14. Ṣawm (Fasting) (1/4)

١٤۔ كتاب الصوم ص ١

abudawud:2313Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Shabbūyah > ʿAlī b. Ḥusayn b. Wāqid from his father > Yazīd al-Naḥwī > ʿIkrimah

Ibn Abbas explained the following Qur'anic verse: "O ye who believe! fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you" During the lifetime of the Prophet ﷺ, when the people offered night prayer, they were asked to abstain from food and drink and (intercourse with) women, they kept fast till the next night. A man betrayed himself and had intercourse with his wife after he had offered the night prayer, and he did not break his fast. So Allah, the Exalted, intended to make it (fasting) easy for those who survived, thus providing a concession and utility. Allah, the Glorified, said: "Allah knoweth what ye used to do secretly among yourselves." By this Allah benefited the people and provided concession and ease to them.  

أبو داود:٢٣١٣حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ شَبُّويَةَ حَدَّثَنِي عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُسَيْنِ بْنِ وَاقِدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ يَزِيدَ النَّحْوِيِّ عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ { يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ } فَكَانَ النَّاسُ عَلَى عَهْدِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ إِذَا صَلَّوُا الْعَتَمَةَ حَرُمَ عَلَيْهِمُ الطَّعَامُ وَالشَّرَابُ وَالنِّسَاءُ وَصَامُوا إِلَى الْقَابِلَةِ فَاخْتَانَ رَجُلٌ نَفْسَهُ فَجَامَعَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَقَدْ صَلَّى الْعِشَاءَ وَلَمْ يُفْطِرْ فَأَرَادَ اللَّهُ ﷻ أَنْ يَجْعَلَ ذَلِكَ يُسْرًا لِمَنْ بَقِيَ وَرُخْصَةً وَمَنْفَعَةً فَقَالَ سُبْحَانَهُ { عَلِمَ اللَّهُ أَنَّكُمْ كُنْتُمْ تَخْتَانُونَ أَنْفُسَكُمْ } وَكَانَ هَذَا مِمَّا نَفَعَ اللَّهُ بِهِ النَّاسَ وَرَخَّصَ لَهُمْ وَيَسَّرَ  

abudawud:2314Naṣr b. ʿAlī b. Naṣr al-Jahḍamī > Abū Aḥmad > Isrāʾīl > Isḥāq > al-Barāʾ

Al Bara’ (bin Azib) said “When a man fasted and slept, he could not eat till (another nigh) like it.” Sarmah bin Qais Al Ansari came to his wife while he was fasting and asked her Do you have something (to eat)? She replied “No”. Let me go and seek something for you. So, she went out and sleep overcame him. She came (back) and said (to him) .You are deprived (of food). He fainted before noon. He used to work all day long at his land. This was mentioned to the Prophet ﷺ. So the following verse was revealed. “Permitted to you on the nights of the fasts, is the approach to your wives. They are your garments and ye are their garments. Allah knoweth what yes used to do secretly amongst yourselves. But he turned to you and forgave you. So now associate with them and seek what Allaah hath ordained for you. And eat and drink until the white thread of dawn appears to you. He recited up to the words “of dawn”.  

أبو داود:٢٣١٤حَدَّثَنَا نَصْرُ بْنُ عَلِيِّ بْنِ نَصْرٍ الْجَهْضَمِيُّ أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو أَحْمَدَ أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْرَائِيلُ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ قَالَ كَانَ الرَّجُلُ إِذَا صَامَ فَنَامَ لَمْ يَأْكُلْ إِلَى مِثْلِهَا وَإِنَّ صِرْمَةَ بْنَ قَيْسٍ الأَنْصَارِيَّ أَتَى امْرَأَتَهُ وَكَانَ صَائِمًا فَقَالَ عِنْدَكِ شَىْءٌ قَالَتْ

لاَ لَعَلِّي أَذْهَبُ فَأَطْلُبُ لَكَ شَيْئًا فَذَهَبَتْ وَغَلَبَتْهُ عَيْنُهُ فَجَاءَتْ فَقَالَتْ خَيْبَةً لَكَ فَلَمْ يَنْتَصِفِ النَّهَارُ حَتَّى غُشِيَ عَلَيْهِ وَكَانَ يَعْمَلُ يَوْمَهُ فِي أَرْضِهِ فَذَكَرَ ذَلِكَ لِلنَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَنَزَلَتْ { أُحِلَّ لَكُمْ لَيْلَةَ الصِّيَامِ الرَّفَثُ إِلَى نِسَائِكُمْ } قَرَأَ إِلَى قَوْلِهِ { مِنَ الْفَجْرِ }  

abudawud:2315Qutaybah b. Saʿīd > Bakr / Ibn Muḍar > ʿAmr b. al-Ḥārith > Bukayr > Yazīd a freed slave of Salamah > Salamah b. al-Akwaʿ

Salamah bin Al Akwa said “After the revelation of the verse “For those who can do it(with hardship) is a ransom, the feeding of one, that is indigent, is one of us intended to leave fast and pay ransom, he could do so.” until the verse following it was revealed and abrogated the (previous) verse.”  

أبو داود:٢٣١٥حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ حَدَّثَنَا بَكْرٌ يَعْنِي ابْنَ مُضَرَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْحَارِثِ عَنْ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ يَزِيدَ مَوْلَى سَلَمَةَ عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ الأَكْوَعِ قَالَ

لَمَّا نَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الآيَةُ { وَعَلَى الَّذِينَ يُطِيقُونَهُ فِدْيَةٌ طَعَامُ مِسْكِينٍ } كَانَ مَنْ أَرَادَ مِنَّا أَنْ يُفْطِرَ وَيَفْتَدِيَ فَعَلَ حَتَّى نَزَلَتِ الآيَةُ الَّتِي بَعْدَهَا فَنَسَخَتْهَا  

abudawud:2316Aḥmad b. Muḥammad > ʿAlī b. Ḥusayn from his father > Yazīd al-Naḥwī > ʿIkrimah

Ibn ‘Abbas explain the Qur’anic verse “For those who can do it(with hardship) is a ransom, the feeding of one, that is indigent” said “If one of them wished to pay ransom by providing food to an indigent person he could pay ransom.. Thus, his fast was complete. Allaah, the Exalted pronounced “But he that will give more of his own free will, it is better for him”. Again he pronounced “So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting.” But, if anyone is ill or on a journey the prescribed period (should be made up) by days later.  

أبو داود:٢٣١٦حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ حَدَّثَنِي عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُسَيْنٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ يَزِيدَ النَّحْوِيِّ عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ { وَعَلَى الَّذِينَ يُطِيقُونَهُ فِدْيَةٌ طَعَامُ مِسْكِينٍ } فَكَانَ مَنْ شَاءَ مِنْهُمْ

أَنْ يَفْتَدِيَ بِطَعَامِ مِسْكِينٍ افْتَدَى وَتَمَّ لَهُ صَوْمُهُ فَقَالَ { فَمَنْ تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَهُ وَأَنْ تَصُومُوا خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ } وَقَالَ { فَمَنْ شَهِدَ مِنْكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ وَمَنْ كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ }  

abudawud:2317Mūsá b. Ismāʿīl > Abān > Qatādah > ʿIkrimah > Ibn ʿAbbās

Ibn ‘Abbas said “The verse concerning the payment of ransom stands valid for pregnant and sucking woman.”  

أبو داود:٢٣١٧حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبَانُ حَدَّثَنَا قَتَادَةُ أَنَّ عِكْرِمَةَ حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ

أُثْبِتَتْ لِلْحُبْلَى وَالْمُرْضِعِ  

abudawud:2318Ibn al-Muthanná > Ibn Abū ʿAdī > Saʿīd > Qatādah > ʿAzrah > Saʿīd b. Jubayr > Ibn ʿAbbās And ʿAlá al--Adhīn Yuṭīqūnah Fidyah Ṭaʿām Miskīn > Kānat

Explaining the verse; "For those who can do it (with hard-ship) is a ransom, the feeding of one, that is indigent," he said: This was a concession granted to the aged man and woman who were able to keep fast; they were allowed to leave the fast and instead feed an indigent person for each fast; (and a concession) to pregnant and suckling woman when they apprehended harm (to themselves).  

أبو داود:٢٣١٨حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ الْمُثَنَّى حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي عَدِيٍّ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ عَزْرَةَ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ { وَعَلَى الَّذِينَ يُطِيقُونَهُ فِدْيَةٌ طَعَامُ مِسْكِينٍ } قَالَ

كَانَتْ رُخْصَةً لِلشَّيْخِ الْكَبِيرِ وَالْمَرْأَةِ الْكَبِيرَةِ وَهُمَا يُطِيقَانِ الصِّيَامَ أَنْ يُفْطِرَا وَيُطْعِمَا مَكَانَ كُلِّ يَوْمٍ مِسْكِينًا وَالْحُبْلَى وَالْمُرْضِعُ إِذَا خَافَتَا  

قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ يَعْنِي عَلَى أَوْلاَدِهِمَا أَفْطَرَتَا وَأَطْعَمَتَا
abudawud:2319Sulaymān b. Ḥarb > Shuʿbah > al-Aswad b. Qays > Saʿīd b. ʿAmr / Ibn Saʿīd b. al-ʿĀṣ > Ibn ʿUmar

The Prophet ﷺ said: The month consists of twenty-nine days, but do not fast till you sight it (the moon) and do not break your fast till you sight it. If the weather is cloudy, calculate it thirty days. When the twenty-ninth of Sha'ban came, Ibn Umar would send someone (who tried) to sight the moon for him. If it was sighted, then well and good; in case it was not sighted, and there was no cloud and dust before him (on the horizon), he would not keep fast the next day. If there appeared (on the horizon) before him cloud or dust, he would fast the following day. Ibn Umar would end his fasting alone with the people, and did not follow this calculation.  

أبو داود:٢٣١٩حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ عَنِ الأَسْوَدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو يَعْنِي ابْنَ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْعَاصِ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِنَّا أُمَّةٌ أُمِّيَّةٌ لاَ نَكْتُبُ وَلاَ نَحْسُبُ الشَّهْرُ هَكَذَا وَ هَكَذَا وَهَكَذَا وَخَنَسَ سُلَيْمَانُ أُصْبَعَهُ فِي الثَّالِثَةِ يَعْنِي تِسْعًا وَعِشْرِينَ وَثَلاَثِينَ  

abudawud:2320Sulaymān b. Dāwud al-ʿAtakī > Ḥammād > Ayyūb > Nāfiʿ > Ibn ʿUmar

Ibn ‘Umar reported the Apostle of Allaah ﷺ as saying “The month consists of twenty nine days, but do not fast till you sight it (the moon) and do not break your fast till you sight it. If the weather is cloudy, calculate it thirty days. When the twenty-ninth of Sha’ban came, Ibn ‘Umar would send someone (who tried) to sight the moon for him. If it was sighted then well and good, in case it was not sighted and there was no cloud and dust before him (on the horizon) he would not keep fast the next day. If there appeared (on the horizon) before him cloud or dust, he would fast the following day. Ibn ‘Umar would end his fasting alone with the people and did not follow this calculation.”  

أبو داود:٢٣٢٠حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ الْعَتَكِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ حَدَّثَنَا أَيُّوبُ عَنْ نَافِعٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ الشَّهْرُ تِسْعٌ وَعِشْرُونَ فَلاَ تَصُومُوا حَتَّى تَرَوْهُ وَلاَ تُفْطِرُوا حَتَّى تَرَوْهُ فَإِنْ غُمَّ عَلَيْكُمْ فَاقْدُرُوا لَهُ ثَلاَثِينَ قَالَ فَكَانَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ إِذَا كَانَ شَعْبَانُ تِسْعًا وَعِشْرِينَ نُظِرَ لَهُ فَإِنْ رُؤِيَ فَذَاكَ وَإِنْ لَمْ يُرَ وَلَمْ يَحُلْ دُونَ مَنْظَرِهِ سَحَابٌ وَلاَ قَتَرَةٌ أَصْبَحَ مُفْطِرًا فَإِنْ حَالَ دُونَ مَنْظَرِهِ سَحَابٌ أَوْ قَتَرَةٌ أَصْبَحَ صَائِمًا قَالَ فَكَانَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ يُفْطِرُ مَعَ النَّاسِ وَلاَ يَأْخُذُ بِهَذَا الْحِسَابِ  

abudawud:2321Ḥumayd b. Masʿadah > ʿAbd al-Wahhāb > Ayyūb > Katab ʿUmar b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz > Ahl al-Baṣrah Balaghanā

'Umar b. 'Abd al-'Aziz wrote (a letter) to the people of Basrah: It has reached us from the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, like the tradition narrated by Ibn 'Umar from the Prophet ﷺ. This version adds: The best calculation is that when we sight the moon of Sha'ban on such-and-such date, fasting will being on such-and-such dates, Allah willing, except they they sight the moon before that (date).  

أبو داود:٢٣٢١حَدَّثَنَا حُمَيْدُ بْنُ مَسْعَدَةَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَهَّابِ حَدَّثَنِي أَيُّوبُ قَالَ كَتَبَ عُمَرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ إِلَى أَهْلِ الْبَصْرَةِ بَلَغَنَا

عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ نَحْوَ حَدِيثِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ زَادَ وَإِنَّ أَحْسَنَ مَا يُقَدَّرُ لَهُ إِذَا رَأَيْنَا هِلاَلَ شَعْبَانَ لِكَذَا وَكَذَا فَالصَّوْمُ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لِكَذَا وَكَذَا إِلاَّ أَنْ تَرَوُا الْهِلاَلَ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ  

abudawud:2322Aḥmad b. Manīʿ > Ibn Abū Zāʾidah > ʿĪsá b. Dīnār from his father > ʿAmr b. al-Ḥārith b. Abū Ḍirār > Ibn Masʿūd

We kept fast for twenty-nine days along with the Prophet ﷺ more often than we kept fast for thirty days.  

أبو داود:٢٣٢٢حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي زَائِدَةَ عَنْ عِيسَى بْنِ دِينَارٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ أَبِي ضِرَارٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ قَالَ

لَمَا صُمْنَا مَعَ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ تِسْعًا وَعِشْرِينَ أَكْثَرُ مِمَّا صُمْنَا مَعَهُ ثَلاَثِينَ  

abudawud:2323Musaddad > Yazīd b. Zurayʿ > Khālid al-Ḥadhhāʾ > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Abū Bakrah from his father

The Prophet ﷺ as saying: The two months of 'Id (festival), Ramadan and Dhu al-Hijjah, are not defective.  

أبو داود:٢٣٢٣حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ أَنَّ يَزِيدَ بْنَ زُرَيْعٍ حَدَّثَهُمْ حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدٌ الْحَذَّاءُ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرَةَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ

عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ شَهْرَا عِيدٍ لاَ يَنْقُصَانِ رَمَضَانُ وَذُو الْحِجَّةِ  

abudawud:2324Muḥammad b. ʿUbayd

The Prophet ﷺ said: The end of Ramadan is on the day when you end it, and the 'Id (festival) of sacrifice is on the day when you sacrifice. The whole of Arafah is the place of staying, and the whole of Mina is the place of sacrifice, and all the roads of Mecca are the place of sacrifice, and the whole of Muzdalifah is the place of staying.  

أبو داود:٢٣٢٤حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ فِي حَدِيثِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْمُنْكَدِرِ

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ذَكَرَ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ فِيهِ قَالَ وَفِطْرُكُمْ يَوْمَ تُفْطِرُونَ وَأَضْحَاكُمْ يَوْمَ تُضَحُّونَ وَكُلُّ عَرَفَةَ مَوْقِفٌ وَكُلُّ مِنًى مَنْحَرٌ وَكُلُّ فِجَاجِ مَكَّةَ مَنْحَرٌ وَكُلُّ جَمْعٍ مَوْقِفٌ  

abudawud:2325Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Mahdī > Muʿāwiyah b. Ṣāliḥ > ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Qays > ʿĀʾishah

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to count the days in Sha'ban in a manner he did not count any other month; then he fasted when he sighted the new moon of Ramadan; but if the weather was cloudy he counted thirty days and then fasted.  

أبو داود:٢٣٢٥حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ مَهْدِيٍّ حَدَّثَنِي مُعَاوِيَةُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي قَيْسٍ قَالَ

سَمِعْتُ عَائِشَةَ ؓ تَقُولُ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَتَحَفَّظُ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ مَا لاَ يَتَحَفَّظُ مِنْ غَيْرِهِ ثُمَّ يَصُومُ لِرُؤْيَةِ رَمَضَانَ فَإِنْ غُمَّ عَلَيْهِ عَدَّ ثَلاَثِينَ يَوْمًا ثُمَّ صَامَ  

abudawud:2326Muḥammad b. al-Ṣabbāḥ al-Bazzāz > Jarīr b. ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd al-Ḍabbī > Manṣūr b. al-Muʿtamir > Ribʿī b. Ḥirāsh > Ḥudhayfah

The Prophet ﷺ said: Do not fast (for Ramadan) before the coming of the month until you sight the moon or complete the number (of thirty days); then fast until you sight the moon or complete the number (of thirty days).  

أبو داود:٢٣٢٦حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الصَّبَّاحِ الْبَزَّازُ حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ الضَّبِّيُّ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ الْمُعْتَمِرِ عَنْ رِبْعِيِّ بْنِ حِرَاشٍ عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ لاَ تُقَدِّمُوا الشَّهْرَ حَتَّى تَرَوُا الْهِلاَلَ أَوْ تُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ ثُمَّ صُومُوا حَتَّى تَرَوُا الْهِلاَلَ أَوْ تُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ  

قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَرَوَاهُ سُفْيَانُ وَغَيْرُهُ عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ رِبْعِيٍّ عَنْ رَجُلٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ لَمْ يُسَمِّ حُذَيْفَةَ
abudawud:2327al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī > Ḥusayn > Zāʾidah > Simāk > ʿIkrimah > Ibn ʿAbbās

The Prophet ﷺ said: Do not fast one day or two days just before Ramadan except in the case of a man who has been in the habit or observing a fast (on that day); and do not fast until you sight it (the moon). Then fast until you sight it. If a cloud appears on that day (i.e. 29th of Ramadan) then complete the number thirty (days) and then end the fasting: a month consists of twenty-nine days.  

أبو داود:٢٣٢٧حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ حَدَّثَنَا حُسَيْنٌ عَنْ زَائِدَةَ عَنْ سِمَاكٍ عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ لاَ تُقَدِّمُوا الشَّهْرَ بِصِيَامِ يَوْمٍ وَلاَ يَوْمَيْنِ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ شَىْءٌ يَصُومُهُ أَحَدُكُمْ وَلاَ تَصُومُوا حَتَّى تَرَوْهُ ثُمَّ صُومُوا حَتَّى تَرَوْهُ فَإِنْ حَالَ دُونَهُ غَمَامَةٌ فَأَتِمُّوا الْعِدَّةَ ثَلاَثِينَ ثُمَّ أَفْطِرُوا وَ الشَّهْرُ تِسْعٌ وَعِشْرُونَ  

قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ حَاتِمُ بْنُ أَبِي صَغِيرَةَ وَشُعْبَةُ وَالْحَسَنُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ عَنْ سِمَاكٍ بِمَعْنَاهُ لَمْ يَقُولُوا ثُمَّ أَفْطِرُوا قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهُوَ حَاتِمُ بْنُ مُسْلِمِ بْنِ أَبِي صَغِيرَةَ وَأَبُو صَغِيرَةَ زَوْجُ أُمِّهِ
abudawud:2328Mūsá b. Ismāʿīl > Ḥammād > Thābit > Muṭarrif > ʿImrān b. Ḥuṣayn And Saʿīd al-Jurayrī > Abū al-ʿAlāʾ > Muṭarrif > ʿImrān b. Ḥuṣayn

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ asked a man: Did you fast the last day of Sha'ban ? He replied: No. He said: If you did not observe a fast, you must fast for a day. One of the two narrators said: For two days.  

أبو داود:٢٣٢٨حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ عَنْ ثَابِتٍ عَنْ مُطَرِّفٍ عَنْ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ حُصَيْنٍ وَسَعِيدٍ الْجُرَيْرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي الْعَلاَءِ عَنْ مُطَرِّفٍ عَنْ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ حُصَيْنٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ لِرَجُلٍ هَلْ صُمْتَ مِنْ سَرَرِ شَعْبَانَ شَيْئًا قَالَ لاَ قَالَ فَإِذَا أَفْطَرْتَ فَصُمْ يَوْمًا وَقَالَ أَحَدُهُمَا يَوْمَيْنِ  

abudawud:2329Ibrāhīm b. al-ʿAlāʾ al-Zubaydī from Kitābih > al-Walīd b. Muslim > ʿAbdullāh b. al-ʿAlāʾ > Abū al-Azhar al-Mughīrah b. Farwah

AbulAzhar al-Mughirah ibn Farwah said: Mu'awiyah stood among the people at Dayr Mustahill lying at the gate of Hims. He said: O people, we sighted the moon on such-and-such day. We shall fast in advance. Anyone who likes to do so may do it. Malik ibn Hubayrah as-Saba'i stood up and asked: Mu'awiyah, did you hear the Messenger of Allah ﷺ say something (about this matter), or is this something on the basis of your opinion? He replied: I heard the Messenger of Allah ﷺ as saying: Fast the month (in the beginning) and in the last.  

أبو داود:٢٣٢٩حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ الزُّبَيْدِيُّ مِنْ كِتَابِهِ حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ عَنْ أَبِي الأَزْهَرِ الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ فَرْوَةَ قَالَ

قَامَ مُعَاوِيَةُ فِي النَّاسِ بِدَيْرِ مِسْحَلٍ الَّذِي عَلَى بَابِ حِمْصَ فَقَالَ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا قَدْ رَأَيْنَا الْهِلاَلَ يَوْمَ كَذَا وَكَذَا وَأَنَا مُتَقَدِّمٌ بِالصِّيَامِ فَمَنْ أَحَبَّ أَنْ يَفْعَلَهُ فَلْيَفْعَلْهُ قَالَ فَقَامَ إِلَيْهِ مَالِكُ بْنُ هُبَيْرَةَ السَّبَئِيُّ فَقَالَ يَا مُعَاوِيَةُ أَشَىْءٌ سَمِعْتَهُ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَمْ شَىْءٌ مِنْ رَأْيِكَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَقُولُ صُومُوا الشَّهْرَ وَسِرَّهُ  

abudawud:2330Sulaymān b. ʿAbd al-Raḥman al-Dimashqī Fī Hadhā al-Ḥadīth > al-Walīd

I heard Abu 'Amr al-Auza'i say: The word sirrahu means beginning of the month.  

أبو داود:٢٣٣٠حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الدِّمَشْقِيُّ فِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ قَالَ قَالَ الْوَلِيدُ

سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَمْرٍو يَعْنِي الأَوْزَاعِيَّ يَقُولُ سِرُّهُ أَوَّلُهُ  

abudawud:2331Aḥmad b. ʿAbd al-Wāḥid > Abū Mushir

On the authority of Abu Mushir. He said: Sa'id, that is, Ibn 'Abd al-'Aziz said: The meaning of the word sirraha is "in the beginning of it (the month)"  

أبو داود:٢٣٣١حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْوَاحِدِ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُسْهِرٍ قَالَ كَانَ سَعِيدٌ يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ يَقُولُ سِرُّهُ أَوَّلُهُ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ

وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ سِرُّهُ وَسَطُهُ وَقَالُوا آخِرُهُ  

abudawud:2332Mūsá b. Ismāʿīl > Ismāʿīl / Ibn Jaʿfar > Muḥammad b. Abū Ḥarmalah > Kurayb > Um al-Faḍl Āb.ah al-Ḥārith Baʿathath > Muʿāwiyah Bi-al-Shhām

That Umm al-Fadl, daughter of al-Harith, sent him to Mu'aqiyah in Syria. He said: I came to syria and performed her work. The moon of Ramadan appeared while I was in Syria. We sighted the moon on the night of Friday. When I came to Median towards the end of the month (of Ramadan), Ibn 'Abbas asked me about the moon. He said: When did you sight the moon ? I said: I sighted it on the night of Friday. He asked: Did you sight it yourself ? I said: Yes, and the people sighted it. They fasted and Mu'awiyah also fasted. He said: But we sighted it on the night of saturday. Since then we have been fasting until we complete thirty days or we sight it. Then I said: Are the sighting of the moon by Mu'awiyah and his fasts not sufficient for us? He replied: No. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ commanded us to do so.  

أبو داود:٢٣٣٢حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ جَعْفَرٍ أَخْبَرَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي حَرْمَلَةَ أَخْبَرَنِي كُرَيْبٌ

أَنَّ أُمَّ الْفَضْلِ ابْنَةَ الْحَارِثِ بَعَثَتْهُ إِلَى مُعَاوِيَةَ بِالشَّامِ قَالَ فَقَدِمْتُ الشَّامَ فَقَضَيْتُ حَاجَتَهَا فَاسْتُهِلَّ رَمَضَانُ وَأَنَا بِالشَّامِ فَرَأَيْنَا الْهِلاَلَ لَيْلَةَ الْجُمُعَةِ ثُمَّ قَدِمْتُ الْمَدِينَةَ فِي آخِرِ الشَّهْرِ فَسَأَلَنِي ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ ثُمَّ ذَكَرَ الْهِلاَلَ فَقَالَ مَتَى رَأَيْتُمُ الْهِلاَلَ قُلْتُ رَأَيْتُهُ لَيْلَةَ الْجُمُعَةِ قَالَ أَنْتَ رَأَيْتَهُ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ وَرَآهُ النَّاسُ وَصَامُوا وَصَامَ مُعَاوِيَةُ قَالَ لَكِنَّا رَأَيْنَاهُ لَيْلَةَ السَّبْتِ فَلاَ نَزَالُ نَصُومُهُ حَتَّى نُكْمِلَ الثَّلاَثِينَ أَوْ نَرَاهُ فَقُلْتُ أَفَلاَ تَكْتَفِي بِرُؤْيَةِ مُعَاوِيَةَ وَصِيَامِهِ قَالَ لاَ هَكَذَا أَمَرَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ  

abudawud:2333ʿUbaydullāh b. Muʿādh from my father > al-Ashʿath

That man and the people of his city should not fast as an atonement except that they know (for certain) that the people of a certain city of Muslims had fasted on Sunday. In that case they should keep fast as an atonement.  

أبو داود:٢٣٣٣حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي حَدَّثَنَا الأَشْعَثُ

عَنِ الْحَسَنِفِي رَجُلٍ كَانَ بِمِصْرٍ مِنَ الأَمْصَارِ فَصَامَ يَوْمَ الاِثْنَيْنِ وَشَهِدَ رَجُلاَنِ أَنَّهُمَا رَأَيَا الْهِلاَلَ لَيْلَةَ الأَحَدِ فَقَالَ لاَ يَقْضِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ الرَّجُلُ وَلاَ أَهْلُ مِصْرِهِ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ أَهْلَ مِصْرٍ مِنْ أَمْصَارِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ قَدْ صَامُوا يَوْمَ الأَحَدِ فَيَقْضُونَهُ  

abudawud:2334Muḥammad b. ʿAbdullāh b. Numayr > Abū Khālid al-Aḥmar > ʿAmr b. Qays > Abū Isḥāq > Ṣilah

AbuIshaq reported on the authority of Silah: We were with Ammar on the day when the appearance of the moon was doubtful. (The meat of) goat was brought to him. Some people kept aloof from (eating) it. Ammar said: He who keeps fast on this day disobeys AbulQasim (i.e. the Prophet) ﷺ.  

أبو داود:٢٣٣٤حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ نُمَيْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو خَالِدٍ الأَحْمَرُ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ صِلَةَ قَالَ

كُنَّا عِنْدَ عَمَّارٍ فِي الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي يُشَكُّ فِيهِ فَأُتِيَ بِشَاةٍ فَتَنَحَّى بَعْضُ الْقَوْمِ فَقَالَ عَمَّارٌ مَنْ صَامَ هَذَا الْيَوْمَ فَقَدْ عَصَى أَبَا الْقَاسِمِ ﷺ  

abudawud:2335Muslim b. Ibrāhīm > Hishām > Yaḥyá b. Abū Kathīr > Abū Salamah > Abū Hurayrah

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ as saying: Do not fast one day or two days just before Ramadan, except in the case of a man who has been in the habit of observing the particular fast, for he may fast on that day.  

أبو داود:٢٣٣٥حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامٌ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ

عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ لاَ تَقَدَّمُوا صَوْمَ رَمَضَانَ بِيَوْمٍ وَلاَ يَوْمَيْنِ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ صَوْمًا يَصُومُهُ رَجُلٌ فَلْيَصُمْ ذَلِكَ الصَّوْمَ  

abudawud:2336Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal > Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar > Shuʿbah > Tawbah al-ʿAnbarī > Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm > Abū Salamah > Um Salamah

She never saw the Prophet ﷺ fasting the whole month except Sha'ban which he combined with Ramadan.  

أبو داود:٢٣٣٦حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ عَنْ تَوْبَةَ الْعَنْبَرِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ

عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ أَنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ يَصُومُ مِنَ السَّنَةِ شَهْرًا تَامًّا إِلاَّ شَعْبَانَ يَصِلُهُ بِرَمَضَانَ  

abudawud:2337Qutaybah b. Saʿīd > ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz b. Muḥammad

AbdulAziz ibn Muhammad said: Abbad ibn Kathir came to Medina and went to the assembly of al-Ala'. He caught hold of his hand and made him stand and said: O Allah, he narrates a tradition from his father on the authority of AbuHurayrah who reported the Messenger of Allah ﷺ as saying: When the middle of Sha'ban comes, do not fast. Al-Ala' said: O Allah, my father narrated this tradition on the authority of AbuHurayrah from the Prophet ﷺ  

أبو داود:٢٣٣٧حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ قَالَ قَدِمَ عَبَّادُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ الْمَدِينَةَ فَمَالَ إِلَى مَجْلِسِ الْعَلاَءِ فَأَخَذَ بِيَدِهِ فَأَقَامَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّ هَذَا يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ إِذَا انْتَصَفَ شَعْبَانُ فَلاَ تَصُومُوا فَقَالَ الْعَلاَءُ اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّ أَبِي حَدَّثَنِي عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ بِذَلِكَ  

قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ الثَّوْرِيُّ وَشِبْلُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ وَأَبُو عُمَيْسٍ وَزُهَيْرُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَكَانَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ لاَ يُحَدِّثُ بِهِ قُلْتُ لأَحْمَدَ لِمَ قَالَ لأَنَّهُ كَانَ عِنْدَهُ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ كَانَ يَصِلُ شَعْبَانَ بِرَمَضَانَ وَقَالَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ خِلاَفَهُ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَلَيْسَ هَذَا عِنْدِي خِلاَفَهُ وَلَمْ يَجِئْ بِهِ غَيْرُ الْعَلاَءِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ
abudawud:2338Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Raḥīm Abū Yaḥyá al-Bazzāz > Saʿīd b. Sulaymān > ʿAbbād > Abū Mālik al-Ashjaʿī > Ḥusayn b. al-Ḥārith al-Jadalī from Jadīlah Qays > Amīr Makkah Khaṭab Thum

Husayn ibn al-Harith al-Jadli from the tribe of Jadilah Qays said: The governor of Mecca delivered a speech and said: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ took a pledge from us that we should perform the rites of hajj after sighting the moon. If we do not sight it and two reliable persons bear witness, we should perform the rites of hajj on the basis of their witness. I then asked al-Husayn ibn al-Harith: Who was the governor of Mecca? He replied: I do not know. He then met me later on and told me: He was al-Harith ibn Hatib, brother of Muhammad ibn Hatib. The governor then said: There is among you a man who is more acquainted with Allah and His Apostle than I. He witnessed this from the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. He then pointed with his hand to a man. Al-Husayn said: I asked an old man beside me: Who is that man to whom the governor has alluded? He said: "This is Abdullah ibn Umar, and he spoke the truth. He was more acquainted with Allah than he. He (Abdullah ibn Umar) said: For this is what the Messenger of Allah ﷺ commanded us (to do).  

أبو داود:٢٣٣٨حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحِيمِ أَبُو يَحْيَى الْبَزَّازُ حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبَّادٌ عَنْ أَبِي مَالِكٍ الأَشْجَعِيِّ حَدَّثَنَا حُسَيْنُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ الْجَدَلِيُّ مِنْ جَدِيلَةِ قَيْسٍ أَنَّ أَمِيرَ مَكَّةَ خَطَبَ ثُمَّ قَالَ

عَهِدَ إِلَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَنْ نَنْسُكَ لِلرُّؤْيَةِ فَإِنْ لَمْ نَرَهُ وَشَهِدَ شَاهِدَا عَدْلٍ نَسَكْنَا بِشَهَادَتِهِمَا فَسَأَلْتُ الْحُسَيْنَ بْنَ الْحَارِثِ مَنْ أَمِيرُ مَكَّةَ قَالَ لاَ أَدْرِي ثُمَّ لَقِيَنِي بَعْدُ فَقَالَ هُوَ الْحَارِثُ بْنُ حَاطِبٍ أَخُو مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَاطِبٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ الأَمِيرُ إِنَّ فِيكُمْ مَنْ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ مِنِّي وَشَهِدَ هَذَا مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَأَوْمَأَ بِيَدِهِ إِلَى رَجُلٍ قَالَ الْحُسَيْنُ فَقُلْتُ لِشَيْخٍ إِلَى جَنْبِي مَنْ هَذَا الَّذِي أَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ الأَمِيرُ قَالَ هَذَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ وَصَدَقَ كَانَ أَعْلَمَ بِاللَّهِ مِنْهُ فَقَالَ بِذَلِكَ أَمَرَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ  

abudawud:2339Musaddad And Khalaf b. Hishām al-Muqriʾ > Abū ʿAwānah > Manṣūr > Ribʿī b. Ḥirāsh

On the authority of a man from the Companions of the Prophet ﷺ: People differed among themselves on the last day of Ramadan (about the appearance of the moon of Shawwal). Then two bedouins came and witnessed before the Prophet ﷺ swearing by Allah that they had sighted moon the previous evening. So the Messenger of Allah ﷺ commanded the people to break the fast. The narrator Khalaf has added in his version: "and that they should proceed to the place of prayer (for 'Id)".  

أبو داود:٢٣٣٩حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ وَخَلَفُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ الْمُقْرِئُ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ رِبْعِيِّ بْنِ حِرَاشٍ

عَنْ رَجُلٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ اخْتَلَفَ النَّاسُ فِي آخِرِ يَوْمٍ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ فَقَدِمَ أَعْرَابِيَّانِ فَشَهِدَا عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ بِاللَّهِ لأَهَلاَّ الْهِلاَلَ أَمْسِ عَشِيَّةً فَأَمَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ النَّاسَ أَنْ يُفْطِرُوا زَادَ خَلَفٌ فِي حَدِيثِهِ وَأَنْ يَغْدُوا إِلَى مُصَلاَّهُمْ  

abudawud:2340[Chain 1] Muḥammad b. Bakkār b. al-Rayyān > al-Walīd / Ibn Abū Thawr [Chain 2] al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī

A bedouin came to the Prophet ﷺ and said: I have sighted the moon. Al-Hasan added in his version: that is, of Ramadan. He asked: Do you testify that there is no god but Allah? He replied: Yes. He again asked: Do you testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah? He replied: Yes. and he testified that he had sighted the moon. He said: Bilal, announce to the people that they must fast tomorrow.  

أبو داود:٢٣٤٠حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَكَّارِ بْنِ الرَّيَّانِ حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ أَبِي ثَوْرٍ ح وَحَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ حَدَّثَنَا الْحُسَيْنُ يَعْنِي الْجُعْفِيَّ عَنْ زَائِدَةَ الْمَعْنَى عَنْ سِمَاكٍ عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ

جَاءَ أَعْرَابِيٌّ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَقَالَ إِنِّي رَأَيْتُ الْهِلاَلَ قَالَ الْحَسَنُ فِي حَدِيثِهِ يَعْنِي رَمَضَانَ فَقَالَ أَتَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ أَتَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ يَا بِلاَلُ أَذِّنْ فِي النَّاسِ فَلْيَصُومُوا غَدًا  

abudawud:2341Mūsá b. Ismāʿīl > Ḥammād > Simāk b. Ḥarb

Once the people doubted the appearance of the moon of Ramadan, and intended neither to offer the tarawih prayer nor to keep fast. A bedouin came from al-Harrah and testified that he had sighted the moon. He was brought to the Prophet ﷺ. He asked: Do you testify that there is no god but Allah, and that I am the Messenger of Allah? He said: Yes; and he testified that he had sighted the moon. He commanded Bilal who announced to the people to offer the tarawih prayer and to keep fast.  

أبو داود:٢٣٤١حَدَّثَنِي مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ عَنْ سِمَاكِ بْنِ حَرْبٍ

عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ أَنَّهُمْ شَكُّوا فِي هِلاَلِ رَمَضَانَ مَرَّةً فَأَرَادُوا أَنْ لاَ يَقُومُوا وَلاَ يَصُومُوا فَجَاءَ أَعْرَابِيٌّ مِنَ الْحَرَّةِ فَشَهِدَ أَنَّهُ رَأَى الْهِلاَلَ فَأُتِيَ بِهِ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَقَالَ أَتَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَنِّي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ قَالَ نَعَمْ وَشَهِدَ أَنَّهُ رَأَى الْهِلاَلَ فَأَمَرَ بِلاَلاً فَنَادَى فِي النَّاسِ أَنْ يَقُومُوا وَأَنْ يَصُومُوا  

قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ جَمَاعَةٌ عَنْ سِمَاكٍ عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ مُرْسَلاً وَلَمْ يَذْكُرِ الْقِيَامَ أَحَدٌ إِلاَّ حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ
abudawud:2342Maḥmūd b. Khālid And ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Raḥman al-Samarqandī > Liḥadīthih Atqan > Marwān > Ibn Muḥammad > ʿAbdullāh b. Wahb > Yaḥyá b. ʿAbdullāh b. Sālim > Abū Bakr b. Nāfiʿ from his father > Ibn ʿUmar

The people looked for the moon, so I informed the Messenger of Allah ﷺ that I had sighted it. He fasted and commanded the people to fast.  

أبو داود:٢٣٤٢حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ وَعَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ السَّمَرْقَنْدِيُّ وَأَنَا لِحَدِيثِهِ أَتْقَنُ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا مَرْوَانُ هُوَ ابْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ وَهْبٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ نَافِعٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ

تَرَاءَى النَّاسُ الْهِلاَلَ فَأَخْبَرْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَنِّي رَأَيْتُهُ فَصَامَهُ وَأَمَرَ النَّاسَ بِصِيَامِهِ  

abudawud:2343Musaddad > ʿAbdullāh b. al-Mubārak > Mūsá b. ʿUla b. Rabāḥ from his father > Abū Qays a freed slave of ʿAmr b. al-ʿĀṣ > ʿAmr b. al-ʿĀṣ

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ as saying: The difference between our fasting and that of the people of the Book is eating shortly before dawn.  

أبو داود:٢٣٤٣حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ عُلَىِّ بْنِ رَبَاحٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي قَيْسٍ مَوْلَى عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِنَّ فَصْلَ مَا بَيْنَ صِيَامِنَا وَصِيَامِ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ أَكْلَةُ السَّحَرِ  

abudawud:2344ʿAmr b. Muḥammad al-Nāqid > Ḥammād b. Khālid al-Khayyāṭ > Muʿāwiyah b. Ṣāliḥ > Yūnus b. Sayf > al-Ḥārith b. Ziyād > Abū Ruhm > al-ʿIrbāḍ b. Sāriyah

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ invited me to a meal shortly before dawn in Ramadan saying: Come to the blessed morning meal.  

أبو داود:٢٣٤٤حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ النَّاقِدُ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ الْخَيَّاطُ حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاوِيَةُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ سَيْفٍ عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَبِي رُهْمٍ عَنِ الْعِرْبَاضِ بْنِ سَارِيَةَ قَالَ

دَعَانِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِلَى السَّحُورِ فِي رَمَضَانَ فَقَالَ هَلُمَّ إِلَى الْغَدَاءِ الْمُبَارَكِ  

abudawud:2345ʿUmar b. al-Ḥasan b. Ibrāhīm > Muḥammad b. Abū al-Wazīr Abū al-Muṭarrif > Muḥammad b. Mūsá > Saʿīd al-Maqburī > Abū Hurayrah

The Prophet ﷺ as saying: How good is the believers meal of dates shortly before dawn.  

أبو داود:٢٣٤٥حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي الْوَزِيرِ أَبُو الْمُطَرِّفِ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُوسَى عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ

عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ نِعْمَ سَحُورُ الْمُؤْمِنِ التَّمْرُ  

abudawud:2346Musaddad > Ḥammād b. Zayd > ʿAbdullāh b. Sawādah al-Qushayrī from his father > Samurah b. Jundub Yakhṭub /

The adhan (call to prayer) of Bilal should not prevent you from taking a meal shortly before dawn, not does the whiteness of horizon (before dawn) in this way (vertically) until it spreads out horizontally.  

أبو داود:٢٣٤٦حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سَوَادَةَ الْقُشَيْرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ سَمُرَةَ بْنَ جُنْدُبٍ يَخْطُبُ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ لاَ يَمْنَعَنَّ مِنْ سَحُورِكُمْ أَذَانُ بِلاَلٍ وَلاَ بَيَاضُ الأُفُقِ الَّذِي هَكَذَا حَتَّى يَسْتَطِيرَ  

abudawud:2347[Chain 1] Musaddad > Yaḥyá > al-Taymī [Chain 2] Aḥmad b. Yūnus > Zuhayr > Sulaymān al-Taymī > Abū ʿUthmān > ʿAbdullāh b. Masʿūd

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ as saying: The summons (adhan) of Bilal should not restrain one of you from taking a meal shortly before dawn, for he utters adhan or calls (for prayer) so that the man at prayer may return, and the man asleep may get up. Dawn is not (the whiteness) which indicates thus (in perpendicular) - the narrator Musaddad said: Yahya joined his palms (indicating the spread of whiteness vertically - until it indicates thus - and Yahya spread out two ring-fingers of his (demonstrating the spread of whiteness horizontally)l  

أبو داود:٢٣٤٧حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى عَنِ التَّيْمِيِّ ح وَحَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرٌ حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ التَّيْمِيُّ عَنْ أَبِي عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ لاَ يَمْنَعَنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ أَذَانُ بِلاَلٍ مِنْ سَحُورِهِ فَإِنَّهُ يُؤَذِّنُ أَوْ قَالَ يُنَادِي لِيَرْجِعَ قَائِمُكُمْ وَيَنْتَبِهَ نَائِمُكُمْ وَلَيْسَ الْفَجْرُ أَنْ يَقُولَ هَكَذَا قَالَ مُسَدَّدٌ وَجَمَعَ يَحْيَى كَفَّيْهِ حَتَّى يَقُولَ هَكَذَا وَمَدَّ يَحْيَى بِأُصْبَعَيْهِ السَّبَّابَتَيْنِ  

abudawud:2348Muḥammad b. ʿĪsá > Mulāzim b. ʿAmr > ʿAbdullāh b. al-Nuʿmān > Qays b. Ṭalq from his father

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: Eat and drink; let not the white and ascending light prevent you from (eating and drinking); so eat and drink until the red light spreads horizontally.  

أبو داود:٢٣٤٨حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى حَدَّثَنَا مُلاَزِمُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ حَدَّثَنِي قَيْسُ بْنُ طَلْقٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ كُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا وَلاَ يَهِيدَنَّكُمُ السَّاطِعُ الْمُصْعِدُ فَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا حَتَّى يَعْتَرِضَ لَكُمُ الأَحْمَرُ  

قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ هَذَا مِمَّا تَفَرَّدَ بِهِ أَهْلُ الْيَمَامَةِ
abudawud:2349[Chain 1] Musaddad > Ḥuṣayn b. Numayr [Chain 2] ʿUthmān b. Abū Shaybah > Ibn Idrīs al-Maʿná > Ḥuṣayn > al-Shaʿbī > ʿAdī b. Ḥātim > Lammā Nazalat

When the verse "Until the white thread of dawn appear to you distinct from its black thread" was revealed, I took a white rope and a black rope, and placed them beneath my pillow ; and then I looked at them, byt they were not clear to me. So I mentioned it to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. He laughed and said: Your pillow is so broad and lengthy ; that is (i.e. means) night and day. The version of the narrator 'Uthman has: That is the blackness of night and whiteness of day.  

أبو داود:٢٣٤٩حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا حُصَيْنُ بْنُ نُمَيْرٍ ح وَحَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ إِدْرِيسَ الْمَعْنَى عَنْ حُصَيْنٍ عَنِ الشَّعْبِيِّ عَنْ عَدِيِّ بْنِ حَاتِمٍ قَالَ

لَمَّا نَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الآيَةُ { حَتَّى يَتَبَيَّنَ لَكُمُ الْخَيْطُ الأَبْيَضُ مِنَ الْخَيْطِ الأَسْوَدِ } قَالَ أَخَذْتُ عِقَالاً أَبْيَضَ وَعِقَالاً أَسْوَدَ فَوَضَعْتُهُمَا تَحْتَ وِسَادَتِي فَنَظَرْتُ فَلَمْ أَتَبَيَّنْ فَذَكَرْتُ ذَلِكَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَضَحِكَ فَقَالَ إِنَّ وِسَادَكَ لَعَرِيضٌ طَوِيلٌ إِنَّمَا هُوَ اللَّيْلُ وَالنَّهَارُ قَالَ عُثْمَانُ إِنَّمَا هُوَ سَوَادُ اللَّيْلِ وَبَيَاضُ النَّهَارِ  

abudawud:2350ʿAbd al-Aʿlá b. Ḥammād > Ḥammād > Muḥammad b. ʿAmr > Abū Salamah > Abū Hurayrah

The Prophet ﷺ said: When any of you hears the summons to prayer while he has a vessel in his hand, he should not lay it down till he fulfils his need.  

أبو داود:٢٣٥٠حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الأَعْلَى بْنُ حَمَّادٍ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِذَا سَمِعَ أَحَدُكُمُ النِّدَاءَ وَالإِنَاءُ عَلَى يَدِهِ فَلاَ يَضَعْهُ حَتَّى يَقْضِيَ حَاجَتَهُ مِنْهُ  

abudawud:2351[Chain 1] Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal > Wakīʿ > Hishām [Chain 2] Musaddad > ʿAbdullāh b. Dāwud > Hishām al-Maʿná > Hishām b. ʿUrwah from his father > ʿĀṣim b. ʿUmar from his father

The Prophet ﷺ as saying: When the night approaches from this side and the day retreats on that side, and the sun sets - according to the version of Musaddad - he who fasts has reached the time to break it.  

أبو داود:٢٣٥١حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامٌ ح وَحَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ دَاوُدَ عَنْ هِشَامٍ الْمَعْنَى قَالَ هِشَامُ بْنُ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ عُمَرَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ

قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ إِذَا جَاءَ اللَّيْلُ مِنْ هَا هُنَا وَذَهَبَ النَّهَارُ مِنْ هَا هُنَا زَادَ مُسَدَّدٌ وَغَابَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَقَدْ أَفْطَرَ الصَّائِمُ  

abudawud:2352Musaddad > ʿAbd al-Wāḥid > Sulaymān al-Shaybānī > ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Awfá

We went along with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ while he was fasting. When the sun set, he said to Bilal: Bilal, come down and prepare barley beverage for us. He said: Messenger of Allah, would that you waited for the evening. He said: Come down and prepare barley beverage for us. He said: Messenger of Allah, the say still remains on you (i.e. there remains the brightness of the day). He said: Come down and prepare barley drink for us. So he came down and prepared barley drink. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ drank it and said: When you see that the night approaches from this side, he who fasts has reached the time to break it ; and he pointed to the east with his finger.  

أبو داود:٢٣٥٢حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَاحِدِ حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ الشَّيْبَانِيُّ قَالَ

سَمِعْتُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ أَبِي أَوْفَى يَقُولُ سِرْنَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَهُوَ صَائِمٌ فَلَمَّا غَرَبَتِ الشَّمْسُ قَالَ يَا بِلاَلُ انْزِلْ فَاجْدَحْ لَنَا قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ لَوْ أَمْسَيْتَ قَالَ انْزِلْ فَاجْدَحْ لَنَا قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ عَلَيْكَ نَهَارًا قَالَ انْزِلْ فَاجْدَحْ لَنَا فَنَزَلَ فَجَدَحَ فَشَرِبَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِذَا رَأَيْتُمُ اللَّيْلَ قَدْ أَقْبَلَ مِنْ هَا هُنَا فَقَدْ أَفْطَرَ الصَّائِمُ وَأَشَارَ بِأُصْبُعِهِ قِبَلَ الْمَشْرِقِ  

abudawud:2353And Hb b. Baqiyyah > Khālid > Muḥammad / Ibn ʿAmr > Abū Salamah > Abū Hurayrah

The Prophet ﷺ said: Religion will continue to prevail as long as people hasten to break the fast, because the Jews and the Christians delay doing so.  

أبو داود:٢٣٥٣حَدَّثَنَا وَهْبُ بْنُ بَقِيَّةَ عَنْ خَالِدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَمْرٍو عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ

عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ لاَ يَزَالُ الدِّينُ ظَاهِرًا مَا عَجَّلَ النَّاسُ الْفِطْرَ لأَنَّ الْيَهُودَ وَالنَّصَارَى يُؤَخِّرُونَ  

abudawud:2354Musaddad > Abū Muʿāwiyah > al-Aʿmash > ʿUmārah b. ʿUmayr > Abū ʿAṭiyyah > Dakhalt

I and Masruq entered upon 'Aishah and we said: Mother of believers, there are two persons from the Companions of the Muhammad ﷺ. One of them hastens to break the fast and hastens to pray while the other delays to break the fast and delays praying. She asked: Which of them hastens to break the fast and hasten to pray ? We replied: 'Abd Allah (b. Mas'ud). She said: Thus did the Messenger of Allah ﷺ do.  

أبو داود:٢٣٥٤حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ عَنْ عُمَارَةَ بْنِ عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَطِيَّةَ قَالَ

دَخَلْتُ عَلَى عَائِشَةَ ؓ أَنَا وَمَسْرُوقٌ فَقُلْنَا يَا أُمَّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَجُلاَنِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ مُحَمَّدٍ ﷺ أَحَدُهُمَا يُعَجِّلُ الإِفْطَارَ وَيُعَجِّلُ الصَّلاَةَ وَالآخَرُ يُؤَخِّرُ الإِفْطَارَ وَيُؤَخِّرُ الصَّلاَةَ قَالَتْ أَيُّهُمَا يُعَجِّلُ الإِفْطَارَ وَيُعَجِّلُ الصَّلاَةَ قُلْنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ قَالَتْ كَذَلِكَ كَانَ يَصْنَعُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ  

abudawud:2355Musaddad > ʿAbd al-Wāḥid b. Ziyād > ʿĀṣim al-Aḥwal > Ḥafṣah b. Sīrīn > al-Rabāb > Salmān b. ʿĀmir ʿAmmihā

The Prophet ﷺ said: When one of you is fasting, he should break his fast with dates; but if he cannot get any, then (he should break his fast) with water, for water is purifying.  

أبو داود:٢٣٥٥حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَاحِدِ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَاصِمٍ الأَحْوَلِ عَنْ حَفْصَةَ بِنْتِ سِيرِينَ عَنِ الرَّبَابِ عَنْ سَلْمَانَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَمِّهَا قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِذَا كَانَ أَحَدُكُمْ صَائِمًا فَلْيُفْطِرْ عَلَى التَّمْرِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَجِدِ التَّمْرَ فَعَلَى الْمَاءِ فَإِنَّ الْمَاءَ طَهُورٌ  

Recommendation to break the fast with rutab (rutabah) dates

abudawud:2356Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal > ʿAbd al-Razzāq > Jaʿfar b. Sulaymān > Thābit al-Bunānī > Anas b. Mālik

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ used to break his fast before praying with some rutabah dates; but if there were no rutabah dates, he had a few fully ripened dates, and if there were no fully ripened dates, he took some mouthfuls of water.  

أبو داود:٢٣٥٦حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ حَدَّثَنَا جَعْفَرُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ حَدَّثَنَا ثَابِتٌ الْبُنَانِيُّ

أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَنَسَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ يَقُولُ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يُفْطِرُ عَلَى رُطَبَاتٍ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ رُطَبَاتٌ فَعَلَى تَمَرَاتٍ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ حَسَا حَسَوَاتٍ مِنْ مَاءٍ  

abudawud:2357ʿAbdullāh b. Muḥammad b. Yaḥyá Abū Muḥammad > ʿAlī b. al-Ḥasan > al-Ḥusayn b. Wāqid > Marwān / Ibn Sālim al-Muqaffaʿ > Raʾayt Ibn ʿUmar Yaqbiḍ > Liḥyatih Fayaqṭaʿ Mā Zād > al-Kaf

I saw Ibn Umar holding his beard with his hand and cutting what exceeded the handful of it. He (Ibn Umar) said that the Prophet ﷺ said when he broke his fast: Thirst has gone, the arteries are moist, and the reward is sure, if Allah wills.  

أبو داود:٢٣٥٧حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى أَبُو مُحَمَّدٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ أَخْبَرَنِي الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ وَاقِدٍ حَدَّثَنَا مَرْوَانُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ سَالِمٍ الْمُقَفَّعُ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ ابْنَ عُمَرَ يَقْبِضُ عَلَى لِحْيَتِهِ فَيَقْطَعُ مَا زَادَ عَلَى الْكَفِّ

وَقَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِذَا أَفْطَرَ قَالَ ذَهَبَ الظَّمَأُ وَابْتَلَّتِ الْعُرُوقُ وَثَبَتَ الأَجْرُ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ  

abudawud:2358Musaddad > Hushaym > Ḥuṣayn > Muʿādh b. Zuhrah > Balaghah

The Prophet of Allah ﷺ used to say when he broke his fast: O Allah, for Thee I have fasted, and with Thy provision I have broken my fast.  

أبو داود:٢٣٥٨حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ عَنْ حُصَيْنٍ عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ زُهْرَةَ أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ كَانَ إِذَا أَفْطَرَ قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ صُمْتُ وَعَلَى رِزْقِكَ أَفْطَرْتُ  

abudawud:2359Hārūn b. ʿAbdullāh And Muḥammad b. al-ʿAlāʾ al-Maʿná > Abū Usāmah > Hishām b. ʿUrwah > Fāṭimah b. al-Mundhir > Asmāʾ b. Abū Bakr

We broke the fast one during Ramadan when it was cloudy in the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ ; then the sun rose. Abu Usamah said: I said to Hisham: Were they commanded to atone for it ? He replied: That was inevitable.  

أبو داود:٢٣٥٩حَدَّثَنَا هَارُونُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ الْمَعْنَى قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتِ الْمُنْذِرِ عَنْ أَسْمَاءَ بِنْتِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ قَالَتْ

أَفْطَرْنَا يَوْمًا فِي رَمَضَانَ فِي غَيْمٍ فِي عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ ثُمَّ طَلَعَتِ الشَّمْسُ قَالَ أَبُو أُسَامَةَ قُلْتُ لِهِشَامٍ أُمِرُوا بِالْقَضَاءِ قَالَ وَبُدٌّ مِنْ ذَلِكَ  

abudawud:2360ʿAbdullāh b. Maslamah al-Qaʿnabī > Mālik > Nāfiʿ > Ibn ʿUmar

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ prohibited perpetual fasting. They (the people) said: You keep perpetual fasting, Messenger of Allah. He said: My position is not like that you yours. I am provided with food and drink.  

أبو داود:٢٣٦٠حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ الْقَعْنَبِيُّ عَنْ مَالِكٍ عَنْ نَافِعٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ نَهَى عَنِ الْوِصَالِ قَالُوا فَإِنَّكَ تُوَاصِلُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ إِنِّي لَسْتُ كَهَيْئَتِكُمْ إِنِّي أُطْعَمُ وَأُسْقَى  

abudawud:2361Qutaybah b. Saʿīd > Bakr b. Muḍar > Ibn al-Hād > ʿAbdullāh b. Khabbāb > Abū Saʿīd al-Khudrī

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ as saying: Do not observe perpetual fasting. If any of you wants to observe perpetual fast, he should observe it until the dawn. They (the people) asked: You observe perpetual fast ? He replied: My position is not like that of yours. There is One Who gives me to eat, and there is One who gives me to drink.  

أبو داود:٢٣٦١حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ أَنَّ بَكْرَ بْنَ مُضَرَ حَدَّثَهُمْ عَنِ ابْنِ الْهَادِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ خَبَّابٍ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ

أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَقُولُ لاَ تُوَاصِلُوا فَأَيُّكُمْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُوَاصِلَ فَلْيُوَاصِلْ حَتَّى السَّحَرِ قَالُوا فَإِنَّكَ تُوَاصِلُ قَالَ إِنِّي لَسْتُ كَهَيْئَتِكُمْ إِنَّ لِي مُطْعِمًا يُطْعِمُنِي وَسَاقِيًا يَسْقِينِي  

abudawud:2362Aḥmad b. Yūnus > Ibn Abū Dhiʾb > al-Maqburī from his father > Abū Hurayrah

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ as saying: If anyone does not abandon falsehood and action is accordance with it, Allah has no need that he should abandon his food and drink. The narrator Ahmad (b. Yunus) said: I learnt the chain of narrators from Ibn Abi Dhi'b, and a man by his side made me understand the tradition. I think he was his cousin.  

أبو داود:٢٣٦٢حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي ذِئْبٍ عَنِ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مَنْ لَمْ يَدَعْ قَوْلَ الزُّورِ وَالْعَمَلَ بِهِ فَلَيْسَ لِلَّهِ حَاجَةٌ أَنْ يَدَعَ طَعَامَهُ وَشَرَابَهُ قَالَ أَحْمَدُ فَهِمْتُ إِسْنَادَهُ مِنَ ابْنِ أَبِي ذِئْبٍ وَأَفْهَمَنِي الْحَدِيثَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى جَنْبِهِ أُرَاهُ ابْنَ أَخِيهِ