Caution: Translations of Quran and Ḥadīth may lead to possible misapplications and misinterpretations. This site is intended for students of sacred knowledge that are proficient in comprehending classical Arabic and have a strong foundation in Islamic sciences. Also note that religious injunctions rely on several aspects beyond what one may glean through reading individual aḥādīth.

A mass murderer can be forgiven on repenting before death

muslim:2766aMuḥammad b. al-Muthanná and Muḥammad b. Bashhār > Muʿādh b. Hishām from my father > Qatādah > Abū al-Ṣiddīq > Abū Saʿīd al-Khudrī

There was a person before you who had killed ninety-nine persons and then made an inquiry about the learned persons of the world (who could show him the way to salvation). He was directed to a monk. He came to him and told him that he had killed ninety-nine persons and asked him whether there was any scope for his repentance to be accepted. He said: No. He killed him also and thus completed one hundred. He then asked about the learned persons of the earth and he was directed to a scholar, and he told him that he had killed one hundred persons and asked him whether there was any scope for his repentance to be accepted. He said: Yes; what stands between you and repentance? You better go to such and such land; there are people devoted to prayer and worship and you also worship along with them and do not come to the land of yours since it was an evil land (for you).

So he went away and he had hardly covered half the distance when death came to him and there was a dispute between the angels of mercy and the angels of punishment. The angels of mercy said: This man has come as a penitent and remorseful to Allah and the angels of punishment said: He has done no good at all. Then there came another angel in the form of a human being in order to decide between them. He said: You measure the land to which he has drawn near. They measured it and found him nearer to the land where he intended to go (the land of piety), and so the angels of mercy took possession of it. Qatada said that Hasan told him that it was said to them that as death approached him, he crawled upon his chest (and managed) to slip in the land of mercy.  

مسلم:٢٧٦٦aحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ وَاللَّفْظُ لاِبْنِ الْمُثَنَّى قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاذُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الصِّدِّيقِ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ

أَنَّ نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ: «كَانَ فِيمَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ رَجُلٌ قَتَلَ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ نَفْسًا۔ فَسَأَلَ عَنْ أَعْلَمِ أَهْلِ الأَرْضِ، فَدُلَّ عَلَى رَاهِبٍ۔ فَأَتَاهُ فَقَالَ إِنَّهُ قَتَلَ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ نَفْسًا فَهَلْ لَهُ مِنَ تَوْبَةٍ۔ فَقَالَ لاَ، فَقَتَلَهُ فَكَمَّلَ بِهِ مِائَةً۔ ثُمَّ سَأَلَ عَنْ أَعْلَمِ أَهْلِ الأَرْضِ، فَدُلَّ عَلَى رَجُلٍ عَالِمٍ۔ فَقَالَ إِنَّهُ قَتَلَ مِائَةَ نَفْسٍ فَهَلْ لَهُ مِنْ تَوْبَةٍ۔ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ وَمَنْ يَحُولُ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ التَّوْبَةِ؟ انْطَلِقْ إِلَى أَرْضِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَإِنَّ بِهَا أُنَاسًا يَعْبُدُونَ اللَّهَ، فَاعْبُدِ اللَّهَ مَعَهُمْ وَلاَ تَرْجِعْ إِلَى أَرْضِكَ فَإِنَّهَا أَرْضُ سَوْءٍ۔

فَانْطَلَقَ حَتَّى إِذَا نَصَفَ الطَّرِيقَ أَتَاهُ الْمَوْتُ، فَاخْتَصَمَتْ فِيهِ مَلاَئِكَةُ الرَّحْمَةِ وَمَلاَئِكَةُ الْعَذَابِ۔ فَقَالَتْ مَلاَئِكَةُ الرَّحْمَةِ: جَاءَ تَائِبًا مُقْبِلاً بِقَلْبِهِ إِلَى اللَّهِ۔ وَقَالَتْ مَلاَئِكَةُ الْعَذَابِ: إِنَّهُ لَمْ يَعْمَلْ خَيْرًا قَطُّ۔ فَأَتَاهُمْ مَلَكٌ فِي صُورَةِ آدَمِيٍّ فَجَعَلُوهُ بَيْنَهُمْ۔ فَقَالَ: قِيسُوا مَا بَيْنَ الأَرْضَيْنِ فَإِلَى أَيَّتِهِمَا كَانَ أَدْنَى فَهُوَ لَهُ۔ فَقَاسُوهُ فَوَجَدُوهُ أَدْنَى إِلَى الأَرْضِ الَّتِي أَرَادَ، فَقَبَضَتْهُ مَلاَئِكَةُ الرَّحْمَةِ۔

قَالَ قَتَادَةُ فَقَالَ الْحَسَنُ ذُكِرَ لَنَا أَنَّهُ لَمَّا أَتَاهُ الْمَوْتُ نَأَى بِصَدْرِهِ  


See similar narrations below:

Collected by Aḥmad, Ibn Ḥibbān, Bayhaqī, Suyūṭī
ahmad:11687ʿAffān > Hammām > Qatādah > Abū al-Ṣiddīq > Abū Saʿīd al-Khudrī

[Machine] The Prophet ﷺ said: "Indeed, there was a man who killed ninety-nine people and then he asked about the most knowledgeable person on earth. He was directed to a monk, so he went to him and said: 'I have killed ninety-nine people, is there any chance for me to repent?' The monk said, 'No, there is no chance for you to repent.' So, the man killed the monk, completing the number to one hundred. Then he still felt remorseful and asked again about the most knowledgeable person, and he was directed to a scholar. He asked the scholar, 'I have killed one hundred people, is there any chance for me to repent?' The scholar replied, 'Who stands between you and repentance? Leave this evil town you are in and go to such and such place and worship your Lord there.' So, the man left and death approached him. Satan and the angels of punishment argued over him. Satan said, 'He has never disobeyed me for a moment.' The angels of mercy said, 'He has repented and is going to Allah with a sincere heart.' Then, they appointed an angel to decide between them. The angel said, 'Measure the distance between him and the two towns - the town he intended to go and the town he left. Whichever town is closer to him, that will determine his destination.' They found him closer to the town he intended to go, so Allah brought him close to it and kept the evil town away from him. Thus, he died and was buried in the town he intended to go."  

أحمد:١١٦٨٧حَدَّثَنَا عَفَّانُ حَدَّثَنَا هَمَّامٌ حَدَّثَنَا قَتَادَةُ عَنْ أَبِي الصِّدِّيقِ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ قَالَ إِنَّ رَجُلًا قَتَلَ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ نَفْسًا فَسَأَلَ عَنْ أَعْلَمِ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ فَدُلَّ عَلَى رَجُلٍ فَأَتَاهُ فَقَالَ إِنَّهُ قَتَلَ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ نَفْسًا فَهَلْ لَهُ مِنْ تَوْبَةٍ؟ قَالَ لَقَدْ قَتَلَ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ نَفْسًا فَلَيْسَتْ لَهُ تَوْبَةٌ؟ قَالَ فَانْتَضَى سَيْفَهُ فَقَتَلَهُ فَكَمَّلَ مِائَةً ثُمَّ إِنَّهُ مَكَثَ مَا شَاءَ اللهُ ثُمَّ سَأَلَ عَنْأَعْلَمِ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ فَدُلَّ عَلَى رَجُلٍ فَقَالَ إِنَّهُ قَدْ قَتَلَ مِائَةَ نَفْسٍ فَهَلْ لَهُ مِنْ تَوْبَةٍ؟ فَقَالَ وَمَنْ يَحُولُ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ التَّوْبَةِ اخْرُجْ مِنَ الْقَرْيَةِ الْخَبِيثَةِ الَّتِي أَنْتَ بِهَا إِلَى قَرْيَةِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَاعْبُدْ رَبَّكَ ﷻ فِيهَا قَالَ فَخَرَجَ وَعَرَضَ لَهُ أَجَلُهُ فَاخْتَصَمَ فِيهِ مَلَائِكَةُ الْعَذَابِ وَمَلَائِكَةُ الرَّحْمَةِ قَالَ إِبْلِيسُ إِنَّهُ لَمْ يَعْصِنِي سَاعَةً قَطُّ قَالَتْ مَلَائِكَةُ الرَّحْمَةِ إِنَّهُ خَرَجَ تَائِبًا فَزَعَمَ حُمَيْدٌ أَنَّ بَكْرًا حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ أَبِي رَافِعٍ قَالَ فَبَعَثَ اللهُ مَلَكًا فَاخْتَصَمَا إِلَيْهِ رَجَعَ الْحَدِيثُ إِلَى حَدِيثِ قَتَادَةَ قَالَ انْظُرُوا إِلَى أَيِّ الْقَرْيَتَيْنِ كَانَ أَقْرَبَ فَأَلْحِقُوهُ بِهَا قَالَ قَتَادَةُ فَقَرَّبَ اللهُ مِنْهُ الْقَرْيَةَ الصَّالِحَةَ وَبَاعَدَ عَنْهُ الْقَرْيَةَ الْخَبِيثَةَ فَأَلْحَقُوهُ بِأَهْلِهَا  

ahmad:11154Yazīd > Hammām b. Yaḥyá > Qatādah > Abū al-Ṣiddīq al-Nājī > Abū Saʿīd al-Khudrī > Lā Uḥaddithukum Illā Mā

[Machine] I heard from the Messenger of Allah ﷺ a narration that I heard with my ears and it settled in my heart. He said, "Indeed, there was a man who killed ninety-nine people. Then, he felt remorse and sincerely sought repentance. He asked who the most knowledgeable person on earth was, so he was directed to a monk. He went to him and said, 'I have killed ninety-nine people, is there any chance for repentance for me?' The monk asked, 'After killing ninety-nine people?' The man replied, 'Yes.' So the monk told him, 'Then there is no chance for repentance for you.' The man became enraged and killed the monk with his sword, thus completing his murder count to a hundred. He still sought repentance and asked who the most knowledgeable person on earth was, so he was directed to a scholar. He went to him and said, 'I have killed a hundred souls, is there any chance for repentance for me?' The scholar replied, 'Who stands between you and repentance? Leave this corrupted town and go to such and such righteous town and worship your Lord there.' The man left for the righteous town but he died on the way. The angels of mercy and the angels of punishment disputed over his case. Satan said, 'I am the one who deserves him, for he never disobeyed me for a moment.' The angels of mercy argued, 'He went out as a repentant person.' Then, a man named Hamaam related from Humaid At-Taweel, who related from Bakr ibn Abdullah Al-Muzani, who related from Abu Raafi', who said, 'Allah sent an angel to decide the matter.' They presented the case to him and he instructed them to measure the distance between the two towns to determine which town was closer to the man's location at the time of his death. It was found that the righteous town was closer, so he was included among the people of that town."  

أحمد:١١١٥٤حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ أَخْبَرَنَا هَمَّامُ بْنُ يَحْيَى حَدَّثَنَا قَتَادَةُ عَنْ أَبِي الصِّدِّيقِ النَّاجِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ قَالَ لَا أُحَدِّثُكُمْ إِلَّا مَا

سَمِعْتُ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ سَمِعَتْهُ أُذُنَايَ وَوَعَاهُ قَلْبِي إِنَّ عَبْدًا قَتَلَ تِسْعَةًوَتِسْعِينَ نَفْسًا ثُمَّ عَرَضَتْ لَهُ التَّوْبَةُ فَسَأَلَ عَنْ أَعْلَمِ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ؟ فَدُلَّ عَلَى رَجُلٍ فَأَتَاهُ فَقَالَ إِنِّي قَتَلْتُ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ نَفْسًا فَهَلْ لِي مِنْ تَوْبَةٍ؟ قَالَ بَعْدَ قَتْلِ تِسْعَةٍ وَتِسْعِينَ نَفْسًا؟ قَالَ فَانْتَضَى سَيْفَهُ فَقَتَلَهُ بِهِ فَأَكْمَلَ بِهِ مِائَةً ثُمَّ عَرَضَتْ لَهُ التَّوْبَةُ فَسَأَلَ عَنْ أَعْلَمِ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ؟ فَدُلَّ عَلَى رَجُلٍ فَأَتَاهُ فَقَالَ إِنِّي قَتَلْتُ مِائَةَ نَفْسٍ فَهَلْ لِي مِنْ تَوْبَةٍ؟ فَقَالَ وَمَنْ يَحُولُ بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَ التَّوْبَةِ اخْرُجْ مِنَ الْقَرْيَةِ الْخَبِيثَةِ الَّتِي أَنْتَ فِيهَا إِلَى الْقَرْيَةِ الصَّالِحَةِ قَرْيَةِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَاعْبُدْ رَبَّكَ فِيهَا قَالَ فَخَرَجَ إِلَى الْقَرْيَةِ الصَّالِحَةِ فَعَرَضَ لَهُ أَجَلُهُ فِي الطَّرِيقِ قَالَ فَاخْتَصَمَتْ فِيهِ مَلَائِكَةُ الرَّحْمَةِ وَمَلَائِكَةُ الْعَذَابِ قَالَ فَقَالَ إِبْلِيسُ أَنَا أَوْلَى بِهِ إِنَّهُ لَمْ يَعْصِنِي سَاعَةً قَطُّ قَالَ فَقَالَتْ مَلَائِكَةُ الرَّحْمَةِ إِنَّهُ خَرَجَ تَائِبًا قَالَ هَمَّامٌ فَحَدَّثَنِي حُمَيْدٌ الطَّوِيلُ عَنْ بَكْرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ الْمُزَنِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي رَافِعٍ قَالَ فَبَعَثَ اللهُ ﷻ لَهُ مَلَكًا فَاخْتَصَمُوا إِلَيْهِ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ إِلَى حَدِيثِ قَتَادَةَ قَالَ فَقَالَ انْظُرُوا أَيُّ الْقَرْيَتَيْنِ كَانَ أَقْرَبَ إِلَيْهِ فَأَلْحِقُوهُ بِأَهْلِهَا قَالَ قَتَادَةُ فَحَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ قَالَ لَمَّا عَرَفَ الْمَوْتَ احْتَفَزَ بِنَفْسِهِ فَقَرَّبَ اللهُ ﷻ مِنْهُ الْقَرْيَةَ الصَّالِحَةَ وَبَاعَدَ مِنْهُ الْقَرْيَةَ الْخَبِيثَةَ فَأَلْحَقُوهُ بِأَهْلِ الْقَرْيَةِ الصَّالِحَةِ  

ذِكْرُ الْخَبَرِ الدَّالِّ عَلَى أَنَّ النَّدَمَ تَوْبَةٌ

ibnhibban:611Abū Yaʿlá > Muḥammad b. Abū Bakr al-Muqaddamī > Muʿādh b. Hishām from my father > Qatādah > Abū al-Ṣiddīq > Abū Saʿīd al-Khudrī

There was a person before you who had killed ninety-nine persons and then made an inquiry about the learned persons of the world (who could show him the way to salvation). He was directed to a monk. He came to him and told him that he had killed ninety-nine persons and asked him whether there was any scope for his repentance to be accepted. He said: No. He killed him also and thus completed one hundred. He then asked about the learned persons of the earth and he was directed to a scholar, and he told him that he had killed one hundred persons and asked him whether there was any scope for his repentance to be accepted. He said: Yes; what stands between you and the repentance? You better go to such and such land; there are people devoted to prayer and worship and you also worship along with them and do not come to the land of yours since it was an evil land (for you). So he went away and he had hardly covered half the distance when death came to him and there was a dispute between the angels of mercy and the angels of punishment. The angels of mercy said: This man has come as a penitant and remorseful to Allah and the angels of punishment said: He has done no good at all. Then there came another angel in the form of a human being in order to decide between them. He said: You measure the land to which he has drawn near. They measured it and found him nearer to the land where he intended to go (the land of piety), and so the angels of mercy took possession of it. Qatada said that Hasan told him that it was said to them that as death approached him, he crawled upon his chest (and managed) to slip in the land of mercy. (Using translation from Muslim 2766a)   

ابن حبّان:٦١١أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو يَعْلَى قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْمُقَدَّمِيُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاذُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الصِّدِّيقِ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ «كَانَ فِيمَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ رَجُلٌ قَتَلَ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ نَفْسًا فَسَأَلَ عَنْ أَعْلَمِ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ فَدُلَّ عَلَى رَاهِبٍ فَأَتَاهُ فقَالَ إِنَّهُ قَتَلَ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ نَفْسًا فَهَلْ لَهُ مِنْ تَوْبَةٍ؟ قَالَ لَا فَقَتَلَهُ وَكَمَّلَ بِهِ مِائَةً ثُمَّ سَأَلَ عَنْ أَعْلَمِ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ فَدُلَّ عَلَى رَجُلٍ فقَالَ أَنَّهُ قَتَلَ مِئَةً فَهَلْ لَهُ تَوْبَةٌ؟ قَالَ نَعَمْ مَنْ يَحُولُ بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَ التَّوْبَةِ؟ ائْتِ أَرْضَ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَإِنَّ بِهَا نَاسًا يَعْبُدُونَ اللَّهَ فَاعْبُدِ اللَّهَ وَلَا تَرْجِعْ إِلَى أَرْضِكَ فَإِنَّهَا أَرْضُ سُوءٍ فَانْطَلَقَ حَتَّى إِذَا انْتَصَفَ الطَّرِيقَ أَتَاهُ الْمَوْتُ فَاخْتَصَمَتْ فِيهِ مَلَائِكَةُ الرَّحْمَةِ وَمَلَائِكَةُ الْعَذَابِ فَقَالَتْ مَلَائِكَةُ الرَّحْمَةِ جَاءَنَا تَائِبًا مُقْبِلًا بِقَلْبِهِ إِلَى اللَّهِ جَلَّ وَعَلَا وَقَالَتْ مَلَائِكَةُ الْعَذَابِ إِنَّهُ لَمْ يَعْمَلْ خَيْرًا قَطُّ فَأَتَاهُ مَلَكٌ فِي صُورَةِ آدَمِيٍّ فَجَعَلُوهُ بَيْنَهُمْ فقَالَ قِيسُوا مَا بَيْنَ الْأَرْضَيْنِ أَيُّهُمَا كَانَ أَقْرَبَ فَهِيَ لَهُ فَقَاسُوهُ فَوَجَدُوهُ أَدْنَى إِلَى الْأَرْضِ الَّتِي أَرَادَ فَقَبَضَتْهُ بِهَا مَلَائِكَةُ الرَّحْمَةِ»  

bayhaqi:15836Abū ʿAbdullāh al-Ḥāfiẓ > Abū al-Faḍl Muḥammad b. Ibrāhīm al-Hāshimī > Aḥmad b. Salamah b. ʿAbdullāh > Isḥāq b. Ibrāhīm And Muḥammad b. Bashhār And Muḥammad b. al-Muthanná > Isḥāq > al-Ākharān > Muʿādh b. Hishām Wa-al-Lafẓ Liāb. al-Muthanná from my father > Qatādah > Abū al-Ṣiddīq al-Nājī > Abū Saʿīd

There was a person before you who had killed ninety-nine persons and then made an inquiry about the learned persons of the world (who could show him the way to salvation). He was directed to a monk. He came to him and told him that he had killed ninety-nine persons and asked him whether there was any scope for his repentance to be accepted. He said: No. He killed him also and thus completed one hundred. He then asked about the learned persons of the earth and he was directed to a scholar, and he told him that he had killed one hundred persons and asked him whether there was any scope for his repentance to be accepted. He said: Yes; what stands between you and the repentance? You better go to such and such land; there are people devoted to prayer and worship and you also worship along with them and do not come to the land of yours since it was an evil land (for you). So he went away and he had hardly covered half the distance when death came to him and there was a dispute between the angels of mercy and the angels of punishment. The angels of mercy said: This man has come as a penitant and remorseful to Allah and the angels of punishment said: He has done no good at all. Then there came another angel in the form of a human being in order to decide between them. He said: You measure the land to which he has drawn near. They measured it and found him nearer to the land where he intended to go (the land of piety), and so the angels of mercy took possession of it. Qatada said that Hasan told him that it was said to them that as death approached him, he crawled upon his chest (and managed) to slip in the land of mercy. (Using translation from Muslim 2766a)   

البيهقي:١٥٨٣٦أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ الْحَافِظُ أنبأ أَبُو الْفَضْلِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْهَاشِمِيُّ ثنا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ ثنا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى قَالَ إِسْحَاقُ أنبأ وَقَالَ الْآخَرَانِ ثنا مُعَاذُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ وَاللَّفْظُ لِابْنِ الْمُثَنَّى قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الصِّدِّيقِ النَّاجِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ كَانَ مِمَّنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ رَجُلٌ قَتَلَ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ نَفْسًا فَسَأَلَ عَنْ أَعْلَمِ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ فَدُلَّ عَلَى رَاهِبٍ فَأَتَاهُ فَقَالَ إِنَّهُ قَتَلَ تِسْعَةً وَتِسْعِينَ نَفْسًا فَهَلْ لَهُ مِنْ تَوْبَةٍ؟ قَالَ لَا فَقَتَلَهُ فَكَمَّلَ بِهَ مِائَةً ثُمَّ سَأَلَ عَنْ أَعْلَمِ أَهْلِ الْأَرْضِ فَدُلَّ عَلَى رَجُلٍ عَالِمٍ فَأَتَاهُ فَقَالَ قَتَلَ مِائَةَ نَفْسٍ فَهَلْ لَهُ مِنْ تَوْبَةٍ؟ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ وَمَنْ يَحُولُ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ التَّوْبَةِ انْطَلِقْ إِلَى أَرْضِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَإِنَّ بِهَا نَاسًا يَعْبُدُونَ اللهَ فَاعْبُدْ مَعَهُمْ وَلَا تَرْجِعْ إِلَى أَرْضِكَ فَإِنَّهَا أَرْضُ سُوءٍ فَانْطَلَقَ حَتَّى إِذَا أَتَى نِصْفَ الطَّرِيقِ أَتَاهُ الْمَوْتُ فَاخْتَصَمَتْ فِيهِ مَلَائِكَةُ الرَّحْمَةِ وَمَلَائِكَةُ الْعَذَابِ فَقَالَتْ مَلَائِكَةُ الرَّحْمَةِ جَاءَ تَائِبًا مُقْبِلًا بِقَلْبِهِ إِلَى اللهِ ﷻ وَقَالَتْ مَلَائِكَةُ الْعَذَابِ إِنَّهُ لَمْ يَعْمَلْ خَيْرًا قَطُّ فَأَتَاهُمْ مَلَكٌ فِي صُورَةِ آدَمِيٍّ فَجَعَلُوهُ بَيْنَهُمْ فَقَالَ قِيسُوا مَا بَيْنَ الْأَرَضِينَ فَإِلَى أَيِّهَا كَانَ أَدْنَى فَهُوَ لَهُ فَقَاسُوا فَوَجَدُوهُ أَدْنَى إِلَى الْأَرْضِ الَّتِي أَرَادَ فَقَبَضَتْهُ مَلَائِكَةُ الرَّحْمَةِ قَالَ قَتَادَةُ فَقَالَ الْحَسَنُ ذُكِرَ لَنَا أَنَّهُ لَمَّا أَتَاهُ الْمَوْتُ نَاءَ بِصَدْرِهِ  

رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ فِي الصَّحِيحِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُثَنَّى وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ بَشَّارٍ
suyuti:6572a
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السيوطي:٦٥٧٢a

"إِنّ رَجُلًا قتلَ تِسْعَة وَتِسْعينَ نفْسًا، ثُمَ عَرَضَتْ لَهُ التَّوْبَةُ فسأَل عَنْ أعْلَم، أَهْلِ الأَرْضِ، فَدُلَّ على رَاهِبٍ، فَأتَاهُ، فَقَالَ: إِنه قتلَ تسعةً وتسعين نَفْسًا، فهلْ لَهُ مِنْ تَوْبَة؟ فَقال: لا، فَقَتَلَهُ فَكَمَّلِ بِه مائة، ثم سأَل عن أَعْلَم أَهْل الأَرض فَدُلَّ على رجُل عالم (فَأَتَاهُ) فَقَالَ: إِنَّهُ قتلَ مائةَ نفس، فَهَلْ له من توبةِ؟ فقال: نَعَمْ، وَمَنْ يحولُ بينَهُ وبينَ التوبة؟ انْطَلِقْ إِلى أرْض كذا (وكذا) فإِن بها أُنَاسًا يعْبُدونَ اللَّهَ، فَاعْبُد اللَّهَ معهم ولَا ترْجع إِلى أَرْضكَ؛ فَإِنَّهَا أرْضُ سُوءٍ، فَانْطَلَق حتَّى إِذَا نَصَفَ الطَّريقَ أَتَاهُ الموتُ، فَاخْتصمتْ فيه ملَائكةُ الرحمة وملائكةُ العذاب، فقالت ملائكةُ الرحمة: جاءَ تائبًا مُقْبلًا بقَلْبه إِلى اللَّه تعالى، وقالت ملائكةُ العذابِ: إِنَّهُ لم يعمل خيرًا قطُّ، فَأَتَاهُم مَلَكٌ في صُورَةِ آدمىِّ فَجعَلُوهُ بيْنَهُمْ، فَقَالَ: قِيسوا ما بَيْنَ الأرْضَيْن فإِلَى أيَّتهمَا كان أَدْنَى فَهُوَ له، فَقَاسُوا، فوجدوه أَدْنى إِلى الأَرض التى أَراد، فقبضَته ملائكةُ الرَّحَمة".  

[حم] أحمد [ش] ابن أبى شيبة [م] مسلم [هـ] ابن ماجة [ع] أبو يعلى [هب] البيهقى في شعب الإيمان عن أبى سعيد
suyuti:16608a
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السيوطي:١٦٦٠٨a

"كَانَ فِيمَنْ كَان قَبْلكمْ رَجُلٌ قَتَلَ تِسْعَةً وتِسْعِينَ نفْسًا، فسأَلَ عَنْ أعْلَمِ أهْلِ الأرْضِ فدُلَّ عَلَى رَاهِبٍ فأَتَاهُ (*) فَقال: إِنَّهُ قَتَلَ تسْعَةً وتِسْعِينَ نَفْسًا فَهلْ لَهُ منْ توْبَة؟ فَقَال: لا، فَقَتَلَهُ وكَمَّلَ بِه الْمِائة، ثمَّ سأَلَ عن أعْلَمِ أهْلِ الأرْضِ فدُلِّ عَلى رَجُلٍ

فَقال: إِنَّهُ قَتَلَ مَائةً فَهَلْ لَهُ مِنْ تَوْبَةٍ؟ قال: نَعَمْ مَنْ يَحُول بَينَكَ وبَينَ التَّوْبَةِ؟ ، إِيتِ أرْضَ كَذَا وكَذَا فإِنَّ بِهَا نَاسًا يَعْبُدُونَ اللهَ فاعْبَدِ اللهَ ولا تَرْجعْ إِلَى أرْضِكَ، فإِنَّهَا أرْض سُوءٍ، فَانْطَلَقَ حَتَّى إِذا أنْصفَ الطَّريقَ أتَاهُ الْمَوْتُ، فاخْتَصَمَتْ فيه ملائِكة الرَّحْمَةِ ومَلائِكَةُ الْعَذَابِ، فَقالتْ مَلائكَةُ الرَّحْمَة: جَاءَنَا تَائبًا مقْبلًا بِقَلْبه إِلى الله، وَقَالتْ مَلائِكَة الْعَذَابِ: إِنَّهُ لَمْ يَعْمَل خَيرًا قطُّ، فأَتَاهُمْ مَلَكٌ فِي صُورَةِ آدَمِيٍّ فَجَعَلُوهُ بَينَهُمْ، فَقَال: قِيسُوا مَا بَينَ الأرْضَينِ أيهما كان أقرب فهي له، فقاسوه فوجدوه أدنى إلى الأرض الَّتِي أرَادَ فَقَبَضَتْهُ بِها مَلائِكِة الرَّحَمْةِ".  

[حب] ابن حبّان عن أبي سعيد