46. Sūrat al-Aḥqāf

٤٦۔ سُورَةُ الأحقاف

46.8 Keep on passing the message of God and bear the disbelievers with patience.

٤٦۔٨ مقطع في سُورَةُ الأحقاف


So be patient, ˹O Muhammad˺, as were those of determination among the messengers and do not be impatient for them. It will be - on the Day they see that which they are promised - as though they had not remained ˹in the world˺ except an hour of a day. ˹This is˺ notification. And will ˹any˺ be destroyed except the defiantly disobedient people?  

So endure ˹with patience˺, the harm done ˹to you˺ by your people, just as the resolute, those of constancy and ˹power of˺ endurance during hardships, from among the messengers endured ˹with patience˺, before you, so that you may be one of resolve ˹like them˺ (min ˹of mina’l-rusuli˺ is explicative, as all of them were men of resolve; but some say that this ˹particle min˺ is ˹actually˺ meant to be partitive, since excluded from their number are: Adam, on the basis of God’s saying, exalted be He: And We did not find in him any constancy ˹Q. 20:115˺; and Jonah, on the basis of His words: And do not be like the One of the fish ˹Q. 68:48˺). And do not seek to hasten ˹it˺ for them, for your people, the sending down of the chastisement on them. Some say that he ˹the Prophet˺ seemed ˹by this stage˺ to have become exasperated because of them and desired that chastisement be sent down on them, which is why he was enjoined to ˹exercise˺ patience and to refrain from hastening the chastisement ˹for them˺ — for it would befall them ˹eventually˺ without doubt. It shall seem for them, on the day when they see what they are promised, of chastisement in the Hereafter, given its long duration, as though they had tarried, in this world, by their reckoning, only an hour of a day. This Qur’ān is, a communication, a proclamation from God to you. So shall any be destroyed, that is to say, none ˹shall be destroyed˺ upon seeing the chastisement, but the immoral folk?, that is to say, the disbelieving ˹folk˺. Medinese, except for verse 13, or ˹it is all˺ Meccan; it consists of 38 or 39 verses.

فَاصْبِرْ كَمَا صَبَرَ أُولُو الْعَزْمِ مِنَ الرُّسُلِ وَلَا تَسْتَعْجِلْ لَهُمْ ۚ كَأَنَّهُمْ يَوْمَ يَرَوْنَ مَا يُوعَدُونَ لَمْ يَلْبَثُوا إِلَّا سَاعَةً مِنْ نَهَارٍ ۚ بَلَاغٌ ۚ فَهَلْ يُهْلَكُ إِلَّا الْقَوْمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ  

(فاصبر) على أذى قومك (كما صبر أولو العزم) ذوو الثبات والصبر على الشدائد (من الرسل) قبلك فتكون ذا عزم، ومن للبيان فكلهم ذوو عزم وقيل للتبعيض فليس منهم آدم لقوله تعالى "" ولم نجد له عزما "" ولا يونس لقوله تعالى "" ولا تكن كصاحب الحوت "" (ولا تستعجل لهم) لقومك نزول العذاب بهم، قيل كأنه ضجر منهم فأحب نزول العذاب بهم، فأمر بالصبر وترك الاستعجال للعذاب فإنه نازل لا محالة (كأنهم يوم يرون ما يوعدون) من العذاب في الآخرة لطوله (لم يلبثوا) في الدنيا في ظنهم (إلا ساعة من نهار) هذا القرآن (بلاغ) تبليغ من الله إليكم (فهل) أي لا (يهلك) عند رؤية العذاب (إلا القوم الفاسقون) أي الكافرون.