Caution: Translations of Quran and Ḥadīth may lead to possible misapplications and misinterpretations. This site is intended for students of sacred knowledge that are proficient in comprehending classical Arabic and have a strong foundation in Islamic sciences. Also note that religious injunctions rely on several aspects beyond what one may glean through reading individual aḥādīth.

Hadith Jibril on Imān, Islam, and Ihsan

muslim:8a[Chain 1] Abū Khaythamah Zuhayr b. Ḥarb > Wakīʿ > Kahmas > ʿAbdullāh b. Buraydah > Yaḥyá b. Yaʿmar [Chain 2] ʿUbaydullāh b. Muʿādh al-ʿAnbarī And Hadhā Ḥadīthuh from my father > Kahmas > Ibn Buraydah > Yaḥyá b. Yaʿmar

the first man who discussed Qadar (Divine Decree) in Baṣrah was Maʿbad al-Juhanī. I along with Ḥumayd b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān Ḥimyarī set out for pilgrimage or for ʿUmrah and said: Should it so happen that we come into contact with one of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, we shall ask him about what is talked about Qadar. Accidentally we came across ʿAbdullāh b. ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb, while he was entering the mosque. My companion and I surrounded him. One of us ˹stood˺ on his right and the other stood on his left. I expected that my companion would authorize me to speak. I, therefore, said: Abū ʿAbd al-Raḥmān, there have appeared some people in our land who recite the Quran and pursue knowledge. And then after talking about their affairs, added: They claim that there is no such thing as Qadar and events are not predestined. He said: When you happen to meet such people tell them that I have nothing to do with them and they have nothing to do with me. And verily they are in no way responsible for my ˹belief˺. ʿAbdullāh b ʿUmar swore by Allah: If any one of them had with him gold equal to the bulk of ˹the mountain˺ Uḥud and spent it ˹for the sake of Allah˺, Allah would not accept it unless he affirmed his faith in the Qadar.

He further said: My father, ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb, told me: One day we were sitting in the company of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ when there appeared before us a man dressed in pure white clothes. His hair was extraordinarily black. There were no signs of travel on him. None amongst us recognized him. At last, he sat with the Prophet ﷺ. He knelt before him placed his palms on his thighs,

then said: Muhammad, inform me about Islam. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: Islam implies that: (1) you testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and (2) you establish prayer, (3) pay Zakat, (4) observe the fast of Ramadan, and (5) perform pilgrimage to the (House) if you are solvent enough ˹to bear the expense of˺ the journey. ˹The inquirer˺ said: You have told the truth. ˹ʿUmar˺ said: It amazed us that he would put the question and then he would himself verify the truth.

˹The inquirer˺ said: Inform me about Iman (faith). He replied: That (1) you affirm your faith in Allah, (2) in His angels, (3) in His Books, (4) in His Apostles, (5) in the Day of Judgment, and (6) you affirm your faith in the Divine Decree about good and evil. ˹The inquirer˺ said: You have told the truth.

˹The inquirer˺ again said: Inform me about Iḥsān (excellence in deeds). He said: That (1) you worship Allah as if you are seeing Him, (2) for though you don't see Him, He, verily, sees you.

˹The inquirer˺ again said: Inform me about the Hour (of the Last Day). He remarked: One who is asked knows no more than the one who is inquiring. ˹The inquirer˺ said: Tell me some of its indications. He said: That (1) the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and master, that (2) you will find barefooted, destitute goat herders vying with one another in the construction of magnificent buildings.

˹ʿUmar˺ said: Then ˹the inquirer˺ went on his way but I stayed with (the Prophet) for a long while. He then, said to me: "ʿUmar, do you know who this inquirer was?" I replied: Allah and His Messenger know best. He remarked: "He was Jibrīl (Angel Gabriel). He came to you in order to teach you in your religion."  

مسلم:٨aحَدَّثَنِي أَبُو خَيْثَمَةَ زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ عَنْ كَهْمَسٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ بُرَيْدَةَ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ يَعْمَرَ ح وَحَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ الْعَنْبَرِيُّ وَهَذَا حَدِيثُهُ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي حَدَّثَنَا كَهْمَسٌ عَنِ ابْنِ بُرَيْدَةَ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ يَعْمَرَ قَالَ

كَانَ أَوَّلَ مَنْ قَالَ فِي الْقَدَرِ بِالْبَصْرَةِ مَعْبَدٌ الْجُهَنِيُّ۔ فَانْطَلَقْتُ أَنَا وَحُمَيْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْحِمْيَرِيُّ حَاجَّيْنِ أَوْ مُعْتَمِرَيْنِ، فَقُلْنَا لَوْ لَقِينَا أَحَدًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَسَأَلْنَاهُ عَمَّا يَقُولُ هَؤُلاَءِ فِي الْقَدَرِ۔ فَوُفِّقَ لَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ دَاخِلاً الْمَسْجِدَ فَاكْتَنَفْتُهُ أَنَا وَصَاحِبِي أَحَدُنَا عَنْ يَمِينِهِ وَالآخَرُ عَنْ شِمَالِهِ۔ فَظَنَنْتُ أَنَّ صَاحِبِي سَيَكِلُ الْكَلاَمَ إِلَىَّ۔ فَقُلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ: إِنَّهُ قَدْ ظَهَرَ قِبَلَنَا نَاسٌ يَقْرَءُونَ الْقُرْآنَ وَيَتَقَفَّرُونَ الْعِلْمَ وَذَكَرَ مِنْ شَأْنِهِمْ وَأَنَّهُمْ يَزْعُمُونَ أَنْ لاَ قَدَرَ، وَأَنَّ الأَمْرَ أُنُفٌ۔ قَالَ: فَإِذَا لَقِيتَ أُولَئِكَ فَأَخْبِرْهُمْ أَنِّي بَرِيءٌ مِنْهُمْ وَأَنَّهُمْ بُرَآءُ مِنِّي، وَالَّذِي يَحْلِفُ بِهِ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ لَوْ أَنَّ لأَحَدِهِمْ مِثْلَ أُحُدٍ ذَهَبًا فَأَنْفَقَهُ، مَا قَبِلَ اللَّهُ مِنْهُ حَتَّى يُؤْمِنَ بِالْقَدَرِ۔

ثُمَّ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ قَالَ: بَيْنَمَا نَحْنُ عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ إِذْ طَلَعَ عَلَيْنَا رَجُلٌ شَدِيدُ بَيَاضِ الثِّيَابِ، شَدِيدُ سَوَادِ الشَّعَرِ۔ لاَ يُرَى عَلَيْهِ أَثَرُ السَّفَرِ وَلاَ يَعْرِفُهُ مِنَّا أَحَدٌ۔ حَتَّى جَلَسَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَأَسْنَدَ رُكْبَتَيْهِ إِلَى رُكْبَتَيْهِ، وَوَضَعَ كَفَّيْهِ عَلَى فَخِذَيْهِ۔

وَقَالَ: يَا مُحَمَّدُ، أَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الإِسْلاَمِ۔ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ: «الإِسْلاَمُ (١) أَنْ تَشْهَدَ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ، (٢) وَتُقِيمَ الصَّلاَةَ، (٣) وَتُؤْتِيَ الزَّكَاةَ، (٤) وَتَصُومَ رَمَضَانَ، (٥) وَتَحُجَّ الْبَيْتَ إِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلاً۔» قَالَ: صَدَقْتَ۔ قَالَ: فَعَجِبْنَا لَهُ يَسْأَلُهُ وَيُصَدِّقُهُ!

قَالَ: فَأَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الإِيمَانِ۔ قَالَ: «أَنْ (١) تُؤْمِنَ بِاللَّهِ، (٢) وَمَلاَئِكَتِهِ، (٣) وَكُتُبِهِ، (٤) وَرُسُلِهِ، (٥) وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ، (٦) وَتُؤْمِنَ بِالْقَدَرِ خَيْرِهِ وَشَرِّهِ۔» قَالَ: صَدَقْتَ۔

قَالَ: فَأَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الإِحْسَانِ۔ قَالَ: «أَنْ (١) تَعْبُدَ اللَّهَ كَأَنَّكَ تَرَاهُ، (٢) فَإِنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ تَرَاهُ فَإِنَّهُ يَرَاكَ۔»

قَالَ: فَأَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ السَّاعَةِ۔ قَالَ: «مَا الْمَسْئُولُ عَنْهَا بِأَعْلَمَ مِنَ السَّائِلِ۔» قَالَ: فَأَخْبِرْنِي عَنْ أَمَارَتِهَا۔ قَالَ: «أَنْ تَلِدَ الأَمَةُ رَبَّتَهَا، وَأَنْ تَرَى الْحُفَاةَ الْعُرَاةَ الْعَالَةَ رِعَاءَ الشَّاءِ يَتَطَاوَلُونَ فِي الْبُنْيَانِ۔»

قَالَ: ثُمَّ انْطَلَقَ فَلَبِثْتُ مَلِيًّا ثُمَّ قَالَ لِي: «يَا عُمَرُ أَتَدْرِي مَنِ السَّائِلُ؟» قُلْتُ: اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ۔ قَالَ: «فَإِنَّهُ جِبْرِيلُ أَتَاكُمْ يُعَلِّمُكُمْ دِينَكُمْ۔»  


See similar narrations below:

Collected by Bukhārī, Abū Dāwūd, Aḥmad, Dārimī, Ḥākim, Ibn Ḥibbān, Ṭabarānī
bukhari:4037ʿAlī b. ʿAbdullāh > Sufyān > ʿAmr > Jābir b. ʿAbdullāh

Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Who is willing to kill Kaʿb bin Al-Ashraf who has hurt Allah and His Apostle?" Thereupon Muhammad bin Maslama got up saying, "O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Would you like that I kill him?" The Prophet ﷺ said, "Yes," Muhammad bin Maslama said, "Then allow me to say a (false) thing (i.e. to deceive Kaʿb). "The Prophet ﷺ said, "You may say it." Then Muhammad bin Maslama went to Kaʿb and said, "That man (i.e. Muhammad demands Sadaqa (i.e. Zakat) from us, and he has troubled us, and I have come to borrow something from you." On that, Kaʿb said, "By Allah, you will get tired of him!" Muhammad bin Maslama said, "Now as we have followed him, we do not want to leave him unless and until we see how his end is going to be. Now we want you to lend us a camel load or two of food." (Some difference between narrators about a camel load or two.) Kaʿb said, "Yes, (I will lend you), but you should mortgage something to me." Muhammad bin Mas-lama and his companion said, "What do you want?" Kaʿb replied, "Mortgage your women to me." They said, "How can we mortgage our women to you and you are the most handsome of the 'Arabs?" Kaʿb said, "Then mortgage your sons to me." They said, "How can we mortgage our sons to you? Later they would be abused by the people's saying that so-and-so has been mortgaged for a camel load of food. That would cause us great disgrace, but we will mortgage our arms to you." Muhammad bin Maslama and his companion promised Kaʿb that Muhammad would return to him. He came to Kaʿb at night along with Kaʿb's foster brother, Abu Na'ila. Kaʿb invited them to come into his fort, and then he went down to them. His wife asked him, "Where are you going at this time?" Kaʿb replied, "None but Muhammad bin Maslama and my (foster) brother Abu Na'ila have come." His wife said, "I hear a voice as if dropping blood is from him, Kaʿb said. "They are none but my brother Muhammad bin Maslama and my foster brother Abu Naila. A generous man should respond to a call at night even if invited to be killed." Muhammad bin Maslama went with two men. (Some narrators mention the men as 'Abu bin Jabr. Al Harith bin Aus and ʿAbbad bin Bishr). So Muhammad bin Maslama went in together with two men, and sail to them, "When Kaʿb comes, I will touch his hair and smell it, and when you see that I have got hold of his head, strip him. I will let you smell his head." Kaʿb bin Al-Ashraf came down to them wrapped in his clothes, and diffusing perfume. Muhammad bin Maslama said. " have never smelt a better scent than this. Kaʿb replied. "I have got the best 'Arab women who know how to use the high class of perfume." Muhammad bin Maslama requested Kaʿb "Will you allow me to smell your head?" Kaʿb said, "Yes." Muhammad smelt it and made his companions smell it as well. Then he requested Kaʿb again, "Will you let me (smell your head)?" Kaʿb said, "Yes." When Muhammad got a strong hold of him, he said (to his companions), "Get at him!" So they killed him and went to the Prophet ﷺ and informed him. (Abu Rafiʿ) was killed after Kaʿb bin Al-Ashraf."  

البخاري:٤٠٣٧حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ قَالَ عَمْرٌو سَمِعْتُ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ؓ يَقُولُ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مَنْ لِكَعْبِ بْنِ الأَشْرَفِ فَإِنَّهُ قَدْ آذَى اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَامَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَتُحِبُّ أَنْ أَقْتُلَهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَأْذَنْ لِي أَنْ أَقُولَ شَيْئًا قَالَ قُلْ فَأَتَاهُ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ فَقَالَ إِنَّ هَذَا الرَّجُلَ قَدْ سَأَلَنَا صَدَقَةً وَإِنَّهُ قَدْ عَنَّانَا وَإِنِّي قَدْ أَتَيْتُكَ أَسْتَسْلِفُكَ قَالَ وَأَيْضًا وَاللَّهِ لَتَمَلُّنَّهُ قَالَ إِنَّا قَدِ اتَّبَعْنَاهُ فَلاَ نُحِبُّ أَنْ نَدَعَهُ حَتَّى نَنْظُرَ إِلَى أَىِّ شَىْءٍ يَصِيرُ شَأْنُهُ وَقَدْ أَرَدْنَا أَنْ تُسْلِفَنَا وَسْقًا أَوْ وَسْقَيْنِ وَحَدَّثَنَا عَمْرٌو غَيْرَ مَرَّةٍ فَلَمْ يَذْكُرْ وَسْقًا أَوْ وَسْقَيْنِ أَوْ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ فِيهِ وَسْقًا أَوْ وَسْقَيْنِ فَقَالَ أُرَى فِيهِ وَسْقًا أَوْ وَسْقَيْنِ فَقَالَ نَعَمِ ارْهَنُونِي قَالُوا أَىَّ شَىْءٍ تُرِيدُ قَالَ فَارْهَنُونِي نِسَاءَكُمْ قَالُوا كَيْفَ نَرْهَنُكَ نِسَاءَنَا وَأَنْتَ أَجْمَلُ الْعَرَبِ قَالَ فَارْهَنُونِي أَبْنَاءَكُمْ قَالُوا كَيْفَ نَرْهَنُكَ أَبْنَاءَنَا فَيُسَبُّ أَحَدُهُمْ فَيُقَالُ رُهِنَ بِوَسْقٍ أَوْ وَسْقَيْنِ هَذَا عَارٌ عَلَيْنَا وَلَكِنَّا نَرْهَنُكَ اللأْمَةَ قَالَ سُفْيَانُ يَعْنِي السِّلاَحَ فَوَاعَدَهُ أَنْ يَأْتِيَهُ فَجَاءَهُ لَيْلاً وَمَعَهُ أَبُو نَائِلَةَ وَهْوَ أَخُو كَعْبٍ مِنَ الرَّضَاعَةِ فَدَعَاهُمْ إِلَى الْحِصْنِ فَنَزَلَ إِلَيْهِمْ فَقَالَتْ لَهُ امْرَأَتُهُ أَيْنَ تَخْرُجُ هَذِهِ السَّاعَةَ فَقَالَ إِنَّمَا هُوَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ وَأَخِي أَبُو نَائِلَةَ وَقَالَ غَيْرُ عَمْرٍو قَالَتْ أَسْمَعُ صَوْتًا كَأَنَّهُ يَقْطُرُ مِنْهُ الدَّمُ قَالَ إِنَّمَا هُوَ أَخِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ وَرَضِيعِي أَبُو نَائِلَةَ إِنَّ الْكَرِيمَ لَوْ دُعِيَ إِلَى طَعْنَةٍ بِلَيْلٍ لأَجَابَ قَالَ وَيُدْخِلُ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ مَعَهُ رَجُلَيْنِ قِيلَ لِسُفْيَانَ سَمَّاهُمْ عَمْرٌو قَالَ سَمَّى بَعْضَهُمْ قَالَ عَمْرٌو جَاءَ مَعَهُ بِرَجُلَيْنِ وَقَالَ غَيْرُ عَمْرٍو أَبُو عَبْسِ بْنُ جَبْرٍ وَالْحَارِثُ بْنُ أَوْسٍ وَعَبَّادُ بْنُ بِشْرٍ قَالَ عَمْرٌو وَجَاءَ مَعَهُ بِرَجُلَيْنِ فَقَالَ إِذَا مَا جَاءَ فَإِنِّي قَائِلٌ بِشَعَرِهِ فَأَشَمُّهُ فَإِذَا رَأَيْتُمُونِي اسْتَمْكَنْتُ مِنْ رَأْسِهِ فَدُونَكُمْ فَاضْرِبُوهُ وَقَالَ مَرَّةً ثُمَّ أُشِمُّكُمْ فَنَزَلَ إِلَيْهِمْ مُتَوَشِّحًا وَهْوَ يَنْفَحُ مِنْهُ رِيحُ الطِّيبِ فَقَالَ مَا رَأَيْتُ كَالْيَوْمِ رِيحًا أَىْ أَطْيَبَ وَقَالَ غَيْرُ عَمْرٍو قَالَ عِنْدِي أَعْطَرُ نِسَاءِ الْعَرَبِ وَأَكْمَلُ الْعَرَبِ قَالَ عَمْرٌو فَقَالَ أَتَأْذَنُ لِي أَنْ أَشَمَّ رَأْسَكَ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَشَمَّهُ ثُمَّ أَشَمَّ أَصْحَابَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَتَأْذَنُ لِي قَالَ نَعَمْ فَلَمَّا اسْتَمْكَنَ مِنْهُ قَالَ دُونَكُمْ فَقَتَلُوهُ ثُمَّ أَتَوُا النَّبِيَّ ﷺ فَأَخْبَرُوهُ  

bukhari:4072Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. ʿAbdullāh > Ḥujayn b. al-Muthanná > ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz b. ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Salamah > ʿAbdullāh b. al-Faḍl > Sulaymān b. Yasār > Jaʿfar b. ʿAmr b. Umayyah al-Ḍamrī

I went out with 'Ubaidullah bin ʿAdi Al-Khaiyar. When we reached Hims (i.e. a town in Syria), 'Ubaidullah bin ʿAdi said (to me), "Would you like to see Wahshi so that we may ask him about the killing of Hamza?" I replied, "Yes." Wahshi used to live in Hims. We enquired about him and somebody said to us, "He is that in the shade of his palace, as if he were a full water skin." So we went up to him, and when we were at a short distance from him, we greeted him and he greeted us in return. 'Ubaidullah was wearing his turban and Wahshi could not see except his eyes and feet. 'Ubaidullah said, "O Wahshi! Do you know me?" Wahshi looked at him and then said, "No, by Allah! But I know that ʿAdi bin Al-Khiyar married a woman called Um Qital, the daughter of Abu Al-Is, and she delivered a boy for him at Mecca, and I looked for a wet nurse for that child. (Once) I carried that child along with his mother and then I handed him over to her, and your feet resemble that child's feet." Then 'Ubaidullah uncovered his face and said (to Wahshi), "Will you tell us (the story of) the killing of Hamza?" Wahshi replied "Yes, Hamza killed Tuaima bin ʿAdi bin Al-Khaiyar at Badr (battle) so my master, Jubair bin Mutʿim said to me, 'If you kill Hamza in revenge for my uncle, then you will be set free." When the people set out (for the battle of Uhud) in the year of 'Ainain ..'Ainain is a mountain near the mountain of Uhud, and between it and Uhud there is a valley.. I went out with the people for the battle. When the army aligned for the fight, Siba' came out and said, 'Is there any (Muslim) to accept my challenge to a duel?' Hamza bin ʿAbdul Muttalib came out and said, 'O Siba'. O Ibn Um Anmar, the one who circumcises other ladies! Do you challenge Allah and His Apostle?' Then Hamza attacked and killed him, causing him to be non-extant like the bygone yesterday. I hid myself under a rock, and when he (i.e. Hamza) came near me, I threw my spear at him, driving it into his umbilicus so that it came out through his buttocks, causing him to die. When all the people returned to Mecca, I too returned with them. I stayed in (Mecca) till Islam spread in it (i.e. Mecca). Then I left for Taif, and when the people (of Taif) sent their messengers to Messenger of Allah ﷺ, I was told that the Prophet ﷺ did not harm the messengers; So I too went out with them till I reached Messenger of Allah ﷺ. When he saw me, he said, 'Are you Wahshi?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Was it you who killed Hamza?' I replied, 'What happened is what you have been told of.' He said, 'Can you hide your face from me?' So I went out when Messenger of Allah ﷺ died, and Musailamah Al-Kadhdhab appeared (claiming to be a prophet). I said, 'I will go out to Musailamah so that I may kill him, and make amends for killing Hamza. So I went out with the people (to fight Musailamah and his followers) and then famous events took place concerning that battle. Suddenly I saw a man (i.e. Musailamah) standing near a gap in a wall. He looked like an ash-colored camel and his hair was dishevelled. So I threw my spear at him, driving it into his chest in between his breasts till it passed out through his shoulders, and then an Ansari man attacked him and struck him on the head with a sword. ʿAbdullah bin ʿUmar said, 'A slave girl on the roof of a house said: Alas! The chief of the believers (i.e. Musailamah) has been killed by a black slave."  

البخاري:٤٠٧٢حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنَا حُجَيْنُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْفَضْلِ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ أُمَيَّةَ الضَّمْرِيِّ قَالَ خَرَجْتُ مَعَ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَدِيِّ بْنِ الْخِيَارِ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا حِمْصَ قَالَ

لِي عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ هَلْ لَكَ فِي وَحْشِيٍّ نَسْأَلُهُ عَنْ قَتْلِ حَمْزَةَ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ وَكَانَ وَحْشِيٌّ يَسْكُنُ حِمْصَ فَسَأَلْنَا عَنْهُ فَقِيلَ لَنَا هُوَ ذَاكَ فِي ظِلِّ قَصْرِهِ كَأَنَّهُ حَمِيتٌ قَالَ فَجِئْنَا حَتَّى وَقَفْنَا عَلَيْهِ بِيَسِيرٍ فَسَلَّمْنَا فَرَدَّ السَّلاَمَ قَالَ وَعُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ مُعْتَجِرٌ بِعِمَامَتِهِ مَا يَرَى وَحْشِيٌّ إِلاَّ عَيْنَيْهِ وَرِجْلَيْهِ فَقَالَ عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ يَا وَحْشِيُّ أَتَعْرِفُنِي قَالَ فَنَظَرَ إِلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لاَ وَاللَّهِ إِلاَّ أَنِّي أَعْلَمُ أَنَّ عَدِيَّ بْنَ الْخِيَارِ تَزَوَّجَ امْرَأَةً يُقَالُ لَهَا أُمُّ قِتَالٍ بِنْتُ أَبِي الْعِيصِ فَوَلَدَتْ لَهُ غُلاَمًا بِمَكَّةَ فَكُنْتُ أَسْتَرْضِعُ لَهُ فَحَمَلْتُ ذَلِكَ الْغُلاَمَ مَعَ أُمِّهِ فَنَاوَلْتُهَا إِيَّاهُ فَلَكَأَنِّي نَظَرْتُ إِلَى قَدَمَيْكَ قَالَ فَكَشَفَ عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَلاَ تُخْبِرُنَا بِقَتْلِ حَمْزَةَ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنَّ حَمْزَةَ قَتَلَ طُعَيْمَةَ بْنَ عَدِيِّ بْنِ الْخِيَارِ بِبَدْرٍ فَقَالَ لِي مَوْلاَىَ جُبَيْرُ بْنُ مُطْعِمٍ إِنْ قَتَلْتَ حَمْزَةَ بِعَمِّي فَأَنْتَ حُرٌّ قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَنْ خَرَجَ النَّاسُ عَامَ عَيْنَيْنِ وَعَيْنَيْنِ جَبَلٌ بِحِيَالِ أُحُدٍ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهُ وَادٍ خَرَجْتُ مَعَ النَّاسِ إِلَى الْقِتَالِ فَلَمَّا اصْطَفُّوا لِلْقِتَالِ خَرَجَ سِبَاعٌ فَقَالَ هَلْ مِنْ مُبَارِزٍ قَالَ فَخَرَجَ إِلَيْهِ حَمْزَةُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ فَقَالَ يَا سِبَاعُ يَا ابْنَ أُمِّ أَنْمَارٍ مُقَطِّعَةِ الْبُظُورِ أَتُحَادُّ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ﷺ قَالَ ثُمَّ شَدَّ عَلَيْهِ فَكَانَ كَأَمْسِ الذَّاهِبِ قَالَ وَكَمَنْتُ لِحَمْزَةَ تَحْتَ صَخْرَةٍ فَلَمَّا دَنَا مِنِّي رَمَيْتُهُ بِحَرْبَتِي فَأَضَعُهَا فِي ثُنَّتِهِ حَتَّى خَرَجَتْ مِنْ بَيْنِ وَرِكَيْهِ قَالَ فَكَانَ ذَاكَ الْعَهْدَ بِهِ فَلَمَّا رَجَعَ النَّاسُ رَجَعْتُ مَعَهُمْ فَأَقَمْتُ بِمَكَّةَ حَتَّى فَشَا فِيهَا الإِسْلاَمُ ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ إِلَى الطَّائِفِ فَأَرْسَلُوا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ رَسُولاً فَقِيلَ لِي إِنَّهُ لاَ يَهِيجُ الرُّسُلَ قَالَ فَخَرَجْتُ مَعَهُمْ حَتَّى قَدِمْتُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَلَمَّا رَآنِي قَالَ آنْتَ وَحْشِيٌّ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ قَالَ أَنْتَ قَتَلْتَ حَمْزَةَ قُلْتُ قَدْ كَانَ مِنَ الأَمْرِ مَا بَلَغَكَ قَالَ فَهَلْ تَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ تُغَيِّبَ وَجْهَكَ عَنِّي قَالَ فَخَرَجْتُ فَلَمَّا قُبِضَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَخَرَجَ مُسَيْلِمَةُ الْكَذَّابُ قُلْتُ لأَخْرُجَنَّ إِلَى مُسَيْلِمَةَ لَعَلِّي أَقْتُلُهُ فَأُكَافِئَ بِهِ حَمْزَةَ قَالَ فَخَرَجْتُ مَعَ النَّاسِ فَكَانَ مِنْ أَمْرِهِ مَا كَانَ قَالَ فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ قَائِمٌ فِي ثَلْمَةِ جِدَارٍ كَأَنَّهُ جَمَلٌ أَوْرَقُ ثَائِرُ الرَّأْسِ قَالَ فَرَمَيْتُهُ بِحَرْبَتِي فَأَضَعُهَا بَيْنَ ثَدْيَيْهِ حَتَّى خَرَجَتْ مِنْ بَيْنِ كَتِفَيْهِ قَالَ وَوَثَبَ إِلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ فَضَرَبَهُ بِالسَّيْفِ عَلَى هَامَتِهِ قَالَ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْفَضْلِ فَأَخْبَرَنِي سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ يَسَارٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ يَقُولُ فَقَالَتْ جَارِيَةٌ عَلَى ظَهْرِ بَيْتٍ وَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ قَتَلَهُ الْعَبْدُ الأَسْوَدُ  

bukhari:4086Ibrāhīm b. Mūsá > Hishām b. Yūsuf > Maʿmar > al-Zuhrī > ʿAmr

The Prophet ﷺ sent a Sariya of spies and appointed ʿAsim bin Thabit, the grandfather of ʿAsim bin ʿUmar bin Al-Khattab, as their leader. So they set out, and when they reached (a place) between 'Usfan and Mecca, they were mentioned to one of the branch tribes of Bani Hudhail called Lihyan. So, about one-hundred archers followed their traces till they (i.e. the archers) came to a journey station where they (i.e. ʿAsim and his companions) had encamped and found stones of dates they had brought as journey food from Medina. The archers said, "These are the dates of Medina," and followed their traces till they took them over. When ʿAsim and his companions were not able to go ahead, they went up a high place, and their pursuers encircled them and said, "You have a covenant and a promise that if you come down to us, we will not kill anyone of you." ʿAsim said, "As for me, I will never come down on the security of an infidel. O Allah! Inform Your Prophet about us." So they fought with them till they killed ʿAsim along with seven of his companions with arrows, and there remained Khubaib, Zaid and another man to whom they gave a promise and a covenant. So when the infidels gave them the covenant and promise, they came down. When they captured them, they opened the strings of their arrow bows and tied them with it. The third man who was with them said, "This is the first breach in the covenant," and refused to accompany them. They dragged him and tried to make him accompany them, but he refused, and they killed him. Then they proceeded on taking Khubaib and Zaid till they sold them in Mecca. The sons of Al-Harith bin ʿAmr bin Naufal bought Khubaib. It was Khubaib who had killed Al-Harith bin ʿAmr on the day of Badr. Khubaib stayed with them for a while as a captive till they decided unanimously to kill him. (At that time) Khubaib borrowed a razor from one of the daughters of Al- Harith to shave his pubic hair. She gave it to him. She said later on, "I was heedless of a little baby of mine, who moved towards Khubaib, and when it reached him, he put it on his thigh. When I saw it, I got scared so much that Khubaib noticed my distress while he was carrying the razor in his hand. He said 'Are you afraid that I will kill it? Allah willing, I will never do that,' " Later on she used to say, "I have never seen a captive better than Khubaib Once I saw him eating from a bunch of grapes although at that time no fruits were available at Mecca, and he was fettered with iron chains, and in fact, it was nothing but food bestowed upon him by Allah." So they took him out of the Sanctuary (of Mecca) to kill him. He said, "Allow me to offer a two-rakʿat prayer." Then he went to them and said, "Had I not been afraid that you would think I was afraid of death, I would have prayed for a longer time." So it was Khubaib who first set the tradition of praying two rakʿat before being executed. He then said, "O Allah! Count them one by one," and added, 'When I am being martyred as a Muslim, I do not care in what way I receive my death for Allah's Sake, because this death is in Allah's Cause. If He wishes, He will bless the cut limbs." Then ʿUqba bin Al-Harith got up and martyred him. The narrator added: The Quraish (infidels) sent some people to ʿAsim in order to bring a part of his body so that his death might be known for certain, for ʿAsim had killed one of their chiefs on the day of Badr. But Allah sent a cloud of wasps which protected his body from their messengers who could not harm his body consequently.  

البخاري:٤٠٨٦حَدَّثَنِي إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى أَخْبَرَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ يُوسُفَ عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ الثَّقَفِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ؓ قَالَ

بَعَثَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ سَرِيَّةً عَيْنًا وَأَمَّرَ عَلَيْهِمْ عَاصِمَ بْنَ ثَابِتٍ وَهْوَ جَدُّ عَاصِمِ بْنِ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ فَانْطَلَقُوا حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَ بَيْنَ عُسْفَانَ وَمَكَّةَ ذُكِرُوا لَحِيٍّ مِنْ هُذَيْلٍ يُقَالُ لَهُمْ بَنُو لَحْيَانَ فَتَبِعُوهُمْ بِقَرِيبٍ مِنْ مِائَةِ رَامٍ فَاقْتَصُّوا آثَارَهُمْ حَتَّى أَتَوْا مَنْزِلاً نَزَلُوهُ فَوَجَدُوا فِيهِ نَوَى تَمْرٍ تَزَوَّدُوهُ مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ فَقَالُوا هَذَا تَمْرُ يَثْرِبَ فَتَبِعُوا آثَارَهُمْ حَتَّى لَحِقُوهُمْ فَلَمَّا انْتَهَى عَاصِمٌ وَأَصْحَابُهُ لَجَئُوا إِلَى فَدْفَدٍ وَجَاءَ الْقَوْمُ فَأَحَاطُوا بِهِمْ فَقَالُوا لَكُمُ الْعَهْدُ وَالْمِيثَاقُ إِنْ نَزَلْتُمْ إِلَيْنَا أَنْ لاَ نَقْتُلَ مِنْكُمْ رَجُلاً فَقَالَ عَاصِمٌ أَمَّا أَنَا فَلاَ أَنْزِلُ فِي ذِمَّةِ كَافِرٍ اللَّهُمَّ أَخْبِرْ عَنَّا نَبِيَّكَ فَقَاتَلُوهُمْ حَتَّى قَتَلُوا عَاصِمًا فِي سَبْعَةِ نَفَرٍ بِالنَّبْلِ وَبَقِيَ خُبَيْبٌ وَزَيْدٌ وَرَجُلٌ آخَرُ فَأَعْطَوْهُمُ الْعَهْدَ وَالْمِيثَاقَ فَلَمَّا أَعْطَوْهُمُ الْعَهْدَ وَالْمِيثَاقَ نَزَلُوا إِلَيْهِمْ فَلَمَّا اسْتَمْكَنُوا مِنْهُمْ حَلُّوا أَوْتَارَ قِسِيِّهِمْ فَرَبَطُوهُمْ بِهَا فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ الثَّالِثُ الَّذِي مَعَهُمَا هَذَا أَوَّلُ الْغَدْرِ فَأَبَى أَنْ يَصْحَبَهُمْ فَجَرَّرُوهُ وَعَالَجُوهُ عَلَى أَنْ يَصْحَبَهُمْ فَلَمْ يَفْعَلْ فَقَتَلُوهُ وَانْطَلَقُوا بِخُبَيْبٍ وَزَيْدٍ حَتَّى بَاعُوهُمَا بِمَكَّةَ فَاشْتَرَى خُبَيْبًا بَنُو الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَامِرِ بْنِ نَوْفَلٍ وَكَانَ خُبَيْبٌ هُوَ قَتَلَ الْحَارِثَ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ فَمَكَثَ عِنْدَهُمْ أَسِيرًا حَتَّى إِذَا أَجْمَعُوا قَتْلَهُ اسْتَعَارَ مُوسَى مِنْ بَعْضِ بَنَاتِ الْحَارِثِ أَسْتَحِدَّ بِهَا فَأَعَارَتْهُ قَالَتْ فَغَفَلْتُ عَنْ صَبِيٍّ لِي فَدَرَجَ إِلَيْهِ حَتَّى أَتَاهُ فَوَضَعَهُ عَلَى فَخِذِهِ فَلَمَّا رَأَيْتُهُ فَزِعْتُ فَزْعَةً عَرَفَ ذَاكَ مِنِّي وَفِي يَدِهِ الْمُوسَى فَقَالَ أَتَخْشَيْنَ أَنْ أَقْتُلَهُ مَا كُنْتُ لأَفْعَلَ ذَاكِ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ وَكَانَتْ تَقُولُ مَا رَأَيْتُ أَسِيرًا قَطُّ خَيْرًا مِنْ خُبَيْبٍ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُهُ يَأْكُلُ مِنْ قِطْفِ عِنَبٍ وَمَا بِمَكَّةَ يَوْمَئِذٍ ثَمَرَةٌ وَإِنَّهُ لَمُوثَقٌ فِي الْحَدِيدِ وَمَا كَانَ إِلاَّ رِزْقٌ رَزَقَهُ اللَّهُ فَخَرَجُوا بِهِ مِنَ الْحَرَمِ لِيَقْتُلُوهُ فَقَالَ دَعُونِي أُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ إِلَيْهِمْ فَقَالَ لَوْلاَ أَنْ تَرَوْا أَنَّ مَا بِي جَزَعٌ مِنَ الْمَوْتِ لَزِدْتُ فَكَانَ أَوَّلَ مَنْ سَنَّ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ عِنْدَ الْقَتْلِ هُوَ ثُمَّ قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ أَحْصِهِمْ عَدَدًا ثُمَّ قَالَ مَا أُبَالِي حِينَ أُقْتَلُ مُسْلِمًا عَلَى أَىِّ شِقٍّ كَانَ لِلَّهِ مَصْرَعِي وَذَلِكَ فِي ذَاتِ الإِلَهِ وَإِنْ يَشَأْ يُبَارِكْ عَلَى أَوْصَالِ شِلْوٍ مُمَزَّعِ ثُمَّ قَامَ إِلَيْهِ عُقْبَةُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ فَقَتَلَهُ وَبَعَثَ قُرَيْشٌ إِلَى عَاصِمٍ لِيُؤْتَوْا بِشَىْءٍ مِنْ جَسَدِهِ يَعْرِفُونَهُ وَكَانَ عَاصِمٌ قَتَلَ عَظِيمًا مِنْ عُظَمَائِهِمْ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ فَبَعَثَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ مِثْلَ الظُّلَّةِ مِنَ الدَّبْرِ فَحَمَتْهُ مِنْ رُسُلِهِمْ فَلَمْ يَقْدِرُوا مِنْهُ عَلَى شَىْءٍ  

bukhari:3861ʿAmr b. ʿAbbās > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Mahdī > al-Muthanná > Abū Jamrah > Ibn ʿAbbās

When Abu Dhar received the news of the Advent of the Prophet ﷺ he said to his brother, "Ride to this valley (of Mecca) and try to find out the truth of the person who claims to be a prophet who is informed of the news of Heaven. Listen to what he says and come back to me." So his brother set out and came to the Prophet ﷺ and listened to some of his talks, and returned to Abu Dhar and said to him. "I have seen him enjoining virtuous behavior and saying something that is not poetry." Abu Dhar said, "You have not satisfied me as to what I wanted." He then took his journey-food and carried a waterskin of his, containing some water till be reached Mecca. He went to the Mosque and searched for the Prophet and though he did not know him, he hated to ask anybody about him. When a part of the night had passed away, ʿAli saw him and knew that he was a stranger. So when Abu Dhar saw ʿAli, he followed him, and none of them asked his companion about anything, and when it was dawn, Abu Dhar took his journey food and his water-skin to the Mosque and stayed there all the day long without being perceived by the Prophet, and when it was evening, he came back to his retiring place. ʿAli passed by him and said, "Has the man not known his dwelling place yet?" So ʿAli awakened him and took him with him and none of them spoke to the other about anything. When it was the third day. ʿAli did the same and Abu Dhar stayed with him. Then ʿAli said "Will you tell me what has brought you here?" Abu Dhar said, "If you give me a firm promise that you will guide me, then I will tell you." ʿAli promised him, and he informed ʿAli about the matter. ʿAli said, "It is true, and he is the Messenger of Allah. Next morning when you get up, accompany me, and if I see any danger for you, I will stop as if to pass water, but if I go on, follow me and enter the place which I will enter." Abu Dhar did so, and followed ʿAli till he entered the place of the Prophet, and Abu Dhar went in with him, Abu Dhar listened to some of the Prophet's talks and embraced Islam on the spot. The Prophet ﷺ said to him, "Go back to your people and inform them (about it) till you receive my order." Abu Dhar said, "By Him in Whose Hand my life is, I will proclaim my conversion loudly amongst them (i.e. the pagans)." So he went out, and when he reached the Mosque, he said as loudly as possible, "I bear witness that None has the right to be worshipped except Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah." The People got up and beat him painfully. Then Al-Abbas came and knelt over him ((to protect him) and said (to the people), "Woe to you! Don't you know that this man belongs to the tribe of Ghifar and your trade to Sha'm is through their way?" So he rescued him from them. Abu Dhar again did the same the next day. They beat him and took vengeance on him and again Al-Abbas knelt over him (to protect him).  

البخاري:٣٨٦١حَدَّثَنِي عَمْرُو بْنُ عَبَّاسٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ مَهْدِيٍّ حَدَّثَنَا الْمُثَنَّى عَنْ أَبِي جَمْرَةَ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ قَالَ

لَمَّا بَلَغَ أَبَا ذَرٍّ مَبْعَثُ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ لأَخِيهِ ارْكَبْ إِلَى هَذَا الْوَادِي فَاعْلَمْ لِي عِلْمَ هَذَا الرَّجُلِ الَّذِي يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ نَبِيٌّ يَأْتِيهِ الْخَبَرُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ وَاسْمَعْ مِنْ قَوْلِهِ ثُمَّ ائْتِنِي فَانْطَلَقَ الأَخُ حَتَّى قَدِمَهُ وَسَمِعَ مِنْ قَوْلِهِ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ إِلَى أَبِي ذَرٍّ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَأَيْتُهُ يَأْمُرُ بِمَكَارِمِ الأَخْلاَقِ وَكَلاَمًا مَا هُوَ بِالشِّعْرِ فَقَالَ مَا شَفَيْتَنِي مِمَّا أَرَدْتُ فَتَزَوَّدَ وَحَمَلَ شَنَّةً لَهُ فِيهَا مَاءٌ حَتَّى قَدِمَ مَكَّةَ فَأَتَى الْمَسْجِدَ فَالْتَمَسَ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ وَلاَ يَعْرِفُهُ وَكَرِهَ أَنْ يَسْأَلَ عَنْهُ حَتَّى أَدْرَكَهُ بَعْضُ اللَّيْلِ فَرَآهُ عَلِيٌّ فَعَرَفَ أَنَّهُ غَرِيبٌ فَلَمَّا رَآهُ تَبِعَهُ فَلَمْ يَسْأَلْ وَاحِدٌ مِنْهُمَا صَاحِبَهُ عَنْ شَىْءٍ حَتَّى أَصْبَحَ ثُمَّ احْتَمَلَ قِرْبَتَهُ وَزَادَهُ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ وَظَلَّ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ وَلاَ يَرَاهُ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ حَتَّى أَمْسَى فَعَادَ إِلَى مَضْجَعِهِ فَمَرَّ بِهِ عَلِيٌّ فَقَالَ أَمَا نَالَ لِلرَّجُلِ أَنْ يَعْلَمَ مَنْزِلَهُ فَأَقَامَهُ فَذَهَبَ بِهِ مَعَهُ لاَ يَسْأَلُ وَاحِدٌ مِنْهُمَا صَاحِبَهُ عَنْ شَىْءٍ حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمَ الثَّالِثِ فَعَادَ عَلِيٌّ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ فَأَقَامَ مَعَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَلاَ تُحَدِّثُنِي مَا الَّذِي أَقْدَمَكَ قَالَ إِنْ أَعْطَيْتَنِي عَهْدًا وَمِيثَاقًا لَتُرْشِدَنَّنِي فَعَلْتُ فَفَعَلَ فَأَخْبَرَهُ قَالَ فَإِنَّهُ حَقٌّ وَهُوَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَإِذَا أَصْبَحْتَ فَاتْبَعْنِي فَإِنِّي إِنْ رَأَيْتُ شَيْئًا أَخَافُ عَلَيْكَ قُمْتُ كَأَنِّي أُرِيقُ الْمَاءَ فَإِنْ مَضَيْتُ فَاتْبَعْنِي حَتَّى تَدْخُلَ مَدْخَلِي فَفَعَلَ فَانْطَلَقَ يَقْفُوهُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ وَدَخَلَ مَعَهُ فَسَمِعَ مِنْ قَوْلِهِ وَأَسْلَمَ مَكَانَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ ارْجِعْ إِلَى قَوْمِكَ فَأَخْبِرْهُمْ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَكَ أَمْرِي قَالَ وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لأَصْرُخَنَّ بِهَا بَيْنَ ظَهْرَانَيْهِمْ فَخَرَجَ حَتَّى أَتَى الْمَسْجِدَ فَنَادَى بِأَعْلَى صَوْتِهِ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ قَامَ الْقَوْمُ فَضَرَبُوهُ حَتَّى أَضْجَعُوهُ وَأَتَى الْعَبَّاسُ فَأَكَبَّ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ وَيْلَكُمْ أَلَسْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ مِنْ غِفَارٍ وَأَنَّ طَرِيقَ تِجَارِكُمْ إِلَى الشَّأْمِ فَأَنْقَذَهُ مِنْهُمْ ثُمَّ عَادَ مِنَ الْغَدِ لِمِثْلِهَا فَضَرَبُوهُ وَثَارُوا إِلَيْهِ فَأَكَبَّ الْعَبَّاسُ عَلَيْهِ  

bukhari:3989Mūsá b. Ismāʿīl > Ibrāhīm > Ibn Shihāb > ʿUmar

Messenger of Allah ﷺ sent out ten spies under the command of ʿAsim bin Thabit Al-Ansari, the grand-father of ʿAsim bin ʿUmar Al-Khattab. When they reached (a place called) Al-Hadah between 'Usfan and Mecca, their presence was made known to a sub-tribe of Hudhail called Banu Lihyan. So they sent about one hundred archers after them. The archers traced the footsteps (of the Muslims) till they found the traces of dates which they had eaten at one of their camping places. The archers said, "These dates are of Yathrib (i.e. Medina)," and went on tracing the Muslims' footsteps. When ʿAsim and his companions became aware of them, they took refuge in a (high) place. But the enemy encircled them and said, "Come down and surrender. We give you a solemn promise and covenant that we will not kill anyone of you." ʿAsim bin Thabit said, "O people! As for myself, I will never get down to be under the protection of an infidel. O Allah! Inform your Prophet about us." So the archers threw their arrows at them and martyred ʿAsim. Three of them came down and surrendered to them, accepting their promise and covenant and they were Khubaib, Zaid bin Ad-Dathina and another man. When the archers got hold of them, they untied the strings of the arrow bows and tied their captives with them. The third man said, "This is the first proof of treachery! By Allah, I will not go with you for I follow the example of these." He meant the martyred companions. The archers dragged him and struggled with him (till they martyred him). Then Khubaib and Zaid bin Ad-Dathina were taken away by them and later on they sold them as slaves in Mecca after the event of the Badr battle. The sons of Al-Harit bin ʿAmr bin Naufal bought Khubaib for he was a person who had killed (their father) Al-Hari bin ʿAmr on the day (of the battle) of Badr. Khubaib remained imprisoned by them till they decided unanimously to kill him. One day Khubaib borrowed from a daughter of Al-Harith, a razor for shaving his pubic hair, and she lent it to him. By chance, while she was inattentive, a little son of hers went to him (i.e. Khubaib) and she saw that Khubaib had seated him on his thigh while the razor was in his hand. She was so much terrified that Khubaib noticed her fear and said, "Are you afraid that I will kill him? Never would I do such a thing." Later on (while narrating the story) she said, "By Allah, I had never seen a better captive than Khubaib. By Allah, one day I saw him eating from a bunch of grapes in his hand while he was fettered with iron chains and (at that time) there was no fruit in Mecca." She used to say," It was food Allah had provided Khubaib with." When they took him to Al-Hil out of Mecca sanctuary to martyr him, Khubaib requested them. "Allow me to offer a two-rakʿat prayer." They allowed him and he prayed two rakʿat and then said, "By Allah! Had I not been afraid that you would think I was worried, I would have prayed more." Then he (invoked evil upon them) saying, "O Allah! Count them and kill them one by one, and do not leave anyone of them"' Then he recited: "As I am martyred as a Muslim, I do not care in what way I receive my death for Allah's Sake, for this is for the Cause of Allah. If He wishes, He will bless the cut limbs of my body." Then Abu Sarva, 'Ubqa bin Al-Harith went up to him and killed him. It was Khubaib who set the tradition of praying for any Muslim to be martyred in captivity (before he is executed). The Prophet ﷺ told his companions of what had happened (to those ten spies) on the same day they were martyred. Some Quraish people, being informed of ʿAsim bin Thabit's death, sent some messengers to bring a part of his body so that his death might be known for certain, for he had previously killed one of their leaders (in the battle of Badr). But Allah sent a swarm of wasps to protect the dead body of ʿAsim, and they shielded him from the messengers who could not cut anything from his body.  

البخاري:٣٩٨٩حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ شِهَابٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عُمَرُ بْنُ أَسِيدِ بْنِ جَارِيَةَ الثَّقَفِيُّ حَلِيفُ بَنِي زُهْرَةَ وَكَانَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ؓ قَالَ

بَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَشَرَةً عَيْنًا وَأَمَّرَ عَلَيْهِمْ عَاصِمَ بْنَ ثَابِتٍ الأَنْصَارِيَّ جَدَّ عَاصِمِ بْنِ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ حَتَّى إِذَا كَانُوا بِالْهَدَةِ بَيْنَ عُسْفَانَ وَمَكَّةَ ذُكِرُوا لِحَىٍّ مِنْ هُذَيْلٍ يُقَالُ لَهُمْ بَنُو لِحْيَانَ فَنَفَرُوا لَهُمْ بِقَرِيبٍ مِنْ مِائَةِ رَجُلٍ رَامٍ فَاقْتَصُّوا آثَارَهُمْ حَتَّى وَجَدُوا مَأْكَلَهُمُ التَّمْرَ فِي مَنْزِلٍ نَزَلُوهُ فَقَالُوا تَمْرُ يَثْرِبَ فَاتَّبَعُوا آثَارَهُمْ فَلَمَّا حَسَّ بِهِمْ عَاصِمٌ وَأَصْحَابُهُ لَجَئُوا إِلَى مَوْضِعٍ فَأَحَاطَ بِهِمُ الْقَوْمُ فَقَالُوا لَهُمْ انْزِلُوا فَأَعْطُوا بِأَيْدِيكُمْ وَلَكُمُ الْعَهْدُ وَالْمِيثَاقُ أَنْ لاَ نَقْتُلَ مِنْكُمْ أَحَدًا فَقَالَ عَاصِمُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ أَيُّهَا الْقَوْمُ أَمَّا أَنَا فَلاَ أَنْزِلُ فِي ذِمَّةِ كَافِرٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ أَخْبِرْ عَنَّا نَبِيَّكَ ﷺ فَرَمَوْهُمْ بِالنَّبْلِ فَقَتَلُوا عَاصِمًا وَنَزَلَ إِلَيْهِمْ ثَلاَثَةُ نَفَرٍ عَلَى الْعَهْدِ وَالْمِيثَاقِ مِنْهُمْ خُبَيْبٌ وَزَيْدُ بْنُ الدَّثِنَةِ وَرَجُلٌ آخَرُ فَلَمَّا اسْتَمْكَنُوا مِنْهُمْ أَطْلَقُوا أَوْتَارَ قِسِيِّهِمْ فَرَبَطُوهُمْ بِهَا قَالَ الرَّجُلُ الثَّالِثُ هَذَا أَوَّلُ الْغَدْرِ وَاللَّهِ لاَ أَصْحَبُكُمْ إِنَّ لِي بِهَؤُلاَءِ أُسْوَةً يُرِيدُ الْقَتْلَى فَجَرَّرُوهُ وَعَالَجُوهُ فَأَبَى أَنْ يَصْحَبَهُمْ فَانْطُلِقَ بِخُبَيْبٍ وَزَيْدِ بْنِ الدَّثِنَةِ حَتَّى بَاعُوهُمَا بَعْدَ وَقْعَةِ بَدْرٍ فَابْتَاعَ بَنُو الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَامِرِ بْنِ نَوْفَلٍ خُبَيْبًا وَكَانَ خُبَيْبٌ هُوَ قَتَلَ الْحَارِثَ بْنَ عَامِرٍ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ فَلَبِثَ خُبَيْبٌ عِنْدَهُمْ أَسِيرًا حَتَّى أَجْمَعُوا قَتْلَهُ فَاسْتَعَارَ مِنْ بَعْضِ بَنَاتِ الْحَارِثِ مُوسَى يَسْتَحِدُّ بِهَا فَأَعَارَتْهُ فَدَرَجَ بُنَىٌّ لَهَا وَهْىَ غَافِلَةٌ حَتَّى أَتَاهُ فَوَجَدَتْهُ مُجْلِسَهُ عَلَى فَخِذِهِ وَالْمُوسَى بِيَدِهِ قَالَتْ فَفَزِعْتُ فَزْعَةً عَرَفَهَا خُبَيْبٌ فَقَالَ أَتَخْشَيْنَ أَنْ أَقْتُلَهُ مَا كُنْتُ لأَفْعَلَ ذَلِكَ قَالَتْ وَاللَّهِ مَا رَأَيْتُ أَسِيرًا قَطُّ خَيْرًا مِنْ خُبَيْبٍ وَاللَّهِ لَقَدْ وَجَدْتُهُ يَوْمًا يَأْكُلُ قِطْفًا مِنْ عِنَبٍ فِي يَدِهِ وَإِنَّهُ لَمُوثَقٌ بِالْحَدِيدِ وَمَا بِمَكَّةَ مِنْ ثَمَرَةٍ وَكَانَتْ تَقُولُ إِنَّهُ لَرِزْقٌ رَزَقَهُ اللَّهُ خُبَيْبًا فَلَمَّا خَرَجُوا بِهِ مِنَ الْحَرَمِ لِيَقْتُلُوهُ فِي الْحِلِّ قَالَ لَهُمْ خُبَيْبٌ دَعُونِي أُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَتَرَكُوهُ فَرَكَعَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَقَالَ وَاللَّهِ لَوْلاَ أَنْ تَحْسِبُوا أَنَّ مَا بِي جَزَعٌ لَزِدْتُ ثُمَّ قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ أَحْصِهِمْ عَدَدًا وَاقْتُلْهُمْ بَدَدًا وَلاَ تُبْقِ مِنْهُمْ أَحَدًا ثُمَّ أَنْشَأَ يَقُولُ فَلَسْتُ أُبَالِي حِينَ أُقْتَلُ مُسْلِمًا عَلَى أَىِّ جَنْبٍ كَانَ لِلَّهِ مَصْرَعِي وَذَلِكَ فِي ذَاتِ الإِلَهِ وَإِنْ يَشَأْ يُبَارِكْ عَلَى أَوْصَالِ شِلْوٍ مُمَزَّعِ ثُمَّ قَامَ إِلَيْهِ أَبُو سِرْوَعَةَ عُقْبَةُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ فَقَتَلَهُ وَكَانَ خُبَيْبٌ هُوَ سَنَّ لِكُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ قُتِلَ صَبْرًا الصَّلاَةَ وَأَخْبَرَ أَصْحَابَهُ يَوْمَ أُصِيبُوا خَبَرَهُمْ وَبَعَثَ نَاسٌ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ إِلَى عَاصِمِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ حِينَ حُدِّثُوا أَنَّهُ قُتِلَ أَنْ يُؤْتَوْا بِشَىْءٍ مِنْهُ يُعْرَفُ وَكَانَ قَتَلَ رَجُلاً عَظِيمًا مِنْ عُظَمَائِهِمْ فَبَعَثَ اللَّهُ لِعَاصِمٍ مِثْلَ الظُّلَّةِ مِنَ الدَّبْرِ فَحَمَتْهُ مِنْ رُسُلِهِمْ فَلَمْ يَقْدِرُوا أَنْ يَقْطَعُوا مِنْهُ شَيْئًا وَقَالَ كَعْبُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ ذَكَرُوا مُرَارَةَ بْنَ الرَّبِيعِ الْعَمْرِيَّ وَهِلاَلَ بْنَ أُمَيَّةَ الْوَاقِفِيَّ رَجُلَيْنِ صَالِحَيْنِ قَدْ شَهِدَا بَدْرًا  

bukhari:3667Ismāʿīl b. ʿAbdullāh > Sulaymān b. Bilāl > Hishām b. ʿUrwah > ʿUrwah b. al-Zubayr > ʿĀʾishah

(the wife of the Prophet) Messenger of Allah ﷺ died while Abu Bakr was at a place called As-Sunah (Al-'Aliya) 'Umar stood up and said, "By Allah! Messenger of Allah ﷺ is not dead!" 'Umar (later on) said, "By Allah! Nothing occurred to my mind except that." He said, "Verily! Allah will resurrect him and he will cut the hands and legs of some men." Then Abu Bakr came and uncovered the face of Messenger of Allah ﷺ, kissed him and said, "Let my mother and father be sacrificed for you, (O Messenger of Allah ﷺ), you are good in life and in death. By Allah in Whose Hands my life is, Allah will never make you taste death twice." Then he went out and said, "O oath-taker! Don't be hasty." When Abu Bakr spoke, 'Umar sat down. Abu Bakr praised and glorified Allah and said, No doubt! Whoever worshipped Muhammad, then Muhammad is dead, but whoever worshipped Allah, then Allah is Alive and shall never die." Then he recited Allah's Statement.:-- "(O Muhammad) Verily you will die, and they also will die." (39.30) He also recited:-- "Muhammad is no more than an Apostle; and indeed many Apostles have passed away, before him, If he dies Or is killed, will you then Turn back on your heels? And he who turns back On his heels, not the least Harm will he do to Allah And Allah will give reward to those Who are grateful." (3.144) The people wept loudly, and the Ansar were assembled with Sad bin 'Ubada in the shed of Bani Saida. They said (to the emigrants). "There should be one 'Amir from us and one from you." Then Abu Bakr, Umar bin Al-Khattab and Abu 'baida bin Al-Jarrah went to them. 'Umar wanted to speak but Abu Bakr stopped him. 'Umar later on used to say, "By Allah, I intended only to say something that appealed to me and I was afraid that Abu Bakr would not speak so well. Then Abu Bakr spoke and his speech was very eloquent. He said in his statement, "We are the rulers and you (Ansars) are the ministers (i.e. advisers)," Hubab bin Al-Mundhir said, "No, by Allah we won't accept this. But there must be a ruler from us and a ruler from you." Abu Bakr said, "No, we will be the rulers and you will be the ministers, for they (i.e. Quarish) are the best family amongst the 'Arabs and of best origin. So you should elect either 'Umar or Abu 'Ubaida bin Al-Jarrah as your ruler." 'Umar said (to Abu Bakr), "No but we elect you, for you are our chief and the best amongst us and the most beloved of all of us to Messenger of Allah ﷺ." So 'Umar took Abu Bakr's hand and gave the pledge of allegiance and the people too gave the pledge of allegiance to Abu Bakr. Someone said, "You have killed Sad bin Ubada." 'Umar said, "Allah has killed him."  

البخاري:٣٦٦٧حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ بِلاَلٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ عُرْوَةَ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ؓ زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ مَاتَ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ بِالسُّنْحِ قَالَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ يَعْنِي بِالْعَالِيَةِ فَقَامَ عُمَرُ يَقُولُ وَاللَّهِ مَا مَاتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ وَقَالَ عُمَرُ وَاللَّهِ مَا كَانَ يَقَعُ فِي نَفْسِي إِلاَّ ذَاكَ وَلَيَبْعَثَنَّهُ اللَّهُ فَلَيَقْطَعَنَّ أَيْدِيَ رِجَالٍ وَأَرْجُلَهُمْ فَجَاءَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَكَشَفَ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَبَّلَهُ قَالَ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي طِبْتَ حَيًّا وَمَيِّتًا وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لاَ يُذِيقُكَ اللَّهُ الْمَوْتَتَيْنِ أَبَدًا ثُمَّ خَرَجَ فَقَالَ أَيُّهَا الْحَالِفُ عَلَى رِسْلِكَ فَلَمَّا تَكَلَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ جَلَسَ عُمَرُ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ وَقَالَ أَلاَ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ مُحَمَّدًا ﷺ فَإِنَّ مُحَمَّدًا قَدْ مَاتَ وَمَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ حَىٌّ لاَ يَمُوتُ وَقَالَ {إِنَّكَ مَيِّتٌ وَإِنَّهُمْ مَيِّتُونَ} وَقَالَ {وَمَا مُحَمَّدٌ إِلاَّ رَسُولٌ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ الرُّسُلُ أَفَإِنْ مَاتَ أَوْ قُتِلَ انْقَلَبْتُمْ عَلَى أَعْقَابِكُمْ وَمَنْ يَنْقَلِبْ عَلَى عَقِبَيْهِ فَلَنْ يَضُرَّ اللَّهَ شَيْئًا وَسَيَجْزِي اللَّهُ الشَّاكِرِينَ} قَالَ فَنَشَجَ النَّاسُ يَبْكُونَ قَالَ وَاجْتَمَعَتِ الأَنْصَارُ إِلَى سَعْدِ بْنِ عُبَادَةَ فِي سَقِيفَةِ بَنِي سَاعِدَةَ فَقَالُوا مِنَّا أَمِيرٌ وَمِنْكُمْ أَمِيرٌ فَذَهَبَ إِلَيْهِمْ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ وَأَبُو عُبَيْدَةَ بْنُ الْجَرَّاحِ فَذَهَبَ عُمَرُ يَتَكَلَّمُ فَأَسْكَتَهُ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَكَانَ عُمَرُ يَقُولُ وَاللَّهِ مَا أَرَدْتُ بِذَلِكَ إِلاَّ أَنِّي قَدْ هَيَّأْتُ كَلاَمًا قَدْ أَعْجَبَنِي خَشِيتُ أَنْ لاَ يَبْلُغَهُ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ثُمَّ تَكَلَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَتَكَلَّمَ أَبْلَغَ النَّاسِ فَقَالَ فِي كَلاَمِهِ نَحْنُ الأُمَرَاءُ وَأَنْتُمُ الْوُزَرَاءُ فَقَالَ حُبَابُ بْنُ الْمُنْذِرِ لاَ وَاللَّهِ لاَ نَفْعَلُ مِنَّا أَمِيرٌ وَمِنْكُمْ أَمِيرٌ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لاَ وَلَكِنَّا الأُمَرَاءُ وَأَنْتُمُ الْوُزَرَاءُ هُمْ أَوْسَطُ الْعَرَبِ دَارًا وَأَعْرَبُهُمْ أَحْسَابًا فَبَايِعُوا عُمَرَ أَوْ أَبَا عُبَيْدَةَ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ بَلْ نُبَايِعُكَ أَنْتَ فَأَنْتَ سَيِّدُنَا وَخَيْرُنَا وَأَحَبُّنَا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَأَخَذَ عُمَرُ بِيَدِهِ فَبَايَعَهُ وَبَايَعَهُ النَّاسُ فَقَالَ قَائِلٌ قَتَلْتُمْ سَعْدَ بْنَ عُبَادَةَ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ قَتَلَهُ اللَّهُ  

bukhari:3045Abū al-Yamān > Shuʿayb > al-Zuhrī > ʿAmr

Messenger of Allah ﷺ sent a Sariya of ten men as spies under the leadership of ʿAsim bin Thabit al-Ansari, the grandfather of ʿAsim bin ʿUmar Al-Khattab. They proceeded till they reached Hadaa, a place between 'Usfan, and Mecca, and their news reached a branch of the tribe of Hudhail called Bani Lihyan. About two-hundred men, who were all archers, hurried to follow their tracks till they found the place where they had eaten dates they had brought with them from Medina. They said, "These are the dates of Yathrib (i.e. Medina), "and continued following their tracks When ʿAsim and his companions saw their pursuers, they went up a high place and the infidels circled them. The infidels said to them, "Come down and surrender, and we promise and guarantee you that we will not kill any one of you" ʿAsim bin Thabit; the leader of the Sariya said, "By Allah! I will not come down to be under the protection of infidels. O Allah! Convey our news to Your Prophet. Then the infidels threw arrows at them till they martyred ʿAsim along with six other men, and three men came down accepting their promise and convention, and they were Khubaib-al-Ansari and Ibn Dathina and another man So, when the infidels captured them, they undid the strings of their bows and tied them. Then the third (of the captives) said, "This is the first betrayal. By Allah! I will not go with you. No doubt these, namely the martyred, have set a good example to us." So, they dragged him and tried to compel him to accompany them, but as he refused, they killed him. They took Khubaid and Ibn Dathina with them and sold them (as slaves) in Mecca (and all that took place) after the battle of Badr. Khubaib was bought by the sons of Al-Harith bin 'Amir bin Naufal bin ʿAbd Manaf. It was Khubaib who had killed Al-Harith bin 'Amir on the day (of the battle of) Badr. So, Khubaib remained a prisoner with those people. Narrated Az-Zuhri: 'Ubaidullah bin 'Iyyad said that the daughter of Al-Harith had told him, "When those people gathered (to kill Khubaib) he borrowed a razor from me to shave his pubes and I gave it to him. Then he took a son of mine while I was unaware when he came upon him. I saw him placing my son on his thigh and the razor was in his hand. I got scared so much that Khubaib noticed the agitation on my face and said, 'Are you afraid that I will kill him? No, I will never do so.' By Allah, I never saw a prisoner better than Khubaib. By Allah, one day I saw him eating of a bunch of grapes in his hand while he was chained in irons, and there was no fruit at that time in Mecca." The daughter of Al-Harith used to say, "It was a boon Allah bestowed upon Khubaib." When they took him out of the Sanctuary (of Mecca) to kill him outside its boundaries, Khubaib requested them to let him offer two rakʿat (prayer). They allowed him and he offered Two rakʿat and then said, "Hadn't I been afraid that you would think that I was afraid (of being killed), I would have prolonged the prayer. O Allah, kill them all with no exception." (He then recited the poetic verse):-- "I being martyred as a Muslim, Do not mind how I am killed in Allah's Cause, For my killing is for Allah's Sake, And if Allah wishes, He will bless the amputated parts of a torn body" Then the son of Al Harith killed him. So, it was Khubaib who set the tradition for any Muslim sentenced to death in captivity, to offer a two-rakʿat prayer (before being killed). Allah fulfilled the invocation of ʿAsim bin Thabit on that very day on which he was martyred. The Prophet ﷺ informed his companions of their news and what had happened to them. Later on when some infidels from Quraish were informed that ʿAsim had been killed, they sent some people to fetch a part of his body (i.e. his head) by which he would be recognized. (That was because) ʿAsim had killed one of their chiefs on the day (of the battle) of Badr. So, a swarm of wasps, resembling a shady cloud, were sent to hover over ʿAsim and protect him from their messenger and thus they could not cut off anything from his flesh.  

البخاري:٣٠٤٥حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْيَمَانِ أَخْبَرَنَا شُعَيْبٌ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عَمْرُو بْنُ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ بْنِ أَسِيدِ بْنِ جَارِيَةَ الثَّقَفِيُّ وَهْوَ حَلِيفٌ لِبَنِي زُهْرَةَ وَكَانَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ ؓ قَالَ

بَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَشَرَةَ رَهْطٍ سَرِيَّةً عَيْنًا وَأَمَّرَ عَلَيْهِمْ عَاصِمَ بْنَ ثَابِتٍ الأَنْصَارِيَّ جَدَّ عَاصِمِ بْنِ عُمَرَ فَانْطَلَقُوا حَتَّى إِذَا كَانُوا بِالْهَدَأَةِ وَهْوَ بَيْنَ عُسْفَانَ وَمَكَّةَ ذُكِرُوا لِحَىٍّ مِنْ هُذَيْلٍ يُقَالُ لَهُمْ بَنُو لِحْيَانَ فَنَفَرُوا لَهُمْ قَرِيبًا مِنْ مِائَتَىْ رَجُلٍ كُلُّهُمْ رَامٍ فَاقْتَصُّوا آثَارَهُمْ حَتَّى وَجَدُوا مَأْكَلَهُمْ تَمْرًا تَزَوَّدُوهُ مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ فَقَالُوا هَذَا تَمْرُ يَثْرِبَ فَاقْتَصُّوا آثَارَهُمْ فَلَمَّا رَآهُمْ عَاصِمٌ وَأَصْحَابُهُ لَجَئُوا إِلَى فَدْفَدٍ وَأَحَاطَ بِهِمُ الْقَوْمُ فَقَالُوا لَهُمُ انْزِلُوا وَأَعْطُونَا بِأَيْدِيكُمْ وَلَكُمُ الْعَهْدُ وَالْمِيثَاقُ وَلاَ نَقْتُلُ مِنْكُمْ أَحَدًا قَالَ عَاصِمُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ أَمِيرُ السَّرِيَّةِ أَمَّا أَنَا فَوَاللَّهِ لاَ أَنْزِلُ الْيَوْمَ فِي ذِمَّةِ كَافِرٍ اللَّهُمَّ أَخْبِرْ عَنَّا نَبِيَّكَ فَرَمَوْهُمْ بِالنَّبْلِ فَقَتَلُوا عَاصِمًا فِي سَبْعَةٍ فَنَزَلَ إِلَيْهِمْ ثَلاَثَةُ رَهْطٍ بِالْعَهْدِ وَالْمِيثَاقِ مِنْهُمْ خُبَيْبٌ الأَنْصَارِيُّ وَابْنُ دَثِنَةَ وَرَجُلٌ آخَرُ فَلَمَّا اسْتَمْكَنُوا مِنْهُمْ أَطْلَقُوا أَوْتَارَ قِسِيِّهِمْ فَأَوْثَقُوهُمْ فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ الثَّالِثُ هَذَا أَوَّلُ الْغَدْرِ وَاللَّهِ لاَ أَصْحَبُكُمْ إِنَّ فِي هَؤُلاَءِ لأُسْوَةً يُرِيدُ الْقَتْلَى فَجَرَّرُوهُ وَعَالَجُوهُ عَلَى أَنْ يَصْحَبَهُمْ فَأَبَى فَقَتَلُوهُ فَانْطَلَقُوا بِخُبَيْبٍ وَابْنِ دَثِنَةَ حَتَّى بَاعُوهُمَا بِمَكَّةَ بَعْدَ وَقْعَةِ بَدْرٍ فَابْتَاعَ خُبَيْبًا بَنُو الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَامِرِ بْنِ نَوْفَلِ بْنِ عَبْدِ مَنَافٍ وَكَانَ خُبَيْبٌ هُوَ قَتَلَ الْحَارِثَ بْنَ عَامِرٍ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ فَلَبِثَ خُبَيْبٌ عِنْدَهُمْ أَسِيرًا فَأَخْبَرَنِي عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عِيَاضٍ أَنَّ بِنْتَ الْحَارِثِ أَخْبَرَتْهُ أَنَّهُمْ حِينَ اجْتَمَعُوا اسْتَعَارَ مِنْهَا مُوسَى يَسْتَحِدُّ بِهَا فَأَعَارَتْهُ فَأَخَذَ ابْنًا لِي وَأَنَا غَافِلَةٌ حِينَ أَتَاهُ قَالَتْ فَوَجَدْتُهُ مُجْلِسَهُ عَلَى فَخِذِهِ وَالْمُوسَى بِيَدِهِ فَفَزِعْتُ فَزْعَةً عَرَفَهَا خُبَيْبٌ فِي وَجْهِي فَقَالَ تَخْشَيْنَ أَنْ أَقْتُلَهُ مَا كُنْتُ لأَفْعَلَ ذَلِكَ وَاللَّهِ مَا رَأَيْتُ أَسِيرًا قَطُّ خَيْرًا مِنْ خُبَيْبٍ وَاللَّهِ لَقَدْ وَجَدْتُهُ يَوْمًا يَأْكُلُ مِنْ قِطْفِ عِنَبٍ فِي يَدِهِ وَإِنَّهُ لَمُوثَقٌ فِي الْحَدِيدِ وَمَا بِمَكَّةَ مِنْ ثَمَرٍ وَكَانَتْ تَقُولُ إِنَّهُ لَرِزْقٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ رَزَقَهُ خُبَيْبًا فَلَمَّا خَرَجُوا مِنَ الْحَرَمِ لِيَقْتُلُوهُ فِي الْحِلِّ قَالَ لَهُمْ خُبَيْبٌ ذَرُونِي أَرْكَعْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَتَرَكُوهُ فَرَكَعَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَوْلاَ أَنْ تَظُنُّوا أَنَّ مَا بِي جَزَعٌ لَطَوَّلْتُهَا اللَّهُمَّ أَحْصِهِمْ عَدَدًا وَلَسْتُ أُبَالِي حِينَ أُقْتَلُ مُسْلِمًا عَلَى أَىِّ شِقٍّ كَانَ لِلَّهِ مَصْرَعِي وَذَلِكَ فِي ذَاتِ الإِلَهِ وَإِنْ يَشَأْ يُبَارِكْ عَلَى أَوْصَالِ شِلْوٍ مُمَزَّعِ فَقَتَلَهُ ابْنُ الْحَارِثِ فَكَانَ خُبَيْبٌ هُوَ سَنَّ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ لِكُلِّ امْرِئٍ مُسْلِمٍ قُتِلَ صَبْرًا فَاسْتَجَابَ اللَّهُ لِعَاصِمِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ يَوْمَ أُصِيبَ فَأَخْبَرَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ أَصْحَابَهُ خَبَرَهُمْ وَمَا أُصِيبُوا وَبَعَثَ نَاسٌ مِنْ كُفَّارِ قُرَيْشٍ إِلَى عَاصِمٍ حِينَ حُدِّثُوا أَنَّهُ قُتِلَ لِيُؤْتَوْا بِشَىْءٍ مِنْهُ يُعْرَفُ وَكَانَ قَدْ قَتَلَ رَجُلاً مِنْ عُظَمَائِهِمْ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ فَبُعِثَ عَلَى عَاصِمٍ مِثْلُ الظُّلَّةِ مِنَ الدَّبْرِ فَحَمَتْهُ مِنْ رَسُولِهِمْ فَلَمْ يَقْدِرُوا عَلَى أَنْ يَقْطَعَ مِنْ لَحْمِهِ شَيْئًا  

bukhari:4913ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz b. ʿAbdullāh > Sulaymān b. Bilāl > Yaḥyá > ʿUbayd b. Ḥunayn > Ibn ʿAbbās > Makatht Sanah Urīd > Asʾal ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb > Āyah Famā Astaṭīʿ

For the whole year I had the desire to ask ʿUmar bin Al-Khattab regarding the explanation of a Verse (in Surat Al-Tahrim) but I could not ask him because I respected him very much. When he went to perform the Hajj, I too went along with him. On our return, while we were still on the way home. ʿUmar went aside to answer the call of nature by the Arak trees. I waited till he finished and then I proceeded with him and asked him. "O chief of the Believers! Who were the two wives of the Prophet ﷺ who aided one another against him?" He said, "They were Hafsa and ʿAisha." Then I said to him, "By Allah, I wanted to ask you about this a year ago, but I could not do so owing to my respect for you." ʿUmar said, "Do not refrain from asking me. If you think that I have knowledge (about a certain matter), ask me; and if I know (something about it), I will tell you." Then ʿUmar added, "By Allah, in the Pre-lslamic Period of Ignorance we did not pay attention to women until Allah revealed regarding them what He revealed regarding them and assigned for them what He has assigned. Once while I was thinking over a certain matter, my wife said, "I recommend that you do so-and-so." I said to her, "What have you got to do with the is matter? Why do you poke your nose in a matter which I want to see fulfilled.?" She said, How strange you are, O son of Al-Khattab! You don't want to be argued with whereas your daughter, Hafsa surely, argues with Messenger of Allah ﷺ so much that he remains angry for a full day!" ʿUmar then reported; how he at once put on his outer garment and went to Hafsa and said to her, "O my daughter! Do you argue with Messenger of Allah ﷺ so that he remains angry the whole day?" H. afsa said, "By Allah, we argue with him." ʿUmar said, "Know that I warn you of Allah's punishment and the anger of Messenger of Allah ﷺ . . . O my daughter! Don't be betrayed by the one who is proud of her beauty because of the love of Messenger of Allah ﷺ for her (i.e. ʿAisha)." ʿUmar addled, "Then I went out to Um Salama's house who was one of my relatives, and I talked to her. She said, O son of Al-Khattab! It is rather astonishing that you interfere in everything; you even want to interfere between Allah's Apostle and his wives!' By Allah, by her talk she influenced me so much that I lost some of my anger. I left her (and went home). At that time I had a friend from the Ansar who used to bring news (from the Prophet) in case of my absence, and I used to bring him the news if he was absent. In those days we were afraid of one of the kings of Ghassan tribe. We heard that he intended to move and attack us, so fear filled our hearts because of that. (One day) my Ansari friend unexpectedly knocked at my door, and said, "Open Open!' I said, 'Has the king of Ghassan come?' He said, 'No, but something worse; Messenger of Allah ﷺ has isolated himself from his wives.' I said, 'Let the nose of ʿAisha and Hafsa be stuck to dust (i.e. humiliated)!' Then I put on my clothes and went to Messenger of Allah ﷺ's residence, and behold, he was staying in an upper room of his to which he ascended by a ladder, and a black slave of Messenger of Allah ﷺ was (sitting) on the first step. I said to him, 'Say (to the Prophet ﷺ ) ʿUmar bin Al-Khattab is here.' Then the Prophet ﷺ admitted me and I narrated the story to Messenger of Allah ﷺ. When I reached the story of Um Salama, Messenger of Allah ﷺ smiled while he was lying on a mat made of palm tree leaves with nothing between him and the mat. Underneath his head there was a leather pillow stuffed with palm fibres, and leaves of a saut tree were piled at his feet, and above his head hung a few water skins. On seeing the marks of the mat imprinted on his side, I wept. He said.' 'Why are you weeping?' I replied, "O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Caesar and Khosrau are leading the life (i.e. Luxurious life) while you, Messenger of Allah ﷺ though you are, is living in destitute". The Prophet ﷺ then replied. 'Won't you be satisfied that they enjoy this world and we the Hereafter?' "  

البخاري:٤٩١٣حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ بِلاَلٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ حُنَيْنٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ يُحَدِّثُ أَنَّهُ قَالَ مَكَثْتُ سَنَةً أُرِيدُ أَنْ أَسْأَلَ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ آيَةٍ فَمَا أَسْتَطِيعُ

أَنْ أَسْأَلَهُ هَيْبَةً لَهُ حَتَّى خَرَجَ حَاجًّا فَخَرَجْتُ مَعَهُ فَلَمَّا رَجَعْتُ وَكُنَّا بِبَعْضِ الطَّرِيقِ عَدَلَ إِلَى الأَرَاكِ لِحَاجَةٍ لَهُ قَالَ فَوَقَفْتُ لَهُ حَتَّى فَرَغَ سِرْتُ مَعَهُ فَقُلْتُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَنِ اللَّتَانِ تَظَاهَرَتَا عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِهِ فَقَالَ تِلْكَ حَفْصَةُ وَعَائِشَةُ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ وَاللَّهِ إِنْ كُنْتُ لأُرِيدُ أَنْ أَسْأَلَكَ عَنْ هَذَا مُنْذُ سَنَةٍ فَمَا أَسْتَطِيعُ هَيْبَةً لَكَ قَالَ فَلاَ تَفْعَلْ مَا ظَنَنْتَ أَنَّ عِنْدِي مِنْ عِلْمٍ فَاسْأَلْنِي فَإِنْ كَانَ لِي عِلْمٌ خَبَّرْتُكَ بِهِ قَالَ ثُمَّ قَالَ عُمَرُ وَاللَّهِ إِنْ كُنَّا فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ مَا نَعُدُّ لِلنِّسَاءِ أَمْرًا حَتَّى أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فِيهِنَّ مَا أَنْزَلَ وَقَسَمَ لَهُنَّ مَا قَسَمَ قَالَ فَبَيْنَا أَنَا فِي أَمْرٍ أَتَأَمَّرُهُ إِذْ قَالَتِ امْرَأَتِي لَوْ صَنَعْتَ كَذَا وَكَذَا قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لَهَا مَالَكِ وَلِمَا هَا هُنَا فِيمَا تَكَلُّفُكِ فِي أَمْرٍ أُرِيدُهُ فَقَالَتْ لِي عَجَبًا لَكَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ مَا تُرِيدُ أَنْ تُرَاجَعَ أَنْتَ وَإِنَّ ابْنَتَكَ لَتُرَاجِعُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَتَّى يَظَلَّ يَوْمَهُ غَضْبَانَ فَقَامَ عُمَرُ فَأَخَذَ رِدَاءَهُ مَكَانَهُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ فَقَالَ لَهَا يَا بُنَيَّةُ إِنَّكِ لَتُرَاجِعِينَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَتَّى يَظَلَّ يَوْمَهُ غَضْبَانَ فَقَالَتْ حَفْصَةُ وَاللَّهِ إِنَّا لَنُرَاجِعُهُ فَقُلْتُ تَعْلَمِينَ أَنِّي أُحَذِّرُكِ عُقُوبَةَ اللَّهِ وَغَضَبَ رَسُولِهِ ﷺ يَا بُنَيَّةُ لاَ يَغُرَّنَّكِ هَذِهِ الَّتِي أَعْجَبَهَا حُسْنُهَا حُبُّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِيَّاهَا يُرِيدُ عَائِشَةَ قَالَ ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ حَتَّى دَخَلْتُ عَلَى أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ لِقَرَابَتِي مِنْهَا فَكَلَّمْتُهَا فَقَالَتْ أُمُّ سَلَمَةَ عَجَبًا لَكَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ دَخَلْتَ فِي كُلِّ شَىْءٍ حَتَّى تَبْتَغِي أَنْ تَدْخُلَ بَيْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَزْوَاجِهِ فَأَخَذَتْنِي وَاللَّهِ أَخْذًا كَسَرَتْنِي عَنْ بَعْضِ مَا كُنْتُ أَجِدُ فَخَرَجْتُ مِنْ عِنْدِهَا وَكَانَ لِي صَاحِبٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ إِذَا غِبْتُ أَتَانِي بِالْخَبَرِ وَإِذَا غَابَ كُنْتُ أَنَا آتِيهِ بِالْخَبَرِ وَنَحْنُ نَتَخَوَّفُ مَلِكًا مِنْ مُلُوكِ غَسَّانَ ذُكِرَ لَنَا أَنَّهُ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَسِيرَ إِلَيْنَا فَقَدِ امْتَلأَتْ صُدُورُنَا مِنْهُ فَإِذَا صَاحِبِي الأَنْصَارِيُّ يَدُقُّ الْبَابَ فَقَالَ افْتَحِ افْتَحْ فَقُلْتُ جَاءَ الْغَسَّانِيُّ فَقَالَ بَلْ أَشَدُّ مِنْ ذَلِكَ اعْتَزَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَزْوَاجَهُ فَقُلْتُ رَغَمَ أَنْفُ حَفْصَةَ وَعَائِشَةَ فَأَخَذْتُ ثَوْبِيَ فَأَخْرُجُ حَتَّى جِئْتُ فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فِي مَشْرُبَةٍ لَهُ يَرْقَى عَلَيْهَا بِعَجَلَةٍ وَغُلاَمٌ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَسْوَدُ عَلَى رَأْسِ الدَّرَجَةِ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ قُلْ هَذَا عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ فَأَذِنَ لِي قَالَ عُمَرُ فَقَصَصْتُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ فَلَمَّا بَلَغْتُ حَدِيثَ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ تَبَسَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَإِنَّهُ لَعَلَى حَصِيرٍ مَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهُ شَىْءٌ وَتَحْتَ رَأْسِهِ وِسَادَةٌ مِنْ أَدَمٍ حَشْوُهَا لِيفٌ وَإِنَّ عِنْدَ رِجْلَيْهِ قَرَظًا مَصْبُوبًا وَعِنْدَ رَأْسِهِ أَهَبٌ مُعَلَّقَةٌ فَرَأَيْتُ أَثَرَ الْحَصِيرِ فِي جَنْبِهِ فَبَكَيْتُ فَقَالَ مَا يُبْكِيكَ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ كِسْرَى وَقَيْصَرَ فِيمَا هُمَا فِيهِ وَأَنْتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ أَمَا تَرْضَى أَنْ تَكُونَ لَهُمُ الدُّنْيَا وَلَنَا الآخِرَةُ  

abudawud:2765Muḥammad b. ʿUbayd > Muḥammad b. Thawr > Maʿmar > al-Zuhrī > ʿUrwah b. al-Zubayr > al-Miswar b. Makhramah

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ came out in the year of al-Hudaibbiyyah with over ten hundreds of Companions and when he came to Dhu al Hulaifah. He garlanded and marked the sacrificial animals, and entered the sacred state of Umrah. He then went on with the tradition. The Prophet moved on and when he came to the mountain, pass by which one descends (to Mecca) to them, his riding-beast knelt down, and the people said twice: Go on, go on, al-Qaswa has become jaded. The Prophet (May peace be upon him) said: She has not become jaded and that is not a characteristic of hers, but He Who restrained the elephant has restrained her. He then said: By Him in Whose hand my soul is, they will not ask any me good thing by which they honor which God has made sacred without my giving them it. He then urged her and she leaped up and he turned aside from them, and stopped at the farthest side of al-Hudaibiyyah at a pool with little water. Meanwhile Budail bin Warqa al-Khuza’I came, and ‘Urwah bin Mas’ud joined him. He began to speak to the Prophet ﷺ. Whenever he spoke to the Prophet ﷺ, he caught his beard. Al Mughriah bin Shu’bah was standing beside the Prophet ﷺ.He had a sword with him, wearing a helmet. He (Al Mughriah) struck his (‘Urwah’s) hand with the lower end of his sheath, and said: Keep away your hand from his beard. ‘Urwah then raised his hand and asked: Who is this? They replied: Al-Mughirah bin Shu’bah. He said: O treacherous one! Did I not use my offices in your treachery? In pre-Islamic days Al-Mughirah bin Shu’bah accompanied some people and murdered them, and took their property. He then came (to the Prophet) and embraced Islam. The Prophet ﷺ said: As for Islam we accepted it, but as to the property, as it has been taken by treachery, we have no need of it. He went on with the tradition the Prophet ﷺ said: Write down: This is what Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, has decided. He then narrated the tradition. Suhail then said: And that a man will not come to you from us, even if he follows your religion, without you sending him back to us. When he finished drawing up the document, the Prophet ﷺ said to his Companions: Get up and sacrifice and then shave. Thereafter some believing women who were immigrants came. (Allah sent down: O yea who believe, when believing women come to you as emigrants). Allah most high forbade them to send them back, but ordered them to restore the dower. He then returned to Medina. Abu Basir a man from the Quraish (who was a Muslim), came to him. And they sent (two men) to look for him; so he handed him over to the two men. They took him away, and when they reached Dhu Al Hulaifah and alighted to eat some dates which they had, Abu Basir said to one of the men : I swear by Allah so-and-so, that I think this sword of yours is a fine one; the other drew the sword and said : Yes I have tried it. Abu Basir said: Let me look at it. He let him have it and he struck him till he died, whereupon the other fled and came to Medina, and running entered the mosque. The Prophet ( may peace be upon him) said: This man has seen something frightful. He said: I swear by Allah that my Companion has been killed, and im as good as dead. Abu Basir then arrived and said: Allah has fulfilled your covenant. You returned me to them, but Allah saved me from them. The Prophet ﷺ said: Woe to his mother, stirrer up of war! Would that he had someone (i.e. some kinsfolk). When he heard that he knew that he would send him back to them, so he went out and came to the seashore. Abu Jandal escaped and joined Abu Basir till a band of them collected.  

أبو داود:٢٧٦٥حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ ثَوْرٍ حَدَّثَهُمْ عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ عُرْوَةَ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ عَنِ الْمِسْوَرِ بْنِ مَخْرَمَةَ قَالَ

خَرَجَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ زَمَنَ الْحُدَيْبِيَةِ فِي بِضْعَ عَشَرَةَ مِائَةٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ حَتَّى إِذَا كَانُوا بِذِي الْحُلَيْفَةِ قَلَّدَ الْهَدْىَ وَأَشْعَرَهُ وَأَحْرَمَ بِالْعُمْرَةِ وَسَاقَ الْحَدِيثَ قَالَ وَسَارَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَ بِالثَّنِيَّةِ الَّتِي يُهْبَطُ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْهَا بَرَكَتْ بِهِ رَاحِلَتُهُ فَقَالَ النَّاسُ حَلْ حَلْ خَلأَتِ الْقَصْوَاءُ مَرَّتَيْنِ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ مَا خَلأَتْ وَمَا ذَلِكَ لَهَا بِخُلُقٍ وَلَكِنْ حَبَسَهَا حَابِسُ الْفِيلِ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لاَ يَسْأَلُونِي الْيَوْمَ خُطَّةً يُعَظِّمُونَ بِهَا حُرُمَاتِ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ أَعْطَيْتُهُمْ إِيَّاهَا ثُمَّ زَجَرَهَا فَوَثَبَتْ فَعَدَلَ عَنْهُمْ حَتَّى نَزَلَ بِأَقْصَى الْحُدَيْبِيَةِ عَلَى ثَمَدٍ قَلِيلِ الْمَاءِ فَجَاءَهُ بُدَيْلُ بْنُ وَرْقَاءَ الْخُزَاعِيُّ ثُمَّ أَتَاهُ يَعْنِي عُرْوَةَ بْنَ مَسْعُودٍ فَجَعَلَ يُكَلِّمُ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ فَكُلَّمَا كَلَّمَهُ أَخَذَ بِلِحْيَتِهِ وَالْمُغِيرَةُ بْنُ شُعْبَةَ قَائِمٌ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ وَمَعَهُ السَّيْفُ وَعَلَيْهِ الْمِغْفَرُ فَضَرَبَ يَدَهُ بِنَعْلِ السَّيْفِ وَقَالَ أَخِّرْ يَدَكَ عَنْ لِحْيَتِهِ فَرَفَعَ عُرْوَةُ رَأْسَهُ فَقَالَ مَنْ هَذَا قَالُوا الْمُغِيرَةُ بْنُ شُعْبَةَ فَقَالَ أَىْ غُدَرُ أَوَلَسْتُ أَسْعَى فِي غَدْرَتِكَ وَكَانَ الْمُغِيرَةُ صَحِبَ قَوْمًا فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ فَقَتَلَهُمْ وَأَخَذَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ ثُمَّ جَاءَ فَأَسْلَمَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَمَّا الإِسْلاَمُ فَقَدْ قَبِلْنَا وَأَمَّا الْمَالُ فَإِنَّهُ مَالُ غَدْرٍ لاَ حَاجَةَ لَنَا فِيهِ فَذَكَرَ الْحَدِيثَ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ اكْتُبْ هَذَا مَا قَاضَى عَلَيْهِ مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَقَصَّ الْخَبَرَ فَقَالَ سُهَيْلٌ وَعَلَى أَنَّهُ لاَ يَأْتِيكَ مِنَّا رَجُلٌ وَإِنْ كَانَ عَلَى دِينِكَ إِلاَّ رَدَدْتَهُ إِلَيْنَا فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ مِنْ قَضِيَّةِ الْكِتَابِ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ لأَصْحَابِهِ قُومُوا فَانْحَرُوا ثُمَّ احْلِقُوا ثُمَّ جَاءَ نِسْوَةٌ مُؤْمِنَاتٌ مُهَاجِرَاتٌ الآيَةَ فَنَهَاهُمُ اللَّهُ أَنْ يَرُدُّوهُنَّ وَأَمَرَهُمْ أَنْ يَرُدُّوا الصَّدَاقَ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ فَجَاءَهُ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ رَجُلٌ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ يَعْنِي فَأَرْسَلُوا فِي طَلَبِهِ فَدَفَعَهُ إِلَى الرَّجُلَيْنِ فَخَرَجَا بِهِ حَتَّى إِذَا بَلَغَا ذَا الْحُلَيْفَةِ نَزَلُوا يَأْكُلُونَ مِنْ تَمْرٍ لَهُمْ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ لأَحَدِ الرَّجُلَيْنِ وَاللَّهِ إِنِّي لأَرَى سَيْفَكَ هَذَا يَا فُلاَنُ جَيِّدًا فَاسْتَلَّهُ الآخَرُ فَقَالَ أَجَلْ قَدْ جَرَّبْتُ بِهِ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ أَرِنِي أَنْظُرْ إِلَيْهِ فَأَمْكَنَهُ مِنْهُ فَضَرَبَهُ حَتَّى بَرَدَ وَفَرَّ الآخَرُ حَتَّى أَتَى الْمَدِينَةَ فَدَخَلَ الْمَسْجِدَ يَعْدُو فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ لَقَدْ رَأَى هَذَا ذُعْرًا فَقَالَ قَدْ قُتِلَ وَاللَّهِ صَاحِبِي وَإِنِّي لَمَقْتُولٌ فَجَاءَ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ فَقَالَ قَدْ أَوْفَى اللَّهُ ذِمَّتَكَ فَقَدْ رَدَدْتَنِي إِلَيْهِمْ ثُمَّ نَجَّانِي اللَّهُ مِنْهُمْ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ وَيْلَ أُمِّهِ مِسْعَرَ حَرْبٍ لَوْ كَانَ لَهُ أَحَدٌ فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ ذَلِكَ عَرَفَ أَنَّهُ سَيَرُدُّهُ إِلَيْهِمْ فَخَرَجَ حَتَّى أَتَى سِيفَ الْبَحْرِ وَيَنْفَلِتُ أَبُو جَنْدَلٍ فَلَحِقَ بِأَبِي بَصِيرٍ حَتَّى اجْتَمَعَتْ مِنْهُمْ عِصَابَةٌ  

abudawud:2985Aḥmad b. Ṣāliḥ > ʿAnbasah > Yūnus > Ibn Shihāb > ʿAbdullāh b. al-Ḥārith b. Nawfal al-Hāshimī > ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib b. Rabīʿah b. al-Ḥārith b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib > Abāh Rabīʿah b. al-Ḥārith And ʿAbbās b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib

AbdulMuttalib ibn Rabi'ah ibn al-Harith said that his father, Rabi'ah ibn al-Harith, and Abbas ibn al-Muttalib said to AbdulMuttalib ibn Rabi'ah and al-Fadl ibn Abbas: Go to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and tell him: Messenger of Allah, we are now of age as you see, and we wish to marry. Messenger of Allah, you are the kindest of the people and the most skilled in matchmaking. Our fathers have nothing with which to pay our dower. So appoint us collector of sadaqah (zakat), Messenger of Allah, and we shall give you what the other collectors give you, and we shall have the benefit accruing from it. Ali came to us while we were in this condition. He said: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: No, I swear by Allah, he will not appoint any of you collector of sadaqah (zakat). Rabi'ah said to him: This is your condition; you have gained your relationship with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ by marriage, but we did not grudge you that. Ali then put his cloak on the earth and lay on it. He then said: I am the father of Hasan, the chief. I swear by Allah, I shall not leave this place until your sons come with a reply (to the question) for which you have sent them to the Prophet ﷺ. AbdulMuttalib said: So I and al-Fadl went towards the door of the apartment of the Prophet ﷺ. We found that the noon prayer in congregation had already started. So we prayed along with the people. I and al-Fadl then hastened towards the door of the apartment of the Prophet ﷺ. He was (staying) with Zaynab, daughter of Jahsh, that day. We stood until the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came. He caught my ear and the ear of al-Fadl. He then said: Reveal what you conceal in your hearts. He then entered and permitted me and al-Fadl (to enter). So we entered and for a little while we asked each other to talk. I then talked to him, or al-Fadl talked to him (the narrator, Abdullah was not sure). He said: He spoke to him concerning the matter about which our fathers ordered us to ask him. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ remained silent for a moment and raised his eyes towards the ceiling of the room. He took so long that we thought he would not give any reply to us. Meanwhile we saw that Zaynab was signalling to us with her hand from behind the veil, asking us not to be in a hurry, and that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was (thinking) about our matter. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ then lowered his head and said to us: This sadaqah (zakat) is a dirt of the people. It is legal neither for Muhammad nor for the family of Muhammad. Call Nawfal ibn al-Harith to me. So Nawfal ibn al-Harith was called to him. He said: Nawfal, marry AbdulMuttalib (to your daughter). So Nawfal married me (to his daughter). The Prophet ﷺ then said: Call Mahmiyyah ibn Jaz'i to me. He was a man of Banu Zubayd, whom the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had appointed collector of the fifths. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said to Mahmiyyah: Marry al-Fadl (to your daughter). So he married him to her. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: Stand up and pay the dower from the fifth so-and-so on their behalf. Abdullah ibn al-Harith did not name it (i.e. the amount of the dower).  

أبو داود:٢٩٨٥حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَنْبَسَةُ حَدَّثَنَا يُونُسُ عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ أَخْبَرَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ نَوْفَلٍ الْهَاشِمِيُّ أَنَّ عَبْدَ الْمُطَّلِبِ بْنَ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ

أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ أَبَاهُ رَبِيعَةَ بْنَ الْحَارِثِ وَعَبَّاسَ بْنَ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ قَالاَ لِعَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ بْنِ رَبِيعَةَ وَلِلْفَضْلِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ائْتِيَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقُولاَ لَهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَدْ بَلَغْنَا مِنَ السِّنِّ مَا تَرَى وَأَحْبَبْنَا أَنْ نَتَزَوَّجَ وَأَنْتَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَبَرُّ النَّاسِ وَأَوْصَلُهُمْ وَلَيْسَ عِنْدَ أَبَوَيْنَا مَا يُصْدِقَانِ عَنَّا فَاسْتَعْمِلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ عَلَى الصَّدَقَاتِ فَلْنُؤَدِّ إِلَيْكَ مَا يُؤَدِّي الْعُمَّالُ وَلْنُصِبْ مَا كَانَ فِيهَا مِنْ مِرْفَقٍ قَالَ فَأَتَى إِلَيْنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ وَنَحْنُ عَلَى تِلْكَ الْحَالِ فَقَالَ لَنَا إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ لاَ وَاللَّهِ لاَ نَسْتَعْمِلُ مِنْكُمْ أَحَدًا عَلَى الصَّدَقَةِ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَبِيعَةُ هَذَا مِنْ أَمْرِكَ قَدْ نِلْتَ صِهْرَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَلَمْ نَحْسُدْكَ عَلَيْهِ فَأَلْقَى عَلِيٌّ رِدَاءَهُ ثُمَّ اضْطَجَعَ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ أَنَا أَبُو حَسَنٍ الْقَرْمُ وَاللَّهِ لاَ أَرِيمُ حَتَّى يَرْجِعَ إِلَيْكُمَا ابْنَاكُمَا بِجَوَابِ مَا بَعَثْتُمَا بِهِ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ عَبْدُ الْمُطَّلِبِ فَانْطَلَقْتُ أَنَا وَالْفَضْلُ إِلَى بَابِ حُجْرَةِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ حَتَّى نُوَافِقَ صَلاَةَ الظُّهْرِ قَدْ قَامَتْ فَصَلَّيْنَا مَعَ النَّاسِ ثُمَّ أَسْرَعْتُ أَنَا وَالْفَضْلُ إِلَى بَابِ حُجْرَةِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ وَهُوَ يَوْمَئِذٍ عِنْدَ زَيْنَبَ بِنْتِ جَحْشٍ فَقُمْنَا بِالْبَابِ حَتَّى أَتَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَأَخَذَ بِأُذُنِي وَأُذُنِ الْفَضْلِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَخْرِجَا مَا تُصَرِّرَانِ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ فَأَذِنَ لِي وَلِلْفَضْلِ فَدَخَلْنَا فَتَوَاكَلْنَا الْكَلاَمَ قَلِيلاً ثُمَّ كَلَّمْتُهُ أَوْ كَلَّمَهُ الْفَضْلُ قَدْ شَكَّ فِي ذَلِكَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ قَالَ كَلَّمَهُ بِالأَمْرِ الَّذِي أَمَرَنَا بِهِ أَبَوَانَا فَسَكَتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ سَاعَةً وَرَفَعَ بَصَرَهُ قِبَلَ سَقْفِ الْبَيْتِ حَتَّى طَالَ عَلَيْنَا أَنَّهُ لاَ يَرْجِعُ إِلَيْنَا شَيْئًا حَتَّى رَأَيْنَا زَيْنَبَ تَلْمَعُ مِنْ وَرَاءِ الْحِجَابِ بِيَدِهَا تُرِيدُ أَنْ لاَ تَعْجَلاَ وَإِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ فِي أَمْرِنَا ثُمَّ خَفَّضَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ رَأْسَهُ فَقَالَ لَنَا إِنَّ هَذِهِ الصَّدَقَةَ إِنَّمَا هِيَ أَوْسَاخُ النَّاسِ وَإِنَّهَا لاَ تَحِلُّ لِمُحَمَّدٍ وَلاَ لآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ادْعُوا لِي نَوْفَلَ بْنَ الْحَارِثِ فَدُعِيَ لَهُ نَوْفَلُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ فَقَالَ يَا نَوْفَلُ أَنْكِحْ عَبْدَ الْمُطَّلِبِ فَأَنْكَحَنِي نَوْفَلٌ ثُمَّ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ ادْعُوا لِي مَحْمِيَةَ بْنَ جَزْءٍ وَهُوَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي زُبَيْدٍ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ اسْتَعْمَلَهُ عَلَى الأَخْمَاسِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ لِمَحْمِيَةَ أَنْكِحِ الْفَضْلَ فَأَنْكَحَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قُمْ فَأَصْدِقْ عَنْهُمَا مِنَ الْخُمُسِ كَذَا وَكَذَا لَمْ يُسَمِّهِ لِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ  

ahmad:23812Hāshim b. al-Qāsim > Sulaymān / Ibn al-Mughīrah > Thābit > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Abū Laylá > al-Miqdād > Aqbalt > And Ṣāḥibān Lī Qad Dhahabat Asmāʿunā Waʾabṣārunā from al-Jahd

I and two of my companions were so much afflicted by hunger that we had lost our power of seeing and hearing. We presented ourselves (as guests) to the Companions of the Prophet ﷺ, but none amongst them would entertain us. So we came to Allah's Apostle ﷺ, and he took us to his residence and there were three goats. Allah's Apostle ﷺ said: Milk these for us. So we milked them and every person amongst us drank his share and we set aside the share of Allah's Apostle ﷺ. (It was his habit) to come during the night and greet (the people present there) in a manner that would not wake up one in sleep but make one who was awake hear it. He would then go to the mosque and say prayer, then go to the milk and drink it. Miqdad added: One night the Satan came to me when I had taken my share, and he said: Muhammad has gone to the Ansar, who would offer him hospitality and he would get what is with them, and he has no need for this draught (of milk). So I took (that milk) and drank it, and when it had penetrated deeply in my stomach and I was certain that there was no way out (but to digest it), the Satan aroused (my sense of) remorse and said: Woe be to thee! what have you done? You have taken the drink reserved for Muhammad! When he would come and he would not find it, he would curse you, and you would be ruined, and thus there would go (waste) this world and the Hereafter (for) you. There was a sheet over me; as I placed (pulled) it upon my feet, my head was uncovered and as I placed it upon my head, my feet were uncovered, and I could not sleep, but my two companions had gone to sleep for they had not done what I had done. There came Allah's Apostle ﷺ, and he greeted as he used to greet (by saying as-Salamu 'Alaikum). He then came to the mosque and observed prayer and then came to his drink (milk) and uncovered it, but did not find anything in it. He raised his head towards the sky, and I said (to myself) that he (the Holy Prophet) was going to invoke curse upon me and I would be thus ruined; but he (the Holy Prophet) said: Allah, feed him who fed me and give drink to him who provided me drink. I held tight the sheet upon myself (and when he had supplicated), I took hold of the knife and went to the goats (possessed by the Holy Prophet) so that I may slauhter one for Messenger of Allah ﷺ which was the fattest amongst them, and in fact all of them were milch goats; then I took hold of the vessel which belonged to the family of Messenger of Allah ﷺ in which they used to milk and drink therefrom, and milked them in that until it swelled up with foam. I came to Messenger of Allah ﷺ and he said: Have you taken your share of the milk during the night? I said: Drink it. and he drank it; he then handed over (the vessel) to me and I said: Messenger of Allah, drink it, and he drank it and handed over (the vessel) to me again, I then perceived that Allah's Apostle ﷺ had been satiated and I had got his blessings. I burst into laughter (so much) so that I fell upon the ground, whereupon Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: Miqdad, it must be one of your mischiefs. I said: Messenger of Allah, this affair of mind is like this and this. and I have done so. Thereupon. Allah's Apostle ﷺ said: This is nothing but a mercy from Allah. Why is it that you did not give me an opportunity so that we should have awakened our two friends and they would have got their share (of the milk)? I said: By Him Who has sent you with Truth. I do not mind whatever you give (to them), and whatever the (other) people happen to get, when I had got it along with you from among the people. (Using translation from Muslim 2055a)   

أحمد:٢٣٨١٢حَدَّثَنَا هَاشِمُ بْنُ الْقَاسِمِ حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ ثَابِتٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى عَنْ الْمِقْدَادِ قَالَ

أَقْبَلْتُ أَنَا وَصَاحِبَانِ لِي قَدْ ذَهَبَتْ أَسْمَاعُنَا وَأَبْصَارُنَا مِنَ الْجَهْدِ قَالَ فَجَعَلْنَا نَعْرِضُ أَنْفُسَنَا عَلَى أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ لَيْسَ أَحَدٌ يَقْبَلُنَا قَالَ فَانْطَلَقْنَا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَانْطَلَقَ بِنَا إِلَى أَهْلِهِ فَإِذَا ثَلَاثُ أَعْنُزٍ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ احْتَلِبُوا هَذَا اللَّبَنَ بَيْنَنَا قَالَ فَكُنَّا نَحْتَلِبُ فَيَشْرَبُ كُلُّ إِنْسَانٍ نَصِيبَهُ وَنَرْفَعُ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ نَصِيبَهُ فَيَجِيءُ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَيُسَلِّمُ تَسْلِيمًا لَا يُوقِظُ نَائِمًا وَيُسْمِعُ الْيَقْظَانَ ثُمَّ يَأْتِي الْمَسْجِدَ فَيُصَلِّي ثُمَّ يَأْتِي شَرَابَهُ فَيَشْرَبُهُ قَالَ فَأَتَانِي الشَّيْطَانُ ذَاتَ لَيْلَةٍ فَقَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ يَأْتِي الْأَنْصَارَ فَيُتْحِفُونَهُ وَيُصِيبُ عِنْدَهُمْ مَا بِهِ حَاجَةٌ إِلَى هَذِهِ الْجُرْعَةِ فَاشْرَبْهَا قَالَ مَا زَالَ يُزَيِّنُ لِي حَتَّى شَرِبْتُهَا فَلَمَّا وَغَلَتْ فِي بَطْنِي وَعَرَفَ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ إِلَيْهَا سَبِيلٌ قَالَ نَدَّمَنِي فَقَالَ وَيْحَكَ مَا صَنَعْتَ شَرِبْتَ شَرَابَ مُحَمَّدٍ فَيَجِيءُ وَلَا يَرَاهُ فَيَدْعُو عَلَيْكَ فَتَهْلِكَ فَتَذْهَبُ دُنْيَاكَ وَآخِرَتُكَ قَالَ وَعَلَيَّ شَمْلَةٌ مِنْ صُوفٍ كُلَّمَا رَفَعْتُ عَلَى رَأْسِي خَرَجَتْ قَدَمَايَ وَإِذَا أَرْسَلْتُ عَلَى قَدَمَيَّ خَرَجَ رَأْسِي وَجَعَلَ لَا يَجِيءُ لِي نَوْمٌ قَالَ وَأَمَّا صَاحِبَايَ فَنَامَا فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَسَلَّمَ كَمَا كَانَ يُسَلِّمُ ثُمَّ أَتَى الْمَسْجِدَ فَصَلَّى فَأَتَى شَرَابَهُ فَكَشَفَ عَنْهُفَلَمْ يَجِدْ فِيهِ شَيْئًا فَرَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ قَالَ قُلْتُ الْآنَ يَدْعُو عَلَيَّ فَأَهْلِكُ فَقَالَ اللهُمَّ أَطْعِمْ مَنْ أَطْعَمَنِي وَاسْقِ مَنْ سَقَانِي قَالَ فَعَمَدْتُ إِلَى الشَّمْلَةِ فَشَدَدْتُهَا عَلَيَّ فَأَخَذْتُ الشَّفْرَةَ فَانْطَلَقْتُ إِلَى الْأَعْنُزِ أَجُسُّهُنَّ أَيُّهُنَّ أَسْمَنُ فَأَذْبَحُ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَإِذَا هُنَّ حُفَّلٌ كُلُّهُنَّ فَعَمَدْتُ إِلَى إِنَاءٍ لِآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ مَا كَانُوا يَطْمَعُونَ أَنْ يَحْلِبُوا فِيهِ وَقَالَ أَبُو النَّضْرِ مَرَّةً أُخْرَى أَنْ يَحْتَلِبُوا فِيهِ فَحَلَبْتُ فِيهِ حَتَّى عَلَتْهُ الرَّغْوَةُ ثُمَّ جِئْتُ بِهِ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ أَمَا شَرِبْتُمْ شَرَابَكُمُ اللَّيْلَةَ يَا مِقْدَادُ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ اشْرَبْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَشَرِبَ ثُمَّ نَاوَلَنِي فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ اشْرَبْ فَشَرِبَ ثُمَّ نَاوَلَنِي فَأَخَذْتُ مَا بَقِيَ فَشَرِبْتُ فَلَمَّا عَرَفْتُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَدْ رَوِيَ فَأَصَابَتْنِي دَعْوَتُهُ ضَحِكْتُ حَتَّى أُلْقِيتُ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِحْدَى سَوْآتِكَ يَا مِقْدَادُ قَالَ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ كَانَ مِنْ أَمْرِي كَذَا صَنَعْتُ كَذَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مَا كَانَتْ هَذِهِ إِلَّا رَحْمَةً مِنَ اللهِ أَلَا كُنْتَ آذَنْتَنِي نُوقِظُ صَاحِبَيْكَ هَذَيْنِ فَيُصِيبَانِ مِنْهَا قَالَ قُلْتُ وَالَّذِي بَعَثَكَ بِالْحَقِّ مَا أُبَالِي إِذَا أَصَبْتَهَا وَأَصَبْتُهَا مَعَكَ مَنْ أَصَابَهَا مِنَ النَّاسِ  

ahmad:23882Yaʿqūb from my father > ʿAbdullāh b. Jaʿfar > ʿAbd al-Wāḥid b. Abū ʿAwn > Jaddatihiʿan Ibn Abū Ḥadrad al-Aslamī > Dhakar

[Machine] He married a woman and came to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ seeking his assistance in paying her dowry. He asked, "How much did you give as dowry?" He replied, "I gave two hundred dirhams." The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "If you were to collect dirhams from your valley, you would not increase what I have nor would I give you anymore." He said, "So I stayed for a while, then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ called me and sent me on an expedition to Najd. He said, 'Go on this expedition, perhaps you will achieve something.' So I set off with the army until we reached a place called Mumsin. When the evening came, our leader sent two men and said, 'When I make takbeer and start carrying, make takbeer and start carrying as well.' And he said, 'When we send two men, do not separate and I will ask one of you about the news of his companion, but I do not find him with him, and do not focus too much on searching.' So when we wanted to carry, I heard a man from Mumsin shout, 'O Khadrah!' So I became hopeful that we were going to get something from them. When we stood for takbeer, our leader carried and we carried as well. Then a man passed by me holding a sword, so I followed him. My companion said to me, 'Our leader has entrusted us not to focus too much on searching, so go back.' But I did not see anything but to follow him. He said, 'By Allah, you will go back or I will go back to him and tell him that you refused.' So I said, 'By Allah, I will follow him.' So I followed him until I came close to him and shot an arrow at him and it struck him on the chest and he fell. He said, 'Come, O Muslim, to Paradise!' When he saw that I did not approach him, I shot another arrow at him and it hit him, so he drew his sword and attacked me, but I took the sword from him and killed him. I cut off his head and we collected many spoils. Then we returned. When I woke up, I saw my camel tied to it another camel, on which there was a beautiful young woman. She would look back and say takbeer, so I asked her, 'Where are you looking?' She said, 'To a man, and by Allah, if he is alive, he will join you.' I said, 'And I thought it was my companion whom I killed. By Allah, I killed him, and this is his sword, hanging from the saddle of the camel I am on.' He said, 'And the scabbard of the sword has nothing hanging from the saddle of her camel.' So when I told her this, she said, 'Place this scabbard beneath it and smell it, if you are telling the truth.' He said, 'So I took it and smelled it, and then she cried.' He said, 'So we went to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and he gave me from those blessings that we had brought.'  

أحمد:٢٣٨٨٢حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْوَاحِدِ بْنِ أَبِي عَوْنٍ عَنْ جَدَّتِهِعَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي حَدْرَدٍ الْأَسْلَمِيِّ أَنَّهُ ذَكَرَ

أَنَّهُ تَزَوَّجَ امْرَأَةً فَأَتَى رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ يَسْتَعِينُهُ فِي صَدَاقِهَا فَقَالَ كَمْ أَصْدَقْتَ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ مِائَتَيْ دِرْهَمٍ قَالَ لَوْ كُنْتُمْ تَغْرِفُونَ الدَّرَاهِمَ مِنْ وَادِيكُمْ هَذَا مَا زِدْتُمْ مَا عِنْدِي مَا أُعْطِيكُمْ قَالَ فَمَكَثْتُ ثُمَّ دَعَانِي رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَبَعَثَنِي فِي سَرِيَّةٍ بَعَثَهَا نَحْوَ نَجْدٍ فَقَالَ اخْرُجْ فِي هَذِهِ السَّرِيَّةِ لَعَلَّكَ أَنْ تُصِيبَ شَيْئًا فَأُنَفِّلَكَهُ قَالَ فَخَرَجْنَا حَتَّى جِئْنَا الْحَاضِرَ مُمْسِينَ قَالَ فَلَمَّا ذَهَبَتْ فَحْمَةُ الْعِشَاءِ بَعَثَنَا أَمِيرُنَا رَجُلَيْنِ رَجُلَيْنِ قَالَ فَأَحَطْنَا بِالْعَسْكَرِ وَقَالَ إِذَا كَبَّرْتُ وَحَمَلْتُ فَكَبِّرُوا وَاحْمِلُوا وَقَالَ حِينَ بَعَثَنَا رَجُلَيْنِ رَجُلَيْنِ لَا تَفْتَرِقَا وَلَأَسْأَلَنَّ وَاحِدًا مِنْكُمَا عَنْ خَبَرِ صَاحِبِهِ فَلَا أَجِدُهُ عِنْدَهُ وَلَا تُمْعِنُوا فِي الطَّلَبِ قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَرَدْنَا أَنْ نَحْمِلَ سَمِعْتُ رَجُلًا مِنَ الْحَاضِرِ صَرَخَ يَا خَضْرَةُ فَتَفَاءَلْتُ بِأَنَّا سَنُصِيبُ مِنْهُمْ خَضْرَةً قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَعْتَمْنَا كَبَّرَ أَمِيرُنَا وَحَمَلَ وَكَبَّرْنَا وَحَمَلْنَا قَالَ فَمَرَّ بِي رَجُلٌ فِي يَدِهِ السَّيْفُ فَاتَّبَعْتُهُ فَقَالَ لِي صَاحِبِي إِنَّ أَمِيرَنَا قَدْ عَهِدَ إِلَيْنَا أَنْ لَا نُمْعِنَ فِي الطَّلَبِ فَارْجِعْ فَلَمَّا رَأَيْتُ إِلَّا أَنْ أَتَّبِعَهُ قَالَ وَاللهِ لَتَرْجِعَنَّ أَوْ لَأَرْجِعَنَّ إِلَيْهِ وَلَأُخْبِرَنَّهُ أَنَّكَ أَبَيْتَ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ وَاللهِ لَأَتَّبِعَنَّهُ قَالَفَاتَّبَعْتُهُ حَتَّى إِذَا دَنَوْتُ مِنْهُ رَمَيْتُهُ بِسَهْمٍ عَلَى جُرَيْدَاءِ مَتْنِهِ فَوَقَعَ فَقَالَ ادْنُ يَا مُسْلِمُ إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ فَلَمَّا رَآنِي لَا أَدْنُو إِلَيْهِ وَرَمَيْتُهُ بِسَهْمٍ آخَرَ فَأَثْخَنْتُهُ رَمَانِي بِالسَّيْفِ فَأَخْطَأَنِي وَأَخَذْتُ السَّيْفَ فَقَتَلْتُهُ بِهِ وَاحْتَزَزْتُ بِهِ رَأْسَهُ وَشَدَدْنَا فَأَخَذْنَا نَعَمًا كَثِيرَةً وَغَنَمًا قَالَ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفْنَا قَالَ فَأَصْبَحْتُ فَإِذَا بَعِيرِي مَقْطُورٌ بِهِ بَعِيرٌ عَلَيْهِ امْرَأَةٌ جَمِيلَةٌ شَابَّةٌ قَالَ فَجَعَلَتْ تَلْتَفِتُ خَلْفَهَا فَتُكَبِّرُ فَقُلْتُ لَهَا إِلَى أَيْنَ تَلْتَفِتِينَ؟ قَالَتْ إِلَى رَجُلٍ وَاللهِ إِنْ كَانَ حَيًّا خَالَطَكُمْ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَظَنَنْتُ أَنَّهُ صَاحِبِي الَّذِي قَتَلْتُ قَدْ وَاللهِ قَتَلْتُهُ وَهَذَا سَيْفُهُ وَهُوَ مُعَلَّقٌ بِقَتَبِ الْبَعِيرِ الَّذِي أَنَا عَلَيْهِ قَالَ وَغِمْدُ السَّيْفِ لَيْسَ فِيهِ شَيْءٌ مُعَلَّقٌ بِقَتَبِ بَعِيرِهَا فَلَمَّا قُلْتُ ذَلِكَ لَهَا قَالَتْ فَدُونَكَ هَذَا الْغِمْدَ فَشِمْهُ فِيهِ إِنْ كُنْتَ صَادِقًا قَالَ فَأَخَذْتُهُ فَشِمْتُهُ فِيهِ فَطَبَقَهُ قَالَ فَلَمَّا رَأَتْ ذَلِكَ بَكَتْ قَالَ فَقَدِمْنَا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَأَعْطَانِي مِنْ ذَلِكَ النَّعَمِ الَّذِي قَدِمْنَا بِهِ  

ahmad:11127Ribʿī b. Ibrāhīm > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Isḥāq > Zayd b. Aslam > ʿAṭāʾ b. Yasār > Abū Saʿīd al-Khudrī

[Machine] We asked the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and said, "O Messenger of Allah, will we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" He said, "Do you have any trouble looking at the sun when there are no clouds?" We said, "No." He said, "Then how about looking at the moon on a full moon night when there are no clouds?" We said, "No." He said, "Indeed, you will see your Lord in a similar manner on the Day of Resurrection. Allah will gather people on the Day of Resurrection in one plain." He said, "Then it will be said, 'Whoever used to worship something, let him follow it.' So those who used to worship the sun will fall into the fire, and those who used to worship the moon will fall into the fire, and those who used to worship idols will fall into the fire." He said, "And everyone who used to worship anything besides Allah, until they fall into the fire." The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Then only the believers and their hypocrites will remain, between their shoulders, and a few of the People of the Book. Allah will make them insignificant with His hand. Then Allah will come to them and say, 'Are you not following what you used to worship?' They will say, 'We used to worship Allah and we did not see Him.' Then a part of His leg will be uncovered, and no one who used to prostrate to Allah out of sincerity will remain, except that he will fall prostrate. And no one who used to prostrate for showing off and for reputation will remain, except that he will fall on his nose." He said, "Then the Sirat (bridge) will be placed between Hellfire and the people. The Prophets will be on one side and the people will be on the other side. They will say, 'O Allah, grant safety, grant safety.' It is said to them, 'Look, who among you used to have a dinar's weight of faith in his heart?' They will say, 'We used to fight and strive in battles against the enemy, and we used to perform Hajj and Umrah.' It will be said, 'But you bring them the easement.' Then Allah will say, 'Look, who among you used to have a weight of a dirham of faith in his heart?' They will say, 'We used to enjoin good and forbid evil, and we used to give charity.' It will be said, 'But you bring them the easement.' Then Allah will say, 'Look, who among you used to have a weight of a mustard seed of faith in his heart?' They will say, 'We would say, 'La ilaha illa Allah' (there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah).' It will be said, 'But you bring them the easement.' Abu Sa'id said, 'Between me and you is the Book of Allah.' And I think he meant the statement of Allah, 'And if there is even the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it forth. And sufficient are We as accountant.' (Quran 21:47)." He said, "Then they will be brought out of the Fire and will be thrown into a river called Al-Hayawan (Animal River), and they will grow like the growing of a seed in a flood. Do you not see that whatever comes out of the earth to the sun is green? And whatever comes out of the earth to the shade is yellow?" They said, "O Messenger of Allah, it is as if you are a shepherd." He said, "Yes, I am like a shepherd.”  

أحمد:١١١٢٧حَدَّثَنَا رِبْعِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدُ بْنُ أَسْلَمَ عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ قَالَ

سَأَلْنَا رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَقُلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَلْ نَرَى رَبَّنَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ؟ قَالَ هَلْ تُضَارُّونَ فِي الشَّمْسِ لَيْسَ دُونَهَا سَحَابٌ؟ قَالَ قُلْنَا لَا قَالَ فَهَلْ تُضَارُّونَ فِي الْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ لَيْسَ دُونَهُ سَحَابٌ؟ قَالَ قُلْنَا لَا قَالَ فَإِنَّكُمْ تَرَوْنَ رَبَّكُمْ كَذَلِكَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يَجْمَعُ اللهُ النَّاسَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ فِي صَعِيدٍ وَاحِدٍ قَالَ فَيُقَالُ مَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ شَيْئًا فَلْيَتْبَعْهُ قَالَ فَيَتْبَعُ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا يَعْبُدُونَ الشَّمْسَ الشَّمْسَ فَيَتَسَاقَطُونَ فِي النَّارِ وَيَتْبَعُ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا يَعْبُدُونَ الْقَمَرَ الْقَمَرَ فَيَتَسَاقَطُونَ فِي النَّارِ وَيَتْبَعُالَّذِينَ كَانُوا يَعْبُدُونَ الْأَوْثَانَ الْأَوْثَانَ وَالَّذِينَ كَانُوا يَعْبُدُونَ الْأَصْنَامَ الْأَصْنَامَ فَيَتَسَاقَطُونَ فِي النَّارِ قَالَ وَكُلُّ مَنْ كَانَ يُعْبَدُ مِنْ دُونِ اللهِ حَتَّى يَتَسَاقَطُونَ فِي النَّارِ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَيَبْقَى الْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَمُنَافِقُوهُمْ بَيْنَ ظَهْرَيْهِمْ وَبَقَايَا أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ وَقَلَّلَهُمْ بِيَدِهِ قَالَ فَيَأْتِيهِمُ اللهُ ﷻ فَيَقُولُ أَلَا تَتَّبِعُونَ مَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْبُدُونَ؟ قَالَ فَيَقُولُونَ كُنَّا نَعْبُدُ اللهَ وَلَمْ نَرَ اللهَ فَيُكْشَفُ عَنْ سَاقٍ فَلَا يَبْقَى أَحَدٌ كَانَ يَسْجُدُ لِلَّهِ إِلَّا وَقَعَ سَاجِدًا وَلَا يَبْقَى أَحَدٌ كَانَ يَسْجُدُ رِيَاءً وَسُمْعَةً إِلَّا وَقَعَ عَلَى قَفَاهُ قَالَ ثُمَّ يُوضَعُ الصِّرَاطُ بَيْنَ ظَهْرَيْ جَهَنَّمَ وَالْأَنْبِيَاءُ بِنَاحِيتَيْهِ قَوْلُهُمْ اللهُمَّ سَلِّمْ سَلِّمْ اللهُمَّ سَلِّمْ سَلِّمْ وَإِنَّهُ لَدَحْضُ مَزَلَّةٍ وَإِنَّهُ لَكَلَالِيبُ وَخَطَاطِيفُ قَالَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ وَلَا أَدْرِي لَعَلَّهُ قَدْ قَالَ تَخْطَفُ النَّاسَ وَحَسَكَةٌ تَنْبُتُ بِنَجْدٍ يُقَالُ لَهَا السَّعْدَانُ قَالَ وَنَعَتَهَا لَهُمْ قَالَ فَأَكُونُ أَنَا وَأُمَّتِي لَأَوَّلَ مَنْ مَرَّ أَوْ أَوَّلَ مَنْ يُجِيزُ قَالَ فَيَمُرُّونَ عَلَيْهِ مِثْلَ الْبَرْقِ وَمِثْلَ الرِّيحِ وَمِثْلَ أَجَاوِيدِ الْخَيْلِ وَالرِّكَابِ فَنَاجٍ مُسَلَّمٌ وَمَخْدُوشٌ مُكَلَّمٌ وَمَكْدُوسٌ فِي النَّارِ فَإِذَا قَطَعُوهُ أَوْ فَإِذَا جَاوَزُوهُ فَمَا أَحَدُكُمْ فِي حَقٍّ يَعْلَمُ أَنَّهُ حَقٌّ لَهُ بِأَشَدَّ مُنَاشَدَةً مِنْهُمْ فِي إِخْوَانِهِمُ الَّذِينَ سَقَطُوا فِي النَّارِ يَقُولُونَ أَيْ رَبِّ كُنَّا نَغْزُوجَمِيعًا وَنَحُجُّ جَمِيعًا وَنَعْتَمِرُ جَمِيعًا فِيمَ نَجَوْنَا الْيَوْمَ وَهَلَكُوا؟ قَالَ فَيَقُولُ اللهُ ﷻ انْظُرُوا مَنْ كَانَ فِي قَلْبِهِ زِنَةُ دِينَارٍ مِنْ إِيمَانٍ فَأَخْرِجُوهُ قَالَ فَيُخْرَجُونَ قَالَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ مَنْ كَانَ فِي قَلْبِهِ زِنَةُ قِيرَاطٍ مِنْ إِيمَانٍ فَأَخْرِجُوهُ قَالَ فَيُخْرَجُونَ قَالَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ مَنْ كَانَ فِي قَلْبِهِ مِثْقَالُ حَبَّةِ خَرْدَلٍ مِنْ إِيمَانٍ فَأَخْرِجُوهُ قَالَ فَيُخْرَجُونَ قَالَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكُمْ كِتَابُ اللهِ قَالَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ وَأَظُنُّهُ يَعْنِي قَوْلَهُ {وَإِنْ كَانَ مِثْقَالَ حَبَّةٍ مِنْ خَرْدَلٍ أَتَيْنَا بِهَا وَكَفَى بِنَا حَاسِبِينَ} [الأنبياء 47] قَالَ فَيُخْرَجُونَ مِنَ النَّارِ فَيُطْرَحُونَ فِي نَهَرٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ نَهَرُ الْحَيَوَانِ فَيَنْبُتُونَ كَمَا تَنْبُتُ الْحِبُّ فِي حَمِيلِ السَّيْلِ أَلَا تَرَوْنَ مَا يَكُونُ مِنَ النَّبْتِ إِلَى الشَّمْسِ يَكُونُ أَخْضَرَ وَمَا يَكُونُ إِلَى الظِّلِّ يَكُونُ أَصْفَرَ قَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ كَأَنَّكَ كُنْتَ قَدْ رَعَيْتَ الْغَنَمَ؟ قَالَ أَجَلْ قَدْ رَعَيْتُ الْغَنَمَ  

ahmad:19784ʿAffān > Ḥammād b. Salamah > Thābit > Kinānah b. Nuʿaym al-ʿAdawī > Abū Barzah al-Aslamī

[Machine] "Julaibib used to enter upon women and interact with them. So I said to my wife, 'Julaibib should not enter upon you, for if he were to enter upon you, I am afraid that he would do something.' The Ansar would not marry off their daughters until they found out if there was any need for the Prophet, ﷺ , in her. So the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , said to a man from the Ansar, 'Marry your daughter to me.' He said, 'Yes, O Messenger of Allah, this is certainly an honor.' The Prophet, ﷺ , said, 'I don't want her for myself, but I want her for Julaibib.' The man said, 'O Messenger of Allah, for Julaibib?' He said, 'Yes, for Julaibib.' So he consulted her mother, and when the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , came, he informed her of what her mother had said. She said, 'Julaibib, is it him?' She repeated this three times. 'Yes, by Allah, for I will not marry him.' So when he wanted to stand up to inform the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , of what she had said, the girl said, 'Who proposed to me to you?' Her mother informed her. She said, 'Are you rejecting the command of the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ ?' Push me, for he has not disappointed me.' So her father went to the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , and informed him. He said, 'What is your opinion about her?' Then he married her to Julaibib. The Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , went on a campaign, and when Allah granted them victory, he asked his companions, 'Have you lost anyone?' They said, 'We have lost so-and-so, and we have lost so-and-so.' He said, 'Look, have you lost anyone?' They said, 'No.' He said, 'But I have lost Julaibib.' So seek him among the slain.' They searched for him until they found him beside seven men he had killed, and then they killed him.' They said, 'O Messenger of Allah, here he is, beside seven men he had killed, and then they killed him.' So the Prophet, ﷺ , stood over him and said, 'He has killed seven and then they killed him. This one is from me and I am from him. This one is from me and I am from him.' He raised his head and placed him on his side, and there was no bed except that of the Messenger of Allah, ﷺ . Then he placed him in his grave. It is not mentioned that he was bathed. Thabit said, 'Wealth that the Ansar had would be spent but they did not find anyone who narrated about it in this world except Hammad bin Salamah. How well he narrated it.'"  

أحمد:١٩٧٨٤حَدَّثَنَا عَفَّانُ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ ثَابِتٍ عَنْ كِنَانَةَ بْنِ نُعَيْمٍ الْعَدَوِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي بَرْزَةَ الْأَسْلَمِيِّ

أَنَّ جُلَيْبِيبًا كَانَ امْرَأً يَدْخُلُ عَلَى النِّسَاءِ يَمُرُّ بِهِنَّ وَيُلَاعِبُهُنَّ فَقُلْتُ لِامْرَأَتِي لَا يَدْخُلَنَّ عَلَيْكُمْ جُلَيْبِيبٌ؛ فَإِنَّهُ إِنْ دَخَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ لَأَفْعَلَنَّ وَلَأَفْعَلَنَّ قَالَ وَكَانَتِ الْأَنْصَارُ إِذَا كَانَ لِأَحَدِهِمْ أَيِّمٌ لَمْ يُزَوِّجْهَا حَتَّى يَعْلَمَ هَلْ لِلنَّبِيِّ ﷺ فِيهَا حَاجَةٌ؟ أَمْ لَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لِرَجُلٍ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ زَوِّجْنِي ابْنَتَكَ فَقَالَ نِعِمَّ وَكَرَامَةٌ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ وَنُعْمَ عَيْنِي قَالَ إِنِّي لَسْتُ أُرِيدُهَا لِنَفْسِي قَالَ فَلِمَنْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ؟ قَالَ لِجُلَيْبِيبٍ قَالَ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أُشَاوِرُ أُمَّهَا فَأَتَى أُمَّهَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَخْطُبُ ابْنَتَكِ فَقَالَتْ نِعِمَّ وَنُعْمَةُ عَيْنِي فَقَالَ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ يَخْطُبُهَا لِنَفْسِهِ إِنَّمَا يَخْطُبُهَا لِجُلَيْبِيبٍ فَقَالَتْ أَجُلَيْبِيبٌ إنية؟ أَجُلَيْبِيبٌ إنية؟ أَجُلَيْبِيبٌ إنية؟ لَا لَعَمْرُ اللهِ لَانُزَوَّجُهُ فَلَمَّا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَقُومَ لِيَأْتِيَ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فِيُخْبِرَهُ بِمَا قَالَتْ أُمُّهَا قَالَتِ الْجَارِيَةُ مَنْ خَطَبَنِي إِلَيْكُمْ؟ فَأَخْبَرَتْهَا أُمُّهَا فَقَالَتْ أَتَرُدُّونَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ أَمْرَهُ؟ ادْفَعُونِي؛ فَإِنَّهُ لَمْ يُضَيِّعْنِي فَانْطَلَقَ أَبُوهَا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَأَخْبَرَهُ فَقَالَ شَأْنَكَ بِهَا فَزَوَّجَهَا جُلَيْبِيبًا قَالَ فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فِي غَزْوَةٍ لَهُ قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَفَاءَ اللهُ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ لِأَصْحَابِهِ هَلْ تَفْقِدُونَ مِنْ أَحَدٍ؟ قَالُوا نَفْقِدُ فُلَانًا وَنَفْقِدُ فُلَانًا قَالَ انْظُرُوا هَلْ تَفْقِدُونَ مِنْ أَحَدٍ؟ قَالُوا لَا قَالَ لَكِنِّي أَفْقِدُ جُلَيْبِيبًا قَالَ فَاطْلُبُوهُ فِي الْقَتْلَى قَالَ فَطَلَبُوهُ فَوَجَدُوهُ إِلَى جَنْبِ سَبْعَةٍ قَدْ قَتَلَهُمْ ثُمَّ قَتَلُوهُ فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَا هُوَ ذَا إِلَى جَنْبِ سَبْعَةٍ قَدْ قَتَلَهُمْ ثُمَّ قَتَلُوهُ فَأَتَاهُ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَقَامَ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ قَتَلَ سَبْعَةً وَقَتَلُوهُ هَذَا مِنِّي وَأَنَا مِنْهُ هَذَا مِنِّي وَأَنَا مِنْهُ مَرَّتَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلَاثًا ثُمَّ وَضَعَهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ عَلَى سَاعِدَيْهِ وَحُفِرَ لَهُ مَا لَهُ سَرِيرٌ إِلَّا سَاعِدَا رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ وَضَعَهُ فِي قَبْرِهِ وَلَمْ يُذْكَرْ أَنَّهُ غَسَّلَهُ قَالَ ثَابِتٌ فَمَا كَانَ فِي الْأَنْصَارِ أَيِّمٌ أَنْفَقَ مِنْهَا وَحَدَّثَ إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ ثَابِتًا قَالَ هَلْ تَعْلَمْ مَا دَعَا لَهَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ؟ قَالَ اللهُمَّ صُبَّ عَلَيْهَا الْخَيْرَ صَبًّا وَلَا تَجْعَلْ عَيْشَهَا كَدًّا كَدًّا قَالَ فَمَا كَانَ فِي الْأَنْصَارِ أَيِّمٌ أَنْفَقَمِنْهَا قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ مَا حَدَّثَ بِهِ فِي الدُّنْيَا أَحَدٌ إِلَّا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ مَا أَحْسَنَهُ مِنْ حَدِيثٍ  

ahmad:19381Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar > Shuʿbah > Simāk b. Ḥarb > ʿAbbād b. Ḥubaysh > ʿAdī b. Ḥātim

[Machine] The horses of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ arrived, or he said, the messengers of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ arrived, and I was near a scorpion, so they took my aunt and some people. They brought them to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and he ordered them to line up for him. She said, "O Messenger of Allah, the newcomer went away and the baby is gone, and I am an old woman with no one to serve me. So who will show me kindness, as God has shown kindness to you?" He asked her, "Who is your neighbor?" She said, "Adi ibn Hatim." He said, "The one who has run away from God and His Messenger?" She said, "So who will show me kindness?" He said, "When he returned, a man came to him, and we could see that it was Ali. He said, 'Put her on a camel and he asked her.' So she went to him and said, 'You have done something that your father used to do.' He said, 'Did you visit him willingly or as a monastic?' She said, 'Such and such person came to him and got something from him, and such and such person came to him and got something from him.' He said, 'So I came to him, and there was a woman and children with him.' They mentioned their relationship to the Prophet ﷺ , so I knew that he did not have the dominion of Khusra or Caesar. He asked him, 'O Adi ibn Hatim, what has prevented you from saying there is no god but Allah? Is there any god but Allah? What has prevented you from saying Allah is the Greatest? Is there anything greater than Allah?' She said, 'So I have submitted and I saw his face light up, and he said, 'Indeed, the Jews are the ones who have earned wrath, and the Christians are the ones who have gone astray.' Then they asked him to praise Allah, and he praised Him and said, 'As for what follows, you people should submit yourself and lower yourselves from pride, as a person submits with a sa' of dates to another person with a handful of dates. Shu'bah said, 'My most knowledgeable opinion is that he said it is one date with a part of a date.' And verily, one of you will meet Allah, and yet he will say, 'What should I say?' Didn't I make you hearing and seeing? Didn't I give you wealth and children? What did you prepare?' So he will look in front of him, behind him, to his right and to his left, and he will not find anything. So the fire will not touch anyone except with his face. So fear the fire, even with a part of a date. And if you do not find that, then with a gentle word. Indeed, I do not fear poverty for you, for Allah will support you and give you victory, or He will open for you until the camels can walk between Al-Hirah and Yathrib. Indeed, what the thieving fears most is the loss of her property.' Muhammad ibn Ja'far said, 'I heard this from Shu'bah, and I recited it to him.'"  

أحمد:١٩٣٨١حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ سِمَاكَ بْنَ حَرْبٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عَبَّادَ بْنَ حُبَيْشٍ يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ عَدِيِّ بْنِ حَاتِمٍ قَالَ

جَاءَتْ خَيْلُ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ أَوْ قَالَ رُسُلُ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَنَا بِعَقْرَبٍ فَأَخَذُوا عَمَّتِي وَنَاسًا قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَتَوْا بِهِمْ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ فَصَفُّوا لَهُ قَالَتْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ نَأَى الْوَافِدُ وَانْقَطَعَ الْوَلَدُ وَأَنَا عَجُوزٌ كَبِيرَةٌ مَا بِي مِنْ خِدْمَةٍ فَمُنَّ عَلَيَّ مَنَّ اللهُ عَلَيْكَ قَالَ مَنْ وَافِدُكِ؟ قَالَتْ عَدِيُّ بْنُ حَاتِمٍ قَالَ الَّذِي فَرَّ مِنَ اللهِ وَرَسُولِهِ؟ قَالَتْ فَمَنَّ عَلَيَّ قَالَتْ فَلَمَّا رَجَعَ وَرَجُلٌ إِلَى جَنْبِهِ نَرَى أَنَّهُ عَلِيٌّ قَالَ سَلِيهِ حِمْلَانًا قَالَ فَسَأَلَتْهُ فَأَمَرَ لَهَا قَالَتْ فَأَتَانِي فَقَالَتْ لَقَدْ فَعَلْتَ فَعْلَةً مَا كَانَ أَبُوكَ يَفْعَلُهَا قَالَتْائْتِهِ رَاغِبًا أَوْ رَاهِبًا فَقَدْ أَتَاهُ فُلَانٌ فَأَصَابَ مِنْهُ وَأَتَاهُ فُلَانٌ فَأَصَابَ مِنْهُ قَالَ فَأَتَيْتُهُ فَإِذَا عِنْدَهُ امْرَأَةٌ وَصِبْيَانٌ أَوْ صَبِيٌّ فَذَكَرَ قُرْبَهُمْ مِنَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَعَرَفْتُ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ مُلْكُ كِسْرَى وَلَا قَيْصَرَ فَقَالَ لَهُ يَا عَدِيُّ بْنَ حَاتِمٍ مَا أَفَرَّكَ أَنْ يُقَالَ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ؟ فَهَلْ مِنْ إِلَهٍ إِلَّا اللهُ؟ مَا أَفَرَّكَ أَنْ يُقَالَ اللهُ أَكْبَرُ؟ فَهَلْ شَيْءٌ هُوَ أَكْبَرُ مِنَ اللهِ ﷻ؟ قَالَ فَأَسْلَمْتُ فَرَأَيْتُ وَجْهَهُ اسْتَبْشَرَ وَقَالَ إِنَّ الْمَغْضُوبَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْيَهُودُ وإنَّ الضَّالِّينَ النَّصَارَى ثُمَّ سَأَلُوهُ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ تَعَالَى وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَلَكُمْ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَنْ تَرْتَضِخُوا مِنَ الْفَضْلِ ارْتَضَخَ امْرُؤٌ بِصَاعٍ بِبَعْضِ صَاعٍ بِقَبْضَةٍ بِبَعْضِ قَبْضَةٍ قَالَ شُعْبَةُ وَأَكْثَرُ عِلْمِي أَنَّهُ قَالَ بِتَمْرَةٍ بِشِقِّ تَمْرَةٍ وَإِنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ لَاقِي اللهَ ﷻ فَقَائِلٌ مَا أَقُولُ أَلَمْ أَجْعَلْكَ سَمِيعًا بَصِيرًا؟ أَلَمْ أَجْعَلْ لَكَ مَالًا وَوَلَدًا؟ فَمَاذَا قَدَّمْتَ؟ فَيَنْظُرُ مِنْ بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِ وَعَنْ يَمِينِهِ وَعَنْ شِمَالِهِ فَلَا يَجِدُ شَيْئًا فَمَا يَتَّقِي النَّارَ إِلَّا بِوَجْهِهِ فَاتَّقُوا النَّارَ وَلَوْ بِشِقِّ تَمْرَةٍ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَجِدُوهُ فَبِكَلِمَةٍ لَيِّنَةٍ إِنِّي لَا أَخْشَى عَلَيْكُمُ الْفَاقَةَ لَيَنْصُرَنَّكُمُ اللهُ تَعَالَى وَلَيُعْطِيَنَّكُمْ أَوْ لَيَفْتَحَنَّ لَكُمْ حَتَّى تَسِيرَ الظَّعِينَةُ بَيْنَ الْحِيرَةِ ويَثْرِبَ إِنَّ أَكْثَرَ مَا تَخَافُ السَّرَقَ عَلَى ظَعِينَتِهَا قَالَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ حَدَّثَنَاهُ شُعْبَةُ مَا لَا أُحْصِيهِ وَقَرَأْتُهُ عَلَيْهِ  

ahmad:27101Falammā Aradt

[Machine] From the Messenger of Allah ﷺ , it is narrated that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ went out one day and performed the prayer of migration, then he sat down. The people became startled, so he said, "Sit down, O people, for I did not rise from my place due to fear. Rather, Tamim Ad-Dari came to me and informed me of news that prevented me from experiencing joy and comfort. I wanted to share with you the joy of your Prophet. He informed me that a group from his cousins, the Banu 'Amir, had embarked on the sea, and they were struck by a violent wind. The wind brought them to an island they did not recognize. They sat in their boat until they arrived at the island. Then, they found a creature with a lot of hair that they were unsure if it was a man or a woman. They greeted it, and it returned their greeting. They said, 'Will you not inform us?' It said, 'I do not inform you, nor do I seek information from you. But in this monastery, there is someone who longingly awaits to inform you and seek information from you.' They said, 'Who are you?' It said, 'I am Al-Jassasah.' So, they set off until they reached the monastery. There, they found a man chained up, heavily bound, showing signs of great sadness and complaining a lot. They greeted him, and he returned their greetings. They asked him, 'Who are you?' He said, 'I am from the Arabs.' They asked, 'What have the Arabs done?' He said, 'Has their Prophet come forth after me?' They said, 'Yes.' He asked, 'What have they done?' They said, 'They have believed in him and affirmed him.' He said, 'That is good for them.' He had an enemy, and Allah exposed him to them. They asked, 'Are the Arabs today with one God, one religion, and one word?' They said, 'Yes.' He asked, 'What has happened to the spring of Zughar?' They said, 'The people drink from it, and their crops are irrigated by it.' He asked, 'What has happened to the date palm tree between 'Ammān and Bayt al-Maqdis?' They said, 'It produces fruit every year.' He asked, 'What has happened to the lake of Tabariyyah?' They said, 'It is full.' He sighed deeply, then sighed deeply again, then sighed deeply a third time. He swore, 'By the One in Whose Hands is the Life of Muhammad, it is as though if I were to leave my place right now, I would not leave behind any land belonging to Allah, except that I would tread upon it, except for Taibah. There is no authority for me over it.' The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'So, thus my joy reaches its peak. Surely, Allah has made Mecca and Medina sacred, and forbidden for the Dajjal to enter. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ swore, 'By the One besides whom there is no deity, there is no path, narrow or wide, in the east which is not guarded by an appointed angel with a drawn sword until the Day of Resurrection. The Dajjal will not be able to enter upon its inhabitants.' 'Amir commented, 'So, I met Al-Muharrir ibn Abi Hurayrah, and I narrated this Hadith to him. He said, 'I bear witness by my father that he narrated to me as you have narrated from Fatimah bint Qays.' However, he said, 'The two sanctuaries are sacred: Makkah and Medina.'  

أحمد:٢٧١٠١قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَخْرُجَ قَالَتْ اجْلِسْ حَتَّى أُحَدِّثَكَ حَدِيثًا

عَنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَوْمًا مِنَ الْأَيَّامِ فَصَلَّى صَلَاةَ الْهَاجِرَةِ ثُمَّ قَعَدَ فَفَزِعَ النَّاسُ فَقَالَ اجْلِسُوا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ فَإِنِّي لَمْ أَقُمْ مَقَامِي هَذَا لِفَزَعٍ وَلَكِنَّ تَمِيمًا الدَّارِيَّ أَتَانِي فَأَخْبَرَنِي خَبَرًا مَنَعَنِي الْقَيْلُولَةَ مِنَ الْفَرَحِ وَقُرَّةِ الْعَيْنِ فَأَحْبَبْتُ أَنْ أَنْشُرَ عَلَيْكُمْ فَرَحَ نَبِيِّكُمْ أَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّ رَهْطًا مِنْ بَنِي عَمِّهِ رَكِبُوا الْبَحْرَ فَأَصَابَتْهُمْ رِيحٌ عَاصِفٌ فَأَلْجَأَتْهُمُ الرِّيحُ إِلَى جَزِيرَةٍ لَا يَعْرِفُونَهَا فَقَعَدُوا فِي قُوَيْرِبٍ بِالسَّفِينَةِ حَتَّى خَرَجُوا إِلَى الْجَزِيرَةِ فَإِذَا هُمْ بِشَيْءٍ أَهْلَبَ كَثِيرِ الشَّعْرِ لَا يَدْرُونَ أَرَجُلٌ هُوَ أَوْ امْرَأَةٌ فَسَلَّمُوا عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلَامَ قَالُوا أَلَا تُخْبِرُنَا؟ قَالَ مَا أَنَا بِمُخْبِرِكُمْ وَلَا بِمُسْتَخْبِرِكُمْ وَلَكِنْ هَذَا الدَّيْرَ قَدْ رَهِقْتُمُوهُ فَفِيهِ مَنْ هُوَ إِلَى خَبَرِكُمْ بِالْأَشْوَاقِ أَنْ يُخْبِرَكُمْ وَيَسْتَخْبِرَكُمْ قَالَ قُلْنَا فَمَا أَنْتَ؟ قَالَ أَنَا الْجَسَّاسَةُ فَانْطَلَقُوا حَتَّى أَتَوْا الدَّيْرَ فَإِذَا هُمْ بِرَجُلٍ مُوثَقٍ شَدِيدِ الْوَثَاقِ مُظْهِرٍ الْحُزْنَ كَثِيرِ التَّشَكِّي فَسَلَّمُوا عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِمْ فَقَالَ مِمَّنْ أَنْتُمْ؟ قَالُوا مِنَ الْعَرَبِ قَالَ مَافَعَلَتِ الْعَرَبُ؟ أَخَرَجَ نَبِيُّهُمْ بَعْدُ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلُوا؟ قَالُوا خَيْرًا آمَنُوا بِهِ وَصَدَّقُوهُ قَالَ ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ لَهُمْ وَكَانَ لَهُ عَدُوٌّ فَأَظْهَرَهُ اللهُ عَلَيْهِمْ قَالَ فَالْعَرَبُ الْيَوْمَ إِلَهُهُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَدِينُهُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَكَلِمَتُهُمْ وَاحِدَةٌ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَتْ عَيْنُ زُغَرَ؟ قَالُوا صَالِحَةٌ يَشْرَبُ مِنْهَا أَهْلُهَا لِشَفَتِهِمْ وَيَسْقُونَ مِنْهَا زَرْعَهُمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَ نَخْلٌ بَيْنَ عَمَّانَ وَبَيْسَانَ؟ قَالُوا صَالِحٌ يُطْعِمُ جَنَاهُ كُلَّ عَامٍ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَتْ بُحَيْرَةُ الطَّبَرِيَّةِ قَالُوا مَلْأَى قَالَ فَزَفَرَ ثُمَّ زَفَرَ ثُمَّ زَفَرَ ثُمَّ حَلَفَ لَوْ خَرَجْتُ مِنْ مَكَانِي هَذَا مَا تَرَكْتُ أَرْضًا مِنْ أَرْضِ اللهِ إِلَّا وَطِئْتُهَا غَيْرَ طَيْبَةَ لَيْسَ لِي عَلَيْهَا سُلْطَانٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى هَذَا انْتَهَى فَرَحِي ثَلَاثَ مِرَارٍ إِنَّ طَيْبَةَ الْمَدِينَةَ إِنَّ اللهَ حَرَّمَ حَرَمِي عَلَى الدَّجَّالِ أَنْ يَدْخُلَهَا ثُمَّ حَلَفَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَالَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ مَا لَهَا طَرِيقٌ ضَيِّقٌ وَلَا وَاسِعٌ فِي سَهْلٍ وَلَا فِي جَبَلٍ إِلَّا عَلَيْهِ مَلَكٌ شَاهِرٌ بِالسَّيْفِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ مَا يَسْتَطِيعُ الدَّجَّالُ أَنْ يَدْخُلَهَا عَلَى أَهْلِهَا قَالَ عَامِرٌ فَلَقِيتُ الْمُحَرَّرَ بْنَ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ فَحَدَّثْتُهُ حَدِيثَ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتِ قَيْسٍ فَقَالَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى أَبِي أَنَّهُ حَدَّثَنِي كَمَا حَدَّثَتْكَ فَاطِمَةُ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِنَّهُ نَحْوَ الْمَشْرِقِ قَالَ ثُمَّلَقِيتُ الْقَاسِمَ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ فَذَكَرْتُ لَهُ حَدِيثَ فَاطِمَةَ فَقَالَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى عَائِشَةَ أَنَّهَا حَدَّثَتْنِي كَمَا حَدَّثَتْكَ فَاطِمَةُ غَيْرَ أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ الْحَرَمَانِ عَلَيْهِ حَرَامٌ مَكَّةُ وَالْمَدِينَةُ  

ahmad:27349Falammā Aradt

[Machine] From the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, she said: One day, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ went out and prayed the prayer of migration, then he sat down. The people became startled, so he said, "Sit, O people, for I did not rise from my place due to fear, but rather Tamim Ad-Dari came to me and informed me of news that deprived me of sleep and comfort. So I wanted to share with you the joy of your Prophet ﷺ. He informed me that a group from his relatives, the Banu 'Amir, rode the sea and a fierce wind overcame them. The wind pushed them towards an unknown island. They sat in wooden boats until they reached the island. Then they found a creature with a lot of hair, not knowing if it was a man or a woman. They greeted the creature with salaam, and the creature replied with salaam. They said, 'Can you inform us?' The creature replied, 'I am not here to inform you or ask for information. However, this monastery became a hardship for you. Inside, there is someone who has been yearning to tell you and ask you about their fate. They said, 'Who are you?' She said, 'I am the spy.' So they went until they reached the monastery. There they found a man who was severely bound, showing a lot of sadness and complaining. They greeted him, and he replied, asking, 'Who are you?' They said, 'We are from the Arabs.' He said, 'What have the Arabs done? Did their Prophet emerge?' They said, 'Yes.' He said, 'What did they do?' They said, 'They believed in him and affirmed his truthfulness.' He said, 'That is better for them.' He had an enemy, and Allah made him manifest to them. He said, 'So are the Arabs today united in their religion and their word?' They said, 'Yes.' He said, 'So what did the spring of Zughar do?' They said, 'It is wholesome. Its people drink from it, and their crops are irrigated by it.' He said, 'So what did the palm tree between 'Amman and Bayt Al-Maqdis do?' They said, 'Good. Its vegetation feeds its camels every year.' He said, 'So what did the Lake of Tiberias do?' They said, 'Full.' He said, 'So it sighed, and sighed, and sighed, and then he swore by Allah who there is none worthy of worship except Him, 'By Allah, there is no narrow road or wide road in the flat or mountain except that there is an angel holding a drawn sword until the Day of Resurrection, preventing Ad-Dajjal from entering it.' He said, 'Then I met Al-Muharrar bin Abi Hurayrah, and I informed him of the Hadith of Fatimah bint Qays. He testified to what I testified, except that he said, 'I bear witness that 'Aishah also narrated to me like she narrated to you, Fatimah.' Except that she said, 'The two sanctuaries are sacred: Makkah and Al-Madinah.'"  

أحمد:٢٧٣٤٩قَالَ فَلَمَّا أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَخْرُجَ قَالَتْ اجْلِسْ حَتَّى أُحَدِّثَكَ حَدِيثًا

عَنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَوْمًا مِنَ الْأَيَّامِ فَصَلَّى صَلَاةَ الْهَاجِرَةِ ثُمَّ قَعَدَ فَفَزِعَ النَّاسُ فَقَالَ اجْلِسُوا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ فَإِنِّي لَمْ أَقُمْ مَقَامِي هَذَا لِفَزَعٍ وَلَكِنَّ تَمِيمًا الدَّارِيَّ أَتَانِي فَأَخْبَرَنِي خَبَرًا مَنَعَنِي مِنَ الْقَيْلُولَةِ مِنَ الْفَرَحِ وَقُرَّةِ الْعَيْنِ فَأَحْبَبْتُ أَنْ أَنْشُرَ عَلَيْكُمْ فَرَحَ نَبِيِّكُمْ ﷺ أَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّ رَهْطًا مِنْ بَنِي عَمِّهِ رَكِبُوا الْبَحْرَ فَأَصَابَتْهُمْ رِيحٌ عَاصِفٌ فَأَلْجَأَتْهُمُ الرِّيحُ إِلَى جَزِيرَةٍ لَا يَعْرِفُونَهَا فَقَعَدُوا فِي قُوَيْرِبِ سَفِينَةٍ حَتَّى خَرَجُوا إِلَى الْجَزِيرَةِ فَإِذَا هُمْ بِشَيْءٍ أَهْلَبَ كَثِيرِ الشَّعْرِ لَا يَدْرُونَ أَرَجُلٌ هُوَ أَوْ امْرَأَةٌ فَسَلَّمُوا عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِمُ السَّلَامَ فَقَالُوا أَلَا تُخْبِرُنَا؟ فَقَالَ مَا أَنَا بِمُخْبِرِكُمْ وَلَا مُسْتَخْبِرِكُمْ وَلَكِنَّ هَذَا الدَّيْرَ قَدْ رَهِقْتُمُوهُ فَفِيهِ مَنْ هُوَ إِلَى خَبَرِكُمْ بِالْأَشْوَاقِ أَنْ يُخْبِرَكُمْوَيَسْتَخْبِرَكُمْ قَالَ قُلْنَا مَا أَنْتَ؟ قَالَتْ أَنَا الْجَسَّاسَةُ فَانْطَلَقُوا حَتَّى أَتَوْا الدَّيْرَ فَإِذَا هُمْ بِرَجُلٍ مُوثَقٍ شَدِيدِ الْوَثَاقِ مُظْهِرٍ الْحُزْنَ كَثِيرِ التَّشَكِّي فَسَلَّمُوا عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِمْ فَقَالَ مَنْ أَنْتُمْ؟ قَالُوا مِنَ الْعَرَبِ قَالَ مَا فَعَلَتِ الْعَرَبُ؟ أَخَرَجَ نَبِيُّهُمْ بَعْدُ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلُوا؟ قَالُوا خَيْرًا آمَنُوا بِهِ وَصَدَّقُوهُ قَالَ ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ لَهُمْ وَكَانَ لَهُ عَدُوٌّ فَأَظْهَرَهُ اللهُ عَلَيْهِمْ قَالَ فالْعَرَبُ الْيَوْمَ إِلَهُهُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَدِينُهُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَكَلِمَتُهُمْ وَاحِدَةٌ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَتْ عَيْنُ زُغَرَ؟ قَالَ قَالُوا صَالِحَةٌ يَشْرَبُ مِنْهَا أَهْلُهَا لِشَفَتِهِمْ وَيَسْقُونَ مِنْهَا زَرْعَهُمْ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَ نَخْلٌ بَيْنَ عَمَّانَ وَبَيْسَانَ؟ قَالُوا صَالِحٌ يُطْعِمُ جَنَاهُ كُلَّ عَامٍ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَتْ بُحَيْرَةُ الطَّبَرِيَّةِ؟ قَالُوا مَلْأَى قَالَ فَزَفَرَ ثُمَّ زَفَرَ ثُمَّ زَفَرَ ثُمَّ حَلَفَ لَوْ خَرَجْتُ مِنْ مَكَانِي هَذَا مَا تَرَكْتُ أَرْضًا مِنْ أَرْضِ اللهِ إِلَّا وَطِئْتُهَا غَيْرَ طَيْبَةَ لَيْسَ لِي عَلَيْهَا سُلْطَانٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى هَذَا انْتَهَى فَرَحِي ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ إِنَّ طَيْبَةَ الْمَدِينَةُ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّوَجَلَّ حَرَّمَ عَلَى الدَّجَّالِ أَنْ يَدْخُلَهَا ثُمَّ حَلَفَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَاللهِ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ مَا لَهَا طَرِيقٌ ضَيِّقٌ وَلَا وَاسِعٌ فِي سَهْلٍ وَلَا جَبَلٍ إِلَّا عَلَيْهِ مَلَكٌ شَاهِرٌ بِالسَّيْفِ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ مَا يَسْتَطِيعُ الدَّجَّالُ أَنْ يَدْخُلَهَا عَلَى أَهْلِهَا قَالَ عَامِرٌ فَلَقِيتُ الْمُحْرَّرَ بْنَ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ فَحَدَّثْتُهُ بِحَدِيثِ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتِ قَيْسٍ فَقَالَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى أَبِي أَنَّهُ حَدَّثَنِي كَمَا حَدَّثَتْكَ فَاطِمَةُ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِنَّهُ فِي نَحْوِ الْمَشْرِقِ قَالَ ثُمَّ لَقِيتُ الْقَاسِمَ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ فَذَكَرْتُ لَهُ حَدِيثَ فَاطِمَةَ فَقَالَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى عَائِشَةَ أَنَّهَا حَدَّثَتْنِي كَمَا حَدَّثَتْكَ فَاطِمَةُ غَيْرَ أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ الْحَرَمَانِ عَلَيْهِ حَرَامٌ مَكَّةُ وَالْمَدِينَةُ  

ahmad:16693ʿAbdullāh b. Aḥmad > Surayj b. Yūnus from Kitābih > ʿAbbād b. ʿAbbād / al-Muhallabī > ʿAbdullāh b. ʿUthmān b. Khuthaym > Saʿīd b. Abū Rāshid a freed slave of Liāl Muʿāwiyah

[Machine] "I arrived in Sham and it was said to me that in this church is a messenger of Caesar to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. So, we entered the church and there I saw an elderly man, so I said to him, 'Are you the messenger of Caesar to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ?' He replied, 'Yes.' I said, 'Tell me about that.' He said, 'When he fought the battle of Tabuk, he wrote a letter to Caesar and sent it with a man named Dihyah bin Khalifa. When he read his letter, he placed it on his bed and sent it to his bishops and the heads of his companions. He said, 'This man has sent a messenger to you and written a letter to you, giving you three options: either you follow him in his religion, or you pay him tribute that is collected from you and brings you protection and allows you to continue with your current lifestyle in your land, or you engage in war with him.' They knelt down and pondered until some of them emerged from their councils and said, 'We will not follow him in his religion and abandon our religion and the religion of our forefathers, nor will we pay him tribute that will be collected from us, but we will engage in war with him.' He said, 'That was how it was. However, I disliked doing anything without consulting you.' 'Abbad then said, 'Didn't Najashi embrace Islam when the message reached us?' He replied, 'Yes, but he saw something from them.' 'Abbad said, 'He asked me to find someone from the Arabs to write a reply to him according to his letter.' So, I went with him while I was a young man and he took me to him. He wrote his reply and said to me, 'Remember three points, if you forget anything from me: when he reads my letter, does he mention day and night? Does he mention his letter to me? And see if you notice a mark on his back.' So, I approached him until I met him in Tabuk, seated in a gathering with his companions. I asked and was informed about him. Then, I handed him the letter. He called Muawiya and recited the letter to him. When he reached the part where I said, 'You invited me to a garden, its width encompasses the heavens and the earth, so where is the fire?' The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'When the night comes, where is the day?' He said, 'So, he said to me, 'I wrote to Najashi, but he tore it apart and Allah tore his kingdom apart.' He said, 'Abbad then said, 'Didn't Najashi embrace Islam and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ hold the prayer for him in Madinah in front of his companions?' He replied, 'Yes, that's true. This is so-and-so and that is so-and-so,' Ibn Khuthaym mentioned all of them, but I forgot their names. So, I wrote a letter to Kisra, but he tore it apart and Allah tore his kingdom apart. Then, I wrote a letter to Caesar, and he replied to me. The people feared them as long as there was fear in their lives. And then he asked me, 'Who are you?' I said, 'I am from Tanukh.' He said, 'O brother from Tanukh, are you a Muslim?' I said, 'No, I came from a group of people who are following their religion, and I am not willing to change my religion until I return to them.' The Messenger of Allah ﷺ smiled or he smiled. When I finished my business, I got up and when I turned to leave, he called me and said, 'O brother from Tanukh, come and reach what you were commanded to do.' I had forgotten it, so I turned back from behind the gathering and threw a cloak that was on his back. I saw the hump on his shoulder like a huge sphere."  

أحمد:١٦٦٩٣قَالَ عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ حَدَّثَنَا سُرَيْجُ بْنُ يُونُسَ مِنْ كِتَابِهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبَّادُ بْنُ عَبَّادٍ يَعْنِي الْمُهَلَّبِيَّ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ خُثَيْمٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي رَاشِدٍ مَوْلًى لِآلِ مُعَاوِيَةَ قَالَ

قَدِمْتُ الشَّامَ فَقِيلَ لِي فِي هَذِهِ الْكَنِيسَةِ رَسُولُ قَيْصَرَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ فَدَخَلْنَا الْكَنِيسَةَ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِشَيْخٍ كَبِيرٍ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ أَنْتَ رَسُولُ قَيْصَرَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ؟ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ قُلْتُ حَدِّثْنِي عَنْ ذَلِكَ قَالَ إِنَّهُ لَمَّا غَزَا تَبُوكَ كَتَبَ إِلَى قَيْصَرَ كِتَابًا وَبَعَثَ بِهِ مَعَ رَجُلٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ دِحْيَةُ بْنُ خَلِيفَةَ فَلَمَّا قَرَأَ كِتَابَهُ وَضَعَهُ مَعَهُ عَلَى سَرِيرِهِ وَبَعَثَ إِلَى بَطَارِقَتِهِ وَرُءُوسِ أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ إِنَّ هَذَا الرَّجُلَ قَدْ بَعَثَ إِلَيْكُمْ رَسُولًا وَكَتَبَ إِلَيْكُمْ كِتَابًا يُخَيِّرُكُمْ إِحْدَى ثَلَاثٍ إِمَّا أَنْ تَتَّبِعُوهُ عَلَى دِينِهِ أَوْ تُقِرُّوا لَهُ بِخَرَاجٍ يَجْرِي لَهُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَيُقِرَّكُمْ عَلَى هَيْئَتِكُمْ فِي بِلَادِكُمْ أَوْ أَنْ تُلْقُوا إِلَيْهِ بِالْحَرْبِ قَالَ فَنَخَرُوا نَخْرَةً حَتَّى خَرَجَ بَعْضُهُمْ مِنْ بَرَانِسِهِمْ وَقَالُوا لَا نَتَّبِعُهُ عَلَى دِينِهِ وَنَدَعُ دِينَنَا وَدِينَ آبَائِنَا وَلَا نُقِرُّ لَهُ بِخَرَاجٍ يَجْرِي لَهُ عَلَيْنَا وَلَكِنْ نُلْقِي إِلَيْهِ الْحَرْبَ فَقَالَ قَدْ كَانَذَاكَ وَلَكِنِّي كَرِهْتُ أَنْ أَفْتَاتَ دُونَكُمْ بِأَمْرٍ قَالَ عَبَّادٌ فَقُلْتُ لِابْنِ خُثَيْمٍ أَوَلَيْسَ قَدْ كَانَ قَارَبَ وَهَمَّ بِالْإِسْلَامِ فِيمَا بَلَغَنَا ‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍؟ ‍‍‍‍قَالَ بَلَى لَوْلَا أَنَّهُ رَأَى مِنْهُمْ قَالَ فَقَالَ ابْغُونِي رَجُلًا مِنْ الْعَرَبِ أَكْتُبْ مَعَهُ إِلَيْهِ جَوَابَ كِتَابِهِ قَالَ فَأَتَيْتُ وَأَنَا شَابٌّ فَانْطُلِقَ بِي إِلَيْهِ فَكَتَبَ جَوَابَهُ وَقَالَ لِي مَهْمَا نَسِيتَ مِنْ شَيْءٍ فَاحْفَظْ عَنِّي ثَلَاثَ خِلَالٍ انْظُرْ إِذَا هُوَ قَرَأَ كِتَابِي هَلْ يَذْكُرُ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ وَهَلْ يَذْكُرُ كِتَابَهُ إِلَيَّ وَانْظُرْ هَلْ تَرَى فِي ظَهْرِهِ عَلَمًا قَالَ فَأَقْبَلْتُ حَتَّى أَتَيْتُهُ وَهُوَ بِتَبُوكَ فِي حَلْقَةٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ مُنْتَجِينَ فَسَأَلْتُ فَأُخْبِرْتُ بِهِ فَدَفَعْتُ إِلَيْهِ الْكِتَابَ فَدَعَا مُعَاوِيَةَ فَقَرَأَ عَلَيْهِ الْكِتَابَ فَلَمَّا أَتَى عَلَى قَوْلِهِ دَعَوْتَنِي إِلَى جَنَّةٍ عَرْضُهَا السَّمَوَاتُ وَالْأَرْضُ فَأَيْنَ النَّارُ؟ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِذَا جَاءَ اللَّيْلُ فَأَيْنَ النَّهَارُ؟ قَالَ فَقَالَ إِنِّي قَدْ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى النَّجَاشِيِّ فَخَرَّقَهُ فَخَرَّقَهُ اللهُ مُخَرَّقَ الْمُلْكِ قَالَ عَبَّادٌ فَقُلْتُ لِابْنِ خُثَيْمٍ أَلَيْسَ قَدْ أَسْلَمَ النَّجَاشِيُّ ‍ وَنَعَاهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بِالْمَدِينَةِ إِلَى أَصْحَابِهِ فَصَلَّى عَلَيْهِ؟ قَالَ بَلَى ذَاكَ فُلَانُ بْنُ فُلَانٍ وَهَذَا فُلَانُ بْنُ فُلَانٍ قَدْ ذَكَرَهُمْ ابْنُ خُثَيْمٍ جَمِيعًا وَنَسِيتُهُمَا وَكَتَبْتُ إِلَى كِسْرَى كِتَابًا فَمَزَّقَهُ فَمَزَّقَهُ اللهُ مُمَزَّقَ الْمُلْكِ وَكَتَبْتُ إِلَى قَيْصَرَ كِتَابًا فَأَجَابَنِي فِيهِ فَلَمْ يَزَلِ النَّاسُ يَخْشَوْنَ مِنْهُمْ بَأْسًا مَاكَانَ فِي الْعَيْشِ خَيْرٌ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِي ممَّنْ أَنْتَ؟ قُلْتُ مِنْ تَنُوخٍ قَالَ يَا أَخَا تَنُوخٍ هَلْ لَكَ فِي الْإِسْلَامِ؟ قُلْتُ لَا إِنِّي أَقْبَلْتُ مِنْ قِبَلِ قَوْمٍ وَأَنَا فِيهِمْ عَلَى دِينٍ وَلَسْتُ مُسْتَبْدِلًا بِدِينِهِمْ حَتَّى أَرْجِعَ إِلَيْهِمْ قَالَ فَضَحِكَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَوْ تَبَسَّمَ فَلَمَّا قَضَيْتُ حَاجَتِي قُمْتُ فَلَمَّا وَلَّيْتُ دَعَانِي فَقَالَ يَا أَخَا تَنُوخٍ هَلُمَّ فَامْضِ لِلَّذِي أُمِرْتَ بِهِ قَالَ وَكُنْتُ قَدْ نَسِيتُهَا فَاسْتَدَرْتُ مِنْ وَرَاءِ الْحَلْقَةِ وَألْقَى بُرْدَةً كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِ عَنْ ظَهْرِهِ فَرَأَيْتُ غُضْرُوفَ كَتِفِهِ مِثْلَ الْمِحْجَمِ الضَّخْمِ  

ahmad:8096ʿAbd al-Razzāq > Maʿmar > al-Zuhrī

[Machine] The Messenger of Allah, ﷺ , sent a reconnaissance mission and appointed 'Asim ibn Thabit, who was the grandfather of 'Asim ibn 'Umar, as their leader. They set out until they reached a place between 'Usfan and Makkah known as "Bani Lihyan". They followed their tracks with a group of about one hundred men led by Ramm, and they pursued them until they reached a resting place where they found dates that were provisions from Madinah. They said, "These are dates from Yathrib." They followed their tracks until they caught up with them. When 'Asim ibn Thabit and his companions sensed them, they sought refuge in a rugged place, and when the people approached them, they surrounded them and said, "We have made a covenant and agreement with you that if you come to us, we will not kill any of you." 'Asim ibn Thabit said, "As for me, I do not enter into a treaty with a disbeliever." They said, "Fight them." So they fought 'Asim and killed him along with seven others. Only Hubayb ibn 'Adi and Zayd ibn ad-Dathinah remained. They entered into a covenant and agreement with them. When they felt secure from them, they tied their hands with their own bowstrings. The third man with them said, "This is the first act of treachery. I refuse to accompany them." So they killed him. Then they departed with Hubayb ibn 'Adi and Zayd ibn ad-Dathinah until they sold them in Makkah. They sold Hubayb to the sons of Al-Harith ibn 'Amir ibn Nawfal, who had killed Al-Harith on the Day of Badr. Hubayb stayed with them as a prisoner until they decided to kill him. He borrowed a razor from the daughter of Al-Harith to prepare himself with it. She said, "I inadvertently failed to restrain my son from approaching it, and he fell upon it until it reached him." She said, "Have no fear that I will kill him. I wouldn't kill him. You will not find a better captive than Hubayb. I saw him eating ripe grapes when Makkah had no ripe fruits at that time. And he is bound in iron, but his sustenance is only provided by Allah." Then they took him out of the sanctuary to kill him. He asked them, "Allow me to pray two Rak'ahs." He prayed the two Rak'ahs, and then said, "If you did not see my eagerness to die, I would increase in it by the Will of Allah." Hubayb was the first to offer two Rak'ahs before being killed. Then 'Uqbah ibn Al-Harith went toward him and killed him. The people of Quraysh sent word to 'Asim to bring them a part of his body that they could recognize. He was a great man among their elite who had been killed on the Day of Badr. So Allah sent upon them a cloud from behind, shielding them from his messengers. They were unable to harm him in any way.  

أحمد:٨٠٩٦حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ حَدَّثَنَا مَعْمَرٌ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ الثَّقَفِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ

بَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ سَرِيَّةً عَيْنًا وَأَمَّرَعَلَيْهِمْ عَاصِمَ بْنَ ثَابِتٍ وَهُوَ جَدُّ عَاصِمِ بْنِ عُمَرَ فَانْطَلَقُوا حَتَّى إِذَا كَانُوا بِبَعْضِ الطَّرِيقِ بَيْنَ عُسْفَانَ وَمَكَّةَ نُزُولًا ذُكِرُوا لِحَيٍّ مِنْ هُذَيْلٍ يُقَالُ لَهُمْ بَنُو لِحْيَانَ فَتَبِعُوهُمْ بِقَرِيبٍ مِنْ مِائَةِ رَجُلٍ رَامٍ فَاقْتَصُّوا آثَارَهُمْ حَتَّى نَزَلُوا مَنْزِلًا نَزَلُوهُ فَوَجَدُوا فِيهِ نَوَى تَمْرٍ تَزَوَّدُوهُ مِنْ تَمْرِ الْمَدِينَةِ فَقَالُوا هَذَا مِنْ تَمْرِ يَثْرِبَ فَاتَّبَعُوا آثَارَهُمْ حَتَّى لَحِقُوهُمْ فَلَمَّا أَحَسَّهُمْ عَاصِمُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ وَأَصْحَابُهُ لَجَئُوا إِلَى فَدْفَدٍ وَقَدْ جَاءَ الْقَوْمُ فَأَحَاطُوا بِهِمْ وَقَالُوا لَكُمُ الْعَهْدُ وَالْمِيثَاقُ إِنْ نَزَلْتُمْ إِلَيْنَا أَنْ لَا نَقْتُلَ مِنْكُمْ رَجُلًا فَقَالَ عَاصِمُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ أَمَّا أَنَا فَلَا أَنْزِلُ فِي ذِمَّةِ كَافِرٍ اللهُمَّ أَخْبِرْ عَنَّا رَسُولَكَ قَالَ فَقَاتَلُوهُمْ فَرَمَوْهُمْ فَقَتَلُوا عَاصِمًا فِي سَبْعَةِ نَفَرٍ وَبَقِيَ خُبَيْبُ بْنُ عَدِيٍّ وَزَيْدُ بْنُ الدَّثِنَةِ وَرَجُلٌ آخَرُ فَأَعْطَوْهُمُ الْعَهْدَ وَالْمِيثَاقَ إِنْ نَزَلُوا إِلَيْهِمْ فَلَمَّا اسْتَمْكَنُوا مِنْهُمْ حَلُّوا أَوْتَارَ قِسِيِّهِمْ فَرَبَطُوهُمْ بِهَا فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ الثَّالِثُ الَّذِي مَعَهُمَا هَذَا أَوَّلُ الْغَدْرِ فَأَبَى أَنْ يَصْحَبَهُمْ فَجَرُّوهُ فَأَبَى أَنْ يَتْبَعَهُمْ فَضَرَبُوا عُنُقَهُ فَانْطَلَقُوا بِخُبَيْبِ بْنِ عَدِيٍّ وَزَيْدِ بْنِ الدَّثِنَةِ حَتَّى بَاعُوهُمَا بِمَكَّةَ فَاشْتَرَى خُبَيْبًا بَنُو الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَامِرِ بْنِ نَوْفَلٍ وَكَانَ قَدْ قَتَلَ الْحَارِثَ يَوْمُ بَدْرٍ فَمَكَثَ عِنْدَهُمْ أَسِيرًا حَتَّى إِذَا أَجْمَعُوا قَتْلَهُ اسْتَعَارَ مُوسَى مِنْ إِحْدَى بَنَاتِ الْحَارِثِ لِيَسْتَحِدَّ بِهَا فَأَعَارَتْهُ قَالَتْ فَغَفَلْتُ عَنْ صَبِيٍّ لِي فَدَرَجَ إِلَيْهِ حَتَّى أَتَاهُ قَالَتْ فَأَخَذَهُ فَوَضَعَهُ عَلَى فَخِذِهِ فَلَمَّارَأَيْتُهُ فَزِعْتُ فَزَعًا عَرَفَهُ وَالْمُوسَى فِي يَدِهِ فَقَالَ أَتَخْشَيْنَ أَنْ أَقْتُلَهُ؟ مَا كُنْتُ لِأَفْعَلَ إِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ قَالَ وَكَانَتْ تَقُولُ مَا رَأَيْتُ أَسِيرًا خَيْرًا مِنْ خُبَيْبٍ قَدْ رَأَيْتُهُ يَأْكُلُ مِنْ قِطْفِ عِنَبٍ وَمَا بِمَكَّةَ يَوْمَئِذٍ ثَمَرَةٌ وَإِنَّهُ لَمُوثَقٌ فِي الْحَدِيدِ وَمَا كَانَ إِلَّا رِزْقًا رَزَقَهُ اللهُ إِيَّاهُ قَالَ ثُمَّ خَرَجُوا بِهِ مِنَ الْحَرَمِ لِيَقْتُلُوهُ فَقَالَ دَعُونِي أُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَصَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَوْلَا أَنْ تَرَوْا مَا بِي جَزَعًا مِنَ الْمَوْتِ لَزِدْتُ قَالَ وَكَانَ أَوَّلَ مَنْ سَنَّ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ عِنْدَ الْقَتْلِ هُوَ ثُمَّ قَالَ اللهُمَّ أَحْصِهِمْ عَدَدًا[البحر الطويل]وَلَسْتُ أُبَالِي حِينَ أُقْتَلُ مُسْلِمًا عَلَى أَيِّ شِقٍّ كَانَ لِلَّهِ مَصْرَعِيوَذَلِكَ فِي ذَاتِ الْإِلَهِ وَإِنْ يَشَأْ يُبَارِكْ عَلَى أَوْصَالِ شِلْوٍ مُمَزَّعِثُمَّ قَامَ إِلَيْهِ عُقْبَةُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ فَقَتَلَهُ وَبَعَثَتْ قُرَيْشٌ إِلَى عَاصِمٍ لِيُؤْتَوْا بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ جَسَدِهِ يَعْرِفُونَهُ وَكَانَ قَتَلَ عَظِيمًا مِنْ عُظَمَائِهِمْ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ فَبَعَثَ اللهُ عَلَيْهِ مِثْلَ الظُّلَّةِ مِنَ الدَّبْرِ فَحَمَتْهُ مِنْ رُسُلِهِمْ فَلَمْ يَقْدِرُوا عَلَى شَيْءٍ مِنْهُ  

ahmad:16077Ḥujayn b. al-Muthanná Abū ʿUmar > ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz / Ibn ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Salamah > ʿAbdullāh b. al-Faḍl > Sulaymān b. Yasār > Jaʿfar b. ʿAmr al-Ḍamrī

I went out with 'Ubaidullah bin ʿAdi Al-Khaiyar. When we reached Hims (i.e. a town in Syria), 'Ubaidullah bin ʿAdi said (to me), "Would you like to see Wahshi so that we may ask him about the killing of Hamza?" I replied, "Yes." Wahshi used to live in Hims. We enquired about him and somebody said to us, "He is that in the shade of his palace, as if he were a full water skin." So we went up to him, and when we were at a short distance from him, we greeted him and he greeted us in return. 'Ubaidullah was wearing his turban and Wahshi could not see except his eyes and feet. 'Ubaidullah said, "O Wahshi! Do you know me?" Wahshi looked at him and then said, "No, by Allah! But I know that ʿAdi bin Al-Khiyar married a woman called Um Qital, the daughter of Abu Al-Is, and she delivered a boy for him at Mecca, and I looked for a wet nurse for that child. (Once) I carried that child along with his mother and then I handed him over to her, and your feet resemble that child's feet." Then 'Ubaidullah uncovered his face and said (to Wahshi), "Will you tell us (the story of) the killing of Hamza?" Wahshi replied "Yes, Hamza killed Tuaima bin ʿAdi bin Al-Khaiyar at Badr (battle) so my master, Jubair bin Mutʿim said to me, 'If you kill Hamza in revenge for my uncle, then you will be set free." When the people set out (for the battle of Uhud) in the year of 'Ainain ..'Ainain is a mountain near the mountain of Uhud, and between it and Uhud there is a valley.. I went out with the people for the battle. When the army aligned for the fight, Siba' came out and said, 'Is there any (Muslim) to accept my challenge to a duel?' Hamza bin ʿAbdul Muttalib came out and said, 'O Siba'. O Ibn Um Anmar, the one who circumcises other ladies! Do you challenge Allah and His Apostle?' Then Hamza attacked and killed him, causing him to be non-extant like the bygone yesterday. I hid myself under a rock, and when he (i.e. Hamza) came near me, I threw my spear at him, driving it into his umbilicus so that it came out through his buttocks, causing him to die. When all the people returned to Mecca, I too returned with them. I stayed in (Mecca) till Islam spread in it (i.e. Mecca). Then I left for Taif, and when the people (of Taif) sent their messengers to Messenger of Allah ﷺ, I was told that the Prophet ﷺ did not harm the messengers; So I too went out with them till I reached Messenger of Allah ﷺ. When he saw me, he said, 'Are you Wahshi?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Was it you who killed Hamza?' I replied, 'What happened is what you have been told of.' He said, 'Can you hide your face from me?' So I went out when Messenger of Allah ﷺ died, and Musailamah Al-Kadhdhab appeared (claiming to be a prophet). I said, 'I will go out to Musailamah so that I may kill him, and make amends for killing Hamza. So I went out with the people (to fight Musailamah and his followers) and then famous events took place concerning that battle. Suddenly I saw a man (i.e. Musailamah) standing near a gap in a wall. He looked like an ash-colored camel and his hair was dishevelled. So I threw my spear at him, driving it into his chest in between his breasts till it passed out through his shoulders, and then an Ansari man attacked him and struck him on the head with a sword. ʿAbdullah bin ʿUmar said, 'A slave girl on the roof of a house said: Alas! The chief of the believers (i.e. Musailamah) has been killed by a black slave." (Using translation from Bukhārī 4072)  

أحمد:١٦٠٧٧حَدَّثَنَا حُجَيْنُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى أَبُو عُمَرَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ الْفَضْلِ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو الضَّمْرِيِّ قَالَ خَرَجْتُ مَعَ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عَدِيِّ بْنِ الْخِيَارِ إِلَى الشَّامِ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا حِمْصَ قَالَ

لِي عُبَيْدُ اللهِ هَلْ لَكَ فِي وَحْشِيٍّ نَسْأَلُهُ عَنْ قَتْلِ حَمْزَةَ؟ قُلْتُ نَعَمْوَكَانَ وَحْشِيٌّ يَسْكُنُ حِمْصَ قَالَ فَسَأَلْنَا عَنْهُ فَقِيلَ لَنَا هُوَ ذَاكَ فِي ظِلِّ قَصْرِهِ كَأَنَّهُ حَمِيتٌ قَالَ فَجِئْنَا حَتَّى وَقَفْنَا عَلَيْهِ فَسَلَّمْنَا عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْنَا السَّلَامَ قَالَ وَعُبَيْدُ اللهِ مُعْتَجِرٌ بِعِمَامَتِهِ مَا يَرَى وَحْشِيٌّ إِلَّا عَيْنَيْهِ وَرِجْلَيْهِ فَقَالَ عُبَيْدُ اللهِ يَا وَحْشِيُّ أَتَعْرِفُنِي؟ قَالَ فَنَظَرَ إِلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَا وَاللهِ إِلَّا أَنِّي أَعْلَمُ أَنَّ عَدِيَّ بْنَ الْخِيَارِ تَزَوَّجَ امْرَأَةً يُقَالُ لَهَا أُمُّ قِتَالٍ ابْنَةُ أَبِي الْعِيصِ فَوَلَدَتْ لَهُ غُلَامًا بِمَكَّةَ فَاسْتَرْضَعَهُ فَحَمَلْتُ ذَلِكَ الْغُلَامَ مَعَ أُمِّهِ فَنَاوَلْتُهَا إِيَّاهُ فَلَكَأَنِّي نَظَرْتُ إِلَى قَدَمَيْكَ قَالَ فَكَشَفَ عُبَيْدُ اللهِ وَجْهَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَلَا تُخْبِرُنَا بِقَتْلِ حَمْزَةَ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنَّ حَمْزَةَ قَتَلَ طُعَيْمَةَ ابْنَ عَدِيٍّ بِبَدْرٍ فَقَالَ لِي مَوْلَايَ جُبَيْرُ بْنُ مُطْعِمٍ إِنْ قَتَلْتَ حَمْزَةَ بِعَمِّي فَأَنْتَ حُرٌّ فَلَمَّا خَرَجَ النَّاسُ يَوْمَ عِينِينَ قَالَ وَعِينِينُ جُبَيْلٌ تَحْتَ أُحُدٍ وَبَيْنَهُ وَادٍ خَرَجْتُ مَعَ النَّاسِ إِلَى الْقِتَالِ فَلَمَّا أَنْ اصْطَفُّوا لِلْقِتَالِ قَالَ خَرَجَ سِبَاعٌ مَنْ مُبَارِزٌ ؟ قَالَ فَخَرَجَ إِلَيْهِ حَمْزَةُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ فَقَالَ يَا سِبَاعُ يا ابْنَ أُمِّ أَنْمَارٍ يَا ابْنَ مُقَطِّعَةِ الْبُظُورِ أَتُحَادُّ اللهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ثُمَّ شَدَّ عَلَيْهِ فَكَانَ كَأَمْسِ الذَّاهِبِ وَأَكْمَنْتُ لِحَمْزَةَ تَحْتَ صَخْرَةٍ حَتَّى إِذَا مَرَّ عَلَيَّ فَلَمَّا أَنْ دَنَا مِنِّي رَمَيْتُهُ فَأَضَعُهَا فِي ثُنَّتِهِ حَتَّى خَرَجَتْ مِنْ بَيْنِ وَرِكَيْهِ قَالَ فَكَانَ ذَلِكَ الْعَهْدُ بِهِ قَالَ فَلَمَّا رَجَعَ النَّاسُ رَجَعْتُ مَعَهُمْ قَالَ فَأَقَمْتُ بِمَكَّةَ حَتَّى فَشَا فِيهَا الْإِسْلَامُ قَالَ ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ إِلَى الطَّائِفِ قَالَ فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَيَّ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ وَقِيلَ لَهُ إِنَّهُ لَا يَهِيجُ الرُّسُلِ قَالَ فَخَرَجْتُ مَعَهُمْ حَتَّى قَدِمْتُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ فَلَمَّا رَآنِي قَالَ آنْتَ وَحْشِيٌّ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ قَالَ أَنْتَ قَتَلْتَ حَمْزَةَ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ قَدْ كَانَ مِنَ الْأَمْرِ مَا بَلَغَكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِذْ قَالَ مَا تَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ تُغَيِّبَ عَنِّي وَجْهَكَ قَالَ فَرَجَعْتُ فَلَمَّا تُوُفِّيَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَخَرَجَ مُسَيْلِمَةُ الْكَذَّابُ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَأَخْرُجَنَّ إِلَى مُسَيْلِمَةَ لَعَلِّي أَقْتُلُهُ فَأُكَافِئَ بِهِ حَمْزَةَ قَالَ فَخَرَجْتُ مَعَ النَّاسِ فَكَانَ مِنْ أَمْرِهِمْ مَا كَانَ قَالَ فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ قَائِمٌ فِي ثَلْمَةِ جِدَارٍ كَأَنَّهُ جَمَلٌ أَوْرَقُ ثَائِرٌ رَأْسُهُ قَالَ فَأَرْمِيهِ بِحَرْبَتِي فَأَضَعُهَا بَيْنَ ثَدْيَيْهِ حَتَّى خَرَجَتْ مِنْ بَيْنِ كَتِفَيْهِ قَالَ وَدبَّ إِلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ قَالَ فَضَرَبَهُ بِالسَّيْفِ عَلَى هَامَتِهِقَالَ عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ الْفَضْلِ فَأَخْبَرَنِي سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ يَسَارٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ عَبْدَ اللهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ [يَقُولُ] فَقَالَتْ جَارِيَةٌ عَلَى ظَهْرِ بَيْتٍ وَاأَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ قَتَلَهُ الْعَبْدُ الْأَسْوَدُ  

ahmad:25624Bahz > Ibrāhīm b. Saʿd > Ṣāliḥ > Bahz > Lah Ibn Kaysān > Naʿam > Ibn Shihāb > ʿUrwah b. al-Zubayr And Saʿīd b. al-Musayyib Waʿalqamah b. Waqqāṣ Waʿubayd Allāh b. ʿAbdullāh b. ʿUtbah

[Machine] Narrated Aisha, the wife of the Prophet ﷺ , when he asked her about what the people of falsehood had said about her, Allah exonerated her. "And all of them talked to me about her narration, and some of them understood her narration better than others, and some of them verified it and sought retribution for her. However, I renounced the narration of all the men who reported to me about Aisha. Some of their narrations corroborate each other, but some of them understand it better than others."

They said, "Aisha said, when the Messenger of Allah ﷺ intended to travel, he cast lots among his wives, and whichever of them had her arrow come out, she would accompany him. Then, he mentioned the narration except that he said, 'I have been commanded to set off on a night journey.' So, I got up when they announced the departure. He said, 'From the pain of Dhafar.' He said, 'It makes me sick.' He said, 'So, I changed my bedding.' He said, 'Urwah told me that it circulated and was talked about in his presence, and he would recite it and listen to it and authorize it and obtain benefits from it. Urwah also said, 'Only Hassan ibn Thabit, Mistah ibn Athatha, and Humnah bint Jahsh were mentioned from the people of falsehood. I do not know about the others except that they were a group, as Allah said. 'And indeed, this is what they were wont to say among the assemblies of Abdullah ibn Ubayy ibn Salul.' Urwah also said, 'Aisha disliked that Hassan should be mentioned in her presence and she would say, "He is the one who recited Al-Bahr Al-Wafer [a derogatory poem about the Prophet]." She also said, 'Indeed, my father, and his father, and my honor, and the honor of Muhammad ﷺ , from you.' And she said, 'Our command is the command of the reigning Arabs in the excellence of purity.' And he said to her, 'There are disadvantages.' And he also said, 'By the One Who knows the innocence of his family.' And he said, 'Then the lynx comes and eats it.' And he said, 'Even if he is from our brethren among the Khazraj.' And a man from the Khazraj stood up. Umm Hassan, the sister of Hamnah, fought for her.' Urwah also said, 'Aisha swore by Allah, the man who was accused of what he was accused of would say, 'Glory be to Allah!' And by the One in Whose Hand my soul is, I never revealed anything intimately from a woman's cloister before this. She said, Then he was killed in the cause of Allah as a martyr." Abdullah ibn Ahmad said, "My father mentioned in one of the two narrations, 'There was a dispute.'  

أحمد:٢٥٦٢٤حَدَّثَنَا بَهْزٌ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ عَنْ صَالِحٍ قَالَ بَهْزٌ قُلْتُ لَهُ ابْنُ كَيْسَانَ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عُرْوَةُ بْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ وَسَعِيدُ بْنُ الْمُسَيِّبِ وَعَلْقَمَةُ بْنُ وَقَّاصٍ وَعُبَيْدُ اللهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ حِينَ قَالَ لَهَا أَهْلُ الْإِفْكِ مَا قَالُوا فَبَرَّأَهَا اللهُ وَكُلُّهُمْ حَدَّثَنِي طَائِفَةً مِنْ حَدِيثِهَا وَبَعْضُهُمْ كَانَ أَوْعَى لِحَدِيثِهَا مِنْ بَعْضٍ وَأَثْبَتَ لَهُ اقْتِصَاصًا وَقَدْ وَعَيْتُ عَنْ كُلِّ رَجُلٍ مِنْهُمُ الْحَدِيثَ الَّذِي حَدَّثَنِي عَنْ عَائِشَةَ وَبَعْضُ حَدِيثِهِمْ يُصَدِّقُ بَعْضًا وَإِنْ كَانَ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْعَى لَهُ مِنْ بَعْضٍ قَالُواقَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِذَا أَرَادَ سَفَرًا أَقْرَعَ بَيْنَ أَزْوَاجِهِ فَأَيَّتُهُنَّ خَرَجَ سَهْمُهَا خَرَجَ بِهَا فَذَكَرَ الْحَدِيثَ إِلَّا أَنَّهُ قَالَ آذَنَ لَيْلَةَ بِالرَّحِيلِ فَقُمْتُ حِينَ آذَنُوا بِالرَّحِيلِ وَقَالَ مِنْ جَزْعِ ظَفَارٍ وَقَالَ يُهَبَّلْنَ وَقَالَ فَيَمَّمْتُ مَنْزِلِي وَقَالَ قَالَ عُرْوَةُ أُخْبِرْتُ أَنَّهُ كَانَ يُشَاعُ وَيُحَدَّثُ بِهِ عِنْدَهُ فَيُقِرُّهُ وَيَسْتَمِعُهُ وَيَسْتَوْشِيهِ وَقَالَ عُرْوَةُ أَيْضًا لَمْ يُسَمَّ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْإِفْكِ إِلَّا حَسَّانُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ وَمِسْطَحُ بْنُ أُثَاثَةَ وَحَمْنَةُ بِنْتُ جَحْشٍ فِي نَاسٍ آخَرِينَ لَا عِلْمَ لِي بِهِمْ إِلَّا أَنَّهُمْ عُصْبَةٌ كَمَا قَالَ اللهُ ﷻ وَإِنَّ كِبْرَ ذَلِكَ كَانَ يُقَالُ عِنْدَ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ أُبَيِّ ابْنِ سَلُولَ قَالَ عُرْوَةُ وَكَانَتْ عَائِشَةُ تَكْرَهُ أَنْ يُسَبَّ عِنْدَهَا حَسَّانُ وَتَقُولُ إِنَّهُ الَّذِي قَالَ[البحر الوافر]فَإِنَّ أَبِي وَوَالِدَهُ وَعِرْضِي لِعِرْضِ مُحَمَّدٍ مِنْكُمْ وِقَاءُوَقَالَتْ وَأَمْرُنَا أَمْرُ الْعَرَبِ الْأُوَلِ فِي التَّنْزِيهِ وَقَالَ لَهَا ضَرَائِرُ وَقَالَ بِالَّذِي يَعْلَمُ مِنْ بَرَاءَةِ أَهْلِهِ وَقَالَ فَتَأْتِي الدَّاجِنُ فَتَأْكُلُهُ وَقَالَ وَإِنْ كَانَ مِنْ إِخْوَانِنَا الْخَزْرَجِ وَقَالَ فَقَامَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْخَزْرَجِ وَكَانَتْ أُمُّ حَسَّانَ بِنْتَ عَمِّهِ مِنْ فَخِذِهِ وَهُوَ سَعْدُ بْنُ عُبَادَةَ وَهُوَ سَيِّدُ الْخَزْرَجِ قَالَتْ وَكَانَ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ رَجُلًا صَالِحًا وَلَكِنْ احْتَمَلَتْهُ الْحَمِيَّةُ وَقَالَ قَلَصَ دَمْعِي وَقَالَوَطَفِقَتْ أُخْتُهَا حَمْنَةُ تُحَارِبُ لَهَا وَقَالَ عُرْوَةُ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ وَاللهِ إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ الَّذِي قِيلَ لَهُ مَا قِيلَ لَيَقُولُ سُبْحَانَ اللهِ فَوَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ مَا كَشَفْتُ عَنْ كَنَفِ أُنْثَى قَطُّ قَالَتْ ثُمَّ قُتِلَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ شَهِيدًا قَالَ عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ قَالَ أَبِي فِي أَحَدِ الْحَدِيثَيْنِ تَجَاذُبٌ  

ahmad:20178Abū Kāmil > Zuhayr > al-Aswad b. Qays > Thaʿlabah b. ʿAbbād al-ʿAbdī from Ahl al-Baṣrah

[Machine] Narrated by the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, he said: "Once, I and a young boy from the Ansar were throwing arrows at targets in front of us, according to a promise we made to each other during the time of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. We continued until the sun appeared as if it was a black and cold ball. Then one of us said to his companion, 'Let us go to the mosque, and I swear by Allah that I will inform the Messenger of Allah ﷺ about this extraordinary event in his Ummah.' So we went to the mosque, and behold, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was there. He went out to the people and prayed in a manner longer than any prayer he had ever prayed before, so much so that we could not hear any movement from him. Then he prostrated in a similarly prolonged manner, and again we could not hear any movement from him. He performed the second unit of prayer in the same manner. While he was sitting between the two units, the sun appeared and he performed a sitting that was the longest he had ever done. I thought he would never finish. Then he said the tasleem and praised Allah and testified that He is Allah and His Messenger. Then he addressed the people and said, 'O people, I swear by Allah that if you knew the things that I know, you would have seen the signs in this sun, moon, and stars as the death of great men from the people of the earth. But they would deny it. However, these signs are among Allah's signs that His slaves consider, to see who among them will repent. By Allah, since I started praying, I have not seen you in such a state, concerned about your worldly affairs and your hereafter. By Allah, the Hour will not come until 30 liars appear. The last of them will be the one-eyed Dajjal who will have a blind eye, which looks like the eye of Abu Talha, a companion from the Ansar, between his eyes and Aisha's room. He will claim that he is Allah. Whoever believes in him and testifies to his claim, his good deeds done before that day will not benefit him. And whoever disbelieves in him and denies him, no harm will come to his deeds. A grey-haired old man, perhaps Hassan Ash-Shaib, said that his bad deeds will outweigh his good deeds. The Dajjal will appear on the entire earth except for the Haram and Bayt al-Maqdis. He will gather the believers in Bayt al-Maqdis, where they will experience a severe earthquake. Then Allah will destroy him and his army, to the extent that stones and trees will call out to the believers, saying, 'O believer, this is a Jew,' or 'This is a disbeliever, come and kill him!' But it will not be like that until you witness events that will greatly concern you and you will wonder whether your Prophet has told you about them. And it will not be like that until mountains move from their places consecutively, one after another, and until the closing of the gates. Then I witnessed a sermon by Simarah in which he mentioned this Hadith, but he did not start or end it in its proper context."  

أحمد:٢٠١٧٨حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كَامِلٍ حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرٌ حَدَّثَنَا الْأَسْوَدُ بْنُ قَيْسٍ حَدَّثَنَا ثَعْلَبَةُ بْنُ عَبَّادٍ الْعَبْدِيُّ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْبَصْرَةِ قَالَ شَهِدْتُ يَوْمًا خُطْبَةً لِسَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدُبٍ فَذَكَرَ فِي خُطْبَتِهِ حَدِيثًا

عَنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ بَيْنَا أَنَا وَغُلَامٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ نَرْمِي فِيغَرَضَيْنِ لَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَتِ الشَّمْسُ قِيدَ رُمْحَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلَاثَةٍ فِي عَيْنِ النَّاظِرِ اسْوَدَّتْ حَتَّى آضَتْ كَأَنَّهَا تَنُّومَةٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَحَدُنَا لِصَاحِبِهِ انْطَلِقْ بِنَا إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَوَاللهِ لَيُحْدِثَنَّ شَأْنُ هَذِهِ الشَّمْسِ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فِي أُمَّتِهِ حَدَثًا قَالَ فَدَفَعْنَا إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِأَزَزٍ قَالَ وَوَافَقْنَا رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ حِينَ خَرَجَ إِلَى النَّاسِ فَاسْتَقْدَمَ فَقَامَ بِنَا كَأَطْوَلِ مَا قَامَ بِنَا فِي صَلَاةٍ قَطُّ لَا نَسْمَعُ لَهُ صَوْتًا ثُمَّ رَكَعَ كَأَطْوَلِ مَارَكَعَ بِنَا فِي صَلَاةٍ قَطُّ لَا نَسْمَعُ لَهُ صَوْتًا ثُمَّ سَجَدَ بِنَا كَأَطْوَلَ مَا سَجَدَ بِنَا فِي صَلَاةٍ قَطُّ لَا نَسْمَعُ لَهُ صَوْتًا ثُمَّ فَعَلَ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ فَوَافَقَ تَجَلِّيَ الشَّمْسِ جُلُوسُهُ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ قَالَ زُهَيْرٌ حَسِبْتُهُ قَالَ فَسَلَّمَ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ وَشَهِدَ أَنَّهُ عَبْدُ اللهِ وَرَسُولُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَنْشُدُكُمْ بِاللهِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنِّي قَصَّرْتُ عَنْ شَيْءٍ مِنْ تَبْلِيغِ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي لَمَا أَخْبَرْتُمُونِي ذَاكَ فَبَلَّغْتُ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي كَمَا يَنْبَغِي لَهَا أَنْ تُبَلَّغَ وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنِّي بَلَّغْتُ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي لَمَا أَخْبَرْتُمُونِي ذَاكَ قَالَ فَقَامَ رِجَالٌ فَقَالُوا نَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّكَ وَنَصَحْتَ لِأُمَّتِكَ وَقَضَيْتَ الَّذِي عَلَيْكَ ثُمَّ سَكَتُوا ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَإِنَّ رِجَالًا يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّ كُسُوفَ هَذِهِ الشَّمْسِ وَكُسُوفَ هَذَا الْقَمَرِ وَزَوَالَ هَذِهِ النُّجُومِ عَنْ مَطَالِعِهَا لِمَوْتِ رِجَالٍ عُظَمَاءَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ وَإِنَّهُمْ قَدْ كَذَبُوا وَلَكِنَّهَا آيَاتٌ مِنْ آيَاتِ اللهِ يَعْتَبِرُ بِهَا عِبَادُهُ فَيَنْظُرُ مَنْ يُحْدِثُ لَهُ مِنْهُمْ تَوْبَةً وَايْمُ اللهِ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُ مُنْذُ قُمْتُ أُصَلِّي مَا أَنْتُمْ لَاقُونَ فِي أَمْرِ دُنْيَاكُمْ وَآخِرَتِكُمْ وَإِنَّهُ وَاللهِ لَا تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ ثَلَاثُونَكَذَّابًا آخِرُهُمُ الْأَعْوَرُ الدَّجَّالُ مَمْسُوحُ الْعَيْنِ الْيُسْرَى كَأَنَّهَا عَيْنُ أَبِي تَحْيَى لِشَيْخٍ حِينَئِذٍ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ حُجْرَةِ عَائِشَةَ وَإِنَّهُ مَتَى يَخْرُجُ أَوْ قَالَ مَتَى مَا يَخْرُجُ فَإِنَّهُ سَوْفَ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ اللهُ فَمَنْ آمَنَ بِهِ وَصَدَّقَهُ وَاتَّبَعَهُ لَمْ يَنْفَعْهُ صَالِحٌ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ سَلَفَ وَمَنْ كَفَرَ بِهِ وَكَذَّبَهُ لَمْ يُعَاقَبْ بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ وَقَالَ حَسَنٌ الْأَشْيَبُ بِسَيِّئٍ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ سَلَفَ وَإِنَّهُ سَيَظْهَرُ أَوْ قَالَ سَوْفَ يَظْهَرُ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ كُلِّهَا إِلَّا الْحَرَمَ وَبَيْتَ الْمَقْدِسِ وَإِنَّهُ يَحْصُرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فِي بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ فَيُزَلْزَلُونَ زِلْزَالًا شَدِيدًا ثُمَّ يُهْلِكُهُ اللهُ وَجُنُودَهُ حَتَّى إِنَّ جِذْمَ الْحَائِطِ أَوْ قَالَ أَصْلَ الْحَائِطِ وَقَالَ حَسَنٌ الْأَشْيَبُ وَأَصْلَ الشَّجَرَةِ لَيُنَادِي أَوْ قَالَ يَقُولُ يَا مُؤْمِنُ أَوْ قَالَ يَا مُسْلِمُ هَذَا يَهُودِيٌّ أَوْ قَالَ هَذَا كَافِرٌ تَعَالَ فَاقْتُلْهُ قَالَ وَلَنْ يَكُونَ ذَلِكَ كَذَلِكَ حَتَّى تَرَوْا أُمُورًا يَتَفَاقَمُ شَأْنُهَا فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ وَتَسَاءَلُونَ بَيْنَكُمْ هَلْ كَانَ نَبِيُّكُمْ ذَكَرَ لَكُمْ مِنْهَا ذِكْرًا وَحَتَّى تَزُولَ جِبَالٌ عَلَى مَرَاتِبِهَا ثُمَّ عَلَى أَثَرِ ذَلِكَ الْقَبْضُ قَالَ ثُمَّ شَهِدْتُ خُطْبَةً لِسَمُرَةَ ذَكَرَ فِيهَا هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ فَمَا قَدَّمَ كَلِمَةً وَلَا أَخَّرَهَا عَنْ مَوْضِعِهَا  

ahmad:17777Yaʿqūb b. Ibrāhīm from my father > Ibn Isḥāq > Yazīd b. Abū Ḥabīb

[Machine] About the trench, I gathered a group of men from the Quraysh who used to see my location and hear from me. So I said to them, "Do you know, by Allah, I see Muhammad's matter rising greatly, and I have seen a vision. What do you see in it?" They asked, "What did you see?" I said, "I saw that we meet with the Najashi (King of Abyssinia), so that if Muhammad appears over our people, we will be with the Najashi. Because being under his authority is more beloved to us than being under the authority of Muhammad. And if our people appear, they will only bring us goodness." They said, "This plan is good." So I told them to gather what we will present to the Najashi, and the most beloved thing that could be presented to him was Adham from our land. So we gathered a lot of Adham for him, and we traveled until we reached him. By Allah, we were with him when 'Amr ibn Umayyah Ad-Damri came, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had sent him to the Najashi regarding Ja'far and his companions. 'Amr entered upon him and then left his presence. So I said to my companions, "This is 'Amr ibn Umayyah. If I had met the Najashi and asked him for him, he would have given him to me and I would have killed him. So when Quraysh saw that I had relieved them by killing the Messenger of Allah ﷺ , they let me enter upon him. So I prostrated before him as I used to do, and he said, 'Welcome, my friend. Did you bring me anything from your land?' I said, 'Yes, O King, I have brought you a lot of Adham.' He was amazed by them and liked them. Then I said to him, 'O King, I have seen a man who came from you, and he is a Messenger of a man who is an enemy to us. Give him to me so that I can kill him, for he has harmed some of our nobles and elites.' The Najashi became angry and raised his hand, striking his nose. I thought he had broken it, and if the earth had split open for me, I would have entered it due to him. Then I said to him, 'O King, by Allah, if I had thought that you disliked this, I would not have asked you for it.' He said, 'Do you ask me to give you the Messenger of a man whom the greatest catastrophe used to come to, like that which used to come to Musa, so that you can kill him?' I said, 'O King, is he such?' He said, 'Woe unto you, O 'Amr! Obey him and follow him, for by Allah, he is on the truth and he will be victorious. There will come a time when people will appear against him as Musa appeared against Fir'awn and his soldiers.' I said, 'So pledge allegiance to him for Islam.' He said, 'Yes.' He extended his hand and I pledged allegiance to him for Islam. Then I went out to my companions with my vision being different from what it used to be, and I concealed my Islam from my companions. Then I went out following the Messenger of Allah ﷺ to become Muslim. I met Khalid ibn Al-Walid, who was approaching from Makkah, and I said, 'Where are you, O Abu Sulayman?' He said, 'By Allah, the canyons are straight, and that man is truly a Prophet. I will go and become Muslim.' I asked, 'Until when?' He said, 'By Allah, I only came to become Muslim.' I said, 'We have preceded you in pledging allegiance to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ .' So we arrived to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ , and Khalid ibn Al-Walid became Muslim and pledged allegiance to him. Then I approached and said, 'O Messenger of Allah, I pledge allegiance to you on the condition that you forgive me for what has passed of my sins and that you do not mention them. He ﷺ said, 'O 'Amr, pledge allegiance, for indeed Islam erases what came before it, and Hijrah erases what came before it.' I said, 'So I pledged allegiance to him,' and then I departed." Ibn Ishaq said, "I have narrated this story to you from a trustworthy person." Uthman ibn Talhah ibn Abi Talhah was with them when they became Muslim.  

أحمد:١٧٧٧٧حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي عَنْ ابْنِ إِسْحَاقَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي يَزِيدُ بْنُ أَبِي حَبِيبٍ عَنْ رَاشِدٍ مَوْلَى حَبِيبِ بْنِ أَبِي أَوْسٍ الثَّقَفِيِّ عَنْ حَبِيبِ بْنِ أَبِي أَوْسٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عَمْرُو بْنُ الْعَاصِ مِنْ فِيهِ قَالَ لَمَّا انْصَرَفْنَا مِنَالْأَحْزَابِ

عَنِ الْخَنْدَقِ جَمَعْتُ رِجَالًا مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ كَانُوا يَرَوْنَ مَكَانِي وَيَسْمَعُونَ مِنِّي فَقُلْتُ لَهُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ وَاللهِ إِنِّي لَأَرَى أَمْرَ مُحَمَّدٍ يَعْلُو الْأُمُورَ عُلُوًّا كَبِيرًا وَإِنِّي قَدْ رَأَيْتُ رَأْيًا فَمَا تَرَوْنَ فِيهِ؟ قَالُوا وَمَا رَأَيْتَ؟ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ أَنْ نَلْحَقَ بِالنَّجَاشِيِّ فَنَكُونَ عِنْدَهُ فَإِنْ ظَهَرَ مُحَمَّدٌ عَلَى قَوْمِنَا كُنَّا عِنْدَ النَّجَاشِيِّ فَإِنَّا أَنْ نَكُونَ تَحْتَ يَدَيْهِ أَحَبُّ إِلَيْنَا مِنْ أَنْ نَكُونَ تَحْتَ يَدَيْ مُحَمَّدٍ وَإِنْ ظَهَرَ قَوْمُنَا فَنَحْنُ مَنْ قَدْ عُرِفُوا فَلَنْ يَأْتِيَنَا مِنْهُمْ إِلَّا خَيْرٌ فَقَالُوا إِنَّ هَذَا الرَّأْيُ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُمْ فَاجْمَعُوا لَهُ مَا نُهْدِي لَهُ وَكَانَ أَحَبَّ مَا يُهْدَى إِلَيْهِ مِنْ أَرْضِنَا الْأَدَمُ فَجَمَعْنَا لَهُ أُدْمًا كَثِيرًا فَخَرَجْنَا حَتَّى قَدِمْنَا عَلَيْهِ فَوَاللهِ إِنَّا لَعِنْدَهُ إِذْ جَاءَ عَمْرُو بْنُ أُمَيَّةَ الضَّمْرِيُّ وَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ قَدْ بَعَثَهُ إِلَيْهِ فِي شَأْنِ جَعْفَرٍ وَأَصْحَابِهِ قَالَ فَدَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لِأَصْحَابِي هَذَا عَمْرُو بْنُ أُمَيَّةَ لَوْ قَدْ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى النَّجَاشِيِّ فَسَأَلْتُهُ إِيَّاهُ فَأَعْطَانِيهِ فَضَرَبْتُ عُنُقَهُ فَإِذَا فَعَلْتُ ذَلِكَ رَأَتْ قُرَيْشٌ أَنِّي قَدْ أَجْزَأْتُ عَنْهَا حِينَ قَتَلْتُ رَسُولَ مُحَمَّدٍ قَالَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَسَجَدْتُ لَهُ كَمَا كُنْتُ أَصْنَعُ فَقَالَ مَرْحَبًا بِصَدِيقِي أَهْدَيْتَ لِي مِنْ بِلَادِكَ شَيْئًا؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ نَعَمْأَيُّهَا الْمَلِكُ قَدْ أَهْدَيْتُ لَكَ أُدْمًا كَثِيرًا قَالَ ثُمَّ قَدَّمْتُهُ إِلَيْهِ فَأَعْجَبَهُ وَاشْتَهَاهُ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ لَهُ أَيُّهَا الْمَلِكُ إِنِّي قَدْ رَأَيْتُ رَجُلًا خَرَجَ مِنْ عِنْدِكَ وَهُوَ رَسُولُ رَجُلٍ عَدُوٍّ لَنَا فَأَعْطِنِيهِ لِأَقْتُلَهُ فَإِنَّهُ قَدْ أَصَابَ مِنْ أَشْرَافِنَا وَخِيَارِنَا قَالَ فَغَضِبَ ثُمَّ مَدَّ يَدَهُ فَضَرَبَ بِهَا أَنْفَهُ ضَرْبَةً ظَنَنْتُ أَنْ قَدْ كَسَرَهُ فَلَوِ انْشَقَّتْ لِي الْأَرْضُ لَدَخَلْتُ فِيهَا فَرَقًا مِنْهُ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ أَيُّهَا الْمَلِكُ وَاللهِ لَوْ ظَنَنْتُ أَنَّكَ تَكْرَهُ هَذَا مَا سَأَلْتُكَهُ فَقَالَ أَتَسْأَلُنِي أَنْ أُعْطِيَكَ رَسُولَ رَجُلٍ يَأْتِيهِ النَّامُوسُ الْأَكْبَرُ الَّذِي كَانَ يَأْتِي مُوسَى لِتَقْتُلَهُ؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ أَيُّهَا الْمَلِكُ أَكَذَاكَ هُوَ؟ فَقَالَ وَيْحَكَ يَا عَمْرُو أَطِعْنِي وَاتَّبِعْهُ فَإِنَّهُ وَاللهِ لَعَلَى الْحَقِّ وَلَيَظْهَرَنَّ عَلَى مَنْ خَالَفَهُ كَمَا ظَهَرَ مُوسَى عَلَى فِرْعَوْنَ وَجُنُودِهِ قَالَ قُلْتُ فَبَايِعْنِي لَهُ عَلَى الْإِسْلَامِ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَبَسَطَ يَدَهُ وَبَايَعْتُهُ عَلَى الْإِسْلَامِ ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ إِلَى أَصْحَابِي وَقَدْ حَالَ رَأْيِي عَمَّا كَانَ عَلَيْهِ وَكَتَمْتُ أَصْحَابِي إِسْلَامِي ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ عَامِدًا لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ لِأُسْلِمَ فَلَقِيتُ خَالِدَ بْنَ الْوَلِيدِ وَذَلِكَ قُبَيْلَ الْفَتْحِ وَهُوَ مُقْبِلٌ مِنْ مَكَّةَ فَقُلْتُ أَيْنَ يَا أَبَا سُلَيْمَانَ؟ قَالَ وَاللهِ لَقَدِ اسْتَقَامَ الْمَنْسِمُ وَإِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَنَبِيٌّ أَذْهَبُ وَاللهِ أُسْلِمُ فَحَتَّى مَتَى؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَاللهِ مَا جِئْتُ إِلَّا لِأُسْلِمَ قَالَ فَقَدِمْنَا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَدِمَ خَالِدُ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِفَأَسْلَمَ وَبَايَعَ ثُمَّ دَنَوْتُ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنِّي أُبَايِعُكَ عَلَى أَنْ تَغْفِرَ لِي مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِي وَلَا أَذْكُرُ وَمَا تَأَخَّرَ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَا عَمْرُو بَايِعْ فَإِنَّ الْإِسْلَامَ يَجُبُّ مَا كَانَ قَبْلَهُ وَإِنَّ الْهِجْرَةَ تَجُبُّ مَا كَانَ قَبْلَهَا قَالَ فَبَايَعْتُهُ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفْتُ قَالَ ابْنُ إِسْحَاقَ وَقَدْ حَدَّثَنِي مَنْ لَا أَتَّهِمُ أَنَّ عُثْمَانَ بْنَ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ كَانَ مَعَهُمَا أَسْلَمَ حِينَ أَسْلَمَا  

ahmad:14653Isḥāq b. ʿĪsá > Yaḥyá b. Sulaym > ʿAbdullāh b. ʿUthmān b. Khuthaym > Abū al-Zubayr > Jābir b. ʿAbdullāh

[Machine] The Messenger of Allah ﷺ spent ten years following the pilgrims in their dwellings during the pilgrimage season, at Majannah, at 'Ukaz, and in their dwellings in Mina. He would say, "Who will give me shelter? Who will assist me until I deliver the messages of my Lord, and paradise will be theirs?" He did not find anyone who would assist and shelter him. Even when a man would leave Muzdalifah or Yemen and come to their people, they would say, "Beware of the youth from Quraysh, he will lead you astray," while he walked among them and called them to Allah, pointing at them with his fingers. Until Allah sent us to him from Yathrib, a man came to him and believed in him, and he recited the Quran to him, then he returned to his family and they accepted Islam. Soon, there was no house in the dwellings of Yathrib except that it had a group of Muslims who openly displayed Islam. Then Allah completed His favor upon us, and we gathered together, seventy men from our community, and we said, "How long will the Messenger of Allah ﷺ be expelled in the mountains of Makkah and live in fear?" So we set out until we reached him during the pilgrimage season, and we made an appointment with the people of Aqabah. His uncle, Al-Abbas, said to him, "O nephew, I do not know who these people are who have come to you. I am familiar with the people of Yathrib, so we gathered with them, one man and two men. When Al-Abbas saw our faces, he said, 'These are unknown people, they are young.' We said, 'O Messenger of Allah, why should we swear allegiance to you?' He said, 'Swear allegiance to me on hearing and obeying, in times of both energy and laziness, in easy and difficult times, in promoting what is good and forbidding what is evil, and in defending me if I come to Yathrib, even if it means denying yourselves, your wives, and your children. Paradise will be yours.' So we gave him our pledge, and As'ad bin Zurarah, who was the youngest of the seventy, took his hand and said, 'By Allah, O Messenger of Allah, remove your hand from us. We will not abandon this pledge, nor will we revoke it.' So we went to him one by one, and each of us pledged allegiance to him on the terms of al-Abbas, and in return, he bestowed paradise upon us."  

أحمد:١٤٦٥٣حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ عِيسَى حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سُلَيْمٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ خُثَيْمٍ عَنْ أَبِي الزُّبَيْرِ أَنَّهُ حَدَّثَهُ جَابِرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ لَبِثَ عَشْرَ سِنِينَ يَتَّبِعُ الْحَاجَّ فِي مَنَازِلِهِمْ فِي الْمَوْسِمِ وَبِمَجَنَّةٍ وَبِعُكَاظٍ وَبِمَنَازِلِهِمْ بِمِنًى يَقُولُ مَنْ يُؤْوِينِي مَنْ يَنْصُرُنِي حَتَّى أُبَلِّغَ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي وَلَهُ الْجَنَّةُ؟ فَلَا يَجِدُ أَحَدًا يَنْصُرُهُ وَيُؤْوِيهِ حَتَّى إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ يَرْحَلُ مِنْ مُضَرَ أَوْ مِنَ الْيَمَنِ إِلَى ذِي رَحِمِهِ فَيَأْتِيهِ قَوْمُهُ فَيَقُولُونَ احْذَرْ غُلَامَ قُرَيْشٍ لَا يَفْتِنُكَ وَيَمْشِي بَيْنَ رِحَالِهِمْ يَدْعُوهُمْ إِلَى اللهِ ﷻ يُشِيرُونَ إِلَيْهِ بِالْأَصَابِعِ حَتَّى بَعَثَنَا اللهُ ﷻ لَهُ مِنْ يَثْرِبَ فَيَأْتِيهِ الرَّجُلُ فَيُؤْمِنُ بِهِ فَيُقْرِئُهُ الْقُرْآنَ فَيَنْقَلِبُ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ فَيُسْلِمُونَ بِإِسْلَامِهِ حَتَّى لَمْ يَبْقَ دَارٌ مِنْ دُورِ يَثْرِبَ إِلَّا فِيهَا رَهْطٌ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ يُظْهِرُونَ الْإِسْلَامَثُمَّ بَعَثَنَا اللهُ ﷻ فَأْتَمَرْنَا وَاجْتَمَعْنَا سَبْعُونَ رَجُلًا مِنَّا فَقُلْنَا حَتَّى مَتَى نَذَرُ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ يُطْرَدُ فِي جِبَالِ مَكَّةَ وَيَخَافُ فَرَحَلْنَا حَتَّى قَدِمْنَا عَلَيْهِ فِي الْمَوْسِمِ فَوَاعَدْنَاهُ شِعْبَ الْعَقَبَةِ فَقَالَ عَمُّهُ الْعَبَّاسُ يَا ابْنَ أَخِي إِنِّي لَا أَدْرِي مَا هَؤُلَاءِ الْقَوْمُ الَّذِينَ جَاءُوكَ؟ إِنِّي ذُو مَعْرِفَةٍ بِأَهْلِ يَثْرِبَ فَاجْتَمَعْنَا عِنْدَهُ مِنْ رَجُلٍ وَرَجُلَيْنِ فَلَمَّا نَظَرَ الْعَبَّاسُ فِي وُجُوهِنَا قَالَ هَؤُلَاءِ قَوْمٌ لَا أَعْرِفُهُمْ هَؤُلَاءِ أَحْدَاثٌ فَقُلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ عَلَامَ نُبَايِعُكَ؟ قَالَ تُبَايِعُونِي عَلَى السَّمْعِ وَالطَّاعَةِ فِي النَّشَاطِ وَالْكَسَلِ وَعَلَى النَّفَقَةِ فِي الْعُسْرِ وَالْيُسْرِ وَعَلَى الْأَمْرِ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَالنَّهْيِ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَعَلَى أَنْ تَقُولُوا فِي اللهِ لَا تَأْخُذُكُمْ فِيهِ لَوْمَةُ لَائِمٍ وَعَلَى أَنْ تَنْصُرُونِي إِذَا قَدِمْتُ يَثْرِبَ فَتَمْنَعُونِي مِمَّا تَمْنَعُونَ مِنْهُ أَنْفُسَكُمْ وَأَزْوَاجَكُمْ وَأَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَلَكُمُ الْجَنَّةُ فَقُمْنَا نُبَايِعُهُ فَأَخَذَ بِيَدِهِ أَسْعَدُ بْنُ زُرَارَةَ وَهُوَ أَصْغَرُ السَّبْعِينَ فَقَالَ رُوَيْدًا يَا أَهْلَ يَثْرِبَ إِنَّا لَمْ نَضْرِبْ إِلَيْهِ أَكْبَادَ الْمَطِيِّ إِلَّا وَنَحْنُ نَعْلَمُ أَنَّهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ إِنَّ إِخْرَاجَهُ الْيَوْمَ مُفَارَقَةُ الْعَرَبِ كَافَّةً وَقَتْلُ خِيَارِكُمْ وَأَنْ تَعَضَّكُمُ السُّيُوفُ فَإِمَّا أَنْتُمْ قَوْمٌ تَصْبِرُونَ عَلَى السُّيُوفِ إِذَا مَسَّتْكُمْ وَعَلَى قَتْلِ خِيَارِكُمْ وَعَلَى مُفَارَقَةِ الْعَرَبِ كَافَّةً فَخُذُوهُ وَأَجْرُكُمْ عَلَى اللهِ وَإِمَّا أَنْتُمْ قَوْمٌ تَخَافُونَ مِنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ خِيفَةً فَذَرُوهُ فَهُوَ أَعْذَرُ عِنْدَ اللهِقَالَوا يَا أَسْعَدُ بْنَ زُرَارَةَ أَمِطْ عَنَّا يَدَكَ فَوَاللهِ لَا نَذَرُ هَذِهِ الْبَيْعَةَ وَلَا نَسْتَقِيلُهَا فَقُمْنَا إِلَيْهِ رَجُلًا رَجُلًا يَأْخُذُ عَلَيْنَا بِشُرْطَةِ الْعَبَّاسِ وَيُعْطِينَا عَلَى ذَلِكَ الْجَنَّةَ  

ahmad:21114ʿAbdullāh > Abū ʿUthmān ʿAmr b. Muḥammad b. Bukayr al-Nāqid > Sufyān b. ʿUyaynah > ʿAmr / Ibn Dīnār > Saʿīd b. Jubayr > Liāb. ʿAbbās In Nawf al-Shāmī Yazʿum or > Lays Mūsá Ṣāḥib Khaḍir Mūsá Banī Isrāʾīl > Kadhab Nawf ʿAdū Allāhiḥaddathanī Ubay b. Kaʿb

[Machine] I said to Ibn Abbas, "Indeed, Nawfal al-Shami claims or says that Musa was not the companion of Khidr. Musa, the son of Bani Israel said, 'Nawfal is lying, the enemy of Allah.' Ubayy ibn Ka'b narrated to me from the Prophet ﷺ that Musa stood among the Bani Israel to deliver a sermon. They asked him, 'Who is the most knowledgeable among the people?' He said, 'I am.' So Allah inspired him, 'I have a slave who is more knowledgeable than you.' He said, 'My Lord, show him to me.' It was said, 'Take a fish and put it in a basket, then wherever you lose it, it will be there.' So he took a fish and put it in a basket, and he and his companion walked along the shore until they reached a rock. Musa laid down and fell asleep while the fish started moving in the basket until it fell into the sea. Allah made the water flow back, and the fish came back to life and moved along with its companion on the shore until they came to the rock. They found a man covered with a garment and Musa greeted him, saying, 'Do you have any food? We are in need of it, for our journey has exhausted us.' The man replied, 'Indeed, we have encountered hardship on our journey.' The calamity was not removed from them until they passed by the thing that Allah commanded them. Musa exclaimed, 'Did you forget when we took refuge at the rock and I forgot about the fish? None other than Satan made me forget it.' They continued on their way, until when they reached the people of a town, they sought food from its inhabitants, but they refused to show them hospitality. Then they saw a wall about to collapse, and Khidr stood it up. Sufyan demonstrated it with his hands, raising them up like this. Then he placed his palms on top of each other, raising them up. Musa said, 'If you wished, you could have taken payment for it.' Khidr replied, 'This is the parting between me and you.'" Ibn Abbas said, "The first forgetfulness was unintentional." The Prophet ﷺ said, "May Allah have mercy on Musa. If he had been patient and continued to learn from him, we would have seen more wonders from him."  

أحمد:٢١١١٤حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللهِ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو عُثْمَانَ عَمْرُو بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ النَّاقِدُ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ عَنْ عَمْرٍو يَعْنِي ابْنَ دِينَارٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ

قُلْتُ لِابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ إِنَّ نَوْفًا الشَّامِيَّ يَزْعُمُ أَوْ يَقُولُ لَيْسَ مُوسَى صَاحِبَ خَضِرٍ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَالَ كَذَبَ نَوْفٌ عَدُوُّ اللهِحَدَّثَنِي أُبَيُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ أَنَّ مُوسَى قَامَ فِي بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ خَطِيبًا فَقَالُوا لَهُ مَنْ أَعْلَمُ النَّاسِ؟ قَالَ أَنَا فَأَوْحَى اللهُ إِلَيْهِ أَنَّ لِي عَبْدًا أَعْلَمَ مِنْكَ قَالَ رَبِّ فَأَرِنِيهِ قَالَ قِيلَ تَأْخُذُ حُوتًا فَتَجْعَلُهُ فِي مِكْتَلٍ فَحَيْثُمَا فَقَدْتَهُ فَهُوَ ثَمَّ قَالَ فَأَخَذَ حُوتًا فَجَعَلَهُ فِي مِكْتَلٍ وَجَعَلَ هُوَ وَصَاحِبُهُ يَمْشِيَانِ عَلَى السَّاحِلِ حَتَّى أَتَيَا الصَّخْرَةَ فَرَقَدَ مُوسَى وَاضْطَرَبَ الْحُوتُ فِي الْمِكْتَلِ فَوَقَعَ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَحَبَسَ اللهُ عَلَيْهِ جِرْيَةَ الْمَاءِ فَاضْطَرَبَ الْمَاءُ فَاسْتَيْقَظَ مُوسَى فَقَالَ لِفَتَاهُ {آتِنَا غَدَاءَنَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِنْ سَفَرِنَا هَذَا نَصَبًا} [الكهف 62] وَلَمْ يُصِبْ النَّصَبَ حَتَّى جَاوَزَ الَّذِي أَمَرَهُ اللهُ بِهِ قَالَ فَقَالَ {أَرَأَيْتَ إِذْ أَوَيْنَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِنِّي نَسِيتُ الْحُوتَ وَمَا أَنْسَانِيهُ إِلَّا الشَّيْطَانُ} [الكهف 63] {فَارْتَدَّا عَلَى آثَارِهِمَا} [الكهف 64] قَصَصًا فَجَعَلَا يَقُصَّانِ آثَارَهُمَا وَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ سَرَبًا قَالَ أَمْسَكَ عَنْهُ جِرْيَةَ الْمَاءِ فَصَارَ عَلَيْهِ مِثْلُ الطَّاقِ فَكَانَ لِلْحُوتِ سَرَبًا وَكَانَ لِمُوسَى عَجَبًا حَتَّى انْتَهَيَا إِلَى الصَّخْرَةِ فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ مُسَجًّى عَلَيْهِ ثَوْبٌ فَسَلَّمَ مُوسَى عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ وَأَنَّى بِأَرْضِكَ السَّلَامُ؟ قَالَ أَنَا مُوسَى قَالَ مُوسَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ {أَتَّبِعُكَ عَلَى أَنْ تُعَلِّمَنِي مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رُشْدًا} قَالَ يَا مُوسَى إِنِّي عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنَ اللهِ لَا تَعْلَمُهُ وَأَنْتَ عَلَى عِلْمٍ مِنَ اللهِ عَلَّمَكَهُ اللهُ فَانْطَلَقَا يَمْشِيَانِ عَلَى السَّاحِلِ فَمَرَّتْ سَفِينَةٌ فَعَرَفُوا الْخَضِرَفَحُمِلَ بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ فَلَمْ يُعْجِبْهُ وَنَظَرَ فِي السَّفِينَةِ فَأَخَذَ الْقَدُومَ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَكْسِرَ مِنْهَا لَوْحًا فَقَالَ حُمِلْنَا بِغَيْرِ نَوْلٍ وَتُرِيدُ أَنْ تَخْرُقَهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا قَالَ {أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا} [الكهف 72] قَالَ إِنِّي نَسِيتُ وَجَاءَ عُصْفُورٌ فَنَقَرَ فِي الْبَحْرِ قَالَ الْخَضِرُ مَا يُنْقِصُ عِلْمِي وَلَا عِلْمُكَ مِنْ عِلْمِ اللهِ إِلَّا كَمَا نَقَصَ هَذَا الْعُصْفُورُ مِنْ هَذَا الْبَحْرِ فَانْطَلَقَا حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَيَا أَهْلَ قَرْيَةٍ اسْتَطْعَمَا أَهْلَهَا فَأَبَوْا أَنْ يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا فَرَأَى غُلَامًا فَأَخَذَ رَأْسَهُ فَانْتَزَعَهُ فَقَالَ أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةً بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْئًا نُكْرًا قَالَ {أَلَمْ أَقُلْ لَكَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِيَ صَبْرًا} [الكهف 75] قَالَ سُفْيَانُ قَالَ عَمْرٌو وَهَذِهِ أَشَدُّ مِنَ الْأُولَى قَالَ فَانْطَلَقَا فَإِذَا جِدَارٌ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَنْقَضَّ فَأَقَامَهُ وَأَرَانَا سُفْيَانُ بِيَدَيْهِ فَرَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ هَكَذَا رَفْعًا فَوَضَعَ رَاحَتَيْهِ فَرَفَعَهُمَا بِبَطْنِ كَفَّيْهِ رَفْعًا فَقَالَ {لَوْ شِئْتَ لَتَخِذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا قَالَ هَذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنِكَ} [الكهف 78] قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ كَانَتِ الْأُولَى نِسْيَانًا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَرْحَمُ اللهُ مُوسَى لَوْ كَانَ صَبَرَ حَتَّى يَقُصَّعَلَيْنَا مِنْ أَمْرِهِ  

ahmad:3ʿAmr b. Muḥammad Abū Saʿīd / al-ʿAnqazī > Isrāʾīl > Abū Isḥāqaʿan al-Barāʾ b. ʿĀzib > Āshtará Abū Bakr from ʿĀzib Sarj Bithalāthah ʿAshar Dirham > Abū Bakr Liʿāzib Mur al-Barāʾ Falyaḥmilh > Manzilī > Lā Ḥattá

Abu Bakr bought a saddle from ‘Azib for thirteen dirhams, then Abu Bakr said to 'Azib. Tell al-Bara to carry it to my house. He said: No, not until you tell us what happened when the Messenger of Allah ﷺ went out and you were with him. Abu Bakr said: We started our journey at the beginning of the night and we hastened for one day and one night, until it was midday. I looked into the distance to see whether there was anywhere to seek shade, and I saw a rock, so I went to it and it had a little shade. I smoothed the ground for the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and spread a garment of camel hair for him, and said: Lie down and rest, O Messenger of Allah. So he lay down, and I went out to see if I could spot anyone looking for us. Then I saw a shepherd and I said: Who do you belong to, O boy? He said: To a man of Quraish. He mentioned his name and I recognised it. I said: Is there any milk in your sheep? He said: Yes | said: Will you milk some for me? He said: Yes. I told him to do that, so he caught a sheep, then I told him to brush the dust from its teat, then to brush the dust off his hands. I had a small vessel with me on the neck of which was a cloth. He milked a little bit of milk for me and I poured it into the vessel until it cooled down. Then I came to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. When I reached him, he had already woken up. I said: Drink, O Messenger of Allah. He drank until I was pleased, then I said: Is it time to move on? So we moved on and the people were coming after us but none of them caught up with us except Suraqah bin Malik bin Ju'shum, who was riding a horse of his, I said: O Messenger of Allah, someone has caught up with us. He said: ʿDo not be afraid, for Allah is with us.ʿ When he got close to us, and there was no more between us and him then the length of a spear or two or three spears, I said: O Messenger of Allah, this pursuer has caught up with us, and I wept. He said: ʿWhy are you weeping?ʿ I said: I am not weeping for myself; rather I am weeping for you. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ prayed against him [the pursuer] and said: “O Allah, protect us from him by whatever means You will.” Then his horse's legs sank into the solid ground up to its belly, and he fell off it. He said: O Muhammad, I know that this is because of you; pray to Allah to save me from my predicament, and by Allah I shall divert away from you any one who is behind me of those who are seeking you. Here is my quiver, take one arrow. You are going to pass by some camels and sheep of mine in such and such a place, take whatever you need from thern. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ʿI have no need of it.“ The Messenger of Allah ﷺ prayed for him and he was released, and he went back to his companions. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ and I continued on our way until we came to Madinah, where the people met him. They came out on the road and on the roofs, and a lot of servants and children crowded the road saying: Allahu Akbar, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ has come, Muhammad has come. The people disputed as to who he would stay with. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ʿTonight I will stay with Banun-Najjar, the maternal uncles of 'Abdul-Muttalib, to honour them thereby.” The next morning, he went where he was instructed. Al-Bara' bin 'Azib said: The first of the Muhajireen to come to us was Mus'ab bin 'Umair, the brother of Banu 'Abdud-Dar. Then Ibn Umm Maktoom, the blind man and brother of Banu Fihr, came to us. Then 'Umar bin al-Khattab, came to us with twenty riders and we said: What happened to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ? He said: He is behind me. Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came and Abu Bakr was with him. Al-Bara said: the Messenger of Allah ﷺ did not come until I had read some soorahs from al-Mufassal [Al-Mufassal is that portion of the Qur'an which goes from Qaf to an-Nas]. Isra'eel said: al-Bara' was one of the Ansar from Banu Harithah.  

أحمد:٣حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ يَعْنِي الْعَنْقَزِيَّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْرَائِيلُ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَعَنِ الْبَرَاءِ بْنِ عَازِبٍ قَالَ

اشْتَرَى أَبُو بَكْرٍ مِنْ عَازِبٍ سَرْجًا بِثَلاثَةَ عَشَرَ دِرْهَمًا قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لِعَازِبٍ مُرِ الْبَرَاءَ فَلْيَحْمِلْهُ إِلَى مَنْزِلِي فَقَالَ لَا حَتَّى تُحَدِّثَنَا كَيْفَ صَنَعْتَ حِينَ خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَنْتَ مَعَهُ؟قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ خَرَجْنَا فَأَدْلَجْنَا فَأَحْثَثْنَا يَوْمَنَا وَلَيْلَتَنَا حَتَّى أَظْهَرْنَا وَقَامَ قَائِمُ الظَّهِيرَةِ فَضَرَبْتُ بِبَصَرِي هَلْ أَرَى ظِلًّا نَأْوِي إِلَيْهِ؟ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِصَخْرَةٍ فَأَهْوَيْتُ إِلَيْهَا فَإِذَا بَقِيَّةُ ظِلِّهَا فَسَوَّيْتُهُ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَفَرَشْتُ لَهُ فَرْوَةً وَقُلْتُ اضْطَجِعْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَاضْطَجَعَ ثُمَّ خَرَجْتُ أَنْظُرُ هَلْ أَرَى أَحَدًا مِنَ الطَّلَبِ؟ فَإِذَا أَنَا بِرَاعِي غَنَمٍ فَقُلْتُ لِمَنْ أَنْتَ يَا غُلامُ؟ فَقَالَ لِرَجُلٍ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ فَسَمَّاهُ فَعَرَفْتُهُ فَقُلْتُ هَلْ فِي غَنَمِكَ مِنْ لَبَنٍ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ قُلْتُ هَلْ أَنْتَ حَالِبٌ لِي؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَأَمَرْتُهُ فَاعْتَقَلَ شَاةً مِنْهَا ثُمَّ أَمَرْتُهُ فَنَفَضَ ضَرْعَهَا مِنَ الْغُبَارِ ثُمَّ أَمَرْتُهُ فَنَفَضَ كَفَّيْهِ مِنَ الْغُبَارِ وَمَعِي إِدَاوَةٌ عَلَى فَمِهَا خِرْقَةٌ فَحَلَبَ لِي كُثْبَةً مِنَ اللَّبَنِ فَصَبَبْتُ عَلَى الْقَدَحِ حَتَّى بَرَدَ أَسْفَلُهُ ثُمَّ أَتَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺفَوَافَيْتُهُ وَقَدِ اسْتَيْقَظَ فَقُلْتُ اشْرَبْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَشَرِبَ حَتَّى رَضِيتُ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ هَلْ أَنَى الرَّحِيلُ قَالَ فَارْتَحَلْنَا وَالْقَوْمُ يَطْلُبُونَا فَلَمْ يُدْرِكْنَا أَحَدٌ مِنْهُمْ إِلَّا سُرَاقَةُ بْنُ مَالِكِ بْنِ جُعْشُمٍ عَلَى فَرَسٍ لَهُ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَذَا الطَّلَبُ قَدْ لَحِقَنَا فَقَالَ لَا تَحْزَنْ إِنَّ اللهَ مَعَنَا حَتَّى إِذَا دَنَا مِنَّا فَكَانَ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَهُ قَدْرُ رُمْحٍ أَوْ رُمْحَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلاثَةٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَذَا الطَّلَبُ قَدْ لَحِقَنَا وَبَكَيْتُ قَالَ لِمَ تَبْكِي؟ قَالَ قُلْتُ أَمَا وَاللهِ مَا عَلَى نَفْسِي أَبْكِي وَلَكِنْ أَبْكِي عَلَيْكَ قَالَ فَدَعَا عَلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ اللهُمَّ اكْفِنَاهُ بِمَا شِئْتَ فَسَاخَتْ قَوَائِمُ فَرَسِهِ إِلَى بَطْنِهَا فِي أَرْضٍ صَلْدٍ وَوَثَبَ عَنْهَا وَقَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ قَدْ عَلِمْتُ أَنَّ هَذَا عَمَلُكَ فَادْعُ اللهَ أَنْ يُنْجِّيَنِي مِمَّا أَنَا فِيهِ فَوَاللهِ لَأُعَمِّيَنَّ عَلَى مَنْ وَرَائِي مِنَ الطَّلَبِ وَهَذِهِ كِنَانَتِي فَخُذْ مِنْهَا سَهْمًا فَإِنَّكَ سَتَمُرُّ بِإِبِلِي وَغَنَمِي فِي مَوْضِعِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَخُذْ مِنْهَا حَاجَتَكَ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لَا حَاجَةَ لِي فِيهَا قَالَ وَدَعَا لَهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَأُطْلِقَ فَرَجَعَ إِلَى أَصْحَابِهِوَمَضَى رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَنَا مَعَهُ حَتَّى قَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ فَتَلَقَّاهُ النَّاسُ فَخَرَجُوا فِي الطَّرِيقِ وَعَلَى الْأَجَاجِيرِ فَاشْتَدَّ الْخَدَمُ وَالصِّبْيَانُ فِي الطَّرِيقِ يَقُولُونَ اللهُ أَكْبَرُ جَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ جَاءَ مُحَمَّدٌ قَالَ وَتَنَازَعَالْقَوْمُ أَيُّهُمْ يَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَنْزِلُ اللَّيْلَةَ عَلَى بَنِي النَّجَّارِ أَخْوَالِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ لِأُكْرِمَهُمْ بِذَلِكَ فَلَمَّا أَصْبَحَ غَدَا حَيْثُ أُمِرَقَالَ الْبَرَاءُ بْنُ عَازِبٍ أَوَّلُ مَنْ كَانَ قَدِمَ عَلَيْنَا مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ مُصْعَبُ بْنُ عُمَيْرٍ أَخُو بَنِي عَبْدِ الدَّارِ ثُمَّ قَدِمَ عَلَيْنَا ابْنُ أُمِّ مَكْتُومٍ الْأَعْمَى أَخُو بَنِي فِهْرٍ ثُمَّ قَدِمَ عَلَيْنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ فِي عِشْرِينَ رَاكِبًا فَقُلْنَا مَا فَعَلَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ؟ فَقَالَ هُوَ عَلَى أَثَرِي ثُمَّ قَدِمَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ مَعَهُقَالَ الْبَرَاءُ وَلَمْ يَقْدَمْ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ حَتَّى قَرَأْتُ سُوَرًا مِنَ الْمُفَصَّلِ قَالَ إِسْرَائِيلُ وَكَانَ الْبَرَاءُ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ مِنْ بَنِي حَارِثَةَ  

ahmad:827ʿAffān > Abū ʿAwānah > Ḥuṣayn > Saʿd b. ʿUbaydah > Tanāzaʿ Abū ʿAbd al-Raḥman al-Sulamī And Ḥibbān b. ʿAṭiyyah

Abu ʿAbdur-Rahman as-Sulami and Hibban bin ʿAtiyyah had a dispute. ʿAbdur-Rahman said to Hibban: I know what made your companion - meaning ʿAli ؓ - audacious. He said: What is it, may you be bereft of your father? He said. Something I heard ʿAli ؓ say. He said: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ sent me, az-Zubair and Abu Marthad on a mission, and we were all horsemen. He said: ʿGo to Rawdat Khakh, for there you will find a woman who has a letter with her from Hatib bin Abi Baltaʿah to the mushrikeen; bring it to me.ʿ So we went on our horses until we caught up with her where the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had told us, travelling on a camel of hers. He [Hatib] had written to the people of Makkah, telling them about the march of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. We said to her. Where is the letter you have with you? She said: I do not have any letter. We made her camel kneel down and searched her luggage for it, but we did not find anything. My two companions said: We do not see any letter with her, I said: You know that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ did not tell a lie. Then I swore: By the One by whom oaths are sworn, you will give us the letter or we will remove your clothes. She stretched out her hand to her girdle, which was wrapped around her, and brought out the letter. I brought it to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and they said: O Messenger of Allah ﷺ, he has betrayed Allah and His Messenger and the believers; let me strike his neck. He said: ʿO Hatib, what made you do what you did?ʿ He said: O Messenger of Allah ﷺ, by Allah, it is not that I do not believe in Allah and His Messenger, but I wanted to do a favour for the people by means of which Allah might protect my family and my property, for every one of your Companions has some of his people there through whom Allah will protect his family and his property. He said: You have spoken the truth, do not say anything to him but good.ʿ ʻUmar said: O, Messenger of Allah, he betrayed Allah and His Messenger and the believers, let me strike his neck. He said. ʿls he not one of the people of Badr? How do you know? Perhaps Allah looked upon them and said. “Do what you like, for Paradise is guaranteed for you.ʻʼ ʻUmarʻs eyes filled with tears and he said: Allah, may He be exalted, and His Messenger know best.  

أحمد:٨٢٧حَدَّثَنَا عَفَّانُ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ حَدَّثَنَا حُصَيْنٌ حَدَّثَنِي سَعْدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدَةَ قَالَ تَنَازَعَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ السُّلَمِيُّ وَحِبَّانُ بْنُ عَطِيَّةَ فَقَالَ

أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ لِحِبَّانَ قَدْ عَلِمْتُ مَا الَّذِي جَرَّأَ صَاحِبَكَ يَعْنِي عَلِيًّا قَالَ فَمَا هُوَ لَا أَبَا لَكَ؟ قَالَ قَوْلٌ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُهُ قَالَ بَعَثَنِي رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَالزُّبَيْرَ وَأَبَا مَرْثَدٍ وَكُلُّنَا فَارِسٌ قَالَ انْطَلِقُوا حَتَّى تَبْلُغُوا رَوْضَةَ خَاخٍ فَإِنَّ فِيهَا امْرَأَةً مَعَهَا صَحِيفَةٌ مِنْ حَاطِبِ بْنِ أَبِي بَلْتَعَةَ إِلَى الْمُشْرِكِينَ فَأْتُونِي بِهَا فَانْطَلَقْنَا عَلَى أَفْرَاسِنَا حَتَّى أَدْرَكْنَاهَا حَيْثُ قَالَ لَنَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ تَسِيرُ عَلَى بَعِيرٍ لَهَا قَالَ وَكَانَ كَتَبَ إِلَى أَهْلِ مَكَّةَبِمَسِيرِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقُلْنَا لَهَا أَيْنَ الْكِتَابُ الَّذِي مَعَكِ؟ قَالَتْ مَا مَعِي كِتَابٌ فَأَنَخْنَا بِهَا بَعِيرَهَا فَابْتَغَيْنَا فِي رَحْلِهَا فَلَمْ نَجِدْ فِيهِ شَيْئًا فَقَالَ صَاحِبَايَ مَا نَرَى مَعَهَا كِتَابًا فَقُلْتُ لَقَدْ عَلِمْتُمَا مَا كَذَبَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ حَلَفْتُ وَالَّذِي أَحْلِفُ بِهِ لَئِنْ لَمْ تُخْرِجِي الْكِتَابَ لاجَرِّدَنَّكِ فَأَهْوَتْ إِلَى حُجْزَتِهَا وَهِيَ مُحْتَجِزَةٌ بِكِسَاءٍ فَأَخْرَجَتِ الصَّحِيفَةَ فَأَتَوْا بِهَا رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَدْ خَانَ اللهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ دَعْنِي أَضْرِبْ عُنُقَهُ قَالَ يَا حَاطِبُ مَا حَمَلَكَ عَلَى مَا صَنَعْتَ؟ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ وَاللهِ مَا بِي أَنْ لَا أَكُونَ مُؤْمِنًا بِاللهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَلَكِنِّي أَرَدْتُ أَنْ تَكُونَ لِي عِنْدَ الْقَوْمِ يَدٌ يَدْفَعُ اللهُ بِهَا عَنْ أَهْلِي وَمَالِي وَلَمْ يَكُنْ أَحَدٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِكَ إِلَّا لَهُ هُنَاكَ مِنْ قَوْمِهِ مَنْ يَدْفَعُ اللهُ تَعَالَى بِهِ عَنْ أَهْلِهِ وَمَالِهِ قَالَ صَدَقْتَ فَلا تَقُولُوا لَهُ إِلا خَيْرًا فَقَالَ عُمَرُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنَّهُ قَدْ خَانَ اللهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ دَعْنِي أَضْرِبْ عُنُقَهُ قَالَ أَوَلَيْسَ مِنْ أَهْلِ بَدْرٍ؟ وَمَا يُدْرِيكَ لَعَلَّ اللهَ ﷻ اطَّلَعَ عَلَيْهِمْ فَقَالَ اعْمَلُوا مَا شِئْتُمْ فَقَدْ وَجَبَتْ لَكُمِ الْجَنَّةُ فَاغْرَوْرَقَتْ عَيْنَا عُمَرَ وَقَالَ اللهُ تَعَالَى وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ  

ahmad:948Ḥajjāj > Isrāʾīl > Abū Isḥāq > Ḥārithah b. Muḍarrib > ʿAlī

When we came to Madinah we ate from its fruits and did not feel comfortable in it, and we became ill. The Prophet ﷺ was trying to find out about the well of Badr, and when we heard that the mushrikeen had come, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ marched to Badr, and Badr was a well. We got there before the mushrikeen and we found two of their men, a man from Quraish and a freed slave of “Uqbah bin Abi Muʿait. As for the Qurashi, he managed to escape, but we caught the freed slave of ‘Uqbah and started asking him: How many are the people? He said: By Allah, they are great in number and powerful. When he said that, the Muslims began to beat him and they brought him to the Prophet ﷺ, who said: How many are the people? He said: By Allah, they are great in number and powerful. The Prophet ﷺ tried hard to make him tell him how many they were, but he refused. Then the Prophet ﷺ asked him: How many camels do they slaughter? He said: Ten each day. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: They are one thousand; each camel is for one hundred men. Then a shower of rain fell on us at night and we rushed to seek shelter beneath the trees and leather shields, sheltering from the rain. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ spent the night calling upon his Lord, may He be glorified and exalted, saying: “O Allah, if You cause this band to be destroyed, You will never be worshipped.” When dawn came, he called out: ʿPrayer, O slaves of Allah!” And the people came from beneath the trees and shields and the Messenger of Allah led us in prayer and encouraged us to fight. Then he said: ʿThe army of Quraish is beneath this red outcrop of the mountain.ʿ When the people drew close to us, and we stood in ranks facing one another, we saw one of their men, riding a red camel of his, going around among the people. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ʿO ʿAli, call Hamzah for meʿ - as he was the closest of them to the mushrikeen - and said ʿWho is the one on the red camel and what is he saying to them?ʿ Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ʿIf there is anyone among the people who is enjoining good, then perhaps it is the one on the red camel.ʿ Hamzah came and said: He is ʿUtbah bin Rabeeʿah, and he is telling them not to fight; he is saying to them: O people, I can see people who are going to fight to the death and you will never be able to harm them, because it will cost you too dear to do so. O people, put the blame on me and say: ʿUtbah bin Rabeeʿah is a coward, although you know that I am not the most cowardly among you. Abu Jahl heard that and said: Are you saying this? By Allah, if anyone else said this I would have insulted him; you are filled with fear, ‘Utbah said: Do you mean me, O you with the whistling rear end (i.e., one who breaks wind a great deal because of fear)? Today you will know which of us is the coward. Then ‘Utbah and his brother Shaibah and his son al-Waleed stepped forward in a display of courage and said: Who will come out to fight in single combat? Six young men of the Ansar stepped forward, but ʿUtbah said: We do not want these; let some of our cousins of Banu ‘Abdul-Muttalib come out. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ʿGet up, O Ali, get up, O Hamzah, get up, O ʿUbaidah bin al-Harith bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib.ʿ Allah caused ʿUtbah and Shaibah, the two sons of Rabeeʿah, and al-Waleed bin ‘Utbah to be killed and ‘Ubaidah was wounded. We killed seventy of them and captured seventy. A short Ansari man brought al-Abbas bin ʿAbdul-Muttalib as a captive, and al-ʿAbbas said: O Messenger of Allah ﷺ, by Allah, this is not the one who captured me; I was captured by a bold man who was one of the most handsome of people, who was riding a piebald horse, but I do not see him among the people. The Ansari said: I captured him, O Messenger of Allah ﷺ. He said: ʿBe quiet! Allah, may He be exalted, supported you with a noble angel.ʿ ʿAli ؓ said: We took prisoners, and from among Banu ʿAbdul-Muttalib, we captured al-ʿAbbas, ‘Aqeel and Nawfal bin al-Harith.  

أحمد:٩٤٨حَدَّثَنَا حَجَّاجٌ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْرَائِيلُ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ حَارِثَةَ بْنِ مُضَرِّبٍ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ قَالَ

لَمَّا قَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ أَصَبْنَا مِنْ ثِمَارِهَا فَاجْتَوَيْنَاهَا وَأَصَابَنَا بِهَا وَعْكٌ وَكَانَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ يَتَخَبَّرُ عَنْ بَدْرٍ فَلَمَّا بَلَغَنَا أَنَّ الْمُشْرِكِينَ قَدْ أَقْبَلُوا سَارَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى بَدْرٍ وَبَدْرٌ بِئْرٌ فَسَبَقْنَا الْمُشْرِكِينَ إِلَيْهَا فَوَجَدْنَا فِيهَا رَجُلَيْنِ مِنْهُمْ رَجُلًا مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ وَمَوْلًى لِعُقْبَةَ بْنِ أَبِي مُعَيْطٍ فَأَمَّا الْقُرَشِيُّ فَانْفَلَتَ وَأَمَّا مَوْلَى عُقْبَةَ فَأَخَذْنَاهُ فَجَعَلْنَا نَقُولُ لَهُ كَمِ الْقَوْمُ؟ فَيَقُولُ هُمْ وَاللهِ كَثِيرٌ عَدَدُهُمْ شَدِيدٌ بَأْسُهُمْ فَجَعَلَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ إِذْ قَالَ ذَلِكَ ضَرَبُوهُ حَتَّى انْتَهَوْا بِهِ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَقَالَ لَهُ كَمِ الْقَوْمُ؟ قَالَ هُمْ وَاللهِ كَثِيرٌ عَدَدُهُمْ شَدِيدٌ بَأْسُهُمْ فَجَهَدَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ أَنْ يُخْبِرَهُ كَمْ هُمْ فَأَبَى ثُمَّ إِنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ سَأَلَهُ كَمْ يَنْحَرُونَ مِنَ الْجُزُرِ؟ فَقَالَ عَشْرًا كُلَّ يَوْمٍ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ الْقَوْمُ أَلْفٌ كُلُّ جَزُورٍ لِمِائَةٍ وَتَبِعَهَا ثُمَّ إِنَّهُ أَصَابَنَا مِنَ اللَّيْلِ طَشٌّ مِنْ مَطَرٍ فَانْطَلَقْنَا تَحْتَ الشَّجَرِوَالْحَجَفِ نَسْتَظِلُّ تَحْتَهَا مِنَ الْمَطَرِ وَبَاتَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَدْعُو رَبَّهُ ﷻ وَيَقُولُ اللهُمَّ إِنَّكَ إِنْ تُهْلِكْ هَذِهِ الْفِئَةَ لَا تُعْبَدْ قَالَ فَلَمَّا طَلَعَ الْفَجْرُ نَادَى الصَّلاةَ عِبَادَ اللهِ فَجَاءَ النَّاسُ مِنْ تَحْتِ الشَّجَرِ وَالْحَجَفِ فَصَلَّى بِنَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَحَرَّضَ عَلَى الْقِتَالِ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ جَمْعَ قُرَيْشٍ تَحْتَ هَذِهِ الضِّلَعِ الْحَمْرَاءِ مِنَ الْجَبَلِ فَلَمَّا دَنَا الْقَوْمُ مِنَّا وَصَافَفْنَاهُمْ إِذَا رَجُلٌ مِنْهُمْ عَلَى جَمَلٍ لَهُ أَحْمَرَ يَسِيرُ فِي الْقَوْمِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ يَا عَلِيُّ نَادِ لِي حَمْزَةَ وَكَانَ أَقْرَبَهُمْ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ مَنْ صَاحِبُ الْجَمَلِ الْأَحْمَرِ وَمَاذَا يَقُولُ لَهُمْ؟ ثُمَّ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِنْ يَكُنْ فِي الْقَوْمِ أَحَدٌ يَأْمُرُ بِخَيْرٍ فَعَسَى أَنْ يَكُونَ صَاحِبَ الْجَمَلِ الْأَحْمَرِ فَجَاءَ حَمْزَةُ فَقَالَ هُوَ عُتْبَةُ بْنُ رَبِيعَةَ وَهُوَ يَنْهَى عَنِ الْقِتَالِ وَيَقُولُ لَهُمْ يَا قَوْمُ إِنِّي أَرَى قَوْمًا مُسْتَمِيتِينَ لَا تَصِلُونَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَفِيكُمْ خَيْرٌ يَا قَوْمُ اعْصِبُوهَا الْيَوْمَ بِرَأْسِي وَقُولُوا جَبُنَ عُتْبَةُ بْنُ رَبِيعَةَ وَقَدْ عَلِمْتُمْ أَنِّي لَسْتُ بِأَجْبَنِكُمْ قَالَ فَسَمِعَ ذَلِكَ أَبُو جَهْلٍ فَقَالَ أَنْتَ تَقُولُ هَذَا؟ وَاللهِ لَوْ غَيْرُكَ يَقُولُ هَذَا لَأَعْضَضْتُهُ قَدْ مَلَأَتْ رِئَتُكَ جَوْفَكَ رُعْبًا فَقَالَ عُتْبَةُ إِيَّايَ تُعَيِّرُ يَا مُصَفِّرَ اسْتِهِ؟ سَتَعْلَمُ الْيَوْمَ أَيُّنَا الْجَبَانُ قَالَ فَبَرَزَ عُتْبَةُ وَأَخُوهُ شَيْبَةُ وَابْنُهُ الْوَلِيدُ حَمِيَّةً فَقَالُوا مَنْ يُبَارِزُ؟ فَخَرَجَ فِتْيَةٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ سِتَّةٌ فَقَالَ عُتْبَةُ لَا نُرِيدُ هَؤُلاءِ وَلَكِنْ يُبَارِزُنَا مِنْ بَنِي عَمِّنَا مِنْ بَنِي عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ قُمْ يَا عَلِيُّ وَقُمْ يَا حَمْزَةُ وَقُمْ يَا عُبَيْدَةُ بْنَ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ الْمُطَّلِبِ فَقَتَلَ اللهُ تَعَالَى عُتْبَةَ وَشَيْبَةَ ابْنَيْ رَبِيعَةَ وَالْوَلِيدَ بْنَ عُتْبَةَ وَجُرِحَ عُبَيْدَةُ فَقَتَلْنَا مِنْهُمْ سَبْعِينَ وَأَسَرْنَا سَبْعِينَ فَجَاءَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ قَصِيرٌ بِالْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ عَبْدِالْمُطَّلِبِ أَسِيرًا فَقَالَ الْعَبَّاسُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنَّ هَذَا وَاللهِ مَا أَسَرَنِي لَقَدْ أَسَرَنِي رَجُلٌ أَجْلَحُ مِنْ أَحْسَنِ النَّاسِ وَجْهًا عَلَى فَرَسٍ أَبْلَقَ مَا أُرَاهُ فِي الْقَوْمِ فَقَالَ الْأَنْصَارِيُّ أَنَا أَسَرْتُهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ فَقَالَ اسْكُتْ فَقَدْ أَيَّدَكَ اللهُ تَعَالَى بِمَلَكٍ كَرِيمٍ فَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ فَأَسَرْنَا مِنْ بَنِي عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ الْعَبَّاسَ وعَقِيلًا وَنَوْفَلَ بْنَ الْحَارِثِ  

ahmad:2380Yaʿqūb from my father > Muḥammad b. Isḥāq > Muḥammad b. al-Walīd b. Nūwayfiʿ > Kurayb a freed slave of ʿAbdullāh b. ʿAbbās > ʿAbdullāh b. ʿAbbās

[Machine] The sons of Saad ibn Bakr sent Dhimam ibn Tha'alabah as a delegate to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ . He arrived and tied his camel at the gate of the mosque, then he entered the mosque where the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was sitting with his companions. Dhimam, who was a strong man with thick hair and big calves, approached the Prophet ﷺ and asked, "Which one of you is the son of Abdul-Muttalib?" The Messenger of Allah ﷺ replied, "I am the son of Abdul-Muttalib." Dhimam asked, "Are you Muhammad?" The Prophet ﷺ answered, "Yes." Dhimam said, "I have a question and I am persistent in seeking the answer. Do you find in yourself what I am about to ask?" The Prophet ﷺ replied, "I do not find it in myself, so ask me what you want." Dhimam said, "I ask you by Allah, your Lord and the Lord of those who came before you, and the Lord of those who will come after you, did Allah send you to us as a Messenger?" The Prophet ﷺ said, "Yes, I swear by Allah." Dhimam continued, "I ask you by Allah, your Lord and the Lord of those who came before you, and the Lord of those who will come after you, did Allah command you to command us to worship Him alone and not associate anything with Him, and to abandon the idols that our ancestors used to worship along with Him?" The Prophet ﷺ said, "Yes, I swear by Allah." Dhimam then asked, "I ask you by Allah, your Lord and the Lord of those who came before you, and the Lord of those who will come after you, did Allah command you to establish the five daily prayers?" The Prophet ﷺ replied, "Yes, I swear by Allah." Then Dhimam mentioned the rest of the obligations of Islam one by one, and the Prophet ﷺ affirmed each one. Dhimam then said, "I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. I will fulfill these obligations and avoid what you have prohibited me from. I will neither increase nor decrease." Then he turned back to his camel. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "If Dhimal with thick hair and big calves speaks the truth, he will enter Paradise." Dhimam went to his people and they gathered around him. The first thing he said to them was, "How evil are Al-Lat and Al-Uzza!" They replied, "What is wrong, Dhimal? Beware of leprosy and madness." Dhimal said, "Woe to you! By Allah, they neither harm nor benefit. Surely, Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, has sent a Messenger and revealed a book to him that will rescue you from what you were in. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and He has no partner, and Muhammad is His slave and Messenger. I have come to you from him with what he has commanded and prohibited. By Allah, there is no man or woman present on this day except as a Muslim." Ibn Abbas said, "We have not heard of a delegate from any people who was better than Dhimam ibn Tha'alabah."  

أحمد:٢٣٨٠حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ نُوَيْفِعٍ عَنْ كُرَيْبٍ مَوْلَى عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ

بَعَثَتْ بَنُو سَعْدِ بْنِ بَكْرٍ ضِمَامَ بْنَ ثَعْلَبَةَوَافِدًا إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَدِمَ عَلَيْهِ وَأَنَاخَ بَعِيرَهُ عَلَى بَابِ الْمَسْجِدِ ثُمَّ عَقَلَهُ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ الْمَسْجِدَ وَرَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ جَالِسٌ فِي أَصْحَابِهِ وَكَانَ ضِمَامٌ رَجُلًا جَلْدًا أَشْعَرَ ذَا غَدِيرَتَيْنِ فَأَقْبَلَ حَتَّى وَقَفَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فِي أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ أَيُّكُمُ ابْنُ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَنَا ابْنُ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ قَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَقَالَ ابْنَ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ إِنِّي سَائِلُكَ وَمُغَلِّظٌ فِي الْمَسْأَلَةِ فَلا تَجِدَنَّ فِي نَفْسِكَ قَالَ لَا أَجِدُ فِي نَفْسِي فَسَلْ عَمَّا بَدَا لَكَ قَالَ أَنْشُدُكَ اللهَ إِلَهَكَ وَإِلَهَ مَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكَ وَإِلَهَ مَنْ هُوَ كَائِنٌ بَعْدَكَ آللَّهُ بَعَثَكَ إِلَيْنَا رَسُولًا؟ فَقَالَ اللهُمَّ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَأَنْشُدُكَ اللهَ إِلَهَكَ وَإِلَهَ مَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكَ وَإِلَهَ مَنْ هُوَ كَائِنٌ بَعْدَكَ آللَّهُ أَمَرَكَ أَنْ تَأْمُرَنَا أَنْ نَعْبُدَهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا نُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا وَأَنْ نَخْلَعَ هَذِهِ الْأَنْدَادَ الَّتِي كَانَتْ آبَاؤُنَا يَعْبُدُونَ مَعَهُ؟ قَالَ اللهُمَّ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَأَنْشُدُكَ اللهَ إِلَهَكَ وَإِلَهَ مَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكَ وَإِلَهَ مَنْ هُوَ كَائِنٌ بَعْدَكَ آللَّهُ أَمَرَكَ أَنْ نُصَلِّيَ هَذِهِ الصَّلَوَاتِ الْخَمْسَ؟ قَالَ اللهُمَّ نَعَمْ قَالَ ثُمَّ جَعَلَ يَذْكُرُ فَرَائِضَ الْإِسْلامِ فَرِيضَةً فَرِيضَةً الزَّكَاةَ وَالصِّيَامَ وَالْحَجَّ وَشَرَائِعَ الْإِسْلامِ كُلَّهَا يُنَاشِدُهُ عِنْدَ كُلِّ فَرِيضَةٍ كَمَا يُنَاشِدُهُ فِي الَّتِي قَبْلَهَا حَتَّى إِذَا فَرَغَ قَالَ فَإِنِّي أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلا اللهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللهِ وَسَأُؤَدِّي هَذِهِ الْفَرَائِضَ وَأَجْتَنِبُ مَا نَهَيْتَنِي عَنْهُ ثُمَّ لَا أَزِيدُ وَلا أَنْقُصُ قَالَ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ رَاجِعًا إِلَى بَعِيرِهِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ حِينَ وَلَّى إِنْ يَصْدُقْ ذُو الْعَقِيصَتَيْنِ يَدْخُلِ الْجَنَّةَ قَالَ فَأَتَى إِلَى بَعِيرِهِ فَأَطْلَقَ عِقَالَهُ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ حَتَّى قَدِمَ عَلَى قَوْمِهِ فَاجْتَمَعُوا إِلَيْهِ فَكَانَ أَوَّلَ مَا تَكَلَّمَ بِهِ أَنْ قَالَ بِئْسَتِ اللاتُ وَالْعُزَّى قَالُوا مَهْ يَا ضِمَامُ اتَّقِ الْبَرَصَ وَالْجُذَامَ اتَّقِ الْجُنُونَ قَالَ وَيْلَكُمْ إِنَّهُمَا وَاللهِ لَا يَضُرَّانِ وَلا يَنْفَعَانِ إِنَّ اللهَ ﷻ قَدْ بَعَثَ رَسُولًا وَأَنْزَلَ عَلَيْهِ كِتَابًا اسْتَنْقَذَكُمْ بِهِ مِمَّا كُنْتُمْ فِيهِ وَإِنِّي أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ إِنِّي قَدْ جِئْتُكُمْ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ بِمَا أَمَرَكُمْ بِهِ وَنَهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ قَالَ فَوَاللهِ مَا أَمْسَى مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ وَفِي حَاضِرِهِ رَجُلٌ وَلا امْرَأَةٌ إِلا مُسْلِمًا قَالَ يَقُولُ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ فَمَا سَمِعْنَا بِوَافِدِ قَوْمٍ كَانَ أَفْضَلَ مِنْ ضِمَامِ بْنِ ثَعْلَبَةَ  

ahmad:2514Hāshim b. al-Qāsim > ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd > Shahr > Ibn ʿAbbās Ḥaḍarat ʿIṣābah from al-Yahūd Nabī Allāh ﷺ Yawmāfaqālūā Yā Abū al-Qāsim Ḥaddithnā > Khilāl Nasʾaluk > Hun Lā Yaʿlamuhun Ilā Nabī

[Machine] Ibn Abbas attended a group of Jews who came to the Prophet ﷺ and said, "O Abu Al-Qasim, tell us about something that only a prophet knows." The Prophet said, "Ask me about whatever you want, but grant me the protection of Allah and what Jacobﷺ made his sons swear to, that if I tell you something, you will follow me in Islam." They agreed. They asked him about four things: which food the Israelites prohibited for themselves before the revelation of the Torah, how the water of a man and a woman differ, how a male offspring is conceived, and how the Prophet, an unlettered person, dreams and who his guardian angel is. The Prophet replied, "You have to abide by the covenant and promise with Allah. If I inform you, will you follow me?" They agreed. Then the Prophet told him, and they acknowledged. The Prophet then said, "I will ask you with the One who revealed the Torah to Moses, do you know that when Jacobﷺ fell seriously ill and his disease persisted, he vowed to Allah that if He healed him, he will prohibit for himself the most beloved food and the most beloved drink to him." They agreed. The Prophet said, "I bear witness with you by Allah who revealed the Torah to Moses. Do you know that the sperm of a man is thick and white, while the sperm of a woman is thin and yellow? Whichever of them surpasses in strength will dictate the gender of the offspring by the permission of Allah. If the man's sperm prevails over the woman's, the child will be male, and if the woman's sperm prevails over the man's, the child will be female by the permission of Allah." They agreed. The Prophet said, "I bear witness with you by Allah who revealed the Torah to Moses. Do you know that the eyes of this unlettered Prophet sleep, but his heart does not?" They agreed. Then they asked, "Who is your guardian angel among the angels?" The Prophet replied, "My guardian angel is Gabriel, peace be upon him. Whenever Allah sent a prophet, Gabriel has always been his guardian angel." They said, "If it were otherwise, we would have followed you and believed in you." The Prophet asked, "What prevents you from believing in me?" They replied, "Because we are your enemies." At that moment, Allah revealed the verse, "Say, "Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel - it is [none but] he who has brought the Qur'an down upon your heart, [O Muhammad], by permission of Allah"" (Quran 2:97), until the verse, "And behind them is the Book of Allah, which they do not know" (Quran 2:101). Then Allah further revealed, "Anger is upon anger" (Quran 2:90).  

أحمد:٢٥١٤حَدَّثَنَا هَاشِمُ بْنُ الْقَاسِمِ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْحَمِيدِ حَدَّثَنَا شَهْرٌ قَالَ

ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ حَضَرَتْ عِصَابَةٌ مِنَ الْيَهُودِ نَبِيَّ اللهِ ﷺ يَوْمًافَقَالُوا يَا أَبَا الْقَاسِمِ حَدِّثْنَا عَنْ خِلالٍ نَسْأَلُكَ عَنْهُنَّ لَا يَعْلَمُهُنَّ إِلا نَبِيٌّ قَالَ سَلُونِي عَمَّا شِئْتُمْ وَلَكِنِ اجْعَلُوا لِي ذِمَّةَ اللهِ وَمَا أَخَذَ يَعْقُوبُ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ عَلَى بَنِيهِ لَئِنْ أَنَا حَدَّثْتُكُمْ شَيْئًا فَعَرَفْتُمُوهُ لَتُتَابِعُنِّي عَلَى الْإِسْلَامِ قَالُوا فَذَلِكَ لَكَ قَالَ فَسَلُونِي عَمَّا شِئْتُمْ قَالُوا أَخْبِرْنَا عَنْ أَرْبَعِ خِلَالٍ نَسْأَلُكَ عَنْهُنَّ أَخْبِرْنَا أَيُّ الطَّعَامِ حَرَّمَ إِسْرَائِيلُ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ تُنَزَّلَ التَّوْرَاةُ؟ وَأَخْبِرْنَا كَيْفَ مَاءُ الْمَرْأَةِ وَمَاءُ الرَّجُلِ؟ كَيْفَ يَكُونُ الذَّكَرُ مِنْهُ؟ وَأَخْبِرْنَا كَيْفَ هَذَا النَّبِيُّ الْأُمِّيُّ فِي النَّوْمِ؟ وَمَنْ وَلِيُّهُ مِنَ المَلائِكَةِ؟ قَالَ فَعَلَيْكُمْ عَهْدُ اللهِ وَمِيثَاقُهُ لَئِنْ أَنَا أَخْبَرْتُكُمْ لَتُتَابِعُنِّي؟ قَالَ فَأَعْطَوْهُ مَا شَاءَ مِنْ عَهْدٍ وَمِيثَاقٍ قَالَ فَأَنْشُدُكُمْ بِالَّذِي أَنْزَلَ التَّوْرَاةَ عَلَى مُوسَى ﷺ هَلْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ إِسْرَائِيلَ يَعْقُوبَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ مَرِضَ مَرَضًا شَدِيدًا وَطَالَ سَقَمُهُ فَنَذَرَ لِلَّهِ نَذْرًا لَئِنْ شَفَاهُ اللهُ تَعَالَى مِنْ سَقَمِهِ لَيُحَرِّمَنَّ أَحَبَّ الشَّرَابِ إِلَيْهِ وَأَحَبَّ الطَّعَامِ إِلَيْهِ وَكَانَ أَحَبَّ الطَّعَامِ إِلَيْهِ لُحْمَانُ الْإِبِلِ وَأَحَبَّ الشَّرَابِ إِلَيْهِ أَلْبَانُهَا؟ قَالُوا اللهُمَّ نَعَمْ قَالَ اللهُمَّ اشْهَدْ عَلَيْهِمْ فَأَنْشُدُكُمْ بِاللهِ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلا هُوَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ التَّوْرَاةَ عَلَى مُوسَى هَلْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ مَاءَ الرَّجُلِ أَبْيَضُ غَلِيظٌ وَأَنَّ مَاءَ الْمَرْأَةِ أَصْفَرُ رَقِيقٌ فَأَيُّهُمَا عَلا كَانَ لَهُ الْوَلَدُ وَالشَّبَهُ بِإِذْنِ اللهِ؟ إِنْ عَلا مَاءُ الرَّجُلِ عَلَى مَاءِ الْمَرْأَةِ كَانَ ذَكَرًا بِإِذْنِ اللهِ وَإِنْ عَلا مَاءُ الْمَرْأَةِ عَلَى مَاءِ الرَّجُلِ كَانَ أُنْثَى بِإِذْنِ اللهِ؟ قَالُوا اللهُمَّ نَعَمْ قَالَ اللهُمَّ اشْهَدْ عَلَيْهِمْ فَأَنْشُدُكُمْ بِالَّذِي أَنْزَلَالتَّوْرَاةَ عَلَى مُوسَى هَلْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ هَذَا النَّبِيَّ الْأُمِّيَّ تَنَامُ عَيْنَاهُ وَلا يَنَامُ قَلْبُهُ؟ قَالُوا اللهُمَّ نَعَمْ قَالَ اللهُمَّ اشْهَدْ قَالُوا وَأَنْتَ الْآنَ فَحَدِّثْنَا مَنْ وَلِيُّكَ مِنَ المَلائِكَةِ؟ فَعِنْدَهَا نُجَامِعُكَ أَوْ نُفَارِقُكَ؟ قَالَ فَإِنَّ وَلِيِّيَ جِبْرِيلُ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ وَلَمْ يَبْعَثِ اللهُ نَبِيًّا قَطُّ إِلا وَهُوَ وَلِيُّهُ قَالُوا فَعِنْدَهَا نُفَارِقُكَ لَوْ كَانَ وَلِيُّكَ سِوَاهُ مِنَ المَلائِكَةِ لَتَابَعْنَاكَ وَصَدَّقْنَاكَ قَالَ فَمَا يَمْنَعُكُمْ مِنْ أَنْ تُصَدِّقُوهُ؟ قَالُوا إِنَّهُ عَدُوُّنَا قَالَ فَعِنْدَ ذَلِكَ قَالَ اللهُ ﷻ {قُلْ مَنْ كَانَ عَدُوًّا لِجِبْرِيلَ فَإِنَّهُ نَزَّلَهُ عَلَى قَلْبِكَ بِإِذْنِ اللهِ} [البقرة 97] إِلَى قَوْلِهِ ﷻ {كِتَابَ اللهِ وَرَاءَ ظُهُورِهِمْ كَأَنَّهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ} [البقرة 101] فَعِنْدَ ذَلِكَ {بَاءُوا بِغَضَبٍ عَلَى غَضَبٍ} [البقرة 90] الْآيَةَ  

ahmad:2609Sulaymān b. Dāwud > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Abū al-Zinād from his father > ʿUbaydullāh > Ibn ʿAbbās

[Machine] He said, "Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, did not grant us victory in a place like He did on the Day of Uhud." We objected to that, and Ibn Abbas said, "Between me and the one who objected to that is the Book of Allah, the Blessed and Exalted. Indeed, Allah, the Almighty and Glorious, says on the Day of Uhud: 'Indeed, Allah had fulfilled for you His promise when you were killing them by His permission.'" [Surah Al-Imran, 3:152] Ibn Abbas said, "And the expression 'killing them' means fighting, 'until when you lost courage' [Surah Al-Imran, 3:152] until [His words], 'And Allah is All-Forgiving, Most Merciful to the believers.' [Surah Al-Imran, 3:152] This is referring to the archers, because the Prophet ﷺ stationed them in a certain place and said, 'Protect our backs. If you see us being killed, do not come to our aid, and if you see us winning and gaining spoils, do not join us.' So when the Prophet ﷺ gained spoils and permitted the troops of the polytheists, the archers started collecting the spoils. They entered the enemy camp, looting, while the ranks of the companions of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ were united and had joined hands. But then when the archers separated from that unity, the cavalry attacked the companions of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ , striking one another and causing confusion. Many Muslims were killed, while the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and his companions fought until the morning. Indeed, among the first killed among the companions of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ from the standard bearers of the polytheists were seven or nine. The Muslims dispersed towards a nearby mountain, without reaching the cave, where the people said the askar (a type of plant) was growing. Satan cried out, 'Muhammad has been killed,' and he did not doubt that it was true. So we were in that state of uncertainty until the Messenger of Allah ﷺ emerged between As-Sa'dayn. We recognized him by the way he walked. We were overjoyed, as if nothing had afflicted us. He separated from us and said, 'Allah's anger has intensified against a people who smeared the face of His Messenger.' Then he said again, 'Allah, destroy them, for they can never overcome us.' Then Abu Sufyan called out from the foot of the mountain, 'Mount Hubal!' twice, referring to their idols. 'Where is the son of Abi Kabshah? Where is the son of Abi Quhafah? Where is the son of Al-Khattab?' Umar said, 'O Messenger of Allah, shall I respond to him?' He said, 'Yes.' When Umar said, 'Allah is the Most High and the Most Exalted,' Abu Sufyan said, 'We have certainly reached a day of defeat. When you are high in rank, we are in the fire.' Umar said, 'Indeed, you are mistaken. By Allah, we are victorious, and your army has suffered a loss.' Abu Sufyan said, 'You will find the same fate in your killing as mine. However, this was not from the opinion of our women.' Then he was overtaken by Jahiliyah ignorance, and he said, 'Indeed, that was the case, and we did not reject it.'"  

أحمد:٢٦٠٩حَدَّثَنِي سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ

أَنَّهُ قَالَ مَا نَصَرَ اللهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى فِي مَوْطِنٍ كَمَا نَصَرَ يَوْمَ أُحُدٍ قَالَ فَأَنْكَرْنَا ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ مَنِ انْكَرَ ذَلِكَ كِتَابُ اللهِ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى إِنَّ اللهَ ﷻ يَقُولُ فِي يَوْمِ أُحُدٍ{وَلَقَدْ صَدَقَكُمِ اللهُ وَعْدَهُ إِذْ تَحُسُّونَهُمْ بِإِذْنِهِ} [آل عمران 152] يَقُولُ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَالْحَسُّ الْقَتْلُ {حَتَّى إِذَا فَشِلْتُمْ} [آل عمران 152] إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {وَلَقَدْ عَفَا عَنْكُمْ وَاللهُ ذُو فَضْلٍ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ} [آل عمران 152] وَإِنَّمَا عَنَى بِهَذَا الرُّمَاةَ وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ أَقَامَهُمْ فِي مَوْضِعٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ احْمُوا ظُهُورَنَا فَإِنْ رَأَيْتُمُونَا نُقْتَلُ فَلا تَنْصُرُونَا وَإِنْ رَأَيْتُمُونَا قَدْ غَنِمْنَا فَلا تُشْرِكُونَا فَلَمَّا غَنِمَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ وَأَبَاحُوا عَسْكَرَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ أَكَبَّ الرُّمَاةُ جَمِيعًا فَدَخَلُوا فِي الْعَسْكَرِ يَنْهَبُونَ وَقَدِ الْتَقَتْ صُفُوفُ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَهُمْ هَكَذَا وَشَبَّكَ بَيْنَ أَصَابِعِ يَدَيْهِ وَالْتَبَسُوا فَلَمَّا أَخَلَّ الرُّمَاةُ تِلْكَ الْخَلَّةَ الَّتِي كَانُوا فِيهَا دَخَلَتِ الْخَيْلُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْمَوْضِعِ عَلَى أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَضَرَبَ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا وَالْتَبَسُوا وَقُتِلَ مِنَ المُسْلِمِينَ نَاسٌ كَثِيرٌ وَقَدْ كَانَ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَصْحَابِهِ أَوَّلُ النَّهَارِ حَتَّى قُتِلَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ لِوَاءِ الْمُشْرِكِينَ سَبْعَةٌ أَوْ تِسْعَةٌ وَجَالَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ جَوْلَةً نَحْوَ الْجَبَلِ وَلَمْ يَبْلُغُوا حَيْثُ يَقُولُ النَّاسُ الْغَارَ إِنَّمَا كَانُوا تَحْتَ الْمِهْرَاسِ وَصَاحَ الشَّيْطَانُ قُتِلَ مُحَمَّدٌ فَلَمْ يُشَكَّ فِيهِ أَنَّهُ حَقٌّ فَمَا زِلْنَا كَذَلِكَ مَا نَشُكُّ أَنَّهُ قَدْ قُتِلَ حَتَّى طَلَعَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بَيْنَ السَّعْدَيْنِ نَعْرِفُهُ بِتَكَفُّئِهِ إِذَا مَشَى قَالَ فَفَرِحْنَا حَتَّى كَأَنَّهُ لَمْ يُصِبْنَا مَا أَصَابَنَا قَالَ فَرَقِيَ نَحْوَنَا وَهُوَ يَقُولُ اشْتَدَّ غَضَبُ اللهِ عَلَى قَوْمٍ دَمَّوْا وَجْهَ رَسُولِهِ قَالَ وَيَقُولُ مَرَّةً أُخْرَى اللهُمَّ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ لَهُمِ أنْ يَعْلُونَا حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَيْنَافَمَكَثَ سَاعَةً فَإِذَا أَبُو سُفْيَانَ يَصِيحُ فِي أَسْفَلِ الْجَبَلِ اعْلُ هُبَلُ مَرَّتَيْنِ يَعْنِي آلِهَتَهُ أَيْنَ ابْنُ أَبِي كَبْشَةَ؟ أَيْنَ ابْنُ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ؟ أَيْنَ ابْنُ الْخَطَّابِ؟ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَلا أُجِيبُهُ؟ قَالَ بَلَى فَلَمَّا قَالَ اعْلُ هُبَلُ قَالَ عُمَرُ اللهُ أَعْلَى وَأَجَلُّ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ إِنَّهُ قَدِ انْعَمَتْ عَيْنُهَا فَعَادِ عَنْهَا أَوْ فَعَالِ عَنْهَا فَقَالَ أَيْنَ ابْنُ أَبِي كَبْشَةَ؟ أَيْنَ ابْنُ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ؟ أَيْنَ ابْنُ الْخَطَّابِ؟ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ هَذَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ وَهَذَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَهَا أَنَا ذَا عُمَرُ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ يَوْمٌ بِيَوْمِ بَدْرٍ الْأَيَّامُ دُوَلٌ وَإِنَّ الْحَرْبَ سِجَالٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ لَا سَوَاءً قَتْلانَا فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَقَتْلاكُمْ فِي النَّارِ قَالَ إِنَّكُمْ لَتَزْعُمُونَ ذَلِكَ لَقَدْ خِبْنَا إِذَنْ وَخَسِرْنَا ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ أَمَا إِنَّكُمْ سَوْفَ تَجِدُونَ فِي قَتْلاكُمْ مَثْلَى وَلَمْ يَكُنْ ذَاكَ عَنْ رَأْيِ سَرَاتِنَا قَالَ ثُمَّ أَدْرَكَتْهُ حَمِيَّةُ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَمَا إِنَّهُ قَدْ كَانَ ذَاكَ وَلَمْ نَكْرَهْهُ  

darimi:678Muḥammad b. Ḥumayd > Salamah > Muḥammad b. Isḥāq > Salamah b. Kuhayl And Muḥammad b. al-Walīd b. Nūwayfiʿ > Kurayb a freed slave of Ibn ʿAbbās > Ibn ʿAbbās

[Machine] The sons of Saad son of Bakr sent Dhimam son of Tha'labah to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ . He came to him while he was sitting with his companions. Dhimam was a tall man with thick hair and a widows' peak. He stood in front of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and said, "Which one of you is the son of Abdul-Muttalib?" The Messenger of Allah ﷺ replied, "I am the son of Abdul-Muttalib." Dhimam asked, "Are you Muhammad?" He replied, "Yes." Dhimam said, "O son of Abdul-Muttalib, I have a question for you, and I am very serious about it, so I hope that it does not cause any harm to me. " The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Ask me whatever you want, freely." Dhimam asked, "I solemnly ask you, by Allah, your God, the God of those before you, and the God of those who will come after you, did Allah send you to us as a Messenger?" The Messenger of Allah ﷺ replied, "O Allah, yes." Dhimam asked again, "I solemnly ask you, by Allah, your God, the God of those before you, and the God of those who will come after you, did Allah command you that we should worship Him alone, without associating anything with Him, and to abandon the idols which our forefathers used to worship besides Him?" The Messenger of Allah ﷺ replied, "O Allah, yes." Dhimam asked once more, "I solemnly ask you, by Allah, your God, the God of those before you, and the God of those who will come after you, did Allah command you that we should offer the five daily prayers?" The Messenger of Allah ﷺ replied, "O Allah, yes." Dhimam continued to ask about the obligations of Islam, one by one, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ replied "O Allah, yes" to each one. When Dhimam finished, he said, "I bear witness that there is no God but Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. I will fulfill these obligations and avoid what you have forbidden. I will not add anything or take away anything." Then he left on his camel. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "If Dhimam with the two patches of skin on his head was sincere, he will enter Paradise." Dhimam went back to his people and gathered them. The first thing he said was, "How evil are Lat and Uzza!" They said, "What is wrong with you, Dhimam? Fear insanity and leprosy." He replied, "Woe to you! They, by Allah, do not harm or benefit. Allah has sent a Messenger to us and revealed a book upon him to save us from what we used to be in. And I bear witness that there is no God but Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. I have come to you with what he has commanded and forbade." Then the narrator commented, "By Allah, no day or night passed ever since then that there was not a man or a woman who embraced Islam." Ibn Abbas said, "We have never heard of any delegation that was more honorable than Dhimam bin Tha'labah."  

الدارمي:٦٧٨أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ حَدَّثَنَا سَلَمَةُ حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ حَدَّثَنِي سَلَمَةُ بْنُ كُهَيْلٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ نُوَيْفِعٍ عَنْ كُرَيْبٍ مَوْلَى ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ

بَعَثَ بَنُو سَعْدِ بْنِ بَكْرٍ ضِمَامَ بْنَ ثَعْلَبَةَ إِلَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَدِمَ عَلَيْهِ فَأَنَاخَ بَعِيرَهُ عَلَى بَابِ الْمَسْجِدِ ثُمَّ عَقَلَهُ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ الْمَسْجِدَ وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ جَالِسٌ فِي أَصْحَابِهِ وَكَانَ ضِمَامٌ رَجُلًا جَلْدًا أَشْعَرَ ذَا غَدِيرَتَيْنِ حَتَّى وَقَفَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ أَيُّكُمُ ابْنُ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ؟ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ «أَنَا ابْنُ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ» قَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ؟ قَالَ «نَعَمْ» قَالَ يَا ابْنَ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ إِنِّي سَائِلُكَ وَمُغَلِّظٌ فِي الْمَسْأَلَةِ فَلَا تَجِدَنَّ عَلَيَّ فِي نَفْسِكَ قَالَ «لَا أَجِدُ فِي نَفْسِي فَسَلْ عَمَّا بَدَا لَكَ» قَالَ إِنِّي أَنْشُدُكَ بِاللَّهِ إِلَهِكَ وَإِلَهِ مَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكَ وَإِلَهِ مَنْ هُوَ كَائِنٌ بَعْدَكَ آللَّهُ بَعَثَكَ إِلَيْنَا رَسُولًا؟ قَالَ «اللَّهُمَّ نَعَمْ» قَالَ فَأَنْشُدُكَ بِاللَّهِ إِلَهِكَ وَإِلَهِ مَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكَ وَإِلَهِ مَنْ كَائِنٌ بَعْدَكَ آللَّهُ أَمَرَكَ أَنْ نَعْبُدَهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا نُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا وَأَنْ نَخْلَعَ هَذِهِ الْأَنْدَادَ الَّتِي كَانَتْ آبَاؤُنَا تَعْبُدُهَا مِنْ دُونِهِ؟ قَالَ «اللَّهُمَّ نَعَمْ» قَالَ فَأَنْشُدُكَ بِاللَّهِ إِلَهِكَ وَإِلَهِ مَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكَ وَإِلَهِ مَنْ هُوَ كَائِنٌ بَعْدَكَ آللَّهُ أَمَرَكَ أَنْ نُصَلِّيَ هَذِهِ الصَّلَوَاتِ الْخَمْسَ؟ قَالَ «اللَّهُمَّ نَعَمْ» قَالَ ثُمَّ جَعَلَ يَذْكُرُ فَرَائِضَ الْإِسْلَامِ فَرِيضَةً فَرِيضَةً الزَّكَاةَ وَالصِّيَامَ وَالْحَجَّ وَشَرَائِعَ الْإِسْلَامِ كُلَّهَا وَيُنَاشِدُهُ عِنْدَ كُلِّ فَرِيضَةٍ كَمَا نَاشَدَهُ فِي الَّتِي قَبْلَهَا حَتَّى إِذَا فَرَغَ قَالَ فَإِنِّي أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَسَأُؤَدِّي هَذِهِ الْفَرِيضَةَ وَأَجْتَنِبُ مَا نَهَيْتَنِي عَنْهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَا أَزِيدُ وَلَا أُنْقِصُ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ إِلَى بَعِيرِهِ فَقَالَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ حِينَ وَلَّى «إِنْ يَصْدُقْ ذُو الْعَقِيصَتَيْنِ يَدْخُلِ الْجَنَّةَ» فَأَتَى إِلَى بَعِيرِهِ فَأَطْلَقَ عِقَالَهُ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ حَتَّى قَدِمَ عَلَى قَوْمِهِ فَاجْتَمَعُوا إِلَيْهِ فَكَانَ أَوَّلَ مَا تَكَلَّمَ أَنْ قَالَ بِئسْتِ اللَّاتُ وَالْعُزَّى قَالُوا مَهْ يَا ضِمَامُ اتَّقِ الْبَرَصَ وَاتَّقِ الْجُنُونَ وَاتَّقِ الْجُذَامَ قَالَ وَيْلَكُمْ إِنَّهُمَا وَاللَّهِ لَا تَضُرَّانِ وَلَا تَنْفَعَانِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ بَعَثَ رَسُولًا وَأَنْزَلَ عَلَيْهِ كِتَابًا اسْتَنْقَذَكُمْ بِهِ مِمَّا كُنْتُمْ فِيهِ وَإِنِّي أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَقَدْ جِئْتُكُمْ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ بِمَا أَمَرَكُمْ بِهِ وَنَهَاكُمْ عنْهُ قَالَ فَوَاللَّهِ مَا أَمْسَى مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ وَفِي حَاضِرِهِ رَجُلٌ وَلَا امْرَأَةٌ إِلَّا مُسْلِمًا قَالَ يَقُولُ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ فَمَا سَمِعْنَا بِوَافِدِ قَوْمٍ كَانَ أَفْضَلَ مِنْ ضِمَامِ بْنِ ثَعْلَبَةَ  

hakim:3163Abū al-Naḍr al-Faqīh > ʿUthmān b. Saʿīd al-Dārimī > Sulaymān b. Dāwud b. ʿAlī b. ʿAbdullāh b. ʿAbbās b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Abū al-Zinād from his father > ʿUbaydullāh b. ʿUtbah > Ibn ʿAbbās

[Machine] He said, "The Prophet ﷺ was not supported in any place as he was on the day of Uhud." He said, "We denied that, so Ibn Abbas said, 'Between me and whoever denied that is the Book of Allah, the Exalted and Glorious.' Indeed, Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, says about the day of Uhud, 'And Allah had certainly fulfilled His promise to you when you were killing the enemy by His permission.'" [Surah Al Imran, 152]. Ibn Abbas says that "killing" here means fighting. He also says, "Until when you lost courage and fell to disputing about the matter and disobeyed after He had shown you that which you love. Among you are some who desire this world, and among you are some who desire the Hereafter. Then He turned you back from them [defeated] that He might test you. And He has already forgiven you. And Allah is full of bounty to the believers." [Surah Al Imran, 152]. He meant by this the archers, for the Prophet ﷺ stationed them in a specific place and then said, 'Protect our backs. If you see us being killed, do not come to our aid, and if you see us gaining booty, do not partake in it.' So when the Messenger of Allah ﷺ gained booty and made permissible the property of the polytheists, the archers uncovered themselves and entered into the booty, holding one another's fingers. They were surprised by the polytheists who began to attack the Muslims, resulting in the death of many Muslims. The Prophet ﷺ and his companions fought until seven or nine of the leaders of the polytheists were killed. The Muslims fought by the mountain and did not reach where people said the battle took place, as it was beneath the Hudaybiyya. Shaytan shouted, 'Muhammad is killed,' and they did not suspect that it was true until the Messenger of Allah ﷺ emerged among them, walking in a state of apprehension. When he saw him, they recognized him by the way he walked. This brought them great joy, as though nothing had befallen them. He then moved away from them, saying, 'The anger of Allah has increased upon a people who killed their Prophet.' He said again, 'O Allah, surely they cannot overpower us.' Then Abu Sufyan shouted from the bottom of the mountain, 'O Hubal, O Hubal, where is the son of Abu Kabsha, where is the son of Abu Quhafa, where is the son of Al-Khattab?' Umar said, 'O Messenger of Allah, should I answer him?' He said, 'Yes.' So when Abu Sufyan shouted, 'O Hubal,' Umar said, 'Allah is the Most High and the Most Great.' Abu Sufyan said, 'The day of Badr was a day of mutual hostility and fighting.' Umar said, 'It is not the same, our dead are in Paradise while your dead are in the Fire.' Abu Sufyan said, 'Indeed, you will find in your dead a similar number. However, that was not according to our plan.' Then he encountered the zeal of ignorance and said, 'If that is the case, then we did not like it.'"  

الحاكم:٣١٦٣أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو النَّضْرِ الْفَقِيهُ ثنا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الدَّارِمِيُّ ثنا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ ثنا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ

أَنَّهُ قَالَ مَا نُصِرَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فِي مَوْطِنٍ كَمَا نُصِرَ يَوْمَ أُحُدٍ قَالَ فَأَنْكَرْنَا ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ مَنْ أَنْكَرَ ذَلِكَ كِتَابُ اللَّهِ ﷻ إِنَّ اللَّهَ ﷻ يَقُولُ فِي يَوْمِ أُحُدٍ {وَلَقَدْ صَدَقَكُمُ اللَّهُ وَعْدَهُ إِذْ تَحُسُّونَهُمْ بِإِذْنِهِ} [آل عمران 152] يَقُولُ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَالْحِسُّ الْقَتْلُ {حَتَّى إِذَا فَشِلْتُمْ وَتَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي الْأَمْرِ وَعَصَيْتُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا أَرَاكُمْ مَا تُحِبُّونَ مِنْكُمْ مَنْ يُرِيدُ الدُّنْيَا وَمِنْكُمْ مَنْ يُرِيدُ الْآخِرَةَ ثُمَّ صَرَفَكُمْ عَنْهُمْ لِيَبْتَلِيَكُمْ وَلَقَدْ عَفَا عَنْكُمْ وَاللَّهُ ذُو فَضْلٍ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ} [آل عمران 152] وَإِنَّمَا عَنَى بِهَذَا الرُّمَاةَ وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ أَقَامَهُمْ فِي مَوْضِعٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ «احْمُوا ظُهُورَنَا فَإِنْ رَأَيْتُمُونَا نُقْتَلُ فَلَا تَنْصُرُونَا وَإِنْ رَأَيْتُمُونَا قَدْ غَنِمْنَا فَلَا تَشْرَكُونَا» فَلَمَّا غَنَمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَبَاحُوا عَسْكَرَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ انْكَشَفَ الرُّمَاةُ جَمِيعًا فَدَخَلُوا فِي الْعَسْكَرِ يَنْتَهِبُونَ وَقَدِ الْتَقَتْ صُفُوفُ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَهُمْ هَكَذَا وَشَبَّكَ بَيْنَ أَصَابِعِ يَدَيْهِ وَالْتَبَسُوا فَلَمَّا أَخَلَّ الرُّمَاةُ تِلْكَ الْخَلَّةَ الَّتِي كَانُوا فِيهَا دَخَلَ الْخَيْلُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْمَوْضِعِ عَلَى أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَضَرَبَ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا وَالْتَبَسُوا وَقُتِلَ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ نَاسٌ كَثِيرٌ وَقَدْ كَانَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَصْحَابُهُ أَوَّلُ النَّهَارِ حَتَّى قُتِلَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ لِوَاءِ الْمُشْرِكِينَ سَبْعَةٌ أَوْ تِسْعَةٌ وَجَالَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ جَوْلَةً نَحْوَ الْجَبَلِ وَلَمْ يَبْلُغُوا حَيْثُ يَقُولُ النَّاسُ الْغَابَ إِنَّمَا كَانَ تَحْتَ الْمِهْرَاسِ وَصَاحَ الشَّيْطَانُ قُتِلَ مُحَمَّدٌ فَلَمْ يَشُكُّوا فِيهِ أَنَّهُ حَقٌّ فَمَا زِلْنَا كَذَلِكَ مَا نَشُكُّ أَنَّهُ قُتِلَ حَتَّى طَلَعَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ بَيْنَ السَّعْدَيْنِ فَعَرَفْنَاهُ بِتَكَفُّئِهِ إِذَا مَشَى قَالَ فَفَرِحْنَا حَتَّى كَأَنَّهُ لَمْ يُصِبْنَا مَا أَصَابَنَا قَالَ فَرَقِيَ نَحْوَنَا وَهُوَ يَقُولُ «أَشْتَدُّ غَضَبُ اللَّهِ عَلَى قَوْمٍ دَمَّوْا وَجْهَ نَبِيِّهِمْ» قَالَ وَيَقُولُ مَرَّةً أُخْرَى «اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ لَهُمْ أَنْ يَعْلُونَا» حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَيْنَا قَالَ فَمَكَثَ سَاعَةً فَإِذَا أَبُو سُفْيَانَ يَصِيحُ فِي أَسْفَلِ الْجَبَلِ اعْلُ هُبَلُ اعْلُ هُبَلُ يَعْنِي آلِهَتَهُ أَيْنَ ابْنُ أَبِي كَبْشَةَ أَيْنَ ابْنُ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَيْنَ ابْنُ الْخَطَّابِ؟ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَلَا أُجِيبُهُ؟ قَالَ «بَلَى» فَلَمَّا قَالَ اعْلُ هُبَلُ قَالَ عُمَرُ اللَّهُ أَعْلَى وَأَجَلُّ فَقَالَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ إِنَّهُ يَوْمُ الصَّمْتِ فَعَادَ فَقَالَ أَيْنَ ابْنُ أَبِي كَبْشَةَ أَيْنَ ابْنُ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَيْنَ ابْنُ الْخَطَّابِ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ هَذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَهَذَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَهَا أَنَا ذَا عُمَرُ فَقَالَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ يَوْمٌ بِيَوْمِ بَدْرٍ الْأَيَّامُ دُوَلٌ وَالْحَرْبُ سِجَالٌ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ لَا سَوَاءَ قَتْلَانَا فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَقَتْلَاكُمْ فِي النَّارِ قَالَ إِنَّكُمْ لَتَزْعُمُونَ ذَلِكَ لَقَدْ خِبْنَا إِذًا وَخَسِرْنَا ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبُو سُفْيَانَ أَمَا إِنَّكُمْ سَوْفَ تَجِدُونَ فِي قَتْلَاكُمْ مُثْلَةً وَلَمْ يَكُنْ ذَلِكَ عَنْ رَأْي سَرَاتِنَا ثُمَّ أَدْرَكَتْهُ حَمِيَّةُ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ فَقَالَ أَمَا إِنَّهُ إِذَا كَانَ ذَلِكَ لَمْ نَكْرَهْهُ  

«هَذَا حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحُ الْإِسْنَادِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجَاهُ» صحيح
hakim:4059Muḥammad b. Isḥāq al-Ṣaffār > Aḥmad b. Naṣr > ʿAmr b. Ṭalḥah > Asbāṭ > al-Suddī > Abū Mālik > Ibn ʿAbbās > Murrah > Ibn Masʿūd

[Machine] "And about some of the companions of the Prophet, peace be upon him, it is narrated: When the angels came out from Ibrahim, peace be upon him, towards the city of Lut and reached the river of Sodom, they met the daughter of Lut, who was fetching water for her family. Lut's daughters were two in number. They said to her, 'O girl, is there any house nearby? She replied, 'Yes, your place is not far, but do not enter until I bring you what you need.' Then she went to her father and said, 'O my father, there are young men standing at the gate of the city. I have never seen such beautiful faces before. Your people should not see them, as they may harm them. Your people have been forbidden from hosting anyone until they said, 'Give us your guests so that we can harass them.' Nobody here, except the household of Lut, knows where they are. His wife went out and informed her people, saying, 'Indeed, there are men inside Lut's house whose faces I have never seen before.' So, Lut's people hurried towards him. When they came to him, he said, 'O my people, fear Allah and do not disgrace me concerning my guests. Is there not among you a single reasonable man? These are my daughters, they are purer for you. So, fear Allah and do not humiliate me in front of my guests.' They said, 'You know that we have no right in your daughters, and indeed, you know what we want.' When they failed to persuade him, he said, 'If only I had power against you or could take refuge in a strong support.' Then Jibril extended his wings, covering the sight of their eyes, and they went out stumbling, unable to see one another. They were saying, 'This is their plan. Verily, in the house of Lut, there is magic.' This is the saying of Allah, the Almighty, 'And indeed, they sought to tempt him away from his guests, but We blinded their eyes.' And they said, 'O Lut, indeed, we are messengers of your Lord. They will never reach you, so travel with your family in the cover of the night, and let not any among you look back except your wife. Indeed, she will be struck by what strikes them. So, proceed as you are commanded.' Then Allah led them to safety towards the land of Shaam. Lut said, 'Destroying them will take only a moment.' They replied, 'We have not been commanded to destroy them except at the break of dawn. Is not the morning near?' When morning came, Lut and his family left, except for his wife. This is the saying of Allah, the Almighty, 'Except the family of Lut; We will save them all, except his wife, who will be among those who remain.'  

الحاكم:٤٠٥٩أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ الصَّفَّارُ ثنا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ نَصْرٍ ثنا عَمْرُو بْنُ طَلْحَةَ ثنا أَسْبَاطٌ عَنِ السُّدِّيِّ عَنْ أَبِي مَالِكٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَعَنْ مُرَّةَ عَنِ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ

وَعَنْ أُنَاسٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ مَرْفُوعًا قَالَ لَمَّا خَرَجَتِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ مِنْ عِنْدِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ نَحْوَ قَرْيَةِ لُوطٍ وَأَتَوْهَا نِصْفَ النَّهَارِ فَلَمَّا بَلَغُوا نَهَرَ سَدُومٍ لَقَوُا ابْنَةَ لُوطٍ تَسْتَقِي مِنَ الْمَاءِ لِأَهْلِهَا وَكَانَ لَهُ ابْنَتَانِ فَقَالُوا لَهَا يَا جَارِيَةُ هَلْ مِنْ مَنْزِلٍ؟ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ مَكَانَكُمْ لَا تَدْخُلُوا حَتَّى آتِيَكُمْ فَأَتَتْ أَبَاهَا فَقَالَتْ يَا أَبَتَاهُ أَدْرِكْ فِتْيَانًا عَلَى بَابِ الْمَدِينَةِ مَا رَأَيْتُ وُجُوهَ قَوْمٍ هِيَ أَحْسَنُ مِنْهُمْ لَا يَأْخُذُهُمْ قَوْمُكَ فَيَفْضَحُوهُمْ وَقَدْ كَانَ قَوْمُهُ نَهَوْهُ أَنْ يُضِيفَ رَجُلًا حَتَّى قَالُوا حَلَّ عَلَيْنَا فَلْيُضَيِّفِ الرِّجَالَ فَجَاءَهُمْ وَلَمْ يُعْلِمْ أَحَدًا إِلَّا بَيْتَ أَهْلِ لُوطٍ فَخَرَجَتِ امْرَأَتُهُ فَأَخْبَرَتْ قَوْمَهُ قَالَتْ إِنَّ فِي بَيْتِ لُوطٍ رِجَالًا مَا رَأَيْتُ مِثْلَ وُجُوهِهِمْ قَطُّ فَجَاءَهُ قَوْمُهُ يُهْرَعُونَ إِلَيْهِ فَلَمَّا أَتَوْهُ قَالَ لَهُمْ لُوطٌ «يَا قَوْمِ اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَلَا تُخْزُونِ فِي ضَيْفِي أَلَيْسَ مِنْكُمْ رَجُلٌ رُشَيْدٌ هَؤُلَاءِ بَنَاتِي هُنَّ أَطْهُرُ لَكُمْ مِمَّا تُرِيدُونَ» قَالُوا لَهُ أَوَ لَمْ نَنْهَكَ إِنْ تُضَيِّفَ الرِّجَالَ قَدْ عَلِمْتَ أَنَّ مَا لَنَا فِي بَنَاتِكَ مِنْ حَقٍّ وَإِنَّكَ لَتَعْلَمُ مَا نُرِيدُ فَلَمَّا لَمْ يَقْبَلُوا مِنْهُ مَا عَرَضَهُ عَلَيْهِمْ قَالَ «لَوْ أَنَّ لِيَ بِكُمْ قُوَّةً أَوْ آوِي إِلَى رُكْنٍ شَدِيدٍ» يَقُولُ صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ «لَوْ أَنَّ لِي أَنْصَارًا يَنْصُرُونِي عَلَيْكُمْ أَوْ عَشِيرَةً تَمْنَعُنِي مِنْكُمْ لَحَالَتْ بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَ مَا جِئْتُمْ تُرِيدُونَهُ مِنْ أَضْيَافِي» وَلَمَّا قَالَ لُوطٌ لَوْ أَنَّ لِيَ بِكُمْ قُوَّةً أَوْ آوِي إِلَى رُكْنٍ شَدِيدٍ بَسَطَ حِينَئِذٍ جِبْرِيلُ جَنَاحَيْهِ فَفَقَأَ أَعْيُنَهُمْ وَخَرَجُوا يَدُوسُ بَعْضُهُمْ فِي آثَارِ بَعْضٍ عُمْيَانًا يَقُولُونَ النَّجَا النَّجَا فَإِنَّ فِي بَيْتِ لُوطٍ أَسْحَرَ قَوْمٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ ﷻ {وَلَقَدْ رَاوَدُوهُ عَنْ ضَيْفِهِ فَطَمَسْنَا أَعْيُنَهُمْ} [القمر 37] وَقَالُوا يَا لُوطُ إِنَّا رُسُلُ رَبِّكَ لَنْ يَصِلُوا إِلَيْكَ فَأَسْرِ بِأَهْلِكَ بِقِطِعٍ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ وَلَا يَلْتَفِتْ مِنْكُمْ أَحَدٌ إِلَّا امْرَأَتُكَ فَاتَّبِعْ آثَارَ أَهْلِكَ يَقُولُ «وَامْضُوا حَيْثُ تُؤْمَرُونَ فَأَخْرَجَهُمُ اللَّهُ إِلَى الشَّامِ» وَقَالَ لُوطٌ أَهْلِكُوهُمُ السَّاعَةَ فَقَالُوا إِنَّا لَمْ نُؤْمَرْ إِلَّا بِالصُّبْحِ أَلَيْسَ الصُّبْحُ بِقَرِيبٍ فَلَمَّا أَنْ كَانَ السَّحَرُ خَرَجَ لُوطٌ وَأَهْلُهُ عَدَا امْرَأَتِهِ فَذَلِكَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ ﷻ {إِلَّا آلَ لُوطٍ نَجَّيْنَاهُمْ بِسَحَرٍ} [القمر 34]  

«هَذَا حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحٌ عَلَى شَرْطِ مُسْلِمٍ وَلَمْ يُخَرِّجَاهُ» على شرط مسلم
hakim:4040al-Ḥasan > al-Ḥusayn b. al-Faraj > Abū ʿAbdullāh al-Wāqidī

[Machine] There has been a difference of opinion regarding Isma'il and Ishaq; which of them did Ibrahim intend to sacrifice, and where did he intend to sacrifice him, in Mina or in the House of the Sacred Mosque? Whenever I heard anything about this matter from narrations, I would ask Ibn Abi Sabrah, from Abu Malik, from the descendants of Malik Ad-Dar. He was a mawla (freed slave) of 'Uthman ibn 'Affan, about what they said about the sacrifice of Allah, which of them was it? He said: When Isma'il was seven years old, Ibrahim saw in a dream that he was slaughtering Isma'il. Ibrahim came to Isma'il's mother and told her about his dream. She said: Do what you have been commanded to do. Then Ibrahim went to present the matter to Isma'il. He said to him: O Isma'il, I have seen in a dream that I am slaughtering you. What do you think? Isma'il said: O my father, do as you have been commanded. You will find me, if Allah wills, to be among the patient. When they had both submitted willingly to the command of Allah and Ibrahim had laid his son prostrate, ready to plainly fulfill the command of his Lord, the Shaytan (Satan) appeared to Haajar (Hagar), saying: Do you know what your husband is going to do? She said: Yes. He said: He is going to slaughter your son. She said: Has he been commanded to do so? He said: Yes. She said: Then Allah will not make him (Ibrahim) suffer any loss. As for Isma'il, while he was being laid down, he said: O my father! Tie my hands behind my back, so that I may not struggle against you, and turn my face away from you so that you will not see me suffering. When Ibrahim had laid him prostrate on his face (in order to sacrifice him), Isma'il heard a voice saying: O Ibrahim! You have fulfilled the dream. Thus do We reward those who do right. That indeed was a manifest trial. Then they ransomed Isma'il with a great sacrifice (a ram).  

الحاكم:٤٠٤٠فَحَدَّثْنَاهُ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ الْأَصْبَهَانِيُّ ثنا الْحَسَنُ ثنا الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ الْفَرَجِ ثنا أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْوَاقِدِيُّ قَالَ

قَدِ اخْتَلَفَ عَلَيْنَا فِي إِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ أَيُّهُمَا أَرَادَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ أَنْ يَذْبَحَ وَأَيْنَ أَرَادَ ذَبْحَهُ بِمِنًى أَمْ بِبَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ فَكَتَبْتُ كُلَّمَا سَمِعْتُ مِنَ ذَلِكَ مِنْ أَخْبَارِ الْحَدِيثِ فَحَدَّثَنِي ابْنُ أَبِي سَبْرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي مَالِكٍ مِنْ وَلَدِ مَالِكِ الدَّارِ وَكَانَ مَوْلًى لِعُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَفَّانَ عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ خَوَّاتَ بْنَ جُبَيْرٍ الْأَنْصَارِيَّ عَنْ ذَبِيحِ اللَّهِ أَيُّهُمَا كَانَ؟ فَقَالَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ لَمَّا بَلَغَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ سَبْعَ سِنِينَ رَأَى إِبْرَاهِيمُ فِي النَّوْمِ فِي مَنْزِلِهِ بِالشَّامِ أَنَّهُ يَذْبَحُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ فَرَكِبَ إِلَيْهِ عَلَى الْبُرَاقِ حَتَّى جَاءَهُ فَوَجَدَهُ عِنْدَ أُمِّهِ فَأَخَذَ بِيَدِهِ وَمَضَى بِهِ لِمَا أُمِرَ بِهِ وَجَاءَهُ الشَّيْطَانُ فِي صُورَةِ رَجُلٍ يَعْرِفُهُ فَقَالَ يَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ أَيْنَ تُرِيدُ؟ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ «فِي حَاجَتِي» قَالَ تُرِيدُ أَنْ تَذْبَحَ إِسْمَاعِيلَ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ «أَرَأَيْتَ وَالِدًا يَذْبَحُ وَلَدَهُ؟» قَالَ نَعَمْ أَنْتَ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ «وَلِمَ؟» قَالَ تَزْعُمُ أَنَّ اللَّهَ أَمَرَكَ بِذَلِكَ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ «فَإِنْ كَانَ اللَّهُ أَمَرَنِي أَطَعْنَا لِلَّهِ وَأَحْسَنْتُ» فَانْصَرَفَ عَنْهُ وَجَاءَ إِبْلِيسُ إِلَى هَاجَرَ فَقَالَ أَيْنَ ذَهَبَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ بِابْنِكِ؟ قَالَتْ ذَهَبَ فِي حَاجَتِهِ قَالَ فَإِنَّهُ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَذْبَحَهُ قَالَتْ وَهَلْ رَأَيْتَ وَالِدًا يَذْبَحُ وَلَدَهُ؟ قَالَ هُوَ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّ اللَّهَ أَمَرَهُ بِذَلِكَ قَالَتْ فَقَدْ أَحْسَنَ حَيْثُ أَطَاعَ اللَّهَ ثُمَّ أَدْرَكَ إِسْمَاعِيلَ فَقَالَ يَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ أَيْنَ يَذْهَبُ بِكَ أَبُوكَ؟ قَالَ لِحَاجَتِهِ قَالَ فَإِنَّهُ يَذْهَبُ بِكَ لِيَذْبَحَكَ قَالَ وَهَلْ رَأَيْتَ وَالِدًا قَطُّ يَذْبَحُ وَلَدَهُ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ هُوَ قَالَ وَلِمَ؟ قَالَ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّ اللَّهَ أَمَرَهُ بِذَلِكَ قَالَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ فَقَدْ أَحْسَنَ حَيْثُ أَطَاعَ رَبَّهُ قَالَ فَخَرَجَ بِهِ حَتَّى انْتَهَى بِهِ إِلَى مِنًى حَيْثُ أَمَرَ ثُمَّ انْتَهَى إِلَى مَنْحَرِ الْبُدْنِ الْيَوْمَ فَقَالَ «أَبُنَيَّ إِنَّ اللَّهَ أَمَرَنِي أَنْ أَذْبَحَكَ» قَالَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ فَأَطِعْ فَإِنَّ طَاعَةَ رَبِّكَ كُلُّ خَيْرٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ هَلْ أَعْلَمْتَ أُمِّي بِذَلِكَ؟ قَالَ «لَا» قَالَ أَصَبْتَ إِنِّي أَخَافُ أَنْ تَحْزَنَ وَلَكِنْ إِذَا قَرِّبْتَ السِّكِّينَ مِنْ حَلْقِي فَأَعْرِضْ عَنِّي فَإِنَّهُ أَجْدَرُ أَنْ تَصْبِرَ وَلَا تَرَانِي فَفَعَلَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ فَجَعَلَ يَحُزُّ فِي حَلْقِهِ فَإِذَا الْحَزُّ فِي نُحَاسٍ مَا يَحْتَكُّ الشَّفْرَةُ فَشَحَذَهَا مَرَّتَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلَاثَةً بِالْحَجَرِ كُلُّ ذَلِكَ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ يَحُزَّ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ «إِنَّ هَذَا الْأَمْرَ مِنَ اللَّهِ فَرَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ» فَإِذَا بِوَعْلٍ وَاقِفٍ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ فَقَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ «قُمْ يَا بُنَيَّ فَقَدْ نَزَلَ فِدَاكَ» فَذَبَحَهُ هُنَاكَ بِمِنًىما للواقدي وللصحاح  

hakim:4380Abū al-ʿAbbās Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb > Aḥmad b. ʿAbd al-Jabbār > Yūnus b. Bukayr > Ibn Isḥāq > Muḥammad b. al-Walīd b. Nūwayfiʿ > Kurayb a freed slave of Ibn ʿAbbās > Ibn ʿAbbās

[Machine] The sons of Saad ibn Bakr, Dimam ibn Tha'laba, were sent to the Messenger of Allah. They came to us and I tied their camel at the gate of the mosque. Then they entered upon the Messenger of Allah, who was sitting in the mosque with his companions. He asked them, "Which one of you is the son of Abdul-Muttalib?" The Messenger of Allah replied, "I am the son of Abdul-Muttalib." He said, "Muhammad?" The Messenger of Allah replied, "Yes." He said, "O Muhammad, I have a question for you, and I am persistent in it. Do not find me offensive. For I do not find it in myself." He said, "Ask about what you have in mind." He said, "I ask you by Allah, your God, the God of those before you, and the God of those who will come after you: Did Allah send you to us as a messenger?" The Messenger of Allah replied, "By Allah, yes." He said, "I ask you by Allah, your God, the God of those before you, and the God of those who will come after you: Did Allah command you that we worship Him alone and not associate anything with Him, and that we reject these idols and false gods that our forefathers used to worship?" The Messenger of Allah replied, "By Allah, yes." Then he began mentioning the obligations of Islam, one by one, starting with prayer, then zakah, fasting, and Hajj, reciting them after each obligation, just as he recited them before. When he finished, he said, "I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that you are His servant and messenger. I will fulfill these obligations and avoid what you have prohibited me from doing. I will not increase or decrease in them." Then he turned around and returned to his camel. The Messenger of Allah said as he was leaving, "If the two idols are truthful, he will enter Paradise." Dimam was a tall, hairy man with prominent shoulders. He came with his camel and released its reins until he came to his people. They gathered around him and the first thing he said was cursing Lat and Uzza. They said, "What is wrong with you, O Dimam? Beware of leprosy, madness, and insanity!" He said, "Woe to you! By Allah, neither of them can harm or benefit. Allah has sent a messenger and revealed a book to you, which has saved you from what you were in. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is His servant and messenger. I have come to you from him with what he has commanded you and what he has forbidden you. By Allah, not a single man or woman in the city today is not a Muslim." Ibn Abbas said, "We have not heard of a group coming that was better than Dimam ibn Tha'laba. Both the two sheikhs agreed to remove from their book the story of Dimam entering the city, and neither of them narrated the complete hadith. This is authentic." Authentic.  

الحاكم:٤٣٨٠حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْعَبَّاسِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ ثنا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ ثنا يُونُسُ بْنُ بُكَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ إِسْحَاقَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ نُوَيْفِعٍ عَنْ كُرَيْبٍ مَوْلَى ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ

بَعَثَ بَنُو سَعْدِ بْنِ بَكْرٍ ضِمَامَ بْنَ ثَعْلَبَةَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَدِمَ عَلَيْنَا فَأَنَاخَ بَعِيرَهُ عَلَى بَابِ الْمَسْجِدِ فَعَقَلَهُ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَهُوَ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ جَالِسٌ مَعَ أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ أَيُّكُمُ ابْنُ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَنَا ابْنُ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ فَقَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ؟ قَالَ «نَعَمْ» قَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ إِنِّي سَائِلُكَ وَمُغَلِّظٌ عَلَيْكَ فِي الْمَسْأَلَةِ فَلَا تَجِدَنَّ عَلَيَّ فِي نَفْسِكَ فَإِنِّي لَا أَجِدُ فِي نَفْسِي قَالَ «سَلْ عَمَّا بَدَا لَكَ» قَالَ أَنْشُدُكَ اللَّهَ إِلَهَكَ وَإِلَهَ مَنْ قَبْلَكَ وَإِلَهَ مَنْ هُوَ كَائِنٌ بَعْدَكَ آللَّهُ بَعَثَكَ إِلَيْنَا رَسُولًا؟ قَالَ «اللَّهُمَّ نَعَمْ» قَالَ أَنْشُدُكَ اللَّهَ إِلَهَكَ وَإِلَهَ مَنْ قَبْلَكَ وَإِلَهَ مَنْ هُوَ كَائِنٌ بَعْدَكَ آللَّهُ أَمَرَكَ أَنْ نَعْبُدَهُ وَلَا نُشْرِكَ بِهِ شَيْئًا وَأَنْ نَخْلَعَ هَذِهِ الْأَوْثَانَ وَالْأَنْدَادَ الَّتِي كَانَ آبَاؤُنَا يَعْبُدُونَ؟ فَقَالَ ﷺ اللَّهُمَّ «نَعَمْ» ثُمَّ جَعَلَ يَذْكُرُ فَرَائِضَ الْإِسْلَامِ فَرِيضَةً فَرِيضَةً الصَّلَاةَ وَالزَّكَاةَ وَالصِّيَامَ وَالْحَجَّ وَفَرَائِضَ الْإِسْلَامِ كُلَّهَا يَنْشُدُهُ عِنْدَ كُلِّ فَرِيضَةٍ كَمَا أَنْشُدُهُ فِي الَّتِي كَانَ قَبْلَهَا حَتَّى إِذَا فَرَغَ قَالَ فَإِنِّي أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَنَّكَ عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَسَأُؤَدِّي هَذِهِ الْفَرَائِضَ وَأَجْتَنِبُ مَا نَهَيْتَنِي عَنْهُ لَا أَزِيدُ وَلَا أَنْقُصُ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ رَاجِعًا إِلَى بَعِيرِهِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ حِينَ وَلَّى «إِنْ يَصْدُقْ ذُو الْعَقِيصَتَيْنِ يَدْخُلِ الْجَنَّةَ» وَكَانَ ضِمَامُ رَجُلًا جَلْدًا أَشْعَرَ ذَا غَدِيرَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ أَتَى بَعِيرَهُ فَأَطْلَقَ عِقَالَهُ حَتَّى قَدِمَ عَلَى قَوْمِهِ فَاجْتَمَعُوا إِلَيْهِ فَكَانَ أَوَّلُ مَا تَكَلَّمَ بِهِ وَهُوَ يَسُبُّ اللَّاتَ وَالْعُزَّى فَقَالُوا مَهْ يَا ضِمَامُ اتَّقِ الْبَرَصَ وَالْجُذَامَ وَالْجُنُونَ فَقَالَ وَيْلَكُمْ إِنَّهُمَا وَاللَّهِ لَا يَضُرَّانِ وَلَا يَنْفَعَانِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ بَعَثَ رَسُولًا وَأَنْزَلَ عَلَيْهِ كِتَابًا اسْتَنْقَذَكُمْ بِهِ مِمَّا كُنْتُمْ فِيهِ وَإِنِّي أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَإِنِّي قَدْ جِئْتُكُمْ مِنْ عِنْدِهُ بِمَا أَمَرَكُمْ بِهِ وَنَهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَوَاللَّهِ مَا أَمْسَى ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ مِنْ حَاضِرَتِهِ رَجُلٌ وَلَا امْرَأَةٌ إِلَّا مُسْلِمًا قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ فَمَا سَمِعْنَا بِوَافِدِ قَوْمٍ كَانَ أَفْضَلَ مِنْ ضِمَامِ بْنِ ثَعْلَبَةَ «وَقَدِ اتَّفَقَ الشَّيْخَانِ عَلَى إِخْرَاجِ وُرُودِ ضِمَامٍ الْمَدِينَةَ وَلَمْ يَسُقْ وَاحِدٌ مِنْهُمَا الْحَدِيثَ بِطُولِهِ وَهَذَا صَحِيحٌ» صحيح  

hakim:4329Abū al-ʿAbbās Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb > Aḥmad b. ʿAbd al-Jabbār > Yūnus b. Bukayr > Ibn Isḥāq

[Machine] "He, Ali, O Amr, you had made a pact with Allah on behalf of Quraysh that no man should invite another man except for one of the two shall be accepted. And so, Amr said, 'Yes.' Then Ali said to him, 'Verily, I invite you to Allah, the Almighty, and to His Messenger ﷺ and to Islam.' Amr replied, 'I have no need for that.' Ali then said, 'Indeed, I invite you to combat.' Amr said, 'O my nephew, why?' Ali replied, 'By Allah, I do not wish to kill you, but I wish for you to kill me.' So Amr became furious and charged at Ali with his horse, but Ali struck the horse and killed it. Amr then approached Ali and said, 'Who will duel with me?' Ali stood up, with his face covered in armor, and said, 'I am the one, O Prophet of Allah.' The Prophet ﷺ allowed him and Ali went towards him saying, 'Do not rush, for there has come to you an answer. Your voice is not weak, and you are knowledgeable and perceptive. And truth is the salvation for every victor. I do hope to avenge upon you a blow that would remain remembered. Amr asked, 'Who are you?' Ali replied, 'I am Ali.' Amr asked, 'The son of whom?' Ali said, 'I am Ali ibn Abi Talib.' Amr then said, 'You have with you, O my nephew, some of your maternal uncles who are better than you. Leave and I do not wish to shed your blood.' Ali replied, 'By Allah, I do not mind shedding your blood.' So Amr became angry, dismounted from his horse, and drew his sword as if it were a flaming torch. He approached Ali in anger, while Ali faced him with his shield. Amr struck at Ali's shield but it fell and remained stuck with his sword. He struck at Ali's head, cutting through it, and Ali struck him on the neck, causing him to fall down. The infidels then made a commotion and the Prophet ﷺ heard the takbeer (Allahu Akbar) and knew that Ali had killed him. Ali then said, 'I am certain that the cavalry will attack in the same manner as I and they will delay my companions today. I am determined and vigilant in my resolve, with no other comrade but Ibn Abd. When I approached him, I swore and summoned them to listen to my recitation from the Book. I am indeed truthful, for I affirm those who exclaim righteousness, two men who strike all opponents. I have with me, a stick between branches, an uncomplaining trunk, tainted by his thoughtlessness. And I worship the Lord of Muhammad, with correctness. Ali then turned towards the Messenger of Allah ﷺ with a beaming face. Umar ibn Khattab said to him, 'Why don't you take his armor? For there is no better armor for the Arabs than that.' Ali replied, 'I struck him, fearing him and being shy of my cousin, to take his armor. I left his horses defeated until they were thrown into the trench.'  

الحاكم:٤٣٢٩حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْعَبَّاسِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ ثنا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ ثنا يُونُسُ بْنُ بُكَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ إِسْحَاقَ قَالَ كَانَ عَمْرُو بْنُ عَبْدِ وُدٍّ ثَالِثَ قُرَيْشٍ وَكَانَ قَدْ قَاتَلَ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ حَتَّى أَثْبَتَتْهُ الْجِرَاحَةُ وَلَمْ يَشْهَدْ أُحُدًا فَلَمَّا كَانَ يَوْمُ الْخَنْدَقِ خَرَجَ مُعْلِمًا لَيَرَى مَشْهَدَهُ فَلَمَّا وَقَفَ هُوَ وَخَيْلُهُ قَالَ

لَهُ عَلِيُّ يَا عَمْرُو قَدْ كُنْتَ تُعَاهِدُ اللَّهَ لِقُرَيْشٍ أَنْ لَا يَدْعُوَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى خَلَّتَيْنِ إِلَّا قَبِلْتَ مِنْهُ أَحَدَهُمَا فَقَالَ عَمْرٌو أَجَلْ فَقَالَ لَهُ عَلِيٌّ فَإِنِّي أَدْعُوكَ إِلَى اللَّهِ ﷻ وَإِلَى رَسُولِهِ ﷺ وَالْإِسْلَامِ فَقَالَ لَا حَاجَةَ لِي فِي ذَلِكَ قَالَ فَإِنِّي أَدْعُوكَ إِلَى الْبَرَازِ قَالَ يَا ابْنَ أَخِي لِمَ؟ فَوَاللَّهِ مَا أُحِبُّ أَنْ أَقَتُلَكَ فَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ لَكِنِّي أُحِبُّ أَنْ أَقَتُلَكَ فَحَمِيَ عَمْرٌو فَاقْتَحَمَ عَنْ فَرَسِهِ فَعَقَرَهُ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ فَجَاءَ إِلَى عَلِيٍّ وَقَالَ مَنْ يُبَارِزُ؟ فَقَامَ عَلِيٌّ وَهُوَ مُقَنَّعٌ فِي الْحَدِيدِ فَقَالَ أَنَا لَهُ يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ إِنَّهُ عَمْرُو بْنُ عَبْدِ وُدٍّ اجْلِسْ فَنَادَى عَمْرٌو أَلَا رَجُلٌ؟ «فَأَذِنَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ» فَمَشَى إِلَيْهِ عَلِيٌّ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ [البحر الكامل] لَا تَعْجَلَنَّ فَقَدْ أَتَاكَ مُجِيبٌ صَوْتَكَ غَيْرُ عَاجِزْ ذُو نُبْهَةٍ وَبَصِيرَةٍ وَالصِّدْقُ مَنْجَى كُلِّ فَائِزْ إِنِّي لَأَرْجُو أَنْ أُقِيمَ عَلَيْكَ نَائِحَةَ الْجَنَائِزْ مِنْ ضَرْبَةٍ نَجْلَاءَ يَبْقَى ذِكْرُهَا عِنْدَ الْهَزَاهِزْ فَقَالَ لَهُ عَمْرٌو مَنْ أَنْتَ؟ قَالَ أَنَا عَلِيٌّ قَالَ ابْنُ مَنْ؟ قَالَ ابْنُ عَبْدِ مَنَافٍ أَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ فَقَالَ عِنْدَكَ يَا ابْنَ أَخِي مِنْ أَعْمَامِكَ مَنْ هُوَ أَسَنُّ مِنْكَ فَانْصَرِفْ فَإِنِّي أَكْرَهُ أَنْ أُهَرِيقَ دَمَكَ فَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ لَكِنِّي وَاللَّهِ مَا أَكْرَهُ أَنْ أُهَرِيقَ دَمَكَ فَغَضِبَ فَنَزَلَ فَسَلَّ سَيْفَهُ كَأَنَّهُ شُعْلَةُ نَارٍ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ نَحْو عَلِيٍّ مُغْضَبًا وَاسْتَقْبَلَهُ عَلِيٌّ بِدَرَقَتِهِ فَضَرَبَهُ عَمْرُو فِي الدَّرَقَةِ فَقَدَّهَا وَأَثْبَتَ فِيهَا السَّيْفَ وَأَصَابَ رَأْسَهُ فَشَجَّهُ وَضَرَبَهُ عَلِيٌّ عَلَى حَبَلِ الْعَاتِقِ فَسَقَطَ وَثَارَ الْعَجَاجُ فَسَمِعَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ التَّكْبِيرَ فَعَرَفَ أَنَّ عَلِيًّا قَتَلَهُ فَثَمَّ يَقُولُ عَلِيٌّ ؓ أَعَلَيَّ يَقْتَحِمُ الْفَوَارِسُ هَكَذَا عَنِّي وَعَنْهُمْ أَخِّرُوا أَصْحَابِي الْيَوْمَ يَمْنَعُنِي الْفِرَارُ حَفِيظَتِي وَمُصَمِّمٌ فِي الرَّأْسِ لَيْسَ بِنَابِي إِلَّا ابْنَ عَبْدٍ حِينَ شَدَّ إِلَيْهِ وَحَلَفْتُ فَاسْتَمِعُوا مِنَ الْكِتَابِ إِنِّي لَأَصُدِّقُ مَنْ يُهَلِّلُ بِالتُّقَى رَجُلَانِ يَضْرِبَانِ كُلَّ ضَرَّابِ فَصَدَرْتُ حِينَ تَرَكْتُهُ مُتَجِدَّلًا كَالْجَذَعِ بَيْنَ دَكَادِكِ وَرَوَابِي وَعَفَفْتُ عَنْ أَثْوَابِهِ وَلَوْ أَنَّنِي كُنْتُ الْمُقْطِرَ يَزِنُ أَثْوَابِي عَبَدَ الْحِجَارَةَ مِنْ سَفَاهَةِ عَقْلِهِ وَعَبَدْتُ رَبَّ مُحَمَّدٍ بِصَوَابِ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلِيٌّ نَحْوَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَوَجْهُهُ يَتَهَلَّلُ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ هَلَّا أَسْلَبْتَهُ دِرْعَهُ فَلَيْسَ لِلْعَرَبِ دِرْعًا خَيْرًا مِنْهَا فَقَالَ ضَرَبْتُهُ فَاتَّقَانِي بِسَوْءَتِهِ وَاسْتَحْيَيْتُ ابْنَ عَمِّي أَنِ اسْتَلَبَهُ وَخَرَجْتُ خَيْلُهُ مُنْهَزِمَةً حَتَّى أُقْحِمَتْ مِنَ الْخَنْدَقِ  

hakim:4251Muḥammad b. Ismāʿīl al-Muqriʾ > Muḥammad b. Isḥāq b. Ibrāhīm > Muḥammad b. Yaḥyá b. Abū ʿAmr al-ʿAdanī > Yaḥyá b. Sulaym > Ibn Khuthaym > Abū al-Zubayr > Jābir b. ʿAbdullāh al-Anṣārī

[Machine] Indeed, the Prophet ﷺ spent ten years following people in their homes during the season of Manazil, Muzdalifah, and 'Ukaz. He would ask, "Who will shelter me? Who will support me until I convey the messages of my Lord, and for him is Paradise?" Yet, he would find no one to support him or shelter him. And there would be a man who would leave from Egypt or Yemen to bring him back to his people, and they would warn him, "Beware of the young Quraishi boy who will tempt you." He would walk among their tents, calling them to Allah Almighty, and they would point at him with their fingers. Then Allah sent us from Yathrib (Medina), and the man from among us would meet him, believe in him, and teach him the Quran. He would then return to his people, and they would embrace Islam until there was not a single house among the houses of the Ansar without Muslims in it. We sent a message to Allah, and He allowed us to gather and meet. We said, "How long will the Messenger of Allah ﷺ be expelled in the mountains of Makkah and live in fear?" So we set out until we reached him in Muzdalifah during the pilgrimage season. We made an agreement with him at 'Aqabah, and his uncle, al-'Abbas, said to him, "O son of my brother, I do not know who these people who have come to you are. I have knowledge of the people of Yathrib, so we gathered with a man, and when al-'Abbas looked at our faces, he said, 'These are people we do not know. They are young men.' So we said, 'O Messenger of Allah, what do we pledge allegiance to you on?' He said, 'Pledge allegiance to me on hearing and obeying, in times of energy and times of laziness, on spending in times of ease and times of hardship, on commanding good and forbidding evil, and on not blaming us for what we do in the name of Allah. Pledge allegiance to me on supporting me when I come to you, and withholding from what you withhold from yourselves, your wives, and your children. And for you is Paradise.' So we pledged allegiance to him, and Sa'd bin Zurarah, the youngest among the seventy, took his hand and said, 'O people of Yathrib, none of us withholds his hand from this pledge, and we will never quit it.' So we went to him, each man one by one, and he took our pledge to grant us Paradise."  

الحاكم:٤٢٥١حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ الْمُقْرِئُ ثنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ثنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي عَمْرٍو الْعَدَنِيُّ ثنا يَحْيَى بْنُ سُلَيْمٍ عَنِ ابْنِ خُثَيْمٍ عَنْ أَبِي الزُّبَيْرِ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْأَنْصَارِيِّ

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ لَبِثَ عَشْرَ سِنِينَ يَتْبَعُ النَّاسَ فِي مَنَازِلِهِمْ فِي الْمَوْسِمِ وَمَجَنَّةِ وَعُكَاظٍ وَمَنَازِلِهِمْ مِنْ مِنَىً «مَنْ يُؤْوِينِي مَنْ يَنْصُرُنِي حَتَّى أُبَلِّغَ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي فَلَهُ الْجَنَّةُ؟» فَلَا يَجِدُ أَحَدًا يَنْصُرُهُ وَلَا يُؤْوِيَهُ حَتَّى إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَرْحَلُ مِنْ مِصْرَ أَوْ مِنَ الْيَمَنِ إِلَى ذِي رَحِمِهِ فَيَأْتِيهِ قَوْمُهُ فَيَقُولُونَ لَهُ احْذَرْ غُلَامَ قُرَيْشٍ لَا يَفْتِنَّنَكَ وَيَمْشِي بَيْنَ رِحَالِهِمْ يَدْعُوهُمْ إِلَى اللَّهِ ﷻ يُشِيرُونَ إِلَيْهِ بِالْأَصَابِعِ حَتَّى بَعَثَنَا اللَّهُ مِنْ يَثْرِبَ فَيَأْتِيهِ الرَّجُلُ مِنَّا فَيُؤْمِنُ بِهِ وَيُقْرِئُهُ الْقُرْآنَ فَيَنْقَلِبُ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ فَيُسْلِمُونَ بِإِسْلَامِهِ حَتَّى لَمْ يَبْقَ دَارٌ مِنْ دُورِ الْأَنْصَارِ إِلَّا وَفِيهَا رَهْطٌ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ يُظْهِرُونَ الْإِسْلَامَ وَبَعَثَنَا اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ فَائْتَمَرْنَا وَاجْتَمَعْنَا وَقُلْنَا حَتَّى مَتَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يُطْرَدُ فِي جِبَالِ مَكَّةَ وَيَخَافُ فَرَحَلْنَا حَتَّى قَدِمْنَا عَلَيْهِ فِي الْمَوْسِمِ فَوَاعَدَنَا بَيْعَةَ الْعَقَبَةِ فَقَالَ لَهُ عَمُّهُ الْعَبَّاسُ يَا ابْنَ أَخِي لَا أَدْرِي مَا هَؤُلَاءِ الْقَوْمُ الَّذِينَ جَاءُوكَ إِنِّي ذُو مَعْرِفَةٍ بِأَهْلِ يَثْرِبَ فَاجْتَمَعْنَا عِنْدَهُ مِنْ رَجُلٍ وَرَجُلَيْنِ فَلَمَّا نَظَرَ الْعَبَّاسُ فِي وُجُوهِنَا قَالَ هَؤُلَاءِ قَوْمٌ لَا نَعْرِفُهُمْ هَؤُلَاءِ أَحْدَاثٌ فَقُلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ عَلَى مَا نُبَايِعُكَ؟ قَالَ «تُبَايعُونِي عَلَى السَّمْعِ وَالطَّاعَةِ فِي النَّشَاطِ وَالْكَسَلِ وَعَلَى النَّفَقَةِ فِي الْعُسْرِ وَالْيُسْرِ وَعَلَى الْأَمْرِ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَالنَّهْيِ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَعَلَى أَنْ تَقُولُوا فِي اللَّهِ لَا تَأْخُذْكُمْ لَوْمَةُ لَائِمٍ وَعَلَى أَنْ تَنْصُرُونِيَ إِذَا قَدِمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَتَمْنَعُونِي مِمَّا تَمْنَعُونَ عَنْهُ أَنْفُسَكُمْ وَأَزْوَاجَكُمْ وَأَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَلَكُمُ الْجَنَّةُ» فَقُمْنَا نُبَايِعُهُ وَأَخَذَ بِيَدِهِ أَسْعَدُ بْنُ زُرَارَةَ وَهُوَ أَصْغَرُ السَّبْعِينَ إِلَّا أَنَّهُ قَالَ رُوَيْدًا يَا أَهْلَ يَثْرِبَ إِنَّا لَمْ نَضْرِبْ إِلَيْهِ أَكْبَادَ الْمَطِيِّ إِلَّا وَنَحْنُ نَعْلَمُ أَنَّهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَأَنَّ إِخْرَاجَهُ الْيَوْمَ مُفَارَقَةُ الْعَرَبِ كَافَّةً وَقَتْلُ خِيَارِكُمْ وَأَنَّ يَعَضَّكُمُ السَّيْفُ فَإِمَّا أَنْتُمْ قَوْمٌ تَصْبِرُونَ عَلَيْهَا إِذَا مَسَّتْكُمْ وَعَلَى قَتْلِ خِيَارِكُمْ وَمُفَارَقَةِ الْعَرَبِ كَافَّةً فَخُذُوهُ وَأَجْرُكُمْ عَلَى اللَّهِ وَإِمَّا أَنْتُمْ تَخَافُونَ مِنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ خِيفَةً فَذَرُوهُ فَهُوَ عُذْرٌ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ ﷻ فَقَالُوا يَا أَسْعَدُ أَمِطْ عَنَّا يَدَكَ فَوَاللَّهِ لَا نَذَرُ هَذِهِ الْبَيْعَةَ وَلَا نَسْتَقِيلُهَا قَالَ فَقُمْنَا إِلَيْهِ رَجُلًا رَجُلًا فَأَخَذَ عَلَيْنَا لِيُعْطِيَنَا بِذَلِكَ الْجَنَّةَ  

«هَذَا حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحُ الْإِسْنَادِ جَامِعٌ لِبَيْعَةِ الْعَقَبَةِ وَلَمْ يُخَرِّجَاهُ» صحيح
hakim:584Yaʿqūb b. Sufyān al-Fārisī > Abū Tawbah al-Rabīʿ b. Nāfiʿ > Muḥammad b. al-Muhājir > al-ʿAbbās b. Sālim > Abū Sallām > Abū Umāmah > ʿAmr b. ʿAbasah

[Machine] "I came to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in the early days of his prophethood in Makkah. He was at that time in a state of concealment. I asked him, 'Who are you?' He replied, 'I am a prophet.' I asked, 'What is a prophet?' He said, 'I am the Messenger of Allah.' I asked, 'Did Allah send you?' He replied, 'Yes.' I asked, 'With what did He send you?' He said, 'To worship Allah alone and to break idols and false religions, and to maintain family ties.' I said, 'Yes, indeed. What did He send you with?' I asked, 'Who follows you in this?' He said, 'Slave and free, meaning Abu Bakr and Bilal.' Umar used to say, 'I was a quarter or a fourth of Islam when I accepted Islam.' I said, 'Shall I follow you, O Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'No, but the truth will come to your people. When you hear that I have left, follow me.' So, I caught up with my people and I anticipated his news of departure and arrival until a group from Yathrib (Madina) came and I met them. I asked them about the news and they said, 'The Messenger of Allah has left Makkah for Madina.' I asked, 'Has he arrived there?' They replied, 'Yes.' I then proceeded until I reached him. I said, 'Do you recognize me, O Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'Yes, you are the man who came to me in Makkah.' I began to observe his seclusion and when he was alone, I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, teach me about what Allah has taught you and make it concise.' He said, 'Ask me about anything.' I said, 'During which part of the night should I perform the night prayer?' He replied, 'The last part of the night. And pray as much as you wish because the prayer is witnessed and recorded until you pray the dawn prayer. Then shorten your prayer until the sun rises and its rays are like the length of a spear or a pair of spears. Because at that time, the disbelievers prostrate to it. Then, pray as much as you wish, for the prayer is witnessed and recorded until the shadow of your spear becomes equal to its length. Then, shorten your prayer because Hellfire is kindled and its gates are opened. When the sun declines, pray as much as you wish, for the prayer is witnessed and recorded until you pray the afternoon prayer. Then, shorten your prayer until the sun sets, for it sets between the two horns of Satan and the disbelievers prostrate to it. When you perform ablution, wash your hands, for when you wash your hands, your sins leave from the sides of your arms. Then, when you wipe your head, your sins leave from the tips of your hair. And when you wash your feet, your sins leave from your feet. If you remain seated in your place, you will have a share of your ablution. If you stand up and remember your Lord and praise Him and perform two raka'ahs facing the Qiblah, with your heart, you will be free from your sins as on the day your mother gave birth to you.' I said, 'O Umar, I know what I am saying. You are saying something great.' He said, 'By Allah, my age has increased and my death is near, and I am not in need of lying. Even if I had heard it from the Messenger of Allah ﷺ only once or twice, I would have conveyed it. But I have heard it more than that. This is how Abu Salamah narrated it from him, from Abu Umamah, except for any possible error or addition. And Muslim has recorded some of these words from the hadith of Nadr ibn Muhammad al-Jurashi, from Ikrimah ibn Ammar, from Shaddad ibn Abdullah, from Abu Umamah.' Umar ibn Abbas said, 'And the hadith of Abbas ibn Salim is more comprehensive and complete than the hadith of Ikrimah ibn Ammar.'"  

الحاكم:٥٨٤أَخْبَرْنَاهُ أَبُو مُحَمَّدٍ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ دَرَسْتَوَيْهِ الْفَارِسِيُّ ثنا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ سُفْيَانَ الْفَارِسِيُّ ثنا أَبُو تَوْبَةَ الرَّبِيعُ بْنُ نَافِعٍ ثنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُهَاجِرِ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي سَلَّامٍ عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عَبَسَةَ قَالَ

أَتَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ فِي أَوَّلِ مَا بُعِثَ وَهُوَ بِمَكَّةَ وَهُوَ حِينَئِذٍ مُسْتَخْفٍ فَقُلْتُ مَا أَنْتَ؟ قَالَ «أَنَا نَبِيٌّ» قُلْتُ وَمَا نَبِيٌّ؟ قَالَ «رَسُولُ اللَّهِ» قُلْتُ آللَّهُ أَرْسَلَكَ؟ قَالَ «نَعَمْ» قُلْتُ بِمَا أَرْسَلَكَ؟ قَالَ «أَنْ تَعْبُدَ اللَّهَ وَتَكْسِرَ الْأَوْثَانَ وَالْأَدْيَانَ وَتُوصِلَ الْأَرْحَامَ» قُلْتُ نِعْمَ مَا أَرْسَلَكَ بِهِ قُلْتُ فَمَنْ يَتْبَعُكَ عَلَى هَذَا؟ قَالَ «عَبْدُ وَحُرٌّ» يَعْنِي أَبَا بَكْرٍ وَبِلَالًا فَكَانَ عَمْرٌو يَقُولُ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُنِي وَأَنَا رُبْعُ أَوْ رَابِعُ الْإِسْلَامِ قَالَ فَأَسْلَمْتُ قُلْتُ أَتْبَعُكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ «لَا وَلَكِنِ الْحَقْ بِقَوْمِكَ فَإِذَا أُخْبِرْتَ أَنِّي قَدْ خَرَجْتُ فَاتْبَعْنِي» قَالَ فَلَحِقْتُ بِقَوْمِي وَجَعَلْتُ أَتَوَقَّعُ خَبَرَهُ وَخُرُوجَهُ حَتَّى أَقْبَلَتْ رُفْقَةٌ مِنْ يَثْرِبَ فَلَقِيتُهُمْ فَسَأَلْتُهُمْ عَنِ الْخَبَرِ فَقَالُوا قَدْ خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مِنْ مَكَّةَ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ فَقُلْتُ وَقَدْ أَتَاهَا؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ قَالَ فَارْتَحَلْتُ حَتَّى أَتَيْتُهُ قُلْتُ أَتَعْرِفُنِي يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ؟ قَالَ «نَعَمْ أَنْتَ الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي أَتَانِي بِمَكَّةَ» فَجَعَلْتُ أَتَجَسَّسُ خَلْوَتَهُ فَلَمَّا خَلَا قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ عَلِّمْنِي مِمَّا عَلَّمَكَ اللَّهُ وَأَجْمِلْ قَالَ «فَسَلْ عَمَّ شِئْتَ» قُلْتُ أَيُّ اللَّيْلِ أَسْمَعُ؟ قَالَ «جَوْفُ اللَّيْلِ الْآخِرِ فَصَلِّ مَا شِئْتَ فَإِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ مَشْهُودَةٌ مَكْتُوبَةٌ حَتَّى تُصَلِّيَ الصُّبْحَ ثُمَّ أَقْصِرْ حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ فَتُرْفَعَ قِيدَ رُمْحٍ أَوْ رُمْحَيْنِ فَإِنَّهَا تَطْلُعُ بَيْنَ قَرْنَيْ شَيْطَانٍ وَتُصَلِّي لَهَا الْكُفَّارُ ثُمَّ صَلِّ مَا شِئْتَ فَإِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ مَشْهُودَةٌ مَكْتُوبَةٌ حَتَّى يَعْدِلَ الرُّمْحُ ظِلَّهُ ثُمَّ أَقْصِرْ فَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ تُسْجَرُ وَتُفْتَحُ أَبْوَابُهَا فَإِذَا زَالَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَصَلِّ مَا شِئْتَ فَإِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ مَشْهُودَةٌ مَكْتُوبَةٌ ثُمَّ صَلِّ حَتَّى تُصَلِّيَ الْعَصْرَ ثُمَّ أَقْصِرْ حَتَّى تَغْرُبَ الشَّمْسُ فَإِنَّهَا تَغْرُبُ بَيْنَ قَرْنَيْ شَيْطَانٍ وَتُصَلِّي لَهَا الْكُفَّارُ وَإِذَا تَوَضَّأْتَ فَاغْسِلْ يَدَيْكَ فَإِنَّكَ إِذَا غَسَلْتَ يَدَيْكَ خَرَجَتْ خَطَايَاكَ مِنْ ذِرَاعَيْكَ ثُمَّ إِذَا مَسَحْتَ بِرَأْسِكَ خَرَجَتْ خَطَايَاكَ مِنْ أَطْرَافِ شَعْرِكَ ثُمَّ إِذَا غَسَلْتَ رِجْلَيْكَ خَرَجَتْ خَطَايَاكَ مِنْ رِجْلَيْكَ فَإِنْ ثَبَتَّ فِي مَجْلِسِكَ كَانَ لَكَ حَظًّا مِنْ وُضُوئِكَ وَإِنْ قُمْتَ فَذَكَرْتَ رَبَّكَ وَحَمِدْتَهُ وَرَكْعَتَهُ رَكْعَتَيْنِ مُقْبِلًا عَلَيْهِمَا بِقَلْبِكَ كُنْتَ مِنْ خَطَايَاكَ كَيَوْمِ وَلَدَتْكَ أُمُّكَ» قَالَ قُلْتُ يَا عَمْرُو اعْلَمْ مَا تَقُولُ فَإِنَّكَ تَقُولُ أَمْرًا عَظِيمًا فَقَالَ وَاللَّهِ لَقَدْ كَبِرَتْ سِنِّي وَدَنَا أَجَلِي وَإِنِّي لِغَنِيٍّ عَنِ الْكَذِبِ وَلَوْ لَمْ أَسْمَعْهُ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِلَّا مَرَّةً أَوْ مَرَّتَيْنِ مَا حَدَّثْتُهُ وَلَكِنْ قَدْ سَمِعْتُهُ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ هَكَذَا حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو سَلَّامٍ عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ إِلَّا أَنْ أُخْطِئَ شَيْئًا أَوْ أَزِيدَهُ فَأَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْهِ «قَدْ خَرَّجَ مُسْلِمٌ بَعْضَ هَذِهِ الْأَلْفَاظِ مِنْ حَدِيثِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْجُرَشِيِّ عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ شَدَّادِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ» قَالَ قَالَ عَمْرُو بْنُ عَبَسَةَ وَحَدِيثُ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ هَذَا أَشْفَى وَأَتَمَّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ عِكْرِمَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ  

hakim:8617Abū al-Ḥusayn Aḥmad b. ʿUthmān b. Yaḥyá al-MuqriʾAnd ʾAbū Aḥmad Bakr b. Muḥammad b. Ḥamdān al-Ṣayrafī Bimarw > Abū Qilābah al-Raqāshī > ʿAbd al-Ṣamad b. ʿAbd al-Wārith b. Saʿīd from my father > Yazīd b. Ṣāliḥ > Abū al-Waḍīʾ ʿAbbād b. Nasīb > Kunnā Fī Masīr ʿĀmidīn > al-Kūfah Maʿ Amīr al-Muʾminīn ʿAlī b. Abū Ṭālib Falammā Balaghnā Masīrah Laylatayn or Thalāth from Ḥarūrāʾ Shadh Minnā Nās Fadhakarnā Dhalik Liʿalī > Lā Yahūlannakum Amruhum Faʾinnahum Sayarjiʿūn Fanazalnā Falammā

[Machine] "Do not be intimidated by them, for they will return. So We revealed (to Ali) and when it was morning, one who looked like me (Ali) went out, and when he went out, I reminded him (the people) of that incident. Ali said, 'Do not be scared by their presence, for their command is insignificant.' Ali said, 'Do not initiate the fight with them until they initiate it with you.' They sat on their knees and we prepared for battle, and we used our shields as protection. They approached us and handed us spears, and then they attacked us with arrows. Then they got closer and they picked up swords to attack us until they wanted to attack us with their swords. Then, a man from the Banu Abdi Qays tribe named Sa'sa'a bin Sohan called out three times and they asked him what he wanted. He said, 'I remind you to have God in your hearts and to fight on the land that will bear disrespect against its people. I remind you to leave behind the religion, as it will leave you behind like an arrow from a bow.' When we saw that they had placed their swords on us, Ali said, 'Get up, with the blessing of Allah the Almighty.' It was not even midday when we were scattered everywhere and we escaped, and whoever ran, ran. Ali thanked Allah and said, 'My friend (the Prophet) informed me that the leader of the enemy was a man whose hands were marked with hair, like the tail of a lizard. Go and find him.' So we looked for him and we could not find him. Then, an man from the people of Kufa came and said, 'Here he is.' Ali said, 'Allah is the Greatest, by Allah, no one will inform you about his father's lineage being the King.' People started saying, 'This is a King.' Ali said, 'Whose son is he?' They said, 'We do not know.' Then, a man from the people of Kufa came and said, 'I know this man. I was offering cattle as a dowry for a certain man from Banu Fulan, a sheikh from Banu Fulan, and I put easy-to-wear ornaments on them. When I turned my back, the cow ran away, and he called me and said, 'Oh boy, look, the cow has run away.' So I said, 'I see an image of a sunset or a sheep.' He got closer to us, and Ali said, 'Who is that man?' The people said, 'This is the one.' Ali said, 'I swear by Allah, this man has come to you from Yamama to worship Allah in the mosque of Kufa. He worshipped Allah there and called the people until they gathered around him.' Ali said, 'My friend (the Prophet) informed me that these are three brothers from the Jinn. This is the eldest, the second has a large following, and the third one is weak.' Muslim narrated this hadith in Sahih al-Masnad in an abbreviated manner, and it is an authentic hadith."  

الحاكم:٨٦١٧أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو الْحُسَيْنِ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى الْمُقْرِئُ بِبَغْدَادَ وَأَبُو أَحْمَدَ بَكْرُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَمْدَانَ الصَّيْرَفِيُّ بِمَرْوَ قَالَا ثَنَا أَبُو قِلَابَةَ الرَّقَاشِيُّ ثَنَا عَبْدُ الصَّمَدِ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْوَارِثِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي ثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ أَنَّ أَبَا الْوَضِيءِ عَبَّادُ بْنُ نَسِيبٍ حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّهُ قَالَ كُنَّا فِي مَسِيرٍ عَامِدِينَ إِلَى الْكُوفَةِ مَعَ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ فَلَمَّا بَلَغْنَا مَسِيرَةَ لَيْلَتَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلَاثٍ مِنْ حَرُورَاءَ شَذَّ مِنَّا نَاسٌ فَذَكَرْنَا ذَلِكَ لِعَلِيٍّ فَقَالَ

لَا يَهُولَنَّكُمْ أَمْرُهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ سَيَرْجِعُونَ فَنَزَلْنَا فَلَمَّا كَانَ مِنَ الْغَدِ شَذَّ مَثْلَيْ مَنْ شَذَّ فَذَكَرْنَا ذَلِكَ لِعَلِيٍّ فَقَالَ لَا يَهُولَنَّكُمْ أَمْرُهُمْ فَإِنَّ أَمْرَهُمْ يَسِيرٌ وَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ لَا تَبْدَأُوهُمْ بِقِتَالٍ حَتَّى يَكُونُوا هُمُ الَّذِينَ يَبْدَأُوكُمْ فَجَثَوْا عَلَى رُكَبِهِمْ وَاتَّقَيْنَا بُتُرُسِنَا فَجَعَلُوا يُنَاوِلُونَا بِالنُّشَّابِ وَالسِّهَامِ ثُمَّ إِنَّهُمْ دَنَوْا مِنَّا فَأَسْنَدُوا لَنَا الرَّمَّاحَ ثُمَّ تَنَاوَلُونَا بِالسُّيُوفِ حَتَّى هَمُّوا أَنْ يَضَعُوا السُّيُوفَ فِينَا فَخَرَجَ إِلَيْهِمْ رَجُلٌ مِنْ عَبْدِ الْقَيْسِ يُقَالُ لَهُ صَعْصَعَةُ بْنُ صُوحَانَ فَنَادَى ثَلَاثًا فَقَالُوا مَا تَشَاءُ؟ فَقَالَ أُذَكِّرُكُمُ اللَّهَ أَنْ تَخْرُجُوا بِأَرْضٍ تَكُونُ مَسَبَّةً عَلَى أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ وَأُذَكِّرُكُمُ اللَّهَ أَنْ تَمْرُقُوا مِنَ الدِّينِ مُرُوقَ السَّهْمِ مِنَ الرَّمِيَّةِ فَلَمَّا رَأَيْنَاهُمْ قَدْ وَضَعُوا فِينَا السُّيُوفَ قَالَ عَلِيٌّ انْهَضُوا عَلَى بَرَكَةِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى فَمَا كَانَ إِلَّا فُوَاقٌ مِنْ نَهَارٍ حَتَّى ضَجَعْنَا مَنْ ضَجَعْنَا وَهَرَبَ مَنْ هَرَبَ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ عَلِيٌّ فَقَالَ إِنَّ خَلِيلِي ﷺ أَخْبَرَنِي «أَنَّ قَائِدَ هَؤُلَاءِ رَجُلٌ مُخَدَّجُ الْيَدِ عَلَى حَلَمَةِ ثَدْيِهِ شُعَيْرَاتٌ كَأَنَّهُنَّ ذَنَبُ يَرْبُوعٍ فَالْتَمِسُوهُ» فَالْتَمَسُوهُ فَلَمْ يَجِدُوهُ فَأَتَيْنَاهُ فَقُلْنَا إِنَّا لَمْ نَجِدْهُ فَقَالَ الْتَمِسُوهُ فَوَاللَّهِ مَا كَذَبْتُ وَلَا كُذِبْتُ فَمَا زِلْنَا نَلْتَمِسُهُ حَتَّى جَاءَ عَلِيٌّ بِنَفْسِهِ إِلَى آخِرِ الْمَعْرَكَةِ الَّتِي كَانَتْ لَهُمْ فَمَا زَالَ يَقُولُ اقْلِبُوا ذَا اقْلِبُوا ذَا حَتَّى جَاءَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكُوفَةِ فَقَالَ هَا هُوَ ذَا فَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَاللَّهِ لَا يَأْتِيكُمْ أَحَدٌ يُخْبِرُكُمْ مَنْ أَبُوهُ مَلَكٌ فَجَعَلَ النَّاسُ يَقُولُونَ هَذَا مَلَكٌ هَذَا مَلَكٌ يَقُولُ عَلِيُّ ابْنُ مَنْ؟ يَقُولُونَ لَا نَدْرِي فَجَاءَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكُوفَةِ فَقَالَ أَنَا أَعْلَمُ النَّاسِ بِهَذَا كُنْتُ أَرُوضُ مُهْرَةً لِفُلَانِ بْنِ فُلَانٍ شَيْخً مِنْ بَنِي فُلَانً وَأَضَعُ عَلَى ظَهْرِهَا جَوَالِقَ سَهْلَةً أُقْبِلُ بِهَا وَأُدْبِرُ إِذْ نَفَرَتِ الْمُهْرَةُ فَنَادَانِي فَقَالَ يَا غُلَامُ انْظُرْ فَإِنَّ الْمُهْرَةَ قَدْ نَفَرَتْ فَقُلْتُ إِنِّي لَأَرَى خَيَالًا كَأَنَّهُ غَرْبٌ أَوْ شَاةٌ إِذْ أَشْرَفَ هَذَا عَلَيْنَا فَقَالَ مَنِ الرَّجُلُ؟ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْيَمَامَةِ قَالَ وَمَا جَاءَ بِكَ شَعِثًا شَاحِبًا؟ قَالَ جِئْتُ أَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ فِي مُصَلَّى الْكُوفَةِ فَأَخَذَ بِيَدِهِ مَا لَنَا رَابِعٌ إِلَّا اللَّهُ حَتَّى انْطَلَقَ بِهِ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ فَقَالَ لِامْرَأَتِهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى قَدْ سَاقَ إِلَيْكِ خَيْرًا قَالَتْ وَاللَّهِ إِنِّي إِلَيْهِ لَفَقِيرَةٌ فَمَا ذَلِكَ؟ قَالَ هَذَا الرَّجُلُ شَعِثٌ شَاحِبٌ كَمَا تَرَيْنَ جَاءَ مِنَ الْيَمَامَةِ لِيَعْبُدَ اللَّهَ فِي مُصَلَّى الْكُوفَةِ فَكَانَ يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ فِيهِ وَيَدْعُو النَّاسَ حَتَّى اجْتَمَعَ النَّاسُ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ أَمَا إِنَّ خَلِيلِي ﷺ أَخْبَرَنِي «أَنَّهُمْ ثَلَاثَةُ إِخْوَةٍ مِنَ الْجِنِّ هَذَا أَكْبَرُهُمْ وَالثَّانِي لَهُ جَمْعٌ كَثِيرٌ وَالثَّالِثُ فِيهِ ضَعْفٌ» وَقَدْ أَخْرَجَ مُسْلِمٌ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ حَدِيثَ الْمُخَدَّجِ عَلَى سَبِيلِ الِاخْتِصَارِ فِي الْمُسْنَدِ الصَّحِيحِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجَاهُ بِهَذِهِ السِّيَاقَةِ «وَهُوَ صَحِيحُ الْإِسْنَادِ»  

hakim:8390Muḥammad b. Sinān al-Qazzāz > Isḥāq b. Idrīs > Abān b. Yazīd > Yaḥyá b. Abū Kathīr > Abū Qilābah ʿAbdullāh b. Zayd al-Jarmī > Abū Asmāʾ al-Raḥabī > Thawbān

[Machine] He heard the Messenger of Allah ﷺ say, "Verily, My Lord expanded the earth for me until I saw its easts and wests, and He gave me the red and white treasures, and indeed my nation will reach its dominion which is expanded for me from it. I asked my Lord for my nation, not to destroy them with a general year of disaster, so He gave it to me. And I asked Him not to subject them to an enemy from outside of them, so He gave it to me. And I asked Him not to make some of them taste the punishment of others, so He prevented me from it. And He said, 'O Muhammad, if I decree a matter, it is not reversed. Indeed, I have given you for your nation that they will not be destroyed by a general year of disaster, and I will not manifest upon them an enemy other than themselves to make them permissible to each other. Even if people from all corners of the earth gathered until some of them destroy others and capture others, I do not fear for my nation except for the misleading leaders. The Hour will not be established until tribes from my nation join the polytheists and until tribes from my nation worship idols. And when the sword is unsheathed among my nation, it will never be removed from them until the Day of Resurrection.' And he claimed, 'Nothing will be taken from a man from the people of Paradise from its fruits except that Allah will replace it with something similar.' And he said, 'There is no dinar that a man spends, seeking a greater reward, than a dinar he spends on his family, then a dinar he spends on his horse in the way of Allah, then a dinar he spends on his companions in the way of Allah.' And he claimed that the Prophet of Allah ﷺ exalted this matter and when it is the Day of Resurrection, the people of ignorance will come carrying their idols on their backs, and their Lord will ask them, 'What were you worshiping?' They will say, 'Our Lord, you did not send us a messenger, nor did a command come to us. If you had sent a messenger to us, we would have obeyed you.' So their Lord will say to them, 'Did you not promise me to obey if I commanded you?' They will say, 'Yes.' So He will take their covenants concerning that and then He will order them to plunge into Hellfire and they will enter it. They will set out until when they approach it, they will see it boiling and roaring in anger, so they will become afraid and turn back to their Lord and say, 'Our Lord, turn us back from it.' So He will say, 'Did you not give me your covenants to obey me? Plunge into it.' So they will set out until when they see it, they will turn back again and say, 'Our Lord, we cannot enter it.' He will say, 'Enter it with humiliation.' So the Prophet of Allah ﷺ said, 'If they had entered it the first time, it would have been cool and peaceful for them.'"  

الحاكم:٨٣٩٠فَحَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْعَبَّاسِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ ثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سِنَانٍ الْقَزَّازُ ثَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ ثَنَا أَبَانُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ ثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ ثَنَا أَبُو قِلَابَةَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ زَيْدٍ الْجَرْمِيُّ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو أَسْمَاءَ الرَّحَبِيُّ أَنَّ ثَوْبَانَ حَدَّثَهُ

أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَقُولُ إِنَّ رَبِّي زَوَى لِيَ الْأَرْضَ حَتَّى رَأَيْتُ مَشَارِقَهَا وَمَغَارِبَهَا وَأَعْطَانِي الْكَنْزَيْنِ الْأَحْمَرَ وَالْأَبْيَضَ وَإِنَّ أُمَّتِي سَيَبْلُغُ مُلْكُهَا مَا زَوَى لِي مِنْهَا وَإِنِّي سَأَلْتُ رَبِّي لِأُمَّتِي أَنْ لَا يُهْلِكَهَا بِسَنَةٍ عَامَّةٍ فَأَعْطَانِيهَا وَسَأَلْتُهُ أَنْ لَا يُسَلِّطَ عَلَيْهِمْ عَدُوًّا مِنْ غَيْرِهِمْ فَأَعْطَانِيهَا وَسَأَلْتُهُ أَنْ لَا يُذِيقَ بَعْضَهُمْ بَأْسَ بَعْضٍ فَمَنَعَنِيهَا وَقَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ إِنِّي إِذَا قَضَيْتُ قَضَاءً لَمْ يُرَدَّ إِنِّي أَعْطَيْتُكَ لِأُمَّتِكَ أَنْ لَا أُهْلِكَهَا بِسَنَةٍ عَامَّةٍ وَلَا أُظْهِرُ عَلَيْهِمْ عَدُوًّا مِنْ غَيْرِهِمْ فَيَسْتَبِيحَهُمْ بِعَامَّةٍ وَلَوِ اجْتَمَعَ مَنْ بِأَقْطَارِهَا حَتَّى يَكُونَ بَعْضُهُمْ هُوَ يُهْلِكُ بَعْضًا هُوَ يَسْبِي بَعْضًا وَإِنِّي لَا أَخَافُ عَلَى أُمَّتِي إِلَّا الْأَئِمَّةَ الْمُضِلِّينَ وَلَنْ تَقُومَ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى تَلْحَقَ قَبَائِلُ مِنْ أُمَّتِي بِالْمُشْرِكِينَ وَحَتَّى تَعْبُدَ قَبَائِلُ مِنْ أُمَّتِي الْأَوْثَانَ وَإِذَا وُضِعَ السَّيْفُ فِي أُمَّتِي لَمْ يُرْفَعْ عَنْهَا إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ وَأَنَّهُ قَالَ «كُلَّ مَا يُوجَدُ فِي مِائَةِ سَنَةٍ وَسَيَخْرُجُ فِي أُمَّتِي كَذَّابُونَ ثَلَاثُونَ كُلُّهُمْ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ نَبِيٌّ وَأَنَا خَاتَمُ الْأَنْبِيَاءِ لَا نَبِيَّ بَعْدِي وَلَكِنْ لَا تَزَالُ فِي أُمَّتِي طَائِفَةٌ يُقَاتِلُونَ عَلَى الْحَقِّ ظَاهِرِينَ لَا يَضُرُّهُمْ مَنْ خَذَلَهُمْ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ» قَالَ وَزَعَمَ «أَنَّهُ لَا يَنْزِعُ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ مِنْ ثَمَرِهَا شَيْئًا إِلَّا أَخْلَفَ اللَّهُ مَكَانَهَا مِثْلَهَا» وَأَنَّهُ قَالَ «لَيْسَ دِينَارٌ يُنْفِقُهُ رَجُلٌ بِأَعْظَمَ أَجْرًا مِنْ دِينَارٍ يُنْفِقُهُ عَلَى عِيَالِهِ ثُمَّ دِينَارٌ يُنْفِقُهُ عَلَى فَرَسِهِ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ دِينَارٌ يُنْفِقُهُ عَلَى أَصْحَابِهِ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ» قَالَ وَزَعَمَ أَنَّ نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَظَّمَ شَأْنَ الْمَسْأَلَةِ وَأَنَّهُ إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ الْقِيَامَةِ جَاءَ أَهْلُ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ يَحْمِلُونَ أَوْثَانَهُمْ عَلَى ظُهُورِهِمْ فَيَسْأَلُهُمْ رَبُّهُمْ ﷻ مَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْبُدُونَ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا لَمْ تُرْسِلْ إِلَيْنَا رَسُولًا وَلَمْ يَأْتِنَا أَمْرٌ وَلَوْ أَرْسَلْتَ إِلَيْنَا رَسُولًا لَكِنَّا أَطْوَعُ عِبَادِكَ لَكَ فَيَقُولُ لَهُمْ رَبُّهُمْ أَرَأَيْتُمْ إِنْ أَمَرْتُكُمْ بِأَمْرٍ أَتُطِيعُونِي؟ قَالَ فَيَقُولُونَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَيَأْخُذُ مَوَاثِيقَهُمْ عَلَى ذَلِكَ فَيَأْمُرُهُمْ أَنْ يَعْمَدُوا لِجَهَنَّمَ فَيَدْخُلُونَهَا قَالَ فَيَنْطَلِقُونَ حَتَّى إِذَا جَاءُوهَا رَأَوْا لَهَا تَغَيُّظًا وَزَفِيرًا فَهَابُوا فَرَجَعُوا إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ فَقَالُوا رَبَّنَا فَرِقْنَا مِنْهَا فَيَقُولُ أَلَمْ تُعْطُونِي مَوَاثِيقَكُمْ لَتُطِيعُونِي اعْمِدُوا لَهَا فَادْخُلُوا فَيَنْطَلِقُونَ حَتَّى إِذَا رَأَوْهَا فَرَقُوا فَرَجَعُوا فَقَالُوا رَبَّنَا لَا نَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ نَدْخُلَهَا قَالَ فَيَقُولُ ادْخُلُوهَا دَاخِرِينَ قَالَ فَقَالَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ ﷺ «لَوْ دَخَلُوهَا أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ بَرْدًا وَسَلَامًا»  

هَذَا حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحٌ عَلَى شَرْطِ الشَّيْخَيْنِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجَاهُ بِهَذِهِ السِّيَاقَةِ وَإِنَّمَا أَخْرَجَ مُسْلِمٌ حَدِيثَ مُعَاذِ بْنِ هِشَامٍ عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ أَبِي قِلَابَةَ عَنْ أَبِي أَسْمَاءَ الرَّحَبِيِّ عَنْ ثَوْبَانَ مُخْتَصَرًا على شرط البخاري ومسلم
hakim:1230Abū al-ʿAbbās Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb > al-Ḥasan b. Mukram > Abū al-Naḍr > Zuhayr > ʿAlī b. Ḥamshādh al-ʿAdl > ʿAlī b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz > Abū Nuʿaym > Zuhayr > al-Aswad b. Qays > Thaʿlabah b. ʿAbbād al-ʿAbdī from Ahl al-Baṣrah

[Machine] Sumurah, while I was a young boy from the Ansar, we were throwing objects for ourselves during the time of the Prophet ﷺ. When the sun reached the height of two or three lances above the horizon, it became darkened and shone like a firefly. One of us said to his companion, "Let's go to the mosque, and I swear by Allah that this matter of the sun will be mentioned to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in his Ummah." So we went to the mosque, and we found the Messenger of Allah ﷺ standing among the people. He came forward and led us in prayer, the longest prayer he ever prayed with us, in which we could not even hear his voice. Then he performed ruku (bowing) with us, the longest ruku he ever performed with us, in which we could not hear his voice. Then he performed sujud (prostration) with us, the longest sujud he ever performed with us, in which we could not hear his voice. Then he did the same in the second raka'ah, and when the sun reappeared during the second raka'ah, he sat down. Then he said, "O people, indeed I am only a human being and the Messenger of Allah. But I remind you of Allah, if you know that I have not conveyed any of the messages of my Lord, which you informed me of, until I convey them as they should be conveyed. And if you know that I have conveyed the messages of my Lord, which you informed me of." Then the people stood up and said, "We bear witness that you have conveyed the messages of your Lord and advised your Ummah, and you have fulfilled what is upon you." Then they fell silent, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "As for what follows, there are men who claim that the eclipse of this sun, the eclipse of this moon, and the disappearance of these stars from their stations cause the death of great men from the people of the earth. Indeed, they are liars, but they are signs from the signs of Allah by which He tests His servants. Let the one among them who will repent come forward." By Allah, since I started praying, I have not met any of you in your current worldly and hereafter conditions. And by Allah, the Hour will not be established until thirty liars will appear, the last of them being the lame Dajjal. He will have a deformed eye like the eye of Abi Yahya, a sheikh from the Ansar. And when he appears, he will claim that he is Allah. Whoever believes in him, verifies his claim, and follows him, then none of his past deeds will benefit him. And whoever denies him and rejects him, then none of his past deeds will harm him. Indeed, he will appear on the entire earth except for the Haram and Bayt al-Maqdis. And indeed, he will besiege the believers in Bayt al-Maqdis, and they will shake violently. Then Jesus, the son of Mary, will descend among them, and Allah will defeat him and his soldiers, to the extent that the black stone will call out, "O believer! This is a disbeliever hiding behind me, so come and kill him." He said, "But that will not happen until you see matters becoming widespread and severe. You will ask each other, 'Did your Prophet ﷺ mention anything about this?' And until mountains move from their places and continue to move until the seizing (of souls) comes. He pointed with his hand, and he said, "Then he delivered another sermon, in which he mentioned what he mentioned before and did not delay it or precede it."  

الحاكم:١٢٣٠حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْعَبَّاسِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ ثنا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ مُكْرَمٍ ثنا أَبُو النَّضْرِ ثنا زُهَيْرٌ وَثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حَمْشَاذٍ الْعَدْلُ ثنا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ ثنا أَبُو نُعَيْمٍ ثنا زُهَيْرٌ عَنِ الْأَسْوَدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ حَدَّثَنِي ثَعْلَبَةُ بْنُ عَبَّادٍ الْعَبْدِيُّ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْبَصْرَةِ أَنَّهُ شَهِدَ خُطْبَةً يَوْمًا لِسَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدُبٍ فَذَكَرَ فِي خُطْبَتِهِ قَالَ

سَمُرَةُ بَيْنَمَا أَنَا يَوْمًا وَغُلَامٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ نَرْمِي غَرَضًا لَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَتِ الشَّمْسُ عَلَى قَدْرِ رُمْحَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلَاثَةٍ فِي عَيْنِ النَّاظِرِ مِنَ الْأُفُقِ اسْوَدَّتْ حَتَّى آضَتْ كَأَنَّهَا تَنُّومَةٌ فَقَالَ أَحَدُنَا لِصَاحِبِهِ انْطَلِقْ بِنَا إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَوَاللَّهِ لَيُحْدِثَنَّ شَأْنُ هَذِهِ الشَّمْسِ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فِي أُمَّتِهِ حَدَثًا فَدَفَعْنَا إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَإِذَا هُوَ بَارِزٌ فَوَافَقْنَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ حِينَ خَرَجَ إِلَى النَّاسِ قَالَ فَتَقَدَّمَ وَصَلَّى بِنَا كَأَطْوَلِ مَا قَامَ بِنَا فِي صَلَاةٍ قَطُّ لَا نَسْمَعُ لَهُ صَوْتَهُ ثُمَّ رَكَعَ بِنَا كَأَطْوَلِ مَا رَكَعَ بِنَا فِي صَلَاةٍ قَطُّ لَا نَسْمَعُ لَهُ صَوْتَهُ ثُمَّ سَجَدَ بِنَا كَأَطْوَلِ مَا سَجَدَ بِنَا فِي صَلَاةٍ قَطُّ لَا نَسْمَعُ لَهُ صَوْتَهُ قَالَ ثُمَّ فَعَلَ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ قَالَ فَوَافَقَ تَجَلِّي الشَّمْسِ جُلُوسَهُ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ قَالَ ثُمَّ سَلَّمَ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ وَشَهِدَ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَشَهِدَ أَنَّهُ عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ «يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ فَأُذَكِّرُكُمُ اللَّهَ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنِّي قَصَّرْتُ عَنْ شَيْءٍ مِنٍ تَبْلِيغِ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي لَمَا أَخْبَرْتُمُونِي حَتَّى أُبَلِّغَ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي كَمَا يَنْبَغِي لَهَا أَنْ تُبَلَّغَ وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنِّي قَدْ بَلَّغْتُ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي لَمَا أَخْبَرْتُمُونِي» قَالَ فَقَامَ النَّاسُ فَقَالُوا نَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّكَ وَنَصَحْتَ لِأُمَّتِكَ وَقَضَيْتَ الَّذِي عَلَيْكَ قَالَ ثُمَّ سَكَتُوا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَإِنَّ رِجَالًا يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّ كُسُوفَ هَذِهِ الشَّمْسِ وَكُسُوفَ هَذَا الْقَمَرِ وَزَوَالَ هَذِهِ النُّجُومِ عَنْ مَطَالِعِهَا لِمَوْتِ رِجَالٍ عُظَمَاءَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ وإِنَّهُمْ كَذَبُوا وَلَكِنَّ آيَاتٍ مِنْ آيَاتِ اللَّهِ يَفْتِنُ بِهَا عِبَادَهُ لَيَنْظُرَ مَنْ يُحْدِثُ مِنْهُمْ تَوْبَةً وَاللَّهِ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُ مُنْذُ قُمْتُ أُصَلِّي مَا أَنْتُمْ لَاقُونَ فِي دُنْيَاكُمْ وَآخِرَتِكُمْ وَإِنَّهُ وَاللَّهِ لَا تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ ثَلَاثُونَ كَذَّابًا آخِرُهُمُ الْأَعْوَرُ الدَّجَّالُ مَمْسُوحُ الْعَيْنِ الْيُسْرَى كَأَنَّهَا عَيْنُ أَبِي يَحْيَى لِشَيْخٍ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ وَإِنَّهُ مَتَى خَرَجَ فَإِنَّهُ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ اللَّهُ فَمَنْ آمَنَ بِهِ وَصَدَّقَهُ وَاتَّبَعَهُ فَلَيْسَ يَنْفَعُهُ صَالِحٌ مِنْ عَمَلٍ سَلَفَ وَمَنْ كَفَرَ بِهِ وَكَذَّبَهُ فَلَيْسَ يُعَاقَبُ بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ عَمَلِهِ سَلَفَ وَإِنَّهُ سَيَظْهَرُ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ كُلِّهَا إِلَّا الْحَرَمَ وَبَيْتَ الْمَقْدِسِ وَإِنَّهُ يَحْصُرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فِي بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ فَيَتَزْلَزَلُونَ زِلْزَالًا شَدِيدًا فَيُصْبِحُ فِيهِمْ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ فَيَهْزِمُهُ اللَّهُ وَجُنُودَهُ حَتَّى إِنَّ أَجْدَمَ الْحَائِطِ وَأَصْلَ الشَّجَرِ لَيُنَادِي بِالْمُؤْمِنِ هَذَا كَافِرٌ يَسْتَتِرُ بِي فَتَعَالَ اقْتُلْهُ قَالَ فَلَنْ يَكُونَ ذَلِكَ حَتَّى تَرَوْنَ أُمُورًا يَتَفَاقَمُ شَأْنُهَا فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ تَسَاءَلُونَ بَيْنَكُمْ هَلْ كَانَ نَبِيِّكُمْ ﷺ ذَكَرَ لَكُمْ مِنْهَا ذِكْرًا وَحَتَّى تَزُولَ جِبَالٌ عَنْ مَرَاسِيهَا ثُمَّ عَلَى أَثَرِ ذَلِكَ الْقَبْضُ وَأَشَارَ بِيَدِهِ قَالَ ثُمَّ شَهِدَ خُطْبَةً أُخْرَى قَالَ فَذَكَرَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ مَا قَدَّمَهَا وَلَا أَخَّرَهَا  

«هَذَا حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحٌ عَلَى شَرْطِ الشَّيْخَيْنِ وَلَمْ يُخَرِّجَاهُ»
hakim:6547Daʿlaj b. Aḥmad al-Sijzī > Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-Abbār > Muḥammad b. Abū al-Sarī al-ʿAsqalānī > al-Walīd b. Muslim > Muḥammad b. Ḥamzah b. Yūsuf b. ʿAbdullāh b. Salām from his father from his grandfather > ʿAbdullāh b. Salām > In Allāh Tabārak And Taʿālá Lammā Arād Hady Zayd b. Saʿnah

[Machine] Zaid ibn Sa'na went out of the chambers and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ accompanied him. A man approached them on his riding beast, resembling a Bedouin. He said, "O Messenger of Allah, the people of Busra, a village of Banu Fulan, have embraced Islam and entered into the folds of Islam. I used to visit them and inform them that if they embraced Islam, they would be blessed with abundance of provision, but they have been afflicted with a year of drought, hardship, and famine. O Messenger of Allah, I fear that they might renounce Islam out of greed, just as they had entered it out of greed. If you see fit, please send them some provisions to help them. The Prophet ﷺ looked at me, and Ali ibn Abi Talib was also present. He said, 'O Messenger of Allah, there is nothing left (to give).' Zaid ibn Sa'na approached the Prophet and said, 'O Muhammad, can you sell me a known quantity of dates from the wall of Banu Fulan until a specified time?' He replied, 'No, O Jew, but I will sell you a known quantity of dates until a specified time, without mentioning the wall of Banu Fulan.' I said, 'Alright, then sell it to me, so I pledged and handed him over eighty mithqal of gold in exchange for a known quantity of dates until a specified time. The man took the gold from me and he said, 'Deal fairly with them and assist them with it.' Zaid ibn Sa'na said, 'When the time before the due date was only a day or two, I went to him and took hold of the collar of his shirt and cloak, and looked at him with an angry face. I said to him, 'Why don't you fulfill my right, O Muhammad? By Allah, your kinsmen, the Banu Abd al-Muttalib, are known for their poor administration of justice.' At that point, Umar's eyes were rolling in his head, like a rotating celestial body, and then he struck me in the chest with his gaze, saying, 'O enemy of Allah! Are you saying things about the Messenger of Allah that I'm hearing, and doing things that I'm seeing?' By He who sent him with the truth, if I were not concerned about his strength, I would have struck your head with my sword.' The Messenger of Allah ﷺ was looking at Umar, calmly and with a smiling face, and then he said, 'O Umar, both he and I were more in need of people commanding us to perform our duties well, and advising him to follow me well. Take him, O Umar, and give him his right, and add twenty sa' to it as a quantity of dates.' I asked, 'What is this increase, O Umar?' He said, 'The Messenger of Allah ﷺ has ordered me to add to it, an increase in proportion to your complaint.' I said, 'Do you know who I am, O Umar?' He said, 'No, who are you?' I said, 'Zaid ibn Sa'na.' Ink said, 'The scribe?' I said, 'Yes, the scribe. What did the Messenger of Allah ﷺ call me to do with him that I did not do? And what did I say to him that I did not say?' I said to him, 'O Umar, whenever he had any characteristic of prophethood, I recognized it in the face of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ when I looked at him, except for two things that I did not mention to anyone. I said, "Does his forbearance precede his ignorance, and does his extreme ignorance overwhelm him except with forbearance?" I have experienced both of those, so I bear witness, O Umar, that I am pleased with Allah as my Lord, and with Islam as my religion, and with Muhammad ﷺ as my prophet. And I bear witness to you that a portion of my wealth, and indeed I have more wealth than them, I give as charity for the Ummah of Muhammad ﷺ .' Umar said, 'Or for some of them, for you have no room for all of them.' I said, 'Or for some of them.' Then Zaid returned to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and said, 'I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger, and I believed in him, and confirmed him, and pledged allegiance to him, and witnessed many things with him.' Then Zaid passed away during the Battle of Tabuk, while facing the enemy." May Allah have mercy on Zaid.  

الحاكم:٦٥٤٧أَخْبَرَنِي دَعْلَجُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ السِّجْزِيُّ بِبَغْدَادَ ثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ الْأَبَّارُ ثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي السَّرِيِّ الْعَسْقَلَانِيُّ ثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ ثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ يُوسُفَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سَلَامٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ جَدِّهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سَلَامٍ قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى لَمَّا أَرَادَ هَدْيَ زَيْدِ بْنِ سَعْنَةَ قَالَ زَيْدُ بْنُ سَعْنَةَ مَا مِنْ عَلَامَاتِ النُّبُوَّةِ شَيْءٌ إِلَّا وَقَدْ عَرَفْتُهَا فِي وَجْهِ مُحَمَّدٍ ﷺ حِينَ نَظَرْتُ إِلَيْهِ إِلَّا شَيْئَيْنِ لَمْ أَخْبُرْهُمَا مِنْهُ هَلْ يَسْبِقُ «حُلْمُهُ جَهْلَهُ وَلَا يَزِيدُهُ شِدَّةُ الْجَهْلِ عَلَيْهِ إِلَّا حِلْمًا» فَكُنْتُ أَلْطُفُ بِهِ لَئِنْ أُخَالِطَهُ فَأَعْرِفُ حِلْمَهُ مِنْ جَهْلِهِ قَالَ

زَيْدُ بْنُ سَعْنَةَ فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَوْمًا مِنَ الْحُجُرَاتِ وَمَعَهُ عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ فَأَتَاهُ رَجُلٌ عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ كَالْبَدَوِيِّ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ بُصْرَى قَرْيَةُ بَنِي فُلَانٍ قَدْ أَسْلَمُوا وَدَخَلُوا فِي الْإِسْلَامِ وَكُنْتُ حَدَّثَتْهُمْ إِنْ أَسْلَمُوا آتَاهُمُ الرِّزْقُ رَغَدًا وَقَدْ أَصَابَتْهُمْ سَنَةٌ وَشِدَّةٌ وَقُحُوطٌ مِنَ الْغَيْثِ فَأَنَا أَخْشَى يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَنْ يَخْرُجُوا مِنَ الْإِسْلَامِ طَمَعًا كَمَا دَخَلُوا فِيهِ طَمَعًا فَإِنْ رَأَيْتَ أَنْ تُرْسِلَ إِلَيْهِمْ بِشَيْءٍ تُعِينُهُمْ بِهِ فَعَلْتَ فَنَظَرَ إِلَيَّ رَجُلٌ وَإِلَى جَانِبِهِ أُرَاهُ عَلِيًّا فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا بَقِيَ مِنْهُ شَيْءٌ قَالَ زَيْدُ بْنُ سَعْنَةَ فَدَنَوْتُ إِلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ يَا مُحَمَّدُ هَلْ لَكَ أَنْ تَبِيعَنِي تَمْرًا مَعْلُومًا مِنْ حَائِطِ بَنِي فُلَانٍ إِلَى أَجَلِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَقَالَ «لَا يَا يَهُودِيُّ وَلَكِنْ أَبِيعُكَ تَمْرًا مَعْلُومًا إِلَى أَجَلِ كَذَا وَكَذَا وَلَا أُسَمِّيَ حَائِطَ بَنِي فُلَانٍ» فَقُلْتُ نَعَمْ فَبَايَعَنِي فَأَطْلَقْتُ هِمْيَانِي فَأَعْطَيْتُهُ ثَمَانِينَ مِثْقَالًا مِنْ ذَهَبٍ فِي تَمْرٍ مَعْلُومٍ إِلَى أَجَلِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَأَعْطَاهَا الرَّجُلُ فَقَالَ اعْدِلْ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأَعِنْهُمْ بِهَا فَقَالَ زَيْدُ بْنُ سَعْنَةَ فَلَمَّا كَانَ قَبْلَ مَحَلِّ الْأَجَلِ بِيَوْمَيْنِ أَوْ ثَلَاثَةٍ أَتَيْتُهُ فَأَخَذْتُ بِمَجَامِعِ قَمِيصِهِ وَرِدَائِهِ وَنَظَرْتُ إِلَيْهِ بِوَجْهٍ غَلِيظٍ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ أَلَا تَقْضِيَنِي يَا مُحَمَّدُ حَقِّي فَوَاللَّهِ مَا عُلِمْتُمْ يَا بَنِي عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ سَيِّئَ الْقَضَاءِ مَطْلٌ وَلَقَدْ كَانَ لِي بِمُخَالَطَتِكُمْ عِلْمٌ وَنَظَرْتُ إِلَى عُمَرَ فَإِذَا عَيْنَاهُ تَدُورَانِ فِي وَجْهِهِ كَالْفَلَكِ الْمُسْتَدِيرِ ثُمَّ رَمَانِي بِبَصَرِهِ فَقَالَ يَا عَدُوَّ اللَّهِ أَتَقُولُ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ مَا أَسْمَعُ وَتَصْنَعَ بِهِ مَا أَرَى فَوَالَّذِي بَعَثَهُ بِالْحَقِّ لَوْلَا مَا أُحَاذِرُ قُوَّتَهُ لَضَرَبْتُ بِسَيْفِي رَأْسَكَ وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى عُمَرَ فِي سُكُونٍ وَتُؤَدَةٍ وَتَبَسَّمَ ثُمَّ قَالَ «يَا عُمَرُ أَنَا وَهُوَ كُنَّا أَحْوَجَ إِلَى غَيْرِ هَذَا أَنْ تَأْمُرَنِي بِحُسْنِ الْأَدَاءِ وَتَأْمُرَهُ بِحُسْنِ التِّبَاعَةِ اذْهَبْ بِهِ يَا عُمَرُ فَاعْطِهِ حَقَّهُ وَزِدْهُ عِشْرِينَ صَاعًا مِنْ تَمْرٍ» فَقُلْتُ مَا هَذِهِ الزِّيَادَةُ يَا عُمَرُ قَالَ أَمَرَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ «أَنْ أَزِيدَكَ مَكَانَ مَا نَقِمتُكَ» قُلْتُ أَتَعْرِفُنِي يَا عُمَرُ؟ قَالَ لَا مَنْ أَنْتَ؟ قُلْتُ زَيْدُ بْنُ سَعْنَةَ قَالَ الْحَبْرُ قُلْتُ الْحَبْرُ قَالَ فَمَا دَعَاكَ أَنْ فَعَلْتَ بِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ مَا فَعَلْتَ وَقُلْتَ لَهُ مَا قُلْتَ؟ قُلْتُ لَهُ يَا عُمَرُ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ مِنْ عَلَامَاتِ النُّبُوَّةِ شَيْءٌ إِلَّا وَقَدْ عَرَفْتُهُ فِي وَجْهِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ حِينَ نَظَرْتُ إِلَيْهِ إِلَّا اثْنَيْنِ لَمْ أَخْبُرْهُمَا مِنْهُ «هَلْ يَسْبِقُ حِلْمُهُ جَهْلَهُ وَلَا تَزِيدُهُ شِدَّةُ الْجَهْلِ عَلَيْهِ إِلَّا حِلْمًا» فَقَدِ اخْتَبَرْتُهُمَا فَأُشْهِدُكَ يَا عُمَرُ أَنِّي قَدْ رَضِيتُ بِاللَّهِ رَبًّا وَبِالْإِسْلَامِ دِينًا وَبِمُحَمَّدٍ ﷺ نَبِيًّا وَأُشْهِدُكَ أَنْ شَطْرَ مَالِي فَإِنِّي أَكْثَرُهُمْ مَالًا صَدَقَةً عَلَى أُمَّةِ مُحَمَّدٍ ﷺ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ أَوْ عَلَى بَعْضِهِمْ فَإِنَّكَ لَا تَسَعَهُمْ قُلْتُ أَوْ عَلَى بَعْضِهِمْ فَرَجَعَ زَيْدٌ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ زَيْدٌ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَآمَنَ بِهِ وَصَدَّقَهُ وَبَايَعَهُ وَشَهِدَ مَعَهُ مَشَاهِدَ كَثِيرَةً ثُمَّ تُوُفِّيَ زَيْدٌ فِي غَزْوَةِ تَبُوكَ مُقْبِلًا غَيْرَ مُدْبِرٍ وَرَحِمَ اللَّهُ زَيْدًا  

«هَذَا حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحُ الْإِسْنَادِ وَلَمْ يُخَرِّجَاهُ وَهُوَ مِنْ غُرَرِ الْحَدِيثِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي السَّرِيِّ الْعَسْقَلَانِيُّ ثِقَةٌ» ما أنكره وأركه
hakim:7241Abū ʿAbdullāh Muḥammad b. ʿAbdullāh al-Zāhid al-Aṣbahānī > Abū Ismāʿīl Muḥammad b. Ismāʿīl > Ibrāhīm b. Yaḥyá b. Muḥammad al-Madanī al-Shajarī from my father > ʿAbd b. Yaḥyá > Muʿādh b. Rifāʿah b. Rāfiʿ al-Zuraqī

[Machine] From his father Rifaa'ah ibn Rafee', who witnessed the Battle of Badr with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ : He (the Prophet) and his cousin Mu'adh ibn 'Afra'ah went out until they reached Makkah. When they descended from Thaniyyah, they saw a man under a tree. The Prophet said, "Let us approach this man, so that we may entrust him with our belongings and make Tawaf around the Kaaba." We greeted him with the pre-Islamic form of greeting and he responded to us with the Islamic greeting. We had heard of the Prophet ﷺ , so we denied it and asked him, "Who are you?" He said, "Come down." We descended and said, "Where is the man who claims and says what he says?" He said, "I am him." So I said, "Present yourself to me." He presented Islam to us and said, "Who created the heavens, the earth, and the mountains?" We said, "Allah created them." He said, "Then who created you?" We said, "Allah created us." He said, "Then who created these idols that you worship?" We said, "We made them ourselves." He said, "The Creator is more deserving of worship than the created. You are more deserving of being worshiped, as you made them, but Allah is more deserving of being worshiped than something you made." I invite you to worship Allah alone, testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah, and I am the Messenger of Allah. I also invite you to maintain kinship ties and refrain from oppression and transgression." We said, "By Allah, if what you are calling us to is false, then it would be among the noblest of matters and the best of characters." So we entrusted him with our belongings until we could go to the Kaaba. Mu'adh ibn 'Afra'ah sat with him and said, "I went to the Kaaba, performed Tawaf, and came out with seven cups. I gave him one of them and said, 'O Allah, if what Muhammad is calling to is true, then remove his cup seven times.'" He struck it seven times and each time, it emitted a sound. So I shouted, 'I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.' People gathered around me saying, 'This man is insane, he struck the cup seven times and it still made a sound.' I said, 'No, by Allah, he is a believer.' Then I went up to a high place in Makkah, and when Mu'adh saw me, he said, 'Indeed, Rifaa'ah has come with a face that nothing has ever harmed before.' So I came to him, believed in him, and Allah's Messenger ﷺ taught us Surah Yusuf. We recited, "In the name of your Lord who created" until we reached the verse, "We will return to our family." When we were in 'Aqiq, Mu'adh said, 'I have never spent a night away from my family before, so let me stay here until morning.' So I spent the night with him and I had never done what I did before. Rifaa'ah would always present himself to his people after returning from a journey.  

الحاكم:٧٢٤١أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الزَّاهِدُ الْأَصْبَهَانِيُّ ثَنَا أَبُو إِسْمَاعِيلَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ ثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ يَحْيَى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْمَدَنِيُّ الشَّجَرِيُّ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَنْ عَبْدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ رِفَاعَةَ بْنِ رَافِعٍ الزُّرَقِيِّ

عَنْ أَبِيهِ رِفَاعَةَ بْنِ رَافِعٍ وَكَانَ قَدْ شَهِدَ بَدْرًا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَنَّهُ خَرَجَ وَابْنُ خَالَتِهِ مُعَاذُ بْنُ عَفْرَاءَ حَتَّى قَدِمَا مَكَّةَ فَلَمَّا هَبِطَا مِنَ الثَّنِيَّةِ رَأَيَا رَجُلًا تَحْتَ شَجَرَةٍ قَالَ وَهَذَا قَبْلَ خُرُوجِ السِّتَّةِ الْأَنْصَارِيِّينَ قَالَ فَلَمَّا رَأَيْنَاهُ كَلَّمْنَاهُ فَقُلْنَا نَأْتِي هَذَا الرَّجُلَ نَسْتَوْدِعُهُ حَتَّى نَطُوفَ بِالْبَيْتِ فَسَلَّمْنَا عَلَيْهِ تَسْلِيمَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْنَا بِسَلَامٍ أَهْلِ الْإِسْلَامِ وَقَدْ سَمِعْنَا بِالنَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَأَنْكَرْنَا فَقُلْنَا مَنْ أَنْتَ؟ قَالَ «انْزِلُوا» فَنَزَلْنَا فَقُلْنَا أَيْنَ الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي يَدَّعِي وَيَقُولُ مَا يَقُولُ؟ فَقَالَ «أَنَا» فَقُلْتُ فَاعْرِضْ عَلَيَّ فَعَرَضَ عَلَيْنَا الْإِسْلَامَ وَقَالَ «مَنْ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَالْجِبَالَ؟» قُلْنَا خَلَقَهُنَّ اللَّهُ قَالَ «فَمَنْ خَلَقَكُمْ؟» قُلْنَا اللَّهُ قَالَ «فَمَنَ عَمِلَ هَذِهِ الْأَصْنَامَ الَّتِي تَعْبُدُونَهَا؟» قُلْنَا نَحْنُ قَالَ «فَالْخَالِقُ أَحَقُّ بِالْعِبَادَةِ أَمِ الْمَخْلُوقِ فَأَنْتُمْ أَحَقُّ أَنْ تَعْبُدَكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ عَمِلْتُمُوهَا وَاللَّهُ أَحَقُّ أَنْ تَعْبُدُوهُ مِنْ شَيْءٍ عَمِلْتُمُوهُ وَأَنَا أَدْعُو إِلَى عِبَادَةِ اللَّهِ وَشَهَادَةِ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَنِّي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَصِلَةِ الرَّحِمِ وَتَرْكِ الْعُدْوَانِ بِغَصْبِ النَّاسِ» قُلْنَا لَا وَاللَّهِ لَوْ كَانَ الَّذِي تَدْعُو إِلَيْهِ بَاطِلًا لَكَانَ مِنْ مَعَالِي الْأُمُورِ وَمَحَاسِنِ الْأَخْلَاقِ فَأَمْسِكْ رَاحِلَتَنَا حَتَّى نَأْتِيَ بِالْبَيْتِ فَجَلَسَ عِنْدَهُ مُعَاذُ بْنُ عَفْرَاءَ قَالَ فَجِئْتُ الْبَيْتَ فَطُفْتُ وَأَخْرَجْتُ سَبْعَةَ أَقْدَاحٍ فَجَعَلْتُ لَهُ مِنْهَا قَدَحًا فَاسْتَقْبَلْتُ الْبَيْتَ فَقُلْتُ اللَّهُمَّ إِنْ كَانَ مَا يَدْعُو إِلَيْهِ مُحَمَّدٌ حَقًّا فَأَخْرِجْ قَدَحَهُ سَبْعَ مَرَّاتٍ فَضَرَبْتُ بِهَا فَخَرَجَ سَبْعَ مَرَّاتٍ فَصَحَّتْ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ فَاجْتَمَعَ النَّاسُ عَلَيَّ وَقَالُوا مَجْنُونٌ رَجُلٌ صَبَأَ قُلْتُ بَلْ رَجُلٌ مُؤْمِنٌ ثُمَّ جِئْتُ إِلَى أَعْلَى مَكَّةَ فَلَمَّا رَآنِي مُعَاذٌ قَالَ لَقَدْ جَاءَ رِفَاعَةُ بِوَجْهٍ مَا ذَهَبَ بِمِثْلِهِ فَجِئْتُ وَآمَنْتُ وَعَلَّمَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ سُورَةَ يُوسُفَ وَاقْرَأْ بِسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ ثُمَّ خَرَجْنَا رَاجِعِينَ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ فَلَمَّا كُنَّا بِالْعَقِيقِ قَالَ مُعَاذُ إِنِّي لَمْ أَطْرُقْ أَهْلِي لَيْلًا قَطُّ فَبِتْ بِنَا حَتَّى نُصْبِحَ فَقُلْتُ أَبِيتُ وَمَعِي مَا مَعِي مِنَ الْخَبَرِ مَا كُنْتُ لِأَفْعَلَ وَكَانَ رِفَاعَةُ إِذَا خَرَجَ سَفَرًا ثُمَّ قَدِمَ عَرَضَ قَوْمُهُ  

«هَذَا حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحُ الْإِسْنَادِ وَلَمْ يُخَرِّجَاهُ» يحيى الشجري صاحب مناكير

ذِكْرُ الْخَبَرِ الْمُدْحِضِ قَوْلَ مَنْ زَعَمَ أَنَّ الْكُسُوفَ يَكُونُ لِمَوْتِ الْعُظَمَاءِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ

ibnhibban:2856Abū Yaʿlá > Khalf b. Hishām al-Bazzār > Abū ʿAwānah > al-Aswad b. Qays > Thaʿlabah b. ʿAbbād > Samurah b. Jundub

[Machine] He once stood as a preacher and mentioned a hadith in his sermon about the Messenger of Allah ﷺ . Samurah, one of the Ansar, said, "There was a young boy with me, and we used to throw arrows at a target during the time of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ . When the sun rose, it would shine in the eyes of the onlooker like the tip of a spear or two spears turned black. One of us said to his companion, 'Let's go to the Mosque of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and, by Allah, the sun will rise today and mention a hadith to the Messenger of Allah in his ummah.' So, we went towards the mosque until we encountered the Messenger of Allah ﷺ when he came out and straightened his back and prayed. He stood with us as long as he ever stood in prayer, to the point where we could not hear his voice. Then he stood up and did the same in the second raka'ah. Then he sat, and as he sat, the sunlight cleared. He gave the Salam and left, and he praised Allah and glorified Him, and testified that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah, and that he is the servant of Allah and His Messenger. Then he said, 'O people, I am only human, a Messenger who warns you about Allah. If you know that I have omitted anything in conveying the message of my Lord, then let me know.' The people said, 'We bear witness that you have conveyed the message of your Lord, advised your ummah, and fulfilled what was upon you.' Then he said, 'As for what follows, there are people who claim that when an eclipse occurs for the sun and moon, and when stars are removed from their positions due to the death of great men from the people of the earth, they are lying. Rather, these are the signs of Allah by which He frightens His servants. Thus, let those of them who will repent, as by Allah, I have seen things that you have not encountered in your worldly affairs nor in your Hereafter since I stood praying. And by Allah, the Hour will not be established until thirty liars will emerge, one of whom is the one-eyed False Messiah (Dajjal), whose eye is like the raised lump of flesh on the side of 'Abi Talha, the blind man, between him and the room of 'A'ishah. It will appear that he (Dajjal) is Allah, so whoever believes in him, confirms his belief in him, and follows him, then his good deeds will not benefit him from the account of his past deeds. And he (Dajjal) will appear on the entire earth except for the Haram and the blessed land of Al-Masjid al-Aqsa. And truly, he will drive the Muslims towards Al-Masjid al-Aqsa, where they will be besieged intensely."  

ابن حبّان:٢٨٥٦أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو يَعْلَى قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا خَلْفُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ الْبَزَّارُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ عَنِ الْأَسْوَدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ بْنِ عَبَّادٍ عَنْ سَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدُبٍ قَالَ

قَامَ يَوْمًا خَطِيبًا فَذَكَرَ فِي خُطْبَتِهِ حَدِيثًا عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ سَمُرَةُ بَيْنَا أَنَا وَغُلَامٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ نَرْمِي غَرَضًا لَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ حَتَّى إِذَا طَلَعَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَكَانَتْ فِي عَيْنِ النَّاظِرِ قِيدَ رُمْحٍ أَوْ رُمْحَيْنِ اسْوَدَّتْ فَقَالَ أَحَدُنَا لِصَاحِبِهِ انْطَلَقَ بِنَا إِلَى مَسْجِدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَوَاللَّهِ لَتُحْدِثَنَّ هَذِهِ الشَّمْسُ الْيَوْمَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ فِي أُمَّتِهِ حَدِيثًا قَالَ فَدَفَعْنَا إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَوَافَقْنَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ حِينَ خَرَجَ فَاسْتَقَامَ فَصَلَّى فَقَامَ بِنَا كَأَطْوَلِ مَا قَامَ فِي صَلَاةٍ قَطُّ لَا نَسْمَعُ لَهُ صَوْتًا ثُمَّ قَامَ فَفَعَلَ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ بِالرَّكْعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ ثُمَّ جَلَسَ فَوَافَقَ جُلُوسَهُ تَجَلِّي الشَّمْسِ فَسَلَّمَ وَانْصَرَفَ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ وَشَهِدَ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَنَّهُ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ «يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ رَسُولٌ أُذَكِّرُكُمْ بِاللَّهِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنِّي قَصَّرْتُ عَنْ شَيْءٍ بِتَبْلِيغِ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّي لَمَّا أَخْبَرْتُمُونِي» فَقَالَ النَّاسُ نَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّكِ وَنَصَحْتَ لِأُمَّتِكَ وَقَضَيْتَ الَّذِي عَلَيْكَ ثُمَّ قَالَ «أَمَا بَعْدُ فَإِنَّ رِجَالًا يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّ كُسُوفَ هَذِهِ الشَّمْسِ وَكُسُوفَ هَذَا الْقَمَرِ وَزَوَالِ هَذِهِ النُّجُومِ عَنْ مَطَالِعِهَا لِمَوْتِ رِجَالٍ عُظَمَاءَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ وَإِنَّهُمْ كَذَبُوا وَلَكِنَّهَا آيَاتُ اللَّهِ يَعْتَبِرُ بِهَا عِبَادُهُ لَيَنْظُرَ مَنْ يُحَدِّثُ مِنْهُمْ تَوْبَةً وَإِنِّي وَاللَّهِ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُ مَا أَنْتُمْ لَاقُونَ فِي أَمْرِ دُنْيَاكُمْ وَأَخِرَتِكُمْ مُذْ قُمْتُ أُصَلِّي وَإِنَّهُ وَاللَّهِ مَا تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ ثَلَاثُونَ كَذَّابًا أَحَدُهُمُ الْأَعْوَرُ الدَّجَّالُ مَمْسُوحُ عَيْنِ الْيُسْرَى كَأَنَّهَا عَيْنُ أَبِي تِحْيَى شَيْخٍ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ حُجْرَةِ عَائِشَةَ خَشَبَةٌ وَإِنَّهُ مَتَى يَخْرُجُ فَإِنَّهُ سَوْفَ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّهُ اللَّهُ فَمَنْ آمَنَ بِهِ وَصَدَّقَهُ وَاتَّبَعَهُ فَلَيْسَ يَنْفَعُهُ عَمِلٌ صَالِحٌ مِنْ عَمِلٍ سَلَفَ وَإِنَّهُ سَيَظْهَرُ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ كُلِّهَا غَيْرَ الْحَرَمِ وَبَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ وَإِنَّهُ يَسُوقُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ إِلَى بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ فَيُحَاصَرُونَ حِصَارًا شَدِيدًا»  

ibnhibban:6788ʿUmar b. Muḥammad al-Hamdānī > ʿAbd al-Malik b. Sulaymān al-Qurqusānī > ʿĪsá b. Yūnus > ʿImrān b. Sulaymān al-Qummī > al-Shaʿbī > Fāṭimah b. Qays

[Machine] I heard Fatimah bint Qays saying: "The Messenger of Allah ﷺ ascended the pulpit and praised Allah and glorified Him. Then he said, 'I warn you against the Dajjal (the Antichrist), for no prophet was sent before me who did not warn his nation against him. He is indeed among you, and indeed the sign of a restoration of a red hair, which she (the story-teller) mentioned. They added, 'Tell us'! She replied, 'I am not informing you about anything, neither am I asking you, but go to the monastery, for there is a man who yearns to meet you.' So they went to the monastery and there they found a man chained between two iron columns. The Prophet asked, 'Where are you from and who are you?' They replied, 'We are from the people of the Levant.' He asked, 'Who are you?' They replied, 'We are Arabs.' He asked, 'What are the Arabs doing?' They said, 'They have among them a Prophet in the land of Taimah.' He asked, 'What are the people doing?' They replied, 'Some of them believe him and some of them deny him.' He said, 'If they believe in him and follow him, it is good for them, if they only knew.' Then he asked, 'What are your houses made of?' They replied, 'They are made of hair and wool spun by our women.' He struck his thigh with his hand and said, 'Behold, what a pity! Then he asked, 'What has happened to Tabariyyah?' They replied, 'Its waters flow in all directions and whoever comes to it can take from it.' He struck his thigh with his hand and said, 'Behold, what a pity!' Then he asked, 'What has happened to your spring Zughar?' They replied, 'Its waters flow in all directions and whoever comes to it can take from it.' He struck his thigh with his hand and said, 'Behold, what a pity!' Then he asked, 'What has happened to the date-palm of Baysan?' They replied, 'Its fruit is taken.' He struck his thigh with his hand and said, 'Behold, what a pity! By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, if I have been released from these fetters, I would have destroyed every house of Baysan except the mosques of Makkah and Al-Madinah, as they hinder the Dajjal from entering them until the Day of Resurrection.'"  

ابن حبّان:٦٧٨٨أَخْبَرَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْهَمْدَانِيُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْمَلِكِ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ الْقُرْقُسَانِيُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عِيسَى بْنُ يُونُسَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عِمْرَانُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ الْقُمِّيُّ عَنِ الشَّعْبِيِّ قَالَ

سَمِعْتُ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتَ قَيْسٍ تَقُولُ صَعِدَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ الْمِنْبَرَ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ «أُنْذِرُكُمُ الدَّجَّالَ فَإِنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ نَبِيٌّ قَبْلِي إِلَّا وَقَدْ أَنْذَرَهُ أُمَّتَهُ وَهُوَ كَائِنٌ فِيكُمْ أَيَّتُهَا الْأُمَّةُ إِنَّهُ لَا نَبِيَّ بَعْدِي وَلَا أُمَّةَ بَعْدَكُمْ إِلَّا إِنَّ تَمِيمًا الدَّارِيَّ أَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّ ابْنَ عَمٍّ لَهُ وَأَصْحَابَهُ رَكِبُوا بَحْرَ الشَّامِ فَانْتَهَوْا إِلَى جَزِيرَةٍ مِنْ جَزَائِرِهِ فَإِذَا هُمْ بِدَهْمَاءَ تَجُرُّ شَعْرَهَا قَالُوا مَا أَنْتِ؟ قَالَتْ الْجَسَّاسَةُ أَوِ الَجَاسِسَةُ قَالُوا أَخْبِرِينَا؟ قَالَتْ مَا أَنَا بِمُخْبِرَتِكُمْ عَنْ شَيْءٍ وَلَا سَائِلَتِكُمْ عَنْهُ وَلَكِنِ ائْتُوا الدَّيْرَ فَإِنَّ فِيهِ رَجُلًا بِالْأَشْوَاقِ إِلَى لِقَائِكُمْ فَأَتَوَا الدَّيْرَ فَإِذَا هُمْ بِرَجُلٍ مَمْسُوحُ الْعَيْنِ مُوثَقٌ فِي الْحَدِيدِ إِلَى سَارِيَةٍ فَقَالَ مِنْ أَيْنَ أَنْتُمْ؟ وَمَنْ أَنْتُمْ؟ قَالُوا مِنْ أَهْلِ الشَّامِ قَالَ فَمَنْ أَنْتُمْ؟ قَالُوا نَحْنُ الْعَرَبُ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلْتِ الْعَرَبُ؟ قَالُوا خَرَجَ فِيهِمْ نَبِيٌّ بِأَرْضِ تَيْمَاءَ قَالَ فَمَا فَعَلَ النَّاسُ؟ قَالُوا فِيهِمْ مَنْ صَدَّقَهُ وَفِيهِمْ مَنْ كَذَّبَهُ قَالَ أَمَا إِنَّهُمْ إِنْ يُصَدِّقُوهُ وَيَتَّبِعُوهُ خَيْرٌ لَهُمْ لَوْ كَانُوا يَعْلَمُونَ ثُمَّ قَالَ مَا بُيُوتُكُمْ؟ قَالُوا مِنْ شَعَرٍ وَصُوفٍ تَغْزِلُهُ نِسَاؤُنَا قَالَ فَضَرَبَ بِيَدِهِ عَلَى فَخِذِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ هَيْهَاتَ ثُمَّ قَالَ مَا فَعَلَتْ بُحَيْرَةُ طَبَرِيَّةَ؟ قَالُوا تَدَفَّقُ جَوَانِبُهَا يَصْدُرُ مَنْ أَتَاهَا فَضَرَبَ بِيَدِهِ عَلَى فَخِذِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ هَيْهَاتَ ثُمَّ قَالَ مَا فَعَلَتْ عَيْنُ زُغَرَ؟ قَالُوا تَدَفَّقُ جَوَانِبُهَا يَصْدُرُ مَنْ أَتَاهَا قَالَ فَضَرَبَ بِيَدِهِ عَلَى فَخِذِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ هَيْهَاتَ ثُمَّ قَالَ مَا فَعَلَ نَخْلُ بَيْسَانَ؟ قَالُوا يُؤْتِي جَنَاهُ فِي كُلِّ عَامٍ قَالَ فَضَرَبَ بِيَدِهِ عَلَى فَخِذِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ هَيْهَاتَ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَمَا إِنِّي لَوْ قَدْ حُلِلْتُ مِنْ وَثَاقِي هَذَا لَمْ يَبْقَ مَنْهَلٌ إِلَّا وَطِئْتُهُ إِلَّا مَكَّةَ وَطَيْبَةَ فَإِنَّهُ لَيْسَ لِي عَلَيْهِمَا سَبِيلٌ» فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ «هَذِهِ طَيْبَةُ حَرَّمْتُهَا كَمَا حَرَّمَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ مَكَّةَ وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ مَا فِيهَا نَقْبٌ فِي سَهْلٍ وَلَا جَبَلٍ إِلَّا وَعَلَيْهِ مَلَكَانِ شَاهِرَا السَّيْفِ يَمْنَعَانِ الدَّجَّالَ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ»  

tabarani:4566Hārūn b. Kāmil al-Miṣrī > ʿAbdullāh b. Ṣāliḥ > al-Layth > Yūnus > Ibn Shihāb > ʿAbdullāh b. al-Ḥārith b. Nawfal > ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib b. Rabīʿah b. al-Ḥārith b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib > Abāh Rabīʿah b. al-Ḥārith b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib And ʿAbbās b. ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib

AbdulMuttalib ibn Rabi'ah ibn al-Harith said that his father, Rabi'ah ibn al-Harith, and Abbas ibn al-Muttalib said to AbdulMuttalib ibn Rabi'ah and al-Fadl ibn Abbas: Go to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and tell him: Messenger of Allah, we are now of age as you see, and we wish to marry. Messenger of Allah, you are the kindest of the people and the most skilled in matchmaking. Our fathers have nothing with which to pay our dower. So appoint us collector of sadaqah (zakat), Messenger of Allah, and we shall give you what the other collectors give you, and we shall have the benefit accruing from it. Ali came to us while we were in this condition. He said: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: No, I swear by Allah, he will not appoint any of you collector of sadaqah (zakat). Rabi'ah said to him: This is your condition; you have gained your relationship with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ by marriage, but we did not grudge you that. Ali then put his cloak on the earth and lay on it. He then said: I am the father of Hasan, the chief. I swear by Allah, I shall not leave this place until your sons come with a reply (to the question) for which you have sent them to the Prophet ﷺ. AbdulMuttalib said: So I and al-Fadl went towards the door of the apartment of the Prophet ﷺ. We found that the noon prayer in congregation had already started. So we prayed along with the people. I and al-Fadl then hastened towards the door of the apartment of the Prophet ﷺ. He was (staying) with Zaynab, daughter of Jahsh, that day. We stood until the Messenger of Allah ﷺ came. He caught my ear and the ear of al-Fadl. He then said: Reveal what you conceal in your hearts. He then entered and permitted me and al-Fadl (to enter). So we entered and for a little while we asked each other to talk. I then talked to him, or al-Fadl talked to him (the narrator, Abdullah was not sure). He said: He spoke to him concerning the matter about which our fathers ordered us to ask him. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ remained silent for a moment and raised his eyes towards the ceiling of the room. He took so long that we thought he would not give any reply to us. Meanwhile we saw that Zaynab was signalling to us with her hand from behind the veil, asking us not to be in a hurry, and that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was (thinking) about our matter. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ then lowered his head and said to us: This sadaqah (zakat) is a dirt of the people. It is legal neither for Muhammad nor for the family of Muhammad. Call Nawfal ibn al-Harith to me. So Nawfal ibn al-Harith was called to him. He said: Nawfal, marry AbdulMuttalib (to your daughter). So Nawfal married me (to his daughter). The Prophet ﷺ then said: Call Mahmiyyah ibn Jaz'i to me. He was a man of Banu Zubayd, whom the Messenger of Allah ﷺ had appointed collector of the fifths. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said to Mahmiyyah: Marry al-Fadl (to your daughter). So he married him to her. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: Stand up and pay the dower from the fifth so-and-so on their behalf. Abdullah ibn al-Harith did not name it (i.e. the amount of the dower). (Using translation from Abū Dāʾūd 2985)  

الطبراني:٤٥٦٦حَدَّثَنَا هَارُونُ بْنُ كَامِلٍ الْمِصْرِيُّ ثنا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ صَالِحٍ حَدَّثَنِي اللَّيْثُ حَدَّثَنِي يُونُسُ عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ أَخْبَرَنِي عَبْدٌ اللهِ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ نَوْفَلٍ أَنَّ عَبْدَ الْمُطَّلِبِ بْنَ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ

أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ أَبَاهُ رَبِيعَةُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ وَعَبَّاسَ بْنَ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ قَالَا لِعَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ بْنِ رَبِيعَةَ وَالْفَضْلِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ائْتِيَا رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَقُولَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَدْ بَلَغَنَا مَا تَرَى مِنَ السِّنِّ فَأَحْبَبْنَا أَنْ نَتَزَوَّجَ وَأَنْتَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَبَرُّ النَّاسِ وَأَوْصَلُهُمْ وَلَيْسَ عِنْدَ أَبَوَيْنَا مَا يُصْدِقَانِ عَنَّا فَاسْتَعْمِلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ عَلَى الصَّدَقَاتِ فَلْنُؤَدِّ إِلَيْكَ مَا يُؤَدِّي الْعُمَّالُ وَلْنُصِبْ مَا كَانَ فِيهَا مِنْ مَرْفَقٍ قَالَ فَأَتَى عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ وَنَحْنُ عَلَى تِلْكَ الْحَالِ فَقَالَ لَنَا لَا وَاللهِ لَا يَسْتَعْمِلُ مِنْكُمْ أَحَدًا عَلَى الصَّدَقَةِ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَبِيعَةُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ هَذَا مِنْ حَسَدِكَ وبَغْيِكَ وَقَدْ نِلْتَ صِهْرَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَلَمْ نَحْسُدْكَ عَلَيْهِ فَأَلْقَى عَلِيٌّ رِدَاءَهُ ثُمَّ اضْطَجَعَ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَنَا أَبُو الْحَسَنِ الْيَوْمَ وَاللهِ لَا أَدِيمُ مَقَامِي هَذَا حَتَّى يَرْجِعَ إِلَيْكُمَا ابْنَاكُمَا بِجَوَابِ مَا بَعَثْتُمَا بِهِ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ عَبْدُ الْمُطَّلِبِ فَانْطَلَقْتُ أَنَا وَالْفَضْلُ حَتَّى نُوَافِقَ صَلَاةَ الظُّهْرِ قَدْ قَامَتْ فَصَلَّيْنَا مَعَ النَّاسِ ثُمَّ أَسْرَعْتُ أَنَا وَالْفَضْلُ إِلَى بَابِ حُجْرَةِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَهُوَ يَوْمَئِذٍ عِنْدَ زَيْنَبُ بِنْتُ جَحْشٍ فَقُمْنَا بِالْبَابِ حَتَّى أَتَى رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَأَخَذَ بِأُذُنِي وَأُذُنِ الْفَضْلِ فَقَالَ «اخْرُجَا مَا تُصَرِّرَانِ» ثُمَّ دَخَلَ فَأَذِنَ لِي وَلِلْفَضْلِ فَدَخَلْنَا فَتَوَاكَلْنَا الْكَلَامَ قَلِيلًا ثُمَّ كَلَّمْتُهُ أَوْ كَلَّمَهُ الْفَضْلُ قَدْ شَكَّ فِي ذَلِكَ عَبْدُ اللهِ فَكَلَّمْنَاهُ بِالَّذِي أَمَرَنَا بِهِ أَبَوَانَا فَسَكَتَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ رَفَعَ بَصَرَهُ قِبَلَ سَقْفِ الْبَيْتِ حَتَّى طَالَ عَلَيْنَا أَنَّهُ لَا يَرْجِعُ إِلَيْنَا شَيْئًا وَحَتَّى رَأَيْنَا زَيْنَبَ تَلْمَعُ مِنْ وَرَاءِ الْحِجَابِ بِيَدِهَا تُرِيدُ أَنْ لَا نَعْجَلَ وَأَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فِي أَمْرِنَا ثُمَّ خَفَضَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ رَأْسَهُ فَقَالَ لَنَا «إِنَّ هَذِهِ الصَّدَقَةُ إِنَّمَا هِي أَوْسَاخُ النَّاسِ وَإِنَّهَا لَا تَحِلُّ لِمُحَمَّدٍ وَلَا لِآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ادْعُوا لِي نَوْفَلَ بْنَ الْحَارِثِ» فَدُعِيَ لَهُ نَوْفَلُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ فَقَالَ «يَا نَوْفَلُ أنْكِحْ عَبْدَ الْمُطَّلِبِ» قَالَ فَأَنْكَحَنِي نَوْفَلٌ ثُمَّ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ «ادْعُوا لِي مَحْمِيَةَ بْنَ جَزْءٍ» وَهُوَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي زُبَيْدٍ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ اسْتَعْمَلَهُ عَلَى الْأَخْمَاسِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ لِمَحْمِيَةَ «أَنْكَحْ الْفَضْلَ» فَأَنْكَحَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ «قُمْ فَأَصْدِقْ عَنْهُمَا مِنَ الْخُمُسِ كَذَا وَكَذَا» لَمْ يَسْمَعْهُ عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ