23. Janāʾiz (Funerals) (1/3)

٢٣۔ كتاب الجنائز ص ١

23.1 What is said about funerals, and those whose last words were: La ilãha ilallãh (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah)

٢٣۔١ باب فِي الْجَنَائِزِ وَمَنْ كَانَ آخِرُ كَلاَمِهِ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ

[Machine] It was said to Wahb bin Munabbih, "Isn't there no god but Allah the key to Paradise?" He said, "Indeed there is, but a key must have teeth. If you come with a key that has teeth, it will be opened for you. Otherwise, it will not be opened for you."

وَقِيلَ لِوَهْبِ بْنِ مُنَبِّهٍ أَلَيْسَ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ مِفْتَاحُ الْجَنَّةِ قَالَ بَلَى، وَلَكِنْ لَيْسَ مِفْتَاحٌ إِلاَّ لَهُ أَسْنَانٌ، فَإِنْ جِئْتَ بِمِفْتَاحٍ لَهُ أَسْنَانٌ فُتِحَ لَكَ، وَإِلاَّ لَمْ يُفْتَحْ لَكَ.

bukhari:1237Mūsá b. Ismāʿīl > Mahdī b. Maymūn > Wāṣil al-Aḥdab > al-Maʿrūr b. Sūwayd > Abū Dhar

Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Someone came to me from my Lord and gave me the news (or good tidings) that if any of my followers dies worshipping none (in any way) along with Allah, he will enter Paradise." I asked, "Even if he committed illegal sexual intercourse (adultery) and theft?" He replied, "Even if he committed illegal sexual intercourse (adultery) and theft."  

البخاري:١٢٣٧حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ حَدَّثَنَا مَهْدِيُّ بْنُ مَيْمُونٍ حَدَّثَنَا وَاصِلٌ الأَحْدَبُ عَنِ الْمَعْرُورِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ ؓ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَتَانِي آتٍ مِنْ رَبِّي فَأَخْبَرَنِي أَوْ قَالَ بَشَّرَنِي أَنَّهُ مَنْ مَاتَ مِنْ أُمَّتِي لاَ يُشْرِكُ بِاللَّهِ شَيْئًا دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ قُلْتُ وَإِنْ زَنَى وَإِنْ سَرَقَ قَالَ وَإِنْ زَنَى وَإِنْ سَرَقَ  

bukhari:1238ʿUmar b. Ḥafṣ from my father > al-Aʿmash > Shaqīq > ʿAbdullāh

Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Anyone who dies worshipping others along with Allah will definitely enter the Fire." I said, "Anyone who dies worshipping none along with Allah will definitely enter Paradise."  

البخاري:١٢٣٨حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ حَفْصٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي حَدَّثَنَا الأَعْمَشُ حَدَّثَنَا شَقِيقٌ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ؓ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مَنْ مَاتَ يُشْرِكُ بِاللَّهِ شَيْئًا دَخَلَ النَّارَ وَقُلْتُ أَنَا مَنْ مَاتَ لاَ يُشْرِكُ بِاللَّهِ شَيْئًا دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ  

bukhari:1239Abū al-Walīd > Shuʿbah > al-Ashʿath > Muʿāwiyah b. Sūwayd b. Muqarrin > al-Barāʾ

Messenger of Allah ﷺ ordered us to do seven things and forbade us to do other seven. He ordered us: to follow the funeral procession. to visit the sick, to accept invitations, to help the oppressed, to fulfill the oaths, to return the greeting and to reply to the sneezer: (saying, "May Allah be merciful on you," provided the sneezer says, "All the praises are for Allah,"). He forbade us to use silver utensils and dishes and to wear golden rings, silk (clothes), Dibaj (pure silk cloth), Qissi and Istabraq (two kinds of silk cloths).  

البخاري:١٢٣٩حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْوَلِيدِ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ عَنِ الأَشْعَثِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنَ سُوَيْدِ بْنِ مُقَرِّنٍ عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ ؓ قَالَ

أَمَرَنَا النَّبِيُّ ﷺ بِسَبْعٍ وَنَهَانَا عَنْ سَبْعٍ أَمَرَنَا بِاتِّبَاعِ الْجَنَائِزِ وَعِيَادَةِ الْمَرِيضِ وَإِجَابَةِ الدَّاعِي وَنَصْرِ الْمَظْلُومِ وَإِبْرَارِ الْقَسَمِ وَرَدِّ السَّلاَمِ وَتَشْمِيتِ الْعَاطِسِ وَنَهَانَا عَنْ آنِيَةِ الْفِضَّةِ وَخَاتَمِ الذَّهَبِ وَالْحَرِيرِ وَالدِّيبَاجِ وَالْقَسِّيِّ وَالإِسْتَبْرَقِ  

bukhari:1240Muḥammad > ʿAmr b. Abū Salamah > al-Awzāʿī > Ibn Shihāb > Saʿīd b. al-Musayyab > Abū Hurayrah

I heard Messenger of Allah ﷺ saying, "The rights of a Muslim on the Muslims are five: to respond to the salaam, visiting the sick, to follow the funeral processions, to accept an invitation, and to reply to those who sneeze. (see Hadith 1239)  

البخاري:١٢٤٠حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ عَنِ الأَوْزَاعِيِّ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي ابْنُ شِهَابٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي سَعِيدُ بْنُ الْمُسَيَّبِ أَنَّ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ ؓ قَالَ

سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَقُولُ حَقُّ الْمُسْلِمِ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمِ خَمْسٌ رَدُّ السَّلاَمِ وَعِيَادَةُ الْمَرِيضِ وَاتِّبَاعُ الْجَنَائِزِ وَإِجَابَةُ الدَّعْوَةِ وَتَشْمِيتُ الْعَاطِسِ  

تَابَعَهُ عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ وَرَوَاهُ سَلاَمَةُ عَنْ عُقَيْلٍ
bukhari:1241Bishr b. Muḥammad > ʿAbdullāh > Maʿmar And Yūnus > al-Zuhrī > Abū Salamah > ʿĀʾishah Zawj al-Nabī ﷺ > Aqbal

Abu Bakr came riding his horse from his dwelling place in As-Sunh. He got down from it, entered the Mosque and did not speak with anybody till he came to me and went direct to the Prophet, who was covered with a marked blanket. Abu Bakr uncovered his face. He knelt down and kissed him and then started weeping and said, "My father and my mother be sacrificed for you, O Allah's Prophet! Allah will not combine two deaths on you. You have died the death which was written for you." Narrated Abu Salama from Ibn ʿAbbas : Abu Bakr came out and ʿUmar , was addressing the people, and Abu Bakr told him to sit down but ʿUmar refused. Abu Bakr again told him to sit down but ʿUmar again refused. Then Abu Bakr recited the Tashah-hud (i.e. none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Messenger of Allah ﷺ) and the people attended to Abu Bakr and left ʿUmar. Abu Bakr said, "Amma ba'du, whoever amongst you worshipped Muhammad, then Muhammad is dead, but whoever worshipped Allah, Allah is alive and will never die. Allah said: 'Muhammad is no more than an Apostle and indeed (many) Apostles have passed away before him ..(up to the) grateful.' " (3.144) (The narrator added, "By Allah, it was as if the people never knew that Allah had revealed this verse before till Abu Bakr recited it and then whoever heard it, started reciting it.")  

البخاري:١٢٤١حَدَّثَنَا بِشْرُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي مَعْمَرٌ وَيُونُسُ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو سَلَمَةَ

أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ ؓ زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ أَخْبَرَتْهُ قَالَتْ أَقْبَلَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ عَلَى فَرَسِهِ مِنْ مَسْكَنِهِ بِالسُّنْحِ حَتَّى نَزَلَ فَدَخَلَ الْمَسْجِدَ فَلَمْ يُكَلِّمِ النَّاسَ حَتَّى نَزَلَ فَدَخَلَ عَلَى عَائِشَةَ ؓ فَتَيَمَّمَ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ وَهُوَ مُسَجًّى بِبُرْدِ حِبَرَةٍ فَكَشَفَ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ ثُمَّ أَكَبَّ عَلَيْهِ فَقَبَّلَهُ ثُمَّ بَكَى فَقَالَ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ لاَ يَجْمَعُ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ مَوْتَتَيْنِ أَمَّا الْمَوْتَةُ الَّتِي كُتِبَتْ عَلَيْكَ فَقَدْ مُتَّهَا قَالَ أَبُو سَلَمَةَ فَأَخْبَرَنِي ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ أَنَّ أَبَا بَكْرٍ ؓ خَرَجَ وَعُمَرُ ؓ يُكَلِّمُ النَّاسَ فَقَالَ اجْلِسْ فَأَبَى فَقَالَ اجْلِسْ فَأَبَى فَتَشَهَّدَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ فَمَالَ إِلَيْهِ النَّاسُ وَتَرَكُوا عُمَرَ فَقَالَ أَمَّا بَعْدُ فَمَنْ كَانَ مِنْكُمْ يَعْبُدُ مُحَمَّدًا ﷺ فَإِنَّ مُحَمَّدًا ﷺ قَدْ مَاتَ وَمَنْ كَانَ يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ حَىٌّ لاَ يَمُوتُ قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى {وَمَا مُحَمَّدٌ إِلاَّ رَسُولٌ} إِلَى {الشَّاكِرِينَ} وَاللَّهِ لَكَأَنَّ النَّاسَ لَمْ يَكُونُوا يَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ أَنْزَلَ الآيَةَ حَتَّى تَلاَهَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ ؓ فَتَلَقَّاهَا مِنْهُ النَّاسُ فَمَا يُسْمَعُ بَشَرٌ إِلاَّ يَتْلُوهَا  

bukhari:1243Yaḥyá b. Bukayr > al-Layth > ʿUqayl > Ibn Shihāb > Khārijah b. Zayd b. Thābit

Um Al-ʿAla', an Ansari woman who gave the pledge of allegiance to the Prophet ﷺ said to me, "The emigrants were distributed amongst us by drawing lots and we got in our share ʿUthman bin Maz'un. We made him stay with us in our house. Then he suffered from a disease which proved fatal when he died and was given a bath and was shrouded in his clothes, Messenger of Allah ﷺ came I said, 'May Allah be merciful to you, O Abu As-Sa'ib! I testify that Allah has honored you'. The Prophet ﷺ said, 'How do you know that Allah has honored him?' I replied, 'O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Let my father be sacrificed for you! On whom else shall Allah bestow His honor?' The Prophet ﷺ said, 'No doubt, death came to him. By Allah, I too wish him good, but by Allah, I do not know what Allah will do with me though I am Messenger of Allah ﷺ. ' By Allah, I never attested the piety of anyone after that." Al-Laith also narrated as above.  

البخاري:١٢٤٣حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ بُكَيْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ عَنْ عُقَيْلٍ عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي خَارِجَةُ بْنُ زَيْدِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ

أَنَّ أُمَّ الْعَلاَءِ امْرَأَةً مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ بَايَعَتِ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ أَخْبَرَتْهُ أَنَّهُ اقْتُسِمَ الْمُهَاجِرُونَ قُرْعَةً فَطَارَ لَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ مَظْعُونٍ فَأَنْزَلْنَاهُ فِي أَبْيَاتِنَا فَوَجِعَ وَجَعَهُ الَّذِي تُوُفِّيَ فِيهِ فَلَمَّا تُوُفِّيَ وَغُسِّلَ وَكُفِّنَ فِي أَثْوَابِهِ دَخَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقُلْتُ رَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكَ أَبَا السَّائِبِ فَشَهَادَتِي عَلَيْكَ لَقَدْ أَكْرَمَكَ اللَّهُ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ وَمَا يُدْرِيكِ أَنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ أَكْرَمَهُ فَقُلْتُ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَمَنْ يُكْرِمُهُ اللَّهُ فَقَالَ أَمَّا هُوَ فَقَدْ جَاءَهُ الْيَقِينُ وَاللَّهِ إِنِّي لأَرْجُو لَهُ الْخَيْرَ وَاللَّهِ مَا أَدْرِي وَأَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ مَا يُفْعَلُ بِي قَالَتْ فَوَاللَّهِ لاَ أُزَكِّي أَحَدًا بَعْدَهُ أَبَدًا حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ عُفَيْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ مِثْلَهُ وَقَالَ نَافِعُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنْ عُقَيْلٍ مَا يُفْعَلُ بِهِ وَتَابَعَهُ شُعَيْبٌ وَعَمْرُو بْنُ دِينَارٍ وَمَعْمَرٌ  

bukhari:1244Muḥammad b. Bashhār > Ghundar > Shuʿbah > Muḥammad b. al-Munkadir > Jābir b. ʿAbdullāh > Lammā Qutil Abū Jaʿalt Akshif al-Thawb

When my father was martyred, I lifted the sheet from his face and wept and the people forbade me to do so but the Prophet ﷺ did not forbid me. Then my aunt Fatima began weeping and the Prophet ﷺ said, "It is all the same whether you weep or not. The angels were shading him continuously with their wings till you shifted him (from the field). "  

البخاري:١٢٤٤حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ حَدَّثَنَا غُنْدَرٌ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ الْمُنْكَدِرِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ؓ قَالَ

لَمَّا قُتِلَ أَبِي جَعَلْتُ أَكْشِفُ الثَّوْبَ عَنْ وَجْهِهِ أَبْكِي وَيَنْهَوْنِي عَنْهُ وَالنَّبِيُّ ﷺ لاَ يَنْهَانِي فَجَعَلَتْ عَمَّتِي فَاطِمَةُ تَبْكِي فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ تَبْكِينَ أَوْ لاَ تَبْكِينَ مَا زَالَتِ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ تُظِلُّهُ بِأَجْنِحَتِهَا حَتَّى رَفَعْتُمُوهُ  

تَابَعَهُ ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ أَخْبَرَنِي ابْنُ الْمُنْكَدِرِ سَمِعَ جَابِرًا ؓ
bukhari:1245Ismāʿīl > Mālik > Ibn Shihāb > Saʿīd b. al-Musayyab > Abū Hurayrah

Messenger of Allah ﷺ informed (the people) about the death of An-Najashi on the very day he died. He went towards the Musalla (praying place) and the people stood behind him in rows. He said four Takbirs (i.e. offered the Funeral prayer).  

البخاري:١٢٤٥حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ؓ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ نَعَى النَّجَاشِيَّ فِي الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي مَاتَ فِيهِ خَرَجَ إِلَى الْمُصَلَّى فَصَفَّ بِهِمْ وَكَبَّرَ أَرْبَعًا  

bukhari:1246Abū Maʿmar > ʿAbd al-Wārith > Ayyūb > Ḥumayd b. Hilāl > Anas b. Mālik

The Prophet ﷺ said, "Zaid took over the flag and was martyred. Then it was taken by Jafar who was martyred as well. Then ʿAbdullah bin Rawaha took the flag but he too was martyred and at that time the eyes of Messenger of Allah ﷺ were full of tears. Then Khalid bin Al-Walid took the flag without being nominated as a chief (before hand) and was blessed with victory."  

البخاري:١٢٤٦حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مَعْمَرٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَارِثِ حَدَّثَنَا أَيُّوبُ عَنْ حُمَيْدِ بْنِ هِلاَلٍ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ ؓ قَالَ

قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ أَخَذَ الرَّايَةَ زَيْدٌ فَأُصِيبَ ثُمَّ أَخَذَهَا جَعْفَرٌ فَأُصِيبَ ثُمَّ أَخَذَهَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ رَوَاحَةَ فَأُصِيبَ وَإِنَّ عَيْنَىْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ لَتَذْرِفَانِ ثُمَّ أَخَذَهَا خَالِدُ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِ مِنْ غَيْرِ إِمْرَةٍ فَفُتِحَ لَهُ  

bukhari:1247Muḥammad > Abū Muʿāwiyah > Abū Isḥāq al-Shaybānī > al-Shaʿbī > Ibn ʿAbbās

A person died and Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to visit him. He died at night and (the people) buried him at night. In the morning they informed the Prophet (about his death). He said, "What prevented you from informing me?" They replied, "It was night and it was a dark night and so we disliked to trouble you." The Prophet ﷺ went to his grave and offered the (funeral) prayer.  

البخاري:١٢٤٧حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدٌ أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ الشَّيْبَانِيِّ عَنِ الشَّعْبِيِّ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ قَالَ

مَاتَ إِنْسَانٌ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَعُودُهُ فَمَاتَ بِاللَّيْلِ فَدَفَنُوهُ لَيْلاً فَلَمَّا أَصْبَحَ أَخْبَرُوهُ فَقَالَ مَا مَنَعَكُمْ أَنْ تُعْلِمُونِي قَالُوا كَانَ اللَّيْلُ فَكَرِهْنَا وَكَانَتْ ظُلْمَةٌ أَنْ نَشُقَّ عَلَيْكَ فَأَتَى قَبْرَهُ فَصَلَّى عَلَيْهِ  

bukhari:1248Abū Maʿmar > ʿAbd al-Wārith > ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz > Anas

The Prophet ﷺ said, "A Muslim whose three children die before the age of puberty will be granted Paradise by Allah due to his mercy for them."  

البخاري:١٢٤٨حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مَعْمَرٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَارِثِ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ عَنْ أَنَسٍ ؓ قَالَ

قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ مَا مِنَ النَّاسِ مِنْ مُسْلِمٍ يُتَوَفَّى لَهُ ثَلاَثٌ لَمْ يَبْلُغُوا الْحِنْثَ إِلاَّ أَدْخَلَهُ اللَّهُ الْجَنَّةَ بِفَضْلِ رَحْمَتِهِ إِيَّاهُمْ  

bukhari:1249Muslim > Shuʿbah > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. al-Aṣbahānī > Dhakwān > Abū Saʿīd > al-Nisāʾ Quln Lilnnabī ﷺ Ājʿal Lanā Yawm Fawaʿaẓahun > Ayyumā

The women requested the Prophet, "Please fix a day for us." So the Prophet ﷺ preached to them and said, "A woman whose three children died would be screened from the Hell Fire by them," Hearing that, a woman asked, "If two died?" The Prophet ﷺ replied, "Even two (would screen her from the (Hell) Fire. " And Abu Huraira added, "Those children should be below the age of puberty. "  

البخاري:١٢٤٩حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمٌ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ الأَصْبَهَانِيِّ عَنْ ذَكْوَانَ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ ؓ

أَنَّ النِّسَاءَ قُلْنَ لِلنَّبِيِّ ﷺ اجْعَلْ لَنَا يَوْمًا فَوَعَظَهُنَّ وَقَالَ أَيُّمَا امْرَأَةٍ مَاتَ لَهَا ثَلاَثَةٌ مِنَ الْوَلَدِ كَانُوا حِجَابًا مِنَ النَّارِ قَالَتِ امْرَأَةٌ وَاثْنَانِ قَالَ وَاثْنَانِ وَقَالَ شَرِيكٌ عَنِ ابْنِ الأَصْبَهَانِيِّ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو صَالِحٍ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ؓ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ لَمْ يَبْلُغُوا الْحِنْثَ  

bukhari:1251ʿAlī > Sufyān > al-Zuhrī > Saʿīd b. al-Musayyab > Abū Hurayrah

The Prophet ﷺ said, "No Muslim whose three children died will go to the Fire except for Allah's oath (i.e. everyone has to pass over the bridge above the lake of fire)."  

البخاري:١٢٥١حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيٌّ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ الزُّهْرِيَّ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ؓ

عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ لاَ يَمُوتُ لِمُسْلِمٍ ثَلاَثَةٌ مِنَ الْوَلَدِ فَيَلِجَ النَّارَ إِلاَّ تَحِلَّةَ الْقَسَمِ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ {وَإِنْ مِنْكُمْ إِلاَّ وَارِدُهَا}  

bukhari:1252Ādam > Shuʿbah > Thābit > Anas b. Mālik

The Prophet ﷺ passed by a woman who was sitting and weeping beside a grave and said to her, "Fear Allah and be patient."  

البخاري:١٢٥٢حَدَّثَنَا آدَمُ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ حَدَّثَنَا ثَابِتٌ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ ؓ قَالَ

مَرَّ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ بِامْرَأَةٍ عِنْدَ قَبْرٍ وَهِيَ تَبْكِي فَقَالَ اتَّقِي اللَّهَ وَاصْبِرِي  

bukhari:1253Ismāʿīl b. ʿAbdullāh > Mālik > Ayyūb al-Sakhtiyānī > Muḥammad b. Sīrīn > Um ʿAṭiyyah al-Anṣāriyyah

Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to us when his daughter died and said, "Wash her thrice or five times or more, if you see it necessary, with water and Sidr and then apply camphor or some camphor at the end; and when you finish, notify me." So when we finished it, we informed him and he gave us his waist-sheet and told us to shroud the dead body in it.  

البخاري:١٢٥٣حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ السَّخْتِيَانِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِيرِينَ

عَنْ أُمِّ عَطِيَّةَ الأَنْصَارِيَّةِ ؓ قَالَتْ دَخَلَ عَلَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ حِينَ تُوُفِّيَتِ ابْنَتُهُ فَقَالَ اغْسِلْنَهَا ثَلاَثًا أَوْ خَمْسًا أَوْ أَكْثَرَ مَنْ ذَلِكَ إِنْ رَأَيْتُنَّ ذَلِكَ بِمَاءٍ وَسِدْرٍ وَاجْعَلْنَ فِي الآخِرَةِ كَافُورًا أَوْ شَيْئًا مِنْ كَافُورٍ فَإِذَا فَرَغْتُنَّ فَآذِنَّنِي فَلَمَّا فَرَغْنَا آذَنَّاهُ فَأَعْطَانَا حِقْوَهُ فَقَالَ أَشْعِرْنَهَا إِيَّاهُ تَعْنِي إِزَارَهُ  

bukhari:1254Muḥammad > ʿAbd

Messenger of Allah ﷺ came to us and we were giving a bath to his (dead) daughter and said, "Wash her three, five or more times with water and Sidr and sprinkle camphor on her at the end; and when you finish, notify me." So when we finished, we informed him and he gave us his waist-sheet and told us to shroud her in it. Aiyub said that Hafsa narrated to him a narration similar to that of Muhammad in which it was said that the bath was to be given for an odd number of times, and the numbers 3, 5 or 7 were mentioned. It was also said that they were to start with the right side and with the parts which were washed in ablution, and that Um 'Atiyya also mentioned, "We combed her hair and divided them in three braids."  

البخاري:١٢٥٤حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَهَّابِ الثَّقَفِيُّ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أُمِّ عَطِيَّةَ ؓ قَالَتْ

دَخَلَ عَلَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَنَحْنُ نَغْسِلُ ابْنَتَهُ فَقَالَ اغْسِلْنَهَا ثَلاَثًا أَوْ خَمْسًا أَوْ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ بِمَاءٍ وَسِدْرٍ وَاجْعَلْنَ فِي الآخِرَةِ كَافُورًا فَإِذَا فَرَغْتُنَّ فَآذِنَّنِي فَلَمَّا فَرَغْنَا آذَنَّاهُ فَأَلْقَى إِلَيْنَا حِقْوَهُ فَقَالَ أَشْعِرْنَهَا إِيَّاهُ فَقَالَ أَيُّوبُ وَحَدَّثَتْنِي حَفْصَةُ بِمِثْلِ حَدِيثِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَكَانَ فِي حَدِيثِ حَفْصَةَ اغْسِلْنَهَا وِتْرًا وَكَانَ فِيهِ ثَلاَثًا أَوْ خَمْسًا أَوْ سَبْعًا وَكَانَ فِيهِ أَنَّهُ قَالَ ابْدَأْنَ بِمَيَامِنِهَا وَمَوَاضِعِ الْوُضُوءِ مِنْهَا وَكَانَ فِيهِ أَنَّ أُمَّ عَطِيَّةَ قَالَتْ وَمَشَطْنَاهَا ثَلاَثَةَ قُرُونٍ  

bukhari:1255ʿAlī b. ʿAbdullāh > Ismāʿīl b. Ibrāhīm > Khālid > Ḥafṣah b. Sīrīn > Um ʿAṭiyyah

Messenger of Allah ﷺ , concerning his (dead) daughter's bath, said, "Start with the right side, and the parts which are washed in ablution."  

البخاري:١٢٥٥حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدٌ عَنْ حَفْصَةَ بِنْتِ سِيرِينَ عَنْ أُمِّ عَطِيَّةَ ؓ قَالَتْ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فِي غَسْلِ ابْنَتِهِ ابْدَأْنَ بِمَيَامِنِهَا وَمَوَاضِعِ الْوُضُوءِ مِنْهَا  

bukhari:1256Yaḥyá b. Mūsá > Wakīʿ > Sufyān > Khālid al-Ḥadhhāʾ > Ḥafṣah b. Sīrīn > Um ʿAṭiyyah

When we washed the deceased daughter of the Prophet, he said to us, while we were washing her, "Start the bath from the right side and from the parts which are washed in ablution."  

البخاري:١٢٥٦حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ مُوسَى حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ عَنْ سُفْيَانَ عَنْ خَالِدٍ الْحَذَّاءِ عَنْ حَفْصَةَ بِنْتِ سِيرِينَ عَنْ أُمِّ عَطِيَّةَ ؓ قَالَتْ

لَمَّا غَسَّلْنَا بِنْتَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ لَنَا وَنَحْنُ نَغْسِلُهَا ابْدَأْنَ بِمَيَامِنِهَا وَمَوَاضِعِ الْوُضُوءِ  

bukhari:1257ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Ḥammād > Ibn ʿAwn > Muḥammad > Um ʿAṭiyyah

The daughter of the Prophet ﷺ expired, and he said to us, "Wash her three or five times, or more if you see it necessary, and when you finish, notify me." So, (when we finished) we informed him and he unfastened his waist-sheet and told us to shroud her in it.  

البخاري:١٢٥٧حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ حَمَّادٍ أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ عَوْنٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أُمِّ عَطِيَّةَ قَالَتْ

تُوُفِّيَتْ بِنْتُ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَقَالَ لَنَا اغْسِلْنَهَا ثَلاَثًا أَوْ خَمْسًا أَوْ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ إِنْ رَأَيْتُنَّ فَإِذَا فَرَغْتُنَّ فَآذِنَّنِي فَلَمَّا فَرَغْنَا آذَنَّاهُ فَنَزَعَ مِنْ حِقْوِهِ إِزَارَهُ وَقَالَ أَشْعِرْنَهَا إِيَّاهُ  

bukhari:1258Ḥāmid b. ʿUmar > Ḥammād b. Zayd > Ayyūb > Muḥammad > Um ʿAṭiyyah > Tuwuffiyat Iḥdá

Um 'Atiyya said, "One of the daughters of the Prophet ﷺ died and he came out and said, 'Wash her three or five times or more, if you think it necessary, with water and Sidr, and last of all put camphor (or some camphor) and when you finish, inform me.' " Um Atiyya added, "When we finished we informed him and he gave us his waist-sheet and said, 'Shroud her in it.' " And Um 'Atiyya (in another narration) added, "The Prophet ﷺ said, 'Wash her three, five or seven times or more, if you think it necessary.' " Hafsa said that Um 'Atiyya had also said, "We entwined her hair into three braids."  

البخاري:١٢٥٨حَدَّثَنَا حَامِدُ بْنُ عُمَرَ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أُمِّ عَطِيَّةَ قَالَتْ

تُوُفِّيَتْ إِحْدَى بَنَاتِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَخَرَجَ فَقَالَ اغْسِلْنَهَا ثَلاَثًا أَوْ خَمْسًا أَوْ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ إِنْ رَأَيْتُنَّ بِمَاءٍ وَسِدْرٍ وَاجْعَلْنَ فِي الآخِرَةِ كَافُورًا أَوْ شَيْئًا مِنْ كَافُورٍ فَإِذَا فَرَغْتُنَّ فَآذِنَّنِي قَالَتْ فَلَمَّا فَرَغْنَا آذَنَّاهُ فَأَلْقَى إِلَيْنَا حِقْوَهُ فَقَالَ أَشْعِرْنَهَا إِيَّاهُ وَعَنْ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ حَفْصَةَ عَنْ أُمِّ عَطِيَّةَ ؓ بِنَحْوِهِ وَقَالَتْ إِنَّهُ قَالَ اغْسِلْنَهَا ثَلاَثًا أَوْ خَمْسًا أَوْ سَبْعًا أَوْ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ إِنْ رَأَيْتُنَّ قَالَتْ حَفْصَةُ قَالَتْ أُمُّ عَطِيَّةَ ؓ وَجَعَلْنَا رَأْسَهَا ثَلاَثَةَ قُرُونٍ  

bukhari:1260Aḥmad > ʿAbdullāh b. Wahb > Ibn Jurayj > Ayyūb > Ḥafṣah b. Sīrīn

Um 'Atiyya said that they had entwined the hair of the daughter of Messenger of Allah ﷺ in three braids. They first undid her hair, washed and then entwined it in three braids."  

البخاري:١٢٦٠حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ وَهْبٍ أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ قَالَ أَيُّوبُ وَسَمِعْتُ حَفْصَةَ بِنْتَ سِيرِينَ قَالَتْ

حَدَّثَتْنَا أُمُّ عَطِيَّةَ ؓ أَنَّهُنَّ جَعَلْنَ رَأْسَ بِنْتِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ ثَلاَثَةَ قُرُونٍ نَقَضْنَهُ ثُمَّ غَسَلْنَهُ ثُمَّ جَعَلْنَهُ ثَلاَثَةَ قُرُونٍ  

bukhari:1261Aḥmad > ʿAbdullāh b. Wahb > Ibn Jurayj > Ayyūb > Ibn Sīrīn > Jāʾat Um ʿAṭiyyah Āmraʾah from al-Anṣār from al-Lāatī Bāyaʿn

Um 'Atiyya (an Ansari woman who gave the pledge of allegiance to the Prophet ﷺ ) came to Basra to visit her son, but she could not find him. She narrated to us, "The Prophet ﷺ came to us while we were giving bath to his (dead) daughter, he said: 'Wash her three times, five times or more, if you think it necessary, with water and Sidr, and last of all put camphor, and when you finish, notify me.' " Um 'Atiyya added, "After finishing, we informed him and he gave us his waist sheet and told us to shroud her in it and did not say more than that."  

البخاري:١٢٦١حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ وَهْبٍ أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ أَنَّ أَيُّوبَ أَخْبَرَهُ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ ابْنَ سِيرِينَ يَقُولُ جَاءَتْ أُمُّ عَطِيَّةَ ؓ امْرَأَةٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ مِنَ اللاَّتِي

بَايَعْنَ قَدِمَتِ الْبِصْرَةَ تُبَادِرُ ابْنًا لَهَا فَلَمْ تُدْرِكْهُ فَحَدَّثَتْنَا قَالَتْ دَخَلَ عَلَيْنَا النَّبِيُّ ﷺ وَنَحْنُ نَغْسِلُ ابْنَتَهُ فَقَالَ اغْسِلْنَهَا ثَلاَثًا أَوْ خَمْسًا أَوْ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ إِنْ رَأَيْتُنَّ ذَلِكَ بِمَاءٍ وَسِدْرٍ وَاجْعَلْنَ فِي الآخِرَةِ كَافُورًا فَإِذَا فَرَغْتُنَّ فَآذِنَّنِي قَالَتْ فَلَمَّا فَرَغْنَا أَلْقَى إِلَيْنَا حَقْوَهُ فَقَالَ أَشْعِرْنَهَا إِيَّاهُ وَلَمْ يَزِدْ عَلَى ذَلِكَ وَلاَ أَدْرِي أَىُّ بَنَاتِهِ وَزَعَمَ أَنَّ الإِشْعَارَ الْفُفْنَهَا فِيهِ وَكَذَلِكَ كَانَ ابْنُ سِيرِينَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْمَرْأَةِ أَنْ تُشْعَرَ وَلاَ تُؤْزَرَ  

bukhari:1262Qabīṣah > Sufyān > Hishām > Um al-Hudhayl > Um ʿAṭiyyah

We entwined the hair of the dead daughter of the Prophet ﷺ into three braids. Waki said that Sufyan said, "One braid was entwined in front and the other two were entwined on the sides of the head."  

البخاري:١٢٦٢حَدَّثَنَا قَبِيصَةُ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ عَنْ هِشَامٍ عَنْ أُمِّ الْهُذَيْلِ عَنْ أُمِّ عَطِيَّةَ ؓ قَالَتْ

ضَفَرْنَا شَعَرَ بِنْتِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ تَعْنِي ثَلاَثَةَ قُرُونٍ وَقَالَ وَكِيعٌ قَالَ سُفْيَانُ نَاصِيَتَهَا وَقَرْنَيْهَا  

bukhari:1263Musaddad > Yaḥyá b. Saʿīd > Hishām b. Ḥassān > Ḥafṣah > Um ʿAṭiyyah

One of the daughters of the Prophet ﷺ expired and he came to us and said, "Wash her with Sidr (water) for odd number of times, i.e. three, five or more, if you think it necessary, and in the last, put camphor or (some camphor on her), and when you finish, notify me." So when we finished we informed him. He gave his waist-sheet to us (to shroud her). We entwined the hair (of the deceased girl) in three braids and made them fall at her back.  

البخاري:١٢٦٣حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ حَسَّانَ قَالَ حَدَّثَتْنَا حَفْصَةُ عَنْ أُمِّ عَطِيَّةَ ؓ قَالَتْ

تُوُفِّيَتْ إِحْدَى بَنَاتِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَأَتَانَا النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَقَالَ اغْسِلْنَهَا بِالسِّدْرِ وِتْرًا ثَلاَثًا أَوْ خَمْسًا أَوْ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ إِنْ رَأَيْتُنَّ ذَلِكَ وَاجْعَلْنَ فِي الآخِرَةِ كَافُورًا أَوْ شَيْئًا مِنْ كَافُورٍ فَإِذَا فَرَغْتُنَّ فَآذِنَّنِي فَلَمَّا فَرَغْنَا آذَنَّاهُ فَأَلْقَى إِلَيْنَا حِقْوَهُ فَضَفَرْنَا شَعَرَهَا ثَلاَثَةَ قُرُونٍ وَأَلْقَيْنَاهَا خَلْفَهَا  

bukhari:1264Muḥammad b. Muqātil > ʿAbdullāh > Hishām b. ʿUrwah from his father > ʿĀʾishah

Messenger of Allah ﷺ was shrouded in three Yemenite white Suhuliya (pieces of cloth) of cotton, and in them there was neither a shirt nor a turban."  

البخاري:١٢٦٤حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُقَاتِلٍ أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ أَخْبَرَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ؓ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ كُفِّنَ فِي ثَلاَثَةِ أَثْوَابٍ يَمَانِيَةٍ بِيضٍ سَحُولِيَّةٍ مِنْ كُرْسُفٍ لَيْسَ فِيهِنَّ قَمِيصٌ وَلاَ عِمَامَةٌ  

bukhari:1265Abū al-Nuʿmān > Ḥammād b. Zayd > Ayyūb > Saʿīd b. Jubayr > Ibn ʿAbbās > Baynamā a man Wāqif Biʿarafah Idh And Qaʿ > Rāḥilatih Fawaqaṣath or > Faʾawqaṣath

While a man was riding (his Mount) in ʿArafat, he fell down from it (his Mount) and broke his neck (and died). The Prophet ﷺ said, "Wash him with water and Sidr and shroud him in two pieces of cloth, and neither perfume him, nor cover his head, for he will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection saying, 'Labbaik,' (i.e. like a pilgrim)."  

البخاري:١٢٦٥حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو النُّعْمَانِ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ قَالَ

بَيْنَمَا رَجُلٌ وَاقِفٌ بِعَرَفَةَ إِذْ وَقَعَ عَنْ رَاحِلَتِهِ فَوَقَصَتْهُ أَوْ قَالَ فَأَوْقَصَتْهُ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ اغْسِلُوهُ بِمَاءٍ وَسِدْرٍ وَكَفِّنُوهُ فِي ثَوْبَيْنِ وَلاَ تُحَنِّطُوهُ وَلاَ تُخَمِّرُوا رَأْسَهُ فَإِنَّهُ يُبْعَثُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مُلَبِّيًا  

bukhari:1266Qutaybah > Ḥammād > Ayyūb > Saʿīd b. Jubayr > Ibn ʿAbbās

While a man was at ʿArafat (for Hajj) with Messenger of Allah ﷺ the fell down from his Mount and broke his neck (and died). So Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Wash him with water and Sidr and shroud him in two pieces of cloth and neither perfume him nor cover his head, for Allah will resurrect him on the Day of Resurrection and he will be saying 'Labbaik."  

البخاري:١٢٦٦حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ قَالَ

بَيْنَمَا رَجُلٌ وَاقِفٌ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ بِعَرَفَةَ إِذْ وَقَعَ مِنْ رَاحِلَتِهِ فَأَقْصَعَتْهُ أَوْ قَالَ فَأَقْعَصَتْهُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ اغْسِلُوهُ بِمَاءٍ وَسِدْرٍ وَكَفِّنُوهُ فِي ثَوْبَيْنِ وَلاَ تُحَنِّطُوهُ وَلاَ تُخَمِّرُوا رَأْسَهُ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْعَثُهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مُلَبِّيًا  

bukhari:1267Abū al-Nuʿmān > Abū ʿAwānah > Abū Bishr > Saʿīd b. Jubayr > Ibn ʿAbbās

A man was killed by his camel while we were with the Prophet ﷺ and he was a Muhrim. So the Prophet ﷺ said, "Wash him with water and Sidr and shroud him in two pieces of cloth and neither perfume him nor cover his head, for Allah will resurrect him on the Day of Resurrection and he will be saying 'Labbaik' . "  

البخاري:١٢٦٧حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو النُّعْمَانِ أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بِشْرٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ

أَنَّ رَجُلاً وَقَصَهُ بَعِيرُهُ وَنَحْنُ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ وَهْوَ مُحْرِمٌ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ اغْسِلُوهُ بِمَاءٍ وَسِدْرٍ وَكَفِّنُوهُ فِي ثَوْبَيْنِ وَلاَ تُمِسُّوهُ طِيبًا وَلاَ تُخَمِّرُوا رَأْسَهُ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْعَثُهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مُلَبِّدًا  

bukhari:1268Musaddad > Ḥammād b. Zayd > ʿAmr And ʾAyyūb > Saʿīd b. Jubayr > Ibn ʿAbbās

A man fell from his Mount and died while he was with the Prophet ﷺ at ʿArafat. The Prophet ﷺ said, "Wash him with water and Sidr and shroud him in two pieces of cloth and neither perfume him nor cover his head, for he will be resurrected on the Day of Resurrection saying, 'Labbaik'."  

البخاري:١٢٦٨حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ عَنْ عَمْرٍو وَأَيُّوبَ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ قَالَ

كَانَ رَجُلٌ وَاقِفٌ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ بِعَرَفَةَ فَوَقَعَ عَنْ رَاحِلَتِهِ قَالَ أَيُّوبُ فَوَقَصَتْهُ وَقَالَ عَمْرٌو فَأَقْصَعَتْهُ فَمَاتَ فَقَالَ اغْسِلُوهُ بِمَاءٍ وَسِدْرٍ وَكَفِّنُوهُ فِي ثَوْبَيْنِ وَلاَ تُحَنِّطُوهُ وَلاَ تُخَمِّرُوا رَأْسَهُ فَإِنَّهُ يُبْعَثُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ قَالَ أَيُّوبُ يُلَبِّي وَقَالَ عَمْرٌو مُلَبِّيًا  

bukhari:1269Musaddad > Yaḥyá b. Saʿīd > ʿUbaydullāh > Nāfiʿ > Ibn ʿUmar > ʿAbd

When ʿAbdullah bin Ubai (the chief of hypocrites) died, his son came to the Prophet ﷺ and said, "O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Please give me your shirt to shroud him in it, offer his funeral prayer and ask for Allah's forgiveness for him." So Messenger of Allah ﷺ gave his shirt to him and said, "Inform me (When the funeral is ready) so that I may offer the funeral prayer." So, he informed him and when the Prophet intended to offer the funeral prayer, ʿUmar took hold of his hand and said, "Has Allah not forbidden you to offer the funeral prayer for the hypocrites? The Prophet ﷺ said, "I have been given the choice for Allah says: '(It does not avail) Whether you (O Muhammad) ask forgiveness for them (hypocrites), or do not ask for forgiveness for them. Even though you ask for their forgiveness seventy times, Allah will not forgive them. (9.80)" So the Prophet ﷺ offered the funeral prayer and on that the revelation came: "And never (O Muhammad) pray (funeral prayer) for any of them (i.e. hypocrites) that dies." (9. 84)  

البخاري:١٢٦٩حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي نَافِعٌ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ ؓ

أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ أُبَىٍّ لَمَّا تُوُفِّيَ جَاءَ ابْنُهُ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَعْطِنِي قَمِيصَكَ أُكَفِّنْهُ فِيهِ وَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُ فَأَعْطَاهُ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ قَمِيصَهُ فَقَالَ آذِنِّي أُصَلِّي عَلَيْهِ فَآذَنَهُ فَلَمَّا أَرَادَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ عَلَيْهِ جَذَبَهُ عُمَرُ ؓ فَقَالَ أَلَيْسَ اللَّهُ نَهَاكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى الْمُنَافِقِينَ فَقَالَ أَنَا بَيْنَ خِيرَتَيْنِ قَالَ {اسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ أَوْ لاَ تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ إِنْ تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ سَبْعِينَ مَرَّةً فَلَنْ يَغْفِرَ اللَّهُ لَهُمْ} فَصَلَّى عَلَيْهِ فَنَزَلَتْ {وَلاَ تُصَلِّ عَلَى أَحَدٍ مِنْهُمْ مَاتَ أَبَدًا}  

bukhari:1270Mālik b. Ismāʿīl > Ibn ʿUyaynah > ʿAmr > Jābir

The Prophet ﷺ came to (the grave of) ʿAbdullah bin Ubai after his body was buried. The body was brought out and then the Prophet ﷺ put his saliva over the body and clothed it in his shirt.  

البخاري:١٢٧٠حَدَّثَنَا مَالِكُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ عَنْ عَمْرٍو سَمِعَ جَابِرًا ؓ قَالَ

أَتَى النَّبِيُّ ﷺ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ أُبَىٍّ بَعْدَ مَا دُفِنَ فَأَخْرَجَهُ فَنَفَثَ فِيهِ مِنْ رِيقِهِ وَأَلْبَسَهُ قَمِيصَهُ  

bukhari:1271Abū Nuʿaym > Sufyān > Hishām > ʿUrwah > ʿĀʾishah

The Prophet ﷺ was shrouded in three pieces of cloth which were made of Suhul (a type of cotton), and neither a shirt nor a turban were used.  

البخاري:١٢٧١حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو نُعَيْمٍ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ عَنْ هِشَامٍ عَنْ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ؓ قَالَتْ

كُفِّنَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فِي ثَلاَثَةِ أَثْوَابِ سَحُولَ كُرْسُفٍ لَيْسَ فِيهَا قَمِيصٌ وَلاَ عِمَامَةٌ  

bukhari:1272Musaddad > Yaḥyá > Hishām from my father > ʿĀʾishah

Messenger of Allah ﷺ was shrouded in three pieces of cloth and neither a shirt nor a turban were used.  

البخاري:١٢٧٢حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى عَنْ هِشَامٍ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ؓ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ كُفِّنَ فِي ثَلاَثَةِ أَثْوَابٍ لَيْسَ فِيهَا قَمِيصٌ وَلاَ عِمَامَةٌ  

bukhari:1273Ismāʿīl > Mālik > Hishām b. ʿUrwah from his father > ʿĀʾishah

Messenger of Allah ﷺ was shrouded in three pieces of cloth which were made of white Suhul and neither a shirt nor a turban were used.  

البخاري:١٢٧٣حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ؓ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ كُفِّنَ فِي ثَلاَثَةِ أَثْوَابٍ بِيضٍ سَحُولِيَّةٍ لَيْسَ فِيهَا قَمِيصٌ وَلاَ عِمَامَةٌ  

23.25 To shroud one with all of one's property

٢٣۔٢٥ باب الْكَفَنِ مِنْ جَمِيعِ الْمَالِ

[Machine] "And it was said by Ata, Al-Zuhri, and Amr bin Dinar, and Qatadah. And Amr bin Dinar said: Flour is better than all other forms of wealth. And Ibrahim said: One should start with the funeral shroud, then the debt, and then the will. And Sufyan said: The reward for the grave and the washing is from the funeral shroud."

وَبِهِ قَالَ عَطَاءٌ وَالزُّهْرِيُّ وَعَمْرُو بْنُ دِينَارٍ وَقَتَادَةُ. وَقَالَ عَمْرُو بْنُ دِينَارٍ الْحَنُوطُ مِنْ جَمِيعِ الْمَالِ. وَقَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ يُبْدَأُ بِالْكَفَنِ ثُمَّ بِالدَّيْنِ ثُمَّ بِالْوَصِيَّةِ. وَقَالَ سُفْيَانُ أَجْرُ الْقَبْرِ وَالْغَسْلِ هُوَ مِنَ الْكَفَنِ.

bukhari:1274Aḥmad b. Muḥammad al-Makkī > Ibrāhīm b. Saʿd > Saʿd from his father > Utī ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. ʿAwf Yawm Biṭaʿāmih

Once the meal of ʿAbdur-Rahman bin ʿAuf was brought in front of him, and he said, "Musʿab bin ʿUmair was martyred and he was better than I, and he had nothing except his Burd (a black square narrow dress) to be shrouded in. Hamza or another person was martyred and he was also better than I and he had nothing to be shrouded in except his Burd. No doubt, I fear that the rewards of my deeds might have been given early in this world." Then he started weeping.  

البخاري:١٢٧٤حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْمَكِّيُّ حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ عَنْ سَعْدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ أُتِيَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ عَوْفٍ ؓ يَوْمًا بِطَعَامِهِ فَقَالَ قُتِلَ مُصْعَبُ بْنُ عُمَيْرٍ وَكَانَ خَيْرًا مِنِّي فَلَمْ يُوجَدْ لَهُ مَا يُكَفَّنُ فِيهِ إِلاَّ بُرْدَةٌ وَقُتِلَ حَمْزَةُ أَوْ رَجُلٌ آخَرُ خَيْرٌ مِنِّي فَلَمْ يُوجَدْ لَهُ مَا يُكَفَّنُ فِيهِ إِلاَّ بُرْدَةٌ لَقَدْ خَشِيتُ

أَنْ يَكُونَ قَدْ عُجِّلَتْ لَنَا طَيِّبَاتُنَا فِي حَيَاتِنَا الدُّنْيَا ثُمَّ جَعَلَ يَبْكِي  

bukhari:1275Muḥammad b. Muqātil > ʿAbdullāh > Shuʿbah > Saʿd b. Ibrāhīm > Abīh Ibrāhīm > ʿAbd

Once a meal was brought to ʿAbdur-Rahman bin ʿAuf and he was fasting. He said, "Mustab bin ʿUmar was martyred and he was better than I and was shrouded in his Burd and when his head was covered with it, his legs became bare, and when his legs were covered his head got uncovered. Hamza was martyred and was better than I. Now the worldly wealth have been bestowed upon us (or said a similar thing). No doubt, I fear that the rewards of my deeds might have been given earlier in this world." Then he started weeping and left his food.  

البخاري:١٢٧٥حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُقَاتِلٍ أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ أَخْبَرَنَا شُعْبَةُ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ أَنَّ عَبْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنَ عَوْفٍ ؓ أُتِيَ بِطَعَامٍ وَكَانَ صَائِمًا فَقَالَ قُتِلَ مُصْعَبُ بْنُ عُمَيْرٍ وَهُوَ خَيْرٌ مِنِّي كُفِّنَ فِي بُرْدَةٍ إِنْ غُطِّيَ رَأْسُهُ بَدَتْ رِجْلاَهُ وَإِنْ غُطِّيَ رِجْلاَهُ بَدَا رَأْسُهُ وَأُرَاهُ قَالَ

وَقُتِلَ حَمْزَةُ وَهُوَ خَيْرٌ مِنِّي ثُمَّ بُسِطَ لَنَا مِنَ الدُّنْيَا مَا بُسِطَ أَوْ قَالَ أُعْطِينَا مِنَ الدُّنْيَا مَا أُعْطِينَا وَقَدْ خَشِينَا أَنْ تَكُونَ حَسَنَاتُنَا عُجِّلَتْ لَنَا ثُمَّ جَعَلَ يَبْكِي حَتَّى تَرَكَ الطَّعَامَ  

bukhari:1276ʿUmar b. Ḥafṣ b. Ghiyāth from my father > al-Aʿmash > Shaqīq > Khabbāb

We emigrated with the Prophet ﷺ in Allah's cause, and so our reward was then surely incumbent on Allah. Some of us died and they did not take anything from their rewards in this world, and amongst them was Mustab bin ʿUmar; and the others were those who got their rewards. Mustab bin ʿUmar was martyred on the day of the Battle of Uhud and we could get nothing except his Burd to shroud him in. And when we covered his head his feet became bare and vice versa. So the Prophet ﷺ ordered us to cover his head only and to put idhkhir (a kind of shrub) over his feet.  

البخاري:١٢٧٦حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ حَفْصِ بْنِ غِيَاثٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي حَدَّثَنَا الأَعْمَشُ حَدَّثَنَا شَقِيقٌ حَدَّثَنَا خَبَّابٌ ؓ قَالَ

هَاجَرْنَا مَعَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ نَلْتَمِسُ وَجْهَ اللَّهِ فَوَقَعَ أَجْرُنَا عَلَى اللَّهِ فَمِنَّا مَنْ مَاتَ لَمْ يَأْكُلْ مِنْ أَجْرِهِ شَيْئًا مِنْهُمْ مُصْعَبُ بْنُ عُمَيْرٍ وَمِنَّا مَنْ أَيْنَعَتْ لَهُ ثَمَرَتُهُ فَهُوَ يَهْدِبُهَا قُتِلَ يَوْمَ أُحُدٍ فَلَمْ نَجِدْ مَا نُكَفِّنُهُ إِلاَّ بُرْدَةً إِذَا غَطَّيْنَا بِهَا رَأْسَهُ خَرَجَتْ رِجْلاَهُ وَإِذَا غَطَّيْنَا رِجْلَيْهِ خَرَجَ رَأْسُهُ فَأَمَرَنَا النَّبِيُّ ﷺ أَنْ نُغَطِّيَ رَأْسَهُ وَأَنْ نَجْعَلَ عَلَى رِجْلَيْهِ مِنَ الإِذْخِرِ  

bukhari:1277ʿAbdullāh b. Maslamah > Ibn Abū Ḥāzim from his father > Sahl

A woman brought a woven Burda (sheet) having edging (border) to the Prophet, Then Sahl asked them whether they knew what is Burda, they said that Burda is a cloak and Sahl confirmed their reply. Then the woman said, "I have woven it with my own hands and I have brought it so that you may wear it." The Prophet ﷺ accepted it, and at that time he was in need of it. So he came out wearing it as his waist-sheet. A man praised it and said, "Will you give it to me? How nice it is!" The other people said, "You have not done the right thing as the Prophet ﷺ is in need of it and you have asked for it when you know that he never turns down anybody's request." The man replied, "By Allah, I have not asked for it to wear it but to make it my shroud." Later it was his shroud.  

البخاري:١٢٧٧حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ سَهْلٍ ؓ

أَنَّ امْرَأَةً جَاءَتِ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ بِبُرْدَةٍ مَنْسُوجَةٍ فِيهَا حَاشِيَتُهَا أَتَدْرُونَ مَا الْبُرْدَةُ قَالُوا الشَّمْلَةُ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَتْ نَسَجْتُهَا بِيَدِي فَجِئْتُ لأَكْسُوَكَهَا فَأَخَذَهَا النَّبِيُّ ﷺ مُحْتَاجًا إِلَيْهَا فَخَرَجَ إِلَيْنَا وَإِنَّهَا إِزَارُهُ فَحَسَّنَهَا فُلاَنٌ فَقَالَ اكْسُنِيهَا مَا أَحْسَنَهَا قَالَ الْقَوْمُ مَا أَحْسَنْتَ لَبِسَهَا النَّبِيُّ ﷺ مُحْتَاجًا إِلَيْهَا ثُمَّ سَأَلْتَهُ وَعَلِمْتَ أَنَّهُ لاَ يَرُدُّ قَالَ إِنِّي وَاللَّهِ مَا سَأَلْتُهُ لأَلْبَسَهَا إِنَّمَا سَأَلْتُهُ لِتَكُونَ كَفَنِي قَالَ سَهْلٌ فَكَانَتْ كَفَنَهُ  

bukhari:1278Qabīṣah b. ʿUqbah > Sufyān > Khālid al-Ḥadhhāʾ > Um al-Hudhayl > Um ʿAṭiyyah > Nuhīnā

We were forbidden to accompany funeral processions but not strictly.  

البخاري:١٢٧٨حَدَّثَنَا قَبِيصَةُ بْنُ عُقْبَةَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ عَنْ خَالِدٍ الْحَذَّاءِ عَنْ أُمِّ الْهُذَيْلِ عَنْ أُمِّ عَطِيَّةَ ؓ قَالَتْ نُهِينَا

عَنِ اتِّبَاعِ الْجَنَائِزِ وَلَمْ يُعْزَمْ عَلَيْنَا  

bukhari:1279Musaddad > Bishr b. al-Mufaḍḍal > Salamah b. ʿAlqamah > Muḥammad b. Sīrīn > Tuwuffī

One of the sons of Um 'Atiyya died, and when it was the third day she asked for a yellow perfume and put it over her body, and said, "We were forbidden to mourn for more than three days except for our husbands."  

البخاري:١٢٧٩حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا بِشْرُ بْنُ الْمُفَضَّلِ حَدَّثَنَا سَلَمَةُ بْنُ عَلْقَمَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِيرِينَ قَالَ تُوُفِّيَ ابْنٌ لأُمِّ عَطِيَّةَ ؓ فَلَمَّا كَانَ الْيَوْمُ الثَّالِثُ دَعَتْ بِصُفْرَةٍ فَتَمَسَّحَتْ بِهِ وَقَالَتْ نُهِينَا

أَنْ نُحِدَّ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ ثَلاَثٍ إِلاَّ بِزَوْجٍ  

bukhari:1280al-Ḥumaydī > Sufyān > Ayyūb b. Mūsá > Ḥumayd b. Nāfiʿ > Zaynab Āb.ah Abū Salamah > Lammā

When the news of the death of Abu Sufyan reached from Sham, Um Habiba on the third day, asked for a yellow perfume and scented her cheeks and forearms and said, "No doubt, I would not have been in need of this, had I not heard the Prophet ﷺ saying: "It is not legal for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to mourn for more than three days for any dead person except her husband, for whom she should mourn for four months and ten days."  

البخاري:١٢٨٠حَدَّثَنَا الْحُمَيْدِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ حَدَّثَنَا أَيُّوبُ بْنُ مُوسَى قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي حُمَيْدُ بْنُ نَافِعٍ عَنْ زَيْنَبَ ابْنَةِ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ قَالَتْ

لَمَّا جَاءَ نَعْىُ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ مِنَ الشَّأْمِ دَعَتْ أُمُّ حَبِيبَةَ ؓ بِصُفْرَةٍ فِي الْيَوْمِ الثَّالِثِ فَمَسَحَتْ عَارِضَيْهَا وَذِرَاعَيْهَا وَقَالَتْ إِنِّي كُنْتُ عَنْ هَذَا لَغَنِيَّةً لَوْلاَ أَنِّي سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ يَقُولُ لاَ يَحِلُّ لاِمْرَأَةٍ تُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ أَنْ تُحِدَّ عَلَى مَيِّتٍ فَوْقَ ثَلاَثٍ إِلاَّ عَلَى زَوْجٍ فَإِنَّهَا تُحِدُّ عَلَيْهِ أَرْبَعَةَ أَشْهُرٍ وَعَشْرًا  

bukhari:1281Ismāʿīl > Mālik > ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Bakr b. Muḥammad b. ʿAmr b. Ḥazm > Ḥumayd b. Nāfiʿ > Zaynab b. Abū Salamah

I went to Um Habiba, the wife of Prophet, who said, "I heard the Prophets saying, 'It is not legal for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to mourn for any dead person for more than three days except for her husband, (for whom she should mourn) for four months and ten days'." Later I went to Zainab bint Jahsh when her brother died; she asked for some scent, and after using it she said, "I am not in need of scent but I heard Messenger of Allah ﷺ saying, 'It is not legal for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to mourn for more than three days for any dead person except her husband, (for whom she should mourn) for four months and ten days.' "  

البخاري:١٢٨١حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ حَزْمٍ عَنْ حُمَيْدِ بْنِ نَافِعٍ عَنْ زَيْنَبَ بِنْتِ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ أَخْبَرَتْهُ قَالَتْ

دَخَلْتُ عَلَى أُمِّ حَبِيبَةَ زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَقَالَتْ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَقُولُ لاَ يَحِلُّ لاِمْرَأَةٍ تُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ تُحِدُّ عَلَى مَيِّتٍ فَوْقَ ثَلاَثٍ إِلاَّ عَلَى زَوْجٍ أَرْبَعَةَ أَشْهُرٍ وَعَشْرًا ثُمَّ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى زَيْنَبَ بِنْتِ جَحْشٍ حِينَ تُوُفِّيَ أَخُوهَا فَدَعَتْ بِطِيبٍ فَمَسَّتْ ثُمَّ قَالَتْ مَا لِي بِالطِّيبِ مِنْ حَاجَةٍ غَيْرَ أَنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ يَقُولُ لاَ يَحِلُّ لاِمْرَأَةٍ تُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ تُحِدُّ عَلَى مَيِّتٍ فَوْقَ ثَلاَثٍ إِلاَّ عَلَى زَوْجٍ أَرْبَعَةَ أَشْهُرٍ وَعَشْرًا  

True patience is at the first stroke of a calamity

bukhari:1283Ādam > Shuʿbah > Thābit > Anas b. Mālik

The Prophet ﷺ passed by a woman who was weeping beside a grave. He told her to fear Allah and be patient. She said to him, "Go away, for you have not been afflicted with a calamity like mine." And she did not recognize him. Then she was informed that he was the Prophet ﷺ . so she went to the house of the Prophet ﷺ and there she did not find any guard. Then she said to him, "I did not recognize you." He said, "Verily, the patience is at the first stroke of a calamity."  

البخاري:١٢٨٣حَدَّثَنَا آدَمُ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ حَدَّثَنَا ثَابِتٌ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ ؓ قَالَ

مَرَّ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ بِامْرَأَةٍ تَبْكِي عِنْدَ قَبْرٍ فَقَالَ: «اتَّقِي اللَّهَ وَاصْبِرِي۔» قَالَتْ: إِلَيْكَ عَنِّي، فَإِنَّكَ لَمْ تُصَبْ بِمُصِيبَتِي، وَلَمْ تَعْرِفْهُ۔ فَقِيلَ لَهَا: «إِنَّهُ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ» فَأَتَتْ باب النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَلَمْ تَجِدْ عِنْدَهُ بَوَّابِينَ، فَقَالَتْ: لَمْ أَعْرِفْكَ، فَقَالَ: «إِنَّمَا الصَّبْرُ عِنْدَ الصَّدْمَةِ الأُولَى۔»  

23.32 The statement of the Prophet ﷺ : "The deceased is punished because of the weeping (with wailing) of some of his relatives, if wailing was the custom of that dead person."

٢٣۔٣٢ باب قَوْلِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ «يُعَذَّبُ الْمَيِّتُ بِبَعْضِ بُكَاءِ أَهْلِهِ عَلَيْهِ» إِذَا كَانَ النَّوْحُ مِنْ سُنَّتِهِ

[Machine] For the saying of Allah the Exalted: "Save yourselves and your families from a Fire." And the Prophet ﷺ said: "Each of you is a shepherd and each of you is responsible for his flock." So, if it is not from his Sunnah (tradition), then it is as Aisha said: "No soul shall bear the burden of another." And it is like his saying: "And if a soul should carry [some] sin-bearing its load, no soul would carry the burden of another." And it is not permissible to cry excessively except in mourning. And the Prophet ﷺ said: "No soul should be killed unjustly, for the first son of Adam will have a share of its blood." And this is because he was the first to establish the act of killing.

لِقَوْلِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى: {قُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا}. وَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ: «كُلُّكُمْ رَاعٍ، وَمَسْئُولٌ عَنْ رَعِيَّتِهِ». فَإِذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ مِنْ سُنَّتِهِ، فَهُوَ كَمَا قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ ؓ : {لاَ تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ وِزْرَ أُخْرَى}. وَهُوَ كَقَوْلِهِ: {وَإِنْ تَدْعُ مُثْقَلَةٌ} ذُنُوبًا {إِلَى حِمْلِهَا لاَ يُحْمَلْ مِنْهُ شَيْءٌ} وَمَا يُرَخَّصُ مِنَ الْبُكَاءِ فِي غَيْرِ نَوْحٍ. وَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ: «لاَ تُقْتَلُ نَفْسٌ ظُلْمًا إِلاَّ كَانَ عَلَى ابْنِ آدَمَ الأَوَّلِ كِفْلٌ مِنْ دَمِهَا». وَذَلِكَ لأَنَّهُ أَوَّلُ مَنْ سَنَّ الْقَتْلَ.

bukhari:1284ʿAbdān And Muḥammad > ʿAbdullāh > ʿĀṣim b. Sulaymān > Abū ʿUthmān > Usāmah b. Zayd

The daughter of the Prophet ﷺ sent (a messenger) to the Prophet ﷺ requesting him to come as her child was dying (or was gasping), but the Prophet ﷺ returned the messenger and told him to convey his greeting to her and say: "Whatever Allah takes is for Him and whatever He gives, is for Him, and everything with Him has a limited fixed term (in this world) and so she should be patient and hope for Allah's reward." She again sent for him, swearing that he should come. The Prophet ﷺ got up, and so did Saʿd bin 'Ubada, Muʿadh bin Jabal, Ubai bin Kaʿb, Zaid bin Thabit and some other men. The child was brought to Messenger of Allah ﷺ while his breath was disturbed in his chest (the sub-narrator thinks that Usama added: ) as if it was a leather water-skin. On that the eyes of the Prophet ﷺ started shedding tears. Saʿd said, "O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! What is this?" He replied, "It is mercy which Allah has lodged in the hearts of His slaves, and Allah is merciful only to those of His slaves who are merciful (to others).  

البخاري:١٢٨٤حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدَانُ وَمُحَمَّدٌ قَالاَ أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ أَخْبَرَنَا عَاصِمُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عُثْمَانَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أُسَامَةُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ ؓ قَالَ

أَرْسَلَتِ ابْنَةُ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ إِلَيْهِ إِنَّ ابْنًا لِي قُبِضَ فَائْتِنَا فَأَرْسَلَ يُقْرِئُ السَّلاَمَ وَيَقُولُ إِنَّ لِلَّهِ مَا أَخَذَ وَلَهُ مَا أَعْطَى وَكُلٌّ عِنْدَهُ بِأَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى فَلْتَصْبِرْ وَلْتَحْتَسِبْ فَأَرْسَلَتْ إِلَيْهِ تُقْسِمُ عَلَيْهِ لَيَأْتِيَنَّهَا فَقَامَ وَمَعَهُ سَعْدُ بْنُ عُبَادَةَ وَمُعَاذُ بْنُ جَبَلٍ وَأُبَىُّ بْنُ كَعْبٍ وَزَيْدُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ وَرِجَالٌ فَرُفِعَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ الصَّبِيُّ وَنَفْسُهُ تَتَقَعْقَعُ قَالَ حَسِبْتُهُ أَنَّهُ قَالَ كَأَنَّهَا شَنٌّ فَفَاضَتْ عَيْنَاهُ فَقَالَ سَعْدٌ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا هَذَا فَقَالَ هَذِهِ رَحْمَةٌ جَعَلَهَا اللَّهُ فِي قُلُوبِ عِبَادِهِ وَإِنَّمَا يَرْحَمُ اللَّهُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ الرُّحَمَاءَ  

bukhari:1285ʿAbdullāh b. Muḥammad > Abū ʿĀmir > Fulayḥ b. Sulaymān > Hilāl b. ʿAlī > Anas b. Mālik

We were (in the funeral procession) of one of the daughters of the Prophet ﷺ and he was sitting by the side of the grave. I saw his eyes shedding tears. He said, "Is there anyone among you who did not have sexual relations with his wife last night?" Abu Talha replied in the affirmative. And so the Prophet told him to get down in the grave. And so he got down in her grave.  

البخاري:١٢٨٥حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَامِرٍ حَدَّثَنَا فُلَيْحُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ هِلاَلِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ ؓ قَالَ

شَهِدْنَا بِنْتًا لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ جَالِسٌ عَلَى الْقَبْرِ قَالَ فَرَأَيْتُ عَيْنَيْهِ تَدْمَعَانِ قَالَ فَقَالَ هَلْ مِنْكُمْ رَجُلٌ لَمْ يُقَارِفِ اللَّيْلَةَ فَقَالَ أَبُو طَلْحَةَ أَنَا قَالَ فَانْزِلْ قَالَ فَنَزَلَ فِي قَبْرِهَا  

bukhari:1286ʿAbdān > ʿAbdullāh > Ibn Jurayj > ʿAbdullāh b. ʿUbaydullāh b. Abū Mulaykah > Tuwuffiyat Āb.ah Liʿuthmān Bimakkah And Jiʾnā Linashhadahā Waḥaḍarahā Ibn ʿUmar And Ibn ʿAbbās Waʾinnī Lajālis Baynahumā or > Jalast > Aḥadihimā Thum Jāʾ al-Ākhar Fajalas > Janbī

One of the daughters of ʿUthman died at Mecca. We went to attend her funeral procession. Ibn ʿUmar and Ibn ʿAbbas were also present. I sat in between them (or said, I sat beside one of them. Then a man came and sat beside me.) ʿAbdullah bin ʿUmar said to ʿAmr bin ʿUthman, "Will you not prohibit crying as Messenger of Allah ﷺ has said, 'The dead person is tortured by the crying of his relatives.?" Ibn ʿAbbas said, "ʿUmar used to say so." Then he added narrating, "I accompanied ʿUmar on a journey from Mecca till we reached Al-Baida. There he saw some travelers in the shade of a Samura (A kind of forest tree). He said (to me), "Go and see who those travelers are." So I went and saw that one of them was Suhaib. I told this to ʿUmar who then asked me to call him. So I went back to Suhaib and said to him, "Depart and follow the chief of the faithful believers." Later, when ʿUmar was stabbed, Suhaib came in weeping and saying, "O my brother, O my friend!" (on this ʿUmar said to him, "O Suhaib! Are you weeping for me while the Prophet ﷺ said, "The dead person is punished by some of the weeping of his relatives?" Ibn ʿAbbas added, "When ʿUmar died I told all this to Aisha and she said, 'May Allah be merciful to ʿUmar. By Allah, Messenger of Allah ﷺ did not say that a believer is punished by the weeping of his relatives. But he said, Allah increases the punishment of a non-believer because of the weeping of his relatives." Aisha further added, "The Qur'an is sufficient for you (to clear up this point) as Allah has stated: 'No burdened soul will bear another's burden.' " (35.18). Ibn ʿAbbas then said, "Only Allah makes one laugh or cry." Ibn ʿUmar did not say anything after that.  

البخاري:١٢٨٦حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدَانُ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ قَالَ تُوُفِّيَتِ ابْنَةٌ لِعُثْمَانَ ؓ بِمَكَّةَ وَجِئْنَا لِنَشْهَدَهَا وَحَضَرَهَا ابْنُ عُمَرَ وَابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ وَإِنِّي لَجَالِسٌ بَيْنَهُمَا أَوْ قَالَ

جَلَسْتُ إِلَى أَحَدِهِمَا ثُمَّ جَاءَ الآخَرُ فَجَلَسَ إِلَى جَنْبِي فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَمَرَ ؓ لِعَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ أَلاَ تَنْهَى عَنِ الْبُكَاءِ فَإِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ إِنَّ الْمَيِّتَ لَيُعَذَّبُ بِبُكَاءِ أَهْلِهِ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ قَدْ كَانَ عُمَرُ ؓ يَقُولُ بَعْضَ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ حَدَّثَ قَالَ صَدَرْتُ مَعَ عُمَرَ ؓ مِنْ مَكَّةَ حَتَّى إِذَا كُنَّا بِالْبَيْدَاءِ إِذَا هُوَ بِرَكْبٍ تَحْتَ ظِلِّ سَمُرَةٍ فَقَالَ اذْهَبْ فَانْظُرْ مَنْ هَؤُلاَءِ الرَّكْبُ قَالَ فَنَظَرْتُ فَإِذَا صُهَيْبٌ فَأَخْبَرْتُهُ فَقَالَ ادْعُهُ لِي فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى صُهَيْبٍ فَقُلْتُ ارْتَحِلْ فَالْحَقْ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فَلَمَّا أُصِيبَ عُمَرُ دَخَلَ صُهَيْبٌ يَبْكِي يَقُولُ وَاأَخَاهُ وَاصَاحِبَاهُ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ ؓ يَا صُهَيْبُ أَتَبْكِي عَلَىَّ وَقَدْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِنَّ الْمَيِّتَ يُعَذَّبُ بِبَعْضِ بُكَاءِ أَهْلِهِ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ فَلَمَّا مَاتَ عُمَرُ ؓ ذَكَرْتُ ذَلِكَ لِعَائِشَةَ ؓ فَقَالَتْ رَحِمَ اللَّهُ عُمَرَ وَاللَّهِ مَا حَدَّثَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَيُعَذِّبُ الْمُؤْمِنَ بِبُكَاءِ أَهْلِهِ عَلَيْهِ وَلَكِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَيَزِيدُ الْكَافِرَ عَذَابًا بِبُكَاءِ أَهْلِهِ عَلَيْهِ وَقَالَتْ حَسْبُكُمُ الْقُرْآنُ {وَلاَ تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ وِزْرَ أُخْرَى} قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ عِنْدَ ذَلِكَ وَاللَّهُ هُوَ أَضْحَكَ وَأَبْكَى قَالَ ابْنُ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ وَاللَّهِ مَا قَالَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ ؓ شَيْئًا  

bukhari:1289ʿAbdullāh b. Yūsuf > Mālik > ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Bakr from his father > ʿAmrah b. ʿAbd al-Raḥman > ʿĀʾishah

(the wife of the Prophet) Once Messenger of Allah ﷺ passed by (the grave of) a Jewess whose relatives were weeping over her. He said, "They are weeping over her and she is being tortured in her grave."  

البخاري:١٢٨٩حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ يُوسُفَ أَخْبَرَنَا مَالِكٌ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَمْرَةَ بِنْتِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ أَنَّهَا أَخْبَرَتْهُ

أَنَّهَا سَمِعَتْ عَائِشَةَ ؓ زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَتْ إِنَّمَا مَرَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَلَى يَهُودِيَّةٍ يَبْكِي عَلَيْهَا أَهْلُهَا فَقَالَ إِنَّهُمْ لَيَبْكُونَ عَلَيْهَا وَإِنَّهَا لَتُعَذَّبُ فِي قَبْرِهَا  

bukhari:1290Ismāʿīl b. Khalīl > ʿAlī b. Mushir > Abū Isḥāq And Hw al-Shaybānī > Abū Burdah from his father > Lammā Uṣīb ʿUmar Jaʿal Ṣuhayb > Wāʾakhāh > ʿUmar Amā ʿAlimt

That his father said, "When ʿUmar was stabbed, Suhaib started crying: O my brother! ʿUmar said, 'Don't you know that the Prophet ﷺ said: The deceased is tortured for the weeping of the living'?"  

البخاري:١٢٩٠حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ خَلِيلٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُسْهِرٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو إِسْحَاقَ وَهْوَ الشَّيْبَانِيُّ عَنْ أَبِي بُرْدَةَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ

لَمَّا أُصِيبَ عُمَرُ ؓ جَعَلَ صُهَيْبٌ يَقُولُ وَاأَخَاهُ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ أَمَا عَلِمْتَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ قَالَ إِنَّ الْمَيِّتَ لَيُعَذَّبُ بِبُكَاءِ الْحَىِّ  

23.33 What (sort of) wailing over a deceased is disliked

٢٣۔٣٣ باب مَا يُكْرَهُ مِنَ النِّيَاحَةِ عَلَى الْمَيِّتِ

[Machine] "Umar said, let them cry over Abu Sulaiman as long as there is no wailing or clamor. The wailing is the hitting of the head with dirt, and the clamor is the raising of the voice."

وَقَالَ عُمَرُ ؓ دَعْهُنَّ يَبْكِينَ عَلَى أَبِي سُلَيْمَانَ مَا لَمْ يَكُنْ نَقْعٌ أَوْ لَقْلَقَةٌ. وَالنَّقْعُ التُّرَابُ عَلَى الرَّأْسِ، وَاللَّقْلَقَةُ الصَّوْتُ.

bukhari:1291Abū Nuʿaym > Saʿīd b. ʿUbayd > ʿAlī b. Rabīʿah > al-Mughīrah

I heard the Prophet ﷺ saying, "Ascribing false things to me is not like ascribing false things to anyone else. Whosoever tells a lie against me intentionally then surely let him occupy his seat in Hell-Fire." I heard the Prophet ﷺ saying, "The deceased who is wailed over is tortured for that wailing."  

البخاري:١٢٩١حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو نُعَيْمٍ؛ حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ؛ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رَبِيعَةَ؛ عَنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ ؓ قَالَ

سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ يَقُولُ: «إِنَّ كَذِبًا عَلَىَّ لَيْسَ كَكَذِبٍ عَلَى أَحَدٍ، مَنْ كَذَبَ عَلَىَّ مُتَعَمِّدًا فَلْيَتَبَوَّأْ مَقْعَدَهُ مِنَ النَّارِ۔» سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ يَقُولُ: «مَنْ نِيحَ عَلَيْهِ يُعَذَّبُ بِمَا نِيحَ عَلَيْهِ۔»  

bukhari:1292ʿAbdān from my father > Shuʿbah > Qatādah > Saʿīd b. al-Musayyab > Ibn ʿUmar from his father

The Prophet ﷺ said, "The deceased is tortured in his grave for the wailing done over him." Narrated Shu'ba: The deceased is tortured for the wailing of the living ones over him .  

البخاري:١٢٩٢حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدَانُ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبِي عَنْ شُعْبَةَ عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ ؓ

عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ الْمَيِّتُ يُعَذَّبُ فِي قَبْرِهِ بِمَا نِيحَ عَلَيْهِ  

تَابَعَهُ عَبْدُ الأَعْلَى حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ زُرَيْعٍ حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدٌ حَدَّثَنَا قَتَادَةُ وَقَالَ آدَمُ عَنْ شُعْبَةَ الْمَيِّتُ يُعَذَّبُ بِبُكَاءِ الْحَىِّ عَلَيْهِ