0.07. Firm Belief and Trust in Allah

٠.٠٧۔ باب اليقين والتوكل

[Machine] Allah, the Most High, said: "When the believers saw the companies, they said, 'This is what Allah and His Messenger had promised us, and the truthfulness of Allah and His Messenger has increased them only in faith and acceptance.' " [Quran 33:22]

And Allah, the Most High, said: "Those to whom hypocrites said, 'Indeed, the people have gathered against you, so fear them.' But it increased them in faith, and they said, 'Sufficient for us is Allah, and He is the best Disposer of affairs.' So they returned with favor from Allah and bounty, no harm having touched them. And they pursued the pleasure of Allah. And Allah is the possessor of great bounty." [Quran 3:173-174]

And Allah, the Most High, said: "And rely upon the Ever-Living who does not die." [Quran 25:58]

And Allah, the Most High, said: "And upon Allah let the believers rely." [Quran 14:11]

And Allah, the Most High, said: "So when you have decided, then rely upon Allah." [Quran 3:159]

And the verses commanding reliance on Allah are numerous and well-known.

And Allah, the Most High, said: "And whoever relies upon Allah - then He is sufficient for him." [Quran 65:3] Meaning, He is enough for him.

And Allah, the Most High, said: "The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, their hearts become fearful, and when His verses are recited to them, it increases them in faith; and upon their Lord they rely." [Quran 8:2]

And the verses regarding the excellence of reliance on Allah are numerous and well-known.

قَالَ الله تَعَالَى: ﴿وَلَمَّا رَأى الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْأَحْزَابَ قَالُوا هَذَا مَا وَعَدَنَا اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَصَدَقَ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَمَا زَادَهُمْ إِلَّا إِيمَانًا وَتَسْلِيمًا﴾ [الأحزاب: ٢٢] وَقالَ تَعَالَى: ﴿الَّذِينَ قَالَ لَهُمُ النَّاسُ إِنَّ النَّاسَ قَدْ جَمَعُوا لَكُمْ فَاخْشَوْهُمْ فَزَادَهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَقَالُوا حَسْبُنَا اللَّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ فَانْقَلَبُوا بِنِعْمَةٍ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَفَضْلٍ لَمْ يَمْسَسْهُمْ سُوءٌ وَاتَّبَعُوا رِضْوَانَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ ذُو فَضْلٍ عَظِيمٍ﴾ [آل عمران: ١٧٣،١٧٤] وَقالَ تَعَالَى: ﴿وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى الْحَيِّ الَّذِي لا يَمُوتُ﴾ [الفرقان: ٥٨] وَقالَ تَعَالَى: ﴿وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ﴾[إبراهيم: ١١] وَقالَ تَعَالَى: ﴿فَإِذَا عَزَمْتَ فَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ﴾ [آل عمران: ١٥٩] والآيات في الأمرِ بالتوكلِ كثيرةٌ معلومةٌ. وَقالَ تَعَالَى: ﴿وَمَنْ يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ﴾ [الطلاق: ٣] أي: كافِيهِ. وَقالَ تَعَالَى: ﴿إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِرَ اللَّهُ وَجِلَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَإِذَا تُلِيَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُهُ زَادَتْهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَعَلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ﴾ [لأنفال: ٢] والآيات في فضل التوكل كثيرة معروفة.)

(74) bukhari:5705ʿImrān b. Maysarah > Ibn Fuḍayl > Ḥuṣayn > ʿĀmir > ʿImrān b. Ḥuṣayn > Lā Ruqyah Ilā from ʿAyn or Ḥumah Fadhakartuh Lisaʿīd b. Jubayr > Ibn ʿAbbās

Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'Nations were displayed before me; one or two prophets would pass by along with a few followers. A prophet would pass by accompanied by nobody. Then a big crowd of people passed in front of me and I asked, Who are they Are they my followers?" It was said, 'No. It is Moses and his followers It was said to me, 'Look at the horizon.'' Behold! There was a multitude of people filling the horizon. Then it was said to me, 'Look there and there about the stretching sky! Behold! There was a multitude filling the horizon,' It was said to me, 'This is your nation out of whom seventy thousand shall enter Paradise without reckoning.' "Then the Prophet ﷺ entered his house without telling his companions who they (the 70,000) were. So the people started talking about the issue and said, "It is we who have believed in Allah and followed His Apostle; therefore those people are either ourselves or our children who are born m the Islamic era, for we were born in the Pre-lslamic Period of Ignorance.'' When the Prophet ﷺ heard of that, he came out and said. "Those people are those who do not treat themselves with Ruqya, nor do they believe in bad or good omen (from birds etc.) nor do they get themselves branded (Cauterized). but they put their trust (only) in their Lord " On that 'Ukasha bin Muhsin said. "Am I one of them, O Messenger of Allah ﷺ?' The Prophet ﷺ said, "Yes." Then another person got up and said, "Am I one of them?" The Prophet ﷺ said, 'Ukasha has anticipated you."  

(٧٤) البخاري:٥٧٠٥حَدَّثَنَا عِمْرَانُ بْنُ مَيْسَرَةَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ فُضَيْلٍ حَدَّثَنَا حُصَيْنٌ عَنْ عَامِرٍ عَنْ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ حُصَيْنٍ ؓ قَالَ لاَ رُقْيَةَ إِلاَّ مِنْ عَيْنٍ أَوْ حُمَةٍ فَذَكَرْتُهُ لِسَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ فَقَالَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ عُرِضَتْ عَلَىَّ الأُمَمُ فَجَعَلَ النَّبِيُّ وَالنَّبِيَّانِ يَمُرُّونَ مَعَهُمُ الرَّهْطُ وَالنَّبِيُّ لَيْسَ مَعَهُ أَحَدٌ حَتَّى رُفِعَ لِي سَوَادٌ عَظِيمٌ قُلْتُ مَا هَذَا أُمَّتِي هَذِهِ قِيلَ هَذَا مُوسَى وَقَوْمُهُ قِيلَ انْظُرْ إِلَى الأُفُقِ فَإِذَا سَوَادٌ يَمْلأُ الأُفُقَ ثُمَّ قِيلَ لِي انْظُرْ هَا هُنَا وَهَا هُنَا فِي آفَاقِ السَّمَاءِ فَإِذَا سَوَادٌ قَدْ مَلأَ الأُفُقَ قِيلَ هَذِهِ أُمَّتُكَ وَيَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ مِنْ هَؤُلاَءِ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفًا بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ وَلَمْ يُبَيِّنْ لَهُمْ فَأَفَاضَ الْقَوْمُ وَقَالُوا نَحْنُ الَّذِينَ آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَاتَّبَعْنَا رَسُولَهُ فَنَحْنُ هُمْ أَوْ أَوْلاَدُنَا الَّذِينَ وُلِدُوا فِي الإِسْلاَمِ فَإِنَّا وُلِدْنَا فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ فَبَلَغَ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ فَخَرَجَ فَقَالَ هُمُ الَّذِينَ لاَ يَسْتَرْقُونَ وَلاَ يَتَطَيَّرُونَ وَلاَ يَكْتَوُونَ وَعَلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ فَقَالَ عُكَّاشَةُ بْنُ مِحْصَنٍ أَمِنْهُمْ أَنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَقَامَ آخَرُ فَقَالَ أَمِنْهُمْ أَنَا قَالَ سَبَقَكَ عُكَّاشَةُ  

(74) bukhari:5752Musaddad > Ḥuṣayn b. Numayr > Ḥuṣayn b. ʿAbd al-Raḥman > Saʿīd b. Jubayr > Ibn ʿAbbās

The Prophet ﷺ once came out to us and said, "Some nations were displayed before me. A prophet would pass in front of me with one man, and another with two men, and another with a group of people. and another with nobody with him. Then I saw a great crowd covering the horizon and I wished that they were my followers, but it was said to me, 'This is Moses and his followers.' Then it was said to me, 'Look'' I looked and saw a big gathering with a large number of people covering the horizon. It was said, "Look this way and that way.' So I saw a big crowd covering the horizon. Then it was said to me, "These are your followers, and among them there are 70,000 who will enter Paradise without (being asked about their) accounts. " Then the people dispersed and the Prophet ﷺ did not tell who those 70,000 were. So the companions of the Prophet ﷺ started talking about that and some of them said, "As regards us, we were born in the era of heathenism, but then we believed in Allah and His Apostle . We think however, that these (70,000) are our offspring." That talk reached the Prophet ﷺ who said, "These (70,000) are the people who do not draw an evil omen from (birds) and do not get treated by branding themselves and do not treat with Ruqya, but put their trust (only) in their Lord." then 'Ukasha bin Muhsin got up and said, "O Messenger of Allah ﷺ! Am I one of those (70,000)?" The Prophet ﷺ said, "Yes." Then another person got up and said, "Am I one of them?" The Prophet ﷺ said, " 'Ukasha has anticipated you."  

(٧٤) البخاري:٥٧٥٢حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا حُصَيْنُ بْنُ نُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حُصَيْنِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ؓ قَالَ

خَرَجَ عَلَيْنَا النَّبِيُّ ﷺ يَوْمًا فَقَالَ عُرِضَتْ عَلَىَّ الأُمَمُ فَجَعَلَ يَمُرُّ النَّبِيُّ مَعَهُ الرَّجُلُ وَالنَّبِيُّ مَعَهُ الرَّجُلاَنِ وَالنَّبِيُّ مَعَهُ الرَّهْطُ وَالنَّبِيُّ لَيْسَ مَعَهُ أَحَدٌ وَرَأَيْتُ سَوَادًا كَثِيرًا سَدَّ الأُفُقَ فَرَجَوْتُ أَنْ يَكُونَ أُمَّتِي فَقِيلَ هَذَا مُوسَى وَقَوْمُهُ ثُمَّ قِيلَ لِي انْظُرْ فَرَأَيْتُ سَوَادًا كَثِيرًا سَدَّ الأُفُقَ فَقِيلَ لِي انْظُرْ هَكَذَا وَهَكَذَا فَرَأَيْتُ سَوَادًا كَثِيرًا سَدَّ الأُفُقَ فَقِيلَ هَؤُلاَءِ أُمَّتُكَ وَمَعَ هَؤُلاَءِ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفًا يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ فَتَفَرَّقَ النَّاسُ وَلَمْ يُبَيَّنْ لَهُمْ فَتَذَاكَرَ أَصْحَابُ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَقَالُوا أَمَّا نَحْنُ فَوُلِدْنَا فِي الشِّرْكِ وَلَكِنَّا آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَلَكِنْ هَؤُلاَءِ هُمْ أَبْنَاؤُنَا فَبَلَغَ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ فَقَالَ هُمُ الَّذِينَ لاَ يَتَطَيَّرُونَ وَلاَ يَسْتَرْقُونَ وَلاَ يَكْتَوُونَ وَعَلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ فَقَامَ عُكَّاشَةُ بْنُ مِحْصَنٍ فَقَالَ أَمِنْهُمْ أَنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَقَامَ آخَرُ فَقَالَ أَمِنْهُمْ أَنَا فَقَالَ سَبَقَكَ بِهَا عُكَّاشَةُ  

(74) bukhari:6541ʿImrān b. Maysarah > Ibn Fuḍayl > Ḥuṣayn > Asīd b. Zayd > Hushaym > Ḥuṣayn

The Prophet ﷺ said, "The people were displayed in front of me and I saw one prophet passing by with a large group of his followers, and another prophet passing by with only a small group of people, and another prophet passing by with only ten (persons), and another prophet passing by with only five (persons), and another prophet passed by alone. And then I looked and saw a large multitude of people, so I asked Gabriel, "Are these people my followers?' He said, 'No, but look towards the horizon.' I looked and saw a very large multitude of people. Gabriel said. 'Those are your followers, and those are seventy thousand (persons) in front of them who will neither have any reckoning of their accounts nor will receive any punishment.' I asked, 'Why?' He said, 'For they used not to treat themselves with branding (cauterization) nor with Ruqya (get oneself treated by the recitation of some Verses of the Qur'an) and not to see evil omen in things, and they used to put their trust (only) in their Lord." On hearing that, 'Ukasha bin Mihsan got up and said (to the Prophet), "Invoke Allah to make me one of them." The Prophet ﷺ said, "O Allah, make him one of them." Then another man got up and said (to the Prophet), "Invoke Allah to make me one of them." The Prophet ﷺ said, 'Ukasha has preceded you."  

(٧٤) البخاري:٦٥٤١حَدَّثَنَا عِمْرَانُ بْنُ مَيْسَرَةَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ فُضَيْلٍ حَدَّثَنَا حُصَيْنٌ وَحَدَّثَنِي أَسِيدُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ عَنْ حُصَيْنٍ قَالَ كُنْتُ عِنْدَ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ فَقَالَ حَدَّثَنِي ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ

قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ عُرِضَتْ عَلَىَّ الأُمَمُ فَأَخَذَ النَّبِيُّ يَمُرُّ مَعَهُ الأُمَّةُ وَالنَّبِيُّ يَمُرُّ مَعَهُ النَّفَرُ وَالنَّبِيُّ يَمُرُّ مَعَهُ الْعَشَرَةُ وَالنَّبِيُّ يَمُرُّ مَعَهُ الْخَمْسَةُ وَالنَّبِيُّ يَمُرُّ وَحْدَهُ فَنَظَرْتُ فَإِذَا سَوَادٌ كَثِيرٌ قُلْتُ يَا جِبْرِيلُ هَؤُلاَءِ أُمَّتِي قَالَ لاَ وَلَكِنِ انْظُرْ إِلَى الأُفُقِ فَنَظَرْتُ فَإِذَا سَوَادٌ كَثِيرٌ قَالَ هَؤُلاَءِ أُمَّتُكَ وَهَؤُلاَءِ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفًا قُدَّامَهُمْ لاَ حِسَابَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ عَذَابَ قُلْتُ وَلِمَ قَالَ كَانُوا لاَ يَكْتَوُونَ وَلاَ يَسْتَرْقُونَ وَلاَ يَتَطَيَّرُونَ وَعَلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ فَقَامَ إِلَيْهِ عُكَّاشَةُ بْنُ مِحْصَنٍ فَقَالَ ادْعُ اللَّهَ أَنْ يَجْعَلَنِي مِنْهُمْ قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْهُ مِنْهُمْ ثُمَّ قَامَ إِلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ آخَرُ قَالَ ادْعُ اللَّهَ أَنْ يَجْعَلَنِي مِنْهُمْ قَالَ سَبَقَكَ بِهَا عُكَّاشَةُ  

(75) muslim:2717Ḥajjāj b. al-Shāʿir > ʿAbdullāh b. ʿAmr Abū Maʿmar > ʿAbd al-Wārith > al-Ḥusayn > Ibn Buraydah > Yaḥyá b. Yaʿmur > Ibn ʿAbbās

" O Allah, it is unto Thee that I surrender myself. I affirm my faith in Thee and repose my trust in Thee and turn to Thee in repentance and with Thy help fought my adversaries. O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee with Thine Power; there is no god but Thou, lest Thou leadest me astray. Thou art ever-living that dieth not, while the Jinn and mankind die."  

(٧٥) مسلم:٢٧١٧حَدَّثَنِي حَجَّاجُ بْنُ الشَّاعِرِ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَمْرٍو أَبُو مَعْمَرٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَارِثِ حَدَّثَنَا الْحُسَيْنُ حَدَّثَنِي ابْنُ بُرَيْدَةَ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ يَعْمُرَ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ كَانَ يَقُولُ: «(اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ أَسْلَمْتُ وَبِكَ آمَنْتُ وَعَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْتُ وَإِلَيْكَ أَنَبْتُ وَبِكَ خَاصَمْتُ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِعِزَّتِكَ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ أَنْ تُضِلَّنِي أَنْتَ الْحَىُّ الَّذِي لاَ يَمُوتُ وَالْجِنُّ وَالإِنْسُ يَمُوتُونَ.)»  

(76) bukhari:4563Aḥmad b. Yūnus Urāh > Abū Bakr > Abū Ḥaṣīn > Abū al-Ḍuḥá

'Allah is Sufficient for us and He Is the Best Disposer of affairs," was said by Abraham when he was thrown into the fire; and it was said by Muhammad when they (i.e. hypocrites) said, "A great army is gathering against you, therefore, fear them," but it only increased their faith and they said: "Allah is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer (of affairs, for us)." (3.173)  

(٧٦) البخاري:٤٥٦٣حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ أُرَاهُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَصِينٍ عَنْ أَبِي الضُّحَى

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ {حَسْبُنَا اللَّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ} قَالَهَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ حِينَ أُلْقِيَ فِي النَّارِ وَقَالَهَا مُحَمَّدٌ ﷺ حِينَ قَالُوا {إِنَّ النَّاسَ قَدْ جَمَعُوا لَكُمْ فَاخْشَوْهُمْ فَزَادَهُمْ إِيمَانًا وَقَالُوا حَسْبُنَا اللَّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ}  

(77) muslim:2840Ḥajjāj b. al-Shāʿir > Abū al-Naḍr Hāshim b. al-Qāsim al-Laythī > Ibrāhīm / Ibn Saʿd from my father > Abū Salamah > Abū Hurayrah

There would enter Paradise people whose hearts would be like those of the hearts of birds.  

(٧٧) مسلم:٢٨٤٠حَدَّثَنَا حَجَّاجُ بْنُ الشَّاعِرِ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو النَّضْرِ هَاشِمُ بْنُ الْقَاسِمِ اللَّيْثِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ سَعْدٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ

عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ أَقْوَامٌ أَفْئِدَتُهُمْ مِثْلُ أَفْئِدَةِ الطَّيْرِ  

(78) bukhari:2910Abū al-Yamān > Shuʿayb > al-Zuhrī > Sinān b. Abū Sinān al-Duʾalī And ʾAbū Salamah b. ʿAbd al-Raḥman > Jābir b. ʿAbdullāh Akhbar

That he proceeded in the company of Messenger of Allah ﷺ towards Najd to participate in a Ghazwa. (Holybattle) When Messenger of Allah ﷺ returned, he too returned with him. Midday came upon them while they were in a valley having many thorny trees. Messenger of Allah ﷺ and the people dismounted and dispersed to rest in the shade of the trees. Messenger of Allah ﷺ rested under a tree and hung his sword on it. We all took a nap and suddenly we heard Messenger of Allah ﷺ calling us. (We woke up) to see a bedouin with him. The Prophet ﷺ said, "This bedouin took out my sword while I was sleeping and when I woke up, I found the unsheathed sword in his hand and he challenged me saying, 'Who will save you from me?' I said thrice, 'Allah.' The Prophet ﷺ did not punish him but sat down.  

(٧٨) البخاري:٢٩١٠حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْيَمَانِ أَخْبَرَنَا شُعَيْبٌ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي سِنَانُ بْنُ أَبِي سِنَانٍ الدُّؤَلِيُّ وَأَبُو سَلَمَةَ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ أَنَّ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ؓ أَخْبَرَ

أَنَّهُ غَزَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قِبَلَ نَجْدٍ فَلَمَّا قَفَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَفَلَ مَعَهُ فَأَدْرَكَتْهُمُ الْقَائِلَةُ فِي وَادٍ كَثِيرِ الْعِضَاهِ فَنَزَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَتَفَرَّقَ النَّاسُ يَسْتَظِلُّونَ بِالشَّجَرِ فَنَزَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ تَحْتَ سَمُرَةٍ وَعَلَّقَ بِهَا سَيْفَهُ وَنِمْنَا نَوْمَةً فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَدْعُونَا وَإِذَا عِنْدَهُ أَعْرَابِيٌّ فَقَالَ إِنَّ هَذَا اخْتَرَطَ عَلَىَّ سَيْفِي وَأَنَا نَائِمٌ فَاسْتَيْقَظْتُ وَهْوَ فِي يَدِهِ صَلْتًا فَقَالَ مَنْ يَمْنَعُكَ مِنِّي فَقُلْتُ اللَّهُ ثَلاَثًا وَلَمْ يُعَاقِبْهُ وَجَلَسَ  

(78) bukhari:4135Ismāʿīl > Akhī > Sulaymān > Muḥammad b. Abū ʿAtīq > Ibn Shihāb > Sinān b. Abū Sinān al-Duʾalī > Jābir b. ʿAbdullāh

That he fought in a Ghazwa towards Najd along with Messenger of Allah ﷺ and when Messenger of Allah ﷺ returned, he too, returned along with him. The time of the afternoon nap overtook them when they were in a valley full of thorny trees. Messenger of Allah ﷺ dismounted and the people dispersed amongst the thorny trees, seeking the shade of the trees. Messenger of Allah ﷺ took shelter under a Samura tree and hung his sword on it. We slept for a while when Messenger of Allah ﷺ suddenly called us, and we went to him, to find a bedouin sitting with him. Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "This (bedouin) took my sword out of its sheath while I was asleep. When I woke up, the naked sword was in his hand and he said to me, 'Who can save you from me?, I replied, 'Allah.' Now here he is sitting." Messenger of Allah ﷺ did not punish him (for that).  

(٧٨) البخاري:٤١٣٥حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَخِي عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي عَتِيقٍ عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ عَنْ سِنَانِ بْنِ أَبِي سِنَانٍ الدُّؤَلِيِّ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ؓ

أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّهُ غَزَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قِبَلَ نَجْدٍ فَلَمَّا قَفَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَفَلَ مَعَهُ فَأَدْرَكَتْهُمُ الْقَائِلَةُ فِي وَادٍ كَثِيرِ الْعِضَاهِ فَنَزَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ وَتَفَرَّقَ النَّاسُ فِي الْعِضَاهِ يَسْتَظِلُّونَ بِالشَّجَرِ وَنَزَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ تَحْتَ سَمُرَةٍ فَعَلَّقَ بِهَا سَيْفَهُ قَالَ جَابِرٌ فَنِمْنَا نَوْمَةً ثُمَّ إِذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَدْعُونَا فَجِئْنَاهُ فَإِذَا عِنْدَهُ أَعْرَابِيٌّ جَالِسٌ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِنَّ هَذَا اخْتَرَطَ سَيْفِي وَأَنَا نَائِمٌ فَاسْتَيْقَظْتُ وَهْوَ فِي يَدِهِ صَلْتًا فَقَالَ لِي مَنْ يَمْنَعُكَ مِنِّي قُلْتُ اللَّهُ فَهَا هُوَ ذَا جَالِسٌ ثُمَّ لَمْ يُعَاقِبْهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ  

God provides for you when you put your trust in Him just like He provides for the early bird

(79) tirmidhi:2344ʿAlī b. Saʿīd al-Kindī > Ibn al-Mubārak > Ḥaywah b. Shurayḥ > Bakr b. ʿAmr > ʿAbdullāh b. Hubayrah > Abū Tamīm al-Jayshānī > ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb

the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "If you were to rely upon Allah with the required reliance, then He would provide for you just as a bird is provided for, it goes out in the morning empty, and returns full."  

This ḥadīth is Hasan-Ṣaḥīḥ and we do not know of it except from this context. Abū Tamīm al-Jayshānī's name is ʿAbdullāh b. Mālik.
(٧٩) الترمذي:٢٣٤٤حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الْكِنْدِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ عَنْ حَيْوَةَ بْنِ شُرَيْحٍ عَنْ بَكْرِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ هُبَيْرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي تَمِيمٍ الْجَيْشَانِيِّ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ لَوْ أَنَّكُمْ كُنْتُمْ تَوَكَّلُونَ عَلَى اللَّهِ حَقَّ تَوَكُّلِهِ لَرُزِقْتُمْ كَمَا تُرْزَقُ الطَّيْرُ تَغْدُو خِمَاصًا وَتَرُوحُ بِطَانًا  

قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ هَذَا الْوَجْهِ وَأَبُو تَمِيمٍ الْجَيْشَانِيُّ اسْمُهُ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَالِكٍ
(80) bukhari:247Muḥammad b. Muqātil > ʿAbdullāh > Sufyān > Manṣūr > Saʿd b. ʿUbaydah > al-Barāʾ b. ʿĀzib

The Prophet ﷺ said to me, "Whenever you go to bed perform ablution like that for the prayer, lie or your right side and say, "Allahumma aslamtu wajhi ilaika, wa fauwadtu ʿAmri ilaika, wa alja'tu Zahri ilaika raghbatan wa rahbatan ilaika. La Malja'a wa la manja minka illa ilaika. Allahumma amantu bikitabika-l-ladhi anzalta wa bina-biyika-l ladhi arsalta" (O Allah! I surrender to You and entrust all my affairs to You and depend upon You for Your Blessings both with hope and fear of You. There is no fleeing from You, and there is no place of protection and safety except with You O Allah! I believe in Your Book (the Qur'an) which You have revealed and in Your Prophet (Muhammad) whom You have sent). Then if you die on that very night, you will die with faith (i.e. or the religion of Islam). Let the aforesaid words be your last utterance (before sleep)." I repeated it before the Prophet ﷺ and when I reached "Allahumma amantu bikitabika-l-ladhi anzalta (O Allah I believe in Your Book which You have revealed)." I said, "Wa-rasulika (and your Apostle)." The Prophet ﷺ said, "No, (but say): 'Wanabiyika-l-ladhi arsalta (Your Prophet whom You have sent), instead."  

(٨٠) البخاري:٢٤٧حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُقَاتِلٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا سُفْيَانُ عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ عُبَيْدَةَ عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ بْنِ عَازِبٍ قَالَ

قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ إِذَا أَتَيْتَ مَضْجَعَكَ فَتَوَضَّأْ وُضُوءَكَ لِلصَّلاَةِ ثُمَّ اضْطَجِعْ عَلَى شِقِّكَ الأَيْمَنِ ثُمَّ قُلِ اللَّهُمَّ أَسْلَمْتُ وَجْهِي إِلَيْكَ وَفَوَّضْتُ أَمْرِي إِلَيْكَ وَأَلْجَأْتُ ظَهْرِي إِلَيْكَ رَغْبَةً وَرَهْبَةً إِلَيْكَ لاَ مَلْجَأَ وَلاَ مَنْجَا مِنْكَ إِلاَّ إِلَيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ آمَنْتُ بِكِتَابِكَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلْتَ وَبِنَبِيِّكَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلْتَ فَإِنْ مُتَّ مِنْ لَيْلَتِكَ فَأَنْتَ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ وَاجْعَلْهُنَّ آخِرَ مَا تَتَكَلَّمُ بِهِ قَالَ فَرَدَّدْتُهَا عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَلَمَّا بَلَغْتُ اللَّهُمَّ آمَنْتُ بِكِتَابِكَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلْتَ قُلْتُ وَرَسُولِكَ قَالَ لاَ وَنَبِيِّكَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلْتَ  

(80) bukhari:6311Musaddad > Muʿtamir > Manṣūr > Saʿd b. ʿUbaydah > al-Barāʾ b. ʿĀzib

Messenger of Allah ﷺ said to me, "When you want to go to bed, perform ablution as you do for prayer, then lie down on your right side and say: 'Allahumma aslamtu wajhi ilaika, wa fawwadtu 'amri ilaika wa alja'tu dhahri ilaika, raghbatan wa rahbatan ilaika, la malja'a wa la manja minka illa ilaika. Amantu bikitabik al-ladhi anzalta wa binabiyyika al-ladhi arsalta'. If you should die then (after reciting this) you will die on the religion of Islam (i.e., as a Muslim); so let these words be the last you say (before going to bed)" While I was memorizing it, I said, "Wa birasulika al-ladhi arsalta (in Your Apostle whom You have sent).' The Prophet ﷺ said, "No, but say: Wa binabiyyika al-ladhi arsalta (in Your Prophet whom You have sent).  

(٨٠) البخاري:٦٣١١حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا مُعْتَمِرٌ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ مَنْصُورًا عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ عُبَيْدَةَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي الْبَرَاءُ بْنُ عَازِبٍ ؓ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِذَا أَتَيْتَ مَضْجَعَكَ فَتَوَضَّأْ وَضُوءَكَ لِلصَّلاَةِ ثُمَّ اضْطَجِعْ عَلَى شِقِّكَ الأَيْمَنِ وَقُلِ اللَّهُمَّ أَسْلَمْتُ وَجْهِي إِلَيْكَ وَفَوَّضْتُ أَمْرِي إِلَيْكَ وَأَلْجَأْتُ ظَهْرِي إِلَيْكَ رَغْبَةً وَرَهْبَةً إِلَيْكَ لاَ مَلْجَأَ وَلاَ مَنْجَا مِنْكَ إِلاَّ إِلَيْكَ آمَنْتُ بِكِتَابِكَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلْتَ وَبِنَبِيِّكَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلْتَ فَإِنْ مُتَّ مُتَّ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ فَاجْعَلْهُنَّ آخِرَ مَا تَقُولُ فَقُلْتُ أَسْتَذْكِرُهُنَّ وَبِرَسُولِكَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلْتَ قَالَ لاَ وَبِنَبِيِّكَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلْتَ  

(80) bukhari:6313Saʿīd b. al-Rabīʿ And Muḥammad b. ʿArʿarah > Shuʿbah > Abū Isḥāq > al-Barāʾ b. ʿĀzib

That the Prophet ﷺ advised a man, saying, "If you intend to lie down (i.e. go to bed), say, 'Allahumma aslamtu nafsi ilaika wa fauwadtu ʿAmri ilaika, wa wajjahtu wajhi ilaika wa alja'tu zahri ilaika, reghbatan wa rahbatan ilaika. La malja'a wa la manja minka illa ilaika. Amantu bikitabikal-ladhi anzalta; wa nabiyyikalladhi arsalta.' And if you should die then (after reciting this before going to bed) you will die on the religion of Islam"  

(٨٠) البخاري:٦٣١٣حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ الرَّبِيعِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَرْعَرَةَ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ سَمِعَ الْبَرَاءَ بْنَ عَازِبٍ

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ أَمَرَ رَجُلاً وَحَدَّثَنَا آدَمُ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو إِسْحَاقَ الْهَمْدَانِيُّ عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ بْنِ عَازِبٍ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ أَوْصَى رَجُلاً فَقَالَ إِذَا أَرَدْتَ مَضْجَعَكَ فَقُلِ اللَّهُمَّ أَسْلَمْتُ نَفْسِي إِلَيْكَ وَفَوَّضْتُ أَمْرِي إِلَيْكَ وَوَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِي إِلَيْكَ وَأَلْجَأْتُ ظَهْرِي إِلَيْكَ رَغْبَةً وَرَهْبَةً إِلَيْكَ لاَ مَلْجَأَ وَلاَ مَنْجَا مِنْكَ إِلاَّ إِلَيْكَ آمَنْتُ بِكِتَابِكَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلْتَ وَبِنَبِيِّكَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلْتَ فَإِنْ مُتَّ مُتَّ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ  

(80) bukhari:6315Musaddad > ʿAbd al-Wāḥid b. Ziyād > al-ʿAlāʾ b. al-Musayyab from my father > al-Barāʾ b. ʿĀzib

When Messenger of Allah ﷺ went to bed, he used to sleep on his right side and then say, "All-ahumma aslamtu nafsi ilaika, wa wajjahtu wajhi ilaika, wa fauwadtu ʿAmri ilaika, wa alja'tu zahri ilaika, raghbatan wa rahbatan ilaika. La Malja'a wa la manja minka illa ilaika. Amantu bikitabika al-ladhi anzalta wa nabiyyika al-ladhi arsalta! Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "Whoever recites these words (before going to bed) and dies the same night, he will die on the Islamic religion (as a Muslim).  

(٨٠) البخاري:٦٣١٥حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَاحِدِ بْنُ زِيَادٍ حَدَّثَنَا الْعَلاَءُ بْنُ الْمُسَيَّبِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ بْنِ عَازِبٍ قَالَ

كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِذَا أَوَى إِلَى فِرَاشِهِ نَامَ عَلَى شِقِّهِ الأَيْمَنِ ثُمَّ قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ أَسْلَمْتُ نَفْسِي إِلَيْكَ وَوَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِي إِلَيْكَ وَفَوَّضْتُ أَمْرِي إِلَيْكَ وَأَلْجَأْتُ ظَهْرِي إِلَيْكَ رَغْبَةً وَرَهْبَةً إِلَيْكَ لاَ مَلْجَأَ وَلاَ مَنْجَا مِنْكَ إِلاَّ إِلَيْكَ آمَنْتُ بِكِتَابِكَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلْتَ وَنَبِيِّكَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلْتَ وَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ مَنْ قَالَهُنَّ ثُمَّ مَاتَ تَحْتَ لَيْلَتِهِ مَاتَ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ {اسْتَرْهَبُوهُمْ} مِنَ الرَّهْبَةِ مَلَكُوتٌ مُلْكٌ مَثَلُ رَهَبُوتٌ خَيْرٌ مِنْ رَحَمُوتٍ تَقُولُ تَرْهَبُ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَنْ تَرْحَمَ  

(80) bukhari:7488Musaddad > Abū al-Aḥwaṣ > Abū Isḥāq al-Hamdānī > al-Barāʾ b. ʿĀzib

Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "O so-and-so, whenever you go to your bed (for sleeping) say, 'O Allah! I have surrendered myself over to you and have turned my face towards You, and leave all my affairs to You and depend on You and put my trust in You expecting Your reward and fearing Your punishment. There is neither fleeing from You nor refuge but with You. I believe in the Book (Qur'an) which You have revealed and in Your Prophet (Muhammad) whom You have sent.' If you then die on that night, then you will die as a Muslim, and if you wake alive in the morning then you will receive the reward." (See Hadith No. 323, Vol. 8)  

(٨٠) البخاري:٧٤٨٨حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو إِسْحَاقَ الْهَمْدَانِيُّ عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ بْنِ عَازِبٍ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَا فُلاَنُ إِذَا أَوَيْتَ إِلَى فِرَاشِكَ فَقُلِ اللَّهُمَّ أَسْلَمْتُ نَفْسِي إِلَيْكَ وَوَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِي إِلَيْكَ وَفَوَّضْتُ أَمْرِي إِلَيْكَ وَأَلْجَأْتُ ظَهْرِي إِلَيْكَ رَغْبَةً وَرَهْبَةً إِلَيْكَ لاَ مَلْجَأَ وَلاَ مَنْجَا مِنْكَ إِلاَّ إِلَيْكَ آمَنْتُ بِكِتَابِكَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلْتَ وَبِنَبِيِّكَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلْتَ فَإِنَّكَ إِنْ مُتَّ فِي لَيْلَتِكَ مُتَّ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ وَإِنْ أَصْبَحْتَ أَصَبْتَ أَجْرًا  

(81) muslim:2381Zuhayr b. Ḥarb And ʿAbd b. Ḥumayd Waʿabd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Raḥman al-Dārimī > ʿAbdullāh > al-Ākharān > Ḥabbān b. Hilāl > Hammām > Thābit > Anas b. Mālik > Abū Bakr al-Ṣiddīq

I saw the feet of the polytheists very close to us as we were in the cave. I said: Messenger of Allah, if one amongst them were to see at his feet he would have surely seen us. Thereupon he said: Abu Bakr, what can befall two who have Allah as the third One with them.  

(٨١) مسلم:٢٣٨١حَدَّثَنِي زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ وَعَبْدُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ وَعَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الدَّارِمِيُّ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ أَخْبَرَنَا وَقَالَ الآخَرَانِ حَدَّثَنَا حَبَّانُ بْنُ هِلاَلٍ حَدَّثَنَا هَمَّامٌ حَدَّثَنَا ثَابِتٌ حَدَّثَنَا أَنَسُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ أَنَّ أَبَا بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقَ حَدَّثَهُ

قَالَ نَظَرْتُ إِلَى أَقْدَامِ الْمُشْرِكِينَ عَلَى رُءُوسِنَا وَنَحْنُ فِي الْغَارِ فَقُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ لَوْ أَنَّ أَحَدَهُمْ نَظَرَ إِلَى قَدَمَيْهِ أَبْصَرَنَا تَحْتَ قَدَمَيْهِ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا ظَنُّكَ بِاثْنَيْنِ اللَّهُ ثَالِثُهُمَا  

(82) abudawud:5094Muslim b. Ibrāhīm > Shuʿbah > Manṣūr > al-Shaʿbī > Um Salamah

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ never went out of my house without raising his eye to the sky and saying: "O Allah! I seek refuge in Thee lest I stray or be led astray, or slip or made to slip, or cause injustice, or suffer injustice, or do wrong, or have wrong done to me."  

(٨٢) أبو داود:٥٠٩٤حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ عَنِ الشَّعْبِيِّ عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ قَالَتْ

مَا خَرَجَ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ مِنْ بَيْتِي قَطُّ إِلاَّ رَفَعَ طَرْفَهُ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ فَقَالَ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ أَنْ أَضِلَّ أَوْ أُضَلَّ أَوْ أَزِلَّ أَوْ أُزَلَّ أَوْ أَظْلِمَ أَوْ أُظْلَمَ أَوْ أَجْهَلَ أَوْ يُجْهَلَ عَلَىَّ  

(83) abudawud:5095Ibrāhīm b. al-Ḥasan al-Khathʿamī > Ḥajjāj b. Muḥammad > Ibn Jurayj > Isḥāq b. ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Ṭalḥah > Anas b. Mālik

The Prophet ﷺ said: When a man goes out of his house and says: "In the name of Allah, I trust in Allah; there is no might and no power but in Allah," the following will be said to him at that time: "You are guided, defended and protected." The devils will go far from him and another devil will say: How can you deal with a man who has been guided, defended and protected?  

(٨٣) أبو داود:٥٠٩٥حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الْخَثْعَمِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا حَجَّاجُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ قَالَ إِذَا خَرَجَ الرَّجُلُ مِنْ بَيْتِهِ فَقَالَ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ تَوَكَّلْتُ عَلَى اللَّهِ لاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ قَالَ يُقَالُ حِينَئِذٍ هُدِيتَ وَكُفِيتَ وَوُقِيتَ فَتَتَنَحَّى لَهُ الشَّيَاطِينُ فَيَقُولُ لَهُ شَيْطَانٌ آخَرُ كَيْفَ لَكَ بِرَجُلٍ قَدْ هُدِيَ وَكُفِيَ وَوُقِيَ  

(84) tirmidhi:2345Muḥammad b. Bashhār > Abū Dāwud al-Ṭayālisī > Ḥammād b. Salamah > Thābit > Anas b. Mālik

"There were two brothers during the time of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. One of them used to come to the prophet ﷺ, and the other had some business. The businessman among them complained to the Prophet ﷺ about his brother, so he said:'Perhaps you are provided for because of him.'"  

Abū ʿĪsá said that this Ḥadīth is Ḥasan-Ṣaḥīḥ.
(٨٤) الترمذي:٢٣٤٥حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو دَاوُدَ الطَّيَالِسِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ ثَابِتٍ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ قَالَ

كَانَ أَخَوَانِ عَلَى عَهْدِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَكَانَ أَحَدُهُمَا يَأْتِي النَّبِيَّ ﷺ وَالآخَرُ يَحْتَرِفُ فَشَكَا الْمُحْتَرِفُ أَخَاهُ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ فَقَالَ لَعَلَّكَ تُرْزَقُ بِهِ  

قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ