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Story of the People of the Ditch and how steadfastness in belief triumphs over a tyrant king and his persecution

muslim:3005Haddāb b. Khālid > Ḥammād b. Salamah > Thābit > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Abū Laylá > Ṣuhayb

There lived a king before you and he had a (court) magician. As he (the magician) grew old, he said to the king: I have grown old, send some young boy to me so that I should teach him magic. He (the king) sent to him a young man so that he should train him (in magic). And on his way (to the magician) he (the young man) found a monk sitting there. He (the young man) listened to his (the monk's) talk and was impressed by it. It became his habit that on his way to the magician he met the monk and set there and he came to the magician (late). He (the magician) beat him because of delay. He made a complaint of that to the monk and he said to him: When you feel afraid of the magician, say: Members of my family had detained me. And when you feel afraid of your family you should say: The magician had detained me.

It so happened that there came a huge beast (of prey) and it blocked the way of the people, and he (the young boy) said: I will come to know today whether the magician is superior or the monk is superior. He picked up a stone and said: O Allah, if the affair of the monk is dearer to Thee than the affair of the magician, cause death to this animal so that the people should be able to move about freely. He threw that stone towards it and killed it and the people began to move about (on the path freely). He (the young man) then came to that monk and Informed him and the monk said: Sonny, today you are superior to me. Your affair has come to a stage where I find that you would be soon put to a trial, and in case you are put to a trial don't give my clue.

That young man began to treat the blind and those suffering from leprosy and he in fact began to cure people from (all kinds) of illness. When a companion of the king who had gone blind heard about him, he came to him with numerous gifts and said: If you cure me all these things collected together here would be yours. He said: I myself do not cure anyone. It is Allah Who cures and if you affirm faith in Allah, I shall also supplicate Allah to cure you. He affirmed his faith in Allah and Allah cured him.

He came to the king and sat by his side as he used to sit before. The king said to him: Who restored your eyesight? He said: My Lord. Thereupon he said: It means that your Lord is One besides me. He said: My Lord and your Lord is Allah, so he (the king) took hold of him and tormented him till he gave a clue of that boy. The young man was thus summoned and the king said to him: O boy, it has been conveyed to me that you have become so much proficient in your magic that you cure the blind and those suffering from leprosy and you do such and such things. Thereupon he said: I do not cure anyone; it is Allah Who cures, and he (the king) took hold of him and began to torment him. So he gave a clue of the monk. The monk was thus summoned and it was said to him: You should turn back from your religion. He, however, refused to do so. He (ordered) for a saw to be brought (and when it was done) he (the king) placed it in the middle of his head and tore it into parts till a part fell down. Then the courtier of the king was brought and it was said to him: Turn back from your religion. Arid he refused to do so, and the saw was placed in the midst of his head and it was torn till a part fell down.

Then that young boy was brought and it was said to him: Turn back from your religion. He refused to do so and he was handed over to a group of his courtiers. And he 'said to them: Take him to such and such mountain; make him climb up that mountain and when you reach its top (ask him to renounce his faith) but if he refuses to do so, then throw him (down the mountain). So they took him and made him climb up the mountain and he said: O Allah, save me from them (in any way) Thou likest and the mountain began to quake and they all fell down and that person came walking to the king. The king said to him: What has happened to your companions? He said: Allah has saved me from them.

He again handed him to some of his courtiers and said: Take him and carry him in a small boat and when you reach the middle of the ocean (ask him to renounce) his religion, but if he does not renounce his religion throw him (into the water). So they took him and he said: O Allah, save me from them and what they want to do. It was quite soon that the boat turned over and they were drowned and he came walking to the king, and the king said to him: What has happened to your companions? He said: Allah has saved me from them.

He said to the king: You cannot kill me until you do what I ask you to do. And he said: What is that? He said: You should gather people in a plain and hang me by the trunk (of a tree). Then take hold of an arrow from the quiver and say: In the name of Allah, the Lord of the young boy; then shoot an arrow and if you do that then you would be able to kill me. So he (the king) called the people in an open plain and tied him (the boy) to the trunk of a tree, then he took hold of an arrow from his quiver and then placed the arrow in the bow and then said: In the name of Allah, the Lord of the young boy; he then shot an arrow and it bit his temple. He (the boy) placed his hands upon the temple where the arrow had bit him and he died and the people said: We affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man, we affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man, we affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man. The courtiers came to the king and it was said to him: Do you see that Allah has actually done what you aimed at averting?

They (the people) have affirmed their faith in the Lord. He (the king) commanded ditches to be dug at important points in the path. When these ditches were dug, and the fire was lit in them it was said (to the people): He who would not turn back from his (boy's) religion would be thrown in the fire or it would be said to them to jump in that. (The people courted death but did not renounce religion) till a woman came with her child and she felt hesitant in jumping into the fire and the child said to her: O mother, endure (this ordeal) for it is the Truth.  

مسلم:٣٠٠٥حَدَّثَنَا هَدَّابُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ حَدَّثَنَا ثَابِتٌ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى عَنْ صُهَيْبٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ: «كَانَ مَلِكٌ فِيمَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ وَكَانَ لَهُ سَاحِرٌ۔ فَلَمَّا كَبِرَ قَالَ لِلْمَلِكِ: إِنِّي قَدْ كَبِرْتُ فَابْعَثْ إِلَىَّ غُلاَمًا أُعَلِّمْهُ السِّحْرَ۔ فَبَعَثَ إِلَيْهِ غُلاَمًا يُعَلِّمُهُ۔ فَكَانَ فِي طَرِيقِهِ إِذَا سَلَكَ رَاهِبٌ فَقَعَدَ إِلَيْهِ وَسَمِعَ كَلاَمَهُ فَأَعْجَبَهُ۔ فَكَانَ إِذَا أَتَى السَّاحِرَ مَرَّ بِالرَّاهِبِ وَقَعَدَ إِلَيْهِ، فَإِذَا أَتَى السَّاحِرَ ضَرَبَهُ فَشَكَا ذَلِكَ إِلَى الرَّاهِبِ فَقَالَ: إِذَا خَشِيتَ السَّاحِرَ فَقُلْ حَبَسَنِي أَهْلِي، وَإِذَا خَشِيتَ أَهْلَكَ فَقُلْ حَبَسَنِي السَّاحِرُ۔

فَبَيْنَمَا هُوَ كَذَلِكَ إِذْ أَتَى عَلَى دَابَّةٍ عَظِيمَةٍ قَدْ حَبَسَتِ النَّاسَ فَقَالَ: الْيَوْمَ أَعْلَمُ آلسَّاحِرُ أَفْضَلُ أَمِ الرَّاهِبُ أَفْضَلُ۔ فَأَخَذَ حَجَرًا فَقَالَ: اللَّهُمَّ إِنْ كَانَ أَمْرُ الرَّاهِبِ أَحَبَّ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ أَمْرِ السَّاحِرِ فَاقْتُلْ هَذِهِ الدَّابَّةَ حَتَّى يَمْضِيَ النَّاسُ۔ فَرَمَاهَا فَقَتَلَهَا وَمَضَى النَّاسُ۔ فَأَتَى الرَّاهِبَ فَأَخْبَرَهُ، فَقَالَ لَهُ الرَّاهِبُ: أَىْ بُنَىَّ أَنْتَ الْيَوْمَ أَفْضَلُ مِنِّي، قَدْ بَلَغَ مِنْ أَمْرِكَ مَا أَرَى وَإِنَّكَ سَتُبْتَلَى فَإِنِ ابْتُلِيتَ فَلاَ تَدُلَّ عَلَىَّ۔

وَكَانَ الْغُلاَمُ يُبْرِئُ الأَكْمَهَ وَالأَبْرَصَ وَيُدَاوِي النَّاسَ مِنْ سَائِرِ الأَدْوَاءِ۔ فَسَمِعَ جَلِيسٌ لِلْمَلِكِ كَانَ قَدْ عَمِيَ۔ فَأَتَاهُ بِهَدَايَا كَثِيرَةٍ فَقَالَ: مَا هَا هُنَا لَكَ أَجْمَعُ إِنْ أَنْتَ شَفَيْتَنِي فَقَالَ: إِنِّي لاَ أَشْفِي أَحَدًا إِنَّمَا يَشْفِي اللَّهُ، فَإِنْ أَنْتَ آمَنْتَ بِاللَّهِ دَعَوْتُ اللَّهَ فَشَفَاكَ فَآمَنَ بِاللَّهِ فَشَفَاهُ اللَّهُ۔

فَأَتَى الْمَلِكَ فَجَلَسَ إِلَيْهِ كَمَا كَانَ يَجْلِسُ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْمَلِكُ: مَنْ رَدَّ عَلَيْكَ بَصَرَكَ؟ قَالَ: رَبِّي۔ قَالَ: وَلَكَ رَبٌّ غَيْرِي؟ قَالَ: رَبِّي وَرَبُّكَ اللَّهُ۔ فَأَخَذَهُ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ يُعَذِّبُهُ حَتَّى دَلَّ عَلَى الْغُلاَمِ۔ فَجِيءَ بِالْغُلاَمِ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْمَلِكُ: أَىْ بُنَىَّ قَدْ بَلَغَ مِنْ سِحْرِكَ مَا تُبْرِئُ الأَكْمَهَ وَالأَبْرَصَ وَتَفْعَلُ وَتَفْعَلُ، فَقَالَ: إِنِّي لاَ أَشْفِي أَحَدًا إِنَّمَا يَشْفِي اللَّهُ۔ فَأَخَذَهُ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ يُعَذِّبُهُ حَتَّى دَلَّ عَلَى الرَّاهِبِ۔ فَجِيءَ بِالرَّاهِبِ فَقِيلَ لَهُ: ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكَ۔ فَأَبَى فَدَعَا بِالْمِئْشَارِ فَوَضَعَ الْمِئْشَارَ فِي مَفْرِقِ رَأْسِهِ فَشَقَّهُ حَتَّى وَقَعَ شِقَّاهُ۔ ثُمَّ جِيءَ بِجَلِيسِ الْمَلِكِ فَقِيلَ لَهُ: ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكَ۔ فَأَبَى فَوَضَعَ الْمِئْشَارَ فِي مَفْرِقِ رَأْسِهِ فَشَقَّهُ بِهِ حَتَّى وَقَعَ شِقَّاهُ۔

ثُمَّ جِيءَ بِالْغُلاَمِ فَقِيلَ لَهُ: ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكَ۔ فَأَبَى فَدَفَعَهُ إِلَى نَفَرٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ: اذْهَبُوا بِهِ إِلَى جَبَلِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَاصْعَدُوا بِهِ الْجَبَلَ، فَإِذَا بَلَغْتُمْ ذُرْوَتَهُ فَإِنْ رَجَعَ عَنْ دِينِهِ وَإِلاَّ فَاطْرَحُوهُ۔ فَذَهَبُوا بِهِ فَصَعِدُوا بِهِ الْجَبَلَ فَقَالَ: اللَّهُمَّ اكْفِنِيهِمْ بِمَا شِئْتَ۔ فَرَجَفَ بِهِمُ الْجَبَلُ فَسَقَطُوا وَجَاءَ يَمْشِي إِلَى الْمَلِكِ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْمَلِكُ: مَا فَعَلَ أَصْحَابُكَ؟ قَالَ: كَفَانِيهِمُ اللَّهُ۔

فَدَفَعَهُ إِلَى نَفَرٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ: اذْهَبُوا بِهِ فَاحْمِلُوهُ فِي قُرْقُورٍ فَتَوَسَّطُوا بِهِ الْبَحْرَ، فَإِنْ رَجَعَ عَنْ دِينِهِ وَإِلاَّ فَاقْذِفُوهُ۔ فَذَهَبُوا بِهِ فَقَالَ: اللَّهُمَّ اكْفِنِيهِمْ بِمَا شِئْتَ۔ فَانْكَفَأَتْ بِهِمُ السَّفِينَةُ فَغَرِقُوا۔ وَجَاءَ يَمْشِي إِلَى الْمَلِكِ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْمَلِكُ: مَا فَعَلَ أَصْحَابُكَ؟ قَالَ: كَفَانِيهِمُ اللَّهُ۔»

«فَقَالَ لِلْمَلِكِ: إِنَّكَ لَسْتَ بِقَاتِلِي حَتَّى تَفْعَلَ مَا آمُرُكَ بِهِ۔ قَالَ: وَمَا هُوَ؟ قَالَ: تَجْمَعُ النَّاسَ فِي صَعِيدٍ وَاحِدٍ وَتَصْلُبُنِي عَلَى جِذْعٍ، ثُمَّ خُذْ سَهْمًا مِنْ كِنَانَتِي ثُمَّ ضَعِ السَّهْمَ فِي كَبِدِ الْقَوْسِ، ثُمَّ قُلْ بِاسْمِ اللَّهِ رَبِّ الْغُلاَمِ، ثُمَّ ارْمِنِي، فَإِنَّكَ إِذَا فَعَلْتَ ذَلِكَ قَتَلْتَنِي۔»

«فَجَمَعَ النَّاسَ فِي صَعِيدٍ وَاحِدٍ وَصَلَبَهُ عَلَى جِذْعٍ ثُمَّ أَخَذَ سَهْمًا مِنْ كِنَانَتِهِ ثُمَّ وَضَعَ السَّهْمَ فِي كَبِدِ الْقَوْسِ ثُمَّ قَالَ: بِاسْمِ اللَّهِ رَبِّ الْغُلاَمِ۔ ثُمَّ رَمَاهُ، فَوَقَعَ السَّهْمُ فِي صُدْغِهِ، فَوَضَعَ يَدَهُ فِي صُدْغِهِ فِي مَوْضِعِ السَّهْمِ فَمَاتَ۔ فَقَالَ النَّاسُ: آمَنَّا بِرَبِّ الْغُلاَمِ! آمَنَّا بِرَبِّ الْغُلاَمِ! آمَنَّا بِرَبِّ الْغُلاَمِ! فَأُتِيَ الْمَلِكُ فَقِيلَ لَهُ: أَرَأَيْتَ مَا كُنْتَ تَحْذَرُ؟ قَدْ وَاللَّهِ نَزَلَ بِكَ حَذَرُكَ۔»

«قَدْ آمَنَ النَّاسُ، فَأَمَرَ بِالأُخْدُودِ فِي أَفْوَاهِ السِّكَكِ فَخُدَّتْ وَأَضْرَمَ النِّيرَانَ وَقَالَ: مَنْ لَمْ يَرْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِهِ؟ فَأَحْمُوهُ فِيهَا أَوْ قِيلَ لَهُ: اقْتَحِمْ! فَفَعَلُوا حَتَّى جَاءَتِ امْرَأَةٌ وَمَعَهَا صَبِيٌّ لَهَا فَتَقَاعَسَتْ أَنْ تَقَعَ فِيهَا فَقَالَ لَهَا الْغُلاَمُ: يَا أُمَّهِ، اصْبِرِي فَإِنَّكِ عَلَى الْحَقِّ۔»  


See similar narrations below:

Collected by Tirmidhī, Aḥmad, Ibn Ḥibbān, Ṭabarānī, Nasāʾī's Kubrá, Suyūṭī
tirmidhi:3340Maḥmūd b. Ghaylān And ʿAbd b. Ḥumayd al-Maʿná Wāḥid > ʿAbd al-Razzāq > Maʿmar > Thābit al-Bunānī > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Abū Laylá > Ṣuhayb

“When the Messenger of Allah had performed Asr, Hamasa (he began mumbling)” – and Al—Hams according to some of them, is moving the lips as if he is speaking – “It was said to him: ‘O Messenger of Allah! After you performed Asr, you were mumbling?’ He said: ‘There was a Prophet among the Prophets, he was amazed with his people, so he said: “Who can stand against these people?” Then Allah revealed to him, that they must choose between some of them suffering from wrath, and between enemies of theirs assaulting them. They chose the wrath. So death was inflicted upon them such that seventy-thousand of them died in one day.’”He said: And when he would narrated this Hadith, he would also narrated another: “There was a king among the kings, and that king had a fortune-teller (Kahin) who would see for him. The fortune teller said: ‘Search for a boy for me, he must be understanding” or he said: “clever and quick, so that I can teach him this knowledge of mine. For verily, I fear that I shall die, and this knowledge will be removed from you, and there will be no one among you who knows it.” He said: “They looked for a boy fitting his description. (After finding one) they ordered him to tend to that fortune teller, and to continue visiting him. So he began his frequent visits, and on the boy’s route, there was a monk at his hermitage.” – Ma’mar said: “I think that during that time, the people at the hermitage were Muslims.” – He said: “They boy began asking that monk questions each time he passed him, and he would not leave him until he informed him, so he said: ‘I only worship Allah.’” He said: “So the boy began spending more time with the monk and arriving late to the fortune-teller. The fortune-teller sent a message to the boy’s family saying: ‘He hardly ever attends me.’ The boy told that to the monk, so the monk said to him: ‘When the fortune-teller asks you where you’ve been, tell him: “I was with my family.” And when your family asks you where you’ve been, then tell them that you were with the fortune-teller.’” He said: “One day, the boy passed by a large group of people being held back by a beast.” Some of them said, it was a lion. He said: “So the boy took a rock and said: ‘O Allah, if what the monk says is true, then I ask you to kill it.’” [He said:] “Then he threw the rock, killing the beast. The people began asking who killed it and some of them replied: ‘It was the boy.’ They were terrified and said: ‘This boy has learned a knowledge that no one else has learned.’” He said: “A blind man heard about him so he said to him: ‘If you can return my sight, I shall give you this and that.’ He said to him: ‘I do not want this from you. However, if your sight is returned to you, would you believe in the One who gave it back to you?’ He said: ‘Yes.’” He said: “So he supplicated to Allah, and He returned his sight to him, and the blind man believed. His case was conveyed to the king, so he sent for him to be brought before him. He said: ‘I shall kill each of you in a manner different than his comrade was killed.’ He called for the monk and the man who used to be blind. He placed a saw upon the forehead of one of them and killed him. Then he killed the other one by a different means. Then he gave orders for the boy, he said: ‘Take him to this or that mountain, and throw him from its peak.’ They brought him to that mountain, and when they reached the place from where they intended to cast him off, they began tumbling off of that mountain, and all of them fell down until none of them remained except for the boy.” He said: “Then he returned and the king ordered that he be brought out to sea and cast into it. So he was brought out to sea, but Allah drowned those who were with him, and He saved him. Then the boy said to the king: ‘You will not kill me until you tie me to the trunk of a tree and shoot me, and when you shoot me, you said: “In the Name of Allah, the Lord of this boy.’” He said: “So he ordered that he be tied, then when he shot him, he said: ‘In the Name of Allah, the Lord of this boy.’ The boy placed his hand upon his temple where he was shot, then he died. The people said: “This boy had knowledge that no one else had! Verily we believe in the Lord of this boy!” He said: It was conveyed to the king “Your efforts have been thwarted by the opposition of these three, now all of these people have opposed you.” He said: “So he had ditches dug, then fire wood was filled into it and a fire was lit. Then he (the king) had all of the people gathered and he said: ‘Whoever leaves his religion, then we shall leave him. And whoever does not leave, we shall cast him into this fire.’ So he began casting them into that ditch.” He said: “Allah, Blessed is He and Most High, said about that: ‘Cursed were the People of the Ditch. Of fire fed with fuel…’ until he reached: ‘…The Almighty, Worthy of all praise!’” He said: “As for the boy, he was buried.” He said: “It has been mentioned, that he was excavated during the time of Umar bin Al-Khattab, and his finger was at his temple, just as he had placed it when he was killed.”  

Abū ʿĪsá said that this Ḥadīth is Ḥasan-Gharīb.
الترمذي:٣٣٤٠حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ وَعَبْدُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ الْمَعْنَى وَاحِدٌ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ عَنْ ثَابِتٍ الْبُنَانِيِّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى عَنْ صُهَيْبٍ قَالَ

كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِذَا صَلَّى الْعَصْرَ هَمَسَ وَالْهَمْسُ فِي قَوْلِ بَعْضِهِمْ تَحَرُّكُ شَفَتَيْهِ كَأَنَّهُ يَتَكَلَّمُ فَقِيلَ لَهُ إِنَّكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِذَا صَلَّيْتَ الْعَصْرَ هَمَسْتَ قَالَ إِنَّ نَبِيًّا مِنَ الأَنْبِيَاءِ كَانَ أُعْجِبَ بِأُمَّتِهِ فَقَالَ مَنْ يَقُولُ لِهَؤُلاَءِ فَأَوْحَى اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ أَنْ خَيِّرْهُمْ بَيْنَ أَنْ أَنْتَقِمَ مِنْهُمْ وَبَيْنَ أَنْ أُسَلِّطَ عَلَيْهِمْ عَدُوَّهُمْ فَاخْتَارَ النِّقْمَةَ فَسَلَّطَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْمَوْتَ فَمَاتَ مِنْهُمْ فِي يَوْمٍ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفًا قَالَ وَكَانَ إِذَا حَدَّثَ بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ حَدَّثَ بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ الآخَرِ قَالَ كَانَ مَلِكٌ مِنَ الْمُلُوكِ وَكَانَ لِذَلِكَ الْمَلِكِ كَاهِنٌ يَكْهَنُ لَهُ فَقَالَ الْكَاهِنُ انْظُرُوا لِيَ غُلاَمًا فَهِمًا أَوْ قَالَ فَطِنًا لَقِنًا فَأُعَلِّمُهُ عِلْمِي هَذَا فَإِنِّي أَخَافُ أَنْ أَمُوتَ فَيَنْقَطِعَ مِنْكُمْ هَذَا الْعِلْمُ وَلاَ يَكُونُ فِيكُمْ مَنْ يَعْلَمُهُ قَالَ فَنَظَرُوا لَهُ عَلَى مَا وَصَفَ فَأَمَرَهُ أَنْ يَحْضُرَ ذَلِكَ الْكَاهِنَ وَأَنْ يَخْتَلِفَ إِلَيْهِ فَجَعَلَ يَخْتَلِفُ إِلَيْهِ وَكَانَ عَلَى طَرِيقِ الْغُلاَمِ رَاهِبٌ فِي صَوْمَعَةٍ قَالَ مَعْمَرٌ أَحْسِبُ أَنَّ أَصْحَابَ الصَّوَامِعِ كَانُوا يَوْمَئِذٍ مُسْلِمِينَ قَالَ فَجَعَلَ الْغُلاَمُ يَسْأَلُ ذَلِكَ الرَّاهِبَ كُلَّمَا مَرَّ بِهِ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ بِهِ حَتَّى أَخْبَرَهُ فَقَالَ إِنَّمَا أَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ قَالَ فَجَعَلَ الْغُلاَمُ يَمْكُثُ عِنْدَ الرَّاهِبِ وَيُبْطِئُ عَلَى الْكَاهِنِ فَأَرْسَلَ الْكَاهِنُ إِلَى أَهْلِ الْغُلاَمِ إِنَّهُ لاَ يَكَادُ يَحْضُرُنِي فَأَخْبَرَ الْغُلاَمُ الرَّاهِبَ بِذَلِكَ فَقَالَ لَهُ الرَّاهِبُ إِذَا قَالَ لَكَ الْكَاهِنُ أَيْنَ كُنْتَ فَقُلْ عِنْدَ أَهْلِي وَإِذَا قَالَ لَكَ أَهْلُكَ أَيْنَ كُنْتَ فَأَخِبِرْهُمْ أَنَّكَ كُنْتَ عِنْدَ الْكَاهِنِ قَالَ فَبَيْنَمَا الْغُلاَمُ عَلَى ذَلِكَ إِذْ مَرَّ بِجَمَاعَةٍ مِنَ النَّاسِ كَثِيرٍ قَدْ حَبَسَتْهُمْ دَابَّةٌ فَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ إِنَّ تِلْكَ الدَّابَّةَ كَانَتْ أَسَدًا قَالَ فَأَخَذَ الْغُلاَمُ حَجَرًا قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ إِنْ كَانَ مَا يَقُولُ الرَّاهِبُ حَقًّا فَأَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ أَقْتُلَهَا قَالَ ثُمَّ رَمَى فَقَتَلَ الدَّابَّةَ فَقَالَ النَّاسُ مَنْ قَتَلَهَا قَالُوا الْغُلاَمُ فَفَزِعَ النَّاسُ وَقَالُوا لَقَدْ عَلِمَ هَذَا الْغُلاَمُ عِلْمًا لَمْ يَعْلَمْهُ أَحَدٌ قَالَ فَسَمِعَ بِهِ أَعْمَى فَقَالَ لَهُ إِنْ أَنْتَ رَدَدْتَ بَصَرِي فَلَكَ كَذَا وَكَذَا قَالَ لَهُ لاَ أُرِيدُ مِنْكَ هَذَا وَلَكِنْ أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ رَجَعَ إِلَيْكَ بَصَرُكَ أَتُؤْمِنُ بِالَّذِي رَدَّهُ عَلَيْكَ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَدَعَا اللَّهَ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِ بَصَرَهُ فَآمَنَ الأَعْمَى فَبَلَغَ الْمَلِكَ أَمْرُهُمْ فَبَعَثَ إِلَيْهِمْ فَأُتِيَ بِهِمْ فَقَالَ لأَقْتُلَنَّ كُلَّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْكُمْ قِتْلَةً لاَ أَقْتُلُ بِهَا صَاحِبَهُ فَأَمَرَ بِالرَّاهِبِ وَالرَّجُلِ الَّذِي كَانَ أَعْمَى فَوَضَعَ الْمِنْشَارَ عَلَى مَفْرِقِ أَحَدِهِمَا فَقَتَلَهُ وَقَتَلَ الآخَرَ بِقِتْلَةٍ أُخْرَى ثُمَّ أَمَرَ بِالْغُلاَمِ فَقَالَ انْطَلِقُوا بِهِ إِلَى جَبَلِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَأَلْقُوهُ مِنْ رَأْسِهِ فَانْطَلَقُوا بِهِ إِلَى ذَلِكَ الْجَبَلِ فَلَمَّا انْتَهَوْا بِهِ إِلَى ذَلِكَ الْمَكَانِ الَّذِي أَرَادُوا أَنْ يُلْقُوهُ مِنْهُ جَعَلُوا يَتَهَافَتُونَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْجَبَلِ وَيَتَرَدَّوْنَ حَتَّى لَمْ يَبْقَ مِنْهُمْ إِلاَّ الْغُلاَمُ قَالَ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ فَأَمَرَ بِهِ الْمَلِكُ أَنْ يَنْطَلِقُوا بِهِ إِلَى الْبَحْرِ فَيُلْقُونَهُ فِيهِ فَانْطُلِقَ بِهِ إِلَى الْبَحْرِ فَغَرَّقَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا مَعَهُ وَأَنْجَاهُ فَقَالَ الْغُلاَمُ لِلْمَلِكِ إِنَّكَ لاَ تَقْتُلُنِي حَتَّى تَصْلُبَنِي وَتَرْمِيَنِي وَتَقُولَ إِذَا رَمَيْتَنِي بِسْمِ اللَّهِ رَبِّ هَذَا الْغُلاَمِ قَالَ فَأَمَرَ بِهِ فَصُلِبَ ثُمَّ رَمَاهُ فَقَالَ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ رَبِّ هَذَا الْغُلاَمِ قَالَ فَوَضَعَ الْغُلاَمُ يَدَهُ عَلَى صُدْغِهِ حِينَ رُمِيَ ثُمَّ مَاتَ فَقَالَ أُنَاسٌ لَقَدْ عَلِمَ هَذَا الْغُلاَمُ عِلْمًا مَا عَلِمَهُ أَحَدٌ فَإِنَّا نُؤْمِنُ بِرَبِّ هَذَا الْغُلاَمِ قَالَ فَقِيلَ لِلْمَلِكِ أَجَزِعْتَ أَنْ خَالَفَكَ ثَلاَثَةٌ فَهَذَا الْعَالَمُ كُلُّهُمْ قَدْ خَالَفُوكَ قَالَ فَخَدَّ أُخْدُودًا ثُمَّ أَلْقَى فِيهَا الْحَطَبَ وَالنَّارَ ثُمَّ جَمَعَ النَّاسَ فَقَالَ مَنْ رَجَعَ عَنْ دِينِهِ تَرَكْنَاهُ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَرْجِعْ أَلْقَيْنَاهُ فِي هَذِهِ النَّارِ فَجَعَلَ يُلْقِيهِمْ فِي تِلْكَ الأُخْدُودِ قَالَ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى (قتِلَ أَصْحَابُ الأُخْدُودِ * النَّارِ ذَاتِ الْوَقُودِ ) حَتَّى بَلَغَ (العَزِيزِ الْحَمِيدِ ) قَالَ فَأَمَّا الْغُلاَمُ فَإِنَّهُ دُفِنَ قَالَ فَيُذْكَرُ أَنَّهُ أُخْرِجَ فِي زَمَنِ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ وَأُصْبُعُهُ عَلَى صُدْغِهِ كَمَا وَضَعَهَا حِينَ قُتِلَ  

قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ
ahmad:23931ʿAffān > Ḥammād b. Salamah > Thābit > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Abū Laylá > Ṣuhayb

There lived a king before you and he had a (court) magician. As he (the magician) grew old, he said to the king: I have grown old, send some young boy to me so that I should teach him magic. He (the king) sent to him a young man so that he should train him (in magic). And on his way (to the magician) he (the young man) found a monk sitting there. He (the young man) listened to his (the monk's) talk and was impressed by it. It became his habit that on his way to the magician he met the monk and set there and he came to the magician (late). He (the magician) beat him because of delay. He made a complaint of that to the monk and he said to him: When you feel afraid of the magician, say: Members of my family had detained me. And when you feel afraid of your family you should say: The magician had detained me. It so happened that there came a huge beast (of prey) and it blocked the way of the people, and he (the young boy) said: I will come to know today whether the magician is superior or the monk is superior. He picked up a stone and said: O Allah, if the affair of the monk is dearer to Thee than the affair of the magician, cause death to this animal so that the people should be able to move about freely. He threw that stone towards it and killed it and the people began to move about (on the path freely). He (the young man) then came to that monk and Informed him and the monk said: Sonny, today you are superior to me. Your affair has come to a stage where I find that you would be soon put to a trial, and in case you are put to a trial don't give my clue. That young man began to treat the blind and those suffering from leprosy and he in fact began to cure people from (all kinds) of illness. When a companion of the king who had gone blind heard about him, he came to him with numerous gifts and said: If you cure me all these things collected together here would be yours. Be said: I myself do not cure anyone. It is Allah Who cures and if you affirm faith in Allah, I shall also supplicate Allah to cure you. He affirmed his faith in Allah and Allah cured him and he came to the king and sat by his side as he used to sit before. The king said to him: Who restored your eyesight? He said: My Lord. Thereupon he said: It means that your Lord is One besides me. He said: My Lord and your Lord is Allah, so he (the king) took hold of him and tormented him till he gave a clue of that boy. The young man was thus summoned and the king said to him: O boy, it has been conveyed to me that you have become so much proficient in your magic that you cure the blind and those suffering from leprosy and you do such and such things. Thereupon he said: I do not cure anyone; it is Allah Who cures, and he (the king) took hold of him and began to torment him. So he gave a clue of the monk. The monk was thus summoned and it was said to him: You should turn back from your religion. He, however, refused to do so. He (ordered) for a saw to be brought (and when it was done) he (the king) placed it in the middle of his head and tore it into parts till a part fell down. Then the courtier of the king was brought and it was said to him: Turn back from your religion. Arid he refused to do so, and the saw was placed in the midst of his head and it was torn till a part fell down. Then that young boy was brought and it was said to him: Turn back from your religion. He refused to do so and he was handed over to a group of his courtiers. And he 'said to them: Take him to such and such mountain; make him climb up that mountain and when you reach its top (ask him to renounce his faith) but if he refuses to do so, then throw him (down the mountain). So they took him and made him climb up the mountain and he said: O Allah, save me from them (in any way) Thou likest and the mountain began to quake and they all fell down and that person came walking to the king. The king said to him: What has happened to your companions? He said: Allah has saved me from them. He again handed him to some of his courtiers and said: Take him and carry him in a small boat and when you reach the middle of the ocean (ask him to renounce) his religion, but if he does not renounce his religion throw him (into the water). So they took him and he said: O Allah, save me from them and what they want to do. It was quite soon that the boat turned over and they were drowned and he came walking to the king, and the king said to him: What has happened to your companions? He said: Allah has saved me from them, and he said to the king: You cannot kill me until you do what I ask you to do. And he said: What is that? He said: You should gather people in a plain and hang me by the trunk (of a tree). Then take hold of an arrow from the quiver and say: In the name of Allah, the Lord of the young boy; then shoot an arrow and if you do that then you would be able to kill me. So he (the king) called the people in an open plain and tied him (the boy) to the trunk of a tree, then he took hold of an arrow from his quiver and then placed the arrow in the bow and then said: In the name of Allah, the Lord of the young boy; he then shot an arrow and it bit his temple. He (the boy) placed his hands upon the temple where the arrow had bit him and he died and the people said: We affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man, we affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man, we affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man. The courtiers came to the king and it was said to him: Do you see that Allah has actually done what you aimed at averting. They (the people) have affirmed their faith in the Lord. He (the king) commanded ditches to be dug at important points in the path. When these ditches were dug, and the fire was lit in them it was said (to the people): He who would not turn back from his (boy's) religion would be thrown in the fire or it would be said to them to jump in that. (The people courted death but did not renounce religion) till a woman came with her child and she felt hesitant in jumping into the fire and the child said to her: 0 mother, endure (this ordeal) for it is the Truth. (Using translation from Muslim 3005)   

أحمد:٢٣٩٣١حَدَّثَنَا عَفَّانُ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ أَخْبَرَنَا ثَابِتٌ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى عَنْ صُهَيْبٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ كَانَ مَلِكٌ فِيمَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ وَكَانَ لَهُ سَاحِرٌ فَلَمَّا كَبِرَ السَّاحِرُ قَالَ لِلْمَلِكِ إِنِّي قَدْ كَبِرَتْ سِنِّي وَحَضَرَ أَجَلِي فَادْفَعْ إِلَيَّ غُلَامًا فَلَأُعَلِّمُهُ السِّحْرَ فَدَفَعَ إِلَيْهِ غُلَامًا فَكَانَ يُعَلِّمُهُ السِّحْرَ وَكَانَ بَيْنَ السَّاحِرِ وَبَيْنَ الْمَلِكِ رَاهِبٌ فَأَتَى الْغُلَامُ عَلَى الرَّاهِبِ فَسَمِعَ مِنْ كَلَامِهِفَأَعْجَبَهُ نَحْوُهُ وَكَلَامُهُ فَكَانَ إِذَا أَتَى السَّاحِرَ ضَرَبَهُ وَقَالَ مَا حَبَسَكَ؟ وَإِذَا أَتَى أَهْلَهُ ضَرَبُوهُ وَقَالُوا مَا حَبَسَكَ؟ فَشَكَا ذَلِكَ إِلَى الرَّاهِبِ فَقَالَ إِذَا أَرَادَ السَّاحِرُ أَنْ يَضْرِبَكَ فَقُلْ حَبَسَنِي أَهْلِي وَإِذَا أَرَادَ أَهْلُكَ أَنْ يَضْرِبُوكَ فَقُلْ حَبَسَنِي السَّاحِرُ قَالَ فَبَيْنَمَا هُوَ كَذَلِكَ إِذْ أَتَى ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ عَلَى دَابَّةٍ فَظِيعَةٍ عَظِيمَةٍ وَقَدْ حَبَسَتِ النَّاسَ فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ أَنْ يَجُوزُوا فَقَالَ الْيَوْمَ أَعْلَمُ أَمْرُ الرَّاهِبِ أَحَبُّ إِلَى اللهِ أَمْ أَمْرُ السَّاحِرِ؟ فَأَخَذَ حَجَرًا فَقَالَ اللهُمَّ إِنْ كَانَ أَمْرُ الرَّاهِبِ أَحَبَّ إِلَيْكَ وَأَرْضَى لَكَ مِنَ أَمِرِ السَّاحِرِ فَاقْتُلْ هَذِهِ الدَّابَّةَ حَتَّى يَجُوزَ النَّاسُ وَرَمَاهَا فَقَتَلَهَا وَمَضَى النَّاسُ فَأَخْبَرَ الرَّاهِبَ بِذَلِكَ فَقَالَ أَيْ بُنَيَّ أَنْتَ أَفْضَلُ مِنِّي وَإِنَّكَ سَتُبْتَلَى فَإِنْ ابْتُلِيتَ فَلَا تَدُلَّ عَلَيَّ فَكَانَ الْغُلَامُ يُبْرِئُ الْأَكْمَهَ وَسَائِرَ الْأَدْوَاءِ وَيَشْفِيهِمْ وَكَانَ جَلِيسٌ لِلْمَلِكِ فَعَمِيَ فَسَمِعَ بِهِ فَأَتَاهُ بِهَدَايَا كَثِيرَةٍ فَقَالَ اشْفِنِي وَلَكَ مَا هَاهُنَا أَجْمَعُ فَقَالَ مَا أَشْفِي أَنَا أَحَدًا إِنَّمَا يَشْفِي اللهُ فَإِنْ أَنْتَ آمَنْتَ بِهِ دَعَوْتُ اللهَ فَشَفَاكَ فَآمَنَ فَدَعَا اللهَ لَهُ فَشَفَاهُ ثُمَّ أَتَى الْمَلِكَ فَجَلَسَ مِنْهُ نَحْوَ مَا كَانَ يَجْلِسُ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْمَلِكُ يَا فُلَانُ مَنْ رَدَّ عَلَيْكَ بَصَرَكَ؟ فَقَالَ رَبِّي قَالَ أَنَا؟ قَالَ لَا وَلَكِنْ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكَ اللهُ قَالَ أَوَلَكَ رَبٌّ غَيْرِي؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ يُعَذِّبُهُ حَتَّى دَلَّهُ عَلَى الْغُلَامِ فَبَعَثَ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ أَيْ بُنَيَّ قَدْ بَلَغَ مِنْ سِحْرِكَ أَنْ تُبْرِئَ الْأَكْمَهَ وَالْأَبْرَصَوَهَذِهِ الْأَدْوَاءَ؟ قَالَ مَا أَشْفِي أَنَا أَحَدًا مَا يَشْفِي غَيْرُ اللهِ قَالَ أَنَا؟ قَالَ لَا قَالَ أَوَلَكَ رَبٌّ غَيْرِي؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكَ اللهُ فَأَخَذَهُ أَيْضًا بِالْعَذَابِ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ بِهِ حَتَّى دَلَّ عَلَى الرَّاهِبِ فَأُتِيَ بِالرَّاهِبِ فَقَالَ ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكِ فَأَبَى فَوَضَعَ الْمِنْشَارَ فِي مَفْرِقِ رَأْسِهِ حَتَّى وَقَعَ شِقَّاهُ وَقَالَ لِلْأَعْمَى ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكَ فَأَبَى فَوَضَعَ الْمِنْشَارَ فِي مَفْرِقِ رَأْسِهِ حَتَّى وَقَعَ شِقَّاهُ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَقَالَ لِلْغُلَامِ ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكَ فَأَبَى فَبَعَثَ بِهِ مَعَ نَفَرٍ إِلَى جَبَلِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَقَالَ إِذَا بَلَغْتُمْ ذُرْوَتَهُ فَإِنْ رَجَعَ عَنْ دِينِهِ وَإِلَّا فَدَهْدِهُوهُ مِنْ فَوْقِهِ فَذَهَبُوا بِهِ فَلَمَّا عَلَوْا بِهِ الْجَبَلَ قَالَ اللهُمَّ اكْفِنِيهِمْ بِمَا شِئْتَ فَرَجَفَ بِهِمُ الْجَبَلُ فَتَدَهْدَهُوا أَجْمَعُونَ وَجَاءَ الْغُلَامُ يَتَلَمَّسُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَى الْمَلِكِ فَقَالَ مَا فَعَلَ أَصْحَابُكَ؟ فَقَالَ كَفَانِيهِمُ اللهُ فَبَعَثَ بِهِ مَعَ نَفَرٍ فِي قُرْقُورٍ فَقَالَ إِذَا لَجَجْتُمْ بِهِ الْبَحْرَ فَإِنْ رَجَعَ عَنْ دِينِهِ وَإِلَّا فَغَرِّقُوهُ فَلَجَّجُوا بِهِ الْبَحْرَ فَقَالَ الْغُلَامُ اللهُمَّ اكْفِنِيهِمْ بِمَا شِئْتَ فَغَرِقُوا أَجْمَعُونَ وَجَاءَ الْغُلَامُ يَتَلَمَّسُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَى الْمَلِكِ فَقَالَ مَا فَعَلَ أَصْحَابُكَ؟ قَالَ كَفَانِيهِمُ اللهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِلْمَلِكِ إِنَّكَ لَسْتَ بِقَاتِلِي حَتَّى تَفْعَلَ مَا آمُرُكَ بِهِ فَإِنْ أَنْتَ فَعَلْتَ مَا آمُرُكَ بِهِ قَتَلْتَنِي وَإِلَّا فَإِنَّكَ لَا تَسْتَطِيعُ قَتْلِي قَالَ وَمَا هُوَ؟ قَالَ تَجْمَعُ النَّاسَ فِي صَعِيدٍ ثُمَّ تَصْلُبُنِي عَلَى جِذْعٍ فَتَأْخُذُ سَهْمًا مِنْ كِنَانَتِي ثُمَّ قُلْ بِسْمِ اللهِ رَبِّ الْغُلَامِ فَإِنَّكَ إِذَا فَعَلْتَ ذَلِكَ قَتَلْتَنِي فَفَعَلَ وَوَضَعَالسَّهْمَ فِي كَبِدِ قَوْسِهِ ثُمَّ رَمَى فَقَالَ بِسْمِ اللهِ رَبِّ الْغُلَامِ فَوَضَعَ السَّهْمَ فِي صُدْغِهِ فَوَضَعَ الْغُلَامُ يَدَهُ عَلَى مَوْضِعِ السَّهْمِ وَمَاتَ فَقَالَ النَّاسُ آمَنَّا بِرَبِّ الْغُلَامِ فَقِيلَ لِلْمَلِكِ أَرَأَيْتَ مَا كُنْتَ تَحْذَرُ؟ فَقَدْ وَاللهِ نَزَلَ بِكَ قَدْ آمَنَ النَّاسُ كُلُّهُمْ فَأَمَرَ بِأَفْوَاهِ السِّكَكِ فَخُدِّدَتْ فِيهَا الْأُخْدُودُ وَأُضْرِمَتْ فِيهَا النِّيرَانُ وَقَالَ مَنْ رَجَعَ عَنْ دِينِهِ فَدَعُوهُ وَإِلَّا فَأَقْحِمُوهُ فِيهَا قَالَ فَكَانُوا يَتَعَادَوْنَ فِيهَا وَيَتَدَافَعُونَ فَجَاءَتْ امْرَأَةٌ بِابْنٍ لَهَا تُرْضِعُهُ فَكَأَنَّهَا تَقَاعَسَتْ أَنْ تَقَعَ فِي النَّارِ فَقَالَ الصَّبِيُّ يَا أُمَّهْ اصْبِرِي فَإِنَّكِ عَلَى الْحَقِّ  

ibnhibban:4268aIbn Qutaybah > Ibn Abū al-Sarī > ʿAbd al-Razzāq > Maʿmar > al-Zuhrī > ʿUbaydullāh b. ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Thawr > Ibn ʿAbbās > Lam Azal Ḥarīṣ > Asʾal ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb

I was eager to ask 'Umar about the two wives of the Prophet ﷺ concerning whom Allah said, “If you two (wives of the Prophet ﷺ turn in repentance to Allah, (it will be better for you), your hearts are indeed so inclined (to oppose what the Prophet ﷺ likes)” [at-Tahreem 66:4], until 'Umar went for Hajj and I went with him. When we were partway there, 'Umar turned aside and I turned aside with him, bringing the jug. He relieved himself, then he came to me and I poured water onto his hands, and he did wudoo’. I said: “O Ameer al -Mu'mineen, who are the two wives of the Prophet ﷺ of whom Allah said: ‘If you two (wives of the Prophet ﷺ) turn in repentance to Allah, (it will be better for you), your hearts are indeed so inclined (to oppose what the Prophet ﷺ likes)’?” [at-Tahreem 66:4] 'Umar said, “How strange of you, O Ibn 'Abbas”, (az-Zuhri said: By Allah, he did not like the question, but he did not conceal anything.) He said, “They were Hafsah and 'A'ishah.” Then he started to narrate the hadeeth and said: We people of Quraish were a people who dominated women, but when we came to Madinah we found a people who were dominated by their women, and our women started to learn from their women. My house was among Banu Umayyah bin Zaid in al-'Awali. One day I got angry with my wife, and she argued with me. I did not like her to argue with me, but she said: Do you not like me to argue with you? By Allah, the wives of the Prophet ﷺ argue with him, and one of them will forsake him all day until night comes, I went and entered upon Hafsah, and I said: Do you argue with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ? She said: Yes. I said: Does one of you forsake him all day until night comes? She said: Yes. I said: Any one of you who does that is doomed and lost. Does any one of you feel assured that Allah will not be angry with her because of the anger of His Messenger ﷺ, for then she will be doomed? Do not argue with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and do not ask him for anything. Ask me for whatever you want. And do not be misled by the fact that your neighbour is more beautiful than you and more beloved to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ than you – referring to 'A'ishah. And ‘Umar said: I had a neighbour among the Ansar. We used to take turns to go down to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. He would go down one day and I would go down the next. He would bring me the news of the Revelation and other things, and I would do likewise. We were saying that Ghassan were shoeing their horses to attack us. My friend went down, then he came to me at night and knocked on my door, then he called out to me. I went out to him and he said: Something terrible has happened! I said: What? Have Ghassan come? He said: No, it is more terrible than that and worse. The Prophet ﷺ has divorced his wives! I said: Hafsah is doomed and lost! I thought that this would happen. Then when I had prayed Fajr, I got dressed, then I went down and entered upon Hafsah, who was weeping. I said: Has the Messenger of Allah ﷺdivorced you? She said: I do not know. He has secluded himself in this loft. I went to a black slave of his and said: Ask for permission for ‘Umar to enter. He went in, then he came out to me and said: I mentioned you to him but he did not say anything, I went away and came to the minbar, where I sat down. By it was a group of people, some of whom were weeping. I sat for a little while, then I could not bear it any longer, so I went to the slave and said: Ask for permission for ‘Umar to enter. He went in, then he came out to me and said: I mentioned you to him but he did not say anything. I turned to leave, then the slave called me and said: Go in, he has given you permission. So I went in and greeted the Messenger of Allah ﷺ with salam. He was resting on a reed mat that had left marks on his side. I said: O Messenger of Allah, have you divorced your wives? He looked up at me and said, “No.” I said: Allah Akbar! if you had seen us, O Messenger of Allah, we Quraish were a people who dominated women, but when we came to Madinah we found a people who were dominated by their women, and our women started to learn from their women. I got angry with my wife one day, and she started to argue with me. I did not like her to argue with me, but she said: Do you not like me to argue with you? By Allah, the wives of the Prophet ﷺ argue with him, and one of them will forsake him all day until night comes. I said: Any one of them who does that is doomed and lost. Does one of them feel assured that Allah will not be angry with her because of the anger of His Messenger ﷺ,then she will be doomed? The Messenger of Allah ﷺ smiled. I said: O Messenger of Allah, I entered upon Hafsah and I said: Do not be misled by the fact that your neighbour (i.e. ‘Aa'ishah) is more beautiful than you and more beloved to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ than you. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ smiled again. I said: O Messenger of Allah, may I speak to you freely? He said: “Yes.” So I sat down and looked around the room, and by Allah, I did not see anything in it to please the eye except three hides. I said: Pray to Allah, O Messenger of Allah, to make life prosperous for your ummah, for He has made life prosperous for the Persians and Romans, but they do not worship Allah, may He be glorified and exalted. He sat up straight and said: “Are you doubting. O son of al-Khattab? They are people whose good things have been hastened for them in this world.” I said: Pray for forgiveness for me, O Messenger of Allah. He had sworn that he would not enter upon them for a month, because he was so annoyed with them until Allah rebuked him. (Using translation from Aḥmad 222)  

ابن حبّان:٤٢٦٨aأَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ قُتَيْبَةَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي السَّرِيِّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي ثَوْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ

لَمْ أَزَلْ حَرِيصًا أَنْ أَسْأَلَ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ عَنِ الْمَرْأَتَيْنِ اللَّتَيْنِ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ اللَّهُ {إِنْ تَتُوبَا إِلَى اللَّهِ فَقَدْ صَغَتْ قُلُوبُكُمَا} حَتَّى حَجَّ عُمَرُ فَحَجَجْتُ مَعَهُ فَلَمَّا كَانَ فِي بَعْضِ الطَّرِيقِ عَدَلَ لِيَتَوَضَّأُ وَعَدَلْتُ مَعَهُ بِالْإِدَاوَةِ فَتَبَرَّزَ ثُمَّ أَتَانِي فَسَكَبْتُ عَلَى يَدَيْهِ فَتَوَضَّأَ فَقُلْتُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ مَنِ الْمَرْأَتَانِ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ اللَّتَانِ قَالَ اللَّهُ {إِنْ تَتُوبَا إِلَى اللَّهِ فَقَدْ صَغَتْ قُلُوبُكُمَا} فَقَالَ عُمَرُ وَاعَجَبًا لَكَ يَا ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ هِيَ عَائِشَةُ وَحَفْصَةُ ثُمَّ أَنْشَأَ يَسُوقُ الْحَدِيثَ فَقَالَ كُنَّا مَعْشَرُ قُرَيْشٍ قَوْمًا نَغْلِبُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ وَجَدْنَاهُمْ قَوْمًا تَغْلِبُهُمْ نِسَاؤُهُمْ فَطَفِقَ نِسَاؤُنَا يَتَعَلَّمْنَ مِنْ نِسَائِهِمْ وَكَانَ مَنْزِلِي فِي بَنِي أُمَيَّةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ فِي الْعَوَالِي قَالَ فَتَغَضَّبْتُ يَوْمًا عَلَى امْرَأَتِي فَإِذَا هِيَ تُرَاجِعْنِي فَأَنْكَرْتُ أَنْ تُرَاجِعَنِي فَقَالَتْ مَا تُنْكِرُ أَنْ أُرَاجِعَكَ فَوَاللَّهِ إِنَّ أَزْوَاجَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ لَتُرَاجِعْنَهُ وَتَهْجُرُهُ إِحْدَاهُنَّ الْيَوْمَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ قَالَ فَانْطَلَقْتُ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ فَقُلْتُ أَتُرَاجِعِينَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ وَتَهْجُرُهُ إِحْدَانَا الْيَوْمَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ قَالَ قَدْ قُلْتِ قَدْ خَابَ مَنْ فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ مِنْكُنَّ وَخَسِرَ أَفَتَأْمَنُ إِحْدَاكُنَّ أَنْ يَغْضَبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهَا لِغَضَبِ رَسُولِهِ ﷺ فَإِذَا هِيَ قَدْ هَلَكَتْ لَا تُرَاجِعِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَلَا تَسْأَلِيهِ شَيْئًا وَسَلِينِي مَا بَدَا لَكِ وَلَا يَغُرَّنَّكِ إِنْ كَانَتْ جَارَتُكِ هِيَ أَوْسَمُ وَأَحَبُّ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ مِنْكِ يُرِيدُ عَائِشَةَ قَالَ وَكَانَ لِي جَارٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ وَكُنَّا نَتَنَاوَبُ النُّزُولَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَيَنْزِلُ يَوْمًا وأَنْزِلُ يَوْمًا فَيَأْتِينِي بِخَبَرِ الْوَحْيِ وَغَيْرِهِ وَأَنْزِلُ فَآتِيهِ بِمِثْلِ ذَلِكَ وَكُنَّا نَتَحَدَّثُ أَنَّ غَسَّانَ تُنْعِلُ الْخَيْلَ لِتَغْزُوَنَا قَالَ فَنَزَلَ صَاحِبِي يَوْمًا ثُمَّ أَتَانِي فَضَرَبَ عَلَى بَابِي ثُمَّ نَادَانِي فَخَرَجْتُ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ حَدَثَ أَمْرٌ عَظِيمٌ فَقُلْتُ مَاذَا؟ أَجَاءَتْ غَسَّانُ؟ قَالَ بَلْ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ وَأَطْوَلُ طَلَّقَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ نِسَاءَهُ فَقُلْتُ خَابَتْ حَفْصَةُ وَخَسِرَتْ قَدْ كُنْتُ أَظُنُّ هَذَا كَائِنًا فَلَمَّا صَلَّيْتُ الصُّبْحَ شَدَدْتُ عَلَيَّ ثِيَابِي ثُمَّ نَزَلْتُ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ فَإِذَا هِيَ تَبْكِي فَقُلْتُ أَطَلَّقَكُنَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَتْ لَا أَدْرِي هُوَ ذَا هُوَ مُعْتَزِلٌ فِي هَذِهِ الْمَشْرُبَةِ قَالَ فَأَتَيْتُ غُلَامًا لَهُ أَسْوَدَ فَقُلْتُ اسْتَأْذَنْ لِعُمَرَ فَدَخَلَ الْغُلَامُ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَيَّ وَقَالَ قَدْ ذَكَرْتُكَ لَهُ فَلَمْ يَقُلْ شَيْئًا فَانْطَلَقْتُ حَتَّى أَتَيْتُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَإِذَا قَوْمٌ حَوْلَ الْمِنْبَرِ جُلُوسٌ يَبْكِي بَعْضُهُمْ إِلَى بَعْضٍ قَالَ فَجَلَسْتُ قَلِيلًا ثُمَّ غَلَبَنِي مَا أَجِدُ فَأَتَيْتُ الْغُلَامَ فَقُلْتُ اسْتَأْذَنْ لِعُمَرَ فَدَخَلَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَيَّ فَقَالَ قَدْ ذَكَرْتُكَ لَهُ فَصَمَتَ فَرَجَعْتُ فَجَلَسْتُ إِلَى الْمِنْبَرِ ثُمَّ غَلَبَنِي مَا أَجِدُ فَأَتَيْتُ الْغُلَامَ فَقُلْتُ اسْتَأْذَنْ لِعُمَرَ فَدَخَلَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَيَّ فَقَالَ قَدْ ذَكَرْتُكَ لَهُ فَسَكَتَ فَوَلَّيْتُ مُدْبِرًا فَإِذَا الْغُلَامُ يَدْعُونِي وَيَقُولُ ادْخُلْ فَقَدْ أَذِنَ لَكَ فَدَخَلْتُ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَإِذَا هُوَ مُتَّكِئٌ عَلَى رَمْلِ حَصِيرٍ قَدْ أَثَّرَ بِجَنْبِهِ فَقُلْتُ أَطَلَّقْتَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ نِسَاءَكَ؟ قَالَ فَرَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ إِلَيَّ وَقَالَ «لَا» فَقُلْتُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لَوْ رَأَيْتَنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَكُنَّا مَعْشَرُ قُرَيْشٍ قَوْمًا نَغْلِبُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا الْمَدِينَةَ وَجَدْنَا قَوْمًا تَغْلِبُهُمْ نِسَاؤُهُمْ فَطَفِقَ نِسَاؤُنَا يَتَعَلَّمْنَ مِنْ نِسَائِهِمْ فَتَغَضَّبْتُ عَلَى امْرَأَتِي يَوْمًا فَإِذَا هِيَ تُرَاجِعَنِي فَأَنْكَرْتُ ذَلِكَ عَلَيْهَا فَقَالَتْ أَتُنْكِرُ أَنْ أُرَاجِعَكَ فَوَاللَّهِ إِنَّ أَزْوَاجَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ لَيُرَاجِعْنَهُ وَتَهْجُرُهُ إِحْدَاهُنَّ الْيَوْمَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ قَدْ خَابَ مَنْ فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ مِنْهُنَّ وَخَسِرَتْ أَتَأْمَنُ إِحْدَاهُنَّ أَنْ يَغْضَبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهَا لِغَضَبِ رَسُولِهِ ﷺ فَإِذَا هِيَ قَدْ هَلَكَتْ قَالَ فَتَبَسَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ فَقُلْتُ لَهَا لَا تُرَاجِعِي رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَلَا تَسْأَلِيهِ شَيْئًا وَسَلِينِي مَا بَدَا لَكَ وَلَا يَغُرَّنَّكِ أَنْ كَانَتْ جَارَتُكِ هِيَ أَوْسَمُ وَأَحَبُّ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ مِنْكِ قَالَ فَتَبَسَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أُخْرَى فَقُلْتُ أَسْتَأْنِسُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ؟ قَالَ «نَعَمْ» فَجَلَسْتُ فَرَفَعْتُ رَأْسِي فِي الْبَيْتِ فَوَاللَّهِ مَا رَأَيْتُ فِيهِ شَيْئًا يَرُدُّ الْبَصَرَ إِلَّا أُهُبًا ثَلَاثَةً فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ادْعُ اللَّهَ أَنْ يُوَسِّعَ عَلَى أُمَّتِكَ فَقَدْ وَسَّعَ اللَّهُ عَلَى فَارِسَ وَالرُّومِ وَهُمْ لَا يَعْبُدُونَهُ قَالَ فَاسْتَوَى جَالِسًا وَقَالَ «أَفِي شَكٍّ أَنْتَ يَا ابْنَ الْخَطَّابِ أُولَئِكَ قَوْمٌ عُجِّلَتْ لَهُمْ طَيِّبَاتُهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا» فَقُلْتُ اسْتَغْفِرْ لِي يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَكَانَ أَقْسَمَ لَا يَدْخُلُ عَلَيْهِنَّ شَهْرًا مِنْ شِدَّةِ مَوْجِدَتِهِ عَلَيْهِنَّ حَتَّى عَاتَبَهُ اللَّهُ  

ذِكْرُ الْبَيَانِ بِأَنَّ الْمَرْءَ إِذَا دَعَا اللَّهَ جَلَّ وَعَلَا بِنِيَّةٍ صَحِيحَةٍ وَعَمَلٍ مُخْلِصٍ قَدْ يُسْتَجَابُ لَهُ دُعَاؤُهُ، وَإِنْ كَانَ الشَّيْءُ الْمَسْؤُولُ مُعْجِزَةً

ibnhibban:873al-Ḥasan b. Sufyān > Hudbah b. Khālid > Ḥammād b. Salamah > Thābit > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Abū Laylá > Ṣuhayb

There lived a king before you and he had a (court) magician. As he (the magician) grew old, he said to the king: I have grown old, send some young boy to me so that I should teach him magic. He (the king) sent to him a young man so that he should train him (in magic). And on his way (to the magician) he (the young man) found a monk sitting there. He (the young man) listened to his (the monk's) talk and was impressed by it. It became his habit that on his way to the magician he met the monk and set there and he came to the magician (late). He (the magician) beat him because of delay. He made a complaint of that to the monk and he said to him: When you feel afraid of the magician, say: Members of my family had detained me. And when you feel afraid of your family you should say: The magician had detained me. It so happened that there came a huge beast (of prey) and it blocked the way of the people, and he (the young boy) said: I will come to know today whether the magician is superior or the monk is superior. He picked up a stone and said: O Allah, if the affair of the monk is dearer to Thee than the affair of the magician, cause death to this animal so that the people should be able to move about freely. He threw that stone towards it and killed it and the people began to move about (on the path freely). He (the young man) then came to that monk and Informed him and the monk said: Sonny, today you are superior to me. Your affair has come to a stage where I find that you would be soon put to a trial, and in case you are put to a trial don't give my clue. That young man began to treat the blind and those suffering from leprosy and he in fact began to cure people from (all kinds) of illness. When a companion of the king who had gone blind heard about him, he came to him with numerous gifts and said: If you cure me all these things collected together here would be yours. Be said: I myself do not cure anyone. It is Allah Who cures and if you affirm faith in Allah, I shall also supplicate Allah to cure you. He affirmed his faith in Allah and Allah cured him and he came to the king and sat by his side as he used to sit before. The king said to him: Who restored your eyesight? He said: My Lord. Thereupon he said: It means that your Lord is One besides me. He said: My Lord and your Lord is Allah, so he (the king) took hold of him and tormented him till he gave a clue of that boy. The young man was thus summoned and the king said to him: O boy, it has been conveyed to me that you have become so much proficient in your magic that you cure the blind and those suffering from leprosy and you do such and such things. Thereupon he said: I do not cure anyone; it is Allah Who cures, and he (the king) took hold of him and began to torment him. So he gave a clue of the monk. The monk was thus summoned and it was said to him: You should turn back from your religion. He, however, refused to do so. He (ordered) for a saw to be brought (and when it was done) he (the king) placed it in the middle of his head and tore it into parts till a part fell down. Then the courtier of the king was brought and it was said to him: Turn back from your religion. Arid he refused to do so, and the saw was placed in the midst of his head and it was torn till a part fell down. Then that young boy was brought and it was said to him: Turn back from your religion. He refused to do so and he was handed over to a group of his courtiers. And he 'said to them: Take him to such and such mountain; make him climb up that mountain and when you reach its top (ask him to renounce his faith) but if he refuses to do so, then throw him (down the mountain). So they took him and made him climb up the mountain and he said: O Allah, save me from them (in any way) Thou likest and the mountain began to quake and they all fell down and that person came walking to the king. The king said to him: What has happened to your companions? He said: Allah has saved me from them. He again handed him to some of his courtiers and said: Take him and carry him in a small boat and when you reach the middle of the ocean (ask him to renounce) his religion, but if he does not renounce his religion throw him (into the water). So they took him and he said: O Allah, save me from them and what they want to do. It was quite soon that the boat turned over and they were drowned and he came walking to the king, and the king said to him: What has happened to your companions? He said: Allah has saved me from them, and he said to the king: You cannot kill me until you do what I ask you to do. And he said: What is that? He said: You should gather people in a plain and hang me by the trunk (of a tree). Then take hold of an arrow from the quiver and say: In the name of Allah, the Lord of the young boy; then shoot an arrow and if you do that then you would be able to kill me. So he (the king) called the people in an open plain and tied him (the boy) to the trunk of a tree, then he took hold of an arrow from his quiver and then placed the arrow in the bow and then said: In the name of Allah, the Lord of the young boy; he then shot an arrow and it bit his temple. He (the boy) placed his hands upon the temple where the arrow had bit him and he died and the people said: We affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man, we affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man, we affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man. The courtiers came to the king and it was said to him: Do you see that Allah has actually done what you aimed at averting. They (the people) have affirmed their faith in the Lord. He (the king) commanded ditches to be dug at important points in the path. When these ditches were dug, and the fire was lit in them it was said (to the people): He who would not turn back from his (boy's) religion would be thrown in the fire or it would be said to them to jump in that. (The people courted death but did not renounce religion) till a woman came with her child and she felt hesitant in jumping into the fire and the child said to her: 0 mother, endure (this ordeal) for it is the Truth. (Using translation from Muslim 3005)  

ابن حبّان:٨٧٣أَخْبَرَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ سُفْيَانَ حَدَّثَنَا هُدْبَةُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ أَخْبَرَنَا ثَابِتٌ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى عَنْ صُهَيْبٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ «كَانَ مَلِكٌ فِيمَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ لَهُ سَاحِرٌ فَلَمَّا كَبِرَ قَالَ لِلْمَلِكِ إِنِّي قَدْ كَبِرْتُ فَابْعَثْ إِلَيَّ غُلَامًا أُعَلِّمُهُ السِّحْرَ فَبَعَثَ لَهُ غُلَامًا يُعَلِّمُهُ فَكَانَ فِي طَرِيقِهِ إِذَا سَلَكَ رَاهِبٌ فَقَعَدَ إِلَيْهِ وَسَمِعَ كَلَامَهُ وَأَعْجَبَهُ فَكَانَ إِذَا أَتَى السَّاحِرَ ضَرَبَهُ وَإِذَا رَجَعَ مِنْ عِنْدِ السَّاحِرِ قَعَدَ إِلَى الرَّاهِبِ وَسَمِعَ كَلَامَهُ فَإِذَا أَتَى أَهْلَهُ ضَرَبُوهُ فَشَكَا ذَلِكَ إِلَى الرَّاهِبِ فَقَالَ لَهُ إِذَا خَشِيتَ السَّاحِرَ فَقُلْ حَبَسَنِي أَهْلِي وَإِذَا خَشِيتَ أَهْلَكَ فَقُلْ حَبَسَنِي السَّاحِرُ فَبَيْنَمَا هُوَ كَذَلِكَ إِذْ أَتَى عَلَى دَابَّةٍ عَظِيمَةٍ قَدْ حَبَسْتِ النَّاسَ فَقَالَ الْيَوْمَ أَعْلَمُ الرَّاهِبُ أَفْضَلُ أَمِ السَّاحِرُ؟ فَأَخَذَ حَجَرًا ثُمَّ قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ إِنْ كَانَ أَمْرُ الرَّاهِبِ أَحَبَّ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ أَمْرِ السَّاحِرِ فَاقْتُلْ هَذِهِ الدَّابَّةَ حَتَّى يَمْضِيَ النَّاسُ فَرَمَاهَا فَقَتَلَهَا وَمَضَى النَّاسُ فَأَتَى الرَّاهِبَ فَأَخْبَرَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ الرَّاهِبُ أَيْ بُنَيَّ أَنْتَ الْيَوْمَ أَفْضَلُ مِنِّي وَإِنَّكَ سَتُبْتَلَى فَإِنِ ابْتُلِيتَ فَلَا تَدُلَّ عَلَيَّ فَكَانَ الْغُلَامُ يُبْرِئُ الْأَكْمَهَ وَالْأَبْرَصَ وَيُدَاوِي سَائِرَ الْأَدْوَاءِ فَسَمِعَ جَلِيسٌ لِلْمَلِكِ كَانَ قَدْ عَمِيَ فَأَتَى الْغُلَامَ بِهَدَايَا كَثِيرَةٍ فَقَالَ مَا هَاهُنَا لَكَ أَجْمَعُ إِنْ أَنْتَ شَفَيْتَنِي قَالَ إِنِّي لَا أَشْفِي أَحَدًا إِنَّمَا يَشْفِي اللَّهُ إِنْ آمَنْتَ بِاللَّهِ دَعَوْتُ اللَّهَ فَشَفَاكَ فَآمَنَ بِاللَّهِ فَشَفَاهُ اللَّهُ فَأَتَى الْمَلِكَ يَمْشِي يَجْلِسُ إِلَيْهِ كَمَا كَانَ يَجْلِسُ فَقَالَ الْمَلِكُ فُلَانُ ‍‍ مَنْ رَدَّ عَلَيْكَ بَصَرَكَ؟ قَالَ رَبِّي قَالَ وَلَكَ رَبٌّ غَيْرِي؟ قَالَ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكَ وَاحِدٌ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ يُعَذِّبْهُ حَتَّى دَلَّ عَلَى الْغُلَامِ فَجِيءَ بِالْغُلَامِ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْمَلِكُ أَيْ بُنَيَّ قَدْ بَلَغَ مِنْ سِحْرِكَ مَا تُبْرِئُ الْأَكْمَهَ وَالْأَبْرَصَ وَتَفْعَلُ وَتَفْعَلُ؟ قَالَ إِنِّي لَا أَشْفِي أَحَدًا إِنَّمَا يَشْفِي اللَّهُ فَأَخَذَهُ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ يُعَذِّبْهُ حَتَّى دَلَّ عَلَى الرَّاهِبِ فَجِيءَ بِالرَّاهِبِ فَقِيلَ لَهُ ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكَ فَأَبِي فَدَعَا بِالْمِنْشَارِ فَوَضَعَ الْمِنْشَارَ فِي مَفْرِقِ رَأْسِهِ فَشُقَّ بِهِ حَتَّى وَقَعَ شِقَّاهُ ثُمَّ جِيءَ بِجَلِيسِ الْمَلِكِ فَقِيلَ ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكَ فَأَبِي فَوَضَعَ الْمِنْشَارَ فِي مَفْرِقِ رَأْسِهِ فَشَقَّهُ بِهِ حَتَّى وَقَعَ شِقَّاهُ ثُمَّ جِيءَ بِالْغُلَامِ فَقِيلَ لَهُ ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكَ فَأَبِي فَدَفَعَهُ إِلَى نَفَرٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ اذْهَبُوا بِهِ إِلَى جَبَلِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَاصْعَدُوا بِهِ الْجَبَلَ فَإِذَا بَلَغْتُمْ ذُرْوَتَهُ فَإِنْ رَجَعَ عَنْ دِينِهِ وَإِلَّا فَاطْرَحُوهُ فَذَهَبُوا بِهِ فَصَعِدُوا بِهِ الْجَبَلَ فَقَالَ اللَّهُمَّ اكْفِنِيهِمْ بِمَا شِئْتَ فَرَجَفَ بِهِمُ الْجَبَلُ فَسَقَطُوا وَجَاءَ يَمْشِي إِلَى الْمَلِكِ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْمَلِكُ مَا فَعَلَ أَصْحَابُكَ؟ قَالَ كَفَانِيهِمُ اللَّهُ فَدَفَعَهُ إِلَى قَوْمٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ اذْهَبُوا بِهِ فَاحْمِلُوهُ فِي قُرْقُورٍ فَوَسِّطُوا بِهِ الْبَحْرَ فَلَجِّجُوا بِهِ فَإِنْ رَجَعَ عَنْ دِينِهِ وَإِلَّا فَاقْذِفُوهُ فَذَهَبُوا بِهِ فَقَالَ اللَّهُمَّ اكْفِنِيهِمْ بِمَا شِئْتَ فَانْكَفَأَتْ بِهِمُ السَّفِينَةُ وَجَاءَ يَمْشِي إِلَى الْمَلِكِ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْمَلِكُ مَا فَعَلَ أَصْحَابُكَ؟ قَالَ كَفَانِيهِمُ اللَّهُ فَقَالَ لِلْمَلِكِ وَإِنَّكَ لَسْتَ بِقَاتِلِي حَتَّى تَفْعَلَ مَا آمُرُكَ بِهِ قَالَ وَمَا هُوَ؟ قَالَ تَجْمَعُ النَّاسَ فِي صَعِيدٍ وَاحِدٍ وَتَصْلُبُنِي عَلَى جِذْعٍ ثُمَّ خُذْ سَهْمًا مِنْ كِنَانَتِكَ ثُمَّ ضَعِ السَّهْمَ فِي كَبِدِ الْقَوْسِ ثُمَّ قُلْ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ رَبِّ الْغُلَامِ ثُمَّ ارْمِنِي فَإِنَّكَ إِذَا فَعَلْتَ ذَلِكَ قَتَلْتَنِي فَجَمَعَ النَّاسَ فِي صَعِيدٍ وَاحِدٍ ثُمَّ صَلَبَهُ عَلَى جِذْعٍ ثُمَّ أَخَذَ سَهْمًا مِنْ كِنَانَتِهِ ثُمَّ وَضَعَ السَّهْمَ فِي كَبِدِ قَوْسِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ رَبِّ الْغُلَامِ ثُمَّ رَمَاهُ فَوَقَعَ السَّهْمُ فِي صُدْغِهِ فَوَضَعَ يَدَهُ فِي مَوْضِعِ السَّهْمِ فَمَاتَ فَقَالَ النَّاسُ آمَنَّا بِرَبِّ الْغُلَامِ آمَنَّا بِرَبِّ الْغُلَامِ ثَلَاثًا فَأُتِيَ الْمَلِكُ فَقِيلَ لَهُ أَرَأَيْتَ مَا كُنْتَ تَحْذَرُ قَدْ وَاللَّهِ نَزَلَ بِكَ حَذَرُكَ قَدْ آمَنَ النَّاسُ فَأَمَرَ بِالْأُخْدُودِ بِأَفْوَاهِ السِّكَكِ فَخُدَّتْ وَأَضْرَمَ النِّيرَانَ وَقَالَ مَنْ لَمْ يَرْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِهِ فَأَحْمُوهُ فَفَعَلُوا حَتَّى جَاءَتِ امْرَأَةٌ وَمَعَهَا صَبِيٌّ لَهَا فَتَقَاعَسَتْ أَنْ تَقَعَ فِيهَا فَقَالَ لَهَا الْغُلَامُ يَا أُمَّهِ اصْبِرِي فَإِنَّكِ عَلَى الْحَقِّ»  

ibnhibban:6335Aḥmad b. ʿAlī b. al-Muthanná > Masrūq b. al-Marzubān > Yaḥyá b. Zakariyyā b. Abū Zāʾidah > Muḥammad b. Isḥāq > Jahm b. Abū Jahm > ʿAbdullāh b. Jaʿfar
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ابن حبّان:٦٣٣٥أَخْبَرَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْمُثَنَّى حَدَّثَنَا مَسْرُوقُ بْنُ الْمَرْزُبَانِ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ زَكَرِيَّا بْنِ أَبِي زَائِدَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ جَهْمِ بْنِ أَبِي جَهْمٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ

عَنْ حَلِيمَةَ أُمِّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ السَّعْدِيَّةِ الَّتِي أَرْضَعَتْهُ قَالَتْ خَرَجْتُ فِي نِسْوَةٍ مِنْ بَنِي سَعْدِ بْنِ بَكْرٍ نَلْتَمِسُ الرُّضَعَاءَ بِمَكَّةَ عَلَى أَتَانٍ لِي قَمْرَاءَ فِي سَنَةٍ شَهْبَاءَ لَمْ تُبْقِ شَيْئًا وَمَعِي زَوْجِي وَمَعَنَا شَارِفٌ لَنَا وَاللَّهِ مَا إِنْ يَبِضُّ عَلَيْنَا بِقَطْرَةٍ مِنْ لَبَنٍ وَمَعِي صَبِيٌّ لِي إِنْ نَنَامَ لَيْلَتَنَا مِنْ بُكَائِهِ مَا فِي ثَدْيَيَّ مَا يُغْنِيهِ فَلَمَّا قَدِمْنَا مَكَّةَ لَمْ تَبْقَ مِنَّا امْرَأَةٌ إِلَّا عُرِضَ عَلَيْهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَتَأْبَاهُ وَإِنَّمَا كُنَّا نَرْجُو كَرَامَةَ الرَّضَاعَةِ مِنْ وَالِدِ الْمَوْلُودِ وَكَانَ يَتِيمًا وَكُنَّا نَقُولُ يَتِيمًا مَا عَسَى أَنْ تَصْنَعَ أُمُّهُ بِهِ حَتَّى لَمْ يَبْقَ مِنْ صَوَاحِبِي امْرَأَةٌ إِلَّا أَخَذَتْ صَبِيًّا غَيْرِي فَكَرِهْتُ أَنْ أَرْجِعَ وَلَمْ أَجِدْ شَيْئًا وَقَدْ أَخَذَ صَوَاحِبِي فَقُلْتُ لِزَوْجِي وَاللَّهِ لَأَرْجِعَنَّ إِلَى ذَلِكَ الْيَتِيمِ فَلَآخُذَنَّهُ فَأَتَيْتُهُ فَأَخَذْتُهُ وَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى رَحْلِي فَقَالَ زَوْجِي قَدْ أَخَذْتِيهِ؟ فَقُلْتُ نَعَمْ وَاللَّهِ وَذَاكَ أَنِّي لَمْ أَجِدْ غَيْرَهُ فَقَالَ قَدْ أَصَبْتِ فَعَسَى اللَّهُ أَنْ يَجْعَلَ فِيهِ خَيْرًا قَالَتْ فَوَاللَّهِ مَا هُوَ إِلَّا أَنْ جَعَلْتُهُ فِي حِجْرِي أَقْبَلَ عَلَيْهِ ثَدْيِي بِمَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ مِنَ اللَّبَنِ فَشَرِبَ حَتَّى رَوِيَ وَشَرِبَ أَخُوهُ يَعْنِي ابْنَهَا حَتَّى رَوِيَ وَقَامَ زَوْجِي إِلَى شَارِفِنَا مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَإِذَا بِهَا حَافِلٌ فَحَلَبَهَا مِنَ اللَّبَنِ مَا شِئْنَا وَشَرِبَ حَتَّى رَوِيَ وَشَرِبْتُ حَتَّى رَوِيتُ وَبِتْنَا لَيْلَتَنَا تِلْكَ شِبَاعًا رُوَاءً وَقَدْ نَامَ صِبْيَانُنَا يَقُولُ أَبُوهُ يَعْنِي زَوْجَهَا وَاللَّهِ يَا حَلِيمَةُ مَا أُرَاكِ إِلَّا قَدْ أَصَبْتِ نَسَمَةً مُبَارَكَةً قَدْ نَامَ صَبِيُّنَا وَرَوِيَ قَالَتْ ثُمَّ خَرَجْنَا فَوَاللَّهِ لَخَرَجَتْ أَتَانِي أَمَامَ الرَّكْبِ حَتَّى إِنَّهُمْ لَيَقُولُونَ وَيْحَكِ كُفِّي عَنَّا أَلَيْسَتْ هَذِهِ بِأَتَانِكِ الَّتِي خَرَجْتِ عَلَيْهَا؟ فَأَقُولُ بَلَى وَاللَّهِ وَهِيَ قُدَّامُنَا حَتَّى قَدِمْنَا مَنَازِلَنَا مِنْ حَاضِرِ بَنِي سَعْدِ بْنِ بَكْرٍ فَقَدِمْنَا عَلَى أَجْدَبِ أَرْضِ اللَّهِ فَوَالَّذِي نَفْسُ حَلِيمَةَ بِيَدِهِ إِنْ كَانُوا لَيُسَرِّحُونَ أَغْنَامَهُمْ إِذَا أَصْبَحُوا وَيَسْرَحُ رَاعِي غَنَمِي فَتَرُوحُ بِطَانًا لَبَنًا حُفَّلًا وَتَرُوحُ أَغْنَامُهُمْ جِيَاعًا هَالِكَةً مَا لَهَا مِنْ لَبَنٍ قَالَتْ فَنَشْرَبُ مَا شِئْنَا مِنَ اللَّبَنِ وَمَا مِنَ الْحَاضِرِ أَحَدٌ يَحْلُبُ قَطْرَةً وَلَا يَجِدُهَا فَيَقُولُونَ لِرِعَائِهِمْ وَيْلَكُمْ أَلَا تَسْرَحُونَ حَيْثُ يَسْرَحُ رَاعِي حَلِيمَةَ فَيَسْرَحُونَ فِي الشِّعْبِ الَّذِي تَسْرَحُ فِيهِ فَتَرُوحُ أَغْنَامُهُمْ جِيَاعًا مَا بِهَا مِنْ لَبَنٍ وَتَرُوحُ غَنَمِي لَبَنًا حُفَّلًا وَكَانَ ﷺ يَشِبُّ فِي الْيَوْمِ شَبَابَ الصَّبِيِّ فِي شَهْرٍ وَيَشِبُّ فِي الشَّهْرِ شَبَابَ الصَّبِيِّ فِي سَنَةٍ فَبَلَغَ سَنَةً وَهُوَ غُلَامٌ جَفْرٌ قَالَتْ فَقَدِمْنَا عَلَى أُمِّهِ فَقُلْتُ لَهَا وَقَالَ لَهَا أَبُوهُ رُدِّي عَلَيْنَا ابْنِي فَلْنَرْجِعْ بِهِ فَإِنَّا نَخْشَى عَلَيْهِ وَبَاءَ مَكَّةَ قَالَتْ وَنَحْنُ أَضَنُّ شَيْءٍ بِهِ مِمَّا رَأَيْنَا مِنْ بَرَكَتِهِ قَالَتْ فَلَمْ نَزَلْ حَتَّى قَالَتِ ارْجِعَا بِهِ فَرَجَعْنَا بِهِ فَمَكَثَ عِنْدَنَا شَهْرَيْنِ قَالَتْ فَبَيْنَا هُوَ يَلْعَبُ وَأَخُوهُ يَوْمًا خَلْفَ الْبُيُوتِ يَرْعَيَانِ بَهْمًا لَنَا إِذْ جَاءَنَا أَخُوهُ يَشْتَدُّ فَقَالَ لِي وَلِأَبِيهِ أَدْرِكَا أَخِي الْقُرَشِيَّ قَدْ جَاءَهُ رَجُلَانِ فَأَضْجَعَاهُ وَشَقَّا بَطْنَهُ فَخَرَجْنَا نَشْتَدُّ فَانْتَهَيْنَا إِلَيْهِ وَهُوَ قَائِمٌ مُنْتَقِعٌ لَوْنُهُ فَاعْتَنَقَهُ أَبُوهُ وَاعْتَنَقْتُهُ ثُمَّ قُلْنَا مَا لَكَ أَيْ بُنَيَّ؟ قَالَ «أَتَانِي رَجُلَانِ عَلَيْهِمَا ثِيَابٌ بِيضٌ فَأَضْجَعَانِي ثُمَّ شَقَّا بَطْنِي فَوَاللَّهِ مَا أَدْرِي مَا صَنَعَا» قَالَتْ فَاحْتَمَلْنَاهُ وَرَجَعْنَا بِهِ قَالَتْ يَقُولُ أَبُوهُ يَا حَلِيمَةُ مَا أَرَى هَذَا الْغُلَامَ إِلَّا قَدْ أُصِيبَ فَانْطَلِقِي فَلْنَرُدَّهُ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَظْهَرَ بِهِ مَا نَتَخَوَّفُ قَالَتْ فَرَجَعْنَا بِهِ فَقَالَتْ مَا يَرُدُّكُمَا بِهِ فَقَدْ كُنْتُمَا حَرِيصَيْنِ عَلَيْهِ؟ قَالَتْ فَقُلْتُ لَا وَاللَّهِ إِلَّا أَنَّا كَفَلْنَاهُ وَأَدَّيْنَا الْحَقَّ الَّذِي يَجِبُ عَلَيْنَا ثُمَّ تَخَوَّفْنَا الْأَحْدَاثَ عَلَيْهِ فَقُلْنَا يَكُونُ فِي أَهْلِهِ فَقَالَتْ أُمُّهُ وَاللَّهِ مَا ذَاكَ بِكُمَا فَأَخْبِرَانِي خَبَرَكُمَا وَخَبَرَهُ فَوَاللَّهِ مَا زَالَتْ بِنَا حَتَّى أَخْبَرْنَاهَا خَبَرَهُ قَالَتْ فَتَخَوَّفْتَمَا عَلَيْهِ كَلَّا وَاللَّهِ إِنَّ لِابْنِي هَذَا شَأْنًا أَلَا أُخْبِرُكُمَا عَنْهُ إِنِّي حَمَلْتُ بِهِ فَلَمْ أَحْمِلْ حَمْلًا قَطُّ كَانَ أَخَفَّ عَلَيَّ وَلَا أَعْظَمَ بَرَكَةً مِنْهُ ثُمَّ رَأَيْتُ نُورًا كَأَنَّهُ شِهَابٌ خَرَجَ مِنِّي حِينَ وَضَعْتُهُ أَضَاءَتْ لَهُ أَعْنَاقُ الْإِبِلِ بِبُصْرَى ثُمَّ وَضَعْتُهُ فَمَا وَقَعَ كَمَا يَقَعُ الصِّبْيَانُ وَقَعَ وَاضِعًا يَدَهُ بِالْأَرْضِ رَافِعًا رَأْسَهُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ دَعَاهُ وَالْحَقَا بِشَأْنِكُمَا  

عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي لَيْلَى، عَنْ صُهَيْبٍ

tabarani:7320Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-Tammār al-Baṣrī > ʿAlī b. ʿUthmān al-Lāḥiqī > Ḥammād b. Salamah > Thābit al-Bunānī > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Abū Laylá > Ṣuhayb > Rasūl Allāh Ṣallá

There lived a king before you and he had a (court) magician. As he (the magician) grew old, he said to the king: I have grown old, send some young boy to me so that I should teach him magic. He (the king) sent to him a young man so that he should train him (in magic). And on his way (to the magician) he (the young man) found a monk sitting there. He (the young man) listened to his (the monk's) talk and was impressed by it. It became his habit that on his way to the magician he met the monk and set there and he came to the magician (late). He (the magician) beat him because of delay. He made a complaint of that to the monk and he said to him: When you feel afraid of the magician, say: Members of my family had detained me. And when you feel afraid of your family you should say: The magician had detained me. It so happened that there came a huge beast (of prey) and it blocked the way of the people, and he (the young boy) said: I will come to know today whether the magician is superior or the monk is superior. He picked up a stone and said: O Allah, if the affair of the monk is dearer to Thee than the affair of the magician, cause death to this animal so that the people should be able to move about freely. He threw that stone towards it and killed it and the people began to move about (on the path freely). He (the young man) then came to that monk and Informed him and the monk said: Sonny, today you are superior to me. Your affair has come to a stage where I find that you would be soon put to a trial, and in case you are put to a trial don't give my clue. That young man began to treat the blind and those suffering from leprosy and he in fact began to cure people from (all kinds) of illness. When a companion of the king who had gone blind heard about him, he came to him with numerous gifts and said: If you cure me all these things collected together here would be yours. Be said: I myself do not cure anyone. It is Allah Who cures and if you affirm faith in Allah, I shall also supplicate Allah to cure you. He affirmed his faith in Allah and Allah cured him and he came to the king and sat by his side as he used to sit before. The king said to him: Who restored your eyesight? He said: My Lord. Thereupon he said: It means that your Lord is One besides me. He said: My Lord and your Lord is Allah, so he (the king) took hold of him and tormented him till he gave a clue of that boy. The young man was thus summoned and the king said to him: O boy, it has been conveyed to me that you have become so much proficient in your magic that you cure the blind and those suffering from leprosy and you do such and such things. Thereupon he said: I do not cure anyone; it is Allah Who cures, and he (the king) took hold of him and began to torment him. So he gave a clue of the monk. The monk was thus summoned and it was said to him: You should turn back from your religion. He, however, refused to do so. He (ordered) for a saw to be brought (and when it was done) he (the king) placed it in the middle of his head and tore it into parts till a part fell down. Then the courtier of the king was brought and it was said to him: Turn back from your religion. Arid he refused to do so, and the saw was placed in the midst of his head and it was torn till a part fell down. Then that young boy was brought and it was said to him: Turn back from your religion. He refused to do so and he was handed over to a group of his courtiers. And he 'said to them: Take him to such and such mountain; make him climb up that mountain and when you reach its top (ask him to renounce his faith) but if he refuses to do so, then throw him (down the mountain). So they took him and made him climb up the mountain and he said: O Allah, save me from them (in any way) Thou likest and the mountain began to quake and they all fell down and that person came walking to the king. The king said to him: What has happened to your companions? He said: Allah has saved me from them. He again handed him to some of his courtiers and said: Take him and carry him in a small boat and when you reach the middle of the ocean (ask him to renounce) his religion, but if he does not renounce his religion throw him (into the water). So they took him and he said: O Allah, save me from them and what they want to do. It was quite soon that the boat turned over and they were drowned and he came walking to the king, and the king said to him: What has happened to your companions? He said: Allah has saved me from them, and he said to the king: You cannot kill me until you do what I ask you to do. And he said: What is that? He said: You should gather people in a plain and hang me by the trunk (of a tree). Then take hold of an arrow from the quiver and say: In the name of Allah, the Lord of the young boy; then shoot an arrow and if you do that then you would be able to kill me. So he (the king) called the people in an open plain and tied him (the boy) to the trunk of a tree, then he took hold of an arrow from his quiver and then placed the arrow in the bow and then said: In the name of Allah, the Lord of the young boy; he then shot an arrow and it bit his temple. He (the boy) placed his hands upon the temple where the arrow had bit him and he died and the people said: We affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man, we affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man, we affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man. The courtiers came to the king and it was said to him: Do you see that Allah has actually done what you aimed at averting. They (the people) have affirmed their faith in the Lord. He (the king) commanded ditches to be dug at important points in the path. When these ditches were dug, and the fire was lit in them it was said (to the people): He who would not turn back from his (boy's) religion would be thrown in the fire or it would be said to them to jump in that. (The people courted death but did not renounce religion) till a woman came with her child and she felt hesitant in jumping into the fire and the child said to her: 0 mother, endure (this ordeal) for it is the Truth. (Using translation from Muslim 3005)   

الطبراني:٧٣٢٠حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ التَّمَّارُ الْبَصْرِيُّ ثنا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عُثْمَانَ اللَّاحِقِيُّ ثنا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ أَنَا ثَابِتٌ الْبُنَانِيُّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى عَنْ صُهَيْبٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ كَانَ فِيمَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ مَلِكٌ لَهُ سَاحِرٌ فَلَمَّا كَبِرَ السَّاحِرُ قَالَ لِلْمَلِكِ إِنِّي قَدْ كَبِرْتُ فَادْفَعْ إِلَيَّ غُلَامًا أُعَلِّمْهُ السِّحْرَ فَدَفَعَ إِلَيْهِ غُلَامًا وَكَانَ يُعَلِّمُهُ السِّحْرَ وَكَانَ بَيْنَ الْمَلِكِ وَبَيْنَ السَّاحِرِ رَاهِبٌ فَسَمِعَ الْغُلَامُ مِنْ كَلَامِهِ فَأَعْجَبَهُ نَحْوَهُ وَكَلَامَهُ فَكَانَ إِذَا أَتَى السَّاحِرَ جَلَسَ عِنْدَ الرَّاهِبِ فَإِذَا أَتَى السَّاحِرَ ضَرَبَهُ يَقُولُ مَا حَبَسَكَ؟ وَإِذَا رَجَعَ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ قَعَدَ عِنْدَ الرَّاهِبِ فَإِذَا ذَهَبَ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ يَقُولُونَ مَا يَحْبِسُكَ؟ فَيَضْرِبُونَهُ فَشَكَا ذَلِكَ إِلَى الرَّاهِبِ وَقَالَ إِذَا أَرَادَ السَّاحِرُ أَنْ يَضْرِبَكَ فَقُلْ حَبَسَنِي أَهْلِي وَإِذَا أَرَادَ أَهْلُكَ أَنْ يَضْرِبُوكَ فَقُلْ حَبَسَنِي السَّاحِرُ قَالَ فَبَيْنَمَا هُوَ كَذَلِكَ فَأَتَى يَوْمًا عَلَى دَابَّةٍ عَظِيمَةٍ قَدْ حَبَسَتِ النَّاسَ أَنْ يَجُوزُوهَا فَقَالَ الْيَوْمَ أَعْلَمُ أَمْرُ السَّاحِرِ أَحَبُّ إِلَى اللهِ أَوْ أَمْرُ الرَّاهِبِ فَأَخَذَ حَجَرًا فَقَالَ بِسْمِ اللهِ اللهُمَّ إِنْ كَانَ أَمْرُ الرَّاهِبِ أَحَبَّ إِلَيْكَ وَأَفْضَلَ فَاقْتُلْ هَذِهِ الدَّابَّةَ فَرَمَاهَا فَقَتَلَهَا وَذَهَبَ النَّاسُ فَبَلَغَ الرَّاهِبَ فَقَالَ أَيْ بُنَيَّ أَنْتَ أَفْضَلُ مِنِّي وَإِنَّكَ سَتُبْتَلَى فَإِنِ ابْتُلِيتَ فَلَا تَدُلَّ عَلَيَّ وَكَانَ الْغُلَامُ يُبْرِئُ الْأَكْمَهَ وَالْأَبْرَصَ وَهَذِهِ الْأَدْوَاءَ وَكَانَ لِلْمَلِكِ جَلِيسٌ فَعَمِيَ فَسَمِعَ بِهِ فَأَتَاهُ بِهَدَايَا كَثِيرَةٍ فَقَالَ اشْفِنِي وَلَكَ مَا هَهُنَا فَقَالَ إِنِّي لَا أَشْفِي أَحَدًا إِنَّمَا يَشْفِي اللهُ ﷻ فَإِنْ آمَنْتَ بِاللهِ شَفَاكَ فَآمَنَ بِهِ فَدَعَا اللهَ ﷻ فَبَرَأَ فَأَخَذَ الْأَعْمَى فَلَمْ يَزَلْ يُعَذِّبُهُ حَتَّى دَلَّهُ عَلَى الْغُلَامِ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْمَلِكُ أَلَكَ رَبٌّ غَيْرِي؟ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكَ اللهُ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ بِهِ حَتَّى دَلَّهُ عَلَى الرَّاهِبِ فَأَخَذَهُ بِالْعَذَابِ فَقَالَ ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكَ فَأَبَى فَأَمَرَ بِالْمِنْشَارِ فَوُضِعَ عَلَى مَفْرِقِ رَأْسِهِ فَشَقُّوهُ وَقَالَ لِلْأَعْمَى ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكَ فَأَبَى فَوَضَعَ الْمِنْشَارَ فِي مَفْرِقِ رَأْسِهِ حَتَّى وَقَعَ شِقَّاهُ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ فَقِيلَ لِلْغُلَامِ ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكَ فَأَبَى فَبَعَثَ بِهِ فِي نَفَرٍ إِلَى جَبَلٍ فَقَالَ اصْعَدُوا بِهِ جَبَلَ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَإِذَا بَلَغَ ذُرْوَتَهُ فَإِنْ رَجَعَ عَنْ دِينِهِ وَإِلَّا فَدَهْدِهُوهُ قَالَ فَذَهَبَ بِهِ إِلَى الْجَبَلِ فَلَمَّا بَلَغَ ذُرْوَتَهُ قَالَ اللهُمَّ اكْفِنِيهِمْ بِمَا شِئْتَ فَزَحَقَ بِهِمُ الْجَبَلُ فَذَهَبُوا أَجْمَعُونَ وَجَاءَ الْغُلَامُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَى الْمَلِكِ فَقَالَ مَا فَعَلَ أَصْحَابُكَ؟ قَالَ؟ كَفَانِيهِمُ اللهُ ﷻ فَبَعَثَ بِهِمْ فِي نَفَرٍ فِي قُرْقُورَةٍ فَقَالَ اذْهَبُوا بِهِ إِلَى الْبَحْرِ فَإِذَا تَوَسَّطْتُمْ بِهِ الْبَحْرَ فَإِنْ رَجَعَ وَإِلَّا فَغَرِّقُوهُ فَذَهَبُوا بِهِ فَلَمَّا لَجَجُوا بِهِ قَالَ اللهُمَّ اكْفِنِيهِمْ بِمَا شِئْتَ فَغَرِقُوا أَجْمَعُونَ وَجَاءَ الْغُلَامُ فَقَالَ مَا فَعَلَ أَصْحَابُكَ؟ فَقَالَ كَفَانِيهِمُ اللهُ ﷻ فَقَالَ لِلْمَلِكِ إِنَّكَ لَسْتَ بِقَاتِلِي حَتَّى تَفْعَلَ مَا آمُرُكَ بِهِ فَإِنْ أَنْتَ فَعَلْتَ قَتَلْتَنِي قَالَ وَمَا هُوَ؟ قَالَ تَجْمَعُ النَّاسَ فِي صَعِيدٍ وَاحِدٍ ثُمَّ تَأْخُذُ سَهْمًا مِنْ كِنَانَتِكَ فَتَقُولُ بِسْمِ اللهِ رَبِّ الْغُلَامِ ثُمَّ تَرْمِينِيهِ فَإِنَّكَ إِذَا فَعَلْتَ ذَلِكَ سَتَقْتُلُنِي فَفَعَلَ فَوَضَعَ السَّهْمَ فَقَالَ بِسْمِ اللهِ رَبِّ الْغُلَامِ فَوَقَعَ السَّهْمُ فِي صُدْغِهِ فَوَضَعَ الْغُلَامُ يَدَهُ فِي مَوْضِعِ السَّهْمِ فَمَاتَ الْغُلَامُ فَقَالَ النَّاسُ آمَنَّا بِرَبِّ الْغُلَامِ ثَلَاثًا فَقِيلَ لَهُ أَرَأَيْتَ مَا كُنْتَ تَحْذَرُ فَقَدْ وَاللهِ نَزَلَ بِكَ قَدْ آمَنَ النَّاسُ كُلُّهُمْ فَأَمَرَ بِأَفْوَاهِ السِّكَكِ فَخُدَّتْ فِيهَا الْأُخْدُودُ فَقَالَ مَنْ رَجَعَ عَنْ دِينِهِ وَإِلَّا فَأَقْحِمُوهُ فِيهَا  

أَبُو الطُّفَيْلِ عَامِرُ بْنُ وَاثِلَةَ، عَنْ سَلْمَانَ ؓ

tabarani:6076Abū Ḥabīb Yaḥyá b. Nāfiʿ al-Miṣrī > Saʿīd b. Abū Maryam > Ibn Lahīʿah > Yazīd b. Abū Ḥabīb > al-Salm b. al-Ṣalt al-ʿAbdī > Abū al-Ṭufayl al-Bakrī > Salmān al-Khayr

[Machine] He said, "I was a man from the people of Jeyy in the city of Isfahan. While I was contemplating the truth of the heavens and the earth, Allah inspired me in my heart. So, I went to a man who did not speak to people often. I asked him, 'Which religion is the best?' He responded, 'What is your concern with this matter? Do you want a religion other than your father's?' I said, 'No, but I want to know who is the Lord of the heavens and the earth and which religion is the best.' He said, 'I do not know anyone on this except for a monk who is in Mosul.' So, I went to him and stayed with him for three years. He used to fast during the day and pray at night, and I worshiped as he did. Then, he passed away, and I said to him, 'Who should I go to?' He said, 'I do not know anyone on the earth who follows what I follow except for a hermit behind the island. Go to him and give him my greetings.' So, I went to him and greeted him and informed him that the monk had passed away. I stayed with him for three years, and then he also passed away. I said to him, 'Who should I go to?' He said, 'I do not know anyone on the earth who follows what I follow except for a great sheikh in Ammuriyyah. I do not know if he is still alive or not.' So, I went to him, and when I reached him, I found him in a wide state. When death approached him, I asked him, 'Where should I go?' He said, 'I do not know anyone on the earth who follows what I follow, but if you encounter a time when you hear of a man coming out of the house of Ibrahim ﷺ and you have the opportunity to be with him, then do so, for he is on the right path. Its sign is that his people say he is a magician, insane,  

الطبراني:٦٠٧٦حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو حَبِيبٍ يَحْيَى بْنُ نَافِعٍ الْمِصْرِيُّ ثنا سَعِيدُ بْنُ أَبِي مَرْيَمَ ثنا ابْنُ لَهِيعَةَ حَدَّثَنِي يَزِيدُ بْنُ أَبِي حَبِيبٍ ثنا السَّلْمُ بْنُ الصَّلْتِ الْعَبْدِيُّ عَنْ أَبِي الطُّفَيْلِ الْبَكْرِيِّ أَنَّ سَلْمَانَ الْخَيْرِ حَدَّثَهُ

قَالَ كُنْتُ رَجُلًا مِنْ أَهْلِ جَيٍّ مَدِينَةِ أَصْبَهَانَ فَبَيْنَا أَنَا إِذْ أَلْقَى اللهُ فِي قَلْبِي مِنْ حَقِّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ فَانْطَلَقْتُ إِلَى رَجُلٍ لَمْ يَكُنْ يُكَلِّمُ النَّاسَ يَتَحَرَّجُ فَسَأَلْتُهُ أَيُّ الدِّينِ أَفْضَلُ؟ فَقَالَ مَا لَكَ وَلِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ؟ أَتُرِيدُ دِينًا غَيْرَ دِينِ أَبِيكَ؟ قُلْتُ لَا وَلَكِنْ أُحِبُّ أَنْ أَعْلَمَ مَنْ رَبُّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَأَيُّ دِينٍ أَفْضَلُ؟ قَالَ مَا أَعْلَمُ أَحَدًا عَلَى هَذَا غَيْرَ رَاهِبٍ بِالْمَوْصِلِ قَالَ فَذَهَبْتُ إِلَيْهِ وَكُنْتُ عِنْدَهُ فَإِذَا هُوَ قَدْ أُقْتِرَ عَلَيْهِ فِي الدُّنْيَا فَكَانَ يَصُومُ النَّهَارَ وَيَقُومُ اللَّيْلَ فَكُنْتُ أَعْبُدُ كَعِبَادَتِهِ فَلَبِثْتُ عِنْدَهُ ثَلَاثَ سِنِينَ ثُمَّ تُوُفِّيَ فَقُلْتُ إِلَى مَنْ تُوصِي بِي؟ فَقَالَ مَا أَعْلَمُ أَحَدًا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْمَشْرِقِ عَلَى مَا أَنَا عَلَيْهِ فَعَلَيْكَ بِرَاهِبٍ وَرَاءَ الْجَزِيرَةِ فَأَقْرِئْهُ مِنِّي السَّلَامَ قَالَ فَجِئْتُهُ وَأَقْرَأْتُهُ السَّلَامَ وَأَخْبَرْتُهُ أَنَّهُ قَدْ تُوُفِّيَ فَمَكَثْتُ أَيْضًا عِنْدَهُ ثَلَاثَ سِنِينَ ثُمَّ تُوُفِّيَ فَقُلْتُ إِلَى مَنْ تَأْمُرُنِي أَنْ أَذْهَبَ؟ قَالَ مَا أَعْلَمُ أَحَدًا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ عَلَى مَا أَنَا عَلَيْهِ غَيْرَ رَاهِبٍ بِعَمُّورِيَّةَ شَيْخٍ كَبِيرٍ وَمَا أَرَى تَلْحَقُهُ أَمْ لَا فَذَهَبْتُ إِلَيْهِ وَكُنْتُ عِنْدَهَ فَإِذَا رَجُلٌ مُوَسَّعٌ عَلَيْهِ فَلَمَّا حَضَرَتْهُ الْوَفَاةُ قُلْتُ لَهُ أَيْنَ تَأْمُرُنِي أَنْ أَذْهَبَ؟ قَالَ مَا أَعْلَمُ أَحَدًا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ عَلَى مَا أَنَا عَلَيْهِ لَكِنْ إِنْ أَدْرَكْتَ زَمَانًا يُسْمَعُ بِرَجُلٍ يَخْرُجُ مِنْ بَيْتِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ﷺ وَمَا أَرَاكَ تُدْرِكُهُ وَقَدْ كُنْتُ أَرْجُو أَنْ أُدْرِكَهُ فَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ تَكُونَ مَعَهُ فَافْعَلْ فَإِنَّهُ عَلَى الدِّينِ وأَمَارَةُ ذَلِكَ أَنَّ قَوْمَهُ يَقُولُونَ سَاحِرٌ مَجْنُونٌ كَاهِنٌ وَأَنَّهُ يَأْكُلُ الْهَدِيَّةَ وَلَا يَأْكُلُ الصَّدَقَةَ وَأَنَّ عِنْدَ غُرْضُوفِ كَتِفَيْهِ خَاتَمُ النُّبُوَّةِ وَبَيْنَمَا أَنَا كَذَلِكَ حَتَّى أَتَتْ عِيرٌ مِنْ نَحْوِ الْمَدِينَةِ فَقُلْتُ مَنْ أَنْتُمْ؟ قَالُوا نَحْنُ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ وَنَحْنُ قَوْمٌ تُجَّارٌ نَعِيشُ بِتِجارَتِنَا وَلَكِنَّهُ قَدْ خَرَجَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ﷺ فَقَدِمَ عَلَيْنَا وَقَوْمُهُ يُقَاتِلُونَهُ وَقَدْ خَشِينَا أَنْ يَحُولَ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَ تِجَارَتِنَا وَلَكِنَّهُ قَدْ مَلَكَ الْمَدِينَةَ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ مَا يَقُولُونَ فِيهِ؟ قَالُوا يَقُولُونَ سَاحِرٌ مَجْنُونٌ كَاهِنٌ فَقُلْتُ هَذِهِ الْأَمَارَةُ دُلُّونِي عَلَى صَاحِبِكُمْ فَجِئْتُهُ فَقُلْتُ تَحْمِلُنِي إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ؟ قَالَ مَا تُعْطِينِي؟ قُلْتُ مَا أَجِدُ شَيْئًا أُعْطِيكَ غَيْرَ أَنِّي لَكَ عَبْدٌ فَحَمَلَنِي فَلَمَّا قَدِمْتُ جَعَلَنِي فِي نَخْلِهِ فَكُنْتُ أَسْقِي كَمَا يَسْقِي الْبَعِيرُ حَتَّى دَبُرَ ظَهْرِي وَصَدْرِي مِنْ ذَلِكَ وَلَا أَجِدُ أَحَدًا يَفْقَهُ كَلَامِي حَتَّى جَاءَتْ عَجُوزٌ فَارِسِيَّةٌ تَسْقِي فَكَلَّمْتُهَا فَفَهِمَتْ كَلَامِي فَقُلْتُ لَهَا أَيْنَ الرَّجُلُ الَّذِي خَرَجَ دُلَّنِي عَلَيْهِ؟ قَالَتْ سَيَمُرُّ عَلَيْكَ بُكْرَةً إِذَا صَلَّى الصُّبْحَ مِنْ أَوَّلِ النَّهَارِ فَخَرَجْتُ فَجَمَعْتُ تَمْرًا فَلَمَّا أَصْبَحْتُ جِئْتُ فَقَرَّبَتُ إِلَيْهِ التَّمْرَ فَقَالَ «مَا هَذَا صَدَقَةٌ أَمْ هَدِيَّةٌ؟» فَأَشَرْتُ أَنَّهُ صَدَقَةٌ قَالَ «انْطَلِقْ إِلَى هَؤُلَاءِ» وَأَصْحَابُهُ عِنْدَهُ فَأَكَلُوا وَلَمْ يَأْكُلْ فَقُلْتُ هَذِهِ الْإِمَارَةُ فَلَمَّا كَانَ مِنَ الْغَدِ جِئْتُ بِتَمْرٍ فَقَالَ «مَا هَذَا؟» فَقُلْتُ هَذِهِ هَدِيَّةٌ فَأَكَلَ وَدَعَا أَصْحَابَهُ فَأَكَلُوا ثُمَّ رَآنِي أَتَعَرَّضُ لَأَنْظُرَ إِلَى الْخَاتَمِ فَعَرَفَ فَأَلْقَى رِدَاءَهُ فَأَخَذْتُ أُقَلِّبُهُ وَأَلْتَزِمُهُ فَقَالَ «مَا شَأْنُكَ؟» فَسَأَلَنِي فَأَخْبَرْتُهُ خَبَرِي فَقَالَ «اشْتَرَطْتَ لَهُمْ أَنَّكَ عَبْدٌ اشْتَرِ نَفْسَكَ مِنْهُمْ» فَاشْتَرَاهُ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ أَنْ يَجِيءَ لَهُمْ بِمائَةِ نَخْلَةٍ وَأَرْبَعِينَ أُوقِيَّةَ ذَهَبٍ ثُمَّ هُوَ حُرٌّ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ «اغْرِسْ» فَغَرَسَ ثُمَّ انْطَلِقْ فَأَلْقِ الدَّلْوَ عَلَى الْبِئْرِ ثُمَّ لَا تَرْفَعْهُ حَتَّى يَرْتَفِعَ فَإِنَّهُ إِذَا امْتَلَأَ ارْتَفَعَ ثُمَّ رُشَّ فِي أُصُولِهَا فَفَعَلَ فَنَبَتَ النَّخْلُ أَسْرَعَ النَّبَاتِ فَقَالَ سُبْحَانَ اللهِ مَا رَأَيْنَا مِثْلَ هَذَا الْعَبْدِ إِنَّ لِهَذَا الْعَبْدِ شَأْنًا فَاجْتَمَعَ عَلَيْهِ النَّاسُ فَأَعْطَاهُ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ تِبْرًا فَإِذَا فِيهِ أَرْبَعُونَ أُوقِيَّةً  

tabarani:10590Aḥmad b. Ḥamdān b. Mūsá al-Khallāl al-Tustarī > ʿAlī b. Ḥarb al-Jundīsābūrī > Isḥāq b. Ibrāhīm b. Dāḥah > Abū Khidāsh ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Ṭalḥah b. Yazīd > ʿAmr b. al-Ahtam al-Tamīmī > Abān b. al-Walīd
Request/Fix translation

  

الطبراني:١٠٥٩٠حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَمْدَانَ بْنِ مُوسَى الْخَلَّالُ التُّسْتَرِيُّ ثنا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حَرْبٍ الْجُنْدِيسَابُورِيُّ ثنا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ دَاحَةَ ثنا أَبُو خِدَاشٍ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْأَهْتَمِ التَّمِيمِيِّ ثنا أَبَانُ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِ قَالَ كَتَبَ عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ إِلَى ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ فِي الْبَيْعَةِ فَأَبَى أَنْ يُبَايِعَهُ فَظَنَّ يَزِيدُ بْنُ مُعَاوِيَةَ أَنَّهُ إِنَّمَا امْتَنَعَ عَلَيْهِ لِمَكَانِهِ فَكَتَبَ يَزِيدُ بْنُ مُعَاوِيَةَ إِلَى ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَقَدْ بَلَغَنِي

أَنَّ الْمُلْحِدَ ابْنَ الزُّبَيْرِ دَعَاكَ إِلَى بَيْعَتِهِ ليُدْخِلَكَ فِي طَاعَتِهِ فَتَكُونَ عَلَى الْبَاطِلِ ظَهِيرًا وَفِي الْمَأْثَمِ شَرِيكًا فَامْتَنَعْتَ عَلَيْهِ وَانْقَبَضْتَ؛ لِمَا عَرَّفَكَ اللهُ مِنْ نَفْسِكَ فِي حَقِّنَا أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ فَجَزَاكَ اللهُ أَفْضَلَ مَا يَجْزِي الْوَاصِلِينَ مِنْ أَرْحَامِهِمُ الْمُوفِينَ بِعُهُودِهِمْ فَمَهْمَا أَنْسَى مِنَ الْأَشْيَاءِ فَلَسْتُ أَنْسَى بِرَّكَ وَصِلَتَكَ وَحُسْنَ جائِزَتِكَ بِالَّذِي أَنْتَ أَهْلُهُ مِنَّا فِي الطَّاعَةِ وَالشَّرَفِ وَالْقَرَابَةِ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَانْظُرْ مَنْ قِبَلَكَ مِنْ قَوْمِكَ وَمَنْ يَطْرَأُ عَلَيْكَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْآفَاقِ مِمَّنْ يَسْحَرُهُ ابْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ بِلِسَانِهِ وَزُخْرُفِ قَوْلِهِ فَخَذِّلْهُمْ عَنْهُ؛ فَإِنَّهُمْ لَكَ أَطْوَعُ وَمِنْكَ أَسْمَعُ مِنْهُمْ للمُلْحِدِ الْخَارِبِ الْمَارِقِ وَالسَّلَامُ فَكَتَبَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ إِلَيْهِ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَقَدْ جَاءَنِي كِتَابُكَ تَذْكُرُ دُعَاءَ ابْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ إِيَّايَ الَّذِي دَعَانِي إِلَيْهِ وَأَنِّي امْتَنَعْتُ مَعْرِفَةً لِحَقِّكَ فَإِنْ يَكُنْ ذَلِكَ كَذَلِكَ فَلَسْتُ بِرَّكَ أَغْزُو بِذَلِكَ وَلَكِنَّ اللهَ بِمَا أَنْوِي بِهِ عَلِيمٌ وَكَتَبْتَ إِلَيَّ أَنْ أَحُثَّ النَّاسَ عَلَيْكَ وَأُخَذِّلَهُمْ عَنِ ابْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ فَلَا سُرُورًا وَلَا حُبُورًا بِفِيكَ الْكِثْكِثُ وَلَكَ الْأَثْلَبُ إِنَّكَ لِعَازِبٌ إِنْ مَنَّتْكَ نَفْسُكَ وَإِنَّكَ لَأَنْتَ الْمَنْفُودُ الْمَثْبُورُ وَكَتَبْتَ إِلَيَّ تَذْكُرُ تَعْجِيلَ بِرِّي وَصِلَتِي فَاحْبِسْ أَيُّهَا الْإِنْسَانُ عَنِّي بِرَّكَ وَصِلَتَكَ فَإِنِّي حَابِسٌ عَنْكَ وُدِّي وَنُصْرَتِي وَلَعَمْرِي مَا تُعْطِينَا مِمَّا فِي يَدَيْكَ لَنَا إِلَّا الْقَلِيلَ وَتَحْبِسُ مِنْهُ الْعَرِيضَ الطَّوِيلَ لَا أَبَا لَكَ أَتُرَانِي أَنْسَى قَتْلَكَ حُسَيْنًا وَفِتْيانَ بَنِي عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ مَصَابِيحَ الدُّجَى وَنُجُومَ الْأَعْلَامِ غَادَرَتْهُمْ جُنُودُكَ بِأَمْرِكَ فَأَصْبَحُوا مُصَرِّعِينَ فِي صَعِيدٍ وَاحِدٍ مُزَمَّلِينَ فِي الدِّمَاءِ مَسْلُوبِينَ بِالْعَرَاءِ لَا مُكَفَّنِينَ وَلَا مُوسَّدِينَ تَسْفِيهِمُ الرِّيَاحُ وَتَغْزُوهُمُ الذِّئَابُ وَتَنْتَابُهُمْ عُرُجُ الضِّباعِ حَتَّى أَتَاحَ اللهُ لَهُمْ قَوْمًا لَمْ يُشْرِكُوا فِي دِمَائِهِمْ فَكَفَّنُوهُمْ وَأَجَنُّوهُمْ وَبِهِمْ وَاللهِ وَبِي مَنَّ اللهُ عَلَيْكَ فَجَلَسْتَ فِي مَجْلِسِكَ الَّذِي أَنْتَ فِيهِ وَمَهْمَا أَنْسَى مِنَ الْأَشْيَاءِ فَلَسْتُ أَنْسَى تَسْلِيطَكَ عَلَيْهِمُ الدَّعِيَ بْنَ الدَّعِيِّ لِلْعَاهِرَةِ الْفَاجِرَةِ الْبَعِيدَ رَحِمًا اللَّئِيمَ أَبًا وَأُمًّا وَالَّذِي اكْتَسَبَ أَبُوكَ فِي ادِّعَائِهِ لِنَفْسِهِ الْعَارَ وَالْمَأْثَمَ وَالْمَذَّلَةَ وَالْخِزْيَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ؛ لِأَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ «الْوَلَدُ لِلْفِرَاشِ وَلِلْعَاهِرِ الْحَجَرُ» وَإِنَّ أَبَاكَ زَعَمَ أَنَّ الْوَلَدَ لِغَيْرِ الْفِرَاشِ وَلَا يَضُرُّ الْعَاهِرَ وَيَلْحَقُ بِهِ وَلَدُهُ كَمَا يَلْحَقُ وَلَدُ الْبَغِيِّ الْمُرْشِدَ وَلَقَدْ أَمَاتَ أَبُوكَ السُّنَّةَ جَهْلًا وَأَحْيَى الْأَحْدَاثَ الْمُضِلَّةَ عَمْدًا وَمَهْمَا أَنْسَى مِنَ الْأَشْيَاءِ فَلَسْتُ أَنْسَى تَسْيِيرَكَ حُسَيْنًا مِنْ حَرَمِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ إِلَى حَرَمِ اللهِ وَتَسْيِيرَكَ إِلَيْهِمُ الرِّجَالَ وَإِدْسَاسَكَ إِلَيْهِمْ إِنْ هُوَ نَذَرَ بِكُمْ فَعَاجِلُوهُ فَمَا زِلْتَ بِذَلِكَ حَتَّى أَشْخَصْتَهُ مِنْ مَكَّةَ إِلَى أَرْضِ الْكُوفَةِ تَزْأَرُ إِلَيْهِ خَيْلُكَ وَجُنُودُكَ زَئِيرَ الْأُسْدِ عَدَاوَةً مِنْكَ لِلَّهِ وَلِرَسُولِهِ وَلِأَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ ثُمَّ كَتَبْتَ إِلَى ابْنِ مَرْجَانَةَ يَسْتَقْبِلُهُ بِالْخَيْلِ وَالرِّجَالِ وَالْأَسِنَّةِ وَالسُّيُوفِ ثُمَّ كَتَبْتَ إِلَيْهِ بُمُعَاجَلَتِهِ وَتَرْكِ مُطَاوَلَتِهِ حَتَّى قَتَلْتَهُ وَمَنْ مَعَهُ مِنْ فِتْيَانِ بَنِي عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ أَهْلِ الْبَيْتِ الَّذِينَ أَذْهَبَ اللهُ عَنْهُمُ الرِّجْسَ وَطَهَّرْهُمْ تَطْهِيرًا نَحْنُ أُولَئِكَ لَا كَآبَائِكَ الْأَجْلَافِ الْجُفَاةِ أَكْبَادِ الْحَمِيرِ وَلَقَدْ عَلِمْتَ أَنَّهُ كَانَ أَعَزَّ أَهْلِ الْبَطْحَاءِ بِالْبَطْحَاءِ قَدِيمًا وَأَعَزَّهُ بِهَا حَدِيثًا لَوَّثُوا بِالْحَرَمَيْنِ مَقَامًا وَاسْتَحَلَّ بِهَا قِتَالًا وَلَكِنَّهُ كَرِهَ أَنْ يَكُونَ هُوَ الَّذِي يُسْتَحَلُّ بِهِ حَرَمُ اللهِ وَحَرَمُ رَسُولِهِ ﷺ وَحُرْمَةُ الْبَيْتِ الْحَرَامِ فَطَلَبَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْحُسَيْنُ الْمُوَادَعَةَ وَسَأَلَكُمُ الرَّجْعَةَ فَاغْتَنَمْتُمْ قِلَّةَ نُصَّارِهِ وَاسْتئِصَالَ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ كَأَنَّكُمْ تَقْتُلُونَ أَهْلَ بَيْتٍ مِنَ التُّرْكِ أَوْ كَابُلَ فَكَيْفَ تَحْدُونِي عَلَى وُدِّكَ وَتَطْلُبُ نُصْرَتِي وَقَدْ قَتَلْتَ بَنِي أَبِي وَسَيْفُكَ يَقْطُرُ مِنْ دَمِي وَأَنْتَ آخِذُ ثَأْرِي؟ فَإِنْ يَشَأِ اللهُ لَا يَطُلْ لَدَيْكَ دَمِي وَلَا تَسْبِقْنِي بِثَأْرِي وَإِنْ تَسْبِقْنَا بِهِ فَقَبِلْنَا مَا قَبِلَتِ النَّبِيُّونَ وَآلُ النَّبِيِّينَ فظَلَّتْ دِمَاؤُهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَكَانَ الْمَوْعِدُ اللهَ فَكَفَى بِاللهِ لِلْمَظْلُومِينَ ناصِرًا وَمِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ مُنْتَقِمًا وَالْعَجَبُ كُلُّ الْعَجَبِ وَمَا عِشْتَ بِرَبِّكَ الدَّهْرَ الْعَجَبُ حَمْلُكَ بَنَاتِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ وَحَمْلُكَ أَبْنَاءَهُمْ أُغَيْلِمَةً صِغَارًا إِلَيْكَ بِالشَّامِ تُرِي النَّاسَ أَنَّكَ قَدْ قَهَرْتَنَا وَأَنَّكَ تُذِلُّنَا وَبِهِمْ وَاللهِ وَبِي مَنَّ اللهُ عَلَيْكَ وَعَلَى أَبِيكَ وَأُمِّكَ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ وَايْمُ اللهِ إِنَّكَ لَتُمْسِي وَتُصْبِحُ آمِنًا لجِرَاحِ يَدِي وَلَيَعْظُمَنَّ جُرْحُكَ بِلِسَانِي وَنَقْضِي وَإِبْرَامِي فَلَا يَسْتَفِزَّنَّكَ الْجَدَلُ فَلَنْ يُمْهِلَكَ اللهُ بَعْدَ قَتْلِكَ عِتْرَةَ رَسُولِهِ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا حَتَّى يَأْخُذَكَ أَخْذًا أَلِيمًا وَيُخْرِجَكَ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا آثِمًا مَذْمُومًا فَعِشْ لَا أَبَا لَكَ مَا شِئْتَ فَقَدْ أَرْدَاكَ عِنْدَ اللهِ مَا اقْتَرَفْتَ فَلَمَّا قَرَأَ يَزِيدُ الرِّسَالَةَ قَالَ لَقَدْ كَانَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ مُضِيًّا عَلَى الشَّرِّ  

tabarani:16284Muḥammad b. ʿAbdullāh al-Ḥaḍramī > ʿAbdullāh b. ʿUmar b. Abān > ʿAmr b. Muḥammad al-ʿAnqazī > Khallād al-Ṣaffār > ʿAbdullāh b. ʿĪsá > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Kaʿb b. Mālik from his father

[Machine] The messenger of Allah ﷺ went out in intense heat and ordered a military expedition to Tabuk. At that time, I was a believer in Allah and his messenger, but my soul longed for shade and coolness. I was strong and young, and my soul told me that I should make excuses and not go with the messenger of Allah ﷺ . So that's what I did. The Prophet ﷺ set off and I went to the marketplace, intending to prepare myself. It was as if he was holding my hand, and he walked until he was about two miles away from the city. He stopped, and there he found a man on a mount who caught up to him. The Prophet ﷺ said, "Be Abu Khaythamah." So he turned out to be Abu Khaythamah. The Prophet ﷺ said, "In the city there are seventy-seven hypocrites, including me, Hilal bin Umayyah, and Murarah. The Prophet ﷺ asked Abu Khaythamah, "What did Ka'b bin Malik do?" He replied, "I left him walking in the streets of the city." Mu'adh said, "By Allah, I did not know that he loved Allah and his messenger." A group of the Prophet's companions went down and said, "By Allah, they care only about their stomachs and their lower parts, and they are the weakest in hearts." The Prophet ﷺ called Ammar bin Yasir and told him to go to those people and ask them what was causing their dissatisfaction. So if you ask them, they would say that they were just having fun and playing around. The Prophet ﷺ said, "You have burned them, may Allah also burn you." He also recited the verse (translation): "If you ask them, they will surely say, 'We were only conversing and playing.' Say, 'Is it Allah and His verses and His Messenger that you were mocking?'" And there came a man who was not one of them, but he heard their conversation and clung to the Prophet's companion. He said, "O Messenger of Allah, I did not care about them, but I heard what they said." So the Prophet ﷺ set off and walked along with the man, apologizing to him. They continued until blood began to flow from the Prophet's feet, and then the Prophet ﷺ returned from his military expedition. Hilal bin Umayyah and Murarah bin Rabee'ah came to him and he made us sit in a corner. It was said to Ka'b bin Malik that he was not pleased with his two companions. So he turned to them and asked them why, to which they replied,  

الطبراني:١٦٢٨٤حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ الْحَضْرَمِيُّ ثنا عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ بْنِ أَبَانٍ ثنا عَمْرُو بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْعَنْقَزِيُّ ثنا خَلَّادُ الصَّفَّارُ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ كَعْبِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ

خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فِي حَرٍّ شَدِيدٍ وَأَمَرَ بِالْغَزْوِ إِلَى تَبُوكٍ وَأَنَا يَوْمَئِذٍ مُؤْمِنٌ بِاللهِ وَرَسُولِهِ غَيْرَ أَنَّ نَفْسِي تَتَوقُ إِلَى الظِّلِّ وَالرُّطَبِ وَأَنَا يَوْمَئِذٍ شَابٌّ قَوِيٌّ وَنَفْسِي تَقُولُ لِي وَعِنْدِي بَعِيرَانِ سَوْفَ تَعْتَذِرُ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَنَفْسِي تَقُولُ لِي تَخَلَّفْ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَأَنَا كَذَلِكَ وَأَصْبَحَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ غَادِيًا وَخَرَجْتُ إِلَى السُّوقِ أُرِيدُ أَنْ أَتَجَهَّزَ وَكَأَنَّمَا أُمْسِكَ بِيَدِيَّ وَسَارَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ قَدْرَ فَرْسَخَيْنِ وَقَفَ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِرَاكِبٍ يَلْحَقُ بِهِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ «كُنْ أَبَا خَيْثَمَةَ» فَإِذَا هُوَ بِأَبِي خَيْثَمَةَ قَالَ وَفِي الْمَدِينَةِ سَبْعَةٌ وَثَمَانُونَ مِنَ الْمُنَافِقِينَ وَأَنَا وَهِلَالُ بْنُ أُمَيَّةَ وَمَرَارَةُ فَسَأَلَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ أَبَا خَيْثَمَةَ «مَا فَعَلَ كَعْبُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ؟» قَالَ تَرَكْتُهُ يَمْشِي فِي أَزِقَّةِ الْمَدِينَةِ فَقَالَ مُعَاذٌ هُوَ وَاللهِ مَا عَلِمْتُهُ يُحِبُّ اللهَ وَرَسُولَهُ قَالَ وَنَزَلَ نَفَرٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فِي جَانِبِنَا فَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ وَاللهِ إِنَّهُمْ أَرْغَبُنَا بُطُونًا وَأَخْشَانَا عِنْدَ اللِّقَاءِ وَأَضْعَفُنَا قُلُوبًا فَدَعَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ عَمَّارَ بْنَ يَاسِرٍ فَقَالَ اذْهَبْ إِلَى هَؤُلَاءِ الرَّهْطِ فَقُلْ لَهُمْ مَا نَقِسْتُمْ؟ فَلَئِنْ سَأَلْتَهُمْ لَيَقُولُنَّ إِنَّمَا كُنَّا نَخُوضُ وَنَلْعَبُ فَقَالَ لَهُمْ احْتَرَقْتُمْ أَحْرَقَكُمُ اللهُ وَنَزَلَتْ {وَلَئِنْ سَأَلْتَهُمْ لَيَقُولُنَّ إِنَّمَا كُنَّا نَخُوضُ وَنَلْعَبُ قُلْ أَبِاللهِ وَآيَاتِهِ وَرَسُولِهِ كُنْتُمْ تَسْتَهْزِئُونَ} قَالَ وَجَاءَ رَجُلٌ لَمْ يَكُنْ مِنْهُمْ وَلَكِنَّهُ كَانَ يَسْمَعُ فَتَعَلَّقَ بِرِجْلِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ وَاللهِ مَا مَالَيْتُهُمْ وَلَكِنِّي قَدْ سَمِعْتُ مَقَالَتَهُمْ فَسَارَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ وَجَعَلَ يَتَعَلَّقُ بِالرَّجُلِ وَيَعْتَذِرُ إِلَيْهِ وَيَسِيرُ مَعَهُ حَتَّى سَالَ مِنْ عَقِبَيْهِ الدَّمُ وَرَجَعَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ مِنْ غَزْوَتِهِ فَأَتَاهُ هِلَالُ بْنُ أُمَيَّةَ وَمَرَارَةُ بْنُ رَبِيعَةَ فَأَجْلَسَنَا فِي نَاحِيَةٍ فَقِيلَ لِكَعْبِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ إِنَّهُ وَاللهِ مَا رَضِيَ عَنْ صَاحِبَيْكَ فَانْظُرْ بِمَ تَعْتَذِرُ قُلْتُ أَسْتَعِينُ عَلَى مَا صَنَعْتُ بِالْكَذِبِ وَمَا أَجِدُ شَيْئًا خَيْرًا مِنَ الصِّدْقِ فَأَتَيْتُهُ فَقُلْتُ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ قَالَ «وَعَلَيْكَ مَا خَلَفَكَ يَا كَعْبُ؟» قُلْتُ وَاللهِ مَا تَخَلَّفْتُ مِنْ ضِعْفٍ وَلَا حَاجَةٍ وَلَكِنِ الْبَلَاءُ قَالَ «اجْلِسْ مَعَ صَاحِبَيْكَ» ثُمَّ قَالَ لِأَصْحَابِهِ «لَا تُجَالِسُوا هَؤُلَاءِ النَّفْرَ وَلَا تُكَلِّمُوهُمْ وَلَا تُبَايعُوهُمْ» فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَى نِسَائِهِمْ «لَا يَقْرَبُونَكُمْ» فَأَرْسَلَتِ امْرَأَةُ هِلَالِ بْنِ أُمَيَّةَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ أَنَّ هِلَالًا شَيْخٌ كَبِيرٌ فَتَأْذَنَ لَهَا أَنْ تُعْطِيَهُ الشَّيْءَ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ تُكَلِّمَهُ فَأَذِنَ لَهَا فَأَرْسَلَتِ امْرَأَةُ كَعْبٍ أَنَّ امْرَأَةَ هِلَالِ بْنِ أُمَيَّةَ قَدِ اسْتَأْذَنَتْ أَنْ تُنَاوِلَهُ الشَّيْءَ فَتَسْتَأْذِنَهُ فِيكَ فَقُلْتُ بِأَيِّ شَيْءٍ تَعْتَذِرِينَ تَقُولِينَ إِنِّي شَيْخٌ كَبِيرٌ؟ فَوَاللهِ إِنِّي لَشَابٌّ أَتَقُولِينَ إِنِّي سَقِيمٌ؟ فَوَاللهِ إِنِّي لَصَحِيحٌ فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَيْهَا أَلَّا تَفْعَلِي وَكَانَتْ أُمُّ سَلَمَةَ نِعْمَ الشَّفِيعُ إِذْ كَانَتْ لَيْلَتَهَا قَالَتْ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هِلَالُ بْنُ أُمَيَّةَ تُكَلِّمُهُ فِينَا حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَتْ ذَاتَ لَيْلَةٍ قَالَ «أَشَعَرْتِ أَنَّ اللهَ قَدْ تَابَ عَلَى الثَّلَاثَةِ؟» قَالَتْ أَلَا أُرْسِلُ إِلَى أَهْلِيهِمْ فَأُبَشِّرَهُمْ قَالَ «إِذَنْ لَا يَذَرُنَا النَّاسُ نَنَامُ هَذِهِ اللَّيْلَةَ وَلَكِنْ أَصْبِحِي» فَأَصْبَحَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَصَلَّى الْغَدَاةَ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ «أَشَعَرْتُمْ أَنَّ اللهَ قَدْ تَابَ عَلَى الثَّلَاثَةِ؟» فَاسْتَبَقَ إِلَى كَعْبِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ رَجُلَانِ رَجُلٌ رَكِبَ فَرَسًا فَأَخَذَ بَطْنَ الْوَادِي وَرَجُلٌ مَشَى عَلَى رِجْلَيْهِ حَتَّى صَعِدَ الْجَبَلَ قَالَ يَا كَعْبُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ أَشَعَرْتَ أَنَّ اللهَ قَدْ تَابَ عَلَيْكَ؟ فَخَرَرْتُ سَاجِدًا حَتَّى إِذَا دَنَا مِنِّي رَمَيْتُ إِلَيْهِ بِرِدَائِي ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَتُ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَقُلْتُ مِنْكَ أَوْ مِنَ اللهِ؟ فَقَالَ «مِنَ اللهِ ﷻ»  

tabarani:16126Abū Shuʿayb ʿAbdullāh b. al-Ḥasan b. Aḥmad b. Abū Shuʿayb from my father > Muḥammad b. Salamah > Muḥammad b. Isḥāq > ʿĀṣim b. ʿUmar b. Qatādah from his father from his grandfather Qatādah b. al-Nuʿmān
Request/Fix translation

  

الطبراني:١٦١٢٦حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو شُعَيْبٍ عَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي شُعَيْبٍ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ عُمَرَ بْنِ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ جَدِّهِ قَتَادَةَ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ قَالَ

كَانَ أَهْلُ بَيْتٍ يُقَالُ لَهُمْ بَنُو أُبَيْرِقَ بِشْرٌ وَبَشِيرٌ وَمُبَشِّرٌ وَكَانَ بَشِيرٌ رَجُلًا مُنَافِقًا وَكَانَ يَقُولُ الشَّعْرَ يَهْجُو بِهِ أَصْحَابَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ يَنْحَلُهُ لِبَعْضِ الْعَرَبِ وَيَقُولُ قَالَ فُلَانٌ كَذَا وَقَالَ فُلَانٌ كَذَا فَإِذَا سَمِعَ أَصْحَابُ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ بِذَلِكَ الشَّعْرِ قَالُوا وَاللهِ مَا يَقُولُ هَذَا الشَّعْرَ إِلَّا الْخَبِيثُ فَقَالَ أَوَكُلَّمَا قَالَ الرَّجُلُ قَصِيَدةً قَالُوا ابْنُ أُبَيْرِقٍ قَالَهَا وَكَانُوا أَهْلَ بَيْتِ فَاقَةٍ وَحَاجَةٍ فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ وَالْإِسْلَامِ وَكَانَ النَّاسُ إِنَّمَا طَعَامُهُمْ بِالْمَدِينَةِ التَّمْرُ وَالشَّعِيرُ فَكَانَ الرَّجُلُ إِذَا كَانَ لَهُ الْيَسَارُ أَكَلَ الْبُرَّ فَقَدِمَ طَعَامٌ مِنَ الشَّامِ فَابْتَاعَ عَمِّي رِفَاعَةُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ حِمْلًا مِنَ الدَّرْمَكِ فَجَعَلَهُ فِي مَشْرُبَةٍ لَهُ وَفِي الْمَشْرُبَةِ سِلَاحٌ لَهُ دِرْعَانِ وَسَيْفَاهُمَا وَمَا يُعَلِّمُهُمَا فَعُدِّيَ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ تَحْتِ اللَّيْلِ وَنُقِبَتِ الْمَشْرُبَةُ وَأُخِذَ الطَّعَامُ وَالسِّلَاحُ فَأَتَانِي عَمِّي رِفَاعَةُ فَقَالَ يَا ابْنَ أَخِي تَعْلَمُ أَنَّهُ عُدِّيَ عَلَيْنَا فِي لَيْلَتِنَا هَذِهِ فَنُقِبَتِ الْمَشْرُبَةُ فَذُهِبَ بِطَعَامِنَا وَسِلَاحِنَا فَتَحَسَّسْنَا فِي الدَّارِ وَسَأَلْنَا فَقِيلَ قَدْ رَأَيْنَا بَنِي أُبَيْرِقٍ وَاسْتَوْقَدُوا فِي هَذِهِ اللَّيْلَةِ وَمَا نَرَى فِيمَا نَرَى إِلَّا أَنَّهُ عَلَى بَعْضِ طَعَامِكُمْ وَقَدْ كَانَ يَقُولُ بَنُو أُبَيْرِقٍ وَنَحْنُ نَسْأَلُ فِي الدَّارِ وَاللهِ مَا نَرَى صَاحِبَكُمْ إِلَا لَبِيدَ بْنَ سَهْلٍ رَجُلٌ مِنَّا لَهُ صَلَاحٌ وَإِسْلَامٌ فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ بِذَلِكَ لَبِيدٌ اخْتَرَطَ سَيْفَهُ وَقَالَ أَنَا أَسْرِقُ وَاللهِ لَيُخَالِطَنَّكُمْ هَذَا السَّيْفُ أَوْ لَتُبَيِّنُنَّ هَذِهِ السَّرِقَةَ قَالُوا إِلَيْكَ عَنَّا أَيُّهَا الرَّجُلُ وَاللهِ مَا أَنْتَ بِصَاحِبِهَا فَسَأَلْنَا فِي الدَّارِ حَتَّى لَمْ يُشَكَّ أَنَّهُمْ أَصْحَابُهَا فَقَالَ لِي عَمِّي يَا ابْنَ أَخِي لَوْ أَتَيْتَ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَذَكَرْتَ ذَلِكَ لَهُ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنَّ أَهْلَ بَيْتٍ مِنَّا أَهْلَ جَفَاءٍ عَمَدُوا إِلَى عَمِّي رِفَاعَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ فَنَقَبُوا مَشْرُبَةً لَهُ وَأَخَذُوا سِلَاحَهُ وَطَعَامَهُ فَلْيَرْدُدْ إِلَيْنَا سِلَاحَنَا أَمَا الطَّعَامُ فَلَا حَاجَةَ لَنَا بِهِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ «سَأَنْظُرُ فِي ذَلِكَ» فَلَمَّا سَمِعَ بِذَلِكَ بَنُو أُبَيْرِقٍ أَتَوْا رَجُلًا مِنْهُمْ يُقَالُ لَهُ أُسَيْدُ بْنُ عُرْوَةَ وَكَلَّمُوهُ فِي ذَلِكَ وَاجْتَمَعَ لَهُ ثَلَاثُونَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الدَّارِ فَأَتَوْا رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنَّ قَتَادَةَ بْنَ النُّعْمَانِ وَعَمَّهُ عَمَدَا إِلَى أَهْلِ بَيْتٍ مِنَّا أَهْلِ إِسْلَامٍ وَصَلَاحٍ يَرْمُونَهُمْ بِالسَّرِقَةِ مِنْ غَيْرِ بَيِّنَةٍ وَلَا ثَبْتٍ قَالَ قَتَادَةُ فَأَتَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فَكَلَّمَتْهُ فَقَالَ «أَعَمَدْتُمْ إِلَى قَوْمٍ ذُكِرَ مِنْهُمْ إِسْلَامٌ وَصَلَاحٌ تَرْمُونَهُمْ بِالسَّرِقَةِ؟» فَرَجَعْتُ وَلَوَدِدْتُ أَنِّي خَرَجْتُ مِنْ بَعْضِ مَالِي وَلَمْ أُكَلِّمَ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ فِي ذَلِكَ فَأَتَانِي عَمِّي رِفَاعَة فَقَالَ ابْنَ أَخِي مَا صَنَعْتَ؟ فَأَخْبَرْتُهُ مَا قَالَ لِي رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ اللهُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ فَلَمْ نَلْبَثْ أَنْ نَزَلَ الْقُرْآنُ {إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ لِتَحْكُمَ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ بِمَا أَرَاكَ اللهُ وَلَا تَكُنْ لِلْخَائِنِينَ خَصِيمًا} بَنِي أُبَيْرِقٍ {وَاسْتَغْفَرِ اللهَ} أَيْ مِمَّا قُلْتَ لِقَتَادَةَ {إِنَّ اللهَ كَانَ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا وَلَا تُجَادِلْ عَنِ الَّذِينَ يَخْتَانُونَ أَنْفُسَهُمْ} بَنِي أُبَيْرِقٍ {إِنَّ اللهَ لَا يُحِبُّ مَنْ كَانَ خَوَّانًا أَثِيمًا يَسْتَخْفُونَ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَلَا يَسْتَخْفُونَ مِنَ اللهِ وَهُوَ مَعَهُمْ إِذْ يُبَيَّتُونَ مَا لَا يَرْضَى مِنَ الْقَوْلِ وَكَانَ اللهُ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ مُحِيطًا هَا أَنْتُمْ هَؤُلَاءِ جَادَلْتُمْ عَنْهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا فَمَنْ يُجَادِلُ اللهَ عَنْهُمْ} الْآيَةُ إِلَى قَوْلِهِ {غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا} أَيْ لَوْ أَنَّهُمُ اسْتَغْفَرُوا اللهَ لَغَفَرَ لَهُمْ {وَمَنْ يَكْسِبْ إِثْمًا} فَإِنَّمَا يَكْسِبُهُ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ وَكَانَ اللهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا وَمَنْ يَكْسِبْ خَطِيئَةً أَوْ إِثْمًا ثُمَّ يَرْمِ بِهِ بَرِيئًا فَقَدِ احْتَمَلَ بُهْتَانًا وَإِثْمًا مُبِينًا قَوْلُهُمْ لِلَبِيدٍ {وَلَوْلَا فَضْلُ اللهِ عَلَيْكَ وَرَحْمَتُهُ لَهَمَّتْ طَائِفَةٌ مِنْهُمْ أَنْ يُضِلُّوكَ وَمَا يُضِلُّونَ إِلَّا أَنْفُسَهُمْ وَمَا يَضُرُّونَكَ مِنْ شَيْءٍ} إِلَى آخِرِ الْآيَةِ فَلَمَّا نَزَلَ الْقُرْآنُ أُتِيَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ بِالسِّلَاحِ فَرَدُّهُ إِلَى رِفَاعَةَ قَالَ قَتَادَةُ فَلَمَّا أَتَيْتُ عَمِّيَ بِالسِّلَاحِ وَكَانَ شَيْخًا قَدْ عَمِيَ فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ وَكُنْتُ أَرَى إِسْلَامَهُ مَدْخُولًا فَلَمَّا أَتَيْتُهُ بِالسِّلَاحِ قَالَ ابْنَ أَخِي هُوَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ فَعَرَفْتُ أَنَّ إِسْلَامَهُ كَانَ صَحِيحًا فَلَمَّا نَزَلَ الْقُرْآنُ لَحِقَ بَشِيرٌ بِالْمُشْرِكِينَ فَنَزَلَ عَلَى سُلَافَةَ بِنْتِ سَعِيدِ بْنِ سُهَيْلٍ فَأَنْزَلَ اللهُ فِيهِ {وَمَنْ يُشَاقِقِ} الرَّسُولَ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ الْهُدَى وَيَتَّبِعَ غَيْرَ سَبِيلِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ نُوَلِّهِ مَا تَوَلَّى وَنُصْلِهِ جَهَنَّمَ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا إِنَّ اللهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَنْ يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَلِكَ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَمَنْ يُشْرِكْ بِاللهِ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَالًا بَعِيدًا فَلَمَّا نَزَلَ عَلَى سُلَافَةَ بِنْتِ سَعِيدٍ رَمَاهَا بِأَبْيَاتِ شَعَرٍ أَخَذَتْ رَحْلَهُ فَوَضَعَتْهُ عَلَى رَأْسِهَا ثُمَّ خَرَجَتْ بِهِ فَرَمَتْ بِهِ الْأَبْطَحَ وَأَنَّهُ نَفَتَ عَلَى قَوْمٍ مِنْهُمْ لِيَسْرِقَ مَتَاعَهُمْ فَأَلْقَى الله عَلَيْهِ صَخْرَةً فَكَانَتْ قَبْرَهُ  

tabarani:14238Muḥammad b. al-Rwbāl al-Admī al-Shīrāzī > Muḥammad b. Ḥakīm al-Shīrāzī > Muḥammad b. Ḥakīm al-Rāzī > ʿAbd al-Malik b. Hārūn b. > Tarah from my father from my father > ʿUmayr b. Saʿd > Baʿath ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb Raḍī Allāh Taʿālá > h ʿUmayr b. Saʿd ʿĀmil > Ḥimṣ Famakath Ḥawl Lā Yaʾtīwah Khabar > ʿUmar Likātibih Āktub > ʿUmayr Fawāllh Mā
Request/Fix translation

  

الطبراني:١٤٢٣٨حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الروبَالِ الْأَدْمِيُّ الشِّيرَازِيُّ ثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حَكِيمٍ الشِّيرَازِيُّ ثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حَكِيمٍ الرَّازِيُّ ثَنَا عَبْدُ الْمَلِكِ بْنُ هَارُونَ بْنِ عَنْتَرَةَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَنْ جَدِّي عَنْ عُمَيْرِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ قَالَ بَعَثَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ ؓ عُمَيْرَ بْنَ سَعْدٍ عَامِلًا عَلَى حِمْصَ فَمَكَثَ حَوْلًا لَا يَأْتِيَهِ خَبَرٌ فَقَالَ

عُمَرُ لِكَاتِبِهِ اكْتُبْ إِلَى عُمَيْرٍ فَوَاللهِ مَا أُرَاهُ إِلَّا قَدْ خَانَنَا فَإِذَا جَاءَكَ كِتَابِي هَذَا فَأَقْبِلْ وأَقْبِلْ بِمَا جَبَيْتَ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ حِينَ تَنْظُرُ فِي كِتَابِي هَذَا قَالَ فَأَخَذَ عُمَيْرٌ جِرَابَهُ فَجَعَلَ فِيهِ زَادَهُ وَقَصْعَتَهُ وَعَلَّقَ إِدَاوَتَهُ وَأَخَذَ عَنَزَتَهُ ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ يَمْشِي مِنْ حِمْصَ حَتَّى دَخَلَ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ قَالَ فَقَدِمَ وَقَدْ شَحَبَ لَوْنُهُ وَاغْبَرَّ وَجْهُهُ وَطَالَتْ شَعَرَتُهُ فَدَخَلَ عَلَى عُمَرَ فَقَالَ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ «مَا شَأْنُكَ؟» فَقَالَ عُمَيْرٌ مَا تَرَى مِنْ شَأْنِي أَلَسْتَ تَرَانِي صَحِيحَ الْبَدَنِ طَاهِرَ الدَّمِ مَعِي الدُّنْيَا أَجُرُّهَا بِقَرْنِهَا قَالَ «وَمَا مَعَكَ؟» فَظَنَّ عُمَرُ أَنَّهُ قَدْ جَاءَ بِمَالٍ فَقَالَ مَعِي جِرَابِي أجْعَلُ فِيهِ زَادِي وَقَصْعَتِي آكُلُ وأغْتَسِلُ فِيهَا رَأْسِي وثِيابِي وَإِداَوَتِي أَحْمِلُ فِيهَا وَضُوئِي وَشَرَابِي وَعَنَزَتِي أَتَوَكَّأُ عَلَيْهَا وَأُجَاهِدُ بِهَا عَدُوًّا إِنْ عَرَضَنِي فَوَاللهِ مَا الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا تَبَعٌ لِمَتَاعِي قَالَ عُمَرُ «فَجِئْتَ تَمْشِي؟» قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ عُمَرُ أَمَا كَانَ لَكَ أَحَدٌ يَتَبَرَّعُ لَكَ بِدَابَّةٍ تَرْكَبُهَا؟ قَالَ مَا فَعَلُوا وَمَا سَأَلْتُهُمْ ذَلِكَ قَالَ بِئْسَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ خَرَجْتَ مِنْ عِنْدِهِمْ فَقَالَ لَهُ عُمَيْرٌ اتَّقِ اللهَ يَا عُمَرُ فَقَدْ نَهَاكَ اللهُ عَنِ الْغِيبَةِ رَأَيْتُهُمْ يُصَلُّونَ صَلَاةَ الْغَدَاةِ قَالَ «فَأَيْنَ نَصِيبُكَ وَأَيٌّ شَيْءٍ صَنَعْتَ؟» فَقَالَ وَمَا سُؤَالُكَ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ؟ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ «سُبْحَانَ اللهِ» فَقَالَ عُمَيْرٌ أَمَا إِنِّي لَوْلَا أَنِّي أَخْشَى أَنْ أَغُمَّكَ مَا أَخْبَرْتُكَ بَعَثْتَنِي حَتَّى أَتَيْتُ الْبَلَدَ فَجَمَعْتُ صُلَحَاءَ أَهْلِهَا فَوَلَّيْتُهُمْ جِبَايَةَ فَيْئِهِمْ حَتَّى إِذَا جَمَعُوا مِنْهُمْ وَضَعْتُهُ مَوَاضِعَهُ وَلَوْ نَالَكَ مِنْهُ شَيْءٌ لَأَتَيْتُكَ بِهِ قَالَ «فَمَا جِئْتَنَا بِشَيْءٍ؟» قَالَ لَا قَالَ «أَجِدُوا لِعُمَيرٍ عَهْدًا» قَالَ إِنَّ ذَلِكَ لَشَيْءٌ لَا عَمِلْتُ لَكَ وَلَا لِأَحَدٍ بَعْدَكَ وَاللهِ مَا سَلِمْتُ بَلْ لَمْ أَسْلَمْ وَلَوْ قُلْتُ لِنَصْرَانِيٍّ أَيْ أَخْزَاكَ اللهُ فَهَذَا مَا عَرَضَنِي لَهُ يَا عُمَرُ وَإِنَّ أَشْقَى أَيَّامِي يَوْمَ حَلَفْتُ مَعَكَ يَا عُمَرُ فَاسْتَأْذَنَهُ فَأَذِنَ لَهُ فَرَجَعَ إِلَى مَنْزِلِهِ قَالَ وَبَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ الْمَدِينَةِ أَمْيَالٌ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ حِينَ انْصَرَفَ عُمَيْرٌ «مَا أُرَاهُ إِلَّا خانَنَا» فَبَعَثَ رَجُلًا يُقَالُ لَهُ الْحَارِثُ وَأَعْطَاهُ مِائَةَ دِينَارٍ فَقَالَ لَهُ «انْطَلِقْ حَتَّى تَنْزِلَ بِهِ كَأَنَّكَ ضَيْفٌ فَإِنْ رَأَيْتَ أَثَرَ شَيْءٍ فَأَقْبِلْ وَإِنْ رَأَيْتَ حَالًا شَدِيدَةً فَادْفَعْ إِلَيْهِ هَذِهِ الْمِائَةَ دِينَارٍ» فَانْطَلَقَ الْحَارِثُ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِعُمَيرٍ جَالِسٌ يَفْلِي قَمِيصَهُ إِلَى جَنْبِ الْحَائِطِ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِ الرَّجُلُ فَقَالَ لَهُ عُمَيْرٌ انْزِلْ رَحِمَكَ اللهُ فَنَزَلَ ثُمَّ سَأَلَهُ فَقَالَ مِنْ أَيْنَ جِئْتَ؟ قَالَ مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ قَالَ كَيْفَ تَرَكْتَ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ؟ قَالَ صَالِحًا قَالَ كَيْفَ تَرَكْتَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ؟ قَالَ صَالِحِينَ قَالَ كَيْفَ تَرَكْتَ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ؟ قَالَ صَالِحًا قَالَ أَلَيْسَ يُقِيمُ الْحُدُودَ؟ قَالَ بَلَى ضَرَبَ ابْنًا لَهُ أَتَى فَاحِشَةً فَمَاتَ مِنْ ضَرْبِهِ فَقَالَ عُمَيْرٌ اللهُمَّ أَعِنْ عُمَرَ فَإِنِّي لَا أَعْلَمُهُ إِلَّا شَدِيدًا حُبُّهُ لَكَ قَالَ فَنَزَلَ ثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ وَلَيْسَ لَهُمْ إِلَّا قُرْصَةٌ مِنْ شَعِيرٍ كَانُوا يَخُصُّونَهُ بِهَا وَيَطْوُونَ حَتَّى أَتَاهُمُ الْجَهْدُ فَقَالَ لَهُ عُمَيْرٌ يَا هَذَا إِنَّكَ قَدْ أَجَعْتَنَا فَإِنْ رَأَيْتَ أَنْ تَتَحَوَّلَ عَنَّا فَافْعَلْ قَالَ فَأَخْرَجَ الدَّنَانِيرَ فَدَفَعَهَا إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ بَعَثَ بِهَا إِلَيْكَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فَاسْتَعِنْ بِهَا قَالَ فَصَاحَ فَقَالَ لَا حَاجَةَ لِي فِيهَا رُدَّهَا فَقَالَتْ لَهُ امْرَأَتُهُ إِنِ احْتَجْتَ إِلَيْهَا وَإِلَّا فَضَعْهَا مَوَاضِعَهَا فَقَالَ عُمَيْرٌ وَاللهِ مَا لِي شَيْءٌ أَجْعَلُهَا فِيهِ فَشَقَّتْ امْرَأَتُهُ أَسْفَلَ دِرْعِهَا فَأَعْطَتْهُ خِرْقَةً فَجَعَلَهَا فِيهَا ثُمَّ خَرَجَ فَقَسَمَهَا عَلَى أَبْنَاءِ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَالْفُقَرَاءِ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ وَالرَّسُولُ يَظُنُّ أَنَّهُ يُعْطِيهِ مِنْهَا شَيْئًا فَقَالَ لَهُ عُمَيْرٌ أَقْرِئْ مِنِّي لِأَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ السَّلَامَ فَرَجَعَ الْحَارِثُ إِلَى عُمَرَ فَقَالَ مَا رَأَيْتَ؟ فَقَالَ رَأَيْتُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ حَالًا شَدِيدَةً قَالَ «فَمَا صَنَعَ بِالدَّنَانِيرِ؟» قَالَ لَا أَدْرِي قَالَ وَكَتَبَ إِلَيْهِ عُمَرُ إِذَا جَاءَكَ كِتَابِي هَذَا فَلَا تَضَعْهُ مِنْ يَدِكَ حَتَّى تُقْبِلَ فَأَقْبَلَ إِلَى عُمَرَ فَدَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ عُمَرُ «مَا صَنَعْتَ بِالدَّنَانِيرِ؟» قَالَ صَنَعْتُ مَا صَنَعْتُ فَمَا سُؤَالُكَ عَنْهَا قَالَ «أَنْشُدُ عَلَيْكَ لَتُخْبِرَنِّي مَا صَنَعْتَ بِهِ؟» قَالَ قَدَّمْتُهَا لِنَفْسِي قَالَ «رَحِمَكَ اللهُ فَأَمَرَ بِوَسْقٍ مِنْ طَعَامٍ وَثَوْبَينِ» فَقَالَ أَمَّا الطَّعَامُ فَلَا حَاجَةَ لِي فِيهِ قَدْ تَرَكْتُ فِي الْمَنْزِلِ صَاعَيْنِ مِنْ شَعِيرٍ إِلَى أَنْ آكُلَ ذَلِكَ قَدْ جَاءَ اللهُ بالرِّزْقِ وَلَمْ يَأْخُذِ الطَّعَامَ وَأَمَّا الثَّوْبانِ فَقَالَ إِنَّ امْرَأَةَ فُلَانٍ عَارِيَةٌ فَأَخَذَهُمَا وَرَجَعَ إِلَى مَنْزِلِهِ فَلَمْ يَلْبَثْ أَنْ هَلَكَ رَحِمَهُ اللهُ فَبَلَغَ عُمَرَ ذَلِكَ فَشَقَّ عَلَيْهِ وتَرَحَّمَ عَلَيْهِ فَخَرَجََ يَمْشِي وَمَعَهُ المَشَّاءُونَ إِلَى بَقِيعِ الْغَرْقَدِ فَقَالَ لِأَصْحَابِهِ لَيَتَمَنَّى كُلُّ رَجُلٍ مِنْكُمْ أُمْنِيَّةً فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ وَدِدْتُ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَنَّ عِنْدِي مَالًا فَأُعْتِقَ كَذَا وَكَذَا لِوَجْهِ اللهِ وَقَالَ آخَرُ وَدِدْتُ لَو أَنَّ عِنْدِي مَالًا فَأُنْفِقَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ وَقَالَ آخَرُ وَدِدْتُ أَنَّ لِي قُوَّةً فَأَمْتَحَ بِدَلْوٍ مِنْ زَمْزَمَ لِحُجَّاجِ بَيْتِ اللهِ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ «وَدِدْتُ أَنَّ لِي رَجُلًا مِثْلَ عُمَيْرٍ أَسْتَعِينُ بِهِ فِي أَعْمَالِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ»  

tabarani:19535ʿAlī b. al-Mubārak al-Ṣanʿānī > Zayd b. al-Mubārak > Muḥammad b. Thawr > Ibn Jurayj > Ibn Shihāb > ʿUrwah And ʿUbayd Allāh b. ʿAdī Waʿalqamah b. Waqqāṣ Yazīd Baʿḍuhum > Baʿḍ > ʿĀʾishah
Request/Fix translation

  

الطبراني:١٩٥٣٥حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ الصَّنْعَانِيُّ ثنا زَيْدُ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ ثنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ ثَوْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ قَالَ وَقَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ عَنْ عُرْوَةَ وَعُبَيْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عَدِيٍّ وَعَلْقَمَةَ بْنِ وَقَّاصٍ يَزِيدُ بَعْضُهُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ

كَانَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِذَا أَرَادَ سَفَرًا أَقْرَعَ بَيْنَ نِسَائِهِ فَأَيَّتُهُنَّ خَرَجَ سَهْمُهَا سَافَرَ بِهَا فَغَزَا غَزْوَةً خَرَجَ فِيهَا سَهْمِي فَلَمَّا قَضَى رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ غَزَاتِهِ وَدَنَوْنَا مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ آذَنَ لَيْلَةً بِالرَّحِيلِ فَخَرَجْتُ حَتَّى جَاوَزْتُ الْجَيْشَ فَلَمَّا قَضَيْتُ شَأْنِي رَجَعْتُ إِلَى مَنْزِلِي فَلَمَسْتُ عِقْدًا لِي مِنْ جَزْعِ أَظْفَارٍ فَإِذَا هُوَ قَدِ انْقَطَعَ فَرَجَعْتُ وَحَبَسَنِي ابْتِغَاؤُهُ فَجَاءَ النَّفْرُ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا يَرْحَلُونَ بِي هَوْدَجِي فَرَحَلُوهُ عَلَى جَمَلِي وَهُمْ يَحْسِبُونَ أَنِّي فِيهِ وَالنِّسَاءُ حِينَئِذٍ خِفَافٌ لَمْ يُهَبَّلْنَ اللَّحْمَ فَاسْتَمَرَّ الْجَيْشُ وَجِئْتُ مَنَازِلَهُمْ وَلَيْسَ بِهَا مِنْهُمْ دَاعٍ وَلَا مُجِيبٌ فَتَيَمَّمْتُ مَنْزِلِي وَعَلِمْتُ أَنْ سَيَفْقِدُونِي فَيَنْظُرُونِي فَبَيْنََا & أَنَا جَالِسَةٌ غَلَبَتْنِي عَيْنِي وَكَانَ صَفْوَانُ بْنُ الْمُعَطَّلِ عَرَّسَ مِنْ وَرَاءِ الْجَيْشِ فَرَأَى سَوَادَ إِنْسَانٍ نَائِمٍ فَتَيَمَّمَنِي فَلَمَّا رَآنِي اسْتَرْجَعَ وَقَدْ كَانَ يَدْخُلُ عَلَيَّ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُضْرَبَ عَلَيَّ الْحِجَابُ فَفَزِعْتُ بِاسْتِرْجَاعِهِ فَخَمَّرْتُ وَجْهِي فَمَا تَكَلَّمَ غَيْرَهَا وَمَا تَكَلَّمَنِي حَتَّى أَنَاخَ رَاحِلَتَهُ فَوَطِئَ عَلَى ذِرَاعِهَا فَرَكِبْتُ فَجِئْنَا الْجَيْشَ نَحْرَ الظَّهِيرَةِ مُغَاوِلِينَ وَقَدْ هَلَكَ مَنْ هَلَكَ فَقَدِمْتُ الْمَدِينَةَ فَمَرِضْتُ شَهْرًا لَا أَشْعُرُ بِالَّذِيِ قَالَ أَهْلُ الْإِفْكِ وَأَنَا يَرِيبُنِي مِنَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ أَنِّي لَا أَرَى مِنْهُ اللُّطْفَ الَّذِي كُنْتُ أَرَى مِنْهُ إِذَا مَرِضْتُ إِنَّمَا يَقُومُ قَائِمًا فَيَقُولُ «كَيْفَ تِيكُمْ؟» حَتَّى إِذَا نَقَهْتُ تَبَرَّزْتُ أَنَا وَأُمُّ مِسْطَحٍ إِلَى الْمَنَاصِعِ وَهُوَ مُتَبَرَّزُنَا وَأَمْرُنَا أَمْرُ الْعَرَبِ الْأُوَلِ إِنَّمَا نَأْكُلُ الْعُلْقَةَ مِنَ الطَّعَامِ وَيَتَبَرَّزْنَ لَيْلًا إِلَى لَيْلٍ فَلَمَّا قَضَيْنَا شَأْنَنَا رَجَعْتُ إِلَى مَنْزِلِي فَعَثَرَتْ أُمُّ مِسْطَحٍ فِي مِرْطِهَا فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَقُلْتُ بِئْسَ مَا قُلْتِ سَبَبْتِ رَجُلًا صَالِحًا قَدْ شَهِدَ بَدْرًا فَقَالَتْ أَيْ هَنْتَاهُ أَوَ مَا تَدْرِينَ مَا قَالُوا؟ قُلْتُ وَمَا قَالُوا؟ فَأَخْبَرَتْنِي الْخَبَرَ فَانْتَظَرْتُ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ لَيَأْتِيَ فَاسْتَأْذَنْتُهُ إِلَى أَبَوَيَّ فَأَسْتَيْقِنُ الْخَبَرَ مِنْ قِبَلِهِمَا فَجِئْتُ بَيْتَهُمَا فَوَجَدْتُ أَبِي يُصَلِّي قُلْتُ يَا أُمَّهُ مَا قَالُوا؟ قَالَتْ أَيْ بُنَيَّةُ إِنَّهُ قَلَّ مَا كَانَتِ امْرَأَةٌ حَسْنَاءُ عِنْدَ رَجُلٍ يُحِبُّهَا لَهَا ضَرَائِرُ إِلَّا أَكْثَرْنَ عَلَيْهَا قَالَتْ أَوَ لَقَدْ قَالُوا ذَلِكَ؟ فَانْصَرَفَ أَبِي يُصَلِّي فَوَاللهِ لَوَدِدْتُ أَنِّي كُنْتُ حَيْضَةً فَكُنْتُ لَا يَكْتَحِلُ عَيْنِي بِنَوْمٍ وَلَا يَرْقَأُ لِي دَمْعٌ وَعَلَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ الْمِنْبَرَ فَقَالَ مَا بَالُ رِجَالٍ قَدْ بَلَغَنِي أَذَاهُمْ فِي أَهْلِي وَلَقَدْ ذَكَرُوا رَجُلًا صَالِحًا قَدْ شَهِدَ بَدْرًا مَا دَخَلَ عَلَى أَهْلِي قَطُّ إِلَّا وَأَنَا حَاضِرٌ وَلَا سَافَرْتُ مِنْ سَفَرٍ قَطُّ إِلَّا وَإِنَّهُ لَمَعِي فَقَامَ سَعْدُ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ فَقَالَ أَنَا لَكَ مِنْهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنْ كَانَ مِنَ الْأَوْسِ ضَرَبْنَا عُنُقَهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ مِنْ بَنِي الْحَارِثِ بْنِ الْخَزْرَجِ أَتَيْنَاكَ بِهِ مُوَثَّقًا فَقَامَ سَعْدُ بْنُ عُبَادَةَ فَقَالَ كَذَبْتَ وَاللهِ لَا تَقْتُلُهُ وَلَا تَسْتَطِيعُ قَتْلَهُ فَقَامَ أُسَيْدُ بْنُ حُضَيْرِ بْنِ سِمَاكٍ فَقَالَ كَذَبْتَ وَاللهِ لَيَقْتُلَنَّهُ فَإِنَّكَ مُنَافِقٌ تُجَادِلُ عَنِ الْمُنَافِقِينَ فَتَثَاوَرَ الْحَيَّانِ الْأَوْسُ وَالْخَزْرَجُ فَنَزَلَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ يُسْكِتُهُمْ وَيُخَفِّضُهُمْ حَتَّى سَكَتُوا قَالَ ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ قَالَ مَوْلَى ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ مَوْعِدًا لَكُمُ الْحَرَّةُ فَلَبِسُوا السِّلَاحَ وَخَرَجُوا إِلَيْهَا فَأَتَاهُمُ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ هَذِهِ الْآيَةَ {وَاذْكُرُوا نِعْمَةَ اللهِ عَلَيْكُمْ} حَتَّى تَنْقَضِيَ يُرَدِّدُهَا عَلَيْهِمْ حَتَّى اعْتَنَقَ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا وَحَتَّى أَنَّ لَهُمْ لَخِنَانًا ثُمَّ انْصَرَفُوا قَدِ اصْطَلَحُوا وَاسْتَلْبَثَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ الْوَحْيَ فَدَعَا عَلِيًّا وَأُسَامَةَ بْنَ زَيْدٍ فَاسْتَشَارَهُمَا فِي فِرَاقِ أَهْلِهِ فَأَمَّا عَلِيٌّ فَقَالَ لَمْ يُضَيِّقِ اللهُ عَلَيْكَ وَالنِّسَاءُ كَثِيرٌ وَإِنْ تَسْأَلِ الْجَارِيَةَ يُرِيدُ بَرِيرَةَ تَصْدُقْكَ وَأَمَّا أُسَامَةُ فَأَشَارَ بِالَّذِيِ يَعْلَمُ فِي نَفْسِهِ مِنَ الْوَجْدِ بِأَهْلِهِ وَبِمَا يَعْلَمُ مِنْ بَرَاءَتِهِمْ فَدَعَا بَرِيرَةَ فَقَالَ «هَلْ رَأَيْتِ عَلَى هَذِهِ الْجَارِيَةِ مِنْ شَيْءٍ تَغْمِصِينَهُ عَلَيْهَا؟» فَقَالَتْ لَا وَالَّذِي بَعَثَكَ بِالْحَقِّ إِلَّا أَنَّهَا جَارِيَةٌ حَدِيثَةُ السِّنِّ تَرْقُدُ حَتَّى تَأْكُلَ الدَّاجِنُ عَجِينَهَا أَوْ خَمِيرَهَا قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَمَكَثْتُ يَوْمَيْنِ وَلَيْلَتَيْنِ لَا تَكْتَحِلُ عَيْنِي بِنَوْمٍ وَلَا يَرْقَأُ لِي دَمْعٌ وَأَصْبَحَ أَبَوَايَ عِنْدِي يَظُنَّانِ أَنَّ الْبُكَاءَ فَالِقٌ كَبِدِي فَاسْتَأْذَنَتِ امْرَأَةٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ فَأَذِنْتُ لَهَا فَجَلَسَتْ فَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَجَلَسَ مِنِّي مَجْلِسًا لَمْ يُجْلِسْهُ مِنِّي مُنْذُ قِيلَ لِي مَا قِيلَ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ «أَمَّا بَعْدُ يَا عَائِشَةُ فَإِنْ كُنْتِ بَرِيئَةً فَسَيُبَرِّئُكِ اللهُ وَإِنْ كُنْتِ أَلْمَمْتِ بِذَنْبٍ فَتُوبِي مِنْهُ وَاعْتَرِفِي بِهِ فَإِنَّ الْمَرْءَ إِذَا تَابَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ وَاعْتَرَفَ بِهِ غُفِرَ لَهُ» قَالَتْ فَلَمَّا قَضَى رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مَقَالَتَهُ قَلَصَ دَمْعِي حَتَّى مَا أُحِسُّ مِنْهُ قَطْرَةً قُلْتُ يَا أَبَتِ أَجِبْ رَسُولَ اللهِ فَقَالَ مَا أَدْرِي مَا أُجِيبُهُ قُلْتُ يَا أُمِّي أَجِيبِي رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَتْ مَا أَدْرِي مَا أُجِيبُهُ قَالَتْ وَأَنَا جَارِيَةٌ حَدِيثَةُ السِّنِّ لَا أَقْرَأُ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ كَثِيرًا فَقُلْتُ وَاللهِ لَقَدْ سَمِعْتُمْ مِنْ هَذَا شَيْئًا اسْتَقَرَّ فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ فَلَئِنْ قُلْتُ أَنَا مِنْهُ بَرِيئَةٌ وَاللهُ يَعْلَمُ أَنِّي بَرِيئَةٌ لَا تُصَدِّقُونَنِي وَلَئِنِ اعْتَرَفَتُ بِذَنْبٍ أَنَا مِنْهُ بَرِيئَةٌ لَتُصَدِّقُونَنِي أَلَا فَإِنَّمَا مَثَلِي وَمَثَلُكُمْ كَأَبِي يُوسُفَ اخْتُلِسَ مِنِّي اسْمُهُ {فَصَبَرٌ جَمِيلٌ وَاللهُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ} ثُمَّ وَلَّيْتُ وَجْهِي نَحْوَ الْجِدَارِ وَنَفْسِي أَحْقَرُ عِنْدِي مِنْ أَنْ يُنَزَّلَ فِيَّ قُرْآنٌ يُتْلَى وَلَكِنِّي قَدْ رَجَوْتُ أَنْ يُرِيَ اللهُ رَسُولَهُ رُؤْيَا فِي الْمَنَامِ فَمَا تَفَرَّقَ أَهْلُ الْمَجْلِسِ حَتَّى أَخَذَتْ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ الْبُرَحَاءُ الَّتِي كَانَتْ تَأْخُذُهُ عِنْدَ الْوَحْيِ حَتَّى أَنَّهُ لَيَتَحَدَّرُ مِنْهُ مِثْلُ الْجُمَانِ مِنَ الْعَرَقِ فَاسْتَغْشَى ثَوْبَهُ قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَجَعَلْتُ أَنْظُرُ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ فَأَخْشَى أَنْ يَأْتِيَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَا لَا مَرَدَّ لَهُ وَأَنْظُرُ إِلَى وَجْهِ عَائِشَةَ فَإِذَا هُوَ مُفِيقٌ فَيُطْعِمُنِي فِي ذَلِكَ مِنْهَا فَإِنَّمَا أَنْظُرُ هَهُنَا وَهَهُنَا فَنَزَعَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ عَنْهُ الثَّوْبَ وَهُوَ يَمْسَحُ جَبْهَتَهُ مِنَ الْعَرَقِ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ «أَبْشِرِي يَا عَائِشَ أَمَّا اللهُ فَقَدْ بَرَّأَكِ» فَقُلْتُ بِحَمْدِ اللهِ وَذَمِّكُمْ فَقَالَتْ أُمِّي قَوْمِي فَقَبِّلِي رَأْسَ رَسُولِ اللهِ فَقُلْتُ لَا وَاللهِ لَا أَفْعَلُ وَلَا أَحْمَدُ إِلَّا اللهَ وَكَانَ مِمَّا يَبْغِي عَلَيْهِ أَنْ قَالَتْ وَاللهِ مَا أَسْتَحِي مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِيَّةِ أَنْ تَقُولَ لِي مَا قَالَ  

tabarani:19547ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Sālim al-Rāzī > Sahl b. ʿUthmān > Abū Usāmah > Hishām b. ʿUrwah from my father > ʿĀʾishah

When there was said about me what was said which I myself was unaware of, Messenger of Allah ﷺ got up and addressed the people. He recited Tashah-hud, and after glorifying and praising Allah as He deserved, he said, "To proceed: O people Give me your opinion regarding those people who made a forged story against my wife. By Allah, I do not know anything bad about her. By Allah, they accused her of being with a man about whom I have never known anything bad, and he never entered my house unless I was present there, and whenever I went on a journey, he went with me." Saʿd bin Muʿadh got up and said, "O Messenger of Allah ﷺ Allow me to chop their heads off". Then a man from the Al-Khazraj (Saʿd bin 'Ubada) to whom the mother of (the poet) Hassan bin Thabit was a relative, got up and said (to Saʿd bin Muʿadh), "You have told a lie! By Allah, if those persons were from the Aus Tribe, you would not like to chop their heads off." It was probable that some evil would take place between the Aus and the Khazraj in the mosque, and I was unaware of all that. In the evening of that day, I went out for some of my needs (i.e. to relieve myself), and Um Mistah was accompanying me. On our return, Um Mistah stumbled and said, "Let Mistah. be ruined" I said to her, "O mother Why do you abuse your Son" On that Um Mistah became silent for a while, and stumbling again, she said, "Let Mistah be ruined" I said to her, "Why do you abuse your son?" She stumbled for the third time and said, "Let Mistah be ruined" whereupon I rebuked her for that. She said, "By Allah, I do not abuse him except because of you." I asked her, "Concerning what of my affairs?" So she disclosed the whole story to me. I said, "Has this really happened?" She replied, "Yes, by Allah." I returned to my house, astonished (and distressed) that I did not know for what purpose I had gone out. Then I became sick (fever) and said to Messenger of Allah ﷺ "Send me to my father's house." So he sent a slave with me, and when I entered the house, I found Um Rum-an (my mother) downstairs while (my father) Abu Bakr was reciting something upstairs. My mother asked, "What has brought you, O (my) daughter?" I informed her and mentioned to her the whole story, but she did not feel it as I did. She said, "O my daughter! Take it easy, for there is never a charming lady loved by her husband who has other wives but that they feel jealous of her and speak badly of her." But she did not feel the news as I did. I asked (her), "Does my father know about it?" She said, "yes" I asked, Does Messenger of Allah ﷺ know about it too?" She said, "Yes, Messenger of Allah ﷺ does too." So the tears filled my eyes and I wept. Abu Bakr, who was reading upstairs heard my voice and came down and asked my mother, "What is the matter with her? " She said, "She has heard what has been said about her (as regards the story of Al-lfk)." On that Abu- Bakr wept and said, "I beseech you by Allah, O my daughter, to go back to your home". I went back to my home and Messenger of Allah ﷺ had come to my house and asked my maid-servant about me (my character). The maid-servant said, "By Allah, I do not know of any defect in her character except that she sleeps and let the sheep enter (her house) and eat her dough." On that, some of the Prophet's companions spoke harshly to her and said, "Tell the truth to Messenger of Allah ﷺ." Finally they told her of the affair (of the slander). She said, "Subhan Allah! By Allah, I know nothing against her except what goldsmith knows about a piece of pure gold." Then this news reached the man who was accused, and he said, "Subhan Allah! By Allah, I have never uncovered the private parts of any woman." Later that man was martyred in Allah's Cause. Next morning my parents came to pay me a visit and they stayed with me till Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to me after he had offered the ʿAsr prayer. He came to me while my parents were sitting around me on my right and my left. He praised and glorified Allah and said, "Now then O ʿAisha! If you have committed a bad deed or you have wronged (yourself), then repent to Allah as Allah accepts the repentance from his slaves." An Al-Ansari woman had come and was sitting near the gate. I said (to the Prophet). "Isn't it improper that you speak in such a way in the presence of this lady? Allah's Apostle then gave a piece of advice and I turned to my father and requested him to answer him (on my behalf). My father said, "What should I say?" Then I turned to my mother and asked her to answer him. She said, "What should I say?" When my parents did not give a reply to the Prophet, I said, "I testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, and that Muhammad is His Apostle!" And after praising and glorifying Allah as He deserves, I said, "Now then, by Allah, if I were to tell you that I have not done (this evil action) and Allah is a witness that I am telling the truth, that would not be of any use to me on your part because you (people) have spoken about it and your hearts have absorbed it; and if I were to tell you that I have done this sin and Allah knows that I have not done it, then you will say, 'She has confessed herself guilty." By Allah, 'I do not see a suitable example for me and you but the example of (I tried to remember Jacob's name but couldn't) Joseph's father when he said; So (for me) "Patience is most fitting against that which you assert. It is Allah (alone) whose help can be sought.' At that very hour the Divine Inspiration came to Messenger of Allah ﷺ and we remained silent. Then the Inspiration was over and I noticed the signs of happiness on his face while he was removing (the sweat) from his forehead and saying, "Have the good tidings O ' "Aisha! Allah has revealed your innocence." At that time I was extremely angry. My parents said to me. "Get up and go to him." I said, "By Allah, I will not do it and will not thank him nor thank either of you, but I will thank Allah Who has revealed my innocence. You have heard this story but neither did not deny it nor change it (to defend me)," (Aisha used to say:) "But as regards Zainab bint Jahsh, (the Prophet's wife), Allah protected her because of her piety, so she did not say anything except good (about me), but her sister, Hamna, was ruined among those who were ruined. Those who used to speak evil about me were Mistah, Hassan bin Thabit, and the hypocrite, ʿAbdullah bin Ubai, who used to spread that news and tempt others to speak of it, and it was he and Hamna who had the greater share therein. Abu Bakr took an oath that he would never do any favor to Mistah at all. Then Allah revealed the Divine Verse: "Let not those among you who are good and wealthy (i.e. Abu Bakr) swear not to give (any sort of help) to their kinsmen, and those in need, (i.e. Mistah) ...Do you not love that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (24.22) On that, Abu Bakr said, "Yes, by Allah, O our Lord! We wish that You should forgive us." So Abu Bakr again started giving to Mistah the expenditure which he used to give him before. (Using translation from Bukhārī 4757)  

الطبراني:١٩٥٤٧حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ سَالِمٍ الرَّازِيُّ قَالَ ثنا سَهْلُ بْنُ عُثْمَانَ ثنا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ ثنا هِشَامُ بْنُ عُرْوَةَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ

لَمَّا ذُكِرَ مِنْ شَأْنِي الَّذِي ذُكِرَ وَمَا عَلِمْتُ قَامَ فِيَّ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ خَطِيبًا فَتَشَهَّدَ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ «أَمَّا بَعْدُ أَشِيرُوا عَلَيَّ فِي أُنَاسٍ أَبَنُوا أَهْلِي وَأَيْمُ اللهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَى أَهْلِي مِنْ سُوءٍ قَطُّ وَأَبَنُوهُمْ بِمَنْ وَاللهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ سُوءٍ قَطُّ وَلَا دَخَلَ بَيْتِي إِلَّا وَأَنَا حَاضِرٌ وَلَا غِبْتُ فِي سَفَرٍ إِلَّا غَابَ مَعِي» فَقَامَ سَعْدُ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ فَقَالَ نَرَى يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَنْ نَضْرِبَ أَعْنَاقَهُمْ فَقَامَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْخَزْرَجِ وَكَانَتْ أُمُّ حَسَّانَ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ مِنْ رَهْطِ ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلِ فَقَالَ كَذَبَتْ أَمَ وَاللهِ لَوْ كَانُوا مِنَ الْأَوْسِ مَا أَحْبَبْتَ أَنْ تُضْرَبَ أَعْنَاقُهُمْ حَتَّى كَادَ أَنْ يَكُونَ بَيْنَ الْأَوْسِ وَالْخَزْرَجِ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ شَرٌّ وَمَا عَلِمْتُ بِهِ فَلَمَّا كَانَ مَسَاءُ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ خَرَجْتُ لِبَعْضِ حَاجَتِي وَمَعِي أُمُّ مِسْطَحٍ فَعَثَرَتْ فَقَالَتْ تَعِسَ مِسْطَحٌ فَانْتَهَرْتُهَا فَقُلْتُ أَوَ تَسُبِّينَ ابْنَكِ؟ فَقَالَتْ وَاللهِ مَا أَسُبُّهُ إِلَّا فِيكِ فَقُلْتُ فِي أَيِّ شَأْنِي فَنَقَرَتِ الْحَدِيثَ فَقُلْتُ وَقَدْ كَانَ هَذَا؟ فَقَالَتْ نَعَمْ وَاللهِ فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى بَيْتِي لَكَأَنَّ الَّذِي خَرَجْتُ لَهُ لَمْ أَخْرُجْ لَهُ وَلَا أَجِدُ مِنْهُ قَلِيلًا وَلَا كَثِيرًا وَوُعِكْتُ فَقُلْتُ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ أَرْسِلْنِي إِلَى بَيْتِ أَبِي فَأَرْسَلَ مَعِيَ الْغُلَامَ فَدَخَلْتُ الدَّارَ فَوَجَدْتُ أُمَّ رُومَانَ فِي السُّفْلِ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ فَوْقَ الْبَيْتِ يَقْرَأُ فَقَالَتْ أُمِّي مَا جَاءَ بِكِ يَا بُنَيَّةُ؟ فَأَخْبَرْتُهَا وَذَكَرْتُ لَهَا الْحَدِيثَ وَإِذَا هِي لَمْ يَبْلُغْ مِنْهَا مَا بَلَغَ مِنِّي فَقَالَتْ أَيْ بُنَيَّةُ خَفِّفِي عَلَيْكِ الشَّأْنَ فَإِنَّهُ وَاللهِ لَقَلَّ مَا كَانَتِ امْرَأَةٌ حَسْنَاءَ عِنْدَ رَجُلٍ يُحِبُّهَا وَلَهَا ضَرَائِرُ إِلَّا حَسَدْنَهَا وَقِيلَ فِيهَا قُلْتُ وَقَدْ عَلِمَ بِهَا أَبِي؟ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ وَرَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ؟ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ قَالَتْ وَاسْتَعْبَرْتُ فَبَكَيْتُ فَسَمِعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ صَوْتِي وَهُوَ فَوْقَ الْبَيْتِ يَقْرَأُ فَنَزَلَ فَقَالَ لِأُمِّي مَا شَأْنُهَا؟ قَالَتْ بَلَغَهَا الَّذِي ذُكِرَ مِنْ شَأْنِهَا فَفَاضَتْ عَيْنَاهُ فَقَالَ أَقْسَمْتُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بُنَيَّةُ إِلَّا رَجَعْتِ إِلَى بَيْتِكِ قَالَتْ فَرَجَعْتُ قَالَتْ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَ رَسُولُ اللهِ بَيْتِي فَسَأَلَ عَنِّي خَادِمَتِي فَقَالَتْ وَاللهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَيْهَا عَيْبًا إِلَّا أَنَّهَا كَانَتْ تَرْقُدُ حَتَّى تَدْخُلَ الشَّاةُ فَتَأْكُلَ خَمِيرَهَا أَوْ عَجِينَهَا قَالَتْ فَانْتَهَرَهَا بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِهِ فَقَالَ أَصْدِقِي رَسُولَ اللهِ فَقَالَتْ سُبْحَانَ اللهِ مَا عَلِمْتُ عَلَيْهَا إِلَّا مَا يَعْلَمُ الصَّائِغُ مِنَ الذَّهَبِ الْأَحْمَرِ فَبَلَغَ الْأَمْرُ ذَاكَ الرَّجُلَ الَّذِي كَانَ قِيلَ لَهُ فِيهَا فَقَالَ سُبْحَانَ اللهِ مَا كَشَفْتُ أُنْثَى قَطُّ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ وَقُتِلَ شَهِيدًا فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ قَالَتْ وَأَصْبَحَ أَبَوَايَ عِنْدِي فَلَمْ يَزَالَا عِنْدِي حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَيَّ رَسُولُ اللهِ وَقَدْ صَلَّى الْعَصْرَ وَقَدِ اكْتَنَفَنِي أَبَوَايَ عَنْ يَمِينِي وَشِمَالِي فَتَشَهَّدَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَحَمِدَ اللهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ «أَمَّا بَعْدُ يَا عَائِشَةُ فَإِنْ كُنْتِ قَارَفْتِ سُوءًا أَوْ ظَلَمْتِ فَتُوبِي إِلَى اللهِ فَإِنَّ اللهَ هُوَ يَقْبَلُ التَّوْبَةَ عَنْ عِبَادِهِ» قَالَتْ وَقَدْ جَاءَتِ امْرَأَةٌ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ فَهِيَ جَالِسَةٌ بِالْبَابِ فَقُلْتُ أَلَا تَسْتَحْي مِنْ هَذِهِ الْمَرْأَةِ أَنْ تَذْكُرَ شَيْئًا فَوَعَظَ رَسُولُ اللهِ فَالْتَفَتُّ إِلَى أَبِي فَقُلْتُ أَجِبْهُ فَقَالَ أَقُولُ مَاذَا؟ فَالْتَفَتُّ إِلَى أُمِّي فَقُلْتُ أَجِيبِيهِ فَقَالَتْ أَقُولُ مَاذَا؟ قَالَتْ فَلَمَّا لَمْ يُجِيبَاهُ تَشَهَّدْتُ فَحَمِدْتُ اللهَ وَأَثْنَيْتُ عَلَيْهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَوَاللهِ لَئِنْ قُلْتُ لَكُمْ إِنِّي لَمْ أَفْعَلْ وَاللهُ يَشْهَدُ أَنِّي لَصَادِقَةٌ مَا ذَاكَ بِنَافِعِي عِنْدَكُمْ لَقَدْ تَكَلَّمْتُمْ بِهِ وَأَشْرَبْتُمُوهُ قُلُوبَكُمْ وَلَئِنْ قُلْتُ إِنِّي قَدْ فَعَلْتُ وَاللهُ يَشْهَدُ أَنِّي لَمْ أَفْعَلْ لَتَقُولُنَّ قَدْ بَاتَ بِهِ عَلَى نَفْسِهَا وَاللهُ يَشْهَدُ أَنِّي لَمْ أَفْعَلْ وَإِنِّي وَاللهِ مَا أَجِدُ لِي وَلَكُمْ مَثَلًا قَالَتْ وَالْتَمَسْتُ اسْمَ يَعْقُوبَ فَلَمْ أَقْدِرْ عَلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ إِلَّا أَبَا يُوسُفَ حِينَ قَالَ {فَصَبَرٌ جَمِيلٌ وَاللهُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ} الْآيَةَ قَالَتْ فَأُنْزِلَ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ مِنْ سَاعَتِهِ فَرُفِعَ عَنْهُ وَإِنِّي لَأَتَبَيَّنُ السُّرُورَ فِي وَجْهِهِ وَهُوَ يَمْسَحُ جَبِينَهُ وَيَقُولُ «أَبْشِرِي يَا عَائِشَةُ فَقَدْ أَبْرَأَكِ اللهُ بِبَرَاءَتِكِ» قَالَتْ فَكُنْتُ أَشَدَّ مَا كُنْتُ غَضَبًا فَقَالَ لِي أَبَوَايَ قَوْمِي إِلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ وَاللهِ لَا أَقُومُ إِلَيْهِ وَلَا أَحْمَدُهُ وَلَا أَحْمَدُكُمَا وَلَكِنِّي أَحْمَدُ اللهَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ بَرَاءَتِي لَقَدْ سَمِعْتُمُوهُ فَمَا أَنْكَرْتُمُوهُ وَلَكِنْ أَحْمَدُ اللهَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ بَرَاءَتِي فَأَمَّا زَيْنَبُ بِنْتُ جَحْشٍ فَعَصَمَهَا اللهُ بِدِينِهَا فَلَمْ تَقُلْ إِلَّا خَيْرًا وَأَمَّا أُخْتُهَا حَمْنَةُ فَهَلَكَتْ فِيمَنْ هَلَكَ وَكَانَ الَّذِينَ تَكَلَّمُوا بِهِ مِسْطَحَ بْنَ أُثَاثَةَ وَحَسَّانَ بْنَ ثَابِتٍ وَحَمْنَةَ وَالْمُنَافِقَ عَبْدَ اللهِ بْنَ أُبَيٍّ ابْنِ سَلُولَ وَهُوَ الَّذِي يَسْتَوْشِيهِ وَيَجْمَعُهُمْ وَهُوَ الَّذِي تَوَلَّى كِبْرَهُ فَحَلَفَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لَا يَنْفَعُ مِسْطَحًا أَبَدًا بِنَافِعَةٍ فَأَنْزَلَ اللهُ {وَلَا يَأْتَلِ أُولُو الْفَضْلِ مِنْكُمْ وَالسَّعَةِ} يَعْنِي أَبَا بَكْرٍ {أَنْ يُؤْتُوا أُولِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْمَسَاكِينَ} يَعْنِي مِسْطَحًا {أَلَا تُحِبُّونَ أَنْ يَغْفِرَ اللهُ لَكُمْ وَاللهُ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ} فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ بَلَى وَاللهِ يَا رَبِّ إِنَّا لَنُحِبُّ أَنْ يُغْفَرَ لَنَا فَعَادَ لِمَا كَانَ يَنْفَعُهُ بِهِ  

tabarani:14247Abū Shuʿayb al-Ḥarrānī > Abū Jaʿfar al-Nufaylī > Muḥammad b. Salamah > Muḥammad b. Isḥāq > Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar b. al-Zubayr

[Machine] Umair ibn Wahb al-Jumahi sat with Safwan ibn Umayyah after the people of Badr from the Quraysh were afflicted with calamities in the Hijr Isma'il (a place near the Kaaba). He was one of those who harmed the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and his companions and insulted them while they were in Makkah. Umair's son, Wahb ibn Umair, was taken captive by the companions of Badr. Umair mentioned the hardships of the people of Quraysh and Safwan said, "By Allah, there is still life after them." Umair said, "You speak the truth. By Allah, if it weren't for the debts I owe and my children who are vulnerable after me, I would ride to Muhammad to kill him. For in them is my son held captive. So seize this opportunity, Safwan." Safwan said to him, "I will settle your debt and your children will be with my children. They will want for nothing that I am unable to provide." Umair said, "Keep my matter and yours a secret." Safwan agreed. Umair ordered his sword to be sharpened and poisoned, then he set off for Madinah. While Umar ibn al-Khattab was in Madinah, sitting with a group of Muslims, talking about the day of Badr and how Allah had honored them and how they had prevailed over their enemies, he saw Umair ibn Wahb standing at the door of the mosque, his sword wrapped with a cloth. Umar said, "This is that dog, the enemy of Allah, Umair ibn Wahb. He has come for nothing but evil." Umar then went to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and said, "O Messenger of Allah, this is the enemy of Allah, Umair ibn Wahb. He has come with his sword wrapped." The Prophet ﷺ said, "Let him in." Umair approached, his sword wrapped, and the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Send him in, O Umar. Call him  

الطبراني:١٤٢٤٧حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو شُعَيْبٍ الْحَرَّانِيُّ ثَنَا أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ النُّفَيْلِيُّ ثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ قَالَ

جَلَسَ عُمَيْرُ بْنُ وَهْبٍ الْجُمَحِيُّ مَعَ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ أُمَيَّةَ بَعْدَ مُصَابِ أَهْلِ بَدْرٍ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ فِي الْحِجْرِ بِيَسِيرٍ وَكَانَ مِمَّنْ يُؤْذِي رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ وَأَصْحَابَهُ وَيَلْقَوْنَ مِنْهُمْ عَنَتًا إِذْ هُمْ بِمَكَّةَ وَكَانَ ابْنُهُ وَهْبُ بْنُ عُمَيْرٍ فِي أُسَارَى أَصْحَابِ بَدْرٍ قَالَ فَذَكَرُوا أَصْحَابَ الْقَلِيبِ بَمَصَائِبِهِمْ فَقَالَ صَفْوَانُ وَاللهِ إِنْ فِي الْعَيْشِ بَعْدَهُمْ وَقَالَ عُمَيْرُ بْنُ وَهْبٍ صَدَقْتَ وَاللهِ لَوْلَا دَيْنٌ عَلَيَّ لَيْسَ عِنْدِي قَضَاؤُهُ وَعِيَالٌ أَخْشَى عَلَيْهِمُ الضَّيْعَةَ بَعْدِي لَرَكِبْتُ إِلَى مُحَمَّدٍ حَتَّى أَقْتُلَهُ فَإِنَّ لِي فِيهِمْ عِلَّةً ابْنِي عِنْدَهُمْ أَسِيرٌ فِي أَيْدِيهِمْ فَاغْتَنَمَهَا صَفْوَانُ فَقَالَ عَلَيَّ دَيْنُكَ أَنَا أَقْضِيهِ عَنْكَ وَعِيَالُكَ مَعَ عِيَالِي أُسْوَتُهُمْ مَا بَقُوا لَا يَسَعَهُمْ شَيْءٌ نَعْجِزُ عَنْهُمْ قَالَ عُمَيْرٌ اكْتُمْ عَلَيَّ شَأْنِي وَشَأْنَكَ قَالَ أَفْعَلُ قَالَ ثُمَّ أَمَرَ عُمَيْرٌ بِسَيْفِهِ فَشُحِذَ وَسُمَّ ثُمَّ انْطَلَقَ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ فَبَيْنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ بِالْمَدِينَةِ فِي نَفَرٍ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ يَتَذَاكَرُونَ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ وَمَا أَكْرَمَهُمُ اللهُ بِهِ وَمَا أَرَاهُمْ مِنْ عَدُوِّهِمْ إِذْ نَظَرَ إِلَى عُمَيْرِ بْنِ وَهْبٍ قَدْ أَنَاخَ بِبَابِ الْمَسْجِدِ مُتَوَشِّحَ السَّيْفِ فَقَالَ هَذَا الْكَلْبُ عَدُوُّ اللهِ عُمَيْرُ بْنُ وَهْبٍ مَا جَاءَ إلَّا لِشَرٍّ هَذَا الَّذِي حَرَّشَ بَيْنَنَا وَحَزَرَنَا لِلْقَوْمِ يَوْمَ بَدْرٍ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ عُمَرُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ هَذَا عَدُوُّ اللهِ عُمَيْرُ بْنُ وَهْبٍ قَدْ جَاءَ مُتَوَشِّحًا السَّيْفَ قَالَ «فَأَدْخِلْهُ» فَأَقْبَلَ عُمَرُ حَتَّى أَخَذَ بِحِمََالَةِ سَيْفِهِ فِي عُنُقِهِ فَلَبَّبَهُ بِهَا وَقَالَ عُمَرُ لِرِجَالٍ مِمَّنْ كَانَ مَعَهُ مِنَ الْأَنْصَارِ ادْخُلُوا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ فاجْلِسُوا عِنْدَهُ وَاحْذَرُوا هَذَا الْكَلْبَ عَلَيْهِ فَإِنَّهُ غَيْرُ مَأْمُونٍ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ بِهِ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ وَعُمَرُ آخِذٌ بِحِمَالَةِ سَيْفِهِ فَقَالَ «أَرْسِلْهُ يَا عُمَرُ ادْنُ يَا عُمَيْرُ» فَدَنَا فَقَالَ أَنْعِمُوا صَبَاحًا وَكَانَتْ تَحِيَّةَ أَهْلِ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ بَيْنَهُمْ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ «قَدْ أكْرَمَنَا اللهُ بِتَحِيَّةٍ خَيْرٍ مِنْ تَحِيَّتِكَ يَا عُمَيْرُ السَّلَامُ تَحِيَّةُ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ» فَقَالَ أَمَا وَاللهِ يَا مُحَمَّدُ إِنْ كُنْتَ لَحَدِيثَ الْعَهْدِ بِهَا قَالَ فَمَا جَاءَ بِكَ قَالَ جِئْتُ لِهَذَا الْأَسِيرِ الَّذِي فِي أَيْدِيكُمْ فَأَحْسِنُوا إِلَيْهِ قَالَ «فَمَا بَالُ السَّيْفِ فِي عُنُقِكَ؟» قَالَ قَبَّحَهَا اللهُ مِنْ سُيُوفٍ فَهَلْ أَغْنَتْ شَيْئًا قَالَ «اصْدُقْنِي مَا الَّذِي جِئْتَ لَهُ؟» قَالَ مَا جِئْتُ إِلَّا لِهَذَا قَالَ بَلْ قَعَدْتَ أَنْتَ وَصَفْوَانُ بْنُ أُمَيَّةَ فِي الْحِجْرِ فَتَذَاكَرْتُما أَصْحَابَ الْقَلِيبِ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ فَقُلْتَ لَوْلَا دَيْنٌ عَلَيَّ وَعِيَالِي لَخَرَجْتُ حَتَّى أَقْتُلَ مُحَمَّدًا فَتَحَمَّلَ صَفْوَانُ لَكَ بِدَيْنِكَ وَعِيَالِكَ عَلَى أَنْ تَقْتُلَنِي وَاللهُ حَائِلٌ بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَ ذَلِكَ قَالَ عُمَيْرٌ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ رَسُولُ اللهِ قَدْ كُنَّا يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ نُكَذِّبُكَ بِمَا كُنْتَ تَأْتِينَا بِهِ مِنْ خَبَرِ السَّمَاءِ وَمَا يَنْزِلُ عَلَيْكَ مِنَ الْوَحْيِ وَهَذَا أَمْرٌ لَمْ يَحْضُرْهُ إِلَّا أَنَا وَصَفْوَانُ فَوَاللهِ إِنِّي لَأَعْلَمُ مَا أَنْبَأَكَ بِهِ إِلَّا اللهُ فَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي هَدَانِي لِلْإِسْلَامِ وَسَاقَنِي هَذَا الْمَساقَ ثُمَّ شَهِدَ شَهَادَةَ الْحَقِّ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ «فَقِّهُوا أَخَاكُمْ فِي دِينِهِ وَأَقْرِئُوهُ الْقُرْآنَ وَأَطْلِقُوا لَهُ أسِيرَهُ» ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنِّي كُنْتُ جَاهِدًا عَلَى إِطْفَاءِ نُورِ اللهِ شَدِيدَ الْأَذَى عَلَى مَنْ كَانَ عَلَى دِينِ اللهِ وَإِنِّي أُحِبُّ أَنْ تَأْذَنَ لِي فَأَقْدَمَ مَكَّةَ فَأَدْعُوَهُمْ إِلَى اللهِ وَإِلَى الْإِسْلَامِ لَعَلَّ اللهَ يَهْدِيهِمْ وَإِلَّا آذَيْتُهُمْ كَمَا كُنْتُ أُؤْذِي أَصْحَابَكَ فِي دِينِهِمْ فَأَذِنَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَلَحِقَ بِمَكَّةَ وَكَانَ صَفْوَانُ حِينَ خَرَجَ عُمَيْرُ بْنُ وَهْبٍ قَالَ لِقُرَيْشٍ أَبْشِرُوا بِوَاقِعَةٍ تَأْتِيكُمُ الْآنَ تُنْسِيكُمْ وَقْعَةَ بَدْرٍ وَكَانَ صَفْوَانُ يَسْأَلُ عَنْهُ الرُّكْبَانَ حَتَّى قَدِمَ رَاكِبٌ فَأَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ إِسْلَامِهِ فَحَلَفَ أَنْ لَا يُكَلِّمَهُ أَبَدًا وَلَا يَنْفَعَهُ بِنَفْعٍ أَبَدًا فَلَمَّا قَدِمَ عُمَيْرٌ مَكَّةَ أَقَامَ بِهَا يَدْعُو إِلَى الْإِسْلَامِ ويُؤْذِي مَنْ يُخَالِفُهُ أَذًى شَدِيدًا فَأَسْلَمَ عَلَى يَدَيْهِ نَاسٌ كَثِيرٌ  

tabarani:20750Aḥmad b. ʿAmr al-Khallāl al-Makkī > Yaʿqūb b. Ḥumayd > Yūsuf b. al-Mājishūn from his father > Asmāʾ b. Abū Bakr

[Machine] The Prophet ﷺ used to come to us in Makkah twice a day. One day, he came to us at noon, and I said, "O Abu Bakr, this is the Messenger of Allah." Abu Bakr replied, "By my father and mother, he does not come at this time except for a reason." The Prophet ﷺ then asked him, "Did you feel that Allah has given me permission to leave?" Abu Bakr replied, "Yes, O Messenger of Allah." Abu Bakr then said, "I have prepared two riding camels for this day since a while ago. Take one of them." The Prophet ﷺ replied, "Buy it, O Abu Bakr." Abu Bakr said, "By my father and mother, it is for you, if you want." They then prepared a meal for them and tied the camels together. They stayed in the cave in the Thawr mountain. When they reached the cave, Abu Bakr entered it first and did not leave any hole in it without putting his finger in it, fearing that there might be a snake in it. Quraysh people lost track of them and began searching for them. They placed a reward of a hundred camels for capturing the Prophet ﷺ and they started to circle around the mountains of Makkah until they reached the mountain in which they were. Abu Bakr said to a man who could see them from the opening in the cave, "O Messenger of Allah, he has seen us." The Prophet ﷺ replied, "No, it is the angels that are covering us with their wings." The man sat down and pretended to be close to the cave. The Prophet ﷺ said to Abu Bakr, "If he had seen us, he would not have done this." They stayed there for three nights and ‘Amir ibn Fuhayrah, the servant of Abu Bakr, would come with their sheep to graze with the shepherds during the day and join them at night. ‘Abdullah ibn Abu Bakr would stay in Makkah to gather news and then come to them at nightfall to inform them  

الطبراني:٢٠٧٥٠حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو الْخَلَّالُ الْمَكِّيُّ ثنا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ ثنا يُوسُفُ بْنُ الْمَاجِشُونِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَسْمَاءَ بِنْتِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ قَالَتْ

كَانَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ يَأْتِينَا بِمَكَّةَ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ مَرَّتَيْنِ فَلَمَّا كَانَ يَوْمًا مِنْ ذَلِكَ جَاءَنَا فِي الظَّهِيرَةِ فَقُلْتُ يَا أَبَةُ هَذَا رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ بِأَبِي وَأُمِّي مَا جَاءَ بِهِ فِي هَذِهِ السَّاعَةِ إِلَّا أَمَرٌ فَقَالَ لَهُ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ «هَلْ شَعَرْتَ أَنَّ اللهَ قَدْ أَذِنَ لِي فِي الْخُرُوجِ؟» فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَالصَّحَابَةُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ قَالَ «الصَّحَابَةُ» فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ إِنَّ عِنْدِي لَرَاحِلَتَيْنِ قَدْ عَلَفْتُهُمَا مُنْذُ كَذَا وَكَذَا انْتِظَارًا لِهَذَا الْيَوْمِ فَخُذْ إِحْدَاهُمَا فَقَالَ «بِثَمَنِهَا يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ» قَالَ بِثَمَنِهَا بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي إِنْ شِئْتَ قَالَتْ فَهَيَّأْنَا لَهُمْ سَفْرَةً ثُمَّ قَطَعَتْ نِطَاقَهَا فَرَبَطَتْهَا بِبَعْضِهِ فَخَرَجَا فَمَكَثَا فِي الْغَارِ فِي جَبَلِ ثَوْرٍ فَلَمَّا انْتَهَيَا إِلَيْهِ دَخَلَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ الْغَارَ قَبْلَهُ فَلَمْ يَتْرُكْ فِيهِ جُحْرًا إِلَّا أَدْخَلَ فِيهِ أَصْبُعَهُ مَخَافَةَ أَنْ يَكُونَ فِيهِ هَامَةً وَخَرَجَتْ قُرَيْشُ حِينَ فَقَدُوهُمَا فِي بِغَائِهِمَا وَجَعَلُوا فِي النَّبِيِّ ﷺ مِائَةَ نَاقَةٍ وَخَرَجُوا يَطُوفُونَ فِي جِبَالِ مَكَّةَ حَتَّى انْتَهَوْا إِلَى الْجَبَلِ الَّذِي هُمَا فِيهِ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لِرَجُلٍ يَرَاهُ مُوَاجِهَ الْغَارِ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنَّهُ لَيَرَانَا فَقَالَ «كَلَّا إِنَّ مَلَائِكَةً تَسْتُرُنَا بِأَجْنِحَتِهَا» فَجَلَسَ ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلُ فَبَالَ مُوَاجِهَ الْغَارِ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ «لَوْ كَانَ يَرَانَا مَا فَعَلَ هَذَا» فَمَكَثَا ثَلَاثَ لَيَالٍ يَرُوحُ عَلَيْهِمَا عَامِرُ بْنُ فُهَيْرَةَ مَوْلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ غَنَمًا لِأَبِي بَكْرٍ وَيُدْلِجُ مِنْ عِنْدِهِمَا فَيُصْبِحُ مَعَ الرُّعَاةِ فِي مَرَاعِهَا وَيَرُوحُ مَعَهُمْ وَيَتَطَأْطَأُ فِي الْمَشْيِ حَتَّى إِذَا أَظْلَمَ انْصَرَفَ بِغَنَمِهِ إِلَيْهِمَا فَيَظُنُّ الرُّعَاةُ أَنَّهُ مَعَهُمْ وَعَبْدُ اللهِ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ يَظَلُّ بِمَكَّةَ يَبْطُشُ الْأَخْبَارَ ثُمَّ يَأْتِيَهُمَا إِذَا أَظْلَمَ فَيُخْبِرْهُمَا ثُمَّ يُدْلِجُ مِنْ عِنْدِهِمَا فَيُصْبِحُ بِمَكَّةَ كَبَائِتٍ ثُمَّ خَرَجَا مِنَ الْغَارِ فَأَخَذَا عَلَى السَّاحِلِ فَجَعَلَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَسِيرُ أَمَامَهُ فَإِذَا خَشِيَ أَنْ يُؤْتَى مِنْ خَلْفِهِ سَارَ خَلْفَهُ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ كَذَلِكَ مَسِيرُهُ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ رَجُلًا مَعْرُوفًا فِي النَّاسِ فَإِذَا لَقِيَهُ لَاقٍ قَالَ لِأَبِي بَكْرٍ مَنْ هَذَا مَعَكَ؟ فَيَقُولُ هَادٍ يَهْدِينِي يُرِيدُ الْهِدَايَةَ فِي الدِّينِ وَيَحْسَبُهُ الْآخَرُ دَلِيلًا حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَا بِأَبْيَاتِ قُدَيْدٍ وَكَانَ عَلَى طَرِيقِهِمَا عَلَى السَّاحِلِ جَاءَ إِنْسَانٌ إِلَى مَجْلِسِ بَنِي مُدْلِجٍ فَقَالَ قَدْ رَأَيْتُ رَاكِبَيْنِ نَحْوَ السَّاحِلِ فَإِنِّي أَرَى أَحَدَهُمَا لَصَاحِبُ قُرَيْشٍ الَّذِي يَبْغُونَ فَقَالَ سُرَاقَةُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ ذَانِكَ رَاكِبَانِ مِمَّنْ بَعَثْنَا فِي طَلَبِهِ يُواسِ الْقَوْمَ ثُمَّ دَعَا جَارِيَتَهُ فَسَارَّهَا فَأَمَرَهَا أَنْ تَخْرُجَ بِفَرَسِهِ وَتَحُطُّ رُمْحَهُ وَلَا تَنُصُبُهُ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَهُ فِي قَرَارِهِ بِمَوْضُوعِ كَذَا وَكَذَا ثُمَّ يَجِيئُهَا فَرَكَبَ فَرَسَهُ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ فِي آثَارِهِمَا فَقَالَ سُرَاقَةُ فَدَنَوْتُ مِنْهُمَا حَتَّى إِنِّي لَأَسْمَعُ قِرَاءَةَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ رَكَضْتُ الْفَرَسَ فَوَقَعَتْ بِمِنْخَرِهَا فَأَخْرَجْتُ قِداحًا فِي كِنَانَتِي فَضَرَبْتُ بِهَا أَضُرُّهُ أَمْ لَا أَضُرُّهُ فَخَرَجَ لَا تَضُرُّهُ فَأَبَتْ نَفْسِي حَتَّى اتَّبَعْتُهُ فَأَدْرَكْتُهُ بِمِثْلِ ذَلِكَ الْمَوْضِعِ فَوَقَعَتِ الْفَرَسُ فَاسْتَخْرَجْتُ يَدَهُ مَرَّةً أُخْرَى فَضَرَبْتُ بِالْقِدَاحِ أَضُرُّهُ أَمْ لَا أَضُرُّهُ فَخَرَجَ لَا تَضُرُّهُ فَأَبَتْ نَفْسِي حَتَّى إِذَا كُنْتُ بِمِثْلِ ذَلِكَ الْمَوْضِعِ خَشِيتُ أَنْ يُصِيبَنِي مِثْلَ مَا أَصَابَنِي فَنَادَيْتُهُ فَقُلْتُ إِنِّي أَرَى سَيَكُونُ لَكَ شَأْنًا فَقِفْ أُكَلِّمُكَ فَوَقَفَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَسَأَلَهُ أَنْ يَكْتُبْ لَهُ أَمَانًا فَأَمَرَهُ أَنْ يَكْتُبَ لَهُ فَكَتَبَ لَهُ قَالَ سُرَاقَةُ فَلَمَّا كَانَ يَوْمُ حُنَيْنٍ جِئْتُ بِالْكِتَابِ فَأَخْرَجْتُهُ ونَادَيْتُ أَنَا سُرَاقَةُ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ «يَوْمُ وَفَاءٍ» قَالَ سُرَاقَةُ فَمَا شَبَّهْتُ سَاقَهُ فِي غُرَرِهِ إِلَّا الْجُمَّارَ فَذَكَرْتُ لَهُ شَيْئًا أَسْأَلُهُ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ إِنِّي رَجُلٌ ذُو نَعَمٍ وإِنَّ الْحِيَاضَ تَمْلَأُ مِنَ الْمَاءِ فَيَشْرَبُ فَيَفْضُلُ مِنَ الْمَاءِ فِي الْحِيَاضِ فَيَرِدُ الْهَمَلُ فَهَلْ لِي فِي ذَلِكَ مِنْ أَجْرٍ؟ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ «نَعَمْ فِي كُلِّ كَبِدٍ حَرَّى أَجْرٌ»  

nasai-kubra:11597Aḥmad b. Sulaymān > ʿAffān b. Muslim > Ḥammād b. Salamah > Thābit al-Bunānī > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Abū Laylá > Ṣuhayb

There lived a king before you and he had a (court) magician. As he (the magician) grew old, he said to the king: I have grown old, send some young boy to me so that I should teach him magic. He (the king) sent to him a young man so that he should train him (in magic). And on his way (to the magician) he (the young man) found a monk sitting there. He (the young man) listened to his (the monk's) talk and was impressed by it. It became his habit that on his way to the magician he met the monk and set there and he came to the magician (late). He (the magician) beat him because of delay. He made a complaint of that to the monk and he said to him: When you feel afraid of the magician, say: Members of my family had detained me. And when you feel afraid of your family you should say: The magician had detained me. It so happened that there came a huge beast (of prey) and it blocked the way of the people, and he (the young boy) said: I will come to know today whether the magician is superior or the monk is superior. He picked up a stone and said: O Allah, if the affair of the monk is dearer to Thee than the affair of the magician, cause death to this animal so that the people should be able to move about freely. He threw that stone towards it and killed it and the people began to move about (on the path freely). He (the young man) then came to that monk and Informed him and the monk said: Sonny, today you are superior to me. Your affair has come to a stage where I find that you would be soon put to a trial, and in case you are put to a trial don't give my clue. That young man began to treat the blind and those suffering from leprosy and he in fact began to cure people from (all kinds) of illness. When a companion of the king who had gone blind heard about him, he came to him with numerous gifts and said: If you cure me all these things collected together here would be yours. Be said: I myself do not cure anyone. It is Allah Who cures and if you affirm faith in Allah, I shall also supplicate Allah to cure you. He affirmed his faith in Allah and Allah cured him and he came to the king and sat by his side as he used to sit before. The king said to him: Who restored your eyesight? He said: My Lord. Thereupon he said: It means that your Lord is One besides me. He said: My Lord and your Lord is Allah, so he (the king) took hold of him and tormented him till he gave a clue of that boy. The young man was thus summoned and the king said to him: O boy, it has been conveyed to me that you have become so much proficient in your magic that you cure the blind and those suffering from leprosy and you do such and such things. Thereupon he said: I do not cure anyone; it is Allah Who cures, and he (the king) took hold of him and began to torment him. So he gave a clue of the monk. The monk was thus summoned and it was said to him: You should turn back from your religion. He, however, refused to do so. He (ordered) for a saw to be brought (and when it was done) he (the king) placed it in the middle of his head and tore it into parts till a part fell down. Then the courtier of the king was brought and it was said to him: Turn back from your religion. Arid he refused to do so, and the saw was placed in the midst of his head and it was torn till a part fell down. Then that young boy was brought and it was said to him: Turn back from your religion. He refused to do so and he was handed over to a group of his courtiers. And he 'said to them: Take him to such and such mountain; make him climb up that mountain and when you reach its top (ask him to renounce his faith) but if he refuses to do so, then throw him (down the mountain). So they took him and made him climb up the mountain and he said: O Allah, save me from them (in any way) Thou likest and the mountain began to quake and they all fell down and that person came walking to the king. The king said to him: What has happened to your companions? He said: Allah has saved me from them. He again handed him to some of his courtiers and said: Take him and carry him in a small boat and when you reach the middle of the ocean (ask him to renounce) his religion, but if he does not renounce his religion throw him (into the water). So they took him and he said: O Allah, save me from them and what they want to do. It was quite soon that the boat turned over and they were drowned and he came walking to the king, and the king said to him: What has happened to your companions? He said: Allah has saved me from them, and he said to the king: You cannot kill me until you do what I ask you to do. And he said: What is that? He said: You should gather people in a plain and hang me by the trunk (of a tree). Then take hold of an arrow from the quiver and say: In the name of Allah, the Lord of the young boy; then shoot an arrow and if you do that then you would be able to kill me. So he (the king) called the people in an open plain and tied him (the boy) to the trunk of a tree, then he took hold of an arrow from his quiver and then placed the arrow in the bow and then said: In the name of Allah, the Lord of the young boy; he then shot an arrow and it bit his temple. He (the boy) placed his hands upon the temple where the arrow had bit him and he died and the people said: We affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man, we affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man, we affirm our faith in the Lord of this young man. The courtiers came to the king and it was said to him: Do you see that Allah has actually done what you aimed at averting. They (the people) have affirmed their faith in the Lord. He (the king) commanded ditches to be dug at important points in the path. When these ditches were dug, and the fire was lit in them it was said (to the people): He who would not turn back from his (boy's) religion would be thrown in the fire or it would be said to them to jump in that. (The people courted death but did not renounce religion) till a woman came with her child and she felt hesitant in jumping into the fire and the child said to her: 0 mother, endure (this ordeal) for it is the Truth. (Using translation from Muslim 3005)   

الكبرى للنسائي:١١٥٩٧أَخْبَرَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ حَدَّثَنَا عَفَّانُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ حَدَّثَنَا ثَابِتٌ الْبُنَانِيُّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى عَنْ صُهَيْبٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ كَانَ مَلِكٌ مِمَّنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ وَكَانَ لَهُ سَاحِرٌ فَلَمَّا كَبِرَ السَّاحِرُ قَالَ لِلْمَلِكِ إِنِّي قَدْ كَبِرَتْ سِنِّي وَحَضَرَ أَجْلِي فَادْفَعْ إِلَيَّ غُلَامًا فَلَأُعَلِّمُهُ السِّحْرَ فَدَفَعَ إِلَيْهِ غُلَامًا وَكَانَ يُعَلِّمُهُ السِّحْرَ وَكَانَ بَيْنَ السَّاحِرِ وَبَيْنَ الْمَلِكِ رَاهِبٌ فَأَتَى الْغُلَامُ الرَّاهِبَ فَسَمِعَ كَلَامَهُ فَأَعْجَبَهُ نَحْوُهُ وَكَلَامُهُ فَكَانَ إِذَا أَتَى عَلَى السَّاحِرِ ضَرَبَهُ وَقَالَ مَا حَبَسَكَ؟ فَإِذَا أَتَى أَهْلَهُ جَلَسَ عِنْدَ الرَّاهِبِ فَإِذَا أَتَى أَهْلَهَ ضَرَبُوهُ وَقَالُوا مَا حَبَسَكَ؟ فَشَكَى ذَلِكَ إِلَى الرَّاهِبِ فَقَالَ إِذَا أَرَادَ السَّاحِرُ أَنْ يَضْرِبَكَ فَقُلْ حَبَسَنِي أَهْلِي وَإِذَا أَرَادَ أَهْلُكَ أَنْ يَضْرِبُوكَ فَقُلْ حَبَسَنِي السَّاحِرُ [330] فَبَيْنَمَا هُوَ كَذَلِكَ إِذْ أَتَى يَوْمًا عَلَى دَابَّةٍ فَظِيعَةٍ عَظِيمَةٍ قَدْ حَبَسَتِ النَّاسَ فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ أَنْ يَجُوزُوا وَقَالَ الْيَوْمَ أَعْلَمُ أَمْرُ الرَّاهِبِ أَحَبُّ إِلَى اللهِ أَمْ أَمْرُ السَّاحِرِ وَأَخَذَ حَجَرًا وَقَالَ اللهُمَّ إِنْ كَانَ أَمْرُ الرَّاهِبِ أَحَبَّ إِلَيْكَ وَأَرْضَى لَكَ مِنْ أَمْرِ السَّاحِرِ فَاقْتُلْ هَذِهِ الدَّابَّةَ حَتَّى يَجُوزَ النَّاسُ فَرَمَاهَا فَقَتَلَهَا وَمَضَى النَّاسُ فَأَخْبَرَ الرَّاهِبَ بِذَلِكَ فَقَالَ أَيْ بُنَيَّ أَنْتَ أَفْضَلُ مِنِّي وَإِنَّكَ سَتُبْتَلَى فَإِنِ ابْتُلِيتَ فَلَا تَدُلَّ عَلَيَّ وَكَانَ الْغُلَامُ يُبْرِئُ الْأَكْمَهَ وَالْأَبْرَصَ وَسَائِرَ الْأَدْوَاءِ وَيَشْفِيهِمْ وَكَانَ جَلِيسٌ لِلْمَلِكِ فَعَمِيَ فَسَمِعَ بِهِ فَأَتَاهُ بِهَدَايَا كَثِيرَةٍ فَقَالَ اشْفِنِي وَلَكَ مَا هَاهُنَا أَجْمَعُ فَقَالَ مَا أَشْفِي أَنَا أَحَدًا إِنَّمَا يَشْفِي اللهُ ﷻ فَإِنْ آمَنْتَ بِاللهِ دَعَوْتُ اللهَ فَشَفَاكَ فَآمَنَ فَدَعَا اللهَ ﷻ لَهُ فَشَفَاهُ ثُمَّ أَتَى الْمَلِكَ فَجَلَسَ مِنْهُ نَحْوَ مَا كَانَ يَجْلِسُ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْمَلِكُ يَا فُلَانُ مَنْ رَدَّ عَلَيْكَ بَصَرَكَ؟ قَالَ رَبِّي قَالَ أَنَا؟ قَالَ لَا وَلَكِنَّ رَبِّي وَرَبَّكَ اللهُ قَالَ وَلَكَ رَبٌّ غَيْرِي؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ يُعَذِّبُهُ حَتَّى دَلَّ عَلَى الْغُلَامِ فَبَعَثَ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ أَيْ بُنَيَّ قَدْ بَلَغَ مِنْ سِحْرِكَ أَنَّكَ تُبْرِئُ الْأَكَمَهَ وَالْأَبْرَصَ وَهَذِهِ الْأَدْوَاءَ فَقَالَ مَا أَشْفِي أَنَا أَحَدًا مَا يَشْفِي غَيْرُ اللهِ قَالَ أَنَا؟ قَالَ لَا قَالَ وَإِنَّ لَكَ رَبًّا غَيْرِي؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكَ اللهُ قَالَ فَأَخَذَهُ أَيْضًا بِالْعَذَابِ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ بِهِ حَتَّى دَلَّ عَلَى الرَّاهِبِ فَأُتِيَ الرَّاهِبُ فَقِيلَ ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكَ فَأَبَى فَوُضِعَ الْمِنْشَارُ عَلَى مَفْرِقِ رَأْسِهِ حَتَّى وَقَعَ شِقَّاهُ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ فَقَالَ لِلْأَعْمَى ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكَ فَأَبَى فَوُضِعَ الْمِنْشَارُ عَلَى مَفْرِقِ رَأْسِهِ حَتَّى وَقَعَ شِقَّاهُ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ [331] فَقَالَ لِلْغُلَامِ ارْجِعْ عَنْ دِينِكَ فَأَبَى فَبَعَثَ مَعَهُ نَفَرًا إِلَى جَبَلِ كَذَا وَكَذَا وَقَالَ إِذَا بَلَغْتُمْ ذُرْوَتَهُ فَإِنْ رَجَعَ عَنْ دِينِهِ وَإِلَّا فَدَهْدِهُوهُ مِنْ فَوْقِهِ فَذَهَبُوا بِهِ فَلَمَّا عَلَوْا بِهِ الْجَبَلَ قَالَ اللهُمَّ اكْفِنِيهِمْ بِمَا شِئْتَ فَرَجَفَ الْجَبَلُ فَتَدَهْدَهُوا أَجْمَعُونَ وَجَاءَ الْغُلَامُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَى الْمَلِكِ فَقَالَ مَا فَعَلَ أَصْحَابُكَ؟ قَالَ كَفَانِيهِمُ اللهُ ﷻ فَبَعَثَ مَعَهُ نَفَرًا فِي قُرْقُورَةٍ وَقَالَ إِذَا لَجَجْتُمْ مَعَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَإِنْ رَجَعَ عَنْ دِينِهِ وَإِلَّا فَغَرِّقُوهُ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بَعْضُ حُرُوفِ غَرِّقُوهُ سَقَطَ مِنْ كِتَابِهِ فَلَجَّجُوا بِهِ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَقَالَ الْغُلَامُ اللهُمَّ اكْفِنِيهِمْ بِمَا شِئْتَ فَغَرِقُوا أَجْمَعُونَ وَجَاءَ الْغُلَامُ حَتَّى دَخَلَ عَلَى الْمَلِكِ فَقَالَ مَا فَعَلَ أَصْحَابُكَ؟ قَالَ كَفَانِيهِمُ اللهُ جَلَّ وَعَزَّ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِلْمَلِكِ إِنَّكَ لَسْتَ بِقَاتِلِي حَتَّى تَفْعَلَ مَا آمُرُكَ فَإِنْ أَنْتَ فَعَلْتَ مَا آمُرُكَ بِهِ قَتَلْتَنِي قَالَ وَمَا هُوَ؟ قَالَ تَجْمَعُ النَّاسَ فِي صَعِيدٍ ثُمَّ تَصْلُبُنِي عَلَى جِذْعٍ فَتَأْخُذُ سَهْمًا مِنْ كِنَانَتِي ثُمَّ تَقُولُ بِاسْمِ رَبِّ الْغُلَامِ فَإِنَّكَ إِنْ فَعَلْتَ ذَلِكَ قَتَلْتَنِي فَفَعَلَ فَوَضَعَ السَّهْمَ فِي كَبِدِ قَوْسِهِ ثُمَّ رَمَى وَقَالَ بِاسْمِ رَبِّ الْغُلَامِ فَوَقَعَ السَّهْمُ فِي صُدْغِهِ فَوَضَعَ الْغُلَامُ يَدَهُ عَلَى مَوْضِعِ السَّهْمِ وَمَاتَ رَحِمَهُ اللهُ فَقَالَ النَّاسُ آمَنَّا بِرَبِّ الْغُلَامِ فَقِيلَ لِلْمَلِكِ أَرَأَيْتَ مَا كُنْتَ تَحْذَرُ فَقَدْ وَاللهِ نَزَلَ بِكَ قَدْ آمَنَ النَّاسُ كُلُّهُمْ فَأَمَرَ بِأَفْوَاهِ السِّكَكِ فَخُدَّتْ فِيهَا الْأَخَادِيدُ وَأُضْرِمَتْ فِيهَا النِّيرَانُ وَقَالَ مَنْ يَرْجِعُ عَنْ دِينِهِ فَدَعُوهُ وَإِلَّا فَأَقْحِمُوهُ فِيهَا وَكَانُوا يَتَنَازَعُونَ وَيَتَدَافَعُونَ فَجَاءَتِ امْرَأَةٌ بِابْنٍ لَهَا تُرْضِعُهُ فَكَأَنَّهَا تَقَاعَسَتْ أَنْ تَقَعَ فِي النِّيرَانِ فَقَالَ الصَّبِيُّ اصْبِرِي فَإِنَّكَ عَلَى الْحَقِّ  

suyuti:16612a
Request/Fix translation

  

السيوطي:١٦٦١٢a

"كَانَ مَلِكٌ فِيمَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكمْ، وكَان لَهُ سَاحِرٌ فلَمَّا كبر قال لِلْمَلِكِ: إِنِّي قدْ كَبَرْتُ فابْعَثْ إِلَيَّ غُلامًا أُعَلِّمُهُ السِّحْرَ، فَبَعَثَ إِلَيهِ غُلامًا يُعَلِّمُه فَكَانَ فِي طريقِهِ إذَا سَلَكَ رَاهِبٌ فَقعَدَ إِلَيهِ وسَمِعَ كَلامَه فأعْجَبَه، فَكَانَ إِذَا أَتى السَّاحِرَ مَرَّ بالرَّاهِبِ وَقَعَدَ إِلَيهِ فإِذَا أتى السَّاحِرَ ضرَبَهَ، فَشَكَى ذلِكَ إِلَى الرَّاهِبِ، فَقَال: إِذا خَشِيتَ الْسَّاحِرَ فَقُلْ: حَبَسْنِى أهْلِى، وإذَا خَشِيتَ أهْلَكَ فقلْ: حَبَسَنِى السَّاحِرُ، فَبَينَا هُوَ كَذَلكَ إِذْ يأَتَى عَلَى دَابَّةٍ عَظِيمَةٍ قَدْ حَبَسَتْ النَّاسَ فقال: الْيَوْمَ أعْلَمُ الْسَّاحِرُ أفْضلُ أمْ الرَّاهِبُ أَفْضلُ فأخذ حجرًا فَقال: اللَّهُمَّ إِنْ كانَ أمْرُ الرَّاهِب أحَبُّ إِليكَ مِنْ أمْر السَّاحِر فاقْتُل هَذِهِ الدَّابَّة حَتَّى يَمْضِيَ النَّاسُ، فَرَمَاهَا فَقَتَلَهَا ومَضَى النَّاسُ، فأَتَى الرَّاهبَ فَأخْبَرَهُ، فَقال لَه الرَّاهِبُ: أي بُنَى أَنْتَ الْيَوْمَ أفْضلُ مِنِّي، قدْ بَلغ مِنْ أمْركَ مَا أرَى وإِنَّكَ سَتُبْتَلِى، فإِن ابْتُليِتَ فَلَا تَدُلَّ عَلَيَّ، وكَانَ الغُلامُ يُبْرئُ الأَكْمَة والأَبْرَصَ، ويُدَاوَى النَّاسَ سَائِرَ الأدْواءِ، فَسَمِعَ جَلِيسٌ للْمَلِكِ كَان

قَدْ عَمِى فأَتَاهُ بهَدايا كَثِيرة فَقال: مَا هَهنا لَكَ أجْمَعُ، إِنْ أنْتَ شَفَيتَنِى، قال: إِنِّي لا أشْفى أحدًا، إِنّما يَشْفِى الله - ﷻ - فإِنْ آمَنْتَ باللهِ دعَوْتُ الله فشَفاكَ، فآمَن باللهِ فشفاهُ الله - ﷻ - فأتى الْمَلِكَ فجَلسَ إِليهِ كَما كَان يَجْلِسُ، فقال لَهُ الْمَلِك: مَنْ رَدَّ عَلَيكَ بَصَرَكَ؟ ، قال: رَبِّى، قال: وَلَك رَبُّ غَيرى؟ ، قال: ربى وَرَبُّكَ، فأَخذُهُ فلمْ يَزلْ يُعَذِّبَهُ حَتَّى دَلَّ عَلى الْغلامِ، فجئِ بالْغُلامِ فقال لَهُ الْمَلِكَ. أي بُنيَّ قدْ بَلَغَ مِنْ سِحْركَ ما تُبْرئُ الأكْمَة والأبْرَصَ وتَفْعَلُ وتفْعلُ، فقال: إِنِّي لا أشْفى أحدًا، إِنَّمَا يَشْفِى الله - ﷻ - فأخذَهُ فلمْ (يزل) يُعَذِّبَه حَتَّى دَلَّ عَلَى الرَّاهِبِ، فجيئ بالراهبِ فقيلَ لَهُ: ارْجع عنْ دِينكَ، فأَبى، فدُعِى بالْمِنْشَارِ فوُضِعَ الْمِنْشَارُ في مفْرق رأْسِه فشقَّهُ حَتَّى وَقَعَ شقَّاه، ثمَّ جئِ بجَلِيسِ الْمَلكِ، فقيلَ لَهُ: ارْجع عنْ دِينِكَ فأَبَى فوُضِعَ الْمِنْشَارُ فِي مَفْرق رأْسِهِ فشَّقهُ حَتَّى وقعَ شِقَّاه، ثمَّ جئَ بالْغلامِ فقِيلَ لَهُ: ارْجعْ عَن دينِك فأبَى فدَفَعَه إِلَى نَفرٍ مِنْ أصْحَابه، فقال: اذهَبُوا به إِلَى جَبَلِ كَذا وكذَا فاصعَدُوا به الْجَبَلَ فِإذَا بَلغْتم بِه ذرْوَته فإنْ رَجَعَ عَن دينِه وإلَّا فاطْرَحُوه، فذَهبُوا به فصَعَدُوا به الْجَبَلَ فقال: اللَّهمَّ اكْفِنِيهم بِمَا شِئْتَ فرَجَف بهم الْجَبَلُ فسَقطوا وجاءَ يَمْشِي إِلَى الْمَلِكِ، فقال لَهُ الْمَلِك، مَا فَعَلَ أصْحَابُكَ؟ ، قال: كفانيهم اللهُ ﷻ - فدَفَعهُ إِلى نفر مِنْ أصْحَابِه فقال: اذْهَبُوا به فاحْملوه في قرقورِ فتوَسَّطوا به الْبَحْر فإنْ رَجَعَ عَن دِينيه، وإلَّا فاقْذِفُوه، فذَهَبُوا به فقال: اللَّهُمَّ اكْفِنِيهم بمَا شِئْت، فانْكفأَتْ بهم السَّفينة فغرقوا وجَاء يَمْشِي إِلى الْمَلِكِ فَقال لَه الْمَلِك: مَا فَعلَ أصْحَابُكَ؟ ، فقال: كفانِيهم الله، فقال لِلِمَلِك: إِنَّكَ لسْت بقَاتِلِى حَتَّى تفْعَلَ ما آمرك به، قال: ومَا هو؟ ، قال: تَجْمَع النَّاسَ فِي صَعِيد واحد، وتَصْلِبُنِى عَلَى جذعٍ ثمِّ خذْ سَهما مِن كنَانتى، ثمَّ وضع السَّهْم فِي كبدِ الْقوْسِ، ثمَّ قلْ: بسْمِ اللهِ ربِّ الْغلامِ، ثمَّ أرْمِنِى، فإِنَّكَ إذا فعَلت ذَلِكَ قتَلْتَنِى، فَجَمَعَ النَّاسَ فِي صَعيدٍ واحدٍ، وصَلَبَهُ عَلَى جذْعٍ، ثمَّ أخذَ سَهْمًا مِنْ كِنَانَتِه، ثمَّ وضعَ السَّهْم فِي كبدِ الْقُوسِ، ثمَّ قال: بسْمِ اللهِ ربِّ الْغلامِ ثمَّ رَمَاه، فوضع السَّهْم فِي صَدْغه، فَوَضَعَ يدَه فِي صُدْغِه مَوْضِعَ السَّهْمِ فَمَات، فقال النَّاسُ، آمَنا

برَب" الْغلامِ، آمنَّا برَبِّ الْغلامِ، فأُتِى الْمَلك، فقِيلَ لَهُ: أرَأيت ما كُنْتَ تَحْذَرُ؟ قدْ واللهِ نزلَ بك حَذَرُكُ، قدْ آمَن الناسُ، فأَمَرَ بالأُخدُودِ بأفواهِ السِّكك فحْدَّثْ وأضْرَمَ النِّيرَان وقال: مَن لَمْ يَرجع عَن دِينه فاحْمُوه فِيها ففعَلوا حَتَّى جَاءَتْ امرأةٌ وَمَعَها صبيٌّ لَها فتَقَاعَسَتْ أنْ تَقَعَ فِيها فقال لها الْغلَامُ يا أُمَّه اصبرى فإنَّك عَلَى الْحقَّ".  

[حم] أحمد [م] مسلم [حب] ابن حبّان [هب] البيهقى في شعب الإيمان عن صهيب