110. Sūrat al-Naṣr

١١٠۔ سُورَةُ النـَّصر

Divine Support (Medinan)

quran:110:1In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

When the victory of Allah has come and the conquest,  

When the help of God, for His Prophet (s), against his enemies, comes together with victory, the victory over Mecca,
القرآن:١١٠:١بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ  

{إذا جاء نصر الله} نبيَّه ﷺ على أعدائه {والفتح} فتح مكة.

And you see the people entering into the religion of Allah in multitudes,  

and you see people entering God’s religion, that is to say, Islam, in throngs, in large droves, after they had been entering one by one — this was after the conquest of Mecca, when the Arabs from all corners of the land came to him willingly ˹in obedience to his command˺ —

وَرَأَيْتَ النَّاسَ يَدْخُلُونَ فِي دِينِ اللَّهِ أَفْوَاجًا  

{ورأيت الناس يدخلون في دين الله} أي الإسلام {أفواجا} جماعات بعدما كان يدخل فيه واحد واحد، وذلك بعد فتح مكة جاءه العرب من أقطار الأرض طائعين.

Then exalt ˹Him˺ with praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness of Him. Indeed, He is ever Accepting of repentance.  

then glorify with praise of your Lord, that is, continuously praising Him, and seek forgiveness from Him; for verily He is ever ready to relent. The Prophet (s), after this sūra had been revealed, would frequently repeat the words subhāna’Llāhi wa bi-hamdihi, ‘Glory and praise be to God’, and astaghfiru’Llāha wa-atūbu ilayhi, ‘I seek forgiveness from God and I repent to Him’; with ˹the revelation of˺ this ˹final sūra˺ he realised that his end was near. The victory over Mecca was in Ramadān of year 8; the Prophet (s) passed away in Rabī‘ I of the year 10. Meccan, consisting of 5 verses. When the Prophet (s) summoned his people and said, ‘I am a warner to you, ˹standing˺ before a terrible chastisement’, his uncle, Abū Lahab, said, ‘May you perish! Is that what you have called us out for?’, whereupon the following was revealed:

فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ تَوَّابًا  

{فسبح بحمد ربك} أي متلبسا بحمده {واستغفره إنه كان توابا} وكان ﷺ بعد نزول هذه السورة يكثر من قول: سبحان الله وبحمده، أستغفر الله وأتوب إليه، وعلم بها أنه قد أقترب أجله وكان فتح مكة في رمضان سنة ثمان وتوفي ﷺ في ربيع الأول سنة عشر.