2. Ṣalāh (Ritual Prayer)

٢۔ كتاب الصلاة

2.132 Those Who Recited It Out Loud

٢۔١٣٢ باب مَنْ جَهَرَ بِهَا

abudawud:786ʿAmr b. ʿAwn > Hushaym > ʿAwf > Yazīd al-Fārisī > Ibn ʿAbbās > Liʿuthmān b. ʿAffān Mā Ḥamalakum

: Yazid al-Farisi said: I heard Ibn Abbas say: I asked Uthman ibn Affan: What moved you to put the (Surah) al-Bara'ah which belongs to the mi'in (surahs) (containing one hundred verses) and the (Surah) al-Anfal which belongs to the mathani (Surahs) in the category of as-sab'u at-tiwal (the first long surah or chapters of the Qur'an), and you did not write "In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful" between them? Uthman replied: When the verses of the Qur'an were revealed to the Prophet ﷺ, he called someone to write them down for him and said to him: Put this verse in the surah in which such and such has been mentioned; and when one or two verses were revealed, he used to say similarly (regarding them). (Surah) al-Anfal is the first surah that was revealed at Medina, and (Surah) al-Bara'ah was revealed last in the Qur'an, and its contents were similar to those of al-Anfal. I, therefore, thought that it was a part of al-Anfal. Hence I put them in the category of as-sab'u at-tiwal (the seven lengthy surahs), and I did not write "In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful" between them.  

أبو داود:٧٨٦أَخْبَرَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَوْنٍ أَخْبَرَنَا هُشَيْمٌ عَنْ عَوْفٍ عَنْ يَزِيدَ الْفَارِسِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِعُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَفَّانَ مَا حَمَلَكُمْ

أَنْ عَمَدْتُمْ إِلَى بَرَاءَةَ وَهِيَ مِنَ الْمِئِينَ وَإِلَى الأَنْفَالِ وَهِيَ مِنَ الْمَثَانِي فَجَعَلْتُمُوهُمَا فِي السَّبْعِ الطُّوَلِ وَلَمْ تَكْتُبُوا بَيْنَهُمَا سَطْرَ { بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ } قَالَ عُثْمَانُ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ مِمَّا يَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِ الآيَاتُ فَيَدْعُو بَعْضَ مَنْ كَانَ يَكْتُبُ لَهُ وَيَقُولُ لَهُ ضَعْ هَذِهِ الآيَةَ فِي السُّورَةِ الَّتِي يُذْكَرُ فِيهَا كَذَا وَكَذَا وَتَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِ الآيَةُ وَالآيَتَانِ فَيَقُولُ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ وَكَانَتِ الأَنْفَالُ مِنْ أَوَّلِ مَا أُنْزِلَ عَلَيْهِ بِالْمَدِينَةِ وَكَانَتْ بَرَاءَةُ مِنْ آخِرِ مَا نَزَلَ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ وَكَانَتْ قِصَّتُهَا شَبِيهَةً بِقِصَّتِهَا فَظَنَنْتُ أَنَّهَا مِنْهَا فَمِنْ هُنَاكَ وَضَعْتُهُمَا فِي السَّبْعِ الطُّوَلِ وَلَمْ أَكْتُبْ بَيْنَهُمَا سَطْرَ { بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ }  

abudawud:787Ziyād b. Ayyūb > Marwān / Ibn Muʿāwiyah > ʿAwf al-Aʿrābī > Yazīd al-Fārisī > Ibn ʿAbbās Bimaʿnāh

The apostle of Allah ﷺ died, but he did not mention to us that surah al baraah ins a part of al-anfal. Abu Dawood said: Al-sha’bl, Abu Malik, Qatadah, and Thabit b. ‘Umarah said: The prophet( may peace be upon him) did not write”In the name of Allah, the compassionate, the merciful” until Surah al-naml was revealed. This is the meaning of what they said. Further, this is a mursal traditional(omitting the name of the companion)  

أبو داود:٧٨٧حَدَّثَنَا زِيَادُ بْنُ أَيُّوبَ حَدَّثَنَا مَرْوَانُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ مُعَاوِيَةَ أَخْبَرَنَا عَوْفٌ الأَعْرَابِيُّ عَنْ يَزِيدَ الْفَارِسِيِّ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ بِمَعْنَاهُ قَالَ

فِيهِ فَقُبِضَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَلَمْ يُبَيِّنْ لَنَا أَنَّهَا مِنْهَا  

قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ قَالَ الشَّعْبِيُّ وَأَبُو مَالِكٍ وَقَتَادَةُ وَثَابِتُ بْنُ عُمَارَةَ إِنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ لَمْ يَكْتُبْ { بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ } حَتَّى نَزَلَتْ سُورَةُ النَّمْلِ هَذَا مَعْنَاهُ
abudawud:788Qutaybah b. Saʿīd And ʾAḥmad b. Muḥammad al-Marwazī And Ibn al-Sarḥ > Sufyān > ʿAmr > Saʿīd b. Jubayr > Qutaybah Fīh > Ibn ʿAbbās > Kān al-Nabī

The prophet ﷺ did not distinguish between the two surahs until the words “In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the merciful” was revealed to him. These are the words of Ibn al-sarh.  

أبو داود:٧٨٨حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ وَأَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْمَرْوَزِيُّ وَابْنُ السَّرْحِ قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ عَنْ عَمْرٍو عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ قَالَ قُتَيْبَةُ فِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ

كَانَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ لاَ يَعْرِفُ فَصْلَ السُّورَةِ حَتَّى تُنَزَّلَ عَلَيْهِ { بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ } وَهَذَا لَفْظُ ابْنِ السَّرْحِ