishing the prayer, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said to Abu Bakr, "O Abu Bakr, why did you not stand up when I motioned to you?" Abu Bakr replied, "It was not fitting for the son of Abu Quhafah to lead the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in prayer." Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "What is wrong with you that when something comes to you, you turn? Say the tasbih (glorification of Allah); indeed, tasbih is for women."  

أحمد:٢٢٨٤٨حَدَّثَنَا بَهْزٌ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ يَعْنِي ابْنَ سَلَمَةَ أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ أَتَى بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ فِي لِحَاءٍ كَانَ بَيْنَهُمْ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَحَضَرَتْ صَلَاةُ الْعَصْرِ فَقَالَ بِلَالٌ لِأَبِي بَكْرٍ أُقِيمُ وَتُصَلِّي بِالنَّاسِ؟ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ نَعَمْ فَأَقَامَ بِلَالٌ وَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لِيُصَلِّيَ بِالنَّاسِ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَخْرِقُ الصُّفُوفَ فَصَفَّحَ الْقَوْمُ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لَا يَكَادُ يَلْتَفِتُ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرُوا الْتَفَتَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ يَخْرِقُ الصُّفُوفَ فَتَأَخَّرَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَأَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَنْ مَكَانَكَ فَتَأَخَّرَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى بِهِمْ فَلَمَّا قَضَى صَلَاتَهُ قَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا بَالُكَ إِذْ أَوْمَأْتُ إِلَيْكَ لَمْ تَقُمْ؟ قَالَ مَا كَانَ لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَؤُمَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مَا لَكُمْ إِذَا نَابَكُمْ أَمْرٌ صَفَّحْتُمْ سَبِّحُوا؛ فَإِنَّ التَّصْفِيحَ لِلنِّسَاءِ  

ahmad:22863Ḥujayn b. al-Muthanná > ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz / Ibn Abū Salamah > Abū Ḥāzim al-Qāṣ

[Machine] On the authority of Sahl ibn Saad al-Saadi, companion of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ , he said: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to us and said, "Verily, the Banu Amr ibn Auf have fought and pelted each other with stones." So the Messenger of Allah ﷺ went out to them to reconcile between them, and it was time for prayer. Bilal came to Abu Bakr al-Siddiq and said, "Shall I establish the prayer and call the prayer?" Abu Bakr replied, "Yes." So Bilal established the prayer, and Abu Bakr went forward. When he entered the prayer and the people lined up behind him, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came from where he had gone and started passing through the rows until he reached the first row. Then he stopped and caused the people to clap their hands to get Abu Bakr's attention, so they could give him permission to give the call to prayer for the Messenger of Allah ﷺ . Abu Bakr did not turn during the prayer, but when they persisted in clapping, he did turn and found the Messenger of Allah ﷺ behind him with the people. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ gestured to Abu Bakr to remain standing, then he raised his hands as if he was supplicating, then he delayed the recitation of Surah Al-Qaari'ah until he arrived. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ went ahead and led the people in prayer. When he finished his prayer, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "What is the matter with you, and why did you start clapping? When something happens to one of you in your prayer, let him say 'Subhan Allah,' for indeed, glorification is for men and clapping is for women." Then he said to Abu Bakr, "Why did you raise your hands? What prevented you from remaining still when I gestured to you?" Abu Bakr replied, "I raised my hands because I praised you for what I saw of you, and it was not appropriate for Ibn Abi Quhafah to lead the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in prayer."  

أحمد:٢٢٨٦٣حَدَّثَنَا حُجَيْنُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ يَعْنِي ابْنَ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ الْقَاصِّ

عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيِّ صَاحِبِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ أَتَى رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ آتٍ فَقَالَ إِنَّ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ قَدْ اقْتَتَلُوا وَتَرَامَوْا بِالْحِجَارَةِ فَخَرَجَ إِلَيْهِمْ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَحَانَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَجَاءَ بِلَالٌ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقِ فَقَالَ أَتُصَلِّي فَأُقِيمَ الصَّلَاةَ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَأَقَامَ بِلَالٌ الصَّلَاةَ وَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَلَمَّا دَخَلَ فِي الصَّلَاةِ وَصَفَّ النَّاسُ وَرَاءَهُ جَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مِنْ حَيْثُ ذَهَبَ فَجَعَلَ يَتَخَلَّلُ الصُّفُوفَ حَتَّى بَلَغَ الصَّفَّالْأَوَّلَ ثُمَّ وَقَفَ وَجَعَلَ النَّاسُ يُصَفِّقُونَ لِيُؤْذِنُوا أَبَا بَكْرٍ بِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرُوا عَلَيْهِ الْتَفَتَ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ خَلْفَهُ مَعَ النَّاسِ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَنْ اثْبُتْ فَرَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ كَأَنَّهُ يَدْعُو ثُمَّ اسْتَأْخَرَ الْقَهْقَرَى حَتَّى جَاءَ الصَّفَّ فَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ مِنْ صَلَاتِهِ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مَا بَالُكُمْ وَنَابَكُمْ شَيْءٌ فِي صَلَاتِكُمْ فَجَعَلْتُمْ تُصَفِّقُونَ؟ إِذَا نَابَ أَحَدَكُمْ شَيْءٌ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَلْيُسَبِّحِ فَإِنَّمَا التَّسْبِيحُ لِلرِّجَالِ وَالتَّصْفِيقُ لِلنِّسَاءِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِأَبِي بَكْرٍ لِمَ رَفَعْتَ يَدَيْكَ؟ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَثْبُتَ حِينَ أَشَرْتُ إِلَيْكَ؟ قَالَ رَفَعْتُ يَدَيَّ؛ لِأَنِّي حَمِدْتُ عَلَى مَا رَأَيْتُ مِنْكَ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ يَنْبَغِي لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَؤُمَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ  

ذِكْرُ الْأَمْرِ بِالتَّسْبِيحِ لِلرِّجَالِ، وَالتَّصْفِيقِ لِلنِّسَاءِ، إِذَا حَزَبَهُمْ أَمْرٌ فِي صَلَاتِهِمْ

ibnhibban:2260al-Ḥusayn b. Idrīs al-Anṣārī > Aḥmad b. Abū Bakr > Mālik > Abū Ḥāzim b. Dīnār > Sahl b. Saʿd > Rasūl

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ went to Banu ‘Amr b. ‘Awf to effect reconciliation between them . in the meantime the time of prayer came and the Mu’adhdhin came to Abu Bakr and asked : Will you lead the people in prayer? I pronounce the Iqamah. He said ; Yes. So Abiu Bakr led the prayer , and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came back while the people were praying. He penetrated through the rows and stood in the first row. The people clapped but Abu Bakr did not pay any attention to it during prayer. When the people clapped increasingly, he paid attention. He saw the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ made a sign to him (saying); Stay at your place. Abu BAkr raised his hands and praised Allah for the commandment the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had given him (to lead the people in prayer). Abu Bakr then stepped back and stood in the row. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stepped forward and led the prayer. When he finished the prayer, he said; Abu Bakr, what prevented you staying (at your place) when I already commented you to do so? Abu Bakr said ; it was not befitting for the son of Abu Quhafah (Abu Bakr) to lead the prayer in the presence of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said; What is the matter that I saw you clapping frequently during prayer? If anything happens to someone during prayer, he should say “Glory be to Allah,” for when he glorifies Allah. He pays attention to him. Clapping applies only to women. Abu Dawud said: This is operative in the obligatory prayer. (Using translation from Abū Dāʾūd 940)  

ابن حبّان:٢٢٦٠أَخْبَرَنَا الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ الْأَنْصَارِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ عَنْ مَالِكٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ ذَهَبَ إِلَى بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَحَانَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَجَاءَ بِلَالٌ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقِ ؓ فَقَالَ أَتُصَلِّي لِلنَّاسِ فَأُقِيمَ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَصَلَّى أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَالنَّاسُ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَتَخَلَّصَ حَتَّى وَقَفَ فِي الصَّفِّ فَصَفَّقَ النَّاسُ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرَ النَّاسُ التَّصْفِيقَ الْتَفَتَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَرَأَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَنِ اثْبُتْ مَكَانَكَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَدَيْهِ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى عَلَى مَا أَمَرَهُ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مِنْ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ اسْتَأْخَرَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ حَتَّى اسْتَوَى فِي الصَّفِّ وَتَقَدَّمَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَصَلَّى فَلَمَّا انْصَرَفَ قَالَ «يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَلْبَثَ إِذْ أَمَرْتُكَ؟ » فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ مَا كَانَ لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ «مَا لِي رَأَيْتُكُمْ أَكْثَرْتُمُ التَّصْفِيقَ؟ مَنْ نَابَهُ شَيْءٌ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَلْيُسَبِّحْ فَإِنَّهُ إِنْ سَبَّحَ الْتُفِتَ إِلَيْهِ وَإِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيقُ لِلنِّسَاءِ»  

ذِكْرُ الْبَيَانِ بِأَنَّ بِلَالًا قَدَّمَ أَبَا بَكْرٍ لِيُصَلِّيَ بِهِمْ هَذِهِ الصَّلَاةَ بِأَمْرِ الْمُصْطَفَى ﷺ لَا مِنْ تِلْقَاءِ نَفْسِهِ

ibnhibban:2261Aḥmad b. ʿAlī b. al-Muthanná > Khalaf b. Hishām al-Bazzār > Ḥammād b. Zayd > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd

"There was some fighting among Banu 'Amr bin 'Awf, and news of that reached the Prophet ﷺ. He prayed Zuhr, then he went to them to reconcile between them. Then he said to Bilal: 'O Bilal, if the time for Asr comes and I have not come back, then tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer.' When the time (for Asr) came, Bilal called the Adhan, then the Iqamah, then he said to Abu Bakr: 'Go forward. So Abu Bakr went forward and started to pray. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and started passing through the rows of people until he stood behind Abu Bakr, and the people clapped. Abu Bakr was such that whenever he started praying, he would never glance sideways, but when he noticed that the clapping persisted he turned around. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ gestured to him to carry on praying. Abu Bakr praised Allah the Mighty and Sublime for the Messenger of Allah ﷺ having told him to continue. Then Abu Bakr moved backward on his heels, and when the Messenger of Allah ﷺ saw that, he came forward and led the people in prayer. When he completed the prayer he said: 'O Abu Bakr, when I gestured to you, what kept you from continuing (to lead the people)?' He said: 'It does not befit the son of Abu Quhafah to lead the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in prayer.' And he (the Prophet) said to the people: 'If you notice something (during the prayer), men should say Subhan Allah and women should clap.'" (Using translation from Nasāʾī 793)   

ابن حبّان:٢٢٦١أَخْبَرَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْمُثَنَّى حَدَّثَنَا خَلَفُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ الْبَزَّارُ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ قَالَ

كَانَ قِتَالٌ بَيْنَ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ فَأَتَاهُمُ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَقَدْ صَلَّى الظُّهْرَ فَقَالَ لِبِلَالٍ «إِنْ حَضَرَتِ صَلَاةُ الْعَصْرِ وَلَمْ آتِ فَمُرْ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَلْيُصَلِّ بِالنَّاسِ» فَلَمَّا حَضَرَتْ صَلَاةُ الْعَصْرِ أَذَّنَ بِلَالٌ وَأَقَامَ وَقَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ تَقَدَّمْ فَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَشُقُّ الصُّفُوفَ فَلَمَّا رَأَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ النَّاسُ صَفَّحُوا قَالَ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ إِذَا دَخَلَ فِي الصَّلَاةِ لَمْ يَلْتَفِتْ فَلَمَّا رَأَى التَّصْفِيحَ لَا يُمْسَكُ عَنْهُ الْتَفَتَ فَرَأَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ خَلْفَهُ فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ «أَنِ امْضِ» فَلَبِثَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ هُنَيَّةً فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ عَلَى قَوْلِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ «أَنِ امْضِ» ثُمَّ مَشَى أَبُو بَكْرٍ الْقَهْقَرَى عَلَى عَقِبِهِ فَلَمَّا رَأَى ذَلِكَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ تَقَدَّمَ فَصَلَّى بِالْقَوْمِ صَلَاتَهُمْ فَلَمَّا قَضَى صَلَاتَهُ قَالَ «يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ إِذْ أَوْمَأْتُ إِلَيْكَ أَنْ لَا تَكُونَ مَضَيْتَ؟ » قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لَمْ يَكُنْ لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَؤُمَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِلنَّاسِ «إِذَا نَابَكُمْ فِي صَلَاتِكُمْ شَيْءٌ فَلْيُسَبِّحِ الرِّجَالُ وَلْتُصَفِّقِ النِّسَاءُ»  

tabarani:5958[Chain 1] ʿAbdullāh b. Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal > Muḥammad b. Abū Bakr al-Muqaddamī [Chain 2] ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Salm al-Rāzī > Sahl b. ʿUthmān > ʿUmar b. ʿAlī al-Muqaddamī > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd ؓ

[Machine] There was an argument between two of the Ansar, from the clan of Bani Amr ibn Auf, to the point where they started throwing stones at each other. The scream was heard by the Prophet ﷺ, while Bilal had already given the call for the Dhuhr prayer. The Prophet ﷺ went to reconcile between them, but he was delayed. He sent Bilal to Abu Bakr, asking him to lead the prayer until he returned. Abu Bakr stood up and started leading the prayer. When the people noticed the Prophet ﷺ standing behind Abu Bakr, they started making a commotion. Abu Bakr, however, did not turn around in his prayer. When the commotion increased, he turned around and saw that it was the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. He stepped back, giving the Prophet ﷺ space to lead the prayer. After completing the prayer, the Prophet ﷺ went up to Abu Bakr and asked him, "What prevented you from coming forward when I instructed you to do so?" Abu Bakr replied, "It was not befitting for Allah to see Ibn Abi Quhafa (Abu Bakr) leading the prayer while His Messenger ﷺ was present." Abu Bakr then turned towards the people and said, "O people, what is the matter with you? When something happens during your prayer, you turn around in confusion, while the making of gestures is for women and the glorification is for men."  

الطبراني:٥٩٥٨حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ حَنْبَلٍ حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْمُقَدَّمِيُّ ح وَحَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ سَلْمٍ الرَّازِيُّ ثنا سَهْلُ بْنُ عُثْمَانَ قَالَا ثنا عُمَرُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ الْمُقَدَّمِيُّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا حَازِمٍ يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ ؓ قَالَ

كَانَ بَيْنَ حَيَّيْنِ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ مِنْ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ كَلَامٌ حَتَّى تَقَاذَفُوا بِالْحِجَارَةِ فَجَاءَ الصَّرِيخُ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ وَقَدْ أَذَّنَ بِلَالٌ بِصَلَاةِ الظُّهْرِ فَانْطَلَقَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمَا فَأَبْطَأَ فَأَتَى بِلَالٌ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ أَتُصَلِّي حَتَّى أُقِيمَ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَأَقَامَ بِلَالٌ وَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَجَاءَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ يَشُقُّ الصُّفُوفَ حَتَّى قَامَ خَلْفَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَأَقْبَلَ النَّاسُ عَلَى التَّصْفِيحِ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرُوا الْتَفَتَ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَرَجَعَ يَمْشِي الْقَهْقَرَى فَدَفَعَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَصَلَّى فَلَمَّا قَضَى الصَّلَاةَ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ «مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَتَقَدَّمَ إِذْ أَمَرْتُكَ؟» قَالَ مَا كَانَ اللهُ لِيَرَى ابْنَ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَؤُمَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَأَقْبَلَ عَلَى النَّاسِ فَقَالَ «أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ مَا لَكُمْ إِذَا نَابَكُمْ أَمْرٌ فِي صَلَاتِكُمْ أَقْبَلْتُمْ عَلَى التَّصْفِيحِ إِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيحُ لِلنِّسَاءِ وَالتَّسْبِيحُ لِلرِّجَالِ»  

tabarani:5979ʿUmar b. Ḥafṣ al-Sadūsī > Abū Bilāl al-Ashʿarī > Mūsá b. Muḥammad al-Anṣārī > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd al-Sāʿidī > Kunnā

[Machine] We were with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ when a man came and said, "O Messenger of Allah, there has been an argument between the Banu Amr ibn Awf until they threw stones at each other." The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "This used to happen among them in the past. Come with us to them." So, Ubayy ibn Ka'b and Suhail ibn Bayda'a stood up and went with him to reconcile between them. Then, the prayer time came and Bilal called the prayer. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ gestured to him to go slowly, so the people said to Abu Bakr, "Move forward." He said, "Do you see that?" They said, "Yes." So, he moved forward, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and started shaking hands with the people. Abu Bakr would not turn around during the prayer, but when he heard the people shaking hands, he turned around and saw the Messenger of Allah ﷺ . He then stepped back, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ moved forward and led the prayer. After finishing, he said, "O Abu Bakr, what prevented you from staying in your place when I gestured to you?" He said, "It was not appropriate for Ibn Abi Quhafa to go ahead of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ ." Then, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Why did I see you shaking hands? Clapping is for men, and tasbih (saying subhan Allah) is for women in prayer."  

الطبراني:٥٩٧٩حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ حَفْصٍ السَّدُوسِيُّ ثنا أَبُو بِلَالٍ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ ثنا مُوسَى بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْأَنْصَارِيُّ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيِّ قَالَ

كُنَّا عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَجَاءَ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنَّ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ وَقَعَ بَيْنَهُمْ كَلَامٌ حَتَّى تَرَامَوْا بِالْحِجَارَةِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ «قَدِيمًا كَانَ ذَلِكَ بَيْنَهُمْ قُومُوا بِنَا إِلَيْهِمْ» فَقَامَ مَعَهُ أُبَيُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ وَسُهَيْلُ بْنُ بَيْضَاءَ فَأَصْلَحَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَحَضَرَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَأَذَّنَ بِلَالٌ فَرَاثَ عَلَيْهِمْ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَعْنِي أَبْطَأَ فَقَالَ النَّاسُ لِأَبِي بَكْرٍ تَقَدَّمْ فَقَالَ تَرَوْنَ ذَلِكَ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ فَتَقَدَّمَ وَأَقْبَلَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَجَعَلَ النَّاسُ يُصَفِّحُونَ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَلَمَّا سَمِعَهُمْ يُصَفِّحُونَ الْتَفَتَ فَرَأَى رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَنَكَصَ عَلَى عَقِبَيْهِ فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ أَنْ مَكَانَكَ فَتَأَخَّرَ وَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا انْصَرَفَ قَالَ «يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَثْبُتَ فِي مَكَانِكَ حِينَ أَوْمَأْتُ إِلَيْكَ؟» قَالَ مَا كَانَ لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَتَقَدَّمَ أَمَامَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ «مَا لِي أَرَاكُمْ صَفَّحْتُمْ؟ مَنْ نَابَهُ فِي صَلَاتِهِ شَيْءٌ فَإِنَّ التَّسْبِيحَ لِلرِّجَالِ وَالتَّصْفِيقَ لِلنِّسَاءِ»  

tabarani:5693ʿUbaydullāh b. Muḥammad b. Khunays al-Dimyāṭī > Mūsá b. Muḥammad al-Balqāwī > al-Walīd b. Muḥammad al-Muqriʾ > al-Zuhrī > Sahl b. Saʿd al-Sāʿidī > Rasūl Allāh ﷺ Dhahab

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ went to Banu ‘Amr b. ‘Awf to effect reconciliation between them . in the meantime the time of prayer came and the Mu’adhdhin came to Abu Bakr and asked : Will you lead the people in prayer? I pronounce the Iqamah. He said ; Yes. So Abiu Bakr led the prayer , and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came back while the people were praying. He penetrated through the rows and stood in the first row. The people clapped but Abu Bakr did not pay any attention to it during prayer. When the people clapped increasingly, he paid attention. He saw the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ made a sign to him (saying); Stay at your place. Abu BAkr raised his hands and praised Allah for the commandment the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had given him (to lead the people in prayer). Abu Bakr then stepped back and stood in the row. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stepped forward and led the prayer. When he finished the prayer, he said; Abu Bakr, what prevented you staying (at your place) when I already commented you to do so? Abu Bakr said ; it was not befitting for the son of Abu Quhafah (Abu Bakr) to lead the prayer in the presence of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said; What is the matter that I saw you clapping frequently during prayer? If anything happens to someone during prayer, he should say “Glory be to Allah,” for when he glorifies Allah. He pays attention to him. Clapping applies only to women. Abu Dawud said: This is operative in the obligatory prayer. (Using translation from Abū Dāʾūd 940)   

الطبراني:٥٦٩٣حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خُنَيْسٍ الدِّمْيَاطِيُّ ثنا مُوسَى بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْبَلْقَاوِيُّ ثنا الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْمُقْرِئُ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ حَدَّثَنِي سَهْلُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيُّ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ ذَهَبَ إِلَى بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فحَانَ وَقْتُ الصَّلَاةِ فَجَاءَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ ؓ فَقَالَ أَتُصَلِّي لِلنَّاسِ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَصَلَّى أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَالنَّاسُ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَخَلُصَ حَتَّى وَقَفَ فِي الصَّفِّ مَعَ النَّاسِ فَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرَ النَّاسُ التَّصْفِيقَ الْتَفَتَ فَرَأَى رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ وأشَارَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَنِ امْكُثْ مَكَانَكَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ يَدَهُ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ ﷻ عَلَى مَا أَمَرَهُ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مِنْ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ اسْتَأْخَرَ حَتَّى اسْتَوَى فِي الصَّفِّ فَتَقَدَّمَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَصَلَّى فَلَمَّا انْصَرَفَ قَالَ «يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَثْبُتَ إِذْ أَمَرْتُكَ؟» فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ مَا كَانَ يَنْبَغِي لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ «مَا لِي رَأَيْتُكُمْ أَكْثَرْتُمْ مِنَ التَّصْفِيقِ مَنْ رَابَهُ شَيْءٌ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَلْيُسَبِّحْ فَإِنَّهُ إِذَا سَبَّحَ الْتَفَتَ إِلَيْهِ وإِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيقُ لِلنِّسَاءِ»  

tabarani:5749Bakr b. Sahl > ʿAbdullāh b. Ṣāliḥ > al-Layth b. Saʿd > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd al-Sāʿidī > Kharaj

[Machine] The Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , went to the tribe of Bani Amr ibn Awf to reconcile between them regarding a dispute that had arisen among them. The Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , did not arrive until the midday prayer had been established. Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, stepped forward to lead the people in prayer and he pronounced the takbeer (saying Allahu Akbar, meaning "Allah is the Greatest"). Then the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , entered, and the people began applauding Abu Bakr for his quick response to the entrance of the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ . Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, did not turn around in his prayer. But when he heard the sound of the footsteps behind him, indicating that the row behind him had been completed, he knew that the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , had come. He stepped back to open up a space between him and the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , until the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , led him to his proper place. Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, took a few steps back, and then joined the row behind him. When the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , noticed this, he stepped forward and led them in prayer until the prayer was complete, then he uttered the tasleem (saying As-salaamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullah, meaning "peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah"). He then approached Abu Bakr and asked him, "Abu Bakr, what made you do what you did? Didn't you stay in your place when I led you?" Abu Bakr replied, "Indeed, I intended to do that, but I did not see it appropriate for the son of Abu Quhafa (referring to himself) to precede the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ ." Then he turned to the people and said, "When a representative is appointed for you, then it is upon you to say the tasbeeh (saying SubhanAllah, meaning "Glory be to Allah"), as the tasbeeh is for the men and the applause is for the women."  

الطبراني:٥٧٤٩حَدَّثَنَا بَكْرُ بْنُ سَهْلٍ ثنا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ صَالِحٍ حَدَّثَنِي اللَّيْثُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيِّ قَالَ

خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ اخْتَلَفُوا فِيهِ فَلَمْ يَأْتِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ حَتَّى أُقِيمَتْ صَلَاةُ الظُّهْرِ وَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لِيُصَلِّيَ بِالنَّاسِ وَكَبَّرَ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَرَآهُ النَّاسُ فَجَعَلُوا يُصَفِّقُونَ لِأَبِي بَكْرٍ لِيَفْطِنَ بِدُخُولِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ بِفَرْجِ الصُّفُوفِ خَلْفَهُ عَرَفَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ جَاءَ فَاسْتَأْخَرَ إِلَى الصَّفِّ فَوَضَعَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بَيْنَ كَتِفَيْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ حَتَّى قَدَّمَهُ إِلَى مَقَامِهِ فَثَبَتَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ قَلِيلًا ثُمَّ حَمَلَ حَمْلَةً وَاحِدَةً الْقَهْقَرَى وَدَخَلَ فِي الصَّفِّ فَلَمَّا رَأَى رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ ذَلِكَ تَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى لَهُمْ حَتَّى قَضَى الصَّلَاةَ ثُمَّ سَلَّمَ فَأَقْبَلَ عَلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ «مَا حَمَلَكَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ عَلَى مَا صَنَعْتَ أَلَا ثَبَتَّ حِينَ قَدَّمْتُكَ؟» قَالَ قَدْ أَرَدْتُ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ إِنْهُ لَمْ أَرَ أَنَّهُ يَنْبَغِي لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَتَقَدَّمَ أَمَامَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى النَّاسِ فَقَالَ «إِذَا نَابَتْكُمْ نَائِبَةٌ فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِالتَّسْبِيحِ فَإِنَّ التَّسْبِيحَ لِلرِّجَالِ وَالتَّصْفِيقَ لِلنِّسَاءِ»  

tabarani:5771[Chain 1] ʿAlī b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz > al-Qaʿnabī > Mālik [Chain 2] Bakr b. Sahl al-Dimyāṭī > ʿAbdullāh b. Yūsuf > Mālik [Chain 3] ʿAlī b. al-Mubārak al-Ṣanʿānī > Ismāʿīl b. Abū Ūways > Mālik > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ went to Banu ‘Amr b. ‘Awf to effect reconciliation between them . in the meantime the time of prayer came and the Mu’adhdhin came to Abu Bakr and asked : Will you lead the people in prayer? I pronounce the Iqamah. He said ; Yes. So Abiu Bakr led the prayer , and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came back while the people were praying. He penetrated through the rows and stood in the first row. The people clapped but Abu Bakr did not pay any attention to it during prayer. When the people clapped increasingly, he paid attention. He saw the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ made a sign to him (saying); Stay at your place. Abu BAkr raised his hands and praised Allah for the commandment the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had given him (to lead the people in prayer). Abu Bakr then stepped back and stood in the row. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stepped forward and led the prayer. When he finished the prayer, he said; Abu Bakr, what prevented you staying (at your place) when I already commented you to do so? Abu Bakr said ; it was not befitting for the son of Abu Quhafah (Abu Bakr) to lead the prayer in the presence of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said; What is the matter that I saw you clapping frequently during prayer? If anything happens to someone during prayer, he should say “Glory be to Allah,” for when he glorifies Allah. He pays attention to him. Clapping applies only to women. Abu Dawud said: This is operative in the obligatory prayer. (Using translation from Abū Dāʾūd 940)   

الطبراني:٥٧٧١حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ

ثنا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ عَنْ مَالِكٍ ح وَحَدَّثَنَا بَكْرُ بْنُ سَهْلٍ الدِّمْيَاطِيُّ ثنا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ يُوسُفَ أَنَا مَالِكٌ ح وَحَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ الصَّنْعَانِيُّ ثنا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ أَبِي أُوَيْسٍ حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ ذَهَبَ إِلَى بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ يُصْلِحُ بَيْنَهُمْ وَحَانَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَجَاءَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ ؓ فَقَالَ أَتُصَلِّي لِلنَّاسِ فَأُقِيمُ؟ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَصَلَّى أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَالنَّاسُ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَتَخَلَّصَ حَتَّى وَقَفَ فِي الصَّفِّ فَصَفَّقَ النَّاسُ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرَ النَّاسُ التَّصْفِيقَ الْتَفَتَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَرَأَى رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَنِ اثْبُتْ مَكَانَكَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ يَدَيْهِ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ ﷻ عَلَى مَا أَمَرَ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مِنْ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ اسْتَأْخَرَ حَتَّى اسْتَوَى فِي الصَّفِّ وَتَقَدَّمَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَصَلَّى ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ فَقَالَ «يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَثْبُتَ إِذْ أَمَرْتُكَ؟» فَقَالَ مَا كَانَ لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ «مَا لِي رَأَيْتُكُمْ أَكْثَرْتُمْ مِنَ التَّصْفِيقِ؟ مَنْ نَابَهُ شَيْءٌ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَلْيُسَبِّحْ فَإِنَّهُ إِذَا سَبَّحَ الْتَفَتَ إِلَيْهِ وإِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيقُ لِلنِّسَاءِ»  

tabarani:5843Zakariyyā b. Yaḥyá al-Sājī > Abū al-Rabīʿ al-Zahrānī > ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd b. Sulaymān Akhū Fulayḥ > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd > And Qaʿ

[Machine] A dispute occurred between the tribes of Bani Amr ibn Awf, to the extent that they began throwing stones at each other. This incident was mentioned to the Prophet ﷺ , so he went out to reconcile between them. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ was held back until Bilal called the Adhan (call to prayer), then he went to Abu Bakr and said to him, "The Messenger of Allah ﷺ has been delayed, would you lead the prayer?" Abu Bakr replied, "Yes." He led the prayer, and when the Prophet ﷺ arrived, he stood beside Abu Bakr, raised his hands and then led the people in prayer. After the prayer, the people praised Abu Bakr, and the Prophet ﷺ did not look back during his prayer. The Prophet ﷺ moved through the people until Abu Bakr heard his footsteps behind him and went to move back, but the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Stay where you are, O Abu Bakr, continue to pray with us." Abu Bakr lifted his hands to the sky, intending to prolong the prayer, but the Messenger of Allah ﷺ advanced and led the people in prayer. When the prayer ended, he asked Abu Bakr, "O Abu Bakr, what prevented you from praying with the people when I commanded you to lead them in prayer?" Abu Bakr replied, "O Messenger of Allah, by my father and mother, it was not appropriate for the son of Abu Quhafa to lead the prayer in front of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ ." The Prophet ﷺ asked, "Did you raise your hands to the sky?" Abu Bakr answered, "I praised Allah when you commanded me to lead the prayer with you, then I turned to face the people." The Prophet ﷺ then said to the people, "O people, what is the matter with you during your prayer when something happens that you start clapping? Clapping is only done by women. Whoever experiences something in their prayer should glorify Allah and the one behind them should turn to them."  

الطبراني:٥٨٤٣حَدَّثَنَا زَكَرِيَّا بْنُ يَحْيَى السَّاجِيُّ ثنا أَبُو الرَّبِيعِ الزَّهْرَانِيُّ ثنا عَبْدُ الْحَمِيدِ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ أَخُو فُلَيْحٍ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ قَالَ

وَقَعَ بَيْنَ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ حَتَّى تَرَامَوْا بِالْحِجَارَةِ فَذُكِرَ ذَلِكَ لِلنَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَخَرَجَ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَاحْتَبَسَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ حَتَّى أَذَّنَ بِلَالٌ بِالصَّلَاةِ ثُمَّ جَاءَ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ لَهُ قَدِ احْتَبَسَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَتُقِيمُ الصَّلَاةَ؟ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ بَلَى فَأَقَامَ الصَّلَاةَ فَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ وَكَبَّرَ وَطَلَعَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَصَفَّقَ النَّاسُ بِأَبِي بَكْرٍ وَكَانَ لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فِي صَلَاتِهِ وَتَخَلَّلَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ النَّاسَ حَتَّى سَمِعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ حِسَّهُ خَلْفَهُ فَذَهَبَ لِيَتَأَخَّرَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ «كَمَا أَنْتَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ صَلِّ بِنَا» فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَدَهُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ لِيَسْتَأْخِرَ وَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا انْصَرَفَ قَالَ «يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ حِينَ أَمَرْتُكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ بِالنَّاسِ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ بِهِمْ؟» فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي مَا كَانَ يَنْبَغِي لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ «تَمُدُّ يَدَيْكَ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ؟» قَالَ حَمِدْتُ اللهَ حِينَ أَمَرْتَنِي أَنْ أُصَلِّيَ بِكَ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى النَّاسِ فَقَالَ «يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ مَا لَكُمْ حِينَ نَابَكُمْ فِي صَلَاتِكُمْ شَيْءٌ أَخَذْتُمْ بِالتَّصْفِيقِ إِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيقُ لِلنِّسَاءِ فَمَنْ نَابَهُ شَيْءٌ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَلْيُسَبِّحْ وَلْيَلْتَفِتْ إِلَيْهِ الَّذِي يَلِيهِ»  

tabarani:5909Kharaj

"The Messenger of Allah ﷺ has been delayed (there) and the time for prayer has come, will you lead the people in prayer?" Abu Bakr said: 'Yes, if you wish.' Bilal said the Iqamah and Abu Bakr went forward and said the Takbir for the people. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came, passing through the rows (of praying people) and stood in the (first) row and the people started clapping. Abu Bakr would never glance sideways in his prayer but when the people clapped so much he looked back and ﷺMessenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ gestured to him to carry on praying. Aha Bakr raised his hands praising Allah the Mighty and Sublime, and retreated till he reached the (first) row. Then the Messenger ofAllah ﷺ went forward and led the people in the prayer. When he completed the prayer he turned to face the people and said: '0 people, why did you start clapping when something unusual happened to you in the prayer? Clapping is only for women. So whoever among you comes across something in the prayer should say: 'Subhan Allah' for there is none who will not turn round when they hear him saying Subhan Allah. 0 Abu Bakr! What prevented you from leading the people in the prayer when I gestured to you to do so?' Abu Bakr replied: 'It is not fitting for the son of Abu Quhafah to lead the prayer in the presence of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ.'" (Using translation from Nasāʾī 784)   

الطبراني:٥٩٠٩وَبِإِسْنَادِهِ قَالَ

خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ فَحَضَرَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَجَاءَ بِلَالٌ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ قَدْ حَانَتْ وَحُبِسَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَتَؤُمُّ النَّاسَ؟ قَالَ إِنْ شِئْتَ فَأَقَامَ بِلَالٌ الصَّلَاةَ فَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَأَخَذَ النَّاسُ فِي التَّصْفِيحِ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرَ النَّاسُ الْتَفَتَ فَإِذَا بِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فِي الصَّفِّ فَأَشَارَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَدَهُ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ الْقَهْقَرَى وَرَاءَهُ حَتَّى رَجَعَ فِي الصَّفِّ فَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى النَّاسِ فَقَالَ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ مَا لَكُمْ حِينَ نَابَكُمْ شَيْءٌ فِي الصَّلَاةِ أَخَذْتُمْ بِالتَّصْفِيحِ إِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيحُ لِلنِّسَاءِ فَمَنْ نَابَهُ شَيْءٌ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَلْيَقُلْ سُبْحَانَ اللهِ فَإِنَّهُ لَا يَسْمَعُهُ أَحَدٌ إِلَّا الْتَفَتَ إِلَيْهِ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ حِينَ أَشَرْتُ إِلَيْكَ؟ قَالَ مَا كَانَ يَنْبَغِي لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ  

tabarani:5914Bishr b. Mūsá > al-Ḥumaydī > Sufyān > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd

[Machine] The Messenger of Allah ﷺ went out to reconcile between the tribe of Bani 'Amr ibn 'Awf in a matter that occurred between them until they started throwing stones at each other. Then the time for prayer came, so Bilal called the prayer. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stayed behind and Abu Bakr went forward to lead the people in prayer. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and began to walk in between the rows. When he reached the row behind Abu Bakr, the people started clapping and Abu Bakr, who never turned in prayer, turned his head and saw the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and he gestured to him to remain seated. Abu Bakr raised his head towards the sky in thanks to Allah and then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ returned to the front and completed his prayer. After finishing his prayer, he approached us and said, "O Abu Bakr, what prevented you from staying still when I gestured to you?" Abu Bakr replied, "How can Allah let the son of Abu Quhafa (Abu Bakr) stand before His Messenger?" Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ turned to the people and said, "O people, why did you clap in your prayers? Clapping is only for women, and saying Subhan Allah (Glory be to Allah) is for men. Whoever has something to say in his prayer, let him say Subhan Allah."  

الطبراني:٥٩١٤حَدَّثَنَا بِشْرُ بْنُ مُوسَى ثنا الْحُمَيْدِيُّ ثنا سُفْيَانُ ثنا أَبُو حَازِمٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ سَهْلَ بْنَ سَعْدٍ يَقُولُ

خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ فِي شَيْءٍ وَقَعَ بَيْنَهُمْ حَتَّى تَرَامَوْا بِالْحِجَارَةِ فَحَضَرَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَأَذَّنَ بِلَالٌ فَاحْتَبَسَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ يُصَلِّي بِالنَّاسِ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَجَعَلَ يَتَخَلَّلُ الصُّفُوفَ فَلَمَّا انْتَهَى إِلَى الصَّفِّ الَّذِي يَلِي أَبَا بَكْرٍ أَخَذَ النَّاسُ فِي التَّصْفِيحِ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ رَجُلًا لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ ذَلِكَ الْتَفَتَ فَأَبْصَرَ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَنِ اثْبُتْ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ رَأْسَهُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ شُكْرًا لِلَّهِ وَرَجَعَ الْقَهْقَرَى وَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَلَمَّا قَضَى رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ صَلَاتَهُ أَقْبَلَ عَلَيْنَا فَقَالَ «يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَثْبُتَ حِينَ أَشَرْتُ إِلَيْكَ؟» فَقَالَ مَا كَانَ اللهُ لِيَرَى ابْنَ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ انْحَرَفَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى النَّاسِ فَقَالَ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ مَا لَكُمْ حِينَ نَابَكُمْ فِي صَلَاتِكُمْ شَيْءٌ أَخَذْتُمْ فِي التَّصْفِيحِ؟ إِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيحُ لِلنِّسَاءِ وَالتَّسْبِيحُ لِلرِّجَالِ مَنْ نَابَهُ شَيْءٌ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَلْيَقُلْ سُبْحَانَ اللهِ  

tabarani:5926Isḥāq b. Ibrāhīm al-Dabarī > ʿAbd al-Razzāq > Maʿmar > Abū Ḥāzim > Kunt ʿInd Sahl

[Machine] Anciently, that used to be when we were with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and there was a matter to be resolved among the people of Quba. So, the Prophet ﷺ went to them to reconcile between them. He slowed down among the people, and Bilal said to Abu Bakr, "Shouldn't I establish the prayer?" Abu Bakr said, "Do as you wish." So, Bilal led the prayer, and the people started to move Abu Bakr forward. While Abu Bakr was praying, the Prophet ﷺ arrived and started rearranging the rows until he stood behind Abu Bakr. They began to clap, and Abu Bakr, who used to not turn around during prayer, looked back when they clapped. So, when they clapped more, they realized that the Prophet ﷺ was standing behind him. The Prophet ﷺ gestured to Abu Bakr to continue praying as he was, and then he stepped back. When the Prophet ﷺ finished, he asked Abu Bakr, "What prevented you from praying when I commanded you not to?" Abu Bakr replied, "It is not fitting for the son of Abu Quhafa to precede the Messenger of Allah." The Prophet ﷺ said, "What is the matter with the clapping during prayer? Verily, glorification is for men and clapping is for women."  

الطبراني:٥٩٢٦حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الدَّبَرِيُّ أَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ أَنَا مَعْمَرُ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ قَالَ كُنْتُ عِنْدَ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيِّ إِذْ قِيلَ لَهُ كَانَ بَيْنَ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ وَأَهْلِ قُبَاءَ شَيْءٌ فَقَالَ

قَدِيمٌ قَدْ كَانَ ذَلِكَ كُنَّا عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ إِذْ جِيءَ فَقِيلَ لَهُ قَدْ صَارَ بَيْنَ أَهْلِ قُبَاءَ شَيْءٌ فَانْطَلَقَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ إِلَيْهِمْ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَأَبْطَأَ عَلَى النَّاسِ فَقَالَ بِلَالٌ لِأَبِي بَكْرٍ ؓ أَلَا أُقِيمُ الصَّلَاةَ؟ قَالَ مَا شِئْتَ فَأَقَامَ فَقَدَّمَ النَّاسُ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَبَيْنَا هُوَ يُصَلِّي أَقْبَلَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَجَعَلَ يَشُقُّ الصُّفُوفَ حَتَّى قَامَ خَلْفَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ ؓ وَجَعَلُوا يُصَفِّحُونَ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرُوا الْتَفَتَ فَإِذَا النَّبِيُّ ﷺ قَائِمٌ خَلْفَهُ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ كَمَا هُوَ فَنَكَصَ إِلَى وَرَائِهِ وَتَقَدَّمَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ قَالَ لِأَبِي بَكْرٍ ؓ «مَا مَنَعَكَ إِذْ أَمَرْتُكَ أَنْ لَا تَكُونَ صَلَّيْتَ؟» قَالَ لَا يَنْبَغِي لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ «مَا شَأْنُ التَّصْفِيقِ فِي الصَّلَاةِ إِنَّمَا التَّسْبِيحُ لِلرِّجَالِ وَالتَّصْفِيقُ لِلنِّسَاءِ»  

tabarani:5930ʿAlī b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz > Ḥajjāj b. al-Minhāl > Ḥammād b. Salamah > Abū Ḥāzim b. Dīnār > Sahl b. Saʿd > Rasūl

[Machine] The Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to the people of Bani Amr ibn Awf while they were sitting together. The Asr prayer was about to begin, so Bilal called out, "Stand up, O Abu Bakr, and lead the people in prayer." Thus, Abu Bakr stood up and led the people in prayer.

Then, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ arrived and saw that the rows were not properly aligned. He went towards them, straightened the rows, and shook hands with the people. Abu Bakr was so focused in his prayer that he could hardly turn his head. The people started to make more sounds of tasbih (praising Allah) and Abu Bakr turned around and saw that it was the Messenger of Allah ﷺ who was straightening the rows.

Abu Bakr moved back and the Prophet ﷺ gestured to him to stand in his previous position. Abu Bakr moved back and the Prophet ﷺ led the people in prayer. After he finished his prayer, he asked Abu Bakr, "O Abu Bakr, what prevented you from standing when I gestured to you?" Abu Bakr replied, "It was not appropriate for the son of Abu Quhafa to lead the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in prayer."

Then, the Prophet ﷺ said to the people, "What happened to you when I gestured to you to straighten the rows? Praise Allah for the tasbih is for the women."  

الطبراني:٥٩٣٠حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ ثنا حَجَّاجُ بْنُ الْمِنْهَالِ ثنا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ أَتَى بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ فِي لِحَاءٍ كَانَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَحَضَرَتْ صَلَاةُ الْعَصْرِ فَقَالَ بِلَالٌ أُقِيمُ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ وَتُصَلِّي بِالنَّاسِ فَأَقَامَ بِلَالٌ وَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَخْرِقُ الصُّفُوفَ فَصَفَّحَ النَّاسُ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لَا يَكَادُ يَلْتَفِتُ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَأَكْثَرَ الْقَوْمُ التَّصْفِيحَ فَالْتَفَتَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ يَخْرِقُ الصُّفُوفَ فَتَأَخَّرَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ أَنْ مَكَانَكَ فَتَأَخَّرَ وَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا قَضَى صَلَاتَهُ قَالَ «يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا لَكَ حِينَ أَوْمَأْتُ إِلَيْكَ أَقِمْ مَكَانَكَ لَمْ تَقُمْ؟» قَالَ مَا كَانَ لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَؤُمَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِلْقَوْمِ «مَا لَكُمْ إِذَا نَابَكُمْ أَمْرٌ صَفَّحْتُمْ؟ سَبِّحُوا إِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيحُ لِلنِّسَاءِ»  

tabarani:5932[Chain 1] ʿAlī b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz > ʿĀrim Abū al-Nuʿmān [Chain 2] ʿAbdullāh b. Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal > Khalaf b. Hishām [Chain 3] Yūsuf al-Qāḍī > Sulaymān b. Ḥarb > Ḥammād b. Zayd > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd

"There was some fighting among Banu 'Amr bin 'Awf, and news of that reached the Prophet ﷺ. He prayed Zuhr, then he went to them to reconcile between them. Then he said to Bilal: 'O Bilal, if the time for Asr comes and I have not come back, then tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer.' When the time (for Asr) came, Bilal called the Adhan, then the Iqamah, then he said to Abu Bakr: 'Go forward. So Abu Bakr went forward and started to pray. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and started passing through the rows of people until he stood behind Abu Bakr, and the people clapped. Abu Bakr was such that whenever he started praying, he would never glance sideways, but when he noticed that the clapping persisted he turned around. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ gestured to him to carry on praying. Abu Bakr praised Allah the Mighty and Sublime for the Messenger of Allah ﷺ having told him to continue. Then Abu Bakr moved backward on his heels, and when the Messenger of Allah ﷺ saw that, he came forward and led the people in prayer. When he completed the prayer he said: 'O Abu Bakr, when I gestured to you, what kept you from continuing (to lead the people)?' He said: 'It does not befit the son of Abu Quhafah to lead the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in prayer.' And he (the Prophet) said to the people: 'If you notice something (during the prayer), men should say Subhan Allah and women should clap.'" (Using translation from Nasāʾī 793)   

الطبراني:٥٩٣٢حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ ثنا عَارِمٌ أَبُو النُّعْمَانِ ح وَحَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ حَنْبَلٍ ثنا خَلَفُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ ح وَحَدَّثَنَا يُوسُفُ الْقَاضِي ثنا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ قَالُوا ثنا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ قَالَ

كَانَ قِتَالٌ بَيْنَ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفِ بْنِ عَوْفٍ فَبَلَغَ ذَلِكَ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ فَصَلَّى الظُّهْرَ ثُمَّ أَتَاهُمْ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَقَالَ «يَا بِلَالُ إِنْ حَضَرَتِ الْعَصْرُ وَلَمْ آتِكَ فَمُرْ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَلْيُصَلِّ بِالنَّاسِ» فَلَمَّا حَضَرَتْهُ صَلَاةُ الْعَصْرِ أَذَّنَ وَأَقَامَ ثُمَّ أَمَرَ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَتَقَدَّمَ قَالَ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَشَقَّ بِالنَّاسِ حَتَّى قَامَ خَلْفَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ فِي الصَّفِّ الَّذِي يَلِيهِ وَصَفَّحَ الْقَوْمُ فَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ إِذَا دَخَلَ فِي الصَّلَاةِ لَمْ يَلْتَفِتْ حَتَّى يَفْرُغَ فَلَمَّا رَأَى التَّصْفِيحَ لَا يُمْسِكُ عَنْهُ الْتَفَتَ فَرَأَى النَّبِيَّ ﷺ خَلْفَهُ فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَنِ امْضِهِ وَقَالَ بِيَدِهِ هَكَذَا قَالَ فَلَبِثَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ هُنَيْهَةً فَحَمِدَ اللهَ عَلَى قَوْلِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ ثُمَّ مَشَى الْقَهْقَرَى فَلَمَّا رَأَى ذَلِكَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ تَقَدَّمَ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا قَضَى صَلَاتَهُ قَالَ «يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ إِذْ أَوْمَأْتُ إِلَيْكَ أَنْ لَا تَكُونَ مَضَيْتَ؟» قَالَ لَمْ يَكُنْ لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَؤُمَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ وَقَالَ لِلْقَوْمِ «إِذَا رَابَكُمْ أَمَرٌ فَلْيُسَبِّحِ الرِّجَالُ ولِتُصَفِّقِ النِّسَاءُ» وَاللَّفْظُ لِحَدِيثِ عَارِمٍ  

nasai-kubra:870Aḥmad b. ʿAbdah > Ḥammād b. Zayd And Dhakar Kalimah Maʿnāhā > Abū Ḥāzim

"There was some fighting among Banu 'Amr bin 'Awf, and news of that reached the Prophet ﷺ. He prayed Zuhr, then he went to them to reconcile between them. Then he said to Bilal: 'O Bilal, if the time for Asr comes and I have not come back, then tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer.' When the time (for Asr) came, Bilal called the Adhan, then the Iqamah, then he said to Abu Bakr: 'Go forward. So Abu Bakr went forward and started to pray. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and started passing through the rows of people until he stood behind Abu Bakr, and the people clapped. Abu Bakr was such that whenever he started praying, he would never glance sideways, but when he noticed that the clapping persisted he turned around. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ gestured to him to carry on praying. Abu Bakr praised Allah the Mighty and Sublime for the Messenger of Allah ﷺ having told him to continue. Then Abu Bakr moved backward on his heels, and when the Messenger of Allah ﷺ saw that, he came forward and led the people in prayer. When he completed the prayer he said: 'O Abu Bakr, when I gestured to you, what kept you from continuing (to lead the people)?' He said: 'It does not befit the son of Abu Quhafah to lead the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in prayer.' And he (the Prophet) said to the people: 'If you notice something (during the prayer), men should say Subhan Allah and women should clap.'" (Using translation from Nasāʾī 793)  

الكبرى للنسائي:٨٧٠أَخْبَرَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدَةَ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ وَذَكَرَ كَلِمَةً مَعْنَاهَا حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو حَازِمٍ قَالَ

قَالَ سَهْلُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ كَانَ قِتَالٌ بَيْنَ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ فَبَلَغَ ذَلِكَ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ فَصَلَّى الظُّهْرَ ثُمَّ أَتَاهُمْ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِبِلَالٍ «يَا بِلَالُ إِذَا حَضَرَ الْعَصْرُ وَلَمْ آتِ فَمُرْ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَلْيُصَلِّ بِالنَّاسِ» فَلَمَّا حَضَرَتْ أَذَّنَ بِلَالٌ ثُمَّ أَقَامَ فَقَالَ لِأَبِي بَكْرٍ تَقَدَّمَ فَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَدَخَلَ فِي الصَّلَاةِ ثُمَّ جَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَجَعَلَ يَشُقَّ النَّاسَ حَتَّى قَامَ خَلْفَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَصَفَّحَ الْقَوْمُ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ إِذَا دَخَلَ فِي الصَّلَاةِ لَمْ يَلْتَفِتْ فَلَمَّا رَأَى أَبُو بَكْرٍ التَّصْفِيحَ لَا يُمْسِكُ عَنْهُ الْتَفَتَ فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بِيَدِهِ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ عَلَى قَوْلِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ لَهُ «امْضِهْ» ثُمَّ مَشَى أَبُو بَكْرٍ الْقَهْقَرَى عَلَى عَقِبَيْهِ فَتَأَخَّرَ فَلَمَّا رَأَى ذَلِكَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ تَقَدَّمَ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا قَضَى صَلَاتَهُ قَالَ «يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ إِذْ أَوْمَأْتُ إِلَيْكَ أَنْ لَا تَكُونَ مَضَيْتَ» فَقَالَ لَمْ يَكُنْ لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَؤُمَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ وَقَالَ لِلنَّاسِ «إِذَا نَابَكُمْ شَيْءٌ فَلْيُسَبِّحِ الرِّجَالُ وَلْيُصَفِّحِ النِّسَاءُ»  

nasai-kubra:861Qutaybah b. Saʿīd > Yaʿqūb > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd

The news about the differences amongst the people of Bani ʿAmr bin ʿAuf reached Messenger of Allah ﷺ and so he went to them along with some of his companions to effect a reconciliation between them. Messenger of Allah ﷺ was delayed there, and the time of the prayer was due. Bilal went to Abu Bakr and said to him, "Messenger of Allah ﷺ has been delayed (there) and the time of prayer is due. So will you lead the people in prayer?" Abu Bakr said, "Yes, if you wish." Bilal pronounced the Iqama and Abu Bakr, went forward and said Takbir for the people. In the meantime Messenger of Allah ﷺ came crossing the rows (of the praying people) and stood in the (first) row and the people started clapping. Abu Bakr, would never glance sideways in his prayer but when the people clapped much he looked back and ﷺ Messenger of Allah ﷺ . Messenger of Allah ﷺ beckoned him to carry on the prayer. Abu Bakr raised his hands and thanked Allah, and retreated till he reached the (first) row. Messenger of Allah ﷺ went forward and led the people in the prayer. When he completed the prayer he faced the people and said, "O people! Why did you start clapping when something unusual happened to you in the prayer? Clapping is only for women. So whoever amongst you comes across something in the prayer should say, 'Subhan-Allah' for there is none who will not turn round on hearing him saying Subhan-Allah. O Abu Bakr! What prevented you from leading the people in the prayer when I beckoned you to do so?" Abu Bakr replied, "How dare the son of Abu Quhafa lead the prayer in the presence of Messenger of Allah ﷺ ?" (Using translation from Bukhārī 1234)  

الكبرى للنسائي:٨٦١أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ كَانَ بَيْنَهُمْ شَيْءٌ فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ يُصْلِحُ بَيْنَهُمْ فِي أُنَاسٍ مَعَهُ فَحُبِسَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَحَانَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَجَاءَ بِلَالٌ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَدْ حُبِسَ وَحَانَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَهَلْ لَكَ أَنْ تَؤُمَّ النَّاسَ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنْ شِئْتَ فَأَقَامَ بِلَالٌ وَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَكَبَّرَ لِلنَّاسِ وَجَاءَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ يَمْشِي فِي الصُّفُوفِ حَتَّى قَامَ فِي الصَّفِّ وَأَخَذَ النَّاسُ فِي التَّصْفِيقِ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَلَمَّا كَثُرَ النَّاسُ الْتَفَتَ فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَأْمُرُهُ أَنْ يُصَلِّي فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَدَيْهِ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ وَرَجَعَ الْقَهْقَرَى حَتَّى قَامَ فِي الصَّفِّ فَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى لِلنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى النَّاسِ فَقَالَ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ مَا لَكُمْ حِينَ نَابَكُمْ شَيْءٌ فِي الصَّلَاةِ أَخَذْتُمْ فِي التَّصْفِيقِ إِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيقُ لِلنِّسَاءِ مَنْ نَابَهُ شَيْءٌ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَلْيَقُلْ سُبْحَانَ اللهِ فَإِنَّهُ لَا يَسْمَعُهُ أَحَدٌ حِينَ يَقُولُ سُبْحَانَ اللهِ إِلَّا الْتَفَتَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ لِلنَّاسِ حِينَ أَشَرْتُ إِلَيْكَ؟ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ مَا كَانَ يَنْبَغِي لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَتَقَدَّمَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ  

nasai-kubra:1107Muḥammad b. ʿAbdullāh b. Bazīʿ > ʿAbd al-Aʿlá b. ʿAbd al-Aʿlá > ʿUbaydullāh / Ibn ʿUmar > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd

"The Messenger of Allah ﷺ set out to bring about reconciliation among Banu 'Amr bin 'Awf. The time for prayer came, and the Mu'adhdhin went to Abu Bakr to tell him to gather the people and lead them in prayer. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and passed though the rows until he stood in the first row. The people started clapping to let Abu Bakr know that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had come. Abu Bakr never used to turn around when he prayed, but when they clapped consistently he realized something must have happened while they were praying. So he turned around and saw the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ gestured to him to stay where he was. Abu Bakr raised his hands and praised and thanked Allah (SWT) for what the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had said. Then, he moved backwards, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ went forward and prayed. When he finished, he said to Abu Bakr: 'What stopped you from continuing to pray when I gestured to you?' Abu Bakr, may Allah (SWT) be pleased with him, said: 'It was not appropriate for the son of Abu Quhafah to lead the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in prayer.' Then he said to the people: 'Why did you clap?' Clapping is for women.' Then he said: 'If you notice something when you are praying, say "SubhanAllah.'" (Using translation from Nasāʾī 1183)  

الكبرى للنسائي:١١٠٧أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْأَعْلَى بْنُ عَبْدِ الْأَعْلَى قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللهِ وَهُوَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ قَالَ

انْطَلَقَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يُصْلِحُ بَيْنَ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ فَحَضَرَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَجَاءَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَأَمَرَهُ أَنْ يَجْمَعَ النَّاسَ وَيَؤُمَّهُمْ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَخَرَقَ الصُّفُوفَ حَتَّى قَامَ فِي الصَّفِّ الْمُقَدَّمِ وَصَفَّحَ النَّاسُ بِأَبِي بَكْرٍ لِيُؤْذِنُوهُ بِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرُوا عَلِمَ أَنَّهُ قَدْ نَابَهُمْ شَيْءٌ فِي صَلَاتِهِمْ فَالْتَفَتَ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَيْ كَمَا أَنْتَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَدَيْهِ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ لِقَوْلِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ الْقَهْقَرَى وَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى فَلَمَّا انْصَرَفَ قَالَ لِأَبِي بَكْرٍ «مَا مَنَعَكَ إِذْ أَوْمَأْتُ إِلَيْكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّي؟» فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ مَا كَانَ يَنْبَغِي لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَؤُمَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِلنَّاسِ «مَا بَالَكُمْ صَفَّحْتُمْ إِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيحُ لِلنِّسَاءِ» ثُمَّ قَالَ «إِذَا نَابَكُمْ شَيْءٌ فِي صَلَاتِكُمْ فَسَبَّحُوا»  

nasai-kubra:529Muḥammad b. ʿAbdullāh b. Bazīʿ > ʿAbd al-Aʿlá b. ʿAbd al-Aʿlá > ʿUbaydullāh > Abū Ḥāzim > Sahl b. Saʿd

"The Messenger of Allah ﷺ set out to bring about reconciliation among Banu 'Amr bin 'Awf. The time for prayer came, and the Mu'adhdhin went to Abu Bakr to tell him to gather the people and lead them in prayer. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and passed though the rows until he stood in the first row. The people started clapping to let Abu Bakr know that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had come. Abu Bakr never used to turn around when he prayed, but when they clapped consistently he realized something must have happened while they were praying. So he turned around and saw the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ gestured to him to stay where he was. Abu Bakr raised his hands and praised and thanked Allah (SWT) for what the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had said. Then, he moved backwards, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ went forward and prayed. When he finished, he said to Abu Bakr: 'What stopped you from continuing to pray when I gestured to you?' Abu Bakr, may Allah (SWT) be pleased with him, said: 'It was not appropriate for the son of Abu Quhafah to lead the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in prayer.' Then he said to the people: 'Why did you clap?' Clapping is for women.' Then he said: 'If you notice something when you are praying, say "SubhanAllah.'" (Using translation from Nasāʾī 1183)  

الكبرى للنسائي:٥٢٩أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْأَعْلَى بْنُ عَبْدِ الْأَعْلَى قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللهِ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ قَالَ

انْطَلَقَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يُصْلِحُ بَيْنَ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ فَحَضَرَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَجَاءَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَأَمَرَهُ أَنْ يَجْمَعَ النَّاسَ وَيَؤُمَّهُمْ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَخَرَقَ الصُّفُوفَ حَتَّى قَامَ فِي الْمُقَدَّمِ وَصَفَّحَ النَّاسُ بِأَبِي بَكْرٍ لِيُؤْذِنُوهُ بِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرُوا عِلْمَ أَنَّهُ قَدْ نَابَهُمْ شَيْءٌ فِي صَلَاتِهِمْ فَالْتَفَتَ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَيْ كَمَا أَنْتَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَدَهُ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ لِقَوْلِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ الْقَهْقَرَى وَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَصَلَّى فَلَمَّا انْصَرَفَ قَالَ لِأَبِي بَكْرٍ «مَا مَنَعَكَ إِذَا أَوْمَأْتُ إِلَيْكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ» قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ مَا كَانَ يَنْبَغِي لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَؤُمَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِلنَّاسِ «مَا بَالُكُمْ صَفَّحْتُمْ إِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيحُ لِلنِّسَاءِ» ثُمَّ قَالَ «إِذَا نَابَكُمْ شَيْءٌ فِي صَلَاتِكُمْ فَسَبَّحُوا»  

bayhaqi:5306[Chain 1] Abū ʿAbdullāh al-Ḥāfiẓ > Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb > al-Sarī b. Khuzaymah > ʿAbdullāh / Ibn Maslamah [Chain 2] Abū ʿAlī al-Rūdhbārī > Muḥammad b. Bakr > Abū Dāwud > al-Qaʿnabī > Mālik > Abū Ḥāzim b. Dīnār > Sahl b. Saʿd

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ went to Banu ‘Amr b. ‘Awf to effect reconciliation between them . in the meantime the time of prayer came and the Mu’adhdhin came to Abu Bakr and asked : Will you lead the people in prayer? I pronounce the Iqamah. He said ; Yes. So Abiu Bakr led the prayer , and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came back while the people were praying. He penetrated through the rows and stood in the first row. The people clapped but Abu Bakr did not pay any attention to it during prayer. When the people clapped increasingly, he paid attention. He saw the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ made a sign to him (saying); Stay at your place. Abu BAkr raised his hands and praised Allah for the commandment the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had given him (to lead the people in prayer). Abu Bakr then stepped back and stood in the row. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stepped forward and led the prayer. When he finished the prayer, he said; Abu Bakr, what prevented you staying (at your place) when I already commented you to do so? Abu Bakr said ; it was not befitting for the son of Abu Quhafah (Abu Bakr) to lead the prayer in the presence of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said; What is the matter that I saw you clapping frequently during prayer? If anything happens to someone during prayer, he should say “Glory be to Allah,” for when he glorifies Allah. He pays attention to him. Clapping applies only to women. Abu Dawud said: This is operative in the obligatory prayer. (Using translation from Abū Dāʾūd 940)   

البيهقي:٥٣٠٦أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ الْحَافِظُ ثنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ ثنا السَّرِيُّ بْنُ خُزَيْمَةَ ثنا عَبْدُ اللهِ يَعْنِي ابْنَ مَسْلَمَةَ ح وَأَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الرُّوذْبَارِيُّ وَاللَّفْظُ لَهُ أنبأ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَكْرٍ ثنا أَبُو دَاوُدَ ثنا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ عَنْ مَالِكٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ ذَهَبَ إِلَى بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ وَحَانَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَجَاءَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ ؓ فَقَالَ أَتُصَلِّي بِالنَّاسِ فَأُقِيمَ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَصَلَّى أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَالنَّاسُ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَتَخَلَّصَ حَتَّى وَقَفَ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَصَفَّقَ النَّاسُ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرَ النَّاسُ التَّصْفِيقَ الْتَفَتَ فَرَأَى رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَنِ امْكُثْ مَكَانَكَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَدَيْهِ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ عَلَى مَا أَمَرَهُ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مِنْ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ اسْتَأْخَرَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ حَتَّى اسْتَوَى فِي الصَّفِّ وَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَلَمَّا انْصَرَفَ قَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَثْبُتَ إِذْ أَمَرْتُكَ؟ قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ مَا كَانَ لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يُصَلِّي بَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مَا لِي رَأَيْتُكُمْ أَكْثَرْتُمُ التَّصْفِيحَ؟ مَنْ نَابَهُ شَيْءٌ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَلْيُسَبِّحْ فَإِنَّهُ إِذَا سَبَّحَ التُفِتَ إِلَيْهِ فَإِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيحُ لِلنِّسَاءِ أَخْرَجَاهُ فِي الصَّحِيحَيْنِ مِنْ حَدِيثِ مَالِكٍ وَغَيْرِهِ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ  

bayhaqi:3329Muḥammad b.

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ went to Banu ‘Amr b. ‘Awf to effect reconciliation between them . in the meantime the time of prayer came and the Mu’adhdhin came to Abu Bakr and asked : Will you lead the people in prayer? I pronounce the Iqamah. He said ; Yes. So Abiu Bakr led the prayer , and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came back while the people were praying. He penetrated through the rows and stood in the first row. The people clapped but Abu Bakr did not pay any attention to it during prayer. When the people clapped increasingly, he paid attention. He saw the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ made a sign to him (saying); Stay at your place. Abu BAkr raised his hands and praised Allah for the commandment the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had given him (to lead the people in prayer). Abu Bakr then stepped back and stood in the row. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ stepped forward and led the prayer. When he finished the prayer, he said; Abu Bakr, what prevented you staying (at your place) when I already commented you to do so? Abu Bakr said ; it was not befitting for the son of Abu Quhafah (Abu Bakr) to lead the prayer in the presence of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said; What is the matter that I saw you clapping frequently during prayer? If anything happens to someone during prayer, he should say “Glory be to Allah,” for when he glorifies Allah. He pays attention to him. Clapping applies only to women. Abu Dawud said: This is operative in the obligatory prayer. (Using translation from Abū Dāʾūd 940)   

البيهقي:٣٣٢٩أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ الْحَافِظُ فِي آخَرِينَ قَالُوا ثنا أَبُو الْعَبَّاسِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ أنبأ الرَّبِيعُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ أنبأ الشَّافِعِيُّ أنبأ مَالِكٌ (ح) وَأَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ الْحَافِظُ وَأنبأ أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ الْفَقِيهُ أنبأ إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ قُتَيْبَةَ ثنا يَحْيَى بْنُ يَحْيَى قَالَ قَرَأْتُ عَلَى مَالِكٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيِّ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ ذَهَبَ إِلَى بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فَحَانَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَجَاءَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقِ فَقَالَ أَتُصَلِّي لِلنَّاسِ فَأُقِيمَ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَصَلَّى أَبُو بَكْرٍ قَالَ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَالنَّاسُ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَتَخَلَّصَ حَتَّى وَقَفَ فِي الصَّفِّ فَصَفَّقَ النَّاسُ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لَا يَلْتَفِتُ فِي الصَّلَاةِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرَ النَّاسُ التَّصْفِيقَ الْتَفَتَ فَرَأَى رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَنِ امْكُثْ مَكَانَكَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ يَدَيْهِ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ عَلَى مَا أَمَرَهُ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مِنْ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ اسْتَأْخَرَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ حَتَّى اسْتَوَى فِي الصَّفِّ وَتَقَدَّمَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَصَلَّى ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَثْبُتَ إِذْ أَمَرْتُكَ؟ قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ مَا كَانَ لِابْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مَا لِيَ رَأَيْتُكُمْ أَكْثَرْتُمُ التَّصْفِيقَ؟ مَنْ نَابَهُ شَيْءٌ فِي صَلَاتِهِ فَلْيُسَبِّحْ فَإِنَّهُ إِذَا سَبَّحَ الْتُفِتَ إِلَيْهِ وَإِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيقُ لِلنِّسَاءِ لَفْظُ حَدِيثِ يَحْيَى بْنِ يَحْيَى  

رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ فِي الصَّحِيحِ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ يَحْيَى وَرَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ يُوسُفَ عَنْ مَالِكٍ
suyuti:363-7bAbiá Ḥāzim > Kunt ʿInd Sahl
Request/Fix translation

  

السيوطي:٣٦٣-٧b

"عَنْ أَبِى حَازِمٍ قَالَ: كُنْتُ عِنْدَ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِىِّ؛ إِذْ قِيلَ لَهُ: كَانَ بَيْنَ بَنِى عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ وَأَهْلِ قُبَاءَ شَىْءٌ، فَقَالَ: قَدِيمٌ (*) كَانَ ذَلِكَ كُنَّا عِنْدَ رَسُولِ الله ﷺ ، إِذْ جِئَ، فَقِيلَ: إِنَّهُ كَانَ مِنْ أَهْلِ قُبَاءَ شَىْءٌ، فَانْطَلَقَ النَّبِىُّ ﷺ إِلَيْهِمْ يُصْلِحُ بَيْنَهُمْ، فَأَبْطَأَ عَلَى النَّاسِ فَقَالَ بِلاَلٌ لأَبِى بَكْرٍ: أَلاَ أُقِيمُ بالصَّلاَة، قَالَ: مَا شِئْتَ، فَأقَامَ بِلاَلٌ، فَقَدَّمَ النَّاسُ أَبَا بَكْرٍ، فَبَيْنَا هُوَ يُصَلِّى أَقْبَلَ النَّبِىُّ ﷺ ، فَجَعَلَ يَشُقُّ الصُّفُوفَ حَتَّى قَامَ خَلْفَ أَبِى بَكْرٍ، فَجَعَلُوا يُصَفِّقُونَ (* *)، وَكَانَ لاَ يَلْتَفِتُ فِى الصَّلاَةِ، فَلَمَّا أكْثَرُوا، الْتَفَتَ، فَإِذَا النَّبِىُّ ﷺ قَائِمٌ خَلْفَهُ، فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ النَّبِىُّ ﷺ ، فَصَلَّى، فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ، قَالَ: مَا مَنعَكَ إِذَا أَمَرْتُ أَنْ لاَ تَكُونَ قَدْ صَلَّيْتَ؟ قَالَ: لاَ يَنْبَغِى لابْنِ أَبِى قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولَ الله ﷺ ، ثُمَّ قَالَ النَّبِىُّ ﷺ : مَا شَأنُ التَّصْفِيقِ فِى الصَّلاَةِ! إِنَّمَا التَّسْبِيحُ لِلرِّجَالِ وَالتَّصْفِيقُ لِلنِّسَاءِ".  

[عب] عبد الرازق