#daily

The Prophet ﷺ did istighfār more than seventy times a day

bukhari:6307Abū al-Yamān > Shuʿayb > al-Zuhrī > Abū Salamah b. ʿAbd al-Raḥman > Abū Hurayrah

I heard the Messenger of Allah ﷺ say, "By Allah! I seek forgiveness from Allah and turn to Him in repentance more than seventy times a day."  

البخاري:٦٣٠٧حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْيَمَانِ أَخْبَرَنَا شُعَيْبٌ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو سَلَمَةَ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ

سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَقُولُ: «وَاللَّهِ إِنِّي لأَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْهِ فِي الْيَوْمِ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ سَبْعِينَ مَرَّةً۔»  

Prophetic command to seek repentance

muslim:2702bAbū Bakr b. Abū Shaybah > Ghundar > Shuʿbah > ʿAmr b. Murrah > Abū Burdah > al-Agharr > Ibn ʿUmar

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "O people, seek repentance from Allah. Verily, I seek repentance from Him a hundred times a day."  

مسلم:٢٧٠٢bحَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ حَدَّثَنَا غُنْدَرٌ عَنْ شُعْبَةَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ مُرَّةَ عَنْ أَبِي بُرْدَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ الأَغَرَّ وَكَانَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ يُحَدِّثُ ابْنَ عُمَرَ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ: «يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ تُوبُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ، فَإِنِّي أَتُوبُ فِي الْيَوْمِ إِلَيْهِ مِائَةَ مَرَّةٍ۔»  

The Prophet ﷺ did istighfār one hundred times a day

muslim:2702aYaḥyá b. Yaḥyá And Qutaybah b. Saʿīd Waʾabū al-Rabīʿ al-ʿAtakī > Ḥammād > Yaḥyá > Ḥammād b. Zayd > Thābit > Abū Burdah > al-Aghar al-Muzanī

that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "There is ˹at times˺ a sort of shade upon my heart, and I seek forgiveness from Allah a hundred times a day."  

مسلم:٢٧٠٢aحَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ يَحْيَى وَقُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ وَأَبُو الرَّبِيعِ الْعَتَكِيُّ جَمِيعًا عَنْ حَمَّادٍ قَالَ يَحْيَى أَخْبَرَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ عَنْ ثَابِتٍ عَنْ أَبِي بُرْدَةَ عَنِ الأَغَرِّ الْمُزَنِيِّ وَكَانَتْ لَهُ صُحْبَةٌ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ: «إِنَّهُ لَيُغَانُ عَلَى قَلْبِي وَإِنِّي لأَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ فِي الْيَوْمِ مِائَةَ مَرَّةٍ۔»  


The master duʿāʾ of istighfār (Sayyid al-Istighfār)

bukhari:6306Abū Maʿmar > ʿAbd al-Wārith > al-Ḥusayn > ʿAbdullāh b. Buraydah > Bushayr b. Kaʿb al-ʿAdawī > Shaddād b. Aws

from the Prophet ﷺ: "The master of seeking forgiveness from Allah is: "allāhuma anta rabbī lā ilāha illā anta, khalaqtanī wa-ana ʿabduka, wa-ana ʿalá ʿahdika wa-waʿdika mā istaṭaʿtu, aʿūdhu bika min shari mā ṣanaʿtu, abūʾu laka bi-niʿmatika ʿalayya wa-abūʾu laka bi-dhanbī, fa-ighfir lī, fa-innahū lā yaghfiru al-dhunūba illā anta. (O Allah, You are my Lord; there is no deity except You. You created me, and I am Your servant, and I am on the covenant and promise to the best of my ability. I seek refuge with You from the evil of what I have done, and I acknowledge Your favor upon me, and I confess my sins. So forgive me, for surely, there is none who forgives sins except You.)"

He added, "If someone says it during the day with firm faith in it and dies on the same day before the evening, he will be from the people of Jannah; and if someone say it at night with firm faith in it, and dies before the morning, he will be from the people of Jannah."  

البخاري:٦٣٠٦حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مَعْمَرٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَارِثِ حَدَّثَنَا الْحُسَيْنُ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ بُرَيْدَةَ عَنْ بُشَيْرِ بْنِ كَعْبٍ الْعَدَوِيِّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي شَدَّادُ بْنُ أَوْسٍ ؓ

عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ: «سَيِّدُ الاِسْتِغْفَارِ أَنْ تَقُولَ: (اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ رَبِّي لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ، خَلَقْتَنِي وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ، وَأَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَوَعْدِكَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ؛ أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا صَنَعْتُ؛ أَبُوءُ لَكَ بِنِعْمَتِكَ عَلَىَّ، وَأَبُوءُ لَكَ بِذَنْبِي؛ فَاغْفِرْ لِي، فَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ۔)»

قَالَ: «وَمَنْ قَالَهَا مِنَ النَّهَارِ مُوقِنًا بِهَا فَمَاتَ مِنْ يَوْمِهِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُمْسِيَ فَهُوَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ، وَمَنْ قَالَهَا مِنَ اللَّيْلِ وَهْوَ مُوقِنٌ بِهَا فَمَاتَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُصْبِحَ فَهْوَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ۔»  


The Prophet ﷺ did Istighfār three times after every Ṣalāh and asked for peace

muslim:591Dāwud b. Rushayd > al-Walīd > al-Awzāʿī > Abū ʿAmmār Āsmuh Shaddād b. ʿAbdullāh > Abū Asmāʾ > Thawbān

Whenever the Messenger of Allah ﷺ finished his prayer, he sought forgiveness three times and said: "O Allah! You are Salām (Peace), and peace comes from Your; Blessed are You, O Possessor of Majesty and Honor."

al-Walīd said that I said to Awzāʿī, "How ˹should be˺ the seeking of forgiveness?" He replied, "You should say: astaghfiru Allāh, astaghfiru Allāh (I seek forgiveness from Allah, I seek forgiveness from Allah.)"  

مسلم:٥٩١حَدَّثَنَا دَاوُدُ بْنُ رُشَيْدٍ حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ عَنِ الأَوْزَاعِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَمَّارٍ اسْمُهُ شَدَّادُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ أَبِي أَسْمَاءَ عَنْ ثَوْبَانَ قَالَ

كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِذَا انْصَرَفَ مِنْ صَلاَتِهِ اسْتَغْفَرَ ثَلاَثًا وَقَالَ: (اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ السَّلاَمُ وَمِنْكَ السَّلاَمُ، تَبَارَكْتَ ذَا الْجَلاَلِ وَالإِكْرَامِ۔)

قَالَ الْوَلِيدُ: فَقُلْتُ لِلأَوْزَاعِيِّ: كَيْفَ الاِسْتِغْفَارُ؟ قَالَ تَقُولُ: (أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ)۔  


The Prophet ﷺ increased in doing istighfār before his passing

muslim:484dMuḥammad b. al-Muthanná > ʿAbd al-Aʿlá > Dāwud > ʿĀmir > Masrūq > ʿĀʾishah

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ often would say, "subḥāna Allāhi wa-bi-ḥamdihī, astaghfiru Allāh wa-atūbu ilayhi (Glory be to Allah and with His praise, I seek the forgiveness of Allah and I repent to Him.)"

She said: I asked: Messenger of Allah, I see that you often repeat the saying subḥāna Allāhi wa-bi-ḥamdihī astaghfiru Allāh wa-atūbu ilayhi. He said, "My Lord informed me that I would soon see a sign in my Ummah. So when I see it I often say: subḥāna Allāhi wa-bi-ḥamdihī, astaghfiru Allāh wa-atūbu ilayhi. Indeed I saw it ˹when this āyah˺ was revealed: 'When the Help of Allah and the victory came,' i.e. Conquest of Makkah, 'And you see the people entering into the religion of Allah in multitudes, Then exalt ˹Him˺ with praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness of Him. Indeed, He is ever Accepting of repentance.' (Naṣr 110:1-3"  

مسلم:٤٨٤dحَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ الأَعْلَى حَدَّثَنَا دَاوُدُ عَنْ عَامِرٍ عَنْ مَسْرُوقٍ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ

كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يُكْثِرُ مِنْ قَوْلِ: «(سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ، أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْهِ۔)»

قَالَتْ فَقُلْتُ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَرَاكَ تُكْثِرُ مِنْ قَوْلِ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْهِ۔ فَقَالَ: «خَبَّرَنِي رَبِّي أَنِّي سَأَرَى عَلاَمَةً فِي أُمَّتِي، فَإِذَا رَأَيْتُهَا أَكْثَرْتُ مِنْ قَوْلِ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْهِ، فَقَدْ رَأَيْتُهَا: {إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ} فَتْحُ مَكَّةَ {وَرَأَيْتَ النَّاسَ يَدْخُلُونَ فِي دِينِ اللَّهِ أَفْوَاجًا * فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ إِنَّهُ كَانَ تَوَّابًا}۔»  


Importance of sin and forgiveness in the Plan of Allah

muslim:2749Muḥammad b. Rāfiʿ > ʿAbd al-Razzāq > Maʿmar > Jaʿfar al-Jazarī > Yazīd b. al-Aṣam > Abū Hurayrah

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "By Him in Whose Hand is my life, if you were not to commit sins, Allah would do away with you and ˹replace you by˺ bringing a nation who would commit sins and seek forgiveness from Allah, and He would then forgive them."  

مسلم:٢٧٤٩حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَافِعٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ الْجَزَرِيِّ عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ الأَصَمِّ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ: «وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَوْ لَمْ تُذْنِبُوا لَذَهَبَ اللَّهُ بِكُمْ وَلَجَاءَ بِقَوْمٍ يُذْنِبُونَ فَيَسْتَغْفِرُونَ اللَّهَ فَيَغْفِرُ لَهُمْ۔»  


The Companions would count the Prophet ﷺ doing istighfār at least a hundred times

abudawud:1516al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī > Abū Usāmah > Mālik b. Mighwal > Muḥammad b. Sūqah > Nāfiʿ > Ibn ʿUmar

In one sitting we would count the Messenger of Allah ﷺ saying a hundred times: "rabbi ighfir lī wa-tub ʿalayya, innaka anta al-ttawwābu al-raḥīmu (My Lord, forgive me and pardon me for You are the Most Accepting of Repentance and the Most Merciful.)"  

أبو داود:١٥١٦حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ مِغْوَلٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سُوقَةَ عَنْ نَافِعٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ

إِنْ كُنَّا لَنَعُدُّ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فِي الْمَجْلِسِ الْوَاحِدِ مِائَةَ مَرَّةٍ: (رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَتُبْ عَلَىَّ إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ۔)  


The habit of doing istighfār is a way out from all grief and is a means for increase in one's rizq (provisions)

abudawud:1518Hishām b. ʿAmmār > al-Walīd b. Muslim > al-Ḥakam b. Muṣʿab > Muḥammad b. ʿAlī b. ʿAbdullāh b. ʿAbbās from his father > Ibn ʿAbbās

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "If anyone makes it a habit to seek forgiveness, Allah will make a way out for him from every constraint, and give him relief from every distress, and will provide rizq for him from where he does not expect."  

أبو داود:١٥١٨حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ حَدَّثَنَا الْحَكَمُ بْنُ مُصْعَبٍ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ أَنَّهُ حَدَّثَهُ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ أَنَّهُ حَدَّثَهُ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ: «مَنْ لَزِمَ الاِسْتِغْفَارَ، جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَهُ مِنْ كُلِّ ضِيقٍ مَخْرَجًا، وَمِنْ كُلِّ هَمٍّ فَرَجًا، وَرَزَقَهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لاَ يَحْتَسِبُ۔»