45. Enjoining Good Conduct and the Ties of Kinship

٤٥۔ كتاب البر والصلة والآداب

45.5 Meaning Of Righteousness And Sin

٤٥۔٥ باب تَفْسِيرِ الْبِرِّ وَالإِثْمِ

muslim:2553aMuḥammad b. Ḥātim b. Maymūn > Ibn Mahdī > Muʿāwiyah b. Ṣāliḥ > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Jubayr b. Nufayr from his father > al-Nawwās b. Samʿān al-Anṣārī

I asked Messenger of Allah ﷺ about virtue and vice. He said: Virtue is a kind disposition and vice is what rankles in your heart and that you disapprove that people should come to know of it.  

مسلم:٢٥٥٣aحَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حَاتِمِ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ مَهْدِيٍّ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ نُفَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوَّاسِ بْنِ سَمْعَانَ الأَنْصَارِيِّ قَالَ

سَأَلْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَنِ الْبِرِّ وَالإِثْمِ فَقَالَ الْبِرُّ حُسْنُ الْخُلُقِ وَالإِثْمُ مَا حَاكَ فِي صَدْرِكَ وَكَرِهْتَ أَنْ يَطَّلِعَ عَلَيْهِ النَّاسُ  

muslim:2553bHārūn b. Saʿīd al-Aylī > ʿAbdullāh b. Wahb > Muʿāwiyah / Ibn Ṣāliḥ > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Jubayr b. Nufayr from his father > Nawwās b. Simʿān

I stayed with Messenger of Allah ﷺ for one year. What obstructed me to migrate was (nothing) but (persistent) inquiries from him (about Islam). (It was a common observation) that when anyone of us migrated (to Medina) he ceased to ask (too many questions) from Messenger of Allah ﷺ. So I asked him about virtue and vice. Thereupon Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: Virtue is a kind disposition and vice is what rankles in your mind and that you disapprove of its being known to the people.  

مسلم:٢٥٥٣bحَدَّثَنِي هَارُونُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الأَيْلِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ وَهْبٍ حَدَّثَنِي مُعَاوِيَةُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ صَالِحٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ نُفَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ نَوَّاسِ بْنِ سِمْعَانَ قَالَ

أَقَمْتُ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ بِالْمَدِينَةِ سَنَةً مَا يَمْنَعُنِي مِنَ الْهِجْرَةِ إِلاَّ الْمَسْأَلَةُ كَانَ أَحَدُنَا إِذَا هَاجَرَ لَمْ يَسْأَلْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَنْ شَىْءٍ قَالَ فَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْبِرِّ وَالإِثْمِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ الْبِرُّ حُسْنُ الْخُلُقِ وَالإِثْمُ مَا حَاكَ فِي نَفْسِكَ وَكَرِهْتَ أَنْ يَطَّلِعَ عَلَيْهِ النَّاسُ