108. Sūrat al-Kawthar

١٠٨۔ سُورَةُ الكَوْثَر

Abundance (Meccan)

quran:108:1In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

Indeed, We have granted you, ˹O Muhammad˺, al-Kawthar.  

We have assuredly given you, O Muhammad (s), Abundance — ˹the name of˺ a river in Paradise and his ˹the Prophet’s˺ pool around which his community shall gather; al-kawthar also means the abundant good ˹that has been given to the Prophet˺, such as prophethood, the Qur’ān, intercession, and the like.
القرآن:١٠٨:١بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ  

{إنا أعطيناك} يا محمد {الكوثر} هو نهر في الجنة هو حوضه ترد عليه أمته، والكوثر: الخير الكثير من النبوَّة والقرآن والشفاعة ونحوها.

So pray to your Lord and sacrifice ˹to Him alone˺.  

So pray to your Lord, the prayer of the Festival of Immolation (‘īd al-nahr), and sacrifice, your offering.

فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ  

{فصلِّ لربك} صلاة عيد النحر {وانحر} نسكك.

Indeed, your enemy is the one cut off.  

Indeed it is your antagonist, your hater, who is the severed one, refraining from all ˹acts of˺ good, or the one whose line of offspring will be severed ˹by his not having any˺: this was revealed regarding al-‘Āsī b. Wā’il, who called the Prophet (s) al-abtar, ‘the severed one’, when his son al-Qāsim died. Meccan or Medinese, consisting of 6 verses; this was revealed when a band of idolaters said to the Prophet (s), ‘What if you worship our gods for one year, and we worship your God the next?’

إِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الْأَبْتَرُ  

{إن شانئك} أي مُبغضك {هو الأبتر} المنقطع عن كل خير، أو المنقطع العقب، نزلت في العاص بن وائل سمى النبي ﷺ أبتر عند موت ابنه القاسم.