0.71. Good Conduct

٠.٧١۔ باب حسن الخلق

(620) muslim:2310bShaybān b. Farrūkh And ʾAbū al-Rabīʿ > ʿAbd al-Wārith > Abū al-Tayyāḥ > Anas b. Mālik

Anas b. Malik reported that Messenger of Allah ﷺ was the best amongst people in disposition and behaviour.  

(٦٢٠) مسلم:٢٣١٠bوَحَدَّثَنَا شَيْبَانُ بْنُ فَرُّوخَ وَأَبُو الرَّبِيعِ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَارِثِ عَنْ أَبِي التَّيَّاحِ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ قَالَ

كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَحْسَنَ النَّاسِ خُلُقًا  

(622) bukhari:1825ʿAbdullāh b. Yūsuf > Mālik > Ibn Shihāb > ʿUbaydullāh b. ʿAbdullāh b. ʿUtbah b. Masʿūd > ʿAbdullāh b. ʿAbbās > al-Ṣaʿb b. Jathhāmah al-Laythī

From As-Sa'b bin Jath-thama Al-Laithi that the latter presented an onager to Messenger of Allah ﷺ while he was at Al-Abwa' or at Waddan, and he refused it. On noticing the signs of some unpleasant feeling of disappointment on his (As-Sab's) face, the Prophet ﷺ said to him, "I have only returned it because I am Muhrim."  

(٦٢٢) البخاري:١٨٢٥حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ يُوسُفَ أَخْبَرَنَا مَالِكٌ عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ عَنِ الصَّعْبِ بْنِ جَثَّامَةَ اللَّيْثِيِّ

أَنَّهُ أَهْدَى لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ حِمَارًا وَحْشِيًّا وَهْوَ بِالأَبْوَاءِ أَوْ بِوَدَّانَ فَرَدَّهُ عَلَيْهِ فَلَمَّا رَأَى مَا فِي وَجْهِهِ قَالَ إِنَّا لَمْ نَرُدَّهُ عَلَيْكَ إِلاَّ أَنَّا حُرُمٌ  

(622) bukhari:2573Ismāʿīl > Mālik > Ibn Shihāb > ʿUbaydullāh b. ʿAbdullāh b. ʿUtbah b. Masʿūd > ʿAbdullāh b. ʿAbbās > al-Ṣaʿb b. Jathhāmah

An onager was presented to Messenger of Allah ﷺ at the place called Al-Abwa' or Waddan, but Allah's Apostle rejected it. When the Prophet ﷺ noticed the signs of sorrow on the giver's face he said, "We have not rejected your gift, but we are in the state of Ihram." (i.e. if we were not in a state of Ihram we would have accepted your gift, Fath-ul-Bari page 130, Vol. 6)  

(٦٢٢) البخاري:٢٥٧٣حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ عَنِ الصَّعْبِ بْنِ جَثَّامَةَ ؓ

أَنَّهُ أَهْدَى لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ حِمَارًا وَحْشِيًّا وَهْوَ بِالأَبْوَاءِ أَوْ بِوَدَّانَ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِ فَلَمَّا رَأَى مَا فِي وَجْهِهِ قَالَ أَمَا إِنَّا لَمْ نَرُدَّهُ عَلَيْكَ إِلاَّ أَنَّا حُرُمٌ  

(623) muslim:2553bHārūn b. Saʿīd al-Aylī > ʿAbdullāh b. Wahb > Muʿāwiyah / Ibn Ṣāliḥ > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Jubayr b. Nufayr from his father > Nawwās b. Simʿān

I stayed with Messenger of Allah ﷺ for one year. What obstructed me to migrate was (nothing) but (persistent) inquiries from him (about Islam). (It was a common observation) that when anyone of us migrated (to Medina) he ceased to ask (too many questions) from Messenger of Allah ﷺ. So I asked him about virtue and vice. Thereupon Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: Virtue is a kind disposition and vice is what rankles in your mind and that you disapprove of its being known to the people.  

(٦٢٣) مسلم:٢٥٥٣bحَدَّثَنِي هَارُونُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الأَيْلِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ وَهْبٍ حَدَّثَنِي مُعَاوِيَةُ يَعْنِي ابْنَ صَالِحٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ نُفَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ نَوَّاسِ بْنِ سِمْعَانَ قَالَ

أَقَمْتُ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ بِالْمَدِينَةِ سَنَةً مَا يَمْنَعُنِي مِنَ الْهِجْرَةِ إِلاَّ الْمَسْأَلَةُ كَانَ أَحَدُنَا إِذَا هَاجَرَ لَمْ يَسْأَلْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَنْ شَىْءٍ قَالَ فَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْبِرِّ وَالإِثْمِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ الْبِرُّ حُسْنُ الْخُلُقِ وَالإِثْمُ مَا حَاكَ فِي نَفْسِكَ وَكَرِهْتَ أَنْ يَطَّلِعَ عَلَيْهِ النَّاسُ  

(624) bukhari:3559ʿAbdān > Abū Ḥamzah > al-Aʿmash > Abū Wāʾil > Masrūq > ʿAbdullāh b. ʿAmr

The Prophet ﷺ never used bad language neither a "Fahish nor a Mutafahish. He used to say "The best amongst you are those who have the best manners and character." (See Hadith No. 56 (B) Vol. 8)  

(٦٢٤) البخاري:٣٥٥٩حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدَانُ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ عَنْ أَبِي وَائِلٍ عَنْ مَسْرُوقٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو ؓ قَالَ

لَمْ يَكُنِ النَّبِيُّ ﷺ فَاحِشًا وَلاَ مُتَفَحِّشًا وَكَانَ يَقُولُ إِنَّ مِنْ خِيَارِكُمْ أَحْسَنَكُمْ أَخْلاَقًا  

(624) bukhari:6029Ḥafṣ b. ʿUmar > Shuʿbah > Sulaymān > Abū Wāʾil > Masrūq > ʿAbdullāh b. ʿAmr > Qutaybah > Jarīr > al-Aʿmash > Shaqīq b. Salamah > Masrūq

Abdullah bin 'Amr mentioned Messenger of Allah ﷺ saying that he was neither a Fahish nor a Mutafahish. Abdullah bin 'Amr added, Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, 'The best among you are those who have the best manners and character.'  

(٦٢٤) البخاري:٦٠٢٩حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا وَائِلٍ سَمِعْتُ مَسْرُوقًا قَالَ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَمْرٍو حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ عَنْ شَقِيقِ بْنِ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ مَسْرُوقٍ قَالَ

دَخَلْنَا عَلَى عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو حِينَ قَدِمَ مَعَ مُعَاوِيَةَ إِلَى الْكُوفَةِ فَذَكَرَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَقَالَ لَمْ يَكُنْ فَاحِشًا وَلاَ مُتَفَحِّشًا وَقَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ إِنَّ مِنْ أَخْيَرِكُمْ أَحْسَنَكُمْ خُلُقًا  

(624) bukhari:6035ʿUmar b. Ḥafṣ from my father > al-Aʿmash > Shaqīq > Masrūq

We were sitting with ʿAbdullah bin ʿAmr who was narrating to us (Hadith): He said, "Messenger of Allah ﷺ was neither a Fahish nor a Mutafahhish, and he used to say, 'The best among you are the best in character (having good manners)."'  

(٦٢٤) البخاري:٦٠٣٥حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ حَفْصٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي حَدَّثَنَا الأَعْمَشُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي شَقِيقٌ عَنْ مَسْرُوقٍ قَالَ كُنَّا جُلُوسًا مَعَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو يُحَدِّثُنَا إِذْ قَالَ

لَمْ يَكُنْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ فَاحِشًا وَلاَ مُتَفَحِّشًا وَإِنَّهُ كَانَ يَقُولُ إِنَّ خِيَارَكُمْ أَحَاسِنُكُمْ أَخْلاَقًا  

(625) tirmidhi:2002Ibn Abū ʿUmar > Sufyān > ʿAmr b. Dīnār > Ibn Abū Mulaykah > Yaʿlá b. Mamlak > Um al-Dardāʾ > Abū al-Dardāʾ

"Nothing is heavier on the believer's Scale on the Day of Judgment than good character. For indeed Allah, Most High, is angered by the shameless obscene person."  

(٦٢٥) الترمذي:٢٠٠٢حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَرَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ دِينَارٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ عَنْ يَعْلَى بْنِ مَمْلَكٍ عَنْ أُمِّ الدَّرْدَاءِ عَنْ أَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ قَالَ مَا شَيْءٌ أَثْقَلُ فِي مِيزَانِ الْمُؤْمِنِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنْ خُلُقٍ حَسَنٍ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَيَبْغَضُ الْفَاحِشَ الْبَذِيءَ  

قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَأَنَسٍ وَأُسَامَةَ بْنِ شَرِيكٍ وَهَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ
(626) tirmidhi:2004Abū Kurayb Muḥammad b. al-ʿAlāʾ > ʿAbdullāh b. Idrīs from my father from my father > Abū Hurayrah

The Messenger of Allah was asked about that for which people are admitted into Paradise the most and he said, "Conciousness of Allah, and good character." And he was asked about that for which people are admitted into the Fire the most, and he said, "The mouth and the private parts."  

(٦٢٦) الترمذي:٢٠٠٤حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَنْ جَدِّي عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ

سُئِلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَنْ أَكْثَرِ مَا يُدْخِلُ النَّاسَ الْجَنَّةَ فَقَالَ «تَقْوَى اللَّهِ وَحُسْنُ الْخُلُقِ۔» وَسُئِلَ عَنْ أَكْثَرِ مَا يُدْخِلُ النَّاسَ النَّارَ فَقَالَ: «الْفَمُ وَالْفَرْجُ۔»  

قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحٌ غَرِيبٌ وَعَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ هُوَ ابْنُ يَزِيدَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الأَوْدِيُّ
(628) abudawud:4798Qutaybah b. Saʿīd > Yaʿqūb / al-Iskandarānī > ʿAmr > al-Muṭṭalib > ʿĀʾishah ؒ

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: By his good character a believer will attain the degree of one who prays during the night and fasts during the day.  

(٦٢٨) أبو داود:٤٧٩٨حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ يَعْنِي الإِسْكَنْدَرَانِيَّ عَنْ عَمْرٍو عَنِ الْمُطَّلِبِ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ رَحِمَهَا اللَّهُ قَالَتْ

سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَقُولُ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ لَيُدْرِكُ بِحُسْنِ خُلُقِهِ دَرَجَةَ الصَّائِمِ الْقَائِمِ  

(629) abudawud:4800Muḥammad b. ʿUthmān al-Dimashqī Abū al-Jamāhir > Abū Kaʿb Ayyūb b. Muḥammad al-Saʿdī > Sulaymān b. Ḥabīb al-Muḥāribī > Abū Umāmah

The Prophet ﷺ said: I guarantee a house in the surroundings of Paradise for a man who avoids quarrelling even if he were in the right, a house in the middle of Paradise for a man who avoids lying even if he were joking, and a house in the upper part of Paradise for a man who made his character good.  

(٦٢٩) أبو داود:٤٨٠٠حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُثْمَانَ الدِّمَشْقِيُّ أَبُو الْجَمَاهِرِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كَعْبٍ أَيُّوبُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ السَّعْدِيُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَبِيبٍ الْمُحَارِبِيُّ عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ قَالَ

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ أَنَا زَعِيمٌ بِبَيْتٍ فِي رَبَضِ الْجَنَّةِ لِمَنْ تَرَكَ الْمِرَاءَ وَإِنْ كَانَ مُحِقًّا وَبِبَيْتٍ فِي وَسَطِ الْجَنَّةِ لِمَنْ تَرَكَ الْكَذِبَ وَإِنْ كَانَ مَازِحًا وَبِبَيْتٍ فِي أَعْلَى الْجَنَّةِ لِمَنْ حَسَّنَ خُلُقَهُ  

(630) tirmidhi:2018Aḥmad b. al-Ḥasan b. Khirāsh al-Baghdādī > Ḥabbān b. Hilāl > Mubārak b. Faḍālah > ʿAbd Rabbih b. Saʿīd > Muḥammad b. al-Munkadir > Jābir

"Indeed the most beloved among you to me, and the nearest to sit with me on the Day of Judgment is the best of you in character. And indeed, the most disliked among you to me, and the one sitting furthest from me on the Day of Judgement are the tharthārūn (overbearingly talkative), and the mutashaddiqūn (scandal spreaders) and the muthafayhiqūn." They said: "O Messenger of Allah! We know about the tharthārūn, and the mutashaddiqūn, but what about the muthafayhiqūn?"' He said:"The arrogant."  

(٦٣٠) الترمذي:٢٠١٨حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ خِرَاشٍ الْبَغْدَادِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا حَبَّانُ بْنُ هِلاَلٍ حَدَّثَنَا مُبَارَكُ بْنُ فَضَالَةَ حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ رَبِّهِ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْمُنْكَدِرِ عَنْ جَابِرٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ إِنَّ مِنْ أَحَبِّكُمْ إِلَىَّ وَأَقْرَبِكُمْ مِنِّي مَجْلِسًا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَحَاسِنَكُمْ أَخْلاَقًا وَإِنَّ أَبْغَضَكُمْ إِلَىَّ وَأَبْعَدَكُمْ مِنِّي مَجْلِسًا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ الثَّرْثَارُونَ وَالْمُتَشَدِّقُونَ وَالْمُتَفَيْهِقُونَ قَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَدْ عَلِمْنَا الثَّرْثَارُونَ وَالْمُتَشَدِّقُونَ فَمَا الْمُتَفَيْهِقُونَ قَالَ الْمُتَكَبِّرُونَ  

قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَهَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ مِنْ هَذَا الْوَجْهِ وَرَوَى بَعْضُهُمْ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ عَنِ الْمُبَارَكِ بْنِ فَضَالَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْمُنْكَدِرِ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ وَلَمْ يَذْكُرْ فِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ رَبِّهِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ وَهَذَا أَصَحُّ وَالثَّرْثَارُ هُوَ الْكَثِيرُ الْكَلاَمِ وَالْمُتَشَدِّقُ الَّذِي يَتَطَاوَلُ عَلَى النَّاسِ فِي الْكَلاَمِ وَيَبْذُو عَلَيْهِمْ