0.67. Leading an Abstemious Life and refraining from the Doubtful

٠.٦٧۔ باب الورع وترك الشبهات

Prohibitions from Allah are sacred so do not approach them

(587) bukhari:52Abū Nuʿaym > Zakariyyāʾ > ʿĀmir > al-Nuʿmān b. Bashīr

I heard Messenger of Allah ﷺ saying, 'Both legal and illegal things are evident but in between them there are doubtful (suspicious) things and most of the people have no knowledge about them. So whoever saves himself from these suspicious things saves his religion and his honor. And whoever indulges in these suspicious things is like a shepherd who grazes (his animals) near the Hima (private pasture) of someone else and at any moment he is liable to get in it. (O people!) Beware! Every king has a Hima and the Hima of Allah on the earth is His illegal (forbidden) things. Beware! There is a piece of flesh in the body if it becomes good (reformed) the whole body becomes good but if it gets spoilt the whole body gets spoilt and that is the heart.  

(٥٨٧) البخاري:٥٢حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو نُعَيْمٍ حَدَّثَنَا زَكَرِيَّاءُ عَنْ عَامِرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ النُّعْمَانَ بْنَ بَشِيرٍ يَقُولُ

سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ يَقُولُ الْحَلاَلُ بَيِّنٌ وَالْحَرَامُ بَيِّنٌ وَبَيْنَهُمَا مُشَبَّهَاتٌ لاَ يَعْلَمُهَا كَثِيرٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ فَمَنِ اتَّقَى الْمُشَبَّهَاتِ اسْتَبْرَأَ لِدِيِنِهِ وَعِرْضِهِ وَمَنْ وَقَعَ فِي الشُّبُهَاتِ كَرَاعٍ يَرْعَى حَوْلَ الْحِمَى يُوشِكُ أَنْ يُوَاقِعَهُ أَلاَ وَإِنَّ لِكُلِّ مَلِكٍ حِمًى أَلاَ إِنَّ حِمَى اللَّهِ فِي أَرْضِهِ مَحَارِمُهُ أَلاَ وَإِنَّ فِي الْجَسَدِ مُضْغَةً إِذَا صَلَحَتْ صَلَحَ الْجَسَدُ كُلُّهُ وَإِذَا فَسَدَتْ فَسَدَ الْجَسَدُ كُلُّهُ أَلاَ وَهِيَ الْقَلْبُ  

(588) abudawud:1652Naṣr b. ʿAlī from my father > Khālid b. Qays > Qatādah > Anas

Messenger of Allah (May peace be upon him) found a date and said: Were it not that I fear it may be part of the sadaqah, I would eat it.  

(٥٨٨) أبو داود:١٦٥٢حَدَّثَنَا نَصْرُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ أَخْبَرَنَا أَبِي عَنْ خَالِدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ أَنَسٍ

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ وَجَدَ تَمْرَةً فَقَالَ لَوْلاَ أَنِّي أَخَافُ أَنْ تَكُونَ صَدَقَةً لأَكَلْتُهَا  

قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ هِشَامٌ عَنْ قَتَادَةَ هَكَذَا
(588) muslim:1071cMuḥammad b. al-Muthanná And Ibn Bashhār > Muʿādh b. Hishām from my father > Qatādah > Anas

Were it not (that I fear) it may be part of sadaqa, I would have eaten it.  

(٥٨٨) مسلم:١٠٧١cحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى وَابْنُ بَشَّارٍ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاذُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ أَنَسٍ

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ وَجَدَ تَمْرَةً فَقَالَ لَوْلاَ أَنْ تَكُونَ صَدَقَةً لأَكَلْتُهَا  

(588) muslim:1071bAbū Kurayb > Abū Usāmah > Zāʾidah > Manṣūr > Ṭalḥah b. Muṣarrif > Anas b. Mālik

If it were not out of Sadaqa, I would have eaten it.  

(٥٨٨) مسلم:١٠٧١bوَحَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ عَنْ زَائِدَةَ عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ مُصَرِّفٍ حَدَّثَنَا أَنَسُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ مَرَّ بِتَمْرَةٍ بِالطَّرِيقِ فَقَالَ لَوْلاَ أَنْ تَكُونَ مِنَ الصَّدَقَةِ لأَكَلْتُهَا  

(588) muslim:1071aYaḥyá b. Yaḥyá > Wakīʿ > Sufyān > Manṣūr > Ṭalḥah b. Muṣarrif > Anas b. Mālik

If it were not of sadaqa I would have eaten it.  

(٥٨٨) مسلم:١٠٧١aحَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ يَحْيَى أَخْبَرَنَا وَكِيعٌ عَنْ سُفْيَانَ عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ مُصَرِّفٍ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ وَجَدَ تَمْرَةً فَقَالَ لَوْلاَ أَنْ تَكُونَ مِنَ الصَّدَقَةِ لأَكَلْتُهَا  

(589) muslim:2553aMuḥammad b. Ḥātim b. Maymūn > Ibn Mahdī > Muʿāwiyah b. Ṣāliḥ > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Jubayr b. Nufayr from his father > al-Nawwās b. Samʿān al-Anṣārī

I asked Messenger of Allah ﷺ about virtue and vice. He said: Virtue is a kind disposition and vice is what rankles in your heart and that you disapprove that people should come to know of it.  

(٥٨٩) مسلم:٢٥٥٣aحَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حَاتِمِ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ مَهْدِيٍّ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ نُفَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوَّاسِ بْنِ سَمْعَانَ الأَنْصَارِيِّ قَالَ

سَأَلْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَنِ الْبِرِّ وَالإِثْمِ فَقَالَ الْبِرُّ حُسْنُ الْخُلُقِ وَالإِثْمُ مَا حَاكَ فِي صَدْرِكَ وَكَرِهْتَ أَنْ يَطَّلِعَ عَلَيْهِ النَّاسُ  

(591) bukhari:88Muḥammad b. Muqātil Abū al-Ḥasan > ʿAbdullāh > ʿUmar b. Saʿīd b. Abū Ḥusayn > ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Mulaykah > ʿUqbah b. al-Ḥārith > Tazawwaj Āb.ah Lʾabī Ihāb b. ʿAzīz Faʾatath Āmraʾah > Innī Qad Arḍaʿt ʿUqbah And al--Atī Tazawwaj Bihā

ʿUqba bin Al-Harith said that he had married the daughter of Abi Ihab bin ʿAziz. Later on a woman came to him and said, "I have suckled (nursed) ʿUqba and the woman whom he married (his wife) at my breast." ʿUqba said to her, "Neither I knew that you have suckled (nursed) me nor did you tell me." Then he rode over to see Messenger of Allah ﷺ at Medina, and asked him about it. Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, "How can you keep her as a wife when it has been said (that she is your foster-sister)?" Then ʿUqba divorced her, and she married another man.  

(٥٩١) البخاري:٨٨حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُقَاتِلٍ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي حُسَيْنٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ عَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ أَنَّهُ تَزَوَّجَ ابْنَةً لأَبِي إِهَابِ بْنِ عَزِيزٍ فَأَتَتْهُ امْرَأَةٌ

فَقَالَتْ إِنِّي قَدْ أَرْضَعْتُ عُقْبَةَ وَالَّتِي تَزَوَّجَ بِهَا فَقَالَ لَهَا عُقْبَةُ مَا أَعْلَمُ أَنَّكِ أَرْضَعْتِنِي وَلاَ أَخْبَرْتِنِي فَرَكِبَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ بِالْمَدِينَةِ فَسَأَلَهُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ كَيْفَ وَقَدْ قِيلَ فَفَارَقَهَا عُقْبَةُ وَنَكَحَتْ زَوْجًا غَيْرَهُ  

(591) bukhari:2640Ḥibbān > ʿAbdullāh > ʿUmar b. Saʿīd b. Abū Ḥusayn > ʿAbdullāh b. Abū Mulaykah > ʿUqbah b. al-Ḥārith > Tazawwaj Āb.ah Lʾabī Ihāb b. ʿAzīz Faʾatath Āmraʾah > Qad Arḍaʿt ʿUqbah And al--Atī Tazawwaj

ʿUqba married the daughter of Abu Ihab bin ʿAziz, and then a woman came and said, "I suckled ʿUqba and his wife." ʿUqba said to her, "I do not know that you have suckled me, and you did not inform me." He then sent someone to the house of Abu Ihab to inquire about that but they did not know that she had suckled their daughter. Then ʿUqba went to the Prophet ﷺ in Medina and asked him about it. The Prophet ﷺ said to him, "How (can you keep your wife) after it has been said (that both of you were suckled by the same woman)?" So, he divorced her and she was married to another (husband).  

(٥٩١) البخاري:٢٦٤٠حَدَّثَنَا حِبَّانُ أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ أَخْبَرَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي حُسَيْنٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ عَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ أَنَّهُ تَزَوَّجَ ابْنَةً لأَبِي إِهَابِ بْنِ عَزِيزٍ فَأَتَتْهُ امْرَأَةٌ فَقَالَتْ قَدْ أَرْضَعْتُ عُقْبَةَ وَالَّتِي تَزَوَّجَ فَقَالَ

لَهَا عُقْبَةُ مَا أَعْلَمُ أَنَّكِ أَرْضَعْتِنِي وَلاَ أَخْبَرْتِنِي فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَى آلِ أَبِي إِهَابٍ يَسْأَلُهُمْ فَقَالُوا مَا عَلِمْنَا أَرْضَعَتْ صَاحِبَتَنَا فَرَكِبَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ ﷺ بِالْمَدِينَةِ فَسَأَلَهُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ كَيْفَ وَقَدْ قِيلَ فَفَارَقَهَا وَنَكَحَتْ زَوْجًا غَيْرَهُ  

(592) nasai:5711Muḥammad b. Abān > ʿAbdullāh b. Idrīs > Shuʿbah > Burayd b. Abū Maryam > Abū al-Ḥawrāʾ al-Saʿdī

"I said to Al-Hasan bin 'Ali, may Allah be pleased with him: 'What did you memorize from the Messenger of Allah [SAW]?' He said: I memorized from him: 'Leave that which makes you doubt for that which does not make you doubt.'"  

(٥٩٢) النسائي:٥٧١١أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبَانَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا شُعْبَةُ عَنْ بُرَيْدِ بْنِ أَبِي مَرْيَمَ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَوْرَاءِ السَّعْدِيِّ قَالَ

قُلْتُ لِلْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ ؓ مَا حَفِظْتَ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ﷺ قَالَ حَفِظْتُ مِنْهُ دَعْ مَا يَرِيبُكَ إِلَى مَا لاَ يَرِيبُكَ  

(593) bukhari:3842Ismāʿīl > Akhī > Sulaymān > Yaḥyá b. Saʿīd > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. al-Qāsim > al-Qāsim b. Muḥammad > ʿĀʾishah

Abu Bakr had a slave who used to give him some of his earnings. Abu Bakr used to eat from it. One day he brought something and Abu Bakr ate from it. The slave said to him, "Do you know what this is?" Abu Bakr then enquired, "What is it?" The slave said, "Once, in the pre-Islamic period of ignorance I foretold somebody's future though I did not know this knowledge of foretelling but I, cheated him, and when he met me, he gave me something for that service, and that is what you have eaten from." Then Abu Bakr put his hand in his mouth and vomited whatever was present in his stomach.  

(٥٩٣) البخاري:٣٨٤٢حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ حَدَّثَنِي أَخِي عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ؓ قَالَتْ

كَانَ لأَبِي بَكْرٍ غُلاَمٌ يُخْرِجُ لَهُ الْخَرَاجَ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَأْكُلُ مِنْ خَرَاجِهِ فَجَاءَ يَوْمًا بِشَىْءٍ فَأَكَلَ مِنْهُ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْغُلاَمُ تَدْرِي مَا هَذَا فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَمَا هُوَ قَالَ كُنْتُ تَكَهَّنْتُ لإِنْسَانٍ فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ وَمَا أُحْسِنُ الْكِهَانَةَ إِلاَّ أَنِّي خَدَعْتُهُ فَلَقِيَنِي فَأَعْطَانِي بِذَلِكَ فَهَذَا الَّذِي أَكَلْتَ مِنْهُ فَأَدْخَلَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَدَهُ فَقَاءَ كُلَّ شَىْءٍ فِي بَطْنِهِ  

(594) bukhari:3912Ibrāhīm b. Mūsá > Hishām > Ibn Jurayj > ʿUbaydullāh b. ʿUmar > Nāfiʿ / > Ibn ʿUmar > ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb

ʿUmar bin Al-Khattab fixed a grant of 4000 (Dirhams) for every Early Emigrant (i.e. Muhajir) and fixed a grant of 3500 (Dirhams) only for Ibn ʿUmar. Somebody said to ʿUmar, "Ibn ʿUmar is also one of the Early Emigrants; why do you give him less than four-thousand?" ʿUmar replied, "His parents took him with them when they migrated, so he was not like the one who had migrated by himself.  

(٥٩٤) البخاري:٣٩١٢حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى أَخْبَرَنَا هِشَامٌ عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ عَنْ نَافِعٍ يَعْنِي عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ ؓ قَالَ

كَانَ فَرَضَ لِلْمُهَاجِرِينَ الأَوَّلِينَ أَرْبَعَةَ آلاَفٍ فِي أَرْبَعَةٍ وَفَرَضَ لاِبْنِ عُمَرَ ثَلاَثَةَ آلاَفٍ وَخَمْسَمِائَةٍ فَقِيلَ لَهُ هُوَ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ فَلِمَ نَقَصْتَهُ مِنْ أَرْبَعَةِ آلاَفٍ فَقَالَ إِنَّمَا هَاجَرَ بِهِ أَبَوَاهُ يَقُولُ لَيْسَ هُوَ كَمَنْ هَاجَرَ بِنَفْسِهِ  

(595) tirmidhi:2451Abū Bakr b. Abū al-Naḍr > Abū al-Naḍr

"The servant shall not reach the state of being among the Muttaqin until he leaves what there is no harm in out of caution for its harm."  

Abū ʿĪsá said that this Ḥadīth is Ḥasan-Gharīb and we do not know of any other Ḥadīth except through this particular context.
(٥٩٥) الترمذي:٢٤٥١حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي النَّضْرِ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو النَّضْرِ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَقِيلٍ الثَّقَفِيُّ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَقِيلٍ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ يَزِيدَ حَدَّثَنِي رَبِيعَةُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ وَعَطِيَّةُ بْنُ قَيْسٍ

عَنْ عَطِيَّةَ السَّعْدِيِّ وَكَانَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ ﷺ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ لاَ يَبْلُغُ الْعَبْدُ أَنْ يَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُتَّقِينَ حَتَّى يَدَعَ مَا لاَ بَأْسَ بِهِ حَذَرًا لِمَا بِهِ الْبَأْسُ  

قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ هَذَا الْوَجْهِ
(623) muslim:2553aMuḥammad b. Ḥātim b. Maymūn > Ibn Mahdī > Muʿāwiyah b. Ṣāliḥ > ʿAbd al-Raḥman b. Jubayr b. Nufayr from his father > al-Nawwās b. Samʿān al-Anṣārī

I asked Messenger of Allah ﷺ about virtue and vice. He said: Virtue is a kind disposition and vice is what rankles in your heart and that you disapprove that people should come to know of it.  

(٦٢٣) مسلم:٢٥٥٣aحَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حَاتِمِ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ مَهْدِيٍّ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ نُفَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوَّاسِ بْنِ سَمْعَانَ الأَنْصَارِيِّ قَالَ

سَأَلْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَنِ الْبِرِّ وَالإِثْمِ فَقَالَ الْبِرُّ حُسْنُ الْخُلُقِ وَالإِثْمُ مَا حَاكَ فِي صَدْرِكَ وَكَرِهْتَ أَنْ يَطَّلِعَ عَلَيْهِ النَّاسُ