#forgiveness

Congregational prayer for the sake of God elevates one by degrees, and for whom Angels continue to supplicate

muslim:649fAbū Bakr b. Abū Shaybah And ʾAbū Kurayb > Abū Muʿāwiyah > Abū Kurayb > Abū Muʿāwiyah > al-Aʿmash > Abū Ṣāliḥ > Abū Hurayrah

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "The reward for prayer performed by a person in congregation is more than twenty times greater than that of the prayer performed in one’s house or the marketplace. When one performs wuḍūʾ perfectly and then proceeds to the mosque with the sole intention of performing prayer, then for every step he takes towards the mosque, he is upgraded one degree in reward and one of his sins is eliminated until he enters the mosque."

"And when he enters the mosque, he is considered as performing prayer as long as it is the prayer which stops him ˹from leaving the mosque˺; and the angels keep on supplicating Allah for him as long as he remains in his place of prayer. They say: ‘O Allah! Have mercy on him; O Allah! forgive his sins; O Allah! accept his repentance.' ˹This continues, so long as he does cause harm ˹upon anyone˺ in it, or pass wind in it ˹breaking his wuḍūʾ˺ (in a different wording: or speak ˹to anyone˺).”  

مسلم:٦٤٩fحَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ وَأَبُو كُرَيْبٍ جَمِيعًا عَنْ أَبِي مُعَاوِيَةَ قَالَ أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ: «صَلاَةُ الرَّجُلِ فِي جَمَاعَةٍ تَزِيدُ عَلَى صَلاَتِهِ فِي بَيْتِهِ وَصَلاَتِهِ فِي سُوقِهِ بِضْعًا وَعِشْرِينَ دَرَجَةً، وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ أَحَدَهُمْ إِذَا تَوَضَّأَ فَأَحْسَنَ الْوُضُوءَ، ثُمَّ أَتَى الْمَسْجِدَ لاَ يَنْهَزُهُ إِلاَّ الصَّلاَةُ لاَ يُرِيدُ إِلاَّ الصَّلاَةَ، فَلَمْ يَخْطُ خَطْوَةً إِلاَّ رُفِعَ لَهُ بِهَا دَرَجَةٌ وَحُطَّ عَنْهُ بِهَا خَطِيئَةٌ، حَتَّى يَدْخُلَ الْمَسْجِدَ۔»

«فَإِذَا دَخَلَ الْمَسْجِدَ كَانَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ مَا كَانَتِ الصَّلاَةُ هِيَ تَحْبِسُهُ وَالْمَلاَئِكَةُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى أَحَدِكُمْ مَا دَامَ فِي مَجْلِسِهِ الَّذِي صَلَّى فِيهِ، يَقُولُونَ اللَّهُمَّ ارْحَمْهُ، اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لَهُ، اللَّهُمَّ تُبْ عَلَيْهِ، مَا لَمْ يُؤْذِ فِيهِ مَا لَمْ يُحْدِثْ فِيهِ۔»  


Duʿāʾ of forgiveness for the one who passed away

abudawud:3202[Chain 1] ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Ibrāhīm al-Dimashqī > al-Walīd [Chain 2] Ibrāhīm b. Mūsá al-Rāzī > al-Walīd And Ḥadīth ʿAbd al-Raḥman Atam > Marwān b. Junāḥ > Yūnus b. Maysarah b. Ḥalbas > Wāthilah b. al-Asqaʿ

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ led us in a ˹funeral˺ prayer of a Muslim and I heard him say, allāhuma inna [name of person] fī dhimmatik, faqihī fitnat al-qabr (O Allah, so and so, son of so and so, is under Your custodianship, so protect him from the trial in the grave.)” ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ˹in his version˺ said, “fī dhimmatik, wa-ḥabli jiwārik, faqihī min fitnat al-qabr, wa-ʿadhāb al-nār, wa-ʾanta ahl al-wafāʾ, wa-al-ḥamd; allāhuma fa-ighfir lahu wa-irḥamhu, innaka anta al-ghafūr al-raḥīm (under Your custodianship and ˹holding on to˺ the rope of Your security, so protect him from the trial in the grave and the torment of Hellfire. For You are most capable of fulfilling ˹duʿāʾ˺ and deserving of praise. O Allah, forgive him and show him mercy for You are the forgiving and the Most Merciful.)"  

ʿAbd al-Raḥmān said on the authority of Marwān b. Junāḥ
أبو داود:٣٢٠٢حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الدِّمَشْقِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ ح وَحَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى الرَّازِيُّ أَخْبَرَنَا الْوَلِيدُ وَحَدِيثُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ أَتَمُّ حَدَّثَنَا مَرْوَانُ بْنُ جُنَاحٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ مَيْسَرَةَ بْنِ حَلْبَسٍ عَنْ وَاثِلَةَ بْنِ الأَسْقَعِ قَالَ

صَلَّى بِنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَلَى رَجُلٍ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ فَسَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ: «(اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّ /فُلاَنَ بْنَ فُلاَنٍ/ فِي ذِمَّتِكَ فَقِهِ فِتْنَةَ الْقَبْرِ.)» قَالَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ: «(فِي ذِمَّتِكَ، وَحَبْلِ جِوَارِكَ، فَقِهِ مِنْ فِتْنَةِ الْقَبْرِ وَعَذَابِ النَّارِ، وَأَنْتَ أَهْلُ الْوَفَاءِ وَالْحَمْدِ، اللَّهُمَّ فَاغْفِرْ لَهُ وَارْحَمْهُ إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ.)»  

قَالَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ مَرْوَانَ بْنِ جُنَاحٍ

Dedicating your whole duʿāʾ for the ṣalāt on the Prophet ﷺ will alleviate worries and become a means of forgiveness

tirmidhi:2457Hannād > Qabīṣah > Sufyān > ʿAbdullāh b. Muḥammad b. ʿAqīl > al-Ṭufayl b. Ubay b. Kaʿb from his father

"When a third of the night had passed, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ stood and said: 'O you people! Remember Allah! Remember Allah! The Rajifah is coming, followed by the Radifah, death and what it brings is coming, death and what it brings is coming!'"

Ubay said that I said, "O Messenger of Allah! I send a lot of Ṣalāt upon you. How much of my Ṣalāt should I make for you?" He said, "As you wish." I said, "˹How about˺ a fourth?" He said, "As you wish, but if do more, it would be better for you." I said, "˹How about˺ one-half?" He said, "As you wish, but if you do more, it would be better for you." I said, "Then ˹how about˺ two-thirds?" He said, "As you wish, but if you do more, it would be better for you."

I said: "Should I make all of my ˹duʿāʾ as˺ Ṣalāt for you?" He said, "˹If you do this˺ it would be sufficient for your concerns and it would be forgiveness for your sins."  

Abū ʿĪsá said that this Ḥadīth is Ḥasan.
الترمذي:٢٤٥٧حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ حَدَّثَنَا قَبِيصَةُ عَنْ سُفْيَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَقِيلٍ عَنِ الطُّفَيْلِ بْنِ أُبَىِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ

كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِذَا ذَهَبَ ثُلُثَا اللَّيْلِ قَامَ فَقَالَ: «يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ، اذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ! اذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ! جَاءَتِ الرَّاجِفَةُ، تَتْبَعُهَا الرَّادِفَةُ، جَاءَ الْمَوْتُ بِمَا فِيهِ! جَاءَ الْمَوْتُ بِمَا فِيهِ!»

قَالَ أُبَىٌّ قُلْتُ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، إِنِّي أُكْثِرُ الصَّلاَةَ عَلَيْكَ، فَكَمْ أَجْعَلُ لَكَ مِنْ صَلاَتِي؟ فَقَالَ: «مَا شِئْتَ۔» قَالَ قُلْتُ: الرُّبُعَ؟ قَالَ: «مَا شِئْتَ، فَإِنْ زِدْتَ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَكَ۔» قُلْتُ: النِّصْفَ؟ قَالَ: «مَا شِئْتَ، فَإِنْ زِدْتَ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَكَ۔» قَالَ قُلْتُ: فَالثُّلُثَيْنِ؟ قَالَ: «مَا شِئْتَ، فَإِنْ زِدْتَ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَكَ۔»

قُلْتُ: أَجْعَلُ لَكَ صَلاَتِي كُلَّهَا؟ قَالَ: «إِذًا تُكْفَى هَمَّكَ وَيُغْفَرُ لَكَ ذَنْبُكَ۔»  

قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ

ahmad:11074Abū Muʿāwiyah > ʿUbaydullāh b. al-Walīd al-Waṣṣāfī > ʿAṭiyyah al-ʿAwfī > Abū Saʿīd al-Khudrī

the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Whoever says, when he goes to his bed: astaghfiru Allāh alladhī lā ilah illā hūwa al-ḥayyu al-qayyūmu wa-atūbu ilayhi (I seek forgiveness from Allah, the One whom there is none worthy of worship except for Him, the Living, the Sustainer, and I repent to Him ) three times, Allah shall forgive him his sins, even if they were like the foam of the sea, even if they were the number of leaves of the trees, even if they were the number of sand particles of ʿĀlij, and even if they were the number of the leaves on a tree.”  

أحمد:١١٠٧٤حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللهِ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِ الْوَصَّافِيُّ عَنْ عَطِيَّةَ الْعَوْفِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ مَنْ قَالَ حِينَ يَأْوِي إِلَى فِرَاشِهِ (أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْهِ) ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ, غَفَرَ اللهُ لَهُ ذُنُوبَهُ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ مِثْلَ زَبَدِ الْبَحْرِ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ مِثْلَ رَمْلِ عَالِجٍ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ مِثْلَ عَدَدِ وَرَقِ الشَّجَرِ۔»  


tabarani:7701Abū Umāmah

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: "Verily, when the Muslim falls ill, Allah Almighty inspires the angels, saying: O angels, I have detained My servant with My confinement. If I take his soul, he will be forgiven. If I heal his body, he will be forgiven as if he had no sins."  

الطبراني:٧٧٠١وَبِإِسْنَادِهِ عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ﷺ إِنَّ الْمُسْلِمَ إِذَا مَرِضَ أَوْحَى الله ﷻ إِلَى مَلَائِكَتَهِ فَيَقُولُ يَا مَلَائِكَتِي أَنَا قَيَّدْتُ عَبْدِي بِقَيْدٍ مِنْ قُيُودِي فَإِنْ قَبَضْتُهُ أَغْفِرُ لَهُ وَإِنْ عَافَيْتُهُ فَجَسَدٌ مَغْفُورٌ لَهُ لَا ذَنْبَ لَهُ